|subsidiary of Nikon Corp|
|Founded||Tokyo, Japan (1932)|
Nikkor is the brand of lenses produced by Nikon Corporation, including camera lenses for the Nikon F-mount.
The Nikkor brand was introduced in 1932, a Westernised rendering of an earlier version Nikkō (日光), an abbreviation of the company's original full name Nippon Kōgaku ("Japan Optics"; 日本光学工業株式会社). (Nikkō also means "sunlight" and is the name of a Japanese town.) In 1933, Nikon marketed its first camera lens under the Nikkor brand name, the "Aero-NIKKOR," for aerial photography.
Nikon originally reserved the Nikkor designation for its highest-quality imaging optics, but in recent history almost all Nikon lenses are so branded.
Notable Nikkor branded optics have included:
Currently the most actively developed and marketed Nikkor lenses are Nikon's F-mount photographic lenses. These lenses are designed to cover the 24x36mm area of 135 film and the Nikon FX format, or in the case of "DX" designated lenses, the 16x24mm area of the Nikon DX format.
Nikkors constitute the majority of lenses available for the Nikon F-mount, which is itself the largest system of interchangeable flange-mount photographic lenses in history. These lenses are designed for the 135 (35mm) and Nikon DX formats. Over 400 different F-mount Nikkor models are known to exist.
Note: In the case of the Nikkor wides, "W" just means "wide". Prior to approximately 1976, most Nikon lenses had a suffix appended directly after the "Nikkor" name that was used to denote the number of optical elements in the lens design.
|No. of Elements||Designator Letter||Origin of Designator|
|11||UD||"Uns" and "Decem"|
For example, a lens with eight elements would be marked "Nikkor-O", and a lens with eleven elements "Nikkor-UD".
Four-group wide-angle lens series, consisting of six, seven, or eight elements:
Six-element, four-group series:
Compact, 4-element, 3-group series.
8-element, 4-group true Apochromat macro lens series, optimized for 1:1 reproduction.
Telephoto series. The 360 mm / 600 mm are triple-convertible lenses with 500 mm and 720 mm / 800 mm and 1200 mm interchangeable rear elements which are available separately.
true Apochromat series, designed for the printing industry, optimized for 1:1 reproduction.
With Waterhouse type Filter Slot.
Lens Construction 4 elements in 3 groups / Tessar Type Lenses.
Lens Construction 4 elements in 4 groups / Double Gauss Type Lenses.
Lens Construction 6 elements in 4 groups / Orthometar Type Lenses. The wide angle version Apo-Nikkor lens was developed for small-scale platemaking cameras.
The EL-Nikkor series of lenses are designed for photographic enlargers. Most feature 39mm Leica thread mounts, although some feature a 50mm screw mount. Most are 6-element, 4-group designs. Some slower, lower-cost designs (marked †) are 4-element, 3-group designs. Newer versions of these lenses are marked with an "N" (focal lengths to 105mm) or "A" (focal lengths from 135mm). (Per Nikon, Inc. Technical and Service Support (800-645-6689), manufacture and sale of all enlarging lenses has been discontinued.)
The Apo-EL-Nikkor series of lenses are true Apochromat photo enlarging lenses with chromatic aberration corrected not only for the entire visible range of the spectrum, but also in near ultraviolet and near infrared ranges (380-700 nm). They are all 8-element, 4-group designs with maximum-minimum aperture of f/5.6-45.
The lens for aerial photographs produced at prewar days
for Computer Output Microfilming Lens
for Oscilloscope Output Microfilming Lens
for Microfilming Lens
The interchangeable lens only for large-sized macro photography equipment "Multiphot"
Was developed as an optical lens for printing, as demand occurs after the line sensor lenses. Thoroughly eliminate various aberrations in the reference scale, with a high color fidelity and resolution. Has now been redesigned for the Eco-glass, like the current product.
The lens for table type small platemaking cameras. Lens Construction 4 elements in 4 groups. Topogon Type Lens. Standard magnification is ×1. A 400 to 650 nm chromatic aberration compensation wavelength band.
It is an industrial lens brand of Tochigi-Nikon. He does not declare himself Nikkor.
The succeeding kind of "EL-Nikkor" which ended sale in 2006.
The succeeding kind of "Printing-Nikkor". Use by a line sensor was designed as a premise from the beginning.
It is designed supposing the use as x1 copy or a relay lens.
The lens for X-rays indirect photograph equipment.
The lens for fluoroscopy of an X-ray.
The lens for about doubling the enlarging radiography of the documents displayed on CRT.
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