World War II
Infobox collage for WWII.PNG
(clockwise from top left)
  • Chinese forces in the Battle of Wanjialing
  • Australian 25-pounder guns during the First Battle of El Alamein
  • German Stuka dive bombers on the Eastern Front in December 1943
  • American naval force in the Lingayen Gulf
  • Wilhelm Keitel signing the German Instrument of Surrender
  • Soviet troops in the Battle of Stalingrad
Date 1 September 1939 (1939-09-01) – 2 September 1945 (1945-09-02) (6 years and 1 day)
Location Europe, Pacific, Atlantic, South-East Asia, China, Middle East, Mediterranean, North Africa and Horn of Africa, briefly North and South America
Result

Allied victory

  • Collapse of Nazi Germany
  • Fall of Japanese and Italian Empires
  • Dissolution of the League of Nations
  • Creation of the United Nations
  • Emergence of the United States and the Soviet Union as superpowers
  • Beginning of the Cold War (more...)
Participants
Allies Axis
Commanders and leaders
Main Allied leaders
Soviet Union Joseph Stalin
United States Franklin D. Roosevelt
United Kingdom Winston Churchill
Republic of China (1912–49) Chiang Kai-shek
Main Axis leaders
Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Empire of Japan Hirohito
Kingdom of Italy Benito Mussolini
Casualties and losses
Military dead:
Over 16,000,000
Civilian dead:
Over 45,000,000
Total dead:
Over 61,000,000 (1937–45)
...further details
Military dead:
Over 8,000,000
Civilian dead:
Over 4,000,000
Total dead:
Over 12,000,000 (1937–45)
...further details