Lowest prices on Abu Simbel hotels booking, Egypt

One of the latest proposals is an unique opportunity to instantly find the lowest prices on Abu Simbel hotels and book a best hotel in Abu Simbel saving up to 80%! You can do it quickly and easily with HotelsCombined, a world's leading free hotel metasearch engine that allows to search and compare the rates of all major hotel chains, top travel sites, and leading hotel booking websites, including Booking.com, Hotels.com, Agoda.com, etc., etc. The hotel price comparison service HotelsCombined means cheap Abu Simbel hotels booking, lowest prices on hotel reservation in Abu Simbel and airline tickets to Abu Simbel, Egypt!

Abu Simbel Hotels Comparison & Online Booking

▪ Lowest prices on Abu Simbel hotels booking
▪ The discounts on Abu Simbel hotels up to 80%
▪ No booking fees on Abu Simbel hotels
▪ Detailed description & photos of Abu Simbel hotels
▪ Trusted ratings and reviews of Abu Simbel hotels
▪ Advanced Abu Simbel hotel search & comparison
▪ All Abu Simbel hotels on the map
▪ Interesting sights of Abu Simbel

What's important: you can compare and book not only Abu Simbel hotels and resorts, but also villas and holiday cottages, inns and B&Bs (bed and breakfast), condo hotels and apartments, timeshare properties, guest houses and pensions, campsites (campgrounds), motels and hostels in Abu Simbel. If you're going to Abu Simbel save your money and time, don't pay for the services of the greedy travel agencies. Instead, book the best hotel in Abu Simbel online, buy the cheapest airline tickets to Abu Simbel, and rent a car in Abu Simbel right now, paying the lowest price! Besides, here you can buy the Abu Simbel related books, guidebooks, souvenirs and other goods.

By the way, we would recommend you to combine your visit to Abu Simbel with other popular and interesting places of Egypt, for example: Marsa Alam, Suez, Taba, Sinai, Giza, Naama Bay, Nuweiba, Abu Simbel, Valley of the Kings, El Alamein, Alexandria, Luxor, Cairo, Nabq Bay, Sahl Hasheesh, El Hadaba, Nile, Dahab, Al Qusair, Sharks Bay, Mersa Matruh, Faiyum, Hurghada, Scharm asch-Schaich, Red Sea, Port Said, Safaga, Aswan, etc.

How to Book a Hotel in Abu Simbel

In order to book an accommodation in Abu Simbel enter the proper dates and do the hotel search. If needed, sort the found Abu Simbel hotels by price, star rating, property type, guest rating, hotel features, hotel theme or hotel chain. Then take a look at the found hotels on Abu Simbel map to estimate the distance from the main Abu Simbel attractions and sights. You can also read the guest reviews of Abu Simbel hotels and see their ratings.

When a hotel search in Abu Simbel is done, please select the room type, the included meals and the suitable booking conditions (for example, "Deluxe double room, Breakfast included, Non-Refundable"). Press the "View Deal" ("Book Now") button. Make your booking on a hotel booking website and get the hotel reservation voucher by email. That's it, a perfect hotel in Abu Simbel is waiting for you!

Hotels of Abu Simbel

A hotel in Abu Simbel is an establishment that provides lodging paid on a short-term basis. Facilities provided may range from a basic bed and storage for clothing, to luxury features like en-suite bathrooms. Larger in Abu Simbel hotels may provide additional guest facilities such as a swimming pool, business centre, childcare, conference facilities and social function services. Hotel rooms in Abu Simbel are usually numbered (or named in some smaller hotels and B&Bs) to allow guests to identify their room. Some Abu Simbel hotels offer meals as part of a room and board arrangement. Hotel operations vary in size, function, and cost. Most Abu Simbel hotels and major hospitality companies that operate hotels in Abu Simbel have set widely accepted industry standards to classify hotel types. General categories include the following:

Upscale luxury hotels in Abu Simbel
An upscale full service hotel facility in Abu Simbel that offers luxury amenities, full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and the highest level of personalized and professional service. Luxury Abu Simbel hotels are normally classified with at least a Four Diamond or Five Diamond status or a Four or Five Star rating depending on classification standards.

Full service hotels in Abu Simbel
Full service Abu Simbel hotels often contain upscale full-service facilities with a large volume of full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and a variety of on-site amenities such as swimming pools, a health club, children's activities, ballrooms, on-site conference facilities, etc.

Historic inns and boutique hotels in Abu Simbel
Boutique hotels of Abu Simbel are smaller independent non-branded hotels that often contain upscale facilities of varying size in unique or intimate settings with full service accommodations. Abu Simbel boutique hotels are generally 100 rooms or less. Some historic inns and boutique hotels in Abu Simbel may be classified as luxury hotels.

Focused or select service hotels in Abu Simbel
Small to medium-sized hotel establishments that offer a limited amount of on-site amenities that only cater and market to a specific demographic of Abu Simbel travelers, such as the single business traveler. Most Abu Simbel focused or select service hotels may still offer full service accommodations but may lack leisure amenities such as an on-site restaurant or a swimming pool.

Economy and limited service hotels in Abu Simbel
Small to medium-sized Abu Simbel hotel establishments that offer a very limited amount of on-site amenities and often only offer basic accommodations with little to no services, these facilities normally only cater and market to a specific demographic of travelers, such as the budget-minded Abu Simbel traveler seeking a "no frills" accommodation. Limited service Abu Simbel hotels often lack an on-site restaurant but in return may offer a limited complimentary food and beverage amenity such as on-site continental breakfast service.

Guest houses and B&Bs in Abu Simbel
A bed and breakfast in Abu Simbel is a small lodging establishment that offers overnight accommodation and inclusive breakfast. Usually, Abu Simbel bed and breakfasts are private homes or family homes offering accommodations. The typical Abu Simbel B&B has between 4 and 11 rooms, with 6 being the average. Generally, guests are accommodated in private bedrooms with private bathrooms, or in a suite of rooms including an en suite bathroom. Some homes have private bedrooms with a bathroom which is shared with other guests. Breakfast is served in the bedroom, a dining room, or the host's kitchen. Often the owners of guest house themselves prepare the breakfast and clean the rooms.

Hostels in Abu Simbel
Abu Simbel hostels provide budget-oriented, sociable accommodation where guests can rent a bed, usually a bunk bed, in a dormitory and share a bathroom, lounge, and sometimes a kitchen. Rooms can be mixed or single-sex, although private rooms may also be available. Hostels are often cheaper for both the operator and occupants; many Abu Simbel hostels have long-term residents whom they employ as desk agents or housekeeping staff in exchange for experience or discounted accommodation.

Apartment hotels, extended stay hotels in Abu Simbel
Extended stay hotels are small to medium-sized Abu Simbel hotels that offer longer term full service accommodations compared to a traditional hotel. Extended stay hotels may offer non-traditional pricing methods such as a weekly rate that cater towards travelers in need of short-term accommodations for an extended period of time. Similar to limited and select service hotels, on-site amenities are normally limited and most extended stay hotels in Abu Simbel lack an on-site restaurant.

Timeshare and destination clubs in Abu Simbel
Abu Simbel timeshare and destination clubs are a form of property ownership also referred to as a vacation ownership involving the purchase and ownership of an individual unit of accommodation for seasonal usage during a specified period of time. Timeshare resorts in Abu Simbel often offer amenities similar that of a Full service hotel with on-site restaurant(s), swimming pools, recreation grounds, and other leisure-oriented amenities. Destination clubs of Abu Simbel on the other hand may offer more exclusive private accommodations such as private houses in a neighborhood-style setting.

Motels in Abu Simbel
A Abu Simbel motel is a small-sized low-rise lodging establishment similar to that of a limited service hotel, but with direct access to individual rooms from the car park. Common during the 1950s and 1960s, motels were often located adjacent to a major road, where they were built on inexpensive land at the edge of towns or along stretches of highways. They are still useful in less populated areas of Abu Simbel for driving travelers, but the more populated an area becomes the more hotels fill the need. Many of Abu Simbel motels which remain in operation have joined national franchise chains, rebranding themselves as hotels, inns or lodges.

Why HotelsCombined

HotelsCombined is the leading hotel metasearch engine founded in 2005, with headquarters in Sydney, Australia. It is widely recognized as the world's best hotel price comparison site and has won many of the most prestigious tourism industry awards. The site operates in over 40 languages, handles 120 different currencies and aggregates more than 2 million deals from hundreds of travel sites and hotel chains. The number of users counts more than 300,000 people a year with over $1,000,000,000 in estimated total cost of hotel reservations.

The main purpose of HotelsCombined hotel price comparison service is to help the travelers in finding a perfect accommodation option in Abu Simbel at the best price, eliminating the need to manually analyze hundreds of hotel booking sites and thousands of price offers. Through the partnership with the most popular hotel booking websites, online travel agencies and hotel chains, HotelsCombined allows its users to search for and compare the current rates on Abu Simbel hotels in a single search. It also provides an aggregated summary of hotel reviews and ratings from external sites.

The HotelsCombined's advanced technology allows to instantly find the available Abu Simbel hotels and process the offers of all leading travel websites, including Booking.com, Hotels.com, Agoda.com, etc. and many others (AccorHotels.com, AirAsiaGo.com, Amoma.com, AsiaTravel.com, BestWestern.com, Budgetplaces.com, EasyToBook.com, Elvoline.com, Expedia.com, Getaroom.com, Hilton.com, Homestay.com, Hotel.de, HotelClub.com, HotelsClick.com, HotelTravel.com, Housetrip.com, ihg.com, Interhome.com, Jovago.com, LateRooms.com, NH-Hotels.com, OnHotels.com, Otel.com, Prestigia.com, Skoosh.com, Splendia.com, Superbreak.com, Tiket.com, etc.). Due to the fast and easy-to-use search system you get the rates on available Abu Simbel hotels and book a preferable hotel on a website providing the lowest price.

All Abu Simbel Hotels & Hostels Online

HotelsCombined is particularly interesting for those interested in Abu Simbel temples, Egypt, HotelsCombined, Trivago, sale on the hotel booking site HotelsCombined, discount coupons on the hotel booking site HotelsCombined, best rates on Abu Simbel hotels, low prices on Abu Simbel hotels, best hotel in Abu Simbel, best Abu Simbel hotel, discounted Abu Simbel hotel booking, online Abu Simbel hotel reservation, Abu Simbel hotels comparison, hotel booking in Abu Simbel, luxury and cheap accomodation in Abu Simbel, Abu Simbel inns, Abu Simbel B&Bs, bed and breakfast in Abu Simbel, condo hotels and apartments in Abu Simbel, bargain Abu Simbel rentals, cheap Abu Simbel vacation rentals,Abu Simbel pensions and guest houses, cheap hotels and hostels of Abu Simbel, Abu Simbel motels, dormitories of Abu Simbel, dorms in Abu Simbel, Abu Simbel dormitory rooms, lowest rates on hotels in Abu Simbel, hotel prices comparison in Abu Simbel, travel to Abu Simbel, vacation in Abu Simbel, trip to Abu Simbel, trusted hotel reviews of Abu Simbel, sights and attractions of Abu Simbel, Abu Simbel guidebook, Abu Simbel guide, hotel booking in Abu Simbel, Egypt, tours to Abu Simbel, travel company in Abu Simbel, etc.

Many people are also interested in the travel agency in Abu Simbel, excursions in Abu Simbel, tickets to Abu Simbel, airline tickets to Abu Simbel, Abu Simbel hotel booking, Abu Simbel hostels, dormitory of Abu Simbel, dorm in Abu Simbel, Abu Simbel dormitory, Abu Simbel airfares, Abu Simbel airline tickets, Abu Simbel tours, Abu Simbel travel, must-see places in Abu Simbel, Abu Simbel Booking.com, Abu Simbel hotels Trivago, Abu Simbel Expedia, Abu Simbel Airbnb, Abu Simbel TripAdvisor, Hotels Combined Abu Simbel, HotelsCombined Abu Simbel, Abu Simbel hotels and hostels, EG hotels and hostels, Black Friday on the hotel booking site HotelsCombined, Cyber Monday on the hotel booking site HotelsCombined, New Year's and Christmas sale HotelsCombined, hotelscombined.en, HotelsCombined.en, HotelsCombined.en, hotelscombined.com, Templen i Abu Simbel, Abu Simbeli templid, Temples d'Abou Simbel, Abu Simbelas, Abū Simbelas tempļi, and so on.

While others are looking for the Abu Simbeli, Aboe Simbel-tempels, അബൂ സിംബൽ, Abú Simbel, Abu Simbel temples, アブ・シンベル神殿, Abu Simbel, מקדשי אבו סימבל, 阿布辛拜勒神廟, Ebu Simbel, ابوسمبل, Əbu Simbel, အဘူစင်ဘယ်, აბუ-სიმბალი, อะบูซิมเบล, अबू सिम्बेलका मन्दिरहरू, ابو سمبل, Mahekalu ya Abu Simbel, Abu simbal, Mga templo Abu Simbel, Abu Szimbel-i templomok, Абу-Сімбел, Αμπού Σίμπελ, Abú Sumbul (archeologická lokalita), Абу Симбел, Kuil Abu Simbel, Абу-Симбел, আবু সিম্‌বেল, أبو سمبل, Աբու Սիմբել, Temples d'Abó Simbel, 아부 심벨 신전, Aboe Simbel, Tempel von Abu Simbel, Temploj de Abu Simbel. A lot of people have already booked the hotels in Abu Simbel on the hotel booking site HotelsCombined. Don't miss this chance!

Travelling and vacation in Abu Simbel

Abu Simbel temples
Panorama Abu Simbel crop.jpg
The Great Temple of Ramesses II is on the left and the Small Temple of Nefertari is on the right.
Abu Simbel temples is located in Egypt
Abu Simbel temples
Shown within Egypt
Location Aswan Governorate, Egypt
Region Nubia
Coordinates  / 22.33694; 31.62556  / 22.33694; 31.62556
Type temple
Builder Ramesses II
Founded Approximately 1264 BCE
Periods New Kingdom of Egypt
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Official name Nubian Monuments from Abu Simbel to Philae
Type Cultural
Criteria i, iii, vi
Designated 1979 (3rd session)
Reference no. 88
Region Arab States

The Abu Simbel temples are two massive rock temples at Abu Simbel (أبو سمبل in Arabic), a village in Nubia, southern Egypt, near the border with Sudan. They are situated on the western bank of Lake Nasser, about 230 km southwest of Aswan (about 300 km by road). The complex is part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site known as the "Nubian Monuments", which run from Abu Simbel downriver to Philae (near Aswan). The twin temples were originally carved out of the mountainside during the reign of Pharaoh Ramesses II in the 13th century BC, as a lasting monument to himself and his queen Nefertari, to commemorate his victory at the Battle of Kadesh. Their huge external rock relief figures have become iconic.

The complex was relocated in its entirety in 1968, on an artificial hill made from a domed structure, high above the Aswan High Dam reservoir. The relocation of the temples was necessary or they would have been submerged during the creation of Lake Nasser, the massive artificial water reservoir formed after the building of the Aswan High Dam on the Nile River.

Abu Simbel temples: History

Abu Simbel temples: Construction

Geneva architect, Jean Jacquet, a Unesco expert, makes an architectural survey of the Great Temple of Rameses II ( 1290 - 1223 B.C.).
Geneva architect, Jean Jacquet, a Unesco expert, makes an architectural survey of the Great Temple of Rameses II ( 1290 - 1223 B.C.).

Construction of the temple complex started in approximately 1264 BC and lasted for about 20 years, until 1244 BC. Known as the "Temple of Ramesses, beloved by Amun" it was one of six rock temples erected in Nubia during the long reign of Ramesses II. Their purpose was to impress Egypt's southern neighbours, and also to reinforce the status of Egyptian religion in the region.

Abu Simbel temples: Rediscovery

With the passage of time, the temples fell into disuse and eventually became covered by sand. By the 6th century BC, the sand already covered the statues of the main temple up to their knees. The temple was forgotten until 1813, when Swiss orientalist Jean-Louis Burckhardt found the top frieze of the main temple. Burckhardt talked about his discovery with Italian explorer Giovanni Belzoni, who travelled to the site, but was unable to dig out an entry to the temple. Belzoni returned in 1817, this time succeeding in his attempt to enter the complex. A detailed early description of the temples, together with contemporaneous line drawings, can be found in Edward William Lane's Description of Egypt (1825–1828).

Tour guides at the site relate the legend that 'Abu Simbel' was the name of a young local boy who guided these early re-discoverers to the site of the buried temple which he had seen from time to time in the shifting sands. Eventually, they named the complex after him.

Abu Simbel temples: Relocation

The statue of Ramses the Great at the Great Temple of Abu Simbel is reassembled after having been moved in 1967 to save it from flooding.
A scale model showing the original and current location of the temple (with respect to the water level) at the Nubian Museum, in Aswan
A close-up of one of the colossal statues of Ramesses II wearing the double crown of Lower and Upper Egypt.
The collapsed colossus of the Great Temple supposedly fell during an earthquake shortly after its construction. On moving the temple, it was decided to leave it as the face is missing.

In 1959, an international donations campaign to save the monuments of Nubia began: the southernmost relics of this ancient human civilization were under threat from the rising waters of the Nile that were about to result from the construction of the Aswan High Dam.

One scheme to save the temples was based on an idea by William MacQuitty to build a clear fresh water dam around the temples, with the water inside kept at the same height as the Nile. There were to be underwater viewing chambers. In 1962 the idea was made into a proposal by architects Jane Drew and Maxwell Fry and civil engineer Ove Arup. They considered that raising the temples ignored the effect of erosion of the sandstone by desert winds. However the proposal, though acknowledged to be extremely elegant, was rejected.

The salvage of the Abu Simbel temples began in 1964 by a multinational team of archeologists, engineers and skilled heavy equipment operators working together under the UNESCO banner; it cost some $40 million at the time. Between 1964 and 1968, the entire site was carefully cut into large blocks (up to 30 tons, averaging 20 tons), dismantled, lifted and reassembled in a new location 65 meters higher and 200 meters back from the river, in one of the greatest challenges of archaeological engineering in history. Some structures were even saved from under the waters of Lake Nasser. Today, a few hundred tourists visit the temples daily. Guarded convoys of buses and cars depart twice a day from Aswan, the nearest city. Many visitors also arrive by plane, at an airfield that was specially constructed for the temple complex.

The complex consists of two temples. The larger one is dedicated to Ra-Harakhty, Ptah and Amun, Egypt's three state deities of the time, and features four large statues of Ramesses II in the facade. The smaller temple is dedicated to the goddess Hathor, personified by Nefertari, Ramesses's most beloved of his many wives. The temple is now open to the public.

Abu Simbel temples: Great Temple

View of the partially excavated Great Temple from the right, with a human figure for scale.
Front view of the Great Temple before 1923.
Interior of the Great Temple, before cleaning
Interior of the Great Temple, after cleaning
Human figures standing at the entrance to the Great Temple, sometime before 1923.

The Great Temple at Abu Simbel, which took about twenty years to build, was completed around year 24 of the reign of Ramesses the Great (which corresponds to 1265 BC). It was dedicated to the gods Amun, Ra-Horakhty, and Ptah, as well as to the deified Rameses himself. It is generally considered the grandest and most beautiful of the temples commissioned during the reign of Rameses II, and one of the most beautiful in Egypt.

Four colossal 20 meter statues of the pharaoh with the double Atef crown of Upper and Lower Egypt decorate the facade of the temple, which is 35 meters wide and is topped by a frieze with 22 baboons, worshippers of the sun and flank the entrance. The colossal statues were sculptured directly from the rock in which the temple was located before it was moved. All statues represent Ramesses II, seated on a throne and wearing the double crown of Upper and Lower Egypt. The statue to the left of the entrance was damaged in an earthquake, leaving only the lower part of the statue still intact. The head and torso can still be seen at the statue's feet.

Next to the legs of the colossi, there are other statues no higher than the knees of the pharaoh. These depict Nefertari, Ramesses's chief wife, and queen mother Mut-Tuy, his first two sons Amun-her-khepeshef, Ramesses, and his first six daughters Bintanath, Baketmut, Nefertari, Meritamen, Nebettawy and Isetnofret.

The entrance itself is crowned by a bas-relief representing two images of the king worshipping the falcon-headed Ra Harakhti, whose statue stands in a large niche. This god is holding the hieroglyph "user" and a feather in his right hand, with Ma'at, (the goddess of truth and justice) in his left; this is nothing less than a gigantic cryptogram for Ramesses II's throne name, User-Maat-Re. The facade is topped by a row of 22 baboons, their arms raised in the air, supposedly worshipping the rising sun. Another notable feature of the facade is a stele which records the marriage of Ramesses with a daughter of king Hattusili III, which sealed the peace between Egypt and the Hittites.

The inner part of the temple has the same triangular layout that most ancient Egyptian temples follow, with rooms decreasing in size from the entrance to the sanctuary. The temple is complex in structure and quite unusual because of its many side chambers. The hypostyle hall (sometimes also called a pronaos) is 18 meters long and 16.7 meters wide and is supported by eight huge Osirid pillars depicting the deified Ramses linked to the god Osiris, the god of the Underworld, to indicate the everlasting nature of the pharaoh. The colossal statues along the left-hand wall bear the white crown of Upper Egypt, while those on the opposite side are wearing the double crown of Upper and Lower Egypt (pschent). The bas-reliefs on the walls of the pronaos depict battle scenes in the military campaigns the ruler waged. Much of the sculpture is given to the Battle of Kadesh, on the Orontes river in present-day Syria, in which the Egyptian king fought against the Hittites. The most famous relief shows the king on his chariot shooting arrows against his fleeing enemies, who are being taken prisoner. Other scenes show Egyptian victories in Libya and Nubia.

From the hypostyle hall, one enters the second pillared hall, which has four pillars decorated with beautiful scenes of offerings to the gods. There are depictions of Ramesses and Nefertari with the sacred boats of Amun and Ra-Harakhti. This hall gives access to a transverse vestibule in the middle of which is the entrance to the sanctuary. Here, on a black wall, are rock cut sculptures of four seated figures: Ra-Horakhty, the deified king Ramesses, and the gods Amun Ra and Ptah. Ra-Horakhty, Amun Ra and Ptah were the main divinities in that period and their cult centers were at Heliopolis, Thebes and Memphis respectively.

Abu Simbel temples: Solar alignment

It is believed that the axis of the temple was positioned by the ancient Egyptian architects in such a way that on October 22 and February 22, the rays of the sun would penetrate the sanctuary and illuminate the sculptures on the back wall, except for the statue of Ptah, a god connected with the Underworld, who always remained in the dark. People gather at Abu Simbel to witness this remarkable sight, on October 21 and February 21.

These dates are allegedly the king's birthday and coronation day, respectively. There is no direct evidence to support this. It is logical to assume, however, that these dates had some relation to a great event, such as the jubilee celebrating the thirtieth anniversary of the pharaoh's rule. In fact, according to calculations made on the basis of the heliacal rising of the star Sirius (Sothis) and inscriptions found by archaeologists, this date must have been October 22. This image of the king was enhanced and revitalized by the energy of the solar star, and the deified Ramesses the Great could take his place next to Amun Ra and Ra-Horakhty.

Due to the displacement of the temple and/or the accumulated drift of the Tropic of Cancer during the past 3,280 years, it is widely believed that each of these two events has moved one day closer to the Solstice, so they would be occurring on October 22 and February 20 (60 days before and 60 days after the Solstice, respectively).

Abu Simbel temples: Small Temple

The Small Temple from below and left, before 1923.
The Small Temple after relocation.

The temple of Hathor and Nefertari, also known as the Small Temple, was built about one hundred meters northeast of the temple of pharaoh Ramesses II and was dedicated to the goddess Hathor and Ramesses II's chief consort, Nefertari. This was in fact the second time in ancient Egyptian history that a temple was dedicated to a queen. The first time, Akhenaten dedicated a temple to his great royal wife, Nefertiti. The rock-cut facade is decorated with two groups of colossi that are separated by the large gateway. The statues, slightly more than ten meters high, are of the king and his queen. On either side of the portal are two statues of the king, wearing the white crown of Upper Egypt (south colossus) and the double crown (north colossus); these are flanked by statues of the queen.

The gods Set (left) and Horus (right) blessing Ramesses in the small temple at Abu Simbel

Remarkably, this is one of very few instances in Egyptian art where the statues of the king and his consort have equal size. Traditionally, the statues of the queens stood next to those of the pharaoh, but were never taller than his knees. Ramesses went to Abu Simbel with his wife in the 24th year of his reign. As the Great Temple of the king, there are small statues of princes and princesses next to their parents. In this case they are positioned symmetrically: on the south side (at left as one faces the gateway) are, from left to right, princes Meryatum and Meryre, princesses Meritamen and Henuttawy, and princes Rahirwenemef and Amun-her-khepeshef, while on the north side the same figures are in reverse order. The plan of the Small Temple is a simplified version of that of the Great Temple.

As the larger temple dedicated to the king, the hypostyle hall or pronaos is supported by six pillars; in this case, however, they are not Osiris pillars depicting the king, but are decorated with scenes with the queen playing the sistrum (an instrument sacred to the goddess Hathor), together with the gods Horus, Khnum, Khonsu, and Thoth, and the goddesses Hathor, Isis, Maat, Mut of Asher, Satis and Taweret; in one scene Ramesses is presenting flowers or burning incense. The capitals of the pillars bear the face of the goddess Hathor; this type of column is known as Hathoric. The bas-reliefs in the pillared hall illustrate the deification of the king, the destruction of his enemies in the north and south (in this scenes the king is accompanied by his wife), and the queen making offerings to the goddess Hathor and Mut. The hypostyle hall is followed by a vestibule, access to which is given by three large doors. On the south and the north walls of this chamber there are two graceful and poetic bas-reliefs of the king and his consort presenting papyrus plants to Hathor, who is depicted as a cow on a boat sailing in a thicket of papyri. On the west wall, Ramesses II and Nefertari are depicted making offerings to god Horus and the divinities of the Cataracts - Satis, Anubis and Khnum.

The rock cut sanctuary and the two side chambers are connected to the transverse vestibule and are aligned with the axis of the temple. The bas-reliefs on the side walls of the small sanctuary represent scenes of offerings to various gods made either by the pharaoh or the queen. On the back wall, which lies to the west along the axis of the temple, there is a niche in which Hathor, as a divine cow, seems to be coming out of the mountain: the goddess is depicted as the Mistress of the temple dedicated to her and to queen Nefertari, who is intimately linked to the goddess.

Each temple had its own priest that represents the king in daily religious ceremonies. In theory, the Pharaoh would have been the only celebrant in daily religious ceremonies performed in different temples throughout Egypt. In reality, the high priest also played that role. To reach that position, an extensive education in art and science was necessary, like the one pharaoh had. Reading, writing, engineering, arithmetic, geometry, astronomy, space measurement, time calculations, were all part of this learning. The priests of Heliopolis, for example, became guardians of sacred knowledge and earned the reputation of wise men.

Abu Simbel temples: Climate

Köppen-Geiger climate classification system classifies its climate as hot desert (BWh).

Climate data for Abu Simbel
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 23.6
Daily mean °C (°F) 16.4
Average low °C (°F) 9.2
Average precipitation mm (inches) 0
Average rainy days 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mean daily sunshine hours 10 10 10 10 11 11 11 11 10 10 10 10 10.3
Source #1: Climate-Data.org
Source #2: Weather to Travel for sunshine and rainy days

Abu Simbel temples: See also

  • List of archaeoastronomical sites sorted by country
  • Luxor Temple

Abu Simbel temples: Notes

  1. Nubian Monuments from Abu Simbel to Philae – UNESCO World Heritage Centre
  2. Lane E, "Descriptions of Egypt," American University in Cairo Press. pp.493-502.
  3. Fry Drew Knight Creamer, 1978, London, Lund Humphries
  4. Spencer, Terence (1966). The Race to Save Abu Simbel Is Won. Life magazine, December 2, 1966.
  5. Fitzgerald, Stephanie (2008). Ramses II: Egyptian Pharaoh, Warrior and Builder. New York: Compass Point Books. ISBN 978-0-7565-3836-1
  6. Alberto Siliotti, Egypt: temples, people, gods,1994
  7. Ania Skliar, Grosse kulturen der welt-Ägypten, 2005
  8. "Climate: Abu Sinbil – Climate graph, Temperature graph, Climate table". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 14 August 2013.
  9. "Abu Simbel Climate and Weather Averages, Egypt". Weather to Travel. Retrieved 12 July 2013.

Abu Simbel temples: Further reading

  • Berg, Lennart (1978). "The Salvage of the Abu Simbel Temples" (PDF). International Council on Monuments and Sites. Retrieved 7 March 2015. - Highly detailed article describing the process of saving and creating a new location for the temples.
  • Google (20 February 2016). "Abu Simbel archeological site" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 20 February 2016.
  • Abu Simbel at the website of Egypt State Information Service
  • Abu Simbel at Aldokkan
  • Abu Simbel temples' plan
  • Abu Simbel temples images
  • Abu Simbel map, images and info
  • Abu Simbel UNESCO page
Source of information: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. We're not responsible for the content of this article and your use of this information. Disclaimer
Egypt: Hotels Booking & Tickets Sale
Hotels Booking & Tickets Sale
American Virgin Islands
Antigua and Barbuda
Bosnia and Herzegovina
British Virgin Islands
Burkina Faso
Cape Verde
Caribbean Netherlands
Cayman Islands
Costa Rica
Czech Republic
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Dominican Republic
East Timor
El Salvador
Equatorial Guinea
Falkland Islands
Faroe Islands
French Guiana
French Polynesia
Hong Kong
Isle of Man
Ivory Coast
New Zealand
North Korea
Northern Mariana Islands
Papua New Guinea
Puerto Rico
Saint Barthélemy
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Lucia
Saint Martin
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
San Marino
Saudi Arabia
Sierra Leone
Sint Maarten
Solomon Islands
South Africa
South Korea
Sri Lanka
Trinidad and Tobago
Turks and Caicos Islands
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom
United States
Vacation: Complete information and online sale
Abu Simbel: Today's Super Sale
Vacation: Website Templates & Graphics

All trademarks, service marks, trade names, product names, and logos appearing on the site are the property of their respective owners.
© 2011-2017 Maria-Online.com ▪ DesignHosting