Lowest prices on Afghanistan hotels booking

One of the special offers is an unique opportunity to instantly find the lowest prices on Afghanistan hotels and book a best hotel in Afghanistan saving up to 80%! You can do it quickly and easily with HotelsCombined, a world's leading free hotel metasearch engine that allows to search and compare the rates of all major hotel chains, top travel sites, and leading hotel booking websites, including Booking.com, Hotels.com, Agoda.com, etc., etc. The hotel price comparison service HotelsCombined means cheap Afghanistan hotels booking, lowest prices on hotel reservation in Afghanistan and airline tickets to Afghanistan!

Afghanistan Hotels Comparison & Online Booking

▪ Lowest prices on Afghanistan hotels booking
▪ The discounts on Afghanistan hotels up to 80%
▪ No booking fees on Afghanistan hotels
▪ Detailed description & photos of Afghanistan hotels
▪ Trusted ratings and reviews of Afghanistan hotels
▪ Advanced Afghanistan hotel search & comparison
▪ All Afghanistan hotels on the map
▪ Interesting sights of Afghanistan

What's important: you can compare and book not only Afghanistan hotels and resorts, but also villas and holiday cottages, inns and B&Bs (bed and breakfast), condo hotels and apartments, timeshare properties, guest houses and pensions, campsites (campgrounds), motels and hostels in Afghanistan. If you're going to Afghanistan save your money and time, don't pay for the services of the greedy travel agencies. Instead, book the best hotel in Afghanistan online, buy the cheapest airline tickets to Afghanistan, and rent a car in Afghanistan right now, paying the lowest price! Besides, here you can buy the Afghanistan related books, guidebooks, souvenirs and other goods.

Here you can book a hotel virtually anywhere in Afghanistan, including such popular and interesting places as Kabul, Kandahar, Mazar-i-Sharif, Kunduz, Jalalabad, Herat, Taloqan, etc.

How to Book a Hotel in Afghanistan

In order to book an accommodation in Afghanistan enter the proper dates and do the hotel search. If needed, sort the found Afghanistan hotels by price, star rating, property type, guest rating, hotel features, hotel theme or hotel chain. Then take a look at the found hotels on Afghanistan map to estimate the distance from the main Afghanistan attractions and sights. You can also read the guest reviews of Afghanistan hotels and see their ratings.

When a hotel search in Afghanistan is done, please select the room type, the included meals and the suitable booking conditions (for example, "Deluxe double room, Breakfast included, Non-Refundable"). Press the "View Deal" ("Book Now") button. Make your booking on a hotel booking website and get the hotel reservation voucher by email. That's it, a perfect hotel in Afghanistan is waiting for you!

Hotels of Afghanistan

A hotel in Afghanistan is an establishment that provides lodging paid on a short-term basis. Facilities provided may range from a basic bed and storage for clothing, to luxury features like en-suite bathrooms. Larger in Afghanistan hotels may provide additional guest facilities such as a swimming pool, business centre, childcare, conference facilities and social function services. Hotel rooms in Afghanistan are usually numbered (or named in some smaller hotels and B&Bs) to allow guests to identify their room. Some Afghanistan hotels offer meals as part of a room and board arrangement. Hotel operations vary in size, function, and cost. Most Afghanistan hotels and major hospitality companies that operate hotels in Afghanistan have set widely accepted industry standards to classify hotel types. General categories include the following:

Upscale luxury hotels in Afghanistan
An upscale full service hotel facility in Afghanistan that offers luxury amenities, full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and the highest level of personalized and professional service. Luxury Afghanistan hotels are normally classified with at least a Four Diamond or Five Diamond status or a Four or Five Star rating depending on classification standards.

Full service hotels in Afghanistan
Full service Afghanistan hotels often contain upscale full-service facilities with a large volume of full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and a variety of on-site amenities such as swimming pools, a health club, children's activities, ballrooms, on-site conference facilities, etc.

Historic inns and boutique hotels in Afghanistan
Boutique hotels of Afghanistan are smaller independent non-branded hotels that often contain upscale facilities of varying size in unique or intimate settings with full service accommodations. Afghanistan boutique hotels are generally 100 rooms or less. Some historic inns and boutique hotels in Afghanistan may be classified as luxury hotels.

Focused or select service hotels in Afghanistan
Small to medium-sized hotel establishments that offer a limited amount of on-site amenities that only cater and market to a specific demographic of Afghanistan travelers, such as the single business traveler. Most Afghanistan focused or select service hotels may still offer full service accommodations but may lack leisure amenities such as an on-site restaurant or a swimming pool.

Economy and limited service hotels in Afghanistan
Small to medium-sized Afghanistan hotel establishments that offer a very limited amount of on-site amenities and often only offer basic accommodations with little to no services, these facilities normally only cater and market to a specific demographic of travelers, such as the budget-minded Afghanistan traveler seeking a "no frills" accommodation. Limited service Afghanistan hotels often lack an on-site restaurant but in return may offer a limited complimentary food and beverage amenity such as on-site continental breakfast service.

Guest houses and B&Bs in Afghanistan
A bed and breakfast in Afghanistan is a small lodging establishment that offers overnight accommodation and inclusive breakfast. Usually, Afghanistan bed and breakfasts are private homes or family homes offering accommodations. The typical Afghanistan B&B has between 4 and 11 rooms, with 6 being the average. Generally, guests are accommodated in private bedrooms with private bathrooms, or in a suite of rooms including an en suite bathroom. Some homes have private bedrooms with a bathroom which is shared with other guests. Breakfast is served in the bedroom, a dining room, or the host's kitchen. Often the owners of guest house themselves prepare the breakfast and clean the rooms.

Hostels in Afghanistan
Afghanistan hostels provide budget-oriented, sociable accommodation where guests can rent a bed, usually a bunk bed, in a dormitory and share a bathroom, lounge, and sometimes a kitchen. Rooms can be mixed or single-sex, although private rooms may also be available. Hostels are often cheaper for both the operator and occupants; many Afghanistan hostels have long-term residents whom they employ as desk agents or housekeeping staff in exchange for experience or discounted accommodation.

Apartment hotels, extended stay hotels in Afghanistan
Extended stay hotels are small to medium-sized Afghanistan hotels that offer longer term full service accommodations compared to a traditional hotel. Extended stay hotels may offer non-traditional pricing methods such as a weekly rate that cater towards travelers in need of short-term accommodations for an extended period of time. Similar to limited and select service hotels, on-site amenities are normally limited and most extended stay hotels in Afghanistan lack an on-site restaurant.

Timeshare and destination clubs in Afghanistan
Afghanistan timeshare and destination clubs are a form of property ownership also referred to as a vacation ownership involving the purchase and ownership of an individual unit of accommodation for seasonal usage during a specified period of time. Timeshare resorts in Afghanistan often offer amenities similar that of a Full service hotel with on-site restaurant(s), swimming pools, recreation grounds, and other leisure-oriented amenities. Destination clubs of Afghanistan on the other hand may offer more exclusive private accommodations such as private houses in a neighborhood-style setting.

Motels in Afghanistan
A Afghanistan motel is a small-sized low-rise lodging establishment similar to that of a limited service hotel, but with direct access to individual rooms from the car park. Common during the 1950s and 1960s, motels were often located adjacent to a major road, where they were built on inexpensive land at the edge of towns or along stretches of highways. They are still useful in less populated areas of Afghanistan for driving travelers, but the more populated an area becomes the more hotels fill the need. Many of Afghanistan motels which remain in operation have joined national franchise chains, rebranding themselves as hotels, inns or lodges.

Why HotelsCombined

HotelsCombined is the leading hotel metasearch engine founded in 2005, with headquarters in Sydney, Australia. It is widely recognized as the world's best hotel price comparison site and has won many of the most prestigious tourism industry awards. The site operates in over 40 languages, handles 120 different currencies and aggregates more than 2 million deals from hundreds of travel sites and hotel chains. The number of users counts more than 300,000 people a year with over $1,000,000,000 in estimated total cost of hotel reservations.

The main purpose of HotelsCombined hotel price comparison service is to help the travelers in finding a perfect accommodation option in Afghanistan at the best price, eliminating the need to manually analyze hundreds of hotel booking sites and thousands of price offers. Through the partnership with the most popular hotel booking websites, online travel agencies and hotel chains, HotelsCombined allows its users to search for and compare the current rates on Afghanistan hotels in a single search. It also provides an aggregated summary of hotel reviews and ratings from external sites.

The HotelsCombined's advanced technology allows to instantly find the available Afghanistan hotels and process the offers of all leading travel websites, including Booking.com, Hotels.com, Agoda.com, etc. and many others (AccorHotels.com, AirAsiaGo.com, Amoma.com, AsiaTravel.com, BestWestern.com, Budgetplaces.com, EasyToBook.com, Elvoline.com, Expedia.com, Getaroom.com, Hilton.com, Homestay.com, Hotel.de, HotelClub.com, HotelsClick.com, HotelTravel.com, Housetrip.com, ihg.com, Interhome.com, Jovago.com, LateRooms.com, NH-Hotels.com, OnHotels.com, Otel.com, Prestigia.com, Skoosh.com, Splendia.com, Superbreak.com, Tiket.com, etc.). Due to the fast and easy-to-use search system you get the rates on available Afghanistan hotels and book a preferable hotel on a website providing the lowest price.

All Afghanistan Hotels & Hostels Online

HotelsCombined is created for those interested in Afghanistan, HotelsCombined, Trivago, sale on the hotel booking site HotelsCombined, discount coupons on the hotel booking site HotelsCombined, best rates on Afghanistan hotels, low prices on Afghanistan hotels, best hotel in Afghanistan, best Afghanistan hotel, discounted Afghanistan hotel booking, online Afghanistan hotel reservation, Afghanistan hotels comparison, hotel booking in Afghanistan, luxury and cheap accomodation in Afghanistan, Afghanistan inns, Afghanistan B&Bs, bed and breakfast in Afghanistan, condo hotels and apartments in Afghanistan, bargain Afghanistan rentals, cheap Afghanistan vacation rentals,Afghanistan pensions and guest houses, cheap hotels and hostels of Afghanistan, Afghanistan motels, dormitories of Afghanistan, dorms in Afghanistan, Afghanistan dormitory rooms, lowest rates on hotels in Afghanistan, hotel prices comparison in Afghanistan, travel to Afghanistan, vacation in Afghanistan, trip to Afghanistan, trusted hotel reviews of Afghanistan, sights and attractions of Afghanistan, Afghanistan guidebook, Afghanistan guide, hotel booking in Afghanistan, tours to Afghanistan, travel company in Afghanistan, travel agency in Afghanistan, excursions in Afghanistan, tickets to Afghanistan, airline tickets to Afghanistan, Afghanistan hotel booking, Afghanistan hostels, dormitory of Afghanistan, dorm in Afghanistan, Afghanistan dormitory, Afghanistan airfares, Afghanistan airline tickets, Afghanistan tours, Afghanistan travel, must-see places in Afghanistan, Afghanistan Booking.com, Afghanistan hotels Trivago, Afghanistan Expedia, Afghanistan Airbnb, Afghanistan TripAdvisor, Hotels Combined Afghanistan, HotelsCombined Afghanistan, Afghanistan hotels and hostels, etc.

Many people are also interested in the AF hotels and hostels, Black Friday on the hotel booking site HotelsCombined, Cyber Monday on the hotel booking site HotelsCombined, New Year's and Christmas sale HotelsCombined, hotelscombined.en, HotelsCombined.en, HotelsCombined.en, hotelscombined.com, ඇෆ්ගනිස්ථානය, अफ़ग़ानिस्तान, I-Afugani, Afeganistan, Afganisztán, Afeganistaun, Afeganistão, 阿富汗, Afganistáni, અફઘાનિસ્તાન, আফগানিস্তান, ئەفغانستان, അഫ്ഗാനിസ്താൻ, Afganėstans, אפגניסטן, Afghanistán, Afganio, Αφγανιστάν, Afgʻoniston, ஆப்கானித்தான், Afghánistán, Afganistani, Аўганістан, अफगानिस्तान, Afganischtaan, Авганистан, Afğanistan, アフガニスタン, Afganistàn, Afganistanas, Afuganisitani, afyganisTAN, Әфганстан, សាធារណរដ្ឋឥស្លាមអាហ្វហ្កានីស្ថាន, အာဖဂန်နစ္စတန်နိုင်ငံ, Afɣanistan, أفغانستان, ئافغانىستان, Afganistāna, Афґаністан, 𐌰𐍆𐌲𐌰𐌽𐌹𐍃𐍄𐌰𐌽, I-Afganistani, 아프가니스탄, ཨ་ཧྥུའུ་རྒན་སི་ཐན།, Afganistaan, Afgaanistan, Afg'anstan, ʻAfikānisitani, and so on.

While others are looking for the ‘Apekanikana, ავღანეთი, Afganistán, ఆఫ్ఘనిస్తాన్, ਅਫ਼ਗ਼ਾਨਿਸਤਾਨ, Afganistuanu, Afgànistan, Афгъанистан, ଆଫଗାନିସ୍ତାନ, अफगाणिस्तान, Afganistani (Afghanistan), ᎠᏫᎨᏂᏍᏖᏂ, Афганістан, አፍጋኒስታን, Lafganistän, Afgania, Աֆղանստան, ಅಫ್ಘಾನಿಸ್ತಾನ, Apganistan, ОвхӀан мохк, Efxanistan, Afgaanistaan, Афганистаан, افغانستان, Афганистэн, Afganistan, Affganistan, Afghanístàn, Afgansuyu, ཨཕ་ག་ནིསི་ཏཱན་, Афганистан, ܐܦܓܐܢܣܛܐܢ, افغانیستان, Aganitã, Афғанстан, Afghanistan, Afganistana, Afakanisitana, Efğanıstan, ประเทศอัฟกานิสถาน, Afganastan, Сарта Апганмудин Орн, An Afganastáin, Ауғанстан, Afganistón, अफगानिस्तान्, Афганстан, Āwhekenetāna, Афғонистон, אפגאניסטאן, Apeganitan, Yn Afghanistaan, Owganystan, އަފްޣާނިސްތާން, Əfqanıstan, Афганистан Мастор. A lot of people have already booked the hotels in Afghanistan on the hotel booking site HotelsCombined. Don't wait, act now!

Travelling and vacation in Afghanistan

.

 / 33; 65

Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
  • د افغانستان اسلامي جمهوریت (Pashto)
  • Da Afġānistān Islāmī Jumhoryat
  • جمهوری اسلامی افغانستان (Dari)
  • Jomhūrīyyeh Eslāmīyyeh Afġānestān
Flag of Afghanistan
Coat of arms of Afghanistan
Flag Coat of arms
Motto: لا إله إلا الله، محمد رسول الله
"Lā ʾilāha ʾillā llāh, Muhammadun rasūlu llāh"
"There is no god but God; Muhammad is the messenger of God. (Shahada)
Anthem: Millī Surūd
ملي سرود
"The National Anthem"
Location of Afghanistan
Location of Afghanistan
Capital
and largest city
Kabul
 / 34.533; 69.133
Official languages
  • Pashto
  • Dari
Ethnic groups Pashtun, Tajiks, Hazara, Uzbeks, Aimaq, Turkmen, Baloch and others
Religion Islam
Demonym Afghan
Government Unitary presidential Islamic republic
• President
Ashraf Ghani
• Chief Executive Officer
Abdullah Abdullah
Legislature National Assembly
• Upper house
House of Elders
• Lower house
House of the People
Formation
First Afghan state
April 1709
Emirate
1823
• Recognized
19 August 1919
Kingdom
9 June 1926
Monarchy abolished
17 July 1973
• Communist rule
30 April 1978
• Islamic state
24 April 1992
• Taliban rule
27 September 1996
• Liberation
7 October 2001
• Current constitution
26 January 2004
Area
• Total
652,864 km (252,072 sq mi) (40th)
• Water (%)
negligible
Population
• 2016 estimate
33,332,025 (40th)
• Density
49.88/km (129.2/sq mi) (150th)
GDP (PPP) 2016 estimate
• Total
$65.295 billion
• Per capita
$2,000
GDP (nominal) 2016 estimate
• Total
$19.654 billion
• Per capita
$600
Gini (2008) 29
low
HDI (2014) Increase 0.465
low · 171st
Currency Afghani (AFN)
Time zone D† (UTC+4:30 Solar Calendar)
Drives on the right
Calling code +93
ISO 3166 code AF
Internet TLD .af افغانستان.

Afghanistan (Listen/æfˈɡænstæn/; Pashto/Dari: افغانستان, Afġānistān), officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a landlocked country located within South Asia and Central Asia. The country has a population of 33 million, making it the 42nd most populous country in the world. Afghanistan is bordered by Pakistan in the south and east; Iran in the west; Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan in the north; and China in the far northeast. Its territory covers 652,000 square kilometers (252,000 sq mi), making it the 41st largest country in the world.

Human habitation in Afghanistan dates back to the Middle Paleolithic Era, and the country's strategic location along the Silk Road connected it to the cultures of the Middle East and other parts of Asia. The land has historically been home to various peoples and has witnessed numerous military campaigns, including those by Alexander the Great, Mauryas, Muslim Arabs, Mongols, British, Soviet, and in the modern era by Western powers. The land also served as the source from which the Kushans, Hephthalites, Samanids, Saffarids, Ghaznavids, Ghorids, Khiljis, Mughals, Hotaks, Durranis, and others have risen to form major empires.

The political history of the modern state of Afghanistan began with the Hotak and Durrani dynasties in the 18th century. In the late 19th century, Afghanistan became a buffer state in the "Great Game" between British India and the Russian Empire. Following the Third Anglo-Afghan War in 1919, King Amanullah unsuccessfully attempted to modernize the country. Afghanistan remained peaceful during Zahir Shah's forty years of monarchy. A series of coups in the 1970s was followed by a series of civil wars that devastated much of Afghanistan which began when the country became a socialist state under the influence of the Soviet Union during the Soviet–Afghan War. Following the departure of the Soviet forces, the country became an Islamic state under the Peshawar Accord but much of its territory was then held by the Islamic supremacist group the Taliban, who ruled the country as a totalitarian regime for almost five years. Following the 2001 September 11 attacks in the United States, the Taliban was forcibly removed by the NATO-led coalition, Afghanistan's previous political structure was replaced with a more pro-Western, democratically-elected government.

Afghanistan is a unitary presidential Islamic republic with Islam as an official state religion. It is a member of the United Nations, the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, the Group of 77, the Economic Cooperation Organization, and the Non-Aligned Movement. Afghanistan's economy is the world's 108th largest, with a GDP of $64.08 billion; the country fares much worse in terms of per-capita GDP (PPP), ranking 167th out of 186 countries in a 2016 report from the International Monetary Fund.

Afghanistan: Etymology

The name Afghānistān (Pashto |افغانستان) is believed to be as old as the ethnonym Afghan, which is documented in the 10th-century geography book Hudud ul-'alam. The root name "Afghan" was used historically in reference to a member of the ethnic Pashtuns, and the suffix "-stan" means "place of" in Persian and Hindi. Therefore, Afghanistan translates to land of the Afghans or, more specifically in a historical sense, to land of the Pashtuns. However, the modern Constitution of Afghanistan states that "[t]he word Afghan shall apply to every citizen of Afghanistan."

Afghanistan: History

"Interior of the palace of Shauh Shujah Ool Moolk, Late King of Cabul"
History of Afghanistan
Timeline
  • Wikipedia book Book
  • Category Category
  • Portal Portal

Afghanistan is mostly a tribal society with different regions of the country having its own subculture. Their history is traced back to at least the time of the Achaemenid Empire in 500 BCE. In the southern and eastern region, the people live according to the Pashtun culture by following Pashtunwali (Pashtun way). The Pashtuns (and Baloch) are largely connected to the culture of South Asia. The remaining Afghans are culturally Persian and Turkic. Some non-Pashtuns who live in proximity with Pashtuns have adopted Pashtunwali in a process called Pashtunization, while some Pashtuns have been Persianized. Those who have lived in Pakistan and Iran over the last 30 years have been further influenced by the cultures of those neighboring nations.

Men wearing traditional Afghan dress in the southern city of Kandahar

Afghans are regarded with mingled apprehension and condescension, for their high regard for personal honor, for their tribe loyalty and for their readiness to use force to settle disputes. As tribal warfare and internecine feuding has been one of their chief occupations since time immemorial, this individualistic trait has made it difficult for foreigners to conquer them. One writer considers the tribal system to be the best way of organizing large groups of people in a country that is geographically difficult, and in a society that, from a materialistic point of view, has an uncomplicated lifestyle. There are various Afghan tribes, and an estimated 2–3 million nomads.

The nation has a complex history that has survived either in its current cultures or in the form of various languages and monuments. However, many of its historic monuments have been damaged in modern times. The two famous Buddhas of Bamiyan were destroyed by the Taliban, who regarded them as idolatrous. Despite that, archaeologists are still finding Buddhist relics in different parts of the country, some of them dating back to the 2nd century. This indicates that Buddhism was widespread in Afghanistan. Other historical places include the cities of Herat, Kandahar, Ghazni, Mazar-i-Sharif, and Zaranj. The Minaret of Jam in the Hari River valley is a UNESCO World Heritage site. A cloak reputedly worn by Islam's prophet Muhammad is kept inside the Shrine of the Cloak in Kandahar, a city founded by Alexander and the first capital of Afghanistan. The citadel of Alexander in the western city of Herat has been renovated in recent years and is a popular attraction for tourists. In the north of the country is the Shrine of Ali, believed by many to be the location where Ali was buried. The National Museum of Afghanistan is located in Kabul.

Classic Persian and Pashto poetry plays an important role in the Afghan culture. Poetry has always been one of the major educational pillars in the region, to the level that it has integrated itself into culture. Some notable poets include Rumi, Rabi'a Balkhi, Sanai, Jami, Khushal Khan Khattak, Rahman Baba, Khalilullah Khalili, and Parween Pazhwak.

Afghanistan: Media and entertainment

Studio of TOLOnews in Kabul

Afghanistan has around 150 radio stations and over 50 television stations, which includes the state-owned RTA TV and various private channels such as Tolo TV and Shamshad TV. The first Afghan newspaper was published in 1906. By the 1920s, Radio Kabul was broadcasting local radio services. Television programs began airing in the early 1970s. Voice of America, BBC, and Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty (RFE/RL) broadcast in both of Afghanistan's official languages.

Since 2002, press restrictions have been gradually relaxed and private media diversified. Freedom of expression and the press is promoted in the 2004 constitution and censorship is banned, although defaming individuals or producing material contrary to the principles of Islam is prohibited. In 2008, Reporters Without Borders ranked the media environment as 156 out of 173 countries, with the 1st being the most free.

The city of Kabul has been home to many musicians who were masters of both traditional and modern Afghan music. Traditional music is especially popular during the Nowruz (New Year) and National Independence Day celebrations. Ahmad Zahir, Nashenas, Ustad Sarahang, Sarban, Ubaidullah Jan, Farhad Darya, and Naghma are some of the notable Afghan musicians, but there are many others. Afghans have long been accustomed to watching Indian Bollywood films and listening to its filmi songs. Many Bollywood film stars have roots in Afghanistan, including Salman Khan, Saif Ali Khan, Shah Rukh Khan (SRK), Aamir Khan, Feroz Khan, Kader Khan, Naseeruddin Shah, Zarine Khan, Celina Jaitly, and a number of others. Several Bollywood films have been shot inside Afghanistan, including Dharmatma, Khuda Gawah, Escape from Taliban, and Kabul Express.

Afghanistan: Communication

Telecommunication services in Afghanistan are provided by Afghan Telecom, Afghan Wireless, Etisalat, MTN Group, and Roshan. The country uses its own space satellite called Afghansat 1, which provides services to over 18 million GSM phone subscribers and over 2.6 million internet users. There are only about 105,310 fixed telephone lines and 295,078 CDMA subscribers in Afghanistan.

Afghanistan: Sports

The Afghanistan national football team (in red uniforms) before its first win over India (in blue) during the 2011 SAFF Championship.

Afghanistan's sports teams are increasingly celebrating titles at international events. Its basketball team won the first team sports title at the 2010 South Asian Games. Later that year, the country's cricket team followed as it won the 2009–10 ICC Intercontinental Cup. In 2012, the country's 3x3 basketball team won the gold medal at the 2012 Asian Beach Games. In 2013, Afghanistan's football team followed as it won the SAFF Championship.

Cricket and association football are the most popular sports in the country. The Afghan national cricket team, which was formed in the last decade, participated in the 2009 ICC World Cup Qualifier, 2010 ICC World Cricket League Division One and the 2010 ICC World Twenty20. It won the ACC Twenty20 Cup in 2007, 2009, 2011 and 2013. The team eventually made it to play in the 2015 Cricket World Cup. The Afghanistan Cricket Board (ACB) is the official governing body of the sport and is headquartered in Kabul. The Alokozay Kabul International Cricket Ground serves as the nation's main cricket stadium. There are a number of other stadiums throughout the country, including the Ghazi Amanullah Khan International Cricket Stadium near Jalalabad. Domestically, cricket is played between teams from different provinces.

The Afghanistan national football team has been competing in international football since 1941. The national team plays its home games at the Ghazi Stadium in Kabul, while football in Afghanistan is governed by the Afghanistan Football Federation. The national team has never competed or qualified for the FIFA World Cup, but has recently won an international football trophy in 2013. The country also has a national team in the sport of futsal, a 5-a-side variation of football.

Other popular sports in Afghanistan include basketball, volleyball, taekwondo, and bodybuilding. Buzkashi is a traditional sport, mainly among the northern Afghans. It is similar to polo, played by horsemen in two teams, each trying to grab and hold a goat carcass. The Afghan Hound (a type of running dog) originated in Afghanistan and was originally used in hunting.

Afghanistan: See also

  • Afghanistanism
  • Bibliography of Afghanistan
  • Environmental issues in Afghanistan
  • Index of Afghanistan-related articles
  • International rankings of Afghanistan
  • List of power stations in Afghanistan
  • Outline of Afghanistan

Afghanistan: Notes

  1. Other terms that have been used as demonyms are Afghani and Afghanistani.

Afghanistan: References

  1. "Article Sixteen of the 2004 Constitution of Afghanistan". 2004. Archived from the original on 28 October 2013. Retrieved 13 June 2012. From among the languages of Pashto, Dari, Uzbeki, Turkmani, Baluchi, Pashai, Nuristani, Pamiri (alsana), Arab and other languages spoken in the country, Pashto and Dari are the official languages of the state.
  2. Dictionary.com. The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition. Houghton Mifflin Company, 2004. Reference.com (Retrieved 13 November 2007).
  3. Dictionary.com. WordNet 3.0. Princeton University. Reference.com (Retrieved 13 November 2007). Archived 28 March 2014 at the Wayback Machine.
  4. Central Statistics Organization of Afghanistan Archived 17 December 2015 at the Wayback Machine.: Statistical Yearbook 2012–2013 Archived 17 January 2014 at the Wayback Machine.: Area and administrative Population Archived 17 December 2015 at the Wayback Machine.
  5. "Afghanistan". The World Factbook. www.cia.gov. Retrieved 2017-05-19.
  6. "Afghanistan". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 26 April 2014.
  7. "Gini Index". World Bank. Archived from the original on 11 May 2014. Retrieved 2 March 2011.
  8. "2015 Human Development Report" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 14 December 2015. p. 18. Retrieved 14 December 2015.
  9. * "U.S. maps". Pubs.usgs.gov. Archived from the original on 25 December 2013. Retrieved 19 May 2012.
    • "South Asia: Data, Projects, and Research". Retrieved 2 March 2015.
    • "MAPS SHOWING GEOLOGY, OIL AND GAS FIELDS AND GEOLOGICAL PROVINCES OF SOUTH ASIA (Includes Afghanistan)". Retrieved 2 March 2015.
    • "University of Washington Jackson School of International Studies: The South Asia Center". Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 2 March 2015.
    • "Syracruse University: The South Asia Center". Retrieved 2 March 2015.
    • "Center for South Asian studies". Retrieved 2 March 2015.
  10. Griffin, Luke (14 January 2002). "The Pre-Islamic Period". Afghanistan Country Study. Illinois Institute of Technology. Archived from the original on 3 November 2001. Retrieved 14 October 2010.
  11. http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2017/01/weodata/weorept.aspx?pr.x=43&pr.y=5&sy=2016&ey=2016&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&c=512%2C672%2C914%2C946%2C612%2C137%2C614%2C546%2C311%2C962%2C213%2C674%2C911%2C676%2C193%2C548%2C122%2C556%2C912%2C678%2C313%2C181%2C419%2C867%2C513%2C682%2C316%2C684%2C913%2C273%2C124%2C868%2C339%2C921%2C638%2C948%2C514%2C943%2C218%2C686%2C963%2C688%2C616%2C518%2C223%2C728%2C516%2C836%2C918%2C558%2C748%2C138%2C618%2C196%2C624%2C278%2C522%2C692%2C622%2C694%2C156%2C142%2C626%2C449%2C628%2C564%2C228%2C565%2C924%2C283%2C233%2C853%2C632%2C288%2C636%2C293%2C634%2C566%2C238%2C964%2C662%2C182%2C960%2C359%2C423%2C453%2C935%2C968%2C128%2C922%2C611%2C714%2C321%2C862%2C243%2C135%2C248%2C716%2C469%2C456%2C253%2C722%2C642%2C942%2C643%2C718%2C939%2C724%2C644%2C576%2C819%2C936%2C172%2C961%2C132%2C813%2C646%2C199%2C648%2C733%2C915%2C184%2C134%2C524%2C652%2C361%2C174%2C362%2C328%2C364%2C258%2C732%2C656%2C366%2C654%2C734%2C336%2C144%2C263%2C146%2C268%2C463%2C532%2C528%2C944%2C923%2C176%2C738%2C534%2C578%2C536%2C537%2C429%2C742%2C433%2C866%2C178%2C369%2C436%2C744%2C136%2C186%2C343%2C925%2C158%2C869%2C439%2C746%2C916%2C926%2C664%2C466%2C826%2C112%2C542%2C111%2C967%2C298%2C443%2C927%2C917%2C846%2C544%2C299%2C941%2C582%2C446%2C474%2C666%2C754%2C668%2C698&s=PPPPC&grp=0&a=
  12. "Constitution of Afghanistan". 2004. Retrieved 16 February 2013.
  13. "Afghanistan – John Ford Shroder, University of Nebraska". Webcitation.org. Archived from the original on 31 October 2009. Retrieved 19 May 2012.
  14. "Afghanistan: A Treasure Trove for Archaeologists". Time Magazine. 26 February 2009. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 13 July 2011.
  15. The Indo-Aryans of Ancient South Asia: Language, Material Culture and Ethnicity by George Erdosy, p.321
  16. The History of Afghanistan by Meredith L. Runion, p.44-49
  17. The Ancient Indus: Urbanism, Economy, and Society. pp.1
  18. Kenoyer, Jonathan Mark (1998). Ancient cities of the Indus Valley Civilisation. pp.96
  19. Bryant, Edwin F. (2001) The quest for the origins of Vedic culture: the Indo-Aryan migration debate ISBN 978-0-19-513777-4.
  20. Afghanistan: ancient Ariana (1950), Information Bureau, p3.
  21. "Chronological History of Afghanistan – the cradle of Gandharan civilisation". Gandhara.com.au. 15 February 1989. Archived from the original on 9 September 2012. Retrieved 19 May 2012.
  22. "Country Profile: Afghanistan" (PDF). Library of Congress Country Studies on Afghanistan. August 2008. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 April 2014. Retrieved 10 October 2010.
  23. The History of Afghanistan by Meredith L. Runion, p.44
  24. "Afghan and Afghanistan". Abdul Hai Habibi. alamahabibi.com. 1969. Retrieved 17 November 2015.
  25. "A.-The Hindu Kings of Kábul". Sir H. M. Elliot. London: Packard Humanities Institute. 1867–1877. Archived from the original on 8 April 2014. Retrieved 18 September 2010.
  26. ?amd-Allah Mustawfi of Qazwin (1340). "The Geographical Part of the NUZHAT-AL-QULUB". Translated by Guy Le Strange. Packard Humanities Institute. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 19 August 2011.
  27. "A.-The Hindu Kings of Kábul (p.3)". Sir H. M. Elliot. London: Packard Humanities Institute. 1867–1877. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 18 September 2010.
  28. "Central Asian world cities". Faculty.washington.edu. 29 September 2007. Archived from the original on 23 July 2013. Retrieved 6 May 2012.
  29. Page, Susan (18 February 2009). "Obama's war: Deploying 17,000 raises stakes in Afghanistan". Usatoday.com. Retrieved 19 May 2012.
  30. "Khurasan". The Encyclopaedia of Islam. Brill. 2009. p. 55. Archived from the original on 9 February 2014. In pre-Islamic and early Islamic times, the term "Khurassan" frequently had a much wider denotation, covering also parts of what are now Soviet Central Asia and Afghanistan
  31. Ibn Battuta (2004). Travels in Asia and Africa, 1325–1354 (reprint, illustrated ed.). Routledge. p. 416. ISBN 978-0-415-34473-9. Archived from the original on 5 April 2014.
  32. Muhammad Qasim Hindu Shah (1560). "Chapter 200: Translation of the Introduction to Firishta's History". The History of India. 6. Sir H. M. Elliot. London: Packard Humanities Institute. p. 8. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 22 August 2010.
  33. Edward G. Browne. "A Literary History of Persia, Volume 4: Modern Times (1500–1924), Chapter IV. An Outline Of The History Of Persia During The Last Two Centuries (A.D. 1722–1922)". Packard Humanities Institute. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 9 September 2010.
  34. "Ahmad Shah Durrani". Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Archived from the original on 4 April 2014. Retrieved 9 September 2010.
  35. Friedrich Engels (1857). "Afghanistan". Andy Blunden. The New American Cyclopaedia, Vol. I. Archived from the original on 27 April 2014. Retrieved 25 August 2010.
  36. The Oxford Dictionary of Islam by John L. Esposito, p.71
  37. Tanner, Stephen (2009). Afghanistan: A Military History from Alexander the Great to the War against the Taliban. Da Capo Press. p. 126. ISBN 978-0-306-81826-4. Archived from the original on 23 January 2014.
  38. Nalwa, Vanit (2009). Hari Singh Nalwa, "champion of the Khalsaji" (1791–1837). p. 198. ISBN 978-81-7304-785-5. Archived from the original on 22 January 2014.
  39. Chahryar, Adle (2003). History of Civilizations of Central Asia: Development in contrast: from the sixteenth to the mid-nineteenth century. UNESCO. p. 296. ISBN 978-92-3-103876-1.
  40. Edward Ingram. The International History Review, Vol. 2, No. 2 (Apr. 1980), pp. 160–171. Published by: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/40105749 Great Britain's Great Game: An Introduction
  41. In Defence of British India: Great Britain in the Middle East, 1775–1842 By Edward Ingram. Frank Cass & Co, London, 1984. ISBN 0714632465. p7-19
  42. Encyclopedia Americana. Volume 25. Americana Corporation. 1976. p. 24.
  43. Bowersox, Gary W. (2004). The Gem Hunter: The Adventures of an American in Afghanistan. United States: GeoVision, Inc.,. p. 100. ISBN 0-9747323-1-1. Retrieved 22 August 2010. To launch this plan, Bhutto recruited and trained a group of Afghans in the Bala-Hesar of Peshawar, in Pakistan's North-west Frontier Province. Among these young men were Massoud, Gulbuddin Hekmatyar, and other members of Jawanan-e Musulman. Massoud's mission to Bhutto was to create unrest in northern Afghanistan. It served Massoud's interests, which were apparently opposition to the Soviets and independence for Afghanistan. Later, after Massoud and Hekmatyar had a terrible falling-out over Massoud's opposition to terrorist tactics and methods, Massoud overthrew from Jawanan-e Musulman. He joined Rabani's newly created Afghan political party, Jamiat-i-Islami, in exile in Pakistan.
  44. Hussain, Rizwan (2005). Pakistan And The Emergence Of Islamic Militancy In Afghanistan. Ashgate Publishing. pp. 108–109. ISBN 978-0-7546-4434-7.
  45. Kalinovsky, Artemy M. (2011). A Long Goodbye: The Soviet Withdrawal from Afghanistan. Harvard University Press. pp. 25–28. ISBN 978-0-674-05866-8.
  46. "Afghanistan". Library of Congress Country Studies. Retrieved 14 November 2010.
  47. Meher, Jagmohan (2004). America's Afghanistan War: The Success that Failed. Gyan Books. pp. 68–69, 94. ISBN 978-81-7835-262-6.
  48. "Story of US, CIA and Taliban". The Brunei Times. 2009. Archived from the original on 5 December 2013. Retrieved 16 December 2013.
  49. "The Cost of an Afghan 'Victory'". The Nation. 1999. Archived from the original on 2 March 2014. Retrieved 16 December 2013.
  50. Lacina, Bethany; Gleditsch, Nils Petter (2005). "Monitoring Trends in Global Combat: A New Dataset of Battle Deaths" (PDF). European Journal of Population. 21: 154.
  51. Kakar, Mohammed. The Soviet Invasion and the Afghan Response, 1979–1982. University of California Press. ISBN 9780520208933. The Afghans are among the latest victims of genocide by a superpower. Large numbers of Afghans were killed to suppress resistance to the army of the Soviet Union, which wished to vindicate its client regime and realize its goal in Afghanistan.
  52. Klass, Rosanne (1994). The Widening Circle of Genocide. Transaction Publishers. p. 129. ISBN 9781412839655. During the intervening fourteen years of Communist rule, an estimated 1.5 to 2 million Afghan civilians were killed by Soviet forces and their proxies- the four Communist regimes in Kabul, and the East Germans, Bulgarians, Czechs, Cubans, Palestinians, Indians and others who assisted them. These were not battle casualties or the unavoidable civilian victims of warfare. Soviet and local Communist forces seldom attacked the scattered guerilla bands of the Afghan Resistance except, in a few strategic locales like the Panjsher valley. Instead they deliberately targeted the civilian population, primarily in the rural areas.
  53. Reisman, W. Michael; Norchi, Charles H. "Genocide and the Soviet Occupation of Afghanistan" (PDF). Retrieved 7 January 2017. According to widely reported accounts, substantial programmes of depopulation have been conducted in these Afghan provinces: Ghazni, Nagarhar, Lagham, Qandahar, Zabul, Badakhshan, Lowgar, Paktia, Paktika and Kunar...There is considerable evidence that genocide has been committed against the Afghan people by the combined forces of the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan and the Soviet Union.
  54. Goodson, Larry P. (2001). Afghanistan's Endless War: State Failure, Regional Politics, and the Rise of the Taliban. University of Washington Press. p. 5. ISBN 9780295980508.
  55. "Soldiers of God: Cold War (Part 1/5)". CNN. 1998. Archived from the original on 29 July 2013. Retrieved 11 October 2011.
  56. UNICEF, Land-mines: A deadly inheritance Archived 5 August 2013 at the Wayback Machine.
  57. "Landmines in Afghanistan: A Decades Old Danger". Defenseindustrydaily.com. 1 February 2010. Archived from the original on 11 January 2014. Retrieved 6 May 2012.
  58. "Refugee Admissions Program for Near East and South Asia". Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration. Archived from the original on 13 April 2014. Retrieved 29 December 2013.
  59. Haroon, Sana (2008). "The Rise of Deobandi Islam in the North-West Frontier Province and Its Implications in Colonial India and Pakistan 1914–1996". Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society. 18: 66–67.
  60. "Afghanistan: History – Columbia Encyclopedia". Infoplease.com. 11 September 2001. Archived from the original on 10 August 2012. Retrieved 19 May 2012.
  61. Nasir, Abbas (18 August 2015). "The legacy of Pakistan's loved and loathed Hamid Gul". Al-Jazeera. Retrieved 4 January 2017. His commitment to jihad – to an Islamic revolution transcending national boundaries, was such that he dreamed one day the "green Islamic flag" would flutter not just over Pakistan and Afghanistan, but also over territories represented by the (former Soviet Union) Central Asian republics. After the Soviet withdrawal from Afghanistan, as the director-general of the Pakistan's intelligence organisation, Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) directorate, an impatient Gul wanted to establish a government of the so-called Mujahideen on Afghan soil. He then ordered an assault using non-state actors on Jalalabad, the first major urban centre across the Khyber Pass from Pakistan, with the aim capturing it and declaring it as the seat of the new administration.
  62. Afghanistan Country Study Guide Volume 1 Strategic Information and Developments by INB, p.73
  63. ISBN 978-1-85043-437-5.
  64. "Blood-Stained Hands, Past Atrocities in Kabul and Afghanistan's Legacy of Impunity". Human Rights Watch. Archived from the original on 12 December 2009.
  65. GUTMAN, Roy (2008): How We Missed the Story: Osama Bin Laden, the Taliban and the Hijacking of Afghanistan, Endowment of the United States Institute of Peace, 1st ed., Washington D.C.
  66. "The September 11 Sourcebooks Volume VII: The Taliban File". gwu.edu. 2003. Archived from the original on 31 October 2013. Retrieved 16 December 2013.
  67. "Casting Shadows: War Crimes and Crimes against Humanity: 1978–2001" (PDF). Afghanistan Justice Project. 2005. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 October 2013. Retrieved 16 December 2013.
  68. "II. BACKGROUND". Human Rights Watch. Archived from the original on 2 November 2008. Retrieved 16 December 2013.
  69. Matinuddin, Kamal, The Taliban Phenomenon, Afghanistan 1994–1997, Oxford University Press, (1999), pp. 25–26
  70. Amnesty International. "Document – Afghanistan: further information on fear for safety and new concern: Deliberate and arbitrary killings: Civilians in Kabul." 16 November 1995 Accessed at: Amnesty.org Archived 26 July 2013 at the Wayback Machine.
  71. Marcela Grad. Massoud: An Intimate Portrait of the Legendary Afghan Leader (1 March 2009 ed.). Webster University Press. p. 310.
  72. "Documents Detail Years of Pakistani Support for Taliban, Extremists". George Washington University. 2007. Archived from the original on 3 December 2013. Retrieved 16 December 2013.
  73. Coll, Ghost Wars (New York: Penguin, 2005), 14.
  74. "The Taliban's War on Women. A Health and Human Rights Crisis in Afghanistan" (PDF). Physicians for Human Rights. 1998. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 June 2007.
  75. "Inside the Taliban". National Geographic. 2007. Archived from the original on 29 July 2013.
  76. "Ahmed Shah Massoud". History Commons. 2010. Archived from the original on 25 January 2014. Retrieved 16 December 2013.
  77. Maley, William (2009). The Afghanistan wars. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 288. ISBN 978-0-230-21313-5.
  78. Rashid, Ahmed (11 September 2001). "Afghanistan resistance leader feared dead in blast". The Telegraph. London. Archived from the original on 8 November 2013.
  79. "Brigade 055". CNN. Archived from the original on 29 July 2013.
  80. "Inside the Taliban". National Geographic. 2007. Archived from the original on 29 September 2008.
  81. "Life under Taliban cuts two ways". CSM. 20 September 2001 Archived 30 December 2013 at the Wayback Machine.
  82. Rory McCarthy in Islamabad (17 October 2001). "New offer on Bin Laden". London: Guardian. Archived from the original on 28 June 2013. Retrieved 17 July 2012.
  83. "WPO Poll: Afghan Public Overwhelmingly Rejects al-Qaeda, Taliban" (PDF). 30 January 2006. Retrieved 2 January 2017. Equally large percentages endorse the US military presence in Afghanistan. Eighty-three percent said they have a favorable view of “the US military forces in our country” (39% very favorable). Just 17% have an unfavorable view.
  84. "Afghan Futures: A National Public Opinion Survey" (PDF). 29 January 2015. p. 4. Retrieved 2 January 2017. Seventy-seven percent support the presence of U.S. forces; 67 percent say the same of NATO/ISAF forces more generally. Despite the country’s travails, eight in 10 say it was a good thing for the United States to oust the Taliban in 2001. And many more blame either the Taliban or al Qaeda for the country’s violence, 53 percent, than blame the United States, 12 percent. The latter is about half what it was in 2012, coinciding with a sharp reduction in the U.S. deployment.
  85. Tyler, Patrick (8 October 2001). "A Nation challenged: The attack; U.S. and Britain strike Afghanistan, aiming at bases and terrorist camps; Bush warns 'Taliban will pay a price'". New York Times. Archived from the original on 11 April 2014. Retrieved 28 February 2010.
  86. United Nations Security Council Resolution 1386. S/RES/1386(2001) 31 May 2001. Retrieved 21 September 2007. – (UNSCR 1386)
  87. "United States Mission to Afghanistan". Nato.usmission.gov. Archived from the original on 21 October 2010. Retrieved 14 November 2010.
  88. Fossler, Julie. "USAID Afghanistan". Afghanistan.usaid.gov. Archived from the original on 17 October 2010. Retrieved 14 November 2010.
  89. "Canada's Engagement in Afghanistan: Backgrounder". Afghanistan.gc.ca. 9 July 2010. Archived from the original on 19 November 2010. Retrieved 14 November 2010.
  90. "Pakistan Accused of Helping Taliban". ABC News. 31 July 2008. Archived from the original on 21 December 2013. Retrieved 28 September 2010.
  91. Crilly, Rob; Spillius, Alex (26 July 2010). "Wikileaks: Pakistan accused of helping Taliban in Afghanistan attacks". The Telegraph. London. Archived from the original on 29 January 2014. Retrieved 28 September 2010.
  92. "Germany begins deportations of Afghan refugees". wsws.org. 25 June 2005. Archived from the original on 2 October 2012. Retrieved 2 October 2011.
  93. "Living in Fear of Deportation". DW-World.De. 22 January 2006. Archived from the original on 29 January 2012. Retrieved 2 October 2011.
  94. Witte, Griff (8 December 2009). "Taliban shadow officials offer concrete alternative". The Washington Post. Retrieved 30 March 2010.
  95. Mirwais Khan (15 July 2015). "Afghan Taliban leader backs peace talks with Kabul officials". Associated Press. Retrieved 11 June 2016.
  96. "President Karzai Address to the Nation on Afghanistan's Peace Efforts". The Embassy of Afghanistan in Washington, DC. Archived from the original on 12 October 2011. Retrieved 10 October 2011.
  97. "U.S. blames Pakistan agency in Kabul attack". Reuters. 22 September 2011. Archived from the original on 25 September 2011. Retrieved 22 September 2011.
  98. "Panetta: U.S. will pursue Pakistan-based militants". USA Today. September 2011. Retrieved 21 September 2011.
  99. "Pentagon can’t account for $1 billion in Afghan reconstruction aid". mcclatchydc.com. 23 April 2015. Retrieved 8 September 2015.
  100. Patrick Radden Keefe, "Corruption and Revolt", The New Yorker, January 19, 2015, pp. 30-36.
  101. "Afghan president Ashraf Ghani inaugurated after bitter campaign". The Guardian. Retrieved 12 April 2015.
  102. "U.S. formally ends the war in Afghanistan". CBS News. Retrieved 12 April 2015.
  103. "Afghan Civilians". Brown University. 2015. Retrieved 3 September 2015.
  104. "Composition of macro geographical (continental) regions, geographical sub-regions, and selected economic and other groupings". UNdata. 26 April 2011. Archived from the original on 13 July 2011. Retrieved 13 July 2011.
  105. "Afghanistan". Encyclopædia Britannica. Archived from the original on 25 February 2010. Retrieved 17 March 2010.
  106. "History of Environmental Change in the Sistan Basin 1976–2005" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 7 August 2007. Retrieved 20 July 2007.
  107. "Snow in Afghanistan: Natural Hazards". NASA. 3 February 2006. Archived from the original on 30 December 2013. Retrieved 6 May 2012.
  108. "Snow may end Afghan drought, but bitter winter looms". Reuters. 18 January 2012. Archived from the original on 30 December 2013.
  109. "Afghanistan's woeful water management delights neighbors". Csmonitor.com. 15 June 2010. Archived from the original on 14 November 2010. Retrieved 14 November 2010.
  110. Crone, Anthony J. (April 2007). Earthquakes Pose a Serious Hazard in Afghanistan (PDF) (Technical report). US Geological Survey. Fact Sheet FS 2007–3027. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 July 2013. Retrieved 14 October 2011.
  111. "Earthquake Hazards". USGS Projects in Afghanistan. US Geological Survey. 1 August 2011. Archived from the original on 4 October 2011. Retrieved 13 October 2011.
  112. "'Seven dead' as earthquake rocks Afghanistan". BBC News. 19 April 2010. Archived from the original on 31 December 2013. Retrieved 13 October 2011.
  113. Peters, Steven G. (October 2007). Preliminary Assessment of Non-Fuel Mineral Resources of Afghanistan, 2007 (PDF) (Technical report). USGS Afghanistan Project/US Geological Survey/Afghanistan Geological Survey. Fact Sheet 2007–3063. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 July 2013. Retrieved 13 October 2011.
  114. "Minerals in Afghanistan" (PDF). British Geological Survey. Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 4 December 2010.
  115. "Afghans say US team found huge potential mineral wealth". BBC News. 14 June 2010. Archived from the original on 9 August 2013. Retrieved 13 October 2011.
  116. "Land area (sq. km)". World Development Indicators. World Bank. 2011. Archived from the original on 29 October 2013. Retrieved 13 October 2011.
  117. "CIA Factbook – Area: 41". CIA. 26 November 1991. Archived from the original on 31 January 2014. Retrieved 4 February 2012.
  118. http://www.pajhwok.com/en/node/483787
  119. Mohammad Jawad Sharifzada, ed. (November 20, 2011). "Afghanistan's population reaches 26m". Pajhwok Afghan News. Retrieved December 5, 2011.
  120. "Afghanistan – Population Reference Bureau". Population Reference Bureau. Archived from the original on 2 December 2013. Retrieved 29 December 2009.
  121. "Estimated population of Afghanistan 2012-13". Central Statistics Office. Retrieved September 30, 2015.
  122. "Ethnic groups". The World Factbook. CIA. Archived from the original on 14 October 2013. Retrieved 18 September 2010. Pashtun, Tajik, Hazara, Uzbek, other (includes smaller numbers of Baloch, Turkmen, Nuristani, Pamiri, Arab, Gujar, Brahui, Qizilbash, Aimaq, Pashai, and Kyrghyz) note: current statistical data on the sensitive subject of ethnicity in Afghanistan is not available, and ethnicity data from small samples of respondents to opinion polls are not a reliable alternative; Afghanistan's 2004 constitution recognizes 14 ethnic groups: Pashtun, Tajik, Hazara, Uzbek, Baloch, Turkmen, Nuristani, Pamiri, Arab, Gujar, Brahui, Qizilbash, Aimaq, and Pashai (2015)
  123. "Afghanistan". The World Factbook/Central Intelligence Agency. University of Missouri. 15 October 1991. Retrieved 20 March 2011.
  124. "Ethnic divisions". The World Factbook/CIA. University of Missouri. 22 January 1993. Retrieved 16 October 2010.
  125. "Ethnic Groups". Library of Congress Country Studies. 1997. Retrieved 8 October 2010.
  126. "Ethnic groups:". The World Factbook/CIA. University of Missouri. 2003. Retrieved 18 September 2010.
  127. http://gulf2000.columbia.edu/images/maps/Afghanistan_Religion_lg.png
  128. "Chapter 1: Religious Affiliation". The World’s Muslims: Unity and Diversity. Pew Research Center's Religion & Public Life Project. 9 August 2012. Retrieved 4 September 2013.
  129. Lavina Melwani. "Hindus Abandon Afghanistan". Hinduism Today. Archived from the original on 11 January 2007. Retrieved 19 May 2012.
  130. Majumder, Sanjoy (25 September 2003). "Sikhs struggle in Afghanistan". BBC News. Archived from the original on 22 February 2009. Retrieved 19 May 2012.
  131. N.C. Aizenman (27 January 2005). "Afghan Jew Becomes Country's One and Only". Washingtonpost.com. Retrieved 19 May 2012.
  132. "The Supreme Court Chief Justice Biography". supremecourt.gov.af.
  133. "Database". afghan-bios.info.
  134. "Corruption widespread in Afghanistan, UNODC survey says". UNODC.org. 19 January 2010. Archived from the original on 16 April 2014. Retrieved 14 November 2010.
  135. "Karzai vows to tackle corruption". CBC.ca. 9 November 2009. Archived from the original on 30 December 2013. Retrieved 14 November 2010.
  136. "Corruption Perceptions Index 2014 Results". Transparency International. Retrieved 5 September 2015.
  137. Cooper, Helene (2 November 2009). "Karzai Gets New Term as Afghan Runoff is Scrapped". Nytimes.com. Archived from the original on 11 May 2011. Retrieved 4 February 2012.
  138. "RAWA Photo Gallery: They are Responsible for Afghanistan's Tragedy". RAWA. Archived from the original on 19 October 2010. Retrieved 11 October 2010.
  139. "Women in Parliaments: World Classification". Ipu.org. 30 November 2009. Archived from the original on 28 March 2014. Retrieved 29 December 2009.
  140. Ahmed, Azam (2012-12-08). "For Afghan Officials, Prospect of Death Comes With Territory". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2017-04-07.
  141. "Explaining Elections, Independent Election Commission of Afghanistan". Iec.org.af. 9 October 2004. Archived from the original on 27 August 2010. Retrieved 4 February 2012.
  142. "Mounting death toll for Afghan troops: US general". Yahoo News. 5 November 2014.
  143. Glasch, Mike. "USACE TAA employee named top engineer". Army.mil. US Army. Retrieved November 22, 2016.
  144. Ministry of Counter Narcotics Archived 28 March 2014 at the Wayback Machine.
  145. Mehrotra, Kartikay. "Karzai Woos India Inc. as Delay on U.S. Pact Deters Billions".
  146. "Agriculture". USAID. Retrieved 2017-05-23.
  147. "The Taliban Is Capturing Afghanistan's $1 Trillion in Mining Wealth". www.bloomberg.com. 20 October 2015. Retrieved 2017-05-23.
  148. Gall, Carlotta (7 July 2010). "Afghan Companies Say U.S. Did Not Pay Them". New York Times. Archived from the original on 2 April 2013. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
  149. "the Kabul New City Official Website". DCDA. Archived from the original on 30 December 2013. Retrieved 4 February 2012.
  150. "Ghazi Amanullah Khan City". najeebzarab.af. 2009. Archived from the original on 29 April 2013. Retrieved 15 August 2011.
  151. "Case study: Aino Mina". Designmena.com. Archived from the original on 6 January 2014. Retrieved 4 February 2012.
  152. A Humane Afghan City? by Ann Marlowe in Forbes 2 September 2009. Archived 31 December 2013 at the Wayback Machine.
  153. https://www.usaid.gov/sites/default/files/documents/1871/01%20Country%20Profile%20FINAL%20July%202016.pdf
  154. "Economic Growth". USAID. Archived from the original on 29 September 2013. Retrieved 25 September 2011.
  155. "Afghanistan, neighbors unveil 'Silk Road' plan". Reuters. 22 September 2011. Archived from the original on 27 September 2011. Retrieved 24 September 2011.
  156. "CEOs should replace generals in Afghanistan: India". 28 June 2012.
  157. O'Hanlon, Michael E. "Deposits Could Aid Ailing Afghanistan" Archived 23 September 2011 at the Wayback Machine., The Brookings Institution, 16 June 2010.
  158. Klett, T.R. (March 2006). Assessment of Undiscovered Petroleum Resources of Northern Afghanistan, 2006 (PDF) (Technical report). USGS-Afghanistan Ministry of Mines & Industry Joint Oil & Gas Resource Assessment Team. Fact Sheet 2006–3031. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 July 2013. Retrieved 13 October 2011.
  159. "Afghanistan signs '$7 bn' oil deal with China". 28 December 2011. Archived from the original on 30 December 2013. Retrieved 29 December 2013.
  160. "Afghanistan's Mineral Fortune". Institute for Environmental Diplomacy and Security Report. 2011. Archived from the original on 12 December 2013. Retrieved 16 December 2013.
  161. Tucker, Ronald D. (2011). Rare Earth Element Mineralogy, Geochemistry, and Preliminary Resource Assessment of the Khanneshin Carbonatite Complex, Helmand Province, Afghanistan (PDF) (Technical report). USGS. Open-File Report 2011–1207. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 July 2013. Retrieved 13 October 2011.
  162. "China, Not U.S., Likely to Benefit from Afghanistan's Mineral Riches". Daily Finance. 14 June 2010 Archived 31 December 2013 at the Wayback Machine.
  163. "China Willing to Spend Big on Afghan Commerce". The New York Times. 29 December 2009. Archived from the original on 31 July 2011.
  164. "Indian Group Wins Rights to Mine in Afghanistan's Hajigak Archived 10 October 2013 at the Wayback Machine.". Businessweek. 6 December 2011
  165. Risen, James (17 June 2010). "U.S. Identifies Vast Riches of Minerals in Afghanistan". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 17 June 2010. Retrieved 14 November 2010.
  166. "China wins $700 million Afghan oil and gas deal. Why didn't the US bid?". CSMonitor.com. 28 December 2011 Archived 31 December 2013 at the Wayback Machine.
  167. Maps, Railways of Afghanistan, http://www.andrewgrantham.co.uk/afghanistan/tag/map/
  168. Three presidents launch construction of international rail link, 6 June 2013, http://www.railwaygazette.com/news/infrastructure/single-view/view/three-presidents-launch-construction-of-international-rail-link.html?sword_list[]=afghan&no_cache=1
  169. Tolo News – Construction on Kabul-Torkham Railway to Start Soon, Ministry of Mines Says Archived 9 November 2013 at the Wayback Machine., Tamim Shaheer. 18 October 2011.
  170. Khaf-Herat railway, http://www.raillynews.com/2013/khaf-herat-railway/
  171. "Driving in Afghanistan". Caravanistan. Caravanistan. Retrieved November 22, 2016.
  172. "Afghan bus crash kills 45". theguardian.com. 26 April 2013. Retrieved 4 November 2014.
  173. "Afghanistan" (PDF). World Health Organization (WHO). Retrieved 2017-05-17.
  174. UNESCO, Country profile, http://uis.unesco.org/en/country/af
  175. Peter, Tom A. (17 December 2011). "Childbirth and maternal health improve in Afghanistan". Christian Science Monitor. Archived from the original on 31 December 2013. Retrieved 12 January 2012.
  176. "Health". United States Agency for International Development (USAID). Archived from the original on 29 September 2013. Retrieved 20 October 2010.
  177. Anne-Marie DiNardo, LPA/PIPOS (31 March 2006). "Empowering Afghanistan's Disabled Population – 31 March 2006". Usaid.gov. Archived from the original on 8 May 2004. Retrieved 19 May 2012.
  178. Richard Norton-Taylor (13 February 2008). "Afghanistan's refugee crisis 'ignored'". Guardian. London. Archived from the original on 15 December 2010. Retrieved 19 May 2012.
  179. "Afghanistan: People living with disabilities call for integration Archived 20 September 2011 at the Wayback Machine.
  180. Virginia Haussegger Mahooba's Promise ABC TV 7.30 Report. 2009. ABC.net.au. Retrieved 15 July 2009. Archived 26 July 2013 at the Wayback Machine.
  181. "Afghanistan". Measuredhs.com. Archived from the original on 30 December 2013. Retrieved 14 November 2010.
  182. "Education". USAID. Retrieved 2017-05-26.
  183. "Wardak seeks $3b in aid for school buildings". Pajhwok Afghan News. 18 May 2013. Archived from the original on 30 December 2013. Retrieved 13 August 2013.
  184. "Management and Establishment of Lincoln Learning Centers in Afghanistan" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 19 May 2012.
  185. "Ghazni governor signs memorandum for Lincoln Learning Center – War On Terror News". Waronterrornews.typepad.com. 22 September 2010. Archived from the original on 31 December 2013. Retrieved 4 February 2012.
  186. "Rising literacy in Afghanistan ensures transition". Army.mil. Archived from the original on 9 December 2013. Retrieved 4 February 2012.
  187. "Country Profile: Afghanistan" (PDF). Library of Congress Country Studies on Afghanistan. August 2008. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 April 2014. Retrieved 16 August 2010.
  188. US Library of Congress: Afghanistan – Ethnic Groups (Pashtun)
  189. Heathcote, Tony (1980, 2003) "The Afghan Wars 1839–1919", Sellmount Staplehurst.
  190. "Afghanistan: Kuchi nomads seek a better deal". IRIN Asia. 18 February 2008. Archived 10 September 2011 at the Wayback Machine.
  191. G.V. Brandolini. Afghanistan cultural heritage. Orizzonte terra, Bergamo. 2007. p. 64.
  192. "42 Buddhist relics discovered in Logar". Maqsood Azizi. Pajhwok Afghan News. 18 August 2010. Archived from the original on 1 February 2012. Retrieved 23 August 2010. (bad URL - does not match page title)
  193. "Afghan archaeologists find Buddhist site as war rages". Sayed Salahuddin. News Daily. 17 August 2010. Archived from the original on 18 August 2010. Retrieved 16 August 2010.
  194. "Buddhist remains found in Afghanistan". Press TV. 17 August 2010. Archived from the original on 20 August 2010. Retrieved 16 August 2010.
  195. "Classical Dari and Pashto Poets". Afghan-web.com. Archived from the original on 6 October 2013. Retrieved 4 February 2012.
  196. "Artist Biographies". Afghanland.com. Archived from the original on 9 August 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2011.
  197. "Statistics". Ministry of Communications (Afghanistan). 2006. Archived from the original on 29 March 2014. Retrieved 17 January 2012.
  198. "Sports". Pajhwok Afghan News. pajhwok.com. Archived from the original on 9 February 2014. Retrieved 14 September 2011.

Afghanistan: Further reading

Books

Articles

  • Meek, James. Worse than a Defeat. London Review of Books, Vol. 36, No. 24, December 2014, pages 3–10
  • Office of the President
  • "Afghanistan". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency.
  • Afghanistan web resources provided by GovPubs at the University of Colorado–Boulder Libraries
  • Afghanistan at DMOZ
  • Wikimedia Atlas of Afghanistan
  • Research Guide to Afghanistan
Source of information: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. We're not responsible for the content of this article and your use of this information. Disclaimer
Afghanistan: Hotels Booking & Tickets Sale
Hotels Booking & Tickets Sale
Abkhazia
Afghanistan
Albania
Algeria
American Virgin Islands
Andorra
Angola
Anguilla
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina
Armenia
Aruba
Australia
Austria
Azerbaijan
Bahamas
Bahrain
Bangladesh
Barbados
Belarus
Belgium
Belize
Benin
Bermuda
Bhutan
Bolivia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana
Brazil
British Virgin Islands
Brunei
Bulgaria
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cambodia
Cameroon
Canada
Cape Verde
Caribbean Netherlands
Cayman Islands
Chad
Chile
China
Colombia
Comoros
Costa Rica
Croatia
Cuba
Curaçao
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Denmark
Djibouti
Dominican Republic
East Timor
Ecuador
Egypt
El Salvador
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia
Falkland Islands
Faroe Islands
Fiji
Finland
France
French Guiana
French Polynesia
Gabon
Gambia
Georgia
Germany
Ghana
Gibraltar
Greece
Guadeloupe
Guam
Guatemala
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana
Haiti
Honduras
Hong Kong
Hungary
Iceland
India
Indonesia
Iran
Iraq
Ireland
Isle of Man
Israel
Italy
Ivory Coast
Jamaica
Japan
Jordan
Kazakhstan
Kenya
Kiribati
Kongo
Kosovo
Kuwait
Kyrgyzstan
Laos
Latvia
Lebanon
Lesotho
Liberia
Libya
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Macau
Macedonia
Madagascar
Malawi
Malaysia
Maldives
Mali
Malta
Martinique
Mauritania
Mauritius
Mexico
Micronesia
Moldova
Monaco
Mongolia
Montenegro
Montserrat
Morocco
Mozambique
Myanmar
Namibia
Nepal
Netherlands
New Zealand
Nicaragua
Nigeria
North Korea
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway
Oman
Pakistan
Palau
Palestine
Panama
Papua New Guinea
Paraguay
Peru
Philippines
Poland
Portugal
Puerto Rico
Qatar
Romania
Russia
Rwanda
Réunion
Saint Barthélemy
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Lucia
Saint Martin
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Samoa
San Marino
Saudi Arabia
Senegal
Serbia
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Singapore
Sint Maarten
Slovakia
Slovenia
Solomon Islands
Somalia
Somaliland
South Africa
South Korea
Spain
Sri Lanka
Sudan
Suriname
Swaziland
Sweden
Switzerland
Syria
Taiwan
Tajikistan
Tanzania
Thailand
Togo
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago
Tunisia
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Turks and Caicos Islands
Uganda
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom
United States
Uruguay
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu
Vatican
Venezuela
Vietnam
Yemen
Zambia
Zimbabwe
Vacation: Complete information and online sale
Afghanistan: Today's Super Sale
Vacation: Website Templates & Graphics

All trademarks, service marks, trade names, product names, and logos appearing on the site are the property of their respective owners.
© 2011-2017 Maria-Online.com ▪ DesignHosting