Aix-en-Provence, France
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How to Book a Hotel in Aix-en-Provence

In order to book an accommodation in Aix-en-Provence enter the proper dates and do the hotel search. If needed, sort the found Aix-en-Provence hotels by price, star rating, property type, guest rating, hotel features, hotel theme or hotel chain. Then take a look at the found hotels on Aix-en-Provence map to estimate the distance from the main Aix-en-Provence attractions and sights. You can also read the guest reviews of Aix-en-Provence hotels and see their ratings.

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Hotels of Aix-en-Provence

A hotel in Aix-en-Provence is an establishment that provides lodging paid on a short-term basis. Facilities provided may range from a basic bed and storage for clothing, to luxury features like en-suite bathrooms. Larger in Aix-en-Provence hotels may provide additional guest facilities such as a swimming pool, business centre, childcare, conference facilities and social function services. Hotel rooms in Aix-en-Provence are usually numbered (or named in some smaller hotels and B&Bs) to allow guests to identify their room. Some Aix-en-Provence hotels offer meals as part of a room and board arrangement. Hotel operations vary in size, function, and cost. Most Aix-en-Provence hotels and major hospitality companies that operate hotels in Aix-en-Provence have set widely accepted industry standards to classify hotel types. General categories include the following:

Upscale luxury hotels in Aix-en-Provence
An upscale full service hotel facility in Aix-en-Provence that offers luxury amenities, full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and the highest level of personalized and professional service. Luxury Aix-en-Provence hotels are normally classified with at least a Four Diamond or Five Diamond status or a Four or Five Star rating depending on classification standards.

Full service hotels in Aix-en-Provence
Full service Aix-en-Provence hotels often contain upscale full-service facilities with a large volume of full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and a variety of on-site amenities such as swimming pools, a health club, children's activities, ballrooms, on-site conference facilities, etc.

Historic inns and boutique hotels in Aix-en-Provence
Boutique hotels of Aix-en-Provence are smaller independent non-branded hotels that often contain upscale facilities of varying size in unique or intimate settings with full service accommodations. Aix-en-Provence boutique hotels are generally 100 rooms or less. Some historic inns and boutique hotels in Aix-en-Provence may be classified as luxury hotels.

Focused or select service hotels in Aix-en-Provence
Small to medium-sized hotel establishments that offer a limited amount of on-site amenities that only cater and market to a specific demographic of Aix-en-Provence travelers, such as the single business traveler. Most Aix-en-Provence focused or select service hotels may still offer full service accommodations but may lack leisure amenities such as an on-site restaurant or a swimming pool.

Economy and limited service hotels in Aix-en-Provence
Small to medium-sized Aix-en-Provence hotel establishments that offer a very limited amount of on-site amenities and often only offer basic accommodations with little to no services, these facilities normally only cater and market to a specific demographic of travelers, such as the budget-minded Aix-en-Provence traveler seeking a "no frills" accommodation. Limited service Aix-en-Provence hotels often lack an on-site restaurant but in return may offer a limited complimentary food and beverage amenity such as on-site continental breakfast service.

Guest houses and B&Bs in Aix-en-Provence
A bed and breakfast in Aix-en-Provence is a small lodging establishment that offers overnight accommodation and inclusive breakfast. Usually, Aix-en-Provence bed and breakfasts are private homes or family homes offering accommodations. The typical Aix-en-Provence B&B has between 4 and 11 rooms, with 6 being the average. Generally, guests are accommodated in private bedrooms with private bathrooms, or in a suite of rooms including an en suite bathroom. Some homes have private bedrooms with a bathroom which is shared with other guests. Breakfast is served in the bedroom, a dining room, or the host's kitchen. Often the owners of guest house themselves prepare the breakfast and clean the rooms.

Hostels in Aix-en-Provence
Aix-en-Provence hostels provide budget-oriented, sociable accommodation where guests can rent a bed, usually a bunk bed, in a dormitory and share a bathroom, lounge, and sometimes a kitchen. Rooms can be mixed or single-sex, although private rooms may also be available. Hostels are often cheaper for both the operator and occupants; many Aix-en-Provence hostels have long-term residents whom they employ as desk agents or housekeeping staff in exchange for experience or discounted accommodation.

Apartment hotels, extended stay hotels in Aix-en-Provence
Extended stay hotels are small to medium-sized Aix-en-Provence hotels that offer longer term full service accommodations compared to a traditional hotel. Extended stay hotels may offer non-traditional pricing methods such as a weekly rate that cater towards travelers in need of short-term accommodations for an extended period of time. Similar to limited and select service hotels, on-site amenities are normally limited and most extended stay hotels in Aix-en-Provence lack an on-site restaurant.

Timeshare and destination clubs in Aix-en-Provence
Aix-en-Provence timeshare and destination clubs are a form of property ownership also referred to as a vacation ownership involving the purchase and ownership of an individual unit of accommodation for seasonal usage during a specified period of time. Timeshare resorts in Aix-en-Provence often offer amenities similar that of a Full service hotel with on-site restaurant(s), swimming pools, recreation grounds, and other leisure-oriented amenities. Destination clubs of Aix-en-Provence on the other hand may offer more exclusive private accommodations such as private houses in a neighborhood-style setting.

Motels in Aix-en-Provence
A Aix-en-Provence motel is a small-sized low-rise lodging establishment similar to that of a limited service hotel, but with direct access to individual rooms from the car park. Common during the 1950s and 1960s, motels were often located adjacent to a major road, where they were built on inexpensive land at the edge of towns or along stretches of highways. They are still useful in less populated areas of Aix-en-Provence for driving travelers, but the more populated an area becomes the more hotels fill the need. Many of Aix-en-Provence motels which remain in operation have joined national franchise chains, rebranding themselves as hotels, inns or lodges.

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Travelling and vacation in Aix-en-Provence

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For the Roman battle in Aix-en-Provence, see Battle of Aquae Sextiae.
Aix-en-Provence
The Fontaine de la Rotonde, built in 1860
The Fontaine de la Rotonde, built in 1860
Coat of arms of Aix-en-Provence
Coat of arms
Aix-en-Provence is located in France
Aix-en-Provence
Aix-en-Provence
Coordinates:  / 43.526304; 5.445429  / 43.526304; 5.445429
Country France
Region Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
Department Bouches-du-Rhône
Arrondissement Aix-en-Provence
Canton Aix-en-Provence-1, Aix-en-Provence-2
Intercommunality Métropole Aix Marseille Provence
Government
• Mayor (2014–2020) Maryse Joissains-Masini
Area 186.08 km (71.85 sq mi)
Population (2014) 142,149
• Density 760/km (2,000/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
• Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code 13001 /13100 or 13090

French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Aix-en-Provence (French pronunciation: ​[ɛksɑ̃pʁɔvɑ̃s]; Provençal Occitan: Ais de Provença in classical norm, or Ais de Prouvènço in Mistralian norm, pronounced [ˈajz de pʀuˈvɛⁿsɔ], Latin: Aquae Sextiae), or simply Aix (pronounced: [ɛks]; medieval Occitan Aics), is a city-commune in the south of France, about 30 km (19 mi) north of Marseille. It is in the region of Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, in the department of Bouches-du-Rhône, of which it is a subprefecture. The population of Aix numbers approximately 143,000. Its inhabitants are called Aixois or, less commonly, Aquisextains.

Aix-en-Provence: History

See also: Timeline of Aix-en-Provence
For the ecclesiastical history, see Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Aix.
Rue Espariat in Aix-en-Provence

Aix (Aquae Sextiae) was founded in 123 BC by the Roman consul Sextius Calvinus, who gave his name to its springs, following the destruction of the nearby Gallic oppidum at Entremont. In 102 BC its neighbourhood was the scene of the Battle of Aquae Sextiae, where the Romans under Gaius Marius defeated the Cimbri and Teutones, with mass suicides among the captured women, which passed into Roman legends of Germanic heroism.

In the 4th century AD it became the metropolis of Narbonensis Secunda. It was occupied by the Visigoths in 477. In the succeeding century, the town was repeatedly plundered by the Franks and Lombards, and was occupied by the Saracens in 731 and by Charles Martel in 737. Aix, which during the Middle Ages was the capital of Provence, did not reach its zenith until after the 12th century, when, under the houses of Barcelona/Aragon and Anjou, it became an artistic centre and seat of learning.

Aix passed to the crown of France with the rest of Provence in 1487, and in 1501 Louis XII established there the parliament of Provence, which existed until 1789. In the 17th and 18th centuries, the town was the seat of the Intendance of Provence.

Current archeological excavations in the Ville des Tours, a medieval suburb of Aix, have unearthed the remains of a Roman amphitheatre. A deposit of fossil bones from the Upper Continental Miocene gave rise to a Christian dragon legend

Aix-en-Provence: Geography and climate

Aix-en-Provence is situated in a plain overlooking the Arc, about a mile from the right bank of the river. The city slopes gently from north to south and the Montagne Sainte-Victoire can easily be seen to the east. Aix's position in the south of France gives it a warm climate, though more extreme than Marseille due to the inland location. It has an average January temperature of 5 °C (41 °F) and a July average of 23 °C (73 °F). It has an average of 300 days of sunshine and only 91 days of rain. While it is partially protected from the Mistral, Aix still occasionally experiences the cooler and gusty conditions it brings.

Unlike most of France which has an oceanic climate, Aix-en-Provence has a Mediterranean climate.

Climate data for Aix-en-Provence (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 20.3
(68.5)
23.6
(74.5)
25.8
(78.4)
28.9
(84)
34.7
(94.5)
38.0
(100.4)
40.5
(104.9)
39.2
(102.6)
34.4
(93.9)
30.1
(86.2)
23.9
(75)
20.6
(69.1)
40.5
(104.9)
Average high °C (°F) 11.5
(52.7)
12.7
(54.9)
15.9
(60.6)
18.5
(65.3)
22.9
(73.2)
27.2
(81)
30.6
(87.1)
30.1
(86.2)
25.6
(78.1)
20.9
(69.6)
15.1
(59.2)
12.0
(53.6)
20.3
(68.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) 5.5
(41.9)
6.3
(43.3)
9.1
(48.4)
11.9
(53.4)
16.0
(60.8)
20.0
(68)
22.9
(73.2)
22.5
(72.5)
18.7
(65.7)
14.9
(58.8)
9.4
(48.9)
6.3
(43.3)
13.7
(56.7)
Average low °C (°F) −0.6
(30.9)
0.0
(32)
2.3
(36.1)
5.3
(41.5)
9.0
(48.2)
12.6
(54.7)
15.1
(59.2)
14.9
(58.8)
11.8
(53.2)
8.9
(48)
3.7
(38.7)
0.6
(33.1)
7.0
(44.6)
Record low °C (°F) −15.8
(3.6)
−13.1
(8.4)
−12.5
(9.5)
−4.8
(23.4)
−1.6
(29.1)
2.5
(36.5)
5.4
(41.7)
5.9
(42.6)
1.0
(33.8)
−5
(23)
−11.1
(12)
−11.6
(11.1)
−15.8
(3.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 50.3
(1.98)
34.0
(1.339)
29.3
(1.154)
58.4
(2.299)
46.8
(1.843)
27.1
(1.067)
9.6
(0.378)
36.1
(1.421)
79.1
(3.114)
80.6
(3.173)
65.7
(2.587)
51.1
(2.012)
568.0
(22.362)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 5.33 4.57 4.10 6.87 5.43 3.37 1.57 2.90 4.73 6.47 6.10 5.50 56.94
Source: Meteo climat

Aix-en-Provence: Sights

Les Deux Garçons
Place de l'Hotel de Ville
The Cathedral Cloisters
Saint-Jean-de-Malte
Hôtel de ville

The Cours Mirabeau is a wide thoroughfare, planted with double rows of plane-trees, bordered by fine houses and decorated by fountains. It follows the line of the old city wall and divides the town into two sections. The new town extends to the south and west; the old town, with its narrow, irregular streets and its old mansions dating from the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries, lies to the north. Along this avenue, which is lined on one side with banks and on the other with cafés, is the Deux Garçons, the most famous brasserie in Aix. Built in 1792, it has been frequented by the likes of Paul Cézanne, Émile Zola and Ernest Hemingway.

The Cathedral of the Holy Saviour (Aix Cathedral) is situated to the north in the medieval part of Aix. Built on the site of a former Roman forum and an adjacent basilica, it contains a mixture of all styles from the 5th to the 17th century, including a richly decorated portal in the Gothic style with doors elaborately carved in walnut. The interior contains 16th-century tapestries, a 15th-century triptych, depicting King René and his wife on the side panels, as well as a Merovingian baptistery, its Renaissance dome supported by original Roman columns. The archbishop's palace (Palais de l'Archêveché) and a Romanesque cloister adjoin the cathedral on its south side. The Archbishopric of Aix is now shared with Arles.

Among its other public institutions, Aix also has the second most important Appeal Court (Palais de Justice) outside of Paris, located near the site of the former Palace of the Counts (Palais des Comtes) of Provence.

The Hôtel de Ville, a building in the classical style of the middle of the 17th century, looks onto a picturesque square (place de l'Hôtel de Ville). It contains some fine woodwork and tapestries. At its side rises a handsome clock-tower erected in 1510. Also on the Place de l'Hôtel de Ville is the former Corn Exchange (1759–1761) (Halle de Grains). This ornately decorated 18th-century building was designed by the Vallon brothers. Nearby are the remarkable thermal springs, containing lime and carbonic acid, that first drew the Romans to Aix and gave it the name Aquae Sextiae. A spa was built in 1705 near the remains of the ancient Roman baths of Sextius.

South of the Cours Mirabeau is the Quartier Mazarin. This residential district was constructed for the gentry of Aix by Archbishop Michele Mazzarino brother of Cardinal Jules Mazarin in the last half of the 17th century and contains several notable hôtels particuliers. The 13th-century church of Saint-Jean-de-Malte contains valuable pictures and a recently restored organ. Next to it is the Musée Granet, devoted to European painting and sculpture.

Aix is often referred to as the city of a thousand fountains. Among the most notable are the 17th-century Fontaine des Quatre Dauphins (Fountain of the Four Dolphins) in the Quartier Mazarin, designed by Jean-Claude Rambot, and three of the fountains down the central Cours Mirabeau: At the top, a 19th-century fountain depicts the "good king" René holding the Muscat grapes that he introduced to Provence in the 15th century; halfway down is a natural hot water fountain (34 °C), covered in moss, dating back to the Romans; and at the bottom at la Rotonde, the hub of modern Aix, stands a monumental fountain from 1860 beneath three giant statues representing art, justice and agriculture. In the older part of Aix, there are also fountains of note in the Place d'Albertas and the Place des Trois-Ormeaux.

Aix-en-Provence: Education

The Institute of Political Studies

Aix has long been a university town: Louis II of Anjou granted a royal charter for a university in 1409. Today Aix remains an important educational centre, with many teaching and research institutes:

  • Arts et Métiers ParisTech, an engineering graduate school that settled a campus in the city in 1843. This teaching and research center (CER) let the students attend courses focused on industrial and mechanical engineering.
  • Aix-Marseille University, consisting of the faculty and former campuses of:
    • Université de Provence Aix-Marseille I, specialising in the humanities.
    • Université de la Méditerranée Aix-Marseille II, specialising in economics.
    • Université Paul Cézanne Aix-Marseille III, specialising principally in law, economics, political science and administration.
  • Institut d'études politiques d'Aix-en-Provence (IEP), an Institute of Political Studies
  • Institut de l'Aménagement Régional, an institute in the Université Paul Cézanne for town and country planning.
  • Institut d'Etudes Françaises pour Etudiants Etrangers (IEFEE), a language school in the Université Paul Cézanne for foreign students of all levels of French proficiency
  • Lycée George Duby, an international secondary in Luynes, on the outskirts of Aix, taking a large number of English-speaking students.
  • The American University Center of Provence, an American study abroad program
  • IAU College, a not-for-profit study abroad institute for American students with programs in art, art history, business, communication, French language and culture, international relations, psychology and many others. Offers internships and homestays.
  • International Bilingual School of Provence, a private school in Luynes, on the outskirts of Aix
  • Val Saint André, a private school in the east of Aix that teaches English IGCSE and A-level examinations as well as the French Baccalaureate.
  • EPIM International School of the Mediterranean, an international nursery, kindergarten and primary school that teaches in English and French just south of Aix

Aix also has several training collèges, lycées, and a college of art and design. It has also become a centre for many international study programmes. Several lycées offer CPGE

Aix-en-Provence: Culture

Sir Simon Rattle conducting Das Rheingold in 2006

Aix-en-Provence: Music

Aix holds two significant musical events each year. These are:

Aix-en-Provence: Festival d'Aix-en-Provence

An important opera festival, the Festival international d'Art Lyrique, founded in 1948, now ranks with those in Bayreuth, Salzburg and Glyndebourne. The current director is Bernard Foccroulle, director of la Monnaie in Brussels. The festival takes place in late June and July each year. The main venues in Aix itself are the outdoor Théâtre de l'Archévêché in the former garden of the archbishop's palace, the recently restored 18th-century Théâtre du Jeu de Paume, and the newly built Grand Théâtre de Provence; operas are also staged in the outdoor Théâtre du Grand Saint-Jean outside Aix. Linked to the festival is the Académie européenne de musique, a summer school for young musicians with master classes by celebrated artists. Over the four-year period from 2006 until 2009, Sir Simon Rattle's version of Wagner's Ring Cycle with the Berlin Philharmonic was performed at the Aix festival.

Aix-en-Provence: Musique dans la Rue

This takes place each year in June to coincide with the national 'Fête de la Musique.' There is a week of classical, jazz and popular concerts held in different street venues and courtyards in the city. Some of these events are held in the Conservatoire Darius Milhaud, named in honour of the French composer, a native of Aix.

Aix-en-Provence: Dance

The dance company Ballet Preljocaj of the French dancer and choreographer Angelin Preljocaj has been located in Aix since 1996. In 2007 it took up residence in the Pavillon Noir, a centre for dance performance, designed in 1999 by the architect Rudy Ricciotti. The centre is one of nineteen of its kind in France, designated Centre chorégraphique national.

Aix-en-Provence: European Capital of Culture

Aix-en-Provence was part of Marseille-Provence 2013, the year-long cultural festival when the region served as the European Capital of Culture. Aix hosted several major cultural events including one half of the Grand Atelier du Midi gala exhibition and an episode of the Révélations pyrotechnical performance. The city also unveiled major new cultural infrastructure to coincide with Marseille-Provence 2013, including the Darius Milhaud Conservatory designed by Kengo Kuma.

Aix-en-Provence: Museums and Libraries

Granet's "Pumpkin Harvest" at the Musée Granet

Aix has several museums and galleries:

  • Le Musée du Vieil Aix (Museum of Old Aix), housed in two period "hôtels particuliers" and devoted to the history and provencal heritage of Aix.
  • Le Muséum d’Histoire Naturelle (Natural History Museum).
  • Le Musée de Tapisseries (Tapestry Museum), housed in the Archbishop's Palace and with a collection of tapestries and furniture from the 17th and 18th centuries.
  • Le Musée Paul Arbaud (Faïence/Pottery).
  • Le Musée Granet, a museum devoted to painting, sculpture and the archeology of Aix. It recently underwent significant restoration and reorganization, prior to the international exhibition in 2006 marking the centenary of Cézanne's death. Due to lack of space, the large archeological collection, including many recent discoveries, will be displayed in a new museum, still in the planning stages. The museum contains major paintings by Jean-Dominique Ingres (among which the monumental "Jupiter and Thetis"), an authentic self-portrait by Rembrandt and works by Anthony van Dyck, Paul Cézanne, Alberto Giacometti and Nicolas de Staël. In June 2011, the first part of the collection of the Fondation Jean et Suzanne Planque opened at the Musée Granet, containing over 180 artworks. This legacy of the Swiss painter, dealer and art collector Jean Planque, a personal friend of Pablo Picasso, has been donated to the city for an initial period of 15 years. The collection contains over 300 works of art, including paintings and drawings by Degas, Renoir. Gauguin, Monet, Cézanne, Van Gogh, Picasso, Pierre Bonnard, Paul Klee, Fernand Léger, Giacometti and Dubuffet. The full collection will be housed in a specially constructed annex in the Chapelle des Pénitents Blancs, situated nearby: the expected opening is in 2013.
The Vendôme Pavilion in Aix-en-Provence
  • Le Pavillon de Vendôme, a 17th-century mansion housing permanent and touring art exhibitions.
  • The Vasarely Foundation a gallery dedicated to the works of the Hungarian-born French abstract painter Victor Vasarely.
  • L'atelier Cézanne, the former studio of Paul Cézanne, now a museum, located in the northern outskirts of Aix. It has been preserved as it was at the time of the painter's death and contains many of his personal items and props used in his paintings.
  • Jas de Bouffan, the house and grounds of Cézanne's father, now partially open to the public.

Prior to 1989 Aix had several libraries, for example in the Parc Jourdan and the Town Hall. In 1989, many of these were moved to the Méjanes, an old match factory.

In 1993, the "Cité du Livre" was opened around the library. This has media spaces for dance, cinema and music, and a training facility for librarians. Adjacent to the Cité du Livre are the Grand Théâtre de Provence and the Pavillon Noir (see above).

Aix-en-Provence: Montagne Sainte-Victoire

Mont Sainte-Victoire, Paul Cézanne 1882-5
Mont Sainte-Victoire, Paul Cézanne 1904-6

To the east of Aix rises the Montagne Sainte-Victoire (1011 m), one of the landmarks of the Pays d'Aix. It is accessible from the centre of Aix by road or on foot, taking the wooded footpath of Escrachou Pevou to the plateau of Bibemus. It dramatically overshadows the small dam built by Émile Zola's father and was a favourite subject and haunt of Paul Cézanne throughout his lifetime. In the village of le Tholonet on the precipitous southern side of Mont Sainte-Victoire, there is a windmill that he used and beyond that a mountain hut, the refuge Cézanne, where he liked to paint.

To the north, the mountain slopes gently down through woodland to the village of Vauvenargues. The Château of Vauvenargues overlooking the village was formerly occupied by the Counts of Provence (including René of Anjou) and the Archbishops of Aix before it became the family home of the marquis de Vauvenargues. It was acquired by the Spanish artist Pablo Picasso in 1958, who was resident there from 1959 until 1962, when he moved to Mougins. He and his wife Jacqueline are buried in its grounds, which are not usually open to the public. From 2009 onwards, the château, which now belongs to Jacqueline's daughter Catherine Hutin, has been open to the public from June to September.

Mont Sainte-Victoire has a complex network of paths, leading to the priory and Croix de Provence at the summit, to the large man-made reservoir of Bimont and to the Roman viaduct above le Tholonet.

Aix-en-Provence: Sport

  • Rugby union club Provence Rugby (previously Aix Rugby Club and Pays d'Aix Rugby Club) is based in the city. As of 2016/7, they play in Fédérale 1, the second-tier French league.
  • Former world number one squash player Grégory Gaultier lives in Aix-en-Provence.
  • The city hosted Ukraine's football base camp during Euro 2016.

Aix-en-Provence: Economy

Calissons, a specialty of Aix

Industries formerly included flour-milling, the manufacture of confectionery, iron-ware, hats, matches and the extraction of olive oil.

Current economic activities include:

  • Tourism.
  • Entertainment, particularly opera and dance.
  • The semiconductor and electronics industry in Rousset, to the south of Mont St Victoire, specializing in microchip technology for credit cards.
  • Education and research. In Aix the University of Aix-Marseille specializes in the humanities, law and economics.
  • The computer software industry.
  • The manufacture of santons, traditional hand-crafted figurines, often associated with provencal Christmas creches.
  • The manufacture of olive oil.
  • The manufacture of calissons, a lozenge-shaped confection made from almonds and crystallised melon. Each year in early September, there is a mass in French and Provençal in the medieval church of St Jean de Malte to bless the calissons – la bénédiction des calissons. This ceremony has been held since the 17th century to mark the deliverance of Aix from the plague. It is currently accompanied by a colourful provencal pageant, involving most of the local calisson manufacturers and their wares.
  • Viticulture: the local Appellation d'Origine Contrôlée is Coteaux d'Aix-en-Provence AOC, with many vineyards between Aix and the River Durance to the north. The reputed appellation of Palette AOC is represented by the estates of Château Simone in Meyreuil and Château Crémade in Le Tholonet, to the east of Aix. There is a fair of local wine producers every year on the last Sunday in July on the Cours Mirabeau. Grape varieties include grenache, syrah, cabernet sauvignon, and notably vermentino.
  • Chocolate: the well known Chocolaterie de Puyricard is situated in the hills to the north of Aix.

The airline Twin Jet has its head office in Aix-en-Provence.

Aix-en-Provence: Transport

TGV viaduct over the river Arc at Roquefavour

A set of ancient roads radiate out from Aix to the surrounding countryside, the Pays d'Aix. There are also a large number of modern autoroutes connecting Aix to nearby towns. There are autoroutes northwards to Avignon and to the Luberon; southwards to Marseille; and eastwards to Aubagne and the Mediterranean coast of Provence; and to Nice and other towns on the French Riviera. Aix and Marseille are equidistant from the Marseille Provence Airport (MRS) at Marignane on the Etang de Berre which features domestic and international scheduled passenger service. There is another airport at Les Milles, which is mostly used by general aviation. There is a frequent bus shuttle service from the main bus station in Aix which also serves the nearby TGV station at l'Arbois, in the middle of the countryside about 10 miles (16 km) from Aix.

At Aix, the line from Paris branches to Marseille and Nice; it takes about 3 hours to get from Paris to Aix by TGV. Aix also has a railway station near the centre, Gare d'Aix-en-Provence, with connections to Marseille, Pertuis and Briançon in the French Alps. A frequent and rapid shuttle bus service for commuters operates between the bus station in Aix and Marseille. There are many other long distance and local buses from the bus station.

In the town itself, there is an inexpensive municipal bus service, including a dial-a-bus service ("proxibus"), a park-and-ride service and tiny electrified buses for those with mobility problems. Those are six seater vehicles that circulate at a speed of 10 mph (16.09 km/h). The central old town of Aix is for the most part pedestrianised. There are large underground and overground parking structures placed at regular intervals on the "boulevard exterieur", the predominantly one-way ring road that encircles the old town. Access to the old town is by a series of often narrow one-way streets that can be confusing to navigate for the uninitiated.

As in many other French cities, a short-term bicycle hire scheme nicknamed V'Hello, free for trips of less than half an hour, has recently been put in place by the town council: and has been popular with tourists. As well as overland routes, two "rivers" flow through Aix, the Arc and the Torse, but neither of which can remotely be described as navigable.

Aix-en-Provence: Miscellaneous

Le cours Mirabeau

The local Aix dialect, rarely used and spoken by a rapidly decreasing number of people, is part of the provencal dialect of the Occitan language. The provencal for "Aix-en-Provence" is "Ais de Prouvènço" [ˈaj de pʀuˈvɛ̃sɔ]. Most of the older streets in Aix have names in both Provençal and French.

Aix hosted the ninth International Congress of Modern Architecture in 1953.

Aix is the home town of the rugby union team Provence Rugby. It played host to the All Blacks during the early stages of the 2007 Rugby World Cup.

Ysabel, the tenth novel of the best-selling Canadian author Guy Gavriel Kay, was set and written in Aix.

Italian electroacoustic artist Giuseppe Ielasi's album Aix was produced in Aix-en-Provence, hence the title.

This is also the site of an alleged sighting and landing of a UFO in 1981 that is taken seriously by GEIPAN, the department within the French Space Agency responsible for investigating aerospace phenomena.

Aix-en-Provence: International relations

See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in France

Aix-en-Provence is officially twinned with the following seven cities (in alphabetical order):

  • Israel Ashkelon, Israel since 1995
  • England Bath, Somerset, England since 1977
  • Tunisia Carthage, Tunisia since 1993
  • Portugal Coimbra, Portugal since 1982
  • Spain Granada, Andalusia, Spain since 1978
  • Italy Perugia, Umbria, Italy since 1970
  • Germany Tübingen, Baden-Württemberg, Germany since 1960

In addition, Aix has international cooperations, partnerships and exchanges with the following cities from all over the world:

  • Morocco Oujda, Morocco since 1997
  • Lebanon Baalbek, Lebanon
  • Mali Bamako, Mali
  • Hungary Pécs, Hungary
  • United States Baton Rouge, Louisiana, United States
  • United States Coral Gables, Florida, United States
  • United States Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States since 1998
  • Japan Kumamoto, Kumamoto Prefecture, Japan

Aix-en-Provence: People from Aix

Aix-en-Provence: Births

François Marius Granet
Paul Cézanne (1861)
Hélène Grimaud

Aix-en-Provence was the birthplace of:

  • Eleanor of Provence (died 1291), queen consort of King Henry III of England
  • Charles Annibal Fabrot (1580–1659), French jurist, born in Aix
  • David-Augustin de Brueys (1640–1723), theologian and playwright
  • Joseph Pitton de Tournefort (1656–1708), botanist
  • André Campra (1660–1744), composer and conductor
  • Jean-Baptiste van Loo (1684–1745), painter
  • Laurent Belissen (1693–1762), baroque composer
  • Joseph Lieutaud (1703–1780), doctor to Louis XV of France
  • Luc de Clapiers, marquis de Vauvenargues (1715–1747), writer and moralist
  • Joseph Sec (1715–1794), carpenter and architect
  • Jean-François Pierre Peyron (1744–1814), painter
  • Jean-Baptiste Giraud (1752–1830), sculptor
  • Toussaint-Bernard Éméric-David (1755–1839), archeologist and arts writer
  • Antoine Balthazar Joachim d'André (1759–1825), member of the National Constituent Assembly of 1789
  • François Marius Granet (1775–1849), painter
  • Charles-Joseph-Eugene de Mazenod (1782–1861), bishop of Marseille and founder of the Missionary Oblates of Mary Immaculate
  • Eliza Courtney (1792–1859), illegitimate daughter of the Prime Minister Charles Grey, 2nd Earl Grey and Georgiana Cavendish, Duchess of Devonshire
  • François Mignet (1796–1884), historian
  • François Vincent Latil (1796–1890), French painter
  • Achille Emperaire (1829–1898), French painter, friends with Paul Cézanne
  • François Vidal (1832–1911), Occitan poet, musician, activist
  • Paul Cézanne (1839–1906), painter who lived and painted in the city
  • Philippe Solari (1840–1906), French sculptor
  • Baptistin Baille (1841–1918), professor of optics and acoustics
  • Maurice Rouvier (1842–1911), politician
  • Alfred Capus (1858–1922), playwright, member of the Académie française
  • Henri Brémond (1864–1933), theologian
  • Armand Lunel (1892–1977), last known speaker of Shuadit
  • Darius Milhaud (1892–1984), composer and teacher
  • Paul Veyne (born 1930), historian and archeologist
  • Jacques Pellegrin (born 1944), painter
  • Frédéric Fekkai (born 1958), celebrity hairstylist
  • Jean-Paul Delfino (born 1964), writer
  • Julia Zemiro (born 1967), French-Australian actor and host of Australian television program RocKwiz
  • Hélène Grimaud (born 1969), concert pianist
  • Franck Cammas (born 1972), professional racing sailor
  • Norodom Rattana Devi (born 1974), Cambodian princess
  • Arnaud Clément (born 1977), professional tennis player, finalist at the Australian Open in 2001
  • Mylène Jampanoï (born 1980), French actress
  • Didier Delsalle (born 1957), pilot

Aix-en-Provence: Famous residents

Édouard Manet, Portrait of Émile Zola, 1868, Musée d'Orsay
  • Saint Maximin, the early Christian disciple and first bishop of Aix, who according to provencal tradition evangelised Aix with Mary Magdalene
  • Saint Mitre, the Christian martyr who died in Aix in 466 and whose relics are preserved in the Cathedral
  • Barthélemy d'Eyck, painter
  • Nicolas-Claude Fabri de Peiresc, (1580–1637), a scientist best known for his correspondence
  • Jean Daret, (1613–1668), the French painter, who died in Aix
  • Pierre Joseph Garidel, (1658–1737), the botanist
  • Claude Arnulphy, (1697–1786), painter
  • Jean-Baptiste Marie de Piquet, Marquis of Méjanes, (1729–1786), who bequeathed to the town his collection of between 60 and 80 thousand books, which later became the municipal library, the Bibliothèque Méjanes
  • Jean de Dieu-Raymond de Cucé de Boisgelin (1732–1804), Archbishop of Aix.
  • Victor d'Hupay, (1746–1818), writer and philosopher
  • Nina Simone, (1933-2003), American singer, songwriter, pianist, civil rights activist, lived in Aix-en-Provence from 1993 for the remainder of her life.
  • Jean-Antoine Constantin, (1756–1844), painter
  • Antoine de L'Hoyer (1768–1852), Composer, Guitarist, Soldier
  • Ambroise Roux-Alphéran, (1776–1858), a clerk of court and historian
  • Émile Zola (1840–1902), the novelist, who was born in Paris but spent his childhood in Aix
  • Joseph Ravaisou, (1865–1925), French painter, who died in Aix
  • Louise Germain, (1874–1939), French painter, who died in Aix
  • Joseph d'Arbaud, (1874–1950), French poet, who died in Aix
  • Christophe Rousset, (born 1961), French conductor and harpsichordist, who grew up in Aix
  • Charles Trenet, (1942–2001), French poet, painter and singer, wrote "I Wish You Love" and several evergreens in Aix
  • Bradley Cooper, (1995–1996), American film, theater, and television actor, who spent his 6 months as an exchange student from Georgetown University
  • Grégory Gaultier (born 1982), 2015 squash world champion

Aix-en-Provence: See also

  • Aix-en-Provence possessions: In 1611, Father Louis Gaufridi was accused of causing demonic possession in the Ursuline nuns at Aix.
  • Aurelian Way
  • Speech and language laboratory (CNRS)
  • List of works by Auguste Carli
  • List of works by Louis Botinelly

Aix-en-Provence: Notes

  1. However, with the preposition a ~ à 'to', the forms are as Ais ~ à-z-Ais [aˈzaj]
  2. , p. 447.
  3. « Histoire d'Aix », site de l'office du tourisme d'Aix-en-Provence.
  4. cf Jerome, letter cxxiii, To Ageruchia, 8, 409 A.D.
  5. Théâtre antique d’Aquae Sextiae (French)
  6. [1]
  7. "Tourist office; the climate of Aix". Aixenprovencetourism.com. Retrieved 15 April 2010.
  8. "Moyennes 1981/2010: Région Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur" (in French). Météoclimat. Retrieved 19 December 2014.
  9. "STATION Aix en Provence" (in French). Météoclimat. Retrieved 19 December 2014.
  10. Sarre, Claude-Alain (2007). "Les Deux Garçons. Quatre Siècles d'Histoire au Coeur d'Aix-en-Provence.". Université Aix. ISBN 2-903449-92-9.
  11. Michelin Guide to Provence, Buy book ISBN 2-06-137503-0, pages 67–68.
  12. "Tourist office: Old Aix". Aixenprovencetourism.com. Retrieved 15 April 2010.
  13. Encyclopædia Britannica, 1911.
  14. Laurence Labrouche, "Ariane Mnouchkine: un parcours théâtral: le terrassier, l'enfant et le voyageur", L'Harmattan (1999), Buy book ISBN 2-7384-8022-5, page 66, "la ville aux mille fontaines"
  15. "Provence". Michelin Green Guide. Michelin. 1999. ISBN 0-320-03732-0. , page 69. The fountain was built in 1667.
  16. "Website of the Musée Granet". Museegranet-aixenprovence.fr. Archived from the original on 23 April 2010. Retrieved 15 April 2010.
  17. "Reopening of the Musée Granet in Aix-en-Provence – The Art Tribune". The Art Tribune. 20 August 2007. Retrieved 22 May 2009.
  18. "Montagne Ste-Victoire, Aix-en-Provence, Gardanne, Trets". La Carte de Randonnée, 1;25,000. 3244 ET. Institut Géographique National.
  19. Mairie of Vauvenargues, History and heritage (French)
  20. O'Brian, Patrick (1976). "Picasso: Pablo Ruiz Picasso : a Biography". Putnam. ISBN 88-304-0863-8.
  21. Monday, 23 Apr. 1973 (23 April 1973). "Pablo Picasso's Last Days and Final Journey – TIME". TIME. Retrieved 22 May 2009.
  22. Bruno Ely (2009). "Château de Vauvenargues". ImageArt. ISBN 978-2-9534525-0-1.
  23. Château of Vauvenargues, official web site
  24. Ribeiro, Benjamin. "Euro 2016: Aix, camp de base de l'Ukraine", aix-international.com (in French). Retrieved on 18 March 2016.
  25. "Histoire d'Aix-en-Provence". Edisud. 1977. ISBN 2-85744-237-8.
  26. ISBN 0-7513-0342-9.
  27. "Official website for Château Simone". Chateau-simone.fr. Archived from the original on 10 April 2010. Retrieved 15 April 2010.
  28. "Guide des Vins – Château Crémade" (in French). Guidevins.com. Retrieved 15 April 2010.
  29. Aix en Provence Office de Tourisme
  30. "The Chocolaterie of Puyricard". Puyricard.fr. Archived from the original on 21 April 2010. Retrieved 15 April 2010.
  31. "The company: Company information." Twin Jet. Retrieved on 8 July 2010. "Address : TWIN JET 1070 rue du lieutenant Parayre BP 30370 13799 AIX EN PROVENCE CEDEX 3 "
  32. "Internet Archive Wayback Machine" (PDF). Web.archive.org. 27 February 2008. Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 March 2009. Retrieved 15 September 2011.
  33. Aix-en-Provence, Plan Guide Blay-Foldex.
  34. "Map of central Aix". Retrieved 15 April 2010.
  35. Ville d'Aix-en-Provence: V'Hello...Bougez dans Aix en toute liberté ! Archived 13 January 2009 at the Wayback Machine.
  36. "Just Sport – New Zealand's Sports Network – What's Up : RWC 2007 Commentators Blog". Radio Sport. 21 October 2007. Retrieved 22 May 2009.
  37. "All Blacks dazzled by haka ballet – rugbyheaven07.com.au". Rugbyheaven.com.au. 28 September 2007. Archived from the original on 30 July 2008. Retrieved 22 May 2009.
  38. "Aix, 12k records". Retrieved 1 August 2012.
  39. "Why the French state has a team of UFO hunters By Chris Bockman". Retrieved 4 November 2014.
  40. "Association of twinnings and international relations of Aix-en-Provence". Aix-jumelages.com. Retrieved 15 April 2010.
  41. Mairie of Aix-en-Provence – Twinnings and partnerships
  42. "British towns twinned with French towns". The Mayor of Bath.
  43. "Bath's Twinning Associations". The Mayor of Bath. Archived from the original on 17 May 2011. Retrieved 23 August 2016.
  44. "Town Twinning". The Mayor of Bath. Archived from the original on 28 September 2013. Retrieved 23 August 2016.
  45. "Acordos de Geminação" (in Portuguese). © 2009 Câmara Municipal de Coimbra – Praça 8 de Maio – 3000-300 Coimbra. Retrieved 25 June 2009.
  46. Perugia Official site – Relazioni Internazionali (Italian)
  47. Jessula, Georges (2003). "Darius Milhaud, Compositeur de Musique". Revue Juive: 140–144. Since their marriage in 1892, Milhaud's parents lived in the Bras d'Or in Aix-en-Provence, where their son grew up; however he was delivered at the home of his maternal grandparents in Marseille.
  48. ISBN 2-87750-083-7.
  49. FullSIX (22 December 1972). "Franck Cammas – Profile". Cammas-groupama.com. Archived from the original on 21 May 2009. Retrieved 22 May 2009.

Aix-en-Provence: References

  • Busquet, Raoul (1954). Histoire de la Provençade des origines à la révolution française. Editions Jeanne Lafitte. ISBN 2-86276-319-5.
  • INSEE
  • This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Aix". Encyclopædia Britannica. 1 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 447.
  • Aix en Provence Tourist office website (English)
  • One sheet foldable city guide (English) available from the Tourist Office
  • Festival website
  • Official site of the town Aix-en-Provence (French)
  • Information and photos from ProvenceBeyond website
  • 36 Hours In... Aix-en-Provence
  • Pays d'Aix radio
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+ Yemen
+ Zambia
+ Zimbabwe
Vacation: Popular Goods
Popular Goods
Clothing
Tops
Trousers & shorts
Skirts
Dresses
Suits
Uniforms
Outerwear
Underwear
Lingerie
Footwear
Headwear
Nightwear
Swimsuits
Accessories

Cosmetics
Perfumery
Skin care
Hygiene products

Jewellery
Watches
Gemstones

Home appliances
Interior design
Furniture
Bedding
Linens
Plumbing
Lamps
Hand tools
Gardening tools
Building materials

Culinary (Cooking)
Foods
Vegetables
Fruits
Beverages
Condiments
Food preparation appliances
Cooking appliances
Cooking utensils
Kitchenware
Crockery
Cookware & bakeware

Toys
Children's clothing

Electronics
Activity trackers
Audio electronics
Apple electronics
Batteries
BlackBerry
Computer hardware
Computer peripherals
Consumer electronics
Digital electronics
iPhone
GPS
Laptops (notebooks)
Mobile phones
Musical instruments
Optical devices
Photography equipment
PlayStation
Rechargeable batteries
Radio
Satellite navigation
Smartphones
Smartwatches
Tablet computers
Television
Video game consoles
Wearable computers
Wireless
Xbox

Sports
Sports equipment
Sports clothing

Travel
Tourism
Tourism by country
Capitals
Tourist attractions
Airlines
Low-cost airlines
Airports
Airliners
Hotels
Tourism companies
Travel websites
Cruise lines
Cruise ships
Travel gear
Luggage
Camping equipment
Hiking equipment
Fishing equipment

Automobiles
Auto accessories
Automotive electronics
Auto parts
Auto chemicals
Tires

Software
Windows software
Mac OS software
Linux software
Android software
IOS software
Access Control Software
Business Software
Communication Software
Computer Programming
Digital Typography Software
Educational Software
Entertainment Software
Genealogy Software
Government Software
Graphics Software
Health Software
Industrial Software
Knowledge Representation Software
Language Software
Legal Software
Library & Info Science Software
Multimedia Software
Music Software
Personal Info Managers
Religious Software
Scientific Software
Simulation Software
System Software
Transportation Software
Video games, PC games

Finance
Advertising
Accounting
Auditing
Business
Banking
Credit
Credit cards
Currency
Debt
E-commerce
Economics
Employment
Financial markets
Forex
Human resource management
Insurance
Investment
Labor
Law
Loans
Management
Marketing
Money
Mortgage
Payment systems
Pensions
Philanthropy
Property
Real estate
Securities
Stationery
Taxation
Universities & colleges

Books
Films
Music

Health
Dietary supplements
Diets
Medical equipment
Vitamins
Weight loss

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