Lowest prices on Amazonia hotels booking, Brazil

One of the best offers is an unique opportunity to instantly find the lowest prices on Amazonia hotels and book a best hotel in Amazonia saving up to 80%! You can do it quickly and easily with HotelsCombined, a world's leading free hotel metasearch engine that allows to search and compare the rates of all major hotel chains, top travel sites, and leading hotel booking websites, including Booking.com, Hotels.com, Agoda.com, etc., etc. The hotel price comparison service HotelsCombined means cheap Amazonia hotels booking, lowest prices on hotel reservation in Amazonia and airline tickets to Amazonia, Brazil!

Amazonia Hotels Comparison & Online Booking

▪ Lowest prices on Amazonia hotels booking
▪ The discounts on Amazonia hotels up to 80%
▪ No booking fees on Amazonia hotels
▪ Detailed description & photos of Amazonia hotels
▪ Trusted ratings and reviews of Amazonia hotels
▪ Advanced Amazonia hotel search & comparison
▪ All Amazonia hotels on the map
▪ Interesting sights of Amazonia

What's important: you can compare and book not only Amazonia hotels and resorts, but also villas and holiday cottages, inns and B&Bs (bed and breakfast), condo hotels and apartments, timeshare properties, guest houses and pensions, campsites (campgrounds), motels and hostels in Amazonia. If you're going to Amazonia save your money and time, don't pay for the services of the greedy travel agencies. Instead, book the best hotel in Amazonia online, buy the cheapest airline tickets to Amazonia, and rent a car in Amazonia right now, paying the lowest price! Besides, here you can buy the Amazonia related books, guidebooks, souvenirs and other goods.

By the way, we would recommend you to combine your visit to Amazonia with other popular and interesting places of Brazil, for example: São Paulo, Iguazu Falls, Rio de Janeiro, Curitiba, Recife, Caraguatatuba, Morro de São Paulo, São Sebastião, Ilha Grande, Amazonia, Trancoso, Duque de Caxias, Búzios, Campos do Jordão, São José dos Campos, Brasília, Foz do Iguaçu, Gramado, Bombinhas, Amazon River, Atlantic Forest, Praia do Forte, Camaçari, Fortaleza, Angra dos Reis, Manaus, São Luís, Cabo Frio, Ilhéus, Ilhabela, Salvador, Porto Alegre, Ipanema, Belo Horizonte, Osasco, Ubatuba, Porto Seguro, Santos, Florianópolis, Natal, Costa do Sauípe, Guarulhos, Arraial do Cabo, Belém, Campinas, Fernando de Noronha, Balneário Camboriú, Itacaré, Ribeirão Preto, Petrópolis, Goiânia, Copacabana, Guarujá, Paraty, São Gonçalo, Ouro Preto, Maceió, Vila do Abraão, etc.

How to Book a Hotel in Amazonia

In order to book an accommodation in Amazonia enter the proper dates and do the hotel search. If needed, sort the found Amazonia hotels by price, star rating, property type, guest rating, hotel features, hotel theme or hotel chain. Then take a look at the found hotels on Amazonia map to estimate the distance from the main Amazonia attractions and sights. You can also read the guest reviews of Amazonia hotels and see their ratings.

When a hotel search in Amazonia is done, please select the room type, the included meals and the suitable booking conditions (for example, "Deluxe double room, Breakfast included, Non-Refundable"). Press the "View Deal" ("Book Now") button. Make your booking on a hotel booking website and get the hotel reservation voucher by email. That's it, a perfect hotel in Amazonia is waiting for you!

Hotels of Amazonia

A hotel in Amazonia is an establishment that provides lodging paid on a short-term basis. Facilities provided may range from a basic bed and storage for clothing, to luxury features like en-suite bathrooms. Larger in Amazonia hotels may provide additional guest facilities such as a swimming pool, business centre, childcare, conference facilities and social function services. Hotel rooms in Amazonia are usually numbered (or named in some smaller hotels and B&Bs) to allow guests to identify their room. Some Amazonia hotels offer meals as part of a room and board arrangement. Hotel operations vary in size, function, and cost. Most Amazonia hotels and major hospitality companies that operate hotels in Amazonia have set widely accepted industry standards to classify hotel types. General categories include the following:

Upscale luxury hotels in Amazonia
An upscale full service hotel facility in Amazonia that offers luxury amenities, full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and the highest level of personalized and professional service. Luxury Amazonia hotels are normally classified with at least a Four Diamond or Five Diamond status or a Four or Five Star rating depending on classification standards.

Full service hotels in Amazonia
Full service Amazonia hotels often contain upscale full-service facilities with a large volume of full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and a variety of on-site amenities such as swimming pools, a health club, children's activities, ballrooms, on-site conference facilities, etc.

Historic inns and boutique hotels in Amazonia
Boutique hotels of Amazonia are smaller independent non-branded hotels that often contain upscale facilities of varying size in unique or intimate settings with full service accommodations. Amazonia boutique hotels are generally 100 rooms or less. Some historic inns and boutique hotels in Amazonia may be classified as luxury hotels.

Focused or select service hotels in Amazonia
Small to medium-sized hotel establishments that offer a limited amount of on-site amenities that only cater and market to a specific demographic of Amazonia travelers, such as the single business traveler. Most Amazonia focused or select service hotels may still offer full service accommodations but may lack leisure amenities such as an on-site restaurant or a swimming pool.

Economy and limited service hotels in Amazonia
Small to medium-sized Amazonia hotel establishments that offer a very limited amount of on-site amenities and often only offer basic accommodations with little to no services, these facilities normally only cater and market to a specific demographic of travelers, such as the budget-minded Amazonia traveler seeking a "no frills" accommodation. Limited service Amazonia hotels often lack an on-site restaurant but in return may offer a limited complimentary food and beverage amenity such as on-site continental breakfast service.

Guest houses and B&Bs in Amazonia
A bed and breakfast in Amazonia is a small lodging establishment that offers overnight accommodation and inclusive breakfast. Usually, Amazonia bed and breakfasts are private homes or family homes offering accommodations. The typical Amazonia B&B has between 4 and 11 rooms, with 6 being the average. Generally, guests are accommodated in private bedrooms with private bathrooms, or in a suite of rooms including an en suite bathroom. Some homes have private bedrooms with a bathroom which is shared with other guests. Breakfast is served in the bedroom, a dining room, or the host's kitchen. Often the owners of guest house themselves prepare the breakfast and clean the rooms.

Hostels in Amazonia
Amazonia hostels provide budget-oriented, sociable accommodation where guests can rent a bed, usually a bunk bed, in a dormitory and share a bathroom, lounge, and sometimes a kitchen. Rooms can be mixed or single-sex, although private rooms may also be available. Hostels are often cheaper for both the operator and occupants; many Amazonia hostels have long-term residents whom they employ as desk agents or housekeeping staff in exchange for experience or discounted accommodation.

Apartment hotels, extended stay hotels in Amazonia
Extended stay hotels are small to medium-sized Amazonia hotels that offer longer term full service accommodations compared to a traditional hotel. Extended stay hotels may offer non-traditional pricing methods such as a weekly rate that cater towards travelers in need of short-term accommodations for an extended period of time. Similar to limited and select service hotels, on-site amenities are normally limited and most extended stay hotels in Amazonia lack an on-site restaurant.

Timeshare and destination clubs in Amazonia
Amazonia timeshare and destination clubs are a form of property ownership also referred to as a vacation ownership involving the purchase and ownership of an individual unit of accommodation for seasonal usage during a specified period of time. Timeshare resorts in Amazonia often offer amenities similar that of a Full service hotel with on-site restaurant(s), swimming pools, recreation grounds, and other leisure-oriented amenities. Destination clubs of Amazonia on the other hand may offer more exclusive private accommodations such as private houses in a neighborhood-style setting.

Motels in Amazonia
A Amazonia motel is a small-sized low-rise lodging establishment similar to that of a limited service hotel, but with direct access to individual rooms from the car park. Common during the 1950s and 1960s, motels were often located adjacent to a major road, where they were built on inexpensive land at the edge of towns or along stretches of highways. They are still useful in less populated areas of Amazonia for driving travelers, but the more populated an area becomes the more hotels fill the need. Many of Amazonia motels which remain in operation have joined national franchise chains, rebranding themselves as hotels, inns or lodges.

Why HotelsCombined

HotelsCombined is the leading hotel metasearch engine founded in 2005, with headquarters in Sydney, Australia. It is widely recognized as the world's best hotel price comparison site and has won many of the most prestigious tourism industry awards. The site operates in over 40 languages, handles 120 different currencies and aggregates more than 2 million deals from hundreds of travel sites and hotel chains. The number of users counts more than 300,000 people a year with over $1,000,000,000 in estimated total cost of hotel reservations.

The main purpose of HotelsCombined hotel price comparison service is to help the travelers in finding a perfect accommodation option in Amazonia at the best price, eliminating the need to manually analyze hundreds of hotel booking sites and thousands of price offers. Through the partnership with the most popular hotel booking websites, online travel agencies and hotel chains, HotelsCombined allows its users to search for and compare the current rates on Amazonia hotels in a single search. It also provides an aggregated summary of hotel reviews and ratings from external sites.

The HotelsCombined's advanced technology allows to instantly find the available Amazonia hotels and process the offers of all leading travel websites, including Booking.com, Hotels.com, Agoda.com, etc. and many others (AccorHotels.com, AirAsiaGo.com, Amoma.com, AsiaTravel.com, BestWestern.com, Budgetplaces.com, EasyToBook.com, Elvoline.com, Expedia.com, Getaroom.com, Hilton.com, Homestay.com, Hotel.de, HotelClub.com, HotelsClick.com, HotelTravel.com, Housetrip.com, ihg.com, Interhome.com, Jovago.com, LateRooms.com, NH-Hotels.com, OnHotels.com, Otel.com, Prestigia.com, Skoosh.com, Splendia.com, Superbreak.com, Tiket.com, etc.). Due to the fast and easy-to-use search system you get the rates on available Amazonia hotels and book a preferable hotel on a website providing the lowest price.

All Amazonia Hotels & Hostels Online

HotelsCombined is especially recommended for those interested in Amazon rainforest, Brazil, HotelsCombined, Trivago, sale on the hotel booking site HotelsCombined, discount coupons on the hotel booking site HotelsCombined, best rates on Amazonia hotels, low prices on Amazonia hotels, best hotel in Amazonia, best Amazonia hotel, discounted Amazonia hotel booking, online Amazonia hotel reservation, Amazonia hotels comparison, hotel booking in Amazonia, luxury and cheap accomodation in Amazonia, Amazonia inns, Amazonia B&Bs, bed and breakfast in Amazonia, condo hotels and apartments in Amazonia, bargain Amazonia rentals, cheap Amazonia vacation rentals,Amazonia pensions and guest houses, cheap hotels and hostels of Amazonia, Amazonia motels, dormitories of Amazonia, dorms in Amazonia, Amazonia dormitory rooms, lowest rates on hotels in Amazonia, hotel prices comparison in Amazonia, travel to Amazonia, vacation in Amazonia, trip to Amazonia, trusted hotel reviews of Amazonia, sights and attractions of Amazonia, Amazonia guidebook, Amazonia guide, hotel booking in Amazonia, Brazil, tours to Amazonia, travel company in Amazonia, travel agency in Amazonia, excursions in Amazonia, tickets to Amazonia, airline tickets to Amazonia, Amazonia hotel booking, etc.

Many people are also interested in the Amazonia hostels, dormitory of Amazonia, dorm in Amazonia, Amazonia dormitory, Amazonia airfares, Amazonia airline tickets, Amazonia tours, Amazonia travel, must-see places in Amazonia, Amazonia Booking.com, Amazonia hotels Trivago, Amazonia Expedia, Amazonia Airbnb, Amazonia TripAdvisor, Hotels Combined Amazonia, HotelsCombined Amazonia, Amazonia hotels and hostels, BR hotels and hostels, Black Friday on the hotel booking site HotelsCombined, Cyber Monday on the hotel booking site HotelsCombined, New Year's and Christmas sale HotelsCombined, hotelscombined.en, HotelsCombined.en, HotelsCombined.en, hotelscombined.com, Rừng mưa Amazon, 亞馬遜雨林, ป่าดิบชื้นแอมะซอน, Mauran nga kagurangan han Amazon, अमेजन रेनफरेस्ट, Τροπικό δάσος του Αμαζονίου, Regnskoven i Amazonas, Amazonas regnskog, جنگل‌های آمازون, יער האמזונאס, Amazonija, Amazonas-Regenwald, Amazoneregenwoud, Amazzonia, دارستانی ئەمازۆن, and so on.

While others are looking for the آمازون, Hutan hujan Amazon, Амазонський дощовий ліс, 아마존 우림, Гилея, غابة الأمازون, அமேசான் மழைக்காடு, Amazuonėjė, Дождевые леса Амазонии, ایمیزون برساتی جنگل, Amazonia, Amazonský prales, Amasónfrumskógurinn, Амазонска екваториална гора, Amazonin sademetsä, Amazon rainforest, अमेज़न वर्षावन, ამაზონის ჯუნგლები, Амазонија, アマゾン熱帯雨林, Regnskogen i Amazonas, Amazon ormanları, အမေဇုန် မိုးသစ်တော, Amazonska prašuma, ആമസോൺ മഴക്കാടുകൾ, Amazonasregnskogen, Amarumayu sach'a-sach'a suyu, Amazones lietus mežs, آمازون یاغیش مشه‌لری, Selva amazònica, Hutan Amazon, ಅಮೆಜಾನ್ ಮಳೆಕಾಡು, అమెజాన్ వర్షారణ్యం, Seuva Amazonica, Pădurea Amazoniană, Forêt amazonienne, Amazônia, Amazona arbaro, Amassònia, আমাজন অরণ্য. Thousands of people have already booked the hotels in Amazonia on the hotel booking site HotelsCombined. Don't hesitate, go for it!

Travelling and vacation in Amazonia

Amazon rainforest
Amazon Manaus forest.jpg
Amazon rainforest, near Manaus, Brazil.
Countries Brazil, Peru, Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Bolivia, Guyana, Suriname, France (French Guiana)
Part of South America
River Amazon River
Area 5,500,000 km (2,123,562 sq mi)
Amazon rainforest.jpg
Map of the Amazon rainforest ecoregions as delineated by the WWF. Yellow line approximately encloses the Amazon drainage basin. National boundaries shown in black. Satellite image from NASA.

The Amazon rainforest (Portuguese: Floresta Amazônica or Amazônia; Spanish: Selva Amazónica, Amazonía or usually Amazonia; French: Forêt amazonienne; Dutch: Amazoneregenwoud), also known in English as Amazonia or the Amazon Jungle, is a moist broadleaf forest in the Amazon biome that covers most of the Amazon basin of South America. This basin encompasses 7,000,000 square kilometres (2,700,000 sq mi), of which 5,500,000 square kilometres (2,100,000 sq mi) are covered by the rainforest. This region includes territory belonging to nine nations. The majority of the forest is contained within Brazil, with 60% of the rainforest, followed by Peru with 13%, Colombia with 10%, and with minor amounts in Venezuela, Ecuador, Bolivia, Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana. States or departments in four nations contain "Amazonas" in their names. The Amazon represents over half of the planet's remaining rainforests, and comprises the largest and most biodiverse tract of tropical rainforest in the world, with an estimated 390 billion individual trees divided into 16,000 species.

Amazon rainforest: Etymology

The name Amazon is said to arise from a war Francisco de Orellana fought with the Tapuyas and other tribes. The women of the tribe fought alongside the men, as was their custom. Orellana derived the name Amazonas from the Amazons of Greek mythology, described by Herodotus and Diodorus.

Amazon rainforest: History

Amazon rainforest: Natural

Aerial view of the Amazon rainforest, near Manaus

The rainforest likely formed during the Eocene era. It appeared following a global reduction of tropical temperatures when the Atlantic Ocean had widened sufficiently to provide a warm, moist climate to the Amazon basin. The rainforest has been in existence for at least 55 million years, and most of the region remained free of savanna-type biomes at least until the current ice age, when the climate was drier and savanna more widespread.

Following the Cretaceous–Paleogene extinction event, the extinction of the dinosaurs and the wetter climate may have allowed the tropical rainforest to spread out across the continent. From 66–34 Mya, the rainforest extended as far south as 45°. Climate fluctuations during the last 34 million years have allowed savanna regions to expand into the tropics. During the Oligocene, for example, the rainforest spanned a relatively narrow band. It expanded again during the Middle Miocene, then retracted to a mostly inland formation at the last glacial maximum. However, the rainforest still managed to thrive during these glacial periods, allowing for the survival and evolution of a broad diversity of species.

Aerial view of the Amazon rainforest.

During the mid-Eocene, it is believed that the drainage basin of the Amazon was split along the middle of the continent by the Purus Arch. Water on the eastern side flowed toward the Atlantic, while to the west water flowed toward the Pacific across the Amazonas Basin. As the Andes Mountains rose, however, a large basin was created that enclosed a lake; now known as the Solimões Basin. Within the last 5–10 million years, this accumulating water broke through the Purus Arch, joining the easterly flow toward the Atlantic.

There is evidence that there have been significant changes in Amazon rainforest vegetation over the last 21,000 years through the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) and subsequent deglaciation. Analyses of sediment deposits from Amazon basin paleolakes and from the Amazon Fan indicate that rainfall in the basin during the LGM was lower than for the present, and this was almost certainly associated with reduced moist tropical vegetation cover in the basin. There is debate, however, over how extensive this reduction was. Some scientists argue that the rainforest was reduced to small, isolated refugia separated by open forest and grassland; other scientists argue that the rainforest remained largely intact but extended less far to the north, south, and east than is seen today. This debate has proved difficult to resolve because the practical limitations of working in the rainforest mean that data sampling is biased away from the center of the Amazon basin, and both explanations are reasonably well supported by the available data.

Amazon rainforest: Sahara Desert dust windblown to the Amazon

More than 56% of the dust fertilizing the Amazon rainforest comes from the Bodélé depression in Northern Chad in the Sahara desert. The dust contains phosphorus, important for plant growth. The yearly Sahara dust replaces the equivalent amount of phosphorus washed away yearly in Amazon soil from rains and floods. Up to 50 million tonnes of Sahara dust per year are blown across the Atlantic Ocean.

NASA's CALIPSO satellite has measured the amount of dust transported by wind from the Sahara to the Amazon: an average 182 million tons of dust are windblown out of the Sahara each year, at 15 degrees west longitude, across 1,600 miles (2,600 km) over the Atlantic Ocean (some dust falls into the Atlantic), then at 35 degrees West longitude at the eastern coast of South America, 27.7 million tons (15%) of dust fall over the Amazon basin, 132 million tons of dust remain in the air, 43 million tons of dust are windblown and falls on the Caribbean Sea, past 75 degrees west longitude.

CALIPSO uses a laser range finder to scan the Earth's atmosphere for the vertical distribution of dust and other aerosols. CALIPSO regularly tracks the Sahara-Amazon dust plume. CALIPSO has measured variations in the dust amounts transported- an 86 percent drop between the highest amount of dust transported in 2007 and the lowest in 2011.

A possibility causing the variation is the Sahel, a strip of semi-arid land on the southern border of the Sahara. When rain amounts in the Sahel are higher, the volume of dust is lower. The higher rainfall could make more vegetation grow in the Sahel, leaving less sand exposed to winds to blow away.

Amazon rainforest: Human activity

Members of an uncontacted tribe encountered in the Brazilian state of Acre in 2009.

Based on archaeological evidence from an excavation at Caverna da Pedra Pintada, human inhabitants first settled in the Amazon region at least 11,200 years ago. Subsequent development led to late-prehistoric settlements along the periphery of the forest by AD 1250, which induced alterations in the forest cover.

Geoglyphs on deforested land in the Amazon rainforest, Acre.

For a long time, it was thought that the Amazon rainforest was only ever sparsely populated, as it was impossible to sustain a large population through agriculture given the poor soil. Archeologist Betty Meggers was a prominent proponent of this idea, as described in her book Amazonia: Man and Culture in a Counterfeit Paradise. She claimed that a population density of 0.2 inhabitants per square kilometre (0.52/sq mi) is the maximum that can be sustained in the rainforest through hunting, with agriculture needed to host a larger population. However, recent anthropological findings have suggested that the region was actually densely populated. Some 5 million people may have lived in the Amazon region in AD 1500, divided between dense coastal settlements, such as that at Marajó, and inland dwellers. By 1900 the population had fallen to 1 million and by the early 1980s it was less than 200,000.

The first European to travel the length of the Amazon River was Francisco de Orellana in 1542. The BBC's Unnatural Histories presents evidence that Orellana, rather than exaggerating his claims as previously thought, was correct in his observations that a complex civilization was flourishing along the Amazon in the 1540s. It is believed that the civilization was later devastated by the spread of diseases from Europe, such as smallpox.

Since the 1970s, numerous geoglyphs have been discovered on deforested land dating between AD 1–1250, furthering claims about Pre-Columbian civilizations. Ondemar Dias is accredited with first discovering the geoglyphs in 1977 and Alceu Ranzi with furthering their discovery after flying over Acre. The BBC's Unnatural Histories presented evidence that the Amazon rainforest, rather than being a pristine wilderness, has been shaped by man for at least 11,000 years through practices such as forest gardening and terra preta. Terra preta is found over large areas in the Amazon forest; and is now widely accepted as a product of indigenous soil management. The development of this fertile soil allowed agriculture and silviculture in the previously hostile environment; meaning that large portions of the Amazon rainforest are probably the result of centuries of human management, rather than naturally occurring as has previously been supposed. In the region of the Xingu tribe, remains of some of these large settlements in the middle of the Amazon forest were found in 2003 by Michael Heckenberger and colleagues of the University of Florida. Among those were evidence of roads, bridges and large plazas.

Amazon rainforest: Biodiversity

Deforestation in the Amazon rainforest threatens many species of tree frogs, which are very sensitive to environmental changes (pictured: giant leaf frog)
Scarlet macaw, which is indigenous to the American tropics.

Wet tropical forests are the most species-rich biome, and tropical forests in the Americas are consistently more species rich than the wet forests in Africa and Asia. As the largest tract of tropical rainforest in the Americas, the Amazonian rainforests have unparalleled biodiversity. One in ten known species in the world lives in the Amazon rainforest. This constitutes the largest collection of living plants and animal species in the world.

The region is home to about 2.5 million insect species, tens of thousands of plants, and some 2,000 birds and mammals. To date, at least 40,000 plant species, 2,200 fishes, 1,294 birds, 427 mammals, 428 amphibians, and 378 reptiles have been scientifically classified in the region. One in five of all bird species are found in the Amazon rainforest, and one in five of the fish species live in Amazonian rivers and streams. Scientists have described between 96,660 and 128,843 invertebrate species in Brazil alone.

The biodiversity of plant species is the highest on Earth with one 2001 study finding a quarter square kilometer (62 acres) of Ecuadorian rainforest supports more than 1,100 tree species. A study in 1999 found one square kilometer (247 acres) of Amazon rainforest can contain about 90,790 tonnes of living plants. The average plant biomass is estimated at 356 ± 47 tonnes per hectare. To date, an estimated 438,000 species of plants of economic and social interest have been registered in the region with many more remaining to be discovered or catalogued. The total number of tree species in the region is estimated at 16,000.

A giant, bundled liana in western Brazil

The green leaf area of plants and trees in the rainforest varies by about 25% as a result of seasonal changes. Leaves expand during the dry season when sunlight is at a maximum, then undergo abscission in the cloudy wet season. These changes provide a balance of carbon between photosynthesis and respiration.

The rainforest contains several species that can pose a hazard. Among the largest predatory creatures are the black caiman, jaguar, cougar, and anaconda. In the river, electric eels can produce an electric shock that can stun or kill, while piranha are known to bite and injure humans. Various species of poison dart frogs secrete lipophilic alkaloid toxins through their flesh. There are also numerous parasites and disease vectors. Vampire bats dwell in the rainforest and can spread the rabies virus. Malaria, yellow fever and Dengue fever can also be contracted in the Amazon region.

Amazon rainforest: Deforestation

Deforestation in the Mato Grosso state of Brazil, 2007

Deforestation is the conversion of forested areas to non-forested areas. The main sources of deforestation in the Amazon are human settlement and development of the land. Prior to the early 1960s, access to the forest's interior was highly restricted, and the forest remained basically intact. Farms established during the 1960s were based on crop cultivation and the slash and burn method. However, the colonists were unable to manage their fields and the crops because of the loss of soil fertility and weed invasion. The soils in the Amazon are productive for just a short period of time, so farmers are constantly moving to new areas and clearing more land. These farming practices led to deforestation and caused extensive environmental damage. Deforestation is considerable, and areas cleared of forest are visible to the naked eye from outer space.

In the 1970s construction began on the Trans-Amazonian highway. This highway represented a major threat to the Amazon rainforest. Fortunately for the rainforest, the highway has not been completed, hereby reducing the environmental damage.

Between 1991 and 2000, the total area of forest lost in the Amazon rose from 415,000 to 587,000 square kilometres (160,000 to 227,000 sq mi), with most of the lost forest becoming pasture for cattle. Seventy percent of formerly forested land in the Amazon, and 91% of land deforested since 1970, is used for livestock pasture. Currently, Brazil is the second-largest global producer of soybeans after the United States. New research however, conducted by Leydimere Oliveira et al., has shown that the more rainforest is logged in the Amazon, the less precipitation reaches the area and so the lower the yield per hectare becomes. So despite the popular perception, there has been no economical advantage for Brazil from logging rainforest zones and converting these to pastoral fields.

The needs of soy farmers have been used to justify many of the controversial transportation projects that are currently developing in the Amazon. The first two highways successfully opened up the rainforest and led to increased settlement and deforestation. The mean annual deforestation rate from 2000 to 2005 (22,392 km or 8,646 sq mi per year) was 18% higher than in the previous five years (19,018 km or 7,343 sq mi per year). Although deforestation has declined significantly in the Brazilian Amazon between 2004 and 2014, there has been an increase to the present day.

Amazon rainforest: Conservation and climate change

Amazon rainforest

Environmentalists are concerned about loss of biodiversity that will result from destruction of the forest, and also about the release of the carbon contained within the vegetation, which could accelerate global warming. Amazonian evergreen forests account for about 10% of the world's terrestrial primary productivity and 10% of the carbon stores in ecosystems-of the order of 1.1 × 10 metric tonnes of carbon. Amazonian forests are estimated to have accumulated 0.62 ± 0.37 tons of carbon per hectare per year between 1975 and 1996.

One computer model of future climate change caused by greenhouse gas emissions shows that the Amazon rainforest could become unsustainable under conditions of severely reduced rainfall and increased temperatures, leading to an almost complete loss of rainforest cover in the basin by 2100. However, simulations of Amazon basin climate change across many different models are not consistent in their estimation of any rainfall response, ranging from weak increases to strong decreases. The result indicates that the rainforest could be threatened though the 21st century by climate change in addition to deforestation.

In 1989, environmentalist C.M. Peters and two colleagues stated there is economic as well as biological incentive to protecting the rainforest. One hectare in the Peruvian Amazon has been calculated to have a value of $6820 if intact forest is sustainably harvested for fruits, latex, and timber; $1000 if clear-cut for commercial timber (not sustainably harvested); or $148 if used as cattle pasture.

As indigenous territories continue to be destroyed by deforestation and ecocide, such as in the Peruvian Amazon indigenous peoples' rainforest communities continue to disappear, while others, like the Urarina continue to struggle to fight for their cultural survival and the fate of their forested territories. Meanwhile, the relationship between non-human primates in the subsistence and symbolism of indigenous lowland South American peoples has gained increased attention, as have ethno-biology and community-based conservation efforts.

From 2002 to 2006, the conserved land in the Amazon rainforest has almost tripled and deforestation rates have dropped up to 60%. About 1,000,000 square kilometres (250,000,000 acres) have been put onto some sort of conservation, which adds up to a current amount of 1,730,000 square kilometres (430,000,000 acres).

A 2009 study found that a 4 °C rise in global temperatures by 2100 would kill 85% of the Amazon rainforest while a temperature rise of 3 °C would kill some 75% of the Amazon.

Amazon rainforest: Remote sensing

This image reveals how the forest and the atmosphere interact to create a uniform layer of "popcorn-shaped" cumulus clouds.

The use of remotely sensed data is dramatically improving conservationists' knowledge of the Amazon basin. Given the objectivity and lowered costs of satellite-based land cover analysis, it appears likely that remote sensing technology will be an integral part of assessing the extent and damage of deforestation in the basin. Furthermore, remote sensing is the best and perhaps only possible way to study the Amazon on a large-scale.

The use of remote sensing for the conservation of the Amazon is also being used by the indigenous tribes of the basin to protect their tribal lands from commercial interests. Using handheld GPS devices and programs like Google Earth, members of the Trio Tribe, who live in the rainforests of southern Suriname, map out their ancestral lands to help strengthen their territorial claims. Currently, most tribes in the Amazon do not have clearly defined boundaries, making it easier for commercial ventures to target their territories.

To accurately map the Amazon's biomass and subsequent carbon related emissions, the classification of tree growth stages within different parts of the forest is crucial. In 2006 Tatiana Kuplich organized the trees of the Amazon into four categories: (1) mature forest, (2) regenerating forest [less than three years], (3) regenerating forest [between three and five years of regrowth], and (4) regenerating forest [eleven to eighteen years of continued development]. The researcher used a combination of Synthetic aperture radar (SAR) and Thematic Mapper (TM) to accurately place the different portions of the Amazon into one of the four classifications.

Amazon rainforest:

In 2005, parts of the Amazon basin experienced the worst drought in one hundred years, and there were indications that 2006 could have been a second successive year of drought. A July 23, 2006 article in the UK newspaper The Independent reported Woods Hole Research Center results showing that the forest in its present form could survive only three years of drought. Scientists at the Brazilian National Institute of Amazonian Research argue in the article that this drought response, coupled with the effects of deforestation on regional climate, are pushing the rainforest towards a "tipping point" where it would irreversibly start to die. It concludes that the forest is on the brink of being turned into savanna or desert, with catastrophic consequences for the world's climate.

According to the World Wide Fund for Nature, the combination of climate change and deforestation increases the drying effect of dead trees that fuels forest fires.

In 2010 the Amazon rainforest experienced another severe drought, in some ways more extreme than the 2005 drought. The affected region was approximate 1,160,000 square miles (3,000,000 km) of rainforest, compared to 734,000 square miles (1,900,000 km) in 2005. The 2010 drought had three epicenters where vegetation died off, whereas in 2005 the drought was focused on the southwestern part. The findings were published in the journal Science. In a typical year the Amazon absorbs 1.5 gigatons of carbon dioxide; during 2005 instead 5 gigatons were released and in 2010 8 gigatons were released. Additional severe droughts occurred in 2010, 2015, and 2016.

Amazon rainforest: See also

  • Amanyé
  • Amazon Conservation Team (ACT)
  • Amazonian manatee
  • Amazon Surveillance System (Sistema de Vigilância da Amazônia)
  • Amazon Watch
  • Atlantic Forest
  • Bandeirantes
  • Brazilian Amazon
  • Coordinator of Indigenous Organizations of the Amazon River Basin (COICA)
  • List of plants of Amazon Rainforest vegetation of Brazil
  • Peruvian Amazon
  • Rainforest Action Network
  • Rainforest Alliance
  • Rainforest Foundation Fund
  • Save the Amazon Rainforest Organisation (STARO)
  • Tapiche Ohara's Reserve

Amazon rainforest: References

  1. "WNF: Places: Amazon". Retrieved 4 June 2016.
  2. "Field Museum scientists estimate 16,000 tree species in the Amazon". Field Museum. 17 October 2013. Retrieved 18 October 2013.
  3. Taylor, Isaac (1898). Names and Their Histories: A Handbook of Historical Geography and Topographical Nomenclature. London: Rivingtons. ISBN 0-559-29668-1. Retrieved October 12, 2008.
  4. Morley, Robert J. (2000). Origin and Evolution of Tropical Rain Forests. Wiley. ISBN 0-471-98326-8.
  5. Burnham, Robyn J.; Johnson, Kirk R. (2004). "South American palaeobotany and the origins of neotropical rainforests". Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society. 359 (1450): 1595–1610. PMC 1693437 Freely accessible. PMID 15519975. doi:10.1098/rstb.2004.1531.
  6. Maslin, Mark; Malhi, Yadvinder; Phillips, Oliver; Cowling, Sharon (2005). "New views on an old forest: assessing the longevity, resilience and future of the Amazon rainforest" (PDF). Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers. 30 (4): 477–499. doi:10.1111/j.1475-5661.2005.00181.x. Archived (PDF) from the original on October 1, 2008. Retrieved September 25, 2008.
  7. Malhi, Yadvinder; Phillips, Oliver (2005). Tropical Forests & Global Atmospheric Change. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-856706-5.
  8. Costa, João Batista Sena; Bemerguy, Ruth Léa; Hasui, Yociteru; Borges, Maurício da Silva (2001). "Tectonics and paleogeography along the Amazon river". Journal of South American Earth Sciences. 14 (4): 335–347. Bibcode:2001JSAES..14..335C. doi:10.1016/S0895-9811(01)00025-6.
  9. Milani, Edison José; Zalán, Pedro Victor (1999). "An outline of the geology and petroleum systems of the Paleozoic interior basins of South America" (PDF). Episodes. 22 (3): 199–205. Archived (PDF) from the original on October 1, 2008. Retrieved September 25, 2008.
  10. Colinvaux, P.A., De Oliveira, P.E. 2000. Palaeoecology and climate of the Amazon basin during the last glacial cycle. Wiley InterScience. (abstract)
  11. Van der Hammen, T., Hooghiemstra, H.. 2002. Neogene and Quaternary history of vegetation, climate, and plant diversity in Amazonia. Elsevier Science Ltd. (abstract)
  12. Colinvaux, P. A.; De Oliveira, P. E.; Bush, M. B. (January 2000). "Amazonian and neotropical plant communities on glacial time-scales: The failure of the aridity and refuge hypotheses". Quaternary Science Reviews. 19 (1–5): 141–169. Bibcode:2000QSRv...19..141C. doi:10.1016/S0277-3791(99)00059-1.
  13. Yu, Hongbin (2015). "The fertilizing role of African dust in the Amazon rainforest: A first multiyear assessment based on data from Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observations". Geophysical Research Letters. 42: 1984–1991. doi:10.1002/2015GL063040.
  14. "Dust to gust". EurekAlert!. AAAS. 28 Dec 2006. URL accessed 2006-12-29.
  15. Koren, Ilan; et al. (2006). "The Bodélé depression: a single spot in the Sahara that provides most of the mineral dust to the Amazon forest (abstract)". Environmental Research Letters. Institute of Physics and IOP Publishing Limited. 1 (1): 014005. Bibcode:2006ERL.....1a4005K. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/1/1/014005. Retrieved 2007-01-01.
  16. NASA 2015-02-22 NASA Satellite Reveals How Much Saharan Dust Feeds Amazon's Plants
  17. "Desert Dust Feeds Amazon Forests - NASA Science". nasa.gov.
  18. Roosevelt, A. C.; da Costa, M. Lima; Machado, C. Lopes; Michab, M.; Mercier, N.; Valladas, H.; Feathers, J.; Barnett, W.; da Silveira, M. Imazio; Henderson, A.; Sliva, J.; Chernoff, B.; Reese, D. S.; Holman, J. A.; Toth, N.; Schick, K. (April 19, 1996). "Paleoindian Cave Dwellers in the Amazon: The Peopling of the Americas". Science. 272 (5260): 373–384. Bibcode:1996Sci...272..373R. doi:10.1126/science.272.5260.373.
  19. Heckenberger, Michael J.; Kuikuro, Afukaka; Kuikuro, Urissapá Tabata; Russell, J. Christian; Schmidt, Morgan; Fausto, Carlos; Franchetto, Bruna (September 19, 2003). "Amazonia 1492: Pristine Forest or Cultural Parkland?". Science. 301 (5640): 1710–1714. Bibcode:2003Sci...301.1710H. PMID 14500979. doi:10.1126/science.1086112.
  20. Meggers, Betty J. (December 19, 2003). "Revisiting Amazonia Circa 1492". Science. 302 (5653): 2067–2070. PMID 14684803. doi:10.1126/science.302.5653.2067b.
  21. Chris C. Park (2003). Tropical Rainforests. Routledge. p. 108.
  22. Smith, A (1994). Explorers of the Amazon. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. ISBN 0-226-76337-4.
  23. "Unnatural Histories – Amazon". BBC Four.
  24. Simon Romero (January 14, 2012). "Once Hidden by Forest, Carvings in Land Attest to Amazon's Lost World". The New York Times.
  25. Martti Pärssinen; Denise Schaan; Alceu Ranzi (2009). "Pre-Columbian geometric earthworks in the upper Purús: a complex society in western Amazonia". Antiquity. 83 (322): 1084–1095. doi:10.1017/s0003598x00099373.
  26. Junior, Gonçalo (October 2008). "Amazonia lost and found". Pesquisa (ed.220). FAPESP.
  27. The influence of human alteration has been generally underestimated, reports Darna L. Dufour: "Much of what has been considered natural forest in Amazonia is probably the result of hundreds of years of human use and management." "Use of Tropical Rainforests by Native Amazonians," BioScience 40, no. 9 (October 1990):658. For an example of how such peoples integrated planting into their nomadic lifestyles, see Rival, Laura (1993). "The Growth of Family Trees: Understanding Huaorani Perceptions of the Forest". Man. 28 (4): 635–652. doi:10.2307/2803990.
  28. Heckenberger, M.J.; Kuikuro, A; Kuikuro, UT; Russell, JC; Schmidt, M; Fausto, C; Franchetto, B (September 19, 2003), "Amazonia 1492: Pristine Forest or Cultural Parkland?", Science (published 2003), 301 (5640), pp. 1710–14, Bibcode:2003Sci...301.1710H, PMID 14500979, doi:10.1126/science.1086112
  29. Turner, I.M. 2001. The ecology of trees in the tropical rain forest. ISBN 0-521-80183-4
  30. "Amazon Rainforest, Amazon Plants, Amazon River Animals". World Wide Fund for Nature. Archived from the original on May 17, 2008. Retrieved May 6, 2008.
  31. "Photos / Pictures of the Amazon Rainforest". Travel.mongabay.com. Archived from the original on December 17, 2008. Retrieved December 18, 2008.
  32. James S. Albert; Roberto E. Reis (March 8, 2011). Historical Biogeography of Neotropical Freshwater Fishes. University of California Press. p. 308. Archived from the original on June 30, 2011. Retrieved June 28, 2011.
  33. Da Silva; Jose Maria Cardoso; et al. (2005). "The Fate of the Amazonian Areas of Endemism". Conservation Biology. 19 (3): 689–694. doi:10.1111/j.1523-1739.2005.00705.x.
  34. Lewinsohn, Thomas M.; Paulo Inácio Prado (June 2005). "How Many Species Are There in Brazil?". Conservation Biology. 19 (3): 619–624. doi:10.1111/j.1523-1739.2005.00680.x.
  35. Wright, S. Joseph (October 12, 2001). "Plant diversity in tropical forests: a review of mechanisms of species coexistence". Oecologia. 130: 1–14. doi:10.1007/s004420100809.
  36. Laurance, William F.; Fearnside, Philip M.; Laurance, Susan G.; Delamonica, Patricia; Lovejoy, Thomas E.; Rankin-de Merona, Judy M.; Chambers, Jeffrey Q.; Gascon, Claude (June 14, 1999). "Relationship between soils and Amazon forest biomass: a landscape-scale study". Forest Ecology and Management. 118 (1–3): 127–138. doi:10.1016/S0378-1127(98)00494-0.
  37. "Amazon Rainforest". South AmericaTravel Guide. Archived from the original on August 12, 2008. Retrieved August 19, 2008.
  38. Mynenia, Ranga B.; et al. (March 13, 2007). "Large seasonal swings in leaf area of Amazon rainforests". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 104 (12): 4820–4823. Bibcode:2007PNAS..104.4820M. PMC 1820882 Freely accessible. PMID 17360360. doi:10.1073/pnas.0611338104.
  39. Staff (July 2, 2007). "Piranha 'less deadly than feared'". BBC News. Archived from the original on July 7, 2007. Retrieved July 2, 2007.
  40. da Rosa; Elizabeth S. T.; et al. (August 2006). "Bat-transmitted Human Rabies Outbreaks, Brazilian Amazon" (PDF). Emerging Infectious Diseases. 12 (8): 1197–1202. PMC 3291204 Freely accessible. PMID 16965697. doi:10.3201/eid1708.050929. Archived (PDF) from the original on October 29, 2008. Retrieved October 11, 2008.
  41. Various (2001). Bierregaard, Richard; Gascon, Claude; Lovejoy, Thomas E.; Mesquita, Rita, eds. Lessons from Amazonia: The Ecology and Conservation of a Fragmented Forest. Yale University Press. ISBN 0-300-08483-8.
  42. Kirby, Kathryn R.; Laurance, William F.; Albernaz, Ana K.; Schroth, Götz; Fearnside, Philip M.; Bergen, Scott; M. Venticinque, Eduardo; Costa, Carlos da (2006). "The future of deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon". Futures. 38 (4): 432–453. doi:10.1016/j.futures.2005.07.011.
  43. Watkins and Griffiths, J. (2000). Forest Destruction and Sustainable Agriculture in the Brazilian Amazon: a Literature Review (Doctoral dissertation, The University of Reading, 2000). Dissertation Abstracts International, 15–17
  44. ISBN 0-226-89947-0.
  45. Trans-Amazonian highway represented a major threat to the Amazon rainforest
  46. Centre for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) (2004)
  47. Steinfeld, Henning; Gerber, Pierre; Wassenaar, T. D.; Castel, Vincent (2006). Livestock's Long Shadow: Environmental Issues and Options. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. ISBN 92-5-105571-8. Archived from the original on July 26, 2008. Retrieved August 19, 2008.
  48. Margulis, Sergio (2004). Causes of Deforestation of the Brazilian Amazon (PDF). World Bank Working Paper No. 22. Washington D.C.: The World Bank. ISBN 0-8213-5691-7. Archived (PDF) from the original on September 10, 2008. Retrieved September 4, 2008.
  49. Research paper of Leydimere Oliveira on the amazon Archived 2013-08-03 at Archive.is
  50. Barreto, P.; Souza Jr. C.; Noguerón, R.; Anderson, A. & Salomão, R. 2006. Human Pressure on the Brazilian Amazon Forests. Imazon. Retrieved September 28, 2006. (The Imazon web site contains many resources relating to the Brazilian Amazonia.)
  51. "INPE: Estimativas Anuais desde 1988 até 2009". inpe.br.
  52. Melillo, J. M.; McGuire, A. D.; Kicklighter, D. W.; Moore III, B.; Vörösmarty, C. J.; Schloss, A. L. (May 20, 1993). "Global climate change and terrestrial net primary production". Nature. 363 (6426): 234–240. Bibcode:1993Natur.363..234M. doi:10.1038/363234a0.
  53. Tian, H.; Melillo, J.M.; Kicklighter, D.W.; McGuire, A.D.; Helfrich III, J.; Moore III, B.; Vörösmarty, C.J. (July 2000). "Climatic and biotic controls on annual carbon storage in Amazonian ecosystems". Global Ecology and Biogeography. 9 (4): 315–335. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2699.2000.00198.x.
  54. Cox, Betts, Jones, Spall and Totterdell. 2000. "Acceleration of global warming due to carbon-cycle feedbacks in a coupled climate model". Nature, November 9, 2000. (subscription required)
  55. Radford, T. 2002. "World may be warming up even faster". The Guardian.
  56. Houghton, J.T. et al. 2001. "Climate Change 2001: The Scientific Basis" Archived May 7, 2006, at the Wayback Machine.. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.
  57. Peters, C.M.; Gentry, A. H.; Mendelsohn, R. O. (1989). "Valuation of an Amazonian forest". Nature. 339 (6227): 656–657. Bibcode:1989Natur.339..655P. doi:10.1038/339655a0.
  58. Dean, Bartholomew. (2003) State Power and Indigenous Peoples in Peruvian Amazonia: A Lost Decade, 1990–2000. In The Politics of Ethnicity Indigenous Peoples in Latin American States David Maybury-Lewis, Ed. Harvard University Press
  59. Cormier, L. (April 16, 2006). "A Preliminary Review of Neotropical Primates in the Subsistence and Symbolism of Indigenous Lowland South American Peoples". Ecological and Environmental Anthropology. 2 (1): 14–32. Retrieved September 4, 2008.
  60. David Adam. "Amazon could shrink by 85% due to climate change, scientists say". the Guardian.
  61. Wynne, R. H.; Joseph, K. A.; Browder, J. O.; Summers, P. M. (2007). "A Preliminary Review of Neotropical Primates in the Subsistence and Symbolism of Indigenous Lowland South American Peoples". International Journal of Remote Sensing. 28: 1299–1315. Bibcode:2007IJRS...28.1299W. doi:10.1080/01431160600928609. Retrieved September 4, 2008.
  62. Asner, Gregory P.; Knapp, David E.; Cooper, Amanda N.; Bustamante, Mercedes M.C.; Olander, Lydia P. (June 2005). "Ecosystem Structure throughout the Brazilian Amazon from Landsat Observations and Automated Spectral Unmixing". Earth Interactions. 9 (1): 1–31. Bibcode:2005EaInt...9g...1A. doi:10.1175/EI134.1.
  63. Isaacson, Andy. 2007. With the Help of GPS, Amazonian Tribes Reclaim the Rain Forest. Wired 15.11: https://www.wired.com/science/planetearth/magazine/15-11/ps_amazon
  64. Kuplich, Tatiana M. (October 2006). "Classifying regenerating forest stages in Amazônia using remotely sensed images and a neural network". Forest Ecology and Management. 234 (1–3): 1–9. doi:10.1016/j.foreco.2006.05.066.
  65. Environmental News Service – Amazon Drought Worst in 100 Years
  66. Drought Threatens Amazon Basin – Extreme conditions felt for second year running, Paul Brown, The Guardian, 16 July 2006. Retrieved 23 August 2014
  67. "Amazon rainforest 'could become a desert'" Archived August 6, 2006, at the Wayback Machine., The Independent, July 23, 2006. Retrieved September 28, 2006.
  68. "Dying Forest: One year to save the Amazon", The Independent, July 23, 2006. Retrieved 23 August 2014.
  69. "Climate change a threat to Amazon rainforest, warns WWF", World Wide Fund for Nature, March 22, 2006. Retrieved 23 August 2014.
  70. 2010 Amazon drought record: 8 Gt extra CO2, Rolf Schuttenhelm, Bits Of Science, 4 February 2011. Retrieved 23 August 2014
  71. "Amazon drought 'severe' in 2010, raising warming fears", BBC News, 3 February 2011. Retrieved 23 August 2014
  72. https://www.theguardian.com/environment/climate-consensus-97-per-cent/2017/aug/03/study-finds-human-influence-in-the-amazons-third-1-in-100-year-drought-since-2005

Amazon rainforest: Further reading

  • Sheil, D.; Wunder, S. (2002). "The value of tropical forest to local communities: complications, caveats, and cautions". Conservation Ecology. 6 (2): 9.
  • "Deforestation." World Geography. Columbus, Ohio: McGraw-Hill/Glencoe, 2000. 202–204
  • Wade, Lizzie. (2015). "Drones and satellites spot lost civilizations in unlikely places." Science (American Association for the Advancement of Science), doi:10.1126/science.aaa7864

Media related to Amazon Rainforest at Wikimedia Commons

  • Journey Into Amazonia
  • The Amazon: The World's Largest Rainforest
  • WWF in the Amazon rainforest
  • Amazonia.org.br Good daily updated Amazon information database on the web, held by Friends of The Earth – Brazilian Amazon.
  • amazonia.org Sustainable Development in the Extractive Reserve of the Baixo Rio Branco – Rio Jauaperi – Brazilian Amazon.
  • Amazon Rainforest News Original news updates on the Amazon.
  • Amazon-Rainforest.org Information about the Amazon rainforest, its people, places of interest, and how everyone can help.
  • Conference: Climate change and the fate of the Amazon. Podcasts of talks given at Oriel College, University of Oxford, March 20–22, 2007.

 / -3.16000; -60.03000

Source of information: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. We're not responsible for the content of this article and your use of this information. Disclaimer
Amazon rainforest: Information in other languages
العربية غابة الأمازون
تۆرکجه آمازون یاغیش مشه‌لری
বাংলা আমাজন অরণ্য
Български Амазонска екваториална гора
Bosanski Amazonija
Català Selva amazònica
Čeština Amazonský prales
Dansk Regnskoven i Amazonas
Deutsch Amazonas-Regenwald
Ελληνικά Τροπικό δάσος του Αμαζονίου
Español Amazonia
Esperanto Amazona arbaro
Euskara Amazonia
فارسی جنگل‌های آمازون
Français Forêt amazonienne
Galego Amazonia
한국어 아마존 우림
हिन्दी अमेज़न वर्षावन
Hrvatski Amazonska prašuma
Bahasa Indonesia Hutan Amazon
Íslenska Amasónfrumskógurinn
Italiano Amazzonia
עברית יער האמזונאס
ಕನ್ನಡ ಅಮೆಜಾನ್ ಮಳೆಕಾಡು
ქართული ამაზონის ჯუნგლები
Кыргызча Гилея
Latviešu Amazones lietus mežs
Lietuvių Amazonija
मैथिली अमेजन रेनफरेस्ट
Македонски Амазонија
മലയാളം ആമസോൺ മഴക്കാടുകൾ
مازِرونی آمازون
Bahasa Melayu Hutan hujan Amazon
မြန်မာဘာသာ အမေဇုန် မိုးသစ်တော
Nederlands Amazoneregenwoud
नेपाली अमेजन रेनफरेस्ट
日本語 アマゾン熱帯雨林
Norsk Amazonasregnskogen
Norsk nynorsk Regnskogen i Amazonas
Occitan Seuva Amazonica
پنجابی ایمیزون برساتی جنگل
Piemontèis Amassònia
Polski Amazonia
Português Amazônia
Română Pădurea Amazoniană
Runa Simi Amarumayu sach'a-sach'a suyu
Русский Дождевые леса Амазонии
Simple English Amazon rainforest
Slovenčina Amazonský prales
کوردی دارستانی ئەمازۆن
Српски / srpski Амазонија
Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски Amazonska prašuma
Suomi Amazonin sademetsä
Svenska Amazonas regnskog
தமிழ் அமேசான் மழைக்காடு
తెలుగు అమెజాన్ వర్షారణ్యం
ไทย ป่าดิบชื้นแอมะซอน
Türkçe Amazon ormanları
Українська Амазонський дощовий ліс
اردو ایمیزون برساتی جنگل
Tiếng Việt Rừng mưa Amazon
Winaray Mauran nga kagurangan han Amazon
粵語 亞馬遜雨林
Žemaitėška Amazuonėjė
中文 亞馬遜雨林
Brazil: Hotels & Tickets Sale
Hotels & Tickets Sale worldwide
American Virgin Islands
Antigua and Barbuda
Bosnia and Herzegovina
British Virgin Islands
Burkina Faso
Cape Verde
Caribbean Netherlands
Cayman Islands
Costa Rica
Czech Republic
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Dominican Republic
East Timor
El Salvador
Equatorial Guinea
Falkland Islands
Faroe Islands
French Guiana
French Polynesia
Hong Kong
Isle of Man
Ivory Coast
New Zealand
North Korea
Northern Mariana Islands
Papua New Guinea
Puerto Rico
Saint Barthélemy
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Lucia
Saint Martin
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
San Marino
Saudi Arabia
Sierra Leone
Sint Maarten
Solomon Islands
South Africa
South Korea
Sri Lanka
Trinidad and Tobago
Turks and Caicos Islands
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom
United States
Vacation: Complete information and online sale
Today's Special Offers
Amazon Prime
Free fast shipping on over 50 million goods
Amazon Prime Gift
Give the gift of Amazon Prime membership
Amazon Music
Listen to tens of millions of songs for free!
Amazon Kindle
Download e-books and audiobooks for free!
Sign up now & download two audiobooks for free!
Amazon Cell Phones
Buy cheap contract cell phones & service plans
Amazon Family
Save a lot on children's goods and baby food
Amazon Home Services
Order any home maintenance services
Get payments worldwide. Sign up now and earn $25
Vacation: Website Templates & Graphics

All trademarks, service marks, trade names, product names, and logos appearing on the site are the property of their respective owners.
© 2011-2017 Maria-Online.com ▪ AdvertisingDesignHosting