Lowest prices on Antigua Guatemala hotels booking, Guatemala

One of the interesting offers is an unique opportunity to instantly find the lowest prices on Antigua Guatemala hotels and book a best hotel in Antigua Guatemala saving up to 80%! You can do it quickly and easily with HotelsCombined, a world's leading free hotel metasearch engine that allows to search and compare the rates of all major hotel chains, top travel sites, and leading hotel booking websites, including Booking.com, Hotels.com, Agoda.com, etc., etc. The hotel price comparison service HotelsCombined means cheap Antigua Guatemala hotels booking, lowest prices on hotel reservation in Antigua Guatemala and airline tickets to Antigua Guatemala, Guatemala!

Antigua Guatemala Hotels Comparison & Online Booking

▪ Lowest prices on Antigua Guatemala hotels booking
▪ The discounts on Antigua Guatemala hotels up to 80%
▪ No booking fees on Antigua Guatemala hotels
▪ Detailed description & photos of Antigua Guatemala hotels
▪ Trusted ratings and reviews of Antigua Guatemala hotels
▪ Advanced Antigua Guatemala hotel search & comparison
▪ All Antigua Guatemala hotels on the map
▪ Interesting sights of Antigua Guatemala

What's important: you can compare and book not only Antigua Guatemala hotels and resorts, but also villas and holiday cottages, inns and B&Bs (bed and breakfast), condo hotels and apartments, timeshare properties, guest houses and pensions, campsites (campgrounds), motels and hostels in Antigua Guatemala. If you're going to Antigua Guatemala save your money and time, don't pay for the services of the greedy travel agencies. Instead, book the best hotel in Antigua Guatemala online, buy the cheapest airline tickets to Antigua Guatemala, and rent a car in Antigua Guatemala right now, paying the lowest price! Besides, here you can buy the Antigua Guatemala related books, guidebooks, souvenirs and other goods.

By the way, we would recommend you to combine your visit to Antigua Guatemala with other popular and interesting places of Guatemala, for example: , etc.

How to Book a Hotel in Antigua Guatemala

In order to book an accommodation in Antigua Guatemala enter the proper dates and do the hotel search. If needed, sort the found Antigua Guatemala hotels by price, star rating, property type, guest rating, hotel features, hotel theme or hotel chain. Then take a look at the found hotels on Antigua Guatemala map to estimate the distance from the main Antigua Guatemala attractions and sights. You can also read the guest reviews of Antigua Guatemala hotels and see their ratings.

When a hotel search in Antigua Guatemala is done, please select the room type, the included meals and the suitable booking conditions (for example, "Deluxe double room, Breakfast included, Non-Refundable"). Press the "View Deal" ("Book Now") button. Make your booking on a hotel booking website and get the hotel reservation voucher by email. That's it, a perfect hotel in Antigua Guatemala is waiting for you!

Hotels of Antigua Guatemala

A hotel in Antigua Guatemala is an establishment that provides lodging paid on a short-term basis. Facilities provided may range from a basic bed and storage for clothing, to luxury features like en-suite bathrooms. Larger in Antigua Guatemala hotels may provide additional guest facilities such as a swimming pool, business centre, childcare, conference facilities and social function services. Hotel rooms in Antigua Guatemala are usually numbered (or named in some smaller hotels and B&Bs) to allow guests to identify their room. Some Antigua Guatemala hotels offer meals as part of a room and board arrangement. Hotel operations vary in size, function, and cost. Most Antigua Guatemala hotels and major hospitality companies that operate hotels in Antigua Guatemala have set widely accepted industry standards to classify hotel types. General categories include the following:

Upscale luxury hotels in Antigua Guatemala
An upscale full service hotel facility in Antigua Guatemala that offers luxury amenities, full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and the highest level of personalized and professional service. Luxury Antigua Guatemala hotels are normally classified with at least a Four Diamond or Five Diamond status or a Four or Five Star rating depending on classification standards.

Full service hotels in Antigua Guatemala
Full service Antigua Guatemala hotels often contain upscale full-service facilities with a large volume of full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and a variety of on-site amenities such as swimming pools, a health club, children's activities, ballrooms, on-site conference facilities, etc.

Historic inns and boutique hotels in Antigua Guatemala
Boutique hotels of Antigua Guatemala are smaller independent non-branded hotels that often contain upscale facilities of varying size in unique or intimate settings with full service accommodations. Antigua Guatemala boutique hotels are generally 100 rooms or less. Some historic inns and boutique hotels in Antigua Guatemala may be classified as luxury hotels.

Focused or select service hotels in Antigua Guatemala
Small to medium-sized hotel establishments that offer a limited amount of on-site amenities that only cater and market to a specific demographic of Antigua Guatemala travelers, such as the single business traveler. Most Antigua Guatemala focused or select service hotels may still offer full service accommodations but may lack leisure amenities such as an on-site restaurant or a swimming pool.

Economy and limited service hotels in Antigua Guatemala
Small to medium-sized Antigua Guatemala hotel establishments that offer a very limited amount of on-site amenities and often only offer basic accommodations with little to no services, these facilities normally only cater and market to a specific demographic of travelers, such as the budget-minded Antigua Guatemala traveler seeking a "no frills" accommodation. Limited service Antigua Guatemala hotels often lack an on-site restaurant but in return may offer a limited complimentary food and beverage amenity such as on-site continental breakfast service.

Guest houses and B&Bs in Antigua Guatemala
A bed and breakfast in Antigua Guatemala is a small lodging establishment that offers overnight accommodation and inclusive breakfast. Usually, Antigua Guatemala bed and breakfasts are private homes or family homes offering accommodations. The typical Antigua Guatemala B&B has between 4 and 11 rooms, with 6 being the average. Generally, guests are accommodated in private bedrooms with private bathrooms, or in a suite of rooms including an en suite bathroom. Some homes have private bedrooms with a bathroom which is shared with other guests. Breakfast is served in the bedroom, a dining room, or the host's kitchen. Often the owners of guest house themselves prepare the breakfast and clean the rooms.

Hostels in Antigua Guatemala
Antigua Guatemala hostels provide budget-oriented, sociable accommodation where guests can rent a bed, usually a bunk bed, in a dormitory and share a bathroom, lounge, and sometimes a kitchen. Rooms can be mixed or single-sex, although private rooms may also be available. Hostels are often cheaper for both the operator and occupants; many Antigua Guatemala hostels have long-term residents whom they employ as desk agents or housekeeping staff in exchange for experience or discounted accommodation.

Apartment hotels, extended stay hotels in Antigua Guatemala
Extended stay hotels are small to medium-sized Antigua Guatemala hotels that offer longer term full service accommodations compared to a traditional hotel. Extended stay hotels may offer non-traditional pricing methods such as a weekly rate that cater towards travelers in need of short-term accommodations for an extended period of time. Similar to limited and select service hotels, on-site amenities are normally limited and most extended stay hotels in Antigua Guatemala lack an on-site restaurant.

Timeshare and destination clubs in Antigua Guatemala
Antigua Guatemala timeshare and destination clubs are a form of property ownership also referred to as a vacation ownership involving the purchase and ownership of an individual unit of accommodation for seasonal usage during a specified period of time. Timeshare resorts in Antigua Guatemala often offer amenities similar that of a Full service hotel with on-site restaurant(s), swimming pools, recreation grounds, and other leisure-oriented amenities. Destination clubs of Antigua Guatemala on the other hand may offer more exclusive private accommodations such as private houses in a neighborhood-style setting.

Motels in Antigua Guatemala
A Antigua Guatemala motel is a small-sized low-rise lodging establishment similar to that of a limited service hotel, but with direct access to individual rooms from the car park. Common during the 1950s and 1960s, motels were often located adjacent to a major road, where they were built on inexpensive land at the edge of towns or along stretches of highways. They are still useful in less populated areas of Antigua Guatemala for driving travelers, but the more populated an area becomes the more hotels fill the need. Many of Antigua Guatemala motels which remain in operation have joined national franchise chains, rebranding themselves as hotels, inns or lodges.

Why HotelsCombined

HotelsCombined is the leading hotel metasearch engine founded in 2005, with headquarters in Sydney, Australia. It is widely recognized as the world's best hotel price comparison site and has won many of the most prestigious tourism industry awards. The site operates in over 40 languages, handles 120 different currencies and aggregates more than 2 million deals from hundreds of travel sites and hotel chains. The number of users counts more than 300,000 people a year with over $1,000,000,000 in estimated total cost of hotel reservations.

The main purpose of HotelsCombined hotel price comparison service is to help the travelers in finding a perfect accommodation option in Antigua Guatemala at the best price, eliminating the need to manually analyze hundreds of hotel booking sites and thousands of price offers. Through the partnership with the most popular hotel booking websites, online travel agencies and hotel chains, HotelsCombined allows its users to search for and compare the current rates on Antigua Guatemala hotels in a single search. It also provides an aggregated summary of hotel reviews and ratings from external sites.

The HotelsCombined's advanced technology allows to instantly find the available Antigua Guatemala hotels and process the offers of all leading travel websites, including Booking.com, Hotels.com, Agoda.com, etc. and many others (AccorHotels.com, AirAsiaGo.com, Amoma.com, AsiaTravel.com, BestWestern.com, Budgetplaces.com, EasyToBook.com, Elvoline.com, Expedia.com, Getaroom.com, Hilton.com, Homestay.com, Hotel.de, HotelClub.com, HotelsClick.com, HotelTravel.com, Housetrip.com, ihg.com, Interhome.com, Jovago.com, LateRooms.com, NH-Hotels.com, OnHotels.com, Otel.com, Prestigia.com, Skoosh.com, Splendia.com, Superbreak.com, Tiket.com, etc.). Due to the fast and easy-to-use search system you get the rates on available Antigua Guatemala hotels and book a preferable hotel on a website providing the lowest price.

All Antigua Guatemala Hotels & Hostels Online

HotelsCombined is a godsend for those interested in Antigua Guatemala, Guatemala, HotelsCombined, Trivago, sale on the hotel booking site HotelsCombined, discount coupons on the hotel booking site HotelsCombined, best rates on Antigua Guatemala hotels, low prices on Antigua Guatemala hotels, best hotel in Antigua Guatemala, best Antigua Guatemala hotel, discounted Antigua Guatemala hotel booking, online Antigua Guatemala hotel reservation, Antigua Guatemala hotels comparison, hotel booking in Antigua Guatemala, luxury and cheap accomodation in Antigua Guatemala, Antigua Guatemala inns, Antigua Guatemala B&Bs, bed and breakfast in Antigua Guatemala, condo hotels and apartments in Antigua Guatemala, bargain Antigua Guatemala rentals, cheap Antigua Guatemala vacation rentals,Antigua Guatemala pensions and guest houses, cheap hotels and hostels of Antigua Guatemala, Antigua Guatemala motels, dormitories of Antigua Guatemala, dorms in Antigua Guatemala, Antigua Guatemala dormitory rooms, lowest rates on hotels in Antigua Guatemala, hotel prices comparison in Antigua Guatemala, travel to Antigua Guatemala, vacation in Antigua Guatemala, trip to Antigua Guatemala, trusted hotel reviews of Antigua Guatemala, etc.

Many people are also interested in the sights and attractions of Antigua Guatemala, Antigua Guatemala guidebook, Antigua Guatemala guide, hotel booking in Antigua Guatemala, Guatemala, tours to Antigua Guatemala, travel company in Antigua Guatemala, travel agency in Antigua Guatemala, excursions in Antigua Guatemala, tickets to Antigua Guatemala, airline tickets to Antigua Guatemala, Antigua Guatemala hotel booking, Antigua Guatemala hostels, dormitory of Antigua Guatemala, dorm in Antigua Guatemala, Antigua Guatemala dormitory, Antigua Guatemala airfares, Antigua Guatemala airline tickets, Antigua Guatemala tours, Antigua Guatemala travel, must-see places in Antigua Guatemala, Antigua Guatemala Booking.com, Antigua Guatemala hotels Trivago, Antigua Guatemala Expedia, Antigua Guatemala Airbnb, Antigua Guatemala TripAdvisor, Hotels Combined Antigua Guatemala, HotelsCombined Antigua Guatemala, and so on.

While others are looking for the Antigua Guatemala hotels and hostels, GT hotels and hostels, Black Friday on the hotel booking site HotelsCombined, Cyber Monday on the hotel booking site HotelsCombined, New Year's and Christmas sale HotelsCombined, hotelscombined.en, HotelsCombined.en, HotelsCombined.en, hotelscombined.com, Antigua Guatemala, Antigva Gvatemala, ஆன்டிகுவா குவாத்தமாலா, 安地瓜, Antigua, Guatemala, Антигуа-Гватемала, Антигва Гватемала, Antigua (Guatemala), Antigua (shahar), אנטיגואה גואטמלה, ანტიგუა-გვატემალა, Антигуа-Гуатемала, 안티과과테말라, Антигуа Гватемала, Antikva Gvatemalo (urbo), Αντίγουα Γουατεμάλα, Antigua Guatemala (plaats), အန်တီဂွါ ဂွါတီမာလာမြို့. Many people have already booked the hotels in Antigua Guatemala on the hotel booking site HotelsCombined. Try it for yourself!

Travelling and vacation in Antigua Guatemala

.
La Antigua Guatemala
Muy Noble y Muy Leal
Ciudad de
Santiago de los Caballeros de Guatemala
City
Santa Catalina and Volcan de Agua in June 2005
Santa Catalina and Volcan de Agua in June 2005
Official seal of La Antigua Guatemala
Seal
Nickname(s): La Antigua or Antigua
La Antigua Guatemala is located in Guatemala
La Antigua Guatemala
La Antigua Guatemala
Location in Guatemala
Coordinates:  / 14.567; -90.733
Country Flag of Guatemala.svg Guatemala
Department Bandera de Sacatepéquez.svg Sacatepéquez
Government
• Type municipal
Population (2013)
• Total 45,669
Climate Cwb
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Criteria Cultural: (ii), (iii), (iv) Edit this on Wikidata
Reference 65
Inscription 1979 (3rd Session)
[edit on Wikidata]

Antigua Guatemala (Spanish pronunciation: [anˈtiɣwa ɣwateˈmala]) (commonly referred to as just Antigua or la Antigua) is a city in the central highlands of Guatemala famous for its well-preserved Spanish Baroque-influenced architecture as well as a number of ruins of colonial churches. It served as the capital of the Kingdom of Guatemala. It has been designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Antigua Guatemala serves as the municipal seat for the surrounding municipality of the same name. It also serves as the departmental capital of Sacatepéquez Department.

Antigua Guatemala: Population

Construction of the Cathedral of Santiago de Guatemala in 1678. Painting by Antonio Ramírez Montúfar

The city had a peak population of some 60,000 in the 1770s; the bulk of the population moved away in the late 18th century. Despite significant population growth in the late 20th century, the city had only reached half that number by the 1990s. According to the 2007 census, the city has some 34,685 inhabitants.

Antigua Guatemala: History

Antigua Guatemala means "Ancient Guatemala" and was the third capital of Guatemala. The first capital of Guatemala was founded on the site of a Kakchikel-Maya city, now called Iximche, on Monday, July 25, 1524-the day of Saint James-and therefore named Ciudad de Santiago de los Caballeros de Goathemalan (City of Saint James of the Knights of Guatemala). Naturally, St. James became the patron saint of the city.

Façade of the former El Carmen church in 2009.

After several Kaqchikel uprisings, the capital was moved to a more suitable site in the Valley of Almolonga (place of water) on November 22, 1527, and kept its original name. This new city was located on the site of present-day San Miguel Escobar, which is a neighborhood in the municipality of Ciudad Vieja. This city was destroyed on September 11, 1541 by a devastating lahar from the Volcán de Agua. As a result, the colonial authorities decided to move the capital once more, this time five miles away to the Panchoy Valley. So, on March 10, 1543 the Spanish conquistadors founded present-day Antigua, and again, it was named Santiago de los Caballeros. For more than 200 years, it served as the seat of the military governor of the Spanish colony of Guatemala, a large region that included almost all of present-day Central America and the southernmost State of Mexico: Chiapas.

Santiago de los Caballeros was the third seat of the capital called kingdom of Guatemala, which included the current states of Guatemala, Belize, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua and Costa Rica, besides modern state of Chiapas in Mexico. After a flood destroyed the second city, located in the Valley of Almolonga, on the slopes of Volcán de Agua a new city was built in 1543 in the Valley of Panchoy, and it was established as head of the Real Audiencia of Guatemala in 1549. During its development and splendor, it was known as one of the three most beautiful cities of the Spanish Indies.

The city was laid out in a square pattern, with streets running north to south and from east to west, with a central square. Both church and government buildings were designated important places around the central plaza. Between 1549 and 1563, property southeast of the square was sold to the crown and occupied by the first president of the Real Audiencia de los Confines: the lawyer Alonso Lopez Cerrato, who also served as governor and captain general. The original building was small and paneled with portal, tile roof and adobe walls. The city is surrounded by three enormous volcanoes and mountains, plains and hills. This territory was called "Valley of Guatemala" and had 73 villages, two towns and the city of Santiago de los Caballeros.

Due to constant problems between the conquerors and the representatives of the crown sent by the king of Spain, the Audiencia de los Confines was abolished in 1565. In 1570 the hearing was restored, this time independent of the viceroy of Mexico and the new organization was called Audiencia of Guatemala.

The Franciscan monks were the first to move into the valley Panchoy, the new capital of the Kingdom of Guatemala, and built a chapel on the site where later the Church Escuela de Cristo would be erected. This primitive chapel was destroyed in 1575 by an earthquake and during the next ten years collections were made to build the new complex, two blocks from the previous one. The Franciscan complex became a major cultural and religious center for the entire Captaincy General of Guatemala: Theologians, jurists, philosophers, physicists and mathematicians studied in the school of San Buenaventura, which was located where the monastery ruins are. Notable students included Cristóbal de Villalpando, Thomas Merlo and Alonso de Paz.

Mermaid Fountain, built by Diego de Porres in 1737, Antigua Guatemala central square.

The first building of a cathedral was begun in 1545 with the debris brought from the destroyed settlement in the valley of Almolonga; however, its construction was hampered by frequent earthquakes along the years. The city was the final resting place of the great Spanish chronicler Bernal Díaz del Castillo, and his remains were interred in one of the churches that was eventually ruined by earthquakes.

The construction of the royal houses for the residence of the Captain General and the members of the Real Audiencia started in 1558; the complex also included the Royal Treasury, jail, Army quarters, the Hall of Arms and the housing of Audiencia members.

In the sixteenth century, there were several important earthquakes on the following dates:

  • March 21, 1530
  • September 11, 1541
  • 1565 (exact date unknown)
  • 1575 (exact date unknown)
  • November 30, 1577
  • December 23, 1585

In 1566 King Felipe II of Spain gave it the title of "Muy Noble y Muy Leal" ("Very Noble and Very Loyal").

Antigua Guatemala: 17th-century events

Replica of Jesus of Santa Clara.

The Jesuits founded the school of "San Lucas of the Society of Jesus" in 1608, which became famous and was unrivaled in terms of literature and grammar lessons; it was attended by the elite cassles of the city society, such as Francisco Antonio Fuentes y Guzman, the chronicler Francisco Vázquez and Pedro Betancourt. On 18 July 1626 the Jesuit temple was inaugurated; as the rest of the city, it suffered and was damaged by continuous earthquakes that struck the city between the sixteenth and eighteenth centuries.

The monks of San Juan de Dios founded their hospital and monastery in 1636 and thereafter were in charge of the hospitals in the Kingdom of Guatemala. Their hospitals were:

  • San Alejo: for indigenous people
  • San Pedro: for ecclesiastical personnel
  • Santiago: for Spanish and mulattos
  • San Lázaro
  • San Juan de Dios: in 1667 the hospital of San Alejo was delivered to the Brothers of San Juan de Dios by the Dominicans who had managed it until then; in 1685, San Alejo and Santiago hospitals joined together, forming the Hospital San Juan de Dios.

The temple of the Escuela de Cristo -School of Christ- was founded in the parish of Our Lady of Remedios in 1664 and from 1689 onward it was known as the Congregation of San Felipe de Neri. Meanwhile, around 1690 the Jesuits founded another school: the "San Francisco de Borja" where eventually would study and serve as principal the poet and priest Rafael Landivar, S.J..

In the seventeenth century there were two types of nuns: discalced and urban.

Attribute Discalced nuns Urban nuns
Designation Community life Private life
Admission cost None Donation in goods or property to produce revenues for the congregation
Lifestyle Enclosed Enclosed
Prayer In the chorus In the chorus
Austerity rules Strict: depended on tithing, silent at all times, except to pray and never drank chocolate. Relaxed: could have external income and were allowed to drink chocolate, except during fasting.
Rooms Common life in recreation rooms of work. They had a tiny "celda" which they only use to sleep. No common life at all. They lived in a large cell that was practically a small size house.
Feeding They ate together in silence in dining halls. They could not eat meat. They prepared their own food. They were allowed to eat meat unless they were fasting.
Help They had to perform all the monastery chores, or work in community service for the congregation. They could have personal servants and slaves.
Clothing Austere rustic clothes fibers. Fine clothes; often wore jewelry.
Footwear Simple sandals Shoes or slippers.
Special attributes None Tutors of girls entrusted to the convent.

Antigua Guatemala: Saint Hermano Pedro

Pedro de San José Betancourt came to Guatemalan land in 1650 from his native Tenerife. Upon arrival he suffered a serious illness, during which he had the first opportunity to be with the poor and dispossessed. After his recovery he wanted to make ecclesiastical studies but unable to do so, professed as a Franciscan tertiary in the Convent of San Francisco in Santiago de los Caballeros . He founded shelters for the poor, indigenous and homeless and founded the Order of the Brothers of Our Lady of Bethlehem in 1656, to serve the poor. The Santo Hermano Pedro wrote several books, including: Instruction De la Cruz's brother, Crown of the Passion of Jesus Christ our good or Rules Confraternity Betlemitas. It is considered the great evangelist of the West Indies, just as San Francisco Javier what is the East Indies . The Holy attended poor, sick, orphaned, and dying, and was a precursor of Human Rights . On the other hand, was the first literacy of America and the Order of Betlemitas turn was the first religious order born in the Americas. The Santo Hermano Pedro was a man ahead of his time, both in their methods to teach reading and writing to illiterate and in patient treatment.

Antigua Guatemala: Royal and pontifical University of San Carlos Borromeo

Royal and Pontifical University of San Carlos Borromeo. Picture from 1971.

Francisco Marroquín, first bishop of Guatemala, sent the Spanish King a letter in 1548, asking for a superior education institution for Guatemala, but the letter went unanswered. Towards the end of his life, in 1562, Marroquín left some money in his will to establish a school -which eventually was the "Santo Tomás de Aquino school"- where grammar, arts, philosophy and theology would be taught. Poor Spanish children would be the beneficiaries of this pious work, as they could not travel to those cities where there were universities already, like México City in the New Spain. Historian John Tate Lanning said on this that: "Marroquín testament is so famous, that many people that has not even laid eyes on it say that there are things in the document that are really not in it. Marroquín never talks about a University, much less establishing one..." On the other hand, there is indeed a document from Mayor Pedro Crespo Suarez, who left twenty thousand pesos after his death to set up classes in the University that "was being asked to crown".

The Jesuits opposed a university establishment, given that they did not like the idea of having the other regular clergy orders -Mercedarians, Franciscans and Order of Preachers- taking the initiative in religious and educational issues. In August 1655, the Society of Jesus had bought the whole lot from the Díaz del Castillo family and by then, their San Lucas School was well known in the region and it even granted two university degrees. In 1653, the San Lucas School had a staff of only thirteen priests, a very small number compared to the size of the building; the Jesuits, however, made a major impact on the cultural and educational life in the Capitanía General of Guatemala. The school was the city's most prestigious and from it graduated most of the elite members of society of the time. Most of its students were secular and went on to get the best positions in the country.

After several decades, petitions and lawsuits, king Carlos II expedited a royal decree, on January 31, 1676, allowing Capitanía General of Guatemala to set its university or "General Study". After a lengthy and cumbersome organization process that lasted five years, the university started classes on January 7, 1681, with more than sixty registered students under President Doctor José de Baños y Soto Mayor, Cathedral archdeacon, King of Spain preacher and Doctor from University of Osuna. The university began its activities under the protection of Saint Carlos Borromeo, and its norms and regulations were copied from those of the México university which, in turn, were adapted from those of the Universidad de Salamanca in Spain.

The first classes given in the university were:

  • Canonic law
  • Medicine
  • Scholastic theology
  • Moral theology
  • Languages

The Royal University of San Carlos Borromeo became pontifical the Papal Bull of Pope Innocent XI issued dated 18 June 1687.

Antigua Guatemala: 18th-century events

Antigua Guatemala: San Miguel Earthquake

Antigua, Guatemala. Church damaged by an earthquake

The strongest earthquakes experienced by the city of Santiago de los Caballeros before its final move in 1776 were the San Miguel earthquakes in 1717. At that time, the power of the Catholic Church over the Spanish Empire citizens was absolute and, therefore, any natural disaster was considered as divine punishment. In the city, people also believed that the proximity of the Volcán de Fuego (English:Volcano of Fire) was the cause of earthquakes; great architect Diego de Porres even said that all the earthquakes were caused volcano explosions.

On August 27 there was a strong eruption of Volcán de Fuego, which lasted until August 30; the residents of the city asked for help to Santo Cristo of the Cathedral and to the Virgen del Socorro who were sworn patrons of the Volcan de Fuego. On August 29 a Virgen del Rosario procession took to the streets after a century without leaving her temple, and there were many more holy processions until 29 September, the day of San Miguel. Early afternoon earthquakes were minor, but at about 7:00 pm there was a strong earthquake that forced residents to leave their homes; tremors and rumblings followed until four o'clock. The neighbors took to the streets and loudly confessed their sins, bracing for the worst.

The San Miguel earthquake damaged the city considerably, to the point that some rooms and walls of the Royal Palace were destroyed. There was also a partial abandonment of the city, food shortages, lack of manpower and extensive damage to the city infrastructure; not to mention numerous dead and injured. These earthquakes made the authorities consider moving to a new city less prone to seismic activity. City residents strongly oppose the move, and even took to the Royal Palace in protest; in the end, the city did not move, but the number of elements in the Army Battalion to safeguard the order was considerable. The damage to the palace were repaired by Diego de Porres, who finished repairs in 1720; although there are indications that there were more jobs done by Porres until 1736.

Antigua Guatemala: San Casimiro earthquake

On March 4, 1751, the San Casimiro earthquake destroyed the city of Santiago de Guatemala once more. The church roof of the Society of Jesus complex fell to the ground, forcing the Jesuits to once again ask for help to the parishioners to rebuild; once again, the building was among the most beautiful of the city when the repairs were completed. In fact, a prosperity period began after the San Casimiro earthquake, as the city saw major improvements, such as street embellishment and tap water system introduction. A new City Hall was built in and on July 17, 1753 work on the Jesuit plaza in front of the church is finished.

Antigua Guatemala: Santa Marta earthquake

Ruins of the Society of Jesus school yard in 1880.
Ruins of the Society of Jesus church interior in 1880.

On 12 June 1773 Captain General Martín de Mayorga was inaugurated, and alongside Cortés y Larráz and the regular clergy vicars, were the top authorities in the Kingdom of Guatemala and would be the main characters in the events that followed the 1773 earthquakes.

In 1773, the Santa Marta earthquakes destroyed much of the town, which led to the third change in location for the city. The Spanish Crown ordered, in 1776, the removal of the capital to a safer location, the Valley of the Shrine, where Guatemala City, the modern capital of Guatemala, now stands. This new city did not retain its old name and was christened Nueva Guatemala de la Asunción (New Guatemala of the Assumption), and its patron saint is Our Lady of the Assumption. The badly damaged city of Santiago de los Caballeros was ordered abandoned, although not everyone left, and was thereafter referred to as la Antigua Guatemala (the Old Guatemala).

The Santa Marta earthquake practically demolished the church and sections of the convent of the Society of Jesus. Its cloisters and towers were in ruins, the walls were at dangerous angles and the "Casa de Ejercicios" was turned into rubble. By a Royal decree of July 21, 1775, the city move to the "Virgin valley" was authorized. This was a final order that had to be obeyed by all the people, who started to move slowly, starting on December of that year. In order to build the new city it was necessary to get construction material from the old abandoned churches in Santiago de Guatemala. However, in the case of the Society of Jesus church, there was strong opposition from the neighbors to any possible dismantling of the structure since they considered that it could still be repaired.

Antigua Guatemala: 19th-century events

Antigua Guatemala: After the capital moved to La Ermita

After the independence of Guatemala from Spain in 1821, the Jesuit complex became public property once again and was in several lawsuits that lasted until 1829, when the regular clergy and the conservative Aycinena clan were expelled from Central America after the invasion of liberal general Francisco Morazán and the establishment of a secular government. The new liberal government decreed that all the confiscated Catholic church possessions had to be turned into elementary schools and university classrooms.

As of 1850, Antigua had an estimated population of 9,000. and by 1865, the building was functioning as a vapor activated thread mill, but it was not profitable due to a lack of expert technicians and raw material; and by 1872, the Jesuits were once again expelled from Guatemala by the liberal regime of Justo Rufino Barrios.

In 1884 City Hall made an announcement that it intended to transform the old Society of Jesus buildings into a market, in spite of the strong opposition from the neighbors that already had small shops on the plaza. It was until 1912 that a market was placed in the complex.

Antigua Guatemala: 20th-century events

Abandoned San Francisco Church ruins in 1916. Photographs by Arnold Genthe.
Circular single cell structure in the Capuchins convent, still in good standing, as described by prince Wilhelm of Sweden in 1920. Photograph by Arnold Genthe.
A poor native family living in the ruins of Capuchins, as described by prince Wilhelm of Sweden in 1920. Photograph by Arnold Genthe.

In April 1920, during the very last days of Manuel Estrada Cabrera regime, prince Wilhelm of Sweden visited Antigua Guatemala and wrote about his impressions on the city in his book Between two continents. His book is an objective description of the terrible conditions the road and the ruins used to be in: for some little way outside Guatemala City it was a fairly decent car ride, but then the roads began developing sandhills, and later, ravines of tumbled stone as two years earlier, the country had been devastated by the a powerful earthquake and the government corruption made the recovery impossible. The hills grew steeper and steeper, the jolting more pronounced and the stones even sharper; besides, on top of the road was a two-foot layer of dust which hid the pitfalls but did not detract from their effect. Along the way, they passed long lines of Indians on their way to Guatemala City, carrying their heavy burdens with apparent ease; men, women and children carried something in the way of a load, and they all carried it quickly. With respect to traffic, it was almost non-existent, aside from mule pulled wagons.

After passing Mixco, the road was going more steeply upward, with a precipitous drop on one side and sheer cliff rising on the other; here and there a cross stood by the wayside, marking the spot where some traveler had died. After reaching the highest point, they started down towards Antigua. The city was in sight when a person in uniform planted himself in front of the car and it turned out to be the city commandant, along with six soldiers with wooden guns. Compared to Guatemala City at the time, Antigua was quite nicely kept, although all the churches were equally dilapidated and left entirely to themselves, as rebuilding since 1773 was confined to the strictly necessary. For the most part, only blank walls and shattered domes remained to greet the visitor by 1920. and some of the churches were in pitiful conditions; in Santa Clara, for example, a mule was grazing, and in the Church of Grace a native family had taken up its quarters, along with their varied collection of domestic animals.

But there were other monuments in decent shape:

  • The Escuela de Cristo was one of the best preserved churches and the most picturesque at the time, given that it was united with a convent that was still standing. The Father that received the Prince and his three companions told them that all the silver and gold from the church had already been sold by his predecessors, so that he, to his extreme regret, was unable to sell any to them.
  • The old Capuchin monastery with its many underground passages from the monks' cells to those of the nuns was worth a visit, especially one part where the cells were built in a circle surrounding a central common chamber.

Antigua Guatemala: Antigua Guatemala in the 21st century

San José Parish in the former Metropolitan Cathedral of Santiago.

Central Park -Parque Central- is the heart of the city. The reconstructed fountain there is a popular gathering spot. Off to the side of the Central Park, the Arco de Santa Catalina is among the many notable architectural landmarks of La Antigua.

La Antigua is noted for its very elaborate religious celebrations during Lent (Cuaresma), leading up to Holy Week (Semana Santa) and Easter (Pascua). Each Sunday in Lent, one of the local parishes sponsor a Procession through the streets of Antigua. Elaborate and beautiful artistic carpets predominantly made of dyed sawdust, flowers, pine needles and even fruits and vegetables adorn the processions' path.

Due to its popularity amongst tourists and its very well developed tourism infrastructure, Antigua Guatemala is often used as a central location in which many choose to set up base and from here, visit other tourist areas in Guatemala and Central America. Cruise ships that dock at Guatemalan ports offer trips to Antigua from both the Pacific and Atlantic. Antigua also holds a sizeable retirement community from the US as well as Europe.

Antigua Guatemala: Economy

Historically, the area was considered to be one of the finest agriculturally in Guatemala. Tourism is the main driver of the economy. Antigua is also a coffee-producing region of Anacafé.

Tourists visiting Antigua, 2005

Antigua Guatemala: Language schools

Antigua is known as a destination for people who want to learn Spanish through immersion. There are many Spanish language schools in Antigua, and it is one of the most popular and best recognized centers for Spanish language study by students from Europe, Asia and North America. Language institutes are one of the primary industries of Antigua, along with tourism.

Antigua Guatemala: Sports

Antigua GFC football club has played in the Guatemala top division for several years but have been playing in the second division lately. Their home stadium is the Estadio Pensativo which has a capacity of 9,000. They are nicknamed Los panzas verdes ("Green bellies").

Antigua Guatemala: Cuisine

There are many restaurants in Antigua. Many small eateries can be found at the Antigua marketplace, next to the central bus stop, as well as adjoining the main market and within it. Mediterranean, Italian, Asian, American, and traditional Guatemalan cuisines are represented.

Antigua Guatemala: Ecology

Arch connecting two parts of old Convent, Volcán de Agua in background

Three large volcanoes dominate the horizon around Antigua. The most commanding, to the south of the city, is the Volcán de Agua or "Volcano of Water", some 3,766 metres (12,356 ft) high. When the Spanish arrived, the inhabitants of the zone, Kakchikel Mayas, called it Hunapú (and they still do). However, it became known as Volcán de Agua after a lahar from the volcano buried the second site of the capital, which prompted the Spanish authorities to move the capital to present-day Antigua. The original site of the 2nd capital is now the village San Miguel Escobar.

To the west of the city are a pair of peaks, Acatenango, which last erupted in 1972, some 3,976 metres (13,045 ft) high, and the Volcán de Fuego or "Volcano of Fire", some 3,763 metres (12,346 ft) high. "Fuego" is famous for being almost constantly active at a low level. Steam and gas issue from its top daily, a larger eruption occurred in September 2012.

Antigua Guatemala: Tourism

Antigua is a growing tourist destination in Guatemala as it is close to Guatemala City but is much calmer and safer, with more tourist oriented activities. It is possible to take buses from Antigua to many parts of Guatemala, many travel agencies offer shuttles to the main touristic places: Monterrico beach, Atitlan Lake, Coban, Lanquín (Semuc Champey), or Tikal, though the transportation is more central in Guatemala City. Antigua is also known for its chocolate makers.

Antigua Guatemala: Spanish Colony monuments

Antigua Guatemala is located in Antigua Guatemala
San Francisco
San Francisco
Palace
Palace
City Hall
City Hall
Cathedral
Cathedral
University
University
Santo Domingo Monastery
Santo Domingo Monastery
La Merced
La Merced
Capuchins
Capuchins
La Recolección
La Recolección
Some of Antigua Guatemala colonial monuments

Before it was declared a National Monument by president Jorge Ubico on March 30, 1944 the city ruins were practically abandoned. The following galleries show images of the destruction of the structures due to earthquakes and abandonment. There were other churches, like Nuestra Señora del Carmen and the Society of Jesus, that endured the 1773 earthquake relatively well, but they were abandoned and the earthquakes from 1917–18 and 1976 destroyed them. In the particular case of de San Francisco El Grande church, this was in good structural shape after the 1773 and 1917 earthquakes and it was rebuilt in 1967 when the Franciscans returned to Guatemala, which eventually protected the stsructure from the 1976 earthquake. Finally, La Merced church was practically new in 1773, and it has withstand time and earthquakes since; the church was not abandoned in 1776, but it was indeed abandoned in 1829 when the Mercedarians were expelled from Central America by general Francisco Morazán, along with the rest of regular clergy and the conservative party members and Aycinena family.

Name Picture Brief description
Captain General Palace AntiguaSquareGovPalace79.jpg Residence of the Captain General of General Captaincy of Guatemala during the Spanish colony. After the Santa Marta earthquake in 1773 it was abandoned and used as a warehouse until it was rebuilt in 1936. In the 21st century the buildings includes the offices of Guatemala Institute of Tourisms -INGUAT-, the city National Police headquarters and the Sacatepéquez Governor office, among others.
City Hall GT056-Antigua SchlKids.jpeg
Cathedral of Saint James
San José Par ish
Guatemala 176.jpg The first building was begun in 1545 with rubble brought from the destroyed settlement in the valley of Almolonga. Its construction was hampered by frequent earthquakes. A second sanctuary would be inaugurated in 1680. The cathedral status was obtained in 1743. The first cathedral housed the remains of the conquistador Pedro de Alvarado who had been transferred there at the request of his daughter in 1568, but disappeared following one of the multiple earthquakes that damaged the city over the years.
Church and Convent of Capuchins Capuchinas.jpg Originally called "Convent and Church of Our Lady of the Pond of Zaragoza", was approved by Felipe V in 1725. Construction work began in 1731 and the building was consecrated in 1736. The daily routine of the professed was governed by strict regulatory rules including the highest poverty, penance and fasting; also the descalse nuns had to survive on handouts provided by the faithful. After the Santa Marta earthquake, and although the convent was not completely affected, assets were transferred to the new Guatemala de la Asunción by order of the Captain General.
La Recolección LaRecoleccion.Antigua.jpg In 1685 two "Recoleto" missionaries came to the city of Santiago de los Caballeros, and when some more monks of their order arrived in the following years, asked permission to the City Hall to build a monastery; but in 1695, the City Hall made it known that there was insufficient reasons to justify the construction because there were already enough monasteries in the city. Following this refusal, the friars went to the Real Audiencia which authorized construction in 1700, by a royal decree. Construction of the buildings began in 1701, and six years after the first stone of the church was placed . In 1708 the convent, library and infirmary were completed. The church was inaugurated on May 23, 1717.
San Francisco Antigua Chiesa di San Francesco.jpg This was the first sanctuary built on Santiago de los Caballeros in the 16th century. Since the beginning it has suffered seismic damage: in 1565 the first building was severely damaged and the tremors continued until 1773. After being abandoned for almost two hundred years, the church was rebuilt between 1961 and 1967 when the Franciscans recovered the property and has been open to Catholic worship since. The facade of the church is adorned with baroque columns and two bell towers. Adjacent to the church are the ruins of the old Franciscan convent. The temple has a special chapel that houses the remains of Saint Hermano Pedro de San José de Betancur, a missionary from the Canary Islands.
La Merced Church La merced antigua guatemala 2009d.JPG Architect Juan de Dios Estrada was in charge of its construction, which began in 1749. The temple was inaugurated in 1767 and is from ultra baroque Guatemalan style with two bell towers.
Church and School of the Society of Jesus Monument Antigua Guatemala.JPG Created by Royal Decree dated August 9, 1561, it was built with money donated in part by the chronicler Bernal Diaz del Castillo. Originally comprised three cloisters and a temple, and eventually host up to twelve Jesuits. It worked as "Colegio de San Lucas of the Society of Jesus" from 1608 until the order was expelled in 1767: "The school became famous and was unrivaled in terms of teaching of literature and grammar; it attended the elite of Santiago de los Caballeros society, and among its students were chroniclers Francisco Antonio Fuentes y Guzmán and Francisco Vázquez, and priests Pedro Betancourt and Rafael Landívar." The structure remained in relatively good condition after the 1773 earthquake, but it was eventually destroyed by the 1917-18 and 1976 earthquakes.
Santo Domingo Monastery GT056-Antigua Domingo5.jpeg Originally one of the most important and largest in the city, the Convent of Santo Domingo was destroyed in 1773 and abando by the transfer of the Dominicans to your site again in Guatemala City . The ruins were sold to individuals and converted into the Hotel Casa Santo Domingo in 1989. In 2013 the 43rd was held at their facilities. General Assembly of the Organization of American States .
Escuela de Cristo Church Escueladecristo01.jpg The temple was founded in the parish of the Holy Cross in 1664 and from 1689 it was known as the "Congregation of San Felipe de Neri". Due to the earthquakes in San Miguel in 1717 the building was damaged; it reconstruction was finalized in 1730 under the leadership of Mayor Architect Diego de Porres. In 1784, it was moved to "Our Lady of Remedies" parrish, when the clergy of this church moved to Nueva Guatemala de la Asunción. The façade has an architectural renaissance style and is made of stone, like the church of the Capuchins, a characteristic that distinguishes them from the other temples in the city. In this church were originally the remains of Pedro de San José de Betancur.
Nuestra Señora del Carmen Church Iglesia del Carmen (3746568616).jpg Even though it survived relatively well the Santa Marta earthquakes, it was almost destroyed by the earthquakes of 1917-18 and 1976. However, its façade survived in very good condition, and has been admired ever since as an example of the Guatemalan seismic Baroque.
San Pedro Hospital Hermano Pedro's Hospital, Antigua Guatemala (October 2012).JPG The monks of San Juan de Dios congregation founded their first hospital and monastery in 1636 and were in charge of the hospitals in the Kingdom of Guatemala ever since. San Pedro Hospital in particular was exclusively for ecclesiastical people.
La Concepción convent AntiguaGuatemalaCuteChurch.jpg Renovated in the 21st century to show the cloister of the novices. It had been misidentified as the palace of Sister Juana de Maldonado, but recent research has shown that the cloister dates from the 18th century while the famous Guatemalan concepcionista nun lived in the 17th century.
Chapel of the Holy Cross Antigua guatemala church ruins j.JPG

Antigua Guatemala: Holy Week

The most traditional processions are:

Holy week traditional processions in Antigua Guatemala
Day Picture Church Hours
Fifth Sunday of Lent Jesús de la Caída San Bartolomé Becerra 7:00 am – 10:00 pm
Friday of Sorrows Viacrucis del Hermano Pedro (varones) San Francisco el Grande 3:00 pm – 6:00 pm
Palm Sunday Palm procession Jocotenango Sacatepéquez 6:30 am – 12:00 pm
Palm procession (live representation) La Merced, Santa Ana, Escuela de Cristo, San Felipe de Jesús 8:00 am – 12:00 pm
Jesús Nazareno de la Reseña La Merced 11:00 am – 11:00 pm
Holy Monday Jesús Nazareno Santa Inés del Monte Pulciano N/A
Holy Tuesday Jesús Nazareno del Silencio El Calvario 4:00 pm – 11:00 pm
Holy Wednesday Jesús Nazareno del Milagro San Felipe de Jesús 2:50 pm – 10:00 pm
Jesús Nazareno San Mateo Milpas Altas 4:00 pm – 10:00 pm
Holy Thursday Jesús Nazareno de la Humildad San Cristóbal el Bajo 11:00 am – 10:00 pm
Jesús Nazareno del Perdón San Francisco el Grande 1:00 pm 12:00 am
Good Friday Jesús Nazareno de la Penitencia La Merced 4:00 am – 3:00 pm
Crucifixion Antigua Guatemala Cathedral, Escuela de Cristo 12:00 pm – 3:00 pm
Señor Sepultado and Virgen de Soledad Antigua Guatemala Cathedral 3:00 pm – 1:00 am
Señor Sepultado San Felipe de Jesús 3:00 pm – 1:00 am
Señor Sepultado Escuela de Cristo 4:00 pm – 1:00 am

Antigua Guatemala: In films

Antigua Guatemala: The New Adventures of Tarzan' (1935)

Antigua Guatemala is located in Guatemala
Puerto Barrios
Puerto Barrios
Livingston
Livingston
Quiriguá
Quiriguá
Chichicastenango
Chichicastenango
Río Dulce
Río Dulce
Antigua Guatemala
Antigua Guatemala
Puerto San José
Puerto San José
Selva Petenera
Selva Petenera
Ciudad de Guatemala
Ciudad de Guatemala
Film locations for The New Adventures of Tarzan.

In 1935, the film The New Adventures of Tarzan, was filmed on location in Guatemala, taking advantage of the help from the United Fruit Company and president Jorge Ubico. The places where the filming was made were:

  • Chichicastenango: scenes of a native town where the explorers first met.
  • Antigua Guatemala: The Green Goddess temple
  • Río Dulce
  • Puerto Barrios: arrival and departure of the boats carrying the explorers
  • Tikal: jungle scenes
  • Quiriguá: Mayan city where they get lectured on the maya civilization
  • Guatemala City: then luxurious Palace Hotel was used to shoot the scenes of the hotel in the imaginary town of At Mantique

Antigua Guatemala: The Border: 1982

The initial earthquake sequences from the Jack Nicholson's film The Border were filmed in Antigua Guatemala, specifically in La Recoleccion Architectural Complex.

Antigua Guatemala: Climate

Antigua Guatemala has a subtropical highland climate (Köppen: Cwb).

Climate data for Antigua Guatemala
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 22.5
(72.5)
23.4
(74.1)
24.7
(76.5)
25.0
(77)
24.7
(76.5)
23.6
(74.5)
23.5
(74.3)
23.8
(74.8)
23.1
(73.6)
22.7
(72.9)
22.8
(73)
22.3
(72.1)
23.51
(74.32)
Daily mean °C (°F) 16.6
(61.9)
17.2
(63)
18.3
(64.9)
19.1
(66.4)
19.5
(67.1)
19.4
(66.9)
19.0
(66.2)
19.0
(66.2)
18.7
(65.7)
18.3
(64.9)
17.7
(63.9)
16.8
(62.2)
18.3
(64.94)
Average low °C (°F) 10.8
(51.4)
11.1
(52)
11.9
(53.4)
13.3
(55.9)
14.3
(57.7)
15.3
(59.5)
14.6
(58.3)
14.3
(57.7)
14.4
(57.9)
13.9
(57)
12.7
(54.9)
11.3
(52.3)
13.16
(55.67)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 1
(0.04)
3
(0.12)
4
(0.16)
25
(0.98)
118
(4.65)
231
(9.09)
170
(6.69)
141
(5.55)
220
(8.66)
131
(5.16)
16
(0.63)
5
(0.2)
1,065
(41.93)
Source: Climate-Data.org
Instituto Nacional de Sismología, Vulcanología, Meteorología e Hidrología de Guatemala

Antigua Guatemala: Geographic location

Antigua Guatemala is surrounded by municipalities of Sacatepéquez:

Antigua Guatemala: See also

  • Flag of Guatemala.svg Guatemala portal
  • Flag of Cross of Burgundy.svg New Spain portal
  • Guatemala City

Antigua Guatemala: Notes and references

  1. This square was also called "Plaza Mayor", "Plaza Real" and "Plaza de Armas".
  2. Previously the audience was in the city of "Gracias a Dios" in Honduras, but there it lacked the appropriate conditions for its activities.
  3. The Audiencia was called "of the Confines" because it was within the confines of New Spain and Perú.
  4. Parts of this construction are still preserved and may be the only ruins dating from the 16th century in the city of Antigua Guatemala.
  5. The chocolate was the drink of choice in Guatemala during the colonial era. It was considered a liquid food.
  6. During the Spanish colony, "General Study" was another name for the universities.
  7. i.e., Local authorities chosen among the criollo people.
  8. Royal emissaries from the Spanish Crown.

Antigua Guatemala: References

  1. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/65.
  2. Lutz, Christopher H. (1997) Santiago de Guatemala, 1541-1773: City, Caste, and the Colonial Experience University of Oklahoma Press, pp.10 & 258
  3. .
  4. "Agua". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2008-08-03.
  5. , p. 13.
  6. , p. 585.
  7. , p. 49.
  8. , p. 50.
  9. .
  10. , p. 19.
  11. .
  12. , p. 62.
  13. , p. 64.
  14. , p. 24:35.
  15. , p. 8.
  16. .
  17. , p. 8.
  18. , p. 103.
  19. , p. 104
  20. , p. 9.
  21. , p. 117.
  22. .
  23. , p. 11.
  24. , p. 4-15.
  25. , p. 78.
  26. .
  27. , pp. 175-180.
  28. , pp. 175-180.
  29. , p. 175-180.
  30. , p. 176.
  31. , p. 177.
  32. , p. 178.
  33. , p. 179.
  34. , p. 180.
  35. INGUAT. "Agencias de Viajes en Sacatepéquez". Visit Guatemala (in Spanish). Archived from the original on August 20, 2015. Retrieved 20 August 2015.
  36. "Palacio de los Capitanes". Información de La Antigua. Archived from the original on 1 July 2008. Retrieved 13 November 2011.
  37. , p. 63.
  38. Barillas, Edgar (2013). "50 películas filmadas en Guatemala y una que no (1935-1996). Apuntes para una cartografía de los lugares filmados en Guatemala". Revista Historia de la Universidad de San Carlos de Guatemala (in Spanish). Guatemala. Archived from the original on October 22, 2015. Retrieved 22 October 2015.
  39. "The Border (introduction)". YouTube. 1982. Retrieved 26 October 2015.
  40. "Climate: Antigua Guatemala". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 19 August 2015.
  41. Departamento de Investigación y servicios meteorológicos. "Isotermas de temperatura mínima absoluta anual" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on May 17, 2012. ; "Isotermas de temperatura máxima absoluta anual". Archived from the original on May 24, 2012. ; "Isotermas de temperatura máxima promedio anual". Archived from the original on May 15, 2012. ; "Isotermas de temperature mínima promedio annual". Archived from the original on May 29, 2012. ; "Sumatoria de días con lluvia promedio anual". Instituto Nacional de Sismología, Vulcanología, Metereología e Hidrología (in Spanish). Guatemala. Archived from the original on May 15, 2012. Retrieved 23 October 2015.
  42. "Municipios de Sacatepéquez, Guatemala". Secretaría de Planificación y Programación de la Presidencia. Guatemala. Archived from the original on 29 June 2015. Retrieved 29 June 2015.

Antigua Guatemala: Bibliography

  • Agencia Española de Cooperación Internacional para el Desarrollo (2008). Apuntes sobre las obras de rehabilitación del Colegio de la Compañía de Jesús (PDF) (in Spanish). Guatemala. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 June 2014.
  • Anchisi de Rodríguez, Coralia (13 February 2014). "Sor Juana de Maldonado; reescribiendo su historia". Museo Ixchel, Universidad Francisco Marroquín (in Spanish). Guatemala. Archived from the original on 23 December 2014. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
  • Antigua Guatemala en línea (n.d.). "Catedral Metropolitana - 1680". antiguaguatemalaonline.com (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 2 February 2015. Retrieved 5 November 2014.
  • Baily, John (1850). Central America; Describing Each of the States of Guatemala, Honduras, Salvador, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica. London: Trelawney Saunders.
  • Cadena, Felipe (1774). Breve descripción de la noble ciudad de Santiago de los Caballeros de Guatemala y puntual noticia de su lamentable ruina ocasionada de un violento terremoto el día veintinueve July 1773 (PDF) (in Spanish). Mixco, Guatemala: Oficina de Antonio Sánchez Cubillas.
  • Calderón, Carlos (2011). "Parques de Guatemala". Oscar Calderón y fotodocumentalismo (in Spanish). México. Archived from the original on 18 October 2014. Retrieved 5 November 2014.
  • Conkling, Alfred R. (1884). "Appleton's guide to Mexico, including a chapter on Guatemala, and a complete English-Spanish vocabulary". Nueva York: D. Appleton and Company.
  • Consejo Nacional para la Protección de la Antigua (n.d.). "Guía del Consejo Nacional para la protección de la Antigua" (in Spanish). Guatemala.
  • Esparza, José Javier (n.d.). "Navidad, Hispanidad, Identidad". El Manifiesto (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 29 October 2013. Retrieved 23 August 2012.
  • Foster, Lynn V. (2000). A Brief History of Central America. New York: Facts On File, Inc. ISBN 0-8160-3962-3.
  • Fumero, Pedro (11 April 2010). "Genes aborígenes en el Santo Hermano Pedro". El día (in Spanish). España. Archived from the original on 26 October 2014. Retrieved 23 August 2012.
  • González Davison, Fernando (2008). La montaña infinita; Carrera, caudillo de Guatemala. Guatemala: Artemis & Edinter. ISBN 84-89452-81-4.
  • Guatelinda (2014). "La Iglesia del Carmen… otrora esplendorosa y elegante". Mi Guatemala linda en línea (in Spanish). Guatemala. Archived from the original on 19 October 2014. Retrieved 5 November 2014.
  • Hernández de León, Federico (10 April 1928). "Fenómenos de nuestra historia". Nuestro Diario, Guatemala (in Spanish).
  • Hilton, Ronald (n.d.). Who's who in Latin America: A biographical dictionary of notable living men and women of Latin America (3rd ed.). Stanford, California: Stanford University Press.
  • Instituto Nacional de Estadística (2002). "XI Censo Nacional de Población y VI de Habitación". INE.gob.gt (in Spanish). Guatemala. Archived from the original on 10 June 2008. Retrieved 23 November 2012. Los datos se refieren al municipio
  • Johnston Aguilar, Rene (2001). "Proyecto arqueológico en el claustro norponiente de la Compañia de Jesús, Antigua Guatemala". Academia (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 10 February 2015.
  • Martínez Peláez, Severo (1990). La patria del criollo; ensayo de interpretación de la realidad colonial guatemalteca (in Spanish). México, D.F.: Ediciones en Marcha.
  • Melchor Toledo, Johann Estuardo (2011). "El arte religioso de la Antigua Guatemala, 1773-1821; crónica de la emigración de sus imágenes" (PDF). tesis doctoral en Historia del Arte (in Spanish). México, D.F.: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 December 2014. Retrieved 10 November 2014.
  • Molina Jiménez (2001). "La Polémica de "El problema (1899)", de Máximo Soto Hall". Revista Mexicana del Caribe (in Spanish). Red de Revistas Científicas de América Latina, el Caribe, España y Portugal;Sistema de Información Científica. VI (12).
  • Moncada Maya, J. Omar (2003). "En torno a la destrucción de la Ciudad de Guatemala, 1773. Una carta del Ingeniero Militar Antonio Marín". Biblio 3W. Revista Bibliográfica de Geografía y Ciencias Sociales (in Spanish). Barcelona: Universidad de Barcelona. VIII (444). ISSN 1138-9796. Archived from the original on 23 June 2003. Retrieved 28 February 2010.
  • Prins Wilhelm (1922). Between two continents, notes from a journey in Central America, 1920. London, UK: E. Nash and Grayson, Ltd. pp. 148–209.
  • Rodríguez Girón, Zoila; Flores, José Alejandro; Garnica, Marlen (1995). Laporte, L.P; Escobedo, H., eds. "El real palacio de Antigua Guatemala: arqueología y propuesta de rehabilitación" (PDF). Simposio de investigaciones arqueológicas en Guatemala (in Spanish). Guatemala: Museo Nacional de Arquelogía y Etnología. Archived from the original (versión digital) on 14 September 2011.
  • Santos, Bairon (2011). "Municipio de Ciudad Vieja" (in Spanish). La Tierra. Archived from the original on June 12, 2011. Retrieved June 12, 2011.
  • Sociedad Estatal Quinto Centenario (1993). Historia general de Centroamérica (in Spanish). España: Sociedad Estatal Quinto Centenario. ISBN 84-86956-28-5.
  • Tate Lanning, J. (1977). "La Universidad en el Reino de Guatemala" (in Spanish). Guatemala: Universitaria.
  • "La Antigua Guatemala". Viaje a Guatemala (in Spanish) (Special ed.). Retrieved 24 February 2008.
  • "Mapa de Antigua Guatemala". Guate4travel (in Spanish). Retrieved 24 February 2008.
  • Media related to Antigua Guatemala at Wikimedia Commons
  • Antigua Guatemala travel guide from Wikivoyage
  • La Merced, Antigua Guatemala
  • Guatelinda
  • Maps:
    1. La ruta maya: Antigua Guatemala Map
  • Antigua Guatemala films documentaries:
    1. 1934 in Antigua Guatemala
    2. 1950 in Antigua Guatemala

 / 14.567; -90.733

Source of information: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. We're not responsible for the content of this article and your use of this information. Disclaimer
Guatemala: Hotels Booking & Tickets Sale
Hotels Booking & Tickets Sale
Abkhazia
Afghanistan
Albania
Algeria
American Virgin Islands
Andorra
Angola
Anguilla
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina
Armenia
Aruba
Australia
Austria
Azerbaijan
Bahamas
Bahrain
Bangladesh
Barbados
Belarus
Belgium
Belize
Benin
Bermuda
Bhutan
Bolivia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana
Brazil
British Virgin Islands
Brunei
Bulgaria
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cambodia
Cameroon
Canada
Cape Verde
Caribbean Netherlands
Cayman Islands
Chad
Chile
China
Colombia
Comoros
Costa Rica
Croatia
Cuba
Curaçao
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Denmark
Djibouti
Dominican Republic
East Timor
Ecuador
Egypt
El Salvador
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia
Falkland Islands
Faroe Islands
Fiji
Finland
France
French Guiana
French Polynesia
Gabon
Gambia
Georgia
Germany
Ghana
Gibraltar
Greece
Guadeloupe
Guam
Guatemala
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana
Haiti
Honduras
Hong Kong
Hungary
Iceland
India
Indonesia
Iran
Iraq
Ireland
Isle of Man
Israel
Italy
Ivory Coast
Jamaica
Japan
Jordan
Kazakhstan
Kenya
Kiribati
Kongo
Kosovo
Kuwait
Kyrgyzstan
Laos
Latvia
Lebanon
Lesotho
Liberia
Libya
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Macau
Macedonia
Madagascar
Malawi
Malaysia
Maldives
Mali
Malta
Martinique
Mauritania
Mauritius
Mexico
Micronesia
Moldova
Monaco
Mongolia
Montenegro
Montserrat
Morocco
Mozambique
Myanmar
Namibia
Nepal
Netherlands
New Zealand
Nicaragua
Nigeria
North Korea
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway
Oman
Pakistan
Palau
Palestine
Panama
Papua New Guinea
Paraguay
Peru
Philippines
Poland
Portugal
Puerto Rico
Qatar
Romania
Russia
Rwanda
Réunion
Saint Barthélemy
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Lucia
Saint Martin
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Samoa
San Marino
Saudi Arabia
Senegal
Serbia
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Singapore
Sint Maarten
Slovakia
Slovenia
Solomon Islands
Somalia
Somaliland
South Africa
South Korea
Spain
Sri Lanka
Sudan
Suriname
Swaziland
Sweden
Switzerland
Syria
Taiwan
Tajikistan
Tanzania
Thailand
Togo
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago
Tunisia
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Turks and Caicos Islands
Uganda
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom
United States
Uruguay
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu
Vatican
Venezuela
Vietnam
Yemen
Zambia
Zimbabwe
Vacation: Complete information and online sale
Antigua Guatemala: Today's Super Sale
Vacation: Website Templates & Graphics

All trademarks, service marks, trade names, product names, and logos appearing on the site are the property of their respective owners.
© 2011-2017 Maria-Online.com ▪ DesignHosting