Ayacucho, Peru

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By the way, we would recommend you to combine your visit to Ayacucho with other popular and interesting places of Peru, for example: Piura, Cusco, Lima, Huancayo, Pisco, Huanchaco, Ayacucho, Machu Picchu, Urubamba, Tacna, Puerto Maldonado, Chiclayo, Paracas, Máncora, Puno, Trujillo, Huaraz, Tarapoto, Cajamarca, Ica, Iquitos, Arequipa, Ollantaytambo, etc.

How to Book a Hotel in Ayacucho

In order to book an accommodation in Ayacucho enter the proper dates and do the hotel search. If needed, sort the found Ayacucho hotels by price, star rating, property type, guest rating, hotel features, hotel theme or hotel chain. Then take a look at the found hotels on Ayacucho map to estimate the distance from the main Ayacucho attractions and sights. You can also read the guest reviews of Ayacucho hotels and see their ratings.

When a hotel search in Ayacucho is done, please select the room type, the included meals and the suitable booking conditions (for example, "Deluxe double room, Breakfast included, Non-Refundable"). Press the "View Deal" ("Book Now") button. Make your booking on a hotel booking website and get the hotel reservation voucher by email. That's it, a perfect hotel in Ayacucho is waiting for you!

Hotels of Ayacucho

A hotel in Ayacucho is an establishment that provides lodging paid on a short-term basis. Facilities provided may range from a basic bed and storage for clothing, to luxury features like en-suite bathrooms. Larger in Ayacucho hotels may provide additional guest facilities such as a swimming pool, business centre, childcare, conference facilities and social function services. Hotel rooms in Ayacucho are usually numbered (or named in some smaller hotels and B&Bs) to allow guests to identify their room. Some Ayacucho hotels offer meals as part of a room and board arrangement. Hotel operations vary in size, function, and cost. Most Ayacucho hotels and major hospitality companies that operate hotels in Ayacucho have set widely accepted industry standards to classify hotel types. General categories include the following:

Upscale luxury hotels in Ayacucho
An upscale full service hotel facility in Ayacucho that offers luxury amenities, full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and the highest level of personalized and professional service. Luxury Ayacucho hotels are normally classified with at least a Four Diamond or Five Diamond status or a Four or Five Star rating depending on classification standards.

Full service hotels in Ayacucho
Full service Ayacucho hotels often contain upscale full-service facilities with a large volume of full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and a variety of on-site amenities such as swimming pools, a health club, children's activities, ballrooms, on-site conference facilities, etc.

Historic inns and boutique hotels in Ayacucho
Boutique hotels of Ayacucho are smaller independent non-branded hotels that often contain upscale facilities of varying size in unique or intimate settings with full service accommodations. Ayacucho boutique hotels are generally 100 rooms or less. Some historic inns and boutique hotels in Ayacucho may be classified as luxury hotels.

Focused or select service hotels in Ayacucho
Small to medium-sized hotel establishments that offer a limited amount of on-site amenities that only cater and market to a specific demographic of Ayacucho travelers, such as the single business traveler. Most Ayacucho focused or select service hotels may still offer full service accommodations but may lack leisure amenities such as an on-site restaurant or a swimming pool.

Economy and limited service hotels in Ayacucho
Small to medium-sized Ayacucho hotel establishments that offer a very limited amount of on-site amenities and often only offer basic accommodations with little to no services, these facilities normally only cater and market to a specific demographic of travelers, such as the budget-minded Ayacucho traveler seeking a "no frills" accommodation. Limited service Ayacucho hotels often lack an on-site restaurant but in return may offer a limited complimentary food and beverage amenity such as on-site continental breakfast service.

Guest houses and B&Bs in Ayacucho
A bed and breakfast in Ayacucho is a small lodging establishment that offers overnight accommodation and inclusive breakfast. Usually, Ayacucho bed and breakfasts are private homes or family homes offering accommodations. The typical Ayacucho B&B has between 4 and 11 rooms, with 6 being the average. Generally, guests are accommodated in private bedrooms with private bathrooms, or in a suite of rooms including an en suite bathroom. Some homes have private bedrooms with a bathroom which is shared with other guests. Breakfast is served in the bedroom, a dining room, or the host's kitchen. Often the owners of guest house themselves prepare the breakfast and clean the rooms.

Hostels in Ayacucho
Ayacucho hostels provide budget-oriented, sociable accommodation where guests can rent a bed, usually a bunk bed, in a dormitory and share a bathroom, lounge, and sometimes a kitchen. Rooms can be mixed or single-sex, although private rooms may also be available. Hostels are often cheaper for both the operator and occupants; many Ayacucho hostels have long-term residents whom they employ as desk agents or housekeeping staff in exchange for experience or discounted accommodation.

Apartment hotels, extended stay hotels in Ayacucho
Extended stay hotels are small to medium-sized Ayacucho hotels that offer longer term full service accommodations compared to a traditional hotel. Extended stay hotels may offer non-traditional pricing methods such as a weekly rate that cater towards travelers in need of short-term accommodations for an extended period of time. Similar to limited and select service hotels, on-site amenities are normally limited and most extended stay hotels in Ayacucho lack an on-site restaurant.

Timeshare and destination clubs in Ayacucho
Ayacucho timeshare and destination clubs are a form of property ownership also referred to as a vacation ownership involving the purchase and ownership of an individual unit of accommodation for seasonal usage during a specified period of time. Timeshare resorts in Ayacucho often offer amenities similar that of a Full service hotel with on-site restaurant(s), swimming pools, recreation grounds, and other leisure-oriented amenities. Destination clubs of Ayacucho on the other hand may offer more exclusive private accommodations such as private houses in a neighborhood-style setting.

Motels in Ayacucho
A Ayacucho motel is a small-sized low-rise lodging establishment similar to that of a limited service hotel, but with direct access to individual rooms from the car park. Common during the 1950s and 1960s, motels were often located adjacent to a major road, where they were built on inexpensive land at the edge of towns or along stretches of highways. They are still useful in less populated areas of Ayacucho for driving travelers, but the more populated an area becomes the more hotels fill the need. Many of Ayacucho motels which remain in operation have joined national franchise chains, rebranding themselves as hotels, inns or lodges.

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Travelling and vacation in Ayacucho

This article is about the Peruvian town. For other uses, see Ayacucho (disambiguation).
Ayacucho's cathedral by night
Ayacucho's cathedral by night
Flag of Ayacucho
Coat of arms of Ayacucho
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): The City of Churches
Ayacucho is located in Peru
Location in Peru
Coordinates:  / -13.16306; -74.22444
Country Peru
Region Ayacucho
Province Huamanga
Settled April 25, 1540
• Mayor Salomón Hugo Aedo Mendoza
• Total 2,981.37 km (1,151.11 sq mi)
Elevation 2,761 m (9,058 ft)
Population (2014)
• Total 177,420
• Density 60/km (150/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Ayacuchano, -1
Time zone PET (UTC-5)
• Summer (DST) PET (UTC-5)
Area code(s) 66
Website http://www.munihuamanga.gob.pe/

Ayacucho (Spanish pronunciation: [aʝaˈkutʃo], Quechua: Ayacuchu), is the capital city of Huamanga Province, Ayacucho Region, Peru.

Ayacucho is famous for its 33 churches, which represent one for each year of Jesus' life. Ayacucho has large religious celebrations, especially during the Holy Week of Easter. These celebrations include horse races featuring Peruvian Caballos de Paso and the traditional running of the bulls, known locally as the jalatoro or pascuatoro. The jalatoro is similar to the Spanish encierro, except that the bulls are led by horses of the Morochucos.

The name is derived from the Quechua words aya (death) and kuchu ("corner"), referring to a major battle for independence. Another possible interpretation is "soul or spirit corner," in reference to the great devotion of its people, even in pre-Hispanic times.

Ayacucho: History

Vestiges of human settlements more than 15,000 years old have been found in the site of Pikimachay, about 25 km north of Ayacucho. From 500 to 900, the region became occupied by the Wari culture, which became known as the first expansionist empire based in the Andes before the Inca Empire.

Cathedral of Vilcashuaman, built on the remains of an Inca temple.
Arch of the triumph and San Francisco de Asís church.
Mariscal Sucre Monument in the Plaza Mayor de Ayacucho.
A retablo piece of art from Ayacucho.
Art from Ayacucho called Huamanga Stone.

The Ayacucho region was inhabited by varying indigenous cultures for thousands of years, including the Wari, Chanka people, and Nazca culture before the Inca conquest.

The Spanish colonial founding of Ayacucho was led by conqueror Francisco Pizarro on April 25, 1540, who named it San Juan de la Frontera de Huamanga. Due to the constant Incan rebellion led by Manco Inca Yupanqui against the Spanish in the zone, Pizarro was quick to populate the settlement with a small number of Spaniards brought from Lima and Cusco. On May 17, 1544, by Royal decree, Ayacucho was titled La Muy Noble y Leal Ciudad de Huamanga (the most noble and loyal city of Huamanga). The city's main University was founded on July 3, 1677 as San Cristóbal of Huamanga University.

On February 15, 1825, Simón Bolívar changed the city's name to Ayacucho. The city is named after the historical Battle of Ayacucho. Upon seeing so many casualties on the battlefield, citizens called the area Ayakuchu, aya meaning "dead" and kuchu meaning "corner" in Ayacucho Quechua. The Battle of Ayacucho was the last armed clash between Spanish armies and patriots during the Peruvian War of Independence. The battle developed in the nearby pampas of La Quinua on December 9, 1824. Independentist forces were led by Antonio José de Sucre, Simón Bolívar's lieutenant. Viceroy José de la Serna e Hinojosa was wounded, and after the battle second commander-in-chief José de Canterac signed the final capitulation of the Royalist army. The patriot victory sealed the independence of Peru and South America. La Paz, now the seat of government of Bolivia, was similarly renamed La Paz de Ayacucho following this battle.

The city's economy is based on agriculture and light manufacturing, including textiles, pottery, leather goods, and filigree ware. It is a regional tourism destination, known for its 33 churches built in the colonial period, and for the nearby battlefield of La Quinua, where the Ayacucho battle was fought in 1824.

In 1980, the insurgent organization known as the Shining Path (Sendero Luminoso) used Ayachucho as its base for its campaign against the Peruvian government, even staging an assault on the Ayacucho prison in 1982. The campaign faded after the leader Abimael Guzmán Reynoso was captured in 1992 and put in prison. The region headed by Ayacucho is rural and one of the poorest of all the country. With the peace of the last 15 years, the citizens work hard to improve the living conditions and attract jobs.

Ayacucho: Notable people from Ayacucho

  • María Parado de Bellido, heroine in War of Independence.
  • Efraín Morote Best, anthropologist and university president.
  • Andrés Avelino Cáceres, President of Peru (1886–1890) and (1894–1895)
  • Luis Guillermo Lumbreras, archaeologist.
  • Alberto Arca Parró, economist and lawyer.
  • Augusta la Torre, leader in the Sendero Luminoso movement.
  • Raúl García Zárate, guitarist.

Ayacucho: See also

  • Battle of Ayacucho

 / -13.16306; -74.22444

Ayacucho: References

  1. Instituto Nacional de Estadística e Informática, Perfil Sociodemográfico del Perú Archived November 14, 2012, at the Wayback Machine. pp. 30.
  2. Watson, Ian (October 11, 2002). Negotiating Cultures: Eugenio Barba and the Intercultural Debate. Manchester University Press. p. 207. ISBN 978-0719061707.
  3. Merino, Denis. "La importancia de la memoria". La Primera.
  4. "Alberto Arca Parró". University Honors & Awards. University of Indiana. Retrieved 2012-08-23.
  5. "Guitarras Maestras". La Republica (in Spanish). 25 October 2009.
  • Ayacucho
  • Ayacucho Travel Guide
  • Video Documentary of Ayacucho
  • Information about Ayacucho
  • Handicrafts & Tourism Information in Ayacucho – Ayacucho Archaeo-Isotope Project
  • Music, news and more information about Ayacucho
Source of information: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. We're not responsible for the content of this article and your use of this information. Disclaimer
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