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Hotels of Bad Schandau

A hotel in Bad Schandau is an establishment that provides lodging paid on a short-term basis. Facilities provided may range from a basic bed and storage for clothing, to luxury features like en-suite bathrooms. Larger in Bad Schandau hotels may provide additional guest facilities such as a swimming pool, business centre, childcare, conference facilities and social function services. Hotel rooms in Bad Schandau are usually numbered (or named in some smaller hotels and B&Bs) to allow guests to identify their room. Some Bad Schandau hotels offer meals as part of a room and board arrangement. Hotel operations vary in size, function, and cost. Most Bad Schandau hotels and major hospitality companies that operate hotels in Bad Schandau have set widely accepted industry standards to classify hotel types. General categories include the following:

Upscale luxury hotels in Bad Schandau
An upscale full service hotel facility in Bad Schandau that offers luxury amenities, full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and the highest level of personalized and professional service. Luxury Bad Schandau hotels are normally classified with at least a Four Diamond or Five Diamond status or a Four or Five Star rating depending on classification standards.

Full service hotels in Bad Schandau
Full service Bad Schandau hotels often contain upscale full-service facilities with a large volume of full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and a variety of on-site amenities such as swimming pools, a health club, children's activities, ballrooms, on-site conference facilities, etc.

Historic inns and boutique hotels in Bad Schandau
Boutique hotels of Bad Schandau are smaller independent non-branded hotels that often contain upscale facilities of varying size in unique or intimate settings with full service accommodations. Bad Schandau boutique hotels are generally 100 rooms or less. Some historic inns and boutique hotels in Bad Schandau may be classified as luxury hotels.

Focused or select service hotels in Bad Schandau
Small to medium-sized hotel establishments that offer a limited amount of on-site amenities that only cater and market to a specific demographic of Bad Schandau travelers, such as the single business traveler. Most Bad Schandau focused or select service hotels may still offer full service accommodations but may lack leisure amenities such as an on-site restaurant or a swimming pool.

Economy and limited service hotels in Bad Schandau
Small to medium-sized Bad Schandau hotel establishments that offer a very limited amount of on-site amenities and often only offer basic accommodations with little to no services, these facilities normally only cater and market to a specific demographic of travelers, such as the budget-minded Bad Schandau traveler seeking a "no frills" accommodation. Limited service Bad Schandau hotels often lack an on-site restaurant but in return may offer a limited complimentary food and beverage amenity such as on-site continental breakfast service.

Guest houses and B&Bs in Bad Schandau
A bed and breakfast in Bad Schandau is a small lodging establishment that offers overnight accommodation and inclusive breakfast. Usually, Bad Schandau bed and breakfasts are private homes or family homes offering accommodations. The typical Bad Schandau B&B has between 4 and 11 rooms, with 6 being the average. Generally, guests are accommodated in private bedrooms with private bathrooms, or in a suite of rooms including an en suite bathroom. Some homes have private bedrooms with a bathroom which is shared with other guests. Breakfast is served in the bedroom, a dining room, or the host's kitchen. Often the owners of guest house themselves prepare the breakfast and clean the rooms.

Hostels in Bad Schandau
Bad Schandau hostels provide budget-oriented, sociable accommodation where guests can rent a bed, usually a bunk bed, in a dormitory and share a bathroom, lounge, and sometimes a kitchen. Rooms can be mixed or single-sex, although private rooms may also be available. Hostels are often cheaper for both the operator and occupants; many Bad Schandau hostels have long-term residents whom they employ as desk agents or housekeeping staff in exchange for experience or discounted accommodation.

Apartment hotels, extended stay hotels in Bad Schandau
Extended stay hotels are small to medium-sized Bad Schandau hotels that offer longer term full service accommodations compared to a traditional hotel. Extended stay hotels may offer non-traditional pricing methods such as a weekly rate that cater towards travelers in need of short-term accommodations for an extended period of time. Similar to limited and select service hotels, on-site amenities are normally limited and most extended stay hotels in Bad Schandau lack an on-site restaurant.

Timeshare and destination clubs in Bad Schandau
Bad Schandau timeshare and destination clubs are a form of property ownership also referred to as a vacation ownership involving the purchase and ownership of an individual unit of accommodation for seasonal usage during a specified period of time. Timeshare resorts in Bad Schandau often offer amenities similar that of a Full service hotel with on-site restaurant(s), swimming pools, recreation grounds, and other leisure-oriented amenities. Destination clubs of Bad Schandau on the other hand may offer more exclusive private accommodations such as private houses in a neighborhood-style setting.

Motels in Bad Schandau
A Bad Schandau motel is a small-sized low-rise lodging establishment similar to that of a limited service hotel, but with direct access to individual rooms from the car park. Common during the 1950s and 1960s, motels were often located adjacent to a major road, where they were built on inexpensive land at the edge of towns or along stretches of highways. They are still useful in less populated areas of Bad Schandau for driving travelers, but the more populated an area becomes the more hotels fill the need. Many of Bad Schandau motels which remain in operation have joined national franchise chains, rebranding themselves as hotels, inns or lodges.

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Travelling and vacation in Bad Schandau

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Bad Schandau
Bad schandau.jpg
Coat of arms of Bad Schandau
Coat of arms
Bad Schandau   is located in Germany
Bad Schandau
Bad Schandau
Coordinates:  / 50.917; 14.150  / 50.917; 14.150
Country Germany
State Saxony
District Sächsische Schweiz-Osterzgebirge
Municipal assoc. Bad Schandau
Government
• Mayor Andreas Eggert
Area
• Total 46.77 km (18.06 sq mi)
Elevation 146 m (479 ft)
Population (2015-12-31)
• Total 3,761
• Density 80/km (210/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 01812–01814
Dialling codes 035022
Vehicle registration PIR
Website www.bad-schandau.de

Bad Schandau (German pronunciation: [ˈbaːt ˈʃandaʊ], Czech: Žandov) is a spa town in Germany, in the south of the Free State of Saxony and the district of Sächsische Schweiz-Osterzgebirge. It is situated on the right bank of the Elbe, at the mouth of the little valley of the Kirnitzsch.

Bad Schandau: Geography

Bad Schandau lies east of the Elbe right on the edge of the Saxon Switzerland National Park in the Elbe Sandstone Mountains; the National Park Centre is located in the town. The original town centre nestled on the steep, towering sandstone rocks on the right-hand, northern bank of the River Elbe and squeezed in places into the narrow valley of the Kirnitzsch. The town centre lies 121.7 m above sea level (HN) (market square), whilst its highest points lie over 400 metres above sea level. A rural tram line, the Kirnitzschtal Tramway, accompanies the little river for several kilometres and offers access to the nearby walking area.

Bad Schandau is about 6 kilometres from the Czech frontier and 33 km southeast of Dresden on the railway to Děčín.

Bad Schandau: Sub-divisions

The borough of Bad Schandau consists of the original old town of Schandau and 5 newer quarters: Krippen, Postelwitz, Schmilka, Ostrau and Porschdorf. Krippen lies on the opposite bank of the Elbe.

Bad Schandau: Krippen

View of Krippen

The original craftsmen's and merchants' settlement left of the Elbe with surviving timber-framed houses that were mentioned as early as 1379 has been a summer resort since the end of the 19th century, when development of tourism began. The village was the sphere of action of the Krippen villager and inventor of mechanical wood pulp for the manufacture of paper, Friedrich Gottlob Keller (1816–95), from 1853 to his death. A memorial tablet on the Keller Museum, house number 76 in the main road named after him and in which the inventor once lived, celebrates him and his work. In 2009, Krippen had a population of 568 (1999: 720).

A stream, the Krippenbach, joins the Elbe near Krippen. The stream is supplied from the Gautzschgraben spring near the border with Czech Republic, and also from other sources on the other side of the state border, its catchment area reaching almost as far as Maxičky on the Bohemian side of the Elbe Sandstone Mountains below the Okrouhlik (494 m above NN).

Krippen was incorporated into Bad Schandau borough on 1 January 1999.

Bad Schandau: Postelwitz

Postelwitz from the other side of the Elbe

The summer resort of Postelwitz has been part of the borough of Bad Schandau since 1934. The village, which comprises a number of separate groups of houses, hugs the rock face tightly about 2 km upstream below the rocks of the Schrammsteine. This originally Slavic settlement of rafters, fishermen, stonebreakers and boat builders was first recorded in 1446. Ships' anchor smiths worked in the village until 1968. The local sandstone quarries (at times the most important in the region) worked from the second half of the 16th century until 1907; were then reforested and are accessible today via the Elbe Promenade (Elbpromenade). The surviving timber-framed houses, nos. 55-67, the so-called Seven Brothers' Houses (Siebenbrüderhäuser) are linked to a legend, in which a boatman wanted to build a house for each of his sons. His own building was, however, to be taller than them all. On house nos. 43 and 69, as well as the ferryman's house, there are Elbe high-water marks. In 2009 Postelwitz had a population of 282 (1999: 323).

Bad Schandau: Schmilka

Schmilka: view of Schmilka Mill
The Elbe in Schmilka

Schmilka, the border village to the Czech Republic on the Elbe at a height of 117 m, has been part of the borough of Bad Schandau since 1 January 1973. This village of Elbe boatmen, rafters, stonecutters, charcoal burners, Pechsieder and forest workers was first recorded in 1582. Small timber-framed houses still dominate its façades. In 2009 Schmilka had 137 inhabitants (1999: 169).

The Ilmen Spring (Ilmenquelle) rises near the border and, with a discharge of 6 l/s is the most powerful in Saxon Switzerland. The hills of Schrammsteine and Großer Winterberg may be ascended from Schmilka along various paths and climbs such as the Saints' Way (Heilige Stiege) or the Rübezahl Way (Rübezahlstiege).

The Ilmenbach stream drives the Schmilka Mill (Schmilksche Mühle) only a few metres below the spring. Built in 1665, it is one of the first buildings in Schmilka. The mill was closed in the 19th century. In 2007, however, the mill was restored to a functional state again. Historic pictures, including a copperplate by Adrian Ludwig Richter were used in the restoration. Richter was one of the artists who walked the so-called Artists' Way (Malerweg) in Saxon Switzerland about 200 years ago. The Artists' Way runs directly by the mill. The Schmilka Mill traditionally runs during the Mill Festival that takes place every year at Whitsun. Within the mill is a holiday home, the Mühlchen ("Little Mill"), which can be used as holiday accommodation.

Bad Schandau: Ostrau

Ostrau on the Ostrauer Scheibe rises 130 m above the Elbe and lies at a height of 245 m ü. NN. The ice age loess-loam on the plateau of the Ostrauer Scheibe enabled the establishment in former times of a German village for seven farmsteads. Ostrau has been directly linked to the town of Bad Schandau since 1904 with an electric passenger lift that was built at the initiative of the hotelier, Rudolf Sendig, who also financed it. Old timber-framed farmsteads, guesthouses (Pensionen), holiday homes, a modern spa facility, inns, villas and family homes make up the buildings of the village. With just under 100 inhabitants, the village had a very isolated existence on an exposed upland at the end of the 19th century. But even in 1900, there were ambitious plans for this location with its long-distance, all-round views to be turned into an exclusive tourist centre with sports facilities and an airfield. But only the aforementioned lift was built along with wooden, Scandinavian-style villas on the Ostrauer Ring, also at Sendig's initiative. In 2009 Ostrau had a population of 419 (1999: 541).

Bad Schandau: History

In the first half of the 14th century German settlers acquired the Elbe meadows between Rathmannsdorf and Postelwitz from the feudal estate of Hohnstein and founded a trading post here. Schandau was first mentioned in the records in 1445 and was given, in effect, the status of a town as a result of its important location as a trading site on the Elbe in 1467 by a council constitution. Since about 1800 Bad Schandau has been a spa town and summer resort. In 1877 the place was given a permanent crossing over the river, the Carola Bridge. In 1920 the town was granted the official title of "Bad" ("Spa"). In 1936 it became a Kneipp spa.

The town is the smallest German place with its own tram service, the Kirnitzschtal Tramway. The tramway runs from Schandau to Lichtenhain Waterfall and has been working since 1898.

Bad Schandau was badly hit by the flooding of the Elbe in the years 1845, 2002 and 2006. The floodwater on 16/17 August 2002 stood at 9.78 m above average, 4.28 m above the market square and 3.46 m high in the church. The Schöna gauge reached 12.04 (Bad Schandau gauge 11.88), volumetric flow 4,780 m³/s. The high-water mark was 4 cm below that of 1845. On 3 April 2006 a high-water mark of 6.78 m and 1.28 m above the market square above average was reached at about 11 pm. Schöna gauge 8.88, volumetric flow 2720 m³/s. The square floods when the Schöna gauge reaches 7.60.

Bad Schandau: Coat of arms

In 1480 Schandau was granted the right by Prince Ernest of Saxony to bear a coat of arms and a seal. The coat of arms shows a ship under sail, probably a reference to the importance of Elbe shipping.

Bad Schandau: Politics

Bad Schandau: Town council

The local elections of 7 June 2009 saw a voter turnout of 61.8% (- 0.4) with the following results:

Party / List Percentage +/- Seats
CDU 33.0% - 22.2 5
The Left 14.7% - 5.1 2
NPD 6.2% + 6.2 1
Tourism Voters Association (Wählervereinigung Tourismus) 28.8% + 15.8 4
Independents (Freie Bürgerliste) 12.0% 2

+/-:Changes against the local elections of 13 June 2004, Voter associations combined

Bad Schandau: Administration

Bad Schandau is a fulfilling municipality (erfüllende Gemeinde) in the Bad Schandau Administrative Association (Verwaltungsgemeinschaft Bad Schandau) together with the municipalities of Porschdorf, Reinhardtsdorf-Schöna and Rathmannsdorf.

Bad Schandau: Twinned towns

Bad Schandau has town partnerships with Überlingen on Lake Constance, Gößweinstein, Fichtenau, Česká Kamenice in the Czech Republic and Lądek-Zdrój in Poland.

Bad Schandau: Culture and places of interest

St. John's Church in Bad Schandau
Bad Schandau's town hall
The Bad Schandau Elevator, 2005

Bad Schandau: Overview

Schandau was described in the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition (1911) thus:

Bad Schandau has a Lutheran parish church, a hydropathic establishment and a school of river navigation. The position of Bad Schandau in the heart of the romantic Saxon Switzerland has made it a place of importance, and thousands of tourists make it their base in summer. Numerous hotels and villas have been built to house them. The chief manufactures of the town are artificial flowers and furniture.

The prefix "Bad" was added in 1920 in acknowledgement of the spa status of the town (the German "Bad" means "spa" in English).

The 2009 film, Inglourious Basterds, directed by Quentin Tarantino, was shot primarily in Bad Schandau, and at Studio Babelsberg in Berlin.

Bad Schandau: Museums

  • Town Gallery (Stadtgalerie)
  • Local History Museum (Heimatmuseum)
  • National Park Museum (Nationalparkmuseum)
  • Friedrich Gottlob Keller Museum, Krippen, Friedrich-Gottlob-Keller-Straße 76 (about the discovery and inventor of mechanical wood pulp paper)

Bad Schandau: Buildings / Places of interest

Bad Schandau's town profile on the right bank of the river is dominated by the hotels of the Gründerzeit bordering the Elbe, the two bridges and St. John's Church (Johanniskirche).

From 2002 to 2007, comprehensive renovation work was carried out on the Gründerzeit hotels on the riverfront - the best-known in the 19th century was the Dampfschiff ("Steamship"). The building was gutted from the ground upwards and the façades restored. Several apartment complexes are housed in bathhouse villas (Bäder-Villen). The ensemble was opened again in 2007 under the name Elbresidenz Bad Schandau.

The impressive Lutheran St. John's Church with its octagonal west tower has existed in its present form since 1679. The baroque skylight turret was added in 1711 following a town fire. The interior of the church with its wooden coffer, single-storey matroneum and stained glass windows in the chancel is the result of fundamental conversion work in 1876/77. Especially valuable is the two-storied Renaissance altar in sandstone, which the Dresden sculptor, Hans Walther, originally made for the Kreuzkirche, Dresden, and which stood in Dresden St. Anne's from 1760 to 1902.

The main sight in the market square (Marktplatz) with its town hall (1863) and several Renaissance buildings (the Gambrinus brewery, house No. 1 with its timber-framed upper storey) since 1896 has been the Sendig Fountain next to the church, which for reasons unknown lost its art nouveau upper section with its sculptures. Since 1994 a reconstruction of this section has been under way.

The spa facilities and the 3,500 m² Botanical Garden (Pflanzengarten Bad Schandau) with over 1,500 species of plants is located at the entrance to the Kirnitzsch valley. By the tram stop of the Kirnitzschtal Tramway stands the so-called Ice Age Rock (Eiszeitstein) illustrating that in the ion, dass im Pleistocene epoch, the inland ice sheet extended as far as here from Scandinavia.

Near the Park Hotel and the historic lift to Ostrau stands the Roman Catholic Church next to the hillside on the right of the Elbe. This building was built as accommodation for a Russian diplomat in the classic Saint Petersburg villa style of the 19th century and has been used since 1924 by the Catholic Church as a consecrated building.

The historic lift to Ostrau is a 50 metre high, free-standing iron construction, that links the village of Ostrau higher up the hill. The hotelier, Rudolf Sendig, had this electrically driven lift built in 1904 by the firms of Kelle & Hildebrandt (iron framework) and Kühnscherf & Söhne (lift). The lift was officially opened on Easter Sunday 1905 and the rivetted structure, that has been protected since 1954, was refurbished in 1989-1990. Due to its view over Saxon Switzerland around Bad Schandau, especially the rocks of the Schrammsteine, but also because of the understated art nouveau ornamentation a journey on the technical monument has become something of a tourist attraction.

The so-called Ostrauer Scheibe is a plateau that can be reached on foot along a hiking trail from the Botanical Garden in the Kirnitsch Valley, over the old cart track (Ostrauer Berg), as well as by car along a road that weaves in hairpin bends up from Postelwitz.

The new Schrammstein Open-Air Pool (Schrammstein-Bad) that was badly damaged before it could open by the flooding of the Elbe in 2002 went bust but, after a two-year delay, was able to open under its new owners, toskanaworld, as the so-called Toskana Thermal Baths (Toskana-Therme); this firm has similar facilities in Bad Sulza and Bad Orb.

Bad Schandau: Memorials

  • VVN monument in the Spa Park (Kurpark) to the victims of Fascism
  • Memorial rock in front of the mountain hut (Berghütte über dem Zahnsgrund) in the village of Ostrau for the Communist resistance fighter Kurt Schlosser, who was murdered in Dresden in 1944
  • Memorial tablet from 1957 at a Cave in the Schrammsteinen (Höhle in den Schrammsteinen) commemorating the resistance fighters of the United Climbing Division of Dresden (Vereinigten Kletterabteilung Dresden)

Bad Schandau: Dialect

A special form of the Saxon dialect is spoken in Bad Schandau: the South East Meissen dialect, which is one of five Upper Saxon or Meissen dialects.

Bad Schandau: Economy and infrastructure

Bad Schandau: Transport

View of Bad Schandau's Elbe Road Bridge. Behind: the Carola Bridge (railway)
Kirnitzschtal tramway

On the left bank of the Elbe runs the track of the Dresden–Děčín railway. Bad Schandau railway station is a stop for EuroCity links between Berlin and Budapest, the CityNightLine between Prague and Copenhagen/Amsterdam/Zürich as well as the S-Bahn between Meißen and Schöna that passes through Dresden. Several cross-border regional trains also work the line to Děčín. Another regional railway link to Sebnitz and Neustadt in Saxony runs on the Bautzen–Bad Schandau railway.

Line Route Frequency
SB 71 Bad Schandau – Sebnitz – Neustadt in Sachsen Two-hourly services
S 1 Meißen-Triebischtal – Radebeul – Dresden-Neustadt – Dresden Hbf – Heidenau – Pirna – Bad Schandau – Schöna Half-hourly services

The town centre may be reached from the station over a ferry link as well as the Elbe Road Bridge at Bad Schandau. Other ferries run between the town of Schandau and Krippen and between Schmilka and the station of Schmilka-Hirschmühle in Reinhardtsdorf-Schöna.

The town may also be accessed on regional bus services run by the OVPS. OVPS also operate the Kirnitzschtal tramway, a historic tram service that runs from the town centre to the Lichtenhain Waterfall. The Elbe Cycleway runs along the banks of the Elbe.

Bad Schandau: Local firms

  • Rehaklinik Falkensteinklinik (Stadtteil Ostrau): about 125 employees, specialises in the treatment of digestive and metabolic diseases, cardiovascular diseases and diabetes
  • Rehaklinik Kirnitzschtalklinik: specialises in conservative orthopaedic therapy of acute and degenerative diseases of the muscular and skeletal systems

Bad Schandau: Floods of August 2002

Bad Schandau was badly hit by the floods, along with neighbouring towns Schona and Pirna.

Bad Schandau: Sons of the town

Heinrich Leberecht Fleischer 1871
  • Gotthelf Traugott Esaias Häntzschel (1779–1848), German businessman and politician, member of parliament (Kingdom of Saxony)
  • Heinrich Leberecht Fleischer (1801–1888), orientalist
  • Rudolph Hering (1803–1888), Saxon Bergrat
  • Karl Schröder (1912–1996), cinematographer

Bad Schandau: References

  1. "Aktuelle Einwohnerzahlen nach Gemeinden 2015] (Einwohnerzahlen auf Grundlage des Zensus 2011)" (PDF). Statistisches Landesamt des Freistaates Sachsen (in German). July 2016.
  2. Einwohnerzahl von Bad Schandau sinkt, Sächsische Zeitung (Ausgabe Pirna) dated 26 January 2010
  3. StBA: Änderungen bei den Gemeinden Deutschlands, see 1999
  4. Schmilka Mill at wandern-saechsische-schweiz.de, accessed on17 March 2011
  5. Wasser- und Schifffahrtsamt Dresden
  6. Statistisches Landesamt des Freistaates Sachsen
  7. PD-icon.svg Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Schandau". Encyclopædia Britannica. 24 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 312–313.
  8. Longdorf, Amy (2009-08-16). "Easton native Omar Doom gets shot at glory in Tarantino's 'Basterds'". The Morning Call. Retrieved 2009-08-23.
  9. Information on the construction history of the ensembles at the hotel's home page

Media related to Bad Schandau at Wikimedia Commons

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