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Hotels of Balikpapan

A hotel in Balikpapan is an establishment that provides lodging paid on a short-term basis. Facilities provided may range from a basic bed and storage for clothing, to luxury features like en-suite bathrooms. Larger in Balikpapan hotels may provide additional guest facilities such as a swimming pool, business centre, childcare, conference facilities and social function services. Hotel rooms in Balikpapan are usually numbered (or named in some smaller hotels and B&Bs) to allow guests to identify their room. Some Balikpapan hotels offer meals as part of a room and board arrangement. Hotel operations vary in size, function, and cost. Most Balikpapan hotels and major hospitality companies that operate hotels in Balikpapan have set widely accepted industry standards to classify hotel types. General categories include the following:

Upscale luxury hotels in Balikpapan
An upscale full service hotel facility in Balikpapan that offers luxury amenities, full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and the highest level of personalized and professional service. Luxury Balikpapan hotels are normally classified with at least a Four Diamond or Five Diamond status or a Four or Five Star rating depending on classification standards.

Full service hotels in Balikpapan
Full service Balikpapan hotels often contain upscale full-service facilities with a large volume of full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and a variety of on-site amenities such as swimming pools, a health club, children's activities, ballrooms, on-site conference facilities, etc.

Historic inns and boutique hotels in Balikpapan
Boutique hotels of Balikpapan are smaller independent non-branded hotels that often contain upscale facilities of varying size in unique or intimate settings with full service accommodations. Balikpapan boutique hotels are generally 100 rooms or less. Some historic inns and boutique hotels in Balikpapan may be classified as luxury hotels.

Focused or select service hotels in Balikpapan
Small to medium-sized hotel establishments that offer a limited amount of on-site amenities that only cater and market to a specific demographic of Balikpapan travelers, such as the single business traveler. Most Balikpapan focused or select service hotels may still offer full service accommodations but may lack leisure amenities such as an on-site restaurant or a swimming pool.

Economy and limited service hotels in Balikpapan
Small to medium-sized Balikpapan hotel establishments that offer a very limited amount of on-site amenities and often only offer basic accommodations with little to no services, these facilities normally only cater and market to a specific demographic of travelers, such as the budget-minded Balikpapan traveler seeking a "no frills" accommodation. Limited service Balikpapan hotels often lack an on-site restaurant but in return may offer a limited complimentary food and beverage amenity such as on-site continental breakfast service.

Guest houses and B&Bs in Balikpapan
A bed and breakfast in Balikpapan is a small lodging establishment that offers overnight accommodation and inclusive breakfast. Usually, Balikpapan bed and breakfasts are private homes or family homes offering accommodations. The typical Balikpapan B&B has between 4 and 11 rooms, with 6 being the average. Generally, guests are accommodated in private bedrooms with private bathrooms, or in a suite of rooms including an en suite bathroom. Some homes have private bedrooms with a bathroom which is shared with other guests. Breakfast is served in the bedroom, a dining room, or the host's kitchen. Often the owners of guest house themselves prepare the breakfast and clean the rooms.

Hostels in Balikpapan
Balikpapan hostels provide budget-oriented, sociable accommodation where guests can rent a bed, usually a bunk bed, in a dormitory and share a bathroom, lounge, and sometimes a kitchen. Rooms can be mixed or single-sex, although private rooms may also be available. Hostels are often cheaper for both the operator and occupants; many Balikpapan hostels have long-term residents whom they employ as desk agents or housekeeping staff in exchange for experience or discounted accommodation.

Apartment hotels, extended stay hotels in Balikpapan
Extended stay hotels are small to medium-sized Balikpapan hotels that offer longer term full service accommodations compared to a traditional hotel. Extended stay hotels may offer non-traditional pricing methods such as a weekly rate that cater towards travelers in need of short-term accommodations for an extended period of time. Similar to limited and select service hotels, on-site amenities are normally limited and most extended stay hotels in Balikpapan lack an on-site restaurant.

Timeshare and destination clubs in Balikpapan
Balikpapan timeshare and destination clubs are a form of property ownership also referred to as a vacation ownership involving the purchase and ownership of an individual unit of accommodation for seasonal usage during a specified period of time. Timeshare resorts in Balikpapan often offer amenities similar that of a Full service hotel with on-site restaurant(s), swimming pools, recreation grounds, and other leisure-oriented amenities. Destination clubs of Balikpapan on the other hand may offer more exclusive private accommodations such as private houses in a neighborhood-style setting.

Motels in Balikpapan
A Balikpapan motel is a small-sized low-rise lodging establishment similar to that of a limited service hotel, but with direct access to individual rooms from the car park. Common during the 1950s and 1960s, motels were often located adjacent to a major road, where they were built on inexpensive land at the edge of towns or along stretches of highways. They are still useful in less populated areas of Balikpapan for driving travelers, but the more populated an area becomes the more hotels fill the need. Many of Balikpapan motels which remain in operation have joined national franchise chains, rebranding themselves as hotels, inns or lodges.

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Travelling and vacation in Balikpapan

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For other uses, see Balikpapan (disambiguation).
Balikpapan
City
The Plaza Balikpapan.jpg
Masjid Agung At-Taqwa Balikpapan at night.JPG Dome Balikpapan.jpg Air Mancur Taman Bekapai Balikpapan.jpg
Seafront of Balikpapan.jpg Klandasan, Balikpapan.jpg
From top left to right : The Plaza Balikpapan, At-Taqwa Mosque, Balikpapan Dome, Bekapai Park, Waterfront Skyline of Balikpapan
Official seal of Balikpapan
Seal
Location of the city in East Kalimantan province
Location of the city in East Kalimantan province
Coordinates:  / -1.2635389; 116.8278833  / -1.2635389; 116.8278833
Country Indonesia
Subdivision East Borneo
Founded 1897
Government
• Mayor Rizal Effendi
Area
• Total 503.3 km (194.3 sq mi)
Elevation 0 m (0 ft)
Population (2015)
• Total 736,806
• Density 1,500/km (3,800/sq mi)
Time zone WITA (UTC+8)
Area code(s) (+62) 542
Vehicle registration KT
Website www.balikpapan.go.id

Balikpapan is a seaport city on the east coast of the island of Borneo, in the Indonesian province of East Kalimantan. Two harbors, Semayang and Kariangau (a ferry harbour), and Sultan Aji Muhammad Sulaiman Airport are the main transportation ports to the city. The city has a population of 701,066, making it the second-largest city in East Kalimantan, after Samarinda.

Balikpapan: History

Before the oil boom of the early 1900s, Balikpapan was an isolated Bugis fishing village. Balikpapan's toponym (balik = "behind" and papan = "plank") is from a folk story in which a local king threw his newborn daughter into the sea to protect her from his enemies. The baby was tied beneath some planks that were discovered by a fisherman. At any other stories, Balikpapan's ("balik" = "behind" and "papan" = "plank") is from an event that Kutai sultanete send planks for aid to Paser Kingdom to build new palace. But the planks back to somewhere location that next time said as Balikpapan.

Balikpapan: Oil development

In 1897 a small refinery company began the first oil drilling. Building of roads, wharves, warehouses, offices, barracks, and bungalows started when the Dutch oil company Bataafsche Petroleum Maatschappij (BPM) arrived in the area.

Balikpapan: Second World War

On 24 January 1942 a Japanese invasion convoy arrived at Balikpapan and was attacked by four United States Navy destroyers that sank three Japanese transports. The Japanese army landed and after a sharp but short fight defeated the Dutch garrison. The defenders had partially destroyed the oil refinery and other facilities. After this the Japanese massacred many of the Europeans they had captured. Several campaigns, including the longest bombing run so far, followed until the 1945 Battle of Balikpapan, which concluded the Borneo campaign by which Allied Forces took control of Borneo island. Extensive wartime damage curtailed almost all oil production in the area until Royal Dutch Shell completed major repairs in 1950.

Balikpapan: CIA air raid

In 1958 the CIA attacked Balikpapan and stopped oil exports. The US was running a CIA covert mission to undermine President Sukarno's government by supporting right-wing rebels in Indonesia. The CIA, Taiwan and the Philippines had provided the Permesta rebels in North Sulawesi with an insurgent air force, the Angkatan Udara Revolusioner (AUREV). On 19 April 1958 a CIA pilot, William H Beale, Jr, flying a B-26 Invader bomber aircraft that was painted black and showing no markings, dropped four 500 lb (230 kg) bombs on Balikpapan. The first damaged the runway at Sultan Aji Muhammad Sulaiman Airport, the second set the British oil tanker SS San Flaviano on fire and sank her and the third bounced off the British tanker MV Daronia without exploding. Beale's fourth bomb set on fire and sank the Indonesian Navy Bathurst class corvette KRI Hang Tuah, killing 18 crew and wounding 28. Before attacking Hang Tuah, Beale also machine-gunned the oil pipes to Shell's wharf.

The CIA had orders to attack unarmed foreign merchant ships in order to drive foreign trade away from Indonesia and weaken its economy, with the intention of undermining Sukarno's government. The day before attacking Balikpapan, Beale had also damaged a Shell complex at Ambon, Maluku. His Balikpapan raid succeeded in persuading Shell to suspend tanker services from Balikpapan and withdraw shore-based wives and families to Singapore. However, on 18 May Indonesian naval and air forces off Ambon Island shot down an AUREV B-26 and captured its CIA pilot, Allen Pope. The US immediately withdrew support for Permesta, whose rebellion rapidly diminished thereafter.

Balikpapan: Subsequent history

Shell continued operating in the area until Indonesian state-owned Pertamina took it over in 1965. Lacking technology, skilled manpower, and capital to explore the petroleum region, Pertamina sublet petroleum concession contracts to multinational companies in the 1970s.

With the only oil refinery site in the region, Balikpapan emerged as a revitalized centre of petroleum production. Pertamina opened its East Borneo headquarters in the city, followed by branch offices established by other international oil companies. Hundreds of labourers from Indonesia, along with skilled expatriates who served as managers and engineers, flocked into the city.

Balikpapan: Administration

Balikpapan is bordered by Kutai Kartanegara Regency to the North, by the Makassar Strait to the South and East, and by North Penajam Paser Regency to the West.

The city is divided into five districts (kecamatan), tabulated below with their 2010 Census population:

Name Population
Census 2010
Balikpapan Selatan
(South Balikpapan)
191,737
Balikpapan Timur
(East Balikpapan)
60,664
Balikpapan Utara
(North Balikpapan)
123,214
Balikpapan Tengah
(Central Balikpapan)
98,552
Balikpapan Barat
(West Balikpapan)
83,412

Balikpapan: Demographics

During the Suharto dictatorship Balikpapan achieved unprecedented economic growth by attracting foreign investments, particularly in the exploitation of natural and mineral resources. The policy was heavily criticized for uncontrolled environmental damage and corrupt bureaucrats and politicians, but it significantly boosted urban development in resource-rich cities. In the 1970s Balikpapan experienced 7% population growth annually, while exports of timber and petroleum increased dramatically.

Balikpapan: Indonesian Most Liveable City

Based on Indonesian Most Liveable City Index which measured 27 indicators in every 2 years, Balikpapan is the best city for living in 2013 and toppled Yogyakarta as the best in 2011 and 2009. Balikpapan mainly maintained city management aspects and environment well. As part of the Earth Hour City Challenge, the city of Balikpapan, Indonesia was recognized as the Most Loveable City for 2015.as 2016, Balikpapan nominated for the second times as most lovable and sustainable city and still count down for the final judgement.

Balikpapan: Economy

Balikpapan oil refinery

Some multinational corporations operate in East Borneo. Companies including Baker Hughes (US), ChevronTexaco (US), Halliburton (US), Pertamina (Indonesia), Schlumberger (France), Thiess (Australia), Total S.A. (France) and Weatherford International (US) use Balikpapan as their base of operations in the region. Governmental public services including Bank Indonesia, the Finance Department, Angkasa Pura 1, the Port of Semayang, and several others also attract many people to work in this area.

Balikpapan has been chosen as the site of some important governmental agencies such as Komando Daerah Militer VI Tanjungpura and Kepolisian Daerah Kaltim.

Balikpapan oil refinery is on the shore of Balikpapan Bay and covers an area of 2.5 square kilometres (1 sq mi). Founded in 1922, it is the oldest refinery in the area. The Allies destroyed it in the Second World War and Shell re-built it in 1950. The refinery has two subunits, Balikpapan I and Balikpapan II.

Balikpapan I has two raw oil refinery units that produce naphtha, kerosene, gasoline, diesel fuel, and residue and one high-vacuum unit that produces 100 tonnes (110 tons) of paraffin oil distillate (POD), used as raw material for wax factories. The wax itself has various grades and is sold domestically and internationally.

Opened on 1 November 1983, Balikpapan II has a hydro-skimming and hydro-cracking refinery and produces petrol, LPG, naphtha, kerosene, and diesel fuel.

Indonesian government and their PT.PERTAMINA (pesero) planning as for 2017 expanding the oil refinery including the area of Persiba Balikpapan FC (old) stadium and Pertamina residents near the refinery. Balikpapan's Major Rizal Effendi ask for primarily using Balikpapan peoples as worker that PT.PERTAMINA needed up to 20.000 new employers.

Balikpapan: Geography

The municipality of Balikpapan's topography is generally hilly (85%), with only small areas of flat land (15%), mostly along the coast and surrounding the hilly areas. The hills are less than 100 metres (330 ft) higher than the adjacent valleys. The altitude of Balikpapan ranges from 0 to 80 metres (260 ft) above sea level.

Most of the soil in Balikpapan contains yellow-reddish podsolic soil and alluvial and quartz sand, making it extremely prone to erosion.

Balikpapan: Climate

Balikpapan features a tropical rainforest climate as there is no real dry season in Balikpapan. The city sees an average of 2,400 millimetres (94 in) of rain per year. Balikpapan generally shows little variation in weather throughout the course of the year. The city does not have significantly wetter and drier periods of the year and average temperatures are nearly identical throughout the course of the year, averaging about 26 to 27 degrees Celsius throughout the year.

Climate data for Balikpapan, East Kalimantan, Indonesia
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29.9
(85.8)
30.2
(86.4)
30.2
(86.4)
30.2
(86.4)
30.1
(86.2)
29.5
(85.1)
29.0
(84.2)
29.5
(85.1)
29.6
(85.3)
30.3
(86.5)
30.2
(86.4)
30.1
(86.2)
29.9
(85.83)
Daily mean °C (°F) 26.5
(79.7)
26.6
(79.9)
26.6
(79.9)
26.8
(80.2)
26.9
(80.4)
26.5
(79.7)
26.1
(79)
26.4
(79.5)
26.5
(79.7)
27.0
(80.6)
26.9
(80.4)
26.7
(80.1)
26.62
(79.93)
Average low °C (°F) 23.1
(73.6)
23.0
(73.4)
23.1
(73.6)
23.4
(74.1)
23.7
(74.7)
23.6
(74.5)
23.2
(73.8)
23.4
(74.1)
23.5
(74.3)
23.7
(74.7)
23.4
(74.1)
23.3
(73.9)
23.37
(74.07)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 187
(7.36)
172
(6.77)
249
(9.8)
196
(7.72)
223
(8.78)
265
(10.43)
244
(9.61)
230
(9.06)
221
(8.7)
140
(5.51)
177
(6.97)
235
(9.25)
2,539
(99.96)
Average precipitation days 15 15 18 17 17 17 17 14 15 15 14 19 193
Average relative humidity (%) 74 72 72 74 76 75 75 72 70 71 73 70 72.8
Source #1: Climat-Data.org (average temperature)
Source #2: Danish Meteorological Institute (precipitation and humidity)

Balikpapan: Transport

Sultan Aji Muhammad Sulaiman Airport New Terminal under construction

In 2012, Sultan Aji Muhammad Sulaiman Airport served approximately 6.62 million passengers according to Angkasa Pura Report. It is currently undergoing a major upgrade to improve its capacity (to 10 million passengers per year) as well as hospitality (immigration, passenger convenience, company reps offices, restaurants, shopping, lodging, and many others). The airport is going to be equipped with 11 aerobridges, a transit hotel, and four-level parking garages. The entire construction is expected to be completed by February 2014. According to Minister of Badan Usaha Milik Negara - Dahlan Iskan, currently Sultan Aji Muhammad Sulaiman Airport can be considered as the top two Airport in the country in terms of beauty, functionality, and advancement. Ngurah Rai International Airport is the only other airport in Indonesia that shares similar modern and complete facitilies like Sultan Aji Muhammad Sulaiman airport. Airlines that use this airport to serve domestic routes are Kartika Airlines, Lion Air, Sriwijaya Air, Susi Air, and Trigana Air. International flights can be accessed through the following airlines: Air Asia, Garuda Indonesia, and Silk Air.

The airport is one of the nine principal locations near Indonesia used by Muslims on their Hajj pilgrimage to Mecca. In 1996–97 the airport served over 4,500 East Borneo pilgrims and in 1997–98 it served pilgrims from East Borneo, South Kalimantan, Central Sulawesi, and North Sulawesi.

In addition to its airport Balikpapan also has Semayang seaport. It serves commercial boats to many destinations to Indonesia including Jakarta, Makassar, Manado, Pare Pare and Surabaya. In the 1990s maritime transport was very popular. Today, due to more affordable and efficient airplane travel, more people choose to fly. Taking the ferry is a main choice for traveling to Penajam.

Kariangau Seaport was built to serve containers and all other industrial needs. It is located in km.13, as part of Kariangau Industrial Estate.

Balikpapan: Tourism

Tugu Adipura (Verse Monument)
Manggar Beach

As a coastal city it has many beaches including Manggar Beach, Segara Beach, Monument Beach, Kemala Beach, and Brigade Mobile Beach near the police academy and Melawai Beach is the most popular beach for the citizens.

Balikpapan is a departure point for nature tourism. There are wildlife exhibitions nearby such as the Samboja Lestari orangutan conservancy, sun bear sanctuary and crocodile breeding park at Lamaru.

There is also well-known forest site which has been developed for visitors at Bukit Bangkirai rainforest around 45 mins by car away from Balikpapan.

A mangrove forest at Kariangau site is also nice spot for tourism at Balikpapan city. There is still some sites of Japanese Artillery of World War II. Also you can find a Military Monument at Kampung baru.

Balikpapan: Balikpapan Botanical Garden

It is the first Botanical Garden in Kalimantan as a part of Hutan Lindung Sungai Wain (Wain River Conservation Forest) with total area 10,000 hectares and still has orangutan, sunbear, deer and some endemic Kalimantan birds. Balikpapan Botanical Garden, which is located at kilometer 15 on Jalan Soekarno Hatta, was officially opened on 20 August 2014. It has 1,200 types of lowland hardwood trees, covers 309.22 hectares and is known as the "green open space" of the city. At the opening ceremony, Forestry Minister Zulkifli Hasan expressed the hope that the Botanical Garden would rival Gardens by the Bay in Singapore.

Balikpapan: Shopping

As one of the fastest developing cities in the nation, Balikpapan has been supported by the rise of shopping centers. There are six major shopping malls in town which are Plaza Balikpapan, Balikpapan Superblock, Pentacity Mall Balikpapan, Balcony City, Mall Fantasy in Balikpapan Baru, and Plaza Kebun Sayur.

Balikpapan: References

  1. "Pendatang Kota Balikpapan Capai 26.000 Jiwa". Tribun Kaltim.
  2. "Dinas Kependudukan Dan Catatan Sipil". Pemerintah Kota Balikpapan.
  3. Wood, William B (April 1986). "Intermediate Cities on a Resource Frontier". Geographical Review. American Geographical Society. 76 (2): 149–159. doi:10.2307/214621. JSTOR 214621.
  4. Muir, Dan (1999–2000). "The Balikpapan Raid". Forgotten Campaign: The Dutch East Indies Campaign 1941–1942.
  5. L, Klemen (1999–2000). "The capture of Balikpapan, January 1942". Forgotten Campaign: The Dutch East Indies Campaign 1941–1942.
  6. L, Klemen (1999–2000). "The Balikpapan Massacre, February 1942". Forgotten Campaign: The Dutch East Indies Campaign 1941–1942.
  7. , p. 88.
  8. Lettens, Jan (6 January 2011). "SS San Flaviano [+1958]". The Wreck Site. Retrieved 2011-11-20.
  9. David Ormsby-Gore, Minister of State for Foreign Affairs (11 June 1958). http://hansard.millbanksystems.com/commons/1958/jun/11/indonesia-british-vessels#S5CV0589P0_19580611_HOC_160 |chapter-url= missing title (help). Parliamentary Debates (Hansard). United Kingdom: Commons. col. 202–203. Retrieved 2011-11-21.
  10. "INDONESIA: The Mystery Pilots". Time. 12 May 1958. Retrieved 2011-11-21.
  11. , p. 116.
  12. , p. 115.
  13. , pp. 138, 139, 141.
  14. , p. 179.
  15. Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  16. Titis Jati Permata (12 August 2014). "Malang, Masuk Deretan Kota Paling Nyaman dan Layak Huni".
  17. Sultan Aji Muhammad Sulaiman Sepinggan International Airport. "Sultan Aji Muhammad Sulaiman Sepinggan International Airport - Balikpapan".
  18. "Kepolisian Daerah Kalimantan Timur". Kepolisian Daerah Kalimantan Timur.
  19. "Climate: Balikpapan". Climat-Data.org. Retrieved 19 May 2016.
  20. "STATIONSNUMMER 96633" (PDF). Danish Meteorological Institute. Archived from the original on 16 January 2013. Retrieved 3 June 2016.
  21. PT Angkasa Pura I (Persero). "Topping-Off Bandara Internasional Sepinggan - Angkasa Pura - Airports".
  22. "Balikpapan Pos - PROKAL.co". balikpapan.prokal.co.
  23. "Balikpapan Pos - PROKAL.co". balikpapan.prokal.co.
  24. ".::Kamar Dagang dan Industri Propinsi Kalimantan Timur::. » Blog Archive » 350 MW Listrik Dari Kawasan Industri Kariangau (KIK)".
  25. S.G. Wibisono. "Kebun Raya Pertama di Kalimantan Diresmikan". Retrieved February 20, 2017.
  26. "Kebun Raya Balikpapan Bertemakan Tumbuhan Kayu". 20 August 2014.
  27. "Menhut Mimpi KRB seperti Garden By di Singapura". 20 August 2014.

Balikpapan: Sources

  • Balikpapan travel guide from Wikivoyage
  • JoTravelGuide.com – A comprehensive up to date travel guide to Balikpapan
  • Klemen, L (1999–2000). "Forgotten Campaign: The Dutch East Indies Campaign 1941–1942".
Source of information: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. We're not responsible for the content of this article and your use of this information. Disclaimer
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