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Hotels of Bernkastel-Kues
A hotel in Bernkastel-Kues is an establishment that provides lodging paid on a short-term basis. Facilities provided may range from a basic bed and storage for clothing, to luxury features like en-suite bathrooms. Larger in Bernkastel-Kues hotels may provide additional guest facilities such as a swimming pool, business centre, childcare, conference facilities and social function services. Hotel rooms in Bernkastel-Kues are usually numbered (or named in some smaller hotels and B&Bs) to allow guests to identify their room. Some Bernkastel-Kues hotels offer meals as part of a room and board arrangement. Hotel operations vary in size, function, and cost. Most Bernkastel-Kues hotels and major hospitality companies that operate hotels in Bernkastel-Kues have set widely accepted industry standards to classify hotel types. General categories include the following:
Upscale luxury hotels in Bernkastel-Kues
An upscale full service hotel facility in Bernkastel-Kues that offers luxury amenities, full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and the highest level of personalized and professional service. Luxury Bernkastel-Kues hotels are normally classified with at least a Four Diamond or Five Diamond status or a Four or Five Star rating depending on classification standards.
Full service hotels in Bernkastel-Kues
Full service Bernkastel-Kues hotels often contain upscale full-service facilities with a large volume of full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and a variety of on-site amenities such as swimming pools, a health club, children's activities, ballrooms, on-site conference facilities, etc.
Historic inns and boutique hotels in Bernkastel-Kues
Boutique hotels of Bernkastel-Kues are smaller independent non-branded hotels that often contain upscale facilities of varying size in unique or intimate settings with full service accommodations. Bernkastel-Kues boutique hotels are generally 100 rooms or less. Some historic inns and boutique hotels in Bernkastel-Kues may be classified as luxury hotels.
Focused or select service hotels in Bernkastel-Kues
Small to medium-sized hotel establishments that offer a limited amount of on-site amenities that only cater and market to a specific demographic of Bernkastel-Kues travelers, such as the single business traveler. Most Bernkastel-Kues focused or select service hotels may still offer full service accommodations but may lack leisure amenities such as an on-site restaurant or a swimming pool.
Economy and limited service hotels in Bernkastel-Kues
Small to medium-sized Bernkastel-Kues hotel establishments that offer a very limited amount of on-site amenities and often only offer basic accommodations with little to no services, these facilities normally only cater and market to a specific demographic of travelers, such as the budget-minded Bernkastel-Kues traveler seeking a "no frills" accommodation. Limited service Bernkastel-Kues hotels often lack an on-site restaurant but in return may offer a limited complimentary food and beverage amenity such as on-site continental breakfast service.
Guest houses and B&Bs in Bernkastel-Kues
A bed and breakfast in Bernkastel-Kues is a small lodging establishment that offers overnight accommodation and inclusive breakfast. Usually, Bernkastel-Kues bed and breakfasts are private homes or family homes offering accommodations. The typical Bernkastel-Kues B&B has between 4 and 11 rooms, with 6 being the average. Generally, guests are accommodated in private bedrooms with private bathrooms, or in a suite of rooms including an en suite bathroom. Some homes have private bedrooms with a bathroom which is shared with other guests. Breakfast is served in the bedroom, a dining room, or the host's kitchen. Often the owners of guest house themselves prepare the breakfast and clean the rooms.
Hostels in Bernkastel-Kues
Bernkastel-Kues hostels provide budget-oriented, sociable accommodation where guests can rent a bed, usually a bunk bed, in a dormitory and share a bathroom, lounge, and sometimes a kitchen. Rooms can be mixed or single-sex, although private rooms may also be available. Hostels are often cheaper for both the operator and occupants; many Bernkastel-Kues hostels have long-term residents whom they employ as desk agents or housekeeping staff in exchange for experience or discounted accommodation.
Apartment hotels, extended stay hotels in Bernkastel-Kues
Extended stay hotels are small to medium-sized Bernkastel-Kues hotels that offer longer term full service accommodations compared to a traditional hotel. Extended stay hotels may offer non-traditional pricing methods such as a weekly rate that cater towards travelers in need of short-term accommodations for an extended period of time. Similar to limited and select service hotels, on-site amenities are normally limited and most extended stay hotels in Bernkastel-Kues lack an on-site restaurant.
Timeshare and destination clubs in Bernkastel-Kues
Bernkastel-Kues timeshare and destination clubs are a form of property ownership also referred to as a vacation ownership involving the purchase and ownership of an individual unit of accommodation for seasonal usage during a specified period of time. Timeshare resorts in Bernkastel-Kues often offer amenities similar that of a Full service hotel with on-site restaurant(s), swimming pools, recreation grounds, and other leisure-oriented amenities. Destination clubs of Bernkastel-Kues on the other hand may offer more exclusive private accommodations such as private houses in a neighborhood-style setting.
Motels in Bernkastel-Kues
A Bernkastel-Kues motel is a small-sized low-rise lodging establishment similar to that of a limited service hotel, but with direct access to individual rooms from the car park. Common during the 1950s and 1960s, motels were often located adjacent to a major road, where they were built on inexpensive land at the edge of towns or along stretches of highways. They are still useful in less populated areas of Bernkastel-Kues for driving travelers, but the more populated an area becomes the more hotels fill the need. Many of Bernkastel-Kues motels which remain in operation have joined national franchise chains, rebranding themselves as hotels, inns or lodges.
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Bernkastel-Kues (German pronunciation:[ˌbɛɐ̯nkastəlˈkuːs]) is a well-known winegrowing centre on the Middle Moselle in the Bernkastel-Wittlich district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. The town is a state-recognized health resort (Erholungsort), seat of the Verbandsgemeinde of Bernkastel-Kues and birthplace of one of the most famous German polymaths, the mediaeval churchman and philosopher Nikolaus von Kues (Cusanus).
Bernkastel-Kues lies in the Moselle valley, roughly 50 km (31 mi) from Trier. The greatest elevation is the Olymp (415 m above sea level), and the lowest point (107 m above sea level) lies on the Moselle’s banks. The municipal area totals 23 657 101 m², of which 7 815 899 m² is used for agriculture, thereby making Bernkastel-Kues one of the Middle Moselle’s biggest towns by land area.
Bernkastel-Kues: Neighbouring municipalities
Clockwise from the north, these are Graach, Longkamp, Monzelfeld, Veldenz, Mülheim, Lieser, Maring-Noviand, Platten and Zeltingen-Rachtig.
Bernkastel-Kues: Constituent communities
Bernkastel-Kues is subdivided into the four Stadtteile of Andel, Bernkastel, Kues and Wehlen. The former two lie on the Moselle’s right bank, while the latter two are on the left. All together, 7,794 people live in all four centres (3,696 men, 4,098 women), of whom 268 – or 3.44% – are foreigners.
Bernkastel-Kues: Population structure
Stadtteil (as at 1/2006)
The town lies in a transitional zone between temperate oceanic climate and continental climate. The barrier formed by the Eifel shields Bernkastel-Kues from west winds, putting it in a rain shadow and sometimes subjecting it to a föhn effect.
Yearly precipitation in Bernkastel-Kues amounts to 706 mm (27.8 in), falling into the middle third of the precipitation chart for all Germany. At 41% of the German Weather Service’s weather stations lower figures are recorded. The driest month is February. The most rainfall comes in August. In that month, precipitation is 1.6 times what it is in February. Precipitation varies hardly at all, being evenly spread throughout the year. At only 22% of the weather stations are lower seasonal swings recorded.
The earliest evidence of human habitation (3000 BC) was discovered by archaeologists in Kues. About AD 370, Decimus Magnus Ausonius, the Roman poet and teacher at the Imperial court, wrote his poem Mosella. Adalbero von Luxemburg (d. 1036 or 1037), Provost of the Trier Monastery of St. Paulin, became Lord of Bernkastel in the early 11th century.
In the first half of the 11th century, Bernkastel had its first documentary mention.
At the turn of the 8th century, a geographer described a place called Princastellum. This is said to be evidence of a Roman castellum in the 4th century near today’s Landshut castle ruin. Pointing to this are, among other things, fittings and finds of ceramic and iron underneath the castle.
The 12th-century form of the name, Beronis castellum, was a learned re-Latinization, which was related to Adalbero von Luxemburg. Work was begun on the third castle building under the lordship of Archbishop of Trier Heinrich II of Finstingen.
On 29 May 1291, King Rudolph I of Germany granted Berrincastel town rights. The castle, Burg Landshut, which was built at that time, was given this name only in the 16th century. In 1332, the town rights were reaffirmed by Emperor Louis the Bavarian’s Sammelprivileg (a kind of omnibus decree that dealt with many rights and privileges). Under the terms of the Golden Bull of 1356, Bohemond II became Elector. According to legend, he was brought back to health from a serious illness by a glass of wine, giving rise to the legend of the Berncastler Doctor winery.
In 1401, Nikolaus von Kues, also known by his Latinized name Nicolaus Cusanus, was born in Moselle shipowner Henne Cryfftz’s house, which is well preserved and can be visited. In 1451, the St.-Nikolaus-Hospital, a hospital for the poor, was built.
In 1505, in an Electoral edict from Jakob II, the name Landshut for the archiepiscopal castle crops up for the first time. Emperor Maximilian I spent a night in Bernkastel in 1512 on the way to the Imperial Diet at Trier.
The Plague raged in Bernkastel in 1627, and in Kues in 1641. In 1692, Castle Landshut fell victim to fire and since then it has been a ruin.
From 1794 to 1814, Bernkastel was a cantonal chef-lieu under French rule. At the Congress of Vienna in 1815, Bernkastel and Kues were annexed to the Kingdom of Prussia. In 1821 Bernkastel became a district seat. In 1848, the Revolution came to Bernkastel as it had to many of the then politically disunited German lands: The black-red-gold flag was hoisted at the town hall and a militia was formed.
The first road bridge between Bernkastel and Kues was built between 1872 and 1874, as was the first railway link in 1882 and 1883. In 1891, Bernkastel marked its 600-year jubilee as a town.
The town in its current form came into being on 1 April 1905 through the merger of the town of Bernkastel with the winemaking village of Kues across the river. In 1926 there arose great unrest among winemakers along the Moselle, and the financial office in Bernkastel and the customs office in Kues were stormed.
On Kristallnacht (9 November 1938), there were great riots against Jewish inhabitants, and the synagogue was destroyed.
In 1946, the first democratic elections after the Second World War were held. Hans Weber became mayor.
In 1970, Andel and Wehlen were amalgamated with the town. With administrative reform in Rhineland-Palatinate, the Verbandsgemeinde of Bernkastel-Kues was formed through the merger of the Ämter of Bernkastel-Land, Lieser, Mülheim, Zeltingen and the town of Bernkastel-Kues.
In 1997, the Burgbergtunnel, a traffic bypass, had its festive opening.
Bernkastel-Kues was the host town for the annual Intercamp Camporee for the year 2008. Scouting councils from the USA, Canada, the Czech Republic, Germany, France, and many other European countries attended the event on May 9–11.
In 2000 began the partnership between Bernkastel-Kues and Karlovy Vary in the Czech Republic. In 2005, the town celebrated the centenary of the merger of Bernkastel and Kues, and the municipality became a “climatic health resort” (Heilklimatischer Kurort).
Bernkastel-Kues: Town council
The council is made up of 22 council members, who were elected by proportional representation at the municipal election held on 7 June 2009, and the honorary mayor as chairman.
The municipal election held on 7 June 2009 yielded the following results:
UBU (Unabhängige Bürgerunion)
The honorary mayor is Wolfgang Port (CDU). He was first elected in 2000 and last reëlected in 2009 with 73.6% of the vote, but without any opponents.
Port’s predecessor, Helmut Gestrich, was mayor beginning in 1994 and was reëlected in 1999, but he resigned the mayoralty on 22 November 2000 after having been linked to the so-called Doerfert Affair (a corruption scandal; its namesake, Hans-Joachim Doerfert, was sentenced to seven years and three months for fraud and breach of trust, although he only served five years).
Bernkastel-Kues: Coat of arms
Town’s old arms
Coat of arms of Bernkastel-Kues
The town’s arms might be described thus: Quarterly, first and fourth sable a key palewise argent, the wards to chief and sinister, second Or a bear passant of the first, and third Or a crayfish palewise gules, the head to chief.
The arms borne until 1951 were similar, but there were two notable differences:
The third quarter bore another bear, like the second quarter, but it was turned to sinister (armsbearer’s left, viewer’s right);
There was a silver inescutcheon at the fess point (centre) charged with a red cross, (i.e., the arms of the Archbishopric of Trier).
The keys are meant to be the keys of heaven held by Saint Peter, to whom the Archbishopric of Trier is consecrated. The bear is the town’s armorial bearing, and is canting (“bear” is Bär in German). The crayfish, also canting, as the blazon calls it a Krebs (a word applied to any of a number of crustacean creatures), stands for Nikolaus von Kues, whose family name was Cryfftz (the same as Krebs in High German). There are only two other towns in Germany whose arms bear a crustacean charge, namely Bad Wurzach in the Allgäu and Cottbus.
Bernkastel-Kues: Culture and sightseeing
Hospital Cues (Cusanusstift) in Bernkastel-Kues in 1831. Hand-coloured aquatint engraving by F. Hegi after Karl Bodmer.
Cusanusstift, east view from the Moselle bridge
The Moselle near Bernkastel-Kues.
The Moselle near Bernkastel with the bridge at Kues.
Worth seeing in Bernkastel is the mediaeval marketplace with its gabled timber-frame houses from the 17th century, foremost among which is the narrow Spitzhäuschen (“Pointed House”) from 1416. Around the St. Michaelsbrunnen (“Saint Michael’s Fountain”) from 1606 gathers a row of well-preserved buildings and also the Renaissance Town Hall from 1608. The Graach Gate is an often visited tourist attraction. Above the constituent community of Bernkastel lie the Castle Landshut ruins, a former summer residence of the Archbishops of Trier that was destroyed by fire on 8 January 1692. It today serves as a popular lookout point over the Moselle valley. Also worth seeing is the only town gate that is still standing, the Graacher Tor (“Graach Gate”).
The town furthermore has several squares at its disposal; beyond the mediaeval marketplace are the Platz am Bärenbrunnen (“Square at the Bear’s Fountain”) and the Karlsbader Platz (“Karlovy Vary Square” – named after the partner town, which is called Karlsbad in German) opened in July 2005. The Doctorbrunnen (“Doctor Fountain”) depicts scenes of the old legend about a local wine, the famous "Bernkasteler Doctor". Another well-known point of interest is the Late Gothic St. Nikolaus-Hospital (Cusanusstift), an Electoral complex of Nikolaus von Kues. The institution’s library has an outstanding scientific range of works. It is also well known for its chapel, where the heart of the great philosopher, cardinal and polymath Nikolaus von Kues (Cusanus) is buried. Near the outlying centre of Wehlen lies the former Machern Monastery in whose rooms are now found a winery, a house brewery and a restaurant.
Bernkastel-Kues: Regular events
MoselMusikFestival (May to October)
Weinfest der Mittelmosel (“Wine Festival of the Middle Moselle”, each year on the first weekend in September) – with, among other things, a parade and fireworks
Christmas market in the mediaeval town. Many local vendors sell everything from mulled wine to handmade trinkets.
Tage alter Chormusik (“Days of Choir Music”, each year in the week after Easter
International rowing regatta on the Moselle for the Grüner Moselpokal (“Green Moselle Cup”) in September
Mittelalter-Spectacel (a mediaeval spectacle, every other year)
Bernkastel-Kueser Reitertage (“Riding Days”)
Moselfestwochen (classic music festival)
Straßenfest (street fair) in the constituent community of Kues
Tage der offenen Weinkeller (“Open Wine Cellar Days”) in the constituent community of Kues where the winemakers of Kues present and sell their wine in their own wine cellars.
Annual horse show on the Easter weekend
Bernkastel-Kues: Economy and infrastructure
Bernkastel-Kues: Public institutions
Hauptschule with all-day school
Grundschule Kues (Cusanusschule) (primary school)
Grundschule Wehlen (primary school)
Professional training schools (Berufsbildende Schulen) with professional school (Berufsfachschule) I and II, upper professional school (Berufsoberschule)
Hotelfachschule and Höhere Berufsfachschule für Hotelmanagement
Medizinisches Ausbildungszentrum Moseltal, Fachschule für Physiotherapie (medical training centre, specialization in physiotherapy)
Burg-Landshut-Schule für Lernbehinderte (for students with learning difficulties)
Rosenbergschule (special school with focus on holistic development)
Bundesagentur für Arbeit (Federal agency for labour)
Cusanus-Krankenhaus (hospital, part of CTT Verbundkrankenhaus Bernkastel-Wittlich)
Dienstleistungszentrum Ländlicher Raum (a Rhineland-Palatinate institution that concerns itself with a broad array of matters relating to agriculture, winegrowing and oenology, schools teaching in agricultural disciplines, and many other related things, in both advisory and developmental capacities)
Vermessungs- und Katasteramt (surveying and cadastral office)
Wasser- und Schifffahrtsamt Trier (water and shipping office – branch location)
Wasserschutzpolizei (water protection police)
Bernkastel-Kues: Established businesses
Median Kliniken GmbH with its rehabilitation centre, biggest employer in the Bernkastel-Wittlich district
Moselland eG, biggest winemaking cooperative in Rhineland-Palatinate, turnover: €47,500,000
Peter Mertes Weinkellerei GmbH, biggest German winery, turnover: €130,000,000 (2004)
Bernkastel with the “Doctor” vineyard
Historically, the most important branch of industry has been winegrowing. Within the Bernkastel area, vines are worked overwhelmingly in steep-slope vineyards in an area of 5,844 ha. There are still many wineries in Bernkastel-Kues today. Riesling is the customary grape variety, although smaller quantities of other varieties, such as Burgunder, Rivaner, Kerner and Dornfelder, are also grown.
Within town limits, the winemaking appellations – Großlagen – Münzlay (Wehlen), Badstube (Bernkastel) and Kurfürstlay (Bernkastel, Kues and Andel) are represented by the following vineyards:
Bernkasteler Alte Badstube am Doctorberg
Bernkastel-Kueser Stephanus Rosengärtchen
Bernkastel-Kues lies on Bundesstraßen 50 and 53. With the opening of the Burgbergtunnel (550 m), heavy traffic in the constituent community of Bernkastel was alleviated. Also, two bridges are found in town, one of which is the only suspension bridge across the Moselle. Both were renovated in the 1990s. Public transport is integrated into the Verkehrsverbund Region Trier (VRT), whose fares therefore apply.
Until 31 December 1962, the narrow gauge Moseltalbahn, also called the Saufbähnchen, ran through Bernkastel-Kues. The railway station building stands at the water’s edge in the constituent community of Bernkastel (right bank). Furthermore, there was a Deutsche Bahn terminal station in the constituent community of Kues (left bank) whence a further railway track, the Wengerohr–Bernkastel-Kues line, linked the town with Wittlich and the Moselle line (Cannons Railway). Both railways are disused and the tracks have been torn up. The slate-block railway station building, built “Moselle-style” in the early 20th century by Reichsbahn building director Franz Schenk, has likewise been preserved. An adjoining goods building was restored and is now used as a multifunctional building (Güterhalle). In what was once the track area there was at first an unsecured carpark. Now here is the Forum Alter Bahnhof, a municipal service centre with an underground parking garage. The track itself was first converted as far as Lieser into the Mosel-Radweg (cycling trail), and then later into the Maare-Mosel-Radweg through Wittlich to Daun in the Eifel.
Bernkastel-Kues is a stop on Rhine-Moselle cruises. Along the shore of the Moselle are many landing stages from which there are many tours daily.
Bernkastel-Kues: International relations
See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Germany
Bernkastel-Kues: Twin towns – Sister cities
Bernkastel-Kues is twinned with:
Karlovy Vary, Czech Republic
Stadt Wehlen, Sächsische Schweiz-Osterzgebirge, Saxony
Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire, England, United Kingdom
Bernkastel-Kues: Famous people
Bernkastel-Kues: Sons and daughters of the town
Nikolaus von Kues (Cusanus) (1401–1464), (1401–August 11, 1464 in Todi, Umbria): The constituent community of Kues is the birthplace of the great polymath, philosopher, mathematician and cardinal Nicholas of Cusa (Nikolaus von Kues). His heart is buried in the Gothic chapel of the nursing home, St. Nicholas, which was founded by Nicholas of Cusa and granted a generous endowment by him. The buildings of the hospital were erected between 1451 and 1458. It is famous for its library, which holds more than 300 precious manuscripts dating from the 9th to 15th century.
Carl Binz (1832–1913), medic
Jacob Astor (1867–1938), politician
Hermann Schroeder (March 26, 1904 – October 7, 1984), composer
Waltrud Will-Feld (1921–2013), politician
Hans Jochen Boecker (March 28, 1928– ), theologian
Heiner Thiel (born 1957), sculptor and curator
Bernkastel-Kues: Famous people associated with the town
Charles IV de Lorraine 1663
Michael Hermesdorff (1833–1885), cathedral organist and cathedral music director in Trier, important choral researcher, worked as chaplain in Bernkastel and Kues.
Charles IV, Duke of Lorraine (1604–1675), Duke of Lorraine, died on 18 September 1675 in Bernkastel.
Stuart Pigott (born 1960), British, vine specialist, author and journalist
180° panorama of Bernkastel from the Moselle’s bank in Kues
Bernkastel-Kues: Further reading
Franz Schmitt: Chronik von Cues. Bernkastel-Kues 1981.
Franz Schmitt: Bernkastel im Wandel der Zeiten. Trier 1985.
"Gemeinden in Deutschland mit Bevölkerung am 31. Dezember 2015" (PDF). Statistisches Bundesamt (in German). 2016.
Kommunalwahl Rheinland-Pfalz 2009, Stadtrat
Prägende Persönlichkeit verloren volksfreund.de, 30. Mai 2009
Prof. Hupp, Schließheim; in Deutsche Ortswappen; Bremen: Kaffeehandels-A.G., 1895
Entry at Heraldry of the World
Moselwein e. V.
Bernkastel-Kues: External links
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bernkastel-Kues.
Town’s official webpage (German)
Official webpage in English of Tourism of Bernkastel-Kues in Moselle Valley
Brief portrait of Bernkastel at SWR Fernsehen (German)
Constituent community of Andel (German)
Constituent community of Wehlen (German)
Towns and municipalities in Bernkastel-Wittlich
Graach an der Mosel
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