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Hotels of Bolzano

A hotel in Bolzano is an establishment that provides lodging paid on a short-term basis. Facilities provided may range from a basic bed and storage for clothing, to luxury features like en-suite bathrooms. Larger in Bolzano hotels may provide additional guest facilities such as a swimming pool, business centre, childcare, conference facilities and social function services. Hotel rooms in Bolzano are usually numbered (or named in some smaller hotels and B&Bs) to allow guests to identify their room. Some Bolzano hotels offer meals as part of a room and board arrangement. Hotel operations vary in size, function, and cost. Most Bolzano hotels and major hospitality companies that operate hotels in Bolzano have set widely accepted industry standards to classify hotel types. General categories include the following:

Upscale luxury hotels in Bolzano
An upscale full service hotel facility in Bolzano that offers luxury amenities, full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and the highest level of personalized and professional service. Luxury Bolzano hotels are normally classified with at least a Four Diamond or Five Diamond status or a Four or Five Star rating depending on classification standards.

Full service hotels in Bolzano
Full service Bolzano hotels often contain upscale full-service facilities with a large volume of full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and a variety of on-site amenities such as swimming pools, a health club, children's activities, ballrooms, on-site conference facilities, etc.

Historic inns and boutique hotels in Bolzano
Boutique hotels of Bolzano are smaller independent non-branded hotels that often contain upscale facilities of varying size in unique or intimate settings with full service accommodations. Bolzano boutique hotels are generally 100 rooms or less. Some historic inns and boutique hotels in Bolzano may be classified as luxury hotels.

Focused or select service hotels in Bolzano
Small to medium-sized hotel establishments that offer a limited amount of on-site amenities that only cater and market to a specific demographic of Bolzano travelers, such as the single business traveler. Most Bolzano focused or select service hotels may still offer full service accommodations but may lack leisure amenities such as an on-site restaurant or a swimming pool.

Economy and limited service hotels in Bolzano
Small to medium-sized Bolzano hotel establishments that offer a very limited amount of on-site amenities and often only offer basic accommodations with little to no services, these facilities normally only cater and market to a specific demographic of travelers, such as the budget-minded Bolzano traveler seeking a "no frills" accommodation. Limited service Bolzano hotels often lack an on-site restaurant but in return may offer a limited complimentary food and beverage amenity such as on-site continental breakfast service.

Guest houses and B&Bs in Bolzano
A bed and breakfast in Bolzano is a small lodging establishment that offers overnight accommodation and inclusive breakfast. Usually, Bolzano bed and breakfasts are private homes or family homes offering accommodations. The typical Bolzano B&B has between 4 and 11 rooms, with 6 being the average. Generally, guests are accommodated in private bedrooms with private bathrooms, or in a suite of rooms including an en suite bathroom. Some homes have private bedrooms with a bathroom which is shared with other guests. Breakfast is served in the bedroom, a dining room, or the host's kitchen. Often the owners of guest house themselves prepare the breakfast and clean the rooms.

Hostels in Bolzano
Bolzano hostels provide budget-oriented, sociable accommodation where guests can rent a bed, usually a bunk bed, in a dormitory and share a bathroom, lounge, and sometimes a kitchen. Rooms can be mixed or single-sex, although private rooms may also be available. Hostels are often cheaper for both the operator and occupants; many Bolzano hostels have long-term residents whom they employ as desk agents or housekeeping staff in exchange for experience or discounted accommodation.

Apartment hotels, extended stay hotels in Bolzano
Extended stay hotels are small to medium-sized Bolzano hotels that offer longer term full service accommodations compared to a traditional hotel. Extended stay hotels may offer non-traditional pricing methods such as a weekly rate that cater towards travelers in need of short-term accommodations for an extended period of time. Similar to limited and select service hotels, on-site amenities are normally limited and most extended stay hotels in Bolzano lack an on-site restaurant.

Timeshare and destination clubs in Bolzano
Bolzano timeshare and destination clubs are a form of property ownership also referred to as a vacation ownership involving the purchase and ownership of an individual unit of accommodation for seasonal usage during a specified period of time. Timeshare resorts in Bolzano often offer amenities similar that of a Full service hotel with on-site restaurant(s), swimming pools, recreation grounds, and other leisure-oriented amenities. Destination clubs of Bolzano on the other hand may offer more exclusive private accommodations such as private houses in a neighborhood-style setting.

Motels in Bolzano
A Bolzano motel is a small-sized low-rise lodging establishment similar to that of a limited service hotel, but with direct access to individual rooms from the car park. Common during the 1950s and 1960s, motels were often located adjacent to a major road, where they were built on inexpensive land at the edge of towns or along stretches of highways. They are still useful in less populated areas of Bolzano for driving travelers, but the more populated an area becomes the more hotels fill the need. Many of Bolzano motels which remain in operation have joined national franchise chains, rebranding themselves as hotels, inns or lodges.

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Travelling and vacation in Bolzano

.
"Bozen" redirects here. For other uses, see Bozen (disambiguation).
For the mathematician, see Bernard Bolzano. For other uses, see Bolzano (disambiguation). For the province, see South Tyrol.
Bolzano
Bozen
Comune
Città di Bolzano
Stadt Bozen
Panorama of Bolzano
Panorama of Bolzano
Coat of arms of BolzanoBozen
Coat of arms
BolzanoBozen is located in Italy
BolzanoBozen
Bolzano
Bozen
Location of Bolzano
Bozen in Italy
Coordinates:  / 46.500; 11.350  / 46.500; 11.350
Country Italy
Region Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol
Province / Metropolitan city South Tyrol (BZ)
Government
• Mayor Renzo Caramaschi (PD)
Area
• Total 52.3 km (20.2 sq mi)
Elevation 262 m (860 ft)
Population (December 2013)
• Total 105,713
• Density 2,000/km (5,200/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Italian: bolzanini
German: Bozner
Ladin: bulsanins
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
• Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 39100
Dialing code 0471
Website Official website

Bolzano (/bɒlˈtsɑːn/; Italian pronunciation: [bolˈtsaːno], About this sound listen or [bolˈdzaːno]; German: Bozen, German pronunciation: [ˈboˑtsn̩]; Ladin: Balsan or Bulsan; Latin: Bauzanum) is the capital city of the province of South Tyrol in northern Italy. With a population of 105,713 (2013), Bolzano is also by far the largest city in South Tyrol.

Bolzano is the seat of the Free University of Bozen-Bolzano, where lectures and seminars are held in English, German and Italian. The city is also home to the Italian Army's Alpini High Command (COMALP) and some of its combat and support units.

In 2014 version of the annual ranking of quality of life in Italian cities, Bolzano was ranked as having the 1st Best Quality of Life in Italy.

Along with other Alpine towns in South Tyrol, Bolzano engages in the Alpine Town of the Year Association for the implementation of the Alpine Convention. The Convention aims to promote and achieve sustainable development in the Alpine Arc. Consequently, Bolzano was awarded Alpine Town of the Year 2009.

Bolzano: History

See also: Timeline of Bolzano
Bolzano in 1898

Bolzano: Prehistory and Roman settlement

The modern-day Bolzano was in ancient times a marshy region inhabited by the Raetian Isarci people, traditionally believed to be descendants of Etruscan refugees fleeing Italy from the invading Gauls. The Romans built a settlement after the area had been conquered in 15 BC by General Nero Claudius Drusus. The military settlement, Pons Drusi (Drusus Bridge), was named after this Roman General. During this time the area became part of the region Venetia et Histria (Regio X) of ancient Italy.

In 1948, excavations of the current Cathedral led to the discovery of an ancient Christian basilica from the 4th century. Also discovered was a Roman cemetery, including the tomb of "Secundus Regontius" with Latin inscriptions dating to the 3rd century, making him the oldest known inhabitant of Bolzano.

Bolzano: Bavarian settlement

During the gradual decline of the Romans' influence in the 7th century, Bavarian immigration took place and the first mention of a Bavarian ruler in Bolzano dates from 679. At that time, the Bavarians named the nearby villages around Bolzano Bauzanum or Bauzana. German populations have been present in the region of Tyrol since this time.

Bolzano: Bishopric of Trent

In 1027 the area of Bolzano and the rest of the diocese was conferred, by the emperor Conrad II from the Salian dynasty, upon the bishops of Trent. In the late-12th century, the bishop founded a market town, along the Lauben thoroughfare. The town therefore became an important trading post on the Transalpine Augsburg-Venice route over the Brenner Pass, elevation 1,371 metres (4,498 ft) above sea level, within the Holy Roman Empire.

Bolzano: County of Tyrol and Holy Roman Empire

In 1277 Bolzano was conquered by Meinhard II, the Count of Tyrol, leading to a struggle between the Counts of Tyrol and the bishops of Trent. In 1363, the County of Tyrol fell under the influence of Habsburg Austria and the Holy Roman Empire. In 1381, Duke Leopold granted the citizens of Bolzano the privilege of a town council. This gradually eliminated the influence and power previously held by the bishops of Trent over the next few decades. In 1462, the bishops eventually resigned all their rights of jurisdiction over the town.

From the 14th and 15th centuries onwards, a large market fair was organised four times per year to greet tradesmen and merchants en-route the Brenner Pass. The Mercantile Magistrate was therefore founded in 1635 by the Austrian duchess Claudia de' Medici. During every market season, two Italian and two Germanic officers, who were appointed among the local tradesmen, worked in this magistrate office. The establishment of an official trade organisation strengthened Bolzano as a cultural crossroad in the Alps.

Bolzano: Part of Italy

Bolzano in 1914, at the outbreak of World War I

After the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire in 1806, Bolzano became briefly part of the Napoleonic Kingdom of Italy and was incorporated into the Dipartimento Alto Adige. After the Congress of Vienna (1814-15) Bolzano returned to the County of Tyrol, within the Austrian Empire and subsequently the Dual Monarchy of Austria-Hungary in 1866. The County covered both modern-day South Tyrol and the federal state of Tyrol (including East Tyrol) in Austria.

In 1915, the Triple Entente powers promised Italy territorial gains if she would enter the First World War on the side of the Entente instead of siding with the German Empire and Austria-Hungary. When Italy abandoned the Triple Alliance (1882), the Entente offered her territorial promises in Tyrol and Istria. This secret arrangement was confirmed in the Treaty of London (1915).

After Italy declared war on Austria-Hungary on May 24, 1915, heavy fighting took place all along Tyrol`s southern border for the entire duration of the conflict. For the next 3 and a half years Tyrol`s southern border became the front line between Austro-Hungarian and Italian troops. Tyrol`s south frontier was - and still is - dotted with tens of defensive fortresses that had been built in view of a possible Italian attack. Losses on both sides amounts to several thousands. During World War I, tens of thousands of civilians living along Tyrol`s southern border were evacuated to either of the two countries, the majority to Bohemian and inner Austrian areas, and some to Italian internment camps, away from the front line. On November 3, 1918 the armistice of Villa Giusti, near Padova ended military operations between Italy. Subsequently, Italian troops entered Tyrol and occupied the Austrian areas south of the Brenner Pass. Italian control of South Tyrol was internationally recognized in 1919. At the time of Bolzano's annexation by the Kingdom of Italy the town was settled primarily by a German-speaking population. As of 1910, 29,000 inhabitants identified themselves as German speakers and only 1,300 as Italian speakers, these latter ones mainly from the Italian speaking areas of Tyrol, namely Welschtirol, currently known as Trentino.

Along with the rest of South Tyrol, Bolzano was subjected to an intensive Italianisation programme enforced by Fascist leader Benito Mussolini from the 1920s onwards to September 8, 1943, when Italy left the military alliance with Nazi-Germany and South Tyrol fell under direct German control. The goal of such programme was to outnumber the local German-speaking population by tripling Bolzano's population through Italian immigration from other regions of Italy. In 1927 Bolzano became the capital of the province of Bolzano. Any reference to and use of the words Tyrol and Tyrolean were banned by law and were punishable offences. In 1933, Adolf Hitler came to power in the Weimar Republic. Mussolini and the Fascists worried that Hitler, in pursuing his ideology of all ethnic Germans under one Reich, would claim South Tyrol from Italy. To avoid such prospect, in 1939 Mussolini and Hitler signed the Option Agreement, by which Germany would renounce territorial claims over South Tyrol as Germany's Lebensraum (living space). Furthermore, ethnic South-Tyroleans who had opted to stay in South Tyrol and refused resettlement to the Third Reich were subjected to full-scale Italianisation, including loss of their German names and national identity, prohibition of schooling in German and use of German for their daily transactions.

Bolzano: Second World War

During the Second World War, Bolzano was the site of the Nazi's Bolzano Transit Camp, a concentration camp for persecuted Jews and political prisoners. When Italy surrendered in September 1943, the whole of South Tyrol as well as Belluno were de facto administered by the Nazis as Operational Zone of the Alpine Foothills. After 1943, heavy fighting against Nazi Germany and the Axis Powers took place in the Dolomites.

After the War, independence movements gained popularity among the German-Tyrolean population in Bolzano and South Tyrol. In the 1960s a series of terrorist attacks and assassinations were carried out by the South Tyrolean Liberation Committee – a German secessionist movement – against Italian police and electric power structures (one notable incident being the Night of Fire on 12 June 1961), after which the United Nations intervened to enforce the start of bilateral negotiations between Italy and Austria. After 11 years of mediation and negotiation the two countries reached an agreement that would guarantee self-government to the newly created Autonomous Province of South Tyrol.

Bolzano: Euroregion Tyrol-South Tyrol-Trentino

In 1996, the European Union approved further cultural and economic integration between the Austrian province of Tyrol and the Italian autonomous provinces of South Tyrol and Trentino (Welschtirol) by recognizing the creation of the Euro Region of Tyrol-South Tyrol-Trentino.

Bolzano: Society

Bolzano: Linguistic distribution

According to the 2011 census, 73.80% of the city's inhabitants spoke Italian, 25.52% German and 0.68% Ladin as their first language.

Language 2001 2011
Italian 73.00% 73.80%
German 26.29% 25.52%
Ladin 0.71% 0.68%
Largest groups of foreign residents
Nationality Population (2014)
Albania 2,607
Morocco 1,713
Pakistan 1,107
Romania 1,055
Moldova 676

Bolzano: Economy

The city thrives on a mix of old and new high-quality intensive agriculture (including wine, fruit, and dairy products), tourism, traditional handicraft (wood, ceramics), and advanced services. Heavy industry (machinery, automotive, and steel) installed during the 1930s has now been mostly dismantled. The local economy is very dependent on the public sector and especially the provincial government.

Bolzano is the biggest city in South Tyrol, which is an autonomous province in Northern Italy with a special statute. This statute preserves the rights of the German-speaking minority in Italy. This unique system was admired by the Dalai Lama, who visited the city on several occasions to study a possible application in Tibet. It has also been presented as role model for the successful and fair resolution of inter-ethnic conflict to other regions of the world.

Bolzano: Climate

Being located at multiple climate borders, Bolzano features a humid subtropical climate (Cfa) with hot summers and very cool winters. According to the Trewartha classification, this climate could not be really considered a subtropical climate because fewer than 8 months are at least 10 °C (50 °F), and thus would be considered a semi-continental climate with hot summers. Some of its suburbs are designated an oceanic climate (Cfb) based upon cooler summer temperatures, while mountains in the area may feature a continental climate (Dfb). The climate of Bolzano is influenced by its low altitude in a valley south of the main alps. This causes very sheltered conditions from cool winds during daytime, ensuring much warmer temperatures year-round than in similar valley cities north of the range.

Climate data for Bolzano (1971–2000, extremes 1946–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 21.8
(71.2)
23.1
(73.6)
28.4
(83.1)
32.0
(89.6)
35.0
(95)
37.3
(99.1)
39.1
(102.4)
39.1
(102.4)
33.3
(91.9)
28.2
(82.8)
21.6
(70.9)
18.0
(64.4)
39.1
(102.4)
Average high °C (°F) 6.3
(43.3)
9.5
(49.1)
15.0
(59)
18.5
(65.3)
23.2
(73.8)
26.5
(79.7)
29.0
(84.2)
28.5
(83.3)
24.3
(75.7)
17.9
(64.2)
11.0
(51.8)
6.6
(43.9)
18.0
(64.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) 0.9
(33.6)
3.7
(38.7)
8.5
(47.3)
12.0
(53.6)
16.5
(61.7)
19.8
(67.6)
22.3
(72.1)
21.8
(71.2)
17.9
(64.2)
12.1
(53.8)
5.4
(41.7)
1.4
(34.5)
11.9
(53.4)
Average low °C (°F) −4.5
(23.9)
−2.1
(28.2)
2.1
(35.8)
5.4
(41.7)
9.8
(49.6)
13.2
(55.8)
15.5
(59.9)
15.1
(59.2)
11.6
(52.9)
6.2
(43.2)
−0.1
(31.8)
−3.7
(25.3)
5.7
(42.3)
Record low °C (°F) −18.5
(−1.3)
−15.6
(3.9)
−10.7
(12.7)
−4.4
(24.1)
−2.6
(27.3)
0.4
(32.7)
5.2
(41.4)
4.2
(39.6)
−0.5
(31.1)
−4.6
(23.7)
−10.7
(12.7)
−16.5
(2.3)
−18.5
(−1.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 23.5
(0.925)
22.8
(0.898)
36.9
(1.453)
50.2
(1.976)
75.2
(2.961)
84.6
(3.331)
92.3
(3.634)
86.2
(3.394)
70.9
(2.791)
84.4
(3.323)
49.9
(1.965)
34.6
(1.362)
711.5
(28.012)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 3.6 3.1 5.1 6.6 9.3 8.5 8.9 8.2 6.8 6.8 4.9 4.3 76.1
Average relative humidity (%) 72 69 62 66 69 66 66 68 71 75 74 73 69
Mean monthly sunshine hours 102.3 121.5 148.8 159.0 176.7 201.0 232.5 213.9 180.0 151.9 102.0 96.1 1,885.7
Source: Servizio Meteorologico (humidity and sun 1961–1990)

Bolzano: Main sights

Bolzano Cathedral

Its medieval city centre, Gothic and Romanesque churches and bilingual signage give it the flavour of a city at the crossroads of Italian and Austrian cultures. This and its natural and cultural attractions make it a popular tourist destination.

Among the major monuments and sights are:

  • the Walther Square, with a statue of Walther von der Vogelweide, a German minstrel (minnesinger)
  • the Laubengasse or Via dei Portici, a street 300 metres (980 ft) long, in the city centre with medieval carcades along its entire course, now housing countless high-street shops
  • the South Tyrol Museum of Archaeology, which has the mummy of Ötzi the Iceman
  • the Museion, the Museum of modern and contemporary art of Bolzano
  • the Gothic Cathedral, started in 1184, expanded in the 14th century by architects Martin and Peter Schiche and completed in the early 16th century by Hans Lutz von Schussenried
  • the Old Parish Church of Gries, with an altarpiece by Michael Pacher
  • the benedictine monastery of Muri-Gries, with baroque paintings by Martin Knoller
  • the Chiesa dei Domenicani/Dominikanerkirche (13th century), with a series of 14th-century Gothic paintings
  • various castles, including Castle Maretsch, Runkelstein Castle and Firmian/Sigmundskron Castle
  • Victory Monument, a triumphal arch built on the order of Benito Mussolini in 1928, site of a permanent exhibition on the regional history in the context of the two dictatorships of the Italian fascism and the German nazism
  • Messner Mountain Museum of Reinhold Messner

For more historical and geographical information see South Tyrol.

Bolzano: City districts and neighbouring communities

Location of Bolzano
Aerial view of Bolzano

City districts:

  • Centro-Piani-Rencio (German: Zentrum-Bozner Boden-Rentsch)
  • Don Bosco (German: Don Bosco-Neugries)
  • Europa-Novacella (German: Europa-Neustift)
  • Gries-San Quirino (German: Gries-Quirein)
  • Oltrisarco-Aslago (German: Oberau-Haslach)

Neighbouring communities are: Eppan, Karneid, Laives, Deutschnofen, Ritten, Jenesien, Terlan and Vadena.

Bolzano: Transport

Bolzano is connected to the motorway network A22-E45 to Trento and Verona and to Innsbruck (Austria) and Munich (Germany).

The city is also connected to the Italian railway system. Bolzano railway station, opened in 1859, forms part of the Brenner railway (Verona–Innsbruck), which is part of the main railway route between Italy and Germany. The station is also a junction of two branch lines, to Merano and Mals.

There is a 50-kilometre (31 mi) network of cycle paths, and about 30 percent of journeys in Bolzano are made by bicycle.

Until summer 2015 there was a regular connection between Bolzano Airport (IATA: BZO) and Rome.

Since 1966 a cable car connects the centre of Bolzano with Soprabolzano and the community of Ritten. In 2009 the Italian manufacturer Leitner replaced the old cable car with a new modern 3S system. Although the so-called "Rittner Seilbahn" primarily serves the tourist market, it also provides an important transit link for the residents of Renon. The cable car system, which can carry up to 726 persons per hour, is the first tricable gondola lift in Italy.

Bolzano: Sport

The town is host to an annual road running competition – the BOclassic – which features an elite men's 10K and women's 5K races. The event, first held in 1975, takes place on New Year's Eve and is broadcast live on television by Rai Sport Più.

Bolzano is also the host city to the Giro delle Dolomiti annual road bike event.

Bolzano: Local teams

  • Bozner F.C. played 2011/12 in Promozione
  • F.C. Bolzano 1996 played 2011/12 in Eccellenza
  • F.C. Neugries played 2011/12 in Promozione
  • F.C. Südtirol plays in Lega Pro Prima Divisione
  • Virtus Don Bosco played 2011/12 in Promozione
  • Loacker Bozen Handball Handball A-Elite Liga
  • EV Bozen 96 plays in Serie A2
  • HC Bolzano Bozen Foxes plays in Serie A1 and the EBEL League, winning the EBEL title in their Debut year 2014
  • Sudtirolo Rugby Cavaliers The Cavaliers play in the Italian Serie C
  • Giants Bolzano The Giants plays in IFL (Italian Football League), the first league of the FIDAF
  • Adler
  • Pool 77
  • Softball Club Dolomiti
  • SSV Bozen plays in the FBL (Austrian Fistball League), the first Austrian league.

Bolzano: International relations

See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Italy

Bolzano: Twin towns – Sister cities

Bolzano is twinned with:

  • Italy Maratea, Italy
  • Hungary Sopron, Hungary
  • Ukraine Koziatyn, Ukraine

Bolzano: See also

  • History of South Tyrol
  • Italianization of South Tyrol
  • Jacob Anton Zallinger zum Thurn
  • Radio Tandem

Bolzano: References

  1. Le unità di supporto del Comando Truppe Alpine Archived December 25, 2007, at the Wayback Machine. (Italian)
  2. "Qualità della vita 2014". Il Sole 24 Ore. Retrieved 21 December 2015.
  3. Pliny the Elder III.20
  4. Karl Maria Mayr (1949). "Der Grabstein des Regontius aus der Pfarrkirche in Bozen". Der Schlern, 23, pp. 302-303.
  5. As reported by Paulus Diaconus in his Historia Langobardorum, V 36, ed. Georg Waitz, MGH Scriptores rerum Langobardicarum, Hannover 1878, p. 35: comes Baioariorum quem illi gravionem dicunt.
  6. Richard Heuberger (1930). "Natio Noricorum et Pregnariorum". Veröffentlichungen des Museum Ferdinandeum in Innsbruck, No. 10, p. 7.
  7. Hannes Obermair (2007). "‘Bastard Urbanism’? Past Forms of Cities in the Alpine Area of Tyrol-Trentino". Concilium medii aevi, 10, pp. 53-76, esp. pp. 64-66.
  8. One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Coolidge, William (1911). "Botzen". In Chisholm, Hugh. Encyclopædia Britannica. 4 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 311.
  9. Ferdinand Troyer (1648). Bozner Chronik (Cronica der statt Botzen). Bozen.
  10. Antony E. Alcock (1970). The History of the South Tyrol Question. London: Michael Joseph, p. 9.
  11. City of Bolzano publication (Italian)
  12. Claudio Corradetti (2013). "Transitional Justice and the Idea of ‘Autonomy Patriotism’ in South Tyrol." “Un mondo senza stati è un mondo senza guerre”. Politisch motivierte Gewalt im regionalen Kontext, ed. by Georg Grote, Hannes Obermair and Günther Rautz (EURAC book 60), Bozen–Bolzano, Buy book ISBN 978-88-88906-82-9, pp. 17–32, esp. p. 21.
  13. Juliane Wetzel (1994). "Das Polizeidurchgangslager Bozen". Die vergessenen Lager, ed. by Wolfgang Benz and Barbara Distel (Dachauer Hefte, 5), Munich.
  14. "Volkszählung 2011/Censimento della popolazione 2011". astat info. Provincial Statistics Institute of the Autonomous Province of South Tyrol (38): 6–7. June 2012. Retrieved 2012-06-14.
  15. Oscar Benvenuto (2007): "South Tyrol in Figures 2008", Provincial Statistics Institute of the Autonomous Province of South Tyrol, Bozen/Bolzano, p. 16, table 10.
  16. "Dalai Lama erhielt Südtiroler Minderheitenpreis". STOL. Retrieved 15 January 2014. (German)
  17. Antony Alcock. The South Tyrol Autonomy. County Londonderry, Bozen/Bolzano, May 2001, p. 22 Archived August 21, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.
  18. "Bolzano (BZ)" (PDF). Atlante climatico. Servizio Meteorologico. Retrieved 19 May 2015.
  19. "STAZIONE 020 Bolzano: medie mensili periodo 61 - 90". Servizio Meteorologico. Retrieved 19 May 2015.
  20. "Bolzano: Record mensili dal 1946" (in Italian). Servizio Meteorologico dell’Aeronautica Militare. Retrieved 19 May 2015.
  21. BZ '18–'45. One monument, one city, two dictatorships
  22. A22.it Autostrada del Brennero SpA Brennerautobahn AG. Retrieved 19 June 2009.
  23. Bolzano città della bicicletta (Bolzano as a cyclist's town)
  24. "Funivia del Renon / Rittner Seilbahn".
  25. "TD35 Ritten / Renon - Reference".
  26. Sampaolo, Diego (2010-01-01). Three-peat for Soi in Bolzano. IAAF. Retrieved on 20 May 2010.
  27. Sampaolo, Diego (2008-12-31). Soi and Kibet at the double? Boclassic preview. IAAF. Retrieved on 20 May 2010.

Media related to Bolzano at Wikimedia Commons

  • Bolzano City Hall Official website (in Italian and German)
  • Bolzano Tourist Board Official website
  • Bolzano travel guide from Wikivoyage
Source of information: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. We're not responsible for the content of this article and your use of this information. Disclaimer
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