Lowest prices on Bordeaux hotels booking, France

One of the super offers is an unique opportunity to instantly find the lowest prices on Bordeaux hotels and book a best hotel in Bordeaux saving up to 80%! You can do it quickly and easily with HotelsCombined, a world's leading free hotel metasearch engine that allows to search and compare the rates of all major hotel chains, top travel sites, and leading hotel booking websites, including Booking.com, Hotels.com, Agoda.com, etc., etc. The hotel price comparison service HotelsCombined means cheap Bordeaux hotels booking, lowest prices on hotel reservation in Bordeaux and airline tickets to Bordeaux, France!

Bordeaux Hotels Comparison & Online Booking

▪ Lowest prices on Bordeaux hotels booking
▪ The discounts on Bordeaux hotels up to 80%
▪ No booking fees on Bordeaux hotels
▪ Detailed description & photos of Bordeaux hotels
▪ Trusted ratings and reviews of Bordeaux hotels
▪ Advanced Bordeaux hotel search & comparison
▪ All Bordeaux hotels on the map
▪ Interesting sights of Bordeaux

What's important: you can compare and book not only Bordeaux hotels and resorts, but also villas and holiday cottages, inns and B&Bs (bed and breakfast), condo hotels and apartments, timeshare properties, guest houses and pensions, campsites (campgrounds), motels and hostels in Bordeaux. If you're going to Bordeaux save your money and time, don't pay for the services of the greedy travel agencies. Instead, book the best hotel in Bordeaux online, buy the cheapest airline tickets to Bordeaux, and rent a car in Bordeaux right now, paying the lowest price! Besides, here you can buy the Bordeaux related books, guidebooks, souvenirs and other goods.

By the way, we would recommend you to combine your visit to Bordeaux with other popular and interesting places of France, for example: Provence, Annecy, Aix-en-Provence, Bordeaux, Méribel, Cabourg, Val-d'Isère, Mandelieu-la-Napoule, La Rochelle, Nîmes, Grenoble, Le Havre, Chambéry, Canet-en-Roussillon, Fréjus, Chamonix, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, Beaune, Portes du Soleil, Les Gets, Courchevel, Besançon, Calais, Saint-Raphaël, Saint-Gervais-les-Bains, Versailles, Val Thorens, Saint-Malo, Toulouse, Lourdes, Pas-de-Calais, Briançon, Sainte-Maxime, Narbonne, Bayonne, Dunkirk, Corsica, Megève, Perpignan, Les Arcs, Calvi, Burgundy, Porto-Vecchio, French Riviera, Cagnes-sur-Mer, Le Lavandou, Limoges, Lyon, Grimaud, Paradiski, Brittany, Île-de-France, Avoriaz, Bonifacio, La Plagne, Aquitaine, La Ciotat, Les Menuires, Saint-Rémy-de-Provence, Périgueux, French Alps, Nice, Tignes, Ajaccio, Normandy, Lille, Menton, Saint-Martin-de-Belleville, Nantes, Le Grau-du-Roi, Alsace, Toulon, Paris, Rhône-Alpes, Trouville-sur-Mer, Cassis, Étretat, Saintes-Maries-de-la-Mer, Morzine, Carcassonne, Montpellier, Avignon, Marseille, Arles, Hyères, The Three Valleys, Deauville, Colmar, Cavalaire-sur-Mer, Reims, Boulogne-sur-Mer, Les Issambres, Strasbourg, Honfleur, Biarritz, Antibes, Saint-Tropez, Cannes, Rouen, etc.

How to Book a Hotel in Bordeaux

In order to book an accommodation in Bordeaux enter the proper dates and do the hotel search. If needed, sort the found Bordeaux hotels by price, star rating, property type, guest rating, hotel features, hotel theme or hotel chain. Then take a look at the found hotels on Bordeaux map to estimate the distance from the main Bordeaux attractions and sights. You can also read the guest reviews of Bordeaux hotels and see their ratings.

When a hotel search in Bordeaux is done, please select the room type, the included meals and the suitable booking conditions (for example, "Deluxe double room, Breakfast included, Non-Refundable"). Press the "View Deal" ("Book Now") button. Make your booking on a hotel booking website and get the hotel reservation voucher by email. That's it, a perfect hotel in Bordeaux is waiting for you!

Hotels of Bordeaux

A hotel in Bordeaux is an establishment that provides lodging paid on a short-term basis. Facilities provided may range from a basic bed and storage for clothing, to luxury features like en-suite bathrooms. Larger in Bordeaux hotels may provide additional guest facilities such as a swimming pool, business centre, childcare, conference facilities and social function services. Hotel rooms in Bordeaux are usually numbered (or named in some smaller hotels and B&Bs) to allow guests to identify their room. Some Bordeaux hotels offer meals as part of a room and board arrangement. Hotel operations vary in size, function, and cost. Most Bordeaux hotels and major hospitality companies that operate hotels in Bordeaux have set widely accepted industry standards to classify hotel types. General categories include the following:

Upscale luxury hotels in Bordeaux
An upscale full service hotel facility in Bordeaux that offers luxury amenities, full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and the highest level of personalized and professional service. Luxury Bordeaux hotels are normally classified with at least a Four Diamond or Five Diamond status or a Four or Five Star rating depending on classification standards.

Full service hotels in Bordeaux
Full service Bordeaux hotels often contain upscale full-service facilities with a large volume of full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and a variety of on-site amenities such as swimming pools, a health club, children's activities, ballrooms, on-site conference facilities, etc.

Historic inns and boutique hotels in Bordeaux
Boutique hotels of Bordeaux are smaller independent non-branded hotels that often contain upscale facilities of varying size in unique or intimate settings with full service accommodations. Bordeaux boutique hotels are generally 100 rooms or less. Some historic inns and boutique hotels in Bordeaux may be classified as luxury hotels.

Focused or select service hotels in Bordeaux
Small to medium-sized hotel establishments that offer a limited amount of on-site amenities that only cater and market to a specific demographic of Bordeaux travelers, such as the single business traveler. Most Bordeaux focused or select service hotels may still offer full service accommodations but may lack leisure amenities such as an on-site restaurant or a swimming pool.

Economy and limited service hotels in Bordeaux
Small to medium-sized Bordeaux hotel establishments that offer a very limited amount of on-site amenities and often only offer basic accommodations with little to no services, these facilities normally only cater and market to a specific demographic of travelers, such as the budget-minded Bordeaux traveler seeking a "no frills" accommodation. Limited service Bordeaux hotels often lack an on-site restaurant but in return may offer a limited complimentary food and beverage amenity such as on-site continental breakfast service.

Guest houses and B&Bs in Bordeaux
A bed and breakfast in Bordeaux is a small lodging establishment that offers overnight accommodation and inclusive breakfast. Usually, Bordeaux bed and breakfasts are private homes or family homes offering accommodations. The typical Bordeaux B&B has between 4 and 11 rooms, with 6 being the average. Generally, guests are accommodated in private bedrooms with private bathrooms, or in a suite of rooms including an en suite bathroom. Some homes have private bedrooms with a bathroom which is shared with other guests. Breakfast is served in the bedroom, a dining room, or the host's kitchen. Often the owners of guest house themselves prepare the breakfast and clean the rooms.

Hostels in Bordeaux
Bordeaux hostels provide budget-oriented, sociable accommodation where guests can rent a bed, usually a bunk bed, in a dormitory and share a bathroom, lounge, and sometimes a kitchen. Rooms can be mixed or single-sex, although private rooms may also be available. Hostels are often cheaper for both the operator and occupants; many Bordeaux hostels have long-term residents whom they employ as desk agents or housekeeping staff in exchange for experience or discounted accommodation.

Apartment hotels, extended stay hotels in Bordeaux
Extended stay hotels are small to medium-sized Bordeaux hotels that offer longer term full service accommodations compared to a traditional hotel. Extended stay hotels may offer non-traditional pricing methods such as a weekly rate that cater towards travelers in need of short-term accommodations for an extended period of time. Similar to limited and select service hotels, on-site amenities are normally limited and most extended stay hotels in Bordeaux lack an on-site restaurant.

Timeshare and destination clubs in Bordeaux
Bordeaux timeshare and destination clubs are a form of property ownership also referred to as a vacation ownership involving the purchase and ownership of an individual unit of accommodation for seasonal usage during a specified period of time. Timeshare resorts in Bordeaux often offer amenities similar that of a Full service hotel with on-site restaurant(s), swimming pools, recreation grounds, and other leisure-oriented amenities. Destination clubs of Bordeaux on the other hand may offer more exclusive private accommodations such as private houses in a neighborhood-style setting.

Motels in Bordeaux
A Bordeaux motel is a small-sized low-rise lodging establishment similar to that of a limited service hotel, but with direct access to individual rooms from the car park. Common during the 1950s and 1960s, motels were often located adjacent to a major road, where they were built on inexpensive land at the edge of towns or along stretches of highways. They are still useful in less populated areas of Bordeaux for driving travelers, but the more populated an area becomes the more hotels fill the need. Many of Bordeaux motels which remain in operation have joined national franchise chains, rebranding themselves as hotels, inns or lodges.

Why HotelsCombined

HotelsCombined is the leading hotel metasearch engine founded in 2005, with headquarters in Sydney, Australia. It is widely recognized as the world's best hotel price comparison site and has won many of the most prestigious tourism industry awards. The site operates in over 40 languages, handles 120 different currencies and aggregates more than 2 million deals from hundreds of travel sites and hotel chains. The number of users counts more than 300,000 people a year with over $1,000,000,000 in estimated total cost of hotel reservations.

The main purpose of HotelsCombined hotel price comparison service is to help the travelers in finding a perfect accommodation option in Bordeaux at the best price, eliminating the need to manually analyze hundreds of hotel booking sites and thousands of price offers. Through the partnership with the most popular hotel booking websites, online travel agencies and hotel chains, HotelsCombined allows its users to search for and compare the current rates on Bordeaux hotels in a single search. It also provides an aggregated summary of hotel reviews and ratings from external sites.

The HotelsCombined's advanced technology allows to instantly find the available Bordeaux hotels and process the offers of all leading travel websites, including Booking.com, Hotels.com, Agoda.com, etc. and many others (AccorHotels.com, AirAsiaGo.com, Amoma.com, AsiaTravel.com, BestWestern.com, Budgetplaces.com, EasyToBook.com, Elvoline.com, Expedia.com, Getaroom.com, Hilton.com, Homestay.com, Hotel.de, HotelClub.com, HotelsClick.com, HotelTravel.com, Housetrip.com, ihg.com, Interhome.com, Jovago.com, LateRooms.com, NH-Hotels.com, OnHotels.com, Otel.com, Prestigia.com, Skoosh.com, Splendia.com, Superbreak.com, Tiket.com, etc.). Due to the fast and easy-to-use search system you get the rates on available Bordeaux hotels and book a preferable hotel on a website providing the lowest price.

All Bordeaux Hotels & Hostels Online

HotelsCombined is recommended to those interested in Bordeaux, France, HotelsCombined, Trivago, sale on the hotel booking site HotelsCombined, discount coupons on the hotel booking site HotelsCombined, best rates on Bordeaux hotels, low prices on Bordeaux hotels, best hotel in Bordeaux, best Bordeaux hotel, discounted Bordeaux hotel booking, online Bordeaux hotel reservation, Bordeaux hotels comparison, hotel booking in Bordeaux, luxury and cheap accomodation in Bordeaux, Bordeaux inns, Bordeaux B&Bs, bed and breakfast in Bordeaux, condo hotels and apartments in Bordeaux, bargain Bordeaux rentals, cheap Bordeaux vacation rentals,Bordeaux pensions and guest houses, cheap hotels and hostels of Bordeaux, Bordeaux motels, dormitories of Bordeaux, dorms in Bordeaux, Bordeaux dormitory rooms, lowest rates on hotels in Bordeaux, hotel prices comparison in Bordeaux, travel to Bordeaux, vacation in Bordeaux, trip to Bordeaux, trusted hotel reviews of Bordeaux, sights and attractions of Bordeaux, Bordeaux guidebook, Bordeaux guide, hotel booking in Bordeaux, France, tours to Bordeaux, travel company in Bordeaux, etc.

Many people are also interested in the travel agency in Bordeaux, excursions in Bordeaux, tickets to Bordeaux, airline tickets to Bordeaux, Bordeaux hotel booking, Bordeaux hostels, dormitory of Bordeaux, dorm in Bordeaux, Bordeaux dormitory, Bordeaux airfares, Bordeaux airline tickets, Bordeaux tours, Bordeaux travel, must-see places in Bordeaux, Bordeaux Booking.com, Bordeaux hotels Trivago, Bordeaux Expedia, Bordeaux Airbnb, Bordeaux TripAdvisor, Hotels Combined Bordeaux, HotelsCombined Bordeaux, Bordeaux hotels and hostels, FR hotels and hostels, Black Friday on the hotel booking site HotelsCombined, Cyber Monday on the hotel booking site HotelsCombined, New Year's and Christmas sale HotelsCombined, hotelscombined.en, HotelsCombined.en, HotelsCombined.en, hotelscombined.com, ቦርዶ, บอร์โด, 보르도, 波尔多, Burdeos, and so on.

While others are looking for the Bordeaux (stad), Bordò, Bordéus, Bordeus, ბორდო, Bordôx, بورڈو, Бардо, Bordèu, பொர்தோ, Բորդո, Bordo, ボルドー, 波爾多, Bordeaux (mesto), בורדו, Bordeaux (by), Bordeos, Burdigala, ਬੋਰਦੋ, ບອກໂດ, Bourdel, Бордо (Франция), Μπορντό, Bordeaux (stêd), बोर्दू, Bordeaux, बोर्दो, Бордо, بوردو, Bordele, Горад Бардо, Burdó, Bordo (lidn), Burdeus. Thousands of people have already booked the hotels in Bordeaux on the hotel booking site HotelsCombined. Don't miss this opportunity!

Travelling and vacation in Bordeaux

.
Bordeaux
Prefecture and commune
Clockwise from top: Place de la Bourse by the Garonne, Allees du Tourny and Maison de Vin, Pierre Bridge on the Garonne, Meriadeck Commercial Centre, front of Palais Rohan Hotel, and Saint-Andre Cathedral with Bordeaux Tramway
Clockwise from top: Place de la Bourse by the Garonne, Allees du Tourny and Maison de Vin, Pierre Bridge on the Garonne, Meriadeck Commercial Centre, front of Palais Rohan Hotel, and Saint-Andre Cathedral with Bordeaux Tramway
Coat of arms of Bordeaux
Coat of arms
Motto: Lilia sola regunt lunam undas castra leonem.
"The fleur-de-lis alone rules over the moon, the waves, the castle, and the lion" (in French: Seule la Fleur de Lys règne sur la lune, les vagues, le château et le lion)
Bordeaux is located in France
Bordeaux
Bordeaux
Coordinates:  / 44.84; -0.58  / 44.84; -0.58
Country France
Region Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Department Gironde
Arrondissement Bordeaux
Canton 5 cantons
Intercommunality Bordeaux
Government
• Mayor (2014–2020) Alain Juppé (LR)
Area 49.36 km (19.06 sq mi)
• Urban (2010) 1,172.79 km (452.82 sq mi)
• Metro (2010) 5,613.41 km (2,167.35 sq mi)
Population (2012) 241,287
• Rank 9th in France
• Density 4,900/km (13,000/sq mi)
• Urban (Jan. 2011) 851,071
• Metro (2013) 1,178,335
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
• Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code 33063 /
Website www.bordeaux.fr

French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Bordeaux (French pronunciation: ​[bɔʁdo]; Gascon Occitan: Bordèu) is a port city on the Garonne River in the Gironde department in southwestern France.

The municipality (commune) of Bordeaux proper has a population of 243,626 (2012). Together with its suburbs and satellite towns, Bordeaux is the centre of the Bordeaux Métropole. With 749,595 inhabitants (as of 2013) and 1,178,335 in the metropolitan area, it is the fifth largest in France, after Paris, Marseille, Lyon and Lille, and before Toulouse. It is the capital of the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region, as well as the prefecture of the Gironde department. Its inhabitants are called "Bordelais" (for men) or "Bordelaises" (women). The term "Bordelais" may also refer to the city and its surrounding region.

Bordeaux is the world's major wine industry capital. It is home to the world's main wine fair, Vinexpo, and the wine economy in the metro area takes in 14.5 billion euros each year. Bordeaux wine has been produced in the region since the 8th century. The historic part of the city is on the UNESCO World Heritage List as "an outstanding urban and architectural ensemble" of the 18th century. After Paris, Bordeaux has the highest number of preserved historical buildings of any city in France.

Bordeaux: History

Bordeaux, Port of the Moon
138 - Place de la Bourse et le miroir d'eau - Bordeaux.jpg
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Location Gironde, Urban Community of Bordeaux, canton of Bordeaux-1, canton of Bordeaux-2, canton of Bordeaux-3, canton of Bordeaux-4, canton of Bordeaux-5, canton of Bordeaux-6, canton of Bordeaux-7, canton of Bordeaux-8, arrondissement of Bordeaux, France Edit this at Wikidata
Coordinates  / 44.8378; -0.5794
Area 49.36 km (531,300,000 sq ft)
Criteria ii, iv
Reference 1256
Inscription 2007 (31st Session)
Website www.bordeaux.fr
Bordeaux is located in France
Bordeaux
Location of Bordeaux
[edit on Wikidata]
Coins of the Bituriges Vivisci, 5th–1st century BC, derived from the coin designs of Greeks in pre-Roman Gaul. Cabinet des Médailles.

In historical times, around 300 BC it was the settlement of a Celtic tribe, the Bituriges Vivisci, who named the town Burdigala, probably of Aquitanian origin. The name Bourde is still the name of a river south of the city.

In 107 BC, the Battle of Burdigala was fought by the Romans who were defending the Allobroges, a Gallic tribe allied to Rome, and the Tigurini led by Divico. The Romans were defeated and their commander, the consul Lucius Cassius Longinus, was killed in the action.

The city fell under Roman rule around 60 BC, its importance lying in the commerce of tin and lead towards Rome. Later it became capital of Roman Aquitaine, flourishing especially during the Severan dynasty (3rd century). In 276 it was sacked by the Vandals. Further ravage was brought by the same Vandals in 409, the Visigoths in 414 and the Franks in 498, beginning a period of obscurity for the city.

Merovingian tremisses minted in Bordeaux by the Church of Saint-Étienne, late 6th century. British Museum.

In the late 6th century, the city re-emerged as the seat of a county and an archdiocese within the Merovingian kingdom of the Franks, but royal Frankish power was never strong. The city started to play a regional role as a major urban center on the fringes of the newly founded Frankish Duchy of Vasconia. Around 585, a certain Gallactorius is cited as count of Bordeaux and fighting the Basques.

The city was plundered by the troops of Abd er Rahman in 732 after storming the fortified city and overwhelming the Aquitanian garrison. Duke Eudes mustered a force ready to engage the Umayyads outside Bordeaux, eventually taking on them in the Battle of the River Garonne somewhere near the river Dordogne, described as taking a heavy death toll. After Duke Eudes's defeat, the Aquitanian duke could still save part of its troops and keep his grip on Aquitaine after the Battle of Poitiers.

In 735, the Aquitanian duke Hunald led a rebellion after his father Eudes's death, at which Charles responded by sending an expedition that captured and plundered Bordeaux again, but it was not retained for long. The following year, the Frankish commander descended again over Aquitaine, but clashed in battle with the Aquitanians and left to take on hostile Burgundian authorities and magnates. In 745, Aquitaine faced yet another expedition by Charles' sons Pepin and Carloman against Hunald, the Aquitanian princeps (or duke) strong in Bordeaux. Hunald was defeated, and his son Waifer replaced him, who in turn confirmed Bordeaux as the capital city (along with Bourges in the north).

During the last stage of the war against Aquitaine (760–768), it was one of Waifer's last important strongholds to fall to King Pepin the Short's troops. Next to Bordeaux, Charlemagne built the fortress of Fronsac (Frontiacus, Franciacus) on a hill across the border with the Basques (Wascones), where Basque commanders came over to vow loyalty to him (769).

In 778, Seguin (or Sihimin) was appointed count of Bordeaux, probably undermining the power of the Duke Lupo, and possibly leading to the Battle of Roncevaux Pass that very year. In 814, Seguin was made Duke of Vasconia, but he was deposed in 816 for failing to suppress or sympathise with a Basque rebellion. Under the Carolingians, sometimes the Counts of Bordeaux held the title concomitantly with that of Duke of Vasconia. They were meant to keep the Basques in check and defend the mouth of the Garonne from the Vikings when the latter appeared c. 844 in the region of Bordeaux. In Autumn 845, count Seguin II marched on the Vikings assaulting Bordeaux and Saintes, but was captured and put to death. No bishops were mentioned during the whole 8th century and part of the 9th in Bordeaux.

From the 12th to the 15th century, Bordeaux regained importance following the marriage of Duchess Eléonore of Aquitaine with the French-speaking Count Henri Plantagenet, born in Le Mans, who became, within months of their wedding, King Henry II of England. The city flourished, primarily due to the wine trade, and the cathedral of St. André was built. It was also the capital of an independent state under Edward, the Black Prince (1362–1372), but in the end, after the Battle of Castillon (1453), it was annexed by France which extended its territory. The Château Trompette (Trumpet Castle) and the Fort du Hâ, built by Charles VII of France, were the symbols of the new domination, which however deprived the city of its wealth by halting the wine commerce with England.

In 1462, Bordeaux obtained a parliament, but regained importance only in the 16th century when it became the centre of the distribution of sugar and slaves from the West Indies along with the traditional wine.

Bordeaux adhered to the Fronde, being effectively annexed to the Kingdom of France only in 1653, when the army of Louis XIV entered the city.

Édouard Manet: Harbour at Bordeaux, 1871
Rue Sainte-Catherine in 1905

The 18th century was the golden age of Bordeaux. Many downtown buildings (about 5,000), including those on the quays, are from this period. Victor Hugo found the town so beautiful he once said: "Take Versailles, add Antwerp, and you have Bordeaux". Baron Haussmann, a long-time prefect of Bordeaux, used Bordeaux's 18th-century large-scale rebuilding as a model when he was asked by Emperor Napoleon III to transform a then still quasi-medieval Paris into a "modern" capital that would make France proud.

In 1814, towards the end of the Peninsula war, the Duke of Wellington sent William Beresford with two divisions, who seized Bordeaux without much resistance on 12 March. Bordeaux was largely anti-Bonapartist and had a majority that supported the Bourbons, so the British troops were treated as liberators.

In 1870, at the beginning of the Franco-Prussian war against Prussia, the French government temporarily relocated to Bordeaux from Paris. This happened again during the First World War and again very briefly during the Second World War, when it became clear that Paris would soon fall into German hands. However, on the last of these occasions the French capital was soon moved again to Vichy. In May and June 1940, Bordeaux was the site of the life-saving actions of the Portuguese consul-general, Aristides de Sousa Mendes, who illegally granted thousands of Portuguese visas, which were needed to pass the Spanish border, to refugees fleeing the German Occupation.

From 1940 to 1943, the Italian Royal Navy (Regia Marina Italiana) established BETASOM, a submarine base at Bordeaux. Italian submarines participated in the Battle of the Atlantic from this base, which was also a major base for German U-boats as headquarters of 12th U-boat Flotilla. The massive, reinforced concrete U-boat pens have proved impractical to demolish and are now partly used as a cultural center for exhibitions.

Bordeaux: Geography

Bordeaux is located close to the European Atlantic coast, in the southwest of France and in the north of the Aquitaine region. It is around 500 km (310 mi) southwest of Paris. The city is built on a bend of the river Garonne, and is divided into two parts: the right bank to the east and left bank in the west. Historically the left bank is more developed because when flowing outside the bend, the water makes a furrow of the required depth to allow the passing of merchant ships, which used to offload on this side of the river. In Bordeaux, the Garonne River is accessible to ocean liners. The right bank of the Garonne is a low-lying, often marshy plain.

Bordeaux: Climate

Bordeaux's climate is usually classified as an oceanic climate (Köppen climate classification Cfb); however, the summers tend to be warmer and the winters milder than most areas of similar classification. Substantial summer rainfall prevents its climate from being classified as Mediterranean.

Winters are cool because of the prevalence of westerly winds from the Atlantic. Summers are warm and long due to the influence from the Bay of Biscay (surface temperature reaches 21 to 22 °C (70 to 72 °F). The average seasonal winter temperature is 7.1 °C (44.8 °F), but recent winters have been warmer than this. Frosts in the winter are commonplace, occurring several times during a winter, but snowfall is very rare, occurring only once every three years. The average summer seasonal temperature is 20.7 °C (69.3 °F). The summer of 2003 set a record with an average temperature of 23.3 °C (73.9 °F).

Climate data for Bordeaux-Mérignac (1981–2010 averages)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 20.2
(68.4)
26.2
(79.2)
27.7
(81.9)
31.1
(88)
35.4
(95.7)
39.2
(102.6)
38.8
(101.8)
40.7
(105.3)
37.0
(98.6)
32.2
(90)
26.7
(80.1)
22.5
(72.5)
40.7
(105.3)
Average high °C (°F) 10.1
(50.2)
11.7
(53.1)
15.1
(59.2)
17.3
(63.1)
21.2
(70.2)
24.5
(76.1)
26.9
(80.4)
27.1
(80.8)
24.0
(75.2)
19.4
(66.9)
13.7
(56.7)
10.5
(50.9)
18.5
(65.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) 6.6
(43.9)
7.5
(45.5)
10.3
(50.5)
12.4
(54.3)
16.1
(61)
19.3
(66.7)
21.4
(70.5)
21.4
(70.5)
18.5
(65.3)
14.9
(58.8)
9.9
(49.8)
7.2
(45)
13.8
(56.8)
Average low °C (°F) 3.1
(37.6)
3.3
(37.9)
5.4
(41.7)
7.4
(45.3)
11.0
(51.8)
14.1
(57.4)
15.8
(60.4)
15.7
(60.3)
12.9
(55.2)
10.4
(50.7)
6.1
(43)
3.8
(38.8)
9.1
(48.4)
Record low °C (°F) −16.4
(2.5)
−15.2
(4.6)
−9.9
(14.2)
−5.3
(22.5)
−1.8
(28.8)
2.5
(36.5)
4.8
(40.6)
1.5
(34.7)
−1.8
(28.8)
−5.3
(22.5)
−12.3
(9.9)
−13.4
(7.9)
−16.4
(2.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 87.3
(3.437)
71.7
(2.823)
65.3
(2.571)
78.2
(3.079)
80.0
(3.15)
62.2
(2.449)
49.9
(1.965)
56.0
(2.205)
84.3
(3.319)
93.3
(3.673)
110.2
(4.339)
105.7
(4.161)
944.1
(37.169)
Average precipitation days 12.2 10.1 11.0 11.9 10.9 8.3 7.1 7.5 9.2 11.0 12.6 12.4 124.3
Average snowy days 1.1 1.2 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.8 3.9
Average relative humidity (%) 88 84 78 76 77 76 75 76 79 85 87 88 80.8
Mean monthly sunshine hours 96.0 114.9 169.7 182.1 217.4 238.7 248.5 242.3 202.7 147.2 94.4 81.8 2,035.4
Source #1: Météo France
Source #2: Infoclimat.fr (humidity and snowy days, 1961–1990)

Bordeaux: Economy

Bordeaux is a major centre for business in France as it has the fifth largest metropolitan population in France.

As of 2014, the GDP of Bordeaux is €32.7 Billion.

Bordeaux: Wine

Sauternes vineyard

The vine was introduced to the Bordeaux region by the Romans, probably in the mid-first century, to provide wine for local consumption, and wine production has been continuous in the region since.

Bordeaux now has about 116,160 hectares (287,000 acres) of vineyards, 57 appellations, 10,000 wine-producing châteaux and 13,000 grape growers. With an annual production of approximately 960 million bottles, Bordeaux produces large quantities of everyday wine as well as some of the most expensive wines in the world. Included among the latter are the area's five premier cru (first growth) red wines (four from Médoc and one, Château Haut-Brion, from Graves), established by the Bordeaux Wine Official Classification of 1855: The first growths are:

  • Château Lafite-Rothschild
  • Château Margaux
  • Château Latour
  • Château Haut-Brion
  • Château Mouton-Rothschild
In 1855, Mouton-Rothschild was ranked a Second Growth. In 1973, it was elevated to First Growth status.

Both red and white wines are made in Bordeaux. Red Bordeaux is called claret in the United Kingdom. Red wines are generally made from a blend of grapes, and may be made from Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Cabernet Franc, Petit verdot, Malbec, and, less commonly in recent years, Carménère.

White Bordeaux is made from Sauvignon blanc, Sémillon, and Muscadelle. Sauternes is a sub-region of Graves known for its intensely sweet, white, dessert wines such as Château d'Yquem.

Because of a wine glut (wine lake) in the generic production, the price squeeze induced by an increasingly strong international competition, and vine pull schemes, the number of growers has recently dropped from 14,000 and the area under vine has also decreased significantly. In the meantime, the global demand for first growths and the most famous labels markedly increased and their prices skyrocketed.

The Cité du Vin, a museum as well as a place of exhibitions, shows, movie projections and academic seminars on the theme of wine opened its doors in June 2016.

Bordeaux: Others

The Laser Mégajoule will be one of the most powerful lasers in the world, allowing fundamental research and the development of the laser and plasma technologies. This project, carried by the French Ministry of Defence, involves an investment of 2 billion euros. The "Road of the lasers", a major project of regional planning, promotes regional investment in optical and laser related industries leading to the Bordeaux area having the most important concentration of optical and laser expertise in Europe.

Some 20,000 people work for the aeronautic industry in Bordeaux. The city has some of the biggest companies including Dassault, EADS Sogerma, Snecma, Thales, SNPE, and others. The Dassault Falcon private jets are built there as well as the military aircraft Rafale and Mirage 2000, the Airbus A380 cockpit, the boosters of Ariane 5, and the M51 SLBM missile.

Tourism, especially wine tourism, is a major industry. Globelink.co.uk mentioned Bordeaux as the best tourist destination in Europe in 2015.

Access to the port from the Atlantic is via the Gironde estuary. Almost nine million tonnes of goods arrive and leave each year.

Bordeaux: Major companies

(This list includes indigenous Bordeaux-based companies and companies that have major presence in Bordeaux, but are not necessarily headquartered there.)

  • Arena
  • Cdiscount
  • Cultura
  • Dassault
  • EADS composites
  • EADS Sogerma
  • EADS Space Transportation
  • Ford Motor Company
  • Lectra
  • LU
  • Marie Brizard
  • McKesson Corporation
  • Oxbow
  • Ricard
  • Sanofi Aventis
  • Smurfit Kappa
  • SNECMA
  • SNPE
  • Solectron
  • Thales Group
  • William Pitters

Bordeaux: Population

At the January 2011 census, there were 239,399 inhabitants in the city proper (commune) of Bordeaux. Bordeaux in its hey day had a population of 262,662 in 1968. The majority of the population is French, but there are sizable groups of Italians, Spaniards (Up to 20% of the Bordeaux population claim some degree of Spanish heritage), Portuguese, Turks, Germans..

The built-up area has grown for more than a century beyond the municipal borders of Bordeaux due to urban sprawl, so that by the January 2011 census there were 1,140,668 people living in the overall metropolitan area of Bordeaux, only a fifth of whom lived in the city proper.

Population change (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
104,676 91,652 92,219 89,202 99,062 98,705 104,686 125,520 130,927
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
149,928 162,750 194,241 194,055 215,140 221,305 240,582 252,415 256,906
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
256,638 251,947 261,678 267,409 256,026 262,990 258,348 253,751 257,946
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2011 -
249,688 266,662 223,131 208,159 210,336 215,363 232,260 239,399 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006) ·

Population Over Time

0
1800
1820
1840
1860
1880
1900
1920
1940
1960
1980
2000
Sources - database Cassini of EHESS and Insee See database

Bordeaux: Politics

At the 2007 presidential election, the Bordelais gave 31.37% of their votes to Ségolène Royal of the Socialist Party against 30.84% to Nicolas Sarkozy, president of the UMP. Then came Francois Bayrou with 22.01%, followed by Jean-Marie Le Pen who recorded 5.42%. None of the other candidates exceeded the 5% mark. Nationally, Nicolas Sarkozy led with 31.18%, then Ségolène Royal with 25.87%, followed by François Bayrou with 18.57%. After these came Jean-Marie Le Pen with 10.44%, none of the other candidates exceeded the 5% mark. In the second round, the city of Bordeaux gave Ségolène Royal 52.44% against 47.56% for Nicolas Sarkozy, the latter being elected President of the Republic with 53.06% against 46.94% for Ségolène Royal. The abstention rates for Bordeaux were 14.52% in the first round and 15.90% in the second round. This is an earthquake in Bordeaux, a city deeply rooted right traditions.

In the parliamentary elections of 2007, the left won eight constituencies against only three for the right. It should be added that after the partial 2008 elections, the eighth district of Gironde switched to the left, bringing the count to nine. In Bordeaux, the left was for the first time in its history the majority as it held two of three constituencies following the elections. In the first division of the Gironde, the outgoing UMP MP Chantal Bourragué was well ahead with 44.81% against 25.39% for the Socialist candidate Beatrice Desaigues. In the second round, it was Chantal Bourragué who was re-elected with 54.45% against 45.55% for his socialist opponent. In the second district of Gironde the UMP mayor and all new Minister of Ecology, Energy, Sustainable Development and the Sea Alain Juppé confronted the General Counsel PS Michèle Delaunay. In the first round, Alain Juppé was well ahead with 43.73% against 31.36% for Michèle Delaunay. In the second round, it was finally Michèle Delaunay who won the election with 50.93% of the votes against 49.07% for Alain Juppé, the margin being only 670 votes. The defeat of the so-called constituency "Mayor" showed that Bordeaux was rocking increasingly left. Finally, in the third constituency of the Gironde, Noël Mamère was well ahead with 39.82% against 28.42% for the UMP candidate Elizabeth Vine. In the second round, Noël Mamère was re-elected with 62.82% against 37.18% for his right-wing rival.

In 2008 municipal elections saw the clash between mayor of Bordeaux, Alain Juppé and the President of the Regional Council of Aquitaine Socialist Alain Rousset. The PS had put up a Socialist heavyweight in the Gironde and had put great hopes in this election after the victory of Ségolène Royal and Michèle Delaunay in 2007. However, after a rather exciting campaign it was Alain Juppé who was widely elected in the first round with 56.62%, far ahead of Alain Rousset who has managed to get 34.14%. At present, of the eight cantons that has Bordeaux, five are held by the PS and three by the UMP, the left eating a little each time into the right's numbers.

In the European elections of 2009, Bordeaux voters largely voted for the UMP candidate Dominique Baudis, who won 31.54% against 15.00% for PS candidate Kader Arif. The candidate of Europe Ecology José Bové came second with 22.34%. None of the other candidates reached the 10% mark. The 2009 European elections were like the previous ones in eight constituencies. Bordeaux is located in the district "Southwest", here are the results:

UMP candidate Dominique Baudis: 26.89%. His party gained four seats. PS candidate Kader Arif: 17.79%, gaining two seats in the European Parliament. Europe Ecology candidate Bove: 15.83%, obtaining two seats. MoDem candidate Robert Rochefort: 8.61%, winning a seat. Left Front candidate Jean-Luc Mélenchon: 8.16%, gaining the last seat. At regional elections in 2010, the Socialist incumbent president Alain Rousset won the first round by totaling 35.19% in Bordeaux, but this score was lower than the plan for Gironde and Aquitaine. Xavier Darcos, Minister of Labour followed with 28.40% of the votes, scoring above the regional and departmental average. Then came Monique De Marco, Green candidate with 13.40%, followed by the member of Pyrenees-Atlantiques and candidate of the MoDem Jean Lassalle who registered a low 6.78% while qualifying to the second round on the whole Aquitaine, closely followed by Jacques Colombier, candidate of the National Front, who gained 6.48%. Finally the candidate of the Left Front Gérard Boulanger with 5.64%, no other candidate above the 5% mark. In the second round, Alain Rousset had a tidal wave win as national totals rose to 55.83%. If Xavier Darcos largely lost the election, he nevertheless achieved a score above the regional and departmental average obtaining 33.40%. Jean Lassalle, who qualified for the second round, passed the 10% mark by totaling 10.77%. The ballot was marked by abstention amounting to 55.51% in the first round and 53.59% in the second round.

Only candidates obtaining more than 5% are listed

2007 Presidential Election
Candidate Ist round IInd round
Bordeaux National Bordeaux National
Nicolas Sarkozy 30.84% 31.18% 47.56% 53.06%
Ségolène Royal 31.37% 25.87% 52.44% 46.94%
François Bayrou 22.01% 18.57%
Jean-Marie Le Pen 5.42% 10.44%
Total votes 85.48% 83.77% 84.10% 83.97%
2012 Presidential Election
Candidate Ist round IInd round
Bordeaux National Bordeaux National
François Hollande 33.05% 28.63% 57.18% 51.64%
Nicolas Sarkozy 28.68% 27.18% 42.82% 48.36%
Jean-Luc Mélenchon 12.16% 11.10%
François Bayrou 10.91% 9.13%
Marine Le Pen 8.22% 17.90%
Total votes 79.25% 79.48% 80.44% 80.35%

Bordeaux: Municipal administration

The Mayor of the city is Alain Juppé.

Bordeaux is the capital of five cantons and the Prefecture of the Gironde and Aquitaine.

The town is divided into three districts, the first three of Gironde. The headquarters of Urban Community of Bordeaux Mériadeck is located in the neighborhood and the city is at the head of the Chamber of Commerce and Industry that bears his name.

The number of inhabitants of Bordeaux is greater than 199,999 and less than 250,000 and so the number of municipal councilors is 61. They are divided according to the following composition:

style="width:250px;"|Party President Seats Status
style="background:#3c77bf;" LR – Nouveau Centre – Modem Hugues Martin 50 majority
style="background:#e7a19f;" PS – Verts – PCF Matthieu Rouveyre 11 opposition

Bordeaux: Mayors of Bordeaux

Since 1947, there have been 3 mayors of Bordeaux:

1947–1995 Jacques Chaban-Delmas RPR
1995–2004 Alain Juppé RPR/UMP
2004–2006 Hugues Martin UMP
2006–present Alain Juppé UMP/LR
  • RPR was renamed to UMP in 2002 which was later renamed to Les Republicains in 2015

Bordeaux: Education

Bordeaux: University

The university was created by the archbishop Pey Berland in 1441 and was abolished in 1793, during the French Revolution, before reappearing in 1808 with Napoleon I. Bordeaux accommodates approximately 70,000 students on one of the largest campuses of Europe (235 ha). The University of Bordeaux is divided into four:

  • The University Bordeaux 1, (Maths, Physical sciences and Technologies), 10,693 students in 2002
  • The University Bordeaux 2, Bordeaux Segalen (Medicine and Life sciences), 15,038 students in 2002
  • The University Bordeaux 3, Michel de Montaigne (Liberal Arts, Humanities, Languages, History), 14,785 students in 2002
  • The University Bordeaux 4, Montesquieu (Law, Economy and Management), 12,556 students in 2002
  • Institut of Political Sciences of Bordeaux. Although technically a part of the fourth university, it largely functions autonomously.

Bordeaux: Schools

Bordeaux has numerous public and private schools offering undergraduate and postgraduate programs.

Engineering schools:

  • Arts et Métiers ParisTech, graduate school of industrial and mechanical engineering
  • ESME-Sudria, graduate school of engineering
  • École d'ingénieurs en modélisation mathématique et mécanique
  • École nationale supérieure d’électronique, informatique, télécommunications, mathématique et mécanique de Bordeaux (ENSEIRB-MATMECA)
  • École supérieure de technologie des biomolécules de Bordeaux
  • École nationale d'ingénieurs des travaux agricoles de Bordeaux
  • École nationale supérieure de chimie et physique de Bordeaux
  • École pour l'informatique et les nouvelles technologies
  • Institut des sciences et techniques des aliments de Bordeaux
  • Institut de cognitique
  • École supérieure d'informatique
  • École privée des sciences informatiques

Business and management schools:

  • The Bordeaux MBA (International College of Bordeaux)
  • IUT Techniques de Commercialisation of Bordeaux (Business School)
  • INSEEC Business School (Institut des hautes études économiques et commerciales)
  • KEDGE Business School (former BEM – Bordeaux Management School)
  • Vatel Bordeaux International Business School
  • E-Artsup
  • Institut supérieur européen de gestion group
  • Institut supérieur européen de formation par l'action

Other:

  • École nationale de la magistrature (National school for Magistrate)
  • École d'architecture et de paysage de Bordeaux
  • École des beaux-arts de Bordeaux
  • École française des attachés de presse et des professionels de la communication (EFAP)
  • Conservatoire national des arts et métiers d'Aquitaine (CNAM)

Bordeaux: Weekend education

The École Compleméntaire Japonaise de Bordeaux (ボルドー日本語補習授業校 Borudō Nihongo Hoshū Jugyō Kō), a part-time Japanese supplementary school, is held in the Salle de L'Athenee Municipal in Bordeaux.

Bordeaux: Main sights

Porte Cailhau
Column of the Girondins on the Esplanade des Quinconces
The church of St Pierre
Façade of the Church of the Holy Cross
Place de la Bourse at night with the Miroir d'eau and tram
Rue Sainte-Catherine
Church of Notre Dame

Bordeaux is classified "City of Art and History". The city is home to 362 monuments historiques (only Paris has more in France) with some buildings dating back to Roman times. Bordeaux has been inscribed on UNESCO World Heritage List as "an outstanding urban and architectural ensemble".

Bordeaux is home to one of Europe's biggest 18th-century architectural urban areas, making it a sought-after destination for tourists and cinema production crews. It stands out as one of the first French cities, after Nancy, to have entered an era of urbanism and metropolitan big scale projects, with the team Gabriel father and son, architects for King Louis XV, under the supervision of two intendants (Governors), first Nicolas-François Dupré de Saint-Maur then the Marquis de Tourny.

Bordeaux: Buildings

Main sights include:

  • Esplanade des Quinconces, the largest square in Europe.
  • Monument aux Girondins
  • Grand Théâtre, a large neoclassical theater built in the 18th century.
  • Allées de Tourny
  • Cours de l'Intendance
  • Place du Chapelet
  • Place de la Bourse(1730–1775), designed by the Royal architect Jacques Ange Gabriel as landscape for an equestrian statue of Louis XV.
  • Place du Parlement
  • Place Saint-Pierre
  • Pont de pierre
  • Saint-André Cathedral, consecrated by Pope Urban II in 1096. Of the Original Romanesque edifice only a wall in the nave remain. The Royal Gate is from the early 13th century, while the rest of the construction is mostly from the 14th and 15th centuries.
  • Tour Pey-Berland (1440–1450), a massive, quadrangular gothic tower annexed to the cathedral.
  • Église Sainte-Croix (Church of the Holy Cross). It lies on the site of a 7th-century abbey destroyed by the Saracens. Rebuilt under the Carolingians, it was again destroyed by the Normans in 845 and 864. It is annexed to a Benedictine abbey founded in the 7th century, and was built in the late 11th and early 12th centuries. The façade is in Romanesque style
  • The gothic Basilica of Saint Michael, constructed between the end of the 14th century and the 16th century.
  • Basilica of Saint-Seurin, the most ancient church in Bordeaux. It was built in the early 6th century on the site of a palaeochristian necropolis. It has an 11th-century portico, while the apse and transept are from the following century. The 13th-century nave has chapels from the 11th and the 14th centuries. The ancient crypt houses sepulchres of the Merovingian family.
  • Église Saint-Pierre, gothic church
  • Église Saint-Éloi, gothic church
  • Église Saint-Bruno, baroque church decorated with frescoes
  • Église Notre-Dame, baroque church
  • Église Saint-Paul-Saint-François-Xavier, baroque church
  • Palais Rohan (Exterior:)
  • Palais Gallien, the remains of a late 2nd-century Roman amphitheatre
  • Porte Cailhau, a medieval gate of the old city walls.
  • La Grosse Cloche (15th century), the second remaining gate of the Medieval walls. It was the belfry of the old Town Hall. It consists of two 40-metre-high (131-foot) circular towers and a central bell tower housing a bell weighing 7,800 kilograms (17,200 lb). The watch is from 1759.
  • Rue Sainte-Catherine, the longest Pedestrian street of France
  • The BETASOM submarine base

Saint-André Cathedral, Saint-Michel Basilica and Saint-Seurin Basilica are part of the World Heritage Sites of the Routes of Santiago de Compostela in France.

Bordeaux: Contemporary architecture

  • Fire Station, la Benauge, Claude Ferret/Adrien Courtois/Yves Salier, 1951–1954
  • Court of first instance, Richard Rogers, 1998
  • CTBA, wood and furniture research center, A. Loisier, 1998
  • Hangar 14 on the Quai des Chartrons, 1999
  • The Management Science faculty on the Bastide, Anne Lacaton/Jean-Philippe Vassal, 2006
  • The Jardin botanique de la Bastide, Catherine Mosbach/Françoise Hélène Jourda/Pascal Convert, 2007
  • The Nuyens School complex on the Bastide, Yves Ballot/Nathalie Franck, 2007
  • Seeko'o Hotel on the Quai des Chartrons, King Kong architects, 2007

Bordeaux: Museums

  • Musée des Beaux Arts (Fine arts museum), one of the finest painting galleries in France with paintings by painter such as Tiziano, Veronese, Rubens, Van Dyck, Frans Hals, Claude, Chardin, Delacroix, Renoir, Seurat, Matisse and Picasso.
  • Musée d'Aquitaine (archeological and history museum)
  • Musée du Vin et du Négoce (museum of the wine trade)
  • Musée des Arts Décoratifs (museum of decorative arts)
  • Musée d'Histoire Naturelle (natural history museum)
  • CAPC musée d'art contemporain de Bordeaux (contemporary art museum)
  • Musée national des douanes
  • Vinorama
  • Musée Goupil
  • Casa de Goya
  • Cap Sciences
  • Centre Jean Moulin

Bordeaux: Parks and gardens

  • Jardin botanique de Bordeaux
  • Jardin botanique de la Bastide
  • La Maison des Chameaux (Camel Park)

"Le Jardin Public" is a park in the heart of the city.

Bordeaux: Pont Jacques Chaban-Delmas

Europe’s longest-span vertical-lift bridge, the Pont Jacques Chaban-Delmas, was opened in 2013 in Bordeaux, spanning the River Garonne. The central lift span is 117-metre-long (384-foot) and can be lifted vertically up to 53 metres (174 feet) to let tall ships pass underneath. The €160 million bridge was inaugurated by President François Hollande and Mayor Alain Juppé on 16 March 2013. The bridge was named after the late Jacques Chaban-Delmas, who was a former Prime Minister and Mayor of Bordeaux.

Bordeaux: Shopping

Bordeaux has many shopping options. In the heart of Bordeaux is Rue Sainte-Catherine. This pedestrian-only shopping street has 1.2 kilometers (0.75 mi) of shops, restaurants and cafés; it is also one of the longest shopping streets in Europe. Rue Sainte-Catherine starts at Place de la Victoire and ends at Place de la Comédie by the Grand Théâtre. The shops become progressively more upmarket as one moves towards Place de la Comédie and the nearby Cours de l'Intendance is where one finds the more exclusive shops and boutiques.

Bordeaux: Culture

Grand Théâtre

Bordeaux is also the first city in France to have created, in the 1980s, an architecture exhibition and research centre, Arc en rêve. Bordeaux offers a large number of cinemas, theatres and is the home of the Opéra national de Bordeaux. There are many music venues of varying capacity. The city also offers several festivals throughout the year.

Bordeaux: Transport

Bordeaux: Road

Bordeaux is an important road and motorway junction. The city is connected to Paris by the A10 motorway, with Lyon by the A89, with Toulouse by the A62, and with Spain by the A63. There is a 45 km (28 mi) ring road called the "Rocade" which is often very busy. Another ring road is under consideration.

Pont-de-Pierre

Bordeaux has five road bridges that cross the Garonne, the Pont de pierre built in the 1820s and three modern bridges built after 1960: the Pont Saint Jean, just south of the Pont de pierre (both located downtown), the Pont d'Aquitaine, a suspended bridge downstream from downtown, and the Pont François Mitterrand, located upstream of downtown. These two bridges are part of the ring road around Bordeaux. A fifth bridge, the Pont Jacques-Chaban-Delmas, was constructed in 2009–2012 and opened to traffic in March 2013. Located halfway between the Pont de pierre and the Pont d'Aquitaine and serving downtown rather than highway traffic, it is a vertical-lift bridge with a height comparable to the Pont de pierre in closed position, and to the Pont d'Aquitaine in open position. All five road bridges, including the two highway bridges, are open to cyclists and pedestrians as well. Another bridge, the Pont Jean-Jacques Bosc, is to be built in 2018.

Lacking any steep hills, Bordeaux is relatively friendly to cyclists. Cycle paths (separate from the roadways) exist on the highway bridges, along the riverfront, on the university campuses, and incidentally elsewhere in the city. Cycle lanes and bus lanes that explicitly allow cyclists exist on many of the city's boulevards. A paid Bicycle sharing system with automated stations has been established in 2010.

Bordeaux: Rail

The main railway station, Gare de Bordeaux Saint-Jean, near the center of the city, has 4 million passengers a year. It is served by the French national (SNCF) railway's high speed train, the TGV, that gets to Paris in three hours, with connections to major European centers such as Lille, Brussels, Amsterdam, Cologne, Geneva and London. The TGV also serves Toulouse and Irun from Bordeaux. A regular train service is provided to Nantes, Nice, Marseille and Lyon. The Gare Saint-Jean is the major hub for regional trains (TER) operated by the SNCF to Arcachon, Limoges, Agen, Périgueux, Pau, Le Médoc, Angoulême and Bayonne.

Historically the train line used to terminate at a station on the right bank of the river Garonne near the Pont de Pierre, and passengers crossed the bridge to get into the city. Subsequently, a double-track steel railway bridge was constructed in the 1850s, by Gustave Eiffel, to bring trains across the river direct into Gare de Bordeaux Saint-Jean. The old station was later converted and in 2010 comprised a cinema and restaurants.

The two-track Eiffel bridge with a speed limit of 30 km/h (19 mph) became a bottleneck and a new bridge was built, opening in 2009. The new bridge has 4 tracks and allows trains to pass at 60 km/h (37 mph). During the planning there was much lobbying by the Eiffel family and other supporters to preserve the old bridge as a footbridge across the Garonne, with possibly a museum to document the history of the bridge and Gustave Eiffel's contribution. The decision was taken to save the bridge, but by early 2010 no plans had been announced as to its future use. The bridge remains intact, but unused and without any means of access.

Bordeaux: Air

Bordeaux is served by an international airport, Aéroport de Bordeaux Mérignac, located 8 km (5.0 mi) from the city center in the suburban city of Mérignac.

Bordeaux–Mérignac Airport

Bordeaux: Trams, buses and boats

Tramway in Bordeaux

Bordeaux has an important public transport system called Transports Bordeaux Métropole (TBM). This company is run by the Keolis group. The network consists of:

  • 3 tram lines (A, B and C)
  • 75 bus routes, all connected to the tramway network (from 1 to 96)
  • 13 night bus routes (from 1 to 16)
  • An electric bus shuttle in the city center
  • A boat shuttle on the Garonne river

This network is operated from 5 am to 2 am.

There had been several plans for a subway network to be set up, but they stalled for both geological and financial reasons. Work on the Tramway de Bordeaux system was started in the autumn of 2000, and services started in December 2003 connecting Bordeaux with its suburban areas. The tram system uses ground-level power supply technology (APS), a new cable-free technology developed by French company Alstom and designed to preserve the aesthetic environment by eliminating overhead cables in the historic city. Conventional overhead cables are used outside the city. The system was controversial for its considerable cost of installation, maintenance and also for the numerous initial technical problems that paralysed the network. Many streets and squares along the tramway route became pedestrian areas, with limited access for cars.

Bordeaux: Taxis

There are more than 400 taxicabs in Bordeaux.

Bordeaux: Sport

Entrance to the Stade Chaban-Delmas

The 35,000-capacity Stade Chaban-Delmas is the largest stadium in Bordeaux. It was a venue for the FIFA World Cup in 1938 and 1998, as well as the 2007 Rugby World Cup. In the 1938 FIFA World Cup, it hosted a violent quarter-final known as the Battle of Bordeaux. The ground was formerly known as the Stade du Parc Lescure until 2001, when it was renamed in honour of the city's long-time mayor, Jacques Chaban-Delmas.

There are two major sport teams in Bordeaux, both playing at the Stade Chaban-Delmas. Girondins de Bordeaux is the football team, currently playing in Ligue 1 in the French football championship. Union Bordeaux Bègles is a rugby team in the Top 14 in the Ligue Nationale de Rugby. Skateboarding, rollerblading, and BMX biking are activities enjoyed by many young inhabitants of the city. Bordeaux is home to a beautiful quay which runs along the Gironde river. On the quay there is a skate-park divided into three sections. One section is for Vert tricks, one for street style tricks, and one for little action sports athletes with easier features and softer materials. The skate-park is very well maintained by the municipality.

A new stadium has been open in 2015 to replace the Chaban-Delmas stadium. It has a capacity of 42500 people.

Bordeaux is also the home to one of the strongest cricket teams in France and are the current champions of the South West League.

There is a 250 m (820 ft) wooden velodrome, Vélodrome du Lac, in Bordeaux which hosts international cycling competition in the form of UCI Track Cycling World Cup events.

The 2015 Trophee Eric Bompard was in Bordeaux. But the Free Skate was cancelled in all of the divisions due to the Paris bombing(s) and aftermath. The Short Program occurred hours before the bombing. French skaters Chafik Besseghier (68.36) in 10th place, Romain Ponsart (62.86) in 11th. Mae-Berenice-Meite (46.82) in 11th and Laurine Lecavelier (46.53) in 12th. Vanessa James/Morgan Cipres (65.75) in 2nd.

Bordeaux: People

Michel de Montaigne

Bordeaux was the birthplace of:

Gerald Causse, Presiding Bishop of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints

  • Jean Alaux (1786–1864), painter
  • Bertrand Andrieu (1761–1822), engraver
  • Jean Anouilh (1910–1987), dramatist
  • Yvonne Arnaud (1892–1958), pianist, singer and actress
  • Decimus Magnus Ausonius (c. 310–395), Roman poet and rhetorician
  • Floyd Ayité, (born 1988), Togolese footballer
  • Jonathan Ayité, (born 1985), Togolese footballer
  • Christine Barbe, winemaker
  • Gérard Bayo (born 1936), writer and poet,
  • François Bigot (1703–1778), last "Intendant" of New France
  • Grégory Bourdy, (born 1982), golfer
  • Samuel Boutal, (born 1969), footballer
  • Edmond de Caillou (died c. February 1316) Gascon knight fighting in Scotland
  • René Clément (1913–1996), actor, director, writer
  • Jean-René Cruchet (1875–1959), pathologist
  • Damia (1899–1978), singer and actress
  • Étienne Noël Damilaville (1723–1768), encyclopédiste
  • Lili Damita (1901–1994), actress
  • Frédéric Daquin, (born 1978), footballer
  • Danielle Darrieux (born 1917), actress
  • Bernard Delvaille (1931–2006), poet, essayist
  • David Diop, (1927–1960), poet
  • Jacques Ellul (1912–1994), sociologist, theologian, Christian anarchist
  • Marie Fel (1713–1794), opera singer
  • Jean-Luc Fournet (1965), papyrologist
  • Pierre-Jean Garat (1762–1823), singer
  • Armand Gensonné (1758–1793), politician
  • Stephen Girard (1750–1831), merchant, banker, and Philadelphia philanthropist
  • Jérôme Gnako, (born 1968), footballer
  • Eugène Goossens (1867–1958), conductor, violinist
  • Léopold Lafleurance (1865–1953), flautist
  • Joseph Henri Joachim Lainé (1767–1835), statesman
  • Lucenzo (born 1983), singer
  • Jean-Jacques Magendie (1766–1835), officer
  • François Magendie (1783–1855), physiologist
  • Bruno Marie-Rose, (born 1965), athlete (sprinter)
  • François Mauriac (1885–1970), writer, Nobel laureate 1952
  • Édouard Molinaro (1928–2013), film director, screenwriter
  • Michel de Montaigne (1533–1592), essayist
  • Olivier Mony (1966–), writer and literary critic
  • Étienne Marie Antoine Champion de Nansouty (1768–1815), general
  • Pierre Palmade (born 1968), actor and comedian
  • St. Paulinus of Nola (354–431), educator, religious figure
  • Émile Péreire (1800–1875), banker and industrialist
  • Albert Pitres (1848–1928), neurologist
  • Georges Antoine Pons Rayet (1839–1906), astronomer, discoverer of the Wolf-Rayet stars, & founder of the Bordeaux Observatory
  • Odilon Redon, (1840–1916), painter
  • Richard II of England (1367–1400), king
  • Pierre Rode (1774–1830), violinist
  • Olinde Rodrigues (1795–1851), mathematician, banker and social reformer
  • Marie-Sabine Roger (born 1957), writer
  • Jean-Joseph Sanfourche (1929–2010), is a French painter, poet, draftsman and sculptor.
  • Bernard Sarrette (1765–1858), conductor and music pedagogue
  • Jean-Jacques Sempé (born 1932), cartoonist
  • Florent Serra, (born 1981), tennis player
  • Philippe Sollers, (born 1936), writer
  • Wilfried Tekovi, (born 1989), Togolese footballer
  • Kap Bambino, group

Bordeaux: International relationship

Alain Juppé, Mayor of Bordeaux, visiting the twin town of Ashdod.

Bordeaux: Twin towns and sister cities

Bordeaux is twinned with:

  • Israel Ashdod, Israel, since 1984
  • Spain Bilbao, Spain
  • Azerbaijan Baku, Azerbaijan, since 1985
  • United Kingdom Bristol, United Kingdom, since 1947
  • Morocco Casablanca, Morocco, since 1988
  • Japan Fukuoka, Japan, since 1982
  • Peru Lima, Peru, since 1957
  • United States Los Angeles, United States, since 1968
  • Spain Madrid, Spain, since 1984
  • Germany Munich, Germany, since 1964
  • Algeria Oran, Algeria, since 2003
  • Portugal Porto, Portugal, since 1978
  • Canada Quebec City, Canada, since 1962
  • Latvia Riga, Latvia
  • Russia Saint Petersburg, Russia, since 1993
  • China Wuhan, China, since 1998
  • Lebanon Zahlé, Lebanon, since 2006

Bordeaux: Partnerships

  • Poland Kraków, Poland, since 1993
  • Turkey Samsun, Turkey, since 2010

Bordeaux: See also

  • Bordeaux wine regions
  • Bordeaux–Paris, a former professional road bicycle racing
  • The Burdigalian Age of the Miocene Epoch is named for Bordeaux
  • Canelé, a local pastry
  • Communes of the Gironde department
  • Dogue de Bordeaux, a breed of dog originally bred for dog fighting
  • French wine
  • List of mayors of Bordeaux
  • Operation Frankton, a British Combined Operations raid on shipping in the harbour at Bordeaux, in December 1942, during World War II
  • Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Bordeaux
  • Girondins
  • Atlantic history
  • Triangular trade
  • History of slavery

Bordeaux: References

  • INSEE
  1. "Alain Juppé élu officiellement maire par les conseillers, ce vendredi" [Alain Juppe officially elected mayor by the council", 28/03/2014]. 20minutes.fr (in French).
  2. "Taille des communes les plus peuplées en 2012". INSEE. Retrieved 10 May 2015.
  3. "Séries historiques des résultats du recensement – Unité urbaine 2010 de Bordeaux (33701)". INSEE. Retrieved 2 August 2014.
  4. "Séries historiques des résultats du recensement – Aire urbaine 2010 de Bordeaux (006)". INSEE. Retrieved 2 August 2014.
  5. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 6 July 2009. Retrieved 20 August 2010.
  6. "In pictures: New World Heritage sites". BBC News. 28 June 2007. Retrieved 5 May 2009.
  7. répertoire géographique des communes; retrieved: 26 October 2015.
  8. Washington Post, "Bordeaux struggles with slave past", 28 September 2009.
  9. GHCN climate, GISS world climate averages, 1971–2000
  10. "Données climatiques de la station de Bordeaux" (in French). Meteo France. Retrieved December 30, 2015.
  11. "Climat Aquitaine" (in French). Meteo France. Retrieved December 30, 2015.
  12. "Normes et records 1961–1990: Bordeaux-Merignac (33) – altitude 47m" (in French). Infoclimat. Retrieved December 30, 2015.
  13. Johnson, Hugh (1994). World Atlas of Wine (4th ed.). London: Octopus Publishing Group Ltd. p. 13.
  14. "Bordeaux Wine Region in France: World's Most Famous Fine Wine Region". IntoWine.com. Retrieved 23 October 2009.
  15. MacNeil, K. (2001). The Wine Bible. New York, NY: Workman.
  16. "Bordeaux : la Cité du vin cernée par les chantiers" (in French). 19 February 2016.
  17. "3 Best Places to Retire in France". Globelink.co.uk. Retrieved 2 August 2016.
  18. "Taille des communes les plus peuplées en 2012". INSEE. Retrieved 10 May 2015.
  19. Census of population on 1 January 2006 on the site of Insee.
  20. Résultat de l'élection présidentielle de 2007 à Bordeaux sur le site du ministère de l'intérieur.
  21. Résultat de l'élection présidentielle de 2012 à Bordeaux sur le site du ministère de l'intérieur.
  22. (in French) Université de Bordeaux website: www.univ-bordeaux.fr; retrieved 7 December 2010.
  23. "欧州の補習授業校一覧(平成25年4月15日現在)" (Archive). Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT). Retrieved on 10 May 2014. "Salle de L'Athenee Municipal Place St. Christoly, 33000 Bordeaux, FRANCE"
  24. (in German) http://www.artemisia.no/arc/historisk/bordeaux/1700/bilder/hotel.de.ville.ii.jpg
  25. "Pont Jean-Jacques Bosc – La CUB". archive.org. 24 October 2013. Archived from the original on 24 October 2013.
  26. Pont Ferroviaire de Bordeaux on aquitaine.fr
  27. "Le Nouveau Stade de Bordeaux : la plus grande scène de l'Atlantique – Matmut Atlantique". nouveau-stade-bordeaux.com.
  28. "Bordeaux – Rayonnement européen et mondial". Mairie de Bordeaux (in French). Archived from the original on 7 February 2013. Retrieved 29 July 2013.
  29. "Bordeaux-Atlas français de la coopération décentralisée et des autres actions extérieures". Délégation pour l’Action Extérieure des Collectivités Territoriales (Ministère des Affaires étrangères) (in French). Archived from the original on 7 February 2013. Retrieved 29 July 2013.
  30. "National Commission for Decentralised cooperation". Délégation pour l’Action Extérieure des Collectivités Territoriales (Ministère des Affaires étrangères) (in French). Archived from the original on 8 October 2013. Retrieved 26 December 2013.
  31. "Twin-cities of Azerbaijan". Azerbaijans.com. Retrieved 9 August 2013.
  32. "Bristol City – Town twinning". 2009 Bristol City Council. 17 July 2009. Archived from the original on 28 July 2011. Retrieved 15 March 2013. External link in |publisher= (help)
  33. "British towns twinned with French towns". Archant Community Media Ltd. Archived from the original on 5 July 2013. Retrieved 11 July 2013.
  34. "Sister Cities of Los Angeles". sistercities.lacity.org. Retrieved 29 September 2011.
  35. "Partnerstädte". muenchen.de (in German). Retrieved 3 April 2013.
  36. "International Relations of the City of Porto" (PDF). 2006–2009 Municipal Directorateofthe PresidencyServices InternationalRelationsOffice. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 February 2010. Retrieved 10 July 2009.
  37. "Twin cities of Riga". Riga City Council. Archived from the original on 4 December 2008. Retrieved 15 March 2013.
  38. "Saint Petersburg in figures – International and Interregional Ties". Saint Petersburg City Government. Retrieved 23 March 2008.
  39. "Kraków – Miasta Partnerskie" [Kraków -Partnership Cities]. Miejska Platforma Internetowa Magiczny Kraków (in Polish). Archived from the original on 2 July 2013. Retrieved 10 August 2013.
  40. "Samsun- Bordeaux işbirliği sözleşmesini imzalandı" (in Turkish). HaberExen.com. Retrieved 22 November 2010.

Bordeaux: Bibliography

See also: Bibliography of the history of Bordeaux
  • Bordeaux : the world capital of wine – Official French website (in English)
  • Bordeaux city council website
  • Tourist office website
  • Phonebook of Bordeaux
  • Bordeaux submarine base : history, description, photos
  • Official Girondins de Bordeaux website
  • Sciences Po Bordeaux
  • Tram and bus maps and schedules
  • Bordeaux Wine official website
  • Map & City guide website
  • German submarine base in Bordeaux
Source of information: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. We're not responsible for the content of this article and your use of this information. Disclaimer
France: Hotels Booking & Tickets Sale
Hotels Booking & Tickets Sale
Abkhazia
Afghanistan
Albania
Algeria
American Virgin Islands
Andorra
Angola
Anguilla
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina
Armenia
Aruba
Australia
Austria
Azerbaijan
Bahamas
Bahrain
Bangladesh
Barbados
Belarus
Belgium
Belize
Benin
Bermuda
Bhutan
Bolivia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana
Brazil
British Virgin Islands
Brunei
Bulgaria
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cambodia
Cameroon
Canada
Cape Verde
Caribbean Netherlands
Cayman Islands
Chad
Chile
China
Colombia
Comoros
Costa Rica
Croatia
Cuba
Curaçao
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Denmark
Djibouti
Dominican Republic
East Timor
Ecuador
Egypt
El Salvador
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia
Falkland Islands
Faroe Islands
Fiji
Finland
France
French Guiana
French Polynesia
Gabon
Gambia
Georgia
Germany
Ghana
Gibraltar
Greece
Guadeloupe
Guam
Guatemala
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana
Haiti
Honduras
Hong Kong
Hungary
Iceland
India
Indonesia
Iran
Iraq
Ireland
Isle of Man
Israel
Italy
Ivory Coast
Jamaica
Japan
Jordan
Kazakhstan
Kenya
Kiribati
Kongo
Kosovo
Kuwait
Kyrgyzstan
Laos
Latvia
Lebanon
Lesotho
Liberia
Libya
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Macau
Macedonia
Madagascar
Malawi
Malaysia
Maldives
Mali
Malta
Martinique
Mauritania
Mauritius
Mexico
Micronesia
Moldova
Monaco
Mongolia
Montenegro
Montserrat
Morocco
Mozambique
Myanmar
Namibia
Nepal
Netherlands
New Zealand
Nicaragua
Nigeria
North Korea
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway
Oman
Pakistan
Palau
Palestine
Panama
Papua New Guinea
Paraguay
Peru
Philippines
Poland
Portugal
Puerto Rico
Qatar
Romania
Russia
Rwanda
Réunion
Saint Barthélemy
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Lucia
Saint Martin
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Samoa
San Marino
Saudi Arabia
Senegal
Serbia
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Singapore
Sint Maarten
Slovakia
Slovenia
Solomon Islands
Somalia
Somaliland
South Africa
South Korea
Spain
Sri Lanka
Sudan
Suriname
Swaziland
Sweden
Switzerland
Syria
Taiwan
Tajikistan
Tanzania
Thailand
Togo
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago
Tunisia
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Turks and Caicos Islands
Uganda
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom
United States
Uruguay
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu
Vatican
Venezuela
Vietnam
Yemen
Zambia
Zimbabwe
Vacation: Complete information and online sale
Bordeaux: Today's Super Sale
Vacation: Website Templates & Graphics

All trademarks, service marks, trade names, product names, and logos appearing on the site are the property of their respective owners.
© 2011-2017 Maria-Online.com ▪ DesignHosting