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By the way, we would recommend you to combine your visit to Brazzaville with other popular and interesting places of Republic of the Congo, for example: Pointe-Noire, etc.
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In order to book an accommodation in Brazzaville enter the proper dates and do the hotel search. If needed, sort the found Brazzaville hotels by price, star rating, property type, guest rating, hotel features, hotel theme or hotel chain. Then take a look at the found hotels on Brazzaville map to estimate the distance from the main Brazzaville attractions and sights. You can also read the guest reviews of Brazzaville hotels and see their ratings.
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Hotels of Brazzaville
A hotel in Brazzaville is an establishment that provides lodging paid on a short-term basis. Facilities provided may range from a basic bed and storage for clothing, to luxury features like en-suite bathrooms. Larger in Brazzaville hotels may provide additional guest facilities such as a swimming pool, business centre, childcare, conference facilities and social function services. Hotel rooms in Brazzaville are usually numbered (or named in some smaller hotels and B&Bs) to allow guests to identify their room. Some Brazzaville hotels offer meals as part of a room and board arrangement. Hotel operations vary in size, function, and cost. Most Brazzaville hotels and major hospitality companies that operate hotels in Brazzaville have set widely accepted industry standards to classify hotel types. General categories include the following:
Upscale luxury hotels in Brazzaville
An upscale full service hotel facility in Brazzaville that offers luxury amenities, full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and the highest level of personalized and professional service. Luxury Brazzaville hotels are normally classified with at least a Four Diamond or Five Diamond status or a Four or Five Star rating depending on classification standards.
Full service hotels in Brazzaville
Full service Brazzaville hotels often contain upscale full-service facilities with a large volume of full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and a variety of on-site amenities such as swimming pools, a health club, children's activities, ballrooms, on-site conference facilities, etc.
Historic inns and boutique hotels in Brazzaville
Boutique hotels of Brazzaville are smaller independent non-branded hotels that often contain upscale facilities of varying size in unique or intimate settings with full service accommodations. Brazzaville boutique hotels are generally 100 rooms or less. Some historic inns and boutique hotels in Brazzaville may be classified as luxury hotels.
Focused or select service hotels in Brazzaville
Small to medium-sized hotel establishments that offer a limited amount of on-site amenities that only cater and market to a specific demographic of Brazzaville travelers, such as the single business traveler. Most Brazzaville focused or select service hotels may still offer full service accommodations but may lack leisure amenities such as an on-site restaurant or a swimming pool.
Economy and limited service hotels in Brazzaville
Small to medium-sized Brazzaville hotel establishments that offer a very limited amount of on-site amenities and often only offer basic accommodations with little to no services, these facilities normally only cater and market to a specific demographic of travelers, such as the budget-minded Brazzaville traveler seeking a "no frills" accommodation. Limited service Brazzaville hotels often lack an on-site restaurant but in return may offer a limited complimentary food and beverage amenity such as on-site continental breakfast service.
Guest houses and B&Bs in Brazzaville
A bed and breakfast in Brazzaville is a small lodging establishment that offers overnight accommodation and inclusive breakfast. Usually, Brazzaville bed and breakfasts are private homes or family homes offering accommodations. The typical Brazzaville B&B has between 4 and 11 rooms, with 6 being the average. Generally, guests are accommodated in private bedrooms with private bathrooms, or in a suite of rooms including an en suite bathroom. Some homes have private bedrooms with a bathroom which is shared with other guests. Breakfast is served in the bedroom, a dining room, or the host's kitchen. Often the owners of guest house themselves prepare the breakfast and clean the rooms.
Hostels in Brazzaville
Brazzaville hostels provide budget-oriented, sociable accommodation where guests can rent a bed, usually a bunk bed, in a dormitory and share a bathroom, lounge, and sometimes a kitchen. Rooms can be mixed or single-sex, although private rooms may also be available. Hostels are often cheaper for both the operator and occupants; many Brazzaville hostels have long-term residents whom they employ as desk agents or housekeeping staff in exchange for experience or discounted accommodation.
Apartment hotels, extended stay hotels in Brazzaville
Extended stay hotels are small to medium-sized Brazzaville hotels that offer longer term full service accommodations compared to a traditional hotel. Extended stay hotels may offer non-traditional pricing methods such as a weekly rate that cater towards travelers in need of short-term accommodations for an extended period of time. Similar to limited and select service hotels, on-site amenities are normally limited and most extended stay hotels in Brazzaville lack an on-site restaurant.
Timeshare and destination clubs in Brazzaville
Brazzaville timeshare and destination clubs are a form of property ownership also referred to as a vacation ownership involving the purchase and ownership of an individual unit of accommodation for seasonal usage during a specified period of time. Timeshare resorts in Brazzaville often offer amenities similar that of a Full service hotel with on-site restaurant(s), swimming pools, recreation grounds, and other leisure-oriented amenities. Destination clubs of Brazzaville on the other hand may offer more exclusive private accommodations such as private houses in a neighborhood-style setting.
Motels in Brazzaville
A Brazzaville motel is a small-sized low-rise lodging establishment similar to that of a limited service hotel, but with direct access to individual rooms from the car park. Common during the 1950s and 1960s, motels were often located adjacent to a major road, where they were built on inexpensive land at the edge of towns or along stretches of highways. They are still useful in less populated areas of Brazzaville for driving travelers, but the more populated an area becomes the more hotels fill the need. Many of Brazzaville motels which remain in operation have joined national franchise chains, rebranding themselves as hotels, inns or lodges.
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Brazzaville is the capital and largest city of the Republic of the Congo and is on the north side of the Congo River, opposite Kinshasa. Its population is estimated to exceed 1.8 million. Over a third of the population of the Republic of Congo lives in the capital, and it is home to 40% of non-agricultural employment. It is also a financial and administrative capital.
Kinshasa seen from Brazzaville. The two capitals are separated by the Congo River.
View of Brazzaville from space
Brazzaville lies on a large area to the north of the Congo River, near the Pool Malebo. Mbamu, a large island within the Pool, is part of the Republic of Congo's territory.
Brazzaville is 506 kilometres (314 miles) inland from the Atlantic Ocean and approximately 474 kilometres (295 miles) south of the equator. The city is a commune that is separated from the other regions of the republic; it is surrounded by the Pool Department. Around the city are large plains. The town is relatively flat, and situated at an altitude of 317 metres (1,040 feet).
To distinguish between the two African countries with "Congo" in their names, the Republic of the Congo is sometimes called Congo-Brazzaville, as opposed to Congo-Kinshasa (the Democratic Republic of the Congo, known from 1971 to 1997 as Zaïre, the capital of which is Kinshasa). Kinshasa lies on the southern bank of the Congo, directly across from Brazzaville. This is the only place in the world where two national capital cities are on opposite banks of a river, within sight of each other. Since the mid-19th century the two cities have been rivals in trade, sports and power. There have been proposals to connect the two capitals by a Brazzaville–Kinshasa Bridge. Studies reveal the anticipated cost is around 1.65 billion USD, but it is not expected that the project will be undertaken in the near or even distant future.
See also: Timeline of Brazzaville
French Colonial Soldiers at drill in Brazzville in 1899
Brazzaville was founded by the French colonial empire upon an existing indigenous Bateke settlement called Ncuna, as part of the Scramble for Africa. The Italian-born explorer Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza, granted French citizenship in 1874, officially founded the settlement which commemorates his name on 10 September 1880. The local King, Makoko of the Téké, signed a treaty of protection with de Brazza which subjugated his lands to the French Empire. From October 1880 until May 1882 a small squad of troops led by Senegalese Sergeant Malamine Camara occupied the site, preventing the land from falling into Belgian hands. The first large scale building work of the city only began four years later in order as a competitor with Léopoldville (now Kinshasa) which Belgian colonists built on the other side of the river.
The Berlin Conference of 1884 placed French control over the area on an official footing. The city became the capital of the French Congo in 1904. It then continued as capital with the creation of French Equatorial Africa, a federation founded in 1910, of French colonial states which encompassed Gabon, the Central African Republic and Chad until 1960. 1910–1915 saw the construction of major municipal buildings, including a courthouse and headquarters for the Banque de l'AEF and Institut Pasteur. In 1934 the Congo-Océan railway came into service, linking Brazzaville with the Atlantic port of Pointe-Noire. Construction of the railway resulted in the death of over 17,000 Africans, which led to a revolt in 1928.
Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza Mausoleum
During World War II Brazzaville and the rest of French Equatorial Africa remained beyond the control of Vichy France; the city served as the capital of France Libre from 1940–1943. In 1944, Brazzaville hosted a meeting of the French resistance forces and representatives of France's African colonies. The resulting Brazzaville Declaration represented an attempt to redefine the relationship between France and its African colonies.
Until the 1960s, the city was divided into European (the center of the city) and African sections (Poto-Poto, Bacongo, and Makélékélé). In 1980 it became a "commune" separated from the surrounding Pool Department and divided into nine "arrondissements (boroughs).
The city has frequently been a staging ground for wars, including conflicts between rebel and government forces and between forces of the Republic of Congo, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DCR), and Angola. It was also the scene of bloody civil wars throughout the 1990s which resulted in thousands of civilian deaths and which forced hundreds of thousands of refugees to flee the city. More recently thousands of people leaving the DRC have found their way to Brazzaville; the local United Nations force and the DRC government have accused the city of deporting thousands of these refugees.
In April 2016 fighting occurred between police and local militia units, with at least 18 people killed.
Public housing in the Bacongo arrondisement.
As of the 2007 census, it had a population of 1.37 million. The projection of the CNSEE (national statistics centre) shows an increase to 1.7 million by 2015, but the projection was made before 2007 and based on a lower estimate of the population (1.26 million) than recorded in the census. The United Nations Population Division estimate for 2014 is 1.83 million. The populous city of Kinshasa (more than 10 million inhabitants in 2014), capital of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, lies across the Congo River from Brazzaville. Together with Kinshasa, the combined conurbation of Kinshasa-Brazzaville has thus about 12 million inhabitants (although significant political and infrastructure challenges prevent the two cities from functioning with any meaningful connection).
See also: List of mayors of Brazzaville
Brazzaville, like Pointe-Noire, has both the status of a commune (municipality) and a department. It is thus governed by a municipal council and a departmental council. The mayor is the president of the municipal council.
The city is divided into nine arrondissements (boroughs):
The location of Brazzaville near the pool of the Congo River enabled it to grow as an industrial, trading and port settlement, in part due to the accumulation of raw materials extracted during the colonial period. Industries present in Brazzaville include machine shops, textiles, tanning, and manufacturing. As a key port on the Congo River, the city takes deliveries of raw materials, such as rubber, wood and agricultural products. From here they are generally sent onward to Pointe-Noire for export.
As the capital city of the Republic of Congo, many companies, government organizations and NGOs have regional offices in the city. The World Health Organization has its regional office for Africa located in Brazzaville. Companies headquartered in Brazzaville include Equatorial Congo Airlines and the mobile operator Warid Congo.
Brazzaville: Buildings and institutions
The Sacred Heart Cathedral in 1926
Notable buildings in the city include the Sacred Heart Cathedral, St Anne's Basilica built in 1949 by Roger Erell, and known for its green tiled roof; Erell also designed a house in the city for Charles de Gaulle. Other buildings include the Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza Mausoleum, the Nabemba Tower and the Congressional Palace. Other features include the Marien Ngouabi Mausoleum, Brazzaville Zoo and the Poto-Poto School of Painting. The United States Embassy for the Republic of the Congo is also in Brazzaville, as is the Dutch Honorary Consulate.
The World Health Organization Regional Office for Africa is based in Brazzaville on a vast campus at the Cité du Djoué.
The Marien Ngouabi University is a public university in Brazzaville. The university was founded in December, 1971 and has approximately 26,000 students.
Brazzaville, much like neighboring Kinshasa, features a tropical wet and dry climate. Its wet season, which runs from October–May, is longer than its dry season, which covers the remaining months. Brazzaville's driest months, July and August, see on average no significant precipitation. Since Brazzaville is south of the equator, its dry season begins at around its "winter" solstice, which is the month of June. The city experiences relatively consistent temperatures throughout the course of the year.
Climate data for Brazzaville (Maya-Maya Airport) 1961–1990, extremes 1932–present
Record high °C (°F)
Average high °C (°F)
Daily mean °C (°F)
Average low °C (°F)
Record low °C (°F)
Average precipitation mm (inches)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm)
Average relative humidity (%)
Mean monthly sunshine hours
Source #1: Deutscher Wetterdienst (humidity, 1951–1990)
Source #2: Meteo Climat (record highs and lows)
Taxis in Brazzaville
The city is home to Maya-Maya Airport, which lies in the centre of the city and which has regular flights to Pointe-Noire as well as international destinations in Africa, Europe and the Middle East. A flight operates twice weekly between Brazzaville and Kinshasa, but the flight time is only five minutes.
The Congo-Ocean Railway has a station in the city and in 2014 was operating the La Gazelle train service every other day to Pointe-Noire and intermediate destinations.
The city is an important river port, with ferries sailing to Kinshasa and to Bangui via Impfondo. Ferries and fast private boats serve as the primary means of connection between Kinshasa and Brazzaville. The Livingstone Falls lie on the outskirts of the city, where the Djoué River meets the Congo, rendering river transport to the coast impossible, qualifying the railway as a portage railway.
Although there is no organised public transport system, privately owned buses are available in the capital.
Taxis are available on every street and are easily recognized, being painted with a green body and white top, and the fare for a short trip is CF700. About twenty percent of the vehicles in Brazzaville are taxis. There are also collective taxis that drive certain routes and charge CF150.
Brazzaville: Notable people
Gaitana, Ukrainian singer who lived in Brazzaville for five years.
Serge Ibaka, professional basketball player born in Brazzaville.
Cyril Kongo, a French painter and graffiti artist, lived in Brazzaville in the 80s.
Brazzaville: Twin towns and sister cities
Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo
Station ID for Brazzaville/ Maya–Maya is 64450 Use this station ID to locate the sunshine duration
"Répartition de la population par Départements et Communes en 1984 et projetée de 2000 à 2015" (in French). Centre National de la Statistique et des Études Économiques (CNSEE), Republic of the Congo. Retrieved 27 October 2013.
"Monographie de la Ville de Kinshasa" (in French). Unité de Pilotage du Processus d'Elaboration et de mise œuvre de la Stratégie pour la Réduction de la Pauvreté (UPPE-SRP). Archived from the original (SWF) on 9 February 2007. Retrieved 19 January 2007.
"Face-off over the Congo: the long rivalry between Kinshasa and Brazzaville". Retrieved July 15, 2017.
Pakenham, Thomas (1991). The Scramble for Africa. Abacus. p. 150.
Thomas, Dominic (2005). Encyclopedia of Twentieth-Century African History. Routledge.
Jean-Jacques Youlou & Scholastique Dianzinga, "Une capitale dans l'histoire"; Chapter 1 in Ziavoula (2006).
"Republic of Congo profile". 11 April 2017 – via www.bbc.co.uk.
"Deportation comments anger Congo", Independent Online (SAPA-AFP), 28 May 2014.
James Butty, "DRC Threatens Legal Action over Deportations from Congo-Brazzaville", VOA News, 27 May 2014.
"Heavy gunfire in Congo-Brazzaville capital as police battle militia". The Guardian. Retrieved July 15, 2017.
Brazzaville.cg (site officiel de la commune de Brazzaville), "L'administration municipale"; accessed 16 July 2017.
"Les arrondissements". Brazzaville.cg (in French). Commune de Brazzaville, Congo. Retrieved 12 September 2017.
"Regional Office for Africa".
"ECAir Fleet Details and History". www.planespotters.net. Retrieved 2016-06-05.
"Company Overview of Warid Congo S.A.".
"Quick Facts". Retrieved July 15, 2017.
"Klimatafel von Brazzaville (Flugh.) / Kongo" (PDF). Baseline climate means (1961–1990) from stations all over the world (in German). Deutscher Wetterdienst. Retrieved 24 October 2016.
"Station 64450 Brazzaville/ Maya–Maya". Global station data 1961–1990-Sunshine Duration. Deutscher Wetterdienst. Retrieved 24 October 2016.
"Station Brazzaville" (in French). Meteo Climat. Retrieved 24 October 2016.
Planet, Lonely. "La Gazelle train Brazzaville to Pointe Noire".
"Archived copy". Archived from the original on 25 January 2010. Retrieved 2014-09-27.
"Coopération". Brazzaville.cg (in French). Commune de Brazzaville, Congo. Retrieved 12 September 2017.
Ziavoula, Robert Edmond, ed. (2006). Brazzaville, une ville à reconstruire. Paris: Karthala. ISBN 2-84586-825-1.
See also: Bibliography of the history of Brazzaville
Chavannes, Charles de. (1929) "Le Sergent Sénégalais Malamine." Annales de l'Académie des Sciences Coloniales, vol. 3:159–187.
Tiepolo, M. (1996) "City Profile: Brazzaville" in Cities v. 13, pp. 117–124
Brisset-Guibert, Hervé (2007) Brazzaville petit guide historique, in the site www.presidence.cg ("palais presidentiel")
Cultural reference: In the final scene of the 1942 film, Casablanca, it is to Brazzaville that Captain Renault (Claude Rains) suggests he and Rick (Humphrey Bogart) might escape to together for "vacation" and, as Rick counters, "the beginning of a beautiful friendship."
Brazzaville: External links
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Brazzaville.
BRAKIN, the fusion city of Brazzaville and Kinshasa, urban analysis seminar with vectorised maps of the agglomeration by TU Darmstadt, 2009
Maria Petringa's 1997 biographical article on Savorgnan de Brazza, describing events leading to the founding of Brazzaville
Brazzaville travel guide from Wikivoyage
Departments of the Republic of the Congo
Capitals of Africa
Dependent territories and states with limited recognition are in italics
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Bangui, Central African Republic
Brazzaville, Rep. of the Congo
El Aaiún(claimed)/Tifariti(factual), Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic
Freetown, Sierra Leone
Jamestown, St Helena, Ascension & Tristan da Cunha
Juba, South Sudan
Kinshasa, D.R. Congo
Malabo, Equatorial Guinea
Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
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Praia, Cape Verde
Pretoria(executive) • Cape Town(legislative) • Bloemfontein(judicial), South Africa
Santa Cruz de Tenerife and Las Palmas, Canary Islands