Lowest prices on Brisbane hotels booking, Australia

One of the special proposals is an unique opportunity to instantly find the lowest prices on Brisbane hotels and book a best hotel in Brisbane saving up to 80%! You can do it quickly and easily with HotelsCombined, a world's leading free hotel metasearch engine that allows to search and compare the rates of all major hotel chains, top travel sites, and leading hotel booking websites, including Booking.com, Hotels.com, Agoda.com, etc., etc. The hotel price comparison service HotelsCombined means cheap Brisbane hotels booking, lowest prices on hotel reservation in Brisbane and airline tickets to Brisbane, Australia!

Brisbane Hotels Comparison & Online Booking

▪ Lowest prices on Brisbane hotels booking
▪ The discounts on Brisbane hotels up to 80%
▪ No booking fees on Brisbane hotels
▪ Detailed description & photos of Brisbane hotels
▪ Trusted ratings and reviews of Brisbane hotels
▪ Advanced Brisbane hotel search & comparison
▪ All Brisbane hotels on the map
▪ Interesting sights of Brisbane

What's important: you can compare and book not only Brisbane hotels and resorts, but also villas and holiday cottages, inns and B&Bs (bed and breakfast), condo hotels and apartments, timeshare properties, guest houses and pensions, campsites (campgrounds), motels and hostels in Brisbane. If you're going to Brisbane save your money and time, don't pay for the services of the greedy travel agencies. Instead, book the best hotel in Brisbane online, buy the cheapest airline tickets to Brisbane, and rent a car in Brisbane right now, paying the lowest price! Besides, here you can buy the Brisbane related books, guidebooks, souvenirs and other goods.

By the way, we would recommend you to combine your visit to Brisbane with other popular and interesting places of Australia, for example: Mandurah, Noosa Heads, Rockhampton, Melbourne, Mackay, Byron Bay, Bondi Beach, Hervey Bay, Coffs Harbour, Perth, Brisbane, Queensland, South Australia, Newcastle, Mooloolaba, Victor Harbor, Mount Gambier, Alice Springs, Townsville, Fremantle, Sydney, New South Wales, Daylesford, Launceston, Logan City, Wollongong, Ulladulla, Canberra, Cairns, Darwin, Redland City, Gold Coast, Adelaide, Geelong, Airlie Beach, Victoria, Toowoomba, Surfers Paradise, Hobart, Tasmania, Northern Territory, Port Douglas, Great Barrier Reef, Maroochydore, etc.

How to Book a Hotel in Brisbane

In order to book an accommodation in Brisbane enter the proper dates and do the hotel search. If needed, sort the found Brisbane hotels by price, star rating, property type, guest rating, hotel features, hotel theme or hotel chain. Then take a look at the found hotels on Brisbane map to estimate the distance from the main Brisbane attractions and sights. You can also read the guest reviews of Brisbane hotels and see their ratings.

When a hotel search in Brisbane is done, please select the room type, the included meals and the suitable booking conditions (for example, "Deluxe double room, Breakfast included, Non-Refundable"). Press the "View Deal" ("Book Now") button. Make your booking on a hotel booking website and get the hotel reservation voucher by email. That's it, a perfect hotel in Brisbane is waiting for you!

Hotels of Brisbane

A hotel in Brisbane is an establishment that provides lodging paid on a short-term basis. Facilities provided may range from a basic bed and storage for clothing, to luxury features like en-suite bathrooms. Larger in Brisbane hotels may provide additional guest facilities such as a swimming pool, business centre, childcare, conference facilities and social function services. Hotel rooms in Brisbane are usually numbered (or named in some smaller hotels and B&Bs) to allow guests to identify their room. Some Brisbane hotels offer meals as part of a room and board arrangement. Hotel operations vary in size, function, and cost. Most Brisbane hotels and major hospitality companies that operate hotels in Brisbane have set widely accepted industry standards to classify hotel types. General categories include the following:

Upscale luxury hotels in Brisbane
An upscale full service hotel facility in Brisbane that offers luxury amenities, full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and the highest level of personalized and professional service. Luxury Brisbane hotels are normally classified with at least a Four Diamond or Five Diamond status or a Four or Five Star rating depending on classification standards.

Full service hotels in Brisbane
Full service Brisbane hotels often contain upscale full-service facilities with a large volume of full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and a variety of on-site amenities such as swimming pools, a health club, children's activities, ballrooms, on-site conference facilities, etc.

Historic inns and boutique hotels in Brisbane
Boutique hotels of Brisbane are smaller independent non-branded hotels that often contain upscale facilities of varying size in unique or intimate settings with full service accommodations. Brisbane boutique hotels are generally 100 rooms or less. Some historic inns and boutique hotels in Brisbane may be classified as luxury hotels.

Focused or select service hotels in Brisbane
Small to medium-sized hotel establishments that offer a limited amount of on-site amenities that only cater and market to a specific demographic of Brisbane travelers, such as the single business traveler. Most Brisbane focused or select service hotels may still offer full service accommodations but may lack leisure amenities such as an on-site restaurant or a swimming pool.

Economy and limited service hotels in Brisbane
Small to medium-sized Brisbane hotel establishments that offer a very limited amount of on-site amenities and often only offer basic accommodations with little to no services, these facilities normally only cater and market to a specific demographic of travelers, such as the budget-minded Brisbane traveler seeking a "no frills" accommodation. Limited service Brisbane hotels often lack an on-site restaurant but in return may offer a limited complimentary food and beverage amenity such as on-site continental breakfast service.

Guest houses and B&Bs in Brisbane
A bed and breakfast in Brisbane is a small lodging establishment that offers overnight accommodation and inclusive breakfast. Usually, Brisbane bed and breakfasts are private homes or family homes offering accommodations. The typical Brisbane B&B has between 4 and 11 rooms, with 6 being the average. Generally, guests are accommodated in private bedrooms with private bathrooms, or in a suite of rooms including an en suite bathroom. Some homes have private bedrooms with a bathroom which is shared with other guests. Breakfast is served in the bedroom, a dining room, or the host's kitchen. Often the owners of guest house themselves prepare the breakfast and clean the rooms.

Hostels in Brisbane
Brisbane hostels provide budget-oriented, sociable accommodation where guests can rent a bed, usually a bunk bed, in a dormitory and share a bathroom, lounge, and sometimes a kitchen. Rooms can be mixed or single-sex, although private rooms may also be available. Hostels are often cheaper for both the operator and occupants; many Brisbane hostels have long-term residents whom they employ as desk agents or housekeeping staff in exchange for experience or discounted accommodation.

Apartment hotels, extended stay hotels in Brisbane
Extended stay hotels are small to medium-sized Brisbane hotels that offer longer term full service accommodations compared to a traditional hotel. Extended stay hotels may offer non-traditional pricing methods such as a weekly rate that cater towards travelers in need of short-term accommodations for an extended period of time. Similar to limited and select service hotels, on-site amenities are normally limited and most extended stay hotels in Brisbane lack an on-site restaurant.

Timeshare and destination clubs in Brisbane
Brisbane timeshare and destination clubs are a form of property ownership also referred to as a vacation ownership involving the purchase and ownership of an individual unit of accommodation for seasonal usage during a specified period of time. Timeshare resorts in Brisbane often offer amenities similar that of a Full service hotel with on-site restaurant(s), swimming pools, recreation grounds, and other leisure-oriented amenities. Destination clubs of Brisbane on the other hand may offer more exclusive private accommodations such as private houses in a neighborhood-style setting.

Motels in Brisbane
A Brisbane motel is a small-sized low-rise lodging establishment similar to that of a limited service hotel, but with direct access to individual rooms from the car park. Common during the 1950s and 1960s, motels were often located adjacent to a major road, where they were built on inexpensive land at the edge of towns or along stretches of highways. They are still useful in less populated areas of Brisbane for driving travelers, but the more populated an area becomes the more hotels fill the need. Many of Brisbane motels which remain in operation have joined national franchise chains, rebranding themselves as hotels, inns or lodges.

Why HotelsCombined

HotelsCombined is the leading hotel metasearch engine founded in 2005, with headquarters in Sydney, Australia. It is widely recognized as the world's best hotel price comparison site and has won many of the most prestigious tourism industry awards. The site operates in over 40 languages, handles 120 different currencies and aggregates more than 2 million deals from hundreds of travel sites and hotel chains. The number of users counts more than 300,000 people a year with over $1,000,000,000 in estimated total cost of hotel reservations.

The main purpose of HotelsCombined hotel price comparison service is to help the travelers in finding a perfect accommodation option in Brisbane at the best price, eliminating the need to manually analyze hundreds of hotel booking sites and thousands of price offers. Through the partnership with the most popular hotel booking websites, online travel agencies and hotel chains, HotelsCombined allows its users to search for and compare the current rates on Brisbane hotels in a single search. It also provides an aggregated summary of hotel reviews and ratings from external sites.

The HotelsCombined's advanced technology allows to instantly find the available Brisbane hotels and process the offers of all leading travel websites, including Booking.com, Hotels.com, Agoda.com, etc. and many others (AccorHotels.com, AirAsiaGo.com, Amoma.com, AsiaTravel.com, BestWestern.com, Budgetplaces.com, EasyToBook.com, Elvoline.com, Expedia.com, Getaroom.com, Hilton.com, Homestay.com, Hotel.de, HotelClub.com, HotelsClick.com, HotelTravel.com, Housetrip.com, ihg.com, Interhome.com, Jovago.com, LateRooms.com, NH-Hotels.com, OnHotels.com, Otel.com, Prestigia.com, Skoosh.com, Splendia.com, Superbreak.com, Tiket.com, etc.). Due to the fast and easy-to-use search system you get the rates on available Brisbane hotels and book a preferable hotel on a website providing the lowest price.

All Brisbane Hotels & Hostels Online

HotelsCombined is recommended to those interested in Brisbane, Australia, HotelsCombined, Trivago, sale on the hotel booking site HotelsCombined, discount coupons on the hotel booking site HotelsCombined, best rates on Brisbane hotels, low prices on Brisbane hotels, best hotel in Brisbane, best Brisbane hotel, discounted Brisbane hotel booking, online Brisbane hotel reservation, Brisbane hotels comparison, hotel booking in Brisbane, luxury and cheap accomodation in Brisbane, Brisbane inns, Brisbane B&Bs, bed and breakfast in Brisbane, condo hotels and apartments in Brisbane, bargain Brisbane rentals, cheap Brisbane vacation rentals,Brisbane pensions and guest houses, cheap hotels and hostels of Brisbane, Brisbane motels, dormitories of Brisbane, dorms in Brisbane, Brisbane dormitory rooms, lowest rates on hotels in Brisbane, hotel prices comparison in Brisbane, travel to Brisbane, vacation in Brisbane, trip to Brisbane, trusted hotel reviews of Brisbane, sights and attractions of Brisbane, Brisbane guidebook, Brisbane guide, hotel booking in Brisbane, Australia, tours to Brisbane, travel company in Brisbane, etc.

Many people are also interested in the travel agency in Brisbane, excursions in Brisbane, tickets to Brisbane, airline tickets to Brisbane, Brisbane hotel booking, Brisbane hostels, dormitory of Brisbane, dorm in Brisbane, Brisbane dormitory, Brisbane airfares, Brisbane airline tickets, Brisbane tours, Brisbane travel, must-see places in Brisbane, Brisbane Booking.com, Brisbane hotels Trivago, Brisbane Expedia, Brisbane Airbnb, Brisbane TripAdvisor, Hotels Combined Brisbane, HotelsCombined Brisbane, Brisbane hotels and hostels, AU hotels and hostels, Black Friday on the hotel booking site HotelsCombined, Cyber Monday on the hotel booking site HotelsCombined, New Year's and Christmas sale HotelsCombined, hotelscombined.en, HotelsCombined.en, HotelsCombined.en, hotelscombined.com, Брисбен, Brisbenas, Бризбејн, בריזבן, بریزبن, and so on.

While others are looking for the بریزبین, Брысбэйн, Брисбэн, บริสเบน, 布里司班, Μπρίσμπεϊν, బ్రిస్బేన్, ಬ್ರಿಸ್ಬೇನ್‌, 브리즈번, 布里斯班, Բրիսբեն, Brisbin, Brisbano, Брысбен, பிரிஸ்பேன், Brisbane (kapital sa estado), Brisben, برىسبان, بریزبێن, ဘရစ်စဘိန်းမြို့, Brisbane, ბრიზბენი, ব্রিসবেন, بريزبن, ब्रिसबेन, Брисбън, برسبین, ブリスベン, Brėsbens, ብርዝበን, ब्रिस्बेन, 布里斯本, Brisbena, ബ്രിസ്ബെയ്ൻ, ਬ੍ਰਿਜ਼ਬਨ. Thousands of people have already booked the hotels in Brisbane on the hotel booking site HotelsCombined. Don't waste your time, go for it!

Travelling and vacation in Brisbane

Skyline from Kangaroo Point Cliffs;
Queenslander architecture, North Stradbroke Island;
Mount Coot-tha Botanic Gardens, City Hall;
Story Bridge, St John's Cathedral;
Treasury Building, Merivale Bridge
Map of the Brisbane metropolitan area
Map of the Brisbane metropolitan area
Brisbane is located in Australia
Coordinates  / -27.467; 153.033  / -27.467; 153.033
Population 2,360,241 (2016) (3rd)
• Density 148/km (380/sq mi)
Established 13 May 1825 (1825-05-13)
Area 15,842 km (6,116.6 sq mi) (2016 GCCSA)
Time zone AEST (UTC+10:00)
  • 732 km (455 mi) N of Sydney
  • 945 km (587 mi) NNE of Canberra
  • 1,374 km (854 mi) NNE of Melbourne
  • 1,600 km (994 mi) NE of Adelaide
  • 3,604 km (2,239 mi) NE of Perth
  • City of Brisbane
  • City of Ipswich
  • Lockyer Valley Region
  • Logan City
  • Moreton Bay Region
  • Redland City
  • Scenic Rim Region
  • Somerset Region
Region South East Queensland
County Stanley, Canning, Cavendish, Churchill, Ward
State electorate(s) 41 divisions
Federal Division(s) 17 divisions
Mean max temp Mean min temp Annual rainfall
26.4 °C
16.2 °C
1,008.2 mm

Brisbane (/ˈbrɪzbən/) is the capital of and most populous city in the Australian state of Queensland, and the third most populous city in Australia. Brisbane's metropolitan area has a population of 2.4 million, and the South East Queensland region, centred on Brisbane, encompasses a population of more than 3.5 million. The Brisbane central business district stands on the original European settlement and is situated inside a bend of the Brisbane River, about 15 kilometres (9 miles) from its mouth at Moreton Bay. The metropolitan area extends in all directions along the floodplain of the Brisbane River Valley between Moreton Bay and the Great Dividing Range, sprawling across several of Australia's most populous local government areas (LGAs), most centrally the City of Brisbane, which is by far the most populous LGA in the nation. The demonym of Brisbane is Brisbanite.

One of the oldest cities in Australia, Brisbane was founded upon the ancient homelands of the indigenous Turrbal and Jagera peoples. Named after the Brisbane River on which it is located – which in turn was named after Scotsman Sir Thomas Brisbane, the Governor of New South Wales from 1821 to 1825 – the area was chosen as a place for secondary offenders from the Sydney Colony. A penal settlement was founded in 1824 at Redcliffe, 28 kilometres (17 mi) north of the central business district, but was soon abandoned and moved to North Quay in 1825, opening to free settlement in 1842. The city was marred by the Australian frontier wars between 1843 and 1855, and development was partly set back by the Great Fire of Brisbane, and the Great Brisbane Flood. Brisbane was chosen as the capital when Queensland was proclaimed a separate colony from New South Wales in 1859. During World War II, Brisbane played a central role in the Allied campaign and served as the South West Pacific headquarters for United States Army General Douglas MacArthur.

Today, Brisbane is well known for its distinct Queenslander architecture which forms much of the city's built heritage. It also receives attention for its damaging flood events, most notably in 1974 and 2011. The city is a popular tourist destination, serving as a gateway to the state of Queensland, particularly to the Gold Coast and the Sunshine Coast, popular resort areas immediately south and north of Brisbane, respectively. Several large cultural, international and sporting events have been held at Brisbane, including the 1982 Commonwealth Games, World Expo '88, the final Goodwill Games in 2001, and the 2014 G-20 summit. In 2016, the Globalization and World Cities Research Network ranked Brisbane as a Beta world city.

Brisbane: History

Brisbane: Pre-nineteenth century

Indigenous Australians are believed to have lived in coastal South East Queensland for 32,000 years, with an estimated population between 6,000 and 20,000 individuals before white settlement. At this time, the Brisbane area was inhabited by the Jagera people, including the Turrbal group, who knew the area that is now the central business district as Mian-jin, meaning "place shaped as a spike". Archaeological evidence suggests frequent habitation around the Brisbane River, and notably at the site now known as Musgrave Park.

Brisbane: Nineteenth century

The Old Windmill in Wickham Park, built by convicts in 1828

The Moreton Bay area was initially explored by Matthew Flinders. On 17 July 1799, Flinders landed at what is now known as Woody Point, which he named "Red Cliff Point" after the red-coloured cliffs visible from the bay. In 1823 Governor of New South Wales Sir Thomas Brisbane instructed that a new northern penal settlement be developed, and an exploration party led by John Oxley further explored Moreton Bay.

Oxley discovered, named, and explored the Brisbane River as far as Goodna, 20 kilometres (12 mi) upstream from the Brisbane central business district. Oxley recommended Red Cliff Point for the new colony, reporting that ships could land at any tide and easily get close to the shore. The party settled in Redcliffe on 13 September 1824, under the command of Lieutenant Henry Miller with 14 soldiers (some with wives and children) and 29 convicts. However, this settlement was abandoned after a year and the colony was moved to a site on the Brisbane River now known as North Quay, 28 km (17 mi) south, which offered a more reliable water supply. Sir Thomas Brisbane visited the settlement and travelled 28 miles up the Brisbane River in December 1824, bestowing upon Brisbane the distinction of being the only Australian capital city set foot upon by its namesake. Chief Justice Forbes gave the new settlement the name of Edenglassie before it was named Brisbane. Non-convict European settlement of the Brisbane region commenced in 1838. German missionaries settled at Zions Hill, Nundah as early as 1837, five years before Brisbane was officially declared a free settlement. The band consisted of ministers Christopher Eipper (1813–1894) and Carl Wilhelm Schmidt and lay missionaries Haussmann, Johann Gottried Wagner, Niquet, Hartenstein, Zillman, Franz, Rode, Doege and Schneider. They were allocated 260 hectares and set about establishing the mission, which became known as the German Station. Later in the 1860s many German immigrants from the Uckermark region in Prussia as well as other German regions settled in the Bethania- Beenleigh and Darling Downs areas. These immigrants were selected and assisted through immigration programs established by John Dunmore Lang and Johann Christian Heussler and were offered free passage, good wages and selections of land.

The penal settlement under the control of Captain Patrick Logan flourished with the numbers of convicts increasing dramatically from around 200 to over 1000 men. He created a substantial settlement of brick and stone buildings, complete with school and hospital. He formed additional outstations and made several important journeys of exploration. He is also infamous for his extreme use of the Cat o' nine tails on convicts. The maximum allowed limit of lashes was 50 however Logan regularly applied sentences of 150 lashes.

Free settlers entered the area over the following five years and by the end of 1840 Robert Dixon began work on the first plan of Brisbane Town, in anticipation of future development. Queensland was separated from New South Wales by Letters Patent dated 6 June 1859, proclaimed by Sir George Ferguson Bowen on 10 December 1859, whereupon he became Queensland's first governor, with Brisbane chosen as its capital, although it was not incorporated as a city until 1902.

Brisbane: Twentieth century

Royal Australian Air Force recruits marching along Queen Street, August 1940

Over twenty small municipalities and shires were amalgamated in 1925 to form the City of Brisbane, governed by the Brisbane City Council. 1930 was a significant year for Brisbane with the completion of Brisbane City Hall, then the city's tallest building and the Shrine of Remembrance, in ANZAC Square, which has become Brisbane's main war memorial. These historic buildings, along with the Story Bridge which opened in 1940, are key landmarks that help define the architectural character of the city.

During World War II, Brisbane became central to the Allied campaign when the AMP Building (now called MacArthur Central) was used as the South West Pacific headquarters for General Douglas MacArthur, chief of the Allied Pacific forces, until his headquarters were moved to Hollandia in August 1944. MacArthur had previously rejected use of the University of Queensland complex as his headquarters, as the distinctive bends in the river at St Lucia could have aided enemy bombers. Also used as a headquarters by the American troops during World War II was the T & G Building. About one million US troops passed through Australia during the war, as the primary co-ordination point for the South West Pacific. In 1942 Brisbane was the site of a violent clash between visiting US military personnel and Australian servicemen and civilians which resulted in one death and hundreds of injuries. This incident became known colloquially as the Battle of Brisbane.

Postwar Brisbane had developed a "big country town" stigma, an image the city's politicians and marketers were very keen to remove. In the late 1950s an anonymous poet known as The Brisbane Bard generated much attention on the city which helped shake this stigma. Despite steady growth, Brisbane's development was punctuated by infrastructure problems. The State government under Joh Bjelke-Petersen began a major program of change and urban renewal, beginning with the central business district and inner suburbs. Trams in Brisbane were a popular mode of public transport until the network was closed in 1969, leaving Melbourne as the last Australian city to operate a tram network until recently.

The 1974 Brisbane flood was a major disaster which temporarily crippled the city. During this era, Brisbane grew and modernised rapidly becoming a destination of interstate migration. Some of Brisbane's popular landmarks were lost, including the Bellevue Hotel in 1979 and Cloudland in 1982, demolished in controversial circumstances by the Deen Brothers demolition crew. Major public works included the Riverside Expressway, the Gateway Bridge, and later, the redevelopment of South Bank, starting with the Queensland Art Gallery.

Brisbane hosted the 1982 Commonwealth Games and the 1988 World Exposition (known locally as World Expo 88). These events were accompanied by a scale of public expenditure, construction and development not previously seen in the state of Queensland. Brisbane's population growth has exceeded the national average every year since 1990 at an average rate of around 2.2% per year.

Panorama view of the stage and Brisbane River during World Expo 88

Brisbane: Twenty-first century

After two decades of record population growth, Brisbane was hit again by a major flood in January 2011. The Brisbane River did not reach the same height as the previous 1974 flood but still caused extensive damage and disruption to the city.

Brisbane also gained further international recognition, hosting the final Goodwill Games in 2001, and also some of the games in the 2003 Rugby World Cup, as well as the 2014 G20 Brisbane summit.

Night skyline of Brisbane's central business district from Mount Coot-tha, May 2013

Brisbane: Geography

Satellite image of Brisbane Metropolitan Area

Brisbane is in the southeast corner of Queensland. The city is centred along the Brisbane River, and its eastern suburbs line the shores of Moreton Bay. The greater Brisbane region is on the coastal plain east of the Great Dividing Range. Brisbane's metropolitan area sprawls along the Moreton Bay floodplain from Caboolture in the north to Beenleigh in the south, and across to Ipswich in the south west.

The city of Brisbane is hilly. The urban area, including the central business district, are partially elevated by spurs of the Herbert Taylor Range, such as the summit of Mount Coot-tha, reaching up to 300 metres (980 ft) and the smaller Enoggera Hill. Other prominent rises in Brisbane are Mount Gravatt and nearby Toohey Mountain. Mount Petrie at 170 m (560 ft) and the lower rises of Highgate Hill, Mount Ommaney, Stephens Mountain and Whites Hill are dotted across the city. Also, on the west, are the higher Mount Glorious, (680 m), and Mount Nebo (550 m).

The city is on a low-lying floodplain. Many suburban creeks criss-cross the city, increasing the risk of flooding. The city has suffered three major floods since colonisation, in February 1893, January 1974, and January 2011. The 1974 Brisbane Flood occurred partly as a result of "Cyclone Wanda". Heavy rain had fallen continuously for three weeks before the Australia Day weekend flood (26–27 January 1974). The flood damaged many parts of the city, especially the suburbs of Oxley, Bulimba, Rocklea, Coorparoo, Toowong and New Farm. The City Botanic Gardens were inundated, leading to a new colony of mangroves forming in the City Reach of the Brisbane River.

Brisbane: Urban structure

The steel cantilever Story Bridge was constructed in 1940 to connect Fortitude Valley to Kangaroo Point. In the image on the right, the bridge is illuminated in blue for ovarian cancer awareness.

The Brisbane central business district (CBD) lies in a curve of the Brisbane river. The CBD covers 2.2 km (0.8 sq mi) and is walkable. Central streets are named after members of the royal family. Queen Street is Brisbane's traditional main street. Streets named after female members (Adelaide, Alice, Ann, Charlotte, Elizabeth, Margaret, Mary) run parallel to Queen Street and Queen Street Mall (named in honour of Queen Victoria) and at right angles to streets named after male members (Albert, Edward, George, William). The city has retained some heritage buildings dating back to the 1820s. The Old Windmill, in Wickham Park, built by convict labour in 1824, is the oldest surviving building in Brisbane. The Old Windmill was originally used for the grinding of grain and a punishment for the convicts who manually operated the grinding mill. The Old Windmill tower's other significant claim to fame, largely ignored, is that the first television signals in the southern hemisphere were transmitted from it by experimenters in April 1934-long before TV commenced in most places. These experimental TV broadcasts continued until World War II. The Old Commissariat Store, on William Street, built by convict labour in 1828, was originally used partly as a grainhouse, has also been a hostel for immigrants and used for the storage of records. Built with Brisbane tuff from the nearby Kangaroo Point Cliffs and sandstone from a quarry near today's Albion Park Racecourse, it is now the home of the Royal Historical Society of Brisbane. It contains a museum and can also be hired for small functions. Greater Brisbane had a density of 148 people per square kilometre in 2016. Like most Australian and North American cities, Brisbane has a sprawling metropolitan area which takes in excess of one hour to traverse either north to south or east to west by car without traffic.

Pre-1950 housing was often built in a distinctive architectural style known as a Queenslander, featuring timber construction with large verandahs and high ceilings. The relatively low cost of timber in South-East Queensland meant that until recently most residences were constructed of timber, rather than brick or stone. Many of these houses are elevated on stumps (also called "stilts"), that were originally timber, but are now frequently replaced by steel or concrete. Queenslander houses are considered iconic to Brisbane and are typically sold at a significant premium to equivalent modern houses. Early legislation decreed a minimum size for residential blocks causing few terrace houses being constructed in Brisbane. The high density housing that historically existed came in the form of miniature Queenslander-style houses which resemble the much larger traditional styles but are sometimes only one quarter the size. These houses are common in the inner city suburbs. At the 2016 census, 76.4% of residents lived in separate houses, 12.6% lived in apartments and 10% lived in townhouses, terrace houses or semi-detached houses. Brisbane is home to several of Australia's tallest buildings. Brisbane's tallest building is 1 William Street at 260 metres, to be overtaken by the 270 metre Brisbane Skytower which is currently under construction.

BrisbaneRiver02 gobeirne-edit1.jpg
Walter Taylor Bridge (road) (left), Albert Bridge (rail) (centre), unnamed bridge (rail) (right), Jack Pesch Bridge (far right)
Eleanor Schonell Bridge (Green Bridge) (pedestrians, pedal cycles, buses)
Merivale Bridge (rail)
William Jolly Bridge (road)
Victoria Bridge
Captain Cook Bridge
Story Bridge
Pacific Motorway
Suncorp Stadium (Lang Park) (Rugby league ground)
Norman Creek (Anglican Church Grammar School)
Oxley Creek
Brisbane River
Indooroopilly Shoppingtown
"The Gabba" (Brisbane Cricket Ground)
South Bank arts and recreation precinct
Central business district
University of Queensland (UQ) St Lucia Campus
City Botanic Gardens
Queensland University of Technology (QUT) Gardens Point Campus
Goodwill Bridge (pedestrians and pedal cycles)
The Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital
Mater Private Hospital
Roma Street Rail Station
Roma Street Parkland
New Farm Park and Powerhouse
Victoria Park Golf Course
Brisbane Exhibition Ground
Brisbane Riverwalk (Destroyed in 2011 floods)
Inner City Bypass (rail) (left) (road) (right)
Indooroopilly Golf Course

Brisbane: Climate

A spring storm with lightning over the central business district

Brisbane has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification: Cfa) with hot, humid summers and dry moderately warm winters. Due to its proximity to the Coral Sea and a warm ocean current, Brisbane's overall temperature variability is somewhat less than most other Australian capitals, particularly in winter, when maximum temperatures below 20 °C (68 °F) are relatively uncommon (compared with Sydney, Melbourne, Adelaide, and Perth). From November to March, thunderstorms are common over Brisbane, with the more severe events accompanied by large damaging hail stones, torrential rain and destructive winds. On an annual basis, Brisbane averages 124 clear days. Dewpoints in the summer average at around 20 °C (68.0 °F); the apparent temperature exceeds 30 °C (86.0 °F) on almost all summer days.

The city's highest recorded temperature was 43.2 °C (110 °F) on 26 January 1940, but temperatures above 38 °C (100 °F) are uncommon. On 19 July 2007, Brisbane's temperature fell below the freezing point for the first time since records began, registering −0.1 °C (32 °F) at the airport station. The city station has never dropped below 2 °C (35.6 °F), with the average coldest night during winter being around 6 °C (42.8 °F), however locations directly west of Brisbane such as Ipswich have dropped as low as −5 °C (23 °F) with heavy ground frost. In 2009 Brisbane recorded its hottest winter day at 35.4 °C (96 °F) on 24 August. The average July day however is around 22 °C (72 °F) with sunny skies and low humidity, occasionally as high as 27 °C (81 °F), whilst maximum temperatures below 18 °C (64 °F) are usually associated with brief but not uncommon periods of cloud and winter rain.

Brisbane's wettest day occurred on 21 January 1887, when 465 millimetres (18.3 in) of rain fell on the city, the highest maximum daily rainfall of Australia's capital cities. The highest minimum temperature ever recorded in Brisbane was 28.0 °C (82.4 °F) on 29 January 1940 and again on 21 January 2017, whilst the lowest maximum temperature was 10.2 °C (50.4 °F) on 12 August 1954.

From 2001 until 2010, Brisbane and surrounding temperate areas had been experiencing the most severe drought in over a century, with dam levels dropping to 16.9% of their capacity on 10 August 2007. Residents were mandated by local laws to observe level 6 water restrictions on gardening and other outdoor water usage. Per capita water usage is below 140 litres per day, giving Brisbane one of the lowest per capita usages of water of any developed city in the world. On 9 January 2011, an upper low crossed north of Brisbane and dropped rainfall on an already saturated southeast coast of Queensland, resulting in severe flooding and damage in Brisbane and the surrounding area; the same storm season also caused the water storage to climb to over 98% of maximum capacity and broke the drought. Water restrictions have been replaced with water conservation measures that aim at a target of 200 litres per day/per person, but consumption is rarely over 160 litres. In November 2011, Brisbane saw 22 days with no recorded rainfall, which was the driest start to a November since 1919.

Brisbane also lies in the Tropical Cyclone risk area, although cyclones are rare. The last to affect Brisbane was Severe Tropical Cyclone Debbie in March 2017: It drenched parts of Brisbane with rain amounts reaching as much as 100mm in a 24-hour period. The monthly total was at 298mm compared to the average of 104mm and the 2001 record of 248mm. The city is susceptible to severe thunderstorms in the spring and summer months; on 16 November 2008 a severe storm caused tremendous damage in the outer suburbs, most notably The Gap. Roofs were torn off houses and hundreds of trees were felled. More recently, on 27 November 2014, a very strong storm made a direct hit on the city centre. Described as 'the worst storm in a decade,' very large hail, to the size of cricket balls, smashed skyscraper windows while a flash flood tore through the CBD. Wind gusts of 141 km/h (88 mph) were recorded in some suburbs, many houses were severely damaged, cars were destroyed and planes were flipped at the Brisbane and Archerfield Airports. Dust storms in Brisbane are extremely rare; on 23 September 2009, however, a severe dust storm blanketed Brisbane, as well as other parts of eastern Australia.

The average annual temperature of the sea ranges from 21.0 °C (69.8 °F) in July to 27.0 °C (80.6 °F) in February.

Climate data for Brisbane (1999–2017)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 40.0
Average high °C (°F) 30.3
Average low °C (°F) 21.5
Record low °C (°F) 17.0
Average rainfall mm (inches) 151.8
Average precipitation days 12.2 13.3 14.2 11.7 9.5 9.7 7.3 6.0 7.8 8.7 11.3 13.3 125.0
Average afternoon relative humidity (%) 57 59 57 54 49 52 44 43 48 51 56 57 52.3
Mean monthly sunshine hours 263.5 223.2 232.5 234.0 235.6 198.0 238.7 266.6 270.0 275.9 270.0 260.4 2,968.4
Source: Bureau of Meteorology.

Brisbane: Governance

Brisbane City Hall home to the Museum of Brisbane, Brisbane City Council offices and Parliament House, the home of Queensland's state legislature

Unlike other Australian capital cities, a large portion of the greater metropolitan area, or Greater Capital City Statistical Area (GCCSA) of Brisbane is controlled by a single local government area, the City of Brisbane. Since the creation of the City of Brisbane in 1925 the urban areas of Brisbane have expanded considerably past the council boundaries. The City of Brisbane local government area is by far the largest local government area (in terms of population and budget) in Australia, serving more than 40% of the GCCSA's population. It was formed by the merger of twenty smaller LGAs in 1925, and covers an area of 1,367 km (528 sq mi).

The remainder of the metropolitan area falls into the LGAs of Logan City to the south, Moreton Bay Region in the northern suburbs, the City of Ipswich to the south west, Redland City to the south east on the bayside, with a small strip to the far west in the Scenic Rim Region.

Brisbane: Economy

Brisbane skyline; Infinity Tower under construction on the far right

White-collar industries include information technology, financial services, higher education and public sector administration generally concentrated in and around the central business district and recently established office areas in the inner suburbs. Blue-collar industries, including petroleum refining, stevedoring, paper milling, metalworking and QR railway workshops, tend to be located on the lower reaches of the Brisbane River and in new industrial zones on the urban fringe. Tourism is an important part of the Brisbane economy, both in its own right and as a gateway to other areas of Queensland.

Unemployment rate in the Greater Brisbane labour market region since 1998

Since the late 1990s and early 2000s, the Queensland State Government has been developing technology and science industries in Queensland as a whole, and Brisbane in particular, as part of its "Smart State" initiative. The government has invested in several biotechnology and research facilities at several universities in Brisbane. The Institute for Molecular Bioscience at the University of Queensland (UQ) Saint Lucia Campus is a large CSIRO and Queensland state government initiative for research and innovation that is currently being emulated at the Queensland University of Technology (QUT) Campus at Kelvin Grove with the establishment of the Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation (IHBI).

The National Australia Bank Building located on Queen Street

Brisbane is one of the major business hubs in Australia. Most major Australian companies, as well as numerous international companies, have contact offices in Brisbane, while numerous electronics businesses have distribution hubs in and around the city. DHL Global's Oceanic distribution warehouse is located in Brisbane, as is Asia Pacific Aerospace's headquarters. Home grown major companies include Suncorp-Metway Limited, Flight Centre, Sunsuper, Orrcon, Credit Union Australia, Boeing Australia, Donut King, Wotif.com, WebCentral, PIPE Networks, Krome Studios, Mincom Limited, TechnologyOne, Thiess Pty Ltd and Virgin Australia. Brisbane has the fourth highest median household income of the Australian capital cities at AUD 57,772.

Brisbane: Port of Brisbane

The Port of Brisbane is on the lower reaches of the Brisbane River and on Fisherman's Island at the rivers mouth, and is the 3rd most important port in Australia for value of goods. Container freight, sugar, grain, coal and bulk liquids are the major exports. Most of the port facilities are less than three decades old and some are built on reclaimed mangroves and wetlands.

The Port is a part of the Australia TradeCoast, the country's fastest-growing economic development area. Geographically, Australia TradeCoast occupies a large swathe of land around the airport and port. Commercially, the area has attracted a mix of companies from throughout the Asia Pacific region.

Brisbane: Demographics

Chinatown, Brisbane
Significant overseas born populations
Country of birth Population (2016)
New Zealand 106,053
England 90,086
Mainland China 36,175
India 35,335
South Africa 22,068
Philippines 20,797
Vietnam 16,731
South Korea 12,202
Taiwan 11,976
Scotland 11,691
Malaysia 10,765

Brisbane's Greater Capital City Statistical Area includes the Local Government Areas of City of Brisbane, City of Ipswich, Moreton Bay Region, Logan City and Redland City, as well as parts of Lockyer Valley Region, Scenic Rim Region and Somerset Region, which form a continuous metropolitan area. The Australian Bureau of Statistics estimates that the population of Greater Brisbane is 2,360,241 as of June 2016, making it the third largest city in Australia.

The 2016 census showed that 32.2% of Brisbane's inhabitants were born overseas and 50.9% of inhabitants had at least one parent born overseas. Of inhabitants born outside of Australia, the four most prevalent countries of birth were New Zealand, England, Mainland China, and India. Brisbane has the largest New Zealand and Taiwanese-born populations of any city in Australia.

At the 2016 census, 78% of inhabitants spoke only English at home, with the next most common languages being Mandarin (2.4%), Vietnamese (1.0%), Cantonese (0.9%), Spanish (0.7%), Hindi (0.6%), Samoan (0.6%), Korean (0.6%) and Punjabi (0.6%).

At the 2016 census, the ancestries nominated by the largest proportion of inhabitants who stated their ancestries were English (39.7%), Australian (34.6%), Irish (13.2%), Scottish (11%), German (6.4%) and Chinese (4.7%). 2.4% of the population identify as Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander peoples.

By far the largest ethnic minority are Asian Australians. Within this group, the largest single ethnicity is Chinese Australians. The areas of Sunnybank, Sunnybank Hills, Stretton, Robertson, Calamvale, Macgregor, Eight Mile Plains, Runcorn and Rochedale, are home to a large proportion of Brisbane's Mainland China, Taiwan and Hong Kong-born population, with Chinese being the most commonly-reported ancestry in each of these areas. A significant portion of Brisbane's Vietnamese-born population reside in the areas of Inala, Darra and Durack.

The most commonly nominated religious affiliations were 'No religion' (30.6%), Catholic (21.5%), Anglican (13.3%), Uniting Church (4.6%), 'Christian' (3.1%), Presbyterian and Reformed (2.6%), Baptist (2.2%), Buddhist (2%), Pentecostal (1.5%), Muslim (1.5%) and Hindu (1.5%).

University of Queensland
Entrance to QUT at Gardens Point

Brisbane: Education

Brisbane has multi-campus universities and colleges including the University of Queensland (UQ), Queensland University of Technology (QUT) and Griffith University, all among Australia's highest rated universities. Other universities which have campuses in Brisbane include the Australian Catholic University, Central Queensland University, James Cook University, University of Southern Queensland and the University of the Sunshine Coast. Brisbane is also home to the Aboriginal Centre for the Performing Arts.

There are three major TAFE colleges in Brisbane; the Brisbane North Institute of TAFE, the Metropolitan South Institute of TAFE, and the Southbank Institute of TAFE. Brisbane is also home to numerous other independent tertiary providers, including the Australian College of Natural Medicine, the Queensland Theological College, the Brisbane College of Theology, QANTM (SAE Institute), Jazz Music Institute, Jschool: Journalism Education & Training, JMC Academy.

Many of Brisbane's preschool, primary, and secondary schools are under the jurisdiction of Education Queensland, a branch of the Queensland Government. There are also a large number of independent (private), Roman Catholic, Lutheran, and other Christian-run schools.

Brisbane: Infrastructure

Brisbane: Transport

Houghton Highway, the second longest bridge in Australia, during peak hour

Brisbane has an extensive transportation network within the city, as well as connections to regional centres, interstate and to overseas destinations. The use of urban public transport is still only a small component of total passenger transport, the largest component being travel by private car.

Public transport is provided by bus, rail and ferry services. Bus services are operated by public and private operators whereas trains and ferries are operated by public agencies. The Brisbane central business district (CBD) is the central hub for all public transport services with services focusing on Queen Street bus station, Roma Street and Central railway stations, and various city ferries wharves. Brisbane's CityCat high speed ferry service, popular with tourists and commuters, operates services along the Brisbane River between the University of Queensland and Northshore Hamilton.

The Queensland Rail City network network consists of 10 suburban lines and covers mostly the west, north and east sides of the city. It also provides the route for an Airtrain service under joint public/private control between the City and Brisbane Airport. Since 2000, Brisbane has been developing a busway network, including the South East Busway, Northern Busway and the Eastern Busway. TransLink operates an integrated ticketing system across the public transport network.

Spirit of Brisbane ferry on the Brisbane River

The Brisbane River has created a barrier to some road transport routes. In total there are ten road bridges, mostly concentrated in the inner city area. This has intensified the need for transport routes to focus on the inner city. There are also three railway bridges and two pedestrian bridges. The Eleanor Schonell Bridge (originally named, and still generally known as, The Green Bridge) between the University of Queensland and Dutton Park is for use by buses, pedestrians and cyclists. There are currently multiple tunnel and bridge projects underway as part of the TransApex plan.

An extensive network of pedestrian and cyclist pathways have been created along the banks of the Brisbane River to form a Riverwalk network.

Queensland Rail Suburban Multiple Unit at Nambour Station

Brisbane is served by several urban and inter-urban motorways. The Pacific Motorway connects the central city with the Gold Coast to the south. The Ipswich Motorway connects the city with Ipswich to the west via the southern suburbs, while the Western Freeway and the Centenary Motorway provide a connection between Brisbane's inner-west and the outer south-west, connecting with the Ipswich Motorway south of the Brisbane River. The Bruce Highway is Brisbane's main route north of the city to the rest of the State. The Bruce Highway terminates 1,700 km (1,056 mi) away in Cairns and passes through most major cities along the Queensland coast. The Gateway Motorway is a private toll road which connects the Gold Coast and Sunshine Coasts by providing an alternate route via the Gateway Bridge avoiding Brisbane's inner city area. The Port of Brisbane Motorway links the Gateway to the Port of Brisbane, while Inner City Bypass and the Riverside Expressway act as the inner ring freeway system to prevent motorists from travelling through the city's congested centre.

Brisbane's population growth placed strains on South East Queensland's transport system. The State Government and Brisbane City Council have responded with infrastructure plans and increased funding for transportation projects, such as the South East Queensland Infrastructure Plan and Program. Most of the focus has been placed on expanding current road infrastructure, particularly tunnels and bypasses, as well as improving the public transport system.

Brisbane Airport (IATA code: BNE) is the city's main airport, the third busiest in Australia after Sydney Airport and Melbourne Airport. It is located north-east of the city centre and provides domestic and international passenger services. In the 2012–2012 year, Brisbane Airport handled over 21.3 million passengers. The airport is served by the Brisbane Airtrain, which provides a rail service from Brisbane's city centre to and from the airport. Archerfield Airport (in Brisbane's southern suburbs) acts as a general aviation airport.

King George Square Busway Station, an underground bus station

Brisbane: Utilities and healthcare

Lake Wivenhoe, Brisbane's primary water reserve

Water storage, treatment and delivery for Brisbane is handled by SEQ Water, which sells on to Queensland Urban Utilities (previously Brisbane Water) for distribution to the greater Brisbane area. Water for the area is stored in one of three dams; Wivenhoe, Somerset and North Pine. Since 13 May 2005, Brisbane has enforced water restrictions due to drought. This has also led to the State Government announcing that purified recycled water would be pumped into the dams once the pipeline was complete in 2009. More recently, restrictions were lifted and water conservation is no longer a major concern of council, although residents are asked to follow permanent conservation measures.

Electricity and gas grids in Brisbane are handled by Energex (electricity), and Origin Energy (gas), with each company previously holding a monopoly on domestic retail supply. Since 1 July 2007 Queensland regulation changes have opened up the retail energy market, allowing multiple companies to resell both gas and electricity.

Aerial of part of Mater Health Services campus at South Brisbane

Metropolitan Brisbane is serviced by all major and most minor telecommunications companies and their networks. Brisbane has the largest number of enabled DSL telephone exchanges in Queensland. An increasing number are also enabled with special hardware (DSLAMs) which enable high speed ADSL2+ internet access. The Brisbane CBD also features a complete underground fibre optics network, with numerous connections to the inner suburbs provided by various service providers.

Telstra and Optus provide both high speed internet as well as Pay TV through their cable services for the bulk of the city's metropolitan area. Both of these providers also host wireless networks with hotspots within both the inner and suburban areas. In addition, Telstra, Optus and Vodafone all operate both 2.5G, 3G and 3.5G mobile phone networks citywide.

Brisbane is covered by Queensland Health's "Northside" and "Southside" health service areas. Within the greater Brisbane area there are 8 major public hospitals, 4 major private hospitals, and smaller public and private facilities. Specialist and general medical practices are located in the CBD, and most suburbs and localities.

Brisbane: Aged care

In October 2015 Lord Mayor Graham Quirk announced plans to offer incentives for developers to build aged care and retirement facilities in some of the city's inner-suburban neighbourhoods. The scheme was based on the discounts for student accommodation infrastructure charges Quirk claimed had energised the student accommodation sector. In late August 2016 Quirk announced incentives reducing development infrastructure charges by 33 per cent for a three-year period and allowance for additional two storeys in medium and high density locations "where best practice design standards are met". The reason given was to enable people in inner suburban neighbourhoods to retire and go into aged care in the areas where they lived, and to increase aged care rooms and retirement units overall to meet growing demand. The Brisbane City Council's announcement said the 70 plus population of Brisbane was projected to increase by 50 per cent to 2027. The changes require revisions to the City Plan to include a new code for assessing aged care and retirement living development applications.

Brisbane City Council's Labor opposition said the changes would benefit developers rather than consumers, claiming the discounts don't necessarily tend to translate into more affordable property and called for some of the reductions be used to help reduce property purchase prices. The Property Council of Australia said the policy would position Brisbane as a national leader in aged-care provision and avert a "seniors' housing shortfall". Major commercial property firm Savills Brisbane said the critical suburbs to benefit were in Brisbane's "inner middle ring" including Ashgrove, Wilston, Wooloowin, Coorparoo, Yeronga and Auchenflower.

Brisbane: Culture

Treasury Hotel and Casino

Brisbane has a substantial live theatre and music scene – both popular and classical.

GOMA, main entrance

The Queensland Gallery of Modern Art (GOMA), opened in December 2006, is one of the latest additions to the South Bank precinct and houses some of the most well-known pieces of modern art from within and outside Australia. GOMA is the largest modern art gallery in Australia. GOMA holds the Asia Pacific Triennial (APT) which focuses on contemporary art from the Asia and Pacific in a variety of media from painting to video work. In Addition, its size enables the gallery to exhibit particularly large shows - the Andy Warhol exhibition being the largest survey of his work in Australia. GOMA also boasts Australia's largest purpose-built Cinémathèque. The Gallery of Modern Art is located next to the State Library of Queensland and the Queensland Art Gallery. Along with Beijing, Berlin, Birmingham and Marseille, Brisbane was nominated as one of the Top 5 International Music Hotspots by Billboard in 2007. There are also popular entertainment pubs and clubs within both the City and Fortitude Valley.

Brisbane: Arts and classical culture

View of the western face of the Queensland Performing Arts Centre

Brisbane: Venues and classical performers

The Queensland Performing Arts Centre (QPAC), which is located at South Bank, consists of the Lyric Theatre, a Concert Hall, Cremorne Theatre and the Playhouse Theatre and is home to the Queensland Ballet, Opera Queensland, Queensland Theatre Company, and the Queensland Symphony Orchestra. The Queensland Conservatorium, in which professional companies and Conservatorium students also stage performances, is located within the South Bank Parklands. Numerous choirs present performances across the city annually. These choirs include the Brisbane Chorale, Queensland Choir, Brisbane Chamber Choir, Canticum Chamber Choir, Brisbane Concert Choir, Imogen Children's Chorale and Brisbane Birralee Voices. Due to the lack of a suitable purpose built performance venue for choral music, these choirs typically perform in the city's many churches.

Brisbane: Theatres

In addition to dramatic and musical theatre performances at QPAC, the Brisbane Powerhouse in New Farm and the Judith Wright Centre of Contemporary Arts on Brunswick Street in Fortitude Valley feature diverse programs featuring exhibitions and festivals of visual art, music and dance.

The finale of The Brisbane Festival, a major cultural event
Fire works over the story bridge at Riverfire 2012

Brisbane is also home to numerous small theatres that provide access to emerging amateur and pro-am artists and companies. The oldest is the Brisbane Arts Theatre which was founded in 1936. It has a regular adult and children's theatre and is located in Petrie Terrace. The La Boite Theatre Company now performs at the Roundhouse Theatre at Kelvin Grove. Other professional theatres in the city include the Twelfth Night Theatre at Bowen Hills, the Metro Arts Theatre located in Edward Street, and the Queensland Theatre Company's Bille Brown Studio in West End.

Brisbane has a substantial live popular music scene.

Brisbane: Live music

Brisbane has maintained a constantly evolving live music scene, producing acts spanning genres including punk (see Brisbane punk rock), indie rock, electronic music, experimental music, noise rock, metal and post-punk. Brisbane's live music history is often intertwined with social unrest and authoritarian politics, as retold by journalist Andrew Stafford in Pig City: From The Saints to Savage Garden, Radical Brisbane: An Unruly History, edited by academics Raymond Evans and Carole Ferrier, and BNE – The Definitive Archive: Brisbane Independent Electronic Music Production 1979-2014, produced by record label director Dennis Remmer.

Brisbane: Musicians

  • The Bee Gees were born on the Isle of Man, lived in the United Kingdom during their early childhoods, but raised in Redcliffe and Cribb Island, Brisbane.
  • The members of Powderfinger met at Brisbane Grammar School and the University of Queensland, and found early popularity within Brisbane.
  • Indie band The Go-Betweens (after whom Brisbane's Go Between Bridge is named) were based out of Brisbane, and many of their songs and albums, such as Spring Hill Fair, reflect the attitude of 1980s Brisbane.
  • The Veronicas' Lisa and Jessica Origliasso were born and raised in Albany Creek, Brisbane.
  • The Saints, based in Brisbane since 1974, were one of the first punk rock bands to form outside the United States.
  • Sheppard reached No. 1 on the ARIA Singles Chart after forming in Brisbane in 2009.
  • Savage Garden formed in the 1990s after Darren Hayes responded to Daniel Jones' advertisement in a Brisbane newspaper.

Brisbane: Music references

Brisbane is featured in music including The Saints' "Brisbane (Security City)" (1978); The Stranglers' "Nuclear Device" (1979) about Joh Bjelke-Petersen; "Love You Brisbane" theme single from the 1980s; Midnight Oil's single "Dreamworld" (1987); Powderfinger's album Vulture Street (2003).

Brisbane: Notable people

Brisbane: Sport

NRL game at Suncorp Stadium
Queensland Tennis Centre at Brisbane International is a professional tennis tournament
The Gabba

Brisbane has hosted several major sporting events including the 1982 Commonwealth Games and the 2001 Goodwill Games. The city also hosted events during the 1987 Rugby World Cup, 1992 Cricket World Cup, 2000 Sydney Olympics, the 2003 Rugby World Cup and hosted the Final of the 2008 Rugby League World Cup and will host along with the Gold Coast, some events for the 2018 Commonwealth Games. In 2005, then Premier Peter Beattie announced plans for Brisbane to bid to host the 2024 Olympic Games, which in August 2008 received in principle Australian Olympic Committee support, including that of the former Queensland Premier Anna Bligh and former Brisbane Lord Mayor Campbell Newman. The most popular professional club in the city is the Brisbane Broncos, who play in the National Rugby League competition. Rugby Union is also very popular in Brisbane and the city hosts the Queensland Reds who play Super Rugby. Brisbane also hosts a professional soccer team named Brisbane Roar FC and an AFL club the Brisbane Lions. Brisbane recently re-introduced their Basketball team the Brisbane Bullets into the National Basketball League (Australia) after a 8 hiatus.

The city's major sporting venues include the Gabba, Sleeman Centre at Chandler, Suncorp Stadium (Lang Park), Ballymore Stadium and the stadium facilities of the Queensland Sport and Athletics Centre in Nathan. With the closure of the Milton Tennis grounds in 1994, Brisbane lacked a major tennis facility. In 2005, the State Government approved the State Tennis Centre a new A$65 million tennis stadium. The construction was completed in 2008. The Brisbane International is held here from January 2009.

Sport Team Name League Stadium Reference
Rugby League Queensland State of Origin series Suncorp Stadium (Lang Park)
Brisbane Broncos National Rugby League
Rugby Union Queensland Reds Super Rugby
Soccer Brisbane Roar A-League
Cricket Queensland Bulls Sheffield Shield
Ryobi One Day Cup
The Gabba
Brisbane Heat Big Bash League
Australian rules football Brisbane Lions Australian Football League
Basketball Brisbane Bullets National Basketball League Brisbane Convention & Exhibition Centre
Netball Queensland Firebirds ANZ Championship
Baseball Brisbane Bandits Australian Baseball League Holloway Field
Field Hockey Queensland Blades Australian Hockey League Queensland State Hockey Centre

Brisbane: Annual events

Riverfire at the Story Bridge

Major cultural events in Brisbane include the Ekka (the Royal Queensland Exhibition), held each August, and the Riverfestival, held each September at South Bank Parklands and surrounding areas. Warana (meaning Blue Skies) was a former spring festival which began in 1961 and was held in September each year. Run as a celebration of Brisbane, Warana was similar to Melbourne's Moomba festival. In 1996 the annual festival was changed to a biennial Brisbane Festival. The Brisbane International Film Festival (BIFF) is held in July/August in a variety of venues around Brisbane. BIFF features new films and retrospectives by domestic and international filmmakers along with seminars and awards.

The Paniyiri festival at Musgrave Park (corner of Russell and Edmondstone Streets, South Brisbane) is an annual Greek cultural festival held over two days in May. The Brisbane Medieval Fayre and Tournament is held each June in Musgrave Park. The Valley Fiesta is an annual three-day event organised by the Valley Chamber of Commerce. It was launched by Brisbane Marketing in 2002 to promote Fortitude Valley as a hub for arts and youth culture. It features free live music, market stalls, food and drink from many local restaurants and cafés, and other entertainment. The Bridge to Brisbane fun run has become a major annual charity event for Brisbane. The Caxton Street Seafood and Wine Festival was launched in 1994 by the Caxton Street Development Association to promote Caxton Street in historic Petrie Terrace as a significant entertainment precinct that celebrates and promotes Australian music, seafood and wine. It features live music, food and drink from Caxton Street restaurants and cafés, as well as Art Exhibitions and Historical Displays and a dedicated annual Festival Band Competition. The annual Buddha Birth Day festival at Brisbane's South Bank is thought to be the world's largest, attracting over 200,000 visitors each year.

Brisbane: Tourism and recreation

The City Botanic Gardens

Tourism plays a major role in Brisbane's economy, being the third-most popular destination for international tourists after Sydney and Melbourne. Popular tourist and recreation areas in Brisbane include the South Bank Parklands, Roma Street Parkland, the City Botanic Gardens, Brisbane Forest Park and Portside Wharf. The Lone Pine Koala Sanctuary opened in 1927 and was the world's first koala sanctuary. The suburb of Mount Coot-tha is home to a popular state forest, and the Brisbane Botanic Gardens which houses the Sir Thomas Brisbane Planetarium and the "Tsuki-yama-chisen" Japanese Garden (formerly of the Japanese Government Pavilion of Brisbane's World Expo '88).

Brisbane has over 27 km (17 mi) of bicycle pathways, mostly surrounding the Brisbane river and city centre, extending to the west of the city. The river itself was popular with bathers, and it permitted boating excursions to Moreton Bay when the main port was in the city reaches. Today fishing and boating are more common. Other popular recreation activities include the Story Bridge adventure climb and rock climbing at the Kangaroo Point Cliffs. The nearby Australia Zoo, made famous by Steve Irwin, also encourages many tourists to visit Brisbane.

In 2015, a competition by travel guidebook Rough Guides saw Brisbane elected as one of the top ten most beautiful cities in the world, citing reasons such as "its winning combination of high-rise modern architecture, lush green spaces and the enormous Brisbane River that snakes its way through the centre before emptying itself into the azure Moreton Bay."

Brisbane: Media

Brisbane: Print

The main newspapers of Brisbane are The Courier-Mail and The Sunday Mail, both owned by News Corporation. Brisbane receives the national daily, The Australian, and the Weekend Australian, together with Fairfax papers Australian Financial Review, the Sydney Morning Herald and The Age, and Fairfax website Brisbane Times. There are community and suburban newspapers throughout the metropolitan area, including Brisbane News and City News, many of which are produced by Quest Community Newspapers.

Brisbane: Television

Brisbane is served by all five major television networks in Australia, which broadcast from the summit of Mount Coot-tha. The three commercial stations, Seven, Nine, and Ten, are accompanied by two government networks, ABC and SBS, with all five providing digital television. Channels available in addition to ABC, Seven, Nine, Ten and SBS include One, Eleven, TVSN, Spree TV, ABC2/KIDS, ABC3, ABC News 24, SBS HD (SBS broadcast in HD), SBS2, Food Network, NITV, 7Two, 7mate, 7flix, 7HD (Seven broadcast in HD), TV4ME, RACING.COM, 9HD (Nine broadcast in HD), 9Gem, 9Go!, 9Life and eXtra. 31, a community station, also broadcasts in Brisbane. Optus and Foxtel operate PayTV services in Brisbane, via cable and satellite means.

Brisbane: Radio

Brisbane is serviced by major commercial radio stations, including 4KQ, 4BC, 4BH, 97.3 FM, B105 FM, Nova 106.9, RadioTAB and Triple M. Brisbane is also serviced by major community radio stations such as 96five Family FM, 4MBS Classic FM 103.7, 4EB FM and 4ZZZ 102.1. Additional channels are also available via DAB Digital Radio. The ABC transmits all five of its radio networks to Brisbane; 612 ABC Brisbane, ABC Classic FM, ABC NewsRadio, Radio National, and Triple J. SBS broadcasts its national radio network.

Name Frequency Owner
612 ABC Brisbane 612 AM Australian Broadcasting Corporation
4KQ 693 AM Australian Radio Network
ABC Radio National 792 AM Australian Broadcasting Corporation
Magic 882 882 AM Macquarie Media
ABC NewsRadio 936 AM Australian Broadcasting Corporation
Radio TAB 1008 AM UBET
4BC 1116 AM Macquarie Media
Switch 1197 1197 AM Brisbane Interactive Radio Group
4RPH 1296 AM Queensland Radio for the Print Handicapped
Radio Arabic 1647 AM
VAC Radio 1656 AM Radio Chinese Australia
Radio Brisvaani 1701 AM
SBS Radio 93.3 FM Special Broadcasting Service
River 94.9 94.9 FM Grant Broadcasters
96five 96.5 FM Family Radio
97.3 97.3 FM Australian Radio Network and NOVA Entertainment
4EB 98.1 FM Ethnic Broadcasting Association of Queensland
98.9 FM 98.9 FM Brisbane Indigenous Media Association
4ZZZ 102.1 FM Creative Broadcasters
4MBS 103.7 FM Music Broadcasting Society of Queensland
Triple M 104.5 FM Southern Cross Austereo
HIT 105 105.3 FM Southern Cross Austereo
ABC Classic FM 106.1 FM Australian Broadcasting Corporation
Nova 106.9 106.9 FM NOVA Entertainment
Triple J 107.7 FM Australian Broadcasting Corporation

Brisbane: Brisbane nicknames

"Bris Vegas" is an ironic nickname given to the city. This has been attributed to an Elvis Presley tribute CD and the city's growing live music scene. It is believed to have been first used in print in a 1996 edition of The Courier-Mail, also about the time of the opening of the Treasury Casino in Brisbane and the popularisation of poker machines in Brisbane bars and clubs, a play on the popular gaming ground of Las Vegas. The name has also been attributed to the city's nightlife, compact size of the central business district and perceived lack of sophistication, a comparison to the ostensibly kitsch and crass Las Vegas.

Brisbane: See also

  • List of Brisbane suburbs
  • List of tallest buildings in Brisbane
  • Tourism in Brisbane

Brisbane: References

  1. "Ten years of growth: Australia's population hot spots". Australian Bureau of Statistics. 28 July 2017. Retrieved 4 August 2017.
  2. "2016 Census Community Profile – Greater Brisbane (3GBRI – GCCSA)". Australian Bureau of Statistics. ; [1], ZIPed Excel spreadsheet. Cover
  3. "Great Circle Distance between BRISBANE and SYDNEY". Geoscience Australia. March 2004.
  4. "Great Circle Distance between BRISBANE and CANBERRA". Geoscience Australia. March 2004.
  5. "Great Circle Distance between BRISBANE and MELBOURNE". Geoscience Australia. March 2004.
  6. "Great Circle Distance between BRISBANE and ADELAIDE". Geoscience Australia. March 2004.
  7. "Great Circle Distance between BRISBANE and PERTH". Geoscience Australia. March 2004.
  8. Macquarie Dictionary. The Macquarie Library. 2003. p. 121. ISBN 1-876429-37-2.
  9. "Brisbane (entry 4555)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 14 March 2014.
  10. "3218.0 – Regional Population Growth, Australia, 2015–16". Australian Bureau of Statistics. ERP at 30 June 2016.
  11. "Brisbane and Greater Brisbane". Queensland Places.
  12. "South West Pacific campaign". www.ww2places.qld.gov.au. Queensland Government. Retrieved 22 January 2016.
  13. "The World According to GaWC 2016". www.lboro.ac.uk. Retrieved 2017-05-24.
  14. Archibald Meston. "Aboriginal Indigeneous Tribes of Brisbane and Moreton Bay". Retrieved 17 July 2017.
  15. Tony Moore (17 May 2012). "The indigenous history of Musgrave Park". Brisbane Times. Retrieved 17 July 2017.
  16. "Tom Petrie's Early Reminiscences of Early Queensland". Retrieved 24 November 2008.
  17. Our Brisbane – Our shared vision – Brisbane City Council Page 2 Archived 27 January 2014 at the Wayback Machine.
  18. Ros Kidd. "ABORIGINAL HISTORY OF THE PRINCESS ALEXANDRA HOSPITAL SITE". Diamantina Health Care Museum Association Inc. Retrieved 17 July 2017.
  19. "Redcliffe". The Sydney Morning Herald. 8 February 2004. Retrieved 17 May 2008.
  20. "John Oxley Governor Report". Retrieved 1 February 2010.
  21. Potter, Ron. "Place Names of South East Queensland". Piula Publications. Archived from the original on 23 May 2008. Retrieved 17 May 2008.
  22. "Sir Thomas 28 miles up the Brisbane River". MOST Brisbane. Retrieved 24 June 2016.
  23. compiled by Royal Automobile Club of Queensland. (1980). Seeing South-East Queensland (2 ed.). RACQ. p. 7. ISBN 0-909518-07-6.
  24. "About Redcliffe". Redcliffe City Council. Archived from the original on 17 November 2007. Retrieved 1 December 2007.
  25. Lybaek, Lena; Konrad Raiser; Stefanie Schardien (2004). Gemeinschaft der Kirchen und gesellschaftliche Verantwortung. Münster: LIT. p. 114. ISBN 978-3-8258-7061-4.
  26. "Christopher Eipper (1813–1894)". Street Signs - And What They Mean. Pelican Waters Shire Council. Archived from the original on 18 November 2007. Retrieved 20 December 2007.
  27. "Frank Henry Vogler | German Immigrant | Johann Cesar 1863". mcnamarafamily.id.au. Retrieved 10 March 2016.
  28. "German Settlement in Queensland in the 19th Century". www.germanaustralia.com. Retrieved 10 March 2016.
  29. "Patrick Logan" (PDF).
  30. de Strzelecki, Paul Edmond (1845). Physical Description of New South Wales and Van Diemen's Land: Accompanied by a Geological Map, Sections, and Diagrams. London, United Kingdom: Longman, Brown, Green, and Longmans.
  31. "The Queensland Proclamation" (PDF). Queensland Government Archives. Retrieved 2 October 2014.
  32. "Organisation chart". Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 20 December 2007.
  33. "Jolly, William Alfred (1881–1955)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Retrieved 20 December 2007.
  34. "Brisbane". ANZAC Day Commemoration Committee (Qld) Incorporated. 1998. Archived from the original on 12 October 2007. Retrieved 28 December 2007.
  35. Peter Dunn (2 March 2005). "Hirings Section". Australia @ War. Retrieved 7 January 2008.
  36. "QM Supply in the Pacific during WWII". Quartermaster Professional Bulletin. Spring 1999. Archived from the original on 21 February 2004. Retrieved 7 January 2008.
  37. Peter Dunn (27 August 2005). "The Battle of Brisbane - 26 & 27 November 1942". Australia @ War. Retrieved 7 January 2008.
  38. Brisbane's last in but best-dressed, Brooke Falvey, City news, 11 July 2008. Archived 15 December 2013 at the Wayback Machine.
  39. Swanwick, Tristan (12 December 2010). "Filmmakers on trail of Brisbane Bard". The Courier-Mail. Retrieved 10 February 2012.
  40. She picked me up at a dance one night, Joan and Bill Bentson, Queensland Government. Archived 18 June 2009 at the Wayback Machine.
  41. "ACGA Past Games 1982". Commonwealth Games Australia. Archived from the original on 17 September 2007. Retrieved 28 December 2007.
  42. Rebecca Bell. "Expo 88 / Brisbane". OZ Culture. Retrieved 28 December 2007.
  43. Berry, Petrina (13 January 2011). "Brisbane braces for flood peak as Queensland's flood crisis continues". The Courier-Mail. Retrieved 14 January 2011.
  44. "Before and after photos of the floods in Brisbane". Abc.net.au. Retrieved 4 November 2012.
  45. Gregory, Helen (2007). Brisbane Then and Now. Wingfield, South Australia: Salamander Books. p. 60. ISBN 978-1-74173-011-1.
  46. "Flood-proof road destroyed in deluge". ABC News.
  47. Gunn, Angus M. (1978). Habitat: Human Settlements in an Urban Age. Pergamon Press. p. 178. ISBN 0-08-021487-8.
  48. "Timeline for Brisbane River" (PDF). Coastal CRC. Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 February 2008. Retrieved 4 January 2008.
  49. Campbell Newman, "bmag", 3 November 2009
  50. "TimeWalks Brisbane - Windmill". Queensland Government. 24 March 2008. Archived from the original on 19 December 2007. Retrieved 10 April 2008.
  51. Statham-Drew, Pamela (1990). The Origin of Australia's Capital Cities. Cambridge University Press. p. 257. ISBN 978-0-521-40832-5.
  52. Pike, Jeffrey (2002). Australia. Insight. ISBN 978-981-234-799-2.
  53. "The Commissariat Stores". Archived from the original on 23 May 2008. Retrieved 24 February 2008.
  54. "2016 Census Community Profile – Greater Brisbane (3GBRI – GCCSA)". Australian Bureau of Statistics. ; [2], ZIPed Excel spreadsheet. Cover & G01a
  55. "2016 Census QuickStats". Australian Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 4 August 2017.
  56. CTBUH. > "CTBUH Tall Building Database – The Skyscraper Center". Skyscrapercenter.
  57. "Climate: Brisbane – Climate graph, Temperature graph, Climate table". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 28 August 2013.
  58. Tapper, Andrew; Tapper, Nigel (2006). "Sub-Synoptic-Scale Processes and Phenomena". In Gray, Kathleen. The weather and climate of Australia and New Zealand (Second ed.). Melbourne, Australia: Oxford University Press. p. 346. ISBN 978-0-19-558466-0.
  59. Linacre, Edward; Geerts, Bart (1997). "Southern Climates". Climates and Weather Explained. London: Routledge. p. 379. ISBN 0-415-12519-7.
  60. "Brisbane Aero". Climate statistics for Australian locations. Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 20 November 2014.
  61. "Brisbane". Climate statistics for Australian locations. Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 16 June 2013.
  62. "Brisbane Regional Office". Climate statistics for Australian locations. Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 15 January 2017.
  63. Daniel Sankey and Tony Moore (19 July 2007). "Coldest day on record for Brisbane". The Brisbane Times. Retrieved 5 January 2008.
  64. "AMBERLEY AMO". Climate statistics for Australian locations. Bureau of Meteorology. February 2014. Retrieved 9 February 2014.
  65. Unknown (24 August 2009). "Hot August day as Records Fall". The Brisbane Times. Retrieved 31 August 2010.
  66. "Brisbane residents best water savers in world: Newman". ABC News. Retrieved 19 March 2008.
  67. "Raging floods bear down on Brisbane".
  68. "SEQWater latest dam levels". Archived from the original on 14 October 2012.
  69. "November dry spell in Brisbane set to end as rain forecast". The Courier-Mail. Retrieved 22 November 2011.
  70. "Brisbane storm: Tens of thousands of south-east Queensland residents still without power after 'worst storm in a decade'". Retrieved 28 November 2014.
  71. Cubby, Ben (23 September 2009). "Global warning: Sydney dust storm just the beginning". Brisbane Times. Brisbane. Retrieved 25 September 2009.
  72. "Brisbane on alert as dust storms sweep east". Abc.net.au. 23 September 2009. Retrieved 4 November 2012.
  73. "Brisbane Climate Guide". Retrieved 9 October 2011.
  74. "Brisbane City Council". NetCat. Archived from the original on 29 August 2007. Retrieved 28 December 2007.
  75. Department of Tourism, Regional Development and Industry (14 December 2007). "Brisbane's business visitors drive $412 million domestic tourism increase". Brisbane Marketing. Archived from the original on 9 May 2008. Retrieved 29 December 2007.
  76. "Greater Brisbane; Unemployment rate; Persons; series A84600151F". 6291.0.55.001 Labour Force, Australia, Detailed – Electronic Delivery. Australian Bureau of Statistics.
  77. "What is the Smart State". Queensland Government. Retrieved 29 December 2007.
  78. Peter Beattie (4 December 2007). "Brain power drives Smart State". The Courier-Mail. Retrieved 29 December 2007.
  79. "Brisbane business visitor numbers skyrocket". Brisbane Marketing Convention Bureau. e-Travel Blackboard. 3 January 2008. Retrieved 13 January 2008.
  80. "2006 Census QuickStats by Location". Australian Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 19 July 2008.
  81. "Brisbane Container Terminal, Australia". Port Technology. Archived from the original on 23 January 2008. Retrieved 29 December 2007.
  82. "About Us". Australia TradeCoast. Archived from the original on 8 January 2008. Retrieved 13 January 2008.
  83. "2016 Census Community Profile – Greater Brisbane (3GBRI – GCCSA)". Australian Bureau of Statistics. ; [3], ZIPed Excel spreadsheet. Table G09e & G09f
  84. "2016 Census Community Profile – Greater Brisbane (3GBRI – GCCSA)". Australian Bureau of Statistics. ; [4], ZIPed Excel spreadsheet. Table G13e & G13f
  85. "2016 Census Community Profile – Greater Brisbane (3GBRI – GCCSA)". Australian Bureau of Statistics. ; [5], ZIPed Excel spreadsheet. Table G08
  86. "2016 Census QuickStats: Sunnybank". Censusdata.abs.gov.au. Retrieved 2017-09-19.
  87. "2016 Census QuickStats: Sunnybank Hills". Censusdata.abs.gov.au. Retrieved 2017-09-19.
  88. "2016 Census QuickStats: Stretton". Censusdata.abs.gov.au. Retrieved 2017-09-19.
  89. "2016 Census QuickStats: Robertson (Qld)". Censusdata.abs.gov.au. Retrieved 2017-09-19.
  90. "2016 Census QuickStats: Calamvale". Censusdata.abs.gov.au. Retrieved 2017-09-19.
  91. "2016 Census QuickStats: Macgregor (Qld)". Censusdata.abs.gov.au. Retrieved 2017-09-19.
  92. "2016 Census QuickStats: Eight Mile Plains". Censusdata.abs.gov.au. Retrieved 2017-09-19.
  93. "2016 Census QuickStats: Runcorn". Censusdata.abs.gov.au. Retrieved 2017-09-19.
  94. "2016 Census QuickStats: Rochedale". Censusdata.abs.gov.au. Retrieved 2017-09-19.
  95. "2016 Census QuickStats: Inala". Censusdata.abs.gov.au. Retrieved 2017-09-19.
  96. [6]
  97. "2016 Census QuickStats: Durack (Qld)". Censusdata.abs.gov.au. Retrieved 2017-09-19.
  98. "TAFE Queensland". Queensland Government. Archived from the original on 29 August 2007. Retrieved 2 December 2007.
  99. "Education Queensland". Queensland Government. Archived from the original on 17 November 2007. Retrieved 2 December 2007.
  100. "Year Book Australia, 2005". ABS. Retrieved 19 February 2008.
  101. "About RiverWalk". Brisbane City Council. Archived from the original on 22 May 2008. Retrieved 5 January 2008.
  102. "The upgrade". Gateway Upgrade Project. Archived from the original on 6 July 2011. Retrieved 5 January 2008.
  103. Emma Chalmers, Jeremy Pierce and Neil Hickey (8 February 2008). "Queensland Water Commission retain restrictions". The Courier-Mail. Retrieved 2 March 2008.
  104. Peter Beattie. "SEQ Will Ave Purified Recycled Water But No Vote: Premier" (Ministerial media statement). Queensland Government. Retrieved 29 February 2008.
  105. "Full Retail Competition". Queensland Department of Mines and Energy. Archived from the original on 2 November 2007. Retrieved 2 March 2008.
  106. Roland Tellzen (1 April 2008). "Mobile broadband takes off". The Australian. news.com.au. Retrieved 17 April 2008.
  107. "Profiles - Hospitals". Queensland Health. Retrieved 26 March 2008.
  108. Cameron, Atfield (22 October 2015). "Graham Quirk plans aged care incentives for Brisbane". Brisbane Times. Fairfax Media. Retrieved 1 September 2016.
  109. Graham, Quirk. "Incentives for new retirement and aged care". Graham Quirk. Graham Quirk. Retrieved 1 September 2016.
  110. Atfield, Cameron (30 August 2016). "Aged care incentives will 'go straight to developers': Labor". Brisbane Times. Fairfax Media. Retrieved 1 September 2016.
  111. "BRISBANE MOVES TO AVERT SENIORS' HOUSING SHORTFALL". Property Council of Australia. Property Council of Australia. 30 August 2016. Retrieved 2 September 2016.
  112. Dunne, Robert (30 August 2016). "Aged Care incentives benefit inner-suburban Brisbane". Queensland Commercial Property (Savills Brisbane). Savills Brisbane. Retrieved 2 September 2016.
  113. "Billboard Loves Brisbane". Music News. Triple J. Retrieved 15 November 2007.
  114. "Beijing, Berlin among music hot spots in 2007". Music News. Reuters. 1 January 2007. Retrieved 29 December 2007.
  115. Remmer, Dennis (2014). BNE – The Definitive Archive: Brisbane Independent Electronic Music Production 1979-2014. Transmission Communications. p. 41. ISBN 9780646921501.
  116. Project BNE: Brisbane Independent Electronic Music Production 1979-2014
  117. "Catchy jingles of a generation, where are the singers of Queensland's greatest hits now?" by Sally Browne, The Courier-Mail, 24 February 2013
  118. Eleanor Hall (1 April 2005). "Brisbane keen to bid for 2024 Olympics". The World Today. ABC. Retrieved 5 January 2008.
  119. Brisbane could host Olympics in 2024
  120. "Club Info". National Rugby League. Archived from the original on 6 March 2008. Retrieved 30 December 2007.
  121. "Origin of State Colours Queensland Maroons & NSW Blues". RL1908. Archived from the original on 29 September 2007. Retrieved 30 December 2007.
  122. "Our History". Queensland Rugby Union. Archived from the original on 23 January 2008. Retrieved 30 December 2007.
  123. "Introduction". Queensland Bulls. Archived from the original on 9 February 2008. Retrieved 30 December 2007.
  124. "All About the Brisbane Lions". Brisbane Lions. Archived from the original on 1 December 2007. Retrieved 30 December 2007.
  125. "Wide World of Sports breaking news and live scores".
  126. "History of Netball Queensland". Netball Queensland. Archived from the original on 31 July 2009. Retrieved 30 December 2007.
  127. "History". Brisbane Festival. Archived from the original on 20 February 2008. Retrieved 2 March 2008.
  128. "2015 Buddha Birth Day Festival". Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 26 June 2015.
  129. "International Market Tourism Facts" (PDF). Tourism Australia. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 March 2008.
  130. Gregory, Helen (2007). Brisbane Then and Now. Wingfield, South Australia: Salamander Books. p. 140. ISBN 978-1-74173-011-1.
  131. "Brisbane voted one of most beautiful cities". Brisbane Times.
  132. "Insane in the Brisbane: Brissie Nightlife", TNT, 12 March 2012
  133. "Viva BrisVegas", The Sydney Morning Herald, 19 July 2002
  134. "Has Brisbane outgrown President Obama's 'Brisvegas' wisecrack? by Richelle Harrison Plesse, The Guardian, 6 January 2015
  135. "Brisbane Residents Embrace City Living". The Age. 2 November 2005. Retrieved 4 April 2008.
  136. Tilston, John. Meanjin to Brisvegas: Brisbane Comes of Age. pp. 147–148. ISBN 1-4116-5216-9.
  137. "Billboard Backs Brisvegas". The Age. 25 January 2007. Retrieved 4 April 2008.
  138. "City Guide: Brisbane". BBC Sport. 25 September 2003. Retrieved 4 April 2008.
  139. "QLD: From Brisvegas to Brismanhattan". AAP General News. 9 September 2004. Retrieved 4 April 2008.
  140. Amanda Horswill (15 May 2007). "What's in a Name?". The Courier-Mail. Retrieved 4 April 2008.
  • City of Brisbane
  • Official tourism website of Brisbane
  • Official Tourism Board Brisbane Page – Tourism Australia
  • Historical footage of Brisbane and Southern Queensland
Source of information: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. We're not responsible for the content of this article and your use of this information. Disclaimer
Brisbane: Information in other languages
Afrikaans Brisbane
አማርኛ ብርዝበን
العربية بريزبن
Azərbaycanca Brisben
تۆرکجه بریزبین
বাংলা ব্রিসবেন
Bân-lâm-gú Brisbane
Беларуская Брысбен
Беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎ Брысбэйн
भोजपुरी ब्रिस्बेन
Български Брисбън
Bosanski Brisbane
Brezhoneg Brisbane
Català Brisbane
Cebuano Brisbane (kapital sa estado)
Čeština Brisbane
Cymraeg Brisbane
Dansk Brisbane
Deutsch Brisbane
Eesti Brisbane
Ελληνικά Μπρίσμπεϊν
Emiliàn e rumagnòl Brisbane
Español Brisbane
Esperanto Brisbano
Euskara Brisbane
فارسی بریزبن
Føroyskt Brisbane
Français Brisbane
Frysk Brisbane
Gaeilge Brisbane
Gàidhlig Brisbane
Galego Brisbane
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî Brisbane
한국어 브리즈번
Հայերեն Բրիսբեն
हिन्दी ब्रिस्बेन
Hrvatski Brisbane
Ido Brisbane
Bahasa Indonesia Brisbane
Interlingue Brisbane
Ирон Брисбен
Íslenska Brisbane
Italiano Brisbane
עברית בריזבן
Basa Jawa Brisbane
ಕನ್ನಡ ಬ್ರಿಸ್ಬೇನ್‌
ქართული ბრიზბენი
Қазақша Брисбен
Kiswahili Brisbane
Кыргызча Брисбен
Ladino Brisbane
Latina Brisbane
Latviešu Brisbena
Lëtzebuergesch Brisbane
Lietuvių Brisbenas
Ligure Brisbane
Limburgs Brisbane
Magyar Brisbane
मैथिली ब्रिसबेन
Македонски Бризбејн
മലയാളം ബ്രിസ്ബെയ്ൻ
मराठी ब्रिस्बेन
Bahasa Melayu Brisbane
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄ Brisbane
Монгол Брисбэн
မြန်မာဘာသာ ဘရစ်စဘိန်းမြို့
Dorerin Naoero Brisbane
Nederlands Brisbane
नेपाली ब्रिसबेन
日本語 ブリスベン
Нохчийн Брисбен
Norfuk / Pitkern Brisbin
Norsk Brisbane
Norsk nynorsk Brisbane
Occitan Brisbane
Олык марий Брисбен
Oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча Brisben
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ ਬ੍ਰਿਜ਼ਬਨ
پنجابی برسبین
Papiamentu Brisbane
Piemontèis Brisbane
Polski Brisbane
Português Brisbane
Română Brisbane
Runa Simi Brisbane
Русский Брисбен
Саха тыла Брисбен
Gagana Samoa Brisbane
संस्कृतम् ब्रिस्बेन
Scots Brisbane
Seeltersk Brisbane
Sicilianu Brisbane
Simple English Brisbane
Slovenčina Brisbane
Slovenščina Brisbane
Ślůnski Brisbane
Soomaaliga Brisbane
کوردی بریزبێن
Српски / srpski Бризбејн
Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски Brisbane
Suomi Brisbane
Svenska Brisbane
Tagalog Brisbane
தமிழ் பிரிஸ்பேன்
Taqbaylit Brisbane
తెలుగు బ్రిస్బేన్
ไทย บริสเบน
Türkçe Brisbane
Twi Brisbane
Українська Брисбен
اردو برسبین
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche برىسبان
Vepsän kel’ Brisben
Tiếng Việt Brisbane
Volapük Brisbane
Winaray Brisbane
吴语 布里司班
ייִדיש בריזבן
粵語 布里斯本
Žemaitėška Brėsbens
中文 布里斯班
Australia: Hotels & Tickets Sale
Hotels & Tickets Sale worldwide
American Virgin Islands
Antigua and Barbuda
Bosnia and Herzegovina
British Virgin Islands
Burkina Faso
Cape Verde
Caribbean Netherlands
Cayman Islands
Costa Rica
Czech Republic
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Dominican Republic
East Timor
El Salvador
Equatorial Guinea
Falkland Islands
Faroe Islands
French Guiana
French Polynesia
Hong Kong
Isle of Man
Ivory Coast
New Zealand
North Korea
Northern Mariana Islands
Papua New Guinea
Puerto Rico
Saint Barthélemy
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Lucia
Saint Martin
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
San Marino
Saudi Arabia
Sierra Leone
Sint Maarten
Solomon Islands
South Africa
South Korea
Sri Lanka
Trinidad and Tobago
Turks and Caicos Islands
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom
United States
Vacation: Complete information and online sale
Today's Special Offers
Amazon Prime
Free fast shipping on over 50 million goods
Amazon Prime Gift
Give the gift of Amazon Prime membership
Amazon Music
Listen to tens of millions of songs for free!
Amazon Kindle
Download e-books and audiobooks for free!
Sign up now & download two audiobooks for free!
Amazon Cell Phones
Buy cheap contract cell phones & service plans
Amazon Family
Save a lot on children's goods and baby food
Amazon Home Services
Order any home maintenance services
Get payments worldwide. Sign up now and earn $25
Vacation: Website Templates & Graphics

All trademarks, service marks, trade names, product names, and logos appearing on the site are the property of their respective owners.
© 2011-2017 Maria-Online.com ▪ AdvertisingDesignHosting