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Hotels of Bydgoszcz

A hotel in Bydgoszcz is an establishment that provides lodging paid on a short-term basis. Facilities provided may range from a basic bed and storage for clothing, to luxury features like en-suite bathrooms. Larger in Bydgoszcz hotels may provide additional guest facilities such as a swimming pool, business centre, childcare, conference facilities and social function services. Hotel rooms in Bydgoszcz are usually numbered (or named in some smaller hotels and B&Bs) to allow guests to identify their room. Some Bydgoszcz hotels offer meals as part of a room and board arrangement. Hotel operations vary in size, function, and cost. Most Bydgoszcz hotels and major hospitality companies that operate hotels in Bydgoszcz have set widely accepted industry standards to classify hotel types. General categories include the following:

Upscale luxury hotels in Bydgoszcz
An upscale full service hotel facility in Bydgoszcz that offers luxury amenities, full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and the highest level of personalized and professional service. Luxury Bydgoszcz hotels are normally classified with at least a Four Diamond or Five Diamond status or a Four or Five Star rating depending on classification standards.

Full service hotels in Bydgoszcz
Full service Bydgoszcz hotels often contain upscale full-service facilities with a large volume of full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and a variety of on-site amenities such as swimming pools, a health club, children's activities, ballrooms, on-site conference facilities, etc.

Historic inns and boutique hotels in Bydgoszcz
Boutique hotels of Bydgoszcz are smaller independent non-branded hotels that often contain upscale facilities of varying size in unique or intimate settings with full service accommodations. Bydgoszcz boutique hotels are generally 100 rooms or less. Some historic inns and boutique hotels in Bydgoszcz may be classified as luxury hotels.

Focused or select service hotels in Bydgoszcz
Small to medium-sized hotel establishments that offer a limited amount of on-site amenities that only cater and market to a specific demographic of Bydgoszcz travelers, such as the single business traveler. Most Bydgoszcz focused or select service hotels may still offer full service accommodations but may lack leisure amenities such as an on-site restaurant or a swimming pool.

Economy and limited service hotels in Bydgoszcz
Small to medium-sized Bydgoszcz hotel establishments that offer a very limited amount of on-site amenities and often only offer basic accommodations with little to no services, these facilities normally only cater and market to a specific demographic of travelers, such as the budget-minded Bydgoszcz traveler seeking a "no frills" accommodation. Limited service Bydgoszcz hotels often lack an on-site restaurant but in return may offer a limited complimentary food and beverage amenity such as on-site continental breakfast service.

Guest houses and B&Bs in Bydgoszcz
A bed and breakfast in Bydgoszcz is a small lodging establishment that offers overnight accommodation and inclusive breakfast. Usually, Bydgoszcz bed and breakfasts are private homes or family homes offering accommodations. The typical Bydgoszcz B&B has between 4 and 11 rooms, with 6 being the average. Generally, guests are accommodated in private bedrooms with private bathrooms, or in a suite of rooms including an en suite bathroom. Some homes have private bedrooms with a bathroom which is shared with other guests. Breakfast is served in the bedroom, a dining room, or the host's kitchen. Often the owners of guest house themselves prepare the breakfast and clean the rooms.

Hostels in Bydgoszcz
Bydgoszcz hostels provide budget-oriented, sociable accommodation where guests can rent a bed, usually a bunk bed, in a dormitory and share a bathroom, lounge, and sometimes a kitchen. Rooms can be mixed or single-sex, although private rooms may also be available. Hostels are often cheaper for both the operator and occupants; many Bydgoszcz hostels have long-term residents whom they employ as desk agents or housekeeping staff in exchange for experience or discounted accommodation.

Apartment hotels, extended stay hotels in Bydgoszcz
Extended stay hotels are small to medium-sized Bydgoszcz hotels that offer longer term full service accommodations compared to a traditional hotel. Extended stay hotels may offer non-traditional pricing methods such as a weekly rate that cater towards travelers in need of short-term accommodations for an extended period of time. Similar to limited and select service hotels, on-site amenities are normally limited and most extended stay hotels in Bydgoszcz lack an on-site restaurant.

Timeshare and destination clubs in Bydgoszcz
Bydgoszcz timeshare and destination clubs are a form of property ownership also referred to as a vacation ownership involving the purchase and ownership of an individual unit of accommodation for seasonal usage during a specified period of time. Timeshare resorts in Bydgoszcz often offer amenities similar that of a Full service hotel with on-site restaurant(s), swimming pools, recreation grounds, and other leisure-oriented amenities. Destination clubs of Bydgoszcz on the other hand may offer more exclusive private accommodations such as private houses in a neighborhood-style setting.

Motels in Bydgoszcz
A Bydgoszcz motel is a small-sized low-rise lodging establishment similar to that of a limited service hotel, but with direct access to individual rooms from the car park. Common during the 1950s and 1960s, motels were often located adjacent to a major road, where they were built on inexpensive land at the edge of towns or along stretches of highways. They are still useful in less populated areas of Bydgoszcz for driving travelers, but the more populated an area becomes the more hotels fill the need. Many of Bydgoszcz motels which remain in operation have joined national franchise chains, rebranding themselves as hotels, inns or lodges.

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Travelling and vacation in Bydgoszcz

Collage of views of Bydgoszcz, Poland 3.jpg

  • Left to right: Banks of the Brda River
  • Hotel "Pod Orłem"
  • The Archer of Bydgoszcz
  • Mill Island
  • Headquarters of Bank Pekao
  • Courthouse with equestrian monument of Casimir the Great
Flag of Bydgoszcz
Coat of arms of Bydgoszcz
Coat of arms
Bydgoszcz is located in Poland
Coordinates:  / 53.117; 18.000
Country Poland
Voivodeship Kuyavian-Pomeranian
County city county
Established before 1238
Town rights 1346
• President (Mayor) Rafał Bruski (PO)
• City Council Chairperson Zbigniew Sobociński (PO)
• City 175.98 km (67.95 sq mi)
Elevation 60 m (200 ft)
Population (2014)
• City 358,614
• Density 2,000/km (5,300/sq mi)
• Metro 470,285
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
• Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 85-001 to 85-915
Area code(s) (+48) 52
Car plates CB
Website www.bydgoszcz.pl

Bydgoszcz /ˈbɪdɡɒʃ/ (Polish pronunciation: [ˈbɨdɡɔʂt͡ʂ], German: Bromberg [ˈbʁɔmbɛɐ̯k], Latin: Bydgostia) is a city in northern Poland, on the Brda and Vistula rivers. With a city population of 358,614 (June 2014), and an urban agglomeration with more than 470,000 inhabitants, Bydgoszcz is the eighth-largest city in Poland. It has been the seat of Bydgoszcz County and the co-capital, with Toruń, of the Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship since 1999. Prior to this, between 1947 and 1998, it was the capital of the Bydgoszcz Voivodeship, and before that, of the Pomeranian Voivodeship between 1945 and 1947.

The city is part of the metroplex Bydgoszcz-Toruń, which totals over 850,000 inhabitants. Bydgoszcz is the seat of Casimir the Great University, University of Technology and Life Sciences and a conservatory, as well as the Medical College of Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń. It also hosts the Pomeranian Philharmonic concert hall, the Opera Nova opera house, and Bydgoszcz Airport. Due to its location between the Vistula and Oder rivers, and the water course of the Bydgoszcz Canal, the city forms part of a water system connected via the Noteć, Warta and Elbe with the Rhine and Rotterdam.

Bydgoszcz is an architecturally rich city, with neo-gothic, neo-baroque, neoclassicist, modernist and Art Nouveau styles present, for which it earned a nickname Little Berlin. The notable granaries on Mill Island and along the riverside belong to one of the most recognized timber-framed landmarks in Poland.

Bydgoszcz: Etymology

Bydgoszcz, originally Bydgoszcza (feminine), is a pronoun name the second part of which – 'goszcz' comes from 'gost-jь' possibly or 'gost-ja' an old Slavic root which refers to an urban or suburban trading settlement. There are also a number of other Polish place-names which make use of the 'goszcz' suffix: i.e. Małogoszcz and Skorogoszcz. Bydgoszcz, however, has a long, rich history of etymological change: in 1239 known as Bidgosciam, in 1242 as castrum quod Budegosta vulgariter nuncupatur (castle, which is colloquially called Bydgoszcza), in 1279 as Bidgoscha, since 1558 as Bydgoszcz, that is, until the 16th century, and as Bydgoszcza "fishing village or campsite belonging to Bydgosta".

The name 'Byd-gost' contains archaic elements of the Proto-Slavonic root 'byd' which existed as a variant of the verb 'to raise' (Ancient Russian 'vъzbydati' = stimulating, Proto-Slavonic 'bъděti' / 'bъd 'ǫ' = no sleep, to watch), and the common Slavic root 'Goszcz' (fireplace). Some people identify the name of the town as 'Budorgis', a name from the 2nd century which is listed as being next to the village Calisia on the amber route.

Bydgoszcz: History

Panorama of Bydgoszcz from 1657

During the early Slavic times a fishing settlement called Bydgozcya ("Bydgostia" in Latin), became a stronghold on the Vistula trade routes. In the 13th century it was the site of a castellany, mentioned in 1238. The city was occupied by the Teutonic Knights in 1331, and incorporated into the monastic state of the Teutonic Knights. The city was relinquished by the Knights in 1343 with their signing of the Treaty of Kalisz along with Dobrzyń and the remainder of Kuyavia. King Casimir III of Poland, granted Bydgoszcz city rights (charter) on 19 April 1346. The city increasingly saw an influx of Jews after that date. In 1555, however, due to pressure by the clergy, the Jews were expelled and came back only with the annexion to Prussia in 1772. In the 15th and 16th centuries Bydgoszcz was a significant site for wheat trading.

During 1629, near the end of the Polish-Swedish War of 1626–29, the town was conquered by Swedish troops led by king Gustav II Adolph of Sweden personally. During the events of war the town suffered demolitions. The town was conquered a second and third time by Sweden in 1656 and 1657 during the Second Northern War. On the latter occasion the castle was destroyed completely and has since then remained a ruin. After the war only 94 houses were inhabited, 103 stood empty and 35 were burned down. Also the suburbs had been damaged considerably.

Theater Square in 1911

The Treaty of Bromberg, agreed in 1657 by King John II Casimir Vasa of Poland and Elector Frederick William II of Brandenburg-Prussia, created a military alliance between Poland and Prussia while marking the withdrawal of Prussia from its alliance with Sweden.

In 1772, in the First Partition of Poland, Bydgoszcz was acquired by the Kingdom of Prussia, renamed Bromberg, and incorporated into the Netze District in West Prussia. At the time, the town was seriously depressed and semi-derelict. Under Frederick the Great the town revived, notably with construction of a canal from Bromberg to Nakel (Nakło) which connected the north-flowing Vistula River via the Brda to the west-flowing Netze, which in turn flowed to the Oder via the Warta.

In 1807, after the defeat of Prussia by Napoleon and the signing of the Treaty of Tilsit, Bromberg became part of his short-lived Duchy of Warsaw. With Napoleon's defeat at the Battle of Nations in 1815, the town was returned to Prussia as part of the autonomous Grand Duchy of Posen (Poznań). In 1871 the Province of Posen, along with the rest of the Kingdom of Prussia, became part of the newly formed German Empire.

In the mid-19th century, the arrival of the Prussian Eastern Railway (Preußische Ostbahn) contributed greatly to the development of Bromberg. The first stretch, from Schneidemühl (Piła) to Bromberg, was opened in July 1851. The city grew from 12,900 in 1852 to 57,700 in 1910 – of whom 84 percent were Germans and 16 percent Poles.

After World War I, despite Bromberg's German majority, it was assigned to the recreated Polish state by the 1919 Versailles Treaty. Now officially Bydgoszcz again, the city belonged to the Poznań Voivodeship. The local populace was required to acquire Polish citizenship or leave the country. This led to a drastic decline in German residents, whose number within the town decreased to 11,016 in 1926. In 1938, it was made part of the Polish Pomeranian Voivodeship.

Public execution of civilians randomly caught in a street roundup on 9 September 1939

During World War II, Bydgoszcz was occupied by Nazi Germany and annexed to the Reichsgau Danzig-West Prussia as the seat of the district or county (kreis) of Bromberg. On 3 September 1939, shortly after the war started, the Bloody Sunday incident occurred; while both German and Polish civilians died during the fighting, Nazi propaganda used the German deaths and named the incident Bloody Sunday as a pretext for lethal reprisals against the Polish population following occupation of the city by German troops on 9 September.

The history of Jews in Bydgoszcz ended up with the catastrophe of World War II, the German invasion of Poland, and the Holocaust. The city's Jewish citizens were sent to Nazi death camps or murdered in the town itself. Bromberg was the site of Bromberg-Ost, a women's subcamp of Stutthof concentration camp near Danzig (Gdańsk). A deportation camp was situated in Smukała village, now part of Bydgoszcz. An estimated 3,700 citizens of Bydgoszcz – Jews and non-Jews – died during the Nazi occupation.

In 1945 Bydgoszcz was occupied by the advancing Red Army. In the same year it was made the seat of the Pomeranian Voivodship, the northern part of which was soon separated to form Gdańsk Voivodship. The remaining part of the Pomeranian Voivodship was renamed Bydgoszcz Voivodeship in 1950. In March 1981, Solidarity's activists were violently suppressed in Bydgoszcz.

Bydgoszcz: Population

Stare Miasto (Old Town) in Bydgoszcz
The main Post Office in Śródmieście district (New Town)
The Eagle Hotel (Polish: Hotel pod Orłem)
Year Number of inhabitants Remarks
1346-1771 3,500 to 5,000 mostly Polish wheat merchants and bargees
1771 approx. 1,000 including roughly 80% Catholics. The number of inhabitants declined as a result of the Great Northern War and plagues brought by the fighting armies (1700–1721)
1772 approx. 600
1780 2,046 without military persons
1783 2,562 in 337 households, without military persons, including 27 Jews (three families)
1788 3,077 without military persons
1792 3,915 without military persons
1816 6,100 including 41% Catholics
1831 approx. 8,000
1852 12,900 mostly Germans, including 26% Catholics
1875 31,308
1880 34,044
1885 36,294
1890 41,399 including 28,411 Protestants, 11,165 Catholics, 1,451 Jews and 372 other persons
1900 52,204 including 34,415 Protestants, 15,663 Catholics and 1,519 Jews
1910 57,696 including 37,008 Protestants, 18,539 Catholics and 2,149 other persons including Jews
1921 88,000 including 64.000 Catholics and 22,500 Protestants (24,000 Germans)
1939 141,000
1946 134,614
1975 322,657
1998 386,855
2012 368,286
2014 358,614

Bydgoszcz: Main sights

The oldest building in the city is the Church of St Martin and Nicolaus, commonly known as Fara Church. It is a three-aisle late Gothic church, erected between 1466 and 1502, which boasts a late-Gothic painting entitled Madonna with a Rose or the Holy Virgin of Beautiful Love from the 16th century. The colourful 20th-century polychrome is also worth noticing.

19th-century water tower

The Church of the Assumption of the Holy Virgin, commonly referred to as "The Church of Poor Clares," is a famous landmark of the city. It is a small, Gothic-Renaissance (including Neo-Renaissance additions), single-aisle church built between 1582–1602. The interior is rather austere since the church has been stripped of most of its furnishings. Not a surprising fact, considering that in the 19th century the Prussian authorities dissolved the Order of St Clare and turned the church into a warehouse, among other uses. Nonetheless, the church is worth visiting and inspecting. In particular the original wooden polychrome ceiling dating from the 17th century draws the attention of every visitor.

Wyspa Młyńska (Mill Island) is among the most spectacular and atmospheric places in Bydgoszcz. What makes it unique is the location in the very heart of the city centre, just a few steps from the old Market Square. It was the 'industrial' centre of Bydgoszcz in the Middle Ages and for several hundred years thereafter, and it was here that the famous royal mint operated in the 17th century. Most of the buildings which can still be seen on the island date from the 19th century, but the so-called Biały Spichlerz (the White Granary) recalls the end of the 18th century. However, it is the water, footbridges, historic red-brick tenement houses reflected in the rivers, and the greenery, including old chestnut trees, that create the unique atmosphere of the island.

The Old Port Granary built in 1835

"Hotel pod Orłem" (Hotel Adler or The Eagle Hotel), an icon of the city's 19th-century architecture, was designed by the distinguished Bydgoszcz architect Józef Święcicki, the author of around sixty buildings in the city. Completed in 1896, it served as a hotel from the very beginning and was originally owned by Emil Bernhardt, a hotel manager educated in Switzerland. Its façade displays forms characteristic of the Neo-baroque style in architecture.

Saint Vincent de Paul's Basilica, erected between 1925 and 1939, is the largest church in Bydgoszcz and one of the biggest in Poland. It can accommodate around 12,000 people. This monumental church, modelled after the Pantheon in Rome, was designed by the Polish architect Adam Ballenstaedt. The most characteristic element of the neo-classical temple is the reinforced concrete dome 40 metres in diameter.

The three granaries in Grodzka Street, picturesquely located on the Brda River in the immediate vicinity of the old Market Square, are the official symbol of the city. Built at the turn of the 19th century, they were originally used to store grain and similar products, but now house exhibitions of the City's Leon Wyczółkowski District Museum.

The city is mostly associated with water, sports, Art Nouveau buildings, waterfront, music, and urban greenery. It is worth noting that Bydgoszcz boasts the largest city park in Poland (830 ha). The city was also once famous for its industry.

Unfortunately, some great monuments were destroyed, for example the church in the Old Market Square and the Municipal Theatre. Additionally, the Old Town lost a few characteristic tenement houses, including the western frontage of the Market Square. The city also lost its Gothic castle and defensive walls. In Bydgoszcz there is a great number of villas in the concept of garden suburbs.

Buildings on the Brda River, with the 2004 tightrope sculpture.

Bydgoszcz: Economy

Office of Technical Inspection at Kamienna St.

In the city there are 38 banks represented through a network of 116 branches (including the headquarters of the Postal Bank), whilst 37 insurance companies also have offices in the city. JP Morgan Chase, one of the largest financial institutions in the world, has established a branch in Bydgoszcz. Most industrial complexes are scattered throughout the city, however, the 'Zachem' chemical works deserves attention, covering tens of square kilometers in the south-east of the city, the remnants of the German explosives factory built in World War II occupy an area which has its own rail lines, internal communication, housing, and large forested area.

Since 2000, Bydgoszcz has been annually subjected to international 'verification' ratings. In February 2008 the Agency 'Fitch Ratings', recategorised the city, increasing its rating from BBB-(stable forecast) to BBB (stable estimate).

In 2004, Bydgoszcz launched an Industrial and Technology Park of 283 hectares, an attractive place for doing business as companies which relocate there receive tax breaks, 24-hour security, access to large plots of land and to the media, the railway line Chorzów Batory – Tczew (passenger, coal), the DK5 and DK10 national roads, and future freeways S10 and S5. Bydgoszcz airport is also close by.

The city has, in recent years, become one of Poland's most important economic centres. This is especially true for the role the city plays in the economy of the Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship, of which it is, along with Toruń, capital.

Bydgoszcz: Major corporations

  • Projprzem SA
  • Zachem SA Ciech Chemical Group
  • Zespół Elektrociepłowni Bydgoszcz SA
  • PESA Rail Vehicles
  • GCB Centrostal-Bydgoszcz S.A.
  • Bipromasz – Biuro Projektowo – Handlowe
  • Przedsiębiorstwo Innowacyjno-Wdrożeniowe "Wamet" Sp. z o.o.
  • Alcatel-Lucent
  • Atos, French IT multinational

Bydgoszcz: Culture

Bydgoszcz is a major cultural center in the country, especially for music. Traditions of the municipal theater dates back to the 17th century, when the Jesuit college built a theater. In 1824, a permanent theater building was erected, and this was rebuilt in 1895 in a monumental form by the Berliner architect Heinrich Seeling. The first music school was established in Bydgoszcz in 1904, it had close links to the very well known European piano factory of Bruno Sommerfeld. Numerous orchestras and choirs, both German (Gesangverein, Liedertafel) and Polish (St. Wojciech Halka, Moniuszko) have also made the city their home. Since 1974, Bydgoszcz has been home to a very prestigious Academy of Music. Bydgoszcz is also an important place for contemporary European culture; one of the most important European centers of jazz music, the Brain club was founded in Bydgoszcz by Jacek Majewski and Slawomir Janicki. Bydgoszcz was a candidate for the title of European Capital of Culture in 2016.

Bydgoszcz: Museums

The town museum on Gdańska Street, originally 17th-century nunnery

Muzeum Okręgowe im. Leona Wyczółkowskiego (Leon Wyczółkowski District Museum) is a municipally-owned museum. Apart from a large collection of Leon Wyczółkowski's works, it houses permanent as well as temporary exhibitions of art. It is based in several buildings, including the old granaries on the Brda River and Mill Island. In Bydgoszcz the Pomeranian Military Museum specializes in documenting the latest (19th- and 20th-century) Polish military history, particularly the history of the Pomeranian Military District and several other units present in the area. The city has many art galleries, two symphony orchestras and chamber and choirs. Bydgoszcz's cultural facilities also include libraries (including the Provincial and Municipal Public Library with an extensive collection of volumes from the 15th to the 19th centuries, and old books from Germany).

Bydgoszcz: Classical music

  • Filharmonia Pomorska im. Ignacego Paderewskiego (Ignacy Paderewski's Concert Hall) – thanks to superbly designed acoustic qualities of the main concert hall, it is one of the best classical music concert halls in Europe.
  • Concerts of popular music in Bydgoszcz are usually held in Filharmonia Pomorska, Łuczniczka, Zawisza and Polonia stadiums as well as open plains of Myslecinek's Rozopole on the outskirts of the city.
  • Alternative music festival "Low Fi" [1],
  • Smooth Festival Złote Przeboje Bydgoszcz
  • Eska Music Festival Bydgoszcz
  • Hity na Czasie Festival Bydgoszcz
  • Bydgoszcz Hit Festival

Bydgoszcz: Theatre

Pomeranian Philharmonic Orchestra House

Teatr Polski im Hieronima Konieczki (Hieronim Konieczka's Polish Theatre): Despite its name, the theatre offers a wide variety of shows both of national and foreign origin. It also regularly plays hosts to a large number of touring shows. Founded in 1949, since 2002 the theatre has taken part in the "Festiwal Prapremier" where the most renowned Polish theatres stage their latest premieres. There are also a number of private theatre companies operating in Bydgoszcz.

In the years 1960–1986 there was an outdoor theater, the reactivation of which is currently being pursued by the Theatre Culture Association, "Fides" and the Acting School A. Grzymala-Siedlecki.

Opera Nova on the Brda River bank

The Pomeranian Philharmonic named after Ignacy Jan Paderewski has existed since 1953. The concert hall, which can hold 920 people is classified, in terms of sound, as one of the best in Europe, which is confirmed by well-known artists and critics (including J. Waldorff). Due to the phenomenon of acoustics, it attracts the interest of many famous artists. Bydgoszcz's stage has been frequented by many global celebrities, including Arthur Rubinstein, Benjamin Britten, Witold Malcuzynski, Luciano Pavarotti, Shlomo Mintz, Mischa Maisky, Kevin Kenner, Kurt Masur, Kazimierz Kord, Jerzy Maksymiuk and Antoni Wit. In recent years, the city has also hosted an excellent range of bands such as the BBC Radio Symphony Orchestra, the National Polish Radio Symphony Orchestra and others.

The Opera Nova, in existence since 1956, started the construction of a new building in 1974 which was to consist of three main halls, situated on the Brda. The Opera Nova has become a cultural showcase of Bydgoszcz in the world. Considering the short history of the Opera, its success has been astounding; a large number of famous opera singers have performed there and theatrical troops from the Wrocław Opera, Theater of Leningrad, Moscow, Kiev, Minsk and Gulbenkian Foundation of Lisbon have also made appearances.

Bydgoszcz: Cinematography

  • The International Film Festival of the Art of Cinematography CAMERIMAGE is a festival dedicated to cinematography and its creators cinematographers.

Bydgoszcz: Education

Kazimierz Wielki University in Bydgoszcz
  • Kazimierz Wielki University
  • University of Technology and Life Sciences in Bydgoszcz
  • Bydgoszcz Music Academy - "Feliks Nowowiejski"
  • University Collegium Medicum im. Ludwika Rydygiera (Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu, Akademia Medyczna)
  • Ośrodek Akademii Ekonomicznej w Poznaniu
  • Sekcja Wydziału Teologicznego Uniwersytetu im. A. Mickiewicza w Poznaniu
  • WSB University in Toruń, department of Finance and Management
  • Kujawsko-Pomorska Szkoła Wyższa
  • Wyższa Szkoła Gospodarki
  • Wyższa Szkoła Informatyki i Nauk Społeczno-Prawnych
  • Wyższa Szkoła Środowiska
  • Wyższa Szkoła Zarządzania i Finansów at the Wayback Machine (archived December 14, 2007)
  • Wyższa Szkoła Informatyki in Łódź, Branch in Bydgoszcz
  • Nauczycielskie Kolegium Języków Obcych
  • Niepubliczne Nauczycielskie Kolegium Języków Obcych

Bydgoszcz: Transport

Bydgoszcz Ignacy Jan Paderewski Airport

Bydgoszcz: Airports

  • Bydgoszcz Ignacy Jan Paderewski Airport

Bydgoszcz: Railways

Bydgoszcz is one of the biggest railroad junctions in Poland, with two important lines crossing there – the east-west connection from Toruń to Pila and the north-south line from Inowrocław to Gdańsk (see: Polish Coal Trunk-Line). There are also secondary-importance lines stemming from the city, to Szubin and to Chełmża. Among rail stations located in the city, there are:

Main railway station in Bydgoszcz
  • Bydgoszcz Główna – main railway station
  • Bydgoszcz Leśna
  • Bydgoszcz Wschód
  • Bydgoszcz Zachód
  • Bydgoszcz Łęgnowo
  • Bydgoszcz Bielawy
  • Bydgoszcz Osowa Góra
  • Bydgoszcz Fordon
Tram in Bydgoszcz

Bydgoszcz: Buses and trams

  • Local buses and trams are operated by ZDMiKP Bydgoszcz
  • PKS Bydgoszcz – operates inter-city and international bus routes.

Bydgoszcz: Sports

The sport, show and fair arena Łuczniczka.
Zdzisław Krzyszkowiak Stadium

Bydgoszcz: Sports clubs

  • Artego Bydgoszcz – women's basketball team playing in Ford Gemaz Extraleague.
  • Astoria Bydgoszcz – men's basketball team playing in Dominet Bank Ekstraliga (formerly Era Basket Liga): 8th in 2003/2004 season, 6th in 2004/2005, 9th in 2005/2006. Now Astoria is playing in 2nd Polish League.
  • Bydgoszcz Archers – American football team.
  • Bydgoszcz Raiders – American football team.
  • Centrostal Focus Park Bydgoszcz – women's volleyball team playing in Polish Seria A Women's Volleyball League: 2nd place in 2004/2005 season, 4th place in 2005/2006 season.
  • Delecta Chemik Bydgoszcz – men's volleyball team playing in Polish Volleyball League
  • Polonia Bydgoszcz – speedway team from the Polish 1st League. The club has won Polish Speedway League 7 times (lately in 2002) and European Team Championship 3 times (lately in 2001).
  • Zawisza Bydgoszcz – football team playing in Polish T-Mobile top league.
  • RTW Bydgostia Bydgoszcz – Rowing (sport) Bydgostia Regional Rowing Association was founded on 4 December 1928. The Club was A Team Polish Champion in the following years: 1938, 1966, 1967, 1970 and for the successive seventeen years from 1993 to 2009.
  • KKP Bydgoszcz – women's football Team (Ekstraliga Kobiet).

Bydgoszcz: Sports facilities

  • Łuczniczka Sport, Show and Fair Arena
  • Zdzisław Krzyszkowiak Stadium
  • Polonia Stadium
  • Hala Torbyd, a closed indoor arena

Bydgoszcz: Sports events

  • Speedway:
    • Grand Prix of Poland: (1998–1999, 2001–2009)
    • Grand Prix of Europe: (2000)
    • Mieczysław Połukard Criterium of Polish Speedway Leagues Aces (1951–1960, since 1982)
  • Bydgoszcz was the host of the IAAF World Junior Championships in Athleticsin 2008 and 2016, 2008 and the European Athletics U23 Championships in 2003 ad 2017.
  • Bydgoszcz hosted the IAAF World Cross Country Championships in 2013 and 2010.
  • Eurobasket 2009
  • Women's European Volleyball Championships 2009
  • European Athletics Festival Bydgoszcz

Bydgoszcz: Politics

Bydgoszcz: Bydgoszcz constituency

Members of Polish Sejm 2007–2011 elected from Bydgoszcz constituency:

  • Anna Bańkowska, Left and Democrats
  • Krzysztof Brejza, Civic Platform
  • Jarosław Katulski, Civic Platform
  • Eugeniusz Kłopotek, Polish People's Party
  • Tomasz Latos, Law and Justice
  • Wojciech Mojzesowicz, Law and Justice
  • Paweł Olszewski, Civic Platform
  • Teresa Piotrowska, Civic Platform
  • Grzegorz Roszak, Civic Platform
  • Radosław Sikorski, Civic Platform
  • Andrzej Walkowiak, Law and Justice
  • Janusz Zemke, Left and Democrats

Members of Polish Senate 2007–2011 elected from Bydgoszcz constituency:

  • Zbigniew Pawłowicz, Civic Platform
  • Jan Rulewski, Civic Platform

Bydgoszcz: International relations

Bydgoszcz: Twin towns and friendship relations

Łuczniczka (The Archeress), Ferdinand Lepcke, 1897
Twin Towns
City/Town Country Year
Reggio Emilia Italy Italy 12.04.1962
Kragujevac Serbia Serbia 23.07.1971
Mannheim Germany Germany 26.11.1991
Hartford United States United States 30.09.1996
Pavlodar Kazakhstan Kazakhstan 10.04.1997
Perth Scotland Scotland 9.05.1998
Cherkasy Ukraine Ukraine 13.09.2000
Kremenchuk Ukraine Ukraine 30.06.2004
Patras Greece Greece 8.10.2004
Ningbo China China 28.12.2005
Wilhelmshaven Germany Germany 19.04.2006
Pitești Romania Romania 22.06.2007

Bydgoszcz: Legends

It is also said that Pan Twardowski spent some time in the city of Bydgoszcz, where, in his memory, a figure was recently mounted in a window of a tenement, overseeing the Old Town. At 1:13 p.m. and 9:13 p.m. the window opens and Pan Twardowski appears, to the accompaniment of weird music and devilish laughter. He takes a bow, waves his hand, and then disappears. This little show gathers crowds of amused spectators.

Bydgoszcz: People born in Bydgoszcz

  • Alexander Schimmelfennig (1824–1865) and Charles L. Matthies (1824-1868), American Civil War generals (Union)
  • Morris D. Rosenbaum (1831–1885), businessman
  • Adolf Martens (1850–1914), metallurgist
  • Hugo Hergesell (1859–1938), meteorologist
  • Walter Leistikow (1865–1908), painter
  • Julius Gehl (1869–1945), vice president of the Senate of the Free City of Danzig
  • Martin Gorecki, (1871–?) brewery worker and Socialist member of the Wisconsin State Assembly
  • Friedrich August Eberhard von Mackensen (1889–1969), German general one of 882 recipients of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves
  • Mieczysław Garsztka (1896–1919), aviator
  • Hermann Maaß (1897–1944), German Resistance fighter
  • Kurt Tank (1898–1983), aerospace engineer
  • Alfred Ingemar Berndt (1905-1945) German writer and propagandist
  • Marian Rejewski (1905–1980), mathematician and cryptologist
  • Teodor Kocerka (1927–1999), rower
  • Edmund Michał Piszcz (born 1929), archbishop of Warmia
  • Jan Rulewski (born 1944), politician
  • Jan Kulczyk (1950-2015), businessman
  • Jan Krzysztof Bielecki (born 1951), Prime Minister of the Republic of Poland
  • Grażyna Szapołowska (born 1953), film actress
  • Marian Sypniewski (born 1955), fencer
  • Zbigniew Boniek (born 1956), football player
  • Stefan Majewski (born 1956), football player
  • Janusz Turowski (born 1961), football coach
  • Radosław Sikorski (born 1963), Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Poland
  • Mirosław Chmara (born 1964), pole vaulter
  • Jacek Gollob (born 1969), top speedway rider
  • Katarzyna Radtke (born 1969), race walker
  • Alicja Pęczak (born 1970), swimmer
  • Sebastian Chmara (born 1971), decathlete
  • Tomasz Gollob (born 1971), speedway rider
  • Jaroslaw Pijarowski (born 1971), avant-garde artist
  • Marcin Jaskulski (born 1977), journalist
  • Vivian Schmitt (born 1978), pornographic actress
  • Sylwester Szmyd (born 1978), cyclist (road)
  • Paweł Olszewski (born 1979), politician
  • Wojciech Łobodziński (born 1982), football player
  • Michał Winiarski (born 1983), volleyball player
  • Beata Mikołajczyk (born 1985), canoer
  • Paweł Wojciechowski (born 1989), pole vaulter
  • Patryk Dudek (born 1992), speedway rider
  • Przemek Karnowski (born 1993), basketball player

Bydgoszcz: See also

  • Bromberg-Ost, a female subcamp of the German concentration camp Stutthof, located in Bydgoszcz.
  • Bydgoszcz Department (Polish: Departament Bydgoski), a unit of administrative division and local government in the Duchy of Warsaw from 1806–1815.
  • Gdańska Street
  • Dworcowa Street
  • Theatre square
  • Mill Island
  • Freedom Square
  • Grodzka Street
  • Nakielska street
  • Cieszkowskiego Street
  • Jagiellońska street
  • Stary Port Street
  • Bernardyńska Street
  • Podwale Street
  • Długa street
  • Adam Mickiewicz Alley
  • Ossoliński Alley
  • Śniadeckich Street
  • Pomorska Street
  • Focha Street
  • Krasińskiego Street
  • Bydgoszcz Synagogue, former synagogue in the city
  • Roman Catholic Diocese of Bydgoszcz
  • Piastowski Square
  • Konarskiego Street
  • Piotra Skargi Street
  • Kołłątaja street in Bydgoszcz
  • Gimnazjalna, Libelta and Szwalbego Streets
  • Mikołaja Reja Street
  • Swiętej Trojcy street
  • Kopernika Street
  • Krakowska Street

Bydgoszcz: References

  1. Team, 3W Design. "Camerimage - International Film Festival". www.camerimage.pl. Retrieved 16 May 2017.
  2. "Granaries on the Brda - Bydgoszcz, Official Tourism Website, visitbydgoszcz.pl". www.visitbydgoszcz.pl. Retrieved 16 May 2017.
  3. Franciszek Sławski (pod red.), Słownik prasłowiański, Warszawa 1974, s.459
  4. Heinrich Gottfried Philipp Gengler: Regesten und Urkunden zur Verfassungs- und Rechtsgeschichte der deutschen Städte im Mittelalter. Volume I, Enke, Erlangen 1863, pp. 403-404 and pp. 976-977.
  5. Ludwig Kühnast: Historische Nachrichten über die Stadt Bromberg – Von der Gründung der Stadt bis zur preußischen Besitznahme. Bromberg Berlin Posen 1837, pp 64-68.
  6. Ludwig Kühnast (1837), pp. 112-117.
  7. August Eduard Preuß: Preußische Landes- und Volkskunde. Königsberg 1835, p. 381.
  8. Baedeker, Karl, Northern Germany, London, 1904, p.163.
  9. Kotowski, Albert S. (1998). Polens Politik gegenüber seiner deutschen Minderheit 1919–1939 (in German). Forschungsstelle Ostmitteleuropa, ISBN 3-447-03997-3.
  10. "Encyklopedia PWN". Encyklopedia.pwn.pl. Archived from the original on March 24, 2005. Retrieved 2009-05-05.
  11. Historia Bydgoszczy (ed. by M.Biskup). ISBN 83-01-06667-9.
  12. Johann Friedrich Goldbeck: Vollständige Topographie des Königreichs Preußen. Teil II, Marienwerder 1789, p. 82-83.
  13. August Karl von Holsche: Der Netzedistrikt, ein Beytrag zur Länder- und Völkerkunde mit statistischen Nachrichten. Königsberg 1793, p. 111.
  14. Michael Rademacher: Deutsche Verwaltungsgeschichte Provinz Posen - Stadtkreis Bromberg (2006).
  15. Meyers Konversations-Lexikon. 6. Auflage, Band 3, Leipzig und Wien 1906, p. 448.
  16. Der Große Brockhaus. 15. Auflage, Band 3, Leipzig 1929, p. 366.
  17. "PESA Bydgoszcz SA". Pesa.pl. Retrieved 2011-09-16.
  18. City of Bydgoszcz Municipal website
  19. WSB University in Toruń - WSB Universities
  20. "Kragujevac Twin Cities". ©2009 Information service of Kragujevac City. Retrieved 2009-02-21.
  21. "Partner und Freundesstädte". Stadt Mannheim (in German). Retrieved 2013-07-26.
  22. "Miasta partnerskie". City of Bydgoszcz (in Polish). 18 October 2007. Retrieved 22 August 2015. Perth, Szkocja
  23. "Διεθνείς Σχέσεις". e-patras.gr. Archived from the original on 2012-07-30. Retrieved 2011-09-16.
  24. "Twinning Agreement". Bydgoszcz City Hall. Archived from the original on 9 March 2012. Retrieved 24 January 2017.
  25. "Pitesti (Rumania)" (in Polish). Oficjalny Serwis Bydgoszczy. 6 October 2016. Retrieved 24 January 2017.
  • Bydgoszcz.pl homepage (Polish)
  • Visit Bydgoszcz.pl homepage (Polish, English)
  • Municipal website (in English)
  • Wirtualna Bydgoszcz – informator bydgoski (in Polish)
  • Bydgoszcz news (in Polish)
  • Canal Bydgoski at the Wayback Machine (archived December 28, 2007) (in Polish)
  • Evangelical – Augsburg (Lutheran) Parish in Bydgoszcz (in English)
  • Foto Galeria Bydgoska – foto.bydgoszcz.pl (in Polish)

Bydgoszcz: Further reading

  • Ludwig Kühnast: Historische Nachrichten über die Stadt Bromberg – Von der Gründung der Stadt bis zur preußischen Besitznahme (Historical news about the town of Bromberg – From the town's founding to the Prussian occupation). Bromberg Berlin Posen 1837 (Online) (in German).

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