Lowest prices on Calgary hotels booking, Canada

One of the newest proposals is an unique opportunity to instantly find the lowest prices on Calgary hotels and book a best hotel in Calgary saving up to 80%! You can do it quickly and easily with HotelsCombined, a world's leading free hotel metasearch engine that allows to search and compare the rates of all major hotel chains, top travel sites, and leading hotel booking websites, including Booking.com, Hotels.com, Agoda.com, etc., etc. The hotel price comparison service HotelsCombined means cheap Calgary hotels booking, lowest prices on hotel reservation in Calgary and airline tickets to Calgary, Canada!

Calgary Hotels Comparison & Online Booking

▪ Lowest prices on Calgary hotels booking
▪ The discounts on Calgary hotels up to 80%
▪ No booking fees on Calgary hotels
▪ Detailed description & photos of Calgary hotels
▪ Trusted ratings and reviews of Calgary hotels
▪ Advanced Calgary hotel search & comparison
▪ All Calgary hotels on the map
▪ Interesting sights of Calgary

What's important: you can compare and book not only Calgary hotels and resorts, but also villas and holiday cottages, inns and B&Bs (bed and breakfast), condo hotels and apartments, timeshare properties, guest houses and pensions, campsites (campgrounds), motels and hostels in Calgary. If you're going to Calgary save your money and time, don't pay for the services of the greedy travel agencies. Instead, book the best hotel in Calgary online, buy the cheapest airline tickets to Calgary, and rent a car in Calgary right now, paying the lowest price! Besides, here you can buy the Calgary related books, guidebooks, souvenirs and other goods.

By the way, we would recommend you to combine your visit to Calgary with other popular and interesting places of Canada, for example: Saskatoon, Richmond, Hamilton, Montreal, Kitchener, Niagara Falls, Whistler, Saskatchewan, Calgary, Niagara on the Lake, Mississauga, Prince Edward Island, Ontario, Vancouver, Brampton, Quebec, Gatineau, Victoria, London, Kamloops, Mont-Tremblant, Moncton, Alberta, Longueuil, Manitoba, Banff, Halifax, Kingston, British Columbia, Nova Scotia, Surrey, Kelowna, Winnipeg, Nanaimo, Burnaby, Ottawa, New Brunswick, Edmonton, Jasper, Toronto, Yukon, Laval, Markham, Regina, Windsor, Charlottetown, Fort McMurray, Vaughan, etc.

How to Book a Hotel in Calgary

In order to book an accommodation in Calgary enter the proper dates and do the hotel search. If needed, sort the found Calgary hotels by price, star rating, property type, guest rating, hotel features, hotel theme or hotel chain. Then take a look at the found hotels on Calgary map to estimate the distance from the main Calgary attractions and sights. You can also read the guest reviews of Calgary hotels and see their ratings.

When a hotel search in Calgary is done, please select the room type, the included meals and the suitable booking conditions (for example, "Deluxe double room, Breakfast included, Non-Refundable"). Press the "View Deal" ("Book Now") button. Make your booking on a hotel booking website and get the hotel reservation voucher by email. That's it, a perfect hotel in Calgary is waiting for you!

Hotels of Calgary

A hotel in Calgary is an establishment that provides lodging paid on a short-term basis. Facilities provided may range from a basic bed and storage for clothing, to luxury features like en-suite bathrooms. Larger in Calgary hotels may provide additional guest facilities such as a swimming pool, business centre, childcare, conference facilities and social function services. Hotel rooms in Calgary are usually numbered (or named in some smaller hotels and B&Bs) to allow guests to identify their room. Some Calgary hotels offer meals as part of a room and board arrangement. Hotel operations vary in size, function, and cost. Most Calgary hotels and major hospitality companies that operate hotels in Calgary have set widely accepted industry standards to classify hotel types. General categories include the following:

Upscale luxury hotels in Calgary
An upscale full service hotel facility in Calgary that offers luxury amenities, full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and the highest level of personalized and professional service. Luxury Calgary hotels are normally classified with at least a Four Diamond or Five Diamond status or a Four or Five Star rating depending on classification standards.

Full service hotels in Calgary
Full service Calgary hotels often contain upscale full-service facilities with a large volume of full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and a variety of on-site amenities such as swimming pools, a health club, children's activities, ballrooms, on-site conference facilities, etc.

Historic inns and boutique hotels in Calgary
Boutique hotels of Calgary are smaller independent non-branded hotels that often contain upscale facilities of varying size in unique or intimate settings with full service accommodations. Calgary boutique hotels are generally 100 rooms or less. Some historic inns and boutique hotels in Calgary may be classified as luxury hotels.

Focused or select service hotels in Calgary
Small to medium-sized hotel establishments that offer a limited amount of on-site amenities that only cater and market to a specific demographic of Calgary travelers, such as the single business traveler. Most Calgary focused or select service hotels may still offer full service accommodations but may lack leisure amenities such as an on-site restaurant or a swimming pool.

Economy and limited service hotels in Calgary
Small to medium-sized Calgary hotel establishments that offer a very limited amount of on-site amenities and often only offer basic accommodations with little to no services, these facilities normally only cater and market to a specific demographic of travelers, such as the budget-minded Calgary traveler seeking a "no frills" accommodation. Limited service Calgary hotels often lack an on-site restaurant but in return may offer a limited complimentary food and beverage amenity such as on-site continental breakfast service.

Guest houses and B&Bs in Calgary
A bed and breakfast in Calgary is a small lodging establishment that offers overnight accommodation and inclusive breakfast. Usually, Calgary bed and breakfasts are private homes or family homes offering accommodations. The typical Calgary B&B has between 4 and 11 rooms, with 6 being the average. Generally, guests are accommodated in private bedrooms with private bathrooms, or in a suite of rooms including an en suite bathroom. Some homes have private bedrooms with a bathroom which is shared with other guests. Breakfast is served in the bedroom, a dining room, or the host's kitchen. Often the owners of guest house themselves prepare the breakfast and clean the rooms.

Hostels in Calgary
Calgary hostels provide budget-oriented, sociable accommodation where guests can rent a bed, usually a bunk bed, in a dormitory and share a bathroom, lounge, and sometimes a kitchen. Rooms can be mixed or single-sex, although private rooms may also be available. Hostels are often cheaper for both the operator and occupants; many Calgary hostels have long-term residents whom they employ as desk agents or housekeeping staff in exchange for experience or discounted accommodation.

Apartment hotels, extended stay hotels in Calgary
Extended stay hotels are small to medium-sized Calgary hotels that offer longer term full service accommodations compared to a traditional hotel. Extended stay hotels may offer non-traditional pricing methods such as a weekly rate that cater towards travelers in need of short-term accommodations for an extended period of time. Similar to limited and select service hotels, on-site amenities are normally limited and most extended stay hotels in Calgary lack an on-site restaurant.

Timeshare and destination clubs in Calgary
Calgary timeshare and destination clubs are a form of property ownership also referred to as a vacation ownership involving the purchase and ownership of an individual unit of accommodation for seasonal usage during a specified period of time. Timeshare resorts in Calgary often offer amenities similar that of a Full service hotel with on-site restaurant(s), swimming pools, recreation grounds, and other leisure-oriented amenities. Destination clubs of Calgary on the other hand may offer more exclusive private accommodations such as private houses in a neighborhood-style setting.

Motels in Calgary
A Calgary motel is a small-sized low-rise lodging establishment similar to that of a limited service hotel, but with direct access to individual rooms from the car park. Common during the 1950s and 1960s, motels were often located adjacent to a major road, where they were built on inexpensive land at the edge of towns or along stretches of highways. They are still useful in less populated areas of Calgary for driving travelers, but the more populated an area becomes the more hotels fill the need. Many of Calgary motels which remain in operation have joined national franchise chains, rebranding themselves as hotels, inns or lodges.

Why HotelsCombined

HotelsCombined is the leading hotel metasearch engine founded in 2005, with headquarters in Sydney, Australia. It is widely recognized as the world's best hotel price comparison site and has won many of the most prestigious tourism industry awards. The site operates in over 40 languages, handles 120 different currencies and aggregates more than 2 million deals from hundreds of travel sites and hotel chains. The number of users counts more than 300,000 people a year with over $1,000,000,000 in estimated total cost of hotel reservations.

The main purpose of HotelsCombined hotel price comparison service is to help the travelers in finding a perfect accommodation option in Calgary at the best price, eliminating the need to manually analyze hundreds of hotel booking sites and thousands of price offers. Through the partnership with the most popular hotel booking websites, online travel agencies and hotel chains, HotelsCombined allows its users to search for and compare the current rates on Calgary hotels in a single search. It also provides an aggregated summary of hotel reviews and ratings from external sites.

The HotelsCombined's advanced technology allows to instantly find the available Calgary hotels and process the offers of all leading travel websites, including Booking.com, Hotels.com, Agoda.com, etc. and many others (AccorHotels.com, AirAsiaGo.com, Amoma.com, AsiaTravel.com, BestWestern.com, Budgetplaces.com, EasyToBook.com, Elvoline.com, Expedia.com, Getaroom.com, Hilton.com, Homestay.com, Hotel.de, HotelClub.com, HotelsClick.com, HotelTravel.com, Housetrip.com, ihg.com, Interhome.com, Jovago.com, LateRooms.com, NH-Hotels.com, OnHotels.com, Otel.com, Prestigia.com, Skoosh.com, Splendia.com, Superbreak.com, Tiket.com, etc.). Due to the fast and easy-to-use search system you get the rates on available Calgary hotels and book a preferable hotel on a website providing the lowest price.

All Calgary Hotels & Hostels Online

HotelsCombined is particularly suitable for those who interested in Calgary, Canada, HotelsCombined, Trivago, sale on the hotel booking site HotelsCombined, discount coupons on the hotel booking site HotelsCombined, best rates on Calgary hotels, low prices on Calgary hotels, best hotel in Calgary, best Calgary hotel, discounted Calgary hotel booking, online Calgary hotel reservation, Calgary hotels comparison, hotel booking in Calgary, luxury and cheap accomodation in Calgary, Calgary inns, Calgary B&Bs, bed and breakfast in Calgary, condo hotels and apartments in Calgary, bargain Calgary rentals, cheap Calgary vacation rentals,Calgary pensions and guest houses, cheap hotels and hostels of Calgary, Calgary motels, dormitories of Calgary, dorms in Calgary, Calgary dormitory rooms, lowest rates on hotels in Calgary, hotel prices comparison in Calgary, travel to Calgary, vacation in Calgary, trip to Calgary, trusted hotel reviews of Calgary, sights and attractions of Calgary, Calgary guidebook, Calgary guide, etc.

Many people are also interested in the hotel booking in Calgary, Canada, tours to Calgary, travel company in Calgary, travel agency in Calgary, excursions in Calgary, tickets to Calgary, airline tickets to Calgary, Calgary hotel booking, Calgary hostels, dormitory of Calgary, dorm in Calgary, Calgary dormitory, Calgary airfares, Calgary airline tickets, Calgary tours, Calgary travel, must-see places in Calgary, Calgary Booking.com, Calgary hotels Trivago, Calgary Expedia, Calgary Airbnb, Calgary TripAdvisor, Hotels Combined Calgary, HotelsCombined Calgary, Calgary hotels and hostels, CA hotels and hostels, Black Friday on the hotel booking site HotelsCombined, Cyber Monday on the hotel booking site HotelsCombined, New Year's and Christmas sale HotelsCombined, hotelscombined.en, and so on.

While others are looking for the HotelsCombined.en, HotelsCombined.en, hotelscombined.com, कैलगरी, Калгарі, ကယ်လ်ဂရီမြို့, کیلگری, Kalqari, Calgary, קלגרי, Calgaria, 卡尔加里, แคลกะรี, კალგარი, Kalgaris, كالغاري, कॅल्गारी, Калгари, کالگری, Kalgari, கால்கரி, ਕੈਲਗਰੀ, Կալգարի, Kalgario, Κάλγκαρι, కాల్గరీ, Горад Калгары, کلگری, 卡加利, ಕ್ಯಾಲ್ಗರಿ, カルガリー. Thousands of people have already booked the hotels in Calgary on the hotel booking site HotelsCombined. It works. Try it for yourself!

Travelling and vacation in Calgary

.
Calgary
City
City of Calgary
From top left: Scotiabank Saddledome and Downtown Calgary, Southern Alberta Institute of Technology, Calgary Stampede, Canada Olympic Park, Lougheed House, Stephen Avenue, Calgary Zoo
From top left: Scotiabank Saddledome and Downtown Calgary, Southern Alberta Institute of Technology, Calgary Stampede, Canada Olympic Park, Lougheed House, Stephen Avenue, Calgary Zoo
Flag of Calgary
Flag
Coat of arms of Calgary
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): Cowtown, Stampede City, more...
Motto: Onward
Calgary is located in Canada
Calgary
Calgary
Calgary is located in Alberta
Calgary
Calgary
Location of Calgary in Canada
Coordinates:  / 51.050; -114.067  / 51.050; -114.067
Country Canada
Province Alberta
Region Calgary Region
Census division 6
Founded 1875
Incorporated
• Town November 7, 1884
• City January 1, 1894
Government
• Mayor Naheed Nenshi
• Governing body Calgary City Council
• Manager Jeff Fielding
• MPs
• MLAs
Area (2016)
• Land 825.56 km (318.75 sq mi)
• Urban 586.08 km (226.29 sq mi)
• Metro 5,110.21 km (1,973.06 sq mi)
Elevation 1,045 m (3,428 ft)
Population (2016)
• City 1,239,220
• Density 1,501.1/km (3,888/sq mi)
• Urban 1,237,656
• Urban density 2,111.8/km (5,470/sq mi)
• Metro 1,392,609 (4th)
• Metro density 272.5/km (706/sq mi)
• Municipal census (2016) 1,235,171
Demonym(s) Calgarian
Time zone MST (UTC−7)
• Summer (DST) MDT (UTC−6)
Forward sortation areas T1Y, T2A - T3S
Area code(s) 403, 587, 825
Highways 1, 1A, 2, 2A, 8, 22X, 201
Waterways Bow River, Elbow River, Glenmore Reservoir
GDP US$ 97.9 billion
GDP per capita US$69,826
Website Official website

Calgary (Listen/ˈkælɡəri, -ɡri/) is a city in the Canadian province of Alberta. It is situated at the confluence of the Bow River and the Elbow River in the south of the province, in an area of foothills and prairie, about 80 km (50 mi) east of the front ranges of the Canadian Rockies. The city anchors the south end of what Statistics Canada defines as the "Calgary–Edmonton Corridor".

The city had a population of 1,239,220 in 2016, making it Alberta's largest city and Canada's third-largest municipality. Also in 2016, Calgary had a metropolitan population of 1,392,609, making it the fourth-largest census metropolitan area (CMA) in Canada.

The economy of Calgary includes activity in the energy, financial services, film and television, transportation and logistics, technology, manufacturing, aerospace, health and wellness, retail, and tourism sectors. The Calgary CMA is home to the second-highest number of corporate head offices in Canada among the country's 800 largest corporations.

In 1988, Calgary became the first Canadian city to host the Winter Olympic Games.

Calgary: History

Calgary: Etymology

Calgary was named after Calgary on the Isle of Mull, Scotland. In turn, the name originates from a compound of kald and gart, similar Old Norse words, meaning "cold" and "garden", likely used when named by the Vikings who inhabited the Inner Hebrides. Alternatively, the name might be Gaelic Cala ghearraidh, meaning "beach of the meadow (pasture)"; or Gaelic for either "clear running water" or "bay farm".

Calgary: First settlement

The Calgary area was inhabited by pre-Clovis people whose presence has been traced back at least 11,000 years. Before the arrival of Europeans, the area was inhabited by the Blackfoot, Blood, Peigan and the Tsuu T'ina First Nations peoples, all of which were part of the Blackfoot Confederacy. In 1787, cartographer David Thompson spent the winter with a band of Peigan encamped along the Bow River. He was a Hudson's Bay Company trader and the first recorded European to visit the area. John Glenn was the first documented European settler in the Calgary area, in 1873.

Calgary as it appeared circa 1885

In 1875, the site became a post of the North-West Mounted Police (now the Royal Canadian Mounted Police or RCMP). The NWMP detachment was assigned to protect the western plains from US whisky traders, and to protect the fur trade. Originally named Fort Brisebois, after NWMP officer Éphrem-A. Brisebois, it was renamed Fort Calgary in 1876 by Colonel James Macleod.

When the Canadian Pacific Railway reached the area in 1883, and a rail station was constructed, Calgary began to grow into an important commercial and agricultural centre. Over a century later, the Canadian Pacific Railway headquarters moved to Calgary from Montreal in 1996. Calgary was officially incorporated as a town in 1884, and elected its first mayor, George Murdoch. In 1894, it was incorporated as "The City of Calgary" in what was then the North-West Territories. The Calgary Police Service was established in 1885 and assumed municipal, local duties from the NWMP.

The Calgary Fire of 1886 occurred on November 7, 1886. Fourteen buildings were destroyed with losses estimated at $103,200. Although no one was killed or injured, city officials drafted a law requiring all large downtown buildings to be built with Paskapoo sandstone, to prevent this from happening again.

After the arrival of the railway, the Dominion Government started leasing grazing land at minimal cost (up to 100,000 acres (400 km) for one cent per acre per year). As a result of this policy, large ranching operations were established in the outlying country near Calgary. Already a transportation and distribution hub, Calgary quickly became the centre of Canada's cattle marketing and meatpacking industries.

By the late 19th century, the Hudson's Bay Company (HBC) expanded into the interior and established posts along rivers that later developed into the modern cities of Winnipeg, Calgary and Edmonton. In 1884, the HBC established a sales shop in Calgary. The HBC also built the first of the grand "original six" department stores in Calgary in 1913, the others that followed are Edmonton, Vancouver, Victoria, Saskatoon, and Winnipeg.

Between 1896 and 1914 settlers from all over the world poured into the area in response to the offer of free "homestead" land. Agriculture and ranching became key components of the local economy, shaping the future of Calgary for years to come. The world-famous Calgary Stampede, still held annually in July, was started by four wealthy ranchers as a small agricultural show in 1912. It is now known as the "greatest outdoor show on earth".

Calgary: Oil boom

Oil was first discovered in Alberta in 1902, but it did not become a significant industry in the province until 1947 when reserves of it were discovered near Leduc. Calgary quickly found itself at the centre of the ensuing oil boom. The city's economy grew when oil prices increased with the Arab Oil Embargo of 1973. The population increased by 272,000 in the eighteen years between 1971 (403,000) and 1989 (675,000) and another 345,000 in the next eighteen years (to 1,020,000 in 2007). During these boom years, skyscrapers were constructed and the relatively low-rise downtown quickly became dense with tall buildings.

Calgary's economy was so closely tied to the oil industry that the city's boom peaked with the average annual price of oil in 1981. The subsequent drops in oil prices were cited by industry as reasons for a collapse in the oil industry and consequently the overall Calgary economy. Low oil prices prevented a full recovery until the 1990s.

Calgary: Recent history

With the energy sector employing a huge number of Calgarians, the fallout from the economic slump of the early 1980s was significant, and the unemployment rate soared. By the end of the decade, however, the economy was in recovery. Calgary quickly realized that it could not afford to put so much emphasis on oil and gas, and the city has since become much more diverse, both economically and culturally. The period during this recession marked Calgary's transition from a mid-sized and relatively nondescript prairie city into a major cosmopolitan and diverse centre. This transition culminated in the city hosting Canada's first Winter Olympics in 1988. The success of these Games essentially put the city on the world stage.

Thanks in part to escalating oil prices, the economy in Calgary and Alberta was booming until the end of 2009, and the region of nearly 1.1 million people was home to the fastest growing economy in the country. While the oil and gas industry comprise an important part of the economy, the city has invested a great deal into other areas such as tourism and high-tech manufacturing. Over 3.1 million people now visit the city annually for its many festivals and attractions, especially the Calgary Stampede. The nearby mountain resort towns of Banff, Lake Louise, and Canmore are also becoming increasingly popular with tourists, and are bringing people into Calgary as a result. Other modern industries include light manufacturing, high-tech, film, e-commerce, transportation, and services.

Widespread flooding throughout southern Alberta, including on the Bow and Elbow rivers, forced the evacuation of over 75,000 city residents on June 21, 2013, and left large areas of the city, including downtown, without power.

Eastern portion of Calgary's skyline from the south, 2016

Calgary: Geography

Map of Calgary: Purple indicates industrial zones

Calgary is located at the transition zone between the Canadian Rockies foothills and the Canadian Prairies. The city lies within the foothills of the Parkland Natural Region and the Grasslands Natural Region. Downtown Calgary is about 1,045 m (3,428 ft) above sea level, and the airport is 1,076 m (3,531 ft). In 2011, the city covered a land area of 825.29 km (318.65 sq mi).

Two rivers run through the city. The Bow River is the larger and it flows from the west to the south. The Elbow River flows northwards from the south until it converges with the Bow River at the historic site of Fort Calgary near downtown. Since the climate of the region is generally dry, dense vegetation occurs naturally only in the river valleys, on some north-facing slopes, and within Fish Creek Provincial Park.

The City of Calgary, 848 km (327 sq mi) in size, consists of an inner city surrounded by suburban communities of various density. The city is immediately surrounded by two municipal districts – the Municipal District of Foothills No. 31 to the south and Rocky View County to the north, west and east. Proximate urban communities beyond the city within the Calgary Region include: the City of Airdrie to the north; the City of Chestermere, the Town of Strathmore and the Hamlet of Langdon to the east; the towns of Okotoks and High River to the south; and the Town of Cochrane to the northwest. Numerous rural subdivisions are located within the Elbow Valley, Springbank and Bearspaw areas to the west and northwest. The Tsuu T'ina Nation Indian Reserve No. 145 borders Calgary to the southwest.

Over the years, the city has made many land annexations to facilitate growth. In the most recent annexation of lands from Rocky View County, completed in July 2007, the city annexed Shepard, a former hamlet, and placed its boundaries adjacent to the Hamlet of Balzac and City of Chestermere, and very close to the City of Airdrie.

Calgary: Flora and fauna

Numerous plant and animal species are found within and around Calgary. The Rocky Mountain Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii var. glauca) comes near the northern limit of its range at Calgary. Another conifer of widespread distribution found in the Calgary area is the White Spruce (Picea glauca).

Calgary: Neighbourhoods

Inglewood, inner-city neighbourhood in Calgary

The downtown region of the city consists of five neighbourhoods: Eau Claire (including the Festival District), the Downtown West End, the Downtown Commercial Core, Chinatown, and the Downtown East Village (also part of the Rivers District). The commercial core is itself divided into a number of districts including the Stephen Avenue Retail Core, the Entertainment District, the Arts District and the Government District. Distinct from downtown and south of 9th Avenue is Calgary's densest neighbourhood, the Beltline. The area includes a number of communities such as Connaught, Victoria Crossing and a portion of the Rivers District. The Beltline is the focus of major planning and rejuvenation initiatives on the part of the municipal government to increase the density and liveliness of Calgary's centre.

Adjacent to, or directly radiating from the downtown are the first of the inner-city communities. These include Crescent Heights, Hounsfield Heights/Briar Hill, Hillhurst/Sunnyside (including Kensington BRZ), Bridgeland, Renfrew, Mount Royal, Scarboro, Sunalta, Mission, Ramsay and Inglewood and Albert Park/Radisson Heights directly to the east. The inner city is, in turn, surrounded by relatively dense and established neighbourhoods such as Rosedale and Mount Pleasant to the north; Bowness, Parkdale and Glendale to the west; Park Hill, South Calgary (including Marda Loop), Bankview, Altadore, and Killarney to the south; and Forest Lawn/International Avenue to the east. Lying beyond these, and usually separated from one another by highways, are suburban communities including Evergreen, Somerset, Country Hills, Sundance, Riverbend, and McKenzie Towne. In all, there are over 180 distinct neighbourhoods within the city limits.

Several of Calgary's neighbourhoods were initially separate municipalities that were annexed by the city as it grew. These include Bowness, Montgomery, and Forest Lawn.

Calgary: Climate

Calgary
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
9.4
−1
−13
9.4
1
−11
18
4
−8
25
11
−2
57
16
3
94
20
8
66
23
10
57
23
9
45
18
4
15
12
−1
13
3
−8
10
−1
−13
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source:
Imperial conversion
J F M A M J J A S O N D
0.4
30
8
0.4
33
11
0.7
40
19
1
52
28
2.2
61
38
3.7
68
46
2.6
74
50
2.2
73
48
1.8
64
39
0.6
53
29
0.5
38
17
0.4
31
9
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches

Calgary experiences a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfb). It falls into the NRC Plant Hardiness Zone 4a. According to Environment Canada, average daily temperatures in Calgary range from 16.5 °C (61.7 °F) in July to −6.8 °C (19.8 °F) in December.

Ice fog is common over ice-free currents of the Bow River when temperatures drop to −17 °C (1 °F). Hoar frost forms on vegetation. January 9, 2015 −20 °C (−4 °F), 10:00 am

Winters are cold and the air temperature can drop to or below −20 °C (−4 °F) on average of 22 days of the year and −30 °C (−22 °F) on average of 3.7 days of the year, and are often broken up by warm, dry Chinook winds that blow into Alberta over the mountains. These winds can raise the winter temperature by 20 °C (36 °F), and as much as 30 °C (54 °F) in just a few hours, and may last several days. As well, Calgary's proximity to the Rocky Mountains affects winter temperature average mean temperature with a mixture of lows and highs, and tends to result in a mild winter for a city in the Prairie Provinces. Temperatures are also affected by the wind chill factor, Calgary's average wind speed is 14.2 km/h, one of the highest in Canadian cities.

In summer, daytime temperatures can exceed 30 °C (86 °F) an average of 5.1 days anytime in June, July and August, and occasionally as late as September or as early as May, and in winter drop below or at −30 °C (−22 °F) 3.7 days of the year. As a consequence of Calgary's high elevation and aridity, summer evenings tend to cool off, with monthly averages below 10 °C (50 °F) throughout the summer months.

Aurora beyond Calgary's downtown skyline

Calgary has the most sunny days year round of Canada's 100 largest cities, with just over 332 days of sun; it has on average 2,396 hours of sunshine annually. With an average relative humidity of 55% in the winter and 45% in the summer (15:00 MST),

Calgary International Airport in the northeastern section of the city receives an average of 418.8 mm (16.49 in) of precipitation annually, with 326.4 mm (12.85 in) of that occurring in the form of rain, and 129 cm (51 in) as snow. The most rainfall occurs in June and the most snowfall in March. Calgary has also recorded snow every month of the year. It is uncommon in July, but not unheard of. The last notable event was on July 15, 1999.

Thunderstorms can be frequent and some times severe with most of them occurring in the summer months. Calgary lies within Alberta's Hailstorm Alley and is prone to damaging hailstorms every few years. A hailstorm that struck Calgary on September 7, 1991, was one of the most destructive natural disasters in Canadian history, with over $400 million in damage. Being west of the dry line on most occasions, tornadoes are rare in the region.

The highest temperature ever recorded in Calgary was 36.1 °C (97 °F) on July 15, 1919, and July 25, 1933. The coldest temperature ever recorded was −45.0 °C (−49 °F) on February 4, 1893.

Calgary: Population

Calgary: Demographics

In the 2016 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, the City of Calgary recorded a population of 1,239,220 living in 466,725 of its 489,650 total private dwellings, a change of 13% from its 2011 population of 1,096,833. With a land area of 825.56 km (318.75 sq mi), it had a population density of 1,501.1/km (3,887.7/sq mi) in 2016.

The population of the City of Calgary according to its 2016 municipal census is 1,235,171, a change of 0.3% from its 2015 municipal census population of 1,230,915.

In the 2011 Census, the City of Calgary had a population of 1,096,833 living in 423,417 of its 445,848 total dwellings, a change of 10.9% from its 2006 adjusted population of 988,812. With a land area of 825.29 km (318.65 sq mi), it had a population density of 1,329.0/km (3,442.2/sq mi) in 2011. According to the 2011 Statistics Canada Census, persons aged 14 years and under made up 17.9% of the population, and those aged 65 and older made up 9.95%. The median age was 36.4 years. In 2011, the city's gender population was 49.9% male and 50.1% female.

The Calgary census metropolitan area (CMA) is the fifth-largest CMA in Canada and largest in Alberta. It had a population of 1,214,839 in the 2011 Census compared to its 2006 population of 1,079,310. Its five-year population change of 12.6 percent was the highest among all CMAs in Canada between 2006 and 2011. With a land area of 5,107.55 km (1,972.04 sq mi), the Calgary CMA had a population density of 237.9/km (616.0/sq mi) in 2011. Statistics Canada's latest estimate of the Calgary CMA population, as of July 1, 2013, is 1,364,827. The population within an hour commuting distance of the city is 1,511,755.

As a consequence of the large number of corporations, as well as the presence of the energy sector in Alberta, Calgary has a median family income of $104,530.

Calgary Stampede grounds

Calgary: Ethnicity

As of 2011, 30.1% of the population belong to a visible minority group. Of the largest Canadian cities, Calgary ranked third in proportion of visible minorities, behind Toronto and Vancouver. Among the immigrants arriving in Calgary between 2001 and 2006, 78% belonged to a visible minority group. South Asians (mainly from India or Pakistan) make up the largest group (7.5%), followed by Chinese (6.8%). There were more than 200 different ethnic origins in Calgary, the most frequently reported were English, Scottish, Canadian, German and Irish.

Calgary: Religions

Christians make up 54.9% of the population, while 32.3% have no religious affiliation. Other religions in the city are Muslims (5.2%), Sikhs (2.6%) and Buddhists (2.1%).

Its St. Mary’s Cathedral is the see of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Calgary. There is also an Anglican Diocese of Calgary.

Calgary: Economy

Suncor Energy Centre

Calgary is recognized as a Canadian leader in the oil and gas industry as well as for being a leader in economic expansion. Its high personal and family incomes, low unemployment and high GDP per capita have all benefited from increased sales and prices due to a resource boom, and increasing economic diversification.

Calgary benefits from a relatively strong job market in Alberta, is part of the Calgary–Edmonton Corridor, one of the fastest growing regions in the country. It is the head office for many major oil and gas related companies, and many financial service business have grown up around them. Small business and self-employment levels also rank amongst the highest in Canada. It is also a distribution and transportation hub with high retail sales.

Calgary's economy is decreasingly dominated by the oil and gas industry, although it is still the single largest contributor to the city's GDP. In 2006, Calgary's real GDP (in constant 1997 dollars) was C$52.386 billion, of which oil, gas and mining contributed 12%. The larger oil and gas companies are BP Canada, Canadian Natural Resources Limited, Cenovus Energy, Encana, Imperial Oil, Suncor Energy, Shell Canada, Husky Energy, TransCanada, and Nexen, making the city home to 87% of Canada's oil and natural gas producers and 66% of coal producers.

Calgary Stampede Park

Calgary has a number of multicultural areas. Forest Lawn is among the most diverse areas in the city and as such, the area around 17 Avenue SE within the neighbourhood is also known as International Avenue. The district is home to many ethnic restaurants and stores. Calgary was designated as one of the cultural capitals of Canada in 2012.

While many Calgarians continue to live in the city's suburbs, more central districts such as 17 Avenue, Kensington, Inglewood, Forest Lawn, Marda Loop and the Mission District have become more popular and density in those areas has increased. The nightlife and the availability of cultural venues in these areas has gradually begun to evolve as a result.

The Calgary Public Library is the city's public library network, with 17 branches loaning books, e-books, CDs, DVDs, Blu-rays, audio books, and more. Based on borrowing, the library is the second largest in Canada, and sixth-largest municipal library system in North America. The 22,000-square-metre (240,000 sq ft) Calgary Central Library is under construction in Calgary East Village, and is expected to be completed in 2018.

Calgary is the site of the Southern Alberta Jubilee Auditorium performing arts, culture and community facility. The auditorium is one of two "twin" facilities in the province, the other located in Edmonton, each being locally known as the "Jube". The 2,538-seat auditorium was opened in 1957 and has been host to hundreds of Broadway musical, theatrical, stage and local productions. The Calgary Jube is the resident home of the Alberta Ballet Company, the Calgary Opera, the Kiwanis Music Festival, and the annual civic Remembrance Day ceremonies. Both auditoriums operate 365 days a year, and are run by the provincial government. Both received major renovations as part of the province's centennial in 2005.

Alberta Ballet at the Nat Christie Centre

The Alberta Ballet is the third largest dance company in Canada. Under the artistic direction of Jean Grand-Maître, the Alberta Ballet is at the forefront both at home and internationally. The dance company has developed a distinctive repertoire and a high level of performance. Jean Grand-Maître has become well known for his successful collaborations with pop-artists like Joni Mitchell, Elton John, and Sarah McLachlan. The Alberta Ballet resides in the Nat Christie Centre.

The city is also home to a number of theatre companies; among them are One Yellow Rabbit, which shares the Arts Commons building with the Calgary Philharmonic Orchestra, as well as Theatre Calgary, Alberta Theatre Projects and Theatre Junction GRAND, culture house dedicated to the contemporary live arts. Calgary was also the birthplace of the improvisational theatre games known as Theatresports. The Calgary International Film Festival is also held annually, as well as the International Festival of Animated Objects.

Epcor Centre for the Performing Arts

Every three years, Calgary hosts the Honens International Piano Competition (formerly known as the Esther Honens International Piano Competition). The finalists of the competition perform piano concerti with the Calgary Philharmonic Orchestra; the laureate is awarded a cash prize (currently $100,000.00 CDN, the largest cash award of any international piano competition), and a three-year career development program. The Honens is an integral component of the classical music scene in Calgary.

Visual and conceptual artists like the art collective United Congress are active in the city. There are a number of art galleries in the downtown along Stephen Avenue; the SoDo (South of Downtown) Design District; the 17 Avenue corridor; and the neighbourhood of Inglewood, including the Esker Foundation. Calgary is also home to the Alberta College of Art and Design.

A number of marching bands are based in Calgary. They include the Calgary Round-Up Band, the Calgary Stetson Show Band, the Bishop Grandin Marching Ghosts, and the five-time World Association for Marching Show Bands champions, the Calgary Stampede Showband, as well as military bands including the Band of HMCS Tecumseh, the King's Own Calgary Regiment Band, and the Regimental Pipes and Drums of The Calgary Highlanders. There are many other civilian pipe bands in the city, notably the Calgary Police Service Pipe Band.

Glenbow Museum

Calgary is also home to a choral music community, including a variety of amateur, community, and semi-professional groups. Some of the mainstays include the Mount Royal Choirs from the Mount Royal University Conservatory, the Calgary Boys' Choir, the Calgary Girls Choir, the Youth Singers of Calgary, the Cantaré Children's Choir, and Spiritus Chamber Choir.

Calgary hosts a number of annual festivals and events. These include the Calgary International Film Festival, the Calgary Folk Music Festival, FunnyFest Calgary Comedy Festival, Sled Island music festival, Beakerhead arts, science and engineering festival, the Folk Music Festival, the Greek festival, Carifest, Wordfest, the Lilac Festival, GlobalFest, Otafest, FallCon, the Calgary Fringe Festival, Summerstock, Expo Latino, Calgary Pride, Calgary International Spoken Word Festival, and many other cultural and ethnic festivals. Calgary's best-known event is the Calgary Stampede, which has occurred each July since 1912. It is one of the largest festivals in Canada, with a 2005 attendance of 1,242,928 at the 10-day rodeo and exhibition.

Several museums are located in the city. The Glenbow Museum is the largest in western Canada and includes an art gallery and First Nations gallery. Other major museums include the Chinese Cultural Centre (at 70,000 sq ft (6,500 m), the largest stand-alone cultural centre in Canada), the Canadian Olympic Hall of Fame and Museum (at Canada Olympic Park), The Military Museums, the Cantos Music Museum and the Aero Space Museum.

Numerous films have been shot in Calgary and area. Notable films shot in and around the city include: Assassination of Jesse James, Brokeback Mountain, Dances with Wolves, Doctor Zhivago, Inception, Legends of the Fall, Unforgiven and The Revenant.

The Calgary Herald and the Calgary Sun are the main newspapers in Calgary. Global, City, CTV and CBC television networks have local studios in the city.

Calgary: Attractions

Downtown Calgary seen from Eau Claire
Calgary Tower, reflected in a nearby high rise

Downtown features an eclectic mix of restaurants and bars, cultural venues, public squares (including Olympic Plaza) and shopping. Notable shopping areas include such as The Core Shopping Centre (formerly Calgary Eaton Centre/TD Square), Stephen Avenue and Eau Claire Market. Downtown tourist attractions include the Calgary Zoo, the Telus Spark, the Telus Convention Centre, the Chinatown district, the Glenbow Museum, the Calgary Tower, the Art Gallery of Calgary (AGC), Military Museum and the EPCOR Centre for the Performing Arts. At 1.0 hectare (2.5 acres), the Devonian Gardens is one of the largest urban indoor gardens in the world, and it is located on the 4th floor of The Core Shopping Centre (above the shopping). The downtown region is also home to Prince's Island Park, an urban park located just north of the Eau Claire district. Directly to the south of downtown is Midtown and the Beltline. This area is quickly becoming one of the city's densest and most active mixed use areas. At the district's core is the popular 17 Avenue, known for its many bars and nightclubs, restaurants, and shopping venues. During the Calgary Flames' playoff run in 2004, 17 Avenue was frequented by over 50,000 fans and supporters per game night. The concentration of red jersey-wearing fans led to the street's playoff moniker, the "Red Mile". Downtown is easily accessed using the city's C-Train light rail (LRT) transit system.

Attractions on the west side of the city include the Heritage Park Historical Village historical park, depicting life in pre-1914 Alberta and featuring working historic vehicles such as a steam train, paddle steamer and electric streetcar. The village itself comprises a mixture of replica buildings and historic structures relocated from southern Alberta. Other major city attractions include Canada Olympic Park, which features Canada's Sports Hall of Fame, and Spruce Meadows. In addition to the many shopping areas in the city centre, there are a number of large suburban shopping complexes in the city. Among the largest are Chinook Centre and Southcentre Mall in the south, Westhills and Signal Hill in the southwest, South Trail Crossing and Deerfoot Meadows in the southeast, Market Mall in the northwest, Sunridge Mall in the northeast, and the newly built CrossIron Mills just north of the Calgary city limits, and south of the City of Airdrie.

The Bow – EnCana's Headquarters

In nearby Airdrie at the Calgary/Airdrie Airport the Airdrie Regional Airshow is held every two years. In 2011 the airshow featured the Canadian Snowbirds, a CF-18 demo and a United States Air Force F-16.

Calgary: Tallest buildings

Downtown can be recognized by its numerous skyscrapers. Some of these structures, such as the Calgary Tower and the Scotiabank Saddledome are unique enough to be symbols of Calgary. Office buildings tend to concentrate within the commercial core, while residential towers occur most frequently within the Downtown West End and the Beltline, south of downtown. These buildings are iconographic of the city's booms and busts, and it is easy to recognize the various phases of development that have shaped the image of downtown. The first skyscraper building boom occurred during the late 1950s and continued through to the 1970s. After 1980, during the recession, many high-rise construction projects were immediately halted. It was not until the late 1980s and through to the early 1990s that major construction began again, initiated by the 1988 Winter Olympics and stimulated by the growing economy.

In total, there are 14 office towers that are at least 150 m (490 ft) (usually around 40 floors) or higher. The tallest of these is The Bow (Encana headquarters), which is the tallest office tower in Canada outside Toronto. Calgary's Bankers Hall Towers are also the tallest twin towers in Canada. As of 2008, there were 264 completed high-rise buildings, with 42 more under construction, another 13 approved for construction and 63 more proposed.

Calgary: Sports and recreation

Canada Olympic Park

In large part due to its proximity to the Rocky Mountains, Calgary has traditionally been a popular destination for winter sports. Since hosting the 1988 Winter Olympics, the city has also been home to a number of major winter sporting facilities such as Canada Olympic Park (bobsleigh, luge, cross-country skiing, ski jumping, downhill skiing, snowboarding, and some summer sports) and the Olympic Oval (speed skating and hockey). These facilities serve as the primary training venues for a number of competitive athletes. Also, Canada Olympic Park serves as a mountain biking trail in the summer months.

In the summer, the Bow River is very popular among fly-fishermen. Golfing is also an extremely popular activity for Calgarians and the region has a large number of courses.

Calgary hosted the 2009 World Water Ski Championship Festival in August, at the Predator Bay Water Ski Club, approximately 40 km (25 mi) south of the city.

Scotiabank Saddledome

As part of the wider Battle of Alberta, the city's sports teams enjoy a popular rivalry with their Edmonton counterparts, most notably the rivalries between the National Hockey League's Calgary Flames and Edmonton Oilers, and the Canadian Football League's Calgary Stampeders and Edmonton Eskimos.

Calgary is renowned in professional wrestling tradition as both the home-city of the prominent Hart wrestling family and the location of the infamous Hart family "Dungeon", wherein WWE Hall of Fame member and patriarch of the Hart Family, Stu Hart, trained numerous professional wrestlers including Superstar Billy Graham, Brian Pillman, the British Bulldogs, Edge, Christian, Greg Valentine, Chris Jericho, Jushin Thunder Liger and many more. Also among the trainees were the Hart family members themselves, including WWE Hall of Fame member and former WWE champion Bret Hart and his brother, the 1994 WWF King of the Ring, Owen Hart.

Ceremonial puck drop at the 2011 Heritage Classic between the Calgary Flames and the Montreal Canadiens
Award Ceremony for the Enbridge Cup, an element of the 2005 Spruce Meadows National Tournament

In 1997 Calgary hosted The World Police & Fire Games hosting over 16,000 athletes from all over the world.

Professional sports teams
Club League Venue Established Championships
Calgary Stampeders Canadian Football League McMahon Stadium 1945 7
Calgary Flames National Hockey League Scotiabank Saddledome 1980 1
Calgary Roughnecks National Lacrosse League Scotiabank Saddledome 2001 2
Semi-professional teams
Club League Venue Established Championships
Calgary Crush American Basketball Association SAIT 2011 0
Amateur and junior clubs
Club League Venue Established Championships
Calgary Canucks Alberta Junior Hockey League Max Bell Centre 1971 9
Calgary Mustangs Alberta Junior Hockey League Father David Bauer Olympic Arena 1990 1
Calgary Hitmen Western Hockey League Scotiabank Saddledome 1995 2
Calgary Inferno Canadian Women's Hockey League Olympic Oval 2011 1
Calgary Mavericks Rugby Canada National Junior Championship Calgary Rugby Park 1998 1

Within Calgary there are approximately 8,000 ha (20,000 acres) of parkland available for public usage and recreation. These parks include Fish Creek Provincial Park, Inglewood Bird Sanctuary, Bowness Park, Edworthy Park, Confederation Park, Prince’s Island Park, Nose Hill Park, and Central Memorial Park. Nose Hill Park is one of the largest municipal parks in Canada at 1,129 ha (2,790 acres). The park has been subject to a revitalization plan that began in 2006. Its trail system is currently undergoing rehabilitation in accordance with this plan. The oldest park in Calgary, Central Memorial Park, dates back to 1911. Similar to Nose Hill Park, revitalization also took place in Central Memorial Park in 2008–2009 and reopened to the public in 2010 while still maintaining its Victorian style. A 800 km (500 mi) pathway system connects these parks and various neighbourhoods.

Calgary also has multiple private sporting clubs including the Glencoe Club and the Calgary Winter Club.

Calgary: Government

The city is a corporate power-centre, a high percentage of the workforce is employed in white-collar jobs. The high concentration of oil and gas corporations led to the rise of Peter Lougheed's Progressive Conservative Party in 1971. However, as Calgary's population has increased, so has the diversity of its politics.

Calgary: Municipal politics

Calgary's new and old city halls

Calgary is governed in accordance with Alberta's Municipal Government Act (1995). Calgarians elect 14 ward councillors and a mayor to Calgary City Council every four years. Naheed Nenshi was first elected mayor in the 2010 municipal election. Naheed Nenshi was re-elected in October 2013, when the title of council members was changed from alderman to councillor.

Two school boards operate independently of each other in Calgary, the public and the separate systems. Both boards have 7 elected trustees each representing 2 of 14 wards. The School Boards are considered to be part of municipal politics in Calgary as they are elected at the same time as City Council.

Calgary: Provincial politics

As a result of the 2015 provincial election, Calgary is represented by twenty-five MLAs, including fifteen New Democrats, seven Progressive Conservatives, and one member each of the Wildrose Party, Alberta Party and Alberta Liberal Party. During this election, the Alberta Party won its first-ever seat, with MLA Greg Clark in the Calgary-Elbow riding. The Progressive Conservative Party had the most to lose, losing 13 of the seats it previously held.

Calgary: Federal politics

On October 19, 2015, Calgary elected its first two Liberal federal MPs since 1968, Darshan Kang for Calgary Skyview and Kent Hehr for Calgary Centre. The remaining MPs are members of the Conservative Party of Canada (CPC). Before 2015, the Liberals had only elected three MPs from Calgary ridings in their entire history-- Manley Edwards (1940–1945), Harry Hays (1963–1965) and Pat Mahoney (1968–1972).

The federal riding of Calgary Heritage was held by former Prime Minister and CPC leader Stephen Harper. That seat was also held by Preston Manning, the leader of the Reform Party of Canada; it was known as Calgary Southwest at the time. Harper is the second Prime Minister to represent a Calgary riding; the first was R. B. Bennett from Calgary West, who held that position from 1930 to 1935. Joe Clark, former Prime Minister and former leader of the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada (also a predecessor of the CPC), held the riding of Calgary Centre during his second stint in Parliament from 2000 to 2004.

The Green Party of Canada has also made inroads in Calgary, exemplified by results of the 2011 federal election where they achieved 7.7% of the vote across the city, ranging from 4.7% in Calgary Northeast to 13.1% in Calgary Centre-North.

Calgary: Crime

The Calgary census metropolitan area (CMA) had a crime severity index of 60.4 in 2013, which is lower than the national average of 68.7. A slight majority of the other CMAs in Canada had crime severity indexes greater than Calgary's 60.4. Calgary had the sixth-most homicides in 2013 at 24.

Calgary: Military

The presence of the Canadian military has been part of the local economy and culture since the early years of the 20th century, beginning with the assignment of a squadron of Strathcona's Horse. After many failed attempts to create the city's own unit, the 103rd Regiment (Calgary Rifles) was finally authorized on April 1, 1910. Canadian Forces Base (CFB) Calgary was established as Currie Barracks and Harvie Barracks following the Second World War. The base remained the most significant Department of National Defence (DND) institution in the city until it was decommissioned in 1998, when most of the units moved to CFB Edmonton. Despite this closure there is still a number of Canadian Forces Reserve units, and cadet units garrisoned throughout the city. They include HMCS Tecumseh Naval Reserve unit, The King's Own Calgary Regiment, The Calgary Highlanders, both headquartered at the Mewata Armouries, 746 Communication Squadron, 41 Canadian Brigade Group, headquartered at the former location of CFB Calgary, 14 (Calgary) Service Battalion, 15 (Edmonton) Field Ambulance Detachment Calgary, 14 (Edmonton) Military Police Platoon Calgary, 41 Combat Engineer Regiment detachment Calgary (33 Engineer Squadron), along with a small cadre of Regular Force support. Several units have been granted Freedom of the City.

The Calgary Soldiers' Memorial commemorates those who died during wartime or while serving overseas. Along with those from units currently stationed in Calgary it represents the 10th Battalion, CEF and the 50th Battalion, CEF of the Canadian Expeditionary Force.

Calgary: Infrastructure

Calgary: Transportation

LRT train at City Hall Station in downtown

Calgary International Airport (YYC), in the city's northeast, is a transportation hub for much of central and western Canada. In 2013 it was the third busiest in Canada by passenger movement, and third busiest by aircraft movements, is a major cargo hub, and is a staging point for people destined for Banff National Park. Non-stop destinations include cities throughout Canada, the United States, Europe, Central America, and Asia. Calgary/Springbank Airport, Canada's eleventh busiest, serves as a reliever for the Calgary International taking the general aviation traffic and is also a base for aerial firefighting aircraft.

Calgary's presence on the Trans-Canada Highway and the Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR) mainline (which includes the CPR Alyth Yard) also make it an important hub for freight. The Rocky Mountaineer and Royal Canadian Pacific operates railtour service to Calgary; Via Rail no longer provides intercity rail service to Calgary since the company discontinued the Super Continental via Edmonton in 1990 and then rerouted The Canadian from Calgary to serve Edmonton.

Much of Calgary's street network is on a grid where roads are numbered with avenues running east–west and streets running north–south. Until 1904 the streets were named; after that date, all streets were given numbers radiating outwards from the city centre. Roads in predominantly residential areas as well as freeways and expressways do not generally conform to the grid and are usually not numbered as a result. However, it is a developer and city convention in Calgary that non-numbered streets within a new community have the same name prefix as the community itself so that streets can more easily be located within the city.

The Peace Bridge across the Bow River in downtown

Calgary Transit provides public transportation services throughout the city with buses and light rail. Calgary's light rail system, known as the C-Train, was one of the first such systems in North America (behind Edmonton LRT and San Diego Trolley). It consists of four lines (two routes) and 44 stations on 58.2 km (36.2 mi) of track. The Calgary LRT is one of the continent's busiest carrying 270,000 passengers per weekday and approximately half of Calgary downtown workers take the transit to work. The C-Train is also North America's first and only LRT to run on 100% renewable energy.

As an alternative to the over 260 km (160 mi) of shared bikeways on streets, the city has a network of multi-use (bicycle, walking, rollerblading, etc.) paths spanning over 635 km (395 mi). The Peace Bridge provides pedestrians and cyclists, access to the downtown core from the north side of the Bow river. The bridge ranked among the top 10 architectural projects in 2012 and among the top 10 public spaces of 2012.

A section of Calgary's +15 system passing over 7 Avenue SW, connecting to the Calgary Courts Centre.

In the 1960s, Calgary started to develop a series of pedestrian bridges, connecting many downtown buildings. To connect many of the downtown office buildings, the city also boasts the world's most extensive skyway network (elevated indoor pedestrian bridges), officially called the +15. The name derives from the fact that the bridges are usually 15 ft (4.6 m) above grade.

Calgary: Health care

Alberta Children's Hospital

Calgary has four major adult acute care hospitals and one major pediatric acute care site: the Alberta Children's Hospital, the Foothills Medical Centre, the Peter Lougheed Centre, the Rockyview General Hospital and the South Health Campus. They are all overseen by the Calgary Zone of the Alberta Health Services, formerly the Calgary Health Region. Calgary is also home to the Tom Baker Cancer Centre (located at the Foothills Medical Centre), the Grace Women's Health Centre, which provides a variety of care, and the Libin Cardiovascular Institute. In addition, the Sheldon M. Chumir Centre (a large 24-hour assessment clinic), and the Richmond Road Diagnostic and Treatment Centre (RRDTC), as well as hundreds of smaller medical and dental clinics operate in Calgary. The Faculty of Medicine of the University of Calgary also operates in partnership with Alberta Health Services, by researching cancer, cardiovascular, diabetes, joint injury, arthritis and genetics. The Alberta children's hospital, built in 2006, replaced the old Children's Hospital.

The four largest Calgary hospitals have a combined total of more than 2,100 beds, and employ over 11,500 people.

Calgary: Education

Calgary: Primary and secondary

SAIT's Heritage Hall on main campus

In the 2011–2012 school year, 100,632 K-12 students enrolled in 221 schools in the English language public school system run by the Calgary Board of Education. With other students enrolled in the associated CBe-learn and Chinook Learning Service programs, the school system's total enrolment is 104,182 students. Another 43,000 attend about 95 schools in the separate English language Calgary Catholic School District board. The much smaller Francophone community has their own French language school boards (public and Catholic), which are both based in Calgary, but serve a larger regional district. There are also several public charter schools in the city. Calgary has a number of unique schools, including the country's first high school exclusively designed for Olympic-calibre athletes, the National Sport School. Calgary is also home to many private schools including Mountain View Academy, Rundle College, Rundle Academy, Clear Water Academy, Calgary French and International School, Chinook Winds Adventist Academy, Webber Academy, Delta West Academy, Masters Academy, Calgary Islamic School, Menno Simons Christian School, West Island College and Edge School.

Calgary is also home to what was Western Canada's largest public high school, Lord Beaverbrook High School, with 2,241 students enrolled in the 2005–2006 school year. Currently the student population of Lord Beaverbrook is 1,812 students (September 2012) and several other schools are equally as large; Western Canada High School with 2,035 students (2009) and Sir Winston Churchill High School with 1,983 students (2009).

Calgary: Post-secondary

The publicly funded University of Calgary (U of C) is Calgary's largest degree-granting facility with an enrolment of 28,464 students in 2011. Mount Royal University, with 13,000 students, grants degrees in a number of fields. SAIT Polytechnic, with over 14,000 students, provides polytechnic and apprentice education, granting certificates, diplomas and applied degrees. Athabasca University provides distance education programs.

Other publicly funded post-secondary institutions based in Calgary include the Alberta College of Art and Design, Ambrose University College (associated with the Christian and Missionary Alliance and the Church of the Nazarene), Bow Valley College, Mount Royal University, SAIT Polytechnic, St. Mary's University and the U of C. The publicly funded Athabasca University, Northern Alberta Institute of Technology (NAIT), and the University of Lethbridge also have campuses in Calgary.

Several independent private institutions are located in the city. This includes Reeves College, MaKami College, Robertson College, Columbia College, and CDI College. DeVry Institute of Technology announced the closure of its Calgary campus operations on June 30, 2013.

Calgary: Media

Calgary's daily newspapers include the Calgary Herald, Calgary Sun and Metro News.

Calgary is the sixth largest television market in Canada. Broadcasts stations serving Calgary include CICT 2 (Global), CFCN 4 (CTV), CKAL 5 (City), CBRT 9 (CBC), CKCS 32 (YesTV), and CJCO 38 (Omni). Network affiliate programming from the United States originates from Spokane, Washington.

There are a wide range of radio stations, including a station for First Nations and the Asian Canadian community.

Calgary: Notable people

Calgary: Sister cities

The City of Calgary maintains trade development programs, cultural and educational partnerships in twinning agreements with six cities:

City Province/State Country Date
Quebec City Quebec Canada 1956
Jaipur Rajasthan India 1973
Naucalpan Mexico State Mexico 1994
Daqing Heilongjiang China 1985
Daejeon Chungnam South Korea 1996
Phoenix Arizona US 1997

Calgary is one of nine Canadian cities, out of the total of 98 cities internationally, that is in the New York City Global Partners, Inc. organization, which was formed in 2006 from the former Sister City program of the City of New York, Inc.

Calgary: Contemporary issues

Condominiums in the Downtown West End

With the redevelopment of the Beltline and the Downtown East Village at the forefront, efforts are underway to vastly increase the density of the inner city, but this has not stopped the rate of sprawl. In 2012, the combined population of the downtown neighbourhoods (including the Downtown Commercial Core, the Downtown East Village, the Downtown West End, Eau Claire, Chinatown, and the Beltline) was 36,228. However, looking at all of the inner-city neighbourhoods, the combined population was 179,304.

Because of the growth of the city, its southwest borders are now immediately adjacent to the Tsuu T'ina reserve. Recent residential developments in the deep southwest of the city have created a demand for a major roadway heading into the interior of the city, the southwest portion of the Calgary ring road project. An initial proposal that would allow the southwest ring road to be built through the Tsuu T'ina Nation lands was rejected by the Tsuu T'ina people in a referendum in 2009. A second referendum by the Tsuu T'ina, in late 2013, approved a new agreement to build the southwest ring road, the construction is scheduled to begin in 2016.

Like most large cities, there are many socioeconomic issues including homelessness. According to the City of Calgary, "Beginning in 1992 with the first Biennial Count of Homeless Persons, The City focused its research efforts on issues of poverty and shelter. An Affordable Housing Strategy was prepared in 2002, which called for a greater understanding of housing need in Calgary. The Calgary Committee to End Homelessness was formed in 2007 consisting of government representatives as well as business and community leaders. The result was Calgary's 10-Year Plan to End Homelessness, which was released in 2008 and is being implemented by the Calgary Homeless Foundation." Alberta and Calgary have been leaders within Canada in addressing homelessness. Calgary was the first among Canada's large cities to adopt a ten-year plan to address the issue. As a result, the city experienced an 11.4% decrease in homelessness between 2008 and 2012.

Although Calgary and Alberta have traditionally been affordable places to live, substantial growth (much of it due to the prosperous energy sector) has led to increasing demand on real-estate. As a result, house prices in Calgary have increased significantly in recent years, but stagnated over the last half of 2007, and into 2008. As of November 2006, Calgary is the most expensive city in Canada for commercial/downtown office space, and the third most expensive city (after Vancouver and Toronto) for residential real-estate.

Calgary: See also

  • List of cities in Alberta
  • List of communities in Alberta

Calgary: References

  1. Eric Volmers (May 13, 2012). "Alberta's best in TV, film feted at Rosies". Calgary Herald. Postmedia Network. Archived from the original on June 17, 2012. Retrieved January 3, 2015.
  2. Curtis Stock (July 7, 2009). "Alberta's got plenty of swing". Calgary Herald. Postmedia Network. Retrieved January 3, 2015.
  3. "Location and History Profile: City of Calgary" (PDF). Alberta Municipal Affairs. June 17, 2016. p. 15. Retrieved June 18, 2016.
  4. "Municipal Officials Search". Alberta Municipal Affairs. May 26, 2017. Retrieved May 26, 2017.
  5. "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2016 and 2011 censuses – 100% data (Alberta)". Statistics Canada. February 8, 2017. Retrieved February 8, 2017.
  6. "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and population centres, 2016 and 2011 censuses – 100% data (Alberta)". Statistics Canada. February 8, 2017. Retrieved February 8, 2017.
  7. "Population and dwelling counts, for census metropolitan areas, 2016 and 2011 censuses – 100% data". Statistics Canada. February 8, 2017. Retrieved February 8, 2017.
  8. "Alberta Private Sewage Systems 2009 Standard of Practice Handbook: Appendix A.3 Alberta Design Data (A.3.A. Alberta Climate Design Data by Town)" (PDF) (PDF). Safety Codes Council. January 2012. pp. 212–215 (PDF pages 226–229). Retrieved October 8, 2013.
  9. 2016 Municipal Affairs Population List (PDF). ISBN 978-1-4601-3127-5. Retrieved January 28, 2017.
  10. "Global city GDP 2014". Brookings Institution. Archived from the original on June 4, 2013. Retrieved November 18, 2014.
  11. "Calgary-Edmonton Corridor". Statistics Canada. Retrieved January 6, 2006.
  12. "Calgary Industries". Calgary Economic Development.
  13. "State of the West 2010: Western Canadian Demographic and Economic Trends" (PDF) (PDF). Canada West Foundation. 2010. pp. 65 & 102. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 14, 2011. Retrieved February 27, 2014.
  14. Larry Donovan and Tom Monto (2006). Alberta Place Names : The Fascinating People & Stories Behind the Naming of Alberta. Dragon Hill Publishing Ltd. p. 34.
  15. Mull Museum, Tobermory, Isle of Mull, Scotland. Retrieved July 10, 2007.
  16. University of Calgary. "Archaeology Timeline of Alberta". Retrieved May 10, 2007.
  17. "The Glenns". Alberta Tourism Parks, Recreation and Culture. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved August 24, 2007.
  18. Susan Taylor and Nicole Mordant (November 23, 2012). "CP Rail moving headquarters from glass tower in Calgary to nearby rail yard: union source". Financial Post. Postmedia Network Inc. Retrieved June 15, 2013.
  19. City of Calgary. "Historical Information". Retrieved September 23, 2007.
  20. Ward, Tom (1975). Cowtown : an album of early Calgary. Calgary: City of Calgary Electric System, McClelland and Stewart West. p. 274. ISBN 0-7712-1012-4.
  21. "The Great Fire of 1886". Archived from the original on August 23, 2013. Retrieved January 26, 2012.
  22. "The Sandstone City". Archived from the original on May 20, 2011. Retrieved December 17, 2008.
  23. "Hudson's Bay Company – Our History". hbc.com.
  24. "Hbc Heritage – Early Stores". hbcheritage.ca.
  25. Byfield, Ted (1992). The Birth of the province. Edmonton: United Western Communications. p. 156. ISBN 096957181X.
  26. "Stampede History - Calgary Stampede". corporate.calgarystampede.com. Retrieved 2017-03-17.
  27. "Yahoo! Stampede parade kicks off 'greatest outdoor show on earth'".
  28. CBC Article. "Oil and Gas in Alberta". Archived from the original on May 23, 2007. Retrieved January 6, 2006.
  29. Calgary architecture : the boom years, 1972–1982, Pierre S Guimond; Brian R Sinclair, Detselig Enterprises, 1984, ISBN 0-920490-38-7.
  30. Inflation Data. "Historical oil prices". Retrieved January 6, 2006.
  31. Debra J. Davidson; Mike Gismondi (2011). Challenging Legitimacy at the Precipice of Energy Calamity. Springer Science & Business Media. p. 81. ISBN 978-1-4614-0287-9.
  32. University of Calgary (1998). "Calgary's History 1971–1991". Archived from the original on June 1, 2007. Retrieved June 28, 2007.
  33. Calgary Public Library. "Calgary Timeline". Archived from the original on August 20, 2007. Retrieved June 28, 2007.
  34. Staff. "The Winter of '88: Calgary's Olympic Games". CBC Sports. Retrieved September 1, 2011.
  35. The Conference Board of Canada (2005). "Western cities enjoy fastest growing economies". Archived from the original on October 12, 2007. Retrieved March 7, 2007.
  36. Alberta Tourism (2004). "Tourism in Calgary and Area; Summary of Visitor Numbers and Revenue" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on May 25, 2006. Retrieved January 6, 2006.
  37. ,. "LIVE: Stampede confirms 101st edition will go ahead". www.calgaryherald.com.
  38. "Alberta flooding claims at least 3 lives". cbc.ca. June 22, 2013.
  39. Government of Alberta. "Alberta Natural Regions". Archived from the original on January 22, 2012. Retrieved April 6, 2012.
  40. "Calgary International Airport Zoning Regulations". Justice Laws Website. Government of Canada. August 4, 2015. Retrieved August 31, 2015.
  41. "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2011 and 2006 censuses (Alberta)". Statistics Canada. February 8, 2012. Retrieved February 8, 2012.
  42. "Statistics Profile" (PDF). Alberta Municipal Affairs. March 24, 2015. Retrieved March 24, 2015.
  43. Services, Community & Neighbourhood (2011-04-01). "Community Profiles". www.calgary.ca. Retrieved 2017-03-17.
  44. Your Official Road Map of Alberta (Map) (2015 ed.). ISBN 9781460120767.
  45. "Elbow Valley Area Map" (PDF) (PDF). Rocky View County. May 2014. Retrieved March 24, 2015.
  46. "Springbank Area Map" (PDF) (PDF). Rocky View County. May 2014. Retrieved March 24, 2015.
  47. "Bearspaw Area Map" (PDF) (PDF). Rocky View County. May 2014. Retrieved March 24, 2015.
  48. "Annexation Information". City of Calgary. Archived from the original on September 28, 2009. Retrieved August 28, 2009.
  49. Pseudotsuga menziesii var. glauca distribution map at Flora of North America
  50. City of Calgary. "Beltline-Area Redevelopment Plan". Archived from the original (PDF) on November 17, 2009. Retrieved September 28, 2007.
  51. City of Calgary (January 2007). "Community Profiles". Retrieved February 14, 2007.
  52. "Calgary International Airport". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Retrieved May 8, 2014.
  53. "Plant Hardiness Zone by Municipality". Natural Resources Canada. Government of Canada. Retrieved May 22, 2016.
  54. Ward Cameron. "Learn about the Famous Chinook Winds". mountainnature.com.
  55. "Average Annual Wind Speed at Canadian Cities".
  56. "Canadian Climate Normals 1971–2000 Station Data". Environment Canada. Environment Canada. Retrieved January 30, 2016.
  57. "Hourly Data Report for July 15, 1999". Environment Canada. Environment Canada. Retrieved January 30, 2016.
  58. "Canada's Top Ten Weather Stories of 1999 (Archived)". Environment Canada. Environment Canada. Retrieved January 30, 2016.
  59. "Stormiest Canadian Cities - Current Results". www.currentresults.com. Retrieved 2017-03-17.
  60. The Atlas of Canada (April 2004). "Major Hailstorms". Archived from the original on February 2, 2007. Retrieved February 14, 2007.
  61. "Daily Data Report for July 1933". Canadian Climate Data. Environment Canada. Retrieved September 10, 2016.
  62. "Table IX: Population of cities, towns and incorporated villages in 1906 and 1901 as classed in 1906". Census of the Northwest Provinces, 1906. Sessional Paper No. 17a. Ottawa: Government of Canada. 1907. p. 100.
  63. "Table I: Area and Population of Canada by Provinces, Districts and Subdistricts in 1911 and Population in 1901". Census of Canada, 1911. Volume I. Ottawa: Government of Canada. 1912. pp. 2–39.
  64. "Table I: Population of Manitoba, Saskatchewan, and Alberta by Districts, Townships, Cities, Towns, and Incorporated Villages in 1916, 1911, 1906, and 1901". Census of Prairie Provinces, 1916. Population and Agriculture. Ottawa: Government of Canada. 1918. pp. 77–140.
  65. "Table 8: Population by districts and sub-districts according to the Redistribution Act of 1914 and the amending act of 1915, compared for the census years 1921, 1911 and 1901". Census of Canada, 1921. Ottawa: Government of Canada. 1922. pp. 169–215.
  66. "Table 7: Population of cities, towns and villages for the province of Alberta in census years 1901–26, as classed in 1926". Census of Prairie Provinces, 1926. Census of Alberta, 1926. Ottawa: Government of Canada. 1927. pp. 565–567.
  67. "Table 12: Population of Canada by provinces, counties or census divisions and subdivisions, 1871–1931". Census of Canada, 1931. Ottawa: Government of Canada. 1932. pp. 98–102.
  68. "Table 4: Population in incorporated cities, towns and villages, 1901–1936". Census of the Prairie Provinces, 1936. Volume I: Population and Agriculture. Ottawa: Dominion Bureau of Statistics. 1938. pp. 833–836.
  69. "Table 10: Population by census subdivisions, 1871–1941". Eighth Census of Canada, 1941. Volume II: Population by Local Subdivisions. Ottawa: Dominion Bureau of Statistics. 1944. pp. 134–141.
  70. "Table 6: Population by census subdivisions, 1926–1946". Census of the Prairie Provinces, 1946. Volume I: Population. Ottawa: Dominion Bureau of Statistics. 1949. pp. 401–414.
  71. "Table 6: Population by census subdivisions, 1871–1951". Ninth Census of Canada, 1951. Volume I: Population, General Characteristics. Ottawa: Dominion Bureau of Statistics. 1953. p. 6.73–6.83.
  72. "Table 6: Population by sex, for census subdivisions, 1956 and 1951". Census of Canada, 1956. Population, Counties and Subdivisions. Ottawa: Dominion Bureau of Statistics. 1957. p. 6.50–6.53.
  73. "Table 6: Population by census subdivisions, 1901–1961". 1961 Census of Canada. Series 1.1: Historical, 1901–1961. Volume I: Population. Ottawa: Dominion Bureau of Statistics. 1963. p. 6.77–6.83.
  74. "Population by specified age groups and sex, for census subdivisions, 1966". Census of Canada, 1966. Population, Specified Age Groups and Sex for Counties and Census Subdivisions, 1966. Ottawa: Dominion Bureau of Statistics. 1968. p. 6.50–6.53.
  75. "Table 2: Population of Census Subdivisions, 1921–1971". 1971 Census of Canada. Volume I: Population, Census Subdivisions (Historical). Ottawa: Statistics Canada. 1973. p. 2.102–2.111.
  76. "Table 3: Population for census divisions and subdivisions, 1971 and 1976". 1976 Census of Canada. Census Divisions and Subdivisions, Western Provinces and the Territories. Volume I: Population, Geographic Distributions. Ottawa: Statistics Canada. 1977. p. 3.40–3.43.
  77. "Table 4: Population and Total Occupied Dwellings, for Census Divisions and Subdivisions, 1976 and 1981". 1981 Census of Canada. Volume II: Provincial series, Population, Geographic distributions (Alberta). Ottawa: ISBN 0-660-51095-2.
  78. "Table 2: Census Divisions and Subdivisions – Population and Occupied Private Dwellings, 1981 and 1986". Census Canada 1986. Population and Dwelling Counts – Provinces and Territories (Alberta). Ottawa: ISBN 0-660-53463-0.
  79. "Table 2: Population and Dwelling Counts, for Census Divisions and Census Subdivisions, 1986 and 1991 – 100% Data". 91 Census. Population and Dwelling Counts – Census Divisions and Census Subdivisions. Ottawa: ISBN 0-660-57115-3.
  80. "Table 10: Population and Dwelling Counts, for Census Divisions, Census Subdivisions (Municipalities) and Designated Places, 1991 and 1996 Censuses – 100% Data". 96 Census. A National Overview – Population and Dwelling Counts. Ottawa: ISBN 0-660-59283-5.
  81. "Population and Dwelling Counts, for Canada, Provinces and Territories, and Census Divisions, 2001 and 1996 Censuses – 100% Data (Alberta)". Statistics Canada. Retrieved April 1, 2012.
  82. "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2006 and 2001 censuses – 100% data (Alberta)". Statistics Canada. January 6, 2010. Retrieved April 1, 2012.
  83. 2015 Municipal Affairs Population List (PDF). ISBN 978-1-4601-2630-1. Retrieved January 28, 2017.
  84. "Statistics Canada. 2012. Calgary, Alberta (Code 4806016) and Alberta (Code 48) (table). Census Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-316-XWE. Ottawa. Released October 24, 2012.". Retrieved January 29, 2013.
  85. "Population and dwelling counts, for census metropolitan areas, 2011 and 2006 censuses". Statistics Canada. February 8, 2012. Retrieved February 8, 2012.
  86. "Annual population estimates by census metropolitan area, Canada – Population at July 1". Statistics Canada. Retrieved February 2, 2014.
  87. "Profit Guide Directory of Municipalities 2015". Profit Guide. Retrieved November 15, 2015.
  88. "Statistics Canada". Statistics Canada.
  89. "National Household Survey – Reference products, 2011" (PDF). statcan.ca. May 8, 2013.
  90. "National Household Survey – 2011". Statistics Canada. Retrieved March 7, 2014.
  91. [1]
  92. "Calgary Economy". Calgary Herald. Retrieved August 29, 2011.
  93. "GDP per capita". Tableaudebordmontreal.com. Archived from the original on November 28, 2010. Retrieved August 29, 2011.
  94. "Transportation & Logistics". Calgary Regional Partnership. Retrieved March 6, 2014.
  95. Calgary Economic Development (2006). "Real GDP by Industry: Calgary Economic Region, 2006". Archived from the original on July 22, 2011. Retrieved March 12, 2007.
  96. Alberta First (2007). "Calgary". Archived from the original on October 13, 2007. Retrieved March 12, 2007.
  97. "2006 Community Profiles Census Subdivision". Statistics Canada. Retrieved January 24, 2012.
  98. Canada, Government of Canada, Statistics. "Labour force characteristics, seasonally adjusted, by census metropolitan area (3 month moving average) (Calgary (Alta.), Edmonton (Alta.), Kelowna (B.C.))".
  99. Canada, Government of Canada, Statistics. "Labour force characteristics, seasonally adjusted, by province (monthly) (Saskatchewan, Alberta, British Columbia)".
  100. [2]
  101. "Labour Force Characteristics, Population 15 Years and Older, by Census Metropolitan Area". Statistics Canada. 2006. Archived from the original on March 8, 2007. Retrieved March 9, 2007.
  102. "Worker Shortage Crisis in Alberta". ExpatExchange. February 2006. Retrieved February 23, 2007.
  103. "Calgary Community Profile". Statistics Canada. 2002. 2001 Community Profiles. Released June 27, 2002. Last modified: November 30, 2005. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 93F0053XIE
  104. [3].
  105. "Top Calgary Employers". Calgary Economic Development. April 2006. Archived from the original on August 21, 2013. Retrieved March 6, 2014.
  106. "Largest Employers 2010 | Alberta Venture | Western Business Insight". Alberta Venture. September 1, 2010. Archived from the original on July 7, 2011. Retrieved August 29, 2011.
  107. CBC Article. "EnCana Unveils Plans for Downtown Calgary Office Tower". CBC News. Archived from the original on October 12, 2007. Retrieved January 6, 2006.
  108. Contact Us. WestJet. Retrieved January 26, 2011.
  109. "Customer Service." Enerjet. Retrieved March 31, 2010.
  110. Investor & Financial Information. Canadian Airlines. March 3, 2000. Retrieved May 20, 2009.
  111. Pigg, Susan. "Zip, WestJet in fare war that could hurt them both ; Move follows competition bureau ruling Battle could intensify when Zip flies eastward." Toronto Star. January 22, 2003. Business C01. Retrieved September 30, 2009.
  112. "Administration". canadiannorth.com. Archived from the original on March 21, 2014.
  113. "Charters". canadiannorth.com.
  114. Morgan, Geoffrey (August 12, 2015). "‘Ghost vacancies’ haunt downtown Calgary as oil patch layoffs empty office buildings". Financial Post. Calgary. Retrieved October 1, 2015.
  115. "Calgary 2012: Federal Government Cancels Cultural Capital Program - Avenue Calgary - July 2012". Avenue Calgary. July 6, 2012. Retrieved April 28, 2016.
  116. McGregor, Lisa (January 2, 2015). "Calgary Public Library reinvents itself". Global News. Retrieved January 8, 2015.
  117. Southern Alberta Jubilee Auditorium. "Auditoria History". Archived from the original on July 16, 2011. Retrieved September 25, 2007.
  118. Alberta Ballet Company
  119. "Grand-Maître: the king of pop ballet". The Globe and Mail. Toronto. August 23, 2012.
  120. DeMello, Jessica. "Ballet Review: The Alberta Ballet’s Fumbling Towards Ecstacy". Retrieved March 21, 2015.
  121. "About Us | Festival of Animated Objects". www.puppetfestival.ca. Retrieved 2017-03-17.
  122. 17 Avenue Business Revitalisation Zone. "Hip to Haute". Retrieved May 22, 2007.
  123. "Calgary's Design District". Design Quarterly. Archived from the original on May 26, 2013. Retrieved April 18, 2013.
  124. Calgary Marching Bands: Round-Up Band, Stetson Show Band, Calgary Stampede Showband, World Association for Marching Show Bands
  125. "Calgary Spoken Word Festival". calgaryspokenwordfestival.com. Retrieved August 29, 2011.
  126. Calgary Stampede (2006). "History of the Stampede". Archived from the original on June 13, 2006. Retrieved May 8, 2006.
  127. Calgary Kiosk (2006). "Glenbow Museum". Retrieved June 28, 2007.
  128. "Calgary Chinese Cultural Centre". Where. 2007. Archived from the original on October 6, 2006. Retrieved June 28, 2007.
  129. "Calgary’s Film Industry". Calgary Economic Development. Archived from the original on September 7, 2014. Retrieved September 6, 2014.
  130. City of Calgary. "Devonian Gardens". Retrieved September 25, 2007.
  131. "Airdrie Regional Air Show to fly high this summer". Calgary.
  132. "2011 Airdrie Regional Air Show Photos". James Emery Photography.
  133. "The Bow". Emporis GMBH. 2012. Retrieved March 29, 2012.
  134. "Stu Hart". WWE.
  135. Parks (March 7, 2011). "Calgary Parks". www.calgary.ca. Retrieved November 14, 2016.
  136. Parks (January 11, 2011). "Nose Hill Park". www.calgary.ca. Retrieved November 14, 2016.
  137. Parks (November 15, 2010). "Nose Hill Park Trail and Pathway improvement plan". www.calgary.ca. Retrieved November 14, 2016.
  138. Parks (November 3, 2010). "Parks history". www.calgary.ca. Retrieved November 14, 2016.
  139. City of Calgary. "Calgary Pathways & Bikeways Map" (PDF). Retrieved January 25, 2011.
  140. University of Calgary (1997). "Calgary's Politics 1971–1991". Archived from the original on June 1, 2007. Retrieved June 28, 2007.
  141. Alberta Queen's Printer. "Municipal Government Act". Retrieved August 15, 2011.
  142. Markusoff, Jason (December 14, 2010). "Calgary Rejects Alderman Label After 116 Years". Calgary Herald. Archived from the original on December 18, 2010. Retrieved December 14, 2010.
  143. "Election and Information Services". City of Calgary. Retrieved September 1, 2011.
  144. "Download MLA Information". Legislative Assembly of Alberta. Retrieved June 1, 2015.
  145. "Two new Liberal MPs in Calgary are the first carrying the red banner in cowtown since 1968". National Post. Retrieved October 26, 2015.
  146. "Election Night Results - Major Centres". enr.elections.ca. Retrieved October 26, 2015.
  147. "PARLINFO – Parliamentarian File – Federal Experience – EDWARDS, Manley Justin, LL.B.". parl.gc.ca. Archived from the original on December 20, 2013.
  148. "PARLINFO – Parliamentarian File – Complete File – HAYS, The Hon. Harry William, P.C.". parl.gc.ca.
  149. "PARLINFO – Parliamentarian File – Complete File – MAHONEY, The Hon. Patrick Morgan, P.C., Q.C., B.A., LL.B.". parl.gc.ca.
  150. Event results from Elections Canada
  151. Jillian Boyce, Adam Cotter and Samuel Perreault (July 23, 2014). "Police-reported crime statistics in Canada, 2013" (PDF). Statistics Canada, Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics. pp. 13 & 30. Retrieved May 3, 2015.
  152. "Air Carrier Traffic at Canadian Airports: Table 1-1 – Passengers enplaned and deplaned on selected services – Top 50 airports". statcan.gc.ca.
  153. "Aircraft movement Statistics: NAV CANADA Towers and Flight Service Stations: Annual Report (TP 577): Table 2-1 – Total aircraft movements by class of operation – NAV CANADA towers". statcan.gc.ca.
  154. "Getting to Banff". Town of Banff. Archived from the original on March 31, 2010. Retrieved September 22, 2011.
  155. "The Odd History of Calgary's City Streets". SmartCalgaryHomes.com. Retrieved June 23, 2009.
  156. "Eco-conscious commuting (page 2) – Canadian Geographic". canadiangeographic.ca.
  157. "designboom 2012 top ten: public spaces". designboom – architecture & design magazine.
  158. "Calgary's +15 Skywalk". City of Calgary. 2013. Archived from the original on December 25, 2014. Retrieved November 28, 2013. The first +15 bridge was installed on January 21, 1970, connecting Calgary Place to the Calgary Inn (now the Westin Hotel). By 1984, Calgary's +15 Skywalk consisted of 38 bridges, 8 km (5 mi) of walkways and numerous public spaces. Today there are more than 62 bridges and 18 km (11 mi) of walkways.
  159. The City of Calgary (February 2007). "Plus 15". Archived from the original on August 21, 2007. Retrieved September 25, 2007.
  160. Faculty of Medicine of the University of Calgary (2011). "Faculty of Medicine Quick Facts". Archived from the original on June 22, 2014. Retrieved January 26, 2007.
  161. Calgary Economic Development (2006). "Calgary Hospitals". Archived from the original on February 8, 2009. Retrieved March 13, 2007.
  162. "Quick Facts". Calgary Board of Education. January 11, 2012. Archived from the original on January 31, 2012. Retrieved March 10, 2012.
  163. Calgary Catholic District School Board. "Calgary Schools". Archived from the original on January 11, 2006. Retrieved January 7, 2006.
  164. "National Sport School". nationalsportschool.ca.
  165. Calgary Board of Education (2007). "Lord Beaverbrook High School". Archived from the original on April 17, 2007. Retrieved May 10, 2007.
  166. University of Calgary (2011–2012). "U of C fact book-page 8" (PDF). Retrieved November 19, 2012.
  167. "Publicly Funded Institutions". Alberta Enterprise and Advanced Education. Retrieved November 21, 2012.
  168. "UA Locations". Athabasca University. Retrieved November 21, 2012.
  169. "NAIT Calgary". Northern Alberta Institute of Technology. Retrieved December 3, 2012.
  170. "Faculty of Management Edmonton Campus". University of Lethbridge. Retrieved November 21, 2012.
  171. "Devry Calgary Campus closure". Retrieved May 2, 2013.
  172. "Television Bureau of Canada: TV Basics 2014–2015" (PDF).
  173. Calgary Economic Development. "Sister Cities". Archived from the original on July 22, 2011. Retrieved January 6, 2007.
  174. City of Calgary. "Welcome to Calgary". Archived from the original on June 1, 2008. Retrieved July 4, 2009.
  175. "Phoenix Sister Cities". Phoenix Sister Cities. Archived from the original on July 24, 2013. Retrieved August 6, 2013.
  176. "NYC's Partner Cities". Government of New York City. Archived from the original on February 1, 2013. Retrieved March 14, 2013.
  177. "New York City Global Partners". Government of New York City. Retrieved March 14, 2013.
  178. "Growing Pains Plague Calgary". The Globe and Mail. Toronto. September 2000. Archived from the original on September 30, 2007. Retrieved June 28, 2007.
  179. http://www.calgary.ca/_layouts/cocis/DirectDownload.aspx?target=http%3a%2f%2fwww.calgary.ca%2fCA%2fcity-clerks%2fDocuments%2fElection-and-information-services%2fCensus2012%2fFinal%25202012%2520Census%2520Results%2520book.pdf&noredirect=1&sf=1
  180. "Southwest Calgary Ring Road". City of Calgary. October 2006. Archived from the original on June 17, 2007. Retrieved March 7, 2007.
  181. "Tsuu T'ina take another look at ring road". CBC News. March 2, 2011. Retrieved February 9, 2014.
  182. Komarnicki, Jamie; Varcoe, Chris (October 25, 2013). "Tsuu T'ina overwhelmingly approve ring road deal". Calgary Herald. Retrieved February 9, 2014.
  183. City of Calgary (2006). "Count of Homeless Persons in Calgary" (PDF). Retrieved February 27, 2007.
  184. "Research on homelessness". City of Calgary. Archived from the original on February 16, 2013. Retrieved January 29, 2013.
  185. Stephen Gaetz, Jesse Donaldson, Tim Richter, & Tanya Gulliver (2013). "The State of Homelessness in Canada, 2003" (PDF). Canadian Homelessness Research Network Press. p. 36. Retrieved June 21, 2013.
  186. Calgary Real Estate Board (2008). "Summary Listings & Sales, Average Price Graphs". Retrieved May 1, 2008.
  187. Colliers International (July 2006). "Calgary's Office Space Most Expensive in Canada" (PDF). Retrieved February 27, 2007.
  188. Staff (2015). "Toronto Housing - Unaffordable as Ever!". Demographia. Retrieved December 4, 2015.

Calgary: Further reading

  • Janz, Darrel (2001). Calgary – Heart of the New West. Memphis, Tennessee: Towery Pub. ISBN 1-881096-93-9.
  • Kozub, Mark; Kozub, Janice (2001). A Calgary Album: Glimpses of the Way We Were. ISBN 0-88882-224-3. Retrieved April 6, 2011.
  • Martin, James (2002). Calgary – The Unknown City (revised ed.). ISBN 1-55152-111-3. Retrieved April 6, 2011.
  • McMorran, Jennifer; Brodeur, François (1999). Calgary. Éditions Ulysse. ISBN 2-89464-171-0. Retrieved April 6, 2011.
  • Official website
Source of information: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. We're not responsible for the content of this article and your use of this information. Disclaimer
Canada: Hotels Booking & Tickets Sale
Hotels Booking & Tickets Sale
Abkhazia
Afghanistan
Albania
Algeria
American Virgin Islands
Andorra
Angola
Anguilla
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina
Armenia
Aruba
Australia
Austria
Azerbaijan
Bahamas
Bahrain
Bangladesh
Barbados
Belarus
Belgium
Belize
Benin
Bermuda
Bhutan
Bolivia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana
Brazil
British Virgin Islands
Brunei
Bulgaria
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cambodia
Cameroon
Canada
Cape Verde
Caribbean Netherlands
Cayman Islands
Chad
Chile
China
Colombia
Comoros
Costa Rica
Croatia
Cuba
Curaçao
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Denmark
Djibouti
Dominican Republic
East Timor
Ecuador
Egypt
El Salvador
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia
Falkland Islands
Faroe Islands
Fiji
Finland
France
French Guiana
French Polynesia
Gabon
Gambia
Georgia
Germany
Ghana
Gibraltar
Greece
Guadeloupe
Guam
Guatemala
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana
Haiti
Honduras
Hong Kong
Hungary
Iceland
India
Indonesia
Iran
Iraq
Ireland
Isle of Man
Israel
Italy
Ivory Coast
Jamaica
Japan
Jordan
Kazakhstan
Kenya
Kiribati
Kongo
Kosovo
Kuwait
Kyrgyzstan
Laos
Latvia
Lebanon
Lesotho
Liberia
Libya
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Macau
Macedonia
Madagascar
Malawi
Malaysia
Maldives
Mali
Malta
Martinique
Mauritania
Mauritius
Mexico
Micronesia
Moldova
Monaco
Mongolia
Montenegro
Montserrat
Morocco
Mozambique
Myanmar
Namibia
Nepal
Netherlands
New Zealand
Nicaragua
Nigeria
North Korea
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway
Oman
Pakistan
Palau
Palestine
Panama
Papua New Guinea
Paraguay
Peru
Philippines
Poland
Portugal
Puerto Rico
Qatar
Romania
Russia
Rwanda
Réunion
Saint Barthélemy
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Lucia
Saint Martin
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Samoa
San Marino
Saudi Arabia
Senegal
Serbia
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Singapore
Sint Maarten
Slovakia
Slovenia
Solomon Islands
Somalia
Somaliland
South Africa
South Korea
Spain
Sri Lanka
Sudan
Suriname
Swaziland
Sweden
Switzerland
Syria
Taiwan
Tajikistan
Tanzania
Thailand
Togo
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago
Tunisia
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Turks and Caicos Islands
Uganda
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom
United States
Uruguay
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu
Vatican
Venezuela
Vietnam
Yemen
Zambia
Zimbabwe
Vacation: Complete information and online sale
Calgary: Today's Super Sale
Vacation: Website Templates & Graphics

All trademarks, service marks, trade names, product names, and logos appearing on the site are the property of their respective owners.
© 2011-2017 Maria-Online.com ▪ DesignHosting