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In order to book an accommodation on Cebu enter the proper dates and do the hotel search. If needed, sort the found Cebu hotels by price, star rating, property type, guest rating, hotel features, hotel theme or hotel chain. Then take a look at the found hotels on Cebu map to estimate the distance from the main Cebu attractions and sights. You can also read the guest reviews of Cebu hotels and see their ratings.

When a hotel search on Cebu is done, please select the room type, the included meals and the suitable booking conditions (for example, "Deluxe double room, Breakfast included, Non-Refundable"). Press the "View Deal" ("Book Now") button. Make your booking on a hotel booking website and get the hotel reservation voucher by email. That's it, a perfect hotel on Cebu is waiting for you!

Hotels of Cebu

A hotel on Cebu is an establishment that provides lodging paid on a short-term basis. Facilities provided may range from a basic bed and storage for clothing, to luxury features like en-suite bathrooms. Larger on Cebu hotels may provide additional guest facilities such as a swimming pool, business centre, childcare, conference facilities and social function services. Hotel rooms on Cebu are usually numbered (or named in some smaller hotels and B&Bs) to allow guests to identify their room. Some Cebu hotels offer meals as part of a room and board arrangement. Hotel operations vary in size, function, and cost. Most Cebu hotels and major hospitality companies that operate hotels on Cebu have set widely accepted industry standards to classify hotel types. General categories include the following:

Upscale luxury hotels on Cebu
An upscale full service hotel facility on Cebu that offers luxury amenities, full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and the highest level of personalized and professional service. Luxury Cebu hotels are normally classified with at least a Four Diamond or Five Diamond status or a Four or Five Star rating depending on classification standards.

Full service hotels on Cebu
Full service Cebu hotels often contain upscale full-service facilities with a large volume of full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and a variety of on-site amenities such as swimming pools, a health club, children's activities, ballrooms, on-site conference facilities, etc.

Historic inns and boutique hotels on Cebu
Boutique hotels of Cebu are smaller independent non-branded hotels that often contain upscale facilities of varying size in unique or intimate settings with full service accommodations. Cebu boutique hotels are generally 100 rooms or less. Some historic inns and boutique hotels on Cebu may be classified as luxury hotels.

Focused or select service hotels on Cebu
Small to medium-sized hotel establishments that offer a limited amount of on-site amenities that only cater and market to a specific demographic of Cebu travelers, such as the single business traveler. Most Cebu focused or select service hotels may still offer full service accommodations but may lack leisure amenities such as an on-site restaurant or a swimming pool.

Economy and limited service hotels on Cebu
Small to medium-sized Cebu hotel establishments that offer a very limited amount of on-site amenities and often only offer basic accommodations with little to no services, these facilities normally only cater and market to a specific demographic of travelers, such as the budget-minded Cebu traveler seeking a "no frills" accommodation. Limited service Cebu hotels often lack an on-site restaurant but in return may offer a limited complimentary food and beverage amenity such as on-site continental breakfast service.

Guest houses and B&Bs on Cebu
A bed and breakfast on Cebu is a small lodging establishment that offers overnight accommodation and inclusive breakfast. Usually, Cebu bed and breakfasts are private homes or family homes offering accommodations. The typical Cebu B&B has between 4 and 11 rooms, with 6 being the average. Generally, guests are accommodated in private bedrooms with private bathrooms, or in a suite of rooms including an en suite bathroom. Some homes have private bedrooms with a bathroom which is shared with other guests. Breakfast is served in the bedroom, a dining room, or the host's kitchen. Often the owners of guest house themselves prepare the breakfast and clean the rooms.

Hostels on Cebu
Cebu hostels provide budget-oriented, sociable accommodation where guests can rent a bed, usually a bunk bed, in a dormitory and share a bathroom, lounge, and sometimes a kitchen. Rooms can be mixed or single-sex, although private rooms may also be available. Hostels are often cheaper for both the operator and occupants; many Cebu hostels have long-term residents whom they employ as desk agents or housekeeping staff in exchange for experience or discounted accommodation.

Apartment hotels, extended stay hotels on Cebu
Extended stay hotels are small to medium-sized Cebu hotels that offer longer term full service accommodations compared to a traditional hotel. Extended stay hotels may offer non-traditional pricing methods such as a weekly rate that cater towards travelers in need of short-term accommodations for an extended period of time. Similar to limited and select service hotels, on-site amenities are normally limited and most extended stay hotels on Cebu lack an on-site restaurant.

Timeshare and destination clubs on Cebu
Cebu timeshare and destination clubs are a form of property ownership also referred to as a vacation ownership involving the purchase and ownership of an individual unit of accommodation for seasonal usage during a specified period of time. Timeshare resorts on Cebu often offer amenities similar that of a Full service hotel with on-site restaurant(s), swimming pools, recreation grounds, and other leisure-oriented amenities. Destination clubs of Cebu on the other hand may offer more exclusive private accommodations such as private houses in a neighborhood-style setting.

Motels on Cebu
A Cebu motel is a small-sized low-rise lodging establishment similar to that of a limited service hotel, but with direct access to individual rooms from the car park. Common during the 1950s and 1960s, motels were often located adjacent to a major road, where they were built on inexpensive land at the edge of towns or along stretches of highways. They are still useful in less populated areas of Cebu for driving travelers, but the more populated an area becomes the more hotels fill the need. Many of Cebu motels which remain in operation have joined national franchise chains, rebranding themselves as hotels, inns or lodges.

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Travelling and vacation on Cebu

This article is about the province. For its capital city, see Cebu City.
For other uses, see Cebu (disambiguation).
Province of Cebu
Cebu Provincial Capitol
Cebu Provincial Capitol
Flag of Cebu
Official seal of Cebu
Nickname(s): The Gateway to a Thousand Journeys
Location in the Philippines
Location in the Philippines
Coordinates:  / 10.32; 123.75  / 10.32; 123.75
Country Philippines
Region Central Visayas (Region VII)
Founded 6 August 1569
Provincial Capital Cebu City
• Type Sangguniang Panlalawigan
• Governor Hilario Davide III (LP)
• Vice governor Agnes Magpale
• Provincial Board
• Total (province) 4,943.72 km (1,908.78 sq mi)
Area rank 20th out of 81
excludes independent cities
Elevation 1,097 m (3,599 ft)
Population (2015 census)
• Total (province) 2,938,982
• Rank 4th out of 81
• Density 590/km (1,500/sq mi)
• Density rank 7th out of 81
Voter(2016)  1,903,740
excludes independent cities
• Independent cities
• Component cities
• Municipalities
• Barangay
+ 137 including independent cities
• Districts
  • 1st–7th districts of Cebu
    (shared with Mandaue)
  • 1st and 2nd districts of Cebu City
  • Lone district of Lapu-Lapu
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 6000–6053
IDD:area code  +63 (0)32
ISO 3166 code PH-CEB
Income class 1st class
PSGC 072200000

Cebu (/sɪˈb/, /sˈb/ or /sɛˈb/; Cebuano: Lalawigan sa Sugbo, Filipino: Lalawigan ng Cebu) is a 1st provincial income class island province of the Philippines located in the Central Visayas (Region VII) region, and consisting of the main island itself and 167 surrounding islands and islets. Its capital is Cebu City, the oldest city and first capital of the Philippines, which is politically independent from the provincial government. Cebu City forms part of the Cebu Metropolitan Area together with four neighboring cities (Danao City, Lapu-Lapu City, Mandaue City and Talisay City) and eight other local government units. Mactan-Cebu International Airport, located in Mactan Island, is the second busiest airport in the Philippines.

Cebu is one of the most developed provinces in the Philippines, with Cebu City as the main center of commerce, trade, education and industry in the Visayas. In a decade it has transformed into a global hub for shipping, furniture-making, tourism, business processing services, and heavy industry.

Cebu: History

See also: History of the Philippines
A map showing the route of the Magellan expedition circumnavigating the world.

The name "Cebu" came from the old Cebuano word sibu or sibo ("trade"), a shortened form of sinibuayng hingpit ("the place for trading"). It was originally applied to the harbors of the town of Sugbo, the ancient name for Cebu City. Alternate renditions of the name by traders between the 13th to 16th centuries include Sebu, Sibuy, Zubu, or Zebu, among others. Sugbo, in turn, was derived from the Old Cebuano term for "scorched earth" or "great fire".

The Rajahnate of Cebu was a defunct native kingdom which existed in Cebu prior to the arrival of the Spaniards. It was founded by Sri Lumay otherwise known as Rajamuda Lumaya, a half-Malay, half-Tamil prince of the Chola dynasty who invaded Sumatra in Indonesia. He was sent by the Maharajah to establish a base for expeditionary forces to subdue the local kingdoms, but he rebelled and established his own independent Rajahnate instead.

The arrival of Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan in 1521 established a period of Spanish exploration and colonization.

Losing favor for his plan of reaching the Spice Islands from king Manuel I of Portugal, by sailing west from Europe, Magellan offered his services to king Charles I of Spain (Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor). On 20 September 1519, Magellan led five ships with a crew of 250 people from the Spanish fort of Sanlúcar de Barrameda en route to southeast Asia via the Americas and Pacific Ocean. They reached the Philippines on 16 March 1521. Rajah Kolambu the king of Mazaua told them to sail for Cebu, where they could trade and have provisions.

Arriving in Cebu City, Magellan, with Enrique of Malacca as translator, befriended Rajah Humabon the Rajah or King of Cebu and persuaded the natives of allegiance to Charles I of Spain. Humabon and his wife were given Christian names and baptized as Carlos and Juana. The Santo Niño was presented to the native queen of Cebu, as a symbol of peace and friendship between the Spaniards and the Cebuanos. On 14 April Magellan erected a large wooden cross on the shores of Cebu. Afterwards, about 700 islanders were baptized.

Pigafetta's illustrations of Cebuanos during the expedition.

Magellan soon heard of datu Lapu-Lapu, a native king in nearby Mactan Island, a rival of the Rajahs of Cebu. It was thought that Humabon and Lapu–Lapu had been fighting for control of the flourishing trade in the area. On 27 April the Battle of Mactan occurred where the Spaniards were defeated and Magellan killed by the natives of Mactan in Mactan Island. According to Italian historian and chronicler, Antonio Pigafetta, Magellan's body was never recovered despite efforts to trade for it with spice and jewels. Magellan's second-in-command, Juan Sebastián Elcano took his place as captain of the expedition and sailed their fleet back to Spain, circumnavigating the world.

Survivors of the Magellan expedition brought tales of a savage island in the East Indies with them when they returned to Spain. Consequently, several Spanish expeditions were sent to the islands but all ended in failure. In 1564, Spanish explorers led by Miguel López de Legazpi, sailing from Mexico, arrived in 1565, and established a colony. The Spaniards fought the King, Rajah Tupas, and occupied his territories. The Spaniards established settlements, trade flourished and renamed the island to "Villa del Santísimo Nombre de Jesús" (Town of the Most Holy Name of Jesus). Cebu became the first European settlement established by the Spanish Cortés in the Philippines. In 1595, the Universidad de San Carlos (University of San Carlos) was established and in 1860, Cebu opened its ports to foreign trade. The first printing house (Imprenta de Escondrillas y Cia) was established in 1873 and in 1880, the Colegio de la Inmaculada Concepcion (College of the Immaculate Conception) was established and the first periodical The Bulletin of Cebu ("El Boletin de Cebú") began publishing in 1886. In 1898, the island was ceded to the United States after the Spanish–American War and Philippine–American War. In 1901, Cebu was governed by the United States for a brief period, however it became a charter province on 24 February 1937 and was governed independently by Filipino politicians.

Cebu, being one of the most densely populated islands in the Philippines, served as a Japanese base during their occupation in World War II which began with the landing of Japanese soldiers in April 1942. The 3rd, 8th, 82nd and 85th Infantry Division of the Philippine Commonwealth Army was re-established from 3 January 1942 to 30 June 1946 and the 8th Infantry Regiment of the Philippine Constabulary was reestablished again from 28 October 1944 to 30 June 1946 at the military general headquarters and the military camps and garrisoned in Cebu city and Cebu province. They started the Anti-Japanese military operations in Cebu from April 1942 to September 1945 and helped Cebuano guerrillas and fought against the Japanese Imperial forces. Almost three years later in March 1945, combined Filipino and American forces landed and reoccupied the island during the liberation of the Philippines. Cebuano guerrilla groups led by an American, James M. Cushing, is credited for the establishment of the "Koga Papers", which is said to have changed the American plans to retake the Philippines from Japanese occupation in 1944, by helping the combined United States and the Philippine Commonwealth Army forces enter Cebu in 1945. The following year the island achieved independence from colonial rule in 1946.

In February 2012 Cebu island experienced the effects of magnitude 6.7 earthquake on the neighboring island of Negros and was the largest quake in the area for 90 years. The tremor shook buildings but there were no reports of major building damage or loss of life on Cebu Island itself. This tremor was caused by a previously unrecorded fault.

In October 2013, Cebu and Bohol were hit by record-setting 7.2 magnitude earthquake which left more than 100 dead, and collapsed some buildings, including 5 historical churches. There were over 700 aftershocks.

Cebu: Geography

Cebu Island
Ph locator cebu island.png
Location Visayas
Archipelago Philippines
Adjacent bodies of water
  • Camotes Sea
  • Visayan Sea
  • Cebu Strait
  • Tañon Strait
Area 4,467.5 km (1,724.9 sq mi)
Length 196 km (121.8 mi)
Width 32 km (19.9 mi)
Coastline 513.9 km (319.32 mi)
Highest elevation 1,097 m (3,599 ft)
Region Central Visayas
Province Cebu
Demonym Cebuanos (masculine) / Cebuanas (feminine)
Population 3,979,155 (2015 census)
Pop. density 890 /km (2,310 /sq mi)
Ethnic groups Visayans (Cebuanos)

Cebu is located to the east of Negros, to the west of Leyte and Bohol islands. The province consists of Cebu Island, as well as 167 smaller islands, which include Mactan, Bantayan, Malapascua, Olango and the Camotes Islands. But the highly urbanized cities of Cebu, Lapu-Lapu and Mandaue are independent cities not under provincial supervision, yet are often grouped with the province for geographical and statistical purposes.

The province's land area is 4,944 square kilometres (1,909 sq mi), or when the independent cities are included for geographical purposes, the total area is 5,342 square kilometres (2,063 sq mi).

Cebu's central location, proximity to unusually exotic tourist destination, ready access to a diversity of plant, animal and geological wonders within the island, and remoteness from earthquake and typhoon activity are some of the special attributes of Cebu.

Cebu: Cebu Island

Cebu Island itself is long and narrow, stretching 196 kilometres (122 mi) from north to south and 32 kilometres (20 mi) across at its widest point. It has narrow coastlines, limestone plateaus and coastal plains. It also has rolling hills and rugged mountain ranges traversing the northern and southern lengths of the island.

Cebu's highest mountains are over 1,000 metres (3,300 ft) high. Flat tracts of land can be found in the city of Bogo and in the towns of San Remigio, Medellin and Daanbantayan at the northern region of the province.

The island's area is 4,468 square kilometres (1,725 sq mi), making it the 9th largest island in the Philippines. It supports over 3.5 million people, of which 2.3 million live in Metro Cebu.

Beaches, coral atolls, islands and rich fishing grounds surround Cebu.

Coal was first discovered in Cebu about 1837. There were 15 localities over the whole island, on both coast; some desultory mining had been carried out Naga near Mount Uling, but most serious operations were at Licos and Camansi west of Compostela and Danao. Active work ceased about 1895 with insurrections, and no production worked for more than ten years. A topographic and geologic survey of Compostela, Danao and Carmen took place in 1906. The Compostela-Danao coalfield contained about six million workable tons. The tramroads, one from Danao to Camansi, one from Compostela to Mount Licos, were undertaken in 1895, together with a wagon road built in 1877, from Cotcot to Dapdap.

Cebu: Climate

Main article: Climate of Cebu

The climate of Cebu is tropical. There are 2 seasons in Cebu − the dry and wet season. It is dry and sunny most of the year with some occasional rains during the months of June to December. The province of Cebu normally gets typhoons once a year or none.

Northern Cebu gets more rainfall and typhoons than southern Cebu because it has a different climate. Typhoon Yolanda hit Northern Cebu in 2013 killing 73 people and injuring 348 others. Though most typhoons hit only the northern part of Cebu, the urban areas in central Cebu are sometimes hit, such as when Typhoon Ruping, one of the worst to hit Cebu, lashed the central Cebu area in 1990.

Cebu's temperatures can reach a high of 36 °C (97 °F) from March to May, and as low as 18 °C (64 °F) in the mountains during the wet season. The average temperature is around 24 to 34 °C (75 to 93 °F), and does not fluctuate much except during the month of May, which is the hottest month. Cebu averages 70–80% humidity.

Cebu: Administrative divisions

Ph fil cebu.png

Cebu is subdivided into 6 component cities and 44 municipalities. The cities of Cebu, Lapu-Lapu and Mandaue are often grouped with the province for geographical and statistical purposes, but are independent cities that are not under provincial supervision.

PSGC City or Municipality Population ±% p.a. Area PD2015 Electorate Dist Climate
2015 2010 km2 sq mi /km /sq mi 2016 2013 C K
072201000 Alcantara 0.5% 15,160 13,556 2.15% 35.20 13.59 430 1,100 10,102 9,579 7th III Af
072202000 Alcoy 0.6% 16,979 14,757 2.71% 61.63 23.80 280 710 11,333 9,160 2nd III Af
072203000 Alegria 0.8% 23,300 22,072 1.04% 89.49 34.55 260 670 15,431 14,966 7th III Af
072204000 Aloguinsan 1.1% 32,100 27,650 2.88% 61.92 23.91 520 1,300 20,124 18,327 3rd III Af
072205000 Argao 2.5% 72,366 69,503 0.77% 191.50 73.94 380 980 45,139 42,438 2nd III Af
072206000 Asturias 1.6% 47,857 44,732 1.29% 190.45 73.53 250 650 31,631 27,995 3rd III Am
072207000 Badian 1.3% 37,912 37,699 0.11% 110.07 42.50 340 890 23,588 22,952 7th III Af
072208000 Balamban 3.0% 87,177 71,237 3.92% 333.56 128.79 260 680 47,548 40,262 3rd III Am
072209000 Bantayan 2.7% 79,084 74,785 1.07% 81.68 31.54 970 2,500 39,721 44,854 4th IV Am
072210000 Barili 2.5% 73,862 65,524 2.31% 122.21 47.19 600 1,600 42,831 46,045 3rd III Af
072211000 Bogo 2.7% 78,120 69,911 2.14% 103.52 39.97 750 2,000 48,290 45,468 4th IV Am
072212000 Boljoon 0.6% 16,344 14,877 1.81% 117.00 45.17 140 360 10,216 10,252 2nd III Af
072213000 Borbon 1.2% 35,526 32,278 1.84% 120.94 46.69 290 760 22,182 20,848 5th IV Am
072214000 Carcar 4.1% 119,664 100,632 3.35% 116.78 45.09 1,000 2,700 63,285 58,088 1st III Af
072215000 Carmen 1.7% 51,325 41,279 4.23% 84.78 32.73 610 1,600 32,126 31,095 5th III Am
072216000 Catmon 1.0% 30,471 27,330 2.09% 109.64 42.33 280 720 17,150 17,703 5th IV Am
072217000 Cebu City 31.4% 922,611 799,762 2.76% 315.00 121.62 2,900 7,600 630,003 547,681 2 LD III Am
072218000 Compostela 1.6% 47,898 39,167 3.91% 53.90 20.81 890 2,300 29,306 26,760 5th III Am
072219000 Consolacion 4.5% 131,528 106,649 4.07% 37.03 14.30 3,600 9,200 73,893 62,960 6th III Am
072220000 Cordova 2.0% 59,712 50,353 3.30% 17.15 6.62 3,500 9,000 34,273 29,694 6th III Am
072221000 Daanbantayan 2.9% 84,430 74,897 2.31% 92.27 35.63 920 2,400 48,601 43,575 4th IV Am
072222000 Dalaguete 2.3% 67,497 63,239 1.25% 154.96 59.83 440 1,100 35,658 34,692 2nd III Af
072223000 Danao 4.6% 136,471 119,252 2.60% 107.30 41.43 1,300 3,300 86,085 85,279 5th III Am
072224000 Dumanjug 1.7% 51,210 46,754 1.75% 85.53 33.02 600 1,600 32,494 31,980 7th III Af
072225000 Ginatilan 0.5% 15,919 15,327 0.72% 70.10 27.07 230 590 11,143 10,168 7th III Af
072226000 Lapu-Lapu 13.9% 408,112 350,467 2.94% 58.10 22.43 7,000 18,000 188,815 173,341 Lone III Am
072227000 Liloan 4.0% 118,753 100,500 3.23% 45.92 17.73 2,600 6,700 62,429 53,585 5th III Am
072228000 Madridejos 1.2% 36,429 34,905 0.82% 23.95 9.25 1,500 3,900 23,134 23,583 4th IV Am
072229000 Malabuyoc 0.7% 19,373 18,426 0.96% 69.27 26.75 280 720 12,814 11,319 7th III Af
072230000 Mandaue 12.3% 362,654 331,320 1.74% 34.87 13.46 10,000 27,000 189,712 187,318 6th III Am
072231000 Medellin 1.9% 55,332 50,047 1.93% 73.19 28.26 760 2,000 32,756 29,987 4th IV Am
072232000 Minglanilla 4.5% 132,135 113,178 2.99% 65.60 25.33 2,000 5,200 55,652 50,819 1st III Af
072233000 Moalboal 1.1% 31,130 27,676 2.26% 124.86 48.21 250 650 19,821 18,663 7th III Af
072234000 Naga 3.9% 115,750 101,571 2.52% 101.97 39.37 1,100 2,900 63,755 63,755 1st III Af
072235000 Oslob 0.9% 27,893 26,116 1.26% 134.75 52.03 210 540 18,886 18,283 2nd III Af
072236000 Pilar 0.4% 11,308 11,564 −0.43% 32.42 12.52 350 900 8,613 8,849 5th IV Af
072237000 Pinamungajan 2.2% 65,955 57,997 2.48% 109.16 42.15 600 1,600 40,737 35,690 3rd III Af
072238000 Poro 0.9% 25,212 23,498 1.35% 63.59 24.55 400 1,000 13,790 14,629 5th IV Af
072239000 Ronda 0.7% 20,360 18,582 1.76% 57.10 22.05 360 920 14,397 13,551 7th III Af
072240000 Samboan 0.7% 20,884 18,613 2.22% 45.16 17.44 460 1,200 12,577 12,165 2nd III Af
072241000 San Fernando 2.3% 66,280 60,970 1.60% 69.39 26.79 960 2,500 43,398 37,770 1st III Af
072242000 San Francisco 1.9% 55,180 47,357 2.95% 106.93 41.29 520 1,300 27,484 26,624 5th IV Af
072243000 San Remigio 2.0% 57,557 51,394 2.18% 95.27 36.78 600 1,600 37,122 34,079 4th IV Am
072244000 Santa Fe 1.0% 28,603 27,270 0.91% 28.05 10.83 1,000 2,600 16,929 14,933 4th IV Am
072245000 Santander 0.6% 17,857 16,105 1.99% 35.67 13.77 500 1,300 11,577 10,924 2nd III Af
072246000 Sibonga 1.6% 48,186 43,641 1.90% 133.45 51.53 360 940 27,317 26,662 1st III Af
072247000 Sogod 1.2% 35,108 30,626 2.63% 119.23 46.03 290 760 21,586 20,503 5th IV Am
072248000 Tabogon 1.3% 39,013 33,024 3.22% 101.35 39.13 380 1,000 24,746 23,718 4th IV Am
072249000 Tabuelan 0.9% 25,630 22,292 2.69% 141.13 54.49 180 470 17,880 16,863 4th IV Am
072250000 Talisay 7.7% 227,645 200,772 2.42% 39.87 15.39 5,700 15,000 120,240 111,696 1st III Am
072251000 Toledo 5.8% 170,335 157,078 1.55% 216.28 83.51 790 2,000 103,658 98,557 3rd III Af
072252000 Tuburan 2.2% 63,866 58,914 1.55% 224.50 86.68 280 740 42,547 39,076 3rd III Aw
072253000 Tudela 0.4% 11,296 9,859 2.62% 33.02 12.75 340 890 7,763 7,866 5th IV Af
TOTAL 4,632,359 4,167,320 2.03% 4454.00 1,719.70 1,000 2,600 2,696,819 2,517,629

Provincial capital
Highly Urbanized City

Component city

Cebu: Demographics

Population census of Cebu (province)
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1960 1,003,894 -
1970 1,159,200 +1.45%
1980 1,392,000 +1.85%
1990 1,709,621 +2.08%
1995 1,890,357 +1.90%
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
2000 2,160,569 +2.91%
2007 2,440,120 +1.69%
2010 2,619,362 +2.61%
2015 2,938,982 +2.22%
Excludes independent cities
Source: Philippine Statistics Office
See also: Cebuano people and List of people from Cebu

The population of Cebu Province in 2015 was 2,938,982 people, with a density of 590 inhabitants per square kilometre or 1,500 inhabitants per square mile. When the independent cities – Cebu City (922,611 ), Lapu-Lapu (408,112 ), and Mandaue (362,654 ) – are included for geographical purposes, the total population is 4,632,359 people, with a population density of 870 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,300/sq mi).

The population of the Central Visayas is predominantly young with about 37 percent of its population below 10 years old. This is very evident in the very broad base of the population pyramid in the region which has prevailed since 1970 but at a declining rate. A decline of 2.29 percentage points in the proportion of household population below 15 years old was noted from 1980 to 1995. Conversely, an increase of 3.06 percentage points was observed in the 15−64 age group during the same period. The population of the region is evenly distributed between male and female. However, the male population in the region has been increasing at a faster rate compared to the female population.

In 2010, the median age of the population of the province was 23.0 years, which means that half of the population was younger than 23.0 years. This is higher than the median age of 20.8 years that was recorded in 2000.

Cebu: Languages

See also: Cebuano language
Spoken languages in Cebu
Languages percentage
Other Visayan languages

Cebuano language is spoken in Cebu and it is also spoken in most areas of the Visayas, including Bohol, Leyte, Biliran, Negros Oriental, and most provinces of Mindanao.

Some of the residents in Bantayan islands also speaks Hiligaynon language, a Visayan language related to Cebuano, and it is also spoken by people working in Cebu City who hailed from Western Visayas and Negros Island Region.

Cebu: Religion

The majority of its population are Roman Catholic followed by roughly 95% of Cebuanos. There are also some followers of Islam, Buddhism and Hinduism.

Devotees inside the Basilica del Santo Niño.

Cebu is the capital of the Catholic faith by virtue of being the first Christian city, the first capital of the Spanish East Indies, and the birthplace of Christianity and the Philippine Church. Pope John Paul II, in his Homily for Families in Cebu (19 February 1981), called the island as the birthplace of Christianity in the Philippines

The image of Santo Niño de Cebú (Holy Child of Cebu), the oldest Christian image in the Philippines, is enshrined and venerated at the Basilica of Santo Niño. According to Philippine historical documents, the statue of the Santo Niño (Holy Child) was given to the wife of the Rajah of Cebu by the Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan. The friendship is depicted in Cebu's cultural event, the Sinulog where street parades and loud drum beats preceded by a Christian Mass is celebrated every third Sunday of January. Cebu has a Roman Catholic Archdiocese and has several major churches, including the Basilica Minor del Santo Niño de Cebu, Cebu Metropolitan Cathedral, Santo Rosario Parish Church, San José–Recoletos Church, Sacred Heart Church, Archdiocesan Shrine of Our Lady of Lourdes, National Shrine of Our Lady of the Rule, National Shrine of Saint Joseph, Archdiocesan Shrine of Our Lady of Guadalupe of Cebu, San Nicolas de Tolentino Church and other Christian churches, as well as several other non-Catholic churches, mosques and temples.

Cebu: Government

  • Governor: Hilario P. Davide III (Liberal Party)
  • Vice Governor: Agnes A. Magpale (Liberal Party)
1st Congressional District

President Carlos P. Garcia 9,999,999
Gerald Anthony Gullas
City or
Carcar 63,285
Minglanilla 55,652
Naga 63,755
San Fernando 16,929
Sibonga 27,317
Talisay 120,240
2nd Congressional District

President Carlos P. Garcia 9,999,999
Wilfredo Caminero
City or
Alcoy 11,333
Argao 45,139
Boljoon 10,216
Dalaguete 35,658
Oslob 18,886
Samboan 12,577
Santander 11,577
3rd Congressional District

President Carlos P. Garcia 9,999,999
Gwendolyn Garcia
City or
Aloguinsan 20,124
Asturias 31,631
Balamban 47,548
Barili 42,831
Pinamungajan 40,737
Toledo 103,658
Tuburan 42,547
4th Congressional District

President Carlos P. Garcia 9,999,999
Benhur Salimbangon
City or
Bantayan 39,721
Bogo 48,290
Daanbantayan 48,601
Madridejos 23,134
Medellin 32,756
San Remigio 37,122
Santa Fe 16,929
Tabogon 24,746
Tabuelan 17,880
5th Congressional District

President Carlos P. Garcia 9,999,999
Red Durano
City or
Borbon 22,182
Carmen 32,126
Catmon 17,150
Compostela 29,306
Danao 86,085
Liloan 62,429
Pilar 8,613
Poro 13,790
San Francisco 27,484
Sogod 21,586
Tudela 7,763
6th Congressional District

President Carlos P. Garcia 9,999,999
Jonas Cortes
City or
Consolacion 73,893
Cordova 34,273
Mandaue 189,712
7th Congressional District

President Carlos P. Garcia 9,999,999
Peter John Calderon
City or
Alcantara 10,102
Alegria 15,431
Badian 23,588
Dumanjug 32,494
Ginatilan 11,143
Malabuyoc 12,814
Moalboal 19,821
Ronda 14,397
1st District 347,178
2nd District 145,386
3rd District 329,076
4th District 289,179
5th District 328,514
6th District 297,878
7th District 139,790
Cebu City 1st (N) 290,760
Cebu City 2nd (S) 340,243
Lapu-Lapu Lone 188,815
Total 2,696,819

Cebu: Economy

See also: Economy of the Philippines
Cebu City, although independent from Cebu Province (together with Mandaue and Lapu-Lapu), is the largest city and economic hub of the island.

"Ceboom", a portmanteau of Cebu and Boom, has been used to describe the province's economic development. With many beautiful islands, white sand beaches, luxury hotel and resorts, diving locations and heritage sites, high domestic and foreign tourist arrivals have fueled the tourism industry of Cebu. Cebu consistently gets a big share of tourist arrivals in the Philippines, and has become the tourist gateway to Central and Southern Philippines due to its central geographic location, accessibility and natural resources. The province also hosts various national and international conferences every year.

About 80% of domestic and international shipping operators and shipbuilders in the Philippines are located in Cebu. Shipbuilding companies in Cebu have manufactured bulk carriers of up to 70,000 tonnes deadweight (DWT), and double-hulled fastcraft as well. Cebu's industry helps make the Philippines the 5th largest shipbuilding country in the world.

Cebu's extensive port facilities and its proximity to intra-Asian shipping and air routes are major factors which led multinational companies to establish offices or factories on the main island, as well as in the island of Mactan, where they are clustered in special economic zones known as the Mactan Economic Processing Zone 1 (MEPZ-1) and the Mactan Economic Processing Zone 2 (MEPZ-2). Due to its burgeoning furniture-making industry, Cebu has been named as the furniture capital of the Philippines. Cebu's other exports include: fashion accessories, guitars, coconut, coconut oil, dried mangoes, carrageenan, gifts, toys, watches, cameras, electronic components and housewares.

With a revenue growth rate of 18.8 percent in 2012, the real estate industry is the fastest-growing sector in Cebu. With the strong economic indicators and high investors' confidence level, more condominium projects and hypermarkets are being developed in the locality. An additional 100 commercial and residential buildings would be completed by 2015 and another 170 to 200 buildings are expected to be finished by 2017. 64 new hypermarkets will be developed in Cebu.

In 2013, Cebu ranked 8th worldwide in the "Top 100 BPO Destinations Report" by global advisory firm, Tholons. The Cebu Chamber of Commerce and Industry, an organization of Cebu's businesses, is promoting the city's growth and economy on information and communications technology, with the aim of making Cebu the premier ICT, software and e-services investment destination in southeast Asia. Data gathered by the National Economic Development Authority (Neda) 7 showed that of the 98 BPO and IT companies operating in Cebu, 32 offer voice operations while 66 companies offer non-voice operations. Of the 95,000 employed by the industry, more than half or 50,000 are in the non-voice sector. In 2012, the growth in IT-BPO revenues in Cebu grew 26.9 percent at $484 million, while nationally, the industry grew 18.2 percent at $13 billion.

Cebu's economy is also driven by the mining and quarrying areas in Toledo, Naga, Alcoy, and Danao.

Cebu even boasts being a subsidiary of one of the leading ice rink manufacturers in the world. These rinks are engineered and fabricated in Cebu by Ice Rink Supply and shipped worldwide.

Cebu: Infrastructure

Mactan-Cebu International Airport.

The Mactan-Cebu International Airport (MCIA) in Mactan Island serves as the main gateway to domestic and international routes to or from Cebu City and other islands in the Visayas region. In the last 15 years, MCIA's passenger traffic has grown at an annual average of 21% for international passenger traffic. The airport is the second busiest airport in the Philippines in passenger and cargo traffic. The plan for a new terminal expansion of the airport is underway and estimated to cost $240 million under a public-private partnership program of the Philippine government. The new terminal will host international flights while the old terminal will host domestic flights.

In addition, MCIAA (MCIA Authority) General Manager Nigel Paul Villarete (who was the project of BRT earlier) also proposed to establish a Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) line to transport airport passengers to and from MCIAA and different parts of Cebu. This will be integrated into the proposed Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) System being planned in Metro Cebu.

See also: Port of Cebu

The Cebu International Port is the largest shipping hub in the Visayas region.

Cebu Pacific Air is an airline owned by Cebu-based Gokongwei family. On 28 May 2008, Cebu Pacific was named as the world's number one airline in terms of growth. The airline carried a total of almost 5.5 million passengers in 2007, up 57.4% from 2006. On January 6, 2011, Cebu Pacific flew its 50 millionth passenger (from Manila to Beijing). The airline reached the 100 million passengers in 2015. Cebu Pacific commenced international long-haul flights to Middle East and Australia, flight to Guam starting Q1 2016.

Notable business districts are the Cebu Business Park and the Cebu IT Park. This area hosts industries related to the information technology industry such as software development, telecommunications, engineering research and development centers, and business process outsourcing. In 2013, Ayala Corporation's affiliate, Ayala Land Inc., announced that it is looking at introducing another business park development within the Cebu City area to optimize the high performance of real estate investments in Cebu. Cebu Holdings Inc. and the Ayala Corporation created Cebu Park District, an integrated, master-planned, mixed-use economic zones of the Cebu Business Park and Cebu I.T. Park. The district plays a vital role in the city's economy. It is where many of the region's corporate headquarters are located. Both parks and the adjoining areas enjoy a critical mass of local and international locators in the spheres of business, banking, finance, IT and tourism services, among others.

The city's 300-hectare (740-acre; 3.0 km; 3,000,000 m) reclamation forms South Road Properties – a mixed-use development south of the city which features entertainment, leisure, residential and business-processing industries. Is the site of SM Seaside City Cebu, the eighth largest mall in the world (and 3rd largest shopping mall in the Philippines), Filinvest's Citta di Mare and Il Corso, and the University of the Philippines – Cebu campus.

In Mactan Island, Megaworld Corporation's Mactan Oceantown is a 25–hectare business park near Shangri-La's Mactan Resort and Spa. The project will be home to high-tech offices, a retail center, residential towers and villages, leisure facilities with a beach resort frontage.

Mactan Island is linked to mainland Cebu via Mactan-Mandaue Bridge and Marcelo Fernan Bridge.

Cebu: Media

Cebu is home to a local television station, the CCTN (channel 47).

Despite having their local stations, Cebuanos prefer to watch the Philippine four dominant television networks namely: ABS-CBN, TV5, CNN Philippines and GMA Network.

While national newspapers have presence in the island, Cebu has English-language local newspapers – The Freeman (under the Star Group), Sun.Star Cebu and Cebu Daily News (under the Inquirer Group): and Cebuano-language newspapers – SunStar SuperBalita owned by SunStar, and Banat News owned by The Freeman. Each of the local newspapers sell cheaper than their national counterparts.

Cebu: Education

The Philippine elementary school begins from Grades 1 to 6. The high school program takes six years, from Grades 7 through to 12, taken after graduating from elementary school. Cebu is the main educational institute in the central region of the country. It has several large universities each with a number of college branches throughout Cebu City and more than a dozen other schools and universities specializing in various courses such as Medicine, Engineering, Nautical courses, Nursing, Law, Commerce, Education, Computer and IT and other professions.

The most prominent of these universities are:

  • University of San Carlos
  • University of the Philippines Cebu
  • University of San Jose–Recoletos
  • Cebu Normal University
  • University of Cebu
  • University of Southern Philippines Foundation
  • Southwestern University
  • University of the Visayas

The Cebu Doctors' University (formerly Cebu Doctors' College), a medical school located in the Cebu Boardwalk in nearby Mandaue, was elevated to university status in November 2004. Another notable medical school is the Cebu Institute of Medicine in affiliation with Velez College. The Cebu Institute of Technology – University (formerly Cebu Institute of Technology) located in N. Bacalso Ave. and the Cebu Technological University (formerly Cebu State College of Science and Technology) which is located in M.J. Cuenco Avenue cor. R. Palma Street, Cebu City are the newest universities. CIT-U and CTU were elevated to university status in the year 2010. The Cebu's first film school, The International Academy of Film and Television was established on Mactan Island in 2004. The Asian College of Technology, is also located in Metro Cebu.

Cebu is home to one fully accredited international school, Cebu International School, a K–12 school established in 1924.

A Punjabi teaching school opened in Cebu.

Cebu: Tourism

Cebu: Attractions

See also: Cebu City § Tourism

Cebu City is a significant cultural centre in the Philippines. The imprint of Spanish and Roman Catholic culture is evident. There are also many historically important sights all over the province.

Cebu: Festivals and fiestas

All cities and municipalities in the province have their own different respective cultural festivals. Only the municipalities of Asturias, Compostela, Pilar and Tabogon have no designated annual celebrations.

  • Pintos Festival – Bogo
  • Kabkaban Festival – Carcar
  • Karansa Festival – Danao
  • Garbo Festival – Lapu-Lapu
  • Panagtagbo Festival – Mandaue
  • Dagitab Festival – Naga
  • Halad Inasal Festival – Talisay
  • Hinulawan Festival – Toledo
  • Bahandi Festival – Alcantara
  • Siloy Festival – Alcoy
  • Kawayan Festival – Alegria
  • Kinsan Festival – Aloguinsan
  • La Torta Festival – Argao
  • Banig Festival – Badian
  • Harang Festival – Balamban
  • Palawod Festival – Bantayan
  • Kaumahan Festival – Barili
  • Bolho Festival – Boljoon
  • Silmugi Festival – Borbon
  • Sinulog sa Carmen – Carmen
  • Bodbod Kabog – Catmon
  • Queseo Festival – Compostela
  • Sarok Festival – Consolacion
  • Dinagat Festival – Cordova
  • Haladaya Festival – Daanbantayan
  • Utanon Festival – Dalaguete
  • Bisnok Festival – Dumanjug
  • Hinatdan Festival – Ginatilan
  • Rosquillos Festival – Liloan
  • Isda Festival – Madridejos
  • Binuyocan Festival – Malabuyoc
  • Katubhan Festival – Medellin
  • Sugat-Kabanhawan Festival – Minglanilla
  • Kagasangan Festival – Moalboal
  • Toslob Festival – Oslob
  • Pamugsay Festival – Pilar
  • Pamuhuan Festival – Pinamungajan
  • Tagbo Festival – Poro
  • Panginabuhi Festival – Ronda
  • Saksak Festival – Samboan
  • Sikoy-Sikoy Festival – San Fernando
  • Soli-Soli Festival – San Francisco
  • Lapyahan Festival – San Remigio
  • Kinhason Festival – Santa Fe
  • Tostado Festival – Santander
  • Bonga Festival – Sibonga
  • Panagsogod Festival – Sogod
  • Sanggi Festival – Tabogon
  • Ani-anihan Festival – Tabuelan
  • Tubod Festival – Tuburan
  • Balanghoy Festival – Tudela

Cebu: Sinulog

Main article: Sinulog
Sinulog's annual maritime procession

Sinulog Festival is the largest fiesta (festival) in the Philippines. Held every third Sunday of January, it commemorates the Child Jesus, the Lord and Protector of Cebu. The Sinulog is a dance ritual of pre-Hispanic indigenous origin. The dancer moves two steps forward and one step backward to the rhythmic sound of drums. This movement resembles the current (sulog) of what was then known Cebu's Pahina River. Thus the name Sinulog.

The Sinulog Festival celebration lasts for nine days, culminating on the final day with the Sinulog Grand Parade. The day before the parade, the Fluvial Procession is held at dawn with a statue of the Santo Niño carried on a pump boat from Mandaue City to Cebu City, decked with hundreds of flowers and candles. The procession ends at the Basilica where a re-enactment of the Catholicizing (that is, the acceptance of Roman Catholicism) of Cebu is performed. In the afternoon, a more solemn procession takes place along the major streets of the city, which last for hours due to large crowd participating in the event.

When the Spaniards arrived in Cebu, the Italian chronicler, Antonio Pigafetta, sailing under convoy with the Magellan expedition, offered a baptismal gift to Hara Amihan, wife of Rajah Humabon. She was later named Juana, the figure of the Santo Niño. The natives also honored the Santo Niño de Cebu in their indigenous Sinulog ritual. The Sinulog ritual was preserved but limited to honoring the Santo Niño. Once the Santo Niño church was built in the 16th century, the Catholic Malay people started performing the Sinulog ritual in front of the church, the devotees offering candles and indigenous dancers shouting "Viva Pit Señor!".

In the 1980s and 2000s, the city authorities of Cebu added the religious feast of Santo Niño de Cebu during the Sinulog Festival to its cultural event. In 2012, Cebu introduced Life Dance, the biggest outdoor dance party in the country outside Metro Manila.

Cebu: International relations and sisterhood agreements

  • Cebu Province hosted two major Information and Communications Technology (ICT) and telecom events, the 12th ASEAN Telecommunications and IT Ministers Meeting (TELMIN) and the 13th ASEAN Telecommunications and IT Senior Officials Meeting (TELSOM) in 2012.
  • Cebu Province hosted the international 4th Dance Xchange, a project organized by the National Dance Committee of the National Commission for Culture and the Arts in 2012.
  • Cebu Province as member hosted the 11th East Asia Inter-Regional Tourism Forum in 2011
  • Cebu Province join as a participating member of Inter–Island Tourism Policy Forum in 2011 (ITOP Forum)
  • Cebu Province hosted the 12th ASEAN Summit in 2007.
  • China Sichuan, China (2006)
  • Russia Vladimir, Russia (2008)
  • Slovenia Ljubljana, Slovenia (2008)
  • South Korea Gangwon, South Korea (2008)
  • United States Guam, United States of America (2008)
  • Israel Rishon LeZion, Israel (2009)
  • Russia Saint Petersburg, Russia (2009)
  • China Guangdong, China (2009)
  • China Guangxi, China (2010)
  • Spain Barcelona, Spain (2010)
  • Autonomous Republic of Crimea Autonomous Republic of Crimea, Ukraine (2010)
  • South Korea Busan, South Korea (2011)
  • Iraq Ninawa, Iraq (2011)
  • Chile Valparaíso, Chile (2011)
  • China Hainan, China
  • United States Hawaii, United States of America
  • Sorsogon City
  • Antique
  • Ilocos Norte
  • South Cotabato
  • Bukidnon
  • Masbate
  • Laguna
  • Quezon
  • Parañaque
  • Pangasinan
  • Davao del Sur

Cebu: Notes

  1. a religious station partly owned and endorsed by the Archdiocese of Cebu

Cebu: References

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Cebu: Bibliography

  • Abellana, Jovito (1952). Aginid, Bayok sa Atong Tawarik (in Cebuano).
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  • Montebon, Marivir R. (2000). A Tribute to Two Centenarians. Retracing our Roots, A Journey into Cebu's Pre-colonial and Colonial Past. Minglanilla, Cebu: ED Villaver Publishing. pp. 89–90.
  • Segura, Manuel F. (1992). The Koga papers : stories of WW II. Cebu City: MF Segura Publications.
  • Smith, Warren Du Pré (1907). Freer, Paul C.; Strong, Richard D.; Merrill, E. D., eds. "The geology of the Compostela-Danao coal field". Philippine Journal of Science. 2A (6): 377 ff.
  • Tribune of India (3 December 2014). "Seechewal inaugurates Punjabi school in Philippines". Jalandhar. Archived from the original on 8 December 2014.
  • UNEP, Arthur Lyon Dahl (1998). "Islands of Philippines: Cebu". Island Directory. United Nations Environment Programme. Retrieved 11 February 2016.
  • de Viana, Augusto V. (2005). "The capture of the Koga Papers and its effect on the plan to retake the Philippines in 1944" (PDF). Micronesian: Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences. National Historical Institute in the Philippines. 4 (2).
  • Wernstedt, Frederick L. (1957). The role and importance of Philippine interisland shipping and trade. Southeast Asia Program, Dept. of Far Eastern Studies, Cornell University.
  • Geographic data related to Cebu at OpenStreetMap
  • Official Website of the Provincial Government of Cebu
  • The Official Government Portal of the Republic of the Philippines - Cebu
Source of information: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. We're not responsible for the content of this article and your use of this information. Disclaimer
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