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Hotels of Chandigarh

A hotel in Chandigarh is an establishment that provides lodging paid on a short-term basis. Facilities provided may range from a basic bed and storage for clothing, to luxury features like en-suite bathrooms. Larger in Chandigarh hotels may provide additional guest facilities such as a swimming pool, business centre, childcare, conference facilities and social function services. Hotel rooms in Chandigarh are usually numbered (or named in some smaller hotels and B&Bs) to allow guests to identify their room. Some Chandigarh hotels offer meals as part of a room and board arrangement. Hotel operations vary in size, function, and cost. Most Chandigarh hotels and major hospitality companies that operate hotels in Chandigarh have set widely accepted industry standards to classify hotel types. General categories include the following:

Upscale luxury hotels in Chandigarh
An upscale full service hotel facility in Chandigarh that offers luxury amenities, full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and the highest level of personalized and professional service. Luxury Chandigarh hotels are normally classified with at least a Four Diamond or Five Diamond status or a Four or Five Star rating depending on classification standards.

Full service hotels in Chandigarh
Full service Chandigarh hotels often contain upscale full-service facilities with a large volume of full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and a variety of on-site amenities such as swimming pools, a health club, children's activities, ballrooms, on-site conference facilities, etc.

Historic inns and boutique hotels in Chandigarh
Boutique hotels of Chandigarh are smaller independent non-branded hotels that often contain upscale facilities of varying size in unique or intimate settings with full service accommodations. Chandigarh boutique hotels are generally 100 rooms or less. Some historic inns and boutique hotels in Chandigarh may be classified as luxury hotels.

Focused or select service hotels in Chandigarh
Small to medium-sized hotel establishments that offer a limited amount of on-site amenities that only cater and market to a specific demographic of Chandigarh travelers, such as the single business traveler. Most Chandigarh focused or select service hotels may still offer full service accommodations but may lack leisure amenities such as an on-site restaurant or a swimming pool.

Economy and limited service hotels in Chandigarh
Small to medium-sized Chandigarh hotel establishments that offer a very limited amount of on-site amenities and often only offer basic accommodations with little to no services, these facilities normally only cater and market to a specific demographic of travelers, such as the budget-minded Chandigarh traveler seeking a "no frills" accommodation. Limited service Chandigarh hotels often lack an on-site restaurant but in return may offer a limited complimentary food and beverage amenity such as on-site continental breakfast service.

Guest houses and B&Bs in Chandigarh
A bed and breakfast in Chandigarh is a small lodging establishment that offers overnight accommodation and inclusive breakfast. Usually, Chandigarh bed and breakfasts are private homes or family homes offering accommodations. The typical Chandigarh B&B has between 4 and 11 rooms, with 6 being the average. Generally, guests are accommodated in private bedrooms with private bathrooms, or in a suite of rooms including an en suite bathroom. Some homes have private bedrooms with a bathroom which is shared with other guests. Breakfast is served in the bedroom, a dining room, or the host's kitchen. Often the owners of guest house themselves prepare the breakfast and clean the rooms.

Hostels in Chandigarh
Chandigarh hostels provide budget-oriented, sociable accommodation where guests can rent a bed, usually a bunk bed, in a dormitory and share a bathroom, lounge, and sometimes a kitchen. Rooms can be mixed or single-sex, although private rooms may also be available. Hostels are often cheaper for both the operator and occupants; many Chandigarh hostels have long-term residents whom they employ as desk agents or housekeeping staff in exchange for experience or discounted accommodation.

Apartment hotels, extended stay hotels in Chandigarh
Extended stay hotels are small to medium-sized Chandigarh hotels that offer longer term full service accommodations compared to a traditional hotel. Extended stay hotels may offer non-traditional pricing methods such as a weekly rate that cater towards travelers in need of short-term accommodations for an extended period of time. Similar to limited and select service hotels, on-site amenities are normally limited and most extended stay hotels in Chandigarh lack an on-site restaurant.

Timeshare and destination clubs in Chandigarh
Chandigarh timeshare and destination clubs are a form of property ownership also referred to as a vacation ownership involving the purchase and ownership of an individual unit of accommodation for seasonal usage during a specified period of time. Timeshare resorts in Chandigarh often offer amenities similar that of a Full service hotel with on-site restaurant(s), swimming pools, recreation grounds, and other leisure-oriented amenities. Destination clubs of Chandigarh on the other hand may offer more exclusive private accommodations such as private houses in a neighborhood-style setting.

Motels in Chandigarh
A Chandigarh motel is a small-sized low-rise lodging establishment similar to that of a limited service hotel, but with direct access to individual rooms from the car park. Common during the 1950s and 1960s, motels were often located adjacent to a major road, where they were built on inexpensive land at the edge of towns or along stretches of highways. They are still useful in less populated areas of Chandigarh for driving travelers, but the more populated an area becomes the more hotels fill the need. Many of Chandigarh motels which remain in operation have joined national franchise chains, rebranding themselves as hotels, inns or lodges.

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Travelling and vacation in Chandigarh

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Chandigarh
City and Union territory
Palace of Assembly Chandigarh 2006.jpg
Gandhi Bhawan at Punjab University.jpg Rock Garden, Chandigarh-statues.jpg
Open Hand monument, Chandigarh.jpg Chandigarh hockey stadium.JPG
Sukhna Lake Chandigarh.JPG
Clockwise from top left:.Palace of Assembly, Rock Garden of Chandigarh, Sector 42 Stadium, Sukhna Lake, Open Hand Monument and Gandhi Bhawan,
Official seal of Chandigarh
Seal
Nickname(s): The City Beautiful
Location of Chandigarh in India
Location of Chandigarh in India
Coordinates:  / 30.75; 76.78  / 30.75; 76.78
Country India
Formation of
Union territory
1 November 1966
Government
• Type Union territory Municipality
• Administrator V.P. Singh Badnore
• Mayor Asha Kumari Jaswal
• Senior Deputy Mayor Rajesh Kumar Gupta
• Deputy Mayor Anil Dubey
Area
• Union territory 114 km (44 sq mi)
Area rank 34th in India
Elevation 350 m (1,150 ft)
Population (2011)
• Union territory 1,055,450
• Density 9,262/km (23,988/sq mi)
• Metro 1,025,682 (51st)
• City 960,787 (48th)
Languages
• official English
• education medium Hindi, Punjabi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 160XXX
Telephone code +91-172-XXX-XXXX
ISO 3166 code IN-CH
Vehicle registration CH-01 to CH-04
Literacy 86.05%
Website chandigarh.nic.in

The city of Chandigarh comprises all of the union territory's area.
under Section 4 of the Punjab Reorganisation Act, 1966.

Symbols of Chandigarh
Emblem Open Hand Emblem
Animal Indian grey mongoose
Bird Indian grey hornbill
Flower Dhak
Tree Blue Jacaranda

Chandigarh (local pronunciation: [tʃə̃ˈɖiːɡəɽʱ]) is a city and a union territory in India that serves as the capital of both neighboring states of Haryana and Punjab. The city is not part of either of the two states and is governed directly by the Union Government, which administers all such territories in the country.

Chandigarh is bordered by the state of Punjab to the north, west and south, and to the state of Haryana to the east. It is considered to be a part of the Chandigarh capital region or Greater Chandigarh, which includes Chandigarh, and the city of Panchkula (in Haryana) and cities of Kharar, Kurali, Mohali, Zirakpur (in Punjab). It is located 260 km (162 miles) north of New Delhi, 229 km (143 miles) southeast of Amritsar and just 116 km (72 miles) southwest of Shimla.

It was one of the early planned cities in post-independence India and is internationally known for its architecture and urban design. The master plan of the city was prepared by Swiss-French architect Le Corbusier, which transformed from earlier plans created by the Polish architect Maciej Nowicki and the American planner Albert Mayer. Most of the government buildings and housing in the city, were designed by the Chandigarh Capital Project Team headed by Le Corbusier, Jane Drew and Maxwell Fry. In 2015, an article published by BBC named Chandigarh as one of the perfect cities of the world in terms of architecture, cultural growth and modernisation.

Chandigarh’s Capitol Complex was in July 2016 declared by UNESCO as World Heritage at the 40th session of World Heritage Conference held in Istanbul. UNESCO inscription was under “The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier an outstanding contribution to the Modern Movement”. The Capitol Complex buildings include the Punjab and Haryana High Court, Punjab and Haryana Secretariat and Punjab and Haryana Assembly along with monuments Open hand, Martyrs Memorial, Geometric Hill and Tower of Shadow.

The city has one of the highest per capita income in the country. The city was reported to be one of the cleanest in India based on a national government study. The union territory also heads the list of Indian states and territories according to Human Development Index. In 2015, a survey by LG Electronics, ranked it as the happiest city in India over the happiness index. The metropolitan of Chandigarh–Mohali–Panchkula collectively forms a Tri-city, with a combined population of over 2 million.

Chandigarh: Etymology

The name Chandigarh is a portmanteau of Chandi and Garh. Chandi refers to Hindu goddess Chandi, the warrior Avatar of Goddess Parvati, and Garh means home. The name is derived from Chandi Mandir, an ancient temple devoted to the Hindu Goddess Chandi, near the city in Panchkula District.

The motif or sobriquet of "The City Beautiful" was derived from the City Beautiful movement that was a popular philosophy in North American urban planning during the 1890s and 1900s. Architect Albert Mayer, the initial planner of Chandigarh, lamented the American rejection of City Beautiful concepts and declared "We want to create a beautiful city..." The phrase was used on as a logo in official publications in the 1970s, and is now how the city describes itself.

Chandigarh: History

Chandigarh: Early history

The city has a pre-historic past. Due to the presence of a lake, the area has fossil remains with imprints of a large variety of aquatic plants and animals, and amphibian life, which were supported by that environment. As it was a part of the Punjab region, it had many rivers nearby where the ancient and primitive settling of humans began. So, about 8000 years ago, the area was also known to be a home to the Harappans.

Chandigarh: Modern history

A map of the British Punjab province in 1909. During the Partition of India along the Radcliffe Line, the capital of the Punjab Province, Lahore, fell into West Punjab, Pakistan. The necessity to have a new capital for East Punjab in India then, led to the development of Chandigarh.

Chandigarh was the dream city of India's first Prime Minister, Jawahar Lal Nehru. After the partition of India in 1947, the former British province of Punjab was split between (mostly Sikhs) East Punjab in India and (mostly Muslim) West Punjab in Pakistan. The Indian Punjab required a new capital city to replace Lahore, which became part of Pakistan during the partition. Therefore, an American planner and architect Albert Mayer was tasked to design a new city called "Chandigarh" in 1949. The government carved out Chandigarh of nearly 50 Pwadhi speaking villages of the then state of East Punjab, India. Shimla was the temporary capital of East Punjab until Chandigarh was completed in 1960.

Albert Mayer, during his work on the development and planning of the new capital city of Chandigarh, developed a superblock-based city threaded with green spaces which emphasized cellular neighborhoods and traffic segregation. His site plan used natural characteristics, using its gentle grade to promote drainage and rivers to orient the plan. Mayer discontinued his work on Chandigarh after developing a master plan for the city when his architect-partner Matthew Nowicki died in a plane crash in 1950. Government officials recruited Le Corbusier to succeed Mayer and Nowicki, who enlisted many elements of Mayer's original plan without attributing them to him.

Le Corbusier designed many administration buildings, including a courthouse, parliament building, and a university. He also designed the general layout of the city, dividing it into sectors. Chandigarh hosts the largest of Le Corbusier's many Open Hand sculptures, standing 26 metres high. The Open Hand (La Main Ouverte) is a recurring motif in Le Corbusier's architecture, a sign for him of "peace and reconciliation. It is open to give and open to receive." It represents what Le Corbusier called the "Second Machine Age". Two of the six monuments planned in the Capitol Complex which has the High Court, the Assembly and the Secretariat, remain incomplete. These include Geometric Hill and Martyrs Memorial; drawings were made, and they were begun in 1956, but they were never completed.

On 1 November 1966, the newly formed state of Haryana was carved out of the eastern portion of East Punjab, in order to create a new state for the majority Haryanvi-speaking people in that portion, while the western portion of East Punjab retained a mostly Punjabi-speaking majority and was renamed as Punjab. Chandigarh was located on the border of both states and the states moved to incorporate the city into their respective territories. However, the city of Chandigarh was declared a union territory to serve as capital of both states.

As of 2016, many historical villages in Chandigarh are still inhabited within the modern blocks of sectors including Burail and Attawa, while there are a number of non-sectoral villages that lie on the outskirts of the city. These villages were a part of the pre-Chandigarh era.

Chandigarh: Geography and ecology

Map of Chandigarh

Chandigarh: Location

Chandigarh is located near the foothills of the Sivalik range of the Himalayas in northwest India. It covers an area of approximately 114 km. It shares its borders with the states of Haryana and Punjab. The exact cartographic co-ordinates of Chandigarh are  / 30.74; 76.79. It has an average elevation of 321 metres (1053 ft).

The city, lying in the northern plains, has vast fertile and flat land. It has portions of Bhabar in the north east and Terai in rest of the area. The surrounding cities are Mohali, Patiala, Zirakpur and Roopnagar in Punjab, Panchkula, and Ambala in Haryana.

Chandigarh is situated 114 km southwest of Shimla, 45 km (28 miles) northeast of Ambala, 229 km (143 miles) southeast of Amritsar and 250 km (156 miles) north of Delhi.

Chandigarh: Climate

Chandigarh
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
33
16
3
39
20
5
30
25
10
9
32
16
28
35
20
145
36
22
280
31
21
308
30
20
133
30
19
22
29
14
9
24
8
22
19
4
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: World Weather Information Service
Imperial conversion
J F M A M J J A S O N D
1.3
62
38
1.5
68
42
1.2
78
51
0.4
89
61
1.1
96
68
5.7
96
72
11
88
70
12
85
69
5.2
86
66
0.9
84
57
0.4
76
46
0.9
66
39
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches

Chandigarh has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen: Cwa) characterised by a seasonal rhythm: very hot summers, mild winters, unreliable rainfall and great variation in temperature (−1 °C to 46 °C OR 30.2 °F to 114 °F). The average annual rainfall is 1110.7 mm. The city also receives occasional winter rains from the Western Disturbance originating over the Mediterranean Sea.

The western disturbances usually brings rain predominantly from mid-December till end of April which can be heavier sometimes with strong winds and hails if the weather turns colder (during March–April months) which usually proves disastrous to the crops. Cold winds usually tend to come from the north near Shimla, capital of Himachal Pradesh and from the state of Jammu and Kashmir, both of which receive their share of snowfall during wintertime.

The city experiences the following seasons and the respective average temperatures:

  • Spring: The climate remains the most enjoyable part of the year during the spring season (from February-end to early-April). Temperatures vary between (max) 13 °C to 20 °C and (min) 5 °C to 12 °C.
  • Autumn: In autumn (from September-end to mid November.), the temperature may rise to a maximum of 30 °C. Temperatures usually remain between 10° to 22° in autumn. The minimum temperature is around 6 °C.
  • Summer: The temperature in summer (from Mid-April to June-end) may rise to 44 °C. The temperatures might sometime rise to 44 °C in mid-June. Temperatures generally vary between 40 and 42 °C.
  • Monsoon: During monsoon (from early-July to mid-September), Chandigarh receives moderate to heavy rainfall and sometimes heavy to very heavy rainfall (generally during the month of August or September). Usually, the rain bearing monsoon winds blow from south-west/south-east. Mostly, the city receives heavy rain from south (which is mainly a persistent rain) but it generally receives most of its rain during monsoon either from North-west or North-east. Maximum amount of rain received by the city of Chandigarh during monsoon season is 195.5 mm in a single day.
  • Winter: Winters (November-end to February-end) are mild but it can sometimes get quite chilly in Chandigarh. Average temperatures in the winter remain at (max) 5 °C to 14 °C and (min) -1 °C to 5 °C. Rain usually comes from the west during winters and it is usually a persistent rain for 2–3 days with sometimes hailstorms. The city witnessed bone-numbing chill as the maximum temperature on Monday, 7 January 2013 plunged to a 30-year low to settle at 6.1 degrees Celsius.
Climate data for Chandigarh
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 27.7
(81.9)
32.8
(91)
37.8
(100)
42.7
(108.9)
44.6
(112.3)
45.3
(113.5)
42.0
(107.6)
39.0
(102.2)
37.5
(99.5)
37.0
(98.6)
34.0
(93.2)
28.5
(83.3)
45.6
(114.1)
Average high °C (°F) 20.4
(68.7)
23.1
(73.6)
28.4
(83.1)
34.5
(94.1)
38.3
(100.9)
38.6
(101.5)
34.0
(93.2)
32.7
(90.9)
33.1
(91.6)
31.8
(89.2)
27.3
(81.1)
22.1
(71.8)
30.4
(86.7)
Average low °C (°F) 6.1
(43)
8.3
(46.9)
13.4
(56.1)
18.9
(66)
23.1
(73.6)
25.4
(77.7)
23.9
(75)
23.3
(73.9)
21.8
(71.2)
17.0
(62.6)
10.5
(50.9)
6.7
(44.1)
16.5
(61.7)
Record low °C (°F) 0.0
(32)
0.0
(32)
4.2
(39.6)
7.8
(46)
13.4
(56.1)
14.8
(58.6)
14.2
(57.6)
17.2
(63)
14.3
(57.7)
9.4
(48.9)
3.7
(38.7)
0.0
(32)
0.0
(32)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 33.1
(1.303)
38.9
(1.531)
30.4
(1.197)
8.5
(0.335)
28.4
(1.118)
145.2
(5.717)
280.4
(11.039)
307.5
(12.106)
133.0
(5.236)
21.9
(0.862)
9.4
(0.37)
21.9
(0.862)
1,059.3
(41.705)
Average rainy days 2.6 2.8 2.6 1.1 2.1 6.3 12.3 11.4 5.0 1.4 0.8 1.4 49.8
Source: India Meteorological Department (record high and low up to 2010)

Chandigarh: Ecosystem

Parakeets at the Parrot Bird Sanctuary

Most of Chandigarh is covered by dense banyan and eucalyptus plantations. Ashoka, cassia, mulberry and other trees flourish in the forested ecosystem. The city has forests surrounding that sustain many animal and plant species. Deer, sambars, barking deer, parrots, woodpeckers and peacocks inhabit the protected forests. Sukhna Lake hosts a variety of ducks and geese, and attracts migratory birds from parts of Siberia and Japan in the winter season.

A Parrot Bird Sanctuary Chandigarh situated in sector 21 of the city is home to a large number of parrots.Sukhna Wildlife Sanctuary adjoining to Sukhna Lake is another point for nature lovers. It was declared a wildlife sanctuary in 1998.

The city also has other popular gardens, e.g. Zakir Hussain Rose Garden, Rock Garden, Botanical Garden, Terraced Garden, Bougainvillea Garden, Shanti Kunj and many others.

Chandigarh: Demographics

Chandigarh: Population

Population growth in Chandigarh over the years.

As of 2011 India census, Chandigarh had a population of 1,055,450, making for a density of about 9,252 (7,900 in 2001) persons per square kilometre.

Males constitute 55% of the population and females 45%. The sex ratio is 818 females for every 1,000 males –which is the third lowest in the country, up from 773 in 2001. The child sex ratio is 880 females per thousand males, up from 819 in 2001. Chandigarh has an average literacy rate of 86.77%, higher than the national average; with male literacy of 90.81% and female literacy of 81.88%. 10.8% of the population is under 6 years of age.

There has been a substantial decline in the population growth rate in Chandigarh, with just 17.10% growth between 2001-2011. Since, 1951-1961 the rate has decreased from 394.13% to 17.10%. This is probably because of rapid urbanisation and development in neighbouring cities. The urban population constitutes of as high as 97.25% of the total and the rural population makes up 2.75% as there are only few villages within Chandigarh on its Western and South-Eastern border and majority of people live in the heart of Chandigarh.

Chandigarh: Languages

Circle frame.svg

Languages of Chandigarh (2001)

Hindi (67.53%)
Punjabi (27.89%)
Urdu (0.81%)
Tamil (0.63%)
Others (3.14%)

English is the sole official language of Chandigarh. The majority of the population speaks Hindi (67.53%) while Punjabi is spoken by 27.89%. Government schools use English, Hindi and Punjabi textbooks.

Chandigarh: Religion

Religion in Chandigarh
Religion Percent
Hinduism
80.78%
Sikhism
13.11%
Islam
4.87%
Christianity
0.83%
Others
0.4%

Hinduism is the prominent religion of Chandigarh followed by 80.78% of the population. Sikhism is the second most popular religion in the city followed 13.11% of the people. In Chandigarh city Islam is followed by 4.87%. Minorities are Christians 0.83%, Jains 0.19%, Buddhists 0.11%, those that didn't state a religion are 0.10%, and others are 0.02%.

Many institutions serve the minorities in the city. One such being the Roman Catholic Diocese of Simla and Chandigarh, serving the Catholics, which even has a co-cathedral in the city, Christ the King Co-Cathedral, although it never was a separate bishopric. Most of the convent schools of Chandigarh are governed by this institution.

Chandigarh hosts many religious places, including the temple on which it was named - Chandimandir. The ISKCON temple in Sector 36 is one among the worship places for Hindus. Nada Sahib Gurudwara, a famous place for Sikh worship lies in its vicinity. Apart from this, there are a couple of historical mosques in Manimajra and Burail.

Chandigarh: Economy

Chandigarh has been rated as the “Wealthiest Town” of India. The Reserve Bank of India ranked Chandigarh as the Third largest deposit centre and seventh largest credit centre nationwide as of June 2012. With a per capita income of ₹99,262, Chandigarh is the richest city in India. Chandigarh's gross state domestic product for 2014-15 is estimated at ₹0.29 lakh crore (US$4.3 billion) in current prices. According to a 2014 survey, Chandigarh is ranked 4th in the top 50 cities identified globally as "emerging outsourcing and IT services destinations" ahead of cities like Beijing.

Chandigarh: Employment

The government is a major employer in Chandigarh with three governments having their base here i.e. Chandigarh Administration, Punjab government and Haryana government. A significant percentage of Chandigarh’s population therefore consists of people who are either working for one of these governments or have retired from government service mainly Armed forces. For this reason, Chandigarh is often called a "Pensioner's Paradise". Ordnance Cable Factory of the Ordnance Factories Board has been set up by the Government of India. There are about 15 medium to large industries including two in the Public sector. In addition Chandigarh has over 2500 units registered under small-scale sector. The important industries are paper manufacturing, basic metals and alloys and machinery. Other industries are relating to food products, sanitary ware, auto parts, machine tools, pharmaceuticals and electrical appliances.

The main occupation here is trade and business. However, the Punjab and Haryana High Court, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), the availability of an IT Park and more than a hundred of government schools provide job opportunity to people.

Four major trade promotion organisations have their offices in Chandigarh. These are: The Associated Chambers of Commerce & Industry, ASSOCHAM India in Sector 8, Chandigarh, Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce & Industry, (FICCI) the PHD Chamber of Commerce and Industry (PHDCCI) and the Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) which has its regional headquarters at Sector 31, Chandigarh.

Chandigarh IT Park (also known as Rajiv Gandhi Chandigarh Technology Park) is the city's attempt to break into the information technology world. Chandigarh's infrastructure, proximity to Delhi, Haryana, Punjab and Himachal Pradesh, and the IT talent pool attracts IT businesses looking for office space in the area. Major Indian firms and multinational corporations like Quark, Infosys, EVRY, Dell, IBM, TechMahindra, Airtel, Amadeus IT Group, DLF have set up base in the city and its suburbs.

The work of the Chandigarh Metro is likely to start by the year 2019. It was initially opposed by the Member of parliament from Chandigarh, Kirron Kher. with estimated cost of around ₹10,900 crores including 50% funds from the governments of Punjab and Haryana and 25% from Chandigarh and Government of India. Funds from the Japanese government will include approximately 56% of the cost. Kher promised a film city for Chandigarh. After winning the seat, she said that she had difficulty in acquiring land in Chandigarh. However, her proposal was accepted by the Chandigarh Administration and the film city is proposed to be set up in Sarangpur, Chandigarh. These are seen as media of creating jobs.

Chandigarh: Politics

Legislative Assembly by Le Corbusier
Punjab and Haryana High Court by Le Corbusier

Chandigarh, as a Union Territory, is not entitled to a state-level election: thus State Assembly elections are not held and it is directly controlled by the central government. However, one seat is contested here for the General Elections held every five years.

The following Members of Parliament have been elected till date from the Chandigarh constituency:

Election Member Party
1967 Chand Goyal BJS
1971 Amar Nath Vidyalankar Indian National Congress
1977 Krishna Kant Janata Party
1980 Jagannath Kaushal Indian National Congress
1984 Jagannath Kaushal Indian National Congress
1989 Harmohan Dhawan Janata Dal
1991 Pawan Kumar Bansal Indian National Congress
1996 Satya Pal Jain Bharatiya Janata Party
1998 Satya Pal Jain Bharatiya Janata Party
1999 Pawan Kumar Bansal Indian National Congress
2004 Pawan Kumar Bansal Indian National Congress
2009 Pawan Kumar Bansal Indian National Congress
2014 Kirron Kher Bharatiya Janata Party

The city is controlled by a civic administration. In the Municipal Corporation, BJP candidate Arun Sood defeated Congress' Mukesh Bassi by 21-15 votes for the post of Mayor, while BJP's Davesh Moudgil and SAD's Hardeep Singh defeated Congress' Darshan Garg and Gurbax Rawat for the posts of Sr. Deputy Mayor and Deputy Mayor respectively, in the Municipal Corporation's mayoral polls in January 2016. In January 2017 BJP's Asha Kumari Jaswal was elected as the mayor, BJP's Rajesh Kumar Gupta and Anil Dubey were elected as senior deputy mayor and deputy mayor respectively.

Composition of Chandigarh Municipal Corporation as of February, 2017

Political Party Number of Councillers
Bharatiya Janata Party 20
Shiromani Akali Dal 1
Indian National Congress 4
Independent 1
Nominated 9
Member of Parliament 1
Total 36

Chandigarh: Places of interest

Chandigarh has various visitor attractions including theme gardens within the city. Some notable sites are:

Chandigarh: Sukhna Lake

Sailing at Sukhna Lake

Sukhna Lake is located in Sector 1, adjoining the Rock Garden near the foothills of Shivalik Hills. Sukhna is an artificial lake. This 3 km rain-fed lake was created in 1958 by damming the Sukhna Choe, a seasonal stream coming down from the Shivalik Hills. It has The Garden of Silence within it.

The atmosphere here is serene. Sukhna Lake is the venue for many festive celebrations. The most popular is the Mango Festival held during the monsoons. It is believed that a Swiss architect Pierre Jeanneret's ashes were immersed in this lake according to his will as he developed a deep bond with the lake.

The garden is most famous for its sculptures made from recycled ceramic, Rock Garden

Chandigarh: Rock Garden

The Rock Garden is situated in the middle of the Capitol Complex and the Sukhna Lake in Sector 1. It is also known as Nek Chand Rock Garden after its founder. It has numerous sculptures made by using a variety of different discarded waste materials like frames, mudguards, forks, handle bars, metal wires, play marbles, porcelain, auto parts, broken bangles etc.

Nek Chand himself went up the Shivalik hills and got different stones and materials with which he started building the garden.

Chandigarh: Rose Garden

Zakir Hussain Rose Garden, or simply Rose Garden, is named after the former President of India, Zakir Hussain. It is situated in Sector 16. The garden is known to be the greatest of its types in Asia.

The garden is said to be spread about thirty to forty acres containing nearly 825 varieties of roses in it and more than 32,500 varieties of other medicinal plants and trees.

Chandigarh: Parrot Bird Sanctuary Chandigarh

Parrot Bird Sanctuary Chandigarh is a bird sanctuary which is located in sector 21 Chandigarh India.It is notified under Section 18 of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972. It is habitat of thousands of parrots. It is the second wildlife sanctuary in the city after Sukhna Wildlife Sanctuary.

Chandigarh: Leisure Valley

A continuum of various theme gardens, Leisure Valley is a linear park over 8 km long which starts from Sector 1 in the north and leaves Chandigarh at its southern most edge. It consists of many theme parks, botanical gardens and green belts, including Rajendra Park in Sector 1, the Bougainvillea Garden in Sector 3 and the Physical Fitness Trails in Sector 10, among others.

Chandigarh: Other destinations

A Young Professional Enjoys her Vacation in Sector 17 Market, Chandigarh

Other tourist destinations include The New Lake in Sector 42, Capitol Complex in Sector 1, City Centre in Sector 17, Open hand monument in Sector 1, Le Corbusier Centre in Sector 19, Government Museum and Art Gallery in Sector 10, International Doll Museum in Sector 23, Sree Chaitanya Gaudiya Math in Sector 20.

There are many tourist gardens like the Garden of Fragrance in Sector 36, Garden of Palms in Sector 42, Butterfly Park in Sector 26, Valley of Animals in Sector 49, the Japanese Garden in Sector 31 and the Terraced Garden in Sector 33. Several other famous tourist destinations like Pinjore Gardens, Morni Hills, Nada Sahib, Kasauli, ChattBir Zoo lie in its vicinity.

Chandigarh: Education

Gandhi Bhavan built by Pierre Jeanneret for Panjab University

There are numerous educational institutions in Chandigarh. These range from privately and publicly operated schools to colleges and the Panjab University. Other Institutions are Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Govt Medical college & Hospital, Punjab Engineering College Deemed University, Govt College for Men, Govt College for Women, DAV College, MCM DAV College for Women, Goswami Ganesh Dutta Sanatan Dharma College Sector-32, Govt Homeopathic College, Ayurvedic College, Govt Polytechnical College, Govt Home Science College, Dr Ambedkar Institute of Hotel management, Khalsa College Sec- 26, National Institute of Technical Teachers Training and Research(NITTTR) Sec-26, Government College of Commerce and Business Administration (GCCBA) Sec-50 etc.

According to Chandigarh administration's department of education, there are a total of 107 government schools in Chandigarh and convent schools like St. Stephen's School, St. John's High School, Chandigarh, St. Anne's Convent School, Sacred Heart School, St. Kabir Public School and Carmel Convent School.

Chandigarh: Transport

Chandigarh: Road

Public transport
CTU AC bus outside railway station

Chandigarh has the largest number of vehicles per capita in India. Wide, well maintained roads and parking spaces all over the city ease local transport. The Chandigarh Transport Undertaking (CTU) operates public transport buses from its Inter State Bus Terminals (ISBT) in Sectors 17 and 43 of the city. CTU also operates frequent bus services to the neighbouring states of Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh and to Delhi.

Chandigarh is well connected by road to the following nearby cities, by the following highway routes:

  • NH5-IN.svg NH 5 to Shimla in the northeast, and to Ludhiana in the west.
  • NH7-IN.svg NH 7 to Patiala in the southwest.
  • NH152-IN.svg NH 152 to Ambala in the south (NH 44 catches up from Ambala to Panipat-Delhi).

Chandigarh: Air

View of Chandigarh Airport new terminal

Chandigarh Airport has scheduled commercial flights to major cities of India including Delhi, Pune, Mumbai, Chennai, Thiruvananthapuram, Leh and Srinagar. The airport has international flights to Sharjah and Dubai.

Chandigarh: Rail

Chandigarh Junction railway station lies in the Northern Railway zone of the Indian Railway network and provide connectivity to all the regions of India and some major Indian cities. It provides connectivity to eastern states with link to cities like Kolkata, Dibrugarh; southern states with trains to Visakhapatnam, Thiruvananthapuram, Bangalore and Kollam; western states with trains to Jaipur, Ahmedabad and Mumbai; central states with trains to Bhopal and Indore; other northern states with trains to Lucknow, Amritsar, Ambala, Panipat, Kalka, Shimla. and Pune.

The Chandigarh Metro Rail is a proposed metro rail to serve the city locally and connect it to other two cities of the Chandigarh capital region. It is expected to start working by 2018 along with the extension of Kolkata Metro and proposed Indore Metro.

Chandigarh: Entertainment

Chandigarh: Sports

The Chandigarh Hockey Stadium, Sector 42

The Sector 16 Stadium, has been a venue of several international cricket matches. But it has lost prominence after the PCA Stadium was constructed in Mohali. It still provides a platform for cricketers in this region to practice and play inter-state matches.

The Chandigarh Golf Club has 7,202 yard, 18 hole course known for its challenging narrow fairways, a long 613 yard long, dogleg 7th hole and floodlighting on the first nine holes.

There are many other sports grounds and complex like the Lake Sports Complex; Sports Complexes in Sectors 7, 42, 46; Table Tennis Hall, Sector 23; Hockey Centre, Sector 18; Football Stadium, Sector 17; Skating Rink, Sector 10; Wrestling, Basketball and Handball Indoor Hall, Sector 42; CLTA Lawn Tennis Grounds, Sector 10; Athletics Stadium, Sector 7 and 26 Police Lines; Volleyball Courts, Sector 7 and so on. Many personalities from this region have excelled in sports.

Chandigarh: Gardens

The city has two gardens of international repute – the Rock Garden of Chandigarh in sector 1 and the Zakir Hussain Rose Garden in sector 16. The latter has the distinction of being the largest of its kind in Asia.

Chandigarh has a belt of parks running from sector to sector. It is known for its green belts and other special tourist parks. Sukhna Lake itself hosts a large number of gardens, including the Garden of Silence.

Chandigarh: Rose festival

Every Year, Chandigarh Citco holds three days (21st of February to 23rd of February) of rose festival in Zakir Hussain Rose Garden that portrays 1000s of sub species of roses. In the same event, lac of people across world comes down to the city and enjoy the Nature and cultural amalgamation.

Chandigarh: Ramlila in Chandigarh

Every year in September or October during Navrati, City people of various sector hold Ramlila event. Ramlila is folk tradition celebrated by Hindus across India. Entire Chandigarh celebrates this event with utmost importance for more than 50 years.

Chandigarh: Notable people from Chandigarh

  • Mohinder Singh Randhawa, Indian Civil Service officer who played a major role in establishing the city of Chandigarh
  • Neerja Bhanot, Ashoka Chakra Awardee, flight attendant and model
  • Milkha Singh Commonwealth gold medalist.
  • Kapil Dev, former Indian international cricketer
  • Jaspal Bhatti, Padma Bhushan Awardee, Film and TV Actor and renowned satirist
  • Kirron Kher, Indian actress and theatre artist (also BJP M.P.)
  • Sargun Mehta, Punjabi Film Actress
  • Yuvraj Singh, Indian international cricketer
  • Gurleen Chopra, Punjabi actress
  • Jeev Milkha Singh, professional Golfer
  • Binny Bansal, Founder of Flipkart, Billionaire.
  • Sachin Bansal, Founder of Flipkart, Billionaire.
  • Mohit Sehgal, TV actor
  • Kulraj Randhawa, Punjabi Film Actress
  • Ayushman Khurrana, Indian Film actor
  • Gurbani Judge, MTV India VJ and actress
  • Harita Kaur Deol, Pilot
  • Yami Gautam, Indian film actress
  • Surveen Chawla, Punjabi Film Actress
  • Gul Panag, Indian film actress and Social Activist
  • Abhinav Bindra, Olympic gold medalist
  • Mahi Gill, Indian actress
  • Mukesh Gautam, Punjabi film director
  • Gajendra Pal Singh Raghava, Bioinformatics Scientist
  • Ramesh Kumar Nibhoria, winner of Ashden Awards-UK
  • Nek Chand, Indian artist and creator of the Rock Garden of Chandigarh
  • Sabeer Bhatia, Indian-American Entrepreneur who founded Hotmail
  • Rochak Kohli, Music Composer, Singer, Lyricist
  • Sandesh Jhingan, Indian International Professional footballer
  • Neel Kamal Puri Novelist, Columnist
  • Aanchal Kumar Model, Actress
  • Prince Narula MTV Roadies, Splitsvilla and Bigg Boss 9 Winner, Model
  • Sri Srinivasan, United States Circuit Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit
  • Pammi Somal, Noted Bollywood journalist and filmaker

Chandigarh: See also

  • India – Wikipedia book
  • Chandigarh capital region
  • Mohali
  • Panchkula
  • Ambala Chandigarh Expressway

Chandigarh: Notes

  1. see § Etymology
  2. The lowest is Daman and Diu (618 females per thousand males) and second lowest is Dadra and Nagar Haveli (774 females per thousand males).

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Chandigarh: Further reading

  • Evenson, Norma. Chandigarh. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1966.
  • Sarbjit Bahga, Surinder Bahga (2014) Le Corbusier and Pierre Jeanneret: The Indian Architecture, CreateSpace, ISBN 978-1495906251
  • Joshi, Kiran. Documenting Chandigarh: The Indian Architecture of ISBN 1-890206-13-X
  • Kalia, Ravi. Chandigarh: The Making of an Indian City. New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1999.
  • Maxwell Fry and Jane Drew. Chandigarh and Planning Development in India, London: Journal of the Royal Society of Arts, No.4948, 1 April 1955, Vol. CIII, pages 315–333. I. The Plan, by E. Maxwell Fry, II. Housing, by Jane B. Drew.
  • Nangia, Ashish. Re-locating Modernism: Chandigarh, Le Corbusier and the Global Postcolonial. PhD Dissertation, University of Washington, 2008.
  • Perera, Nihal. "Contesting Visions: Hybridity, Liminality and Authorship of the Chandigarh Plan" Planning Perspectives 19 (2004): 175–199
  • Prakash, Vikramaditya. Chandigarh’s Le Corbusier: The Struggle for Modernity in Postcolonial India. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2002.
  • Sarin, Madhu. Urban Planning in the Third World: The Chandigarh Experience. London: Mansell Publishing, 1982.
Government
  • The Official Website of Chandigarh Administration
General information
  • Chandigarh Encyclopædia Britannica entry
  • Chandigarh at DMOZ
  • Chandigarh Business Directory
  • Geographic data related to Chandigarh at OpenStreetMap
Source of information: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. We're not responsible for the content of this article and your use of this information. Disclaimer
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