|Singapore Changi Airport
Lapangan Terbang Changi Singapura
(Xīnjiāpō Zhāngyí Jīchǎng)
(Ciṅkappūr Cāṅki Vimana Nilaiyam)
|Airport type||Public / Military|
|Owner||Government of Singapore|
|Opened||1 July 1981 (operational)
29 December 1981 (official)
|Time zone||SST (UTC+08:00)|
|Elevation AMSL||6.66 m / 22 ft|
|Coordinates|| / 1.3592111; 103.989306 / 1.3592111; 103.989306|
|Location in Singapore|
Source: Changi Airport Group
Singapore Changi Airport (IATA: SIN, ICAO: WSSS), or simply Changi Airport, is the primary civilian airport for Singapore, and one of the largest transportation hubs in Southeast Asia. It is currently rated the World's Best Airport (Skytrax 2017), for the fifth consecutive year (Skytrax's World's Best Airport 2013 – 2017) and is one of the world's busiest airports by international passenger and cargo traffic. The airport is located in Changi, at the eastern end of Singapore, approximately 17.2 kilometres (10.7 mi) northeast from Marina Bay (Singapore's Downtown Core), on a 13-square-kilometre (5.0 sq mi) site. It is operated by Changi Airport Group and it is the home base of Singapore Airlines, Singapore Airlines Cargo, SilkAir, Scoot, Tigerair, Jetstar Asia Airways and BOC Aviation.
Changi Airport serves more than 100 airlines flying to some 380 cities in about 90 countries and territories worldwide. Each week, about 7,000 flights land or depart from Changi, or about one every 90 seconds, with 58.7 million passengers passing through the airport in 2016.
For the 2016 full-year figures published by the airport, the airport handled 58,698,039 passengers (a 5.9% increase over the previous year), the most in its 35-year history. This made it the sixth busiest airport by international passenger traffic in the world and the second busiest in Asia. In December 2016, Changi Airport registered a total of 5.68 million passenger movements, the highest ever traffic the airport has achieved in a month since it opened in 1981. Its daily record was also broken on the Saturday before Christmas (23 December 2016), with more than 202,359 passengers passing through during the day. In addition to being an important passenger hub, the airport is one of the busiest cargo airports in the world, handling 1.97 million tonnes of cargo in 2016. The total number of commercial aircraft movements increased by 4.1% from the previous year to 360,490 in 2016.
The airport has won over 533 awards since 1981, including 26 "Best Airport" awards in just 2016 alone. Changi Airport's efforts to mitigate the effects of ageing infrastructure include continual physical upgrades to its existing terminals and building new facilities to maintain its reputation for setting standards in airport service quality.
Changi Airport has three main passenger terminals, arranged in an elongated inverted 'U' shape. Currently, the airport has a designed total annual handling capacity of 66 million passengers.
There is also a privately run luxury terminal called the JetQuay CIP Terminal. It is similar to the Lufthansa First Class Terminal at Frankfurt Airport, but is open to all passengers travelling in all classes on all airlines with an access fee.
The Budget Terminal opened on 26 March 2006 and ceased operations on 25 September 2012.
As all passenger traffic out of the airport is international in nature, the three major terminals in operation are equipped with immigration-processing facilities for international travel.
After recovering from a drop in passenger traffic as a result of the September 11 attacks in 2001 and the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) epidemic in 2003, the airport saw rapid growth in traffic, which hit the 30-million mark for the first time a year later in 2004. In March 2008 and prior to the full effect of the financial crisis of 2007–2010 on the global economy, the airport predicted that it will handle 50 million passengers by 2012, with increases due to the opening of casinos in Singapore, together with the phased liberalisation of the Asean aviation sector. As predicted, the airport surpassed the 50-million mark for the first time in history in 2012.
The Air Cargo Division of the Changi Airport Group manages the Changi Airfreight Centre located in the north of the airport premises. The airport handled 1.81 million tonnes of air cargo in 2012, making it the 7th-busiest airfreight hub in the world and the fifth-busiest in Asia. Due to Singapore's large electronics sector, electrical components constitute a significant part of the total cargo traffic handled at the airport, although it has initiated attempts to diversify into the perishable air cargo market.
In 2015, Changi Airport handled 1,853,087 tonnes of air freight, which is more than the total combined weight of four Burj Khalifa skyscrapers.
Air Cargo World awarded Changi Airport the 2013 Air Cargo Excellence Award for airports handling more than 1,000,000 tonnes of cargo in Asia.
In 2016, Indonesia was the largest market for Singapore Changi Airport, followed by Malaysia, China, Thailand, Australia, India, Hong Kong, Japan, Philippines and Vietnam.
In 2016, Jakarta was the top destinations for travelers in Singapore Changi Airport, followed by Kuala Lumpur, Bangkok, Hong Kong, Manila, Tokyo, Denpasar, Ho Chi Minh City, Taipei and Sydney.
The Changi Airport Group manages the overall safety and security of the airport. The Airport Management Division of the CAG manages the customer aspects of the airport's security, while the Aviation Security Unit oversees the airport's compliance with aviation security (AVSEC) policies, manages AVSEC-related projects. Operationally, the airport's emergency and fire-fighting services are handled by the Airport Emergency Service Division of the CAG. The AES handles all instances of rescue and fire-fighting within the airport premises as well as in surrounding waters through its specialists operating from two main fire stations (Station 1 by Runway 1 along W. Perimeter Road and Station 2 by Runway 2 along Changi Coast Road), a sub-station (Domestic Fire Station), a sea rescue base (at CAFHI jetty supporting Griffon Hoverworks 2000TD and 8000TD rescue hovercrafts, Rigid-hulled inflatable boats) around the airport.
The airport's security comes under the regulatory purview of the Airport Police Division of the Singapore Police Force. The day to day discharge of security functions at the airport are performed by auxiliary police forces including Aetos Security Management, Certis CISCO and SATS Security Services, of which Aetos and SATS Security Services are affiliated to the ground handling companies of Dnata and Singapore Changi Airport Terminal Services respectively. On 29 April 2008, CAAS then signed its biggest single security contract for all airport related security services by engaging Certis CISCO to provide security services at Singapore Changi Airport, as well as Seletar Airport, Changi Airfreight Centre, and the Singapore Air Traffic Control Centre. It involves the deployment of about 2,600 Certis Cisco personnel, including armed Auxiliary Police Officers and unarmed aviation security officers to perform tasks including screening checked baggage, controlling access to restricted areas, and screening passengers before they board their aircraft.
Since the 11 September 2001 attacks and naming of the airport as a terrorism target by the Jemaah Islamiyah, the airport's security has been stepped up. Roving patrol teams consisting of SAF and SPF officers, armed with assault rifles or sub-machine guns, patrol the terminals at random intervals. Officers from the Gurkha Contingent are also deployed to patrol the transit areas of the terminal buildings. These measures come at a cost partly borne by travellers in the form of a "passenger security service charge," imposed since 2002.
In 2005, an upgrade in screening technology and rising security concerns led to luggage-screening processes being conducted behind closed-doors, as opposed to them being done just before check-in previously within public view. Carry-on luggage and persons screening are conducted at the individual departure gates, while check-in luggage are screened in the backrooms and secured before loading. A perimeter intrusion detection system for Changi Airport's perimeter fence has also been put in place to further strengthen security of the airfield, while a biometric access control system for staff movement has been put in place since 2006.
|AirAsia||Kota Kinabalu, Kuala Lumpur–International, Kuching, Langkawi, Miri, Penang|
|Air China||Beijing–Capital, Chengdu|
|Air France||Paris–Charles de Gaulle|
|Air India||Chennai, Delhi, Mumbai|
|Air India Express||Chennai, Kolkata, Tiruchirappalli|
|Air New Zealand||Auckland|
|Air Niugini||Port Moresby|
|All Nippon Airways||Tokyo–Haneda, Tokyo–Narita|
|Bangkok Airways||Koh Samui|
|Biman Bangladesh Airlines||Dhaka|
|British Airways||London–Heathrow, Sydney|
|Cathay Pacific||Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Hong Kong|
|Cebu Pacific||Cebu, Clark, Davao, Iloilo, Manila|
|China Airlines||Kaohsiung, Surabaya, Taipei–Taoyuan|
|China Eastern Airlines||Kunming, Nanjing, Shanghai–Pudong|
|China Southern Airlines||Guangzhou|
|Delta Air Lines||Tokyo–Narita|
|Druk Air||Kolkata, Paro|
|Emirates||Brisbane, Colombo, Dubai–International, Melbourne|
|Ethiopian Airlines||Addis Ababa, Kuala Lumpur–International (resumes 1 June 2017)|
|Etihad Airways||Abu Dhabi|
|Firefly||Ipoh, Kuala Lumpur–Subang, Kuantan|
|Garuda Indonesia||Amsterdam, London–Heathrow, Denpasar, Jakarta–Soekarno–Hatta, Medan, Surabaya|
|IndiGo||Bengaluru (begins 30 June 2017), Chennai|
|Indonesia AirAsia||Bandung, Denpasar, Jakarta–Soekarno–Hatta, Semarang, Yogyakarta|
|Japan Airlines||Tokyo–Haneda, Tokyo–Narita|
|Jet Airways||Bangalore, Chennai, Delhi, Mumbai|
|Jetstar Airways||Denpasar, Melbourne, Perth|
|Jetstar Asia Airways||Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Da Nang, Darwin, Denpasar, Guiyang, Haikou, Ho Chi Minh City, Hong Kong, Jakarta–Soekarno–Hatta, Kuala Lumpur–International, Manila, Medan, Osaka–Kansai, Palembang, Pekanbaru, Penang, Perth, Phnom Penh, Phuket, Sanya, Shantou, Siem Reap, Surabaya, Taipei–Taoyuan, Yangon|
|Jetstar Pacific Airlines||Ho Chi Minh City|
|Malaysia Airlines||Kuala Lumpur–International, Kuching, Miri|
|Malindo Air||Kuala Lumpur–International, Penang (begins 22 June 2017)|
|Myanmar Airways International||Yangon|
|Myanmar National Airlines||Yangon|
|Norwegian Air Shuttle
operated by Norwegian Air UK
|London-Gatwick (begins 28 September 2017)|
|Philippine Airlines||Cebu, Manila|
|Qantas||Brisbane, Melbourne, Perth, Sydney|
|Royal Brunei Airlines||Bandar Seri Begawan|
|Scoot||Amritsar, Athens (begins 20 June 2017), Bangkok–Don Mueang, Chennai, Dalian, Gold Coast, Guangzhou, Hangzhou, Hong Kong, Jeddah, Kaohsiung, Melbourne, Nanjing, Osaka–Kansai, Perth, Qingdao, Sapporo–Chitose, Seoul–Incheon, Shenyang, Sydney, Taipei–Taoyuan, Tianjin, Tokyo–Narita|
|Shenzhen Airlines||Guangzhou, Shenzhen|
|SilkAir||Balikpapan, Bandung, Bangalore, Cairns, Cebu, Changsha, Chengdu, Chennai, Chiang Mai, Chongqing, Coimbatore, Colombo, Da Nang, Darwin, Davao, Denpasar, Fuzhou, Hanoi, Hiroshima (begins 30 Oct 2017), Hyderabad, Kalibo, Kathmandu, Kochi, Koh Samui, Kolkata, Kota Kinabalu, Kuala Lumpur–International, Kuching, Kunming, Langkawi, Lombok, Luang Prabang, Makassar, Malé, Manado, Mandalay, Medan, Palembang, Pekanbaru, Penang, Phnom Penh, Phuket, Semarang, Shenzhen, Siem Reap, Surabaya, Thiruvananthapuram, Vientiane, Visakhapatnam, Wuhan, Xiamen, Yangon, Yogyakarta
Seasonal Charter: Naha
operated for Air Timor
operated for Singapore Airlines
|Bandar Seri Begawan|
|Singapore Airlines||Adelaide, Ahmedabad, Amsterdam, Auckland, Bangalore, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Barcelona, Beijing–Capital, Brisbane, Bandar Seri Begawan, Canberra, Cape Town, Chennai, Christchurch, Colombo, Copenhagen, Delhi, Denpasar, Dhaka, Dubai–International, Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Fukuoka, Guangzhou, Hanoi, Hong Kong, Houston–Intercontinental, Ho Chi Minh City Istanbul–Atatürk, Jakarta–Soekarno–Hatta, Johannesburg–O.R. Tambo, Kolkata, Kuala Lumpur–International, London–Heathrow, Los Angeles, Malé, Manchester, Manila, Melbourne, Milan–Malpensa, Moscow–Domodedovo, Mumbai, Munich, Nagoya–Centrair, New York–JFK, Osaka–Kansai, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Perth, Rome–Fiumicino, San Francisco, Seoul–Incheon, Shanghai–Pudong, Stockholm–Arlanda, Surabaya, Sydney, Taipei–Taoyuan, Tokyo–Haneda, Tokyo–Narita, Wellington, Yangon, Zürich
|Swiss International Air Lines||Zürich|
|Thai AirAsia||Bangkok–Don Mueang, Krabi, Pattaya, Phuket|
|Thai Lion Air||Bangkok–Don Mueang|
|Tigerair||Bangalore, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Cebu, Clark, Chiang Mai, Denpasar, Dhaka, Guangzhou, Haikou, Hanoi, Hat Yai, Ho Chi Minh City, Hong Kong, Hyderabad, Ipoh, Jaipur,Jakarta–Soekarno–Hatta, Jinan, Kalibo, Kochi, Krabi, Kuala Lumpur–International, Langkawi, Lucknow, Macau, Malé, Manila, Nanning, Ningbo, Penang, Phuket, Quanzhou, Shenzhen, Surabaya, Taipei–Taoyuan, Tiruchirapalli, Wuxi, Xi'an, Yangon, Zhengzhou|
|United Airlines||Chicago–O'Hare, Hong Kong, San Francisco|
|Uzbekistan Airways||Kuala Lumpur–International, Tashkent|
|VietJet Air||Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City|
|Vietnam Airlines||Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City|
|XiamenAir||Fuzhou, Hangzhou, Xiamen|
|AirBridgeCargo||Hong Kong, Moscow–Sheremetyevo, Phnom Penh|
|Air Hong Kong||Hong Kong|
|ANA Cargo||Okinawa, Tokyo–Narita|
|Asiana Cargo||Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Hanoi, Penang, Seoul–Incheon|
|ASL Airlines Belgium||Liège, Shanghai–Pudong|
|Cardig Air||Balikpapan, Jakarta–Soekarno–Hatta|
|Cargolux||Anchorage, Baku, Chicago–O'Hare, Doha, Ho Chi Minh City, Hong Kong, Kuala Lumpur–International, Luxembourg|
|Cathay Pacific Cargo||Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Hanoi, Hong Kong, Penang|
|China Airlines Cargo||Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Manila, Penang, Taipei–Taoyuan|
|China Cargo Airlines||Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Chengdu, Shanghai–Pudong|
operated by AeroLogic
operated by Polar Air Cargo
|Anchorage, Cincinnati, Hong Kong, Seoul–Incheon|
|Emirates SkyCargo||Dubai–Al Maktoum, Melbourne, Sydney|
|Etihad Cargo||Abu Dhabi, Brisbane, Sydney|
|EVA Air Cargo||Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Penang, Taipei–Taoyuan|
|FedEx Express||Anchorage, Guangzhou, Ho Chi Minh City, Jakarta–Soekarno–Hatta, Memphis, Osaka–Kansai, Penang, Shanghai–Pudong, Taipei–Taoyuan, Tokyo–Narita|
|Garuda Indonesia Cargo||Denpasar/Bali, Jakarta–Soekarno–Hatta, Medan, Surabaya|
|Hong Kong Airlines||Hong Kong|
|Korean Air Cargo||Hanoi, Penang, Seoul–Incheon|
|My Indo Airlines||Balikpapan, Jakarta–Halim Perdanakusuma, Surabaya|
|Neptune Air||Kuala Lumpur-International|
|Nippon Cargo Airlines||Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Osaka–Kansai, Tokyo–Narita|
|Singapore Airlines Cargo||Adelaide, Amsterdam, Auckland, Bangalore, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Brussels, Chennai, Coimbatore, Chicago–O'Hare, Copenhagen, Dallas/Fort Worth, Hanoi, Hong Kong, Jakarta–Soekarno–Hatta, Johannesburg–OR Tambo, London–Heathrow, Los Angeles, Medan, Melbourne, Mumbai, Nairobi–Jomo Kenyatta, Nanjing, Sharjah, Sydney|
|Silk Way Airlines||Baku, Kuala Lumpur-International|
|Transmile Air Services||Kuala Lumpur–International, Labuan|
|Tri-MG Intra Asia Airlines||Balikpapan, Jakarta–Soekarno–Hatta|
|Turkish Airlines Cargo||Istanbul–Atatürk, Karachi|
|UPS Airlines||Hong Kong, Shenzhen, Sydney, Taipei–Taoyuan|
Changi Airport was built with ground-transportation considerations in mind from the onset, with the East Coast Parkway built and opened in tandem with the airport, providing a direct link to the city-centre. At a distance of about 20 km (12 mi), the expressway was built almost entirely on reclaimed land, thus minimising disruptions to the existing road network in Singapore's East Coast.
While configured in a compact configuration such that the three main passenger terminal buildings are sited adjacent to each other, allowing for travellers to venture between terminals on foot, the Changi Airport Skytrain people-mover system was added to facilitate quicker and more convenient transfers. The system was upgraded in 2007 to Mitsubishi technology, connecting to Terminal 3 and separating checked-in passengers from the general public on distinct tracks.
The Changi Airport Skytrain operates between Terminals 1, 2 and 3, with a total of seven stations. The trains have separate cars for air-side (transit) and land-side (public) passengers.
The airport is connected to the Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) network via a two-stop branch of the East West Line from Tanah Merah MRT Station, consisting of two stations: Expo, serving the nearby Singapore Expo site; and Changi Airport, located underground between Terminal 2 and Terminal 3 and directly accessible from both terminals. A direct, one-train service to the downtown and western parts of Singapore was initially in operation when the station opened on 8 February 2002. This was replaced by the current shuttle service between Tanah Merah and Changi Airport via Expo on 22 July 2003, when it was found that few passengers actually use this route, compared to the number of commuters who need to travel from the city to Tampines and Pasir Ris. Cross-platform transfers are therefore necessary at Tanah Merah to connect to the rest of the network.
Buses were one of the main methods of transport for passengers and staff until the opening of Changi Airport station. Services operated by SBS Transit, SMRT Buses and Go-Ahead Group uses the bus terminals in the basement level of the three main terminals, making a loop starting from Terminal 3 to Terminals 1, and 2, and back to their destination of origin.
Coaches to and from Johor Bahru are also available. Operated by Transtar Travel, the service will start at coach stands at Terminals 1, 2, 3 and end at Larkin Terminal.
There is also a free shuttle bus service plying between Changi Airport (T3) and Changi Business Park. This service is a 9-stop route, running from Mondays to Fridays, except public holidays.
Taxis are available at the taxi stands at the arrival halls of each terminal. There is an additional airport surcharge (S$3.00-5.00) for all trips originating from the airport.
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Singapore Changi Airport.|
|Library resources about
Singapore Changi Airport
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