Constanța, Romania
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In order to book an accommodation in Constanța enter the proper dates and do the hotel search. If needed, sort the found Constanța hotels by price, star rating, property type, guest rating, hotel features, hotel theme or hotel chain. Then take a look at the found hotels on Constanța map to estimate the distance from the main Constanța attractions and sights. You can also read the guest reviews of Constanța hotels and see their ratings.

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Hotels of Constanța

A hotel in Constanța is an establishment that provides lodging paid on a short-term basis. Facilities provided may range from a basic bed and storage for clothing, to luxury features like en-suite bathrooms. Larger in Constanța hotels may provide additional guest facilities such as a swimming pool, business centre, childcare, conference facilities and social function services. Hotel rooms in Constanța are usually numbered (or named in some smaller hotels and B&Bs) to allow guests to identify their room. Some Constanța hotels offer meals as part of a room and board arrangement. Hotel operations vary in size, function, and cost. Most Constanța hotels and major hospitality companies that operate hotels in Constanța have set widely accepted industry standards to classify hotel types. General categories include the following:

Upscale luxury hotels in Constanța
An upscale full service hotel facility in Constanța that offers luxury amenities, full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and the highest level of personalized and professional service. Luxury Constanța hotels are normally classified with at least a Four Diamond or Five Diamond status or a Four or Five Star rating depending on classification standards.

Full service hotels in Constanța
Full service Constanța hotels often contain upscale full-service facilities with a large volume of full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and a variety of on-site amenities such as swimming pools, a health club, children's activities, ballrooms, on-site conference facilities, etc.

Historic inns and boutique hotels in Constanța
Boutique hotels of Constanța are smaller independent non-branded hotels that often contain upscale facilities of varying size in unique or intimate settings with full service accommodations. Constanța boutique hotels are generally 100 rooms or less. Some historic inns and boutique hotels in Constanța may be classified as luxury hotels.

Focused or select service hotels in Constanța
Small to medium-sized hotel establishments that offer a limited amount of on-site amenities that only cater and market to a specific demographic of Constanța travelers, such as the single business traveler. Most Constanța focused or select service hotels may still offer full service accommodations but may lack leisure amenities such as an on-site restaurant or a swimming pool.

Economy and limited service hotels in Constanța
Small to medium-sized Constanța hotel establishments that offer a very limited amount of on-site amenities and often only offer basic accommodations with little to no services, these facilities normally only cater and market to a specific demographic of travelers, such as the budget-minded Constanța traveler seeking a "no frills" accommodation. Limited service Constanța hotels often lack an on-site restaurant but in return may offer a limited complimentary food and beverage amenity such as on-site continental breakfast service.

Guest houses and B&Bs in Constanța
A bed and breakfast in Constanța is a small lodging establishment that offers overnight accommodation and inclusive breakfast. Usually, Constanța bed and breakfasts are private homes or family homes offering accommodations. The typical Constanța B&B has between 4 and 11 rooms, with 6 being the average. Generally, guests are accommodated in private bedrooms with private bathrooms, or in a suite of rooms including an en suite bathroom. Some homes have private bedrooms with a bathroom which is shared with other guests. Breakfast is served in the bedroom, a dining room, or the host's kitchen. Often the owners of guest house themselves prepare the breakfast and clean the rooms.

Hostels in Constanța
Constanța hostels provide budget-oriented, sociable accommodation where guests can rent a bed, usually a bunk bed, in a dormitory and share a bathroom, lounge, and sometimes a kitchen. Rooms can be mixed or single-sex, although private rooms may also be available. Hostels are often cheaper for both the operator and occupants; many Constanța hostels have long-term residents whom they employ as desk agents or housekeeping staff in exchange for experience or discounted accommodation.

Apartment hotels, extended stay hotels in Constanța
Extended stay hotels are small to medium-sized Constanța hotels that offer longer term full service accommodations compared to a traditional hotel. Extended stay hotels may offer non-traditional pricing methods such as a weekly rate that cater towards travelers in need of short-term accommodations for an extended period of time. Similar to limited and select service hotels, on-site amenities are normally limited and most extended stay hotels in Constanța lack an on-site restaurant.

Timeshare and destination clubs in Constanța
Constanța timeshare and destination clubs are a form of property ownership also referred to as a vacation ownership involving the purchase and ownership of an individual unit of accommodation for seasonal usage during a specified period of time. Timeshare resorts in Constanța often offer amenities similar that of a Full service hotel with on-site restaurant(s), swimming pools, recreation grounds, and other leisure-oriented amenities. Destination clubs of Constanța on the other hand may offer more exclusive private accommodations such as private houses in a neighborhood-style setting.

Motels in Constanța
A Constanța motel is a small-sized low-rise lodging establishment similar to that of a limited service hotel, but with direct access to individual rooms from the car park. Common during the 1950s and 1960s, motels were often located adjacent to a major road, where they were built on inexpensive land at the edge of towns or along stretches of highways. They are still useful in less populated areas of Constanța for driving travelers, but the more populated an area becomes the more hotels fill the need. Many of Constanța motels which remain in operation have joined national franchise chains, rebranding themselves as hotels, inns or lodges.

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Travelling and vacation in Constanța

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For other uses, see Constanța (disambiguation).
Constanța
Cazinoul din Constanta la rasarit HDR.jpg
Constanta Historisches Museum.JPG Constanta Griechische Kirche.JPG
Restorated medieval lighthouse and modern radio tower.jpg Constanta Moschee.JPG Fatada principala Casei cu Lei.JPG
Left to right: Constanța Casino, Museum of National History, Greek Church, The Genoese Lighthouse, Carol I Mosque, The house with Lions
Flag of Constanța
Flag
Coat of arms of Constanța
Coat of arms
Aerial view of the city (2002)
Aerial view of the city (2002)
Constanța is located in Romania
Constanța
Constanța
Location in Romania
Coordinates:  / 44.167; 28.633  / 44.167; 28.633
Country Romania
County Actual Constanta county CoA.png Constanța
Founded 7th century BC as Tomis
Government
• Mayor Decebal Făgădău (Social Democratic Party)
Area
• City 124.89 km (48.22 sq mi)
• Metro 1,013.5 km (391.3 sq mi)
Elevation 25 m (82 ft)
Population (2011 census)
• City Decrease283,872
• Density 2,273/km (5,890/sq mi)
• Metro 425,916
• Ethnic groups Romanians, Tatars, Turks, Roma, Lipovans, Macedonians, Greeks, Armenians
Demonym(s) constănțean, constănțeancă (ro)
Postal code 900xxx
Area code(s) (+40) 41
Vehicle registration CT
Languages Romanian
Website www.primaria-constanta.ro
Sister cities: Sulmona, Turku, Yokohama, Brest, Istanbul, Rotterdam, Odessa, Boulogne-sur-Mer, Dobrich, Thessaloniki, Mobile, Trapani, Sidon, Lattakia, Heraklion, İzmir, Alexandria, Santos, Havana, Shanghai, Perugia, Novorossiysk.

Constanța (Romanian pronunciation: [konˈstant͡sa]), historically known as Tomis (Greek: Κωνστάντζα or Κωνστάντια, Konstantia, Bulgarian: Кюстенджа or Констанца, Turkish: Köstence), is the oldest continuously inhabited city in Romania. It was founded around 600 BC. The city is located in the Dobruja region of Romania, on the Black Sea coast. It is the capital of Constanța County and the largest city in the region.

As of the 2011 census, Constanța has a population of 283,872, making it the fifth most populous city in Romania. The Constanța metropolitan area includes 14 localities within 30 km (19 mi) of the city, and, with 425,916 inhabitants, it is the second largest metropolitan area in Romania.

The Port of Constanța has an area of 39.26 km (15.16 sq mi) and a length of about 30 km (19 mi). It is the largest port on the Black Sea, and one of the largest ports in Europe.

Constanța: History

See also: History of Dobruja
Ruins of Tomis
Constanța panorama in 1910
Constanţa Prefecture (nowadays the Constanţa Military Circle) damaged during city's occupation by the Central Powers (1916–1918)
The port of Constanța in 1941

According to Jordanes (after Cassiodorus), the foundation of the city was ascribed to Tomyris the queen of the Massagetae (The origin and deeds of the Goths):

In 29 BC the Romans captured the region from the Odryses, and annexed it as far as the Danube, under the name of Limes Scythicus ("Scythian Frontier").

In AD 8, the Roman poet Ovid (43 BC-17) was banished here by Augustus and it was where he spent the remaining eight years of his life. He laments his exile in Tomis in his poems: Tristia and Epistulae ex Ponto. Tomis was "by his account a town located in a war-stricken cultural wasteland on the remotest margins of the empire".

Statue of Ovid in front of the Museum of National History

A statue of Ovid stands in the Ovid Square (Piața Ovidiu) of Constanța, in front of the History Museum (the former City Hall).

A number of inscriptions found in the city and its vicinity show that Constanța lies where Tomis once stood. Some of these are now preserved in the British Museum in London. The city was afterwards included in the Province of Moesia, and, from the time of Diocletian, in Scythia Minor, of which it was the metropolis. After the 5th century, Tomis fell under the rule of the Eastern Roman Empire. During Maurice's Balkan campaigns, Tomis was besieged by the Avars in the winter of 597/598.

Tomis was later renamed to Constantiana in honour of Constantia, the half-sister of Roman Emperor Constantine the Great (274-337). The earliest known usage of this name was "Κωνστάντια" ("Constantia") in 950. The city lay at the seaward end of the Great Wall of Trajan, and has evidently been surrounded by fortifications of its own. After successively becoming part of the Bulgarian Empire for over 500 years, and later of the independent principality of Dobrotitsa/Dobrotici and of Wallachia under Mircea I of Wallachia, Constanța fell under the Ottoman rule around 1419.

A railroad linking Constanța to Cernavodă was opened in 1860. In spite of damage done by railway contractors there are considerable remains of ancient masonry walls, pillars, etc. An impressive public building, thought to have originally been a port building, has been excavated, and contains the substantial remains of one of the longest mosaic pavements in the world.

In 1878, after the Romanian War of Independence, Constanța and the rest of Northern Dobruja were ceded by the Ottoman Empire to Romania. The city became Romania's main seaport and transit point for much of Romania's exports.

On October 22, 1916 (during World War I), the Central Powers (German, Turkish and Bulgarian troops) occupied Constanța. According to the Treaty of Bucharest in May 1918, article 10.b (a treaty never ratified by Romania), Constanța remained under the joint control of the Central Powers. Allied troops liberated the city in 1918 after the successful offensive on the Thessaloniki front knocked Bulgaria out of the war.

In the interwar years, the city became Romania's main commercial hub, so that by the 1930s over half of the national exports were going through the port. During World War II, when Romania joined the Axis powers, Constanța was one of the country's main targets for the Allied bombers. While the town was left relatively undamaged, the port suffered extensive damage, recovering only in the early 1950s.

Constanța: Geography

Mamaia, view towards Constanța

Constanța is the administrative center of the county with the same name and the largest city in the EU Southeastern development region of Romania. The city is located on the Black Sea coast, having a beach length of 13 kilometres (8 miles). Mamaia, an administrative district of Constanța, is the largest and most modern resort on the Romanian coast. Mineral springs in the surrounding area and sea bathing attract many visitors in the summer.

Constanța: Climate

Constanța is the warmest city in Romania. It has a humid subtropical climate (Cfa), with oceanic and semi-arid influences. There are four distinct seasons during the year.

Summer (early June to mid September) is warm, dry and sunny with a July and August average of 23 °C (73 °F). The beginning of summer brings plenty of precipitation, but by early July the weather becomes settled and dry. Most summer days see a gentle breeze refreshing the daytime temperatures. Nights are warm and somewhat muggy because of the heat stored by the sea.

Autumn starts in mid or late September with warm and sunny days. September can be warmer than June, owing to the heat accumulated by the Black Sea. The first frost occurs on average in mid November.

Winter is much balmier compared to other cities in southern Romania. Snow is not abundant but the weather can be very windy and unpleasant. Winter arrives much later than in the interior and December weather is often mild with high temperatures reaching 8 °C (46 °F) - 12 °C (54 °F). The average January temperature is 1 °C (34 °F). Winter storms, which happen when the sea becomes particularly treacherous, are a common occurrence between December and March.

Spring arrives early but it's quite cool. Often in April and May the Black Sea coast is one of the coolest places in Romania found at an altitude lower than 500 m (1,640.42 ft).

Four of the warmest 7 years since 1889 occurred after the year 2000 (2000, 2001, 2007 and 2008). The winter and the summer of 2007 were respectively the warmest and the second warmest in recorded history with monthly averages for January (+6.5 °C) and June (+23.0 °C) breaking all-time records. Overall 2007 was the warmest year since 1889 when weather recording began.

Climate data for Constanța (1961–1990)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 18.3
(64.9)
24.5
(76.1)
30.8
(87.4)
31.9
(89.4)
36.9
(98.4)
36.9
(98.4)
38.5
(101.3)
36.8
(98.2)
34.8
(94.6)
31.0
(87.8)
26.5
(79.7)
21.0
(69.8)
38.5
(101.3)
Average high °C (°F) 3.7
(38.7)
4.9
(40.8)
8.1
(46.6)
13.8
(56.8)
19.3
(66.7)
23.8
(74.8)
25.9
(78.6)
25.8
(78.4)
22.4
(72.3)
17.0
(62.6)
11.6
(52.9)
6.4
(43.5)
15.2
(59.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) 0.7
(33.3)
1.9
(35.4)
5.1
(41.2)
10.3
(50.5)
15.7
(60.3)
20.0
(68)
22.0
(71.6)
21.8
(71.2)
18.5
(65.3)
13.4
(56.1)
8.3
(46.9)
3.5
(38.3)
11.8
(53.2)
Average low °C (°F) −2.3
(27.9)
−1.0
(30.2)
2.1
(35.8)
6.9
(44.4)
12.1
(53.8)
16.2
(61.2)
18.0
(64.4)
17.9
(64.2)
14.6
(58.3)
9.8
(49.6)
5.0
(41)
0.5
(32.9)
8.3
(46.9)
Record low °C (°F) −24.7
(−12.5)
−25.0
(−13)
−12.8
(9)
−4.5
(23.9)
1.8
(35.2)
6.4
(43.5)
7.6
(45.7)
8.0
(46.4)
1.0
(33.8)
−12.4
(9.7)
−11.7
(10.9)
−18.6
(−1.5)
−25.0
(−13)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 30
(1.18)
29
(1.14)
26
(1.02)
30
(1.18)
38
(1.5)
40
(1.57)
30
(1.18)
33
(1.3)
29
(1.14)
31
(1.22)
42
(1.65)
38
(1.5)
396
(15.59)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 7.0
(2.76)
7.0
(2.76)
4.2
(1.65)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
5.5
(2.17)
3.4
(1.34)
27.1
(10.68)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 5 5 5 5 6 6 5 3 3 4 6 6 59
Average relative humidity (%) 86 85 85 83 81 78 76 77 79 82 86 88 82
Mean monthly sunshine hours 83.4 85.7 133.9 179.7 264.1 282.2 319.9 311.7 241.1 182.3 101.1 80.7 2,265.8
Source #1: NOAA, Deutscher Wetterdienst (humidity, 1973–1993)
Source #2: Romanian National Statistic Institute (extremes 1901–2000)

Constanța: Demographics

Historical population of Constanța
Year Population
1853 5,204 -
1879 5,430 4.3%
1900 12,725 134.3%
1912 census 27,201 113.7%
1930 census 59,164 117.5%
1948 census 78,586 32.8%
1956 census 99,676 26.8%
1966 census 150,276 50.7%
1977 census 256,978 71%
1992 census 350,581 36.4%
2002 census 310,471 −11.4%
2011 census 283,872 −8.6%

According to the 2002 Romanian census, there were 310,471 people living within the city of Constanța, making it the fifth most populous city in Romania.

As of 2011, 283,872 inhabitants live within the city limits, a decrease from the figure recorded at the 2002 census.

As of 2014, an article of INS said that the population of Constanța grew, the city having at the end of the year 319,678 inhabitants living permanently within the city limits.

After Bucharest, the capital city, Romania has a number of major cities that are roughly equal in size: Constanța, Iași, Cluj-Napoca and Timișoara.

The metropolitan area of Constanța has a permanent population of 387,593 inhabitants, i.e. 61% of the total population of the county, and a minimum average of 120,000 per day, tourists or seasonal workers, transient people during the high tourist season.

Ethnicity 1853 1896 1912 2002 2011
All 5,204 10,419 27,201 310,471 283,872
Romanian 279 (5.4%) 2,519 (24.1%) 15,663 (57.6%) 286,332 (92.2%) 235,925 (83.11%)
Tatar 1,853 (35.6%) 2,202 (21.1%) 277 (1%) 8,724 (2.8%) 7,367 (2.6%)
Turkish 104 (2.0%) 2,451 (9%) 9,018 (2.9%) 6,525 (2.3%)
Greek 1,542 (29.6%) 2,460 (23.6%) 3,170 (11.6%) 546 (0.17%) 231 (0.08%)
Bulgarian 342 (6.5%) 1,060 (10.1%) 940 (3.4%) 48 (0.01%) 18 (0.01%)
Jewish 344 (6.6%) 855 (8.2%) 1,266 (4.6%) 44 (0.01%) 31 (0.01%)
Roma/Gypsy 127 (2.5%) n/a n/a 2,962 (0.97%) 2,225 (0.78%)

Constanța: Economy

The port of Kustendje/Köstence in 1856. Drawing by Camille Allard
View toward Constanța shipyard

As of 1878, Constanța was defined as a "poor Turkish fishing village." As of 1920, it was called "flourishing," and was known for exporting oil and cereals.

Constanța is one of Romania's main industrial, commercial and tourist centers. During the first half of 2008, some 3,144 new companies were established in Constanța and its neighbouring localities, a number surpassed only in Bucharest and Cluj County. The Port of Constanța is the largest on the Black Sea and the fourth largest in Europe. The city also boasts a comparably large shipyard.

Tourism has been an increasingly important economic activity in recent years. Although Constanța has been promoted as a seaside resort since the time of Carol I, the development of naval industry had a detrimental effect on the city's beaches. Nevertheless, due to its proximity to other major tourist destinations, Constanța receives a significant number of visitors every year, who discover and visit the city's monuments and attractions. Also, Constanța is a centre of commerce and education, both of which significantly contribute to the local economy.

Constanța: Transport

A2 motorway, also known as "Sun's Highway"

The opening, in 1895, of the railway to Bucharest, which crosses the Danube River at the bridge at Cernavodă, brought Constanța considerable transit trade in grain and petroleum, which are largely exported; coal and coke head the list of imports, followed by machinery, iron goods, and cotton and woollen fabrics.

The A2 motorway provides a rapid road link between Constanța and Bucharest, while the A4 motorway acts as the city's outer traffic ring, diverting heavy traffic to and from the Port of Constanța and to Mangalia.

The Port of Constanța includes the North Port and the South Port, and is the fourth largest in Europe. It is protected by breakwaters, with a lighthouse at the entrance. The port is sheltered from the northerly winds, but southerly winds can prove highly dangerous at times. The Black Sea squadron of the Romanian fleet is stationed here. A large canal (the Danube-Black Sea Canal) connects the Danube River to the Black Sea at Constanța.

The city is served by Mihail Kogălniceanu International Airport.

One of Constanța's distinct pink MAZ buses, running on Route 44.

Constanța's public transport system is run by Regia Autonomă de Transport în Comun Constanța (RATC), and consists of 23 year-round bus lines, and one summer sightseeing double decker open top bus line to tourists.

In the early 2000s, the city bought 130 new MAZ buses to replace the aging fleet of DAC buses. The entire fleet is now made up of buses from the 2000-2008 period, which are painted in distinctive bright colors, such as pink, yellow and green. There is also a fleet of double decker Volvo buses that run in the summer, providing access to and from the resort of Mamaia. As of October 2013, the cost of a return ticket is 3 RON.

Trams were active until the early 2000s. By this time, however, the cars were almost 25 years old and with the difficulties in maintenance, were decommissioned in favour of long-wheelbase buses. Two trolley bus lines were active until the late 2000s - now also decommissioned and replaced by buses.

At the end of March 2014, all public buses were upgraded with Wifi for free use by all passengers. Speeds fall into the 3G HSDPA mobile range. Also, as an upgrade to the ticketing system, since the same time, tickets and per day all bus lines subscriptions can be bought via SMS, accepted by all national operators.

There are also plenty of private minibuses (similar to a share taxi) which run along longer and more intricate lines. The price of a minibus ticket, as of October 2013, varies between 1 and 2 RON depending on the operator.

Constanța: Tourism

Situated at the crossroads of several commercial routes, Constanța lies on the western coast of the Black Sea, 185 miles (298 km) from the Bosphorus Strait. An ancient metropolis and Romania's largest sea port, Constanța traces its history some 2,500 years. Originally called Tomis, legend has it that Jason landed here with the Argonauts after finding the Golden Fleece.

The "sitting woman" and the "thinker" of Hamangia. 5th millennium BC. National History and Archaeology Museum, Constanța

One of the largest cities in Romania, Constanța is now an important cultural and economic center, worth exploring for its archaeological treasures and the atmosphere of the old town center. Its historical monuments, ancient ruins, grand Casino, museums and shops, and proximity to beach resorts make it the focal point of Black Sea coast tourism. Open-air restaurants, nightclubs and cabarets offer a wide variety of entertainment. Regional attractions include traditional villages, vineyards, ancient monuments and the Danube Delta, the best preserved delta in Europe.

The National History and Archaeology Museum is located in the old City Hall and has a very large collection of ancient art.

Constanța: Main sights

The Casino at sunset
The Genoese Lighthouse
Carol I Mosque, Constanța is the centre of Islam in Romania.
Details from the House with Lions
The Cathedral of Saints Peter and Paul
The Ottoman Hunchiar mosque in Constanța is still used by the Turkish minority

Constanța: Ovid's Square

Designed by the sculptor Ettore Ferrari in 1887, the statue dedicated to the Roman poet, Publius Ovidius Naso, gives name to this square. Emperor Augustus exiled Ovid to Tomis in 8 AD.

Constanța: The Roman Mosaics (Edificiul Roman cu Mozaic)

A vast complex on three levels once linked the upper town to the harbor. Today, only about a third of the original edifice remains, including more than 9,150 sq ft (850 m) of colorful mosaics. Built toward the end of the 4th century AD and developed over the centuries, it was the city's commercial center until the 7th century. Archaeological vestiges point to the existence of workshops, warehouses and shops in the area. Remains of the Roman public baths can still be seen nearby. Aqueducts brought water 6 miles (10 km) to the town.

Constanța: The Genoese Lighthouse (Farul Genovez)

Soaring 26 feet (7.9 m), the Genoese Lighthouse was built in 1860 by the Danubius and Black Sea Company to honor Genoese merchants who established a flourishing sea trade community here in the 13th century.

Constanța: The Casino (Cazinoul)

Designed by architects Daniel Renard and Petre Antonescu and completed between the two World Wars, the art-nouveau style Constanța Casino features sumptuous architecture and a wonderful view of the sea. The pedestrian area around the Casino is a sought-after destination for couples and families, especially at sunset.

Constanța: The House with Lions (Casa cu Lei)

Blending pre-Romantic and Genovese architectural styles, this late 19th century building features four columns adorned with imposing sculptured lions. During the 1930s, its elegant salons hosted the Constanța Masonic Lodge.

Constanța: The Archeology Park (Parcul Arheologic)

The park houses columns and fragments of 3rd and 4th-century buildings and a 6th-century tower.

Constanța: National Opera and Ballet Theater Oleg Danovski

Constanța: St. Peter & Paul Orthodox Cathedral

Constructed in Greco-Roman style between 1883 and 1885, the church was severely damaged during World War II and was restored in 1951. The interior murals display a neo-Byzantine style combined with Romanian elements best observed in the iconostasis and pews, chandeliers and candlesticks (bronze and brass alloy), all designed by Ion Mincu and completed in Paris.

Constanța: The Great Mahmudiye Mosque (Moscheea Mare Mahmoud II)

Built in 1910 by King Carol I, the mosque is the seat of the Mufti, the spiritual leader of the 55,000 Muslims (Turks and Tatars by origin) who live along the coast of the Dobrogea region. The building combines Byzantine and Romanian architectural elements, making it one of the most distinctive mosques in the area. The centerpiece of the interior is a large Turkish carpet, a gift from Sultan Abdul Hamid. Woven at the Hereke Handicraft Center in Turkey, it is one of the largest carpets in Europe, weighing 1,080 pounds. The main attraction of the mosque is the 164 ft (50 m) minaret (tower) which offers a stunning view of the old downtown and harbor. Five times a day, the muezzin climbs 140 steps to the top of the minaret to call the faithful to prayer.

Constanța: Hünkar Mosque (Geamia Hunchiar)

The mosque was built between 1867-1868 by Ottoman Sultan Abdülaziz for Turks who were forced to leave Crimea after the Crimean War (1853–56) and settled in Constanța. The mosque has a 24m high minaret and was subject to a restoration in 1945 and 1992.

Constanța: The Fantasio Theatre (Teatrul Fantasio)

Built in 1927 by Demostene Tranulis, a local philanthropist of Greek origin, this theatre used to be called “Tranulis” before 1947, after the name of its benefactor. It's a fine building featuring elements of neoclassical architecture, located in the heart of the city, on Ferdinand Boulevard.

Constanța: Romanian Navy Museum (Muzeul marinei române)

The museum is the largest institution of this kind in Romania and it hosts precious evidence concerning the development of the country's military and civil navy. The idea of founding the museum was outlined for the first time in 1919, but it was materialized only in the late 1960s at the initiative of Nicolae Ceaușescu, when the Romanian Navy Museum was officially opened on 3 August 1969. Museum collections capture models of ships, knots, anchors, navy uniforms. It has also a special collection dedicated to important figures who made history in the Romanian navy. Prices for one ticket go from 5 RON to 10 RON.

Constanța: Neighborhoods

  • Abator
  • Anadalchioi
  • Badea Cârțan
  • Boreal
  • Casa de Cultură
  • Centru
  • C.E.T.
  • Coiciu
  • Dacia
  • Energia
  • Faleză Nord
  • Faleză Sud (Poarta 6)
  • Far
  • Gară
  • Groapă
  • Halta Traian
  • I.C.I.L.
  • I. C. Brătianu (Filimon Sîrbu between 1948–1990)
  • Inel I
  • Inel II
  • Km. 4 (Billa)
  • Km. 4-5
  • Km. 5
  • Mamaia
  • Medeea
  • Palas
  • Palazu Mare
  • Peninsulă
  • Pescărie
  • Piața Chiliei
  • Piața Griviței
  • Port
  • Tăbăcarie
  • Tomis I
  • Tomis II
  • Tomis III
  • Tomis IV
  • Tomis Nord
  • Trocadero
  • Unirii
  • Victoria
  • Viile Noi
  • Zona Industrială

(Formally, Mamaia and Palazu Mare are separate villages administered by Constanța municipality.)

Constanța: Politics

The current mayor of Constanța is Decebal Făgădău (Social Democratic Party).

The Constanța Municipal Council, elected in the 2016 local government elections, is made up of 27 councilors, with the following party composition:

Party Seats in 2004 Seats in 2008 Seats in 2012 Current Council
Social Democratic Party 15 19 15 13
National Liberal Party 6 3 4 10
People's Movement Party N/A N/A N/A 3
Independent N/A N/A N/A 1
Democratic Liberal Party 3 5 3 N/A
National Union for the Progress of Romania 0 0 3 0
People's Party – Dan Diaconescu 0 0 3 N/A
Christian Democratic National Peasants' Party 0 0 1 0
Greater Romania Party 3 0 0 0

Constanța: Media

Main article: Media in Constanța

Constanța: Sports

Constanța is home to several football clubs, with FC Viitorul playing in the Romanian first division. There are two rugby teams in Constanța: RC Farul Constanța, who play in Divizia Națională BRD, and Constructul Cleopatra Constanța, who play in Divizia A. One of the top Romanian handball clubs, HCM Constanța, is also based in the city. Olympic champion gymnasts Simona Amânar and Cătălina Ponor were born in Constanța. Răzvan Florea, Olympic champion swimmer was also born in Constanța. The tennis player Simona Halep is also a native of the city.

Constanța and Mamaia, the neighboring summer holiday resort, are home to the Constanța-Mamaia ETU Triathlon European Cup that was held there in 2014 and 2015 and is also planned to take place in 2016.

Constanța: International relations

See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Romania

Constanța: Twin towns - Sister cities

Constanța is twinned with:

  • Kazakhstan Aktau, Kazakhstan
  • Egypt Alexandria, Egypt
  • France Boulogne-sur-Mer, France
  • France Brest, France
  • Bulgaria Dobrich, Bulgaria
  • Cuba Havana, Cuba
  • Greece Heraklion, Greece
  • Turkey Istanbul, Turkey
  • Turkey İzmir, Turkey
  • Syria Latakia, Syria
  • Indonesia Makassar, Indonesia
  • United States Mobile, United States
  • Russia Novorossiysk, Russia
  • Ukraine Odessa, Ukraine
  • Italy Perugia, Italy
  • Netherlands Rotterdam, Netherlands
  • Brazil Santos, Brazil
  • China Shanghai, China
  • Lebanon Sidon, Lebanon
  • Italy Sulmona, Italy
  • Greece Thessaloniki, Greece
  • Italy Trapani, Italy
  • Finland Turku, Finland
  • Japan Yokohama, Japan

Constanța: Consulates

  • China The Consulate General of the People's Republic of China
  • Russia The Consulate General of Russia
  • Greece The Consulate General of Greece
  • Turkey The Consulate General of Turkey
  • Central African Republic The Honorary Consulate of Central African Republic
  • United Kingdom The Honorary Consulate of the United Kingdom
  • France The Honorary Consulate of France
  • Italy The Honorary Consulate of Italy
  • Norway The Honorary Consulate of Norway
  • Finland The Honorary Consulate of Finland
  • Hungary The Honorary Consulate of Hungary
  • Lebanon The Honorary Consulate of Lebanon
  • Syria The Honorary Consulate of Syria

Constanța: Natives of Constanța

Main article: List of people from Constanța

Constanța: Education

  • Universities
    • Mircea cel Bătrân Naval Academy
    • Constanța Maritime University
    • Ovidius University
    • Andrei Șaguna University
    • Tomis University
    • Dimitrie Cantemir University
  • High schools
    • Mircea cel Bătrân National College
    • Constantin Bratescu National College
    • Mihai Eminescu National College
    • Electrotechnics and Telecommunication High School
    • George Călinescu High School
    • Ovidius High School
    • Decebal High School
    • Traian High School
    • Computer Science International High School
    • "Nicolae Rotaru" Sports High School
    • Orthodox Theological Seminary
    • National College of Arts "Queen Marie"
  • International Schools
    • Cambridge School of Constanța (CSC) http://cambridgeconstanta.ro/

Constanța: References

  1. "Population at 20 October 2011" (in Romanian). INSSE. 5 July 2013. Retrieved 16 June 2016.
  2. "Constanța". Romanian Tourist Office. Retrieved 2009-04-18.
  3. Jordanes. "The origin and the deeds of the Goths, Chapter X".
  4. The Cambridge Companion to Ovid ed. Philip Hardie p.235.
  5. British Museum Collection
  6. "Constanța Climate Normals 1961-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved March 21, 2015.
  7. "Klimatafel von Constanta (Konstanza), Dobrudscha / Rumänien" (PDF). Baseline climate means (1961-1990) from stations all over the world (in German). Deutscher Wetterdienst. Retrieved November 23, 2016.
  8. "AIR TEMPERATURE (monthly and yearly absolute maximum and absolute minimum)" (PDF). Romanian Statistical Yearbook: Geography, Meteorology, and Environment. Romanian National Statistic Institute. 2007. Retrieved March 21, 2015.
  9. The history of Constanța (Romanian)
  10. Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition
  11. "A Handbook of Roumania". Archive.org. Retrieved 2012-06-30.
  12. Robert Stănciugel and Liliana Monica Bălașa, Dobrogea în Secolele VII-XIX. Evoluție istorică, Bucharest, 2005; pg. 202
  13. Lucian Boia, History and Myth in Romanian Consciousness, Central European University Press, 2001, p. 182
  14. Ioan N Roman, La population de la Dobrogea d'après le recensement du 1er janvier 1913 in La Dobrogea Roumaine, Bucharest, 1919
  15. 2011 census results per county, cities and towns "Structura Etno-demografică a României". Edrc.ro. 2011-12-28. Retrieved 2012-06-30.
  16. "Populația stabilă după etnie – județe, municipii, orașe, comune" (XLS) (in Romanian). Institutul Național de Statistică. Retrieved 2015-11-23.
  17. Stoica, Vasile (1919). The Roumanian Question: The Roumanians and their Lands. Pittsburgh: Pittsburgh Printing Company. p. 77.
  18. "GhidTuristic.Ro: Județul Constanța" (in Romanian). Retrieved 2 December 2008.
  19. "Cuget Liber: Constanța are 3.144 de firme noi, în primele șase luni din 2008" (in Romanian). Retrieved 2 December 2008.
  20. "Port of Constanța Ranking". www.eosnap.com. 2010-10-19.
  21. "Șantierul Naval Constanța: Despre noi". Retrieved 2 December 2008.
  22. Juler, Caroline. Rumunia. Przewodniki National Geographic (in Polish). National Geographic Polska.
  23. ILiNC. "Regia Autonomă de Transport în Comun Constanța | Home". www.ratc.ro. Retrieved 2016-06-27.
  24. [1]
  25. "2014 Constanta-Mamaia ETU Triathlon European Cup | Triathlon.org". www.triathlon.org. Retrieved 2016-01-26.
  26. "2016 Constanta-Mamaia ETU Triathlon Premium European Cup | Triathlon.org". www.triathlon.org. Retrieved 2016-01-27.
  27. "Les jumelages de Brest". Mairie-brest.fr. Archived from the original on April 3, 2009. Retrieved 2009-07-07.
  28. "Kota Kembar Makassar-Constantia". Ali Mochtar Ngabalin. Retrieved 2010-01-25.
  29. "Twinning Cities". City of Thessaloniki. Archived from the original on 2009-03-31. Retrieved 2009-07-07.
  30. "Eight Cities/Six Ports: Yokohama's Sister Cities/Sister Ports". Yokohama Convention & Visitors Bureau. Archived from the original on 2009-08-27. Retrieved 2009-07-18. External link in |publisher= (help)

Constanța: Studies

  • Livia Buzoianu and Maria Barbulescu, "Tomis," in Dimitrios V. Grammenos and Elias K. Petropoulos (eds), Ancient Greek Colonies in the Black Sea, Vol. 1 (Oxford, Archaeopress, 2001) (BAR International Series; 1675 (1-2)), 287-336.
  • Constanța travel guide from Wikivoyage
  • Official website
  • Constanța Seaport official site
Source of information: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. We're not responsible for the content of this article and your use of this information. Disclaimer
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