Best prices on Dodecanese hotel booking and tickets to Dodecanese, Greece
One of today's offers is an unique opportunity to instantly find the lowest prices on Dodecanese hotels and book a best hotel on Dodecanese saving up to 80%! You can do it quickly and easily with HotelsCombined, a world's leading free hotel metasearch engine that allows to search and compare the rates of all major hotel chains, top travel sites, and leading hotel booking websites, including Booking.com, Hotels.com, Agoda.com, etc. The hotel price comparison service HotelsCombined means cheap Dodecanese hotel booking, lowest prices on hotels on Dodecanese and airline tickets to Dodecanese, Greece!
Dodecanese Hotels Comparison & Online Booking
▪ Lowest prices on Dodecanese hotels booking ▪ The discounts on Dodecanese hotels up to 80% ▪ No booking fees on Dodecanese hotels ▪ Detailed description & photos of Dodecanese hotels ▪ Trusted ratings and reviews of Dodecanese hotels ▪ Advanced Dodecanese hotel search & comparison ▪ All Dodecanese hotels on the map ▪ Interesting sights of Dodecanese
What's important: you can compare and book not only Dodecanese hotels and resorts, but also villas and holiday cottages, inns and B&Bs (bed and breakfast), condo hotels and apartments, timeshare properties, guest houses and pensions, campsites (campgrounds), motels and hostels on Dodecanese. If you're going to Dodecanese save your money and time, don't pay for the services of the greedy travel agencies. Instead, book the best hotel on Dodecanese online, buy the cheapest airline tickets to Dodecanese, and rent a car on Dodecanese right now, paying the lowest price! Besides, here you can buy the Dodecanese related books, guidebooks, souvenirs and other goods.
By the way, we would recommend you to combine your visit to Dodecanese with other popular and interesting places of Greece, for example: Mount Athos, Tingaki, Poros, Mytilene, Delphi, Sithonia, Kavos, Mithymna, Parga, Meteora, Lefkada, Kastoria, Kalymnos, Chania, Sidari, Naxos, Chios, Dodecanese, Spetses, Rhodes, Santorini, Paleokastritsa, Crete, Afantou, Polychrono, Pefkochori, Corinth, Patras, Afytos, Kalavryta, Sparta, Laganas, Athens, Zakynthos, Kokkari, Halkidiki, Sporades, Marathokampos, Heraklion, Samothrace, Neos Marmaras, Andros, Chaniotis, Kardamaina, Samos, Peloponnese, Hersonissos, Nafplio, Loutraki, Pefkos, Ionian Islands, Mykonos, Monemvasia, Lemnos, Thasos, Patmos, Lindos, Katerini, Rethymno, Kalamata, Pythagoreio, Kriopigi, Arkadia, Lesbos, Kassandra, Kos, Thessaloniki, Dassia, Aegina, Karpathos, Corfu, Hydra, Cephalonia, Ialysos, Cyclades, Kefalos, Acharavi, Syros, Agios Gordios, etc.
How to Book a Hotel on Dodecanese
In order to book an accommodation on Dodecanese enter the proper dates and do the hotel search. If needed, sort the found Dodecanese hotels by price, star rating, property type, guest rating, hotel features, hotel theme or hotel chain. Then take a look at the found hotels on Dodecanese map to estimate the distance from the main Dodecanese attractions and sights. You can also read the guest reviews of Dodecanese hotels and see their ratings.
When a hotel search on Dodecanese is done, please select the room type, the included meals and the suitable booking conditions (for example, "Deluxe double room, Breakfast included, Non-Refundable"). Press the "View Deal" ("Book Now") button. Make your booking on a hotel booking website and get the hotel reservation voucher by email. That's it, a perfect hotel on Dodecanese is waiting for you!
Hotels of Dodecanese
A hotel on Dodecanese is an establishment that provides lodging paid on a short-term basis. Facilities provided may range from a basic bed and storage for clothing, to luxury features like en-suite bathrooms. Larger on Dodecanese hotels may provide additional guest facilities such as a swimming pool, business centre, childcare, conference facilities and social function services. Hotel rooms on Dodecanese are usually numbered (or named in some smaller hotels and B&Bs) to allow guests to identify their room. Some Dodecanese hotels offer meals as part of a room and board arrangement. Hotel operations vary in size, function, and cost. Most Dodecanese hotels and major hospitality companies that operate hotels on Dodecanese have set widely accepted industry standards to classify hotel types. General categories include the following:
Upscale luxury hotels on Dodecanese
An upscale full service hotel facility on Dodecanese that offers luxury amenities, full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and the highest level of personalized and professional service. Luxury Dodecanese hotels are normally classified with at least a Four Diamond or Five Diamond status or a Four or Five Star rating depending on classification standards.
Full service hotels on Dodecanese
Full service Dodecanese hotels often contain upscale full-service facilities with a large volume of full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and a variety of on-site amenities such as swimming pools, a health club, children's activities, ballrooms, on-site conference facilities, etc.
Historic inns and boutique hotels on Dodecanese
Boutique hotels of Dodecanese are smaller independent non-branded hotels that often contain upscale facilities of varying size in unique or intimate settings with full service accommodations. Dodecanese boutique hotels are generally 100 rooms or less. Some historic inns and boutique hotels on Dodecanese may be classified as luxury hotels.
Focused or select service hotels on Dodecanese
Small to medium-sized hotel establishments that offer a limited amount of on-site amenities that only cater and market to a specific demographic of Dodecanese travelers, such as the single business traveler. Most Dodecanese focused or select service hotels may still offer full service accommodations but may lack leisure amenities such as an on-site restaurant or a swimming pool.
Economy and limited service hotels on Dodecanese
Small to medium-sized Dodecanese hotel establishments that offer a very limited amount of on-site amenities and often only offer basic accommodations with little to no services, these facilities normally only cater and market to a specific demographic of travelers, such as the budget-minded Dodecanese traveler seeking a "no frills" accommodation. Limited service Dodecanese hotels often lack an on-site restaurant but in return may offer a limited complimentary food and beverage amenity such as on-site continental breakfast service.
Guest houses and B&Bs on Dodecanese
A bed and breakfast on Dodecanese is a small lodging establishment that offers overnight accommodation and inclusive breakfast. Usually, Dodecanese bed and breakfasts are private homes or family homes offering accommodations. The typical Dodecanese B&B has between 4 and 11 rooms, with 6 being the average. Generally, guests are accommodated in private bedrooms with private bathrooms, or in a suite of rooms including an en suite bathroom. Some homes have private bedrooms with a bathroom which is shared with other guests. Breakfast is served in the bedroom, a dining room, or the host's kitchen. Often the owners of guest house themselves prepare the breakfast and clean the rooms.
Hostels on Dodecanese
Dodecanese hostels provide budget-oriented, sociable accommodation where guests can rent a bed, usually a bunk bed, in a dormitory and share a bathroom, lounge, and sometimes a kitchen. Rooms can be mixed or single-sex, although private rooms may also be available. Hostels are often cheaper for both the operator and occupants; many Dodecanese hostels have long-term residents whom they employ as desk agents or housekeeping staff in exchange for experience or discounted accommodation.
Apartment hotels, extended stay hotels on Dodecanese
Extended stay hotels are small to medium-sized Dodecanese hotels that offer longer term full service accommodations compared to a traditional hotel. Extended stay hotels may offer non-traditional pricing methods such as a weekly rate that cater towards travelers in need of short-term accommodations for an extended period of time. Similar to limited and select service hotels, on-site amenities are normally limited and most extended stay hotels on Dodecanese lack an on-site restaurant.
Timeshare and destination clubs on Dodecanese
Dodecanese timeshare and destination clubs are a form of property ownership also referred to as a vacation ownership involving the purchase and ownership of an individual unit of accommodation for seasonal usage during a specified period of time. Timeshare resorts on Dodecanese often offer amenities similar that of a Full service hotel with on-site restaurant(s), swimming pools, recreation grounds, and other leisure-oriented amenities. Destination clubs of Dodecanese on the other hand may offer more exclusive private accommodations such as private houses in a neighborhood-style setting.
Motels on Dodecanese
A Dodecanese motel is a small-sized low-rise lodging establishment similar to that of a limited service hotel, but with direct access to individual rooms from the car park. Common during the 1950s and 1960s, motels were often located adjacent to a major road, where they were built on inexpensive land at the edge of towns or along stretches of highways. They are still useful in less populated areas of Dodecanese for driving travelers, but the more populated an area becomes the more hotels fill the need. Many of Dodecanese motels which remain in operation have joined national franchise chains, rebranding themselves as hotels, inns or lodges.
HotelsCombined is the leading hotel metasearch engine founded in 2005, with headquarters in Sydney, Australia. It is widely recognized as the world's best hotel price comparison site and has won many of the most prestigious tourism industry awards. The site operates in over 40 languages, handles 120 different currencies and aggregates more than 2 million deals from hundreds of travel sites and hotel chains. The number of users counts more than 300,000 people a year with over $1,000,000,000 in estimated total cost of hotel reservations.
The main purpose of HotelsCombined hotel price comparison service is to help the travelers in finding a perfect accommodation option on Dodecanese at the best price, eliminating the need to manually analyze hundreds of hotel booking sites and thousands of price offers. Through the partnership with the most popular hotel booking websites, online travel agencies and hotel chains, HotelsCombined allows its users to search for and compare the current rates on Dodecanese hotels in a single search. It also provides an aggregated summary of hotel reviews and ratings from external sites.
The HotelsCombined's advanced technology allows to instantly find the available Dodecanese hotels and process the offers of all leading travel websites, including Booking.com, Hotels.com, Agoda.com and many others (AccorHotels.com, AirAsiaGo.com, Amoma.com, AsiaTravel.com, BestWestern.com, Budgetplaces.com, EasyToBook.com, Elvoline.com, Expedia.com, Getaroom.com, Hilton.com, Homestay.com, Hotel.de, HotelClub.com, HotelsClick.com, HotelTravel.com, Housetrip.com, ihg.com, Interhome.com, Jovago.com, LateRooms.com, NH-Hotels.com, OnHotels.com, Otel.com, Prestigia.com, Skoosh.com, Splendia.com, Superbreak.com, Tiket.com, etc.). Due to the fast and easy-to-use search system you get the rates on available Dodecanese hotels and book a preferable hotel on a website providing the lowest price.
All Dodecanese Hotels & Hostels Online
HotelsCombined is especially recommended for those interested in Dodecanese, Greece, HotelsCombined, Trivago, sale on the hotel booking site HotelsCombined, discount coupons on the hotel booking site HotelsCombined, best rates on Dodecanese hotels, low prices on Dodecanese hotels, best hotel on Dodecanese, best Dodecanese hotel, discounted Dodecanese hotel booking, online Dodecanese hotel reservation, Dodecanese hotels comparison, hotel booking on Dodecanese, luxury and cheap accomodation on Dodecanese, Dodecanese inns, Dodecanese B&Bs, bed and breakfast on Dodecanese, condo hotels and apartments on Dodecanese, bargain Dodecanese rentals, cheap Dodecanese vacation rentals,Dodecanese pensions and guest houses, cheap hotels and hostels of Dodecanese, Dodecanese motels, dormitories of Dodecanese, dorms on Dodecanese, Dodecanese dormitory rooms, lowest rates on hotels on Dodecanese, hotel prices comparison on Dodecanese, travel to Dodecanese, vacation on Dodecanese, trip to Dodecanese, trusted hotel reviews of Dodecanese, sights and attractions of Dodecanese, Dodecanese guidebook, Dodecanese guide, hotel booking on Dodecanese, Greece, tours to Dodecanese, travel company on Dodecanese, travel agency on Dodecanese, excursions on Dodecanese, etc.
Many people are also interested in the tickets to Dodecanese, airline tickets to Dodecanese, Dodecanese hotel booking, Dodecanese hostels, dormitory of Dodecanese, dorm on Dodecanese, Dodecanese dormitory, Dodecanese airfares, Dodecanese airline tickets, Dodecanese tours, Dodecanese travel, must-see places on Dodecanese, Dodecanese Booking.com, Dodecanese hotels Trivago, Dodecanese Expedia, Dodecanese Airbnb, Dodecanese TripAdvisor, Hotels Combined Dodecanese, HotelsCombined Dodecanese, Dodecanese hotels and hostels, GR hotels and hostels, Black Friday on the hotel booking site HotelsCombined, Cyber Monday on the hotel booking site HotelsCombined, New Year's and Christmas sale HotelsCombined, hotelscombined.en, HotelsCombined.en, HotelsCombined.en, hotelscombined.com, Додеканез, On İki Ada, Nomós Dodekanísou, Dodekanez, جزائر دؤدیکانیز, دودکانس, Dodekany, Dodekanese, האיים הדודקאנסיים, and so on.
While others are looking for the دوديكانيسيا, Dodekanesos, Դոդեկանես, Dodekaneserne, Dodekanesoj, 도데카니사 제도, Dodekanesas, Prefectura del Dodecanès, Dodekaneesid, Dodekanesane, Tylftareyjar, Archipiélago del Dodecaneso, Dodecanesus, Астравы Дадэканес, دودکانیس, Dodecanese, Dodecaneso, Dodekanesia, დოდეკანესის კუნძულები, Dodekanisa, 十二群島, Dodekanesene, Додеканес, Dodekanes, Dodekaneso, Na hOileáin Dhóideacanacha, ドデカネス諸島, Dodecanez, جزائر ڈوکینیز, Dodekanesa, Dodecannesu, Dodécanèse, Dodekanisos, Додеканези, โดเดคะนีส, Dodekanészosz, Δωδεκάνησα. A lot of people have already booked the hotels on Dodecanese on the hotel booking site HotelsCombined. It works. Try it for yourself!
Location of municipalities within Dodecanese Prefecture
2,714 km (1,048 sq mi)
74/km (190/sq mi)
• Density rank
ISO 3166 code
The Dodecanese (/doʊdɪkəˈniːz/; Greek: Δωδεκάνησα, Dodekánisa, [ðoðeˈkanisa], literally 'twelve islands') are a group of 15 larger plus 150 smaller Greek islands in the southeastern Aegean Sea, off the coast of Asia Minor (Turkey), of which 26 are inhabited. Τhis island group generally defines the eastern limit of the Sea of Crete. They belong to the wider Southern Sporades island group.
The most historically important and well-known is Rhodes, which has been the area's dominant island since Antiquity. Of the others, Kos and Patmos are historically the more important; the remaining nine are Agathonisi, Astypalaia, Kalymnos, Karpathos, Kasos, Leipsoi, Leros, Nisyros, Symi, Tilos, and Kastellorizo. Other islands in the chain include Alimia, Arkoi, Chalki, Farmakonisi, Gyali, Kinaros, Levitha, Marathos, Nimos, Pserimos, Saria, Strongyli, Syrna and Telendos.
The name "Dodecanese" (older form ἡ Δωδεκάνησος, hē Dōdekanēsos; modern τα Δωδεκάνησα, ta Dōdekanēsa), meaning "The Twelve Islands", denotes today an island group in the southeastern Aegean Sea, comprising fifteen major islands-Agathonisi, Astypalaia, Kalymnos, Karpathos, Kasos, Kastellorizo, Kos, Leipsoi, Leros, Nisyros, Patmos, Rhodes, Symi, Tilos, and Chalki-and 93 smaller islets. Since Antiquity, these islands formed part of the group known as the Southern Sporades (Νότιες Σποράδες).
The name Dōdekanēsos first appears in Byzantine sources in the 8th century. However it was not applied to the current island group, but to the twelve Cyclades islands clustered around Delos. The name may indeed be of far earlier date, and modern historians suggest that a list of 12 islands given by Strabo was the origin of the term. The term remained in use throughout the medieval period and was still used for the Cyclades in both colloquial usage and scholarly Greek-language literature until the 18th century. The transfer of the name to the present-day Dodecanese has its roots in the Ottoman period. Following the Ottoman conquest in 1522, the two larger islands, Rhodes and Kos, came under direct Ottoman rule, while the others, of which the twelve main islands were usually named, enjoyed extensive privileges pertaining to taxation and self-government. Concerted attempts to abolish these privileges were made after 1869, as the Ottoman Empire attempted to modernize and centralize its administrative structure, and the last vestiges of the old privileges were finally abolished after the Young Turks took power in 1909.
It was at that time that the press in the independent Kingdom of Greece began referring to the twelve privileged islands-Kalymnos, Symi, Leros, Ikaria, Patmos, Astypalaia, Nisyros, Chalki, Tilos, Karpathos, Kasos, and Kastellorizo-in the context of their attempts to preserve their privileges, collectively as the "Dodecanese". Shortly after, in 1912, most of the Southern Sporades were captured by the Italians in the Italo-Turkish War; except for Kastellorizo, which came under Italian rule only in 1921, and Ikaria, which joined Greece during the First Balkan War. The place of the latter two was taken by Kos and Rhodes, bringing the number of the major islands under Italian rule back to twelve. Thus, when the Greek press began agitating for the cession of the islands to Greece in 1913, the term used was still the "Dodecanese". The Italian occupation authorities helped to establish the term when they named the islands under their control "Rhodes and the Dodecanese" (Rodi e Dodecaneso), adding Leipsoi to the list of the major islands to make up for considering Rhodes separately. By 1920, the name had become firmly established for the entire island group, a fact acknowledged by the Italian government when it appointed the islands' first civilian governor, Count Carlo Senni, as "Viceroy of the Dodecanese". As the name was associated with Greek irredentism, from 1924 Mussolini's Fascist regime tried to abolish its use, by referring to them as the "Italian Islands of the Aegean", but this name never acquired any wider currency outside Italian administrative usage. The islands joined Greece in 1947 as the "Governorate-General of the Dodecanese" (Γενική Διοίκησις Δωδεκανήσου), since 1955 the "Dodecanese Prefecture" (Νομός Δωδεκανήσου).
Dodecanese: Pre-history and the Archaic Period
Colossus of Rhodes, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World
The Doric temple of Athena Lindia, Lindos
Hippocrates' statue in Kos island
The Dodecanese have been inhabited since prehistoric times. In the Neopalatial period on Crete, the islands were heavily Minoanized (contact beginning in the second millennium BC). Following the downfall of the Minoans, the islands were ruled by the Mycenaean Greeks from circa 1400 BC, until the arrival of the Dorians circa 1100 BC. It is in the Dorian period that they began to prosper as an independent entity, developing a thriving economy and culture through the following centuries. By the early Archaic Period Rhodes and Kos emerged as the major islands in the group, and in the 6th century BC the Dorians founded three major cities on Rhodes (Lindos, Kameiros and Ialyssos). Together with the island of Kos and the cities of Knidos and Halicarnassos on the mainland of Asia Minor, these made up the Dorian Hexapolis.
Dodecanese: Classical Period
This development was interrupted around 499 BC by the Persian Wars, during which the islands were captured by the Persians for a brief period. Following the defeat of the Persians by the Athenians in 478 BC, the cities joined the Athenian-dominated Delian League. When the Peloponnesian War broke out in 431 BC, they remained largely neutral although they were still members of the League.
By the time the Peloponnesian War ended in 404 BC, the Dodecanese were mostly removed from the larger Aegean conflicts, and had begun a period of relative quiet and prosperity. In 408 BC, the three cities of Rhodes had united to form one state, which built a new capital on the northern end of the island, also named Rhodes; this united Rhodes was to dominate the region for the coming millennia. Other islands in the Dodecanese also developed into significant economic and cultural centers; most notably, Kos served as the site of the school of medicine founded by Hippocrates.
However, the Peloponnesian War had so weakened the entire Greek civilization's military strength that it lay open to invasion. In 357 BC, the islands were conquered by the king Mausolus of Caria, then in 340 BC by the Persians. But this second period of Persian rule proved to be nearly as short as the first, and the islands became part of the rapidly growing Macedonian Empire as Alexander the Great swept through and defeated the Persians in 332 BC, to the great relief of the islands' inhabitants.
Following the death of Alexander, the islands, and even Rhodes itself, were split up among the many generals who contended to succeed him. The islands formed strong commercial ties with the Ptolemies in Egypt, and together they formed the Rhodo-Egyptian alliance which controlled trade throughout the Aegean in the 3rd century BC. Led by Rhodes, the islands developed into maritime, commercial and cultural centers: coins of Rhodes circulated almost everywhere in the Mediterranean, and the islands' schools of philosophy, literature and rhetoric were famous. The Colossus of Rhodes, built in 304 BC, perhaps best symbolized their wealth and power.
In 164 BC, Rhodes signed a treaty with Rome, and the islands became aligned to greater or lesser extent with the Roman Empire while mostly maintaining their autonomy. Rhodes quickly became a major schooling center for Roman noble families, and, as the islands (and particularly Rhodes) were important allies of Rome, they enjoyed numerous privileges and generally friendly relations. These were eventually lost in 42 BC, in the turmoil following the assassination of Julius Caesar in 44 BC, after which Cassius invaded and sacked the islands. Thereafter, they became part of the Roman Empire proper. Titus made Rhodes capital of the Provincia Insularum, and eventually the islands were joined with Crete as part of the 18th Province of the Roman Empire.
In the 1st century, Saint Paul visited the islands twice, and Saint John visited numerous times; they succeeded in converting the islands to Christianity, placing them among the first dominantly Christian regions. Saint John eventually came to reside among them, being exiled to Patmos, where he wrote his famous Revelation.
Dodecanese: Middle Ages
Main articles: Cibyrrhaeot Theme and Knights Hospitaller
Monastery of Saint John the Theologian, Patmos
Palace of the Grand Master of the Knights of Rhodes
As the Roman Empire split in AD 395 into Eastern and Western halves, the islands became part of the Eastern part, which later evolved into the Byzantine Empire. They would remain there for nearly a thousand years, though these were punctuated by numerous invasions. It was during this period that they began to re-emerge as an independent entity, and the term Dodecanese itself dates to around the 8th century. Copious evidence of the Byzantine period remains on the islands today, most notably in hundreds of churches from the period which can be seen in various states of preservation.
In the 13th century, with the Fourth Crusade, Italians began invading portions of the Dodecanese, which had remained under the nominal power of the Empire of Nicea; Venetians (Querini, Cornaro) and Genoese families (Vignoli) each held some islands for brief periods, while Orthodox monks ruled on Patmos and Leros. Finally, in the 14th century, the Byzantine era came to an end when the islands were taken by forces of the Knights Hospitaller (Knights of St. John): Rhodes was conquered in 1309, and the rest of the islands fell gradually over the next few decades. The Knights made Rhodes their stronghold, transforming its capital into a grandiose medieval city dominated by an impressive fortress, and scattered fortresses and citadels through the rest of the islands as well.
These massive fortifications proved sufficient to repel invasions by the Sultan of Egypt in 1444 and Mehmed II in 1480. Finally, however, the citadel at Rhodes fell to the large army of Suleiman the Magnificent in 1522, and the other islands were overrun within the year. The few remaining Knights fled to Malta.
Dodecanese: Ottoman rule
Main article: Ottoman Greece
Suleiman mosque (view from below), Rhodes (city)
Thus began a period of several hundred years in the Ottoman Empire. The Dodecanese formed a separate province within the Eyalet of the Archipelago. The population was allowed to retain a number of privileges provided it submitted to Ottoman rule. By Suleiman's edict, they paid a special tax in return for a special autonomous status that prohibited Ottoman generals from interfering in their civil affairs or mistreating the population. These guarantees, combined with a strategic location at the crossroads of Mediterranean shipping, allowed the islands to prosper. The overwhelmingly Greek population (only Rhodes and Kos had Turkish communities) leaned heavily towards Greece following its declaration of independence in 1822, and many of the islanders joined the Greek War of Independence, with the result that the northern portion of the Dodecanese (including Samos) became briefly the Greek provinces of the Eastern Sporades and Southern Sporades. Kasos in particular played a prominent role due to its skilled mariners, until its destruction by the Egyptians in 1824. Most of the islands were slated to become part of the new Greek state in the London Protocol of 1828, but when Greek independence was recognized in the London Protocol of 1830, the islands were left outside the new Kingdom of Greece. Indeed, the 19th century turned out to be one of the islands' most prosperous, and a number of mansions date from this era.
Dodecanese: Turks of the Dodecanese
Main article: Turks of the Dodecanese
There is a Turkish Muslim minority living in the Dodecanese, especially in Rhodes and Kos but also a few in Kalimnos. Sources have variously estimated the Turkish population of Kos and Rhodes to be 5,000 6,000 or 7,000.
Dodecanese: Italian rule
Further information: Italian Islands of the Aegean and Italian colonists in the Dodecanese
Palazzo del Governo in Rhodes (city), now the Prefecture of the Dodecanese.
After the outbreak of the Italian-Turkish war over Libya, in early 1912 Italy, in order to apply pressure on the Ottoman government closer to its metropolitan territories, occupied all the present-day Dodecanese except for Kastellorizo.
After the end of the war according to the Treaty of Ouchy, Italy maintained the occupation of the islands as guarantee for the execution of the treaty. The occupation continued after Italy declared war on the Ottoman Empire (21 August 1915) during the First World War.
During the war, the islands became an important naval base for Britain and France; Italy was allied with both nations during World War I. The Dodecanese were used as a staging area for numerous campaigns, most famously the one at Gallipoli. Some of the smaller islands were occupied by the French and British, but Rhodes remained under Italian occupation. In 1915, the French also occupied Kastellorizo.
Following the war, the Tittoni–Venizelos agreement, signed on July 29, 1919, called for the smaller islands to join with Greece, while Italy maintained control of Rhodes. The treaty further outlined an exchange where Italy would receive Antalya for southwest Anatolia. The Greek defeat in the Greco-Turkish War and the foundation of modern Turkey prevented the exchange. Italy formally annexed the Dodecanese as the Possedimenti Italiani dell'Egeo under the terms of the Treaty of Lausanne. Mussolini embarked on a program of Italianization, hoping to make Rhodes a modern transportation hub that would serve as a focal point for the spread of Italian culture in the Levant. The islands were overwhelmingly Greek-speaking, with a Turkish-speaking minority and an even smaller Ladino-speaking Jewish minority. Immigrant Italian speakers were a marginal language community.
The Fascist program, in its many attempts to modernize the islands, eradicated malaria, and constructed hospitals, aqueducts, a power plant to provide Rhodes' capital with electric lighting, and established the Dodecanese Cadastre. The main castle of the Knights of St. John was also rebuilt. The concrete-dominated Fascist architectural style detracted significantly from the islands' picturesque scenery (and also reminded the inhabitants of Italian rule), and has consequently been largely demolished or remodeled, apart from the famous example of the Leros town of Lakki, which remains a prime example of the architecture.
From 1936 to 1940 Cesare Maria De Vecchi acted as Governor of the Italian Islands of the Aegean promoting the official use of the Italian language and favoring a process of italianization, interrupted by the beginning of World War II. In the 1936 Italian census of the Dodecanese islands, the total population was 129,135, of which 7,015 were Italians.
Dodecanese: World War II
See also: Dodecanese Campaign
WWII cemetery in Leros
During World War II, Italy joined the Axis Powers, which used the Dodecanese as a naval staging area for their invasion of Crete in 1941. After the surrender of Italy in September 1943, the islands briefly became a battleground between the Germans and Allied forces, including the Italians. The Germans prevailed in the Dodecanese Campaign, and although they were driven out of mainland Greece in 1944, the Dodecanese remained occupied until the end of the war in 1945, during which time nearly the entire Jewish population of 6,000 was deported and killed. Only 1,200 of these Ladino-speaking Jews survived by escaping to the nearby coast of Turkey. On 8 May 1945 the German garrison commander Otto Wagener surrendered the islands to the British on Rhodes handing over 5,000 German and 600 Italian military personnel.
Modern fountain of Neptune in Diafáni, Karpathos
Dodecanese: Post-World War II
Following the war, the islands became a British military protectorate, and were almost immediately allowed to run their own civil affairs, upon which the islands became informally united with Greece, though under separate sovereignty and military control. Despite objections from Turkey, which desired the islands as well, they were formally united with Greece by the 1947 Peace Treaty with Italy, ending 740 years of foreign rule over the islands. As a legacy of its former status as a jurisdiction separate from Greece, it is still considered a separate "entity" for amateur radio purposes, essentially maintaining its status as an independent country "on the air." Amateur Radio call signs in the Dodecanese begin with the prefix SV5 instead of SV for Greece.
The 70th anniversary of the incorporation of the Dodecanese within Greece was marked in 2017, with the Greek Parliament holding a special live celebratory session for the event.
Today, Rhodes and the Dodecanese are popular travel destinations.
The Dodecanese Prefecture was one of the prefectures of Greece. As a part of the 2011 Kallikratis government reform, the prefecture was abolished, and its territory was divided into 4 regional units of the South Aegean region:
Dodecanese: Municipalities and communities
The prefecture was subdivided into the following municipalities and communities. These have been reorganised at the 2011 Kallikratis reform as well.
Seat (if different)
22410-50 through 53, 56, 57
22410-90 through 98
22410-6, 84 through 87
22430-2, 50, 59
22410-40 through 42
22410-90 through 98
22460-70 through 72
Seat (if different)
Province of Patmos – Patmos
Province of Kalymnos – Kalymnos
Province of Kos – Kos
Province of Rhodes – Rhodes City
Province of Karpathos & Kasos – Karpathos
Note: Provinces no longer hold any legal status in Greece (except for the only autonomous province being the monastic republic of the Holy Mountain).
Pitaroudia, traditional food from Dodecanese.
Local specialities of the Dodecanese include:
Takakia or Mantinades (dessert)
Satellite image from NASA Visible Earth
Dodecanese: See also
List of settlements in the Dodecanese
Peter Saundry, C.Michael Hogan & Steve Baum. 2011. Sea of Crete. Encyclopedia of Earth. Eds.M.Pidwirny & C.J.Cleveland. National Council for Science and Environment. Washington DC.
Hearfield, John. "German surrender of the Dodecanese islands". Retrieved 23 April 2014.
"European DXCC Entities". www.ng3k.com. Retrieved 18 December 2016.
HIS BEATITUDE THE PATRIARCH OF JERUSALEM AT THE CEREMONY OF THE 70TH INCORPORATION ANNIVERSARY OF THE DODECANESE WITHIN GREECE. JERUSALEM PATRIARCHATE - Official News Gate. 06/03/2017. Retrieved: 8 March, 2017.
Watch live special session celebrating Dodecanese incorporation to Greek state (video). Protothemanews.com. Mar, 01 2017. Retrieved: 8 March, 2017.
Carabott, P. J. (1993). "The Temporary Italian Occupation of the Dodecanese: A Prelude to Permanency". Diplomacy and Statecraft. 4 (2): 285–312.
Doumanis, Nicholas (2005). "Italians as Good Colonizers: Speaking Subalterns and the Politics of Memory in the Dodecanese". In Ben-Ghiat, Ruth; Fuller, Mia. Italian Colonialism. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 0-312-23649-2.
Giannopoulos, Giannis (2006). "Δωδεκάνησος, η γένεση ενός ονόματος και η αντιμετώπισή του από τους Ιταλούς" [Dodecanese, the genesis of a name and the Italian approach]. Ἑῶα καὶ Ἑσπέρια (in Greek). 6: 275–296. doi:10.12681/eoaesperia.78. ISSN 2241-7540.
Dodecanese: External links
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Dodecanese.
Dodecanese Official website of the Greek National Tourism Organisation
The 12 major islands
Adelfoi Syrnas Islets
Agioi Theodoroi Halkis
Makry Aspronisi Leipson
Megalo Aspronisi Leipson
Küçük Tavşan Adası
Agios Georgios Skopelou
Prefectures of Greece
Achaea and Elis
Argolis and Corinthia
Attica and Boeotia
Phocis and Locris
Phthiotis and Phocis
By year established
In Eastern Thrace or Northern Epirus, outside present-day Greece.
From 1971, Attica consisted of four prefecture-level units: Athens, East Attica, Piraeus and West Attica. From 1994, Athens and Piraeus were grouped into a single super-prefecture.
From 1994, Drama / Kavala / Xanthi and Evros / Rhodope prefectures were grouped into super-prefectures.
/ 36.373; 27.218
Source of information: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. We're not responsible for the content of this article and your use of this information. Disclaimer