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Hotels of Eger

A hotel in Eger is an establishment that provides lodging paid on a short-term basis. Facilities provided may range from a basic bed and storage for clothing, to luxury features like en-suite bathrooms. Larger in Eger hotels may provide additional guest facilities such as a swimming pool, business centre, childcare, conference facilities and social function services. Hotel rooms in Eger are usually numbered (or named in some smaller hotels and B&Bs) to allow guests to identify their room. Some Eger hotels offer meals as part of a room and board arrangement. Hotel operations vary in size, function, and cost. Most Eger hotels and major hospitality companies that operate hotels in Eger have set widely accepted industry standards to classify hotel types. General categories include the following:

Upscale luxury hotels in Eger
An upscale full service hotel facility in Eger that offers luxury amenities, full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and the highest level of personalized and professional service. Luxury Eger hotels are normally classified with at least a Four Diamond or Five Diamond status or a Four or Five Star rating depending on classification standards.

Full service hotels in Eger
Full service Eger hotels often contain upscale full-service facilities with a large volume of full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and a variety of on-site amenities such as swimming pools, a health club, children's activities, ballrooms, on-site conference facilities, etc.

Historic inns and boutique hotels in Eger
Boutique hotels of Eger are smaller independent non-branded hotels that often contain upscale facilities of varying size in unique or intimate settings with full service accommodations. Eger boutique hotels are generally 100 rooms or less. Some historic inns and boutique hotels in Eger may be classified as luxury hotels.

Focused or select service hotels in Eger
Small to medium-sized hotel establishments that offer a limited amount of on-site amenities that only cater and market to a specific demographic of Eger travelers, such as the single business traveler. Most Eger focused or select service hotels may still offer full service accommodations but may lack leisure amenities such as an on-site restaurant or a swimming pool.

Economy and limited service hotels in Eger
Small to medium-sized Eger hotel establishments that offer a very limited amount of on-site amenities and often only offer basic accommodations with little to no services, these facilities normally only cater and market to a specific demographic of travelers, such as the budget-minded Eger traveler seeking a "no frills" accommodation. Limited service Eger hotels often lack an on-site restaurant but in return may offer a limited complimentary food and beverage amenity such as on-site continental breakfast service.

Guest houses and B&Bs in Eger
A bed and breakfast in Eger is a small lodging establishment that offers overnight accommodation and inclusive breakfast. Usually, Eger bed and breakfasts are private homes or family homes offering accommodations. The typical Eger B&B has between 4 and 11 rooms, with 6 being the average. Generally, guests are accommodated in private bedrooms with private bathrooms, or in a suite of rooms including an en suite bathroom. Some homes have private bedrooms with a bathroom which is shared with other guests. Breakfast is served in the bedroom, a dining room, or the host's kitchen. Often the owners of guest house themselves prepare the breakfast and clean the rooms.

Hostels in Eger
Eger hostels provide budget-oriented, sociable accommodation where guests can rent a bed, usually a bunk bed, in a dormitory and share a bathroom, lounge, and sometimes a kitchen. Rooms can be mixed or single-sex, although private rooms may also be available. Hostels are often cheaper for both the operator and occupants; many Eger hostels have long-term residents whom they employ as desk agents or housekeeping staff in exchange for experience or discounted accommodation.

Apartment hotels, extended stay hotels in Eger
Extended stay hotels are small to medium-sized Eger hotels that offer longer term full service accommodations compared to a traditional hotel. Extended stay hotels may offer non-traditional pricing methods such as a weekly rate that cater towards travelers in need of short-term accommodations for an extended period of time. Similar to limited and select service hotels, on-site amenities are normally limited and most extended stay hotels in Eger lack an on-site restaurant.

Timeshare and destination clubs in Eger
Eger timeshare and destination clubs are a form of property ownership also referred to as a vacation ownership involving the purchase and ownership of an individual unit of accommodation for seasonal usage during a specified period of time. Timeshare resorts in Eger often offer amenities similar that of a Full service hotel with on-site restaurant(s), swimming pools, recreation grounds, and other leisure-oriented amenities. Destination clubs of Eger on the other hand may offer more exclusive private accommodations such as private houses in a neighborhood-style setting.

Motels in Eger
A Eger motel is a small-sized low-rise lodging establishment similar to that of a limited service hotel, but with direct access to individual rooms from the car park. Common during the 1950s and 1960s, motels were often located adjacent to a major road, where they were built on inexpensive land at the edge of towns or along stretches of highways. They are still useful in less populated areas of Eger for driving travelers, but the more populated an area becomes the more hotels fill the need. Many of Eger motels which remain in operation have joined national franchise chains, rebranding themselves as hotels, inns or lodges.

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Travelling and vacation in Eger

Top left:Eger Minorita church, Top right:View of Eger from the castle. Bottom left:Egri Bazilika, Bottom right:Minaret Eger
Top left:Eger Minorita church, Top right:View of Eger from the castle. Bottom left:Egri Bazilika, Bottom right:Minaret Eger
Coat of arms of Eger
Coat of arms
Eger is located in Hungary
Location of Eger
Coordinates:  / 47.89902; 20.37470  / 47.89902; 20.37470
Country Hungary
County Heves
• Mayor László Habis
• Total 92.2 km (35.6 sq mi)
Elevation 165 m (541 ft)
Population (2013)
• Total Decrease 54,867
• Rank 19th
• Density 610.8/km (1,582/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
• Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 3300
Area code(s) 36
Website www.eger.hu

Eger (Hungarian pronunciation: [ˈɛɡɛr] About this sound listen ; see also other alternative names) is the county seat of Heves, and the second largest city in Northern Hungary (after Miskolc). Eger is best known for its castle, thermal baths, baroque buildings, the northernmost Ottoman minaret, dishes and red wines. Its population according to the census of 2011 makes it the 19th largest centre of population in Hungary. The town is located on the Eger Stream, on the hills of the Bükk Mountains.

Eger: Etymology

Eger in Georg Braun and Frans Hogenberg's Civitates orbis terrarum (1617)

The origin of its name is still unknown. One suggestion is that the place was named after the elder ("égerfa" in Hungarian) which grew so abundantly along the banks of the Eger Stream. This explanation seems to be correct because the name of the town reflects its ancient natural environment, and also one of its most typical plants, the elder, large areas of which could be found everywhere on the marshy banks of the Stream although they have since disappeared. The German name of the town: Erlau=Erlen-au (elder grove) also speaks in favour of this supposition. And there is another theory which says that Eger's name comes from the Latin word: "ager" (earth). This theory comes from more recent researchers who think that during the 11th and 12th centuries settlers with a Walloon origin ("latins" in Hungarian) moved to this territory. The basin of Eger and the hilly region around it have always been very suitable for human settlements, and there are many archaeological findings from the early ages of history, which support this fact.

The other names of the town are in Latin as Agria, in Serbian and Croatian as Jegar / Јегар or Jegra / Јегра, in Czech and Slovene language as Jager, in Slovak language as Jáger, in Polish as Jagier, and in Turkish as Eğri.

Eger: Coat of arms

Eger in the 16th century

The shield of Eger developed from the shield of Bishop György Fenesy (1686–1689) after an agreement which was made with him in 1694. The bastion with the three gates on it refers to the existence of the fortress. The rampant unicorn between the two bastions on the side of the shield came from the bishop's shield. The sword in the fore-feet of the unicorn symbolises the manorial power of life and death. The snake twisting on the sword stands for the defeat of treachery and hatred by faith. The star and the sun symbolise the alternation of days and nights. And finally, the eagle with a gospel in its clutches refers to apostle and evangelist Saint John who is the patron saint of the Archdiocese of Eger.

Eger: History

Eger has been inhabited since the Stone Age.

Eger: Reign of Saint Stephen

The ruins of the Romanesque basilica in the Eger Castle

Today's Eger was formed in the 10th century by St. Stephen (997–1038), the first Christian king of Hungary, who founded an episcopal see in Eger. The first cathedral of Eger was built on Castle Hill, within the present site of Eger Castle. Eger grew around this cathedral, and remains an important religious centre in Hungary.

This settlement took up an important place among the Hungarian towns even in the early Middle Ages. The natural fundamentals of the surroundings (meeting of plains and hills) made it possible to establish economic and cultural relations between the different parts of the country.

During the 11th and 12th centuries, Walloon settlers came from the areas beyond the Rhine. They settled with the kings' permission, bringing western culture to this region and acclimating the viticulture. The development of the town accelerated with their presence.

Eger: Mongol invasion

The stone fortress was built at that time

This development was blocked for a short time by the Mongol invasion in 1241, when the town was ransacked and burned down during the episcopacy of Kilit the Second.

After the withdrawal of the Mongols, Eger began to flourish all over again. Lambert, the bishop of Eger, received a permit from Béla IV for the building a stone fortress. So the nearly destroyed town revived and reached the peak of its medieval development in the l4th and 15th centuries. During this period the forests which spread to the limits of the town were cleared for the most part, and vines were planted in their place. More and more town-houses were built in the settlement. Roads were constructed among which the ones in the inner town were narrow and twisting but those leading to the northern mining towns were wider. The versions surrounding settlements such as Almagyar and Czigléd were built up along with Eger.

Eger: Reign of King Matthias

The Hippolyt Gate, one of the main entrances of the Eger Castle
The gothic episcopal palace of the castle

During the reign of King Matthias (1458–1490), Eger began to develop again. The gothic-styled Bishops Palace of Eger which can be seen at the present time was reconstructed by the order of bishop János Bekensloer. Building operations continued during the bishoprics of Orbán Dóczy and Tamás Bakócz. The beginning of the reconstruction (in late gothic style) of the cathedral fort can also be linked to their names. After the death of King Matthias, during the bishopric of Hyppolit the so-called Hyppolit Gate was built, this has recently been removed.

Eger: The siege of Eger

Eger in Wolf-Dietrich-Klebeband Städtebilder (1568)
Bertalan Székely's "Women of Eger" depicts the siege of 1552

After the Battle of Mohács (1526) a sorrowful period began in the history of Eger. During the dual kingship the town changed hands almost every year and the Turkish army came closer as well. This circumstance provided the reason for reinforcing the fortress. In the autumn of 1552, Captain István Dobó and his handful of soldiers were successful in defending the fortress and northern Hungary from the expanding Turkish Empire. The first writer of note to draw on the story was the Hungarian renaissance poet and musician Sebestyén Tinódi Lantos (c. 1510–1556), whose account may have come partly from eyewitnesses. Géza Gárdonyi wrote his novel, "Eclipse of the Crescent Moon" in remembrance of this battle, and his work has been translated into numerous languages.

Despite the fact that István Dobó and his soldiers successfully defended the fortress, it was destroyed during the siege, so it was essential to wholly rebuild it. The reconstruction process of the fortress took place between 1553 and 1596 and Italian artificer officers planned the renovations. The famous Hungarian poet, Bálint Balassi also served here for a few years beginning in April 1578.

Eger: Turkish rule

The Eğri Eyalet in the Ottoman Empire (1683)

While István Dobó and his soldiers managed to defend the fortress in 1552, in 1596 the captain at that time and the foreign mercenaries under his rule handed it over. This was the beginning of the 91-year-long Turkish rule in Eger. The minaret, which was built at the end of the 17th century, preserves the memory of this period. Among all the buildings of this type, the minaret of Eger is found in the northernmost point of the former Ottoman Empire. During the Turkish occupation Eger became the seat of a vilayet which is a Turkish domain including several sanjaks. Churches were converted into mosques, the castle rebuilt, and other structures erected, including public baths and minarets.

The rule of the Turks in Central Hungary began to collapse after a failed Ottoman attempt to capture Vienna. The Vienna-based Habsburgs, who controlled the rest of Hungary, apart from Transylvania, steadily expelled the Turks from the country. The castle of Eger was starved into surrender by the Christian army led by Charles of Lorraine in 1687, after the castle of Buda had been retaken in 1686. Eger was relieved from Turkish rule in December, 1687. Although the reoccupation was effected by a siege (which starved out the defenders) and not by a bombardment, the town fell into a very poor state. According to the ... records there were only 413 houses in the area within the town walls which were habitable and most of these were occupied by left over Turkish families.

Eger: Habsburg rule

Eger is famous for the narrow alleys in the old part of the inner town
A house in the town centre
The Archiepiscopal Palace of Eger
The Cistercian Church of Eger

After the expelling of the Turks, the town was considered by the imperial regiment as a demesne of the Crown. Leopold I re-established Eger as a free royal borough in 1688, which meant that it was relieved from the ecclesiastic manorial burdens. This state lasted until 1695, when György Finesse, the returning bishop, had the former legal status of a bishopric town restored by the monarch.

Eger soon began to prosper again. The town was reclaimed by its bishops, which caused many local Protestants to leave. Although the town supported the Hungarian leader Prince Francis II Rákóczi in the 1703–1711 war of independence against the Habsburgs, the Hungarians were eventually defeated by the Imperial army. In 1709, Francis II Rákóczi and Ukranciev, the legate of Czar Peter the First, met here. It must be added that the legate died in Eger and was buried near the Serbian Church of Eger. Soon after that, the town was ravaged by plague. However, immigration into Eger was strong, and the population rose from 6000 to 10,000 between 1725 and 1750. Muslims were assimilated into the Christian population.

In the history of Eger, the 18th century was the period of development and prosperity. Many new buildings were built in Baroque and later in Rococo and Neoclassical style, including the cathedral, the Archiepiscopal Palace of Eger, the County Hall of Eger, the Eger Lyceum (now housing the Eszterházy College of Education) and several churches, while others were reclaimed from being mosques.

The building processes attracted many craftsman, merchants and artists with such talented ones among them as Kracker János Lukács, Anton Maulberts, Franz Sigrist, Josef Gerl, Jakab Fellner and Henrik Fasola. The town population grew suddenly. While in 1688 it was only 1200, in 1787 more than 17,000 people lived here. At this time, Eger was the 6th largest town of Hungary (based on the number of its inhabitants). Viticulture also reached its brightest period in these days. The wine-growing area was twelve times larger than it had been earlier.

The 18th century was also important because bishop Barkóczy and Eszterházy decided to found a university in Eger patterned after the ones in Nagyszombat and in Vienna. There were already precedents for this type of education because in 1700 Bishop István Telekessy, who took sides with Ferenc Rákóczy the Second, established a seminary in Eger. Then in 1740, Canon György Foglár founded a Faculty of Law and in 1754 bishop Barkóczy set up a school of philosophy. In 1769 the first medical school of Hungary was opened by the direction of Ferenc Markhot, but it was closed in 1755. Unfortunately the university of Eger could not begin its work because of appoint ... the monarch'. In the building which was marked out for the university we can find the Archdiocese's Library (the most beautiful baroque library in Hungary), and an astronomical museum with original equipment, which was the second museum of this type in Europe. Between 1946 and 1948 there were several more efforts to found a university in Eger all of which also ended in failure.

The 19th century began with disasters: a fire that destroyed half the town in 1800, and a collapse of the south wall of the Castle in 1801, which ruined several houses. Eger became the seat of an archbishopric in 1804, and the church remained in firm control of the town, despite efforts by its citizens to obtain greater freedom. In 1827, much of the town centre was damaged by fire again, and four years later over 200 were killed in an outbreak of cholera.

In 1804, a significant change occurred in the organisation of Eger's bishopric. The monarch made this town a centre of archbisphoric, but the bishoprics of Szatmár and Kassa separated from it.

Eger: The Period of Reforms

The Period of Reforms (1825–1848) left several lasting marks on the life of Eger, especially on its culture. Pyrker László János, the archbishop of that time, founded a gallery which he donated to the Hungarian National Museum because the town did not guarantee an appropriate place for it. It was Pyrker's present which served as a base for the collection of the Museum of Fine Arts that was opened in 1900. In 1828 Pyrker established the first Hungarian teachers training college in Eger and he was the one who ordered the construction of the basilica which was built in neo-classical style, in accordance with the plans of József Hild. On the basis of its size, this basilica is the second among the churches of Hungary. In 1837, János Joó, an art teacher, began to edit Hungary's first technical journal with the title "Héti Lapok".

Traditional clothing of the citizens of Eger, 1846

Eger: Revolution and War of Independence

The inhabitants of Eger took an active part in the revolution in 1848. Even though the revolution was suppressed, the age of landowners and serfs had gone forever, and the municipality gained freedom from the rule of the archbishop in 1854.

Eger: Age of the monarchy

The main railway line between Miskolc and Pest bypassed the town, which was only reached later by a branch line from Füzesabony. Unfortunately (unlike other towns) Eger's civil development did not become faster, as distinguished from other towns, after 1849 and the Compromise of 1867. Industrial development was represented only by the mill, the tobacco factory and the sheet-iron works that were founded in the Reform Age.

During the decades after the turn of the century, the character of a school-town was dominant in Eger. Because of its schools and other cultural institutions, it became known as the Hungarian Athens.

At the beginning of the century, in 1904, the first independent theatre of stone was opened and the canalisation and the provision of public utilities began as well.

Eger: 20th century

A restaurant in Eger

Economic recovery was slow after World War I, although the 1899 publication of Gárdonyi's "Eclipse of the Crescent Moon" made Eger popular as a tourist attraction and archaeological excavation of the castle resumed.

In 1933, Eger was one of those towns that first got the permission for opening a spa. The Jewish community was murdered by Hungarians and Germans during the Holocaust.

In World War II, the city suffered under the retreating German Army and the arriving Soviet army, but it managed to escape major bombardment.

In the decades after 1945, industrialization of the town commenced because of the change of regime. As a consequence, Eger's former character of a cultural centre began to fade, which diminished the patina of the settlement.

It was a great good fortune that in 1968 the baroque inner city was preserved. So it was saved from the deterioration (and from the construction of unsuitable, modern buildings).

The birthplace of Sándor Bródy in Eger

Eger is famous for its wines, most notably the "Egri Bikavér" (Bull's Blood of Eger). It is also well known for "Egri Víz", a type of brandy which originated in the 18th century, the "bujavászon" (a special Turkish tissue), as well as its thermal baths. Today, Eger is a prosperous town and popular tourist destination with a charming Baroque town centre.

Eger: Ecclesiastical history

The minorite church of Eger

Eger is the seat of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Eger, an ecclesiastical province of Hungary founded as a bishopric in 1009 and made a Metropolitan archdiocese in 1804, by Pope Pius VII. The current archbishop-elect, Archbishop Csaba Ternyak, was previously Secretary for the Congregation For Clergy. He succeeds Archbishop István Seregely, who retired because of age. The constituent dioceses of the province were Košice (Kassa, Kaschau), Rožňava (Rozsnyó, Rosenau, now part of Slovakia), Szatmár, and Szepes (Zipo, Zipsen).

Eger: Wine

A vineyard in Eger

Beside its historic sights and its thermal baths, Eger is famous for its wines. It produces both red and white wines of high quality. The famous and traditional varieties of the region are Egri Leányka, Egerszóláti Olaszrizling, Debrői Hárslevelű (whites), and Egri Bikavér (a red). More recently, Chardonnay and Pinot noir wines have appeared. The region's wines are said to bear a resemblance to those of Burgundy. Although the quality of the wines deteriorated in the second half of the 20th century, especially the cuvees, Eger is slowly recovering its reputation as a wine region. The most important terroir of the Eger Wine Region is the Nagy-Eged Hill, which is a Grand Cru terroir, where premium Grand Superior wines are produced.

Eger: Tourism

The majority of visitors come for a single day (mostly Slovaks), not staying overnight. Ukrainians and Russians frequent the Eger Castle, along with many Italians. Around the town, you may run into many German-speaking travelers (Germans, Austrians, and Swiss) as well. However, the town is getting more popular for Turkish tourists, because of the common historical memories. Eger is mainly known for its castle, thermal baths (including an Olympic size swimming pool), historic buildings (including the northernmost Turkish minaret) and, above all else, its famous Hungarian red wines. Travel agencies recommends 3 days to enjoy the town fully.

Eger: Transportation

Eger: Rail

The main railway station is located 1.5 km from the town centre. MÁV operates intercity train services to Budapest, and the trip is about 12 hours. Local trains to Füzesabony and Szilvásvárad also depart from this station.

There are also smaller stations located near the castle and in the Felnémet district that are served by the Eger–Szilvásvárad local trains.

Eger: Coach

The bus station is located close to the basilica. Buses depart approx. every 30 minutes to Budapest, and the trip to the capital is about 2 hours. Agria Volán operates an extensive network of suburban and long-distance buses. Other bus companies also offer connections to a variety of destinations. Taking the bus to Felsőtárkány gets you close to several hiking and mountain biking trails.

Eger: Local bus

Agria Volan also operates a fleet of local buses, serving most parts of the town, although the majority of buses run in a north–south direction. Line 12 is the busiest line in the town, and it has stops at the railway station, the bus station and in the town centre.

Eger: Business and industry

  • Elbe & Sohn

Eger: Culture

The Géza Gárdonyi Theater was named after the author of the Siege of Eger (1552), Géza Gárdonyi

Eger: Districts

Aerial photography of the Castle and a part of the Downtown, Tetemvár, Almagyar and Cifra hóstya.
The ruins of the medieval cathedral

(Note: Most of these districts are historical, but they often appear on maps and street signs.)

The new swimming pool. (Architect: Imre Makovecz)
  • Almagyar – This hill in the eastern part of the town is one of the smart areas of Eger, near the castle. The streets are steep, but there are fine views. The southern part contains some of the buildings (campus and dormitories) of Eszterházy College.
  • Almár – The northernmost part of the town, it consists mainly of weekend cottages and plots for gardeners.
  • Belváros (town centre) – The centre of Eger is often called "the Baroque Pearl of Europe". Here are located Dobó tér, the main square of the historical town, surrounded by Baroque houses and St. Anthony's Church. Other historic buildings nearby include the Cathedral and the Lyceum.
  • Berva is now a housing estate about 2 km to the NW of Eger. Founded in 1951, it was a huge industrial park by the name of Finomszerelvénygyár, privatized in 1992.
  • Castle of Eger – The oldest and most famous part of Eger.
  • Cifra hóstya – North of the centre, this part of town is full of small houses and narrow streets. You can find the Firefighters' Museum there.
  • Csákó – a suburban area with larger houses, east of the railway station.
  • Érsekkert (Bishop's Garden) – The largest park in Eger, with sport facilities, a small lake, and a fountain.
  • Felnémet – This village, north of the town, was annexed to Eger in 1961 but still has a rural character. The parish church (1715–1750s, designed by Gianni Battista Carlone, an Italian who settled in Eger) was started by Bishop Gábor Antal Erdődy as a votive church after an outbreak of bubonic plague in 1710, and completed by his successor. It was dedicated to St. Rosalia, a guardian against plague.
  • Felsőváros (Upper Town), formerly Csebokszári (Cheboksary – capital town of Chuvash Republic, Russia) – The largest housing estate of Eger, it is full of four and ten-storied concrete buildings, providing homes for one third of the town's population. There are three high schools there.
  • Hajdúhegy – a suburban area similar to Almagyar across the valley with downtown being in between these 2 hills.
  • Hatvani hóstya – The district is split by Highway 25. It contains the stadium and the Reformed church.
  • Industrial zone – Several multinational companies have moved into this area east of Lajosváros.
  • Károlyváros (Charles Town) – One of the largest districts of Eger, Károlyváros is west of downtown. It contains the High School for the Health Professions, and the Agria Park Shopping Mall.
  • Lajosváros (Louis Town) – This district in the southern part of the town has several high schools and student hostels. It consists mainly of detached houses. Also called Kanada.
  • Maklári hóstya, Tihamér – This district is one of the fastest developing parts of the town. It contains public swimming pools (designed by Imre Makovecz).
  • Pásztorvölgy – A suburban area in Felnémet. Also has a high school.
  • Rác hóstya – Another suburban area west from Upper Town.
  • Szépasszonyvölgy ("Valley of the Beautiful Woman") – An area of Eger famous for its red wines (Bikaver or Bulls Blood) and known for its wine cellars.
  • Tetemvár – Another suburban area. The name ("Corpses' Castle") derives from the legend that Turkish war dead were buried here in 1552.
  • Vécseyvölgy – A suburban area with a small airfield for sports purposes.

Eger: Main sights

  • The Castle of Eger, noted for its successful defence against the 1552 Ottoman invasion.
  • The 17th-century minaret. The northernmost Turkish minaret in Europe is 40 meters high and one of only three survivors in Hungary. It can be climbed for a good view of the town centre.
  • The system of cellars near the Cathedral, called the Város a város alatt (literally "Town under the town").
  • Dobó tér. The Baroque Minorite Church (1758–67), built to the designs of Kilian Ignaz Dientzenhofer of Prague with original ceiling frescoes by Márton Reindl, is the focal point of the town's most imposing square, flanked by the Town Hall and the old priory buildings, part of which contain the Palóc Museum, showing the artefacts of a distinctive regional ethnic community. The square and several of the retail streets around it are pedestrianized.
  • The Lyceum (Eszterházy College), designed by József Gerl and Jakab Fellner and built in 1765–85, is a splendid example of the restrained Zopf style. There are three remarkable 18th century frescoed ceilings, of which only the one in the library is open to the public. Painted by the Viennese artist Johann Lukas Kracker in 1778, it depicts the Council of Trent of 1545–63, which launched the Counter-Reformation. Among the figures depicted are the Reformers Luther and Zwingli, whose "heretical" books are being struck by a bolt of lightning. After the death of Kracker in 1779, Esterházy commissioned the Austrian Franz Sigrist (1727-1803) to complete the painting programme. Sigrist painted the ceiling in the Great Hall of the west bay representing the four university faculties (1781–1782). The beautifully furnished library opened in 1793. There is a camera obscura or periscope at the top of the building, projecting images of the town onto a table.
  • The Turkish Bath, commissioned by Abdi Pasha the Albanian
  • The Provost Minor's Palace, 1758, is the finest Rococo building in the town. It also has a fine fresco by Kracker ("The Triumph of Virtue over Sin"), other 18th century murals, and remarkable 18th century wrought ironwork.
  • The Archbishop's Garden
  • The Fazola gates, late Baroque wrought ironwork by Henrik Fazola
  • The Archbishop's Palace, a 15th-century Gothic palace
  • The Egri Road Beatles Museum The Egri Road – Beatles Museum was established in Hotel Korona, in the heart of the historic town of Eger. Guests can get a glimpse of the life and career of the band and its members in the frames of a professional guided tour, which provides an experience supported by up-to-date technical solutions. Films and contemporary newsreels are played on screens and the songs of the band can be listened to through headphones, whereas contemporary media publications, garments, models and limited edition rarities are displayed in the showcases. The monumental show of the Sgt. Pepper album, various games and photo-taking activities take the visitors back to the legendary sixties.
  • Szépasszonyvölgy ("The Valley of the Beautiful Woman"). A valley on the southern edge of Eger which has numerous wine cellars, many with their own wine bar catering to tourists. A tram shuttles tourists to/from Dobó tér in the summer months.

Eger: Churches

Eger has 17 churches, but the notable ones include:

  • The Cathedral or basilica, built in 1831–37 to Classicist designs by József Hild, is imposing rather than attractive, but contains some remarkable painting and sculpture. Late morning organ recitals are held frequently.
  • The Minorite Church, 18th-century Baroque church
  • The Serbian Orthodox Church (Rác-templom) is in Zopf style (1784–86). The interior was commissioned from Viennese artists by the rich local Serbian community of that time. It is dominated by an iconostasis.
  • St Bernard Cistercian Church, 18th-century Baroque church

Eger: Population

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1787 16,852 -
1850 16,858 +0.0%
1870 19,150 +13.6%
1891 22,427 +17.1%
1900 25,893 +15.5%
1910 28,052 +8.3%
1920 28,753 +2.5%
1930 30,424 +5.8%
1941 32,482 +6.8%
1949 31,844 −2.0%
1960 38,610 +21.2%
1970 47,960 +24.2%
1980 60,897 +27.0%
1990 61,576 +1.1%
2001 58,331 −5.3%
2011 56,569 −3.0%
2016 54,480 −3.7%

Eger: Politics

The current mayor of Eger is László Habis (Fidesz-KDNP).

The local Municipal Assembly has 18+1 members divided into these political parties and alliances:

Party Seats 2014 Council
Fidesz-KDNP 11
Movement for a Better Hungary (Jobbik) 2
Unity (DK-MSZP-Együtt) 2
Independent 2
Politics Can Be Different (LMP) 1

Eger: Twin towns – sister cities

Eger is twinned with:

  • Slovakia Dolný Kubín, Slovakia
  • Russia Cheboksary, Chuvash Republic, Russia
  • Germany Esslingen am Neckar, Germany
  • United States Gainesville, USA
  • Romania Gheorgheni, Romania
  • State of Palestine Jericho, Palestine(since 2013)
  • Czech Republic Kutná Hora, Czech Republic
  • France Mâcon, Burgundy, France
  • Finland Pori, Finland
  • Poland Przemyśl, Poland
  • Italy Sarzana, Liguria, Italy

Eger: Notable residents

  • Aaron Wise, Rebbe
  • Péter Ács, chess grandmaster (GM)
  • Therese Benedek, Hungarian-American psychoanalyst
  • Aladár Bitskey, Olympian swimmer and trainer, Hungarian National Champion
  • Balázs Erdélyi, water polo player, part of the national team of Hungary
  • Eva Erdelyi, Olympian swimmer, Hungarian National Champion
  • Géza Gárdonyi, historical novelist
  • Anna Gyarmati, snowboarder, first Junior World Champion and World Cup race winner as a Hungarian in winter sports
  • Kati Kovács, Hungarian pop-rock singer
  • Klaudia Kovacs, Multi-Award-Winning Hollywood Film and Theater Director
  • Norbert Madaras, water polo player, winner of Olympic Games, World Championships with the Hungarian national team, and winner of Euro League with Pro Recco Team
  • Shimon Sofer, Rav of Eger
  • Yochanan Sofer, Erlauer Rebbe
  • Réka Szemerkényi, Hungarian Ambassador to the United States
  • Gergő Zalánki, Water polo player, part of the national team of Hungary at the 2016 Summer Olympics

Eger: References

The house of the Sághy-Steinhauser family
  1. http://kehilalinks.jewishgen.org/Eger/
  2. http://heves.zsidomult.hu/index.php/elveszett-koezoessegek/varosok-es-vm-oesszesen/eger
  3. http://www.yadvashem.org/yv/he/research/ghettos_encyclopedia/ghetto_details.asp?cid=12
  4. "The Eger Wine Region".
  5. [1]
  6. "Jerikó lett Eger új testvérvárosa". Index.hu. Retrieved 7 September 2013.
  • This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Agria". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton.
  • The Complete Guide to Eger Sightseeing, accommodation, activities and wine tourism in the Eger area (in English)
  • Chasamsofer.com
  • Official website (in English) (in Hungarian) (in German) (in French) (in Dutch)
  • A modern traveller's account of his visit to Eger
  • Eszterházy College Eszterházy College (in Hungarian) (in English)
  • Egervaros.hu
  • Aerial photography: Eger
  • Eger and its surroundings on old postcards (collection of the municipal library)
  • Eger – ShtetLink
  • Eger at funiq.hu
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