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In order to book an accommodation in Eilat enter the proper dates and do the hotel search. If needed, sort the found Eilat hotels by price, star rating, property type, guest rating, hotel features, hotel theme or hotel chain. Then take a look at the found hotels on Eilat map to estimate the distance from the main Eilat attractions and sights. You can also read the guest reviews of Eilat hotels and see their ratings.

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Hotels of Eilat

A hotel in Eilat is an establishment that provides lodging paid on a short-term basis. Facilities provided may range from a basic bed and storage for clothing, to luxury features like en-suite bathrooms. Larger in Eilat hotels may provide additional guest facilities such as a swimming pool, business centre, childcare, conference facilities and social function services. Hotel rooms in Eilat are usually numbered (or named in some smaller hotels and B&Bs) to allow guests to identify their room. Some Eilat hotels offer meals as part of a room and board arrangement. Hotel operations vary in size, function, and cost. Most Eilat hotels and major hospitality companies that operate hotels in Eilat have set widely accepted industry standards to classify hotel types. General categories include the following:

Upscale luxury hotels in Eilat
An upscale full service hotel facility in Eilat that offers luxury amenities, full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and the highest level of personalized and professional service. Luxury Eilat hotels are normally classified with at least a Four Diamond or Five Diamond status or a Four or Five Star rating depending on classification standards.

Full service hotels in Eilat
Full service Eilat hotels often contain upscale full-service facilities with a large volume of full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and a variety of on-site amenities such as swimming pools, a health club, children's activities, ballrooms, on-site conference facilities, etc.

Historic inns and boutique hotels in Eilat
Boutique hotels of Eilat are smaller independent non-branded hotels that often contain upscale facilities of varying size in unique or intimate settings with full service accommodations. Eilat boutique hotels are generally 100 rooms or less. Some historic inns and boutique hotels in Eilat may be classified as luxury hotels.

Focused or select service hotels in Eilat
Small to medium-sized hotel establishments that offer a limited amount of on-site amenities that only cater and market to a specific demographic of Eilat travelers, such as the single business traveler. Most Eilat focused or select service hotels may still offer full service accommodations but may lack leisure amenities such as an on-site restaurant or a swimming pool.

Economy and limited service hotels in Eilat
Small to medium-sized Eilat hotel establishments that offer a very limited amount of on-site amenities and often only offer basic accommodations with little to no services, these facilities normally only cater and market to a specific demographic of travelers, such as the budget-minded Eilat traveler seeking a "no frills" accommodation. Limited service Eilat hotels often lack an on-site restaurant but in return may offer a limited complimentary food and beverage amenity such as on-site continental breakfast service.

Guest houses and B&Bs in Eilat
A bed and breakfast in Eilat is a small lodging establishment that offers overnight accommodation and inclusive breakfast. Usually, Eilat bed and breakfasts are private homes or family homes offering accommodations. The typical Eilat B&B has between 4 and 11 rooms, with 6 being the average. Generally, guests are accommodated in private bedrooms with private bathrooms, or in a suite of rooms including an en suite bathroom. Some homes have private bedrooms with a bathroom which is shared with other guests. Breakfast is served in the bedroom, a dining room, or the host's kitchen. Often the owners of guest house themselves prepare the breakfast and clean the rooms.

Hostels in Eilat
Eilat hostels provide budget-oriented, sociable accommodation where guests can rent a bed, usually a bunk bed, in a dormitory and share a bathroom, lounge, and sometimes a kitchen. Rooms can be mixed or single-sex, although private rooms may also be available. Hostels are often cheaper for both the operator and occupants; many Eilat hostels have long-term residents whom they employ as desk agents or housekeeping staff in exchange for experience or discounted accommodation.

Apartment hotels, extended stay hotels in Eilat
Extended stay hotels are small to medium-sized Eilat hotels that offer longer term full service accommodations compared to a traditional hotel. Extended stay hotels may offer non-traditional pricing methods such as a weekly rate that cater towards travelers in need of short-term accommodations for an extended period of time. Similar to limited and select service hotels, on-site amenities are normally limited and most extended stay hotels in Eilat lack an on-site restaurant.

Timeshare and destination clubs in Eilat
Eilat timeshare and destination clubs are a form of property ownership also referred to as a vacation ownership involving the purchase and ownership of an individual unit of accommodation for seasonal usage during a specified period of time. Timeshare resorts in Eilat often offer amenities similar that of a Full service hotel with on-site restaurant(s), swimming pools, recreation grounds, and other leisure-oriented amenities. Destination clubs of Eilat on the other hand may offer more exclusive private accommodations such as private houses in a neighborhood-style setting.

Motels in Eilat
A Eilat motel is a small-sized low-rise lodging establishment similar to that of a limited service hotel, but with direct access to individual rooms from the car park. Common during the 1950s and 1960s, motels were often located adjacent to a major road, where they were built on inexpensive land at the edge of towns or along stretches of highways. They are still useful in less populated areas of Eilat for driving travelers, but the more populated an area becomes the more hotels fill the need. Many of Eilat motels which remain in operation have joined national franchise chains, rebranding themselves as hotels, inns or lodges.

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Travelling and vacation in Eilat

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Eilat
  • אֵילַת
  • ايلات
Eilat Coastline At Night.jpg
Eilat by the Red Sea (7716934936).jpg North Beach Eilat.jpg
Eilat Blick von der Promenade in die Outskirts 09.JPG
From upper left: Eilat Coastline at Night, Evening view of Eilat marina, View of Eilat North Beach, View from the Promenade to the Outskirts and the surrounding Mountains of Eilat
Coat of arms of Eilat.png
Emblem of Eilat
Eilat is located in Israel
Eilat
Eilat
Coordinates:  / 29.550; 34.950  / 29.550; 34.950
Country Israel
District Southern
Founded 1951
Government
• Type City (from 1959)
• Mayor Meir Yitzhak Halevi
Area
• Total 84,789 dunams (84.789 km or 32.737 sq mi)
Population (2015)
• Total 49,734
Website www.eilat.muni.il

Eilat (/ˈlɑːt/; Hebrew: About this sound אֵילַת[eiˈlat]; Arabic: إيلات‎, translit. 'aylaat‎ or Arabic: أيلة‎, translit. 'aylat‎, also Arabic: أم الرشراش‎, translit. 'Um 'al-Rashrash‎) is Israel's southernmost city, a busy port and popular resort at the northern tip of the Red Sea, on the Gulf of Aqaba. The city's beaches, coral reef, nightlife and desert landscapes make it a popular destination for domestic and international tourism.

A concerted effort by the Israeli Government to populate Eilat began in 1955, with the resettlement of Jewish families from Morocco. Now home to 49,734 people, Eilat is part of the Southern Negev Desert, at the southern end of the Arava, adjacent to the Egyptian village of Taba to the south, the Jordanian port city of Aqaba to the east, and within sight of Saudi Arabia to the south-east, across the gulf.

Eilat's arid desert climate and low humidity are moderated by proximity to a warm sea. Temperatures often exceed 40 °C (104 °F) in summer, and 21 °C (70 °F) in winter, while water temperatures range between 20 and 26 °C (68 and 79 °F). Eilat averages 360 sunny days a year.

Eilat: Geography

Eilat aerial view

The geology and landscape are varied: igneous and metamorphic rocks, sandstone and limestone; mountains up to 892 metres (2,927 ft) above sea level; broad valleys such as the Arava, and seashore on the Gulf of Aqaba. With an annual average rainfall of 28 millimetres (1.1 in) and summer temperatures of 40 °C (104 °F) and higher, water resources and vegetation are limited. "The main elements that influenced the region's history were the copper resources and other minerals, the ancient international roads that crossed the area, and its geopolitical and strategic position. These resulted in a settlement density that defies the environmental conditions."

Eilat: History

Eilat: Etymology

The origin of the name Eilat, a place name found in the Old Testament, is not definitively known, but likely comes from the Hebrew root A–Y–L (Hebrew: א. י. ל.‎‎), which is also the root for the word Elah (Hebrew: אלה‎‎), meaning Pistacia tree. Like numerous other localities, Eilat is mentioned in the Bible both in singular (possibly construct state) and plural form (Eilot).

Eilat: Antiquity

The original settlement was probably at the northern tip of the Gulf of Eilat. Archaeological excavations uncovered impressive prehistoric tombs dating to the 7th millennium BC at the western edge of Eilat, while nearby copper workings and mining operations at Timna Valley are the oldest on earth. Ancient Egyptian records also document the extensive and lucrative mining operations and trade across the Red Sea with Egypt starting as early as the Fourth dynasty of Egypt. Eilat is mentioned in antiquity as a major trading partner with Elim, Thebes' Red Sea Port, as early as the Twelfth dynasty of Egypt. Trade between Elim and Eilat furnished frankincense and myrrh, brought up from Ethiopia and Punt; bitumen and natron, from the Dead Sea; finely woven linen, from Byblos; and copper amulets, from Timna; all mentioned in the Periplus of the Erythraean Sea. In antiquity Eilat bordered the states of Edom, Midian and the tribal territory of the Rephidim, the indigenous inhabitants of the Sinai Peninsula.

Eilat: Judean period

Eilat is first mentioned in the Hebrew Bible in the Book of Exodus. The first six stations of the Exodus are in Egypt. The 7th is the crossing of the Red Sea and the 9th–13th are in and around Eilat, after the exodus from Egypt and crossing the Red Sea. Station 12 refers to a dozen campsites in and around Timna in Modern Israel near Eilat. When King David conquered Edom, which up to then had been a common border of Edom and Midian, he took over Eilat, the border city shared by them as well. The commercial port city and copper based industrial center were maintained by Egypt until reportedly rebuilt by Solomon at a location known as Ezion-Geber (I Kings 9:26). In 2 Kings 14:21–22 "All the people of Judah took Uzziah, who was sixteen years old, and made him king in the room of his father Amaziah. He rebuilt Elath, and restored it to Judah, after his father's death." And again in 2 Kings 16:6: "At that time the king of Edom recovered Elath for Edom, and drove out the people of Judah and sent Edomites to live there, as they do to this day."

It was a prosperous Judean trading port from the 9th through 7th centuries BCE.Naʾaman, Nadav.

Eilat: Roman and Muslim periods

During the Roman period a road was built to link the area with the Nabataean city of Petra (in modern-day Jordan).

An Islamic copper smelting and trading community of 250–400 residents flourished during the Umayyad Period (700–900 CE); its remains were found and excavated in 1989, at the northern edge of modern Eilat, between what is now the industrial zone and nearby Kibbutz Eilot.

In the writings of medieval Muslim scholars, such as Al-Waqidi, it is told that Muhammad made a treaty with Eilat's (Ayla) population, Jews and Christians. In the treaty, Muhammad offered protection to the Jews and the Christians, preserving their self-rule over the city, in exchange for an annual tax. Another reference to the Eilat in Islamic texts is believed to appear in the Quran, sura 7:163–169. In these Ayats appears a story about "a town by the sea" where the Jewish residents were tested by God to check if they truly observe the Shabbat. Once they didn't, they were turned into apes. The Darb el Hajj or "Pilgrim's Road", from Africa through Egypt to Mecca, passed out of Sinai from the west at Umm Al-Rashrash, the modern Arabic name for Eilat, before skirting the sea and continuing south into Arabia. A British police post was established in this area in 1906.

Eilat: After the establishment of the State of Israel

Israeli soldiers stabilize a flag pole whilst another soldier climbs it in order to raise an improvised flag; the soldier is seen about halfway up the flag pole. Other soldiers look on.
The raising of the Ink Flag, when the land upon which Eilat was built was captured during Operation Uvda.

The area was designated as part of the Jewish state in the 1947 UN Partition Plan. The abandoned British police post of Umm Al-Rashrash was taken without a fight on March 10, 1949, as part of Operation Uvda.

The Timna Copper Mines near Timna valley were opened, a port was constructed, the Eilat Ashkelon Pipeline laid, and tourism began. Construction of the city and the Port of Eilat began shortly after the end of the war. The port became vital to the fledgling country's development.

After the 1948 Arab–Israeli War Arab countries maintained a state of hostility with Israel, blocking all land routes; Israel's access to and trade with the rest of the world was by air and sea alone. Further, Egypt denied passage through the Suez Canal to Israeli-registered ships or to any ship carrying cargo to or from Israeli ports. This made Eilat and its sea port crucial to Israel's communications, commerce and trade with Africa and Asia, and for oil imports. Without recourse to a port on the Red Sea Israel would have been unable to develop its diplomatic, cultural and trade ties beyond the Mediterranean basin and Europe. This happened in 1956 and again in 1967, when Egypt's closure of the Straits of Tiran to Israeli shipping effectively blockaded the port of Eilat.

In 1956, this led to Israel's participation alongside Britain and France in the war against Egypt sparked by the Suez Crisis, while in 1967 90% of Israeli oil passed through the Straits of Tiran. Oil tankers that were due to pass through the straits were delayed. The straits' closure was cited by Israel as an additional casus belli leading to the outbreak of the Six-Day War. Following peace treaties signed with Egypt in 1979 and Jordan in 1994, Eilat's borders with its neighbors were finally opened.

Eilat: Israeli–Arab conflict

IDF Soldier Anastasia Bagdalov, awarded a military commendation for her role during the 2011 attacks. A passenger on the bus, she used her T-shirt and another passenger's bra as tourniquets to save the life of a severely wounded soldier.

The town of Eilat is especially defended by its own special forces unit Lotar Eilat. Lotar Eilat is a reservist special forces unit of the IDF trained in counter-terrorism and hostage rescue in the Eilat area, which has taken part in many counter-terrorist missions in the region since its formation in 1974. The Lotar unit is composed solely of reservists, citizens who must be Eilat residents between the ages of 20 and 60, who are on call in case of a terrorist attack on the city. It is one of only three units in the IDF authorized to free hostages on its own command.

In 2007 the Eilat bakery bombing killed three civilian bakers. This was the first such attack of the Second Intifada to take place in Eilat proper, although other terror attacks had been carried out in the area.

In 2011, terrorists infiltrated Israel across the Sinai border to execute multiple attacks on Highway 12, including a civilian bus and private car a few miles north of Eilat, in what became known as the 2011 southern Israel cross-border attacks.

In order to prevent terrorist infiltration of Israel from the Sinai, Israel has built the Israel-Egypt barrier, a steel barrier equipped with cameras, radar and motion sensors along the country's southern border. The fence was completed in January 2013.

Eilat: Future development plans

Eilat's north beach

In July 2012, Israel signed an agreement with China to cooperate in building the high-speed railway to Eilat, a railway line which will serve both passenger and freight trains. It will link Eilat with Beersheba and Tel Aviv, and will run through the Arava Valley and Nahal Zin.

Currently, there are plans to vacate and dismantle Eilat Airport due to the plans for Ramon Airport, and develop the area. The new Ramon Airport is expected to open in early 2018, 18 kilometres (11 miles) north of Eilat and replace both Eilat Airport and Ovda Airport. Hotels and apartment buildings, containing a total of 2,080 hotel rooms and 1,000 apartments will be constructed on the site, as well as 275 dunams of public space and pedestrian paths. The plans also set aside space for the railway line and an underground railway station. The plan's goal is to create an urban continuum between the city center and North Beach, as well as tighten the links between the city's neighborhoods, which are currently separated by the airport.

In addition, there are plans to move the Port of Eilat and the Eilat-Ashkelon pipeline terminal to the northern part of the city, as well as to turn it into a university town of science and research, and brand it an international sports city. All these projects are part of a plan to increase Eilat's population to 150,000 people and build 35,000 hotel rooms.

Eilat: Climate

Eilat has a hot desert climate (BWh with hot, dry summers and warm and almost rainless winters in Köppen climate classification). Winters are usually between 11–23 °C (52–73 °F). Summers are usually between 26–40 °C (79–104 °F). There are relatively small coral reefs near Eilat; however, 50 years ago they were much larger.

Climate data for Eilat (Temperature: 1987–2010, Precipitation: 1980–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 32.2
(90)
35.8
(96.4)
38.7
(101.7)
43.4
(110.1)
45.2
(113.4)
47.4
(117.3)
48.3
(118.9)
48.0
(118.4)
45.0
(113)
44.3
(111.7)
38.1
(100.6)
33.6
(92.5)
48.3
(118.9)
Mean maximum °C (°F) 26.3
(79.3)
29.3
(84.7)
32.8
(91)
38.2
(100.8)
42.1
(107.8)
43.6
(110.5)
44.1
(111.4)
43.2
(109.8)
41.9
(107.4)
39.7
(103.5)
33.4
(92.1)
28.0
(82.4)
44.1
(111.4)
Average high °C (°F) 21.3
(70.3)
23.0
(73.4)
26.1
(79)
31.0
(87.8)
35.7
(96.3)
38.9
(102)
40.4
(104.7)
40.0
(104)
37.3
(99.1)
33.1
(91.6)
27.7
(81.9)
23.0
(73.4)
31.46
(88.63)
Daily mean °C (°F) 15.8
(60.4)
17.4
(63.3)
20.5
(68.9)
24.7
(76.5)
29.1
(84.4)
32.0
(89.6)
33.8
(92.8)
33.7
(92.7)
31.3
(88.3)
27.4
(81.3)
22.0
(71.6)
17.1
(62.8)
25.4
(77.72)
Average low °C (°F) 10.4
(50.7)
11.8
(53.2)
14.6
(58.3)
18.4
(65.1)
22.5
(72.5)
25.2
(77.4)
27.3
(81.1)
27.4
(81.3)
25.2
(77.4)
21.8
(71.2)
16.3
(61.3)
11.9
(53.4)
19.4
(66.91)
Mean minimum °C (°F) 5.9
(42.6)
7.4
(45.3)
10.1
(50.2)
13.4
(56.1)
17.7
(63.9)
21.5
(70.7)
24.8
(76.6)
24.8
(76.6)
22.0
(71.6)
17.4
(63.3)
11.5
(52.7)
7.5
(45.5)
5.9
(42.6)
Record low °C (°F) 1.2
(34.2)
0.9
(33.6)
3.0
(37.4)
8.4
(47.1)
12.1
(53.8)
18.5
(65.3)
20.0
(68)
19.4
(66.9)
18.6
(65.5)
9.2
(48.6)
5.3
(41.5)
2.5
(36.5)
0.9
(33.6)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 4
(0.16)
3
(0.12)
3
(0.12)
2
(0.08)
1
(0.04)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
4
(0.16)
2
(0.08)
5
(0.2)
24
(0.96)
Average rainy days (≥ 0.1 mm) 2.1 1.8 1.6 0.9 0.7 0 0 0 0 0.7 0.8 1.9 10.5
Average relative humidity (%) 32 28 25 19 16 15 17 18 23 27 29 33 23.5
Mean monthly sunshine hours 229.4 237.3 251.1 273 319.3 324 347.2 347.2 291 282.1 246 217 3,364.6
Source: Israel Meteorological Service
Eilat mean sea temperature
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
22 °C (72 °F) 21 °C (70 °F) 21 °C (70 °F) 23 °C (73 °F) 25 °C (77 °F) 26 °C (79 °F) 28 °C (82 °F) 28 °C (82 °F) 28 °C (82 °F) 27 °C (81 °F) 25 °C (77 °F) 23 °C (73 °F)

Eilat: Demographics

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1955 500 -
1961 5,300 +960.0%
1972 13,100 +147.2%
1983 18,900 +44.3%
1995 32,500 +72.0%
2008 47,300 +45.5%
2014 48,946 +3.5%
Source: CBS

Eilat's population includes a large number of foreign workers, estimated at over 10,000 working as caregivers, hotel workers and in the construction trades. Eilat also has a growing Israeli Arab population, as well as many affluent Jordanians and Egyptians who visit Eilat in the summer months.

In 2007, over 200 Sudanese refugees from Egypt who arrived in Israel illegally on foot were given work and allowed to stay in Eilat.

Eilat: Education

The educational system of Eilat accommodates more than 9,000 youngsters in eight day-care centers, 67 pre-kindergartens and kindergartens, 10 elementary schools, and four high schools. Ben Gurion University of the Negev maintains a campus in Eilat. The Eilat branch has 1,100 students, about 75 percent from outside the city. In 2010, a new student dormitory was funded and built by the Jewish Federation of Toronto, the Rashi Foundation, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev and the municipality of Eilat. The SPNI's Eilat Field School on the outskirts of Eilat offers special hiking tours that focus on desert ecology, the Red Sea, bird migration and other aspects of Eilat's flora and fauna.

Eilat: Healthcare

Yoseftal Medical Center, established in 1968, is Israel's southernmost hospital, and the only hospital covering the southern Negev. With 65 beds, the hospital is Israel's smallest. Special services geared to the Red Sea region are a hyperbaric chamber to treat victims of diving accidents and kidney dialysis facilities open to vacationing tourists.

Eilat: Transportation

Eilat Airport
Port of Eilat

Eilat: Air

  • Eilat Airport is located in the city centre and is used largely for domestic flights (IATA: ETH, ICAO: LLET).
  • International flights often use Ovda International Airport some 50 kilometres (31 mi) northwest of the city (IATA: VDA, ICAO: LLOV).
  • The new Ramon International Airport will handle commercial domestic and international flights to Eilat from 2017.

Eilat: Road

Eilat has two main roads connecting it with the center of Israel - Route 12, which leads North West, and Route 90 which leads North East, and South West to the border crossing with Egypt. Egged, the national bus company, provides regular service to points north on an almost hourly basis as well as in-city on a half-hourly basis during daylight hours.

Eilat: Border Crossings with Egypt and Jordan

  • The Taba Border Crossing allows crossing to and from Taba, Egypt.
  • The Wadi Araba Crossing, renamed the Yitzhak Rabin Border Crossing on the Israeli side, allows crossing to and from Aqaba, Jordan.

Eilat: Maritime

The Port of Eilat and Eilat Marina allow travel by sea.

Future plans also call for a rail link, sometimes referred to as the Med-Red to decrease travel times substantially from Eilat to Tel Aviv and Jerusalem, via the existing line at Beer Sheba; planning is underway.

Eilat: Economy

In the 1970s tourism became increasingly important to the city's economy as other industries shut down or were drastically reduced. Today tourism is the city's major source of income, although Eilat became a free trade zone in 1985.

Eilat: Tourism

Eilat Sports Center, a $3 million project, completed in 2013.

Eilat offers a wide range of accommodations, from hostels and luxury hotels to Bedouin hospitality. In recent years Eilat has been the target of millitants from Egypt and Gaza causing a reduced tourist inflow to the region. Attractions include:

  • Birdwatching and ringing station: Eilat is located on the main migration route between Africa and Europe. International Birding & Research Center in Eilat.
  • Camel tours.
  • Coral Beach Nature Reserve, an underwater marine reserve of tropical marine flora and fauna.
  • Coral World Underwater Observatory – Located at the southern tip of Coral Beach, the observatory has aquaria, a museum, simulation rides, and shark, turtle, and stingray tanks. The observatory is the biggest public aquarium in the Middle East.
  • Dolphin Reef – A marine biology and research station where visitors can swim and interact with dolphins.
  • Freefall parachuting.
  • Yotvata Hai-Bar Nature Reserve, established in the 1960s to conserve endangered species, including Biblical animals, from this and similar regions. The reserve has a Visitors Center, care and treatment enclosures, and large open area where desert animals are acclimated before re-introduction into the wild. Hai-Bar efforts have successfully re-introduced the Asian Wild Ass, or Onager, into the Negev. The Hai-Bar Nature Reserve and animal re-introduction program were described in Bill Clark's book "High Hills and Wild Goats: Life Among the Animals of the Hai-Bar Wildlife Refuge". The book also describes life in Eilat and the surrounding area.
  • Marina with some 250 yacht berths.
  • Timna Valley Park – the oldest copper mines in the world. Egyptian temple of Hathor, King Solomon's Pillars sandstone formation, ancient pit mines and rock art.
  • "What's Up" the Observatory in Eilat, a portable Astronomical Observatory with programs in the desert and on the promenade.
  • Ice Mall ice skating rink and shopping mall.

Eilat: Dive tourism

Coral World Underwater Observatory
Eilat sea

Skin and Scuba diving, with equipment for hire on or near all major beaches. Scuba diving equipment rental and compressed air are available from diving clubs and schools all year round. Eilat is located in the Gulf of Aqaba, one of the most popular diving destinations in the world. The coral reefs along Eilat's coast remain relatively pristine and the area is recognized as one of the prime diving locations in the world. About 250,000 dives are performed annually in Eilat's 11 km (6.84 mi) coastline, and diving represents 10% of the tourism income of this area. In addition, given the proximity of many of these reefs to the shore, non-divers can encounter the Red Sea's reefs with relative ease. Water conditions for SCUBA divers are good all year round, with water temperatures around 21–25 °C (70–77 °F), with little or no currents and clear waters with an average of 20–30 metres (66–98 feet) visibility.

Eilat: Museums

  • Eilat City Museum
  • Eilat Art Gallery
  • Eilat Erotic Museum (Sex museum), first erotic museum in Israel and the Middle East

Eilat: Film

Eilat has been utilized by film and television productions - domestic and foreign - for location shooting since the 1960s, most notably in the early 90s as a tropical locale for season 2 of the Canadian production Tropical Heat.

It was also used in the films She, Madron, Ashanti and Rambo III.

Eilat: Archaeology

Despite harsh conditions, the region has supported large populations as far back as 8,000 BCE.

Exploration of ancient sites began in 1861, but only 7% of the area has undergone serious archaeological excavation. Some 1,500 ancient sites are located in a 1,200-square-kilometre (460 sq mi) area. In contrast to the gaps found in settlement periods in the neighbouring Negev Highlands and Sinai, these sites show continuous settlement for the past 10,000 years.

Eilat: Notable people

Shahar Tzuberi
  • Shawn Dawson (born 1993), basketball player
  • Amit Ivry, Olympic swimmer and national record holder, born Eilat, 1989.
  • Shahar Tzuberi, Israeli Olympic bronze-medal-winning windsurfer, 2008 Olympic Games in Beijing, born Eilat, 1986.
  • Raviv Ullman, Israeli-American actor and musician, born Eilat, 1986.
  • Ziki Shaked, the first Israeli ship's captain to go round the world under the Israeli flag, from Eilat to Eilat.
  • Eliad Peretz, Israeli-American scientist, a NASA fellow member, and NSF (National science foundation) fellow. Named as one of the most promising scientists for 2015 in the USA.

Eilat: Neighborhoods

Eilat neighborhoods are Arava, Ganim A, Ganim B, Hadekel, Ha'eshel, Mizpe Yam, Maar'av Sheva also known as West7, Midbar, Ophir, Shahamon, Tse'elim, Urim, Ye'elim, Zofit Elite, and Zofit Tachtit.

Eilat: Twin towns – sister cities

Eilat is twinned with:

  • Autonomous Republic of Crimea Yalta, Crimea
  • Czech Republic Karlovy Vary, Czech Republic
  • France Antibes, France
  • France Juan-les-Pins, France
  • Chile Arica, Chile
  • South Africa Durban, South Africa
  • Spain Benidorm, Spain
  • Brazil Natal, Brasil
  • Bulgaria Smolyan, Bulgaria
  • Germany Kamen, Germany
  • Greece Serres, Greece
  • Netherlands Kampen, Netherlands
  • Canada Toronto, Ontario, Canada
  • United States Los Angeles, United States
  • Argentina Ushuaia, Argentina
  • Slovakia Piešťany, Slovakia
  • Hungary Sopron, Hungary
  • China Yinchuan, China

Eilat has streets named after Antibes, Durban, Kamen, Kampen and Los Angeles as well as a Canada Park.

Eilat: Panoramic views

Eilat Coastline at Night
Panorama of the Eilat Mountains

Eilat: See also

  • Bnei Eilat F.C.
  • Eilat International Film Festival
  • Eilat Pride
  • Eilat Sports Center
  • Eilat stone
  • Hapoel Eilat B.C.
  • Operation Ovda
  • Red Sea Jazz Festival
  • Yotvata Airfield

Eilat: References

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  2. Discovering the World of the Bible, LaMar C. Berrett, (Cedar Fort 1996), page 204
  3. Avner, U. 2008. Eilat Region. In, A. Stern (ed.). The New Encyclopedia of Archaeological Excavation in the Holy Land, Volume 5 (Supplementary). Jerusalem. 1704–1711.
  4. Grinzweig, Michael (1993). Cohen, Meir; Schiller, Eli, eds. "From the Items of the Name Eilat". Ariel (in Hebrew). Ariel Publishing (93–94: Eilat – Human, Sea and Desert): 110.
  5. Dr. Muhammed Abdul Nayeem, (1990). Prehistory and Protohistory of the Arabian Peninsula. Hyderabad. ISBN.
  6. Michael Rice(1990). Egypt's Making. Routledge. ISBN 0-415-06454-6.
  7. "ישראל המקדשית". Gideon.022.co.il. Retrieved 2011-09-16.
  8. "When and How Did Jerusalem Become a Great City? The Rise of Jerusalem as Judah's Premier City in the Eighth-Seventh Centuries B.C.E." Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research, no. 347 (2007): 21-56. http://www.jstor.org/stable/25067021.
  9. Yehudah Rapuano (2013). "An Early Islamic Settlement and a Possible Open-Air Mosque at Eilat". 'Atiqot. 75: 129–165.
  10. Moshe Gil. "A History of Palestine, 634–1099". Cambridge University Press, 1997, pp.29–31
  11. The Quran, sura 7:163–167. http://quran.com/7/163-169
  12. Gabriel Warburg (1979). "The Sinai Peninsula borders 1906–1947". Journal of Contemporary History. 14: 677–692. doi:10.1177/002200947901400406.
  13. John S. Haupert. "Development of Israel's Frontier Port of Elat". The Professional Geographer. 16 (2): 13–16.
  14. Nowar, Maan Abu (2002). The history of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. (1. ed.). Oxford: Ithaca Press. p. 297. ISBN 0863722865.
  15. "Timna Copper Mines homepage". Archived from the original on 2016-04-19.
  16. Avi Shlaim; William Roger Louis (13 February 2012). The 1967 Arab-Israeli War: Origins and Consequences. Cambridge University Press. p. 224. ISBN 978-1-107-00236-4. 90% of Israeli oil was imported through the Straits of Tiran
  17. Avi Shlaim; William Roger Louis (13 February 2012). The 1967 Arab-Israeli War: Origins and Consequences. Cambridge University Press. p. 27. ISBN 978-1-107-00236-4.
  18. "Daily brief to the U.S president on 27 May 1967" (PDF). 27 May 1967. "diverted as was a sister ship yesterday
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  20. The real 24: An inside look at an elite IDF anti-terror unit Friday August 26, 2011
  21. 5 Things You Didn’t Know about the Eilat Counterterrorism Unit
  22. Suicide Bomb Kills 3 in Bakery in Israel – The New York Times, Jan 29, 2007
  23. "Eilat driver warned police about terrorist minutes before attack". Haaretz. April 17, 2006.
  24. "Peretz orders IDF to prepare for operations in Gaza". The Jerusalem Post. January 29, 2007.
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  41. Jonathan Saul, Elana Ringler for Reuters (2007). "Sudanese refugees in Israel face uncertainty". Boston Globe. Archived from the original on December 8, 2008. Retrieved October 29, 2007.
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  43. Neta Sela (2007). "Israel must reject Darfur refugees, rabbi says". Ynet News – Jewish World. Retrieved October 29, 2007.
  44. Daniel Horowitz. "UJA Federation of Greater Toronto". Jewishtoronto.net. Archived from the original on February 9, 2009. Retrieved January 28, 2011.
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  59. "MFA, Gulf of Aqaba- Tourism, 30 Sep 1997". Mfa.gov.il. Retrieved January 28, 2011.
  60. Artificial Reefs and Dive Tourism in Eilat, Israel Dan Wilhelmsson, Marcus C. Öhman, Henrik Ståhl and Yechiam Shlesinger Ambio, Vol. 27, No. 8, Building Capacity for Coastal Management (Dec., 1998), pp. 764–766 Published by: Allen Press on behalf of Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences [1]
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  • Eilat + official tourism website of the city of Eilat
  • Official city site (in Hebrew)
  • Crossing the Israel – Jordan Border
  • Eilat Tourist directory
  • A film about Eilat in 1960 commentary (in Hebrew)
  • Photos of Eilat
  • Tourism city guide site
  • Eilat Today, a magazine of current affairs
  • Birding in Eilat
  • Scuba Diving in Eilat with descriptions of dive sites
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