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Hotels of Eindhoven

A hotel in Eindhoven is an establishment that provides lodging paid on a short-term basis. Facilities provided may range from a basic bed and storage for clothing, to luxury features like en-suite bathrooms. Larger in Eindhoven hotels may provide additional guest facilities such as a swimming pool, business centre, childcare, conference facilities and social function services. Hotel rooms in Eindhoven are usually numbered (or named in some smaller hotels and B&Bs) to allow guests to identify their room. Some Eindhoven hotels offer meals as part of a room and board arrangement. Hotel operations vary in size, function, and cost. Most Eindhoven hotels and major hospitality companies that operate hotels in Eindhoven have set widely accepted industry standards to classify hotel types. General categories include the following:

Upscale luxury hotels in Eindhoven
An upscale full service hotel facility in Eindhoven that offers luxury amenities, full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and the highest level of personalized and professional service. Luxury Eindhoven hotels are normally classified with at least a Four Diamond or Five Diamond status or a Four or Five Star rating depending on classification standards.

Full service hotels in Eindhoven
Full service Eindhoven hotels often contain upscale full-service facilities with a large volume of full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and a variety of on-site amenities such as swimming pools, a health club, children's activities, ballrooms, on-site conference facilities, etc.

Historic inns and boutique hotels in Eindhoven
Boutique hotels of Eindhoven are smaller independent non-branded hotels that often contain upscale facilities of varying size in unique or intimate settings with full service accommodations. Eindhoven boutique hotels are generally 100 rooms or less. Some historic inns and boutique hotels in Eindhoven may be classified as luxury hotels.

Focused or select service hotels in Eindhoven
Small to medium-sized hotel establishments that offer a limited amount of on-site amenities that only cater and market to a specific demographic of Eindhoven travelers, such as the single business traveler. Most Eindhoven focused or select service hotels may still offer full service accommodations but may lack leisure amenities such as an on-site restaurant or a swimming pool.

Economy and limited service hotels in Eindhoven
Small to medium-sized Eindhoven hotel establishments that offer a very limited amount of on-site amenities and often only offer basic accommodations with little to no services, these facilities normally only cater and market to a specific demographic of travelers, such as the budget-minded Eindhoven traveler seeking a "no frills" accommodation. Limited service Eindhoven hotels often lack an on-site restaurant but in return may offer a limited complimentary food and beverage amenity such as on-site continental breakfast service.

Guest houses and B&Bs in Eindhoven
A bed and breakfast in Eindhoven is a small lodging establishment that offers overnight accommodation and inclusive breakfast. Usually, Eindhoven bed and breakfasts are private homes or family homes offering accommodations. The typical Eindhoven B&B has between 4 and 11 rooms, with 6 being the average. Generally, guests are accommodated in private bedrooms with private bathrooms, or in a suite of rooms including an en suite bathroom. Some homes have private bedrooms with a bathroom which is shared with other guests. Breakfast is served in the bedroom, a dining room, or the host's kitchen. Often the owners of guest house themselves prepare the breakfast and clean the rooms.

Hostels in Eindhoven
Eindhoven hostels provide budget-oriented, sociable accommodation where guests can rent a bed, usually a bunk bed, in a dormitory and share a bathroom, lounge, and sometimes a kitchen. Rooms can be mixed or single-sex, although private rooms may also be available. Hostels are often cheaper for both the operator and occupants; many Eindhoven hostels have long-term residents whom they employ as desk agents or housekeeping staff in exchange for experience or discounted accommodation.

Apartment hotels, extended stay hotels in Eindhoven
Extended stay hotels are small to medium-sized Eindhoven hotels that offer longer term full service accommodations compared to a traditional hotel. Extended stay hotels may offer non-traditional pricing methods such as a weekly rate that cater towards travelers in need of short-term accommodations for an extended period of time. Similar to limited and select service hotels, on-site amenities are normally limited and most extended stay hotels in Eindhoven lack an on-site restaurant.

Timeshare and destination clubs in Eindhoven
Eindhoven timeshare and destination clubs are a form of property ownership also referred to as a vacation ownership involving the purchase and ownership of an individual unit of accommodation for seasonal usage during a specified period of time. Timeshare resorts in Eindhoven often offer amenities similar that of a Full service hotel with on-site restaurant(s), swimming pools, recreation grounds, and other leisure-oriented amenities. Destination clubs of Eindhoven on the other hand may offer more exclusive private accommodations such as private houses in a neighborhood-style setting.

Motels in Eindhoven
A Eindhoven motel is a small-sized low-rise lodging establishment similar to that of a limited service hotel, but with direct access to individual rooms from the car park. Common during the 1950s and 1960s, motels were often located adjacent to a major road, where they were built on inexpensive land at the edge of towns or along stretches of highways. They are still useful in less populated areas of Eindhoven for driving travelers, but the more populated an area becomes the more hotels fill the need. Many of Eindhoven motels which remain in operation have joined national franchise chains, rebranding themselves as hotels, inns or lodges.

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Travelling and vacation in Eindhoven

City and Municipality
Hoogbouw Eindhoven overzicht.jpg
Lichttoren Eindhoven 1 - Cropped.jpg Overzicht - Eindhoven - 20396787 - RCE - Cropped.jpg
Steentjeskerk Eindhoven.jpg Eindhoven Centrum 042.JPG Vestedatoren, Vestdijk, Eindhoven 4x3.jpg
Zicht op de rechter zijgevel van de nieuwbouw, restaurant op de voorgrond links - Eindhoven - 20536864 - RCE.jpg Philips Stadion - PSV Eindhoven, 2008-1.jpg
1302 Eindhoven - HTC 044.jpg
From top down, left to right: Skyline of Eindhoven,
Light Tower at the city centre, Evoluon conference centre,
St. Anthony Church, St. Catherine Church, Vesteda Tower,
Van Abbe Museum, Philips Stadium of PSV Eindhoven,
High Tech Campus Eindhoven
Flag of Eindhoven
Coat of arms of Eindhoven
Coat of arms
Highlighted position of Eindhoven in a municipal map of North Brabant
Location in North Brabant
Coordinates:  / 51.433; 5.483  / 51.433; 5.483
Country Netherlands
Province North Brabant
• Body Municipal council
• Mayor John Jorritsma (VVD)
• Municipality 88.87 km (34.31 sq mi)
• Land 87.72 km (33.87 sq mi)
• Water 1.15 km (0.44 sq mi)
Elevation 17 m (56 ft)
Population (Municipality, February 2017; Urban and Metro, May 2014; Metro region and CMSA, August 2015)
• Municipality 221,402
• Density 2,524/km (6,540/sq mi)
• Urban 337,487
• Metro 419,045
• Metro region 755,313
• CMSA 1,944,588
Demonym(s) Eindhovenaar
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
• Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postcode 5600–5658
Area code 040
Website www.eindhoven.nl
Dutch Topographic map of Eindhoven (city), Sept. 2014

Eindhoven (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈɛi̯ntɦoːvə(n)]) is a municipality and a city in the south of the Netherlands, originally at the confluence of the Dommel and Gender streams. The Gender was dammed short of the city centre in the 1950s and the Dommel still runs through the city. The city has a population of 223,220 in January 2015, making it the fifth-largest municipality of the Netherlands and the largest in the province of North Brabant.

Neighbouring cities and towns include Asten, Son en Breugel, Nuenen, Geldrop-Mierlo, Heeze-Leende, Waalre, Veldhoven, Eersel, Oirschot and Best. The agglomeration has a population of 337,487. The metropolitan area consists of 419,045 inhabitants. The city region has a population of 753,426. Also, Eindhoven is located in the Brabantse Stedenrij, a combined metropolitan area with about 2 million inhabitants.

Eindhoven: Name

The name Eindhoven derives from the contraction of the regional words eind (meaning "last" or "end") and hove (or hoeve, a section of some 14 hectares of land). Toponymically, eind occurs commonly as a prefix and postfix in local place- and streetnames. A "hove" comprised a parcel of land which a local lord might lease to private persons (such as farmers). Given that a string of such parcels existed around Woensel, the name Eindhoven may have originated with the meaning "last hoves on the land of Woensel".

Eindhoven: History

Eindhoven: 13th–15th centuries

The written history of Eindhoven started in 1232, when Duke Hendrik I of Brabant granted city rights to Endehoven, then a small town right on the confluence of the Dommel and Gender streams. At the time of granting of its charter, Eindhoven had approximately 170 houses enclosed by a rampart. Just outside the city walls stood a small castle. The city was also granted the right to organize a weekly market and the farmers in nearby villages were obliged to come to Eindhoven to sell their produce. Another factor in its establishment was its location on the trade route from Holland to Liège.

Around 1388, the city's fortifications were strengthened further. And between 1413 and 1420, a new castle was built within the city walls. In 1486, Eindhoven was plundered and burned by troops from Guelders.

Eindhoven: 16th–18th centuries

The reconstruction of Eindhoven was finished in 1502, with a stronger rampart and a new castle. However, in 1543 it fell again, its defense works having been neglected due to poverty.

A big fire in 1554 destroyed 75% of the houses but by 1560 these had been rebuilt with the help of William I of Orange. During the Dutch Revolt, Eindhoven changed hands between the Dutch and the Spanish several times during which it was burned down by renegade Spanish soldiers, until finally in 1583 it was captured once more by Spanish troops and its city walls were demolished.

Eindhoven did not become part of the Netherlands until 1629. During the French occupation, Eindhoven suffered again with many of its houses destroyed by the invading forces. Eindhoven remained a minor city after that until the start of the industrial revolution.

Eindhoven: 19th century

The industrial revolution of the 19th century provided a major growth impulse. Canals, roads and railroads were constructed. Eindhoven was connected to the major Zuid-Willemsvaart canal through the Eindhovens Kanaal branch in 1843 and was connected by rail to Tilburg, 's-Hertogenbosch, Venlo and Belgium between 1866 and 1870. Industrial activities initially centred around tobacco and textile and boomed with the rise of lighting and electronics giant Philips, which was founded as a light bulb manufacturing company in Eindhoven in 1891.

Industrialization brought population growth to Eindhoven. At the establishment of the Kingdom of the Netherlands in 1815, Eindhoven had 2,310 inhabitants.

Eindhoven: 20th century

By 1920, the population was 47,946; by 1925 it was 63,870 and in 1935 that had ballooned to 103,030. The explosive growth of industry in the region and the subsequent housing needs of workers called for radical changes in administration, as the City of Eindhoven was still confined to its medieval moat city limits. In 1920, the five neighbouring municipalities of Woensel (to the north), Tongelre (northeast and east), Stratum (southeast), Gestel en Blaarthem (southwest) and Strijp (west), which already bore the brunt of the housing needs and related problems, were incorporated into the new Groot-Eindhoven ("Greater Eindhoven") municipality. The prefix "Groot-" was later dropped.

After the incorporation of 1920, the five former municipalities became districts of the Municipality of Eindhoven, with Eindhoven-Centrum (the City proper) forming the sixth. Since then, an additional seventh district has been formed by dividing the largest district, that of Woensel, into Woensel-Zuid and Woensel-Noord.

The early 20th century saw additions in technical industry with the advent of car and truck manufacturing company Van Doorne's Automobiel Fabriek (DAF) and the subsequent shift towards electronics and engineering, with the traditional tobacco and textile industries waning and finally disappearing in the 1970s.

People of Eindhoven (during World War II) watching Allied forces entering the city following its liberation from Axis forces on 19 September 1944.
Eindhoven, view to a street: 18 Septemberplein-Vestdijk-Stationsplein

A first air raid in World War II was flown by the RAF on 6 December 1942 targeting the Philips factory downtown. 148 civilians died, even though the attack was carried out on a Sunday by low-flying Mosquito bombers. Large-scale air raids, including the preliminary bombing during Operation Market Garden to aid the US 101st Airborne Division paratroopers in securing the bridges in and around the town on 18 September 1944, destroyed large parts of the city. The reconstruction that followed left very little historical remains and the post-war reconstruction period saw drastic renovation plans in highrise style, some of which were implemented. At the time, there was little regard for historical heritage; in the 1960s, a new city hall was built and its neo-gothic predecessor (1867) demolished to make way for a planned arterial road that never materialised.

The 1970s, 1980s and 1990s saw large-scale housing developments in the districts of Woensel-Zuid and Woensel-Noord, making Eindhoven the fifth-largest city in the Netherlands. At the start of the 21st century, a whole new housing development called Meerhoven was constructed at the site of the old airport of Welschap, west of Eindhoven. The airport itself, now called Eindhoven Airport, had moved earlier to a new location, paving the way for much needed new houses. Meerhoven is part of the Strijp district and partially lies on lands annexed from the municipality of Veldhoven.

Eindhoven: 21st century

In the 2000s decade, Eindhoven emerged as the capital of Dutch industrial design. The Design Academy Eindhoven has produced major Dutch designers, such as Maarten Baas, Marcel Wanders, Richard Hutten, and Hella Jongerius. The school also has a strong affiliation with droog design. In 2003, Time Magazine called the Academy, "The School of Cool." Due to the fame of the D.A.E, Eindhoven has been able to grow in the design industry with such events as the Dutch Design Week, that takes place every October. While most of Philips' industries have moved out, the Philips Design Bureau is still in Eindhoven.

Eindhoven: Geography


The villages and city that make up modern Eindhoven were originally built on sandy elevations between the Dommel, Gender and Tongelreep streams. Beginning in the 19th century, the basins of the streams themselves have also been used as housing grounds, resulting in occasional floodings in the city centre. Partly to reduce flooding, the bed of the Gender stream, which flowed directly through the city centre, was dammed off and filled up after the War, and the course of the Dommel was regulated. New ecological and socio-historical insights have led to parts of the Dommel's course being restored to their original states, and plans to have the Gender flow through the centre once again.

The large-scale housing developments of the 20th century saw residential areas being built on former agricultural lands and woods, former heaths that had been turned into cultivable lands in the 19th century.

The city is currently divided into seven districts:

  1. Centrum
  2. Woensel-Noord
  3. Woensel-Zuid
  4. Tongelre
  5. Stratum
  6. Gestel
  7. Strijp

Eindhoven: Climate

Eindhoven has an oceanic climate with slightly warmer summers and colder winters than the coastal parts of the Netherlands. Its all-time record is 36.6 °C (97.9 °F) set on 20 August 2009 and −21.7 °C (−7.1 °F) set on 13 January 1968, while winter lows have dipped below −15 °C (5 °F) during extreme cold snaps. Although frosts are frequent in winter, there is no lasting snow cover in a normal winter due to the mild daytime temperatures.

Climate data for Eindhoven, Netherlands for 1981– (Source: KNMI)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 16.3
Average high °C (°F) 5.7
Daily mean °C (°F) 3.0
Average low °C (°F) 0.0
Record low °C (°F) −21.7
Average precipitation mm (inches) 63.6
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 16 14 16 13 13 14 14 13 14 15 17 17 176
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 cm) 6 6 4 1 0 0 2 5 24
Average relative humidity (%) 87 84 80 74 73 75 75 77 83 85 89 90 81
Mean monthly sunshine hours 61.5 84.0 120.8 170.2 202.5 191.5 204.8 188.8 141.7 115.9 65.1 48.1 1,603.6

Eindhoven: Demographics

The (now monumental) former building of the Boerenleenbank in the Raiffeisenstraat (in the Centrum).

Eindhoven: Population

As of 2013, the population of Eindhoven consisted of 218,433 persons (according to the Eindhoven city council, the city will reach the maximum population of 230,000 inhabitants around the year 2025). Of these, 29.5% or some 63,873 people are of foreign descent. People are classified as being of foreign descent when they were born outside of the Netherlands, or when at least one of their parents was born outside of the Netherlands.

Large minority groups include:

  • Non-Western, at least in part: 38,303 (17.5%)
  1. Turks (10,337) (4.7%)
  2. Moroccans (5,907) (2.6%)
  3. Surinamese (3,771) (1.7%)
  4. Antilleans/Arubans (2,704) (1.2%)
  5. Indian (2,088) (0.7%)
  6. Chinese (3,452)
  7. Others (14,420) (6.6%)
  • Western, at least in part: 28,578 (11.1%)
  1. Indos (6,248) (2.9%)
  2. Germans (5,115) (2.4%)
  3. Belgians (2,651) (1.2%)
  4. British (1,410) (0.6%)
  5. Spaniards (1,226) (0.5%)
  • Eastern European origin, at least in part: 4,341 (2%)
  1. Polish (2,956) (1.2%)
  2. Former Yugoslavia (1,386)
  3. Former Soviet Union (1,534)

The municipal agglomeration of Eindhoven (an administrative construct which includes only some of the surrounding towns and villages) has 327,245 inhabitants as of 1 January 2010.

The spoken language is a combination of Kempenlands (a Dutch dialect spoken in a large area east and south east of the city, including Arendonk and Lommel in Belgium) and North Meierijs (between the south of Den Bosch and into Eindhoven). Both dialects belong to the East Brabantian dialect group), which is very similar to colloquial Dutch).

Eindhoven: Districts

Of all Eindhoven districts, the historical centre is by far the smallest in size and population, numbering only 5,419 in 2006. Woensel-Noord is the largest, having been the city's main area of expansion for several decades.

Population figures for all districts, as of 1 January 2008, ranked by size:

  1. Woensel-Noord (65,429)
  2. Woensel-Zuid (35,789)
  3. Stratum (31,778)
  4. Gestel (26,590)
  5. Strijp (25,402)
  6. Tongelre (19,680)
  7. Centrum (5,757)

Eindhoven: Religion

Eindhoven is located in the southeast of the province of North Brabant. This area is historically Roman Catholic and the population of Eindhoven was similarly mostly Catholic for a very long time until the late 1970s. However, the internationalizing influence of the university, Philips and other companies have created a more mixed population over the last few decades.

The Eindhoven agglomeration had the following religious makeup in 2015:

  • Roman Catholic: 36.9%
  • No religious denomination: 45%
  • Muslim: 8%
  • Dutch Reformed: 2.5%
  • other Protestant: 2.4%
  • Hindu: 0.8%
  • Buddhist: 0.5%
  • Other: 3.9

The spiritual needs of the Eindhoven population are tended by a large number of churches, two mosques and one synagogue.

Eindhoven: Crime

In research by the Dutch newspaper Algemeen Dagblad based on the police's statistical data on crime rates, Eindhoven was found to have the highest crime rate in the Netherlands for 2006, 2007, 2009, and 2010. In 2011, Eindhoven has slipped down the list to number six.

In 2009, in the Eindhoven agglomeration, the following numbers of crimes were recorded:

Category Number
Total 61,539
Monetary (including burglary, theft) 37,266
Destruction and public disorder 9,861
Violent crime 5,568
Other crimes (criminal code) 562
Traffic crimes 6,665
Drug related 1,094
(Fire)arms related 343
Environmental 19
Other crimes (other laws) 161

Eindhoven: Languages

  • Standard Dutch
  • Eindhoven does not have its own, uniform dialect. Varieties of the Brabantian dialect used to be spoken in the former villages of Gestel, Woensel and Stratum, but are now almost extinct. The closest city to Eindhoven in which Brabantian is spoken is Helmond.

Eindhoven: Economy

Eindhoven has grown from a little town in 1232 to one of the biggest cities in the Netherlands with around 212,000 inhabitants in 2009. Much of its growth is due to Philips, DAF Trucks and Brabantia.

After the resurrection of the Netherlands in 1815 and the end of the Belgian Revolution, Eindhoven was a small village of some 1250 people in an economically backward and mostly agricultural area. Cheap land, cheap labor and the existence of pre-industrial homesourcing (huisnijverheid in Dutch) made Eindhoven an attractive area for the developing industries which were being stimulated by the government of King William I. During the 19th century, Eindhoven grew into an industrial town with factories for textile weaving, cigar manufacturing, match making and hat making. Most of these industries disappeared again after World War II, though.

Philips Light Tower in 2000.

In 1891, brothers Gerard and Anton Philips founded the small light bulb factory that would grow into one of the largest electronics firms in the world. Philips' presence is probably the largest single contributing factor to the major growth of Eindhoven in the 20th century. It attracted and spun off many hi-tech companies, making Eindhoven a major technology and industrial hub. In 2005, a full third of the total amount of money spent on research in the Netherlands was spent in or around Eindhoven. A quarter of the jobs in the region are in technology and ICT, with companies such as FEI Company (once Philips Electron Optics), NXP Semiconductors (formerly Philips Semiconductors), ASML, ALTEN, Simac, Neways Electronics and the aforementioned Philips and DAF.

Eindhoven has long been a centre of cooperation between research institutes and industry. This tradition started with Philips (the NatLab was a physical expression of this) and has since expanded to large cooperative networks. The Eindhoven University of Technology hosts an incubator for technology startups and the NatLab has developed into the High Tech Campus Eindhoven. Also, TNO has opened a branch on the university campus. This tradition has also fostered inter-industry cooperation in the region; one example of this is the announcement in September 2010 of a new research lab for high-grade packaging materials, a cooperation of IPS Packaging and Thales Cryognetics.

This cooperative tradition has also developed into a different direction than the traditional technology research done at the university. Starting in 2002, the university, the Catharina hospital, Philips Medical and the University of Maastricht joined forces and started joint research into biomedical science, technology and engineering. Within Eindhoven, this research has been concentrated in a new university faculty (BioMedical Technology or BMT). This development has also made Eindhoven a biomedical technology hub within the country and its (European) region.

The Evoluon conference center.

Prime examples of industrial heritage in Eindhoven are the renovated Witte Dame ("White Lady") complex, a former Philips lamp factory; and the Admirant building (informally known as Bruine Heer or "Brown Gentleman" in reference to the Witte Dame across the street), the former Philips main offices. The Witte Dame currently houses the municipal library, the Design Academy and a selection of shops. The Admirant has been renovated into an office building for small companies. Across the street from the Witte Dame and next to the Admirant is Philips' first light bulb factory (nicknamed Roze Baby, or "Pink Baby", in reference to its pink colour and much smaller size when compared to the "White Lady" and "Brown Gentleman"). The small building now houses the "Centrum Kunstlicht in de Kunst" (centre artificial light in art) and the "Philips Incandescent Lamp Factory of 1891" museum.

Eindhoven: Knowledge economy initiatives

Due to its high-tech environment, Eindhoven is part of several initiatives to develop, foster and increase a knowledge economy. Chief among these are:

  • Brainport Top Technology Region: A cooperative initiave of local government, industry and the Eindhoven University of Technology to develop the local knowledge economy of the Eindhoven region.
  • Brainport Development: An extension of the Top Technology Region, Brainport Development serves commercial exploitation and advertising of the region.
  • SRE: The Samenwerkingsverband Regio Eindhoven is a cooperative agreement among the municipalities in the Eindhoven metropolitan area. Although SRE is far more than just an economic agreement, it includes economic cooperation.
  • The Eindhoven-Leuven-Aachen triangle: An extensive cooperation agreement between the universities and surrounding regions of Eindhoven, Leuven (Belgium) and Aachen (Germany).
  • Within the Eindhoven region (particularly around Helmond), several parties are working together to set up an automotive testing facility of European scale, for testing and European certification of vehicles. This cooperation involves the Eindhoven University of Technology, TNO Automotive and the different automotive companies in and around Helmond.

As a result of these efforts, the Intelligent Community Forum named the Eindhoven metro region one of the top-21 intelligent communities in 2008 and one of the top-7 intelligent communities in 2009 and 2010. Finally, in 2011, the ICF named Eindhoven the Intelligent Community of the Year.

Eindhoven: EIT Co-location

Eindhoven is one of the co-location centres of the European Institute of Innovation and Technology (EIT). It hosts two Knowledge and Innovation Communities (KICs): Innoenergy (Sustainable Energy) and EIT ICT Labs (Information and Communication Technology). The co-locations are on the High Tech Campus Eindhoven.

Eindhoven: Education

Eindhoven, being a city with a 200,000+ population, is served by a large number of schools both at primary and secondary education levels. In addition, Eindhoven is a higher-education hub within the southern Netherlands, with several institutes of higher education that serve students from the extended region of North Brabant, Zeeland, Limburg and parts of the surrounding provinces.

Eindhoven: Primary education

Primary education is provided to the children aged 4 to 12 in Eindhoven through a large number of primary schools:

Area Gestel Stratum Strijp Tongelre Woensel
  • SALTO school De Hobbitstee
  • SKPO school De Kameleon
  • SKPO school De Springplank
  • SALTO school De Trinoom
  • SKPO school De Troubadour
  • SALTO school Hanevoet
  • SKPO school Karel de Grote
  • The Regional international school
  • SKPO school 't Startblok
  • SKPO school Beppino Sarto
  • SALTO school De Hasselbraam
  • SALTO school De Klimboom
  • VSEZ school De Regenboog
  • SKPO school De Talisman
  • SKPO school De Wilakkers
  • SALTO school De Zevensprong
  • SALTO school basisschool Floralaan
  • SALTO school De Bergen
  • SKPO school De Schakel
  • SALTO school De Startbaan
  • SALTO school Drents Dorp
  • SKPO school 't Slingertouw
  • SKPO school Theresia
  • SKPO school Trudo
  • SKPO school De Boog
  • SALTO school De Driesprong
  • SALTO school Nutsschool Reigerlaan
  • SKPO school BoschAkker
  • SALTO school 't Karregat
  • SKPO school Atalanta
  • SALTO school Cornelis Jetses
  • SKPO school De Bijenkorf
  • SKPO school De Boschuil
  • SALTO school De Driestam
  • SKPO school De Handreiking
  • SALTO school De Klapwiek
  • SKPO school De Korenaar
  • SALTO school De Ontmoeting
  • SALTO school De Opbouw
  • SKPO school De Schelp
  • SALTO school De Tempel
  • SALTO school De Vuurvlinder
  • SEOO school Evangelische Basisschool Online
  • SKPO school Fellenoord
  • SKPO school Gunterslaer
  • SKPO school Klimwijs
  • SALTO school Louis Buelens
  • SKPO school Onder de Wieken
  • SKPO school Rapenland
  • SKPO school St. Antonius Abt
  • SKPO school 't Palet
  • Islamic school Tarieq Ibnoe Ziyad
  • SKPO school Tweelingen
  • VSB school Vrije School Brabant
  • SKPO school Wethouder van Eupen
  • Special needs primary education:
    • SALTO school Jan Nieuwenhuizen
    • SKPO school De Reis van Brandaan
    • SKPO school Petraschool
    • SALTO school De Vijfkamp

Eindhoven: Secondary education

Secondary education is provided to the children aged 12 to 18 in Eindhoven through several highschools:

Area Gestel Stratum Strijp Tongelre Woensel
  • Christiaan Huygens College
  • Aloysius/De Roosten
  • Van Maerlant Lyceum
  • Heliconopleidingen "Groenschool"
  • SG Augustinianum
  • De Burgh
  • Sint-Joris College
  • Sint Lucas Eindhoven
  • Montessori College ROC Eindhoven
  • Lorentz Casimir Lyceum
  • Frits Philips Lyceum
  • Eckartcollege
  • Novalis College
  • De Rooi Pannen
  • Stedelijk College Eindhoven
  • International Secondary School Eindhoven

Special needs secondary education:

  • Sondervickcollege, Locatie de Stolberg
  • De Korenaer
  • Mgr. Bekkers
  • De Beemden
  • Mytylschool
  • Antoon Schellens College
  • Praktijkschool Eindhoven
  • VSO Ekkersbeek
  • Instituut 'St. Marie'

Eindhoven: Higher and adult education

Eindhoven hosts four different public institutions for higher and adult education, as well as a number of private institutions offering courses and trainings. The public institutions hosted in Eindhoven are:

  • The Design Academy.
  • The Eindhoven University of Technology.
  • The Fontys University of Applied Sciences (Eindhoven branch).
  • Sint Lucas Eindhoven
  • Summa College

The Open University also has a study center in Eindhoven.

Among the private institutions is the Centrum voor Kunsten Eindhoven, which offers art-related courses to adults (including a DJ-education).

Eindhoven: Politics

Eindhoven: Municipal council

The municipal council is the legislative council at the municipal level in Eindhoven; its existence is mandated by the Constitution of the Netherlands. The Eindhoven city council consists of 45 elected representatives from the Eindhoven municipality. These are elected during municipal elections from candidates running in Eindhoven. Eindhoven politics consists of local branches of the national political parties and purely local parties with strictly local interests. The city council reflects this mix in its makeup.

The last three municipal elections were held on 7 March 2006, 3 March 2010 and 19 March 2014. The division of the 45 seats in the Eindhoven city council after these elections is shown below:

Party Percentage in 2006 Seats in 2006 Percentage in 2010 Seats in 2010 Percentage in 2014 Seats in 2014
PvdA 26.99% 14 20.56% 10 15.9% 8
CDA 14.60% 7 11.50% 6 8.0% 4
SP 12.87% 6 8.70% 4 14.6% 7
VVD 11.78% 6 15.65% 8 13.5% 6
GreenLeft 7.07% 3 8.88% 4 7.6% 4
Livable Eindhoven 8.88% 4 3.22% 1 4.0% 2
Senior Appeal Eindhoven 4.88% 2 6.23% 3 9.7% 5
D66 3.33% 1 12.19% 6 14.7% 7
City Party 2.44% 1 1.40% 0 - -
Pim Fortuyn List 2.27% 1 4.57% 2 3.7% 1
ChristianUnion 2.22% 1 1.81% 0 2.0% 1
Eindhovense Lijst Studenten 1.69% 0 - - - -
Partij van de Toekomst (PvdT) 1.05% 0 0.8% 0 0.6% 0
Nieuw Rechts 0.98% 0 - - - -
Liberaal Eindhoven 0.90% 0 - - - -
Trots op Nederland/Lijst Rita Verdonk - - 2.84% 1 - -
Eindhoven Nu - - 1.16% 0 - -
Lijst J.C.W.M. Vlemmix - - 0.80% 0 - -
Partij voor Mens en Spirit - - 0.49% 0 - -
Blanco lijst, 1e kand. M. Leenders - - - - 1.5% 0
Samen Eindhoven - - - - 1.1% 0
De Groenen - - - - 0.1% 0
Eenheid Partij - - - - 0.7% 0
OPA Eindhoven - - - - 0.7% 0
Election results (percentages) 2010
Election results (percentages) 2010

Eindhoven: Municipal executive

Eindhoven: Aldermen

The executive council in Dutch municipalities is called the College of the Mayor and Aldermen (Dutch: College van Burgemeester en Wethouders or College van B&W for short). The mayor is appointed by the monarch, but the council of aldermen is composed as a result of the formation of a local coalition government. This coalition is formed in such a way as to be able to rely on a majority of the votes in the city council.

In May 2014, a coalition was formed between PvdA, D66, SP and GroenLinks. Together they have 26 seats in the city council. The council of aldermen consists of the following people:

  • Mary-Ann Schreurs (D66): innovation and design, sustainability and culture
  • Lenie Scholten (GreenLeft): healthcare and WIJeindhoven
  • Staf Depla (PvdA): economy, work and income and vocational education
  • Bianca van Kaathoven (SP): Active city, diversity and permits
  • Marco van Dorst (D66): Spatial planning and treasury
  • Yasin Torunoglu (PvdA): Living, boroughs, space and citizen participation
  • Jannie Visscher (SP): Youth, education, traffic and transport

Eindhoven: Mayor

The mayors of the Netherlands are not elected but appointed by the crown. Nevertheless, there has been a movement over the last few years to give the municipalities more say in who will be their mayor, which has resulted in consultative referenda being held in the larger cities to "suggest" a candidate for the post. This was also tried in Eindhoven and as a result the current mayor is Rob van Gijzel (PvdA).

On 23 January 2008, a referendum to elect a mayor was held in Eindhoven. This referendum, the second of its kind in the Netherlands, was attended by 24.6% of the inhabitants. This was less than the required 30% needed to make a referendum binding. Nevertheless, the city council would choose the winner of the referendum as the preferred candidate. The main reason for the low attendance was that the candidates, Leen Verbeek and Rob van Gijzel, were from the same party. Rob van Gijzel won the referendum with 61.8% of the votes and was appointed the city's new mayor.

The mayor is the chairman of the Council of B&W. He also has responsibility for a number of specific posts (like the aldermen). In the current council, mayor Van Gijzel holds responsibility for the following posts:

  • Communication

If unavailable, the mayor is temporarily replaced by one of the aldermen.

Eindhoven: Culture and recreation

Culturally and recreationally, Eindhoven was formed by two forces:

  • Being a university city, Eindhoven has a large student population. The students from the Eindhoven University of Technology and a number of undergraduate schools give Eindhoven a young population, whose recreational needs are catered to by several different festivals, clubs and such.
  • For a long time Eindhoven was the main location of Philips. The Philips company undertook a lot of effort in the "cultural formation" of its workforce and has given the city both cultural institutions (such as the former POC and the Muziekcentrum Frits Philips) and sporting institutions (notably PSV).

Eindhoven is also known as the City of Light, due to the Company Philips originating there and because of the several projects involving lighting up buildings of the city. During Carnival, Eindhoven is rechristened Lampegat (Hamlet of Lamps, although for the ironic purposes of carnival the translation Hole in the ground with lamps is closer to the mark); this refers again to the important role of Philips in the Eindhoven community.

Eindhoven: Cultural institutions

There are several cultural institutions in and around the city.

Eindhoven: Museums

  • The Centrum Kunstlicht in de Kunst (next door to the lightbulb museum) takes a more general look at lighting as an art form. The museum is scheduled to close on 5 December, due to loss of funding.
  • There are two museums dedicated to the major topics of the city's industrial heritage: the DAF Museum has a collection of DAF cars and the Philips Gloeilampenfabriekje anno 1891 (across the street from the Kempenland) documents the early lightbulb industry.
  • The former district court house now houses the Designhuis, a public podium and interaction area for modern design and innovation.
  • The Eindhoven Museum is an archaeological open-air museum which focuses on the region's Iron Age and Middle Ages. It merged in 2011 with Museum Kempenland which was a regional museum, which documents the history of the Kempenland region in objects, documents, paint and educational activities. Museum Kempenland's old location, the Steentjeskerk, is closed.
  • Finally, the Inkijkmuseum (the Look-In museum; housed in an old linen factory in the Dommelstraat) is a small but special museum: it offers ever-changing exhibits, which are to be viewed through the building's windows.
  • The Van Abbemuseum has a collection of modern and contemporary art, including works by Picasso, Kandinsky, Mondriaan and Chagall.

Eindhoven was home to the Evoluon science museum, sponsored by Philips. The Evoluon building has evolved into a conference centre.

Eindhoven: Open-air art

The Eindhoven public space contains many forms of artistic expression (a book published by the Eindhoven tourist board records 550 as of 2001 and more have been added since), with high "concentrations" of them in the parks. The Stadswandelpark for instance, contains over 30 works of modern art. There are also several other works of art on permanent display throughout the city, such as Flying Pins (by Claes Oldenburg and Coosje van Bruggen, who considered the location on the southern stretch of the John F. Kennedylaan to be like a bowling alley) and Swing (a construct on the Karel de Grotelaan, which morphs into different geometric shapes as you move around it). There are also a number of statues of famous city inhabitants, such as Jan van Hooff (by Auke Hettema, 1992) and Frits Philips (by Kees Verkade) on the Market Square. There is a statue of Anton Philips in front of the central railway station.

Piazza Centre as seen from Demer

Eindhoven is also, to some degree, open to forms of impromptu and alternative art. For example, the Berenkuil is a freezone for graffiti artists in the city.

Eindhoven: Music and theatre

The Effenaar music venue.

The Effenaar is a popular music venue and cultural center in Eindhoven, and is located at the Dommelstraat.

In 1992, the Muziekcentrum Frits Philips was opened as a stage for classical and popular music in Eindhoven, reviewed by critics as a concert hall with acoustics that rival the best halls in Europe. Before that, Philips sponsored the POC.

Parktheater Eindhoven is Eindhoven's stage for opera, cabaret, ballet etc. Opened in 1964, it has received over 250,000 visitors every year. With its 1,000 m2 it has one of the largest stages in the Netherlands. With a major renovation ending in 2007, the new Parktheater will receive an estimated 300,000 visitors a year.

Eindhoven's Plaza Futura is now a cinema featuring cultural movies, lectures and special cultural events.

Especially for students, Studium Generale Eindhoven organizes "socially, culturally and intellectually formative events". From within the student body, two Tunas provide entertainment from time to time at university and city events: Tuna Ciudad de Luz (Tuna of the City of Light) and the ladies tuna La Tuniña.

The general music and theatre scene in Eindhoven (in the broadest sense) is supported by a foundation called PopEi. The purpose of this foundation is to support artistic groups with facilities, especially rehearsal stages and areas (housed in the old Philips location of Strijp-S) but also storage facilities. PopEi also provides a working environment for groups (through cafeteria facilities in Strijp-S, so groups can have real working days) and provides some logistical support for organizing events.

Eindhoven: Recreation

Eindhoven has a lively recreational scene. For going out, there are numerous bars on the Market square, Stratumseind (Stratum's End) which is the largest pub-street in the Netherlands, Dommelstraat, Wilhelmina square and throughout the rest of the city. In addition to the more culturally oriented Plaza Futura, there are three cinemas in the centre of town ("Servicebioscoop Zien", "Vue" and Pathé Eindhoven, which offers THX sound, IMAX screens and 3D movie viewing).

Eindhoven also hosts a large number of cultural and entertainment-oriented festivals. The biggest festivals in Eindhoven are:

  • ABlive, popfestival (September)
  • Carnaval, (February)
  • Koningsdag, national day (27 April)
  • Muziek op de Dommel, classical music festival (June)
  • EDIT, festival (June)
  • Fiesta del Sol, street- and music acts (June)
  • UCI ProTour – Eindhoven Team Time Trial, international cycling tour (June)
  • Virus Festival, alternative music festival (last edition in 2007, inactive at the moment)
  • Park Hilaria, fun fair (August)
  • Folkwoods, folk festival (August)
  • Reggae Sundance, reggae festival (August)
  • Lichtjesroute, 15-mile-tour of light ornaments, commemorating the liberation of Eindhoven (from 18 September)
  • Marathon Eindhoven, (October)
  • Dutch Design Week, international school festival (October)
  • GLOW Festival Eindhoven
  • TROMP international music competition & Festival, international classical music competition & festival (15–23 November 2008: String Quartet, Nov 2010: Percussion)
  • STRP Festival, art & technology festival (23–25 November 2007)

Eindhoven: Parks

Eindhoven contains several parks and a lot of open, green space. Of the five largest cities in the Netherlands, it has the highest percentage of green area (encompassing about ⅓ of all public space). It is also the greenest of the five largest cities in North Brabant. The green area per house is about 100 square metres (1,100 square feet).

Some of the major parks in Eindhoven are the Stadswandelpark, Genneper Parken, the Philips van Lenneppark, Philips de Jongh Wandelpark and the Henri Dunantpark. There is also a green area surrounding the Karpendonkse Plas (a water area). The combination of park area, water and general atmosphere got the Ooievaarsnest neighborhood elected the "Best large-city neighborhood of the Netherlands" by the NRC Handelsblad in 1997.

Eindhoven: Sport

Philips Stadion.
  • The premier sporting club of the city is PSV Eindhoven, the professional football club playing in the Eredivisie. Their home base is the Philips Stadion. PSV won the 1988 European Cup as well as 23 Dutch championships.
  • FC Eindhoven is another football club based in Eindhoven, currently playing in the Eerste Divisie.
  • HC Oranje-Rood is the biggest field hockey club in Eindhoven and in fact one of the biggest clubs in the Netherlands. It is a combination of former clubs Oranje Zwart and EMHC. Oranje Zwart's men's team was the reigning Dutch champion for the past 3 years (14/15/16). They also won the EHL in 2015.
  • Eindhoven Kemphanen is the major ice hockey club in the city. They play in Ijssportcentrum Eindhoven and compete in the North Sea Cup.
  • Eindhoven High Techs are the minor league affiliate of the Eindhoven Kemphanen and play in the Eerste Divisie.
  • Swimming pool complex De Tongelreep houses various pools for recreation, training and sports research supported by the Eindhoven University of Technology and several top sporting institutions. Its "Pieter van den Hoogenband Swimming Stadium" hosted the 2008 European Championships Swimming, Diving and Synchronised Swimming, the 2010 IPC Swimming World Championships, the 2010 European Short Course Swimming Championships, the 2012 European Championships Diving and Synchronised Swimming, the 2013 FINA Swimming World Cup and the 2014 IPC European Swimming Championships.
  • Eindhoven houses Europe's largest indoor skateboard park Area 51 (skatepark) and is home of a lively skateboard culture.
  • Eindhoven has two boxing clubs, The Golden Gloves and Muscle Fit.
  • Eindhoven hosted the 1999 World Table Tennis Championships.
  • Eindhoven has a baseball club called PSV, which plays at the stadium which co-hosted the 2005 IBAF Baseball World Cup.
  • Eindhoven has an Australian Rules Football team, the Eindhoven Eagles, due to play in the inaugural Dutch Australian Football Association competition in 2010.
  • Eindhoven has an American Football team, Eindhoven Raptors (nl), which plays at the 1st division in the Dutch American Football League

Eindhoven: Adult-orientated entertainment

The centre of town features two casinos (one branch of Holland Casino and the independent Casino4Events). At the A67 a Jack's casino is located.

There is a red light district on the Baekelandplein, as well as four brothels throughout the city. There is also a blue movie theater.

Eindhoven: Media

Eindhoven features several print media. The local newspaper, called the Eindhovens Dagblad, is a daily newspaper with over 110,000 subscribers in the Samenwerkingsverband Regio Eindhoven region. It has a national and international section, as well as a section dedicated to regional news; the editorial department is located in Eindhoven.

In addition to the newspaper, Eindhoven is served by a number of weekly door-to-door publications. Chief among these is Groot Eindhoven (which carries publications of the city council, as well as other articles and advertisements). Other than that there are de Trompetter, dé Weekendkrant and the ZondagsNieuws. The first two are delivered midweek, the last two are weekend publications.

There are several regional and municipal radio stations. The local radio station is Studio040, whereas Omroep Brabant and RoyaalFM provide regional radio.

Local television is provided by Studio040. Omroep Brabant broadcasts regionally from its television studio in Son.

Internet, television and telephone connectivity is available via cable television, optic fiber and ADSL.

Eindhoven: Transport

Eindhoven Airport

The Eindhoven Airport is the closest airport, located approximately 8 kilometres (5 miles) from the town centre. The airport serves as a military air base and a civilian commercial airport. Eindhoven Airport is the second busiest in the Netherlands (after Schiphol). Ryanair serves London Stansted airport, Dublin, Kiev, Rome, Milan, Pisa, Bordeaux, Marseille, Glasgow, Madrid, Valencia, Stockholm, Kaunas, Malta, Sofia and Barcelona. Wizz air serves Belgrade, Brno, Bucharest-Baneasa, Budapest, Cluj-Napoca, Debrecen, Gdańsk, Katowice, Prague, Riga, Sofia, Timișoara, Vilnius, Wrocław. In the summer season, Reykjavík is served with 2 weekly flights operated by Iceland Express. Transavia services Alicante, Antalya, Bodrum, Corfu, Dalaman, Faro, Gran Canaria, Innsbruck, Málaga, Majorca, Munich, Prague, Rhodes and Salzburg, although not all destinations during the whole year. Eindhoven Airport served more than 4.6 million Passengers in 2015.

Eindhoven is a rail transport hub. The main station has connections in the directions of:

  • Tilburg – Breda – Dordrecht – Rotterdam – Delft – The Hague
  • 's-Hertogenbosch – Utrecht – Amsterdam – Alkmaar
  • 's-Hertogenbosch – Utrecht – Amsterdam Zuid – Schiphol Airport
  • Helmond – Venlo-(international connections into Germany)
  • Weert – Roermond – Sittard – Maastricht/Heerlen

Eindhoven's central railway station is served by both intercity and local services while the smaller station, Eindhoven Strijp-S is only served by local trains.

Up until World War II, a train service connected Amsterdam to Liège via Eindhoven and Valkenswaard, but the service was discontinued and the line broken up. Recently, talks have resumed to have a service to Neerpelt, Belgium via Weert.

The A2/E25 motorway from Amsterdam to Luxembourg passes Eindhoven to the west and south of the city. The A2 connects to the highway A58 to Tilburg and Breda just north of the city. Just south of Eindhoven, the A2 connects to the A67 / E34 between Antwerp and Duisburg. In 2006, the A50 was completed connecting Eindhoven to Nijmegen and Zwolle.

The public transport of Eindhoven consists of almost 25 city bus lines, which also serve neighbouring cities like Veldhoven, Geldrop and Nuenen. Two of these buslines (401 and 402) are high quality public transport and the buses on these lines are so-called Phileas vehicles, a combination of tram and bus. The Phileas does not use the magnetic guidance anymore for some years due to the regional urban transport authority (SRE). Apart from the city lines there are some 30 regional and rush-hour lines.

Like all large Dutch cities, Eindhoven has an extensive network of bicycle paths. Since 2012, the Eindhoven bicycle path network has incorporated the Hovenring.

Eindhoven: Medical care

Eindhoven has two hospitals in three locations: the Catharina Hospital and the Máxima Medisch Centrum, which has a branch in Woensel-Zuid (the old Diaconessenhuis) and one in Veldhoven (the old Sint Joseph Hospital). These three have an extensive cooperation and have divided specialties among each other. Emergency medicine, for example, is concentrated in the MMC Veldhoven branch and the Catharina Hospital, the MMC Eindhoven branch has no emergency department. Cardiac procedures are done in the Catharina.

Catharina is also an academic and research hospital and participates in a shared research program with Philips Medical, the Eindhoven University of Technology and the Maastricht University into biomedical science, technology and engineering.

Eindhoven: Notable residents

Statue of Frits Philips in Eindhoven
  • Peter Aerts (born 1970), kickboxer
  • Christijan Albers (born 1979), Formula One racing driver
  • Imke Bartels (born 1977), equestrian
  • Tineke Bartels (born 1951), equestrian
  • Kees Bol (1916–2009), painter and art educator
  • Jan de Bont (born 1943), film director
  • Arthur Borren (born 1949), field hockey player
  • Jan Borren (born 1947), field hockey player and coach
  • Phillip Cocu (born 1970), football player
  • Hugo Brandt Corstius (born 1935), writer
  • Rene Daniels (born 1950), painter
  • Patrick van Deurzen (born 1964), composer
  • Cor Dillen (1920–2009), businessman and Director of Philips in South America
  • Sander van Doorn (born 1979), Techno/Trance music DJ and producer
  • Lonneke Engel (born 1981), fashion model
  • Paul Haarhuis (born 1966), tennis player
  • Jan van Hooff (1755–1816), statesman
  • Nicole van den Hurk (1980–95), homicide victim
  • Peter Koelewijn (born 1940), musician and record producer
  • François van Kruijsdijk (born 1952), medley swimmer
  • Lenny Kuhr (born 1950), singer-songwriter
  • Ton de Leeuw, (born 1941), organizational theorist
  • Patrick Lodewijks (born 1967), football goalkeeper
  • Theo Maassen (born 1966), comedian and actor
  • Frits Philips (1905–2005), businessman, son of Anton Philips
  • Gerard Philips (1858–1942) and Anton Philips (1874–1951), founders of the Philips brand name
  • Rob Reckers (born 1981), (field) hockey player
  • Bas Rutten (born 1965), MMA sportsman, color commentator, actor
  • Rik Smits (born 1966), basketball player
  • Piet Souer (born 1945), record producer
  • Margje Teeuwen (born 1974), field hockey midfielder
  • Rick VandenHurk (born 1985), baseball player
  • Tisha Volleman (born 1999), artistic gymnast
  • Cor Vriend (born 1949), long-distance runner, currently manager for long-distance runner
  • Remmert Wielinga (born 1978), professional road bicycle racer
  • Robert de Wit (born 1962), decathlete and bobsledder
  • Klaas-Erik Zwering (born 1981), swimmer

Eindhoven: International relations

Eindhoven: Twin towns – sister cities

Eindhoven is twinned with:

  • Belarus Minsk, Belarus (since 1994)
  • China Nanjing, China
  • Poland Białystok, Poland
  • Nicaragua Chinandega, Nicaragua
  • South Africa Emfuleni, South Africa
  • Sudan Gedaref, Sudan
  • France Bayeux, France
  • Romania Iași, Romania (since 2011)
  • South Korea Gumi, South Korea
  • Taiwan Tainan, Taiwan

Eindhoven: See also

  • List of cities in the Netherlands by province#North Brabant
  • Eindhoven Airport
  • Eindhoven University of Technology
  • PSV Eindhoven
  • FC Eindhoven
  • Jewish Eindhoven
  • BrabantStad
  • Brabantse Stedenrij
  • Samenwerkingsverband Regio Eindhoven
  • Brainport

Eindhoven: References

  1. "John Jorritsma" (in Dutch). Gemeente Eindhoven. Retrieved 11 January 2017.
  2. "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten" [Key figures for neighbourhoods]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 2 July 2013. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
  3. "Postcodetool for 5611EM". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Retrieved 15 April 2014.
  4. "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth; regions per month]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 7 April 2017. Retrieved 7 April 2017.
  5. "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth; regions per month]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 26 June 2014. Retrieved 24 July 2014.
  6. "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth; regions per month]. CBS Statline; Metro region (in Dutch). CBS. 31 August 2015. Retrieved 13 October 2015.
  7. "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth; regions per month]. CBS Statline; CMSA (in Dutch). CBS. 31 August 2015. Retrieved 13 October 2015.
  8. Schippers, Hans (2009), "Stadsrechten en een stadswapen, 1232: het vroege Eindhoven", in Lintsen, Harry; et al., De canon van Eindhoven (in Dutch), 's-Hertogenbosch: Heijnen, pp. 29–34, ISBN 9789086801275
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  10. "Eindhoven - Groei van Eindhoven (inwoners)". Eindhoven.nl. 2016-04-30. Retrieved 2017-03-05.
  11. [2]
  12. "Low level daylight attack on the Philips plant, Holland - WWII Today". 6 December 2012.
  13. "Map and De Nieuwe Gender" (in Dutch). Archived from the original on 2007-08-28. Retrieved 2017-03-05.
  14. Eindhoven Population Central Bureau of Statistics. Accessed 29 August 2010 (in Dutch)
  15. [3]
  16. Jos & Cor Swanenberg: Taal in stad en land: Oost-Brabants, ISBN 9012090105
  17. http://eindhoven.buurtmonitor.nl/ eindhoven.buurtmonitor.nl
  18. http://www.rtlnieuws.nl/buurtfacts/opmerkelijk!/Geloof/noord-brabant/eindhoven///religie-Eindhoven
  19. [4]
  20. [5]
  21. "Gereg.criminaliteit; misdrijven naar soort misdrijf en politieregio" (in Dutch). CBS Statline. 7 July 2010. Retrieved 2 September 2010.
  22. "Dè is toch wè?! Wim Daniëls maakt Brabants theaterstuk 'Een ons komma's' | Hallo 040". Retrieved 7 June 2015.
  23. Wenstedt, Joop (25 September 2010). "Nieuw testlab voor hoogwaardige verpakkingen" [New testing lab for high-grade packaging materials]. Technisch Weekblad (in Dutch). The Hague, Netherlands: Uitgeverij Bèta Publishers. Retrieved 30 September 2010.
  24. "Centrum kunstlicht in de kunst te Eindhoven. Museum voor lichtkunst en lichteffecten" (in Dutch). Kunstlichtkunst.nl. Retrieved 2009-05-05.
  25. "Philips gloeilampenfabriekje anno 1891". Philipsfabriek1891.nl. Retrieved 2009-05-05.
  26. "Brainport". Brainport.nl. 2017-02-18. Retrieved 2017-03-05.
  27. "Home - Brainport Development". Brainportdevelopment.nl. Retrieved 2017-03-05.
  28. [6]
  29. [7]
  30. "Intelligent Community Forum Announces Top Seven Intelligent Communities of 2011". Intelligent Community Forum. 19 January 2011. Archived from the original on 22 July 2011. Retrieved 23 January 2011.
  31. Postma, Renée. "Brabantse techniek terug in de wereld" [Brabant technology back in the world]. NRC Handelsblad (in Dutch). p. 13. Retrieved 23 January 2011.
  32. "ICF Names Eindhoven Region of the Netherlands as its Intelligent Community of the Year 2011". Intelligent Community Forum. 3 June 2011. Archived from the original on 26 July 2011. Retrieved 4 June 2011.
  33. "European Institute of Innovation and Technology: Home". Eit.europa.eu. Archived from the original on 28 March 2010. Retrieved 2011-06-01.
  34. "Databank verkiezingsuitslagen". Verkiezingsuitslagen.nl. Retrieved 2017-03-05.
  35. "College van B&W 2014–2018" (in Dutch). Gemeente Eindhoven. Retrieved 20 May 2014.
  36. "LIGHT ART MUSEUM CLOSES BY THE END OF 2010". Centrum Kunstlicht in de Kunst. 16 September 2010. Archived from the original on 24 July 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2010.
  37. Evenement. "Effenaar". Effenaar.nl. Retrieved 2009-05-05.
  38. "Studium Generale Eindhoven". Studiumgenerale-eindhoven.nl. Retrieved 2017-03-05.
  39. "Tuna Ciudad de Luz". Tuna Ciudad de Luz. Archived from the original on 24 July 2011. Retrieved 29 August 2010.
  40. "La Tuniña". La Tuniña. Archived from the original on 24 July 2011. Retrieved 29 August 2010.
  41. "Home | POPEI". Popei.nl. 2017-02-22. Retrieved 2017-03-05.
  42. "ABlive gratis festival Eindhoven 23 Augustus 2008". Ablive.nl. Retrieved 2009-05-05.
  43. "Muziek op de Dommel gratis toegankelijk klassiek muziek festival". muziekopdedommel.nl. Retrieved 2013-08-04.
  44. "Stichting Virus – Startpagina". Virus.nl. Retrieved 2009-05-05.
  45. "STRP Festival". Strp.nl. Retrieved 2009-05-05. Dominator Festival - Hardcore Music Festival (July). Run by Q-Dance and Art of dance
  46. [8]
  47. "Profiel: Buurten in Nederland" (in Dutch). NRC Handelsblad. 18 September 1997. Retrieved 2 September 2010.
  48. "Hockeyers Oranje Zwart voor de derde keer op rij kampioen" (in Dutch). NRC Handelsblad. 8 May 2016. Retrieved 19 November 2016.
  49. "Oranje Zwart wint EHL-finale na shoot-outs" (in Dutch). NOS. 6 April 2015. Retrieved 19 November 2016.
  50. [9]
  51. [10]
  52. [11]
  53. [12]
  54. "Twin towns and Sister cities of Minsk [via WaybackMachine.com]" (in Russian). The department of protocol and international relations of Minsk City Executive Committee. Archived from the original on 2 May 2013. Retrieved 2013-07-21.
  55. Korolczuk, Dariusz (12 Jan 2010). "Foreign cooperation – Partner Cities". Białystok City Council. City Office in Białystok. Retrieved 2013-03-22.
  56. "National Commission for Decentralised cooperation". Délégation pour l’Action Extérieure des Collectivités Territoriales (Ministère des Affaires étrangères) (in French). Archived from the original on 2013-11-27. Retrieved 2013-12-26.

Eindhoven: Bibliography

  • Media related to Eindhoven at Wikimedia Commons
  • Eindhoven travel guide from Wikivoyage
  • Official website
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