Lowest prices on Etchmiadzin hotels booking, Armenia

One of today's offers is an unique opportunity to instantly find the lowest prices on Etchmiadzin hotels and book a best hotel in Etchmiadzin saving up to 80%! You can do it quickly and easily with HotelsCombined, a world's leading free hotel metasearch engine that allows to search and compare the rates of all major hotel chains, top travel sites, and leading hotel booking websites, including Booking.com, Hotels.com, Agoda.com, etc., etc. The hotel price comparison service HotelsCombined means cheap Etchmiadzin hotels booking, lowest prices on hotel reservation in Etchmiadzin and airline tickets to Etchmiadzin, Armenia!

Etchmiadzin Hotels Comparison & Online Booking

▪ Lowest prices on Etchmiadzin hotels booking
▪ The discounts on Etchmiadzin hotels up to 80%
▪ No booking fees on Etchmiadzin hotels
▪ Detailed description & photos of Etchmiadzin hotels
▪ Trusted ratings and reviews of Etchmiadzin hotels
▪ Advanced Etchmiadzin hotel search & comparison
▪ All Etchmiadzin hotels on the map
▪ Interesting sights of Etchmiadzin

What's important: you can compare and book not only Etchmiadzin hotels and resorts, but also villas and holiday cottages, inns and B&Bs (bed and breakfast), condo hotels and apartments, timeshare properties, guest houses and pensions, campsites (campgrounds), motels and hostels in Etchmiadzin. If you're going to Etchmiadzin save your money and time, don't pay for the services of the greedy travel agencies. Instead, book the best hotel in Etchmiadzin online, buy the cheapest airline tickets to Etchmiadzin, and rent a car in Etchmiadzin right now, paying the lowest price! Besides, here you can buy the Etchmiadzin related books, guidebooks, souvenirs and other goods.

By the way, we would recommend you to combine your visit to Etchmiadzin with other popular and interesting places of Armenia, for example: Yerevan, Vanadzor, Jermuk, Vagharshapat, Goris, Yeghegnadzor, Dilijan, Gyumri, Etchmiadzin, Tsaghkadzor, Stepanavan, etc.

How to Book a Hotel in Etchmiadzin

In order to book an accommodation in Etchmiadzin enter the proper dates and do the hotel search. If needed, sort the found Etchmiadzin hotels by price, star rating, property type, guest rating, hotel features, hotel theme or hotel chain. Then take a look at the found hotels on Etchmiadzin map to estimate the distance from the main Etchmiadzin attractions and sights. You can also read the guest reviews of Etchmiadzin hotels and see their ratings.

When a hotel search in Etchmiadzin is done, please select the room type, the included meals and the suitable booking conditions (for example, "Deluxe double room, Breakfast included, Non-Refundable"). Press the "View Deal" ("Book Now") button. Make your booking on a hotel booking website and get the hotel reservation voucher by email. That's it, a perfect hotel in Etchmiadzin is waiting for you!

Hotels of Etchmiadzin

A hotel in Etchmiadzin is an establishment that provides lodging paid on a short-term basis. Facilities provided may range from a basic bed and storage for clothing, to luxury features like en-suite bathrooms. Larger in Etchmiadzin hotels may provide additional guest facilities such as a swimming pool, business centre, childcare, conference facilities and social function services. Hotel rooms in Etchmiadzin are usually numbered (or named in some smaller hotels and B&Bs) to allow guests to identify their room. Some Etchmiadzin hotels offer meals as part of a room and board arrangement. Hotel operations vary in size, function, and cost. Most Etchmiadzin hotels and major hospitality companies that operate hotels in Etchmiadzin have set widely accepted industry standards to classify hotel types. General categories include the following:

Upscale luxury hotels in Etchmiadzin
An upscale full service hotel facility in Etchmiadzin that offers luxury amenities, full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and the highest level of personalized and professional service. Luxury Etchmiadzin hotels are normally classified with at least a Four Diamond or Five Diamond status or a Four or Five Star rating depending on classification standards.

Full service hotels in Etchmiadzin
Full service Etchmiadzin hotels often contain upscale full-service facilities with a large volume of full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and a variety of on-site amenities such as swimming pools, a health club, children's activities, ballrooms, on-site conference facilities, etc.

Historic inns and boutique hotels in Etchmiadzin
Boutique hotels of Etchmiadzin are smaller independent non-branded hotels that often contain upscale facilities of varying size in unique or intimate settings with full service accommodations. Etchmiadzin boutique hotels are generally 100 rooms or less. Some historic inns and boutique hotels in Etchmiadzin may be classified as luxury hotels.

Focused or select service hotels in Etchmiadzin
Small to medium-sized hotel establishments that offer a limited amount of on-site amenities that only cater and market to a specific demographic of Etchmiadzin travelers, such as the single business traveler. Most Etchmiadzin focused or select service hotels may still offer full service accommodations but may lack leisure amenities such as an on-site restaurant or a swimming pool.

Economy and limited service hotels in Etchmiadzin
Small to medium-sized Etchmiadzin hotel establishments that offer a very limited amount of on-site amenities and often only offer basic accommodations with little to no services, these facilities normally only cater and market to a specific demographic of travelers, such as the budget-minded Etchmiadzin traveler seeking a "no frills" accommodation. Limited service Etchmiadzin hotels often lack an on-site restaurant but in return may offer a limited complimentary food and beverage amenity such as on-site continental breakfast service.

Guest houses and B&Bs in Etchmiadzin
A bed and breakfast in Etchmiadzin is a small lodging establishment that offers overnight accommodation and inclusive breakfast. Usually, Etchmiadzin bed and breakfasts are private homes or family homes offering accommodations. The typical Etchmiadzin B&B has between 4 and 11 rooms, with 6 being the average. Generally, guests are accommodated in private bedrooms with private bathrooms, or in a suite of rooms including an en suite bathroom. Some homes have private bedrooms with a bathroom which is shared with other guests. Breakfast is served in the bedroom, a dining room, or the host's kitchen. Often the owners of guest house themselves prepare the breakfast and clean the rooms.

Hostels in Etchmiadzin
Etchmiadzin hostels provide budget-oriented, sociable accommodation where guests can rent a bed, usually a bunk bed, in a dormitory and share a bathroom, lounge, and sometimes a kitchen. Rooms can be mixed or single-sex, although private rooms may also be available. Hostels are often cheaper for both the operator and occupants; many Etchmiadzin hostels have long-term residents whom they employ as desk agents or housekeeping staff in exchange for experience or discounted accommodation.

Apartment hotels, extended stay hotels in Etchmiadzin
Extended stay hotels are small to medium-sized Etchmiadzin hotels that offer longer term full service accommodations compared to a traditional hotel. Extended stay hotels may offer non-traditional pricing methods such as a weekly rate that cater towards travelers in need of short-term accommodations for an extended period of time. Similar to limited and select service hotels, on-site amenities are normally limited and most extended stay hotels in Etchmiadzin lack an on-site restaurant.

Timeshare and destination clubs in Etchmiadzin
Etchmiadzin timeshare and destination clubs are a form of property ownership also referred to as a vacation ownership involving the purchase and ownership of an individual unit of accommodation for seasonal usage during a specified period of time. Timeshare resorts in Etchmiadzin often offer amenities similar that of a Full service hotel with on-site restaurant(s), swimming pools, recreation grounds, and other leisure-oriented amenities. Destination clubs of Etchmiadzin on the other hand may offer more exclusive private accommodations such as private houses in a neighborhood-style setting.

Motels in Etchmiadzin
A Etchmiadzin motel is a small-sized low-rise lodging establishment similar to that of a limited service hotel, but with direct access to individual rooms from the car park. Common during the 1950s and 1960s, motels were often located adjacent to a major road, where they were built on inexpensive land at the edge of towns or along stretches of highways. They are still useful in less populated areas of Etchmiadzin for driving travelers, but the more populated an area becomes the more hotels fill the need. Many of Etchmiadzin motels which remain in operation have joined national franchise chains, rebranding themselves as hotels, inns or lodges.

Why HotelsCombined

HotelsCombined is the leading hotel metasearch engine founded in 2005, with headquarters in Sydney, Australia. It is widely recognized as the world's best hotel price comparison site and has won many of the most prestigious tourism industry awards. The site operates in over 40 languages, handles 120 different currencies and aggregates more than 2 million deals from hundreds of travel sites and hotel chains. The number of users counts more than 300,000 people a year with over $1,000,000,000 in estimated total cost of hotel reservations.

The main purpose of HotelsCombined hotel price comparison service is to help the travelers in finding a perfect accommodation option in Etchmiadzin at the best price, eliminating the need to manually analyze hundreds of hotel booking sites and thousands of price offers. Through the partnership with the most popular hotel booking websites, online travel agencies and hotel chains, HotelsCombined allows its users to search for and compare the current rates on Etchmiadzin hotels in a single search. It also provides an aggregated summary of hotel reviews and ratings from external sites.

The HotelsCombined's advanced technology allows to instantly find the available Etchmiadzin hotels and process the offers of all leading travel websites, including Booking.com, Hotels.com, Agoda.com, etc. and many others (AccorHotels.com, AirAsiaGo.com, Amoma.com, AsiaTravel.com, BestWestern.com, Budgetplaces.com, EasyToBook.com, Elvoline.com, Expedia.com, Getaroom.com, Hilton.com, Homestay.com, Hotel.de, HotelClub.com, HotelsClick.com, HotelTravel.com, Housetrip.com, ihg.com, Interhome.com, Jovago.com, LateRooms.com, NH-Hotels.com, OnHotels.com, Otel.com, Prestigia.com, Skoosh.com, Splendia.com, Superbreak.com, Tiket.com, etc.). Due to the fast and easy-to-use search system you get the rates on available Etchmiadzin hotels and book a preferable hotel on a website providing the lowest price.

All Etchmiadzin Hotels & Hostels Online

HotelsCombined is a godsend for those interested in Etchmiadzin, Armenia, HotelsCombined, Trivago, sale on the hotel booking site HotelsCombined, discount coupons on the hotel booking site HotelsCombined, best rates on Etchmiadzin hotels, low prices on Etchmiadzin hotels, best hotel in Etchmiadzin, best Etchmiadzin hotel, discounted Etchmiadzin hotel booking, online Etchmiadzin hotel reservation, Etchmiadzin hotels comparison, hotel booking in Etchmiadzin, luxury and cheap accomodation in Etchmiadzin, Etchmiadzin inns, Etchmiadzin B&Bs, bed and breakfast in Etchmiadzin, condo hotels and apartments in Etchmiadzin, bargain Etchmiadzin rentals, cheap Etchmiadzin vacation rentals,Etchmiadzin pensions and guest houses, cheap hotels and hostels of Etchmiadzin, Etchmiadzin motels, dormitories of Etchmiadzin, dorms in Etchmiadzin, Etchmiadzin dormitory rooms, lowest rates on hotels in Etchmiadzin, hotel prices comparison in Etchmiadzin, travel to Etchmiadzin, vacation in Etchmiadzin, trip to Etchmiadzin, trusted hotel reviews of Etchmiadzin, sights and attractions of Etchmiadzin, Etchmiadzin guidebook, Etchmiadzin guide, hotel booking in Etchmiadzin, Armenia, etc.

Many people are also interested in the tours to Etchmiadzin, travel company in Etchmiadzin, travel agency in Etchmiadzin, excursions in Etchmiadzin, tickets to Etchmiadzin, airline tickets to Etchmiadzin, Etchmiadzin hotel booking, Etchmiadzin hostels, dormitory of Etchmiadzin, dorm in Etchmiadzin, Etchmiadzin dormitory, Etchmiadzin airfares, Etchmiadzin airline tickets, Etchmiadzin tours, Etchmiadzin travel, must-see places in Etchmiadzin, Etchmiadzin Booking.com, Etchmiadzin hotels Trivago, Etchmiadzin Expedia, Etchmiadzin Airbnb, Etchmiadzin TripAdvisor, Hotels Combined Etchmiadzin, HotelsCombined Etchmiadzin, Etchmiadzin hotels and hostels, AM hotels and hostels, Black Friday on the hotel booking site HotelsCombined, Cyber Monday on the hotel booking site HotelsCombined, New Year's and Christmas sale HotelsCombined, hotelscombined.en, HotelsCombined.en, HotelsCombined.en, hotelscombined.com, Vagharsjapat, and so on.

While others are looking for the Etschmiadsin, ვაღარშაპატი, Վաղարշապատ, Wagaršapat, Vagharshapat, Ečmiadzin, Ejmiatsin, Ečmijadzin, فاغارشابات, Vaharšapatas, Ecsmiadzin, Βαγαρσαπάτ, Etchmiadzin, اچمیادزین, Горад Вагаршапат, Eçmiyazin, Эчмиацин, 瓦加尔沙帕特, 에치미아진, Вагаршапат, واغارشاپات, Eĉmiadzin, Wagharszapat, Vagharšapat, エチミアジン, Etjmiadzin, Vagaršapat, Etxmiadzin, Etsjmiadzin, Echmiadzin, ואראשאפאט, Ecimiadzin, வாகர்சபாத். Many people have already booked the hotels in Etchmiadzin on the hotel booking site HotelsCombined. Don't hesitate, go for it!

Travelling and vacation in Etchmiadzin

.

 / 40.17278; 44.29250

Vagharshapat
Վաղարշապատ
Aerial view of Ejmiatsin
Aerial view of Ejmiatsin
Flag of Vagharshapat
Flag
Official seal of Vagharshapat
Seal
Vagharshapat is located in Armenia
Vagharshapat
Vagharshapat
Coordinates:  / 40.17278; 44.29250
Country Armenia
Marz (Province) Armavir
Founded 685 BC
Government
• Mayor Karen Grigoryan
Area
• Total 40 km (20 sq mi)
Elevation 853 m (2,799 ft)
Population (2011 census)
• Total 46,540
• Density 1,200/km (3,000/sq mi)
Time zone (UTC+4)
Area code(s) 0231
Website www.ejmiatsin.am
Sources: Population

Vagharshapat (Armenian: Վաղարշապատ pronounced [vɑʁɑɾʃɑˈpɑt]) is most populous town in the Armavir Province of Armenia, located about 18 km (11 mi) west of the capital Yerevan, and 10 km (6 mi) north of the closed Turkish-Armenian border. The city is also known as Ejmiatsin (also spelled Echmiadzin or Etchmiadzin, Էջմիածին, pronounced [ɛt͡ʃʰmjɑˈt͡sin]), which was its official name between 1945 and 1995. It is still commonly used colloquially and in official bureaucracy. The city is best known as the location of Etchmiadzin Cathedral and Mother See of Holy Etchmiadzin, the center of the Armenian Apostolic Church. It is thus unofficially known in Western sources as a "holy city" and in Armenia as the country's "spiritual capital" (հոգևոր մայրաքաղաք). It was one of the major cities, and a capital of ancient Armenia. A small town by the early 20th century, it experienced large expansion during the Soviet period becoming effectively a suburb of Yerevan. However, its population now stands just over 37,000 based on 2016 official estimates.

Etchmiadzin: Etymology

According to Movses Khorenatsi, the area of Vagharshapat was known as Artimed (Արտիմէդ), derived from the ancient Greek deity Artemis. Later, it was renamed Avan Vardgesi (Աւան Վարդգէսի, "Town of Vardges") or Vardgesavan (Վարդգէսաւան) by prince Vardges Manouk who rebuilt the settlement near the shores of Kasagh River, during the reign of king Orontes I Sakavakyats of Armenia (570–560 BC). However, in his first book Wars of Justinian, the Byzantine historian Procopius has cited to the city as Valashabad (Balashabad), named after king Valash (Balash) of Armenia. The name evolved into its later form by the shift in the medial L into a Gh, which is common in the Armenian language. Movses Khorenatsi mentioned that the Town of Vardges was entirely rebuilt and fenced by king Vagharsh I to become known as Noarakaghak (Նորաքաղաք, "New City") and later Vagharshapat.

Etchmiadzin: History

Etchmiadzin: Early history

The territory of ancient Vagharshapat was inhabited since the 3rd millennium BC. Many sites, such as Metsamor Castle, Shresh hill and Mokhrablur hill date back to the neolithic period. The first written records about Vagharshapat were found in the inscriptions left by the Urartian king Rusa II (685–645 BC), where it was mentioned as Kuarlini (Կուարլինի). The inscription found in the archaeological site of ancient Vagharshapat cites to a water canal opened by king Rusa II, between Ildaruni river (Hrazdan River) and the valley of Kuarlini.

According to Movses Khorenatsi, the oldest name of Vagharshapat was Artimed (Արտիմէդ), derived from the ancient Greek deity Artemis. Later, it was renamed Avan Vardgesi (Աւան Վարդգէսի, "Town of Vardges") or Vardgesavan (Վարդգէսաւան) after being rebuilt by prince Vardges Manouk near the shores of Kasagh River, during the reign of king Orontes I Sakavakyats of Armenia (570–560 BC).

Under the reign of king Tigranes the Great (95–45 BC), the town was partly inhabited by Jewish captives.

In the first half of the 1st century AD, under the reign of the Armenian Arsacid king Vagharsh I of Armenia (117–144), the old town of Vardgesavan was renovated and renamed Vagharshapat (Վաղարշապատ). In his first book Wars of Justinian, the Byzantine historian Procopius has cited to the city as Valashabad (Balashabad), named after king Valash (Balash) of Armenia. The name evolved into its later form by the shift in the medial L into a Gh, which is common in the Armenian language. Movses Khorenatsi mentioned that the Town of Vardges was entirely rebuilt and fenced by king Vagharsh I to become known as Noarakaghak (Նորաքաղաք, "New City") and later Vagharshapat.

The remains of the 7th-century Cathedral of Zvartnots

Vagharshapat has served as the capital of the Arsacid Kingdom of Armenia between 120 AD and 330 AD. After embracing Christianity as a state religion in Armenia in 301, Vagharshapat was gradually called Ejmiatsin (Armenian: Էջմիածին), after the name of the Mother Cathedral; the seat of the Armenian Catholicosate, which is considered as one of the oldest religious organizations in the world. As a spiritual centre of the entire Armenian nation, Vagharshapat has grown up rapidly and developed as an important centre of education and culture. The city was home to one of the oldest educational institutions in Armenia founded by Mesrop Mashtots.

The political capital of the Armenian kingdom was transferred to the city of Dvin in 336. Vagharshapat maintained its status as the country's most important city until the fall of the Arsacid Kingdom in 428. The city has gradually lost its importance under the Persian rule, specifically when the seat of the Catholicosate was transferred to Dvin in 452. However, the first manuscript library in Armenia was founded in 480 in Vagharshapat.

In 491, Catholicos Babken I of Armenia, along with the Albanian and Iberian bishops met in Vagharshapat and issued a condemnation of the Chalcedonian Definition.

Etchmiadzin: Foreign rule

In 658 AD, Vagharshapat, along with the rest of the Ancient Armenian Highland, was conquered by the Arabs.

Kurds and Persians attacking Vagharshapat

The city was briefly revived between the 9th and 11th centuries under the Bagratid Kingdom of Armenia, before being overrun by the Byzantines in 1045 and later by the Seljuqs in 1064. In the middle of the 13th century, Vagharshapat became part of the Ilkhanate of the Mongol Empire. After the invasion of Tamerlane in 1387, the city fell under the rule of the Timurid dynasty. During the last quarter of the 14th century the Ag Qoyunlu Sunni Oghuz Turkic tribe took over Armenia, including Vagharshapat. In 1400, Timur invaded Armenia and Georgia, and captured more than 60,000 of the survived local people as slaves. Many districts including Vagharshapat were depopulated.

In 1410, Armenia fell under the control of the Kara Koyunlu Shia Oghuz Turkic tribe. Under the Turkic-Mongol rule, Vagharshapat was known to the Turks as Uchkilisa (Üçkilise, "three churches" in Turkic).

During the long period of the foreign rules started from 1045, Vagharshapat turned into an insignificant city until 1441, when the seat of the Armenian Catholicosate was transferred from the Cilician city of Sis back to Etchmiadzin.

Engraving of Etchmiadzin by Jean Chardin, 1670s
View of Etchmiadzin by Russian painter Mikhail Ivanov, 1783

Between 1502 and 1828, Armenia became part of the Persian state under the rule of Safaavid, Afsharid and Qajar dynasties, with short periods of Ottoman rule between 1578 and 1603 and later between 1722 and 1736.

In 1828, after the Russo-Persian War, Vagharshapat-as a part of the Erivan Khanate-was handed over to the Russian Empire as a result of the Treaty of Turkmenchay signed on 21 February 1828.

In their 1833 book Eli Smith and H. G. O. Dwight described Vagharshapat, then a village, as follows: "It presents nothing but a crowded collection of mud cabins, perhaps 500 in number."

With the establishment of the Erivan Governorate in 1850, Vagharshapat became the centre of the newly formed Echmiadzinsky Uyezd.

Etchmiadzin: Soviet rule and independence

Soviet-era World War II memorial

Armenia enjoyed a short period of independence between 1918 and 1920 before falling to the Bolshevik 11th Red Army and becoming part of the Soviet Union. In 1925, the new plan of rebuilding the modern town was introduced by architect Alexander Tamanian. It was finally completed between 1939 and 1943. In 1945, the town of Vagharshapat was officially renamed Etchmiadzin by the Soviet government.

During the 1950s and 1960s, the town has witnessed a massive wave of construction, including residential buildings and industrial plants. By the end of the 1960s, the historical monuments of the town; including the religious complex of the Mother See of Holy Etchmiadzin, Saint Hripsime Church, Saint Gayane Church and the surrounding area of Zvartnots Cathedral, were entirely rehabilitated.

After the independence of Armenia, the town was officially renamed Vagharshapat in 1995. However, the town is still popularly known as Ejmiatsin.

Etchmiadzin: Geography and climate

Map of modern-day Vagharshapat

Vagharshapat is the largest satellite-city of Yerevan and the 4th largest in Armenia by population. It is located to the east of Yerevan in the basin of Kasagh River, in the northeastern extremity of Ararat plain. It is very close to the Zvartnots International Airport.

According to Moses of Chorene's History of Armenia and as a result of several archaeological researches conducted in the area, the most probable location of the ancient city of Vagharshapat is the area of Shresh Hill near Kasagh River.

Shresh Hill or the Kond of Ghugo, as it was called by the local population, is only 500 metres (1,600 feet) away to the northeast of modern-day Vagharshapat, on the way to Oshakan. It is an artificial hill and has a diameter of 123 metres (404 feet) long. It was first excavated in 1870. In 1913 and 1928, the area was excavated by archaeologist Yervand Lalayan. Large-scale excavations were conducted around the hill and the nearby sites of Metsamor and Mokhrablur between 1945 and 1950.

Historically, Vagharshapat is at the heart of the Armenian Highland, in Aragatsotn canton (Armenian: Արագածոտն գաւառ Aragatsotn gavar, not to be confused with the current Aragatsotn Province) of Ayrarat province, within Armenia Major.

The city has an average elevation of 853 metres (2,799 feet) above sea level with a dry continental climate.

Climate data for Vagharshapat
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 34.9
(1.6)
39.9
(4.4)
52.9
(11.6)
66.2
(19)
75.9
(24.4)
83.8
(28.8)
91.6
(33.1)
90.5
(32.5)
83.1
(28.4)
68.9
(20.5)
54.3
(12.4)
40.8
(4.9)
65.23
(18.47)
Average low °F (°C) 18.9
(−7.3)
22.5
(−5.3)
32.4
(0.2)
43.0
(6.1)
50.9
(10.5)
57.4
(14.1)
64.0
(17.8)
63.5
(17.5)
54.3
(12.4)
43.7
(6.5)
34.2
(1.2)
25.5
(−3.6)
42.53
(5.84)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 0.79
(20.1)
0.87
(22.1)
1.06
(26.9)
1.42
(36.1)
2.01
(51.1)
1.14
(29)
0.63
(16)
0.47
(11.9)
0.55
(14)
1.14
(29)
0.98
(24.9)
0.79
(20.1)
11.85
(301.2)
Source: http://en.climate-data.org/location/15442/

Etchmiadzin: Demographics

View of the Mother See complex
Holy Mother of God Church, opened in 1767, served as the seat of the Diocese of Armavir between 1996 and 2014

Vagharshapat is the largest urban community of Armavir Province. However, the population of the town has gradually declined since the collapse of the Soviet Union.

The majority of the town's population are ethnic Armenians who belong to the Armenian Apostolic Church. The regulating body of the church is the Diocese of Armavir based in the nearby town of Armavir. Between 1996 and 2014, the Holy Mother of God Church of Vagharshapat has served as the seat of the diocese. Opened in 1767 by Catholicos Simeon I, the church is located at the centre of Vagharshapat, north of the Mother See of Holy Etchmiadzin.

Here is a population timeline of Vagharshapat since 1830:

Date Population Note(s)
1830 2,175 the fourth largest in the Armenian Oblast
1892 3,000 overwhelmingly populated by Armenians
1897 5,267 94.8% Armenians
1914 5,755
1926 8,436 99.1% Armenians
1959 19,560
1968 27,100
1976 42,000
1990 60,000
2001 51,280 de facto population
2011 46,540 de facto population

Etchmiadzin: Landmarks

Mother See of Holy Etchmiadzin:
1st row: Etchmiadzin Cathedral, Gate of Saint Gregory and the open-air altar
2nd row: Gevorkian Seminary, Vatche and Tamar Manoukian Manuscript Library
3rd row: Clock tower, Church of the Holy Archangels, Gate of King Trdat with the Veharan Pontifical Residence

The religious complex of the Mother See of Holy Etchmiadzin (Armenian: Մայր Աթոռ Սուրբ Էջմիածին) is the spiritual and administrative headquarters of the worldwide Armenian Apostolic Church and the Pontifical Residence of the Supreme Patriarch and Catholicos of All Armenians.

The Mother Cathedral of Holy Etchmiadzin is found in the complex surrounded with many other structures built throughout the centuries. Most buildings are of great architectural significance, such as the old and new Pontifical Residences, the Chancellery or the Divanatoon, the Gate of King Trdat, Alex and Marie Manoogian Treasury Museum (1982), Khrimian Museum, Yeremian Monastic cells, the old Seminary building, the Clock Tower, the Bookstore, etc.

Gevorgian Seminary is a theological college of the Armenian Apostolic Church founded by Catholicos Gevork IV in 1874 within the complex of the Mother See. Apart from the Mother Cathedral, Vagharshapat is home to many other important Armenian churches and cathedrals. The Cathedral of Etchmiadzin, the Churches of Saint Hripsimé, Saint Gayane and Saint Shoghakat, and the archaeological site of Zvartnots are listed among the UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

Etchmiadzin: UNESCO World Heritage Sites

Cathedral and Churches of Echmiadzin and the Archaeological Site of Zvartnots
Etchmiadzin Cathedral
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Location Armavir Region, Q4533366, Armenia Edit this at Wikidata
Coordinates  / 40.1728; 44.2925
Criteria ii, iii
Reference 1011
Inscription 2000 ( Session)
Website էջմիածին.հայ
Vagharshapat is located in Armenia
Vagharshapat
Location of Vagharshapat
[edit on Wikidata]

Etchmiadzin: Etchmiadzin Cathedral

Historically, the focal point of the town is the Mother Cathedral of Holy Etchmiadzin, (Armenian: Մայր Տաճար Սուրբ Էջմիածին Mayr Tachar Surp Ejmiatsin) which is one of the oldest churches in the world. It was first built by Saint Gregory the Illuminator as a vaulted basilica in 301–303, when Armenia had just adopted Christianity as a state religion (the first such in world history). The church was enlarged in many occasions, notably in 480, 618 and 1658.

Saints Vartan and Hovhannes Baptistery is a three-domed chapel located north of the Mother Cathedral and designated for baptism ceremonies. It was designed by architects Jim Torosyan and Romeo Julhakyan and consecrated on September 26, 2008, while the construction was funded by the British-Armenian philanthropist Armen Sarkissian.

The Church of the Holy Archangels was built between 2009 and 2011 and located in the yard of Gevorkian Seminary building. The single-domed church was consecrated on 5 November 2011. It was designed by architect Jim Torosyan. The construction work was funded by the Armenian philanthropist Gagik Galstyan.

Etchmiadzin: Saint Hripsime Church

Built in 618, the Church of Saint Hripsimé has basically survived almost unchanged. It is considered one of the oldest surviving churches in Armenia, known for its fine architecture of the classical period, which influenced many other Armenian churches. It was erected in 618 by Catholicos Gomidas atop the original mausoleum, built by Catholicos Sahak the Great in 395, which contained the remains of the martyred Saint Hripsimé. According to the 17th century Armenian historian Arakel of Tabriz, the church was renovated during 1651–1653 by Catholicos Philip I. Repairs were made on the roof, top of the dome, the walls and bases. A cross was placed on top of the roof, and a small portico was added to the western side. It is one of the few churches in Armenian that remained active during the Soviet period.

Etchmiadzin: Saint Gayane Church

Built in 630 by Catholicos Ezra I, Saint Gayane Church is distinguished by its harmonious proportions. It is a three-nave domed basilica with an octagonal drum resting on four internal pillars that divide the interior of the church into three. Its design remained unchanged despite partial renovations of the dome and some ceilings in 1652.

Etchmiadzin: Shoghakat Church

Meaning drop of light, Shoghakat Church is a single-nave domed basilica, built and completed in 1694 by prince Aghamal Sorotetsi during the period of Catholicos Nahabed I. It is built with red and black tufa stones, erected on the remains of a 6th-century basilica. The remains of a 4th-century small chapel could be seen at the southwestern end of Saint Shoghakat Church.

Etchmiadzin: Zvartnots Cathedral

Zvartnots is a 7th-century ruined circular church built upon the order of Catholicos Nerses III the Builder between 641 and 653. It is at the eastern edge of modern-day Vagharshapat. Zvartnots was a majestic cathedral famous for its unique design, dedicated to Saint George, built at the place where a meeting between king Tiridates III and Saint Gregory the Illuminator was supposed to have taken place. In 930, the church was ruined by an earthquake and remained buried until it was rediscovered in the early 20th century by architect Toros Toramanian. The site was excavated between 1900 and 1907, uncovering the foundations of the cathedral as well as the remains of the Pontifical palace and a winery.

Etchmiadzin: Culture

Komitas palace of culture in Vagharshapat
Celebrations of the "Ejmiatsin Day"

Vagharshapat is the cultural centre of Armavir and one of the important centres of the entire republic. The Komitas Palace of Culture is operating in the town since 1957, while the Ejmiatsin National Gallery is operating since 1970.

The town is also home to a number of museums including the Vagharshapat Ethnographic Museum, Khoren Ter-Harutyunyan Museum and Gallery, Mher Abeghian Museum and Gallery, and Hovhannes Hovhannisyan House-museum. However the most prominent museums of Vagharshapat are located within the Mother See complex, including:

  • Etchmiadzin Cathedral Museum opened in 1869 by Catholicos George IV,
  • The Catholicosal Museum within the old pontifical residence or Hin Veharan built in 1738–1741 and serves as Catholicosal Museum since 1968.
  • Khrimian Museum: built and opened in 1896 by Catholicos Mkrtich I of Van. It was recently renovated to become a museum of art.
  • Alex and Marie Manoogian Treasury House: opened on 11 October 1982, designed by architect Baghdasar Arzoumanian. The museum is home to treasures of the Armenian Church throughout the history.
  • Ruben Sevak Museum: opened in 2013 within the Ghazarapat building of the Mother See.

The Mother See is also home to the Pontifical Bookstore operating since 1962, and the *Vatche and Tamar Manoukian Manuscript Depository opened in 2012.

The town celebrates the "Ejmiatsin Day" annually since 2008 in Vagharshapat on the 8th of October. According to the old Armenian tradition, Mesrop Mashtots brought the newly created Armenian alphabet to Vagharshapat on 8 October 405.

Etchmiadzin: Transportation

Vagharshapat is connected with Yerevan and southern Armenia through the M-5 Motorway, while the M-3 Motorway connects the town with northern Armenia.

The Zvartnots International Airport of Yerevan is located only 10 kilometres (6 miles) east of Vagharshapat.

Etchmiadzin: Economy

Etchmiadzin: Industry

Vagharshapat was home to the 1st paper factory in the history of Armenia. In 1780, Catholicos Simeon I of Yerevan founded the Etchmiadzin Paper Factory which served for 6 years.

Under the Soviet rule, the town was turned into an important industrial centre. It was home to 4 major industrial firms specialized in the production of military technology. However, the productivity of the plants declined after the fall of the Soviet Union.

Currently, the industry of the town is mainly based on food-processing. The largest industrial firms of the town are the Ejmiatsin Instrument Making Factory founded in 1966, the E.P.G. Ejmiatsin Cannery founded in 1969, the Ejmiatsin Kat dairy factory founded in 1997, the Sonimol plant for grains founded in 2001, the Ejmiatsin wine brandy and vodka factory founded in 2005, and the Ekologia V.K.H. biological waste destruction plant founded in 2009.

Etchmiadzin: Tourism

Being the worldwide spiritual centre of the Armenian nation, Vagharshapat is a major tourist destination for Armenians as well as foreign visitors. It is home to the UNESCO World Heritage Sites of Etchmiadzin Cathedral, Zvartnots Cathedral, Saint Hripsime Church, Saint Gayane Church and Shoghakat Church, grouped overall as the Cathedral and Churches of Echmiatsin and the Archaeological Site of Zvartnots.

Etchmiadzin: Education

Gevorkian Seminary, opened in 1874

Gevorkian Theological Seminary is one of the most significant educational institutions of the Republic of Armenia. Other educational institutions include the Grigor Lusavorich University and the intermediate college of vocational education.

The Karekin I Centre of Theology and Armenology is also functioning in the town since 2000.

As of 2009, Vagharshapat is home to 14 public education schools, 8 kindergartens and 2 musical academies.

The new complex of Eduardo Eurnekian High School of the Mother See is currently under construction.

Etchmiadzin: Sport

President Serzh Sargsyan with UEFA President Aleksander Čeferin during the ground-breaking ceremony of the Vagharshapat Football Academy in April 2017

FC Vagharshapat was the town's only football club, made its debut in the Armenian Premier League as Zvartnots Echmiadzin in 1992. However, it was dissolved in early 2006 and is currently inactive from professional football. The Vagharshapat City Stadium located immediately to the south of the Mother See complex, is able to hold up to 3,000 spectators.

In October 2016, the Football Federation of Armenia has launched the construction of a football academy at the southern suburb of the town, on the Vagharshapat-Margara motorway. The groundbreaking ceremony took place on April 12, 2017, was attended by President Serzh Sargsyan, UEFA President Aleksander Čeferin and FFA President Ruben Hayrapetyan. With an approximate cost of US$ 2 million, the complex will occupy an area of 55,601 square metres (598,484 square feet) and is expected to be completed by October 2017. The project is being jointly financed by the FFA, UEFA and FIFA.

A new sport school is currently under construction in Vagharshapat since 2015, with a cost of more than US$ 1 million. The project is due to be completed in 2019.

The nearby village of Aknalich (10 km south of Vagharshapat) is famous for the Ara and Aytsemnik equestrian centre.

Etchmiadzin: International relations

The central Komitas Square

Vagharshapat (Etchmiadzin) has been a member of the Organization of World Heritage Cities (OWHC) since 2007.

Etchmiadzin: Twin towns-sister cities

Vagharshapat-Ejmiatsin has six sister cities:

  • Blason ville fr Issy-les-Moulineaux (Hauts-de-Seine).svg Issy-les-Moulineaux, France (since 1989)
  • Coat of Arms of Petrozavodsk (Karelia).png Petrozavodsk, Russia (since 2004)
  • Seal of Fresno, California.png Fresno, California, United States (since 2009)
  • Coat of Arms of Sergiev Posad (Moscow oblast).png Sergiyev Posad, Russia (since 2010)
  • Nagorno-Karabakh Republic Hadrut, Nagorno-Karabakh Republic (since 2010)
  • Nagorno-Karabakh Republic Martakert, Artsakh (since 2010)
  • Veliko-Tarnovo-coat-of-arms.svg Veliko Tarnovo, Bulgaria (since 2013)

Etchmiadzin: Notable natives

  • Zacharias II (?–1520), Catholicos of All Armenians 1515–1520
  • Gregory XII (1498–1590), Catholicos of All Armenians 1576–1590
  • David IV (?–1633), Catholicos of All Armenians 1590–1629
  • Makar Yekmalyan (1856–1905), composer
  • Hovhannes Hovhannisyan (1864–1929), poet
  • Abraham Gyulkhandanyan (1875–1946), politician and historian
  • Levon Manaseryan (1925), painter
  • Aram Asatryan (1953–2006), singer
  • Khoren Gevor (1980–), professional boxer

Etchmiadzin: See also

  • Armavir Province
  • Armenian Apostolic Church
  • Arsacid dynasty of Armenia
  • Echmiadzin Gospels
  • Mother See of Holy Etchmiadzin
  • Vologases V

Etchmiadzin: References

  1. "Armstats:Population" (PDF). Retrieved 2013-01-31.
  2. "Պատմաաշխարհագրական ակնարկ [Historical-geographic overview]" (in Armenian). Armavir Province: Armenian Ministry of Territorial Administration. ...Վաղարշապատ (1945-1995թթ. կոչվել է Էջմիածին) քաղաքը...
  3. "Էջմիածի՞ն, թե՞ Վաղարշապատ". Aravot (in Armenian). 26 October 2010.
  4. Ring, Trudy; Watson, Noelle; Schellinger, Paul, eds. (1994). International Dictionary of Historic Places: Middle East and Africa, Volume 4. Taylor & Francis. p. 250. The holy city of Echmiadzin, where the Christian church in Armenia first began...
  5. Stransky, Thomas F.; Sheerin, John B. (1982). Doing the Truth in Charity: Statements of Pope Paul VI, Popes John Paul I, John Paul II, and the Secretariat for Promoting Christian Unity, 1964-1980. Paulist Press. p. 230. ...from the holy city of Etchmiadzin...
  6. "Համայն հայոց հոգևոր մայրաքաղաքը 2700 տարեկան է, նշվեց Էջմիածնի տոնը (ֆոտոշարք)" (in Armenian). Public Radio of Armenia. 8 October 2015.
  7. Emin, Gevorg (1981). Seven songs about Armenia. Progress. p. 106. ...Ashtarak, Artashat, Etchmiadzin and Abovian because they have become suburbs of Yerevan.
  8. Bloomfield, Paul (16 May 2015). "Armenia: mountains, monasteries and a glimpse of the land of Noah". The Times. Our first port of call was Ejmiatsin, a suburb of Yerevan and seat of the Katholikos, head of the Armenian Apostolic Church.
  9. Zvartnots and the Origins of Christian Architecture in Armenia, W. Eugene Kleinbauer, The Art Bulletin, Vol. 54, No. 3 (September 1972): 261.
  10. "The Turco-Mongol Invasions". Rbedrosian.com. Retrieved 2012-05-22.
  11. Smith, Eli; Dwight, H. G. O. (1833). Researches of the Rev. E. Smith and Rev. H.G.O. Dwight in Armenia: Including a Journey Through Asia Minor, and Into Georgia and Persia, with a Visit to the Nestorian and Chaldean Christians of Oormiah and Salmas, Volume 2. Crocker and Brewster. p. 93.
  12. History of Ejmiatsin
  13. Ejmiatsin: History
  14. Holy Mother of God Church in Vagharshapat
  15. Hakobyan, Tatul (10 December 2015). "Հայկական մարզի (1828-1840թթ.) 1000-ից ավելի բնակիչ ունեցող 10 բնակավայրերը" (in Armenian). ANI Foundation for Armenian Studies.
  16. "Вагаршапат". Brockhaus and Efron Encyclopedic Dictionary Volume I (in Russian). 1892. p. 336.
  17. http://demoscope.ru/weekly/ssp/emp_lan_97_uezd.php?reg=589
  18. "Հայաստանի Հանրապետության բնակավայրերի բառարան" (PDF). Armenian State Cadaste. 2008. p. 186.
  19. http://ethno-kavkaz.narod.ru/echmiadzin26.html
  20. "Էջմիածին [Ejmiatsin]". Soviet Armenian Encyclopedia Volume 5 (in Armenian). 1978. p. 64.
  21. http://armstat.am/file/doc/130.pdf
  22. Yeghishe.am: Shoghakat
  23. Old pontifical residence
  24. Khrimian Museum
  25. Vatche and Tamar Manoukian Manuscript Depository
  26. Bookstore
  27. Printing house
  28. "Hetq online: Etchmiadzin Day Celebrated Today". Hetq.am. Retrieved 2013-01-31.
  29. Ekologia V.K.H. biological waste destruction plant opened in Echmiadzin
  30. "Union of Communities of Armenia: Ejmiatsin". Caa.am. Retrieved 2013-01-31.
  31. Football development in Armavir Province
  32. Working visit of President Serzh Sargsyan to Armavir marz
  33. ԷՋՄԻԱԾԻՆԸ ՖՈՒՏԲՈԼԻ ԱԿԱԴԵՄԻԱ ԿՈՒՆԵՆԱ
  34. "Echmiatsin, Arménie" (in French). OVPM. Retrieved 2013-01-31.
  35. Etchmiadzin: International relations(in Russian)
  36. Sister cities
  • Media related to Vagharshapat at Wikimedia Commons
  • Vagharshapat travel guide from Wikivoyage
Source of information: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. We're not responsible for the content of this article and your use of this information. Disclaimer
Armenia: Hotels Booking & Tickets Sale
Hotels Booking & Tickets Sale
Abkhazia
Afghanistan
Albania
Algeria
American Virgin Islands
Andorra
Angola
Anguilla
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina
Armenia
Aruba
Australia
Austria
Azerbaijan
Bahamas
Bahrain
Bangladesh
Barbados
Belarus
Belgium
Belize
Benin
Bermuda
Bhutan
Bolivia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana
Brazil
British Virgin Islands
Brunei
Bulgaria
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cambodia
Cameroon
Canada
Cape Verde
Caribbean Netherlands
Cayman Islands
Chad
Chile
China
Colombia
Comoros
Costa Rica
Croatia
Cuba
Curaçao
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Denmark
Djibouti
Dominican Republic
East Timor
Ecuador
Egypt
El Salvador
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia
Falkland Islands
Faroe Islands
Fiji
Finland
France
French Guiana
French Polynesia
Gabon
Gambia
Georgia
Germany
Ghana
Gibraltar
Greece
Guadeloupe
Guam
Guatemala
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana
Haiti
Honduras
Hong Kong
Hungary
Iceland
India
Indonesia
Iran
Iraq
Ireland
Isle of Man
Israel
Italy
Ivory Coast
Jamaica
Japan
Jordan
Kazakhstan
Kenya
Kiribati
Kongo
Kosovo
Kuwait
Kyrgyzstan
Laos
Latvia
Lebanon
Lesotho
Liberia
Libya
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Macau
Macedonia
Madagascar
Malawi
Malaysia
Maldives
Mali
Malta
Martinique
Mauritania
Mauritius
Mexico
Micronesia
Moldova
Monaco
Mongolia
Montenegro
Montserrat
Morocco
Mozambique
Myanmar
Namibia
Nepal
Netherlands
New Zealand
Nicaragua
Nigeria
North Korea
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway
Oman
Pakistan
Palau
Palestine
Panama
Papua New Guinea
Paraguay
Peru
Philippines
Poland
Portugal
Puerto Rico
Qatar
Romania
Russia
Rwanda
Réunion
Saint Barthélemy
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Lucia
Saint Martin
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Samoa
San Marino
Saudi Arabia
Senegal
Serbia
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Singapore
Sint Maarten
Slovakia
Slovenia
Solomon Islands
Somalia
Somaliland
South Africa
South Korea
Spain
Sri Lanka
Sudan
Suriname
Swaziland
Sweden
Switzerland
Syria
Taiwan
Tajikistan
Tanzania
Thailand
Togo
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago
Tunisia
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Turks and Caicos Islands
Uganda
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom
United States
Uruguay
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu
Vatican
Venezuela
Vietnam
Yemen
Zambia
Zimbabwe
Vacation: Complete information and online sale
Etchmiadzin: Today's Super Sale
Vacation: Website Templates & Graphics

All trademarks, service marks, trade names, product names, and logos appearing on the site are the property of their respective owners.
© 2011-2017 Maria-Online.com ▪ DesignHosting