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Hotels of Gdynia

A hotel in Gdynia is an establishment that provides lodging paid on a short-term basis. Facilities provided may range from a basic bed and storage for clothing, to luxury features like en-suite bathrooms. Larger in Gdynia hotels may provide additional guest facilities such as a swimming pool, business centre, childcare, conference facilities and social function services. Hotel rooms in Gdynia are usually numbered (or named in some smaller hotels and B&Bs) to allow guests to identify their room. Some Gdynia hotels offer meals as part of a room and board arrangement. Hotel operations vary in size, function, and cost. Most Gdynia hotels and major hospitality companies that operate hotels in Gdynia have set widely accepted industry standards to classify hotel types. General categories include the following:

Upscale luxury hotels in Gdynia
An upscale full service hotel facility in Gdynia that offers luxury amenities, full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and the highest level of personalized and professional service. Luxury Gdynia hotels are normally classified with at least a Four Diamond or Five Diamond status or a Four or Five Star rating depending on classification standards.

Full service hotels in Gdynia
Full service Gdynia hotels often contain upscale full-service facilities with a large volume of full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and a variety of on-site amenities such as swimming pools, a health club, children's activities, ballrooms, on-site conference facilities, etc.

Historic inns and boutique hotels in Gdynia
Boutique hotels of Gdynia are smaller independent non-branded hotels that often contain upscale facilities of varying size in unique or intimate settings with full service accommodations. Gdynia boutique hotels are generally 100 rooms or less. Some historic inns and boutique hotels in Gdynia may be classified as luxury hotels.

Focused or select service hotels in Gdynia
Small to medium-sized hotel establishments that offer a limited amount of on-site amenities that only cater and market to a specific demographic of Gdynia travelers, such as the single business traveler. Most Gdynia focused or select service hotels may still offer full service accommodations but may lack leisure amenities such as an on-site restaurant or a swimming pool.

Economy and limited service hotels in Gdynia
Small to medium-sized Gdynia hotel establishments that offer a very limited amount of on-site amenities and often only offer basic accommodations with little to no services, these facilities normally only cater and market to a specific demographic of travelers, such as the budget-minded Gdynia traveler seeking a "no frills" accommodation. Limited service Gdynia hotels often lack an on-site restaurant but in return may offer a limited complimentary food and beverage amenity such as on-site continental breakfast service.

Guest houses and B&Bs in Gdynia
A bed and breakfast in Gdynia is a small lodging establishment that offers overnight accommodation and inclusive breakfast. Usually, Gdynia bed and breakfasts are private homes or family homes offering accommodations. The typical Gdynia B&B has between 4 and 11 rooms, with 6 being the average. Generally, guests are accommodated in private bedrooms with private bathrooms, or in a suite of rooms including an en suite bathroom. Some homes have private bedrooms with a bathroom which is shared with other guests. Breakfast is served in the bedroom, a dining room, or the host's kitchen. Often the owners of guest house themselves prepare the breakfast and clean the rooms.

Hostels in Gdynia
Gdynia hostels provide budget-oriented, sociable accommodation where guests can rent a bed, usually a bunk bed, in a dormitory and share a bathroom, lounge, and sometimes a kitchen. Rooms can be mixed or single-sex, although private rooms may also be available. Hostels are often cheaper for both the operator and occupants; many Gdynia hostels have long-term residents whom they employ as desk agents or housekeeping staff in exchange for experience or discounted accommodation.

Apartment hotels, extended stay hotels in Gdynia
Extended stay hotels are small to medium-sized Gdynia hotels that offer longer term full service accommodations compared to a traditional hotel. Extended stay hotels may offer non-traditional pricing methods such as a weekly rate that cater towards travelers in need of short-term accommodations for an extended period of time. Similar to limited and select service hotels, on-site amenities are normally limited and most extended stay hotels in Gdynia lack an on-site restaurant.

Timeshare and destination clubs in Gdynia
Gdynia timeshare and destination clubs are a form of property ownership also referred to as a vacation ownership involving the purchase and ownership of an individual unit of accommodation for seasonal usage during a specified period of time. Timeshare resorts in Gdynia often offer amenities similar that of a Full service hotel with on-site restaurant(s), swimming pools, recreation grounds, and other leisure-oriented amenities. Destination clubs of Gdynia on the other hand may offer more exclusive private accommodations such as private houses in a neighborhood-style setting.

Motels in Gdynia
A Gdynia motel is a small-sized low-rise lodging establishment similar to that of a limited service hotel, but with direct access to individual rooms from the car park. Common during the 1950s and 1960s, motels were often located adjacent to a major road, where they were built on inexpensive land at the edge of towns or along stretches of highways. They are still useful in less populated areas of Gdynia for driving travelers, but the more populated an area becomes the more hotels fill the need. Many of Gdynia motels which remain in operation have joined national franchise chains, rebranding themselves as hotels, inns or lodges.

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Travelling and vacation in Gdynia

Gdynia (DerHexer) 2010-07-16 193.jpg Gdynia (DerHexer) 2010-07-16 179.jpg
Dar Pomorza 2008.jpg
Molo w Gdyni-Orlowie.jpg Гдыня, панорама. Фото Виктора Белоусова. - panoramio.jpg
Left to right: Gdynia Sea Towers • Port of Gdynia •
Dar Pomorza sailing ship • Pier in Orłowo • Baltic Sea
Flag of Gdynia
Coat of arms of Gdynia
Coat of arms
Motto: Uśmiechnij się, jesteś w Gdyni
(Smile, you're in Gdynia)
Gdynia is located in Poland
Coordinates:  / 54.500; 18.533
Country Poland
Voivodeship Pomeranian
County city county
City rights February 10, 1926
Boroughs 22 districts
• Mayor Wojciech Szczurek
• Vice President Ewa Łowkiel
• Vice President Michał Guć
• Vice President Bogusław Stasiak
• Vice President Marek Stępa
• Total 135 km (52 sq mi)
Highest elevation 205 m (673 ft)
Lowest elevation 0 m (0 ft)
Population (31.03.2014)
• Total 247,799
• Density 1,800/km (4,800/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
• Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 81-004 to 81-919
Area code(s) +48 58
Car plates GA
Website http://www.gdynia.pl
View from Kosciuszko Square; Dar Pomorza on the left, Sea Towers on the right

Gdynia [ˈɡdɨɲa] (German: Gdingen, Kashubian: Gdiniô) is a city in the Pomeranian Voivodeship of Poland and an important seaport of Gdańsk Bay on the south coast of the Baltic Sea. Located in Kashubia in Eastern Pomerania, Gdynia is part of a conurbation with the spa town of Sopot, the city of Gdańsk and suburban communities, which together form a metropolitan area called the Tricity (Trójmiasto), with a population of over a million people.

For centuries, Gdynia remained a small agricultural and fishing village on the Baltic coast. At the beginning of the 20th-century Gdynia became a seaside resort town and experienced an inflow of tourists. This also triggered an increase in local population. After Poland regained its independence in 1918, a decision was made to construct a Polish seaport in Gdynia, between the Free City of Danzig (a semi-autonomous city-state under joint League of Nations and Polish administration) and German Pomerania, making Gdynia the primary economic hub of the Polish Corridor. It was then that the town was given a more cosmopolitan character with modernism being the dominant architectural style and emerged as a city in 1926.

The rapid development of Gdynia was interrupted by the outbreak of World War II. Although the German troops refrained from deliberate bombing, the newly built port and shipyard were completely destroyed. The population of the city suffered much heavier losses as most of the inhabitants were evicted and expelled. The locals were either displaced to other regions of occupied Poland or sent to Nazi concentration camps throughout Europe. After the war, Gdynia was settled with the former inhabitants of Warsaw and lost cities such as Lviv and Vilnius in the Eastern Borderlands. The city was gradually regenerating itself with its shipyard being rebuilt and expanded. In December 1970 the shipyard workers protest against the increase of prices was bloodily repressed. This greatly contributed to the rise of the Solidarity movement in Gdańsk.

Today the port of Gdynia is a regular stopover on the itinerary of luxurious passenger ships and a new ferry terminal with a civil airport are under realisation. The city won numerous awards in relation to safety, infrastructure, quality of life and a rich variety of tourist attractions. In 2013 Gdynia was ranked as Poland's best city to live in and topped the rankings in the overarching category of general quality of life. Gdynia is also highly noted for its access to education. There are prestigious universities such as the Polish Naval Academy located nearby.

Gdynia hosts the Gdynia Film Festival, the main Polish film festival, and was the venue for the International Random Film Festival in 2014.

Gdynia: History

City museum

The area of the later city of Gdynia shared its history with Pomerelia (Eastern Pomerania); in prehistoric times it was the center of Oksywie culture; it was later populated by Slavs with some Baltic Prussian influences.

  • Late 10th century: Pomerelia was united with Poland.
  • During the reign of Mieszko II Pomerelia seceded from Poland and became independent.
  • 1116/1121: Bolesław III reunited Pomerelia with Poland.
  • 1209: First mention of Oxhöft (now known as Oksywie, which is now a part of Gdynia).
  • 1227: Pomerelia again became an independent Duchy.
  • 1253: First known mention of the name "Gdynia", as a Pomeranian (Kashubian) fishing village. The first church on this part of the Baltic Sea coast was built there.
  • 1294: Pomerelia was inherited by the future Polish king Przemysł II., and remained as part of Poland until –
  • 1309–1310; The Teutonic Order conquered Pomerelia and added it to Prussia.
  • 1380: The owner of the village which became Gdynia, Peter from Rusocin, gave the village to the Cistercian Order.
  • 1382: Gdynia became property of the Cistercian abbey in Oliva, now Oliwa.
  • 1454: Thirteen Years' War started.
  • 1466: Thirteen Years' War ended. Pomerelia became part of Royal Prussia, a newly established province of the Kingdom of Poland, and later on of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth.
  • 1772: In the First Partition of Poland, Royal Prussia (including Gdynia) was annexed into the Kingdom of Prussia. Gdynia became known in German as Gdingen, and was expropriated from the Cistercian Order.
  • 1789: There were only 21 houses in Gdynia.
  • 1870:
    • The Kingdom of Prussia became part of the German Empire.
    • The village of Gdingen had some 1,200 inhabitants, and it was not a poor fishing village as it is sometimes described. It was a popular tourist spot with several guest houses, restaurants, cafés, several brick houses and a small harbour with a pier for small trading ships. The first Kashubian mayor of Gdingen was Jan Radtke.
  • 1919: Treaty of Versailles and the start of the dismemberment of eastern Germany.
  • 1920: Gdingen (now named Gdynia), along with other parts of former West Prussia, became a part of the new Republic of Poland; simultaneously, the city of Gdańsk and surrounding area was declared a free city and put under the League of Nations, though Poland was given economic liberties and requisitioned for matters of foreign representation.

Gdynia: Construction of the seaport

The decision to build a major seaport at the Gdynia village was made by the Polish government in the winter of 1920, in the midst of the Polish–Soviet War (1919–1920). The authorities and seaport workers of the Free City of Gdańsk felt Poland's economic rights in the city were being misappropriated to help fight the war. German dock workers went on strike, refusing to unload shipments of military supplies sent from the West to aid the Polish army, and Poland realized the need for a port city it was in complete control of, economically and politically.

Construction of Gdynia seaport was started in 1921, but because of financial difficulties was conducted slowly and with interruptions. It was accelerated after the Sejm (Polish parliament) passed the Gdynia Seaport Construction Act on 23 September 1922. By 1923 a 550-metre pier, 175 metres (574 feet) of a wooden tide breaker, and a small harbour had been constructed. Ceremonial inauguration of Gdynia as a temporary military port and fishers' shelter took place on 23 April 1923, and the first major seagoing ship arrived on 13 August 1923.

House of Stefan Żeromski in Orłowo

To speed up the construction works, the Polish government in November 1924 signed a contract with the French-Polish Consortium for Gdynia Seaport Construction, which by the end of 1925 had built a small seven-metre-deep harbour, the south pier, part of the north pier, a railway, and had also ordered the trans-shipment equipment. The works were going more slowly than expected, however. They accelerated only after May 1926, because of an increase in Polish exports by sea, economic prosperity, the outbreak of the German–Polish trade war which reverted most Polish international trade to sea routes, and also thanks to the personal engagement of Eugeniusz Kwiatkowski, Polish Minister of Industry and Trade, also responsible for construction of Centralny Okręg Przemysłowy. By the end of 1930 docks, piers, breakwaters and many auxiliary and industrial installations were constructed (such as depots, trans-shipment equipment, and a rice processing factory) or started (such as a large cold store).

Trans-shipments rose from 10,000 tons (1924) to 2,923,000 tons (1929). At this time Gdynia was the only transit and special seaport designed for coal exports. In the years 1931–1939 the Gdynia harbour was further extended to become a universal seaport. In 1938 Gdynia was the largest and most modern seaport on the Baltic Sea, as well as the tenth biggest in Europe. The trans-shipments rose to 8.7 million tons, which was 46% of Polish foreign trade. In 1938 the Gdynia shipyard started to build its first full-sea ship, the Olza.

Gdynia: Construction of the city

The city was constructed later than the seaport. In 1925 a special committee was inaugurated to build the city; city expansion plans were designed and city rights were granted in 1926, and tax privileges were granted for investors in 1927. The city started to grow significantly after 1928.

A new railway station and the Post Office were completed. The State railways extended their lines, built bridges and also constructed a group of houses for their employees. Within a few years houses were built along some 10 miles (16 km) of road leading northward from the Free City of Danzig to Gdynia and beyond. Public institutions and private employers helped their staffs to build houses.
In 1933 a plan of development providing for a population of 250,000 was worked out by a special commission appointed by a government committee, in collaboration with the municipal authorities. By 1939 the population had grown to over 120,000.

Gdynia: Gdynia during World War II (1939–1945)

ORP Błyskawica
Dworzec Główny - Main Train Station

The city and seaport were occupied in September 1939 by German troops and renamed Gotenhafen after the Goths, an ancient Germanic tribe, who had lived in the area. Some 50,000 Polish citizens, who after 1920 had been brought into the area by the Polish government after the decision to enlarge the harbour was made, were expelled to the General Government. Kashubians who were suspected to support the Polish cause, particularly those with higher education, were arrested and executed. The main place of execution was Piaśnica (Groß Plaßnitz), where about 12,000 were executed. The German gauleiter Albert Forster considered Kashubians of "low value" and did not support any attempts to create a Kashubian nationality. Some Kashubians organized anti-Nazi resistance groups, "Gryf Kaszubski" (later "Gryf Pomorski"), and the exiled "Zwiazek Pomorski" in Great Britain.

The harbour was transformed into a German naval base. The shipyard was expanded in 1940 and became a branch of the Kiel shipyard (Deutsche Werke Kiel A.G.). Gotenhafen became an important base, due to its being relatively distant from the war theater, and many German large ships-battleships and heavy cruisers-were anchored there. During 1942, Dr Joseph Goebbels authorized relocation of SS Cap Arcona to Gotenhafen Harbour as a stand-in for RMS Titanic during filming of the German-produced movie Titanic, directed by Herbert Selpin.

The city was also the location for the Nazi concentration camp Gotenhafen, a subcamp of the Stutthof concentration camp near Gdańsk.

The seaport and the shipyard both witnessed several air raids by the Allies from 1943 onwards, but suffered little damage. Gotenhafen was used during winter 1944–45 to evacuate German troops and refugees trapped by the Red Army. Some of the ships were hit by torpedoes from Soviet submarines in the Baltic Sea on the route West. The ship Wilhelm Gustloff sank, taking about 9,400 people with her – the worst loss of life in a single sinking in maritime history. The seaport area was largely destroyed by withdrawing German troops and millions of encircled refugees in 1945 being bombarded by Soviet Military (90% of the buildings and equipment were destroyed) and the harbour entrance was blocked by the German battleship Gneisenau that had been brought to Gotenhafen for major repairs.

Gdynia: After World War II

On March 28, 1945, Gotenhafen was captured by the Soviets and assigned to Polish Gdańsk Voivodeship, who again renamed it Gdynia.

In the Polish 1970 protests, worker demonstrations took place at Gdynia Shipyard. Workers were fired upon by the police. The fallen (e.g. Brunon Drywa) became symbolized by a fictitious worker Janek Wiśniewski, commemorated in a song by Mieczysław Cholewa, Pieśń o Janku z Gdyni. One of Gdynia's important streets is named after Janek Wiśniewski. The same person was portrayed by Andrzej Wajda in his movie Man of Iron as Mateusz Birkut.

On December 4, 1999, a storm destroyed a huge crane in a shipyard, which was able to lift 900 tons.

Gdynia: Climate

The climate of Gdynia is an oceanic climate owing to its position of the Baltic sea, which moderates the temperatures, compared to the interior of Poland. The climate is cool throughout the year and there is a somewhat uniform precipitation throughout the year. Typical of Northern Europe, there is little sunshine during the year.

Climate data for Gdynia (1976-2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 13.7
Average high °C (°F) 2.0
Daily mean °C (°F) −0.6
Average low °C (°F) −3.2
Record low °C (°F) −21.2
Average precipitation mm (inches) 46.6
Average rainy days 15 11 13 13 16 15 16 17 14 18 19 16 183
Average snowy days 11 13 10 2 0 0 0 0 0 1 6 7 50
Average relative humidity (%) 82 86 79 69 63 69 71 72 82 83 84 87 77.3
Source: my weather2

Gdynia: Economy

Stocznia Gdynia

Notable companies that have their headquarters or regional offices in Gdynia:

  • PROKOM SA – the largest Polish I.T. company
  • C. Hartwig Gdynia SA – one of the largest Polish freight forwarders
  • Sony Pictures – finance center
  • Thomson Reuters – business data provider
  • Vistal – bridge constructions, offshore and shipbuilding markets; partially located on old Stocznia Gdynia terrains
  • Nauta – shiprepair yard; partially located on old Stocznia Gdynia terrains
  • Crist – shipbuilding, offshore constructions, steel structures, sea engineering, civil engineering; located on old Stocznia Gdynia terrains


  • Stocznia Gdynia – former largest Polish shipyard, now under bankruptcy procedures
  • Nordea – banks, sold and consolidated with PKO bank

Gdynia: Transport

Port of Gdynia
Pesa Atribo SA133 of the Tricity Fast Urban Railways (SKM) departing from Gdynia

Gdynia: Port of Gdynia

In 2007, 364,202 passengers, 17,025,000 tons of Cargo and 614,373 TEU containers passed through the port. Regular car ferry service operates between here and Karlskrona, Sweden.

Gdynia: Airport

The conurbation's main airport, Gdańsk Lech Wałęsa Airport, lays approximately 25 kilometres (16 mi) south-west of central Gdynia, and has connections to approximately 55 destinations. It is the third largest airport in Poland. A second General Aviation terminal was scheduled to be opened by May 2012, which will increase the airport's capacity to 5mln passengers per year.

Another local airport, (Gdynia-Kosakowo Airport) is situated partly in the village of Kosakowo, just to the north of the city, and partly in Gdynia. This has been a military airport since the World War II, but it has been decided in 2006 that the airport will be used to serve civilians. Work was well in progress and was due to be ready for 2012 when the project collapsed following a February 2014 EU decision regarding Gdynia city funding as constituting unfair competition to Gdańsk airport. In March 2014, the airport management company filed for bankruptcy, this being formally announced in May that year. The fate of some PLN 100 million of public funds from Gdynia remain unaccounted for with documents not being released, despite repeated requests for such from residents to the city president, Wojciech Szczurek.

Gdynia: Road transport

Trasa Kwiatkowskiego links Port of Gdynia and the city with Obwodnica Trójmiejska, and therefore A1 motorway. National road 6 connects Tricity with Słupsk, Koszalin and Szczecin agglomeration.

Gdynia: Railways

The principal station in Gdynia is Gdynia Główna railway station, and Gdynia has five other railway stations. Local services are provided by the 'Fast Urban Railway,' Szybka Kolej Miejska (Tricity) operating frequent trains covering the Tricity area including Gdańsk, Sopot and Gdynia. Long distance trains from Warsaw via Gdańsk terminate at Gdynia, and there are direct trains to Szczecin, Poznań, Katowice, Lublin and other major cities. In 2011-2015 the Warsaw-Gdańsk-Gdynia route is undergoing a major upgrading costing $3 billion, partly funded by the European Investment Bank, including track replacement, realignment of curves and relocation of sections of track to allow speeds up to 200 km/h (124 mph), modernization of stations, and installation of the most modern ETCS signalling system, which is to be completed in June 2015. In December 2014 new Alstom Pendolino high-speed trains were put into service between Gdynia, Warsaw and Kraków reducing rail travel times to Gdynia by 2 hours.

Gdynia: Education

Gdynia Maritime University in the building from 1937 as example of prewar Polish modern architecture.

There are currently 8 universities and institutions of higher education based in Gdynia. Many students from Gdynia attend also universities located in the Tricity.

  • State-owned:
    • Gdynia Maritime University
    • Polish Naval Academy
    • University of Gdansk – departments of Biology, Geography and Oceanology
  • Privately owned:
    • WSB Universities - WSB University in Gdańsk, departments of Economics and Management
    • Academy of International Economic and Political Relations
    • Kwiatkowski Graduate School of Business Administration
    • Pomeranian Higher School of Humanities
    • Cardinal Stefan Wyszyński University – department in Gdynia
    • Higher School of Social Communication

Gdynia: Sports

Stadion GOSiR
Red Bull Air Race Gdynia - 2014

Sport teams

  • Arka Gdynia – men’s football team (Polish Cup winner 1979 and 2017, currently plays in the first division of Polish football, the Ekstraklasa)
  • Bałtyk Gdynia – men's football team, playing in the 2nd league in the season 2009/2010;
  • Lotos Gdynia – women’s basketball team (Polish Champion 2004 in Sharp Torell Basket Liga)
  • Asseco Prokom Gdynia – men’s basketball team (Polish Basketball League and Euroleague)
  • RC Arka Gdynia – rugby team (Champions of Poland in seasons 2003/2004, 2004/2005 and 2010/2011)
  • Seahawks Gdynia – American football team (Polish American Football League) (Champions of Poland in season 2011/2012)
  • Kager Gdynia – men’s basketball team (Dominet Bank Ekstraliga)
  • KS Łączpol Gdynia – women’s handball team (1st league in season 2003/2004)

Gdynia: Culture

Gdynia hosts the Gdynia Film Festival, the main Polish film festival. The International Random Film Festival was hosted in Gdynia in November 2014. Since 2003 Gdynia has been hosting the Open'er Festival, one of the biggest contemporary music festivals in Europe. The festival welcomes many foreign hip-hop, rock and electronic music artists every year. The lineup for 2015 was Mumford and Sons, Of Monsters and Men, The Prodigy, The Vaccines and many more. Another important summer event in Gdynia is the Viva Beach Party, which is a large two-day techno party made on Gdynia's Public Beach and a summer-welcoming concerts CudaWianki. Gdynia also hosts events for the annual Gdańsk Shakespeare Festival.
In the summer of 2014 Gdynia hosted Red Bull Air Race World Championship.

Gdynia: Sights and tourist attractions

St. Michael Archangel Church - the oldest building in Gdynia
Gdynia's main boardwalk
Fountain located on Kościuszko Square

Gdynia is a relatively modern city. Its architecture includes the 13th century St. Michael the Archangel's Church in Oksywie, the oldest building in Gdynia, and the 17th century neo-Gothic manor house located on Folwarczna Street in Orłowo. The city also holds many examples of early 20th-century architecture, especially monumentalism and early functionalism, and modernism. A good example of modernism is PLO building situated at 10 Lutego Street.

The surrounding hills and the coastline attract many nature lovers. A leisure pier and a cliff-like coastline in Kępa Redłowska, as well as the surrounding Nature Reserve, are also popular locations. In the harbour, there are two anchored museum ships, the ORP Błyskawica destroyer and the Dar Pomorza tall ship frigate. A 1.5 kilometre long promenade leads from the marina in the city centre, to the beach in Redłowo.

Most of Gdynia can be seen from Kamienna Góra (54 metres (177 feet) asl) or the viewing point near Chwaszczyno. There are also two viewing towers, one at Góra Donas, the other at Kolibki.

Gdynia: Population and area

Year Inhabitants Area
1870 1200
1920 1300
1926 12,000 6 km²
1939 127,000 66 km²
1945 70,000 66 km²
1960 150,200 73 km²
1970 191,500 75 km²
1975 221,100 134 km²
1980 236,400 134 km²
1990 251,500 136 km²
1994 252,000 136 km²
1995 251,400 136 km²
2000 255,420 135.49 square kilometres (52.31 sq mi) (after GUS – Central Statistical Office in Warsaw)
2009 248,889 136,72 km²

Gdynia: Notable people

  • Józef Michał Hubert Unrug (1884–1973), German-born Polish vice admiral who helped create the Polish navy
  • Karol Olgierd Borchardt (1905–1986), Polish maritime author and educator
  • Kazimierz Ostrowski (1917 Berlin – 1999 Gdynia) Polish painter
  • Jacek Fedorowicz (born 1937), Polish satirist and actor
  • Gunnar Heinsohn (born 1943), German scientist
  • Jörg Berger (1944–2010), German soccer player, trainer
  • Klaus Hurrelmann (born 1944), German scientist
  • Marcin Mięciel (born 1975), soccer player
  • Michael Klim (born 1977), Polish-born Australian swimmer, world champion
  • Adam Darski, Behemoth frontman
  • Stefan Liv, (1980–2011) Swedish ice hockey player
  • Monika Pyrek, pole vaulter
  • Anna Rogowska, pole vaulter
  • Anna Przybylska, Polish actress (1978–2014)
  • Pawel Anaszkiewicz, Polish-Mexican visual artist

Gdynia: International relations

Gdynia: Twin towns - sister cities

Gdynia is twinned with:

  • Denmark Aalborg in Denmark
  • Belarus Baranovichi, Belarus
  • United States Brooklyn, USA
  • France Syndicat Mixte de la Côte d'Opale, France
  • China Haikou, China (since 24 April 2006)
  • Russia Kaliningrad, Russia
  • Sweden Karlskrona, Sweden
  • Germany Kiel, Germany
  • Lithuania Klaipėda, Lithuania
  • Finland Kotka, Finland
  • Norway Kristiansand, Norway
  • Estonia Kunda, Estonia
  • Latvia Liepāja, Latvia
  • United Kingdom Plymouth, United Kingdom
  • United States Seattle, USA
  • China Zhuhai, China (since 17 May 2017)

Gdynia: Cultural references

In 2008, Gdynia made it onto the Monopoly Here and Now World Edition board after being voted by fans through the Internet. Gdynia occupies the space traditionally held by Mediterranean Avenue, being the lowest voted city to make it onto the Monopoly Here and Now board, but also the smallest city to make it in the game. All of the other cities are large and widely known ones, the second smallest being Riga. The unexpected success of Gdynia can be attributed to a mobilization of the town's population to vote for it on the Internet.

An abandoned factory district in Gdynia was the scene for the survival series Man vs Wild, season 6, episode 12. The host, Bear Grylls, manages to escape the district after blowing up a door and crawling through miles of sewer.

Ernst Stavro Blofeld, the supervillain in the James Bond novels, was born in Gdynia on May 28, 1908, according to Thunderball.

Gdynia is sometimes called "Polish Roswell" due to the alleged UFO crash on January 21, 1959.

Gdynia: See also

  • Donas
  • Gdynia trolleybus
  • Ports of the Baltic Sea
  • St. Anthony parish, Gdynia

Gdynia: References

  1. "Gdynia turystyczna". Retrieved 29 November 2016.
  2. "Gdynia rated Poland's best city". Retrieved 29 November 2016.
  3. André Vauchez, Richard Barrie Dobson, Adrian Walford, Michael Lapidge, Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages, Routledge 2000, p.: 1163, ISBN 978-1-57958-282-1 link
  4. James Minahan, One Europe, Many Nations: A Historical Dictionary of European National Groups, Greenwood Publishing Group, 2000, p.375, ISBN 978-0-313-30984-7
  5. Daniel Stone,A History of East Central Europe, University of Washington Press, 2001, p. 30, ISBN 978-0-295-98093-5 Google Books
  6. "Port of Gdynia". worldportsource.com.
  7. Robert Michael Citino. The path to blitzkrieg: doctrine and training in the German Army, 1920–1939. Lynne Rienner Publishers. 1999. p. 173.
  8. (ed) Michael Murray, Poland's Progress 1919–1939, John Murray, 1944, London pp 64–6
  9. "my weather2". Weather 2. Retrieved 31 March 2015.
  10. Port Lotniczy Gdańsk im. Lecha Wałęsy. "Historia lotniska – Port Lotniczy Gdańsk im. Lecha Wałęsy". Airport.gdansk.pl. Archived from the original on 2013-09-18. Retrieved 2013-03-12.
  11. "About airport | Port Lotniczy Gdynia-Kosakowo". Airport.gdynia.pl. Retrieved 2013-03-12.
  12. 'Polish Pendolino launches 200 km/h operation,' Railway Gazette International, 15 December 2014, http://www.railwaygazette.com/news/passenger/single-view/view/polish-pendolino-launches-200-kmh-operation.html
  13. 'Pendolino z Trójmiasta do Warszawy,' http://www.trojmiasto.pl/wiadomosci/Pendolino-z-Trojmiasta-do-Warszawy-Wiecej-pytan-niz-odpowiedzi-n71010.html
  14. WSB University in Gdańsk - WSB Universities
  15. "Historia Rugby Club Arka Gdynia". Arkarugby.pl. 2012-05-26. Archived from the original on 2013-05-21. Retrieved 2013-03-12.
  16. P.C., Net. "Gdynia - About the city - Modernism in Europe – Modernism in Gdynia". Retrieved 30 November 2016.
  17. P.C., Net. "Gdynia - Tourism - Gdynia cultural". Retrieved 30 November 2016.
  18. "ORP "Błyskawica" - Muzeum Marynarki Wojennej w Gdyni". Retrieved 30 November 2016.
  19. "Redłowo - Mapa Gdynia, plan miasta, dzielnice w Gdyni - E-turysta". Retrieved 30 November 2016.
  20. "Kolejka na Kamienną Górę ruszyła". Retrieved 30 November 2016.
  21. P.C., Net. "Gdynia - International Gdynia - International co-operation of Gdynia". www.gdynia.pl.
  22. "Aalborg Twin Towns". Europeprize.net. Retrieved 19 August 2013.
  23. "Aalborg Kommune – Venskabsbyer". Web.archive.org. 2007-11-14. Archived from the original on 2007-11-14. Retrieved 2009-07-26.
  24. "Города-партнёры" (in Russian). Kaliningrad City Hall. Archived from the original on April 22, 2009. Retrieved 2008-12-08.
  25. Luhn, Alec (20 November 2011). "Kaliningrad". The Moscow Times. Retrieved 26 February 2016.
  26. "Twin cities of Kiel". kiel.de (in German).
  27. Hassinen, Raino. "Kotka - International co-operation: Twin Cities". City of Kotka. Retrieved 2013-10-22.
  28. "Plymouth – Town Twinning". Plymouth City Council. Retrieved 2013-07-14.
  29. "Seattle, Washington Sister Cities". Sister Cities International. Archived from the original on July 17, 2014. Retrieved July 17, 2014.
  30. "珠海与波兰格丁尼亚市结为友好城市 加强交流深化经贸合作".
  31. Booth, B. J. "Poland UFO Crashes, UFO Casebook Files". ufocasebook.com.
  32. Gross, Patrick. "ufo - UFOS at close sight: URECAT-000112 - January 21, 1959, Gdynia, Gdanskie, Poland, beach guards and doctors". patrickgross.org.
  33. OMI, Telewizja Polska SA -. "UFO nad Gdynią, czyli… polskie Roswell - Telewizja Polska SA". tvp.pl.
  34. "Wyborcza.pl". wyborcza.pl.
  35. "UFO rozbiło się w Polsce". onet.pl. 7 July 2013.
  36. Polska, Grupa Wirtualna (22 January 2014). "Katastrofa UFO w Gdyni. Czy to polskie Roswell?". niewiarygodne.pl.

Gdynia: Further reading

  • (ed.) R. Wapiński, Dzieje Gdyni, Gdańsk 1980
  • (ed.). S. Gierszewski, Gdynia, Gdańsk 1968
  • Gdynia, in: Pomorze Gdańskie, nr 5, Gdańsk 1968
  • J. Borowik, Gdynia, port Rzeczypospolitej, Toruń 1934
  • B. Kasprowicz, Problemy ekonomiczne budowy i eksploatacji portu w Gdyni w latach 1920–1939, Zapiski Historyczne, nr 1-3/1956
  • M. Widernik, Główne problemy gospodarczo-społeczne miasta Gdyni w latach 1926–1939., Gdańsk 1970
  • (ed.) A. Bukowski, Gdynia. Sylwetki ludzi, oświata i nauka, literatura i kultura, Gdańsk 1979
  • Gminy województwa gdańskiego, Gdańsk 1995
  • H. Górnowicz, Z. Brocki, Nazwy miast Pomorza Gdańskiego, Wrocław 1978
  • Gerard Labuda (ed.), Historia Pomorza, vol. I-IV, Poznań 1969–2003
  • (ed.) W. Odyniec, Dzieje Pomorza Nadwiślańskiego od VII wieku do 1945 roku, Gdańsk 1978
  • L. Bądkowski, Pomorska myśl polityczna, Gdańsk 1990
  • L. Bądkowski, W. Samp, Poczet książąt Pomorza Gdańskiego, Gdańsk 1974
  • B. Śliwiński, Poczet książąt gdańskich, Gdańsk 1997
  • Józef Spors, Podziały administracyjne Pomorza Gdańskiego i Sławieńsko-Słupskiego od XII do początków XIV w, Słupsk 1983
  • M. Latoszek, Pomorze. Zagadnienia etniczno-regionalne, Gdańsk 1996
  • B. Bojarska, Eksterminacja inteligencji polskiej na Pomorzu Gdańskim (wrzesień-grudzień 1939), Poznań 1972
  • K. Ciechanowski, Ruch oporu na Pomorzu Gdańskim 1939–1945., Warszawa 1972
  • Gdynia Port - Home for all Polish Ocean Liners
  • Gdynia city website
  • Virtual tour on Gdynia's coast
  • Gdynia tourist guide
  • Gdynia Tripadvisor

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