Himachal Pradesh, India

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How to Book a Hotel in Himachal Pradesh

In order to book an accommodation in Himachal Pradesh enter the proper dates and do the hotel search. If needed, sort the found Himachal Pradesh hotels by price, star rating, property type, guest rating, hotel features, hotel theme or hotel chain. Then take a look at the found hotels on Himachal Pradesh map to estimate the distance from the main Himachal Pradesh attractions and sights. You can also read the guest reviews of Himachal Pradesh hotels and see their ratings.

When a hotel search in Himachal Pradesh is done, please select the room type, the included meals and the suitable booking conditions (for example, "Deluxe double room, Breakfast included, Non-Refundable"). Press the "View Deal" ("Book Now") button. Make your booking on a hotel booking website and get the hotel reservation voucher by email. That's it, a perfect hotel in Himachal Pradesh is waiting for you!

Hotels of Himachal Pradesh

A hotel in Himachal Pradesh is an establishment that provides lodging paid on a short-term basis. Facilities provided may range from a basic bed and storage for clothing, to luxury features like en-suite bathrooms. Larger in Himachal Pradesh hotels may provide additional guest facilities such as a swimming pool, business centre, childcare, conference facilities and social function services. Hotel rooms in Himachal Pradesh are usually numbered (or named in some smaller hotels and B&Bs) to allow guests to identify their room. Some Himachal Pradesh hotels offer meals as part of a room and board arrangement. Hotel operations vary in size, function, and cost. Most Himachal Pradesh hotels and major hospitality companies that operate hotels in Himachal Pradesh have set widely accepted industry standards to classify hotel types. General categories include the following:

Upscale luxury hotels in Himachal Pradesh
An upscale full service hotel facility in Himachal Pradesh that offers luxury amenities, full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and the highest level of personalized and professional service. Luxury Himachal Pradesh hotels are normally classified with at least a Four Diamond or Five Diamond status or a Four or Five Star rating depending on classification standards.

Full service hotels in Himachal Pradesh
Full service Himachal Pradesh hotels often contain upscale full-service facilities with a large volume of full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and a variety of on-site amenities such as swimming pools, a health club, children's activities, ballrooms, on-site conference facilities, etc.

Historic inns and boutique hotels in Himachal Pradesh
Boutique hotels of Himachal Pradesh are smaller independent non-branded hotels that often contain upscale facilities of varying size in unique or intimate settings with full service accommodations. Himachal Pradesh boutique hotels are generally 100 rooms or less. Some historic inns and boutique hotels in Himachal Pradesh may be classified as luxury hotels.

Focused or select service hotels in Himachal Pradesh
Small to medium-sized hotel establishments that offer a limited amount of on-site amenities that only cater and market to a specific demographic of Himachal Pradesh travelers, such as the single business traveler. Most Himachal Pradesh focused or select service hotels may still offer full service accommodations but may lack leisure amenities such as an on-site restaurant or a swimming pool.

Economy and limited service hotels in Himachal Pradesh
Small to medium-sized Himachal Pradesh hotel establishments that offer a very limited amount of on-site amenities and often only offer basic accommodations with little to no services, these facilities normally only cater and market to a specific demographic of travelers, such as the budget-minded Himachal Pradesh traveler seeking a "no frills" accommodation. Limited service Himachal Pradesh hotels often lack an on-site restaurant but in return may offer a limited complimentary food and beverage amenity such as on-site continental breakfast service.

Guest houses and B&Bs in Himachal Pradesh
A bed and breakfast in Himachal Pradesh is a small lodging establishment that offers overnight accommodation and inclusive breakfast. Usually, Himachal Pradesh bed and breakfasts are private homes or family homes offering accommodations. The typical Himachal Pradesh B&B has between 4 and 11 rooms, with 6 being the average. Generally, guests are accommodated in private bedrooms with private bathrooms, or in a suite of rooms including an en suite bathroom. Some homes have private bedrooms with a bathroom which is shared with other guests. Breakfast is served in the bedroom, a dining room, or the host's kitchen. Often the owners of guest house themselves prepare the breakfast and clean the rooms.

Hostels in Himachal Pradesh
Himachal Pradesh hostels provide budget-oriented, sociable accommodation where guests can rent a bed, usually a bunk bed, in a dormitory and share a bathroom, lounge, and sometimes a kitchen. Rooms can be mixed or single-sex, although private rooms may also be available. Hostels are often cheaper for both the operator and occupants; many Himachal Pradesh hostels have long-term residents whom they employ as desk agents or housekeeping staff in exchange for experience or discounted accommodation.

Apartment hotels, extended stay hotels in Himachal Pradesh
Extended stay hotels are small to medium-sized Himachal Pradesh hotels that offer longer term full service accommodations compared to a traditional hotel. Extended stay hotels may offer non-traditional pricing methods such as a weekly rate that cater towards travelers in need of short-term accommodations for an extended period of time. Similar to limited and select service hotels, on-site amenities are normally limited and most extended stay hotels in Himachal Pradesh lack an on-site restaurant.

Timeshare and destination clubs in Himachal Pradesh
Himachal Pradesh timeshare and destination clubs are a form of property ownership also referred to as a vacation ownership involving the purchase and ownership of an individual unit of accommodation for seasonal usage during a specified period of time. Timeshare resorts in Himachal Pradesh often offer amenities similar that of a Full service hotel with on-site restaurant(s), swimming pools, recreation grounds, and other leisure-oriented amenities. Destination clubs of Himachal Pradesh on the other hand may offer more exclusive private accommodations such as private houses in a neighborhood-style setting.

Motels in Himachal Pradesh
A Himachal Pradesh motel is a small-sized low-rise lodging establishment similar to that of a limited service hotel, but with direct access to individual rooms from the car park. Common during the 1950s and 1960s, motels were often located adjacent to a major road, where they were built on inexpensive land at the edge of towns or along stretches of highways. They are still useful in less populated areas of Himachal Pradesh for driving travelers, but the more populated an area becomes the more hotels fill the need. Many of Himachal Pradesh motels which remain in operation have joined national franchise chains, rebranding themselves as hotels, inns or lodges.

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Travelling and vacation in Himachal Pradesh

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Himachal Pradesh
हिमाचल प्रदेश
Himachal Pradesh seal.svg
Himachal Pradesh
Location in India
State map
State map
Coordinates (Shimla):  / 31.10333; 77.17222  / 31.10333; 77.17222
Country India
Statehood 25 January 1971
Capitals Shimla
Dharamsala (2nd Capital in Winter)
Districts 12
• Governor Acharya Dev Vrat
• Chief Justice Justice Mansoor Ahmad Mir
• Chief Minister Virbhadra Singh (INC)
• Legislature Unicameral (68 seats)
• Parliamentary constituency 4
• Total 55,673 km (21,495 sq mi)
Area rank 18th
Population (2011)
• Total 6,864,602
• Rank 21st
• Density 123/km (320/sq mi)
• Official Hindi
• Additional official English
Time zone IST (UTC+05:30)
ISO 3166 code IN-HP
HDI Increase 0.652 (medium)
HDI rank 3rd (2011)
Literacy 82.80%
Website www.himachal.nic.in
It was elevated to the status of state by the State of Himachal Pradesh Act, 1970

Himachal Pradesh ([ɦɪmaːtʃəl prəd̪eːʃ]; literally "Snow-abode") is a state of India located in Northern India. It is bordered by Jammu and Kashmir on the north, Punjab and Chandigarh on the west, Haryana on the south-west, Uttarakhand on the south-east and by the Tibet Autonomous Region on the east. The name was coined from Sanskrit him 'snow' and achal 'mountain', by Acharya Diwakar Datt Sharma, one of the state's most eminent Sanskrit scholars.

Himachal Pradesh is famous for its natural beauty, hill stations, and temples. Himachal Pradesh has been ranked fifteenth in the list of the highest per capita incomes of Indian states and union territories for year 2013-14. Many perennial rivers flow in the state, and numerous hydroelectric projects set up. Himachal produces surplus hydroelectricity and sells it to other states such as Delhi, Punjab, and Rajasthan. Hydroelectric power projects, tourism, and agriculture form important parts of the state's economy.

The state has several valleys, and more than 90% of the population living in rural areas. Practically all houses have a toilet and 100% hygiene has been achieved in the state. The villages have good connectivity with roads, public health centres, and now with high-speed broadband.

Shimla district has maximum urban population of 25%. It has incorporated environmental protection and tourism development has been aided with a government ban on the use of polyethylene bags, reducing litter, and tobacco products, to aid people's health. According to a 2005 Transparency International survey, Himachal Pradesh was ranked the second-least corrupt state in the country, after Kerala.

Himachal Pradesh: History

Main article: History of Himachal Pradesh

The history of the area that now constitutes Himachal Pradesh dates to the Indus valley civilisation that flourished between 2250 and 1750 BCE. Tribes such as the Koili, Hali, Dagi, Dhaugri, Dasa, Khasa, Kinnar, and Kirat inhabited the region from the prehistoric era.

During the Vedic period, several small republics known as Janapada existed which were later conquered by the Gupta Empire. After a brief period of supremacy by King Harshavardhana, the region was divided into several local powers headed by chieftains, including some Rajput principalities. These kingdoms enjoyed a large degree of independence and were invaded by Delhi Sultanate a number of times. Mahmud Ghaznavi conquered Kangra at the beginning of the 10th century. Timur and Sikander Lodi also marched through the lower hills of the state and captured a number of forts and fought many battles. Several hill states acknowledged Mughal suzerainty and paid regular tribute to the Mughals.

Sansar Chand (c. 1765–1823)

The Gurkha people, a martial tribe, came to power in Nepal in the year 1768. They consolidated their military power and began to expand their territory. Gradually, the Gorkhas annexed Sirmour and Shimla. Under the leadership of Amar Singh Thapa, the Gurkha laid siege to Kangra. They managed to defeat Sansar Chand Katoch, the ruler of Kangra, in 1806 with the help of many provincial chiefs. However, the Gurkha could not capture Kangra fort which came under Maharaja Ranjeet Singh in 1809. After the defeat, the Gurkha began to expand towards the south of the state. However, Raja Ram Singh, Raja of Siba State, captured the fort of Siba from the remnants of Lahore Darbar in Samvat 1846, during the First Anglo-Sikh War.

They came into direct conflict with the British along the tarai belt after which the British expelled them from the provinces of the Satluj. The British gradually emerged as the paramount power in the region. In the revolt of 1857, or first Indian war of independence, arising from a number of grievances against the British, the people of the hill states were not as politically active as were those in other parts of the country. They and their rulers, with the exception of Bushahr, remained more or less inactive. Some, including the rulers of Chamba, Bilaspur, Bhagal and Dhami, rendered help to the British government during the revolt.

Rock Cut Temple, Masroor

The British territories came under the British Crown after Queen Victoria's proclamation of 1858. The states of Chamba, Mandi and Bilaspur made good progress in many fields during the British rule. During World War I, virtually all rulers of the hill states remained loyal and contributed to the British war effort, both in the form of men and materials. Among these were the states of Kangra, Jaswan, Datarpur, Guler, Nurpur, Chamba, Suket, Mandi, and Bilaspur.

After independence, the Chief Commissioner's Province of H.P. was organized on 15 April 1948 as a result of integration of 28 petty princely states (including feudal princes and zaildars) in the promontories of the western Himalaya. These were known as the Simla Hills States and four Punjab southern hill states under the Himachal Pradesh (Administration) Order, 1948 under Sections 3 and 4 of the Extra-Provincial Jurisdiction Act, 1947 (later renamed as the Foreign Jurisdiction Act, 1947 vide A.O. of 1950). The State of Bilaspur was merged into Himachal Pradesh on 1 April 1954 by the Himachal Pradesh and Bilaspur (New State) Act, 1954.

Himachal became a part C state on 26 January 1950 with the implementation of the Constitution of India and the Lieutenant Governor was appointed. The Legislative Assembly was elected in 1952. Himachal Pradesh became a union territory on 1 November 1956. Some areas of Punjab State-namely Simla, Kangra, Kulu and Lahul and Spiti Districts, Nalagarh tehsil of Ambala District, Lohara, Amb and Una kanungo circles, some area of Santokhgarh kanungo circle and some other specified area of Una tehsil of Hoshiarpur District, besides some parts of Dhar Kalan Kanungo circle of Pathankot tehsil of Gurdaspur District-were merged with Himachal Pradesh on 1 November 1966 on enactment by Parliament of Punjab Reorganisation Act, 1966. On 18 December 1970, the State of Himachal Pradesh Act was passed by Parliament, and the new state came into being on 25 January 1971. Himachal was the 18th state of the Indian Union.

Himachal Pradesh: Geography and climate

Amazing climate in Triund during September

Himachal is in the western Himalayas. Covering an area of 55,673 square kilometres (21,495 sq mi), it is a mountainous state. Most of the state lies on the foothills of the Dhauladhar Range. At 6,816 m Reo Purgyil is the highest mountain peak in the state of Himachal Pradesh.

The drainage system of Himachal is composed both of rivers and glaciers. Himalayan rivers criss-cross the entire mountain chain. Himachal Pradesh provides water to both the Indus and Ganges basins. The drainage systems of the region are the Chandra Bhaga or the Chenab, the Ravi, the Beas, the Sutlej, and the Yamuna. These rivers are perennial and are fed by snow and rainfall. They are protected by an extensive cover of natural vegetation.

Due to extreme variation in elevation, great variation occurs in the climatic conditions of Himachal . The climate varies from hot and subhumid tropical in the southern tracts to, with more elevation, cold, alpine, and glacial in the northern and eastern mountain ranges. The state's winter capital, Dharamsala receives very heavy rainfall, while areas like Lahaul and Spiti are cold and almost rainless. Broadly, Himachal experiences three seasons: summer, winter, and rainy season. Summer lasts from mid-April till the end of June and most parts become very hot (except in the alpine zone which experiences a mild summer) with the average temperature ranging from 28 to 32 °C (82 to 90 °F). Winter lasts from late November till mid March. Snowfall is common in alpine tracts (generally above 2,200 metres (7,218 ft) i.e. in the higher and trans-Himalayan region).

Himachal Pradesh: Flora and fauna

Main article: Protected areas of Himachal Pradesh
Asian paradise flycatcher in Kullu
Himalayan monal at Birds Park in Shimla
Black Bulbul (Hypsipetes leucocephalus). Solan (Himachal Pradesh). 28-July-2013

According to 2003 Forest Survey of India report, legally defined forest areas constitute 66.52% of the area of Himachal Pradesh. Vegetation in the state is dictated by elevation and precipitation. The state endows with a high diversity of medicinal and aromatic plants. Lahaul-Spiti region of the state, being a cold desert, supports unique plants of medicinal value including Ferula jaeschkeana, Hyoscyamus Niger, Lancea tibetica, and Saussurea bracteata.

Himachal is also said to be the fruit bowl of the country, with orchards being widespread. Meadows and pastures are also seen clinging to steep slopes. After the winter season, the hillsides and orchards bloom with wild flowers, while gladiolas, carnations, marigolds, roses, chrysanthemums, tulips and lilies are carefully cultivated. The state government is gearing up to make Himachal Pradesh as the flower basket of the world.

Himachal Pradesh has around 463 bird 77 mammalian, 44 reptile and 80 fish species. Great Himalayan National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site and Pin Valley National Park are the national Parks located in the state. The state also has 30 wildlife sanctuaries and 3 conservation reserves.

Himachal Pradesh: Government

Main articles: Government of Himachal Pradesh and Himachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly
Town Hall in Shimla

The Legislative Assembly of Himachal Pradesh has no pre-Constitution history. The State itself is a post-Independence creation. It came into being as a centrally administered territory on 15 April 1948 from the integration of thirty erstwhile princely states.

Himachal Pradesh is governed through a parliamentary system of representative democracy, a feature the state shares with other Indian states. Universal suffrage is granted to residents. The legislature consists of elected members and special office bearers such as the Speaker and the Deputy Speaker who are elected by the members. Assembly meetings are presided over by the Speaker or the Deputy Speaker in the Speaker's absence. The judiciary is composed of the Himachal Pradesh High Court and a system of lower courts. Executive authority is vested in the Council of Ministers headed by the Chief Minister, although the titular head of government is the Governor. The Governor is the head of state appointed by the President of India. The leader of the party or coalition with a majority in the Legislative Assembly is appointed as the Chief Minister by the Governor, and the Council of Ministers are appointed by the Governor on the advice of the Chief Minister. The Council of Ministers reports to the Legislative Assembly. The Assembly is unicameral with 68 Members of the Legislative Assembly (MLA). Terms of office run for 5 years, unless the Assembly is dissolved prior to the completion of the term. Auxiliary authorities known as panchayats, for which local body elections are regularly held, govern local affairs.

In the assembly elections held in November 2012, the Congress secured an absolute majority. The Congress won 36 of the 68 seats while the BJP won only 26 of the 68 seats. Virbhadra Singh was sworn-in as Himachal Pradesh's Chief Minister for a record sixth term in Shimla on 25 December 2012. Virbhadra Singh who has held the top office in Himachal five times in the past, was administered the oath of office and secrecy by Governor Urmila Singh at an open ceremony at the historic Ridge Maidan in Shimla.

Himachal Pradesh: Administrative Divisions

Map showing the subdivisions of Himachal Pradesh
Lahaul and Spiti
Map showing the subdivisions of Himachal Pradesh
Subdivisions of Himachal Pradesh
Main article: List of districts of Himachal Pradesh

The state of Himachal Pradesh is divided into 12 districts which are grouped into three divisions, Shimla, Kangra and Mandi. The districts are further divided into 62 subdivisions, 78 blocks and 149 Tehsils.

Divisions Districts
Kangra Chamba, Kangra, Una
Mandi Bilaspur, Hamirpur, Kullu, Lahaul and Spiti, Mandi
Shimla Kinnaur, Shimla, Sirmaur, Solan
Administrative Structure
Districts 12
Divisions 3
Sub-Divisions 62
Blocks 78
Tehsils 149
Urban Local Bodies 49
Towns 59
Gram Panchayats 3226
Villages 20690
Police Stations 125
Lok Sabha Seats 4
Rajya Sabha Seats 3
Assembly Constituencies 68

Himachal Pradesh: Economy

Main article: Economy of Himachal Pradesh
Shimla, the summer capital of Himachal Pradesh. Shimla Montage - Clockwise from top: Skyline at Shimla Southern Side, Rashtrapati Niwas, Town hall, Night view of Shimla and Christ Church.
Gross State Domestic Product at Current Prices
figures in crores of Indian Rupees
Year Gross State Domestic Product
1980 794
1985 1,372
1990 2,815
1995 6,698
2000 13,590
2005 23,024
2007 25,435
2010 57,452
2013 82,585
2016 110,511

The era of planning in Himachal Pradesh started in 1948 along with the rest of India. The first five-year plan allocated 52.7 million to Himachal. More than 50% of this expenditure was incurred on road construction since it was felt that without proper transport facilities, the process of planning and development could not be carried to the people, who mostly lived an isolated existence in faraway areas. Himachal now ranks fourth in per capita income among the states of the Indian Union.

Agriculture contributes over 45% to the net state domestic product. It is the main source of income and employment in Himachal. Over 93% of the population in Himachal depends directly upon agriculture, which provides direct employment to 71% of its people. The main cereals grown are wheat, maize, rice and barley. Apple is the principal cash crop of the state grown principally in the districts of Shimla, Kinnaur, Kullu, Mandi, Chamba and some parts of Sirmaur and Lahaul-Spiti with an average annual production of 5 lakh tonnes and per hectare production of 8 to 10 tonnes. The apple cultivation constitute 49 per cent of the total area under fruit crops and 85% of total fruit production in the state with an estimated economy of 3500 crore. Apples from Himachal are exported to other Indian states and even other countries. In 2011-12, the total area under apple cultivation was 1.04 lakh hectares, increased from 90,347 hectares in 2000-01.

Hydropower is also one of the major sources of income generation for the state. The identified Hydroelectric Potential for the state is 27,436 MW in five river basins and annual hydroelectricity production is 8,418 MW.

As per the current prices, the total GDP was estimated at 254 billion as against 230 billion in the year 2004–05, showing an increase of 10.5%.

Himachal Pradesh: Agriculture

Himalayas from Kullu Valley

Land husbandry initiatives such as the Mid-Himalayan Watershed Development Project, which includes the Himachal Pradesh Reforestation Project (HPRP), the world's largest clean development mechanism (CDM) undertaking, have improved agricultural yields and productivity, and raised rural household incomes.

Himachal Pradesh: Heritage

Himachal has a rich heritage of handicrafts. These include woolen and pashmina shawls, carpets, silver and metal ware, embroidered chappals, grass shoes, Kangra and Gompa style paintings, wood work, horse-hair bangles, wooden and metal utensils and various other house hold items. These aesthetic and tasteful handicrafts declined under competition from machine made goods and also because of lack of marketing facilities. But now the demand for handicrafts has increased within and outside the country.

Himachal Pradesh: Tourism

Main article: Tourism in Himachal Pradesh
Kalpa in June 2015.

Tourism in Himachal Pradesh is a major contributor to the state's economy and growth. The mountainous state with its diverse and beautiful Himalayan landscapes attracts tourists from all over the world. Hill stations like Shimla, Manali, Dalhousie, Chamba, Dharamsala and Kullu are popular destinations for both domestic and foreign tourists. The state has many important pilgrimage centres with prominent Hindu temples like Naina Devi Temple, Vajreshwari Devi Temple, Jwala Ji Temple, Chintpurni, Chamunda Devi Temple, Baijnath Temple, Bhimakali Temple, Bijli Mahadev,Manu Temple at Shenshar in Kullu district, Renuka Lake and Jakhoo Temple. Like Uttarakhand, the state is also referred to as "Dev Bhoomi" (literally meaning Abode of Gods) due to its mention in ancient holy texts and occurrence of large number of historical temples in the state.

Triund is a famous campsite for travellers and trekkers on the way to Mount Dhauladhar.

The state is also known for its adventure tourism activities like ice skating in Shimla, paragliding in Bir-billing and Solang valley, rafting in Kullu, skiing in Manali boating in Bilaspur and trekking, horse riding and fishing in different parts in the state. Spiti Valley in Lahaul & Spiti District situated at an altitude of over 3000 metres with its picturesque landscapes is an important destination for adventure seekers.Great himalayan national park has very good spieces of wild life, Parvati hydel and sainj hydel project are good tourist destinations. Shakti Maraud area is a very good tracking route,Shanghr is avery beautiful placein kullu district. The region also has some of the oldest Buddhist Monasteries in Asia.

The state is also a famous destination for film shooting. Movies like Roja, Henna, Jab We Met, Veer-Zaara, Yeh Jawaani Hai Deewani and Highway have been filmed in Himachal Pradesh.

Himachal hosted the first Paragliding World Cup in India from 24 October to 31 October in 2015. Venue for paragliding world cup was Bir Billing, which is 70 km from famous tourist town Macleod ganj, located in the heart of Himachal in Kangra District. Bir Billing is the centre for aero sports in Himachal and considered as best for paragliding. Buddhist monasteries, trekking to tribal villages, mountain biking are other activities to do here.

Himachal Pradesh: Transportation

Main articles: Transport in Himachal Pradesh and Himachal Road Transport Corporation
Aircraft at Shimla airport
Kalka-Shimla Railway

Himachal has three domestic airports in Kangra, Kullu and Shimla districts. The air routes connect the state with Delhi and Chandigarh.

  • Bhuntar Airport is in Kullu district, around 10 kilometres (6 mi) from district headquarters.
  • Dharamshala Airport Gaggal, Kangra is in Kangra district, And Headquarter of Dharamshala, which is around 10 kilometres from Kangra
  • Shimla Airport is around 21 kilometres (13 mi) west of the city.

Himachal is famous for its narrow-gauge railways. One is the Kalka-Shimla Railway, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and another is the Pathankot-Jogindernagar Railway. The total length of these two tracks is 259 kilometres (161 mi). The Kalka-Shimla Railway passes through many tunnels, while the Pathankot–Jogindernagar meanders through a maze of hills and valleys. It also has broad-gauge railway track, which connects Amb (Una district) to Delhi. A survey is being conducted to extend this railway line to Kangra (via Nadaun). Other proposed railways in the state are Baddi-Bilaspur, Dharamsala-Palampur and Bilaspur-Manali-Leh.

Roads are the major mode of transport in the hilly terrains. The state has road network of 28,208 kilometres (17,528 mi), including eight National Highways (NH) that constitute 1,234 kilometres (767 mi) and 19 State Highways with a total length of 1,625 kilometres (1,010 mi). Some roads get closed during winter and monsoon seasons due to snow and landslides. Hamirpur has the highest road density in the state.

Himachal Pradesh: Demographics

Himachal Pradesh: Population

Traditional home, Manali
Population Growth
Census Pop.
1951 2,386,000
1961 2,812,000 17.9%
1971 3,460,000 23.0%
1981 4,281,000 23.7%
1991 5,171,000 20.8%
2001 6,077,900 17.5%
2011 6,864,602 12.9%
Source:Census of India 2011
Literacy Rate
Census Pop.
1971 31.96
1981 42.48 32.9%
1991 63.86 50.3%
2001 76.48 19.8%
2011 82.80 8.3%

Himachal Pradesh has a total population of 6,864,602 including 3,481,873 males and 3,382,729 females as per the final results of the Census of India 2011. This is only 0.57 per cent of India's total population, recording a growth of 12.81 per cent. The total fertility rate (TFR) per woman is 1.8, one of lowest in India.

In the census, the state is placed 21st on the population chart, followed by Tripura at 22nd place. Kangra district was top ranked with a population strength of 1,507,223 (21.98%), Mandi district 999,518 (14.58%), Shimla district 813,384 (11.86%), Solan district 576,670 (8.41%), Sirmaur district 530,164 (7.73%), Una district 521,057 (7.60%), Chamba district 518,844 (7.57%), Hamirpur district 454,293 (6.63%), Kullu district 437,474 (6.38%), Bilaspur district 382,056 (5.57%), Kinnaur district 84,298 (1.23%) and Lahaul Spiti 31,528 (0.46%).

The life expectancy at birth in Himachal Pradesh is 62.8 years (higher than the national average of 57.7 years) for 1986–1990. The infant mortality rate stood at 40 in 2010, and the crude birth rate has declined from 37.3 in 1971 to 16.9 in 2010, below the national average of 26.5 in 1998. The crude death rate was 6.9 in 2010. Himachal Pradesh's literacy rate almost doubled between 1981 and 2011 (see table to right).

Himachal Pradesh: Languages

Hindi is the official language of Himachal Pradesh and is spoken by the majority of the population as lingua franca, Pahadi language is used in everyday conversation. English is given the status of an additional official language.

Himachal Pradesh: Religion

Circle frame.svg

Religion in Himachal Pradesh (2011)

Hinduism (95.17%)
Islam (2.18%)
Sikhism (1.16%)
Buddhism (1.14%)
Christianity (0.18%)
Jainism (0.02%)
Other or none (0.2%)

Hinduism is the main religion in Himachal Pradesh, which ranks first in India in terms of the proportion of Hindus present within it. More than 95% of the total population belongs to the Hindu faith, the distribution of which is evenly spread throughout the state. Himachal Pradesh thus has the one of the highest proportions of Hindu population in India (95.17%).

Other religions that form a small percentage are Islam, Buddhism and Sikhism. Muslims are mainly concentrated in Sirmaur, Chamba, Kangra and Una districts where they form 1.31-6.27% of the population. The Lahaulis of Lahaul and Spiti region are mainly Buddhists. Sikhs mostly live in towns and cities and constitute 1.16% of the state population. The Buddhists, who constitute 1.15%, are mainly natives and tribals from Lahaul and Spiti, where they form a majority of 62%, and Kinnaur, where they form 21.5%.

Himachal Pradesh: Culture

Main article: Culture of Himachal Pradesh
Himalayan landscape, Nako Lake and village shown
Nako Village

Himachal Pradesh was one of the few states that had remained largely untouched by external customs, largely due to its difficult terrain. With the technological advancements, the state has changed very rapidly. Himachal Pradesh is a multireligional, multicultural as well as multilingual state like other Indian states. Some of the most commonly spoken languages are Pahari, Dogri, Mandeali, Kangri and Kinnauri. The Hindu communities residing in Himachal include the Brahmins, Rajputs, Kannets, Rathis and Kolis. There are also tribal population in the state which mainly comprise Gaddis, Kinnars, Gujjars, Pangawals and Lahaulis.

Himachal is well known for its handicrafts. The carpets, leather works, shawls, Kangra paintings, Chamba rumals, metalware, woodwork and paintings are worth appreciating. Pashmina shawl is one of the products which is highly in demand not only in Himachal but all over the country. Himachali caps are also famous art work of the people. Local music and dance reflects the cultural identity of the state. Through their dance and music, they entreat their gods during local festivals and other special occasions.

Apart from the fairs and festivals that are celebrated all over India, there are number of other fairs and festivals, including the temple fairs in nearly every region that are of great significance to Himachal Pradesh. The day to day food of Himachalis is very similar to the rest of the north India. They too have lentil, broth, rice, vegetables and bread. As compared to other states in north India non-vegetarian cuisine is more preferred. Some of the specialities of Himachal include Mhanee,Madhra,Pateer, Chouck, Bhagjery and chutney of Til. Shimla, the state's summer capital, is home to Asia's only natural ice skating rink.

Himachal Pradesh: Notable people

Main article: List of people from Himachal Pradesh
Kalachakra Temple in the main street of Mcleod ganj
  • Shanta Kumar (member of Lok Sabha)
  • Jagat Prakash Nadda (member of Lok Sabha and Health Minister of India)
  • Anurag Thakur (member of Lok Sabha and President of Board of Control for Cricket in India)
  • Sobha Singh (Painter)
  • The Great Khali, professional wrestler
  • Dev Anand, an Indian actor studied here.
  • Anupam Kher, an Indian actor
  • Amrish Puri (who studied here),
  • Prem Chopra (brought up here),
  • Mohit Chauhan, an Indian singer
  • Anand Sharma (member of Rajya Sabha and former Union Cabinet Minister for Commerce and Industry of the Government of India),
  • Mehr Chand Mahajan Third Supreme Court Chief-Justice and former chief Minister of Kashmir in 1947,
  • Shahid Javed Burki economist and former vice-president of World Bank,
  • Pritam Singh, is the brand ambassador of the state
  • Preity Zinta, Bollywood actress
  • Kangana Ranaut, Bollywood actress,
  • Yami Gautam, Bollywood actress,
  • Siddharth Chauhan, Independent filmmaker
  • Namrata Singh Gujral, an American actress
  • Satyananda Stokes who introduced apples to the region,
  • Idries Shah writer, Sufi teacher and sage,
  • Allan Octavian Hume ornithologist had his home here,
  • Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq former general of Pakistan who studied here,
  • Hamid Karzai president of Afghanistan who studied here,
  • Vijay Kumar won silver medal in 25m shooting in 2012 Summer Olympics,
  • Major Som Nath Sharma, PVC (1923–1947) was the first recipient of the Param Vir Chakra,
  • Naib Subedar Sanjay Kumar , PVC ( 3 March 1976) is an Indian Army soldier, a Junior Commissioned Officer and recipient of the Param Vir Chakra, India's highest military award.
  • Shyam Saran Negi, named as the first voter of independent India.
  • Ram Kumar, abstract artist.
  • Ajay Thakur, won a gold medal in Asian Games and World Cup in 2016.

Himachal Pradesh: Natural Resources

The state has an abundance of resources and is rich in forests, rivers and lakes. Its hydro-electric power production is yet to be fully utilized. One of the oldest Shanan power station at Joginder Nagar Valley, commissioned in 1928, helped in building the Bhakra Dam Project. Himachal forests are known for coniferous trees. Herbs and medicinal plants amply contribute to many local and national pharmacies.

Himachal Pradesh: Education

Main article: Education in Himachal Pradesh
See also: List of institutions of higher education in Himachal Pradesh
Indira Gandhi Medical College and Hospital at Shimla
Indian Institute of Advanced Study at Shimla

Hamirpur District is among the top districts in the country for literacy. Education rates among women are quite encouraging in the state. The standard of education in the state has reached a considerably high level as compared to other states in India with several reputed educational institutes for higher studies.

The Indian Institute of Technology Mandi, Himachal Pradesh University Shimla, Institute of Himalayan Bioresource Technology (IHBT, CSIR Lab), Palampur, the National Institute of Technology, Hamirpur, Indian Institute of Information Technology Una, the Central University Dharamshala, AP Goyal (Alakh Prakash Goyal) Shimla University, the Bahra University (Waknaghat, Solan), the Baddi University of Emerging Sciences and Technologies Baddi, IEC University, Shoolini University of Biotechnology and Management Sciences, Solan, Manav Bharti University Solan, the Jaypee University of Information Technology Waknaghat, Eternal University, Sirmaur & Chitkara University Solan are some of the pioneer universities in the state. CSK Himachal Pradesh Krishi Vishwavidyalya Palampur is one of the most renowned hill agriculture institutes in world. Dr. Yashwant Singh Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry has earned a unique distinction in India for imparting teaching, research and extension education in horticulture, forestry and allied disciplines. Further, state-run Jawaharlal Nehru Government Engineering College started in 2006 at Sundernagar.

There are over 10,000 primary schools, 1,000 secondary schools and more than 1,300 high schools in Himachal. The state government has decided to start three major nursing colleges to develop the health system in the state. In meeting the constitutional obligation to make primary education compulsory, Himachal has become the first state in India to make elementary education accessible to every child. The state has Indira Gandhi Medical College and Hospital, Homoeopathic Medical College & Hospital, Kumarhatti. Besides that there is Himachal Dental College which is the state's first recognised dental institute.

Himachal Pradesh: State profile

Kalpa, a typical town in Himachal Pradesh
Sunrise in Himachal Pradesh, at Kinnaur Kailash
Sunshine on a snowy mountain at Himachal Pradesh
Snowy mountain range appears to be in sky

Source: Department of Information and Public Relations.

Area 55673 km
Total population 6,864,602
Males 3,481,873
Females 3,382,729
Population density 123
Sex ratio 972
Rural population 6,176,050
Urban population 688,552
Scheduled Caste population 1,729,252
Scheduled Tribe population 392,126
Literacy rate 83.78%
Male literacy 90.83%
Female literacy 76.60%
Capitals 2
Districts 12
Sub-divisions 62
Tehsils 149
Sub-tehsils 35
Developmental blocks 78
Towns 59
Panchayats 3,226
Panchayat smities 77
Zila parishad 12
Urban local bodies 49
Nagar nigams 2
Nagar parishads 25
Nagar panchayats 23
Census villages 20,690
Inhabited villages 17,495
Health institutions 3,866
Educational institutions 17,000
Motorable roads 33,722 km
National highways 8
Identified hydroelectric potential 23,000.43 MW in five rivers basins i.e. (Yamuna, Satluj, Beas, Ravi, Chenab and Himurja)
Potential harnessed 10,264 MW
Food grain production 1579,000 tonnes
Vegetable production 900,000 tonnes
Fruit production 1,027,000 tonnes
Per capita income 130,067 (2015–16)
Social Security pensions 237,250 persons, annual expenditure: over 600 million
Investment in industrial areas 273.80 billion, employment opportunities: Over 337,391
Employment generated in government sector 80,000

Census 2011-

Largest District (km²) (1) Lahul and Spiti 13841 (2) Chamba 6522 (3) Kinnaur 6401 (4) Kangra 5739 (5) Kullu 5503

Percentage of Child (1) Chamba 13.55% (2) Sirmaur 13.14% (3) Solan 11.74% (4) Kullu 11.52% (5) Una 11.36%

High Density (1) Hamirpur 407 (2) Una 338 (3) Bilaspur 327 (4) Solan 300 (5) Kangra 263

Top Population Growth (1) Una 16.26% (2) Solan 15.93% (3) Sirmaur 15.54% (4) Kullu 14.76% (5) Kangra 12.77%

High Literacy (1) Hamirpur 89.01% (2) Una 87.23% (3) Kangra 86.49% (4) Blaspur 85.87% (5) Solan 85.02%

High Sex Ratio (1) Hamirpur 1042 (2) Kangra 1012 (3) Mandi 1007 (4) Chamba 986 (5) Bilaspur 981

Himachal Pradesh: See also

  • Outline of Himachal Pradesh
    • Bittu Bhaizee
    • Geography of Himachal Pradesh
    • List of districts of Himachal Pradesh
    • Tourism in Himachal Pradesh
  • Outline of India
    • Bibliography of India
    • Index of India-related articles

Himachal Pradesh: Notes

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Himachal Pradesh: References

  • Ahluwalia, M.S. (1998). Social, Cultural and Economic History of Himachal Pradesh. Indus Publishing. ISBN 81-7387-089-6. Retrieved 31 March 2008.
  • Batta, R.N. (2000). Tourism and the Environment: A Quest for Sustainability. Indus Publishing. ISBN 81-7387-110-8. Retrieved 31 March 2008.
  • Singh, Mian Goverdhan (2000). C.L. Gupta & Kulbhushan Chandel, eds. Himachal Pradesh: History, Culture & Economy (extensively revised ed.). Shimla.: Minerva Publishers & Distributors.
  • Singh, Sarina (2005). India. Lonely Planet. ISBN 1-74059-694-3. Retrieved 31 March 2008.
  • Tiwari, A.K. (2000). Infrastructure and Economic Development in Himachal Pradesh. Indus Publishing. ISBN 81-7387-105-1. Retrieved 31 March 2008.
  • Verma, V. (1995). The Emergence of Himachal Pradesh: A Survey of Constitutional Developments. Himachal Pradesh (India): Indus Publishing. ISBN 81-7387-035-7. Retrieved 15 June 2011.
  • United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) (2002). Himachal Pradesh Human Development Report 2002. Government of Himachal Pradesh. ISBN 0-19-521915-5. Archived from the original on 24 July 2007. Retrieved 31 March 2008.
  • Statistics and Data, Planning Department, Government of Himachal Pradesh
  • The Official Site of Himachal Pradesh
  • The Official Tourism Site of Himachal Pradesh, India
  • Himachal Pradesh Encyclopædia Britannica entry
  • Himachal Pradesh at DMOZ
  • Geographic data related to Himachal Pradesh at OpenStreetMap
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Vacation: Popular Goods
Popular Goods
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Skin care
Hygiene products


Home appliances
Interior design
Hand tools
Gardening tools
Building materials

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Food preparation appliances
Cooking appliances
Cooking utensils
Cookware & bakeware

Children's clothing

Activity trackers
Audio electronics
Apple electronics
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Computer peripherals
Consumer electronics
Digital electronics
Laptops (notebooks)
Mobile phones
Musical instruments
Optical devices
Photography equipment
Rechargeable batteries
Satellite navigation
Tablet computers
Video game consoles
Wearable computers

Sports equipment
Sports clothing

Tourism by country
Tourist attractions
Low-cost airlines
Tourism companies
Travel websites
Cruise lines
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Travel gear
Camping equipment
Hiking equipment
Fishing equipment

Auto accessories
Automotive electronics
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Windows software
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Android software
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Business Software
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Digital Typography Software
Educational Software
Entertainment Software
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Government Software
Graphics Software
Health Software
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Knowledge Representation Software
Language Software
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Library & Info Science Software
Multimedia Software
Music Software
Personal Info Managers
Religious Software
Scientific Software
Simulation Software
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Video games, PC games

Credit cards
Financial markets
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Payment systems
Real estate
Universities & colleges


Dietary supplements
Medical equipment
Weight loss
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