Hydra, Greece
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How to Book a Hotel on Hydra

In order to book an accommodation on Hydra enter the proper dates and do the hotel search. If needed, sort the found Hydra hotels by price, star rating, property type, guest rating, hotel features, hotel theme or hotel chain. Then take a look at the found hotels on Hydra map to estimate the distance from the main Hydra attractions and sights. You can also read the guest reviews of Hydra hotels and see their ratings.

When a hotel search on Hydra is done, please select the room type, the included meals and the suitable booking conditions (for example, "Deluxe double room, Breakfast included, Non-Refundable"). Press the "View Deal" ("Book Now") button. Make your booking on a hotel booking website and get the hotel reservation voucher by email. That's it, a perfect hotel on Hydra is waiting for you!

Hotels of Hydra

A hotel on Hydra is an establishment that provides lodging paid on a short-term basis. Facilities provided may range from a basic bed and storage for clothing, to luxury features like en-suite bathrooms. Larger on Hydra hotels may provide additional guest facilities such as a swimming pool, business centre, childcare, conference facilities and social function services. Hotel rooms on Hydra are usually numbered (or named in some smaller hotels and B&Bs) to allow guests to identify their room. Some Hydra hotels offer meals as part of a room and board arrangement. Hotel operations vary in size, function, and cost. Most Hydra hotels and major hospitality companies that operate hotels on Hydra have set widely accepted industry standards to classify hotel types. General categories include the following:

Upscale luxury hotels on Hydra
An upscale full service hotel facility on Hydra that offers luxury amenities, full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and the highest level of personalized and professional service. Luxury Hydra hotels are normally classified with at least a Four Diamond or Five Diamond status or a Four or Five Star rating depending on classification standards.

Full service hotels on Hydra
Full service Hydra hotels often contain upscale full-service facilities with a large volume of full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and a variety of on-site amenities such as swimming pools, a health club, children's activities, ballrooms, on-site conference facilities, etc.

Historic inns and boutique hotels on Hydra
Boutique hotels of Hydra are smaller independent non-branded hotels that often contain upscale facilities of varying size in unique or intimate settings with full service accommodations. Hydra boutique hotels are generally 100 rooms or less. Some historic inns and boutique hotels on Hydra may be classified as luxury hotels.

Focused or select service hotels on Hydra
Small to medium-sized hotel establishments that offer a limited amount of on-site amenities that only cater and market to a specific demographic of Hydra travelers, such as the single business traveler. Most Hydra focused or select service hotels may still offer full service accommodations but may lack leisure amenities such as an on-site restaurant or a swimming pool.

Economy and limited service hotels on Hydra
Small to medium-sized Hydra hotel establishments that offer a very limited amount of on-site amenities and often only offer basic accommodations with little to no services, these facilities normally only cater and market to a specific demographic of travelers, such as the budget-minded Hydra traveler seeking a "no frills" accommodation. Limited service Hydra hotels often lack an on-site restaurant but in return may offer a limited complimentary food and beverage amenity such as on-site continental breakfast service.

Guest houses and B&Bs on Hydra
A bed and breakfast on Hydra is a small lodging establishment that offers overnight accommodation and inclusive breakfast. Usually, Hydra bed and breakfasts are private homes or family homes offering accommodations. The typical Hydra B&B has between 4 and 11 rooms, with 6 being the average. Generally, guests are accommodated in private bedrooms with private bathrooms, or in a suite of rooms including an en suite bathroom. Some homes have private bedrooms with a bathroom which is shared with other guests. Breakfast is served in the bedroom, a dining room, or the host's kitchen. Often the owners of guest house themselves prepare the breakfast and clean the rooms.

Hostels on Hydra
Hydra hostels provide budget-oriented, sociable accommodation where guests can rent a bed, usually a bunk bed, in a dormitory and share a bathroom, lounge, and sometimes a kitchen. Rooms can be mixed or single-sex, although private rooms may also be available. Hostels are often cheaper for both the operator and occupants; many Hydra hostels have long-term residents whom they employ as desk agents or housekeeping staff in exchange for experience or discounted accommodation.

Apartment hotels, extended stay hotels on Hydra
Extended stay hotels are small to medium-sized Hydra hotels that offer longer term full service accommodations compared to a traditional hotel. Extended stay hotels may offer non-traditional pricing methods such as a weekly rate that cater towards travelers in need of short-term accommodations for an extended period of time. Similar to limited and select service hotels, on-site amenities are normally limited and most extended stay hotels on Hydra lack an on-site restaurant.

Timeshare and destination clubs on Hydra
Hydra timeshare and destination clubs are a form of property ownership also referred to as a vacation ownership involving the purchase and ownership of an individual unit of accommodation for seasonal usage during a specified period of time. Timeshare resorts on Hydra often offer amenities similar that of a Full service hotel with on-site restaurant(s), swimming pools, recreation grounds, and other leisure-oriented amenities. Destination clubs of Hydra on the other hand may offer more exclusive private accommodations such as private houses in a neighborhood-style setting.

Motels on Hydra
A Hydra motel is a small-sized low-rise lodging establishment similar to that of a limited service hotel, but with direct access to individual rooms from the car park. Common during the 1950s and 1960s, motels were often located adjacent to a major road, where they were built on inexpensive land at the edge of towns or along stretches of highways. They are still useful in less populated areas of Hydra for driving travelers, but the more populated an area becomes the more hotels fill the need. Many of Hydra motels which remain in operation have joined national franchise chains, rebranding themselves as hotels, inns or lodges.

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Travelling and vacation on Hydra

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Hydra
Ύδρα
View of Hydra town.
View of Hydra town.
Hydra is located in Greece
Hydra
Hydra
Coordinates:  / 37.350; 23.467  / 37.350; 23.467
Country Greece
Administrative region Attica
Regional unit Islands
Government
• Mayor George Koukoudakis (Ind.)
Area
• Municipality 64.443 km (24.882 sq mi)
Population (2011)
• Municipality 1,982
• Municipality density 31/km (80/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
• Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 180 40
Area code(s) 22980
Vehicle registration Z

Hydra (Greek: Ύδρα, pronounced [ˈiðra] in modern Greek) is one of the Saronic Islands of Greece, located in the Aegean Sea between the Saronic Gulf and the Argolic Gulf. It is separated from the Peloponnese by a narrow strip of water. In ancient times, the island was known as Hydrea (Υδρέα, derived from the Greek word for "water"), a reference to the natural springs on the island.

The municipality of Hydra consists of the islands Hydra (area 49.6 km (19.2 sq mi)), Dokos (pop. 18, area 13.5 km (5.2 sq mi)), and a few uninhabited islets, total area 64.443 km (24.9 sq mi). The province of Hydra (Greek: Επαρχία Ύδρας) was one of the provinces of the Piraeus Prefecture. Its territory corresponded with that of the current municipality. It was abolished in 2006.

There is one main town, known simply as "Hydra port" (pop. 1,900 in 2011). It consists of a crescent-shaped harbor, around which is centered a strand of restaurants, shops, markets, and galleries that cater to tourists and locals (Hydriots). Steep stone streets lead up and outward from the harbor area. Most of the local residences, as well as the hostelries on the island, are located on these streets. Other small villages or hamlets on the island include Mandraki (pop. 11), Kamini, Vlychos (19), Palamidas, Episkopi, and Molos.

Hydra (island): Transport, tourism and leisure

Clocktower on Hydra Island, Greece in March 2009.

Hydra depends on tourism, and Athenians account for a sizable segment of its visitors. High-speed hydrofoils and catamarans from Piraeus, some 37 nautical miles (69 km) away, serve Hydra, stopping first at Poros before going on to Spetses. There is a passenger ferry service providing an alternative to Hydrofoils that runs from Hydra Harbor to Metochi on the Peloponnese coast. Many Athenians drive to Metochi, leave their car in the secure car park, and take the 20-minute passenger ferry across to Hydra.

Rubbish trucks are the only motor vehicles on the island, since by law, cars and motorcycles are not allowed. Horses, mules and donkeys, and water taxis provide public transportation. The inhabited area, however, is so compact that most people walk everywhere.

Hydra benefits from numerous bays and natural harbors, and has a strong maritime culture. The island is a popular yachting destination and is the home of the Kamini Yacht Club, an international yacht club based in the port of Kamini.

In 2007, a National Geographic Traveler panel of 522 experts rated Hydra the highest of any Greek island (11th out of 111 islands worldwide) as a unique destination preserving its "integrity of place."

Hydra (island): Captains' mansions

The Tsamadou mansion on the left-hand side of the harbor as one enters is now a Maritime Academy.

The Tombazi mansion is now part of the School of Fine Arts.

The mansions of Lazarus and George Kountouriotis, Boudouri, Kriezi, Voulgari, Sahini, and Miaouli all contain collections of 18th-century island furniture. The descendants of Lazarus Kountouriotis donated his mansion to the Historic-Ethnologic Institute of Greece. Today, it operates as an extension branch of the National Museum of History.

Hydra (island): Monasteries and the Cathedral

There are numerous churches and six Orthodox monasteries on the island. Two particularly noteworthy monasteries are Profitis Ilias, founded in the 10th century, and Ayia Efpraxia. Both are on a hill overlooking the main harbor.

The island's cathedral is the old Monastery of the Dormition of the Virgin and sits on the quayside in the town. The monastery contains the tomb of Lazarus Kountouriotis, the richest sea captain on Hydra, who gave his entire fortune to support the Greek War of Independence.

Hydra (island): History

Hydra (island): Pre-history, antiquity, and the Byzantine Era

No cars are allowed in Hydra, so the only transport is by donkey, bicycle or foot.

There is evidence of farmers and herders from the second half of the third millennium BCE on the small, flat areas that are not visible from the sea. Obsidian from Milos has also been found. During the Helladic period, Hydra probably served as a maritime base for the kingdoms on the Greek peninsula. Fragments of vases, tools, and the head of an idol have been found on Mount Chorissa.

The large-scale Dorian invasion of Greece around the 12th century BCE appears to have depopulated the island. Hydra was repopulated by farmers and herders, perhaps sailing from the mainland port of Ermioni, in the 8th century BCE. Herodotus reports that toward the 6th century BCE, the island belonged to Ermioni, which sold it to Samos. Samos, in turn, ceded it to Troizina.

For much of its existence, Hydra stayed on the margins of history. The population was very small in ancient times and, except for the brief mentions in Herodotus and Pausanias, left little or no record in the history of those times.

It is clear that Hydra was populated during the Byzantine Era, as vases and coins have been discovered in the area of Episkopi. However, it appears that the island again lost its population during the Latin Empire of Constantinople as its inhabitants fled the pirate depredations. On other islands, inhabitants moved inland, something that was essentially impossible on Hydra.

From 1204 to 1566, it belonged to Venice. From 1566 to 1821 (nominally 1829), it was part of the Ottoman Empire.

In the 16th century, the island began to be settled by refugees from the warfare between the Ottomans and Venetians. The Arvanites' presence was evident until the mid-20th century, when, according to T. Jochalas, the majority of the island's population was composed of Arvanites. The island is known in Arvanitika as Nίδρα.

Hydra (island): Ottoman era: period of commercial and naval strength

Further information: Ottoman Greece
View of the port.
Traditional houses

Hydra was relatively unimportant during much of the period of Ottoman rule. Its naval and commercial development began in the 17th century, and its first school for mariners was established in 1645. Apparently, the first truly Hydriot vessel was launched in 1657. However, the conflict between the Republic of Venice and the Ottoman Empire limited the island's maritime development until after 1718 and the Treaty of Passarowitz. From the 17th century on, Hydra began to take on a greater importance because of its trading strength.

During the first half of the 18th century, Hydra built the same kind of vessels as were built in the other Aegean Islands: the sachtouri of 15 to 20 tons, and the latinadiko of 40 to 50 tons. The Hydriots contented themselves with trading in the Aegean, going as far as Constantinople. A great change occurred in 1757 after they launched a vessel of 250 tons. The larger boats enabled Hydra to become an important commercial port. By 1771, there were up to 50 vessels from throughout Greece in the roads. Ten years later, the island had fitted out 100 vessels.

However, the Ottoman Empire and its policies constrained Hydra's economic success. Heavy tariffs and taxes limited the speed of development. The Ottoman administration limited free trade, permitting only Ottoman vessels to navigate the Dardanelles and the Bosphorus, and hence to have access to the Black Sea, its ports, and the trade in grain from their hinterlands. The Treaty of Küçük Kaynarca changed all this. Russia gained from the Ottoman Empire the right to protect the Empire's Orthodox Christians. The religious protection had a commercial corollary: the Hydriots began to sail under the Russian flag. The treaty also provided for free passage between the Aegean and the Black Sea. Hydra entered its commercial era. Hydriot vessels carried goods between Southern Russia in the east and the Italian ports of Ancona and Livorno in the west. From 1785 on, the Hydriot shippers began to engage in commerce, not just transport. Each vessel became its own small commercial enterprise, and trade with the Levant quickly began to depend on Hydra's vessels, though not without competition from those of Spetses and Psara.

The plague of 1792 killed a large part of the population, and many people moved away. As a result, the town was almost completely abandoned for a while. By the end of the 18th century, Hydra had again become quite prosperous, with its vessels trading as far as France, Spain, and even the Americas. Napoleon presented the island with the huge silver chandelier in the cathedral as a gesture of gratitude for the Hydriots' role in running the British blockade and so bringing food to France.

Hydra (island): The Greek War of Independence and later decline

Further information: Greek War of Independence
Statue of Andreas Miaoulis, admiral during the Greek War of Independence.
Antonis Oikonomou starts the revolution in Hydra by Peter von Hess.
Flag of Hydra during the Greek War of Independence.
Cannon at Hydra.

In the 19th century, Hydra was home to some 125 boats and 10,000 sailors. The mansions of the sea captains that ring the harbor are a testament to the prosperity that shipping brought to the island, which, at the time of the Greek Revolution, had 16,000 inhabitants. During the revolution, the fleets of Hydra and the other two naval islands of Psara and Spetses were able to wrest control of the eastern Aegean Sea from the Ottoman Empire.

When the Greek War of Independence broke out, Hydra's contribution of some 150 ships, plus supplies, to fight against the Turks played a critical role. The Greek admiral Andreas Miaoulis, himself a settler on Hydra, used Hydriot fire ships to inflict heavy losses on the Ottoman fleet.

With the end of the revolution and the creation of the Greek state, the island gradually lost its maritime position in the Eastern Mediterranean, igniting an economic crisis that led to a period of hardship and unemployment. The main reason was that with the creation of the Greek state, Hydra's fleet lost the privileges that the Treaty of Küçük Kaynarca and the use of the Russian flag had given it. Another reason was that the traditional families who owned the majority of the fleet failed to foresee the benefits of participating in the steam ship revolution, which significantly cut shipping operational costs through reduced crew and independence of the winds, putting them at a disadvantage vis-á-vis the new shipping companies of Piraeus, Patras, and Syros. A third reason was that the new conditions made illegal activities such as piracy impossible. Once again, many inhabitants abandoned Hydra, leaving behind their large mansions and beautiful residences, which fell into ruin. The mainstay of the island's economy became fishing for sponge. This brought prosperity again until 1932, when Egypt forbade fishing along its coast. By World War II, the Hydriots were again leaving the island; many of them went abroad.

Hydra (island): Second World War

Between 1941 and 1943, during the Axis occupation of Greece during World War II, there was famine on Hydra. It is estimated that some eight percent of the population died of starvation.

Hydra (island): Historical population

Year Town population Municipality/Island population
1981 2,732 -
1991 2,279 2,387
2001 2,526 2,719
2011 1,900 1,982

Hydra (island): Topography and ecology

View from the promenade.
Street of the island.

The dominant geographic features of Hydra are its rocky hillsides, which are bare, pine forested valleys with the occasional farmhouse. The island was subject to a modern geologic study by Renz in 1955. Some of the later Permian limestone strata are rich in well-preserved fossils.

There are many types of wildflowers, including rare 'spentzes' or cyclamen and poppies. As well as pine trees, there are cypress and olive trees. Birds species include partridges, quails, and many migratory birds, which are subject to local hunting. Mammals include rabbits, feral cats, and goats.

Although the island's name is derived from ancient springs known to the Ancient Greeks, it is now almost dry. Hydra previously had wells, and three new wells have been found. Today, the island imports its water by boat from the Greek mainland. A new desalinization plant has been finished but is not in operation. Many local people store winter rainfall in cisterns beneath their houses to use later as drinking water.

A savage fire during the intense heat of 2007 destroyed much of the pine forest to the east of Hydra port. However, the fire left untouched some forest above Kamini and at the west end of Hydra. The forest around Molos, Bisti, and Agios Nikolaous was also unaffected.

The island has almost no nighttime light pollution. This is a boon to astronomy.

Hydra (island): Municipality of Hydra

The municipality of Hydra includes the following islands:

Name Area Population
Dokos Island 13.5 18
Agios Georgios Island 4.3 0
Hydra Island 52 1960
Trikeri Island and more Islands 2.2 4

The total area of the municipality is 72 km (28 sq mi), and its population is 1980 (2011), most in Hydra (city).

Hydra (island): Cultural life

The Hydrama Theater and Arts Center hosts performances, drama and dance workshops for the local community, and courses in ancient Greek theater for international participants.

The island hosts an annual conference on Rebetiko, a type of Greek urban folk music, in mid-October.

In June 2009, the art collector Dakis Joannou opened a Hydra branch of a private art museum, the Deste Foundation, to show the work of established young artists.

From 1960, the Canadian singer-songwriter Leonard Cohen owned a house on the island. During the mid-1960s he shared the house with Marianne Ihlen, the wife of writer Axel Jensen who also lived on the island.

Hydra (island): International relations

See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Greece

Hydra (island): Twin towns - Sister cities

The municipality of Hydra is twinned with:

  • Turkey Ereğli, Turkey (since 1996)
  • France Bayonne, France (since 2008)

Hydra (island): Notable people

Georgios Kountouriotis
Georgios Sachtouris
  • Andreas Miaoulis (1768–1835) merchant, Shipowner, Naval hero, admiral
  • Laskarina Bouboulina (1771–1825) Merchant, Shipowner, Naval heroine, Admiral
  • Iakovos Tombazis (1782–1829) merchant, shipowner, Naval hero, Admiral
  • Emmanuel Tombazis merchant, shipowner, Naval hero, Admiral
  • Georgios Kountouriotis (1789–1858) merchant, shipowner, politician, Prime Minister of Greece
  • Lazaros Kountouriotis) merchant, shipowner, The biggest funder of the Greek War of Independence.
  • Georgios Sahinis (1789 -1864)Merchant, Shipowner, Naval hero, Admiral
  • Stavros Sahinis died in the Battle of Sphacteria (1825), holding off the Egyptian-Turkish landing force.
  • Antonios Kriezis (1796–1865) merchant, shipowner, Naval hero, Admiral, Prime Ministers
  • Anastassios Tsamados, merchant, shipowner, Naval hero, Captain of the Aris, died in the Battle of Sphacteria (1825), holding off the Egyptian-Turkish landing force.
  • Dimitrios Voulgaris (1802–1878) merchant, shipowner, Prime Minister of Greece
  • Athanasios Miaoulis (1815–1867) Prime Minister of Greece
  • Nikolaos Vokos (1854–1902) painter
  • Pavlos Kountouriotis (1855–1935) naval hero, admiral and President of Greece
  • Nikolaos Votsis (1877–1931) naval hero and admiral
  • Dorotheus (1888–1957) Archbishop of Athens and All Greece
  • Nikos Nikolaou (1909–1986) artist
  • Gikas N. Koulouras Shipowner, member of Parliament, founded and donated the Historical Museum and Archives of Hydra, founder and first President of the Greek Shipowners Association
  • Panayiotis Tetsis (1925) painter
  • Michalis Maniatis (1952) film and TV actor, producer, screen and book writer
  • Rallou Manou, choreographer
  • Elena Votsi (b. 1964), jewellery designer
  • Leonard Cohen (1934-2016) Canadian poet and songwriter
  • Axel Jensen (1932–2003) Norwegian author
  • George Johnston (1912–1970) Australian journalist, novelist and writer
  • Charmian Clift (1923–1969) Australian novelist and writer
  • Göran Tunström (1937–2000) Swedish author
  • Marios Loizides (1928 – 1988) was a Greek visual artist.

Hydra (island): Books about or set on Hydra

  • The Colossus of Maroussi, Henry Miller (1941)
  • Peel Me a Lotus, Charmian Clift (1959)
  • A Rope of Vines: Journal from a Greek Island, Brenda Chamberlain (1965)
  • Rien ne va plus (The Sleepwalker), Margarita Karapanou (1994)
  • Clouds over Hydra, Charles Young (1996)
  • Fugitive Pieces, Anne Michaels (1996)
  • The Riders, Tim Winton (1996)
  • Hydra and the Bananas of Leonard Cohen, Roger Green (2003)
  • Rhubarbs from a Rock, David Fagan (2003)
  • Lighthousekeeping, Jeannette Winterson (2006)
  • Hydra, Catherine Vanderpool (1980)
  • Le Premier jour, Marc Levy (2009)
  • Travels with Epicurus, Daniel Klein (2012)
  • Hydra vues privées / Private views, Catherine Panchout, Éditions Gourcuff Gradenigo (2015)
  • Island of Cats – Hydra, Gabriela Staebler, Edition Reuss (2015)
  • The Sea Change, Elizabeth Jane Howard 1959

Hydra (island): Movies filmed on Hydra

  • A Girl in Black (Greece 1956)
  • Boy on a Dolphin (1957). Hydra was the setting for this Sophia Loren hit movie.
  • Phaedra (1962)
  • Island of Love (1963)
  • Incense for the Damned (1970)
  • Out of the Shadows (1988)
  • The Blue Villa (Un Bruit Qui Rend Fou) (1995)
  • Boat Trip (2002)
  • Fugitive Pieces (2007)
  • The Capsule (2012)

Hydra (island): References

  1. "Απογραφή Πληθυσμού - Κατοικιών 2011. ΜΟΝΙΜΟΣ Πληθυσμός" (in Greek). Hellenic Statistical Authority.
  2. "Water supply for Hydra Island Greece". www.hydradirect.com. Retrieved 2017-03-15.
  3. "Population & housing census 2001 (incl. area and average elevation)" (PDF) (in Greek). National Statistical Service of Greece.
  4. "Detailed census results 1991" (PDF). (39 MB) (Greek) (French)
  5. Zikakou, Ioanna. "Hydra: The Cosmopolitan Greek Island Where No Cars Are Allowed | GreekReporter.com". Retrieved 2017-03-15.
  6. http://traveler.nationalgeographic.com/2007/11/destinations-rated/list-text
  7. "Hydra National Merchant Marine Academy". www.hydra.com.gr. Retrieved 2017-03-15.
  8. "Athens School of Fine Arts". GRECT. Retrieved 2017-03-15.
  9. "Cathedral of Hydra". Inside Hydra Island Greece | Hydra News & Info from Hydra Locals. 2010-11-06. Retrieved 2017-03-15.
  10. Vanderpool, Catherine (1980) Hydra, Athens Lycabettus Press, pp. 3-4.
  11. Jochalas, Titos P. (1971): Über die Einwanderung der Albaner in Griechenland: Eine zusammenfassene Betrachtung ["On the immigration of Albanians to Greece: A summary"]. München: Trofenik.
  12. Iles grecques, Guide Bleu, Hachette, 1998. p. 185.
  13. Georgios Voyatis, Le Golfe Saronique, p. 164.
  14. "Twinnings" (PDF). Central Union of Municipalities & Communities of Greece. Retrieved 2013-08-25.
  15. "National Commission for Decentralised cooperation". Délégation pour l’Action Extérieure des Collectivités Territoriales (Ministère des Affaires étrangères) (in French). Retrieved 2013-12-26.
  • Hydra travel guide from Wikivoyage
Source of information: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. We're not responsible for the content of this article and your use of this information. Disclaimer
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