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In order to book an accommodation in Isfahan enter the proper dates and do the hotel search. If needed, sort the found Isfahan hotels by price, star rating, property type, guest rating, hotel features, hotel theme or hotel chain. Then take a look at the found hotels on Isfahan map to estimate the distance from the main Isfahan attractions and sights. You can also read the guest reviews of Isfahan hotels and see their ratings.

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Hotels of Isfahan

A hotel in Isfahan is an establishment that provides lodging paid on a short-term basis. Facilities provided may range from a basic bed and storage for clothing, to luxury features like en-suite bathrooms. Larger in Isfahan hotels may provide additional guest facilities such as a swimming pool, business centre, childcare, conference facilities and social function services. Hotel rooms in Isfahan are usually numbered (or named in some smaller hotels and B&Bs) to allow guests to identify their room. Some Isfahan hotels offer meals as part of a room and board arrangement. Hotel operations vary in size, function, and cost. Most Isfahan hotels and major hospitality companies that operate hotels in Isfahan have set widely accepted industry standards to classify hotel types. General categories include the following:

Upscale luxury hotels in Isfahan
An upscale full service hotel facility in Isfahan that offers luxury amenities, full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and the highest level of personalized and professional service. Luxury Isfahan hotels are normally classified with at least a Four Diamond or Five Diamond status or a Four or Five Star rating depending on classification standards.

Full service hotels in Isfahan
Full service Isfahan hotels often contain upscale full-service facilities with a large volume of full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and a variety of on-site amenities such as swimming pools, a health club, children's activities, ballrooms, on-site conference facilities, etc.

Historic inns and boutique hotels in Isfahan
Boutique hotels of Isfahan are smaller independent non-branded hotels that often contain upscale facilities of varying size in unique or intimate settings with full service accommodations. Isfahan boutique hotels are generally 100 rooms or less. Some historic inns and boutique hotels in Isfahan may be classified as luxury hotels.

Focused or select service hotels in Isfahan
Small to medium-sized hotel establishments that offer a limited amount of on-site amenities that only cater and market to a specific demographic of Isfahan travelers, such as the single business traveler. Most Isfahan focused or select service hotels may still offer full service accommodations but may lack leisure amenities such as an on-site restaurant or a swimming pool.

Economy and limited service hotels in Isfahan
Small to medium-sized Isfahan hotel establishments that offer a very limited amount of on-site amenities and often only offer basic accommodations with little to no services, these facilities normally only cater and market to a specific demographic of travelers, such as the budget-minded Isfahan traveler seeking a "no frills" accommodation. Limited service Isfahan hotels often lack an on-site restaurant but in return may offer a limited complimentary food and beverage amenity such as on-site continental breakfast service.

Guest houses and B&Bs in Isfahan
A bed and breakfast in Isfahan is a small lodging establishment that offers overnight accommodation and inclusive breakfast. Usually, Isfahan bed and breakfasts are private homes or family homes offering accommodations. The typical Isfahan B&B has between 4 and 11 rooms, with 6 being the average. Generally, guests are accommodated in private bedrooms with private bathrooms, or in a suite of rooms including an en suite bathroom. Some homes have private bedrooms with a bathroom which is shared with other guests. Breakfast is served in the bedroom, a dining room, or the host's kitchen. Often the owners of guest house themselves prepare the breakfast and clean the rooms.

Hostels in Isfahan
Isfahan hostels provide budget-oriented, sociable accommodation where guests can rent a bed, usually a bunk bed, in a dormitory and share a bathroom, lounge, and sometimes a kitchen. Rooms can be mixed or single-sex, although private rooms may also be available. Hostels are often cheaper for both the operator and occupants; many Isfahan hostels have long-term residents whom they employ as desk agents or housekeeping staff in exchange for experience or discounted accommodation.

Apartment hotels, extended stay hotels in Isfahan
Extended stay hotels are small to medium-sized Isfahan hotels that offer longer term full service accommodations compared to a traditional hotel. Extended stay hotels may offer non-traditional pricing methods such as a weekly rate that cater towards travelers in need of short-term accommodations for an extended period of time. Similar to limited and select service hotels, on-site amenities are normally limited and most extended stay hotels in Isfahan lack an on-site restaurant.

Timeshare and destination clubs in Isfahan
Isfahan timeshare and destination clubs are a form of property ownership also referred to as a vacation ownership involving the purchase and ownership of an individual unit of accommodation for seasonal usage during a specified period of time. Timeshare resorts in Isfahan often offer amenities similar that of a Full service hotel with on-site restaurant(s), swimming pools, recreation grounds, and other leisure-oriented amenities. Destination clubs of Isfahan on the other hand may offer more exclusive private accommodations such as private houses in a neighborhood-style setting.

Motels in Isfahan
A Isfahan motel is a small-sized low-rise lodging establishment similar to that of a limited service hotel, but with direct access to individual rooms from the car park. Common during the 1950s and 1960s, motels were often located adjacent to a major road, where they were built on inexpensive land at the edge of towns or along stretches of highways. They are still useful in less populated areas of Isfahan for driving travelers, but the more populated an area becomes the more hotels fill the need. Many of Isfahan motels which remain in operation have joined national franchise chains, rebranding themselves as hotels, inns or lodges.

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Travelling and vacation in Isfahan

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This article is about the city of Isfahan. For other uses, see Isfahan (disambiguation).
"Espahan" redirects here. For the village in Razavi Khorasan Province, see Espahan, Razavi Khorasan.
Isfahan
اصفهان
city
Ancient names: Spahān, Aspadana
Persian transcription(s)
Esfahan Logo.jpg
Official seal of Isfahan
Seal
Nickname(s): Nesf-e Jahān (Half of the world)
Isfahan
Isfahan
Isfahan is located in Iran
Isfahan
Isfahan
Isfahan in Iran
Coordinates:  / 32.633; 51.650  / 32.633; 51.650
Country Iran
Province Isfahan
County Isfahan
District Central
Government
• Mayor Mehdi Jamalinejad
• City Council Chairperson Reza Amini
Area
• Urban 493.82 km (190.66 sq mi)
Elevation 1,574 m (5,217 ft)
Population (2016 census)
• city 2,243,249
• Population Rank in Iran 3rd
Population Data from 2016 Census
Time zone IRST (UTC+3:30)
• Summer (DST) IRDT 21 March – 20 September (UTC+4:30)
Area code(s) 031
Website www.isfahan.ir

Isfahan (Persian: اصفهان‎, translit. Esfahān‎: pronounced About this sound esfæˈhɒːn ), historically also rendered in English as Ispahan, Sepahan, Esfahan or Hispahan, is the capital of Isfahan Province in Iran, located about 340 kilometres (211 miles) south of Tehran.

The Greater Isfahan Region had a population of 3,793,104 in the 2011 Census, the second most populous metropolitan area in Iran after Tehran. The counties of Isfahan, Borkhar, Najafabad, Khomeynishahr, Shahinshahr, Mobarakeh, Falavarjan, Tiran o Karvan, Lenjan and Jay all constitute the metropolitan city of Isfahan.

Isfahan is located on the main north–south and east–west routes crossing Iran, and was once one of the largest cities in the world. It flourished from 1050 to 1722, particularly in the 16th and 17th centuries under the Safavid dynasty, when it became the capital of Persia for the second time in its history. Even today, the city retains much of its past glory. It is famous for its Persian–Islamic architecture, with many beautiful boulevards, covered bridges, palaces, mosques, and minarets. This led to the Persian proverb "Esfahān nesf-e- jahān ast" (Isfahan is half of the world).

The Naghsh-e Jahan Square in Isfahan is one of the largest city squares in the world. It has been designated by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site. The city also has a wide variety of historic monuments and is known for the paintings, history and architecture.

Isfahan City Center is also the 5th largest shopping mall in the world, which is located in this city, mixing the traditional isfahanian architecture with the modern one.

Isfahan: History

See also: Timeline of Isfahan

Isfahan: Name

The name of the region derives from Middle Persian Spahān. Spahān is attested in various Middle Persian seals and inscriptions, including that of Zoroastrian Magi Kartir, and is also the Armenian name of the city (Սպահան). The present-day name is the Arabicized form of Ispahan (unlike Middle Persian, and similar to Spanish, New Persian does not allow initial consonant clusters such as sp). The region appears with the abbreviation GD (Southern Media) on Sasanian numismatics. In Ptolemy's Geographia it appears as Aspadana, translating to "place of gathering for the army". It is believed that Spahān derives from spādānām 'the armies', Old Persian plural of spāda (from which derives spāh 'army' and spahi (soldier - lit. of the army) in Middle Persian).

Isfahan: Prehistory

The history of Isfahan can be traced back to the Palaeolithic period. In recent discoveries, archaeologists have found artifacts dating back to the Palaeolithic, Mesolithic, Neolithic, Bronze and Iron ages.

Isfahan: Pre-Islamic era

Isfahan at the end of 6th century (top), consisting of two separate areas of Sassanid Jay and Jewish Yahudia. At 11th century (bottom), these two areas are completely merged.

It is noteworthy to say that what was to become the city of Isfahan in later historical periods probably emerged as a locality and settlement that gradually developed over the course of the Elamite civilization (2700–1600 BCE).

During the Median dynasty, this commercial entrepôt began to show signs of a more sedentary urbanism, steadily growing into a noteworthy regional centre that benefited from the exceptionally fertile soil on the banks of the Zayandehrud River in a region called Aspandana or Ispandana.

Once Cyrus the Great (reg. 559–529 BCE) unified Persian and Median lands into the Achaemenid Empire (648–330 BCE), the religiously and ethnically diverse city of Isfahan became an early example of the king's fabled religious tolerance. It is said that after Cyrus the Great freed the Jews from Babylon some Jews returned to Jerusalem whereas some others decided to live in Persia and settle in what is now known as Isfahan. But, actually this happened later in the Sasanid period when a Jewish colony was made in the vicinity of the Sasanid.

The tenth century Persian historian Ibn al-Faqih al-Hamedani wrote:

"When the Jews emigrated from Jerusalem, fleeing from Nebuchadnezzar, they carried with them a sample of the water and soil of Jerusalem. They did not settle down anywhere or in any city without examining the water and the soil of each place. They did all along until they reached the city of Isfahan. There they rested, examined the water and soil and found that both resembled Jerusalem. Upon they settled there, cultivated the soil, raised children and grandchildren, and today the name of this settlement is Yahudia."

The Parthians (250 BCE – 226 CE) continued the tradition of tolerance after the fall of the Achaemenids, fostering the Hellenistic dimension within Iranian culture and political organization introduced by Alexander the Great's invading armies. Under the Parthians, Arsacid governors administered a large province from Isfahan, and the city's urban development accelerated to accommodate the needs of a capital city.

An ancient item from Isfahan City Center museum

The next empire to rule Persia, the Sassanids (226 – 652 CE), presided over massive changes in their realm, instituting sweeping agricultural reform and reviving Iranian culture and the Zoroastrian religion. The city was then called by the name and the region by the name Aspahan or Spahan. The city was governed by "Espoohrans" or the members of seven noble Iranian families who had important royal positions, and served as the residence of these noble families as well. Extant foundations of some Sassanid-era bridges in Isfahan suggest that the kings were also fond of ambitious urban planning projects. While Isfahan's political importance declined during the period, many Sasanian princes would study statecraft in the city, and its military role developed rapidly. Its strategic location at the intersection of the ancient roads to Susa and Persepolis made it an ideal candidate to house a standing army, ready to march against Constantinople at any moment. The words 'Aspahan' and 'Spahan' are derived from the Pahlavi or Middle Persian meaning 'the place of the army'. Although many theories have been mentioned about the origin of Isfahan, in fact little is known of Isfahan before the rule of the Sasanian dynasty (c. 224–c. 651 CE). The historical facts suggest that in the late 4th and early 5th centuries Queen Shushandukht, the Jewish consort of Yazdegerd I (reigned 399–420) settled a colony of Jews in Yahudiyyeh (also spelled Yahudiya), a settlement 3 kilometres (1.9 miles) northwest of the Zoroastrian city of (the Achaemid and Parthian 'Gabae' or 'Gabai', the Sasanid 'Gay' and the Arabicized form 'Jay') that was located just on the northern bank of the Zayanderud River. The gradual population decrease of Gay or Jay and the simultaneous population increase of Yahudiyyeh and its suburbs after the Islamic conquest of Iran resulted in the formation of the nucleus of what was to become the city of Isfahan. It should be noted that the words Aspadana, Ispadana, Spahan and Sepahan from which the word Isfahan is derived all referred to the region in which the city was located.

Isfahan: Islamic era

Isfahan, capital of the Kingdom of Persia
Isfahan to the south side, drawing by Eugène Flandin
Russian army in Isfahan in the 1890s
Detail of Khaju Bridge

When the Arabs captured Isfahan in 642, they made it the capital of al-Jibal ("the Mountains") province, an area that covered much of ancient Media. Isfahan grew prosperous under the Persian Buyid (Buwayhid) dynasty, which rose to power and ruled much of Iran when the temporal authority of the Abbasid caliphs waned in the 10th century. The Turkish conqueror and founder of the Seljuq dynasty, Toghril Beg, made Isfahan the capital of his domains in the mid-11th century; but it was under his grandson Malik-Shah I (r. 1073–92) that the city grew in size and splendour.

After the fall of the Seljuqs (c. 1200), Isfahan temporarily declined and was eclipsed by other Iranian cities such as Tabriz and Qazvin, but it regained its important position during the Safavid period (1501–1736). The city's golden age began in 1598 when the Safavid ruler Shah Abbas I (reigned 1588–1629) made it his capital and rebuilt it into one of the largest and most beautiful cities of the 17th century. In 1598 Shah Abbas the Great moved his capital from Qazvin to the more central and Persian Isfahan, called Ispahān in early New Persian, so that it wouldn't be threatened by his archrival, the Ottomans. This new importance ushered in a golden age for the city, with architecture, prestige, and Persian culture flourishing. In the 16th and 17th centuries, the city was also settled by thousands of deportees and migrants from the Caucasus that Abbas I and other Safavid rulers had settled en masse in Persia's heartland. Therefore, many of the city’s inhabitants were of Georgian, Circassian, and Daghistani descent. Engelbert Kaempfer, who was in Safavid Persia in 1684-85, estimated their number at 20,000. During the Safavid era, the city would form a very large Armenian community as well. As part of Abbas' forced resettlement of peoples from within his empire, he resettled many hundreds of thousands of Armenians (up to 300,000) from near the unstable Safavid-Ottoman border, and primarily from the very wealthy Armenian town of Jugha (also known as Old Julfa), in mainland Iran. In Isfahan, he ordered the foundation of a new quarter for the resettled Armenians, primarily meant for the Armenians from Old Julfa, and thus the Armenian Quarter of Isfahan was named New Julfa. Today, the New Jolfa district of Isfahan remains a heavily Armenian-populated district, with Armenian Churches and shops, the Vank Cathedral being especially notable for its combination of Armenian Christian and Iranian Islamic elements. It is still one of the oldest and largest Armenian quarters in the world. Following an agreement between Shah Abbas I and his Georgian subject Teimuraz I of Kakheti ("Tahmuras Khan"), whereby the latter submitted to Safavid rule in exchange for being allowed to rule as the region’s wāli (governor) and for having his son serve as dāruḡa ("prefect") of Isfahan in perpetuity, the Georgian prince converted to Islam and served as governor. He was accompanied by a certain number of soldiers, and they spoke in Georgian among themselves. Some were also Georgian Orthodox Christians. The royal court in Isfahan had a great number of Georgian ḡolāms (military slaves) as well as Georgian women. Although they spoke Persian or Turkic, their mother tongue was Georgian. During the time of Abbas and on Isfahan was very famous in Europe, and many European travellers made an account of their visit to the city, such as Jean Chardin. This all lasted until it was sacked by Afghan invaders in 1722 during the Safavids heavy decline.

Isfahan declined once more, and the capital was subsequently moved to Mashhad and Shiraz during the Afsharid and Zand periods respectively until it was finally settled in Tehran in 1775 by Agha Mohammad Khan the founder of the Qajar dynasty.

In the 20th century Isfahan was resettled by a very large number of people from southern Iran, firstly during the population migrations in the early century, and again in the 1980s following the Iran-Iraq war.

Isfahan city core:

History of Isfahan city core consisted of two parts, the old section, which started from the old square, close to the Friday mosque, and the new section, which started from Naghsh-e-Jahan square (World View Square) today called as the Meydane Emam, with its measurements of 1680x523 ft and connected to the old section.

By the 11th century, after selecting Isfahan as the capital of Saljuqi period, the old square had become the center of the city and old square become such an important urban space, that is a big difference in that particular era. It had a castle, bazaar, and mosque and residential. There were some peripheral markets along the main

Isfahan: Modern age

Today Isfahan, the third largest city in Iran, produces fine carpets, textiles, steel, handicrafts, specific sweet and traditional delicious foods. Isfahan also has nuclear experimental reactors as well as facilities for producing nuclear fuel (UCF). Isfahan has one of the largest steel-producing facilities in the entire region, as well as facilities for producing special alloys.

The city has an international airport and is in the final stages of constructing its first Metro line.

Isfahan contains a major oil refinery and a large airforce base. HESA, Iran's most advanced aircraft manufacturing plant (where the IrAn-140Ukrainian-Iranian aircraft is made), is located nearby. Isfahan is also becoming an attraction for international investments, like investments in Isfahan City Center.

Isfahan hosted the International Physics Olympiad in 2007.

Isfahan: Geography and climate

The city is located in the lush plain of the Zayanderud River, at the foothills of the Zagros mountain range. The nearest mountain is Mount Soffeh (Kuh-e Soffeh) which is situated just south of Isfahan. No geological obstacles exist within 90 kilometres (56 miles) north of Isfahan, allowing cool northern winds to blow from this direction. Situated at 1,590 metres (5,217 ft) above sea level on the eastern side of the Zagros Mountains, Isfahan has an arid climate (Köppen BSk). Despite its altitude, Isfahan remains hot during the summer with maxima typically around 35 °C (95 °F). However, with low humidity and moderate temperatures at night, the climate can be very pleasant. During the winter, days are mild while nights can be very cold. Snow has occurred at least once every winter except 1986/1987 and 1989/1990.

Climate data for Isfahan (1961–1990, extremes 1951–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 20.4
(68.7)
23.4
(74.1)
29.0
(84.2)
32.0
(89.6)
37.6
(99.7)
41.0
(105.8)
43.0
(109.4)
42.0
(107.6)
39.0
(102.2)
33.2
(91.8)
26.8
(80.2)
21.2
(70.2)
43.0
(109.4)
Average high °C (°F) 8.8
(47.8)
11.9
(53.4)
16.8
(62.2)
22.0
(71.6)
28.0
(82.4)
34.1
(93.4)
36.4
(97.5)
35.1
(95.2)
31.2
(88.2)
24.4
(75.9)
16.9
(62.4)
10.8
(51.4)
23.0
(73.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) 2.7
(36.9)
5.5
(41.9)
10.4
(50.7)
15.7
(60.3)
21.3
(70.3)
27.1
(80.8)
29.4
(84.9)
27.9
(82.2)
23.5
(74.3)
16.9
(62.4)
9.9
(49.8)
4.4
(39.9)
16.2
(61.2)
Average low °C (°F) −2.4
(27.7)
−0.2
(31.6)
4.5
(40.1)
9.4
(48.9)
14.2
(57.6)
19.1
(66.4)
21.5
(70.7)
19.8
(67.6)
15.1
(59.2)
9.3
(48.7)
3.6
(38.5)
−0.9
(30.4)
9.4
(48.9)
Record low °C (°F) −19.4
(−2.9)
−12.2
(10)
−8
(18)
−4
(25)
4.5
(40.1)
10.0
(50)
13.0
(55.4)
11.0
(51.8)
5.0
(41)
0.0
(32)
−8
(18)
−13
(9)
−19.4
(−2.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 17.1
(0.673)
14.1
(0.555)
18.2
(0.717)
19.2
(0.756)
8.8
(0.346)
0.6
(0.024)
0.7
(0.028)
0.2
(0.008)
0.0
(0)
4.1
(0.161)
9.9
(0.39)
19.6
(0.772)
112.5
(4.429)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 4.0 2.9 3.8 3.5 2.0 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.0 0.8 2.2 3.7 23.5
Average snowy days 3.2 1.7 0.7 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 1.9 7.8
Average relative humidity (%) 60 51 43 39 33 23 23 24 26 36 48 57 39
Mean monthly sunshine hours 205.3 213.3 242.1 244.5 301.3 345.4 347.6 331.2 311.6 276.5 226.1 207.6 3,252.5
Source #1: NOAA
Source #2: Iran Meteorological Organization (records)
Esfahan, Iran
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
17
9
−2
14
12
0
18
17
5
19
22
9
8.8
28
14
0.6
34
19
0.7
36
22
0.2
35
20
0
31
15
4.1
24
9
9.9
17
4
20
11
−1
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: WMO
Imperial conversion
J F M A M J J A S O N D
0.7
48
28
0.6
53
32
0.7
62
40
0.8
72
49
0.3
82
58
0
93
66
0
98
71
0
95
68
0
88
59
0.2
76
49
0.4
62
38
0.8
51
30
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches

Isfahan: Bazaars

  • Shahi Bazaar – 17th century
  • Qeysarie Bazaar - 17th century

Isfahan: Bridges

The Zayande River starts in the Zagros Mountains, flows from west to east through the heart of Isfahan, and dries up in the Gavkhooni wetland.

The bridges over the river include some of the finest architecture in Isfahan. The oldest bridge is the Shahrestan bridge or "Pol-e Shahrestan", whose foundations was built by the Sasanian Empire (3rd-7th century Sassanid era) and has been repaired during the Seljuk period.پل شهرستان. Further upstream is the "Pol-e Khaju", which was built by Shah Abbas II in 1650. It is 123 metres (404 feet) long with 24 arches, and also serves as a sluice gate.

The next bridge is the "Pol-e Chubi". It was originally built as an aqueduct to supply the palace gardens on the north bank of the river. Further upstream again is the Si-o-Seh Pol or bridge of 33 arches. Built during the rule of Shah Abbas the Great, it linked Isfahan with the Armenian suburb of New Julfa. It is by far the longest bridge in Isfahan at 295 m (967.85 ft).

Other bridges include:

  • Marnan Bridge
  • Pol-e-Joui or Choobi (Joui bridge) – 1665
  • Pol-e Khaju (Khaju Bridge) – 1650
  • Pol-e Shahrestan (The Shahrestan bridge)
  • Si-o-Seh Pol (The Bridge of 33 Arches) – 1602

Isfahan: Churches and cathedrals

  • Bedkhem Church – 1627
  • St. Georg Church – 17th century
  • St. Jakob Church _ 1607
  • St. Mary Church – 17th century
  • Vank Cathedral – 1664

Isfahan: Emamzadehs

  • Emamzadeh Ahmad
  • Emamzadeh Esmaeil, Isfahan
  • Emamzadeh Haroun-e-Velayat – 16th century
  • Emamzadeh Jafar
  • Emamzadeh Shah Zeyd

Isfahan: Gardens and parks

  • Birds Garden
  • Flower Garden
  • Nazhvan Recreational Complex

Isfahan: Houses

  • Alam's House
  • Amin's House
  • Malek Vineyard
  • Qazvinis' House – 19th century
  • Sheykh ol-Eslam's House

Isfahan: Mausoleums and tombs

  • Al-Rashid Mausoleum – 12th century
  • Baba Ghassem Mausoleum – 14th century
  • Mausoleum of Safavid Princes
  • Nizam al-Mulk Tomb – 11th century
  • Saeb Mausoleum
  • Shahshahan mausoleum – 15th century
  • Soltan Bakht Agha Mausoleum – 14th century

Isfahan: Minarets

  • Ali minaret – 11th century
  • Bagh-e-Ghoushkhane minaret – 14th century
  • Chehel Dokhtaran minaret – 12 century
  • Dardasht minarets – 14th century
  • Darozziafe minarets – 14th century
  • Menar Jonban – 14th century
  • Sarban minaret

Isfahan: Mosques

  • Agha Nour mosque – 16th century
  • Hakim Mosque
  • Ilchi mosque
  • Jameh Mosque
  • Jarchi mosque – 1610
  • Lonban mosque
  • Maghsoudbeyk mosque – 1601
  • Mohammad Jafar Abadei mosque – 1878
  • Rahim Khan mosque – 19th century
  • Roknolmolk mosque
  • Seyyed mosque – 19th century
  • Shah Mosque – 1629
  • Sheikh Lotf Allah Mosque – 1618

Isfahan: Museums

  • Contemporary Arts Museum Isfahan
  • Isfahan City Center Museum
  • Museum of Decorative Arts
  • Natural History Museum of Isfahan – 15th century

Isfahan: Schools (madresse)

  • Chahar Bagh School – early 17th century
  • Harati
  • Kassegaran school – 1694
  • Madreseye Khajoo
  • Nimavar school – 1691
  • Sadr school – 19th century

Isfahan: Palaces and caravanserais

  • Ali Qapu (The Royal Palace) – early 17th century
  • Chehel Sotoun (The Palace of Forty Columns) – 1647
  • Hasht-Behesht (The Palace of Eight Paradises) – 1669
  • Shah Caravanserai
  • Talar Ashraf (The Palace of Ashraf) – 1650

Isfahan: Squares and streets

A view of Meydan Kohne
  • Chaharbagh Boulevard – 1596
  • Chaharbagh-e-khajou Boulevard
  • Meydan Kohne (Old Square)
  • Naqsh-e Jahan Square also known as "Shah Square" or "Imam Square" – 1602

Isfahan: Synagogues

  • Kenisa-ye Bozorg (Mirakhor's kenisa)
  • Kenisa-ye Molla Rabbi
  • Kenisa-ye Sang-bast
  • Mullah Jacob Synagogue
  • Mullah Neissan Synagogue
  • Kenisa-ye Keter David

Isfahan: Tourist attractions

The central historical area in Isfahan is called Seeosepol (the name of a famous bridge).

Isfahan: Other sites

  • Atashgah – a Zoroastrian fire temple
  • The Bathhouse of Bahāʾ al-dīn al-ʿĀmilī
  • Isfahan City Center
  • Jarchi hammam
  • New Julfa (The Armenian Quarter) – 1606
  • Pigeon Towers – 17th century
  • Takht-e Foulad

Isfahan: Education

Central Municipal Library of Esfahan

Aside from the seminaries and religious schools, the major universities of the Esfahan metropolitan area are:

  • Universities
    • Isfahan University of Art
    • Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
    • Isfahan University of Technology
    • Islamic Azad University Isfahan
    • Islamic Azad University of Najafabad
    • Islamic Azad University of Majlesi
    • University of Isfahan
  • High schools
    • Adab Highl School
    • Farzanegan e Amin High School
    • Harati High School
    • Imam Mohammad Bagher Education Complex
    • Imam Sadegh Education Complex
    • Mahboobeh Danesh (Navaie)
    • Pooya High School
    • Saadi High School
    • Sa'eb Education Complex
    • Salamat High School
    • Saremiyh High School
    • Shahid Ejei High School

There are also more than 50 technical and vocational training centers under the administration of Esfahan TVTO which provide non-formal training programs freely throughout the province.

Isfahan: Transportation

See also: Transport in Iran
Old building of Isfahan city hall

Isfahan: Road transport

Isfahan's internal highway network is currently under heavy expansion which began during the last decade. Its lengthy construction is due to concerns of possible destruction of valuable historical buildings. Outside the city, Isfahan is connected by modern highways to Tehran which spans a distance of nearly 400 km (248.55 mi) to North and to Shiraz at about 200 km (124.27 mi) to the south. The highways also service satellite cities surrounding the metropolitan area.

Isfahan: Culture

An old master of hand-printed carpets in Isfahan bazaar
The Damask rose 'Ispahan', reputedly developed in Ispahan

Isfahan: Notable people

Persian pottery from the city Isfahan, 17th century
  • Jalal Taj Eesfahani (1903-1981), musician, singer and vocalist
  • Alireza Eftekhari (1956– ), singer
  • Leila Forouhar, pop singer
  • Freydoon Rassouli, artist and founder of the Fusionart movement
  • Jalil Shahnaz (1921–2013), soloist of tar, a traditional Persian instrument
  • Hassan Shamaizadeh, songwriter and singer
  • Rasul Sadr Ameli (1953–), director
  • Reza Arhamsadr (1924–2008), actor
  • Homayoun Ershadi (1947–), Hollywood actor and architect
  • Soraya Esfandiary-Bakhtiari (1956–2001), former princess of Iran and actress
  • Asghar Farhadi (1972– ), Oscar-winning director
  • Bahman Farmanara (1942–), director
  • Jahangir Forouhar (1916–1997), actor and father of Leila Forouhar (Iranian singer)
  • Mohamad Ali Keshvarz (1930-), actor
  • Kiumars Poorahmad (1949–), director
  • Soroush Sehat, actor and director
  • Mahmoud Farshchian (1930–), miniaturist
  • Freydoon Rassouli, American painter born and raised in Isfahan
  • Bogdan Saltanov (1630s–1703), Russian icon painter of Isfahanian Armenian origin
  • Ayatollah Mohammad Beheshti (1928–1981), cleric, Chairman of the Council of Revolution of Iran
  • Mohammad-Ali Foroughi, a politician and Prime Minister of Iran in the World War II era
  • Hossein Fatemi, PhD (1919–1954), politician; foreign minister in Mohamed Mossadegh's cabinet
  • Ahmad Amir-Ahmadi (1906–1965), military leader and cabinet minister
  • Hossein Kharrazi, chief of the army in the Iran–Iraq war
  • Mohsen Nourbakhsh (1948–2003), economist, Governor of the Central Bank of Iran
  • Nusrat Bhutto, Chairman of Pakistan Peoples Party from 1979–1983; wife of Zulfikar Ali Bhutto; mother of Benazir Bhutto
  • Dariush Forouhar (August 1928 – November 1998), a founder and leader of the Hezb-e Mellat-e Iran (Nation of Iran Party)
  • Mohammad Javad Zarif (January 1960 –), Minister of Foreign Affairs and former Ambassador of Iran to the United Nations
  • Lady Amin (Banou Amin) (1886–1983), Iran's most outstanding female jurisprudent, theologian and great Muslim mystic (‘arif), a Lady Mujtahideh
  • Amina Begum Bint al-Majlisi was a female Safavid mujtahideh
  • Allamah al-Majlisi (1616–1698), Safavid cleric, Sheikh ul-Islam in Isfahan
  • Ayatollah Mohammad Beheshti (1928–1981), cleric, Chairman of the Council of Revolution of Iran
  • Abu Nu'aym Al-Ahbahani Al-Shafi'i (d. 1038 / AH 430), Sunni Shafi'i Scholar
  • Salman the Persian
  • Abdolali Changiz, football star of Esteghlal FC in the 1970s
  • Mansour Ebrahimzadeh, former player for Sepahan FC, former head coach of Zobahan
  • Ghasem Haddadifar, captain of Zobahan
  • Ehsan Hajsafi, player for the Sepahan and FSV Frankfurt
  • Arsalan Kazemi, forward for the Oregon Ducks men's basketball team and the Iran national basketball team
  • Rasoul Korbekandi, goalkeeper of the Iranian National Team
  • Moharram Navidkia, captain of Sepahan
  • Mohsen Sadeghzadeh, former captain of Iran national basketball team and Zobahan
  • Mohammad Talaei, world champion wrestler
  • Mahmoud Yavari (1939-), former football player, and later coach for Iranian National Team
  • Mohammad-Ali Jamālzādeh Esfahani (1892–1997), author
  • Hatef Esfehani, Persian Moral poet in the Afsharid Era
  • Kamal ed-Din Esmail (late 12th century - early 13th century)
  • Houshang Golshiri (1938–2000), writer and editor
  • Hamid Mosadegh (1939–1998), poet and lawyer
  • Mirza Abbas Khan Sheida (1880–1949), poet and publisher
  • Saib Tabrizi
  • Abd al-Ghaffar Amilakhori, 17th-century noble
  • Adib Boroumand (1924-) poet, politician, lawyer, and leader of the National Front
  • Jesse of Kakheti, king of Kakheti in eastern Georgia from 1614 to 1615
  • Simon II of Kartli, king of Kartli in eastern Georgia from 1619 to 1630/1631
  • David II of Kakheti, king of Kakheti in eastern Georgia from 1709 to 1722
  • Constantine II of Kakheti, king of Kakheti in eastern Georgia from 1722 to 1732
  • George Bournoutian, professor, historian and author
  • Nasser David Khalili (1945–), property developer, art collector, and philanthropist
  • Arthur Pope (1881–1969), American archaeologist, buried near Khaju Bridge

Isfahan: Sports

Both Zob Ahan and Sepahan are the only Iranian clubs to reach the final of the new AFC Champions League.

Isfahan has three association football clubs that play professionally. These are:

  • Sepahan Isfahan
  • Zob Ahan Isfahan
  • Giti Pasand

Giti Pasand also has a futsal team, Giti Pasand FSC, one of the best teams in Asia and Iran. They won the AFC Futsal Club Championship in 2012 and were runners-up in 2013.

Isfahan: Twin towns – sister cities

Esfahan Street in Kuala Lumpur, and Kualalampur Avenue in Isfahan

Isfahan is twinned with:

  • Baalbek, Lebanon
  • Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Cairo, Egypt
  • Dakar, Senegal
  • Florence, Italy
  • Freiburg, Germany
  • Havana, Cuba
  • Iaşi, Romania
  • Istanbul, Turkey
  • Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • Kuwait City, Kuwait
  • Lahore, Pakistan
  • Saint Petersburg, Russia
  • Venice, Italy
  • Xi'an, Shaanxi, China
  • Yerevan, Armenia (1995)

Isfahan: See also

  • List of the historical structures in the Isfahan province
  • 15861 Ispahan
  • New Julfa
  • Prix d'Ispahan

Isfahan: References

  1. http://www.daftlogic.com/downloads/kml/10102015-9mzrdauu.kml
  2. "Isfahan / اصفهان (Iran): Province & Cities - Population Statistics in Maps and Charts".
  3. "Maziar Dehghan".
  4. "Isfahan Is Half The World", Saudi Aramco World, Volume 13, Nr. 1, January 1962
  5. "Isfahan, Pre-Islamic-Period". Encyclopædia Iranica. 15 December 2006. Retrieved 31 December 2015.
  6. Strazny, P. (2005). Encyclopedia of linguistics (p. 325). New York: Fitzroy Dearborn.
  7. Historical Geography, Isfahan, http://www.iranicaonline.org//
  8. Sacred Precincts: The Religious Architecture of Non-Muslim Communities Across the Islamic World, Gharipour Mohammad, BRILL, Nov 14, 2014 page 179.
  9. http://archnet.org/library/places/one-place.jsp?place_id=1752&order_by=title&showdescription=1
  10. "Britannica.com".
  11. electricpulp.com. "ISFAHAN vii. SAFAVID PERIOD – Encyclopaedia Iranica".
  12. , p. 67.
  13. Aslanian, Sebouh (2011). From the Indian Ocean to the Mediterranean: The Global Trade Networks of Armenian Merchants from New Julfa. California: University of California Press. p. 1. ISBN 978-0520947573.
  14. ISBN 978-1568591414.
  15. Assari, A., Mahesh, T., Emtehani, M., & Assari, E. (2011). Comparative sustainability of bazaar in Iranian traditional cities: Case studies in Isfahan and Tabriz. International Journal on Technical and Physical Problems of Engineering (IJTPE)(9), 18-24.
  16. Hesaco.com (from the HESA official company website)
  17. Pike, John. "HESA Iran Aircraft Manufacturing Industrial Company".
  18. "International conference held on investment opportunities in Iran tourism industry".
  19. DEPARTMENT-it@isfahancitycenter.com, IT. "صفحه اصلی بزرگترین مرکز خرید ایران".
  20. "Snowy days for Esfahan". Irimo.ir. Retrieved 2012-04-23.
  21. "Esfahan Climate Normals 1961-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 8 April 2015.
  22. "Highest record temperature in Esfahan by Month 1951–2010". Iran Meteorological Organization. Retrieved 8 April 2015.
  23. "Lowest record temperature in Esfahan by Month 1951–2010". Iran Meteorological Organization. Retrieved 8 April 2015.
  24. "Weather Information for Esfahan". World Weather Information Service.
  25. "Isfahan Jame(Congregative) mosque – BackPack". Fz-az.fotopages.com. Retrieved 2009-07-26.
  26. "Seifolddini-Faranak; M. S. Fard; Hosseini Ali" (PDF). thescipub.com.
  27. Assari, Ali; T.M. Mahesh (January 2012). "Conservation of historic urban core in traditional Islamic culture: case study of Isfahan city" (PDF). Indian Journal of Science and Technology. 5 (1): 1970–1976. Retrieved 7 January 2013.
  28. "Castles of the Fields". Saudi Aramco World. Retrieved 2012-09-11.
  29. "Isfahan Technical and Vocational Training Organization". Web.archive.org. 8 October 2007. Archived from the original on 8 October 2007. Retrieved 2012-04-23.
  30. Assari, Ali; Erfan Assari (2012). "Urban spirit and heritage conservation problems: case study Isfahan city in Iran" (PDF). Journal of American Science. 8 (1): 203–209. Retrieved 7 January 2013.
  31. "Isfahan, Beirut named sister cities". MNA. Retrieved 2007-05-02.
  32. "Sister Cities of Istanbul". Retrieved 2009-07-01.
  33. Erdem, Selim Efe (1 July 2009). "İstanbul'a 49 kardeş" (in Turkish). radikal.com.tr. Retrieved 2009-07-26. 49 sister cities in 2003
  34. "Sisterhoods". Isfahan Islamic Council. 2005. Archived from the original on 12 October 2007. Retrieved 2007-12-04.
  35. Mansab Dogar (15 October 2008). "Lahore's Twin Sisters ignored by successive governments". Daily Times.
  36. "Saint Petersburg in figures – International and Interregional Ties". Saint Petersburg City Government. Retrieved 2008-07-14.
  37. "Yerevan – Twin Towns & Sister Cities". Yerevan Municipality Official Website (2005-2013). Retrieved 2013-11-04.
  38. ԵՐԵՎԱՆԻ ՔԱՂԱՔԱՊԵՏԱՐԱՆՊԱՇՏՈՆԱԿԱՆ ԿԱՅՔ [Yerevan expanding its international relations] (in Armenian). yerevan.amwww.yerevan.am. Archived from the original on 12 May 2013. Retrieved 2013-08-05.

Isfahan: Sources

See also: Bibliography of the history of Isfahan
  • Matthee, Rudi (2012). Persia in Crisis: Safavid Decline and the Fall of Isfahan. I.B.Tauris. ISBN 978-1845117450.

Isfahan travel guide from Wikivoyage

  • Isfahan official website
  • Isfahan Metro
  • 360-degree panorama gallery of Isfahan
  • Isfahan Geometry on a Human Scale - a documentary film directed by Manouchehr Tayyab (30 min)
Preceded by
Rey
Capital of Seljuq Empire (Persia)
1051–1118
Succeeded by
Hamadan (Western capital)
Merv (Eastern capital)
Preceded by
Qazvin
Capital of Iran (Persia)
1598–1736
Succeeded by
Mashhad
Preceded by
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Capital of Safavid dynasty
1598–1722
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