Location of Jiaxing City jurisdiction in Zhejiang
|Location in China|
|Coordinates: / 30.767; 120.750|
|• CPC Secretary||Lu Jun|
|• Mayor||Hu Haifeng|
|• Prefecture-level city||4,008.76 km (1,547.79 sq mi)|
|• Urban||986.9 km (381.0 sq mi)|
|• Metro||986.9 km (381.0 sq mi)|
|Population (2010 census)|
|• Prefecture-level city||4,501,657|
|• Density||1,100/km (2,900/sq mi)|
|Time zone||China Standard (UTC+8)|
|GDP per capita||¥74,478|
|License Plate Prefix||浙F|
City Flower Blossom of pomegranate City Tree Camphor laurelCinnamomum camphora (L.) Sieb.
"Jiaxing", as written in Chinese
Jiaxing (Chinese: 嘉兴; pinyin: Jiāxīng; Wu: Gāshīng [kɑɕiŋ]) is a prefecture-level city in northern Zhejiang province, China. Lying on the Grand Canal of China, Jiaxing borders Hangzhou to the southwest, Huzhou to the west, Shanghai to the northeast, and the province of Jiangsu to the north. At the 2010 census, its population was 4,501,657 and its built-up area made of 2 urban districts was home to 1,201,882 inhabitants.
Jiaxing system began in Qin Dynasty and has a history of more than two thousand years. Jiaxing since ancient times as a prosperous and rich land, known as the "land of plenty", "Silk City" reputation, is a national historical and cultural city, city, civilization Chinese China full support model city, China model green city, China excellent tourist city and national garden city, the national first batch of pilot City, the first batch of sponge city construction of national new urbanization comprehensive pilot area .Not only to the beautiful scenery of the prestigious, but also because of China first National Congress of the Communist Party here concluded successfully and highly anticipated, China is the birthplace of the Communist Party of China, has become an important modern history to commemorate the revolution.
As of December 30, 2015, Jiaxing has jurisdiction over 2 municipal districts (Nanhu District, Xiuzhou District), 3 county-level cities (Haining, Pinghu and Tongxiang) and 2 counties (Jiashan county and Haiyan County). A total of 44 towns, 29 streets (agriculture related Street 22), 246 urban communities, 115 urban communities, 809 administrative villages.
In 1949, Jiaxing County, Jiaxing City, respectively, after merging frequently. In August 1983, the administrative office of the Jiaxing area was revoked, divided into Jiaxing and Huzhou, and Jiaxing city and suburbs. Under the jurisdiction of Jiashan, Pinghu, Tongxiang, Haining and Haiyan, 5 counties were administered. In November 1993, the city of Jiaxing was renamed "show city". In June 21, 1999, the suburbs changed its name to Xiuzhou district. In 2005, the city of Jiaxing changed its name to Nanhu Lake district.
|Nanhu District||南湖区||Nánhú Qū|
|Xiuzhou District||秀洲区||Xiùzhōu Qū|
|Jiashan County||嘉善县||Jiāshàn Xiàn|
|Haiyan County||海盐县||Hǎiyán Xiàn|
These are further divided into 75 township-level divisions, including 60 towns, 2 townships and 13 subdistricts.
Industry is the main economic driver to the city’s economy, contributing 47% to its GDP in 2015. Jiaxing is also well known as the 'hometown of silk', hence it is a famous producer of textiles and woolens. It is one of the world's largest exporters of leather goods. There are mechanical, chemical and electronic industries there.
Jiaxing is an important energy base in East China. Qinshan Nuclear Power Plant, the first self-designed nuclear power station in China, and Fangjiashan Nuclear Power Plant (under construction) are located in Haiyan County.
South Korean tire maker Hankook Tire has a production facility in Jiaxing Development Zone for cars and light trucks. Hankook Tire (Jiaxing) Co., Limited was opened in 1996.
A Lego factory was built and finished in 2015, specially for the Asian market.
In 2013, the GDP was 314 billion 766 million yuan, an increase of 9.3% over the previous year, an increase of 0.6 percentage points over the previous year. Among them, the first industry added value of 15 billion 562 million yuan, an increase of 0.8%; second industrial added value of 172 billion 673 million yuan, an increase of 9.9%; third industry added value of 126 billion 531 million yuan, an increase of 9.4%. According to the resident population, the per capita GDP of 69164 yuan (annualized average exchange rate of 11169 U. S. dollars), an increase of 8.9%. The three industrial structure was adjusted from 5.2:55.5:39.3 to 4.9:54.9:40.2 last year.
Jiaxing's general budget revenue of 51 billion 749 million yuan, an increase of 9.7% over the previous year, of which the public budget revenue of 28 billion 231 million yuan, an increase of 9.5%. Fiscal expenditure for people's livelihood at various levels was 22 billion 679 million yuan, an increase of 18.9%.
Established in 2003, Jiaxing Export Processing Zone is a state-level export processing zone approved by State Council. It has a built-up area of 2.98 km. Its development goal is to become the export processing base for IT, IC, mechanical and electrical, electronics and other high-tech industries.
Jiaxing is an excellent tourist city and a national garden city in China. It is a famous historical and cultural city with a typical Jiangnan Water and customs style. It has become a unique feature of Jiaxing given by the ancient simplicity and relaxation for more than 2600 years. As of 2016, Jiaxing city has the national AAAAA level scenic spots 3 (Wuzhen, South Lake, Xitang), and the number of the capital city of Hangzhou province are the first level, the national AAAA level scenic spots 3, 1 AAA level scenic spots, national key cultural relics protection unit 6.
The city is served by two railway stations: Jiaxing Railway Station, on the Shanghai–Kunming Railway, and Jiaxing South Railway Station on the high speed Shanghai–Hangzhou Passenger Railway.
The city is served by two long-distance bus stations: Jiaxing North Bus Station and the new Jiaxing Transportation Center.
Jiaxing is on the G92 Hangzhou Bay Ring Expressway, G60 Shanghai–Kunming Expressway and China National Highway 320.
Jiaxing's local air force base is being converted to a public-use airport.Jiaxing an hour to Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport, Shanghai Pudong International Airport, Hangzhou Xiaoshan International Airport and other airports.
The Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal runs across Jiaxing.At the beginning of the last century, San yat-sen went to Jiaxing Pinghu area Zhapu investigation, and in the "nation building strategy" in the construction of this "Oriental port plan". Zhapu Port built into the only river transport in Hong Kong, Jiaxing port in April 2001 formally as a kind of port opening. Jiaxing port has 10 offshore berths, of which 10000 ton berths 6, kiloton berths 4, the annual handling capacity of 15 million tons. In 2011, Jiaxing port completed a total cargo throughput of 52 million 580 thousand tons.
Jiaxing dialect is a Northern Wu dialect in the Sujiahu dialect grouping. As such, it is a sister dialect of both Shanghainese and Suzhou dialect, and easily intelligible with both. It is not mutually intelligible with Mandarin or other varieties of Chinese such as Cantonese or Hakka.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Jiaxing.|
County-level divisions of Zhejiang Province