Lowest prices on Johor hotels booking, Malaysia

One of the latest proposals is an unique opportunity to instantly find the lowest prices on Johor hotels and book a best hotel in Johor saving up to 80%! You can do it quickly and easily with HotelsCombined, a world's leading free hotel metasearch engine that allows to search and compare the rates of all major hotel chains, top travel sites, and leading hotel booking websites, including Booking.com, Hotels.com, Agoda.com, etc., etc. The hotel price comparison service HotelsCombined means cheap Johor hotels booking, lowest prices on hotel reservation in Johor and airline tickets to Johor, Malaysia!

Johor Hotels Comparison & Online Booking

▪ Lowest prices on Johor hotels booking
▪ The discounts on Johor hotels up to 80%
▪ No booking fees on Johor hotels
▪ Detailed description & photos of Johor hotels
▪ Trusted ratings and reviews of Johor hotels
▪ Advanced Johor hotel search & comparison
▪ All Johor hotels on the map
▪ Interesting sights of Johor

What's important: you can compare and book not only Johor hotels and resorts, but also villas and holiday cottages, inns and B&Bs (bed and breakfast), condo hotels and apartments, timeshare properties, guest houses and pensions, campsites (campgrounds), motels and hostels in Johor. If you're going to Johor save your money and time, don't pay for the services of the greedy travel agencies. Instead, book the best hotel in Johor online, buy the cheapest airline tickets to Johor, and rent a car in Johor right now, paying the lowest price! Besides, here you can buy the Johor related books, guidebooks, souvenirs and other goods.

By the way, we would recommend you to combine your visit to Johor with other popular and interesting places of Malaysia, for example: Putrajaya, Sabah, Sarawak, Langkawi, Kuantan, Borneo, Ipoh, Johor, Kota Kinabalu, Kuala Terengganu, Kuala Lumpur, Kuah, George Town, Selangor, Penang, Kuching, Kedah, Malacca, Johor Bahru, Kota Bharu, etc.

How to Book a Hotel in Johor

In order to book an accommodation in Johor enter the proper dates and do the hotel search. If needed, sort the found Johor hotels by price, star rating, property type, guest rating, hotel features, hotel theme or hotel chain. Then take a look at the found hotels on Johor map to estimate the distance from the main Johor attractions and sights. You can also read the guest reviews of Johor hotels and see their ratings.

When a hotel search in Johor is done, please select the room type, the included meals and the suitable booking conditions (for example, "Deluxe double room, Breakfast included, Non-Refundable"). Press the "View Deal" ("Book Now") button. Make your booking on a hotel booking website and get the hotel reservation voucher by email. That's it, a perfect hotel in Johor is waiting for you!

Hotels of Johor

A hotel in Johor is an establishment that provides lodging paid on a short-term basis. Facilities provided may range from a basic bed and storage for clothing, to luxury features like en-suite bathrooms. Larger in Johor hotels may provide additional guest facilities such as a swimming pool, business centre, childcare, conference facilities and social function services. Hotel rooms in Johor are usually numbered (or named in some smaller hotels and B&Bs) to allow guests to identify their room. Some Johor hotels offer meals as part of a room and board arrangement. Hotel operations vary in size, function, and cost. Most Johor hotels and major hospitality companies that operate hotels in Johor have set widely accepted industry standards to classify hotel types. General categories include the following:

Upscale luxury hotels in Johor
An upscale full service hotel facility in Johor that offers luxury amenities, full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and the highest level of personalized and professional service. Luxury Johor hotels are normally classified with at least a Four Diamond or Five Diamond status or a Four or Five Star rating depending on classification standards.

Full service hotels in Johor
Full service Johor hotels often contain upscale full-service facilities with a large volume of full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and a variety of on-site amenities such as swimming pools, a health club, children's activities, ballrooms, on-site conference facilities, etc.

Historic inns and boutique hotels in Johor
Boutique hotels of Johor are smaller independent non-branded hotels that often contain upscale facilities of varying size in unique or intimate settings with full service accommodations. Johor boutique hotels are generally 100 rooms or less. Some historic inns and boutique hotels in Johor may be classified as luxury hotels.

Focused or select service hotels in Johor
Small to medium-sized hotel establishments that offer a limited amount of on-site amenities that only cater and market to a specific demographic of Johor travelers, such as the single business traveler. Most Johor focused or select service hotels may still offer full service accommodations but may lack leisure amenities such as an on-site restaurant or a swimming pool.

Economy and limited service hotels in Johor
Small to medium-sized Johor hotel establishments that offer a very limited amount of on-site amenities and often only offer basic accommodations with little to no services, these facilities normally only cater and market to a specific demographic of travelers, such as the budget-minded Johor traveler seeking a "no frills" accommodation. Limited service Johor hotels often lack an on-site restaurant but in return may offer a limited complimentary food and beverage amenity such as on-site continental breakfast service.

Guest houses and B&Bs in Johor
A bed and breakfast in Johor is a small lodging establishment that offers overnight accommodation and inclusive breakfast. Usually, Johor bed and breakfasts are private homes or family homes offering accommodations. The typical Johor B&B has between 4 and 11 rooms, with 6 being the average. Generally, guests are accommodated in private bedrooms with private bathrooms, or in a suite of rooms including an en suite bathroom. Some homes have private bedrooms with a bathroom which is shared with other guests. Breakfast is served in the bedroom, a dining room, or the host's kitchen. Often the owners of guest house themselves prepare the breakfast and clean the rooms.

Hostels in Johor
Johor hostels provide budget-oriented, sociable accommodation where guests can rent a bed, usually a bunk bed, in a dormitory and share a bathroom, lounge, and sometimes a kitchen. Rooms can be mixed or single-sex, although private rooms may also be available. Hostels are often cheaper for both the operator and occupants; many Johor hostels have long-term residents whom they employ as desk agents or housekeeping staff in exchange for experience or discounted accommodation.

Apartment hotels, extended stay hotels in Johor
Extended stay hotels are small to medium-sized Johor hotels that offer longer term full service accommodations compared to a traditional hotel. Extended stay hotels may offer non-traditional pricing methods such as a weekly rate that cater towards travelers in need of short-term accommodations for an extended period of time. Similar to limited and select service hotels, on-site amenities are normally limited and most extended stay hotels in Johor lack an on-site restaurant.

Timeshare and destination clubs in Johor
Johor timeshare and destination clubs are a form of property ownership also referred to as a vacation ownership involving the purchase and ownership of an individual unit of accommodation for seasonal usage during a specified period of time. Timeshare resorts in Johor often offer amenities similar that of a Full service hotel with on-site restaurant(s), swimming pools, recreation grounds, and other leisure-oriented amenities. Destination clubs of Johor on the other hand may offer more exclusive private accommodations such as private houses in a neighborhood-style setting.

Motels in Johor
A Johor motel is a small-sized low-rise lodging establishment similar to that of a limited service hotel, but with direct access to individual rooms from the car park. Common during the 1950s and 1960s, motels were often located adjacent to a major road, where they were built on inexpensive land at the edge of towns or along stretches of highways. They are still useful in less populated areas of Johor for driving travelers, but the more populated an area becomes the more hotels fill the need. Many of Johor motels which remain in operation have joined national franchise chains, rebranding themselves as hotels, inns or lodges.

Why HotelsCombined

HotelsCombined is the leading hotel metasearch engine founded in 2005, with headquarters in Sydney, Australia. It is widely recognized as the world's best hotel price comparison site and has won many of the most prestigious tourism industry awards. The site operates in over 40 languages, handles 120 different currencies and aggregates more than 2 million deals from hundreds of travel sites and hotel chains. The number of users counts more than 300,000 people a year with over $1,000,000,000 in estimated total cost of hotel reservations.

The main purpose of HotelsCombined hotel price comparison service is to help the travelers in finding a perfect accommodation option in Johor at the best price, eliminating the need to manually analyze hundreds of hotel booking sites and thousands of price offers. Through the partnership with the most popular hotel booking websites, online travel agencies and hotel chains, HotelsCombined allows its users to search for and compare the current rates on Johor hotels in a single search. It also provides an aggregated summary of hotel reviews and ratings from external sites.

The HotelsCombined's advanced technology allows to instantly find the available Johor hotels and process the offers of all leading travel websites, including Booking.com, Hotels.com, Agoda.com, etc. and many others (AccorHotels.com, AirAsiaGo.com, Amoma.com, AsiaTravel.com, BestWestern.com, Budgetplaces.com, EasyToBook.com, Elvoline.com, Expedia.com, Getaroom.com, Hilton.com, Homestay.com, Hotel.de, HotelClub.com, HotelsClick.com, HotelTravel.com, Housetrip.com, ihg.com, Interhome.com, Jovago.com, LateRooms.com, NH-Hotels.com, OnHotels.com, Otel.com, Prestigia.com, Skoosh.com, Splendia.com, Superbreak.com, Tiket.com, etc.). Due to the fast and easy-to-use search system you get the rates on available Johor hotels and book a preferable hotel on a website providing the lowest price.

All Johor Hotels & Hostels Online

HotelsCombined will be useful for those interested in Johor, Malaysia, HotelsCombined, Trivago, sale on the hotel booking site HotelsCombined, discount coupons on the hotel booking site HotelsCombined, best rates on Johor hotels, low prices on Johor hotels, best hotel in Johor, best Johor hotel, discounted Johor hotel booking, online Johor hotel reservation, Johor hotels comparison, hotel booking in Johor, luxury and cheap accomodation in Johor, Johor inns, Johor B&Bs, bed and breakfast in Johor, condo hotels and apartments in Johor, bargain Johor rentals, cheap Johor vacation rentals,Johor pensions and guest houses, cheap hotels and hostels of Johor, Johor motels, dormitories of Johor, dorms in Johor, Johor dormitory rooms, lowest rates on hotels in Johor, hotel prices comparison in Johor, travel to Johor, vacation in Johor, trip to Johor, trusted hotel reviews of Johor, etc.

Many people are also interested in the sights and attractions of Johor, Johor guidebook, Johor guide, hotel booking in Johor, Malaysia, tours to Johor, travel company in Johor, travel agency in Johor, excursions in Johor, tickets to Johor, airline tickets to Johor, Johor hotel booking, Johor hostels, dormitory of Johor, dorm in Johor, Johor dormitory, Johor airfares, Johor airline tickets, Johor tours, Johor travel, must-see places in Johor, Johor Booking.com, Johor hotels Trivago, Johor Expedia, Johor Airbnb, Johor TripAdvisor, Hotels Combined Johor, HotelsCombined Johor, and so on.

While others are looking for the Johor hotels and hostels, MY hotels and hostels, Black Friday on the hotel booking site HotelsCombined, Cyber Monday on the hotel booking site HotelsCombined, New Year's and Christmas sale HotelsCombined, hotelscombined.en, HotelsCombined.en, HotelsCombined.en, hotelscombined.com, ジョホール州, Джохор, ஜொகூர், जोहोर, Johor, Džohoras, Johor (estado), Johore, Џохор, ג'והור (מלזיה), جوھر, 柔佛州, جوهر (ولاية), Cohor, รัฐยะโฮร์, 조호르 주, ჯოჰორი, جوهور (ایالت), Ĝohoro. Many people have already booked the hotels in Johor on the hotel booking site HotelsCombined. Don't waste your time, go for it!

Travelling and vacation in Johor

.
Johor
State
Johor Darul Ta'zim
جوهر دارالتّعظيم‎
Negeri dan Jajahan Takluk Johor Darul Takzim
Other transcription(s)
• Malay Johor
• Jawi جوهر‎
• Chinese 柔佛
• Tamil ஜொகூர்
Flag of Johor
Flag
Coat of arms of Johor
Coat of arms
Motto: Kepada Allah Berserah
كڤد الله برسره
(To Allah We Surrender)
Anthem: Lagu Bangsa Johor
لاڬو بڠسا جوهر
(Johor State Anthem)
   Johor in    Malaysia
Johor in Malaysia
Coordinates:  / 1.48722; 103.78111  / 1.48722; 103.78111
Capital Johor Bahru
Royal capital Muar
Government
• Sultan Sultan Ibrahim Ismail
• Tunku Mahkota Tunku Ismail ibni Sultan Ibrahim
• Menteri Besar Mohamed Khaled Nordin (UMNO)
Area
• Total 19,210 km (7,420 sq mi)
Population (2015)
• Total 3,553,600
• Density 174/km (450/sq mi)
• Demonym Johorean / Johorian
Human Development Index
• HDI (2010) 0.733 (high) (6th)
Postal code 79xxx to 86xxx
Calling code 07
06 (Muar and Tangkak)
ISO 3166 code MY-01
Vehicle registration J
De jure 810
Johor Sultanate 1528
Anglo–Johor Treaty 1885
Johor State Constitution 14 April 1895
British protectorate 1914
Japanese occupation 31 January 1942
Accession into the Federation of Malaya 1948
Website johor.gov.my
Kota Iskandar is a state administrative centre
Except Muar and Tangkak

Johor (/əˈhɔər, ˌ-/) or Johore is a Malaysian state, located in the southern portion of Peninsular Malaysia. It is one of the most developed states in Malaysia. The state capital city of Johor is Johor Bahru. The royal city of the state is Muar and the old state capital is Johor Lama.

Johor is surrounded by Pahang to the north, Melaka and Negeri Sembilan to the northwest, and the Straits of Johor to the south, which separates Johor and the Republic of Singapore. The state also shares a maritime border with the Riau Archipelago from the east and Riau mainland on the west by the South China Sea and the Strait of Malacca respectively, both of Indonesian territories.

Johor is also known by its Arabic honorific, Darul Ta'zim, or "Abode of Dignity", and as Johore in English.

Johor: Etymology

The name "Johor" originated from the Persian word Jauhar, 'gem/jewel'. Malays tend to name a place after natural objects in great abundance or having visual dominance. Before the name Johor was adopted, the area south of the Muar River to Singapore island was known as Ujong Tanah or 'land's end' in Malay, due to its location at the end of the Malay Peninsula. Coincidentally, Johor is the most southern point of the Asian continental mainland.

Johor: History

In the early 16th century, the Sultanate of Johor was founded by the Alauddin Riayat Shah II, the son of Mahmud Shah, the last Sultan of Melaka who fled from the invading Portuguese in Melaka. Johor sultanate was one of the two successor states of the Melaka empire. On Malacca's defeat by the Portuguese in 1511, Alauddin Riayat Shah II established a monarchy in Johor, which posed a threat to the Portuguese. The Sultanate of Perak-established by Mahmud Shah's other son, Muzaffar Shah I-was the other successor state of Malacca. During Johor's peak, the whole of Pahang, present day Indonesian territories of the Riau archipelago, and part of Sumatra Island was under Johor's rule.

A series of succession struggles were interspersed with strategic alliances struck with regional clans and foreign powers, which maintained Johor's political and economic hold in the Straits. In competition with the Acehnese of northern Sumatra and the port-kingdom of Melaka under Portuguese rule, Johor engaged in prolonged warfare with their rivals, often striking alliances with friendly Malay states and with the Dutch. In 1641, Johor in co-operation with the Dutch succeeded in capturing Melaka. By 1660, Johor had become a flourishing entrepôt, although weakening and splintering of the empire in the late seventeenth and eighteenth century reduced its sovereignty.

In the 18th century, the Bugis of Sulawesi and the Minangkabau of Sumatra controlled the political powers in the Johor-Riau Empire. However, in the early 19th century, Malay and Bugis rivalry commanded the scene. In 1819, the Johor-Riau Empire was divided up into the mainland Johor, controlled by the Temenggong, and the Sultanate of Riau-Lingga, controlled by the Bugis. In 1855, under the terms of a treaty between the British in Singapore and Sultan Ali of Johor, control of the state was formally ceded to Dato' Temenggong Daing Ibrahim, with the exception of the Kesang area (Muar), which was handed over in 1877. Temenggong Ibrahim opened up Bandar Tanjung Puteri (later to become Johor's present-day capital) in south Johor as a major town.

Flag of Johor. The colour blue represents the State Government, the colour red for warriors defending the state, the white crescent and 5-sided star represent the monarchy and Islam.

Temenggong Ibrahim was succeeded by his son, Dato' Temenggong Abu Bakar, who later took the title Seri Maharaja Johor by Queen Victoria of England. In 1886, he was formally crowned the Sultan of Johor. Sultan Abu Bakar of Johor (1864–1895) implemented a state constitution, developed a British-style administration and constructed the Istana Besar, the official residence of the Sultan. For his achievements, Sultan Abu Bakar is known by the title "Father of Modern Johor". The increased demand for black pepper and gambier in the nineteenth century lead to the opening up of farmlands to the influx of Chinese immigrants, which created Johor's initial economic base. The Kangchu system was put in place with the first settlement of Kangkar Tebrau established in 1844. The decline of the Kangchu economy at the end of the 19th century coincided with the opening of the railway line connecting Johor Bahru and the Federated Malay States in 1909 and the emergence of rubber plantations throughout the state. Under the British Resident system, Sultan Ibrahim, Sultan Abu Bakar's successor, was forced to accept a British adviser in 1904. D.G. Campbell was dispatched as the first British adviser to Johor. From the 1910s to the 1940s, Johor emerged as Malaya's top rubber producing state, a position it has held until recently. Johor was also until recently the largest oil palm producer in Malaysia.

During World War II, Johor Bahru became the last city on the Malay peninsula to fall to the Japanese. Allied Forces, Australian, Malayan and Indian forces held out for four days in what was known as the Battle of Gemas, the General Yamashita Tomoyuki had his headquarters on top of Bukit Serene and coordinated the downfall of Singapore.

Johor gave birth to the Malay opposition that derailed the Malayan Union plan. Malays under Dato' Onn Jaafar's leadership formed the United Malays National Organisation (UMNO) in Johor on 11 May 1946. (UMNO is currently the main component party of Malaysia's ruling Barisan Nasional coalition.) In 1948, Johor joined the Federation of Malaya, which gained Independence in 1957.

Johor: Population and demographics

Johor Bahru, the capital of Johor.

Johor is Malaysia's second-most populous state with the nation's 3rd largest conurbation, the Iskandar Malaysia. Johor's geographical position in the southern of Peninsular Malaysia contributed to the state's rapid development as Malaysia's transportation and industrial hub. This creates jobs and attracted migrants from other states as well as overseas, especially from Indonesia, the Philippines, Vietnam, Myanmar, Bangladesh, India, Pakistan and China. In recent decades, the influx of illegal immigrants, particularly from Indonesia, has further contributed to Johor's population.

Sub divisions of Johor

Rank Flag Districts Seat Population 2016
1 Flag of Johor Bahru, Johor.svg Johor Bahru Johor Bahru 1,334,188
2 Flag of Batu Pahat, Johor.svg Batu Pahat Batu Pahat 401,902
3 Flag of Kluang, Johor.svg Kluang Kluang 288,364
4 Flag of Kulai, Johor.svg Kulai Kulai 245,294
5 Flag of Muar, Johor.svg Muar Muar 239,027
6 Flag of Kota Tinggi, Johor.svg Kota Tinggi Kota Tinggi 193,210
7 Flag of Segamat, Johor.svg Segamat Segamat 182,985
8 Flag of Pontian, Johor.svg Pontian Pontian Kechil 149,938
9 Flag of Tangkak, Johor.svg Tangkak Tangkak 131,890
10 Flag of Mersing, Johor.svg Mersing Mersing 69,028

Johor has the second-largest population in Malaysia at 3,230,440 as of 2010, which increase to 3,601,690 in 2016. The state's ethnic composition consists of Malay 51.2%, Chinese 33.5%, Indian 10.7%, other ethnic groups 0.1% and non-citizens 4.5%.

Johor: Ethnic Breakdown

The following is based on Department of Statistics Malaysia 2015 figures.

Ethnic groups in Johor, 2015
Ethnicity Population Percentage
Bumiputera 1,954,010 55.0%
Chinese 1,075,100 30.3%
Indian 230,700 6.5%
Others 16,900 0.5%
Non- Malaysian 276,900 7.8%

Johor: Religion

Religion in Johor – 2010
religion percent
Islam
58.2%
Buddhism
29.6%
Hinduism
6.6%
Christianity
3.3%
Chinese Ethnic Religion
0.8%
Unknown
1.0%
No religion
0.3%
Other religion
0.2%

As of 2010, the population of Johor is 58.2% Muslim, 29.5% Buddhist, 6.6% Hindu, 3.3% Christian, 0.7% Taoist or Chinese religion adherent, 1.2% follower of other religions or unknown affiliations, and 0.3% non-religious.

The state religion of Johor being Islam was one of the stipulations in 1946 put on Malaya by Johor.

Johor: Language

The Johorean Malay, also known as Johor-Riau Malay and originally spoken in Johor, Riau, Melaka, Selangor and Singapore, has been adopted as the basis for both the Malaysian and Indonesian national languages, Malaysian and Indonesian, respectively. Due to Johor's location at the confluence of trade routes within Maritime Southeast Asia, as well as the former economic might and influence of Melaka and Johor, the dialect spread as the region's lingua franca since the 15th century; hence the adoption of the dialect as the basis for the national languages of Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore. Several related languages are also spoken in the state such as Orang Seletar (spoken along the Straits of Johor as well as in northern Singapore), Orang Kanaq (spoken in small parts of southeastern Johor), Jakun (mostly inland parts of Johor), Temuan (near the border with Pahang and Negeri Sembilan) and Orang Kuala (at the northwest coast of Johor). Terengganu Malay, a distinct variant of Malay are spoken in the district of Mersing near the border with Rompin, Pahang.

Johor: Geography

Panti Forest in Kota Tinggi District.

Johor is the 5th largest state by land area and 2nd most populous state in Malaysia, with a total land area of 19,210 km (7,420 sq mi), and a population of 3,233,434 as of 2010.

It is the southernmost state in Peninsular Malaysia, and is located between the 1°20"N and 2°35"N latitudes. The highest point in Johor is Gunung Ledang (1276 m). Gunung Ledang is also known as Mount Ophir. Johor also has a 400 km coastline on both the East and the West coasts.

Johor has 8 large islands with numerous smaller ones, namely Pulau Aur, Pulau Besar, Pulau Dayang, Pulau Lima, Pulau Pemanggil, Pulau Rawa, Pulau Sibu, Pulau Tengah and Pulau Tinggi.

Johor: Climate

Johor has a tropical rainforest climate with monsoon rain from November until February blowing from the South China Sea. The average annual rainfall is 1778 mm with average temperatures ranging between 25.5 °C (78 °F) and 27.8 °C (82 °F). Humidity is between 82 and 86%.

On 19 December 2006, a continuous heavy downpour occurred in Johor, which led to the 2006-2007 Malaysian floods. Many towns such as Muar, Kota Tinggi and Segamat were seriously flooded with water levels as high as 10 feet (3.0 m) above ground level recorded in some areas. 15 lives were lost and many possessions destroyed, and this resulted in huge financial losses in Johor. More than 100,000 victims were evacuated to flood relief centres.

Malaysia's Sultan Iskandar Customs Complex at Johor Bahru.
The water pipeline at the causeway, which provides much of Singapore's water supply.

Johor is linked to Singapore via two road connections: the Johor–Singapore Causeway and the Malaysia-Singapore Second Link. The Causeway also carries a railway line, which is now part of the main rail route linking Singapore with Thailand via Kuala Lumpur, Ipoh and Butterworth.

The Johor-Singapore Causeway (length: 1038 m) was designed by Messrs Coode, Fizmaurice, Wilson and Mitchell of Westminster, while the construction contract was awarded to Topham, Jones & Railton Ltd of London. Construction of the causeway started in 1919 and was completed in 1923.

It was preceded by a railway ferry link in 1903, which connected Johor to Singapore, then the administrative headquarters of British interests in South-East Asia. In 1909, this ferry link connected with the Johore State Railway, which opened that year between Johore Bharu and Gemas, providing a direct rail route with the rest of the Federated Malay States. Prior to 1909 travellers between Singapore and the Federated Malay States had to travel by sea between Singapore and Port Dickson.

The causeway has been a source of contention ever since Singapore seceded from Malaysia in 1965. Stagnating water caused by the Causeway has raised health concerns in Johor. Malaysia proposed to replace the causeway with a bridge, allowing water, tide movement and ship movement from Pasir Gudang, the older port in Johor to the new port in Gelang Patah through the Straits of Johor. Singapore rejected this proposal, after which Malaysia came up with the idea of what became known as "the crooked half-bridge", 25m above water level, and descending halfway to link up with the low-level causeway. The railway was to have a swing bridge. The scheme was part of the Gerbang Selatan Bersepadu project. It had been previously announced that the bridge project would go ahead, even without the agreement of the Singaporean government. The bridge would become a straight bridge if the Singaporean government accepted the project. Construction work on the bridge stopped, however, on the orders of the former Prime Minister, Abdullah Ahmad Badawi, who cited the unwillingness of Malaysia to sell sand and allow the use of Malaysian airspace by Singapore as a return for Singaporean consent to the bridge's construction.

Animosity between previous leaders of both countries has abated with the rise of new leaders, Abdullah Badawi as Malaysian Prime Minister replacing Mahathir Mohamad and Lee Hsien Loong in Singapore replacing Goh Chok Tong. It has renewed talks and improved relations between countries.

The second road connection, the Malaysia-Singapore Second Link, was completed in October 1997; the link consists of a 1920 m twin-deck bridge supporting a dual-three lane carriageway linking Kampong Ladang in Tanjung Kupang, Johor, to Jalan Ahmad Ibrahim in Tuas, Singapore.

Johor: Government and politics

Royal Palace of Sultan of Johor
Johor Chief Minister's Office
Johor State Legislative Assembly

Johor: Monarchy

Johor is a constitutional monarchy. Johor was the first state in Malaysia to adopt the constitutional monarchy system via Undang-undang Tubuh Negeri Johor (Johor State Constitution) written by Sultan Abu Bakar. The constitutional head of Johor is the Sultan. This hereditary position can only be held by a member of the Johor Royal Family, who is descended from Sultan Abu Bakar. Until 2010 the State's Sultan since 1981 had been Sultan Iskandar Al-Haj. He died 22 January 2010. Tunku Ibrahim Ismail Ibni Almarhum Sultan Iskandar was proclaimed as the new Sultan of Johor on 23 January 2010.

Johor was the first state and currently the only state in Malaysia that has its own military force called the Royal Johor Military Force or 'Timbalan Setia Negeri'. It is a private army of the Sultan of Johor located at Johor Bahru City.

Johor: State government

The state government is headed by a Chief Minister. The current Chief Minister is Dato' Mohamed Khaled Nordin of United Malays National Organisation. The Chief Minister is assisted by 10 members executive council (exco), whose members are selected from the state assembly members.

The legislative branch of Johor's government is the Johor State Legislative Assembly. The state assembly makes laws in matters regarding the state. Members of the Assembly are elected by citizens every five years by universal suffrage.

Johor: Districts

Districts in Johor State

Johor is divided into ten districts of:

  • Johor Bahru 1817.8 km², population 1,386,569 (2010)
    • Majlis Bandaraya Johor Bahru (Abbreviation as MBJB or City Council of Johor Bahru. It includes areas of Johor Bahru City Centre, Taman Pelangi, Pasir Pelangi, Taman Rinting, Tasek Utara, Permas Jaya, Kangkar Tebrau, Kempas, Larkin, Majidee, Taman Mount Austin and Tebrau)
    • Majlis Perbandaran Johor Bahru Tengah (MPJBT includes areas of Masai, Plentong, Ulu Tiram, Gelang Patah, Skudai, Pulai, Lima Kedai.)
    • Majlis Perbandaran Pasir Gudang (MPPG includes areas of Pasir Gudang Industrial Estate, Taman Kota Masai, Taman Pasir Putih, Air Biru, Taman Tanjung Langsat, Taman Scientex, Taman Nusa Damai, Kampung Kong Kong, Kampung Sg. Tiram.)
  • Kulai 753.45 km², population: 251,650 (2010)
    • Majlis Perbandaran Kulai (previously known as Majlis Daerah Kulai) (Includes areas of Senai, Kulai Town, Sedenak, Ayer Bemban)
  • Pontian 919.5 km², population: 155,541 (2010)
    • Majlis Daerah Pontian
  • Kota Tinggi 3488.7 km², population: 193,210 (2010)
    • Majlis Daerah Kota Tinggi
  • Kluang 2851.8 km², population: 298,332 (2010)
    • Majlis Perbandaran Kluang (previously known as Majlis Daerah Kluang Utara)(Includes the capital district of Kluang, and most of the northern part of Kluang district)
    • Majlis Daerah Simpang Renggam (previously known as Majlis Daerah Kluang Selatan)(Includes Simpang Renggam and most of the southern part of Kluang district
  • Segamat 2851.26 km², population: 189,820 (2010)
    • Majlis Daerah Segamat (Majlis Daerah Segamat Utara) (Includes areas of Jementah, Buloh Kasap, Batu Enam and Gemas Baharu)
    • Majlis Daerah Labis (previously known as Majlis Daerah Segamat Selatan) (Includes areas of Tenang Station, Chaah, Bekok and Pekan Air Panas)
  • Muar 2346.12 km², population: 247,957 (2010)
    • Majlis Perbandaran Muar (previously known as Majlis Daerah Muar Selatan) (Includes areas of Bukit Pasir, Bukit Bakri, Parit Jawa, others)
  • Tangkak 970.24 km², population: 136,852 (2010)
    • Majlis Daerah Tangkak (previously known as Majlis Daerah Muar Utara)(Includes areas of Bukit Gambir, Sagil, Serom, Kesang, others)
  • Batu Pahat 1878 km², population: 417,458 (2010)
    • Majlis Perbandaran Batu Pahat (previously known as Majlis Daerah Batu Pahat Barat)(Includes most of the western part of the district,from Semerah in the north to western Rengit in the south, and the city of Batu Pahat,)
    • Majlis Daerah Yong Peng (previously known as Majlis Daerah Batu Pahat Timur)(Includes the eastern part of Batu Pahat from Ayer Hitam in the south to Parit Sulong in the north)
  • Mersing 2838.6 km², population: 70,894 (2010)
    • Majlis Daerah Mersing

Johor: Economy

Johor: Iskandar Malaysia

The Iskandar, Johor (also known as Iskandar Development Region and South Johor Economic Region), encompassing Johor Bahru, Johor Bahru Tengah, Kulai, Pasir Gudang, Iskandar Puteri which is a major development zone in Johor with an area of 2,215 km² and Pontian (South). It was named after the late Sultan Iskandar Al-haj. It is intended to draw investment and business to Johor and will be among the biggest development projects in Malaysia. The state administrative capital will move to Iskandar Puteri. Residential areas include Bukit Indah and Horizon Hills townships.

Johor: Education

Tun Hussein Onn University of Malaysia

Johor has several institutions of higher learning. It has three universities, namely Universiti Teknologi Malaysia situated in Skudai, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia in Parit Raja, Batu Pahat (UTHM), Universiti Teknologi MARA Johor ( UiTM) in Segamat and UiTM City Campus in Johor Bahru and several polytechnics as an example Politeknik Ibrahim Sultan and Politeknik Mersing Johor. Johor also has two teaching colleges called IPG Kampus Temenggong Ibrahim in Johor Bahru and IPG Kampus Tun Hussien Onn in Batu Pahat. It has one non-profit community college called Southern University College situated in Skudai. Southern College was established in 1990 owing to the generous support from the communities. It is the first non-profit community college in the country wholly funded by public donation and is open to Malaysian students of all races.

Johor Education Foundation (Yayasan Pelajaran Johor) also establish tertiary education opportunity in Johor State. It offers studies from various field such as engineering, business, economics & hospitality for all Malaysian as well as qualified students from anywhere around the world. Currently, YPJ Education group is managing a 100 acre education complex in Kota Tinggi District as well as Skill colleges in Ledang, Batu Pahat, Kluang and Kota Tinggi District.

The English College Johore Bahru, also known as Maktab Sultan Abu Bakar, abbreviated as English College, EC, MSAB, The College, and sometimes dubbed "The Pride of Johore", is among old premier school in Malaysia.

At the primary level, Muslim Johorean students are required to attend Islamic religious school in addition to national school. Many Malay Johoreans have competent skills in Jawi script, the official script in Johor since 1885, which is still used in Islamic religious and Malay cultural matters.

As of 30 June 2008, there are 243 secondary schools in Johor educating 277 059 students. The total number of teachers in Johor at that time was 18212, which provided a teacher-student ratio of 15.21.

Johor: Public universities

Official Name in Malay Name in English Acronym Location
Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia Tun Hussein Onn University of Malaysia UTHM Parit Raja
Universiti Teknologi Malaysia University of Technology, Malaysia UTM Skudai
Universiti Teknologi MARA MARA Technology University UiTM Segamat and Pasir Gudang

Johor: Private universities and university colleges

Official Name in Malay Name in English Acronym Website Location
Kolej Olympia Olympia College [3] Johor Bahru
Kolej Universiti Southern Southern University College SUC [4] Skudai
Universiti Kuala Lumpur Kuala Lumpur University UniKL [5] Masai
Institut Sains & Teknologi Darul Takzim University Affiliated College INSTEDT [6] Kota Tinggi
Politeknik Ibrahim Sultan Ibrahim Sultan Polytechnic PIS [7] Johor Bahru
Maktab Sultan Abu Bakar English College Johore Bahru EC [8] Johor Bahru
Institut Teknologi Perindustrian YPJ Institute of Industrial Technology YPJ [9] Johor Bahru
Kolej Aman Aman College [10] Batu Pahat
Kolej I-Systems I-Systems College INFORMATICS [11] Johor Bahru
Kolej Yayasan Pelajaran Johor YPJ College KYPJ [12] Kota Tinggi
Kolej Internasional Crescendo Crescendo International College CRESC [13] Johor Bahru
Kolej Metropoint Metropoint College [14] Johor Bahru
Kolej Reliance Reliance College http://www.reliance.edu.my/ Johor Bahru
Kolej SAL SAL Group of Colleges SAL [15] Johor Bahru
Kolej Sunway Johor Bahru Sunway College Johor Bahru SUNWAY [16] Johor Bahru
Kolej Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman Tunku Abdul Rahman University College TARC [17] Labis
Universiti Perubatan Antarabangsa International Medical University IMU [18] Batu Pahat
Kolej Universiti Sains Kesihatan Masterskill Masterskill University College of Health Sciences MUCH [19] Masai
Institut Latihan Perindustrian (ILP) Pasir Gudang Pasir Gudang Industrial Training Institute ILPPG [20] Pasir Gudang
Universiti Perubatan Newcastle Malaysia Newcastle University Medicine Malaysia NUMM [21] Johor Bahru
Universiti Southampton Kampus Malaysia University of Southampton Malaysia Campus USMC [22] Johor Bahru
Universiti Raffles Iskandar Raffles University Iskandar, Malaysia RUI [23] Johor Bahru

Johor: Hospitals

Sultanah Fatimah Specialist Hospital

There are public hospitals and private hospitals in Johor:

Public Hospitals

  • Hospital Sultanah Aminah, Johor Bahru
  • Hospital Sultanah Fatimah, Muar
  • Hospital Sultanah Nora Ismail, Batu Pahat
  • Hospital Enche' Besar Hajjah Khalsom, Kluang
  • Hospital Segamat
  • Hospital Pontian
  • Hospital Kota Tinggi
  • Hospital Mersing
  • Hospital Tangkak
  • Hospital Temenggung Seri Maharaja Tun Ibrahim, Kulai
  • Hospital Permai
  • Hospital Sultan Ismail

Private Hospitals

  • Hospital Penawar, Pasir Gudang
  • Hospital Pakar Johor, Johor Bahru
  • Pantai Hospital Batu Pahat
  • Putra Specialist Hospital Batu Pahat
  • KPJ Specialist Hospital Muar
  • Hospital Pakar Abdul Samad
  • Columbia Asia
  • Gleanagles

Johor: Transportation hubs

Johor: Ports

Port of Tanjung Pelepas

Johor has three ports, the Johor Port, the Port of Tanjung Pelepas and the Tanjung Langsat Port.

Johor: Airports

Senai International Airport

Johor has one international airport, the Senai International Airport in Senai. It was opened on 6 June 1974 and has been expanded several times since. Currently, it has a 5-million passenger capacity, with a parallel taxiway under construction.

The airport is a regional hub of AirAsia group, a regional low-cost no-frills airline. Malaysia Airlines and Firefly also operate flights from Senai International Airport to some local destinations.

Johor: Media

Johor: Television

Media Prima

Television in Johor consists of seven free-to-air stations. The TV stations are transmitted from Gunung Ledang, Johor (for North Johor area), Gunung Pulai, Johor (for Central and South Johor area) and Bukit Tinggi, Johor (for East Johor; TV1 and TV2 only).Three of the seven free-to-air stations are managed by Radio Televisyen Malaysia, a federal government-owned media company headquartered in Kuala Lumpur, while the four commercial stations are owned by Media Prima, an integrated media company headquartered in Bandar Utama, Selangor. In addition, Singapore TV channels transmitted from Bukit Batok-like MediaCorp Channel 5, MediaCorp Channel 8, MediaCorp Suria (South Johor only), MediaCorp Vasantham, MediaCorp Channel U (South Johor only), Okto and Channel News Asia-can be received in Central and South Johor.

  • Radio Televisyen Malaysia (RTM)
    • TV1
    • TV2
    • TVi
    • TV Alhijrah
  • Media Prima
    • TV3
    • ntv7
    • 8TV
    • TV9
    • Sport 24
  • ABNXcess
  • Astro (All Astro Plc)

Johor: Radio

Radio stations in Johor are available in the FM frequency and transmitted from Gunung Ledang, Johor (for North Johor area), Gunung Pulai, Johor (for Central and South Johor area) and Bukit Tinggi, Johor (for East Johor). Singapore radio stations like 883JiaFM (88.3 MHz), BBC World Service (88.9 MHz), Ria 89.7FM (89.7 MHz), Gold 90.5FM (90.5 MHz), One FM 91.3/Radio 91.3 (91.3 MHz), Kiss 92FM (92.0 MHz), Symphony 92.4FM (92.4 MHz), Y.E.S. 93.3FM (93.3 MHz), 938LIVE (93.8 MHz), Warna 94.2FM (94.2 MHz), Class 95FM (95.0 MHz), Capital 95.8FM (95.8 MHz), XFM 96.3 (96.3 MHz), Oli 96.8FM (96.8 MHz), Love 97.2FM (97.2 MHz), Power98FM (98.0 MHz), 987FM (98.7 MHz), Lush 99.5FM (99.5 MHz) and UFM 1003 (100.3 MHz; South Johor only) can be received in Central and South Johor (Batu Pahat, Kluang, Pontian, Kota Tinggi, Kulai and Johor Bahru).

Johor: Newspapers

Mainstream newspapers in Johor are:

  • Berita Harian (in Bahasa Malaysia)
  • Utusan Malaysia (in Bahasa Malaysia)
  • Kosmo! (in Bahasa Malaysia)
  • Harian Metro (in Bahasa Malaysia)
  • Sinar Harian (in Bahasa Malaysia)
  • New Straits Times (in English)
  • The Star (in English)
  • The Malay Mail (in English)
  • The Sun (in English)
  • Nanyang Siang Pau (in Mandarin)
  • Sin Chew Jit Poh (in Mandarin)
  • China Press (in Mandarin)
  • Malaysia Nanban (in Tamil)
  • Tamil Nesan (in Tamil)
  • Makkal Osai (in Tamil)
  • Harakah (in Bahasa Malaysia and English). This newspaper is owned by the Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party, one of the major party in the Pakatan Rakyat opposition in Johor.
  • Suara Keadilan. This newspaper is owned by People's Justice Party, another major party in the Pakatan Rakyat opposition in Johor.

Johor: Tourism

Johor: Major tourist attractions

Sultan Abu Bakar State Mosque
Tanjung Piai pier

Among the popular tourist destinations in Johor are:

  • Sultan Abu Bakar State Mosque constructed between 1892 and 1900
  • Tebrau – Arulmigu Sri Rajakaliamman Glass Temple- The world's first Hindu glass temple
  • Desaru – beaches & golf courses along the South China Sea
  • Johor Bahru – shopping, night market, colonial/royal district
  • Kota Tinggi 34-meter waterfall.
  • Kukup – a fishing village with seafood restaurants built over water
  • Muar – picturesque riverside town
  • Seribuat Archipelago – islands with beautiful beaches, coral reefs
  • Tanjung Piai – the southernmost tip of mainland Asia
  • Danga Bay – waterfront city
  • Pekan Air Panas – hot springs, waterfall, local fruits available
  • Kota Iskandar – administration centre of Johor Government
  • Pulau Dayang – major diving attraction, snorkelling, fishing
  • Mount Ophir – legendary mountain/highest peak in South of Peninsula Malaysia, famous of mountain hiking
  • Ayer Panas Waterfall – Malaysian "Jiu Zai Kou" with crystal clear water from the peak of Gunung Ledang
  • Tangkak – hometown of famous "Tangkak Beef Noodle", shopping paradise for fabric, served best handmade noodle in the world
  • Pulau Kukus – This island is close to Pulau Sibu Tengah and popular for snorkelling activity
  • Tampoi Muniswaran Hindu Temple during Thaipusam

Johor: International theme parks

  • Legoland Malaysia – The first of its kind theme park in Asia and the first international theme park in Malaysia
  • Hello Kitty Town

Johor: National parks and forest reserves

Johor is also noted for its national parks. Johor currently has five national parks, with a combined area of more than 700 km² and several smaller recreational forest. Almost all recreational parks are based around a mountain. Johor also has the third-largest mangrove forest reserve in Peninsular Malaysia (167 km²).

  • Tanjung Piai National Park – A natural wonderland at the southernmost tip of Asia
  • Endau-Rompin National Park – The second National Park in Malaysia after Taman Negara, it covers an area of approximately 80,000 hectares
  • Pulau Kukup Johor National Park – One of the largest uninhabited mangroves in the world, Pulau Kukup has been granted the status of a 'Wetland of International Importance' (RAMSAR site) by the Geneva-based Ramsar Convention Bureau.

Johor: Islands and beaches

  • Pulau Sibu – A pleasant hideaway with its lush tropical vegetation, endless stretches of golden beaches and clear blue waters
  • Pulau Rawa – Sixteen kilometres off the coast of Mersing, the island is famed for its white coral sand, tall palm trees and coral reefs with neon-coloured fish and other exotic marine life
  • Desaru Beach – Among the best beaches in Johor, the beach is clean, lined with casuarina trees and stretch 25 kilometres long
  • Pulau Aur – Rated among the best diving destinations within the Johor Marine Park Area

Johor: Mausoleum of Sultan Mahmud Mangkat Dijulang

Johor: Culture

The culture of Johor is influenced by visitors and traders throughout history. A major influence was the Bugis – who first set foot in Malaysia in Johor before continuing on to Melaka, Linggi, Selangor, Pahang and Terengganu – Javanese and the Arabs. They had a powerful effect on the politics of Johor, Pahang, Terengganu and Selangor. The strong Arab influence is apparent in art performances like Zapin and Hamdolok, musical instruments like gambus. Other visible legacies in Johor Bahru are the Arabic names of places such as Wadi Hana and Wadi Hassan in areas populated by the Arab community from Hadhramaut in the southeast of Yemen. Wadi means valley in Arabic.

Johor: Clothing

  • Cekak Musang and Teluk Belanga are types of collar design for the male garment 'baju melayu'. It is said that Teluk Belanga was designed by Sultan Abu Bakar in 1866 to commemorate the shift of Johor's capital from Teluk Belanga to Johor Bahru. The Teluk Belanga design is a simple hemmed round collar with a stiff stitching called 'tulang belut' or 'eel's spine', with a loop at the end to fit a 'kancing'. This collar design creates an exposed neck in contrast to the neck-covering Cekak Musang design that is a raised stiff collar of about 1–2 cm with an opening down to the chest. The collar ends have matching holes to fit buttons.
  • Kurung Johor
  • Kurung Riau
  • Belah kebaya panjang

Johor: Songs

Tanjung Puteri is the song most commonly associated with Johor.

Tanjung Puteri

Tajuk Johor Tanjung Puteri

Selat Tebrau airnya biru

Di Pantai Lido tepian mandi

Sepanjang masa di hari minggu

Atas bukit Tanjung Puteri

Taman hiburan indah berseri

Pemandangan menawan hati

Jalan tambak hubungan negeri

(chorus)

Tanjung Sekijang nun di kuala

Tempat nelayan mengail gelama

Istana Hinggap di Kuala Danga

Pantai berkelah keluarga diRaja

Dari Tebrau orang berakit

Singgah Setulang membeli kopi

Pusara si Bongkok di lereng bukit

Di tepi pantai Tanjung Puteri

Johor: Folk dances and music

Johor: Zapin dance

Zapin is a dance form popular in Malaysia, especially in the state of Johor. It is believed to have been introduced by Muslim missionaries from the Middle East in the 14th century. In the old days, only males were allowed to perform it, but it now includes female dancers. It was once performed exclusively for religious ceremonies, but has become a traditional entertainment. The dancers usually perform in pairs, accompanied by a traditional music ensemble that typically consists of the gambus, accordion, violin, marwas (bongos), rebana (drum), and dok. There are various types of zapin-including zapin melayu, zapin pekajang, zapin tenglu, zapin pulau, zapin parit mastar, and zapin lenga.

Johor: Kuda Kepang

Kuda kepang is a dance or game performed by Johoreans, especially of Javanese descent. Kuda kepang is a legless horse-shaped puppet that is straddled by the performers. Usually, a troupe of performers consists of 10 to 15 people. It is performed at wedding ceremonies and cultural celebrations. There are several possible origins of kuda kepang. It is said to derive from the struggles of Wali Songo, a group of nine Islamic preachers in Java. Others think it originated from the movement of horses commanded by Ali, the fourth Muslim Caliph. There are several dance rhythms or patterns: the sola, Sselendang, pak tani, pucuk rebung, perjuangan, and mempertahankan diri. The bobbing movement of the performers and their horse puppet is called lenggang kiprah.

The musical instruments used in kuda kepang performance are angklong, gendang, gong, kinong, jidor, soron kecil and bonang.

Johor: Legends

Johor: Legend of Badang

This is a story of Badang, a slave who gained super human strength by eating the vomit of a river spirit. He used this to win his freedom. Contrary to popular belief, Badang was born in Sayong Pinang, Johor. Upon hearing his strength, he was summoned by the Seri Rama Wira Kerma of Temasik where he displayed his skills. Challengers were sent by foreign kingdoms to defeat him. Among them were King of Kalinga I from India who sent Nadi Bijaya Pikrama, a fierce wrestler, and the noblemen of Perlak who sent Benderang. Badang emerged victorious from both fights and eventually stayed in Temasik until his death.

Johor: Legend of Malim Deman

According to legend, Malim Deman was a king in Segamat who was in love with Princess Santan Bertapis. The princess was kidnapped by a spirit and Malim Deman swore that as long as the princess is not returned, the Segamat area shall experience floods for all eternity. However, with modern town planning and irrigation, flooding is now a rare occurrence in Segamat.

Johor: Legend of Gunung Ledang

Johor: Awang's spear returned to Dayang

Lembing Awang Pulang ke Dayang (Awang's spear Returned to Dayang) is an incident that occurred in Parit Raja, Muar.

It occurred in 1776 when a man called Awang returned to Padang (now known as Parit Raja, Muar) after more than 3 years abroad to marry his fiancée Dayang. Upon his return, he found out that another man called Bachok at Pa'achok had told Dayang of Awang's death and she was to be married to him the next day. Awang showed up at the wedding and using a twin spear given by Raja Bugis, he speared Bachok in the stomach. Bachok, fatally injured, grabbed the spear in his stomach and speared his best man. The man then speared the next man he saw and this was repeated until the 99th person was speared. It was Dayang's father who was protecting Dayang. He did not continue the repeated spearing and died. Awang ran away to Endau and Dayang did not marry another until she died.

Johor: Black Tongue Warrior

Panglima Lidah Hitam (the Black Tongue Warrior) is a legendary warrior in Johor state.

Johor: Hamdolok

Hamdolok originated from the exposure of Middle Eastern culture introduced by Arabs in Johor. It is a traditional theatre performed during weddings and festivals. It is a blend of artistic characters of both the Middle East and local Malay communities. Instruments used include the gambus, tambourine, maracas and conga drums. It was also inspired by the Bedouin celebrating the birth of Islamic prophet Muhammad playing musical instruments and reciting poetry.

Johor: Cuisine

Cuisine in Johor is influenced by Arabs and cultures of the surrounding Maritime Southeast Asia. Some dishes are a blend of ingredients not found anywhere else in Malaysia. Due to their difficult and sometimes complicated recipes, some can only be sampled during celebrations and state banquets.

  • Laksa Johor is from Johor. It differs from Laksa Penang by having coconut milk added during cooking. It also differs from other laksas by using spaghetti instead of rice-based noodles.
  • Mee Bandung Muar is also a dish originated from Johor, specifically from Muar. The term 'bandung' is not derived from Bandung, Indonesia but is a term for anything that is mixed from many ingredients. One of the most important ingredient is dried shrimp.
  • Penganan Kacau keledek is a dessert normally reserved for the Johor monarch and elites. It is made from sweet potatoes, a lot of eggs (at least 40), fresh coconut milk (not instant ones) and huge amounts of sugar. It is mixed together and stirred on a simmering heat for at least 4 hours.
  • Mee rebus is a noodle dish that consists of Mee (a spaghetti like mixture of flour, salt and egg) and is served with a tangy, spicy brown sauce. Usually crumbs and boiled eggs are added.
  • Arisa – A unique chicken dish that is very rare nowadays, and is normally served to the royalties and social elites of Johor at formal functions and celebrations.
Sate
  • Satay – is a popular food in Malaysia. Made from marinated meat or chicken and burnt on charcoal grill. Cooked satay is dipped in special peanut sauce. A favourite Malay food in Johor, mostly found in Johor Bahru and Muar.
  • Telur pindang – Eggs boiled together with herbs and spices, popular during wedding feasts in Johor.
  • Roti Jala or Roti Kirai – The name is derived from the Malay word 'roti' (bread) and 'jala' (net). A special ladle with a five-hole perforation used to make the bread looks like a fish net (picture in the works). It is usually eaten spicy with curry or sweet with 'serawa'. Serawa is made from a mixture of boiled coconut milk, brown sugar and pandan leaf.
  • Nasi Beriani Gam – A biryani rice dish originating from India with a cooking method very similar to Hyderabad Biryani but with spices adjusted to suit the Malay palate. This dish is very popular in Batu Pahat District.
  • Ikan masak asam pedas – A sour stew of fish (usually mackerel), tamarind, chili, tomatoes, okra and Vietnamese coriander (Malay: daun kesum)
  • Kacang Pol- This dish is influenced by Arab Culture where special baked bread was served with special sauce and a 'sunny side up' egg.
  • Pisang Salai or Gimpi smoked banana cooked into perfection
  • Otak-otak – Steamed/Grilled fish cake usually served wrapped in sticks of coconut leaves. Two of the most popular varieties are Otak-otak Muar (spicy) and Otak-otak Gelang Patah (sweet).
  • Mee Soto – This Indonesian origin food is very popular in Johor. People may have change noodles with rice or vermicelli rice according to their preference. Combination of either noodle, rice or vermicelli rice is added with peanut, beansprout and chicken meat. These combination then is poured with special soup. This soup was made from chicken stock and some other spice. Enjoy it while its hot.
  • Mee Bakso is almost identical to soto, but with meatballs instead of slices of chicken.
  • Lontongis a combination of pressed rice and coconut soup with vegetables, served with boiled egg and chili.
  • Burasak is a type of Buginese food.
  • Halwa Maskat is a dessert that may have originated in Mascat, Oman.
  • Kerutup ikan is fish is steamed with a variety of local fragrant leaves.
  • Pecal is a Javanese traditional cuisine made from long beans, slices of cucumber, beansprouts, tauhu, tempe mix, and a peanut sauce.
  • Tauhu bakar is made from soybean burnt on a grill and cut into cubes and dipped in a sauce.
  • Pendaram
  • Mee Siput is a mixture of flour that expands in size when deep fried.
  • Rojak Petis is a combination of local vegetables mixed with black sauce made mostly from shrimp(Otak Udang).
  • ABC – ABC is an abbreviation for air batu campur, also known as Ice Kacang Johor. It is a special dessert created from shaved ice with corn, jelly, redbeans, groundnut, syrup, pasteurised milk, and chocolate syrup.

Johor: Javanese-influenced cuisine

There are a few Johorean dishes with Javanese influences due to the high number of Javanese settlers in the state. These include lontong, nasi ambeng, satay and bontrot or berkat – both traditionally served after feasts like wedding ceremonies, Yasinan and others; and ungkep.

Johor: References

  1. "Laporan Kiraan Permulaan 2010". Jabatan Perangkaan Malaysia. p. 27. Retrieved 24 January 2011.
  2. "Population by States and Ethnic Group". Department of Information, Ministry of Communications and Multimedia, Malaysia. 2015. Archived from the original on 12 February 2016. Retrieved 12 February 2015.
  3. ISBN 3-12-539683-2
  4. "Johor". Merriam-Webster Dictionary.
  5. "Johor". Dictionary.com Unabridged. Random House.
  6. [1] Archived 31 August 2011 at the Wayback Machine.
  7. Ancient names of Johor, 2 March 2009, JohorBuzz, New Straits Times
  8. http://www.tourismjohor.com/about/
  9. A. Trocki, Carl (2007). Prince of Pirates: The Temenggongs and the Development of Johor and Singapore 1784–1885 (2nd ed.). NUS Press. ISBN 978-9971-69-376-3
  10. Jackson, James C. (1968). "Planters and speculators: Chinese and European agricultural enterprise in Malaya, 1786–1921". University of Malaya Press
  11. Roads to fame, Fauziah Ismail, Johor Buzz, New Straits Times
  12. Ancient temple steeped in history, Peggy Loh, JohorBuzz, New Straits Times
  13. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7PFJe2rRXwM
  14. http://www.johor.gov.my/en/kerajaan/page/senarai_penghulu
  15. "Laporan Kiraan Permulaan 2010". Jabatan Perangkaan Malaysia. p. iv. Archived from the original on 8 July 2011. Retrieved 24 January 2011.
  16. "2010 Population and Housing Census of Malaysia" (PDF) (in Malay and English). Department of Statistics, Malaysia. Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 January 2013. Retrieved 17 June 2012.
  17. Teh, Wei Soon (26 October 2015). "Johor Crown Prince Claims That His State Has Every Right To Secede, Experts Disagree". Malaysian Digest.
  18. Mother Nature hits back, 29 December 2006, The Star
  19. An army of its own, Fauziah Ismail, JohorBuzz, New Straits Times
  20. About Southern College, Message from the Executive Advisor, retrieved 21 February 2009
  21. [2] Archived 17 January 2011 at the Wayback Machine.
  22. "Play time for all – LEGOLAND and Hello Kitty Town, Johor". Retrieved 16 May 2014.
  23. "Tanjung Piai National Park". Archived from the original on 17 May 2014. Retrieved 16 May 2014.
  24. "Endau Rompin National Park". Retrieved 16 May 2014.
  25. "Pulau Kukup Johor National Park". Retrieved 16 May 2014.
  26. "Pulau Sibu". Tourism Malaysia. Retrieved 19 May 2014.
  27. "Pulau Rawa". Tourism Malaysia. Retrieved 19 May 2014.
  28. "Desaru Beach". Tourism Malaysia. Retrieved 19 May 2014.
  29. "Pulau Aur". Tourism Malaysia. Archived from the original on 19 May 2014. Retrieved 19 May 2014.
  30. Folk dance with religious origin, 14 April 2005, Peggy Loh, Travel Times, New Straits Times
  31. Kenali Gaya: Mata lalat, tulang belut bezakan baju Melayu, Berita Harian Online, September 2008
  32. Little touches for unique dishes, GEETHA KRISHNAN, 26 June 2006, The Star
  33. Hidangan dan Masakan Johor, 11 December 2006, Official Portal of the Johor State Government

Johor: Bibliography

  • Andaya, Leonard Y., "The Kingdom of Johor 1641–1728: Economic and Political Developments", Kuala Lumpur: Oxford University Press, 1975.
  • Borschberg, Peter, "The Seizure of the Santa Catarina Revisited: The Portuguese Empire in Asia, VOC Politics and the Origins of the Dutch-Johor Alliance (c. 1602–1616)", Journal of Southeast Asian Studies, 33.1 (2002): 31–62. (This article can be downloaded free of charge at www.cambride.org, doi:10.1017/S0022463402000024)
  • Borschberg, Peter, "The Singapore and Melaka Straits: Violence, Security and Diplomacy in the Seventeenth Century", Singapore: NUS Press, 2010. ISBN 9789971694647. https://www.academia.edu/4302722
  • Borschberg, Peter, "Hugo Grotius, the Portuguese and Free Trade in the East Indies", Singapore: NUS Press, 2011. ISBN 9789971694678. https://www.academia.edu/4302729
  • Borschberg, Peter, "Journal, Memorial and Letters of Cornelis Matelieff de Jonge. Security, Diplomacy and Commerce in 17th-Century Southeast Asia", Singapore: NUS Press, 2015. ISBN 978-997169798-3. https://www.academia.edu/4302783
  • Borschberg, Peter, "Jacques de Coutre's Singapore and Johor, 1595-c.1625", Singapore: NUS Press, 2015. ISBN 978-9971698522. https://www.academia.edu/9672124
  • Trocki, Carl A., Prince of Pirates: the Temenggongs and the Development of Johor and Singapore, 1784–1885, University of Hawaii Press, 1979, ISBN 9789971693763
  • Winstedt, Richard O., “A History of Johore”, Journal of the Malayan Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society, 10.3 (1932): 1–167. (Available in various MBRAS reprints).
  • Johor Government Website
  • Johor Chief Minister Office Official Website
  • Johor Chief Minister Office Official Website, Media and Communication Unit(MedKom)
  • Tourism Johor
  • Johor travel guide written and maintained by locals
  • Johor Community
  • My Far East, Johor – Malaysia
  • History of the Johor Empire
  • Faculty of Built Environment, UTM, Skudai, Johor
  • Tourism Malaysia – Johor
Source of information: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. We're not responsible for the content of this article and your use of this information. Disclaimer
Malaysia: Hotels Booking & Tickets Sale
Hotels Booking & Tickets Sale
Abkhazia
Afghanistan
Albania
Algeria
American Virgin Islands
Andorra
Angola
Anguilla
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina
Armenia
Aruba
Australia
Austria
Azerbaijan
Bahamas
Bahrain
Bangladesh
Barbados
Belarus
Belgium
Belize
Benin
Bermuda
Bhutan
Bolivia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana
Brazil
British Virgin Islands
Brunei
Bulgaria
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cambodia
Cameroon
Canada
Cape Verde
Caribbean Netherlands
Cayman Islands
Chad
Chile
China
Colombia
Comoros
Costa Rica
Croatia
Cuba
Curaçao
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Denmark
Djibouti
Dominican Republic
East Timor
Ecuador
Egypt
El Salvador
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia
Falkland Islands
Faroe Islands
Fiji
Finland
France
French Guiana
French Polynesia
Gabon
Gambia
Georgia
Germany
Ghana
Gibraltar
Greece
Guadeloupe
Guam
Guatemala
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana
Haiti
Honduras
Hong Kong
Hungary
Iceland
India
Indonesia
Iran
Iraq
Ireland
Isle of Man
Israel
Italy
Ivory Coast
Jamaica
Japan
Jordan
Kazakhstan
Kenya
Kiribati
Kongo
Kosovo
Kuwait
Kyrgyzstan
Laos
Latvia
Lebanon
Lesotho
Liberia
Libya
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Macau
Macedonia
Madagascar
Malawi
Malaysia
Maldives
Mali
Malta
Martinique
Mauritania
Mauritius
Mexico
Micronesia
Moldova
Monaco
Mongolia
Montenegro
Montserrat
Morocco
Mozambique
Myanmar
Namibia
Nepal
Netherlands
New Zealand
Nicaragua
Nigeria
North Korea
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway
Oman
Pakistan
Palau
Palestine
Panama
Papua New Guinea
Paraguay
Peru
Philippines
Poland
Portugal
Puerto Rico
Qatar
Romania
Russia
Rwanda
Réunion
Saint Barthélemy
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Lucia
Saint Martin
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Samoa
San Marino
Saudi Arabia
Senegal
Serbia
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Singapore
Sint Maarten
Slovakia
Slovenia
Solomon Islands
Somalia
Somaliland
South Africa
South Korea
Spain
Sri Lanka
Sudan
Suriname
Swaziland
Sweden
Switzerland
Syria
Taiwan
Tajikistan
Tanzania
Thailand
Togo
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago
Tunisia
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Turks and Caicos Islands
Uganda
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom
United States
Uruguay
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu
Vatican
Venezuela
Vietnam
Yemen
Zambia
Zimbabwe
Vacation: Complete information and online sale
Johor: Today's Super Sale
Vacation: Website Templates & Graphics

All trademarks, service marks, trade names, product names, and logos appearing on the site are the property of their respective owners.
© 2011-2017 Maria-Online.com ▪ DesignHosting