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Hotels of Kalamata

A hotel in Kalamata is an establishment that provides lodging paid on a short-term basis. Facilities provided may range from a basic bed and storage for clothing, to luxury features like en-suite bathrooms. Larger in Kalamata hotels may provide additional guest facilities such as a swimming pool, business centre, childcare, conference facilities and social function services. Hotel rooms in Kalamata are usually numbered (or named in some smaller hotels and B&Bs) to allow guests to identify their room. Some Kalamata hotels offer meals as part of a room and board arrangement. Hotel operations vary in size, function, and cost. Most Kalamata hotels and major hospitality companies that operate hotels in Kalamata have set widely accepted industry standards to classify hotel types. General categories include the following:

Upscale luxury hotels in Kalamata
An upscale full service hotel facility in Kalamata that offers luxury amenities, full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and the highest level of personalized and professional service. Luxury Kalamata hotels are normally classified with at least a Four Diamond or Five Diamond status or a Four or Five Star rating depending on classification standards.

Full service hotels in Kalamata
Full service Kalamata hotels often contain upscale full-service facilities with a large volume of full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and a variety of on-site amenities such as swimming pools, a health club, children's activities, ballrooms, on-site conference facilities, etc.

Historic inns and boutique hotels in Kalamata
Boutique hotels of Kalamata are smaller independent non-branded hotels that often contain upscale facilities of varying size in unique or intimate settings with full service accommodations. Kalamata boutique hotels are generally 100 rooms or less. Some historic inns and boutique hotels in Kalamata may be classified as luxury hotels.

Focused or select service hotels in Kalamata
Small to medium-sized hotel establishments that offer a limited amount of on-site amenities that only cater and market to a specific demographic of Kalamata travelers, such as the single business traveler. Most Kalamata focused or select service hotels may still offer full service accommodations but may lack leisure amenities such as an on-site restaurant or a swimming pool.

Economy and limited service hotels in Kalamata
Small to medium-sized Kalamata hotel establishments that offer a very limited amount of on-site amenities and often only offer basic accommodations with little to no services, these facilities normally only cater and market to a specific demographic of travelers, such as the budget-minded Kalamata traveler seeking a "no frills" accommodation. Limited service Kalamata hotels often lack an on-site restaurant but in return may offer a limited complimentary food and beverage amenity such as on-site continental breakfast service.

Guest houses and B&Bs in Kalamata
A bed and breakfast in Kalamata is a small lodging establishment that offers overnight accommodation and inclusive breakfast. Usually, Kalamata bed and breakfasts are private homes or family homes offering accommodations. The typical Kalamata B&B has between 4 and 11 rooms, with 6 being the average. Generally, guests are accommodated in private bedrooms with private bathrooms, or in a suite of rooms including an en suite bathroom. Some homes have private bedrooms with a bathroom which is shared with other guests. Breakfast is served in the bedroom, a dining room, or the host's kitchen. Often the owners of guest house themselves prepare the breakfast and clean the rooms.

Hostels in Kalamata
Kalamata hostels provide budget-oriented, sociable accommodation where guests can rent a bed, usually a bunk bed, in a dormitory and share a bathroom, lounge, and sometimes a kitchen. Rooms can be mixed or single-sex, although private rooms may also be available. Hostels are often cheaper for both the operator and occupants; many Kalamata hostels have long-term residents whom they employ as desk agents or housekeeping staff in exchange for experience or discounted accommodation.

Apartment hotels, extended stay hotels in Kalamata
Extended stay hotels are small to medium-sized Kalamata hotels that offer longer term full service accommodations compared to a traditional hotel. Extended stay hotels may offer non-traditional pricing methods such as a weekly rate that cater towards travelers in need of short-term accommodations for an extended period of time. Similar to limited and select service hotels, on-site amenities are normally limited and most extended stay hotels in Kalamata lack an on-site restaurant.

Timeshare and destination clubs in Kalamata
Kalamata timeshare and destination clubs are a form of property ownership also referred to as a vacation ownership involving the purchase and ownership of an individual unit of accommodation for seasonal usage during a specified period of time. Timeshare resorts in Kalamata often offer amenities similar that of a Full service hotel with on-site restaurant(s), swimming pools, recreation grounds, and other leisure-oriented amenities. Destination clubs of Kalamata on the other hand may offer more exclusive private accommodations such as private houses in a neighborhood-style setting.

Motels in Kalamata
A Kalamata motel is a small-sized low-rise lodging establishment similar to that of a limited service hotel, but with direct access to individual rooms from the car park. Common during the 1950s and 1960s, motels were often located adjacent to a major road, where they were built on inexpensive land at the edge of towns or along stretches of highways. They are still useful in less populated areas of Kalamata for driving travelers, but the more populated an area becomes the more hotels fill the need. Many of Kalamata motels which remain in operation have joined national franchise chains, rebranding themselves as hotels, inns or lodges.

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Travelling and vacation in Kalamata

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This article is about the city. For the olive, see Kalamata olive.
Kalamata
Καλαμάτα
Kalamata's promenade.
Kalamata's promenade.
Kalamata is located in Greece
Kalamata
Kalamata
Coordinates:  / 37.033; 22.117  / 37.033; 22.117
Country Greece
Administrative region Peloponnese
Regional unit Messenia
Government
• Mayor Panagiotis Nikas (ND; since 29 December 2010)
Area
• Municipality 440.3 km (170.0 sq mi)
• Municipal unit 253.3 km (97.8 sq mi)
Highest elevation 21 m (69 ft)
Lowest elevation 0 m (0 ft)
Population (2011)
• Municipality 69,849
• Municipality density 160/km (410/sq mi)
• Municipal unit 62,409
• Municipal unit density 250/km (640/sq mi)
Community
• Population 54,567 (2011)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
• Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 241 00
Area code(s) 27210
Vehicle registration KM
Website www.kalamata.gr

Kalamata (Greek: Καλαμάτα Kalamáta) is the second most populous city of the Peloponnese peninsula, after Patras, in southern Greece and the largest city of the homonymous administrative region. The capital and chief port of the Messenia regional unit, it lies along the Nedon River at the head of the Messenian Gulf.

The 2011 census recorded 69,849 inhabitants for the wider Kalamata Municipality, of which 62,409 in the municipal unit of Kalamata proper. Kalamata is renowned as the land of the Kalamatianos dance and Kalamata olives.

Kalamata: Name

The modern name Kalamáta is a corruption of the older name Καλάμαι, Kalámai, "reeds". The phonetic similarity of Kalamáta with the phrase "kalá mátia" ("good eyes") has led to various folk etymologies.

Kalamata: Administration

The municipality Kalamata was formed at the 2011 local government reform by the merger of the following 4 former municipalities, that became municipal units:

  • Arfara
  • Aris
  • Kalamata
  • Thouria

The municipality has an area of 440.313 km, the municipal unit 253.279 km.

Kalamata: Subdivisions

The municipal unit of Kalamata is subdivided into the following communities (population according to the 2011 census and settlements within the district in brackets):

Municipal communities (population over 2,000)

  • Kalamata (population: 54,567; Agioi Pantes, Agios Fanourios, Bournias, Filothei, Giannitsanika, Kalamata, Kallithea-Kourti Rachi, Kokkinorachi, Koutala, Menina, Moni Velanidias, Moni Profiti Ioil, Profitis Ilias)
  • Verga (population: 2,252; Agriomata, Ano Verga, Kato Verga, Mousga, Pano Galari-Kampinari, Paralia Vergas)

Local communities (population under 2,000)

  • Alagonia (population: 176; Alagonia, Machalas)
  • Antikalamos (population: 361; Antikalamos, Goulismata)
  • Artemisia (population: 142; Agios Ioannis Theologos, Artemisia, Theotokos)
  • Asprochoma (population: 1,490; Akovitika, Asprochoma, Kagkareika, Kalami, Katsikovo, Lagkada-Dimitrakopouleika)
  • Elaiochori (population: 270; Arachova, Dendra, Diasella, Elaiochori, Moni Dimiovis, Perivolakia)
  • Karveli (population: 63; Agia Triada, Emialoi, Karveli, Kato Karveli)
  • Ladas (population: 85; Agia Marina, Agios Vasileios, Ladas, Silimpoves-Agios Vasilis)
  • Laiika (population: 1,253; Laiika, Katsaraiika, Spitakia, Xerokampi)
  • Mikri Mantineia (population: 705; Alimoneika, Mikra Mantineia, Zouzouleika)
  • Nedousa (population: 135)
  • Piges (population: 80; Piges, Skourolakkos)
  • Sperchogeia (population: 830)

Kalamata: Province

The province of Kalamata (Greek: Επαρχία Καλαμών) was one of the provinces of the Messenia Prefecture. Its territory corresponded with that of the current municipalities Kalamata and West Mani. It was abolished in 2006.

Kalamata: History

View of the Kalamata Castle

The history of Kalamata begins with Homer, who mentions Pharai (Φηραί), an ancient city built more or less where the Kalamata Castle stands today. It was believed that during ancient times the area that the city presently occupies was covered by the sea, but the proto-Greek and archaic period remains (Poseidon temple) that were unearthed at Akovitika region prove the opposite.

Kalamata: Middle Ages

The Byzantine-era Church of the Holy Apostles.

Pharai was rather unimportant in antiquity, and the site continued in obscurity until middle Byzantine times. Kalamata is first mentioned in the 10th-century Life of St. Nikon the Metanoeite, and experienced a period of prosperity in the 11th–12th centuries, as attested by the five surviving churches built in this period, including the Church of the Holy Apostles, as well as the comments of the Arab geographer al-Idrisi, who calls it a "large and populous" town.

Following the Fourth Crusade, Kalamata was conquered by Frankish feudal lords William of Champlitte and Geoffrey of Villehardouin in 1205, when its Byzantine fortress was apparently in so bad a state that it could not be defended against them. Thus the town became part of the Principality of Achaea, and after Champlitte granted its possession to Geoffrey of Villehardouin, the town was the center of the Villehardouins' patrimony in the Principality. Prince William II of Villehardouin was born and died there. After William II's death in 1278, Kalamata remained in the hands of his widow, Anna Komnene Doukaina, but when she remarried to Nicholas II of Saint Omer, King Charles of Anjou was loath to see this important castle in the hands of a vassal, and in 1282 Anna exchanged it with lands elsewhere in Messenia.

In 1292 or 1293, two local Melingoi Slavic captains managed to capture the fortress of Kalamata by a ruse and, aided by 600 of their fellow villagers, took over the entire lower town as well in the name of the Byzantine emperor, Andronikos II Palaiologos. Constable John Chauderon in vain tried to secure their surrender, and was sent to Constantinople, where Andronikos agreed to hand the town over, but then immediately ordered his governor in Mystras not to do so. In the event, the town was recovered by the Franks through the intercession of a local Greek, a certain Sgouromalles. In 1298, the town formed the dowry of Princess Matilda of Hainaut upon her marriage to Guy II de la Roche. Matilda retained Kalamata as her fief until 1322, when she was dispossessed and the territory reverted to the princely domain. In 1358, Prince Robert gifted the châtellenie of Kalamata (comprising also Port-de-Jonc and Mani) to his wife, Marie de Bourbon, who kept it until her death in 1377. The town remained one of the largest in the Morea-a 1391 document places it, with 300 hearths, on par with Glarentza-but it nevertheless declined in importance throughout the 14th and 15th centuries in favour of other nearby sites like Androusa. Kalamata remained in Frankish hands until near the end of the Principality of Achaea, coming under the control of the Byzantine Despotate of the Morea only in 1428.

Kalamata: Ottoman period and War of Independence

Gravour of Calamata, 1686
Petros Mavromichalis raises Messenia in revolt, by Peter von Hess.

Kalamata was occupied by the Ottomans from 1481 to 1685, like the rest of Greece. In 1659, during the long war between Ottomans and Venetians over Crete, the Venetian commander Francesco Morosini, came into contact with the rebellious Maniots, for a joint campaign in the Morea, in the course of which he took Kalamata. He was soon after forced to return to Crete, but the Venetians returned in the Morean War.

The Venetian Republic ruled Kalamata from 1685 as part of the "Kingdom of the Morea" (Italian: Regno di Morea). During the Venetian occupation the city was fortified, developed and thrived economically. However, the Ottomans reoccupied Kalamata in the war of 1715 and controlled it until the Greek War of Independence.

Kalamata was the first city to be liberated as the Greeks rose in the Greek War of Independence. On 23 March 1821, it was taken over by the Greek revolutionary forces under the command of generals Theodoros Kolokotronis, Petros Mavromichalis and Papaflessas. However, in 1825, the invading Ibrahim Pasha destroyed the city.

Kalamata: Modern period

Historic advertising for olive soap from Kalamata.

In independent Greece, Kalamata was rebuilt and became one of the most important ports in the Mediterranean sea. It is not surprising that the second-oldest Chamber of Commerce in the Mediterranean, after that of Marseille, exists in Kalamata.

During World War II on 29 April 1941, a battle was fought near the port between the invading German forces and the 2nd New Zealand Division, for which Jack Hinton was later awarded the Victoria Cross.

After World War II, and due to political issues, Kalamata, as well as most of the Peloponnese, was excluded from the government development plans in favour of north Greece. That was a major brake on the local economy, resulting in the decline of the port and hence the city. During the 1970s and 1980s, development and growth in Kalamata were unknown.

Kalamata was again in the news on 13 September 1986, with an earthquake that measured 6.2 on the surface wave magnitude scale. It was described as "moderately strong" and caused heavy damage and killed 20 people. Following this severe damage, the local authorities and individuals strained their financial resources to bring a wind of change to the forgotten capital of Messinia.

Due to these efforts, Kalamata has now fully recovered and developed into a modern provincial capital. Today, Kalamata has the second largest population and mercantile activity in Peloponnese. It makes important exports, particularly of local products such as raisins, olives and olive oil. It is also the seat of the Metropolitan Bishop of Messenia. The current Metropolitan Bishop is Chrysostomus III, since 15 March 2007.

Kalamata: Sights

The church of Ypapanti at the center of the city
Agios Ioannis church

There are numerous historical and cultural sights in Kalamata, such as the Villehardouin castle, the Ypapanti Byzantine church, the Kalograion monastery with its silk-weaving workshop where the Kalamata scarves are made, and the municipal railway park. The Church of the Holy Apostles is where Mavromichalis declared the revolt against Ottoman rule in 1821. Art collections are housed at the Municipal Gallery, the Archaeological Museum of Messenia and the Folk Art Museum.

  • Benakeion Archaeological Museum of Kalamata, located in the heart of the historical centre of Kalamata.
  • Cultural events, such as the Kalamata International Dance Festival
  • Kalamata Castle from the 13th century AD.
  • The marina and the Port of Kalamata, located SW of the city centre, is the main and largest port in Messenia and the southern part of the Peloponnese.
  • Kalamata Municipal Stadium, home of Messiniakos, seats 5,400 spectators
  • The Railway Museum of the Municipality of Kalamata, a railway museum which first opened since 1986
  • Ancient Messene, some 15 to 20 km (12 mi) north-west of modern Messini
  • The Temple of Apollo Epicurius is about two hour drive north from Kalamata.

Kalamata: Church of the Ypapanti

Kalamata’s cathedral of the Ypapanti (Presentation of the Lord to the Temple) nestles beneath the 14th-century Frankish castle. The foundation stone was laid on January 25, 1860, and the building was consecrated on August 19, 1873. It suffered great damage during the 1986 earthquake, but was subsequently restored. The Festival of the Ypapanti (27 January through 9 February) is of national importance for the Greek Orthodox Church and, locally, the occasion for a holiday (2 February), when the litany of what is believed to be a miraculous icon, first introduced in 1889, takes place.

In late January 2010 the city hosted the Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew to celebrate the 150th anniversary of the cathedral. He was offered the golden key of the city. The region around Kalamata has provided two Ecumenical patriarchs in the past.

Kalamata: Historical population

Year City Municipal unit Municipality
1981 42,075
1991 43,625 50,693
2001 49,550 57,620
2011 54,567 62,409 69,849

Kalamata: Climate

Kalamata has a Mediterranean Climate (Csa) with mild, and wet winters and dry, hot summers. Kalamata receives plenty of precipitation days in winter. Summers are very hot and dry. The maximum temperature ever recorded at Kalamata is 45,6 °C and the minimum ever recorded is -5 °C.

Climate data for Kalamata
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 23.0
(73.4)
23.6
(74.5)
25.2
(77.4)
29.8
(85.6)
37.0
(98.6)
41.8
(107.2)
45.6
(114.1)
39.4
(102.9)
38.4
(101.1)
32.8
(91)
29.0
(84.2)
26.0
(78.8)
45.6
(114.1)
Average high °C (°F) 15.3
(59.5)
15.5
(59.9)
17.1
(62.8)
19.9
(67.8)
24.3
(75.7)
28.8
(83.8)
32.1
(89.8)
31.3
(88.3)
28.7
(83.7)
24.7
(76.5)
20.5
(68.9)
16.7
(62.1)
22.91
(73.23)
Daily mean °C (°F) 10.2
(50.4)
10.6
(51.1)
12.3
(54.1)
15.2
(59.4)
19.7
(67.5)
24.1
(75.4)
26.4
(79.5)
26.3
(79.3)
23.2
(73.8)
18.9
(66)
14.8
(58.6)
11.7
(53.1)
17.78
(64.02)
Average low °C (°F) 5.7
(42.3)
5.7
(42.3)
6.8
(44.2)
8.9
(48)
12.4
(54.3)
16.0
(60.8)
18.1
(64.6)
18.4
(65.1)
16.2
(61.2)
13.2
(55.8)
9.9
(49.8)
7.2
(45)
11.54
(52.78)
Record low °C (°F) −5.0
(23)
−3.2
(26.2)
−3.6
(25.5)
2.4
(36.3)
5.4
(41.7)
9.0
(48.2)
12.0
(53.6)
12.4
(54.3)
9.6
(49.3)
4.2
(39.6)
−0.4
(31.3)
−2.0
(28.4)
−5
(23)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 111.7
(4.398)
94.1
(3.705)
73.0
(2.874)
48.5
(1.909)
25.6
(1.008)
7.5
(0.295)
4.2
(0.165)
11.3
(0.445)
29.1
(1.146)
85.3
(3.358)
137.4
(5.409)
152.6
(6.008)
780.3
(30.72)
Average precipitation days 12.3 10.9 10.3 6.1 5.1 1.9 0.3 0.4 1.9 6.9 10.0 11.6 77.7
Average relative humidity (%) 72.6 71.7 71.2 70.4 66.3 58.6 58.0 61.1 65.2 69.3 74.8 75.0 70.1
Mean monthly sunshine hours 143.6 140.8 185.9 212.2 286.0 338.2 367.6 346.6 269.9 205.6 150.6 131.1 2,778.1
Source #1: Greek National Weather Service [1]
Source #2: NOAA

Kalamata: Transportation

The railway station.

Kalamata is accessed by GR-7/E55/E65 in the west and GR-82 runs through Kalamata and into the Taygetus. The motorway to Kalamata from Tripoli is almost complete, with just one 30 km section between Paradisia and Allagi still to be opened in 2013.

Kalamata is served by a metre gauge railway line of the former Piraeus, Athens and Peloponnese Railways, now owned by the Hellenic Railways Organisation (OSE). There is a station and a small freight yard in the city, as well as a rolling stock maintenance depot to the north. There used to be a mainline train service to Kyparissia, Pyrgos and Patras, and a suburban service to Messini and the General Hospital. However, in December 2010 all train services from Kalamata, along with those in the rest of the Peloponnese south of Corinth, were discontinued on economic grounds, and the train station is now closed. A previously disused extension line to the port is now a Railway Park, with old steam engines on display and a cafe in the old station building.

There is a bus link (KTEL) to Tripoli, Corinth and Athens with frequent services. Ferries are available to places such as the Greek islands of Kythira and Crete in the summer months. Also in the summer months, charter and scheduled flights fly direct to Kalamata International Airport from some European cities. A scheduled service by Aegean Air once a day linking Kalamata and Athens International Airport commenced in 2010.

Kalamata: Cuisine

Kalamata olives

Local specialities:

  • Kalamata olive
  • Lalagia (Λαλάγγια)
  • Diples (dessert)
  • Pasteli (dessert)
  • Talagani (cheese)

Kalamata: Notable people

  • Andreas Apostolopoulos (1952) Real estate developer and sports team owner
  • Yiannis Balis (1932-2010) Physician Scientist, Discoverer of Lamellar bodies and their associated function
  • Giannis Christopoulos (1972) football coach
  • Yiannis Chryssomallis ("Yanni") (1954) composer and musician
  • Captain Vassilis C. Constantakopoulos (1935-2012) shipowner
  • Aggeliki Daliani (1979) actress
  • Nikolaos Doxaras, painter
  • Panagiotis Doxaras, painter
  • Nikolaos Georgeas (1976) footballer
  • Alexandros Koumoundouros, Prime Minister of Greece in the 19th century
  • Nikolaos Koutsomitis (1955) architect and educator
  • Elia Markopoulos, American professional wrestler who spent his childhood summers at his family's home in Kalamata.
  • Gerasimos Michaleas (1947) Orthodox Christian Metropolitan bishop of San Francisco, California, USA
  • Panos Mihalopoulos (1949) actor
  • Sokratis Papastathopoulos (1988) footballer
  • Prokopis Pavlopoulos (1950) lawyer, university professor and politician
  • Vassilis Photopoulos (1934–2007) painter, film director, art director and set designer
  • Nikolaos Politis, folklorist
  • Maria Polydouri (1902–1930) poet
  • Aris San (born Aristides Saisanas, 1940-1992), Greek-Israeli singer
  • Kenny Stamatopoulos (1979) footballer
  • Michail Stasinopoulos (1903–2002) lawyer, President of the Republic of Greece
  • William II of Villehardouin (d. 1278) the last Villehardouin prince of Achaea
  • Panagiotis Morayiannis (1976) Shipping Magnate
  • Mihalis Papagiannakis (1941-2009), Greek politician
  • Panagiotis Benakis (1700-1771) Greek notable
  • Stavros Kostopoulos (1900-1968), Greek banker and politician
  • Dimitrios Stefanakos (1936-), Greek footballer
  • Konstantinos Ventiris (1892-1960), Greek army officer
  • Panagiotis Bachramis (1976-2010), Greek footballer
  • Nikos Economopoulos (1953-), Greek photographer

Kalamata: Sporting teams

Kalamata hosts a lot of notable sport clubs with earlier presence in the higher national divisions in Greek football. It also hosts one of the oldest Greek club, the club Messiniakos FC founded in 1888.

Sport clubs based in Kalamata
Club Founded Sports Achievements
Messiniakos GS 1888 Football, Volleyball Earlier presence in Beta Ethniki football, earlier presence in A1 Ethniki volleyball
A.E.K. Kalamata 1926 Football Earlier presence in Beta Ethniki
Apollon Kalamata 1927 Football Earlier presence in Beta Ethniki
Prasina Poulia Kalamata 1938 Football Earlier presence in Beta Ethniki
Kalamata FC 1967 Football Earlier presence in A Ethniki
AO Kalamata 1980 1980 Basketball, Volleyball Presence in A2 Ethniki volleyball

Kalamata: International relations

See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Greece

Kalamata: Twin towns-sister cities

Kalamata is twinned with

  • Lebanon Amioun, Koura, Lebanon
  • Cyprus Aglantzia, Cyprus
  • Tunisia Bizerte, Tunisia
  • China Xi'an, China

Kalamata: References

  1. "Απογραφή Πληθυσμού - Κατοικιών 2011. ΜΟΝΙΜΟΣ Πληθυσμός" (in Greek). Hellenic Statistical Authority.
  2. Kallikratis law Greece Ministry of Interior (Greek)
  3. "Population & housing census 2001 (incl. area and average elevation)" (PDF) (in Greek). National Statistical Service of Greece.
  4. "Detailed census results 1991" (PDF). (39 MB) (Greek) (French)
  5. Gregory, Timothy E. (1991). "Kalamata". In ISBN 978-0-19-504652-6.
  6. Bon, Antoine (1969). La Morée franque. Recherches historiques, topographiques et archéologiques sur la principauté d’Achaïe (in French). Paris: De Boccard. pp. 408–410.
  7. Bon, Antoine (1969). La Morée franque. Recherches historiques, topographiques et archéologiques sur la principauté d’Achaïe (in French). Paris: De Boccard. p. 168.
  8. "The Kalamata, Greece, Earthquake of September 13, 1986". Earthquake Spectra. 3: 365–402. doi:10.1193/1.1585434.
  9. "GREECE Kalamata now tent city". The Canberra Times. 61, (18,614). Australian Capital Territory, Australia. 18 September 1986. p. 4. Retrieved 24 February 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
  10. "World news: Earthquake in south Greece kills ten". The Canberra Times. 61, (18,611). Australian Capital Territory, Australia. 15 September 1986. p. 4. Retrieved 24 February 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
  11. "More tremors in Greek town". The Canberra Times. 61, (18,612). Australian Capital Territory, Australia. 16 September 1986. p. 4. Retrieved 24 February 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
  12. http://culture.kalamata.gr/v1/museum/view_museum/1
  13. Castle of Kalamata Greek Castles
  14. "Hellenic Ministry of Culture | Railway Museum of the Municipality of Kalamata". Odysseus.culture.gr. Retrieved 2009-09-21.
  15. "Kalamata Climate Normals 1961-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 29, 2013.
  16. "China's Xi'an forges sister city ties with Greece's Kalamata _English_Xinhua". News.xinhuanet.com. Retrieved 2009-09-21.
  • Municipality of Kalamata (Greek)
  • Historic maps of Kalamata
  • Messinian Chamber of Commerce and Industry
  • Ministry of Culture – Messinia
  • Kalamata The Official website of the Greek National Tourism Organisation
Source of information: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. We're not responsible for the content of this article and your use of this information. Disclaimer
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