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Hotels of Kamianets-Podilskyi

A hotel in Kamianets-Podilskyi is an establishment that provides lodging paid on a short-term basis. Facilities provided may range from a basic bed and storage for clothing, to luxury features like en-suite bathrooms. Larger in Kamianets-Podilskyi hotels may provide additional guest facilities such as a swimming pool, business centre, childcare, conference facilities and social function services. Hotel rooms in Kamianets-Podilskyi are usually numbered (or named in some smaller hotels and B&Bs) to allow guests to identify their room. Some Kamianets-Podilskyi hotels offer meals as part of a room and board arrangement. Hotel operations vary in size, function, and cost. Most Kamianets-Podilskyi hotels and major hospitality companies that operate hotels in Kamianets-Podilskyi have set widely accepted industry standards to classify hotel types. General categories include the following:

Upscale luxury hotels in Kamianets-Podilskyi
An upscale full service hotel facility in Kamianets-Podilskyi that offers luxury amenities, full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and the highest level of personalized and professional service. Luxury Kamianets-Podilskyi hotels are normally classified with at least a Four Diamond or Five Diamond status or a Four or Five Star rating depending on classification standards.

Full service hotels in Kamianets-Podilskyi
Full service Kamianets-Podilskyi hotels often contain upscale full-service facilities with a large volume of full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and a variety of on-site amenities such as swimming pools, a health club, children's activities, ballrooms, on-site conference facilities, etc.

Historic inns and boutique hotels in Kamianets-Podilskyi
Boutique hotels of Kamianets-Podilskyi are smaller independent non-branded hotels that often contain upscale facilities of varying size in unique or intimate settings with full service accommodations. Kamianets-Podilskyi boutique hotels are generally 100 rooms or less. Some historic inns and boutique hotels in Kamianets-Podilskyi may be classified as luxury hotels.

Focused or select service hotels in Kamianets-Podilskyi
Small to medium-sized hotel establishments that offer a limited amount of on-site amenities that only cater and market to a specific demographic of Kamianets-Podilskyi travelers, such as the single business traveler. Most Kamianets-Podilskyi focused or select service hotels may still offer full service accommodations but may lack leisure amenities such as an on-site restaurant or a swimming pool.

Economy and limited service hotels in Kamianets-Podilskyi
Small to medium-sized Kamianets-Podilskyi hotel establishments that offer a very limited amount of on-site amenities and often only offer basic accommodations with little to no services, these facilities normally only cater and market to a specific demographic of travelers, such as the budget-minded Kamianets-Podilskyi traveler seeking a "no frills" accommodation. Limited service Kamianets-Podilskyi hotels often lack an on-site restaurant but in return may offer a limited complimentary food and beverage amenity such as on-site continental breakfast service.

Guest houses and B&Bs in Kamianets-Podilskyi
A bed and breakfast in Kamianets-Podilskyi is a small lodging establishment that offers overnight accommodation and inclusive breakfast. Usually, Kamianets-Podilskyi bed and breakfasts are private homes or family homes offering accommodations. The typical Kamianets-Podilskyi B&B has between 4 and 11 rooms, with 6 being the average. Generally, guests are accommodated in private bedrooms with private bathrooms, or in a suite of rooms including an en suite bathroom. Some homes have private bedrooms with a bathroom which is shared with other guests. Breakfast is served in the bedroom, a dining room, or the host's kitchen. Often the owners of guest house themselves prepare the breakfast and clean the rooms.

Hostels in Kamianets-Podilskyi
Kamianets-Podilskyi hostels provide budget-oriented, sociable accommodation where guests can rent a bed, usually a bunk bed, in a dormitory and share a bathroom, lounge, and sometimes a kitchen. Rooms can be mixed or single-sex, although private rooms may also be available. Hostels are often cheaper for both the operator and occupants; many Kamianets-Podilskyi hostels have long-term residents whom they employ as desk agents or housekeeping staff in exchange for experience or discounted accommodation.

Apartment hotels, extended stay hotels in Kamianets-Podilskyi
Extended stay hotels are small to medium-sized Kamianets-Podilskyi hotels that offer longer term full service accommodations compared to a traditional hotel. Extended stay hotels may offer non-traditional pricing methods such as a weekly rate that cater towards travelers in need of short-term accommodations for an extended period of time. Similar to limited and select service hotels, on-site amenities are normally limited and most extended stay hotels in Kamianets-Podilskyi lack an on-site restaurant.

Timeshare and destination clubs in Kamianets-Podilskyi
Kamianets-Podilskyi timeshare and destination clubs are a form of property ownership also referred to as a vacation ownership involving the purchase and ownership of an individual unit of accommodation for seasonal usage during a specified period of time. Timeshare resorts in Kamianets-Podilskyi often offer amenities similar that of a Full service hotel with on-site restaurant(s), swimming pools, recreation grounds, and other leisure-oriented amenities. Destination clubs of Kamianets-Podilskyi on the other hand may offer more exclusive private accommodations such as private houses in a neighborhood-style setting.

Motels in Kamianets-Podilskyi
A Kamianets-Podilskyi motel is a small-sized low-rise lodging establishment similar to that of a limited service hotel, but with direct access to individual rooms from the car park. Common during the 1950s and 1960s, motels were often located adjacent to a major road, where they were built on inexpensive land at the edge of towns or along stretches of highways. They are still useful in less populated areas of Kamianets-Podilskyi for driving travelers, but the more populated an area becomes the more hotels fill the need. Many of Kamianets-Podilskyi motels which remain in operation have joined national franchise chains, rebranding themselves as hotels, inns or lodges.

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Travelling and vacation in Kamianets-Podilskyi

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Kamianets-Podilskyi
Кам'янець-Подільський
Каменец-Подольский.png
Flag of Kamianets-Podilskyi
Flag
Coat of arms of Kamianets-Podilskyi
Coat of arms
Kamianets-Podilskyi is located in Ukraine
Kamianets-Podilskyi
Kamianets-Podilskyi
Kamianets-Podilskyi is located in Khmelnytskyi Oblast
Kamianets-Podilskyi
Kamianets-Podilskyi
Location in Ukraine
Coordinates:  / 48.68333; 26.58333
Country Ukraine
Oblast Flag of Khmelnytskyi Oblast.svg Khmelnytskyi Oblast
Raion Kamyanets-Podilskyi Raion
Founded 1062 (first mentioned)
City rights 1432
Government
• Mayor Mikhaylo Simashkevich
Area
• Total 27,871 km (10,761 sq mi)
Population (2011)
• Total 103,036
• Density 3,550/km (9,200/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
• Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 32300-32318
Area code(s) +380-3849
Sister cities Targówek, Kraków, Głogów, Przemyśl, Kalisz, Sanok, Gniew, Zawiercie, Ejmiatsin, Suzhou, Ukmergė, Polatsk, Edineţ, Zalău, Dolný Kubín, Ponte Lambro, Michurinsk

Kamianets-Podilskyi (Ukrainian: Кам'янець-Поді́льський, translit. Kamyanets-Podilsky, Polish: Kamieniec Podolski, Romanian: Camenița, Russian: Каменец-Подольский, Yiddish: קאמענעץ־פאדאלסק‎; see section below for more names) is a city on the Smotrych River in western Ukraine, to the north-east of Chernivtsi. Formerly the administrative center of the Khmelnytskyi Oblast, the city is now the administrative center of the Kamianets-Podilskyi Raion (district) within the Khmelnytskyi Oblast (province). The city itself is also designated as a separate district within the region.

The current estimated population is around 101,728 (2015).

Kamianets-Podilskyi: Name

Kamianets historical coat of arms

The first part of the city's dual name originates from kamin' (Ukrainian: камiнь) or kamen, meaning "stone" in the Old East Slavic language. The second part of the name relates to the historic region of Podolia (Ukrainian: Подíлля, Polish: Podole) of which Kamianets-Podilskyi is considered to be the historic capital.

Equivalents of the name in other languages are Polish: Kamieniec Podolski; Romanian: Cameniţa Podoliei; Turkish: Kamaniçe; Latin: Camenecium; Hungarian: Kamenyeck-Podolszk; Yiddish: קאָמענעץ (Komenets)

Kamianets-Podilskyi: Geography

Kamianets-Podilskyi is located in the southern portion of the Khmelnytskyi Oblast, located in the western Ukrainian region of Podillia. The Smotrych River, a tributary of the Dniester, flows through the city. The total area of the city comprises 27.84 square kilometers (10.7 sq mi). The city is located about 101 kilometres (62.8 mi) from the oblast's administrative center, Khmelnytskyi.

Kamianets-Podilskyi: History

Several historians consider that a city on this spot was founded by the ancient Dacians, who lived in what is now modern Romania, Moldova, and portions of Ukraine. Historians claim that the founders named the settlement Petridava or Klepidava, which originate from the Greek word petra or the Latin lapis meaning "stone" and the Dacian dava meaning "city".

Kamianets-Podilskyi: Middle ages

Modern Kamianets-Podilskyi was first mentioned in 1062 as a town of the Kievan Rus' state. In 1241, it was destroyed by the Mongolian invaders. In 1352, it was annexed by the Polish King Casimir III. In 1378 it became seat of a Roman Catholic Diocese. In 1432 King Sigismund I the Old granted Kamieniec Podolski city rights. In 1434 it became the capital of the Podolian Voivodship and the seat of local civil and military administration. The ancient castle was reconstructed and substantially expanded by the Polish kings to defend Poland from the southwest against Ottoman and Tatar invasions, thus it was called the gateway to Poland.

The Stephen Báthory Gate is part of the city's old fortification complex.

Kamianets-Podilskyi: Modern times

During the free election period in Poland, Kamianets-Podilskyi, as one of the most influential cities of the state, enjoyed voting rights (alongside Warsaw, Kraków, Poznań, Gdańsk, Lwów, Wilno, Lublin, Toruń and Elbląg).

After the Treaty of Buchach of 1672, Kamianets-Podilskyi was briefly part of the Ottoman Empire and capital of Podolya eyalet. To counter the Turkish threat to the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, King Jan III Sobieski built a fortress nearby, Okopy Świętej Trójcy (now Okopy, Ternopil Oblast; meaning "the Entrenchments of the Holy Trinity"). In 1687, Poland attempted to regain control over Kamianets-Podilskyi and Podolia, when the fortress was unsuccessfully besieged by the Poles led by Prince James Louis Sobieski. In 1699, the city was given back to Poland under King Augustus II the Strong according to the Treaty of Karlowitz. The fortress was continually enlarged and was regarded as the strongest in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. The preserved ruins of the fortress still contain the iron cannonballs stuck in them from various sieges.

Kamianets-Podilskyi Castle, 2008
A 1691 French map depicting the city's old town neighbourhood and castle, surrounded by the winding Smotrych River

After the Second Partition of Poland in 1793, the city belonged to the Russian Empire, where it was the capital of the Podolia Governorate. The Russian Tsar Peter the Great, who visited the fortress twice, was impressed by its fortifications. One of the towers was used as a prison cell for Ustym Karmeliuk, a prominent peasant rebel leader of the early 19th century), who managed to escape from it three times. In 1798, Polish nobleman Antoni Żmijewski founded a Polish theatre in the city. It was one of the oldest Polish theatres. In 1867 the Roman Catholic Diocese of Kamyanets-Podilskyi was abolished by the Russians authorities. It was re-established in 1918 by Pope Benedict XV.

According to the Russian census of 1897, Kamianets-Podilskyi remained the largest city of Podolia with a population of 35,934. In 1914, a direct railway line linked the city to Proskurov.

Kamianets-Podilskyi: World War I

During World War I, the city was occupied by Austria-Hungary in 1915. With the collapse of the Russian Empire in 1917, the city was briefly incorporated into several short-lived Ukrainian states: the Ukrainian People's Republic, the Hetmanate, and the Directoriya, before ending up as part of the Ukrainian SSR when Ukraine fell under Bolshevik power. During the Directorate period, the city was chosen as de facto capital of Ukraine after the Russian Communist forces occupied Kiev. During the Polish-Soviet War, the city was captured by the Polish Army and was under Polish administration from November 16, 1919 to July 12, 1920. It was later ceded to Soviet Russia in the 1921 Treaty of Riga, which determined the future of the area for the next seven decades as part of the Ukrainian SSR.

Kamianets-Podilskyi: Soviet times

Kamianets-Podilskyi City Hall at night

Poles and Ukrainians have always dominated the city's population. However, as a commercial center, Kamianets-Podilskyi has been a multiethnic and multi-religious city with substantial Jewish and Armenian minorities. Under Soviet rule it became subject to severe persecutions, and many Poles were forcibly deported to Central Asia. Massacres such as the Vinnytsia massacre have taken place throughout the Podillya, the last resort of the independent Ukraine. Early on, Kamianets-Podilskyi was the administrative center of the Ukrainian SSR's Kamianets-Podilskyi Oblast, but the administrative center was later moved to Proskuriv (now Khmelnytskyi).

In December 1927, TIME Magazine reported that there were massive uprisings of peasants and factory workers in southern Ukraine, around the cities of Mohyliv-Podilskyi, Kamianets-Podilskyi, Tiraspol and others, against Soviet authorities. The magazine was intrigued when it found numerous reports from the neighboring Romania that troops from Moscow were sent to the region and suppressed the unrest, causing no less than 4,000 deaths. The magazine sent several of its reporters to confirm those occurrences which were completely denied by the official press naming them as barefaced lies. The revolt was caused by the collectivization campaign and the lawless environment in the cities caused by the oppressive Soviet government.

Following the Soviet invasion of Poland, the administrative center of the oblast was moved from the city of Kamianets-Podilskyi to the city of Khmelnytskyi. Kamianets-Podilskyi was occupied by the German troops on 11 July 1941 in the course of Operation Barbarossa. On 27 March 1944 the town was freed from the German occupation by the Red Army. Kamianets remained in the Soviet Ukraine until the Dissolution of the Soviet Union. On January 16, 1991, Pope John Paul II re-established the Roman Catholic Diocese of Kamyanets-Podilskyi, which was dissolved under the Soviet rule.

As of 2015, Kamianets-Podilskyi is the third largest city of Podolia after Vinnytsia and Khmelnytskyi.

Kamianets-Podilskyi: Jewish History

During the Khmelnytsky Uprising (1648–58), the Jewish community of Kamianets-Podilskyi suffered much from Khmelnytsky's Cossacks on the one hand, and from the attacks of the Crimean Tatars (their main object being the extortion of ransoms) on the other.

About the middle of the 18th century, Kamianets-Podilskyi became celebrated as the center of the furious conflict then raging between the Talmudic Jews and the Frankists. The city was the residence of Bishop Dembowski, who sided with the Frankists and ordered the public burning of the Talmud, a sentence which was carried into effect in the public streets in 1757.

Kamianets-Podilskyi was also the residence of the wealthy Joseph Yozel Günzburg. During the latter half of the 19th century, many Jews from Kamianets-Podilskyi emigrated to the United States, especially to New York City, where they organized a number of societies.

Main article: Kamianets-Podilskyi massacre

One of the first and largest Holocaust massacres carried out in the opening stages of war between Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union, took place in Kamianets-Podilskyi on 27–28 August 1941. The killings were conducted by mobile killing squads of Order Police Battalion 320 along with Jeckeln's Einsatzgruppen, the Hungarian soldiers, and the Ukrainian Auxiliary Police. According to Nazi German reports, in two days a total of 23,600 Jews from the Kamianets-Podilskyi Ghetto were murdered, including 16,000 expellees from Hungary. As the historians of the Holocaust point out, the massacre constituted a prelude to the Final Solution conceived by the Nazis at Wannsee several months later. Eyewitnesses reported that the perpetrators made no effort to hide their deeds from the local population.

Kamianets-Podilskyi: Culture

The canyon at river Smotrych.
A nice park with a fountain near the Kamianets-Podilskyi's old town quarter
An old street in Kamianets-Podilskyi's old town quarter. Recently restorational works are being conducted in the city.

Kamianets-Podilskyi: Main sights

The different peoples and cultures that have lived in the city have each brought their own culture and architecture. Examples include the Polish, Ruthenian and Armenian markets. Famous tourist attractions include the ancient castle, and the numerous architectural attractions in the city's center, including the cathedral of Saints Peter and Paul, Holy Trinity Church, the city hall building, and the numerous fortifications.

Ballooning activities in the canyon of the Smotrych River have also brought tourists. Since the late 1990s, the city has grown into one of the chief tourist centers of western Ukraine. Annual Cossack Games (Kozatski zabavy) and festivals, which include the open ballooning championship of Ukraine, car racing and various music, art and drama activities, attract an estimated 140,000 tourists and stimulate the local economy. More than a dozen privately owned hotels have recently opened, a large number for a provincial Ukrainian city.

Kamianets-Podilskyi: International relations

See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Ukraine

Kamianets-Podilskyi: Twin towns – Sister cities

Kamianets-Podilskyi is twinned with:

  • Poland Kalisz in Poland (since 1993)

Kamianets-Podilskyi: Notable individuals

  • Nikolai Chebotaryov (1894–1947)), noted Russian and Soviet mathematician, best known for the Chebotaryov density theorem.
  • David Günzburg (Baron de Günzburg; 1857-1910) Russian orientalist and Jewish communal leader, was born here.
  • Józef Kallenbach (1861-1929), Polish historian of literature, was born here.
  • Stanisław Koniecpolski (1590 or 1594-1646), Polish military commander, fought here.
  • Mark Kopytman (1929-2011), Soviet-Israeli composer, born here
  • Mykola Leontovych (1877-1921), Ukrainian composer, studied and graduated from the city's Theological Seminary
  • Iryna Merleni (born 1982), female wrestler.
  • Aleksander Michałowski (1851-1938), Polish pianist, was born here.
  • Mieczysław Mickiewicz (1879-before 1939), Polish politician, was born here.
  • Szymon Okolski (1580-1653), Polish historian; lived here.
  • Ferdynand Antoni Ossendowski (1876-1945), Polish writer, explorer, professor, anti-communist and political activist; lived here.
  • Krzysztof Radziwiłłowski was a town official in 1768.
  • José Antonio Saravia (1785-1871), Spanish-born Russian general during the Napoleonic Wars; married and lived here.
  • Zvee Scooler (1899–1985), actor and radio commentator, best known as the Rabbi in Fiddler on the Roof; was born here.
  • Mendele Mocher Sforim (1836-1917), Jewish author; lived here.
  • Mihail Starenki (1879-?), a Bessarabian politician; was born here.
  • Leonid Stein (1934-1973), Soviet chess Grandmaster; was born here.
  • Arthur Tracy (1899-1997), American singer; was born here.
  • Anton Vasyutinsky (1858-1935), painter, coin and medal designer; was born here.
  • Mikhail Veller (born 1948), Russian writer; was born here.
  • Ion Vinokur, (1930 - 2006), Ukrainian archaeologist, historian; lived and worked here.
  • Jan de Witte (1709-1785), famous Polish architect and commander of the local fortress.
  • Jerzy Wołodyjowski, Polish colonel, the prototype for one of Henryk Sienkiewicz's characters, Michał Wołodyjowski; was killed here.
  • Józef Zajączek (1752-1826), Polish general, was born here.
  • Maurice Zbriger (1896-1981), Canadian violinist, composer and conductor; was born here.

Kamianets-Podilskyi: See also

  • The Lost Jewish Community of Kamenets-Podolsk
  • Kamianets-Podilskyi massacre
  • Kamenets-Podolsky pocket

Kamianets-Podilskyi: References

  1. "Geography". kp.rel.com.ua (in Ukrainian). Archived from the original on 28 September 2007. Retrieved 25 October 2007.
  2. "The Museum City". Kamianets-Podilskyi. Art/Ukrainian. Retrieved 26 October 2007.
  3. "Perła Podola". niedziela.pl (in Polish). Retrieved 26 October 2007.
  4. "History". kp.rel.com.ua (in Ukrainian). Archived from the original on 28 September 2007. Retrieved 25 October 2007.
  5. Disorder in the Ukraine?, TIME Magazine, 12 December 1927
  6. Davis, Martin, ed. (2010). "The Nazi Invasion of Kamenets". JewishGen.
  7. "Kamenetz-Podolsk:". JewishEncyclopedia.com. Retrieved 8 July 2009.
  8. ISBN 0465002390.
  9. Martin Davis. "Kamyanets-Podilskyy" (PDF). pp. 11-14 / 24 in PDF – via direct download. Also in: Martin Davis (2010). "The Nazi Invasion of Kamenets". JewishGen.
  10. Randolph L. Braham (2000). The Politics of Genocide. Wayne State University Press. p. 34. ISBN 0814326919.
  11. Gross, S.Y.; Cohen, Yosef, eds. (1983). "Chapter 7 - The Holocaust of Jewish Marmaros". The Marmaros Book - In Memory of 160 Jewish Communities. Tel Aviv: Beit Marmaros.
  12. "Kalisz Official Website – Twin Towns" (in Polish). Retrieved 29 November 2008.
  • Olha Plamenytska, ed. (2003). Tourist guide Kamianets-Podilskyi (in Ukrainian). ISBN 966-7022-46-3.
  • "Virtual travel 3D in Kamianets-Podilskyi". www.karta3d.com (in Russian). Retrieved 26 October 2013.
  • "Kamianets-Podilskyi information site". kam-pod.info. Retrieved 26 October 2013.
  • "City's official website". kam-pod.gov.ua (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 12 March 2012.
  • "Informational portal". www.kp-tour.com.ua (in Russian). Retrieved 25 October 2007.
  • "Kamianets". castles.com.ua (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 18 October 2007.
  • "The old fortress on the Smotrich River," in Zerkalo Nedeli (Mirror Weekly), 28 June – 5 July 2002, available online in Ukrainian and in Russian
  • "Kamenets-Podolskiy Flower on the Rock". Vokrug Sveta (in Russian). Retrieved 25 October 2007.
  • History of Jewish Community in Kamenets-Podolski
  • The murder of the Jews of Kamianets-Podilskyi during World War II, at Yad Vashem website.

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