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When a hotel search in Karlsruhe is done, please select the room type, the included meals and the suitable booking conditions (for example, "Deluxe double room, Breakfast included, Non-Refundable"). Press the "View Deal" ("Book Now") button. Make your booking on a hotel booking website and get the hotel reservation voucher by email. That's it, a perfect hotel in Karlsruhe is waiting for you!

Hotels of Karlsruhe

A hotel in Karlsruhe is an establishment that provides lodging paid on a short-term basis. Facilities provided may range from a basic bed and storage for clothing, to luxury features like en-suite bathrooms. Larger in Karlsruhe hotels may provide additional guest facilities such as a swimming pool, business centre, childcare, conference facilities and social function services. Hotel rooms in Karlsruhe are usually numbered (or named in some smaller hotels and B&Bs) to allow guests to identify their room. Some Karlsruhe hotels offer meals as part of a room and board arrangement. Hotel operations vary in size, function, and cost. Most Karlsruhe hotels and major hospitality companies that operate hotels in Karlsruhe have set widely accepted industry standards to classify hotel types. General categories include the following:

Upscale luxury hotels in Karlsruhe
An upscale full service hotel facility in Karlsruhe that offers luxury amenities, full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and the highest level of personalized and professional service. Luxury Karlsruhe hotels are normally classified with at least a Four Diamond or Five Diamond status or a Four or Five Star rating depending on classification standards.

Full service hotels in Karlsruhe
Full service Karlsruhe hotels often contain upscale full-service facilities with a large volume of full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and a variety of on-site amenities such as swimming pools, a health club, children's activities, ballrooms, on-site conference facilities, etc.

Historic inns and boutique hotels in Karlsruhe
Boutique hotels of Karlsruhe are smaller independent non-branded hotels that often contain upscale facilities of varying size in unique or intimate settings with full service accommodations. Karlsruhe boutique hotels are generally 100 rooms or less. Some historic inns and boutique hotels in Karlsruhe may be classified as luxury hotels.

Focused or select service hotels in Karlsruhe
Small to medium-sized hotel establishments that offer a limited amount of on-site amenities that only cater and market to a specific demographic of Karlsruhe travelers, such as the single business traveler. Most Karlsruhe focused or select service hotels may still offer full service accommodations but may lack leisure amenities such as an on-site restaurant or a swimming pool.

Economy and limited service hotels in Karlsruhe
Small to medium-sized Karlsruhe hotel establishments that offer a very limited amount of on-site amenities and often only offer basic accommodations with little to no services, these facilities normally only cater and market to a specific demographic of travelers, such as the budget-minded Karlsruhe traveler seeking a "no frills" accommodation. Limited service Karlsruhe hotels often lack an on-site restaurant but in return may offer a limited complimentary food and beverage amenity such as on-site continental breakfast service.

Guest houses and B&Bs in Karlsruhe
A bed and breakfast in Karlsruhe is a small lodging establishment that offers overnight accommodation and inclusive breakfast. Usually, Karlsruhe bed and breakfasts are private homes or family homes offering accommodations. The typical Karlsruhe B&B has between 4 and 11 rooms, with 6 being the average. Generally, guests are accommodated in private bedrooms with private bathrooms, or in a suite of rooms including an en suite bathroom. Some homes have private bedrooms with a bathroom which is shared with other guests. Breakfast is served in the bedroom, a dining room, or the host's kitchen. Often the owners of guest house themselves prepare the breakfast and clean the rooms.

Hostels in Karlsruhe
Karlsruhe hostels provide budget-oriented, sociable accommodation where guests can rent a bed, usually a bunk bed, in a dormitory and share a bathroom, lounge, and sometimes a kitchen. Rooms can be mixed or single-sex, although private rooms may also be available. Hostels are often cheaper for both the operator and occupants; many Karlsruhe hostels have long-term residents whom they employ as desk agents or housekeeping staff in exchange for experience or discounted accommodation.

Apartment hotels, extended stay hotels in Karlsruhe
Extended stay hotels are small to medium-sized Karlsruhe hotels that offer longer term full service accommodations compared to a traditional hotel. Extended stay hotels may offer non-traditional pricing methods such as a weekly rate that cater towards travelers in need of short-term accommodations for an extended period of time. Similar to limited and select service hotels, on-site amenities are normally limited and most extended stay hotels in Karlsruhe lack an on-site restaurant.

Timeshare and destination clubs in Karlsruhe
Karlsruhe timeshare and destination clubs are a form of property ownership also referred to as a vacation ownership involving the purchase and ownership of an individual unit of accommodation for seasonal usage during a specified period of time. Timeshare resorts in Karlsruhe often offer amenities similar that of a Full service hotel with on-site restaurant(s), swimming pools, recreation grounds, and other leisure-oriented amenities. Destination clubs of Karlsruhe on the other hand may offer more exclusive private accommodations such as private houses in a neighborhood-style setting.

Motels in Karlsruhe
A Karlsruhe motel is a small-sized low-rise lodging establishment similar to that of a limited service hotel, but with direct access to individual rooms from the car park. Common during the 1950s and 1960s, motels were often located adjacent to a major road, where they were built on inexpensive land at the edge of towns or along stretches of highways. They are still useful in less populated areas of Karlsruhe for driving travelers, but the more populated an area becomes the more hotels fill the need. Many of Karlsruhe motels which remain in operation have joined national franchise chains, rebranding themselves as hotels, inns or lodges.

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Travelling and vacation in Karlsruhe

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Karlsruhe
Carlsruhe
View over Karlsruhe
View over Karlsruhe
Flag of Karlsruhe
Flag
Coat of arms of Karlsruhe
Coat of arms
Karlsruhe  is located in Germany
Karlsruhe
Karlsruhe
Coordinates:  / 49.00920970; 8.40395140  / 49.00920970; 8.40395140
Country Germany
State Baden-Württemberg
Admin. region Karlsruhe
District Urban district
Founded 1715
Government
• Lord Mayor Frank Mentrup (SPD)
Area
• Total 173.46 km (66.97 sq mi)
Elevation 115 m (377 ft)
Population (2015-12-31)
• Total 307,755
• Density 1,800/km (4,600/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 76131–76229
Dialling codes 0721
Vehicle registration KA
Website www.karlsruhe.de

Karlsruhe (German pronunciation: [ˈkaɐ̯lsˌʁuːə]; formerly Carlsruhe) is the second-largest city in the state of Baden-Württemberg, in southwest Germany, near the French-German border. It has a population of 307,755. The city is the seat of the two highest courts in Germany: the Federal Constitutional Court and the Federal Court of Justice. Its most remarkable building is Karlsruhe Palace, which was built in 1715.

Karlsruhe: Geography

The 49th parallel north in the Karlsruhe Stadtgarten

Karlsruhe lies completely to the right of the Rhine, and almost completely on the Upper Rhine Plain. It contains the Turmberg in the east, and also lies on the borders of the Kraichgau leading to the Northern Black Forest.

The Rhine, one of the world's most important shipping routes forms the western limits of the city, beyond which lie the towns of Maximiliansau and Wörth am Rhein in the German state of Rhineland-Palatinate. The city centre is approximately 7.5 km (4.7 mi) from the river, as measured from the Marktplatz (Market Square). The two tributaries of the Rhine, the Alb and the Pfinz flow through the city from the Kraichgau to eventually join the Rhine.

The city lies at an altitude between 100 m and 322 m (near the communications tower In the suburb of Grünwettersbach). Its geographical coordinates are  / 49.000; 8.400; the 49th parallel runs through the city centre, which puts it at the same latitude as much of the Canada-United States border, the cities Vancouver (Canada), Paris (France), Regensburg (Germany) and Hulunbuir (China). Its course is marked by a stone and painted line in the Stadtgarten (municipal park). The total area of the city is 173.46 km (66.97 sq mi), and hence is the 30th largest city in Germany measured by land area. The longest North-South distance is 16.8 km (10.4 mi) and 19.3 km (12.0 mi) in the East-West direction.

Karlsruhe is part of the urban area of Karlsruhe/Pforzheim, to which certain other towns in the district of Karlsruhe like Bruchsal, Ettlingen, Stutensee and Rheinstetten, as well as the city of Pforzheim belong.

MiRO oil refinery

The city was planned with the palace tower (Schloss) at the center and 32 streets radiating out from it like the spokes of a wheel, or the ribs of a folding fan, so that one nickname for Karlsruhe in German is the "fan city" (Fächerstadt). Almost all of these streets survived until today. Because of this city layout, in metric geometry, Karlsruhe metric refers to a measure of distance that assumes travel is only possible along radial streets and along circular avenues around the centre.

The city centre is the oldest part of town and lies south of the palace in the quadrant defined by nine of the radial streets. The central part of the palace runs east-west, with two wings, each at a 45° angle, directed southeast and southwest (i.e., parallel with the streets marking the boundaries of the quadrant defining the city center).

The market square lies on the street running south from the palace to Ettlingen. The market square has the town hall (Rathaus) to the west, the main Lutheran church (Evangelische Stadtkirche) to the east, and the tomb of Margrave Charles III William in a pyramid in the buildings, resulting in Karlsruhe being one of only three large cities in Germany where buildings are laid out in the neoclassical style.

The area north of the palace is a park and forest. Originally the area to the east of the palace consisted of gardens and forests, some of which remain, but the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (founded in 1825), Wildparkstadion football stadium, and residential areas have been built there. The area west of the palace is now mostly residential.

Panorama of Karlsruhe, looking south from the palace tower. The Institute of Technology is on the left, the market square in the centre, the Federal Constitutional Court on the right. Note wings of the palace aligning with streets, all radiating out from the centre of town, i.e., the palace tower.
180-degree panorama from atop the palace tower, facing north.

Karlsruhe: Climate

Karlsruhe experiences an oceanic climate (Köppen climate classification Cfb) and its winter climate is milder, compared to most other German cities. Summers are also hotter than elsewhere in the country and it is one of the sunniest cities in Germany. Precipitation is almost evenly spread throughout the year. In 2008, the weather station in Karlsruhe, which had been operating since 1876, was closed; it was replaced by a weather station in Rheinstetten, south of Karlsruhe.

Climate data for Karlsruhe/Rheinstetten, Germany for 1981–2010 (Source: DWD)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 17.5
(63.5)
22.0
(71.6)
26.7
(80.1)
29.2
(84.6)
33.3
(91.9)
37.2
(99)
38.5
(101.3)
40.2
(104.4)
32.8
(91)
29.5
(85.1)
21.8
(71.2)
19.2
(66.6)
40.2
(104.4)
Average high °C (°F) 4.7
(40.5)
6.8
(44.2)
11.7
(53.1)
16.4
(61.5)
20.9
(69.6)
24.0
(75.2)
26.6
(79.9)
26.5
(79.7)
21.6
(70.9)
15.8
(60.4)
9.1
(48.4)
5.5
(41.9)
15.8
(60.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) 2.0
(35.6)
3.0
(37.4)
6.9
(44.4)
10.7
(51.3)
15.2
(59.4)
18.3
(64.9)
20.6
(69.1)
20.1
(68.2)
15.6
(60.1)
10.9
(51.6)
5.8
(42.4)
2.9
(37.2)
11.0
(51.8)
Average low °C (°F) −0.7
(30.7)
−0.3
(31.5)
2.7
(36.9)
5.3
(41.5)
9.6
(49.3)
12.8
(55)
14.9
(58.8)
14.6
(58.3)
10.9
(51.6)
7.2
(45)
2.9
(37.2)
0.4
(32.7)
6.7
(44.1)
Record low °C (°F) −20.0
(−4)
−15.0
(5)
−14.6
(5.7)
−5.3
(22.5)
−0.3
(31.5)
3.6
(38.5)
6.9
(44.4)
6.3
(43.3)
2.5
(36.5)
−2.8
(27)
−9.3
(15.3)
−18.7
(−1.7)
−20.0
(−4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 58.0
(2.283)
55.8
(2.197)
59.0
(2.323)
52.7
(2.075)
77.6
(3.055)
76.4
(3.008)
75.3
(2.965)
58.7
(2.311)
57.9
(2.28)
73.5
(2.894)
63.3
(2.492)
75.2
(2.961)
783.4
(30.843)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 56.7 87.8 131.2 182.7 218.4 232.1 253.9 237.3 174.4 110.9 65.5 45.6 1,796.43
Source: Data derived from Deutscher Wetterdienst

Karlsruhe: History

According to legend, the name Karlsruhe, which translates as "Charles’ repose", was given to the new city after a hunting trip when Margrave Charles III William of Baden-Durlach, woke from a dream in which he dreamt of founding his new city. A variation of this story claims that he built the new palace in order to find peace from his wife.

Charles William founded the city on June 17, 1715, after a dispute with the citizens of his previous capital, Durlach. The founding of the city is closely linked to the construction of the palace. Karlsruhe became the capital of Baden-Durlach and in 1771 of the united Baden until 1945. Built in 1822, the Ständehaus was the first parliament building in a German State. In the aftermath of the democratic revolution of 1848, a republican government was elected here.

Karlsruhe was visited by Thomas Jefferson during his time as the American envoy to France; when Pierre Charles L'Enfant was planning the layout of Washington, D.C., Jefferson passed to him maps of 12 European towns to consult, one of which was a sketch he had made of Karlsruhe during his visit.

In 1860, the first-ever international professional convention of chemists, the Karlsruhe Congress, was held in the city.

Much of the central area, including the palace, was reduced to rubble by Allied bombing during World War II but was rebuilt after the war. Located in the American zone of the post-war Allied occupation, Karlsruhe was home to an American military base, established in 1945. In 1995, the bases closed, and their facilities were turned over to the city of Karlsruhe.

Karlsruhe: Demographics

The following list shows the most significant groups of immigrants residing in the city of Karlsruhe by country.

Rank Nationality Population (2017)
1 Turkey 7,103
2 Italy 5,283
3 Yugoslavia 4,107
4 Romania 4,007
5 Poland 3,985
6 Syria 3,119
7 Soviet Union 2,814
8 France 2,097
9 Spain 1,931
10 China 1,510

Karlsruhe: Main sights

The Stadtgarten is a recreational area near the main railway station (Hauptbahnhof) and was rebuilt for the 1967 Federal Garden Show (Bundesgartenschau). It is also the site of the Karlsruhe Zoo.

The Durlacher Turmberg has a look-out tower (hence its name). It is a former keep dating back to the 13th century.

The city has two botanical gardens: the municipal Botanischer Garten Karlsruhe, which forms part of the Palace complex, and the Botanischer Garten der Universität Karlsruhe, which is maintained by the university.

Panorama of the courtyard of Botanischer Garten Karlsruhe.

The Marktplatz has a stone pyramid marking the grave of the city's founder. Built in 1825, it is the emblem of Karlsruhe. The city is nicknamed the "fan city" (die Fächerstadt) because of its design layout, with straight streets radiating fan-like from the Palace.

The Karlsruhe Palace (Schloss) is an interesting piece of architecture; the adjacent Schlossgarten includes the Botanical Garden with a palm, cactus and orchid house, and walking paths through the woods to the north.

The so-called Kleine Kirche (Little Church), built between 1773 and 1776, is the oldest church of Karlsruhe's city centre.

The architect Friedrich Weinbrenner designed many of the city's most important sights. Another sight is the Rondellplatz with its 'Constitution Building Columns' (1826). It is dedicated to Baden's first constitution in 1818, which was one of the most liberal of its time. The Münze (mint), erected in 1826/27, was also built by Weinbrenner.

St. Stephan parish church

The St. Stephan parish church is one of the masterpieces of neoclassical church architecture in. Weinbrenner, who built this church between 1808 and 1814, orientated it to the Pantheon, Rome.

Grand Ducal burial chapel

The neo-Gothic Grand Ducal Burial Chapel, built between 1889 and 1896, is a mausoleum rather than a church, and is located in the middle of the forest.

The main cemetery of Karlsruhe is the oldest park-like cemetery in Germany. The crematorium was the first to be built in the style of a church.

Karlsruhe is also home to a Museum of Natural History, an opera house (the Baden State Theatre), as well as a number of independent theatres and art galleries. The State Art Gallery, built in 1846 by Heinrich Hübsch, displays paintings and sculptures from six centuries, particularly from France, Germany and Holland. Karlsruhe's newly renovated art museum is one of the most important art museums in Baden-Württemberg. Further cultural attractions are scattered throughout Karlsruhe's various incorporated suburbs. Established in 1924, the Scheffel Association is the largest literary society in Germany. Today the Prinz-Max-Palais, built between 1881 and 1884 in neoclassical style, houses the organisation and includes its museum.

Breweries and buildings in art nouveau style were predominant in the western city

Due to population growth in the late 19th century, Karlsruhe developed several suburban areas (Vorstadt) in the Gründerzeit and especially art nouveau styles of architecture, with many preserved examples.

Karlsruhe is also home to the Majolika-Manufaktur, the only art-ceramics pottery studio in Germany. Founded in 1901, it is located in the Schlossgarten. A 'blue streak' (Blauer Strahl) consisting of 1,645 ceramic tiles, connects the studio with the Palace. It is the world's largest ceramic artwork.

Another tourist attraction is the Centre for Art and Media (Zentrum für Kunst und Medientechnologie, or ZKM), which is located in a converted ammunition factory.

Karlsruhe: Government

Karlsruhe: Justice

The Federal Constitutional Court of Germany

Karlsruhe is the seat of the German Federal Constitutional Court (Bundesverfassungsgericht) and the highest Court of Appeals in civil and criminal cases, the Bundesgerichtshof. The courts came to Karlsruhe after World War II, when the provinces of Baden and Württemberg were merged. Stuttgart, capital of Württemberg, became the capital of the new province (Württemberg-Baden in 1945 and Baden-Württemberg in 1952). In compensation for the state authorities relocated to Stuttgart, Karlsruhe applied to become the seat of the high court.

Karlsruhe: Public health

There are four hospitals: The municipal Klinikum Karlsruhe provides the maximum level of medical services, the St. Vincentius-Kliniken and the Diakonissenkrankenhaus, connected to the Catholic and Protestant churches, respectively, offer central services, and the private Paracelsus-Klinik basic medical care, according to state hospital demand planning.

Karlsruhe: Economy

Germany's largest oil refinery is located in Karlsruhe, at the western edge of the city, directly on the river Rhine. The Technologieregion Karlsruhe is a loose confederation of the region's cities in order to promote high tech industries; today, about 20% of the region's jobs are in research and development. EnBW, one of Germany's biggest electric utility companies and a revenue of 19.2 billion € in 2012, is headquartered in the city.

Karlsruhe: Internet activities

Due to the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology providing services until the late 1990, Karlsruhe became known as the internet capital of Germany. The DENIC, Germany's Network Information Centre, has since moved to Frankfurt, though, where DE-CIX is located.

Two major internet service providers, WEB.DE and schlund+partner/1&1, now both owned by United Internet AG, are located at Karlsruhe.

The library of the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology developed the Karlsruher Virtueller Katalog, the first internet site that allowed researchers worldwide (for free) to search multiple library catalogues worldwide.

In the year 2000 the regional online "newspaper" ka‑news.de was created. As a daily newspaper, it not only provides the news, but also informs readers about upcoming events in Karlsruhe and surrounding areas.

Rail yard, bypass road Südtangente

In addition to established companies, Karlsruhe has a vivid and spreading startup community with well-known startups like STAPPZ. Together, the local high tech industry is responsible for over 22.000 jobs.

Karlsruhe: Transport

The Verkehrsbetriebe Karlsruhe (VBK) operates the city's urban public transport network, comprising seven tram routes and a network of bus routes. This network is well developed and all city areas can be reached round the clock by tram and a night bus system. The Turmbergbahn funicular railway, to the east of the city centre, is also operated by the VBK.

The VBK is also a partner, with the Albtal-Verkehrs-Gesellschaft and Deutsche Bahn, in the operation of the Karlsruhe Stadtbahn, the rail system that serves a larger area around the city. This system makes it possible to reach other towns in the region, like Ettlingen, Wörth am Rhein, Pforzheim, Bad Wildbad, Bretten, Bruchsal, Heilbronn, Baden-Baden, and even Freudenstadt in the Black Forest right from the city centre. The Stadtbahn is well known in transport circles around the world for pioneering the concept of operating trams on train tracks, to achieve a more effective and attractive public transport system, to the extent that this is often known as the Karlsruhe model tram-train system.

Karlsruhe is well-connected via road and rail, with Autobahn and InterCityExpress connections going to Frankfurt, Stuttgart/Munich and Freiburg/Basel from Karlsruhe Hauptbahnhof. Since June 2007 it has been connected to the TGV network, reducing travel time to Paris to only three hours (previously it had taken five hours).

Oil port

Two ports on the Rhine provide transport capacity on cargo ships, especially for petroleum products.

The nearest airport is part of the Baden Airpark (officially Flughafen Karlsruhe/Baden-Baden) about 45 km (28 mi) southwest of Karlsruhe, with regular connections to airports in Germany and Europe in general. Frankfurt International Airport can be reached in about an hour and a half by car (one hour by InterCityExpress); Stuttgart Airport can be reached in about one hour (about an hour and a half by train and S‑Bahn).

Two interesting facts in transportation history are that both Karl Drais, the inventor of the bicycle, as well as Karl Benz, the inventor of the automobile were born in Karlsruhe. Benz was born in Mühlburg, which later became a borough of Karlsruhe (in 1886). Benz also studied at the Karlsruhe University. It also is interesting that Benz’s wife Bertha took the world's first long distance-drive with an automobile from Mannheim to Karlsruhe-Grötzingen and Pforzheim (see Bertha Benz Memorial Route). Their professional lives led both men to the neighboring city of Mannheim, where they first applied their most famous inventions.

Memorial for Baden Life Grenadiers in several wars, 1803–1918, existed until 2010
Karlsburg Castle in Durlach

Karlsruhe: Jewish community

Jews settled in Karlsruhe soon after its founding. They were attracted by the numerous privileges granted by its founder to settlers, without discrimination as to creed. Official documents attest the presence of several Jewish families at Karlsruhe in 1717. A year later the city council addressed to the margrave a report in which a question was raised as to the proportion of municipal charges to be borne by the newly arrived Jews, who in that year formed an organized congregation, with Rabbi Nathan Uri Kohen of Metz at its head. A document dated 1726 gives the names of twenty-four Jews who had taken part in an election of municipal officers.

As the city grew, permission to settle there became less easily obtained by Jews, and the community developed more slowly. A 1752 Jewry ordinance stated Jews were forbidden to leave the city on Sundays and Christian holidays, or to go out of their houses during church services, but they were exempted from service by court summonses on Sabbaths. They could sell wine only in inns owned by Jews and graze their cattle, not on the commons, but on the wayside only. Nethanael Weill was a rabbi in Karlsruhe from 1750 until his death.

In 1783, by a decree issued by Margrave Charles Frederick of Baden, the Jews ceased to be serfs, and consequently could settle wherever they pleased. The same decree freed them from the Todfall tax, paid to the clergy for each Jewish burial. In commemoration of these changes special prayers were prepared by the acting rabbi Jedidiah Tiah Weill, who, succeeding his father in 1770, held the office until 1805.

In 1808 the new constitution of what at that time, during the Napoleonic era, had become the Grand Duchy of Baden granted Jews citizenship status; a subsequent edict, in 1809, constitutionally acknowledged Jews as a religious group. The latter edict provided for a hierarchical organization of the Jewish communities of Baden, under the umbrella of a central council of Baden Jewry (Oberrat der Israeliten Badens), with its seat in Karlsruhe, and the appointment of a chief rabbi of Karlsruhe, as the spiritual head of the Jews in all of Baden. The first chief rabbi of Karlsruhe and Baden was Rabbi Asher Loew, who served from 1809 until his death in 1837.

Complete emancipation was given in 1862, Jews were elected to city council and Baden parliament, and from 1890 were appointed judges. Jews were persecuted in the 'Hep-Hep' riots that occurred in 1819; and anti-Jewish demonstrations were held in 1843, 1848, and the 1880s. The well-known German-Israeli artist Leo Kahn studied in Karlsruhe before leaving for France and Israel in the 1920s and 1930s.

Today, there are about 900 members in the Jewish community, many of whom are recent immigrants from Russia, and an orthodox rabbi.

Karlsruhe has memorialized its Jewish community and notable pre-war synagogues with a memorial park.

Karlsruhe: Karlsruhe and the Holocaust

In 1933, 3,358 Jews lived in Karlsruhe. The Jewish community owned buildings and property, such as two synagogues, one on Karl-Friedrich-Straße and one on Kronenstraße, two elderly citizens' homes, a Jewish school, a hospital, welfare institutions, and several Jewish cemeteries. During the first years of the Nazi regime, the community continued to function, particularly to prepare Jews for emigration. On October 28, 1938, all male Polish Jews living in Karlsruhe were deported to Poland. Synagogues were destroyed on Kristallnacht, 9–10 November 1938. Most of the men were arrested and sent to Dachau concentration camp, but were released after they had furnished proof that they intended to emigrate. In October 1940, 895 Jews were expelled during Operation Wagner-Bürckel and interned by the French Vichy authorities in Gurs in southern France. Most of these were then deported from there to Auschwitz (via the Drancy deportation camp, on the outskirts of Paris) between August and November 1942. Most of the 429 remaining Jews and other so‑called "non-Aryans" were deported to the east between 1941 and 1944. In 1945 there were only 18 Jews in Karlsruhe. More than 1,000 of them had been killed between 1933 and 1945. The Baden Central Jewish Council was reorganized in 1948. A new synagogue was built in 1969.

Some 113 holocaust victims are commemorated by brass plaques on Karlsruhe's sidewalks, the so-called Stolpersteine.

Karlsruhe: Historical population

Year Inhabitants
1719 2,000
1750 2,500
1815 >15,000
1901 100,000
1933 155,000
1973 264,249
2003 282,595
2007 288,917
2012 296,033
2014 312,174

Karlsruhe: Famous people

  • George Bayer, pioneer in the USA state of Missouri
  • Karl Benz (1844–1929), mechanical engineer and inventor of the first automobile as well as the founder of Benz & Co., Daimler-Benz, and Mercedes-Benz (now part of Daimler AG). He was born in the Karlsruhe borough of Mühlburg and educated at Karlsruhe Grammar School, the Lyceum, and Poly-Technical University
  • Hermann Billing, Art Nouveau architect, was born and lived in Karlsruhe, where he built his first famous works
  • Siegfried Buback, (1920–1977), then-Attorney General of Germany who fell victim to terrorists of the Rote Armee Fraktion in April 1977 in Karlsruhe
  • Karl Drais, (1785–1851), German inventor of the two-wheeler principle basic to bicycle and motorcycle, key typewriter, and earliest stenograph, was born and died in Karlsruhe (1785–1851)
  • Theodor von Dusch (1824–1890), physician remembered for experiments involving cotton-wool filters for bacteria
  • Ludwig Eichrodt, writer
  • Harry L. Ettlinger, U.S. Army private who assisted the MFAA in the recovery of art looted by the Nazis. He was the last Jewish boy to celebrate his bar mitzvah in Karlsruhe's Kronenstrasse Synagogue, on September 24, 1938.
  • Clara Mathilda Faisst (1872–1948), pianist and composer
  • Obergruppenführer SA Hans Frank (1900–1946), Gauleiter and governor-general of Nazi-occupied Poland; hanged at Nuremberg for his crimes during World War II
  • Reinhold Frank, (1896–1945), German lawyer who worked for the resistance in Nazi Germany, ran a law practice in Karlsruhe; in his honour the street in Karlsruhe where the lawyer's chambers were founded bears his name
  • Karoline von Günderrode, a German poet, was born in Karlsruhe (1780–1806)
  • Johann Peter Hebel, writer and poet, lived in Karlsruhe for most of his life
  • Heinrich Rudolf Hertz: discovered electromagnetic waves at the University of Karlsruhe in the late 1880s. A lecture room named after Hertz lies close to the very spot where the discovery was made.
  • Friedrich Hund, a physicist of the pioneering generation of quantum mechanics (see Hund's rules); was born here
  • Hedwig Kettler (1851–1937), founded the first German Mädchengymnasium (girls' high school), located in Karlsruhe
  • Gustav Landauer, (1870–1919), one of the leading theorists of anarchism in Germany, was born in Karlsruhe
  • Markus Lüpertz worked and lives in Karlsruhe; he created the Narrenbrunnen (Fool's Fountain) in the city center
  • Composer Wolfgang Rihm is a resident of Karlsruhe
  • In 1886, Joseph Viktor von Scheffel, a German poet and novelist, was born in Karlsruhe
  • Peter Sloterdijk, (born 1947), German philosopher
  • Johann Gottfried Tulla (born in 1770 in Karlsruhe): instrumental in stabilizing and straightening the course of the southern Rhine River; a co-founder of the Karlsruhe University (1825)
  • Victoria of Baden (1862–1930), born in Karlsruhe, queen consort of Sweden by her marriage to King Gustaf V of Sweden
  • Friedrich Weinbrenner, (1766–1826) a German architect of neoclassicism; his tomb is situated in the main Protestant church in Karlsruhe
  • Richard Willstätter, recipient of 1915 Nobel Prize for Chemistry

Karlsruhe: Notable contemporary entertainment and sports figures

  • Dennis Aogo, German football defender who currently plays for Schalke 04
  • Christa Bauch, female bodybuilder
  • Walther Bensemann is one of the founders of the first southern German soccer club Karlsruher FV and later he became one of the founders of DFB and the founder of Kicker, which is Germany's leading soccer magazine
  • Oliver Bierhoff, (born 1968), retired German football striker and former national team captain for the Germany and Italian Serie A clubs Udinese, A.C. Milan and Chievo; currently working as the German national team manager
  • Andi Deris, (born 1964) German musician and songwriter, lead singer of the power metal band Helloween
  • Karl Elzer, stage and film actor
  • Gottfried Fuchs (1889–1972), was born in Karlsruhe and holds the record of ten goals in one single international soccer match for the German national team
  • Regina Halmich, (born 1976), retired female boxing flyweight world champion
  • Vincenzo Italiano, Italian footballer currently plays for Calcio Padova
  • Sead Kolašinac (born 20 June 1993) is a Bosnian footballer who plays as a left back for Arsenal FC
  • Oliver Kahn, (born 1969), retired goalkeeper of Karlsruher SC, Bayern Munich and Germany
  • Sebastian Koch, (born 1962), German actor
  • Renate Lingor, former German national football player
  • Mehmet Scholl, (born 1970), German retired footballer for Karlsruher SC, later Bayern Munich and the German national team
  • Muhammed Suiçmez, (born 1975), Turkish guitarist and composer for German technical death metal band Necrophagist
  • Eugene Weingand (1934–1986), actor and television host who claimed to be Peter Lorre Jr.
  • Moon Gayoung, (born 1996), South Korea actress

Karlsruhe: Education

Karlsruhe is a renowned research and study centre, with one of Germany's finest institutions of higher education.

Karlsruhe: Technology, engineering, and business

The Karlsruhe University (Universität Karlsruhe-TH), the oldest technical university in Germany, is home to the Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe (Karlsruhe Research Center), where engineering and scientific research is performed in the areas of health, earth, and environmental sciences. The Karlsruhe University of Applied Sciences (Hochschule Karlsruhe-HS) is the largest university of technology in the state of Baden-Württemberg, offering both professional and academic education in engineering sciences and business. In 2009, the University of Karlsruhe joined the Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe to form the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT).

Karlsruhe: The arts

The Academy of Fine Arts, Karlsruhe is one of the smallest universities in Germany, with average 300 students, but it is known as one of the most significant academies of fine arts. The Karlsruhe University of Arts and Design (HfG) was founded to the same time as its sister institution, the Center for Art and Media Karlsruhe (Zentrum für Kunst und Medientechnologie). The HfG teaching and research focuses on new media and media art. The Hochschule für Musik Karlsruhe is a music conservatory that offers degrees in composition, music performance, education, and radio journalism. Since 1989 it has been located in the Gottesaue Palace.

Karlsruhe: International education

The Karlshochschule International University (formerly known as Merkur Internationale Fachhochschule) was founded in 2004. As a foundation-owned, state-approved management school, Karlshochschule offers undergraduate education in both German and English, focusing on international and intercultural management, as well as service- and culture-related industries. Furthermore, an international consecutive Master of Arts in leadership studies is offered in English.

Karlsruhe: European Institute of Innovation and Technology (EIT)

Karlsruhe hosts one of the European Institute of Innovation and Technology's Knowledge and Innovation Communities (KICs) focusing on sustainable energy. Other co‑centres are based in Grenoble, France (CC Alps Valleys); Eindhoven, the Netherlands, and Leuven, Belgium (CC Benelux); Barcelona, Spain (CC Iberia); Kraków, Poland (CC PolandPlus); and Stockholm, Sweden (CC Sweden).

Karlsruhe: University of Education

The University of Education Karlsruhe was founded in 1962. It is specialized in educational processes. The University has about 3700 students and 180 full-time researchers and lecturers. It offers a wide range of educational studies, like teaching profession for primary and secondary schools (both optional with a European Teaching Certificate profile), Bachelor programs that specializes in Early Childhood Education and in Health and Leisure Education, Master programs in Educational Science, Intercultural Education, Migration and Multilingualism. Furthermore, the University of Education Karlsruhe offers a Master program for Biodiversity and Environmental Education.

see: List of schools in Germany

Karlsruhe: Culture

In 1999 the ZKM (Zentrum für Kunst und Medientechnologie, Centre for Art and Media) was opened. Within a short time it built up a worldwide reputation as a cultural institution. Linking new media theory and practice, the ZKM is located in a former weapons factory. Among the institutes related to the ZKM are the Staatliche Hochschule für Gestaltung (State University of Design), whose president is philosopher Peter Sloterdijk and the Museum for Contemporary Art.

Nancy fountain

Karlsruhe: International relations

Karlsruhe: Twin towns-sister cities

Karlsruhe is twinned with:

  • United Kingdom Nottingham, England, United Kingdom
  • France Nancy, France
  • Russia Krasnodar, Russia
  • Romania Timișoara, Romania
  • Germany Halle, Germany

Karlsruhe: Partnerships

The city is also in a partnership relationship with:

  • Finland Oulu
Gottesau Palace (now music college).

Karlsruhe: Legacy

  • Ukrainian village Stepove near the city of Mykolaiv in southern Ukraine was established by German colonists as Karlsruhe.

Karlsruhe: Events

Every year in July there is a large open-air festival lasting three days called simply Das Fest ("The Festival").

The Baden State Theatre has sponsored the Händel Festival since 1978.

The city hosted the 23rd and 31st European Juggling Conventions (EJC) in 2000 and 2008.

In July the African Summer Festival is held in the city's Nordstadt. Markets, drumming workshops, exhibitions, a varied children's programme, and musical performances take place during the three days festival.

In the past Karlsruhe has been the host of LinuxTag (the biggest Linux event in Europe) and until 2006 hosted the annual Linux Audio Conference.

Visitors and locals watched the total solar eclipse at noon on August 11, 1999. The city was not only located within the eclipse path but was one of the few within Germany not plagued by bad weather.

Karlsruhe: Sport

Football (soccer)
Karlsruher SC (KSC), DFB (3. Liga)
Basketball
BG Karlsruhe, Basketball-Pro-Liga A (second division)

Karlsruhe co-hosted the FIBA EuroBasket 1985.

Tennis
TC Rueppurr (TCR), [Tennis-Bundesliga] (women's first division)
Baseball, softball
Karlsruhe Cougars, Regional League South-East (men's baseball), 1st Bundesliga South (women's softball I) and State League South (women's softball II)
American football
Badener Greifs, currently competing in the Regional League Central but formerly a member of the GFL's 1st Bundesliga, lost to the Berlin Adler in the 1987 German Bowl (see also: German Football League)
Karlsruhe Palace

Karlsruhe: References

  1. "Gemeinden in Deutschland nach Fläche, Bevölkerung und Postleitzahl am 30.09.2016". Statistisches Bundesamt (in German). 2016.
  2. Rashid Bin Muhammad. "Karlsruhe-Metric Voronoi Diagram". Personal.kent.edu. Retrieved 2011-04-07.
  3. "Die Wetterstationen in Karlsruhe". Wetter.im-licht-der-natur.de. Retrieved 2013-03-26.
  4. "Ausgabe der Klimadaten: Monatswerte".
  5. Volker C. Ihle (2011). Karlsruhe and the United States. Sonstige. pp. 35–37.
  6. Ihde, Aaron J. (1961). "The Karlsruhe Congress: A Centennial Retrospective". Journal of Chemical Education. 38 (2): 83–86. Bibcode:1961JChEd..38...83I. doi:10.1021/ed038p83. (subscription required)
  7. Elkins, Walter. "U.S. Army Installations - Karlsruhe". U.S. Army in Germany. Retrieved 2012-07-21.
  8. Southern Germany
  9. Staatliche Majolika Manufaktur Karlsruhe GmbH. "Majolika-Manufaktur". Majolika-karlsruhe.com. Retrieved 2011-04-07.
  10. Stadt Karlsruhe Stadtarchiv (ed.): Karlsruhe. Die Stadtgeschichte. Badenia, Karlsruhe 1998, ISBN 3-7617-0353-8, p. 591–594
  11. "Financial Report 2012" (PDF). EnBW. p. 3.
  12. See [1], a webpage by the Federal Foreign Office
  13. "Interview mit einem Gründer aus Karlsruhe". Retrieved 2015-05-08.
  14. "STAPPZ App from Karlsruhe, Homepage". Retrieved 2015-05-08.
  15. "Region: Mittlerer Oberrhein Informationstechnologie, IT-Anwendungen / Unternehmenssoftware". Retrieved 2015-05-08.
  16. "Karlsruhe (Carlsruhe)" (1906). The Jewish Encyclopedia. Ed. Isidore Singer. Vol. 7. p. 448-449.
  17. Dubnow, Simon (1920). Die neueste Geschichte des Jüdischen Volkes (1789-1914). (in German) Translated from the Russian by Alexander Eliasberg. Vol. 1. Einleitung. Erste Abteilung: Das Zeitalter der ersten Emanzipation (1789-1815). Berlin: Jüdischer Verlag. p. 288.
  18. Kober, Adolf (1942). "Mannheim." The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia. Ed. Isaac Landman. Vol. 7. New York: Universal Jewish Encyclopedia, Inc. p. 330-332; here: p. 331.
  19. Oelsner, Toni (2007). "Karlsruhe." Encyclopaedia Judaica. 2nd ed. Vol. 11. Detroit: Macmillan Reference. p. 810-811.
  20. "Jewish Community Karlsruhe - Karlsruhe, Germany".
  21. "images/Images%2021/ka%20syn". alemannia-judaica.de. Retrieved 2014-07-24.
  22. "Karlsruhe condolence book". Karlsruhe.de. 2006-12-20. Retrieved 2011-04-07.
  23. Bräunche, Ernst Otto; Koch, Manfred (2015-04-16). "Karlsruher Stadtgeschichte". Stadtarchiv & Historische Museen (in German). Stadt Karlsruhe. Retrieved 2016-04-09.
  24. "Eingliederung ehemals selbständiger Gemeinden". Amt für Stadtentwicklung (in German). Stadt Karlsruhe. 2010-06-07. Retrieved 2011-01-05.
  25. http://web1.karlsruhe.de/Stadtentwicklung/siska/pdf/Bevoelkerung%202014-06.pdf
  26. http://eit.europa.eu/fileadmin/Content/Downloads/PDF/news_items/Summary_InnoEnergy.pdf
  27. "Städtepartnerschaften aktuell" (in German). Stadt Karlsruhe. Retrieved 2016-04-09.
  28. "European networks and city partnerships". Nottingham City Council. 22 June 2012. Archived from the original on 25 June 2012. Retrieved 6 January 2015.
  29. "Partneri- ja kummikaupungit (Partnership and twinning cities)". Oulun kaupunki (City of Oulu) (in Finnish). Retrieved 2013-07-27.
  30. "das FEST". Retrieved 2015-04-01.
  31. "das FEST" (in German). Retrieved 2011-01-05.
  32. "Karlsruhe Afrikamarkt & Festival 2011". Africansummerfestival.de. Retrieved 2011-04-07.
  33. "http://lac.zkm.de/". lac.zkm.de. Retrieved 2014-07-24. External link in |title= (help)
  • Map of Karlsruhe
  • Official website (in German)
  • City wiki of Karlsruhe (in German) (in English)
  • Karlsruhe travel guide from Wikivoyage
  • Karlsruhe Nuclide Chart
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