Lowest prices on Kingston hotels booking, Canada

One of the latest proposals is an unique opportunity to instantly find the lowest prices on Kingston hotels and book a best hotel in Kingston saving up to 80%! You can do it quickly and easily with HotelsCombined, a world's leading free hotel metasearch engine that allows to search and compare the rates of all major hotel chains, top travel sites, and leading hotel booking websites, including Booking.com, Hotels.com, Agoda.com, etc., etc. The hotel price comparison service HotelsCombined means cheap Kingston hotels booking, lowest prices on hotel reservation in Kingston and airline tickets to Kingston, Canada!

Kingston Hotels Comparison & Online Booking

▪ Lowest prices on Kingston hotels booking
▪ The discounts on Kingston hotels up to 80%
▪ No booking fees on Kingston hotels
▪ Detailed description & photos of Kingston hotels
▪ Trusted ratings and reviews of Kingston hotels
▪ Advanced Kingston hotel search & comparison
▪ All Kingston hotels on the map
▪ Interesting sights of Kingston

What's important: you can compare and book not only Kingston hotels and resorts, but also villas and holiday cottages, inns and B&Bs (bed and breakfast), condo hotels and apartments, timeshare properties, guest houses and pensions, campsites (campgrounds), motels and hostels in Kingston. If you're going to Kingston save your money and time, don't pay for the services of the greedy travel agencies. Instead, book the best hotel in Kingston online, buy the cheapest airline tickets to Kingston, and rent a car in Kingston right now, paying the lowest price! Besides, here you can buy the Kingston related books, guidebooks, souvenirs and other goods.

By the way, we would recommend you to combine your visit to Kingston with other popular and interesting places of Canada, for example: Laval, Markham, Winnipeg, Nova Scotia, Kitchener, British Columbia, Burnaby, New Brunswick, Saskatchewan, Nanaimo, Mississauga, Calgary, Kamloops, Vancouver, Brampton, Whitehorse, Jasper, Longueuil, Regina, Richmond, Edmonton, Alberta, Prince Edward Island, Toronto, Moncton, Mont-Tremblant, Kelowna, Windsor, Kingston, Victoria, Niagara on the Lake, Niagara Falls, Yukon, Banff, London, Quebec, Ottawa, Vaughan, Gatineau, Charlottetown, Montreal, Saskatoon, Hamilton, Surrey, Manitoba, Halifax, Fort McMurray, Ontario, etc.

How to Book a Hotel in Kingston

In order to book an accommodation in Kingston enter the proper dates and do the hotel search. If needed, sort the found Kingston hotels by price, star rating, property type, guest rating, hotel features, hotel theme or hotel chain. Then take a look at the found hotels on Kingston map to estimate the distance from the main Kingston attractions and sights. You can also read the guest reviews of Kingston hotels and see their ratings.

When a hotel search in Kingston is done, please select the room type, the included meals and the suitable booking conditions (for example, "Deluxe double room, Breakfast included, Non-Refundable"). Press the "View Deal" ("Book Now") button. Make your booking on a hotel booking website and get the hotel reservation voucher by email. That's it, a perfect hotel in Kingston is waiting for you!

Hotels of Kingston

A hotel in Kingston is an establishment that provides lodging paid on a short-term basis. Facilities provided may range from a basic bed and storage for clothing, to luxury features like en-suite bathrooms. Larger in Kingston hotels may provide additional guest facilities such as a swimming pool, business centre, childcare, conference facilities and social function services. Hotel rooms in Kingston are usually numbered (or named in some smaller hotels and B&Bs) to allow guests to identify their room. Some Kingston hotels offer meals as part of a room and board arrangement. Hotel operations vary in size, function, and cost. Most Kingston hotels and major hospitality companies that operate hotels in Kingston have set widely accepted industry standards to classify hotel types. General categories include the following:

Upscale luxury hotels in Kingston
An upscale full service hotel facility in Kingston that offers luxury amenities, full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and the highest level of personalized and professional service. Luxury Kingston hotels are normally classified with at least a Four Diamond or Five Diamond status or a Four or Five Star rating depending on classification standards.

Full service hotels in Kingston
Full service Kingston hotels often contain upscale full-service facilities with a large volume of full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and a variety of on-site amenities such as swimming pools, a health club, children's activities, ballrooms, on-site conference facilities, etc.

Historic inns and boutique hotels in Kingston
Boutique hotels of Kingston are smaller independent non-branded hotels that often contain upscale facilities of varying size in unique or intimate settings with full service accommodations. Kingston boutique hotels are generally 100 rooms or less. Some historic inns and boutique hotels in Kingston may be classified as luxury hotels.

Focused or select service hotels in Kingston
Small to medium-sized hotel establishments that offer a limited amount of on-site amenities that only cater and market to a specific demographic of Kingston travelers, such as the single business traveler. Most Kingston focused or select service hotels may still offer full service accommodations but may lack leisure amenities such as an on-site restaurant or a swimming pool.

Economy and limited service hotels in Kingston
Small to medium-sized Kingston hotel establishments that offer a very limited amount of on-site amenities and often only offer basic accommodations with little to no services, these facilities normally only cater and market to a specific demographic of travelers, such as the budget-minded Kingston traveler seeking a "no frills" accommodation. Limited service Kingston hotels often lack an on-site restaurant but in return may offer a limited complimentary food and beverage amenity such as on-site continental breakfast service.

Guest houses and B&Bs in Kingston
A bed and breakfast in Kingston is a small lodging establishment that offers overnight accommodation and inclusive breakfast. Usually, Kingston bed and breakfasts are private homes or family homes offering accommodations. The typical Kingston B&B has between 4 and 11 rooms, with 6 being the average. Generally, guests are accommodated in private bedrooms with private bathrooms, or in a suite of rooms including an en suite bathroom. Some homes have private bedrooms with a bathroom which is shared with other guests. Breakfast is served in the bedroom, a dining room, or the host's kitchen. Often the owners of guest house themselves prepare the breakfast and clean the rooms.

Hostels in Kingston
Kingston hostels provide budget-oriented, sociable accommodation where guests can rent a bed, usually a bunk bed, in a dormitory and share a bathroom, lounge, and sometimes a kitchen. Rooms can be mixed or single-sex, although private rooms may also be available. Hostels are often cheaper for both the operator and occupants; many Kingston hostels have long-term residents whom they employ as desk agents or housekeeping staff in exchange for experience or discounted accommodation.

Apartment hotels, extended stay hotels in Kingston
Extended stay hotels are small to medium-sized Kingston hotels that offer longer term full service accommodations compared to a traditional hotel. Extended stay hotels may offer non-traditional pricing methods such as a weekly rate that cater towards travelers in need of short-term accommodations for an extended period of time. Similar to limited and select service hotels, on-site amenities are normally limited and most extended stay hotels in Kingston lack an on-site restaurant.

Timeshare and destination clubs in Kingston
Kingston timeshare and destination clubs are a form of property ownership also referred to as a vacation ownership involving the purchase and ownership of an individual unit of accommodation for seasonal usage during a specified period of time. Timeshare resorts in Kingston often offer amenities similar that of a Full service hotel with on-site restaurant(s), swimming pools, recreation grounds, and other leisure-oriented amenities. Destination clubs of Kingston on the other hand may offer more exclusive private accommodations such as private houses in a neighborhood-style setting.

Motels in Kingston
A Kingston motel is a small-sized low-rise lodging establishment similar to that of a limited service hotel, but with direct access to individual rooms from the car park. Common during the 1950s and 1960s, motels were often located adjacent to a major road, where they were built on inexpensive land at the edge of towns or along stretches of highways. They are still useful in less populated areas of Kingston for driving travelers, but the more populated an area becomes the more hotels fill the need. Many of Kingston motels which remain in operation have joined national franchise chains, rebranding themselves as hotels, inns or lodges.

Why HotelsCombined

HotelsCombined is the leading hotel metasearch engine founded in 2005, with headquarters in Sydney, Australia. It is widely recognized as the world's best hotel price comparison site and has won many of the most prestigious tourism industry awards. The site operates in over 40 languages, handles 120 different currencies and aggregates more than 2 million deals from hundreds of travel sites and hotel chains. The number of users counts more than 300,000 people a year with over $1,000,000,000 in estimated total cost of hotel reservations.

The main purpose of HotelsCombined hotel price comparison service is to help the travelers in finding a perfect accommodation option in Kingston at the best price, eliminating the need to manually analyze hundreds of hotel booking sites and thousands of price offers. Through the partnership with the most popular hotel booking websites, online travel agencies and hotel chains, HotelsCombined allows its users to search for and compare the current rates on Kingston hotels in a single search. It also provides an aggregated summary of hotel reviews and ratings from external sites.

The HotelsCombined's advanced technology allows to instantly find the available Kingston hotels and process the offers of all leading travel websites, including Booking.com, Hotels.com, Agoda.com, etc. and many others (AccorHotels.com, AirAsiaGo.com, Amoma.com, AsiaTravel.com, BestWestern.com, Budgetplaces.com, EasyToBook.com, Elvoline.com, Expedia.com, Getaroom.com, Hilton.com, Homestay.com, Hotel.de, HotelClub.com, HotelsClick.com, HotelTravel.com, Housetrip.com, ihg.com, Interhome.com, Jovago.com, LateRooms.com, NH-Hotels.com, OnHotels.com, Otel.com, Prestigia.com, Skoosh.com, Splendia.com, Superbreak.com, Tiket.com, etc.). Due to the fast and easy-to-use search system you get the rates on available Kingston hotels and book a preferable hotel on a website providing the lowest price.

All Kingston Hotels & Hostels Online

HotelsCombined is necessary for those people interested in Kingston, Ontario, Canada, HotelsCombined, Trivago, sale on the hotel booking site HotelsCombined, discount coupons on the hotel booking site HotelsCombined, best rates on Kingston hotels, low prices on Kingston hotels, best hotel in Kingston, best Kingston hotel, discounted Kingston hotel booking, online Kingston hotel reservation, Kingston hotels comparison, hotel booking in Kingston, luxury and cheap accomodation in Kingston, Kingston inns, Kingston B&Bs, bed and breakfast in Kingston, condo hotels and apartments in Kingston, bargain Kingston rentals, cheap Kingston vacation rentals,Kingston pensions and guest houses, cheap hotels and hostels of Kingston, Kingston motels, dormitories of Kingston, dorms in Kingston, Kingston dormitory rooms, lowest rates on hotels in Kingston, hotel prices comparison in Kingston, travel to Kingston, vacation in Kingston, trip to Kingston, trusted hotel reviews of Kingston, sights and attractions of Kingston, Kingston guidebook, etc.

Many people are also interested in the Kingston guide, hotel booking in Kingston, Canada, tours to Kingston, travel company in Kingston, travel agency in Kingston, excursions in Kingston, tickets to Kingston, airline tickets to Kingston, Kingston hotel booking, Kingston hostels, dormitory of Kingston, dorm in Kingston, Kingston dormitory, Kingston airfares, Kingston airline tickets, Kingston tours, Kingston travel, must-see places in Kingston, Kingston Booking.com, Kingston hotels Trivago, Kingston Expedia, Kingston Airbnb, Kingston TripAdvisor, Hotels Combined Kingston, HotelsCombined Kingston, Kingston hotels and hostels, CA hotels and hostels, Black Friday on the hotel booking site HotelsCombined, Cyber Monday on the hotel booking site HotelsCombined, and so on.

While others are looking for the New Year's and Christmas sale HotelsCombined, hotelscombined.en, HotelsCombined.en, HotelsCombined.en, hotelscombined.com, کنگسٹن(کینیڈا), 킹스턴 (온타리오 주), Кінгстан (Антарыё), Кингстон (Онтарио), کنگسٹن، اونٹاریو, كينغستون (أونتاريو), Kingston (Kanada), Кінгстан (Антарыа), Kingston (Ontario), キングストン (オンタリオ州), Քինգստոն (Օնտարիո), קינגסטון (אונטריו), کینگستون، انتاریو, Кінгстон (Онтаріо), Kingstonas (Kanada), Kingston (Kanadän), 京士頓 (安大略), Кингстън (град, Канада), Kingston, Ontario, Kingston (lungsod sa Canada, Ontario), Kingston (Ontário), 金斯顿 (安大略省). A lot of people have already booked the hotels in Kingston on the hotel booking site HotelsCombined. Try it for yourself!

Travelling and vacation in Kingston

.
Kingston
(Cataraqui)
City (single-tier)
City of Kingston
Kingston City Skyline from Fort Henry Hill
Kingston City Skyline from Fort Henry Hill
Official logo of Kingston
Logo
Nickname(s): Limestone City
Motto: Antiquitate Civilitate Humanitate (Latin)
("A Civil And Creative Community with a Proud Past")
Kingston is located in Southern Ontario
Kingston
Kingston
Coordinates:  / 44.233; -76.500  / 44.233; -76.500
Country Canada
Province Ontario
County Frontenac
Established 1673 (as Fort Cataraqui; later renamed Fort Frontenac)
Incorporated 1838 (as town); 1846 (as city)
Amalgamated 1998 (with Kingston and Pittsburgh Twps)
Government
• City Mayor Bryan Paterson
• Governing Body Kingston City Council
• MP (Federal)

Mark Gerretsen (LPC)

Scott Reid (CPC)
• MPP (Provincial) Sophie Kiwala (OLP)
Area
• Land 451.19 km (174.21 sq mi)
• Metro 1,906.82 km (736.23 sq mi)
Elevation 93 m (305 ft)
Population (2016)
• City (single-tier) 123,798
• Density 274.4/km (711/sq mi)
• Metro 161,175
• Metro density 83.1/km (215/sq mi)
source:
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC−5)
• Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC−4)
Postal code span K7K through K7P
Area code(s) 613 343
Website www.cityofkingston.ca
"View of Frontenac or Cataracoui in 1759". Watercolour map depicting Fort Frontenac
Overlooking Kingston waterfront
Kingston City Hall
Kingston waterfront, circa 1900
Watercolour depicting the naval dockyard, Point Frederick, Kingston, 1815, showing commodore's house and the ships Canada and Wolfe under construction.
Nurses' Home, Kingston General Hospital, c. 1910

Kingston is a city in Eastern Ontario, Canada. It is located on the eastern end of Lake Ontario, at the beginning of the St. Lawrence River and at the mouth of the Cataraqui River (south end of the Rideau Canal). The city is located midway between Toronto and Montreal. The Thousand Islands tourist region is nearby to the east. Kingston is nicknamed the "Limestone City" because of the many heritage buildings constructed using local limestone.

Growing European exploration in the 17th century and the desire for the Europeans to establish a presence close to local Native occupants to control trade led to the founding of a French trading post and military fort at a site known as "Cataraqui" in 1673. This outpost, called Fort Cataraqui, and later Fort Frontenac, became a focus for settlement. After the British conquered New France, the village was renamed Kingston.

Kingston was named the first capital of the Province of Canada on February 10, 1841. While its time as a political centre was short (ending in 1844), the community has remained an important military installation. Kingston was the county seat of Frontenac County until 1998. Kingston is now a separated municipality from the County of Frontenac.

Kingston, Ontario: History

Kingston, Ontario: Naming history and etymology

A number of origins of "Cataraqui", Kingston's original name, have been postulated. One is that it is derived from the Iroquois word that means "the place where one hides". The name may also be derivations of Native words that mean "impregnable", "muddy river", "place of retreat", "clay bank rising out of the water" or "where the rivers and lake meet".

Cataraqui today refers to an area around the intersection of Princess Street and Sydenham Road, where a village which later took that name was located. Cataraqui is also the name of a municipal electoral district.

Cataraqui was referred to as "the King's Town" or "King's Town" by 1787 in honour of King George III. The name was shortened to "Kingston" in 1788.

Kingston, Ontario: Early aboriginal habitation

Archaeological evidence suggests that people lived in the Kingston region as early as the Archaic Period (about 9,000–3,000 years ago). Evidence of Late Woodland Period (about 1000–500 AD) early Iroquois occupation also exists.

The first more permanent encampments by aboriginal people in the Kingston area began about 500 AD. The group that first occupied the area before the arrival of the French was probably the Wyandot people (Hurons), who were later displaced by Iroquoian groups.

At the time the French arrived in the Kingston area, Five Nations Iroquois (Haudenosaunee) had settled along the north shore of Lake Ontario. Although the area around the south end of the Cataraqui River was often visited by Iroquois and other groups, Iroquois settlement at this location only began after the French established their outpost. By 1700, the north shore Iroquois had moved south, and the area once occupied by the Iroquois (which includes Kingston) became occupied by the Mississaugas who had moved south from the Lake Huron and Lake Simcoe regions.

Kingston, Ontario: French settlement and fort

European commercial and military influence and activities centered on the fur trade developed and increased in North America in the 17th century. Fur trappers and traders were spreading out from their centres of operation in New France. French explorer Samuel de Champlain visited the Kingston area in 1615.

To establish a presence on Lake Ontario for the purpose of controlling the fur trade with local Natives, Louis de Buade de Frontenac, Governor of New France established Fort Cataraqui, later to be called Fort Frontenac, at a location known as Cataraqui (generally pronounced "kah-tah-ROCK-way") in 1673. The fort served as a trading post and military base, and attracted Native and European settlement until it was captured and destroyed by the British in the Battle of Fort Frontenac during the Seven Years' War in 1758.

In 1674, René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle was appointed commandant of Fort Cataraqui, later renamed Fort Frontenac. (It was located at what is now the western end of the La Salle Causeway). From this base, de La Salle explored west and south as far as the Gulf of Mexico.

Battles with the Iroquois First Nation over subsequent years caused a great deal of damage and by 1689, the governor ordered Fort Frontenac be destroyed. It was reoccupied in 1695 and rebuilt in 1696 for use by the French under Montcalm during the Seven Years' War (Battle of Fort Frontenac) with the British. The latter, under Colonel John Bradstreet, captured the fort in 1758 and destroyed it. It would not be restored (by the British) until 1783. the new name for the fort was Tete-de-Pont Barracks.

Kingston, Ontario: Loyalist settlement

In 1783, Frederick Haldimand, governor of the Province of Quebec directed Deputy Surveyor-General John Collins to lay out a settlement. The survey would also determine whether Cataraqui was suitable as a navy base since nearby Carleton Island on which a British navy base was located had been ceded to the Americans after the war. Holland's positive report mentioned that "every part surpassed the favorable idea I had formed of it", that it had "advantageous Situations" and that "the harbour is in every respect Good and most conveniently situated to command Lake Ontario". Major John Ross, commanding officer of the King's Royal Regiment of New York at Oswego partly rebuilt Fort Frontenac in 1783. As commander, he played a significant role in establishing the Cataraqui settlement.

To facilitate settlement, the British Crown entered into an agreement with the Mississauga First Nation in October 1783 to purchase land east of the Bay of Quinte. Known as the Crawford Purchase, this step enabled settlement for much of the eastern section of the north shore of Lake Ontario. A sawmill and a grist mill were built in this area the same year.

Several Loyalist refugee groups who fled north because of the American Revolutionary War arrived to the area in the early 1780s. They sought refuge on Carleton Island during the Revolutionary War and operated businesses on the island; later, they resumed their businesses in the vicinity of the fort. The first name given to the settlement by the Loyalists was King's Town.

In 1787, Fort Frontenac was renamed Tête de Pont barracks and Cataraqui was renamed King's Town; the following year, its name would become Kingston. The town became a receiving centre for notable Loyalists such as Molly Brant (the sister of Six Nations leader Joseph Brant); businessman and political figure Richard Cartwright; John Stuart, a clergyman, missionary and educator who arrived in 1785; and militia captain Johan Jost Herkimer. A group of Loyalists from New York State, led by Captain Michael Grass who arrived in 1784 after sailing sailed from New York and up the St. Lawrence River, established a camp at Mississauga Point.

Kingston, Ontario: War of 1812 and development

During the War of 1812, Kingston (with a population of 2250) was a major military centre. It was the base for the Lake Ontario division of the Great Lakes British naval fleet, which engaged in a vigorous arms race with the American fleet based at Sackets Harbor, New York for control of Lake Ontario. The Provincial Marine quickly placed ships into service and troops were brought in. A Royal Naval detachment built warships in order to control Lake Ontario. Fortifications and other defensive structures were built. The first Fort Henry was built during this time to protect the dockyards in Navy Bay.

This led to the original fort being demolished to make way for a more extensive fort on Point Henry in 1813. The present limestone citadel, constructed between 1832 and 1836, was intended to defend the recently completed Rideau Canal at the Lake Ontario end as well as the harbour and the naval dockyard. In 1843, the advanced battery overlooking the lake to the south was completed when the casemated commissariat stores and magazines were built. Fort Henry was garrisoned by British until 1871. It was restored starting in 1936 and is currently a popular tourist attraction.

Kingston's location at the Rideau Canal entrance to Lake Ontario made it the primary military and economic centre of Upper Canada after canal construction was completed in 1832. Incorporated as a town in 1838, the first mayor of Kingston was Thomas Kirkpatrick. Kingston had the largest population of any centre in Upper Canada until the 1840s. Kingston was incorporated as a city in 1846.

Kingston became an important port as businesses relating to transshipment, or forwarding, grew. Since Kingston was located at the junction of the St. Lawrence River and Lake Ontario, commodities shipped along the lake from the west such as wheat, flour, meat, and potash were unloaded and stored at Kingston to await transfer to vessels that could navigate the risky St. Lawrence. With the completion of the Rideau Canal, cargoes could be transported in a safer fashion since the St.Lawrence River route could be bypassed. The canal was a popular route for transporting lumber.

Regiopolis College (for training priests) was incorporated in March 1837 and in 1866 the College was given full degree-granting powers, although these were rarely used and the college closed in 1869. The building became the Hotel Dieu Hospital in 1892. The College reopened at another location in 1896. Queen's University, originally Queen's College, one of the first liberal arts universities, first held classes in March 1842; established by the Presbyterian Church, it later became a national institution. The Royal Military College of Canada (RMC) was founded in 1876.

Kingston Penitentiary, Canada's first large federal penitentiary, was established in 1835 and operated until 2013. Several more prisons would be established in later years in the greater Kingston area, including the federal Prison for Women (closed in the 1990s), Millhaven Penitentiary, Collins Bay, Frontenac, and Joyceville Institutions.

During the Upper Canada Rebellion, 1837–1838, much of the local militia was located in Kingston, under Lt. Col. Sir Richard Henry Bonnycastle who completed construction of the new Fort Henry. In 1838, Kingston was incorporated as a town with Thomas Kirkpatrick as its first mayor.

Governor General Lord Sydenham chose Kingston as the first capital of the united Canadas and it served in that role from 1841 to 1844. The first meeting of the Parliament of the Province of Canada on June 13, 1841, was held on the site of what is now Kingston General Hospital. The city was considered too small and lacking in amenities, however, and its location near the border made it vulnerable to American attack. Consequently, the capital was moved to Montreal in 1844, and it alternated between Quebec City and Toronto from 1849 until Ottawa was selected as the permanent capital by Queen Victoria. Subsequently, Kingston's growth slowed considerably and its national importance declined.

In 1846, with a population of 6,123, Kingston was incorporated as a city, with John Counter as the first mayor. By that time, there were already stone buildings, both residential and commercial. The market house was particularly noteworthy as "the finest and most substantial building in Canada" which contained many offices, government offices, space for church services, the post office, the Town Hall (completed in 1884) and more. Five weekly newspapers were being published. Fort Henry and the marine barracks took up a great deal of space. The Kingston Penitentiary had about 400 inmates. (The prison had opened in 1835, with a structure intended to reform the inmates, not merely to hold or punish them.) Industry included a steam grist mill, three foundries, two shipbuilders, ship repairers and five wagon makers; tradesmen of many types also worked here. All freight was shipped by boat or barges and ten steamboats per day were running to and from the town. Five schools for ladies and two for boys were operating, and the town had four bank agency offices. There were ten churches or chapels and the recently-opened Hotel Dieu hospital was operated by sisters with the Religious Hospitallers of St. Joseph as a charity.

Both Hotel Dieu and Kingston General Hospital (KGH) cared for victims of the typhus epidemic of 1847. The KGH site held the remains of 1,400 Irish immigrants who had died in Kingston in fever sheds along the waterfront, during the typhus epidemic of 1847, while fleeing the Great Famine. They were buried in a common grave. The remains were re-interred at the city's St. Mary's Cemetery in 1966. In 1995, KGH was designated a National Historic Site of Canada, because it is "the oldest public hospital in Canada still in operation with most of its buildings intact and thus effectively illustrates the evolution of health care in Canada in the 19th and 20th centuries".

In 1848, the Kingston Gas Light Company began operation. (Gas lamps would used until 1947.) By that time, the town was connected to the outside world by telegraph cables.

By 1869, the population had increased to 15,000 and there were four banks. The Grand Trunk Railway could be accessed two miles from the community. There were two ship building yards.

Kingston was the home of Canada's first Prime Minister, Sir John A. Macdonald. One of his residences in Kingston, Bellevue House, is now a popular National Historic Site of Canada open to the public and depicting the house as it would have been in the 1840s when he lived there.

Kingston, Ontario: The Great Fire of 1840

In the early hours of April 18, 1840, a dock fire, fanned by high winds, spread to a warehouse containing between 70 and 100 kegs of gunpowder. The resulting explosion spread the fire throughout the city's downtown area, destroying a large number of buildings, including the old city hall. To prevent similar incidents from occurring in future, the city began building with limestone or brick. This rebuilding phase was referred to as "the Limestone Revolution" and earned the city the nickname "The Limestone City".

Kingston, Ontario: More recent developments

The Canadian Locomotive Company was at one time the largest locomotive works in the British Empire and the Davis Tannery was at one time the largest tannery in the British Empire. The tannery operated for a century and was closed in 1973. Other manufacturing companies included the Marine Railway Company, which built steamboats; the Victoria Iron Works, which produced iron in bars from scrap; several breweries; a distillery; and two soap and candle manufacturers. (By the start of the 21st century, most heavy industry would the city and their former sites would be gradually rehabilitated and redeveloped.)

A telephone system began operation in Kingston in 1881; at that time the population was 14,091. Electricity was not available in Kingston until 1888.

Kingston grew moderately through the 20th century through a series of annexations of lands in adjacent Kingston Township, including a 1952 annexation of some 5,500 acres (22 km) which encompassed areas west to the Little Cataraqui Creek (including the village of Portsmouth), where a number of large residential subdivisions were built in the late 1950s and early '60s.

Kingston's economy gradually evolved from an industrial to an institutional base after World War II. Queen's University grew from about 2,000 students in the 1940s to its present size of over 20,000 students, more than 90 per cent of which are from outside the Kingston area. The Kingston campus of St. Lawrence College was established in 1967, and the college currently has over 4,000 students. Kingston is a regional health care centre, anchored by Kingston General Hospital and the medical school at Queen's. The city's economy is also dominated by post-secondary education, military institutions, and prison installations.

Municipal governance had been a topic of discussion since the mid-1970s due to financial imbalance between the city and the surrounding townships, which now had large residential areas and a population approaching that of the city proper. On January 1, 1998, the City was amalgamated with Kingston Township and Pittsburgh Township to form the new City of Kingston. The city's boundaries now encompass large rural areas north of Highway 401 and east of the Cataraqui River.

Kingston, Ontario: Military history

Kingston City Hall and the Market Battery, 1857
Fort Henry, 2015
Line of defence: three Martello towers (Shoal Tower, Fort Frederick, Cathcart Tower). A fourth tower, Murney Tower, is located southwest of this location

Kingston, being strategically located at the head of the St. Lawrence River and at the mouth of the Cataraqui River near the border with the United States, has been a site of military importance since Fort Frontenac was built in 1673. The French, and later, the British established military garrisons. The War of 1812 led to the bolstering of military troops, the servicing of ships, and the building of new fortifications to defend the town and the Naval Dockyard. Forts were constructed on Point Henry and at Point Frederick. the new name for the fort was Tete-de-Pont Barracks. A picket wall, or stockade, incorporating five blockhouses was built to the west of the town, and batteries were constructed. In November 1812 American naval forces attacked but were repulsed.

Several defensive fortifications were constructed in the late 1840s because of tensions with the United States. These include Fort Henry, four Martello towers (Cathcart Tower, Shoal Tower, Murney Tower, and Fort Frederick), and the Market Battery. Military ships were built at the Naval Dockyard at Point Frederick from 1788 to 1853. The peninsula near the entrance of the later Royal Military College of Canada was the headquarters of the Royal Navy in between 1813 and 1853. (Fort Frederick, built in 1812–1813, was also on this peninsula.)

After the British army withdrew from most locations in Canada in 1870–71, two batteries of garrison artillery were formed by the Dominion Government; the “A” Battery was in Kingston at Fort Henry and Tête du Pont Barracks (Fort Frontenac). (The other battery was located in Quebec City) The batteries were also schools of gunnery. Designated as the Regiment of Canadian Artillery, the regular component evolved into the Royal Canadian Horse Artillery. Most of its battery remained housed at Tête du Pont Barracks until 1939.

Following the withdrawal of British forces from Canada in 1870–71, the federal government recognized the need for an officer training college in Canada. In 1874, during the administration of the Hon. Alexander Mackenzie, enabling legislation was passed. Located on Point Frederick, the site of the former Royal Naval Dockyard,

Before a formal college was established in 1876, there were proposals for military colleges in Canada. Staffed by British Regulars, students underwent a military course in 1865 at the School of Military Instruction in Kingston. The school enabled officers of militia or candidates for commission or promotion in the militia to learn military duties, drill and discipline, to command a company at Battalion Drill, to Drill a Company at Company Drill, the internal economy of a Company and the duties of a Company's Officer. The school was retained at Confederation, in 1867.

The withdrawal of imperial troops required a Canadian location for the training of military officers. Because of Kingston's military tradition and the fact that several military buildings already existed at the old naval dockyard, Point Frederick was chosen as the location for Canada's first military college, the Royal Military College of Canada (RMC). The facility, called simply The Military College until 1878, opened on Point Frederick with 18 students in 1876 under Lt.-Col. Edward O. Hewett, R.E. providing cadets with academic and military training. In 1959, it became the first military college in the Commonwealth with the right to confer University degrees.

Located east of Kingston's downtown, the army's Camp Barriefield, now McNaughton Barracks, was constructed at the beginning of the World War I and expanded during the World War II. Camp Barriefield was named in honour of Rear-Admiral Sir Robert Barrie (May 5, 1774 – June 7, 1841), a British naval officer noted for his service in the War of 1812. It was later named McNaughton Barracks after Andrew George Latta McNaughton, a former minister of national defence. Nearby Vimy Barracks was established in 1937 for the Royal Canadian Corps of Signals (later the Royal Canadian School of Signals). Vimy and McNaughton Barracks house the Canadian Forces School of Communications and Electronics (CFSCE), the Canadian Forces' military communications training centre and several other units. McNaughton Barracks and Vimy Barracks make up most of Canadian Forces Base Kingston (CFB Kingston). Major military facilities supported by CFB Kingston include Fort Frontenac, located on the site of the original fort, and the Royal Military College of Canada.

During the First World War, the 21st Battalion was formed and saw action in France in 1915 resulting in 18 battle honours including their role in the Battle of Vimy Ridge. The Royal Canadian Horse Artillery also fought in Europe with the 2nd Canadian Division, taking part in 13 major battles. Fort Henry became an internment camp for enemy aliens from August 1914 to November 1917. .

During the Second World War the Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry Highlanders (SD&G), mobilized in June 1940. During fighting, troops that had formed in Kingston received recognition from the government for their achievements. Fort Henry was again an internment camp (Camp 31) from September 1939 to December 1943. . A military aerodrome, RCAF Station Kingston, was constructed to the west of Kingston to support flying training.

Kingston, Ontario: Heritage sites

Kingston is known for its historic properties, as reflected in the city's motto of "where history and innovation thrive". Including World Heritage Sites, National Historic Sites, Provincially Significant sites, municipally designated heritage properties, and listed or non-designated heritage properties, the city has 1211 properties listed in the heritage register it maintains pursuant to the Ontario Heritage Act.

In 2007, the Rideau Canal, along with the fortifications at Kingston, was designated a World Heritage Site, one of only 15 such sites in Canada.

There are 21 National Historic Sites of Canada located in Kingston.

Kingston, Ontario: Demographics

According to the 2011 Canadian census, the population of the city proper was 123,363, while the population of the census metropolitan area (CMA) was 159,561. The Canada 2016 Census, data for the metropolitan area is 161,175 and for the city of Kingston only, it is 123,798.

According to the 2006 census, 152,358 people residing in the Kingston Census Metropolitan Area, of whom 48.7% were male and 51.3% were female. Children under five accounted for approximately 4.8% of the resident population of Kingston. This compares with 5.5% in Ontario. Also according to the 2006 census, 93% of the population were Caucasian; of the visible minorities with a population over 1,000, 1.6% were Chinese, 1.6% were aboriginal, 1.2% were South Asian, and 0.7% were black.

In 2001, 14.1% of the resident population in Kingston were of retirement age (65 and over) compared with 13.2% in Canada. As a result, the average age is 38.1 years of age as compared to 37.6 years of age for all of Canada. Kingston has a reputation as a suitable place for retirees to settle.

Kingston 2006 senior population in Central Kingston – source 2006 Census

In the five years between 1996 and 2001, the population of Kingston grew by 1.6%, compared with an increase of 6.1% for Ontario as a whole. Population density of Kingston averaged 77.0 inhabitants per square kilometre (199/sq mi), compared with an average of 12.6/km (33/sq mi) for Ontario altogether.

Kingston, Ontario: Religion

Sydenham Street Methodist Church in 1910. It was built in 1852, later expanded.

In 2011, there were 78,800 Kingston residents, or about two-thirds of the population, that were members of Christian groups; the largest were Roman Catholics, who numbered 33,410 (28.1%), the United Church of Canada (15,520 or 13.0%), and the Anglican Church of Canada (12,340 or 10.5%).

The Presbyterian Church was particularly influential in the 19th century development of Kingston post-secondary education. The church was a founder and financial supporter of Queen's University until 1912 when it was agreed that the university should become a secular institution. Sir John A. Macdonald was also a member of St. Andrew's Presbyterian Church in Kingston.

Groups other than Christians and the non-religious include Muslims (1,735 or 1.5%), Jews (785 or 0.7%), and Hindus (520 or 0.4%).

A total of 35,435 people, or 29.8% of the population, identified as non-religious.

Kingston, Ontario: Quality of life

Kingston was recognized as one of the "best places to live and work in Canada for young professionals". The city ranked # 4 on a list of 27 Canadian cities with a population of 100,000 or more in a study of the likes and dislikes of professionals between the ages of 20–40. The study, by Next Generation Consulting, considered factors such as: earning potential (things like employment opportunities and household incomes), cost of lifestyle (the cost of food, clothing and housing), vitality (air and water quality and green space) and after hours activities (things to do during week nights and on the weekend).

A persistently low rental housing vacancy rate has had a negative effect on housing affordability in Kingston for a number of years. Average two-bedroom rents exceeded $1,000.00 per month by early 2013.

The Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives published a report that ranked Canada's 25 largest cities on quality of life for women. Based on 2013 numbers, Kingston placed: 5th in Economic Security; 15th in Health; 22nd in Leadership; and 23rd in Security. Overall, the city was positioned in 17th place.

Kingston, Ontario: Government

For its municipal government, the city is divided into 12 wards; each elects one councilor. All voters in the city cast ballots for the mayor, currently Bryan Paterson, an economics professor at the Royal Military College of Canada. The 13 form Kingston City Council. Paterson was elected in the Ontario municipal elections, 2014 for the 2014–2018 term.

The councilors elected for the same term were:

  • Gary Oosterhof – Countryside District
  • Kevin George – Loyalist-Cataraqui District
  • Lisa Osanic – Collins-Bayridge District
  • Laura Turner – Lakeside District
  • Liz Schell – Portsmouth District
  • Adam Candon – Trillium District
  • Mary Rita Holland – Kingscourt-Rideau District
  • Jeff McLaren – Meadowbrook-Strathcona District
  • Jim Neill – Williamsville District
  • Peter Stroud – Sydenham District
  • Rob Hutchison – King's Town District
  • Ryan Boehme – Pittsburgh District

Kingston, Ontario: Federal and provincial ridings

Kingston is part of two federal ridings. Lanark-Frontenac-Kingston was created by the 2012 federal electoral boundaries redistribution and was legally defined in the 2013 representation order. It came into effect upon the call of the 42nd Canadian federal election, scheduled for October 19, 2015. In the Canadian federal election, 2015, Scott Reid (politician) (Progressive Conservative) was elected as the Member of Parliament.

The second federal riding is Kingston and the Islands, created in 1966 from Kingston and parts of Hastings-Frontenac-Lennox and Addington and Prince Edward-Lennox. Previously Kingston's mayor, Mark Gerretsen (Liberal), is the current Member of Parliament, having been elected in 2015.

In provincial elections, the city consists of one riding, Kingston and the Islands (provincial electoral district) formed after the 1999 redistribution, incorporating half of the former Frontenac-Addington and most of the former Kingston and the Islands riding. Sophie Kiwala (Liberal), the current Member of Provincial Parliament, was first elected in the Ontario general election, 2014.

Kingston, Ontario: Economy

Kingston's economy relies heavily on public sector institutions and establishments. The most important sectors are related to health care, education (Queen's University, the Royal Military College of Canada, and St. Lawrence College), government (including the military and correctional services), tourism and culture. Manufacturing, and research and development play a smaller role than in the past. The private sector accounts for half of Kingston's employment. One of Kingston's major industrial employers of the 20th century, the Canadian Locomotive Company, closed in 1969, and the former Alcan and DuPont operations employ far fewer people than in the past. But due to the city's central location between Toronto, Ottawa, Montreal and Syracuse, NY a trucking and logistics warehousing industry has developed.

In April 2017, fDi magazine (owned by Nikkei Inc. and The Financial Times Ltd.) gave Kingston high rankings in two categories in their 2017/2018 American Cities of the Future. The city was the winner in Small Cities in North America for Foreign Direct Investment strategy and rated sixth in the Small City for Human Capital and Lifestyle category. The editor, Courtney Fingar, offered this comment: "Kingston's number 6 placement among small cities for Human Capital and Lifestyle is testament to the talent pool available in the city as well as the quality of life it offers, while the first place ranking in the FDI Strategy category shows that Kingston's economic development officials have a solid plan in plan to help the city compete for foreign direct investment."

According to the Kingston Economic Development Corporation, the major employers in Kingston as of December 2014 were:

  • Canadian Forces Base Kingston (includes the Royal Military College of Canada and military and civilian personnel) 9,642
  • Queen's University 7,000
  • Kingston General Hospital 4,119
  • Limestone District School Board 3,100
  • Correctional Service of Canada 2,348
  • City of Kingston 1,286
  • Providence Care 1,175
  • Hotel Dieu Hospital 900
  • Invista Canada (formerly DuPont): 800
  • StarTek Canada 690
  • Calian Group 600
  • Empire Life Insurance Company 600
  • Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care 569
  • Ongwanada 500
  • J.E. Agnew Food Services Ltd. (operates several Tim Hortons stores) 490
  • Bell Canada 415
  • Novelis Works Manufacturing (formerly Alcan) (Rolled Products and R&D Centre) 270
  • Tim Horton's Inc. Distribution Centre 259
  • Commissionaires Canada 250
  • Assurant Solutions 180

Kingston, Ontario: Transportation

Coat of Arms

Highway 401, which runs in the north part of the city, is the principal access route into Kingston. The first sections of the highway in the Kingston area were opened in 1958, although it was not fully completed for another ten years. Highway 15 is an alternative route between Kingston and the Ottawa region. From the south, Interstate 81 connects with Highway 401 east of Kingston.

Seasonal ferry service from Cape Vincent, New York, via Wolfe Island, into downtown Kingston is an alternate route to and from the United States.

Via Rail corridor service connects Kingston along the main line between Windsor, Ontario and Quebec City.

By air, Kingston is served by Norman Rogers Airport with Air Canada Express providing regular service to Toronto Pearson only.

Megabus (Coach Canada) and Greyhound Canada provide service from the Kingston Bus Terminal to Toronto, Ottawa and Montreal. A Toronto Pearson Airport shuttle is also operated from Kingston via Belleville and Port Hope. Shuttle Kingston was reported in 2013 to connect to Watertown and Syracuse.

Kingston Transit provides local municipal bus service.

Kingston, Ontario: Tourism

The logo of Tourism Kingston

According to Statistics Canada, the tourism industry in Kingston represents a vital part of the city's economy. In 2004, over 3,500 jobs were contributed to Kingston's economy due to the tourism industry. The tourism industry has been at a healthy growth rate and has become one of the most performing sectors of Kingston. Unique opportunities are presented for this industry in this time of shifting travel trends and the baby boomer generation. The success of Kingston's tourism industry is heavily dependent on information about travelers; however, data availability still remains a challenge.

Kingston has launched several tourism campaigns including: Downtown Kingston!, and Yellow Door. The city launched a campaign to attract more traffic to downtown Kingston. The campaigns mission statement promises, "to promote downtown Kingston as the vibrant and healthy commercial, retail, residential, and entertainment centre of our region, attracting more people to live, shop, work and gather". The downtown area of Kingston is known as the central business district, and is the gathering place for various events including the Kingston Buskers Rendezvous, FebFest, the 1000 Islands Poker Run and The Limestone City Blues Festival.

Alternatively, Yellow Door promotes tourism to the entire city. The goal of the campaign is to increase the consumer's exposure to Kingston tourism, while remaining financially reasonable. A yellow door was used as a metaphor for Kingston – and the good times people have – and used street workers to gather potential tourists from nearby Toronto and Ottawa. "Yellow Door" promotes interest by offering potential tourists a trip to Kingston. In 2013, Yellow Door received the Tourism Advertising Award of Excellence for the marketing and promotion of an Ontario tourism product.

Kingston, Ontario: Attractions

The users of the TripAdvisor Web site rate the following as among the best attractions in and near the city: Canada's Penitentiary Museum, Fort Henry (Fort Henry National Historic Site), Wolfe Island (via ferry), Bellevue House National Historic Site, Kingston City Hall and the downtown waterfront nearby. Ontario Travel's recommendations include cruising the Thousand Islands, The Grand Theatre (Kingston, Ontario) and Rogers K-Rock Centre.

Kingston, Ontario: Culture

Princess Street in downtown Kingston
Architecture of Princess Street

Kingston hosts several festivals during the year, including the Kingston WritersFest, Limestone City Blues Festival, the Kingston Canadian Film Festival, Artfest, the Kingston Buskers' Rendezvous, Kingston Jazz Festival, Reelout Film Festival, Feb Fest, the Wolfe Island Music Festival and Día de los Muertos Kingston Festival.

Kingston is home to many artists who work in visual arts, media arts, literature, and a growing number who work in other time-based disciplines such as performance art. The contemporary arts scene in particular has two long standing professional non-profit venues in the downtown area, the Agnes Etherington Art Centre (founded 1957), and Modern Fuel Artist-Run Centre (founded 1977). Local artists often participate in the exhibition programming of each organization, while each also presents the work of artists from across Canada and around the world – in keeping with their educational mandates. Alternative venues for the presentation of exhibition programs in Kingston include the Union Gallery (Queen's University's student art gallery), Verb Gallery, Open Studio 22, the Kingston Arts Council gallery, The Artel: Arts Accommodations and Venue, and the Tett Centre for Creativity and Learning.

The Kingston WritersFest occurs annually. Circle of Wellness hosts Día de los Muertos Kingston Festival which occurs annually on the first Sunday of November. For over four decades the Ukrainian Canadian Club of Kingston has hosted the "Lviv, Ukraine" pavilion as part of the Folklore tradition, holding this popular cultural and folk festival annually on the second full weekend in June (at Regiopolis-Notre Dame High School). Literary events also happen throughout the year at the Kingston Frontenac Public Library and local bookstores. Writers who are or have been residents of Kingston include Steven Heighton, Bronwen Wallace, Helen Humphreys, Michael Ondaatje, Diane Schoemperlen, Michael Crummey, Mark Sinnett, Mary Alice Downie, Robertson Davies, Wayne Grady, Merilyn Simonds, Alec Ross, Jamie Swift and Carolyn Smart.

Music and theatre venues include The Grand Theatre, and The Wellington Street Theatre, which host performances from international, national, and local groups like Domino Theatre, Theatre Kingston, The Vagabond Repertory Theatre Company, Hope Theatre Projects, Bottle Tree Productions, and other small groups that dot the downtown area. The Kingston Symphony performs at The Grand Theatre, as do several amateur and semi-professional theatre groups. The K-Rock Centre, a 5,800-seat entertainment venue and ice rink, opened in February 2008.

The city has spawned several musicians and musical groups, most of whom are known mainly within Canada, but a few of whom have achieved international success. These include John Kay, lead singer, harmonica and organ player, and occasional guitarist of the heavy metal late 60s/early 70s band Steppenwolf, members of The Tragically Hip, The Glorious Sons, The Mahones, jazz singer Andy Poole, Bedouin Soundclash, Sarah Harmer, The Arrogant Worms, The Headstones, The Inbreds, PS I Love You and members of Moist, including singer David Usher.

Kingston is also the birthplace of Bryan Adams. The first winner of the television series Canadian Idol was Kingston native Ryan Malcolm.

Poet Michael Andre was raised in Kingston. Zal Yanovsky of The Lovin' Spoonful lived in Kingston until his death in 2002.

Comedian and actor Dan Aykroyd has a residence just north of Kingston and is a frequent face in town. He was briefly a minor partner in a restaurant called Aykroyd's Ghetto House Café on upper Princess Street during the 1990s which prominently featured a Blues Brothers' car projecting out from the second story wall.

Kingston, Ontario: Education

Theological Hall at Queen's University

Kingston is the site of two universities, Queen's University and the Royal Military College of Canada, and a community college, St. Lawrence College. According to Statistics Canada, Kingston has the most PhD-holders per capita of any city in Canada.

Kingston, Ontario: Queen's University

Queen's University is one of Canada's oldest universities and offers a variety of degree programs. The university was founded in 1841 under royal charter from Queen Victoria. It currently has an enrollment of nearly 25,000 students. Queen's Main Campus is rather self-contained, but is in close walking distance to downtown Kingston, making it a pedestrian friendly university for students and faculty alike.

Kingston, Ontario: Royal Military College of Canada

The Royal Military College of Canada, established in 1876, is Canada's only military university (Collège Militaire Royal in Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu, Quebec is a military college), providing academic and leadership training to officer cadets, other members of Canada's armed forces and civilians. There are currently 1,100 undergraduate students and 500 full and part-time graduate students.

Kingston, Ontario: St. Lawrence College

St. Lawrence College offers baccalaureate degree programs at its Kingston campus, in behavioural psychology, industrial trades, microelectronics, nursing and business administration (the latter via a partnership with Laurentian University), in addition to certificate, diploma, and advanced diploma programs.

Kingston, Ontario: Primary and secondary education

The Limestone District School Board serves students in the City of Kingston and the counties of Frontenac and Lennox and Addington. Along with the Limestone School of Community Education, which provides adult education and training programs, approximately 21,000 students attend 70 elementary and secondary schools along with supporting education centres. The Algonquin and Lakeshore Catholic District School Board serves students of the Roman Catholic faith. Approximately 12,800 students attend 36 elementary schools and 5 secondary schools in this district. The Catholic high schools in the immediate Kingston area include Regiopolis Notre-Dame and Holy Cross Catholic High Schools. The francophone community is served by two school boards, the Conseil des écoles publiques de l'Est de l'Ontario and the Conseil des écoles catholiques du Centre-Est, each providing one secondary school in the area.

Secondary schools located in Kingston:

  • Bayridge Secondary School
  • École secondaire catholique Marie-Rivier
  • École secondaire publique Mille-Îles
  • Frontenac Secondary School
  • Holy Cross Catholic Secondary School
  • Kingston Collegiate and Vocational Institute
  • La Salle Secondary School
  • Leahurst College High School
  • Loyalist Collegiate and Vocational Institute
  • Queen Elizabeth Collegiate and Vocational Institute
  • Regiopolis-Notre Dame Catholic Secondary School

Kingston, Ontario: Correctional institutions and facilities

Kingston has the largest concentration of federal correctional facilities in Canada. The facilities are operated by the Correctional Service of Canada. Of the nine institutions located in the Kingston area, seven of them are located within the municipal boundaries of the city.

  • Kingston Penitentiary (maximum security) (Officially closed September 30, 2013).
Collins Bay Institution
  • Regional Treatment Centre (multi-level security), co-located within Kingston Penitentiary
  • Joyceville Institution (medium security)
  • Pittsburgh Institution (minimum security), co-located with Joyceville
  • Collins Bay Institution (medium security)
  • Frontenac Institution (minimum security), co-located with Collins Bay
  • Millhaven Institution (maximum security), and Bath Institution (medium security), are located in the nearby village of Bath.

Until 2000, Canada's only federal correctional facility for women, the Prison for Women (nicknamed "P4W") was also located in Kingston. As a result of the report of the Commission of Inquiry into Certain Events at the Prison for Women in Kingston, the facility was closed in 2000. Queen's University purchased the property with the intention of renovating it to house the Queen's Archives, but the interior of the building was awarded a heritage designation; therefore, Queen's lost the ability to renovate the interior and is considering its options.

In September 2013, after almost 180 years of housing prisoners, Kingston Penitentiary closed. The maximum security prison was named a National Historic Site of Canada in February 1990 due to its history and reputation. In its early years, the prison had a vital role in constructing the city. The prison brought prosperity to Kingston, and along with eight other prisons being built in the area, helped create an impressive local economy.

Kingston, Ontario: Geography and climate

Kingston is located within the Mixedwood Plains Ecozone, and is dominated in the Kingston area by a mixture of deciduous and coniferous tree species and abundant water resources The region is underlain mostly by Ordovician limestone of the Black River Group.

Being within hardiness zone 5, Kingston has a moderate humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfb). It has cooler summers and colder winters than most of Southern Ontario. Although proximity to Lake Ontario has a moderating effect on the climate, it also tempers the heat and can on occasion increase precipitation, especially during heavy snowfall events. Mild to strong breezes off of Lake Ontario make Kingston one of the most consistently windy cities in Canada, especially near the water. As a result of the moderation the all-time high is a relatively modest 35.6 °C (96 °F) recorded on July 9, 1936. However, due to the humidity, the humidex values for such days are very high. The coldest temperature ever recorded in Kingston was −35.6 °C (−32 °F) on February 17, 1896.

The central part of the city is located between the Cataraqui River to the east and the Little Cataraqui Creek to the west, with outlying areas extending in both directions. The eastern part of the city is accessible by the La Salle Causeway on Highway 2.

Major features of Kingston's waterfront include Flora MacDonald Confederation Basin, Portsmouth Olympic Harbour, Collins Bay, Wolfe Island, Garden Island, the Cataraqui River (including the Inner Harbour and, within that, Anglin Bay).

Kingston, Ontario: Sports

Postcard of the Y.M.C.A. Building in Kingston, Ontario, Canada c. 1908

Kingston, Ontario: Hockey

Kingston lays claim to being the birthplace of ice hockey, though this is contested. Support for this is found in a journal entry of a British Army officer in Kingston in 1843. He wrote "Began to skate this year, improved quickly and had great fun at hockey on the ice." Kingston is also home to the oldest continuing hockey rivalry in the world by virtue of a game played in 1886 on the frozen Kingston harbour between Queen's University and the Royal Military College of Canada. To mark this event, the city hosts an annual game between the two institutions, played on a cleared patch of frozen lake with both teams wearing period-correct uniforms and using rules from that era. The two schools also contest the annual Carr-Harris Cup, named for Lorne Carr-Harris, under modern competitive conditions to commemorate and continue their rivalry.

The Memorial Cup, which serves as the annual championship event for the Canadian Hockey League, began in 1919 on the initiative of Kingstonian James T. Sutherland. The first championship was held in Kingston. Sutherland, a member of the Hockey Hall of Fame, also helped establish the annual exhibition game between the Royal Military College of Canada and the United States Military Academy (West Point) in 1923.

Kingston is represented in the Ontario Hockey League (OHL) by the Kingston Frontenacs, and in Ontario Junior Hockey League (OJHL) by the Kingston Voyageurs. The Frontenacs general manager is Kingston native Doug Gilmour.

The International Hockey Hall of Fame, was established in September 1943 with a building constructed in 1965. The original building was located near the Kingston Memorial Centre (which was opened in 1950), but has since been relocated to Kingston's west end at the Invista Centre. The International Hockey Hall of Fame, founded by the National Hockey League (NHL) and the Canadian Amateur Hockey Association, is the oldest sports hall of fame in Canada. The museum's collection is home to various items that pay homage to Kingston's role in the history of hockey in Canada. These include: the original square hockey puck from the first Queens University vs. the Royal Military College of Canada (RMC) game in 1886, hockey’s oldest sweater worn by a Queen’s student in 1894, and Canada’s first Olympic gold medal from 1924, among others.

New to the city is the K-Rock Centre, located in the downtown core. The arena opened in February 2008, and serves as home ice for the Frontenacs. The Voyageurs play at the new Invista Centre, located in the city's west end.

Kingston, Ontario: Soccer

Kingston Clippers Soccer Club compete in the men's and women's divisions of the semi-professional League1 Ontario. League and L1O Cup matches are played from May through October.

Kingston, Ontario: Sailing

Royal Military College of Canada robotic sailboat

The city is known for its fresh-water sailing, and hosted the sailing events for the 1976 Summer Olympics. CORK – Canadian Olympic-training Regatta, Kingston – now hosted by CORK/Sail Kingston Inc. is still held every August. Since 1972, Kingston has hosted more than 40 World and Olympic sailing championships. Kingston is listed by a panel of experts among the best yacht racing venues in the USA, even though Kingston is in Canada.

Kingston sits amid excellent cruising and boating territory, with easy access to Lake Ontario, the St. Lawrence River, and the Thousand Islands including the St. Lawrence Islands National Park.

Kingston is also home to the youth sail training ship called the St. Lawrence II.

During the summers, the RMC campus in Kingston plays host to a Royal Canadian Sea Cadets camp called HMCS Ontario, which provides sail training along with lots of other training to youth from across Canada. The Kingston Yacht Club located in downtown Kingston has a learn to sail program for both children and adults.

Kingston, Ontario: Diving

Kingston is known for fresh-water wreck diving. Kingston's shipwrecks are well preserved by its cool fresh water, and the recent zebra mussel invasion has caused a dramatic improvement in water clarity that has enhanced the quality of diving in the area.

Kingston, Ontario: Golf

The Kingston area has eight golf courses, two of which are entirely public. The Kingston Golf Club, established in 1884, was a founding member of the Royal Canadian Golf Association in 1895; however, this club ceased operating in the mid-1920s. The first winner of the Canadian Amateur Championship that same year was Kingstonian Thomas Harley, a Scottish immigrant carpenter. Richard H. (Dick) Green, who immigrated to the area from England in the late 1920s, was the longtime club professional for nearly 40 years at Cataraqui Golf and Country Club (founded in 1917 and redesigned by Stanley Thompson in 1930). Green also helped design several courses in eastern Ontario, including Smiths Falls (1949), Glen Lawrence (1955), Rideau Lakes (1961), Amherstview (1971), Garrison (1971), Evergreen (1972), Belle Park Fairways (1975), Rivendell (1979), and Colonnade (1984). Matt McQuillan, a professional player on the PGA Tour for the 2011 and 2012 seasons, was born and raised in Kingston, and developed his game at the Garrison Golf and Curling Club. McQuillan won the 2005 Telus Edmonton Open on the Canadian Professional Golf Tour.

Kingston, Ontario: Curling

Three curling clubs are located in the Kingston area: the Cataraqui Golf & Country Club, Garrison Golf & Curling Club, and the Royal Kingston Curling Club. The Royal Kingston Curling Club (RKCC) was founded in 1820, and was granted Royal patronage in 1993. In 2006, the RKCC moved to a new facility at 130 Days Road, to make way for the construction of a new complex at Queen's University, the Queen's Centre.

Kingston, Ontario: Rugby

The Kingston Panthers Rugby Football Club (KPRFC) was founded in 1959, and from that moment onward has established a reputation as a strong community player. KPRFC is a non-profit organization answering directly to the Eastern Ontario Rugby Union (EORU), the Ontario Rugby Union (ORU), and Rugby Canada (RC). The Kingston Panthers R.F.C, recently celebrated their fortieth anniversary with an EORU championship in the Division 1 championship game at Twin Elm Rugby Park in Ottawa, Ontario.

Kingston, Ontario: Football

The earliest known incarnation of an organized football team in Kingston is the Kingston Granites which played in the predecessor league to the Canadian Football League, the Ontario Rugby Football Union, (ORFU). The team played for four seasons between 1898 and 1901 winning 1 ORFU title in 1899 defeating the Ottawa Rough Riders 8-0. Kingston also hosted the 10th Grey Cup on December 2, 1922. The Limestone Grenadiers now represent Kingston and the surrounding area in the OVFL. The Club franchise catchment area draws players from Frontenac, Hastings, Lanark, Leeds, Lennox and Prince Edward counties. League play runs from late May through August. The Junior and Varsity teams' main schedule pits the Grenadiers against eastern Ontario opponents and cross-over games with western Ontario teams leading to a provincial title championship game. Many notable football people, CFL, NFL players, coaches and personalities have been associated with Kingston including:

Kingston, Ontario: Notable people

Kingston, Ontario: Media

Kingston, Ontario: See also

  • List of sister cities in Canada
  • Cartwright Point, Ontario
  • Inner Harbour, Kingston
  • Sydenham Ward
  • Kingston Mills
  • Portsmouth, Kingston
  • Rideau Heights, Kingston
  • Royal eponyms in Canada
  • HMCS Kingston (MM 700)

Kingston, Ontario: References

Notes

  1. Normals are based on climate data recorded at Kingston/Norman Rogers Airport from 1981 to 1996.
  2. Extreme high and low temperatures in the table below were recorded at Queen's University from July 1872 to March 1957, at Kingston (Ontario Hydro) from April 1957 to June 1967, at Kingston/Norman Rogers Airport from July 1967 to September 1996, at Kingston Pumping Station from October 1996 to November 2007 and at Kingston/Norman Rogers Airport from July 2008 to present.
  1. "Ottawa Valley election results: Mayoral Races". CTV Ottawa. October 28, 2014. Retrieved November 4, 2014.
  2. "Population and Dwelling Count Highlight Tables, 2016 Census". Statistics Canada. February 8, 2017. Retrieved February 8, 2017.
  3. Osborne 2011, p. 81
  4. Quebec History – Cataraqui Retrieved April 12, 2014
  5. Cataraqui Archaeological Research Foundation Retrieved April 12, 2014
  6. Histoires de Bâtiment – Naval Historic Sites – Kingston Retrieved April 12, 2014
  7. All About Canada, Kingston, Ontario-Settlement and Early Days Retrieved April 12, 2014
  8. Armstrong 1973, p. 67.
  9. "Chronology of the History of Kingston". Kingston Historical Society. Retrieved June 28, 2012.
  10. Archaeology in the County – Traces of the First People in Prehistoric Prince Edward County Retrieved March 4, 2015
  11. The Archaic Period. Ontario Archaeological Society Archived November 16, 2012, at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved March 4, 2015
  12. Late Woodland Period. Ontario Archaeological Society Archived September 14, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved March 4, 2015
  13. Kingston Archaeology – Belle Island Retrieved February 27, 2015
  14. Adams 1986, p. 6
  15. Adams 1986, pp. 5, 9
  16. Osborne 2011, pp. 13, 19
  17. Kingston Historical Society Chronology of the History of Kingston
  18. Fort Frontenac Historical Plaque
  19. Brown, Ron (2011). Hidden Ontario: Secrets from Ontario's Past. Toronto: Dundurn. pp. 98–100. ISBN 1554889553.
  20. Osborne 2011, pp. 18
  21. Early Land Survey in Ontario Historical Plaque
  22. Osborne 2011, pp. 19–21
  23. http://www.waynecook.com/afrontenac.html, Plaque 27
  24. Hidden Ontario: Secrets from Ontario’s Past – Terry Boyle – Google Books
  25. Fort Henry Historical Plaque
  26. Mika 1987, p. 68.
  27. Ontario Heritage Plaque – Fort Henry Retrieved September 2, 2015
  28. Osborne 2011, pp. 150–154
  29. http://www.waynecook.com/afrontenac.html, Plaque 29
  30. http://www.waynecook.com/afrontenac.html, Plaque 59
  31. http://www.waynecook.com/afrontenac.html, Plaque 54
  32. Kingston City Hall Historical Plaque
  33. http://www.waynecook.com/afrontenac.html, Plaque 52
  34. Smith, Wm. H. (1846). SMITH'S CANADIAN GAZETTEER – STATISTICAL AND GENERAL INFORMATION RESPECTING ALL PARTS OF THE UPPER PROVINCE, OR CANADA WEST:. Toronto: H. & W. ROWSELL. pp. 91–93.
  35. Hotel Dieu and the Religious Hospitallers of St. Joseph | STONES
  36. "The Typhus Epidemic 1847". Ontario's Historical Plaques. Archaeological and Historic Sites Board of Ontario. Archived from the original on October 19, 2013. Retrieved January 24, 2012.
  37. "Kingston General Hospital National Historic Site of Canada". Parks Canada. Government of Canada. Archived from the original on July 1, 2013. Retrieved February 12, 2013.
  38. https://archive.org/stream/provinceontario00mcevgoog#page/n290/mode/2up, Page 243
  39. Fire and gunpowder explosions demolished Kingston's waterfront. Kingston Whig-Standard. February 8, 2010 Retrieved October 8, 2015
  40. Kingston Public Market History Retrieved October 8, 2015
  41. Osborne 2011, p. 99
  42. City receives grant to complete Brownfield study of Davis Tannery lands. Kingstonregion.com. October 23, 2013 Retrieved September 22, 2015
  43. Mika Mika 1987, p. 124
  44. Osborne 2011, p. 50
  45. Mika 1987, p. 44
  46. Historical Plaques of Frontenac
  47. http://www.waynecook.com/afrontenac.html, Plaque 57
  48. The Victorian Soldier – History and Uniform of the Royal Canadian Horse Artillery, 1871 to 1970 Retrieved September 10, 2011
  49. Anson Keill's Second class certificate from the School of Military Instruction, Kingston
  50. Richard Preston 'Canada's RMC: A History of the Royal Military College of Canada' published by the RMC Club by U of Toronto Press.
  51. http://www.waynecook.com/afrontenac.html, Plaque 15
  52. "Internment Camps in Canada during the First and Second World Wars". Library and Archives Canada. Retrieved September 5, 2014.
  53. "Heritage Properies Register". Official site. City of Kingston. Retrieved March 4, 2015.
  54. "Rideau Canal". World Heritage Centre. UNESCO. Retrieved September 8, 2011.
  55. "Canada". World Heritage Centre. UNESCO. Retrieved September 8, 2011.
  56. Kingston, Directory of Federal Heritage Designations, Parks Canada
  57. "Statistics Canada 2011 Census for Kingston". 2.statcan.ca. February 8, 2012. Retrieved February 9, 2012.
  58. "Statistics Canada 2011 Census for Census Metropolitan Area of Kingston". 2.statcan.ca. February 8, 2012. Retrieved February 9, 2012.
  59. Census Profile, 2016 Census – Kingston [Census metropolitan area], Ontario and Saskatchewan [Province]
  60. Statistics Canada 2006 Census for Kingston Metropolitan Area
  61. "History of the University". website. Queen's University. Retrieved February 4, 2014.
  62. "National Household Survey (NHS) Profile, 2011". Statistics Canada. May 10, 2013. Retrieved August 29, 2013.
  63. "Next Cities-Canada Version Press Release (PDF, 324 KB)" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on July 14, 2011. Retrieved March 2, 2011.
  64. McNeill, Murray (July 30, 2009). "Delighted to be a 'Pegger". Winnipeg Free Press. Retrieved March 2, 2011.
  65. CMHC (Spring 2012). "Housing Market: Kingston CMA" (PDF). www.cmhc.ca/housingmarketinformation. Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation. p. 5. Retrieved July 16, 2012.
  66. City gets low marks for women's quality of life | The Kingston Whig-Standard
  67. Mayor & Councillors – City of Kingston
  68. Election Results – City of Kingston
  69. Timeline for the Redistribution of Federal Electoral Districts
  70. Updated: Gerretsen wins by landslide | The Journal
  71. Kingston and the Islands – Ontario Votes 2014 – CBC News
  72. Kingston & the Islands remains a red riding | The Journal
  73. Kingston Major Employers Retrieved: March 15, 2015
  74. Kingston Economic Development
  75. syracuse.com: "New Kingston to Syracuse shuttle targets shoppers, air travelers" 10 Apr 2013
  76. thewhig.com: "Shuttling off to Syracuse" 3 Apr 2013
  77. Fritsche, Alexander. "Kingston's Tourism Industry" (PDF). May 21, 2008. KingstonCanada.com. Retrieved May 1, 2011.
  78. Downtown Kingston! Business Improvement Area, “About Us”, "Downtown Kingston!"
  79. Dick Mathison, "Yellow Door Campaign Receives Tourism Advertising Award", Kingston Herald, November 26, 2013
  80. The Top 10 Things to Do in Kingston 2017 – TripAdvisor
  81. error.jsp
  82. Día de los Muertos Kingston Festival
  83. Kingston WritersFest
  84. Circle of Wellness
  85. Día de los Muertos Kingston
  86. "CANOE Travel – Canada – Smartest city in Canada". Travel.canoe.ca. Retrieved March 2, 2011.
  87. "Directory of Canadian Universities – RMC". Aucc.ca. February 25, 2011. Archived from the original on May 18, 2011. Retrieved March 2, 2011.
  88. "Degree Programs". St. Lawrence College. Archived from the original on December 24, 2008. Retrieved April 14, 2009.
  89. "Kingston Penitentiary, Canada's most notorious prison, officially closes its doors", CTV News. Retrieved September 30, 2013
  90. Steve Cameron, "Kingston Penitentiary: Canada's most famous prison closes its doors", The Globe and Mail, September 29, 2013
  91. Ecological Framework of Canada – Mixedwood Plains Ecozone. Retrieved April 30, 2016
  92. Landforms and Climate of the Mixedwood Plains Ecozone. (Archived). Retrieved April 30, 2016
  93. Chapman, L.J. and D.F. Putnam. The Physiography of Southern Ontario. University of Toronto Press, 1973. pp 62, 316.
  94. "Kingston, Ontario Climate Summary". Weatherbase. Retrieved January 3, 2016.
  95. "Canadian Climate Data". Government of Canada. Retrieved August 27, 2016.
  96. "Canadian Climate Data". Government of Canada. Retrieved August 27, 2016.
  97. "Kingston A". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Retrieved September 22, 2013.
  98. "Kingston Pumping Station". Government of Canada. Retrieved May 20, 2016.
  99. "Kingston Ont Hydro". Government of Canada. Retrieved August 27, 2016.
  100. "Kingston Queens U". Government of Canada. Retrieved August 27, 2016.
  101. "Kingston Climate". Government of Canada. Retrieved August 27, 2016.
  102. "Hockey night in Kingston". Retrieved June 21, 2006.
  103. Original Hockey Hall of Fame and Museum, “About the Hall”, "Original Hockey Hall of Fame and Museum"
  104. Original Hockey Hall of Fame and Museum, “The Top 10 Artifacts in the Museum”, "Original Hockey Hall of Fame and Museum"
  105. "List of Major Regattas in Kingston – Kingston , Ontario waterfront". K7waterfront.org. Retrieved March 2, 2011.
  106. "Scuttlebutt News Center: Best Racing Venues in the US". Sailingscuttlebutt.com. June 16, 2004. Retrieved March 2, 2011.
  107. OnGolf.ca – Kingston Golf Courses – Ontario Canada Retrieved March 2, 2011
  108. CurlingRink.ca – Kingston Curling Clubs and Rinks – Kingston, Ontario Retrieved March 2, 2011

Bibliography

  • Adams, Nick.Iroquois Settlement at Fort Frontenac in the Seventeenth and Early Eighteenth Centuries. Ontario Archaeology, No. 46: 4–20. 1986.
  • Armstrong, Alvin. Buckskin to Broadloom – Kingston Grows Up. Kingston Whig-Standard, 1973. No ISBN.
  • Mika, Nick and Helma et al. Kingston, Historic City. Belleville: Mika Publishing Co., 1987. ISBN 0-921341-06-7.
  • Mika, Nick and Helma. Kingston Heritage, Buildings, Monuments, Plaques Belleville: Mika Publishing Co., 1983, 160 pages.
  • Osborne, Brian S. and Donald Swainson. Kingston, Building on the Past for the Future. Quarry Heritage Books, 2011. ISBN 1-55082-351-5
  • Roy, James. Kingston: The King's Town. Toronto: McClelland and Stewart, 1952.
  • Turner, Larry. "The Founding of Kingston, Ontario". The Loyalist Gazette, Volume XXII, No. 1. Retrieved 2015-01-14
  • Preston, Richard. Kingston Before the War of 1812: A Collection of Documents. Toronto: Champlain Society Publications, 1959.
  • Kingston, Ontario travel guide from Wikivoyage
  • Official City of Kingston Website
Source of information: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. We're not responsible for the content of this article and your use of this information. Disclaimer
Kingston, Ontario: Information in other languages
Afrikaans Kingston, Ontario
العربية كينغستون (أونتاريو)
Беларуская Кінгстан (Антарыа)
Беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎ Кінгстан (Антарыё)
Български Кингстън (град, Канада)
Cebuano Kingston (lungsod sa Canada, Ontario)
Čeština Kingston (Ontario)
Dansk Kingston (Ontario)
Deutsch Kingston (Ontario)
Español Kingston (Ontario)
Esperanto Kingston (Ontario)
فارسی کینگستون، انتاریو
Français Kingston (Ontario)
Gaeilge Kingston, Ontario
Gaelg Kingston, Ontario
한국어 킹스턴 (온타리오 주)
Հայերեն Քինգստոն (Օնտարիո)
Italiano Kingston (Ontario)
עברית קינגסטון (אונטריו)
Kiswahili Kingston, Ontario
Lietuvių Kingstonas (Kanada)
Nederlands Kingston (Ontario)
日本語 キングストン (オンタリオ州)
Norsk Kingston (Ontario)
پنجابی کنگسٹن(کینیڈا)
Polski Kingston (Ontario)
Português Kingston (Ontário)
Русский Кингстон (Онтарио)
Shqip Kingston (Ontario)
Simple English Kingston, Ontario
Slovenčina Kingston (Ontário)
Slovenščina Kingston, Ontario
Српски / srpski Кингстон (Онтарио)
Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски Kingston (Ontario)
Suomi Kingston (Kanada)
Svenska Kingston, Ontario
Tagalog Kingston, Ontario
Türkçe Kingston, Ontario
Українська Кінгстон (Онтаріо)
اردو کنگسٹن، اونٹاریو
Volapük Kingston (Kanadän)
Winaray Kingston, Ontario
粵語 京士頓 (安大略)
中文 金斯顿 (安大略省)
Canada: Hotels & Tickets Sale
Hotels & Tickets Sale worldwide
Abkhazia
Afghanistan
Albania
Algeria
American Virgin Islands
Andorra
Angola
Anguilla
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina
Armenia
Aruba
Australia
Austria
Azerbaijan
Bahamas
Bahrain
Bangladesh
Barbados
Belarus
Belgium
Belize
Benin
Bermuda
Bhutan
Bolivia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana
Brazil
British Virgin Islands
Brunei
Bulgaria
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cambodia
Cameroon
Canada
Cape Verde
Caribbean Netherlands
Cayman Islands
Chad
Chile
China
Colombia
Comoros
Costa Rica
Croatia
Cuba
Curaçao
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Denmark
Djibouti
Dominican Republic
East Timor
Ecuador
Egypt
El Salvador
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia
Falkland Islands
Faroe Islands
Fiji
Finland
France
French Guiana
French Polynesia
Gabon
Gambia
Georgia
Germany
Ghana
Gibraltar
Greece
Guadeloupe
Guam
Guatemala
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana
Haiti
Honduras
Hong Kong
Hungary
Iceland
India
Indonesia
Iran
Iraq
Ireland
Isle of Man
Israel
Italy
Ivory Coast
Jamaica
Japan
Jordan
Kazakhstan
Kenya
Kiribati
Kongo
Kosovo
Kuwait
Kyrgyzstan
Laos
Latvia
Lebanon
Lesotho
Liberia
Libya
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Macau
Macedonia
Madagascar
Malawi
Malaysia
Maldives
Mali
Malta
Martinique
Mauritania
Mauritius
Mexico
Micronesia
Moldova
Monaco
Mongolia
Montenegro
Montserrat
Morocco
Mozambique
Myanmar
Namibia
Nepal
Netherlands
New Zealand
Nicaragua
Nigeria
North Korea
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway
Oman
Pakistan
Palau
Palestine
Panama
Papua New Guinea
Paraguay
Peru
Philippines
Poland
Portugal
Puerto Rico
Qatar
Romania
Russia
Rwanda
Réunion
Saint Barthélemy
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Lucia
Saint Martin
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Samoa
San Marino
Saudi Arabia
Senegal
Serbia
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Singapore
Sint Maarten
Slovakia
Slovenia
Solomon Islands
Somalia
Somaliland
South Africa
South Korea
Spain
Sri Lanka
Sudan
Suriname
Swaziland
Sweden
Switzerland
Syria
Taiwan
Tajikistan
Tanzania
Thailand
Togo
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago
Tunisia
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Turks and Caicos Islands
Uganda
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom
United States
Uruguay
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu
Vatican
Venezuela
Vietnam
Yemen
Zambia
Zimbabwe
Vacation: Complete information and online sale
Today's Special Offers
Amazon Prime
Free fast shipping on over 50 million goods
Amazon Prime Gift
Give the gift of Amazon Prime membership
Amazon Music
Listen to tens of millions of songs for free!
Amazon Kindle
Download e-books and audiobooks for free!
Audible
Sign up now & download two audiobooks for free!
Amazon Cell Phones
Buy cheap contract cell phones & service plans
Amazon Family
Save a lot on children's goods and baby food
Amazon Home Services
Order any home maintenance services
Payoneer
Get payments worldwide. Sign up now and earn $25
Vacation: Website Templates & Graphics

All trademarks, service marks, trade names, product names, and logos appearing on the site are the property of their respective owners.
© 2011-2017 Maria-Online.com ▪ AdvertisingDesignHosting