Best prices on Kirov hotel booking and tickets to Kirov, Russia
One of the super proposals is an unique opportunity to instantly find the lowest prices on Kirov hotels and book a best hotel in Kirov saving up to 80%! You can do it quickly and easily with HotelsCombined, a world's leading free hotel metasearch engine that allows to search and compare the rates of all major hotel chains, top travel sites, and leading hotel booking websites, including Booking.com, Hotels.com, Agoda.com, etc. The hotel price comparison service HotelsCombined means cheap Kirov hotel booking, lowest prices on hotels in Kirov and airline tickets to Kirov, Russia!
Kirov Hotels Comparison & Online Booking
▪ Lowest prices on Kirov hotels booking ▪ The discounts on Kirov hotels up to 80% ▪ No booking fees on Kirov hotels ▪ Detailed description & photos of Kirov hotels ▪ Trusted ratings and reviews of Kirov hotels ▪ Advanced Kirov hotel search & comparison ▪ All Kirov hotels on the map ▪ Interesting sights of Kirov
What's important: you can compare and book not only Kirov hotels and resorts, but also villas and holiday cottages, inns and B&Bs (bed and breakfast), condo hotels and apartments, timeshare properties, guest houses and pensions, campsites (campgrounds), motels and hostels in Kirov. If you're going to Kirov save your money and time, don't pay for the services of the greedy travel agencies. Instead, book the best hotel in Kirov online, buy the cheapest airline tickets to Kirov, and rent a car in Kirov right now, paying the lowest price! Besides, here you can buy the Kirov related books, guidebooks, souvenirs and other goods.
In order to book an accommodation in Kirov enter the proper dates and do the hotel search. If needed, sort the found Kirov hotels by price, star rating, property type, guest rating, hotel features, hotel theme or hotel chain. Then take a look at the found hotels on Kirov map to estimate the distance from the main Kirov attractions and sights. You can also read the guest reviews of Kirov hotels and see their ratings.
When a hotel search in Kirov is done, please select the room type, the included meals and the suitable booking conditions (for example, "Deluxe double room, Breakfast included, Non-Refundable"). Press the "View Deal" ("Book Now") button. Make your booking on a hotel booking website and get the hotel reservation voucher by email. That's it, a perfect hotel in Kirov is waiting for you!
Hotels of Kirov
A hotel in Kirov is an establishment that provides lodging paid on a short-term basis. Facilities provided may range from a basic bed and storage for clothing, to luxury features like en-suite bathrooms. Larger in Kirov hotels may provide additional guest facilities such as a swimming pool, business centre, childcare, conference facilities and social function services. Hotel rooms in Kirov are usually numbered (or named in some smaller hotels and B&Bs) to allow guests to identify their room. Some Kirov hotels offer meals as part of a room and board arrangement. Hotel operations vary in size, function, and cost. Most Kirov hotels and major hospitality companies that operate hotels in Kirov have set widely accepted industry standards to classify hotel types. General categories include the following:
Upscale luxury hotels in Kirov
An upscale full service hotel facility in Kirov that offers luxury amenities, full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and the highest level of personalized and professional service. Luxury Kirov hotels are normally classified with at least a Four Diamond or Five Diamond status or a Four or Five Star rating depending on classification standards.
Full service hotels in Kirov
Full service Kirov hotels often contain upscale full-service facilities with a large volume of full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and a variety of on-site amenities such as swimming pools, a health club, children's activities, ballrooms, on-site conference facilities, etc.
Historic inns and boutique hotels in Kirov
Boutique hotels of Kirov are smaller independent non-branded hotels that often contain upscale facilities of varying size in unique or intimate settings with full service accommodations. Kirov boutique hotels are generally 100 rooms or less. Some historic inns and boutique hotels in Kirov may be classified as luxury hotels.
Focused or select service hotels in Kirov
Small to medium-sized hotel establishments that offer a limited amount of on-site amenities that only cater and market to a specific demographic of Kirov travelers, such as the single business traveler. Most Kirov focused or select service hotels may still offer full service accommodations but may lack leisure amenities such as an on-site restaurant or a swimming pool.
Economy and limited service hotels in Kirov
Small to medium-sized Kirov hotel establishments that offer a very limited amount of on-site amenities and often only offer basic accommodations with little to no services, these facilities normally only cater and market to a specific demographic of travelers, such as the budget-minded Kirov traveler seeking a "no frills" accommodation. Limited service Kirov hotels often lack an on-site restaurant but in return may offer a limited complimentary food and beverage amenity such as on-site continental breakfast service.
Guest houses and B&Bs in Kirov
A bed and breakfast in Kirov is a small lodging establishment that offers overnight accommodation and inclusive breakfast. Usually, Kirov bed and breakfasts are private homes or family homes offering accommodations. The typical Kirov B&B has between 4 and 11 rooms, with 6 being the average. Generally, guests are accommodated in private bedrooms with private bathrooms, or in a suite of rooms including an en suite bathroom. Some homes have private bedrooms with a bathroom which is shared with other guests. Breakfast is served in the bedroom, a dining room, or the host's kitchen. Often the owners of guest house themselves prepare the breakfast and clean the rooms.
Hostels in Kirov
Kirov hostels provide budget-oriented, sociable accommodation where guests can rent a bed, usually a bunk bed, in a dormitory and share a bathroom, lounge, and sometimes a kitchen. Rooms can be mixed or single-sex, although private rooms may also be available. Hostels are often cheaper for both the operator and occupants; many Kirov hostels have long-term residents whom they employ as desk agents or housekeeping staff in exchange for experience or discounted accommodation.
Apartment hotels, extended stay hotels in Kirov
Extended stay hotels are small to medium-sized Kirov hotels that offer longer term full service accommodations compared to a traditional hotel. Extended stay hotels may offer non-traditional pricing methods such as a weekly rate that cater towards travelers in need of short-term accommodations for an extended period of time. Similar to limited and select service hotels, on-site amenities are normally limited and most extended stay hotels in Kirov lack an on-site restaurant.
Timeshare and destination clubs in Kirov
Kirov timeshare and destination clubs are a form of property ownership also referred to as a vacation ownership involving the purchase and ownership of an individual unit of accommodation for seasonal usage during a specified period of time. Timeshare resorts in Kirov often offer amenities similar that of a Full service hotel with on-site restaurant(s), swimming pools, recreation grounds, and other leisure-oriented amenities. Destination clubs of Kirov on the other hand may offer more exclusive private accommodations such as private houses in a neighborhood-style setting.
Motels in Kirov
A Kirov motel is a small-sized low-rise lodging establishment similar to that of a limited service hotel, but with direct access to individual rooms from the car park. Common during the 1950s and 1960s, motels were often located adjacent to a major road, where they were built on inexpensive land at the edge of towns or along stretches of highways. They are still useful in less populated areas of Kirov for driving travelers, but the more populated an area becomes the more hotels fill the need. Many of Kirov motels which remain in operation have joined national franchise chains, rebranding themselves as hotels, inns or lodges.
HotelsCombined is the leading hotel metasearch engine founded in 2005, with headquarters in Sydney, Australia. It is widely recognized as the world's best hotel price comparison site and has won many of the most prestigious tourism industry awards. The site operates in over 40 languages, handles 120 different currencies and aggregates more than 2 million deals from hundreds of travel sites and hotel chains. The number of users counts more than 300,000 people a year with over $1,000,000,000 in estimated total cost of hotel reservations.
The main purpose of HotelsCombined hotel price comparison service is to help the travelers in finding a perfect accommodation option in Kirov at the best price, eliminating the need to manually analyze hundreds of hotel booking sites and thousands of price offers. Through the partnership with the most popular hotel booking websites, online travel agencies and hotel chains, HotelsCombined allows its users to search for and compare the current rates on Kirov hotels in a single search. It also provides an aggregated summary of hotel reviews and ratings from external sites.
The HotelsCombined's advanced technology allows to instantly find the available Kirov hotels and process the offers of all leading travel websites, including Booking.com, Hotels.com, Agoda.com and many others (AccorHotels.com, AirAsiaGo.com, Amoma.com, AsiaTravel.com, BestWestern.com, Budgetplaces.com, EasyToBook.com, Elvoline.com, Expedia.com, Getaroom.com, Hilton.com, Homestay.com, Hotel.de, HotelClub.com, HotelsClick.com, HotelTravel.com, Housetrip.com, ihg.com, Interhome.com, Jovago.com, LateRooms.com, NH-Hotels.com, OnHotels.com, Otel.com, Prestigia.com, Skoosh.com, Splendia.com, Superbreak.com, Tiket.com, etc.). Due to the fast and easy-to-use search system you get the rates on available Kirov hotels and book a preferable hotel on a website providing the lowest price.
All Kirov Hotels & Hostels Online
HotelsCombined is created for those interested in Kirov, Kirov Oblast, Russia, HotelsCombined, Trivago, sale on the hotel booking site HotelsCombined, discount coupons on the hotel booking site HotelsCombined, best rates on Kirov hotels, low prices on Kirov hotels, best hotel in Kirov, best Kirov hotel, discounted Kirov hotel booking, online Kirov hotel reservation, Kirov hotels comparison, hotel booking in Kirov, luxury and cheap accomodation in Kirov, Kirov inns, Kirov B&Bs, bed and breakfast in Kirov, condo hotels and apartments in Kirov, bargain Kirov rentals, cheap Kirov vacation rentals,Kirov pensions and guest houses, cheap hotels and hostels of Kirov, Kirov motels, dormitories of Kirov, dorms in Kirov, Kirov dormitory rooms, lowest rates on hotels in Kirov, hotel prices comparison in Kirov, travel to Kirov, vacation in Kirov, trip to Kirov, trusted hotel reviews of Kirov, sights and attractions of Kirov, Kirov guidebook, Kirov guide, hotel booking in Kirov, Russia, tours to Kirov, travel company in Kirov, travel agency in Kirov, excursions in Kirov, tickets to Kirov, airline tickets to Kirov, etc.
Many people are also interested in the Kirov hotel booking, Kirov hostels, dormitory of Kirov, dorm in Kirov, Kirov dormitory, Kirov airfares, Kirov airline tickets, Kirov tours, Kirov travel, must-see places in Kirov, Kirov Booking.com, Kirov hotels Trivago, Kirov Expedia, Kirov Airbnb, Kirov TripAdvisor, Hotels Combined Kirov, HotelsCombined Kirov, Kirov hotels and hostels, RU hotels and hostels, Black Friday on the hotel booking site HotelsCombined, Cyber Monday on the hotel booking site HotelsCombined, New Year's and Christmas sale HotelsCombined, hotelscombined.en, HotelsCombined.en, HotelsCombined.en, hotelscombined.com, Kirov (Oblast' di Kirov), Киров (Кировы облæст), किरोव, კიროვი (კიროვის ოლქი), Kirov (tỉnh Kirov), Kirov (Kirovi terület), Kirov, Kirov Oblast, Kirovskaya Chiu, Kirov (oblast de Kirov), Киров (Киров облаçĕ), Κίροφ, Киров (Киров обласьт), and so on.
While others are looking for the Kirov (oblast Kirov), Kirow, Kirof, Kirov (urbo en Kirova provinco), Горад Кіраў, キーロフ, Կիրով (քաղաք), Киров (Кировой можо), Kirov (kapital sa lalawigan), Kirov (Kirov oblast), Кіраў (Кіраўская вобласьць), Kirov, Kirov oblast, Киров, Kirov (urbs), Kírov (província de Kírov), کیروو, 키로프 (키로프 주), Kirov (Kirovská oblasť), Kirov i Kirov oblast, Kirow (Stadt), 基洛夫 (基洛夫州), Киров (Киров вел), Kirov, كيروف (كيروف أوبلاست), Kírov, Kirovas, کیروف، کیروف اوبلاست, Kirov (Kirov vilayəti), کیروف, Kirov (Kirov Oblastı), קירוב (עיר), Киров (Россия), Кіров (Кіровська область), Киров (Кирован область), Kirova, Киров (Киров өлкәсе), Киров (Кировская область), Kirov (Kirovin alue). A lot of people have already booked the hotels in Kirov on the hotel booking site HotelsCombined. Don't miss this chance!
Kirov (Russian: Киров; IPA: [ˈkʲirəf]), formerly known as Vyatka (Вятка) and Khlynov (Хлынов), is a city and the administrative center of Kirov Oblast, Russia, located on the Vyatka River. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 473,695.
Kirov, Kirov Oblast: History
Khlynov was first mentioned in 1374. It was incorporated into the Grand Duchy of Moscow in 1489 and became known throughout Russia for its clay statuettes and whistles. It was also managed by Khanate of Kazan and was known as "Hılın". The town's oldest surviving monument is the Assumption Cathedral (1689), an imposing structure surmounted by five globular domes.
In 1780, Catherine the Great renamed the town Vyatka and made it the seat of Vyatka Governorate. The town also served as a place of exile, notably for Alexander Herzen, Alexander Vitberg, and Mikhail Saltykov-Shchedrin. By the end of the 19th century, it was an important station on the Trans-Siberian railway. In December 1934, it was renamed for the Soviet leader Sergey Kirov, who had been assassinated on December 1. However, whilst the name Kirov has remained since the dissolution of the Soviet Union, numerous institutions such as the university bear the former name of Vyatka.
Vyatka. Early 20th century
The northeastern part of the Vyatka
City wharf and the ensemble of the Central square
Kirov, Kirov Oblast: Administrative and municipal status
Kirov is the administrative center of the oblast. Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is, together with 134 rural localities, incorporated as the City of Kirov-an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts. As a municipal division, the City of Kirov is incorporated as Kirov Urban Okrug.
Kirov, Kirov Oblast: Economy
Kirov is a major transport hub (railway; Trans-Siberian main) and river port. It is served by Kirov Pobedilovo airport. During the 1990s this airport was closed and for several years provided only irregular service. During the 2003-2006 summer seasons there were signs of a revival in air transportation as several companies attempted to establish flight routes from Kirov to Moscow and Krasnodar. Since 2006 Kirov airport has been used by a local company operating flights to Moscow.
The Kirov River port went bankrupt in the late 1990s and all its river boats were sold to other regions. Kirov is a center of machine building; metallurgy, light, the printing trade, biochemical and the timber industry.
Kirov, Kirov Oblast: Culture
Kirov, Kirov Oblast: Museums
Kirov Regional Museum
Kirov Regional Art Museum in honor V.M. and A.M. Vasnetsov
Vyatka Museum of Art, one of the oldest museums in Russia, was founded in 1910 by local artists.
The idea of creation belongs to natives of Vyatka land, brothers artists Viktor Vasnetsov and Apollinary Vasnetsov. At the core of the collection - works that received the most part in the 1910-1920s from the State Museum Fund, private collections and as gifts - from patrons and artists. Today the museum has more than fifteen thousand exhibits and is located in four buildings in Kirov downtown.
Museum of K.E. Tsiolkovsky, Aviation & Space
Vyatka cabinet of curiosities
House-Museum of M.E. Saltykov-Shchedrin
Museum of A. Green
House-Museum of N. Khokhryakova
Kirov exhibition hall
Vyatka paleontological museum
Kirov, Kirov Oblast: Theaters
Kirov Oblast Drama Theater
Kirov State Puppet Theater
Kirov State Theater of Young Spectators "Theater of the Spasskaya"
Kirov, Kirov Oblast: Circus
Kirov State Circus
According to a report in Pravda dated January 4, 2005, Kirov is known as the "city of twins" for the unusually high number of multiple births there.
According to a report, the city is home to a high concentration of red-haired individuals.
Kirov, Kirov Oblast: Sports
Rodina plays in the highest division of Russian Bandy League. Their home arena has a capacity of 7500. It will be the venue of the national final in 2013.
Kirov, Kirov Oblast: Education
Kirov is the home of Vyatka University, Vyatka University for the Humanities, Vyatka Agricultural Academy and Kirov State Medical Academy.
Kirov, Kirov Oblast: Climate
Kirov has a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfb).
Climate data for Kirov
Record high °C (°F)
Average high °C (°F)
Daily mean °C (°F)
Average low °C (°F)
Record low °C (°F)
Average precipitation mm (inches)
Average rainy days
Average snowy days
Average relative humidity (%)
Mean monthly sunshine hours
Source #1: Pogoda.ru.net
Source #2: NOAA (sun 1961–1990)
Kirov, Kirov Oblast: Gallery
Kirov New bridge
Kirov. The bottom pond at a diorama
Armenian church. Kirov
Kirov railway station
The bandy stadium
Kirov, Kirov Oblast: Twin towns and sister cities
See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Russia
Kirov is twinned with:
Kirov, Kirov Oblast: Notable people
Anna Alminova (born 1985), middle distance runner
Yuri Ardashev (born 1965), theater director, actor
Ekaterina Atalik (born 1982), chess player
Mikhail Bagayev (born 1985), association football player
Aleksey Borovitin (born 1954), ski jumper
Yevgeny Charushin (1901-1965), illustrator, author of children's literature
Aleksei Pugin (born 1987), association football player
Ivan Shefer (born 1983), ice dancer
Yekaterina Shikhova (born 1985), speed skater
Alexei Sitnikov (born 1986), ice dancer
Alexander Stolbov (born 1929), painter
Nikolai Tchaikovsky (1851-1926), revolutionary, politician
Mikhail Tyufyakov (born 1974), association football player and manager
Vladimir Urin (born 1947), theater director, actor
Yuri Vshivtsev (1940-2010), association football player
Valentin Yanin (born 1929), historian, archaeologist
Julia Zlobina (born 1989), ice dancer
Kirov, Kirov Oblast: References
Kirov, Kirov Oblast: Notes
Article 4 of the Charter of Kirov states that the city will have an anthem once one is officially adopted. As of 2016, an anthem is not listed among the symbols of the city shown on the official website of Kirov.
Charter of Kirov, Article 4
"Head of the City of Kirov" (in Russian). Official website of the city of Kirov. Retrieved November 29, 2016.
Charter of Kirov, Article 28
Charter of Kirov, Article 22
Official website of Kirov. Administrative-Territorial Structure (Russian)
Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012.
The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №271-ФЗ от 03 июля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #271-FZ of July 03, 2016 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
Official website of Kirov. Brief Historical Reference (Russian)
Энциклопедия Города России. Moscow: Большая Российская Энциклопедия. 2003. pp. 193–195. ISBN 5-7107-7399-9.
Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (Russian)
Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities-Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014.
Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014.
"Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 г. Национальный состав населения по регионам России. (All Union Population Census of 1979. Ethnic composition of the population by regions of Russia.)". Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 года (All-Union Population Census of 1979) (in Russian). Demoscope Weekly (website of the Institute of Demographics of the State University-Higher School of Economics. 1979. Retrieved 2008-11-25.
Вятский палеонтологический музей
"Multiple births in Oblast Kirov". Retrieved 28 August 2010.
"Map of Redheads in Europe". Retrieved 2 July 2013.
""Родина" Киров Официальный сайт хоккейного клуба - Новости". Khcrodina.ru. 2013-03-14. Retrieved 2013-03-26.
"Weather and Climate-The Climate of Kirov" (in Russian). Погода и климат. Retrieved April 5, 2016.
"Kirov Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved April 5, 2016.
Kirov, Kirov Oblast: Sources
Кировская городская Дума. Решение №42/19 от 29 июня 2005 г. «Об Уставе муниципального образования "Город Киров"», в ред. Решения №40/5 от 25 сентября 2015 г. «О внесении изменений в Устав муниципального образования "Город Киров", принятый Решением Кировской городской Думы от 29.06.2005 №42/19». Вступил в силу в соответствии со статьёй 56. Опубликован: "Вятский край", №130 (3538), 13 июля 2005 г. (Kirov City Duma. Decision #42/19 of June 29, 2005 On the Charter of the Municipal Formation of the "City of Kirov", as amended by the Decision #40/5 of September 25, 2015 On Amending the Charter of the Municipal Formation of the "City of Kirov" Adopted by the Decision #42/19 of Kirov City Duma of June 29, 2005. Effective as of the date set forth in accordance with the provisions of Article 56.).
Законодательное Собрание Кировской области. Закон №387-ЗО от 2 декабря 2005 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Кировской области», в ред. Закона №249-ЗО от 29 декабря 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Кировской области "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Кировской области"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Вятский край", №228–228 (3635–3636), 13 декабря 2005 г. (Legislative Assembly of Kirov Oblast. Law #387-ZO of December 2, 2005 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Kirov Oblast, as amended by the Law #249-ZO of December 29, 2012 On Amending the Law of Kirov Oblast "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Kirov Oblast". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
Законодательное Собрание Кировской области. Закон №284-ЗО от 7 декабря 2004 г. «Об установлении границ муниципальных образований Кировской области и наделении их статусом муниципального района, городского округа, городского поселения, сельского поселения», в ред. Закона №350-ЗО от 11 ноября 2013 г. «О внесении изменений в отдельные Законы Кировской области». Вступил в силу по истечении 10 дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Вятский край", №233–234 (3401–3402), 21 декабря 2004 г. (Legislative Assembly of Kirov Oblast. Law #284-ZO of December 7, 2004 On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations of Kirov Oblast and on Granting Them the Municipal District, Urban Okrug, Urban Settlement, Rural Settlement Status, as amended by the Law #350-ZO of November 11, 2013 On Amending Various Laws of Kirov Oblast. Effective as of after 10 days from the day of the official publication.).
Kirov, Kirov Oblast: Further reading
(Russian) Vyatka. Materials for the History of the 17th and 18th Centuries (1887) (Вятка. Материалы для истории города XVII и XVIII столетий) at Runivers.ru in DjVu and PDF formats
Kirov, Kirov Oblast: External links
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Kirov.
Official website of Kirov (Russian)
Unofficial website of Kirov (Russian)
Administrative divisions of Kirov Oblast
Administrative center: Kirov
Cities and towns
Source of information: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. We're not responsible for the content of this article and your use of this information. Disclaimer