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Hotels of Kisumu

A hotel in Kisumu is an establishment that provides lodging paid on a short-term basis. Facilities provided may range from a basic bed and storage for clothing, to luxury features like en-suite bathrooms. Larger in Kisumu hotels may provide additional guest facilities such as a swimming pool, business centre, childcare, conference facilities and social function services. Hotel rooms in Kisumu are usually numbered (or named in some smaller hotels and B&Bs) to allow guests to identify their room. Some Kisumu hotels offer meals as part of a room and board arrangement. Hotel operations vary in size, function, and cost. Most Kisumu hotels and major hospitality companies that operate hotels in Kisumu have set widely accepted industry standards to classify hotel types. General categories include the following:

Upscale luxury hotels in Kisumu
An upscale full service hotel facility in Kisumu that offers luxury amenities, full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and the highest level of personalized and professional service. Luxury Kisumu hotels are normally classified with at least a Four Diamond or Five Diamond status or a Four or Five Star rating depending on classification standards.

Full service hotels in Kisumu
Full service Kisumu hotels often contain upscale full-service facilities with a large volume of full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and a variety of on-site amenities such as swimming pools, a health club, children's activities, ballrooms, on-site conference facilities, etc.

Historic inns and boutique hotels in Kisumu
Boutique hotels of Kisumu are smaller independent non-branded hotels that often contain upscale facilities of varying size in unique or intimate settings with full service accommodations. Kisumu boutique hotels are generally 100 rooms or less. Some historic inns and boutique hotels in Kisumu may be classified as luxury hotels.

Focused or select service hotels in Kisumu
Small to medium-sized hotel establishments that offer a limited amount of on-site amenities that only cater and market to a specific demographic of Kisumu travelers, such as the single business traveler. Most Kisumu focused or select service hotels may still offer full service accommodations but may lack leisure amenities such as an on-site restaurant or a swimming pool.

Economy and limited service hotels in Kisumu
Small to medium-sized Kisumu hotel establishments that offer a very limited amount of on-site amenities and often only offer basic accommodations with little to no services, these facilities normally only cater and market to a specific demographic of travelers, such as the budget-minded Kisumu traveler seeking a "no frills" accommodation. Limited service Kisumu hotels often lack an on-site restaurant but in return may offer a limited complimentary food and beverage amenity such as on-site continental breakfast service.

Guest houses and B&Bs in Kisumu
A bed and breakfast in Kisumu is a small lodging establishment that offers overnight accommodation and inclusive breakfast. Usually, Kisumu bed and breakfasts are private homes or family homes offering accommodations. The typical Kisumu B&B has between 4 and 11 rooms, with 6 being the average. Generally, guests are accommodated in private bedrooms with private bathrooms, or in a suite of rooms including an en suite bathroom. Some homes have private bedrooms with a bathroom which is shared with other guests. Breakfast is served in the bedroom, a dining room, or the host's kitchen. Often the owners of guest house themselves prepare the breakfast and clean the rooms.

Hostels in Kisumu
Kisumu hostels provide budget-oriented, sociable accommodation where guests can rent a bed, usually a bunk bed, in a dormitory and share a bathroom, lounge, and sometimes a kitchen. Rooms can be mixed or single-sex, although private rooms may also be available. Hostels are often cheaper for both the operator and occupants; many Kisumu hostels have long-term residents whom they employ as desk agents or housekeeping staff in exchange for experience or discounted accommodation.

Apartment hotels, extended stay hotels in Kisumu
Extended stay hotels are small to medium-sized Kisumu hotels that offer longer term full service accommodations compared to a traditional hotel. Extended stay hotels may offer non-traditional pricing methods such as a weekly rate that cater towards travelers in need of short-term accommodations for an extended period of time. Similar to limited and select service hotels, on-site amenities are normally limited and most extended stay hotels in Kisumu lack an on-site restaurant.

Timeshare and destination clubs in Kisumu
Kisumu timeshare and destination clubs are a form of property ownership also referred to as a vacation ownership involving the purchase and ownership of an individual unit of accommodation for seasonal usage during a specified period of time. Timeshare resorts in Kisumu often offer amenities similar that of a Full service hotel with on-site restaurant(s), swimming pools, recreation grounds, and other leisure-oriented amenities. Destination clubs of Kisumu on the other hand may offer more exclusive private accommodations such as private houses in a neighborhood-style setting.

Motels in Kisumu
A Kisumu motel is a small-sized low-rise lodging establishment similar to that of a limited service hotel, but with direct access to individual rooms from the car park. Common during the 1950s and 1960s, motels were often located adjacent to a major road, where they were built on inexpensive land at the edge of towns or along stretches of highways. They are still useful in less populated areas of Kisumu for driving travelers, but the more populated an area becomes the more hotels fill the need. Many of Kisumu motels which remain in operation have joined national franchise chains, rebranding themselves as hotels, inns or lodges.

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Travelling and vacation in Kisumu

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Kisumu
City
Clockwise: Lake Victoria Panorama, Kisumu Panorama, sunset at Oginga Odinga street, Downtown, Kiboko Point, Nighttime in Kisumu and Jomo Kenyatta Stadium.
Clockwise: Lake Victoria Panorama, Kisumu Panorama, sunset at Oginga Odinga street, Downtown, Kiboko Point, Nighttime in Kisumu and Jomo Kenyatta Stadium.
Kisumu is located in Kenya
Kisumu
Kisumu
Coordinates:  / -0.100; 34.750
Country Kenya
County Kisumu County
Government
• Governor Jackson Nyanungo Raguma (ODM)
Elevation 1,131 m (3,711 ft)
Population (2009)
• Total 409,928
Time zone EAT (UTC+3)
Website kisumu.go.ke

Kisumu (formerly known as Port Florence) is a port city in Kisumu County, Kenya. It is at an elevation of 1,131 m (3,711 ft), with a population of 409,928 according to the 2009 census. It is the third largest city in Kenya, the principal city of western Kenya, the immediate former capital of Nyanza Province and the headquarters of Kisumu County. It has a municipal charter but no city charter. It is the largest city in Nyanza region and second most important city after Kampala in the greater Lake Victoria basin.

The port was founded in 1901 as the main inland terminal of the Uganda Railway named "Port Florence". Although trade stagnated in the 1980s and 1990s, it is again growing around oil exports.

Kisumu literally means a place of barter trade "sumo". The city has "Friendship" status with Cheltenham, United Kingdom, and "sister city" status with Roanoke, Virginia and Boulder, Colorado, United States.

Kisumu: Etymology

When the Europeans first settled in the area in the late 19th century, Kisumu became a trading post – attracting the Luo people from as far as Migori and Siaya County. The Kisumu region was then occupied by the Luo community. A person going to Kisumu at that time would say, "Adhi Kisuma" to mean I'm going to trade. Derived from the word "Kisuma", the word for a trading post in Luo is "Kisumo". In Nandi "Kesumett". The current name Kisumu is an English corruption of the word "Kisumo" or "Kesumett".

An opposing theory states that Kisumu acquired its name from 'Kusuma.' The Maragoli word for 'trading.' Because, before the Luo arrived in the area, the Maragoli were already trading with other people in the area like the Nandi and Maasai. It should be noted that some Luo words were acquired from the Maragoli.

Kisumu: History

Local inhabitants near Kisumu, 1911

The City of Kisumu is believed to be one of the oldest settlements in Kenya. Historical records indicate that Kisumu has been dominated by diverse communities at different times long before Europeans arrived. The people from the Nandi, Kalenjin, Abagusii, Maasai, Luo and Abaluhya communities converged at the tip of Lake Victoria and called the place "sumo" which literally means a place of barter trade. Each community called it different names, for instance:

  1. The luo called it "Kisumo" meaning "a place to look for food" such that the luo would say "I am going Kisuma" to mean "I am going to look for food".
  2. The Abaluhya called it "Abhasuma" which means "a place to borrow food" such that the luhya would say "I am going Khusuma" to mean "I am going to borrow food".
  3. The Abagusii called it "egesumu meaning "a structure for keeping/rearing chicken". It is believed the Abagusii were in Kisumu but found Kisumu was not good for crop husbandry and agriculture.
  4. The Nandi called it "Kisumett" which means a place where food was found during times of scarcity and exchange, which cannot be attacked by Nandi and Terik irrespective of any issue.

"Kisumu was located on a rocky schwarz covered with thorn bush, before it was cleared and roads were cut", so wrote C.W. Hobley, a pioneering colonial administrator, in 1900. On 20 December 1901, Florence Preston the wife of the engineer drove the last nail in the last sleeper by the shores of Lake Victoria and Port Florence came into being. However, it was only called Port Florence for a year, and then it reverted to its original Dholuo name Kisumu, meaning a place of barter trade “sumo”. Winston Churchill visited Kisumu in 1907.

Kisumu was identified by the British explorers in early 1898 as an alternative railway terminus and port for the Uganda railway, then under construction. It was to replace Port Victoria, then an important centre on the caravan trade route, near the delta of Nzoia_River. Kisumu was ideally located on the shores of Lake Victoria at the cusp of the Winam Gulf, at the end of the caravan trail from Pemba, Mombasa, Malindi and had the potential for connection to the whole of the Lake region by steamers. In July 1899, the first skeleton plan for Kisumu was prepared. This included landing places and wharves along the northern lake shore, near the present day Airport Road. Demarcations for Government buildings and retail shops were also included in the plan.

Another plan was later prepared in May 1900, when plots were allocated to a few European firms as well as to Indian traders who had travelled to Kisumu on contracts to build the Uganda Railway and had decided to settle at the expanding terminus. The plan included a flying boat jetty (now used by the Fisheries Department). In October 1900, the 62-ton ship SS William Mackinnon was reassembled and registered in Kisumu, and made its maiden voyage to Entebbe, marking the beginning of the Lake Marine Services. The SS Winifred (1901) and the SS Sybil (1901) were later added to the fleet in 1902 and 1904, respectively. On Friday, 20 December 1901, the railway line reached the Kisumu pier, with the centre adopting a new name, Port Florence.

By February, the railway line had been opened for goods and passenger transportation. Kisumu was also privileged to host the first flight in East and Central Africa; the current police workshop was the first hangar in Kenya and entire East Africa. Before the jet airline era, the city was a landing point on the British flying boat passenger and mail route from Southampton to Cape Town. Kisumu also linked Port Bell to Nairobi.

Boat riding in Kisumu

In the meantime, it was realised that the site originally chosen for the township north of the Nyanza Gulf was unsuitable for the town's expansion, due to its flat topography and poor soils. An alternative site was therefore identified and the town's location moved to the ridge on the southern shore of the Gulf, where the town sits today. Consequently, another plan was prepared in 1902, which provided the basic layout of the new town on the southern ridge. This was followed by the construction of a number of Government buildings, notably the former Provincial Commissioner's Office (now State Lodge) and the Old Prison (now earmarked for the construction of an Anglican Cathedral).

In 1903, the township boundaries were gazetted and some 12,000 acres, including water, set aside for its development. The new township reverted to its original name, Kisumu, in substitution of Port Florence. At this time, there was an 'Old Kisumu', that consisted of two rows of Stalls (Dukas) on Mumias Road, north of the Gulf. It was later demolished in the twenties when new plots became available on Odera and Ogada Streets in the present day Kisumu, hence the new area acquired the name 'New Bazaar'.

By the 1930s and 40s, the city had become a leading East African centre for Commerce, Administrative and Military installations. In the 1960s the population of Asians in relation to Locals was significantly higher. The town was elevated to the status of a Municipal Board in 1940 and later to a Municipal Council in 1960. In the early sixties, very little development took place in Kisumu, with an acute shortage realised in dwelling houses, shops and offices. The situation was later made worse by the influx of locals into the town following the declaration of independence in 1963.

The city's growth and prosperity slowed down temporarily in 1977, as a result of the collapse of the East African Community. However, the city spurred with the reformation of the community in 1996 and with its designation as a "city." The port has been stimulated by the transformation of international business and trade, as well as the shipments of goods destined for Uganda, Tanzania, Burundi, Rwanda and Democratic Republic of Congo.

Currently, Kisumu is one of the fastest growing cities in Kenya. It is thriving with rich sugar and rice irrigation industries, whose contribution to the National economy is immense due to its natural resources and as the epicentre for business in East Africa.

Kisumu panorama, viewed from Lake Victoria

Kisumu: Climate

Kisumu features a tropical rainforest climate with no true dry season and significant rainfall year-round. January is the driest month while the month of April receives the most rainfall. The average temperature is 22.9 degrees Celsius.

Climate data for Kisumu (1938–1990)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 30.6
(87.1)
30.8
(87.4)
30.4
(86.7)
28.8
(83.8)
28.2
(82.8)
27.9
(82.2)
27.7
(81.9)
28.2
(82.8)
29.4
(84.9)
30.5
(86.9)
30.1
(86.2)
29.9
(85.8)
29.4
(84.9)
Average low °C (°F) 23.8
(74.8)
24.1
(75.4)
24.1
(75.4)
23.4
(74.1)
22.8
(73)
22.2
(72)
21.9
(71.4)
22.2
(72)
22.8
(73)
23.8
(74.8)
23.7
(74.7)
23.5
(74.3)
23.2
(73.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 79
(3.11)
84
(3.31)
169
(6.65)
213
(8.39)
167
(6.57)
85
(3.35)
85
(3.35)
81
(3.19)
90
(3.54)
95
(3.74)
139
(5.47)
101
(3.98)
1,388
(54.65)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 7 10 11 17 13 8 7 8 8 10 13 9 121
Source: World Meteorological Organization

Kisumu: Agriculture

Kisumu has highly fertile land and variations in temperature and rainfall with two rainy seasons per year across the region provides a suitable environment for a broad range of agricultural crops. The Kisumu region has approximately 1.6 million hectares of agricultural land. However, it is estimated that only 58 percent of the land is currently used. The majority of farming in the lake basin region is subsistence driven leading to relatively low production volumes. Current crop yields are considered to be significantly lower than the potential afforded by soil and climate conditions. Current low land utilisation and yields are driven by the lack of guaranteed markets and associated support services. Like agriculture, livestock farming is currently performed primarily on a subsistence basis. Cattle are predominantly indigenous breeds with lower milk output than grade cattle.

Kisumu: Aquaculture

The Kenyan part of Lake Victoria covers approximately 0.4 million hectares (4,100 square kilometres), with 550 km of lake shoreline; most of this shoreline is under-used.

Kisumu: Points of interest

Jomo Kenyatta Stadium

Attractions in the city include Kibuye Market, Oile Market, the Kisumu Museum, an impala sanctuary, a bird sanctuary, Hippo Point,Shopping malls and the nearby Kit Mikaye and Ndere Island National Park.

Kisumu: Town Clock

On the main street of Kisumu city, Oginga Odinga Road. A tall Town Clock stands in the middle of the road. It was unveiled on 19 August 1938 by the then Governor of Kenya Sir Robert Brooke-Popham. The Town Clock was built in memory of Kassim Lakha who arrived in East Africa in 1871 and died in Kampala in 1910. It was erected by his sons Mohamed, Alibhai, Hassan and Rahimtulla Kassim, as the inscription on the Town Clock reads.

Kisumu: Kisumu Museum

Kisumu Museum, established in 1980, has a series of outdoor pavilions laid out in a formation similar to that of a Luo homestead. Some of the pavilions contain live animals. For example, one pavilion contains numerous aquaria with a wide variety of fish from Lake Victoria, along with explanatory posters. Another pavilion contains terrarium containing mambas, spitting cobras, puff adders and other venomous Kenyan snakes. Additionally, out of doors, the museum has a few additional exhibits, including a snake pit and a crocodile container.

Other pavilions show weaponry, jewellery, farm tools and other artefacts made by the various peoples of the Nyanza Province. Additionally, there are exhibits of stuffed animals, birds and fish. One pavilion houses the prehistoric TARA rock art, which was removed for its own protection to the museum after it was defaced by graffiti in its original location.

The museum's most important and largest exhibition is the UNESCO-sponsored Ber-gi-dala. This is a full-scale recreation of a traditional Luo homestead. Ber-gi-dala consists of the home, granaries and livestock corrals of an imaginary Luo man as well as the homes of each of his three wives, and his eldest son. Through signs and taped programs in both Luo and English, the exhibition also explains the origins of the Luo people, their migration to western Kenya, traditional healing plants, and the process of establishing a new home.

Kisumu: Dunga Beach and Wetlands

Dunga Beach and Wetland is known for its unique eco-cultural attractions due to its biodiversity and cultural rich and diverse papyrus wetland ecosystem and local community respectively. Ecofinder Kenya has established Dunga Wetland Pedagogical Centre at Dunga Beach is a grass-root led intervention whose overarching cardinal goal is empowerment of Dunga Wetland Community and improvement of livelihood security of its people. Therefore, some of the main focuses in the centre are promoting Eco-Cultural Tourism and facilitate the conservation of the Dunga Papyrus Wetland Ecosystem.

Kisumu: Kisumu Impala Sanctuary

Kisumu is the location of the Kisumu Impala Sanctuary. During the British rule, Impala Park now sanctuary was called Connaught Parade. Measuring just 0.4 square miles (1.0 km), the sanctuary is one of Kenya's smallest wildlife preserves. As its name suggests, it is home to a herd of impala. Some hippos, as well as many reptiles and birds are also present. Additionally, several caged baboons and leopards who faced difficulties of one sort or the other in the wild are held in cages there. Over 115 different species of birds live there.

Cheetahs at the Impala Sanctuary

Kisumu: Hippo Point

Hippo Point is a 600 acres (240 ha) viewing area on Lake Victoria. Despite its name, it is better known as a viewing point for its unobstructed sunsets over the lake than for its occasional hippos. Hippo point is located near the village of Dunga, a few kilometres South West of the city. The village also has a fishing port and a camping site.

Kisumu: Kit Mikayi

Kit Mikayi, a large rock with three rocks on top, and is located off Kisumu Bondo Road towards Bondo. Kit-mikayi means "Stones of the first wife" or "First Wife Rocks" in Dholuo, the Luo language. It is a weeping rock; it is believed that Mikayi (literally, "the first wife") went up the hill to the stones when her husband took a second wife, and has been weeping ever since.It has become a popular local pilgrimage site for adherents of the Legio Maria sect who come to the rock to pray and fast for several weeks at a time.

Kisumu: Transport

Kisumu Harbour. The green vegetation is water hyacinth.

Before the jet airline era, Kisumu was a landing point on the British flying boat passenger and mail route from Southampton to Cape Town. Kisumu linked Port Bell and Nairobi.

Kisumu is served by Kisumu Airport which has international status, with regular daily flights to Nairobi and elsewhere. Expansion of the airport cargo facility after completion of the passenger terminals is currently going on in anticipation of increased trade brought about by the recreated East African Community of Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda.

Lake Victoria ferries have operated from the port linking the railway to Mwanza and Bukoba in Tanzania, and to Entebbe, Port Bell, and Jinja in Uganda.The first steam ships built in Kisumu in 1905 were the SS Sybila and the SS Nyanza.

As mentioned above under 'History', the Uganda Railway from the port of Mombasa reached Kisumu in 1901. Currently (2013) no passenger trains are operated between Nairobi and Kisumu.

President Kibaki launched a Ksh. 6.8 billion road project for a major overhaul of Kisumu's road network on 24 July 2009.

Kisumu: Rail and air accidents

During World War II, three aircraft operated by South African Air Force crashed into Lake Victoria soon after take-off from Kisumu Airport. The first, a Lockheed Lodestar aircraft number "K"-248 (ex ZS-ATK) carrying a senior South African military officer, Major General Dan Pienaar, crashed on 19 December 1942, killing all 12 persons on board. The other two crashes involved Douglas C-47 planes; the first on 11 May 1945 (one fatality) and the second exactly three months later, on 11 July 1945 (28 fatalities). The bodies from the two earlier accidents were repatriated to South Africa, those from the third accident are buried in the Kisumu war-graves cemetery. The cause of the accidents is currently thought to be the katabatic wind condition which often affects Kisumu in the early morning.

Two serious railway accidents occurred near Kisumu in the 2000s.

The first took place outside Kisumu on 15 August 2000. The brakes on the train failed, causing it to roll. Thirteen people were killed and 37 received injuries. The second took place on the morning of 16 October 2005, when a matatu (taxi minibus) was struck by a passenger train. Six people died and 23 more were injured.

After that there have been accidents in its major towns with notable black spots: Ojola/Kisian, Kisat bridge, Ahero, Sondu, Awasi just but to mention a few.

Kisumu: Education

Kisumu: Higher education

Nairobi University Kisumu Campus

Kisumu is home to many Universities and colleges:-

  • Maseno University
  • Jaramogi Oginga Odinga University of Science and Technology (JOOUST)
  • Great Lakes University
  • University of Nairobi-Kisumu Campus
  • Catholic University of East Africa-Kisumu Campus
  • Daystar University-Kisumu campus
  • Ramogi Institute of Advanced Technology (RIAT)
  • Tom Mboya Labour College
  • DALC Education Kisumu Campus
  • Amani Counselling Centre and Training Institute Kisumu
  • Nairobi Aviation College, Kisumu Branch
  • Intraglobal Training Institute, Kisumu
  • International School of Medicine and Technology
  • Foundation Institute of Africa
  • African Institute of Research and Development Studies, Kisumu City Campus
  • KCA University-Kisumu campus
  • Kisumu Industrial Training Centre
  • Western College of Hospitality and Professional Studies
  • Kisumu Polytechnic
  • International School of Medicine and Applied Technology
  • Kenya College of Accountancy
  • Lake Institute of Tropical Medicine
  • X-elle School of Hair Design & Beauty
  • La-Von School of Hair and Beauty
  • Sigotop Career Development College
  • Ivory Tower Institute
  • Elros Investments Mamboleo

Kisumu: Notable natives and residents

The term used to refer to a resident of Kisumu is jakisumo (plural, jokisumo). Notable jokisumo include

  • Jaramogi Oginga Odinga, politician, the first Vice-President of Kenya
  • Raila Amolo Odinga, politician, son of Jaramogi Oginga Odinga, Kenya's prime minister
  • Robert Ouko, politician and son of Kisumu Nyahera who was abducted from his Koru, Kenya home. His charred body was found later.

Kisumu: Kenyan Counties

  • Kisumu City is now the new headquarters of the newly created Kisumu County in the new Counties of Kenya.

Kisumu: References

  1. [1]
  2. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 29 July 2016. Retrieved 2016-07-28. 2009 Census Vol 1 Table 3 Rural and Urban Population Retrieved on 22 January 2014.
  3. http://www.kisumucbda.or.ke
  4. Achala, Edwin (2011). The origin of the races and the destruction of man by man. United States: Xlibris Corporation. ISBN 978-1-4628-9269-3.
  5. "Winston Churchill's 1907 African Travels". Kabiza.com. 2 September 2012. Retrieved 10 December 2013.
  6. Sven Boermeester (2009). "The Best of Kenya". Issuu.com. Retrieved 10 December 2013.
  7. Anyumba, Godfrey (1890–1990). Kisumu town: History of the built form, planning and environment ( Housing and Urban Policy Studies). Netherlands: ISBN 90-407-1067-8.
  8. "World Weather Information Service – Kisumu". World Meteorological Organization. Retrieved 31 August 2016.
  9. "Dunga Wetland Pedagogical Centre". ecofinderkenya.org.
  10. Intercity page of Rift Valley Railways on 11 October 2013. Archived 4 October 2013 at the Wayback Machine.
  11. "Kibaki launches Sh6.8bn Kisumu road projects – News". nation.co.ke. Retrieved 10 December 2013.
  12. "ASN Aircraft accident Douglas C-47A-1-DK 6812 Kisumu". Aviation-safety.net. 11 July 1945. Retrieved 10 December 2013.
  • Amazing Kisumu
  • Unity of Purpose: City of Kisumu Fast forward, Together
  • Kisumu Museum
  • Kenya Wildlife Service – Kisumu Impala Sanctuary
  • Boulder Kisumu Sister City Committee

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