Lowest prices on Kos hotels booking, Greece

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Kos Hotels Comparison & Online Booking

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What's important: you can compare and book not only Kos hotels and resorts, but also villas and holiday cottages, inns and B&Bs (bed and breakfast), condo hotels and apartments, timeshare properties, guest houses and pensions, campsites (campgrounds), motels and hostels on Kos. If you're going to Kos save your money and time, don't pay for the services of the greedy travel agencies. Instead, book the best hotel on Kos online, buy the cheapest airline tickets to Kos, and rent a car on Kos right now, paying the lowest price! Besides, here you can buy the Kos related books, guidebooks, souvenirs and other goods.

By the way, we would recommend you to combine your visit to Kos with other popular and interesting places of Greece, for example: Kos, Peloponnese, Chaniotis, Pefkos, Dodecanese, Paleokastritsa, Spetses, Neos Marmaras, Sparta, Athens, Katerini, Chania, Lesbos, Dassia, Lefkada, Mount Athos, Kefalos, Samos, Afantou, Polychrono, Sporades, Corfu, Kriopigi, Kardamaina, Lemnos, Nafplio, Mytilene, Samothrace, Zakynthos, Kokkari, Rethymno, Monemvasia, Kassandra, Afytos, Arkadia, Mithymna, Pefkochori, Santorini, Hydra, Parga, Thessaloniki, Kalymnos, Heraklion, Sidari, Halkidiki, Marathokampos, Tingaki, Poros, Thasos, Karpathos, Acharavi, Andros, Aegina, Meteora, Mykonos, Kavos, Ionian Islands, Corinth, Cephalonia, Faliraki, Naxos, Lindos, Crete, Delphi, Patmos, Kastoria, Agios Gordios, Kalamata, Kalavryta, Rhodes, Ialysos, Loutraki, Syros, Laganas, Cyclades, Chios, Patras, Sithonia, Hersonissos, etc.

How to Book a Hotel on Kos

In order to book an accommodation on Kos enter the proper dates and do the hotel search. If needed, sort the found Kos hotels by price, star rating, property type, guest rating, hotel features, hotel theme or hotel chain. Then take a look at the found hotels on Kos map to estimate the distance from the main Kos attractions and sights. You can also read the guest reviews of Kos hotels and see their ratings.

When a hotel search on Kos is done, please select the room type, the included meals and the suitable booking conditions (for example, "Deluxe double room, Breakfast included, Non-Refundable"). Press the "View Deal" ("Book Now") button. Make your booking on a hotel booking website and get the hotel reservation voucher by email. That's it, a perfect hotel on Kos is waiting for you!

Hotels of Kos

A hotel on Kos is an establishment that provides lodging paid on a short-term basis. Facilities provided may range from a basic bed and storage for clothing, to luxury features like en-suite bathrooms. Larger on Kos hotels may provide additional guest facilities such as a swimming pool, business centre, childcare, conference facilities and social function services. Hotel rooms on Kos are usually numbered (or named in some smaller hotels and B&Bs) to allow guests to identify their room. Some Kos hotels offer meals as part of a room and board arrangement. Hotel operations vary in size, function, and cost. Most Kos hotels and major hospitality companies that operate hotels on Kos have set widely accepted industry standards to classify hotel types. General categories include the following:

Upscale luxury hotels on Kos
An upscale full service hotel facility on Kos that offers luxury amenities, full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and the highest level of personalized and professional service. Luxury Kos hotels are normally classified with at least a Four Diamond or Five Diamond status or a Four or Five Star rating depending on classification standards.

Full service hotels on Kos
Full service Kos hotels often contain upscale full-service facilities with a large volume of full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and a variety of on-site amenities such as swimming pools, a health club, children's activities, ballrooms, on-site conference facilities, etc.

Historic inns and boutique hotels on Kos
Boutique hotels of Kos are smaller independent non-branded hotels that often contain upscale facilities of varying size in unique or intimate settings with full service accommodations. Kos boutique hotels are generally 100 rooms or less. Some historic inns and boutique hotels on Kos may be classified as luxury hotels.

Focused or select service hotels on Kos
Small to medium-sized hotel establishments that offer a limited amount of on-site amenities that only cater and market to a specific demographic of Kos travelers, such as the single business traveler. Most Kos focused or select service hotels may still offer full service accommodations but may lack leisure amenities such as an on-site restaurant or a swimming pool.

Economy and limited service hotels on Kos
Small to medium-sized Kos hotel establishments that offer a very limited amount of on-site amenities and often only offer basic accommodations with little to no services, these facilities normally only cater and market to a specific demographic of travelers, such as the budget-minded Kos traveler seeking a "no frills" accommodation. Limited service Kos hotels often lack an on-site restaurant but in return may offer a limited complimentary food and beverage amenity such as on-site continental breakfast service.

Guest houses and B&Bs on Kos
A bed and breakfast on Kos is a small lodging establishment that offers overnight accommodation and inclusive breakfast. Usually, Kos bed and breakfasts are private homes or family homes offering accommodations. The typical Kos B&B has between 4 and 11 rooms, with 6 being the average. Generally, guests are accommodated in private bedrooms with private bathrooms, or in a suite of rooms including an en suite bathroom. Some homes have private bedrooms with a bathroom which is shared with other guests. Breakfast is served in the bedroom, a dining room, or the host's kitchen. Often the owners of guest house themselves prepare the breakfast and clean the rooms.

Hostels on Kos
Kos hostels provide budget-oriented, sociable accommodation where guests can rent a bed, usually a bunk bed, in a dormitory and share a bathroom, lounge, and sometimes a kitchen. Rooms can be mixed or single-sex, although private rooms may also be available. Hostels are often cheaper for both the operator and occupants; many Kos hostels have long-term residents whom they employ as desk agents or housekeeping staff in exchange for experience or discounted accommodation.

Apartment hotels, extended stay hotels on Kos
Extended stay hotels are small to medium-sized Kos hotels that offer longer term full service accommodations compared to a traditional hotel. Extended stay hotels may offer non-traditional pricing methods such as a weekly rate that cater towards travelers in need of short-term accommodations for an extended period of time. Similar to limited and select service hotels, on-site amenities are normally limited and most extended stay hotels on Kos lack an on-site restaurant.

Timeshare and destination clubs on Kos
Kos timeshare and destination clubs are a form of property ownership also referred to as a vacation ownership involving the purchase and ownership of an individual unit of accommodation for seasonal usage during a specified period of time. Timeshare resorts on Kos often offer amenities similar that of a Full service hotel with on-site restaurant(s), swimming pools, recreation grounds, and other leisure-oriented amenities. Destination clubs of Kos on the other hand may offer more exclusive private accommodations such as private houses in a neighborhood-style setting.

Motels on Kos
A Kos motel is a small-sized low-rise lodging establishment similar to that of a limited service hotel, but with direct access to individual rooms from the car park. Common during the 1950s and 1960s, motels were often located adjacent to a major road, where they were built on inexpensive land at the edge of towns or along stretches of highways. They are still useful in less populated areas of Kos for driving travelers, but the more populated an area becomes the more hotels fill the need. Many of Kos motels which remain in operation have joined national franchise chains, rebranding themselves as hotels, inns or lodges.

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Travelling and vacation on Kos

The harbour of Kos town
The harbour of Kos town
Kos is located in Greece
Coordinates:  / 36.850; 27.233  / 36.850; 27.233
Country Greece
Administrative region South Aegean
Regional unit Kos
• Municipality 290.3 km (112.1 sq mi)
• Municipal unit 67.2 km (25.9 sq mi)
Highest elevation 843 m (2,766 ft)
Lowest elevation 0 m (0 ft)
Population (2011)
• Municipality 33,388
• Municipality density 120/km (300/sq mi)
• Municipal unit 19,432
• Municipal unit density 290/km (750/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
• Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 853 xx
Area code(s) 22420
Vehicle registration ΚΧ, ΡΟ, PK
Website www.kos.gr

Kos or Cos (English: /kɒs/ or /kɔːs/) (Greek: Κως, Greek pronunciation: [kos]) is a Greek island, part of the Dodecanese island chain in the southeastern Aegean Sea, off the Anatolian coast of Turkey. Kos is the third largest island of the Dodecanese by area, after Rhodes and Karpathos; it has a population of 33,388 (2011 census), making it the second most populous of the Dodecanese, after Rhodes. The island measures 40 by 8 kilometres (25 by 5 miles), and is 4 km (2 miles) from the coast of the ancient region of Caria in Turkey. Administratively, Kos constitutes a municipality within the Kos regional unit, which is part of the South Aegean region. The principal town of the island and seat of the municipality is Kos town.

Kos: Name

The name Kos (Ancient Greek: Κῶς, genitive Κῶ) is first attested in the Iliad, and has been in continuous use since. Other ancient names include Meropis, Cea, and Nymphaea.

In many Romance languages, Kos was formerly known as Stancho, Stanchio, or Stinco, and in Ottoman and modern Turkish it is known as İstanköy, all from the reinterpretation of the Greek expression εις την Κω 'to Kos'; cf. the similar Istanbul, and Stimpoli, Crete. Under the rule of the Knights Hospitaller of Rhodes, it was known as Lango or Langò, presumably because of its length. In The Travels of Sir John Mandeville, the author misunderstands this, and treats Lango and Kos as distinct islands.

In Italian, the island is known as Coo.

A person from Kos is called a "Koan" in English. The word is also an adjective, as in "Koan goods".

Kos: Geography

Kos is in the Aegean Sea. Its coastline is 112 kilometres (70 miles) long and it extends from west to east.

In addition to the main town and port, also called Kos, the main villages of Kos island are Kardamena, Kefalos, Tingaki, Antimachia, Mastihari, Marmari and Pyli. Smaller ones are Zia, Zipari, Platani, Lagoudi and Asfendiou.

Kos: Municipality

The present municipality of Kos was created in 2011 with the merger of three municipalities, which became municipal units:

  • Dikaios
  • Irakleides
  • Kos

The municipality has an area of 290.313 km, the municipal unit 67.200 km.

Kos: Economy

Tourism is the main industry in Kos, the island's beaches being the primary attraction. The main port and population centre on the island, Kos town, is also the tourist and cultural centre, with whitewashed buildings including many hotels, restaurants and a number of nightclubs forming the Kos town "barstreet". The seaside village of Kardamena is a popular resort for young holidaymakers (primarily from the United Kingdom and Scandinavia) and has a large number of bars and nightclubs.

Farming is the second principal occupation, with the main crops being grapes, almonds, figs, olives, and tomatoes, along with wheat and corn. Cos lettuce may be grown here, but the name is unrelated.

Kos: History

An Ancient Roman mosaic depicting the Abduction of Europa in the House of Europa in the Western Archaeological Zone of Kos town
View of the Asclepeion
Ruins of the Ancient Gymnasion
View of the ancient Odeon
Map of Kos by Olfert Dapper, Amsterdam, 1702
Nerantzia Castle (Hospitalier period)

In Homer's Iliad, a contingent of Koans fought for the Greeks in the Trojan War.

In classical mythology the founder-king of Kos was Merops, hence "Meropian Kos" is included in the archaic Delian amphictyony listed in the 7th-century Homeric hymn to Delian Apollo; the island was visited by Heracles.

The island was originally colonised by the Carians. The Dorians invaded it in the 11th century BC, establishing a Dorian colony with a large contingent of settlers from Epidaurus, whose Asclepius cult made their new home famous for its sanatoria. The other chief sources of the island's wealth lay in its wines and, in later days, in its silk manufacture.

Its early history–as part of the religious-political amphictyony that included Lindos, Kamiros, Ialysos, Cnidus and Halicarnassus, the Dorian Hexapolis (hexapolis means six cities in Greek),–is obscure. At the end of the 6th century, Kos fell under Achaemenid domination but rebelled after the Greek victory at the Battle of Mycale in 479. During the Greco-Persian Wars, before it twice expelled the Persians, it was ruled by Persian-appointed tyrants, but as a rule it seems to have been under oligarchic government. In the 5th century, it joined the Delian League, and, after the revolt of Rhodes, it served as the chief Athenian station in the south-eastern Aegean (411–407). In 366 BC, a democracy was instituted. In 366 BC, the capital was transferred from Astypalaia (at the west end of the island near the modern village of Kefalos) to the newly built town of Kos, laid out in a Hippodamian grid. After helping to weaken Athenian power, in the Social War (357-355 BC), it fell for a few years to the king Mausolus of Caria.

Proximity to the east gave the island first access to imported silk thread. Aristotle mentions silk weaving conducted by the women of the island. Silk production of garments was conducted in large factories by women slaves.

In the Hellenistic period, Kos attained the zenith of its prosperity. Its alliance was valued by the Ptolemaic kings of Egypt, who used it as a naval outpost to oversee the Aegean. As a seat of learning, it arose as a provincial branch of the museum of Alexandria, and became a favorite resort for the education of the princes of the Ptolemaic dynasty. During the Hellenistic age, there was a medical school; however, the theory that this school was founded by Hippocrates (see below) during the Classical age is an unwarranted extrapolation.

Diodorus Siculus (xv. 76) and Strabo (xiv. 657) describe it as a well-fortified port. Its position gave it a high importance in Aegean trade; while the island itself was rich in wines of considerable fame. Under Alexander the Great and the Egyptian Ptolemies the town developed into one of the great centers in the Aegean; Josephus quotes Strabo to the effect that Mithridates was sent to Kos to fetch the gold deposited there by queen Cleopatra of Egypt. Herod is said to have provided an annual stipend for the benefit of prize-winners in the athletic games, and a statue was erected there to his son Herod the Tetrarch ("C. I. G." 2502 ). Paul briefly visited here according to Acts 21:1.

Except for occasional incursions by corsairs and some severe earthquakes, the island has rarely had its peace disturbed. Following the lead of its larger neighbour, Rhodes, Kos generally displayed a friendly attitude toward the Romans; in 53 AD it was made a free city. It was known in antiquity for the manufacture of transparent light dresses, the coae vestes. The island of Kos also featured a provincial library during the Roman period. The island first became a center for learning during the Ptolemaic dynasty, and Hippocrates, Apelles, Philitas and possibly Theocritus came from the area. An inscription lists people who made contributions to build the library in the 1st century AD. One of the people responsible for the library's construction was the Kos doctor Gaiou Stertinou Xenofontos, who lived in Rome and was the personal physician of the Emperors Tiberius, Claudius, and Nero.

The bishopric of Kos was a suffragan of the metropolitan see of Rhodes. Its bishop Meliphron attended the First Council of Nicaea in 325. Eddesius was one of the minority Eastern bishops who withdrew from the Council of Sardica in about 344 and set up a rival council at Philippopolis. Iulianus went to the synod held in Constantinople in 448 in preparation for the Council of Chalcedon of 451, in which he participated as a legate of Pope Leo I, and he was a signatory of the joint letter that the bishops of the Roman province of Insulae sent in 458 to Byzantine Emperor Leo I the Thracian with regard to the killing of Proterius of Alexandria. Dorotheus took part in a synod in 518. Georgius was a participant of the Third Council of Constantinople in 680–681. Constantinus went to the Photian Council of Constantinople (879). Under Byzantine rule, apart from the participation of its bishops in councils, the island's history remains obscure. It was governed by a droungarios in the 8th/9th centuries, and seems to have acquired some importance in the 11th and 12th centuries: Nikephoros Melissenos began his uprising here, and in the middle of the 12th century, it was governed by a scion of the ruling Komnenos dynasty, Nikephoros Komnenos.

Today the metropolis of Kos remains under the direct authority of the Patriarchate of Constantinople, rather than the Church of Greece, and is also listed by the Catholic Church as a titular see.

Following the Fourth Crusade, Kos passed under Genoese control, although it was retaken in ca. 1224 and kept for a while by the Empire of Nicaea. In the 1320s, Kos nominally formed part of the realm of Martino Zaccaria, but was most likely in the hands of Turkish corsairs until ca. 1337, when the Knights Hospitaller took over the island. The last Hospitaller governor of the island was Piero de Ponte.

The Ottoman Empire captured the island in early 1523. The Ottomans ruled Kos for almost 400 years, until it was transferred to the Kingdom of Italy in 1912 after the Italo-Turkish War. The Italians developed the infrastructures of the island, after the ruinous earthquake of 23 April 1933, which destroyed a great part of the old city and damaged many new buildings. Architect Rodolfo Petracco drew up the new city plan, transforming the old quarters into an archaeological park, and dividing the new city into a residential, an administrative, and a commercial area., In World War II, the island, as Italian possession, was part of the Axis. It was controlled by Italian troops until the Italian surrender in 1943. On that occasion, 100 Italian officers who had refused to join the Germans were executed. British and German forces then clashed for control of the island in the Battle of Kos as part of the Dodecanese Campaign, in which the Germans were victorious. German troops occupied the island until 1945, when it became a protectorate of the United Kingdom, which ceded it to Greece in 1947 following the Paris peace treaty.

In the late 1920s about 3,700 Turks lived in Kos city, slightly less than 50% of the population, settled mainly in the west part of the city.

A 21-month British child disappeared in 1991, triggering an extensive investigation and international publicity. The child has never been found.

Kos: Geology

The island is part of a chain of mountains from which it became separated after earthquakes and subsidence that occurred in ancient times. These mountains include Kalymnos and Kappari which are separated by an underwater chasm c. 70 metres (230 ft) (40 fathoms deep), as well as the volcano of Nisyros and the surrounding islands.

There is a wide variety of rocks in Kos which is related to its geographical formation. Prominent among these are the Quaternary layers in which the fossil remains of mammals such as horses, hippopotami and elephants have been found. The fossilised molar of an elephant of gigantic proportions was presented to the Paleontology Museum of the University of Athens.

Kos: Demographics

Kos: Turks

There is a Turkish community in Kos, whose population has been estimated at about 2,000.

Kos: Religion

The Cathedral of the city of Kos

The main religion practiced is Greek Orthodoxy. Kos has one of the four cathedrals in the entire Dodecanese. There is a Roman Catholic church on the island. There is a mosque for the Turkish-speaking Muslim community. The Synagogue is no longer used for religious ceremonies as the Jewish community of Kos was targeted for destruction by occupying Nazi forces in World War II. It has, however, been restored and is maintained with all religious symbols intact and is now used by the Municipality of Kos for various events, mainly cultural.

Kos: Landmarks

Kos: Castles

The Byzantine Antimachia Castle

The island has a 14th-century fortress at the entrance to its harbour, erected in 1315 by the Knights Hospitaller, and another from the Byzantine period in Antimachia.

Kos: Ancient Agora

View of the municipal market, built in 1934–35 by architect Rodolfo Petracco
Street of Kos town

The ancient market place of Kos was considered one of the biggest in the ancient world. It was the commercial and commanding centre at the heart of the ancient city. It was organized around a spacious rectangular yard 50 metres (160 ft) wide and 300 metres (980 ft) long. It began in the Northern area and ended up south on the central road (Decumanus) which went through the city. The northern side connected to the city wall towards the entrance to the harbour. Here there was a monumental entrance. On the eastern side there were shops. In the first half of the 2nd century BC, the building was extended toward the interior yard. The building was destroyed in an earthquake in 469 AD.

In the southern end of the Market, there was a round building with a Roman dome and a workshop which produced pigments including "Egyptian Blue". Coins, treasures, and copper statues from Roman times were later uncovered by archeologists. In the western side excavations led to the findings of rooms with mosaic floors which showed beastfights, a theme quite popular in Kos.

Kos: Culture

The ancient physician Hippocrates is thought to have been born on Kos, and in the center of the town is the Plane Tree of Hippocrates, a dream temple where the physician is traditionally supposed to have taught. The limbs of the now elderly tree are supported by scaffolding. The small city is also home to the International Hippocratic Institute and the Hippocratic Museum dedicated to him. Near the Institute are the ruins of Asklepieion, where Herodicus taught Hippocrates medicine.

Kos: Notable people

  • Hippocrates (5th century BC), "father of medicine".
  • Apelles (4th century BC), painter.
  • Philitas of Cos (4th century BC), poet and scholar.
  • Michael Kefalianos, professional bodybuilder.
  • Marika Papagika, early 20th century singer.
  • Kostas Skandalidis, former Interior Minister of Greece and close associate of Prime Minister Andreas Papandreou.
  • Al Campanis, (20th century) Major League Baseball player and executive.
  • Stergos Marinos, international footballer currently playing for Panathinaikos.
  • Şükrü Kaya, Turkish politician, one of the perpetrators of the Armenian Genocide, served later as Minister of the Interior and Minister of Foreign Affairs of Turkey.

Kos is the location of Skirmisher Publishing's Swords of Kos Fantasy Campaign Setting and also appears in a number of its affiliated adventures and works of fiction.

Kos: See also

  • List of volcanoes in Greece
  • Coan wine
  • Battle of Kos

Kos: References

  1. "Απογραφή Πληθυσμού - Κατοικιών 2011. ΜΟΝΙΜΟΣ Πληθυσμός" (in Greek). Hellenic Statistical Authority.
  2. Kallikratis law Greece Ministry of Interior (in Greek)
  3. Liddell et al., A Greek–English Lexicon, s.v.
  4. Pliny cites Staphylus of Naucratis for this name in the Natural History 5:36, but Peck apparently misinterprets Staphylus as a name of Kos
  5. Harry Thurston Peck, Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, 1898, s.v. Cos
  6. C.S. Sonnini, Travels in Greece and Turkey, undertaken by order of Louis XVI, and with the authority of the Ottoman court, London, 1801, 1 p. 212
  7. A handbook for travellers in Greece, Murray's Handbooks, 4th edition, London, 1872, p. 364
  8. H.J.A. Sire, The Knights of Malta, Yale, 1996, ISBN 0300068859, p. 34
  9. Anthony Bale, trans., The Book of Marvels and Travels, Oxford 2012, ISBN 0199600600, p. 15 and footnote
  10. Kos Island Today. Kosisland.gr.
  11. "Population & housing census 2001 (incl. area and average elevation)" (PDF) (in Greek). National Statistical Service of Greece. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 September 2015.
  12. Iliad ii.676, from "Kos, the city of Eurypylus, and the Calydnae isles", under the leaders Phidippos and Antiphos, "sons of the Thessalian king". It is unclear whether Homer is describing cultural affiliations of his own time or remembered traditions of Mycenaean times.
  13. Hercules in Kos. Kosinfo.gr.
  14. Money, Power And Gender:Evidence For Influential Women Represented And Sculpture On Kos. None.
  15. The Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites (eds. Richard Stillwell, et al.), s.v. "Kos".
  16. A Treatise on the Origin, Progressive Improvement, and Present State of the Silk Manufacture at Google Books
  17. Introduction to the New Testament, p. 83, at Google Books
  18. ISBN 22-51-62021-4; cf. the review by Otta Wenskus (on JSTOR).
  19. Pliny, xxxv. 46
  20. "Ant." xiv. 7, § 2
  21. Josephus, "B. J." i. 21, § 11
  22. Smith, William, ed. (1854). "Cos". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography. 1. London: John Murray.
  23. "Libraries of Greece". Annette Lamb. Retrieved 2015-03-28.
  24. "The Asklepion of Kos – Home of Modern Medicine". The Skibbereen Eagle. Retrieved 2015-03-28.
  25. Gregory, Timothy E. (1991). "Kos". In ISBN 978-0-19-504652-6.
  26. Raymond Janin, v. Cos in Dictionnaire d'Histoire et de Géographie ecclésiastiques, vol. XIII, Paris 1956, coll. 927-928
  27. Pius Bonifacius Gams, Series episcoporum Ecclesiae Catholicae, Leipzig 1931, p. 448
  28. Annuario Pontificio 2013 (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 2013 ISBN 978-88-209-9070-1), p. 875
  29. Bertarelli, Luigi Vittorio (1929). Guida d'Italia Vol. XVII. Milano: C.T.I. p. Sub voce "Storia".
  30. G. Rocco, M. Livadiotti, Il piano regolatore di Kos del 1934: un progetto di città archeologica, "Thiasos", 1, 2012, pp. 10-2
  31. Bertarelli, Luigi Vittorio (1929). Guida d'Italia, Vol. XVII (1st ed.). Milano: CTI. p. 145.
  32. Ürkek bir siyasetin tarih önündeki ağır vebali, p. 142, at Google Books
  33. http://www.batitrakya.4mg.com/onkada01.htm
  34. Ancient Sites of the Harbour and Market Place. Kosinfo.gr.
  35. Michael Kefalianos – Bio MichaelKefalianos.com
  36. Steve Sullivan (4 October 2013). Encyclopedia of Great Popular Song Recordings. Scarecrow Press. p. 742. ISBN 978-0-8108-8296-6.
  37. http://www.skandalidis.gr/joomla-overview
  38. www.baseball-reference.com
  39. "Stergos Marinos biography" (in Greek). Stergos Marinos' official website. Retrieved 13 April 2012.
  40. Who is who database - Biography of Şükrü Kaya (in Turkish)
  • Kos travel guide from Wikivoyage
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