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Hotels of Lanzarote

A hotel on Lanzarote is an establishment that provides lodging paid on a short-term basis. Facilities provided may range from a basic bed and storage for clothing, to luxury features like en-suite bathrooms. Larger on Lanzarote hotels may provide additional guest facilities such as a swimming pool, business centre, childcare, conference facilities and social function services. Hotel rooms on Lanzarote are usually numbered (or named in some smaller hotels and B&Bs) to allow guests to identify their room. Some Lanzarote hotels offer meals as part of a room and board arrangement. Hotel operations vary in size, function, and cost. Most Lanzarote hotels and major hospitality companies that operate hotels on Lanzarote have set widely accepted industry standards to classify hotel types. General categories include the following:

Upscale luxury hotels on Lanzarote
An upscale full service hotel facility on Lanzarote that offers luxury amenities, full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and the highest level of personalized and professional service. Luxury Lanzarote hotels are normally classified with at least a Four Diamond or Five Diamond status or a Four or Five Star rating depending on classification standards.

Full service hotels on Lanzarote
Full service Lanzarote hotels often contain upscale full-service facilities with a large volume of full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and a variety of on-site amenities such as swimming pools, a health club, children's activities, ballrooms, on-site conference facilities, etc.

Historic inns and boutique hotels on Lanzarote
Boutique hotels of Lanzarote are smaller independent non-branded hotels that often contain upscale facilities of varying size in unique or intimate settings with full service accommodations. Lanzarote boutique hotels are generally 100 rooms or less. Some historic inns and boutique hotels on Lanzarote may be classified as luxury hotels.

Focused or select service hotels on Lanzarote
Small to medium-sized hotel establishments that offer a limited amount of on-site amenities that only cater and market to a specific demographic of Lanzarote travelers, such as the single business traveler. Most Lanzarote focused or select service hotels may still offer full service accommodations but may lack leisure amenities such as an on-site restaurant or a swimming pool.

Economy and limited service hotels on Lanzarote
Small to medium-sized Lanzarote hotel establishments that offer a very limited amount of on-site amenities and often only offer basic accommodations with little to no services, these facilities normally only cater and market to a specific demographic of travelers, such as the budget-minded Lanzarote traveler seeking a "no frills" accommodation. Limited service Lanzarote hotels often lack an on-site restaurant but in return may offer a limited complimentary food and beverage amenity such as on-site continental breakfast service.

Guest houses and B&Bs on Lanzarote
A bed and breakfast on Lanzarote is a small lodging establishment that offers overnight accommodation and inclusive breakfast. Usually, Lanzarote bed and breakfasts are private homes or family homes offering accommodations. The typical Lanzarote B&B has between 4 and 11 rooms, with 6 being the average. Generally, guests are accommodated in private bedrooms with private bathrooms, or in a suite of rooms including an en suite bathroom. Some homes have private bedrooms with a bathroom which is shared with other guests. Breakfast is served in the bedroom, a dining room, or the host's kitchen. Often the owners of guest house themselves prepare the breakfast and clean the rooms.

Hostels on Lanzarote
Lanzarote hostels provide budget-oriented, sociable accommodation where guests can rent a bed, usually a bunk bed, in a dormitory and share a bathroom, lounge, and sometimes a kitchen. Rooms can be mixed or single-sex, although private rooms may also be available. Hostels are often cheaper for both the operator and occupants; many Lanzarote hostels have long-term residents whom they employ as desk agents or housekeeping staff in exchange for experience or discounted accommodation.

Apartment hotels, extended stay hotels on Lanzarote
Extended stay hotels are small to medium-sized Lanzarote hotels that offer longer term full service accommodations compared to a traditional hotel. Extended stay hotels may offer non-traditional pricing methods such as a weekly rate that cater towards travelers in need of short-term accommodations for an extended period of time. Similar to limited and select service hotels, on-site amenities are normally limited and most extended stay hotels on Lanzarote lack an on-site restaurant.

Timeshare and destination clubs on Lanzarote
Lanzarote timeshare and destination clubs are a form of property ownership also referred to as a vacation ownership involving the purchase and ownership of an individual unit of accommodation for seasonal usage during a specified period of time. Timeshare resorts on Lanzarote often offer amenities similar that of a Full service hotel with on-site restaurant(s), swimming pools, recreation grounds, and other leisure-oriented amenities. Destination clubs of Lanzarote on the other hand may offer more exclusive private accommodations such as private houses in a neighborhood-style setting.

Motels on Lanzarote
A Lanzarote motel is a small-sized low-rise lodging establishment similar to that of a limited service hotel, but with direct access to individual rooms from the car park. Common during the 1950s and 1960s, motels were often located adjacent to a major road, where they were built on inexpensive land at the edge of towns or along stretches of highways. They are still useful in less populated areas of Lanzarote for driving travelers, but the more populated an area becomes the more hotels fill the need. Many of Lanzarote motels which remain in operation have joined national franchise chains, rebranding themselves as hotels, inns or lodges.

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Travelling and vacation on Lanzarote

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This article is about the Canary Island. For other uses, see Lanzarote (disambiguation).
Lanzarote
Native name: "Lanzarote"
Nickname: "Lanza"
Flag of Lanzarote.svg
Flag of Lanzarote
LZ Canarias.png
Geography
Location Atlantic Ocean
Coordinates  / 29.035; -13.633  / 29.035; -13.633
Archipelago Canary Islands
Area 845.9 km (326.6 sq mi)
Highest elevation 671 m (2,201 ft)
Highest point Peñas del Chache
Administration
Spain
Autonomous community Canary Islands
Province Las Palmas
Largest settlement Arrecife (pop. 55,203)
Demographics
Population 142,132 (2011)
Pop. density 227,6 /km (5,895 /sq mi)
Ethnic groups Spanish, other minority groups

Lanzarote (/ˌlænzəˈrɒti/; Spanish pronunciation: [lanθaˈɾote, lansaˈɾote]) is a Spanish island, the easternmost of the autonomous Canary Islands in the Atlantic Ocean. It is located approximately 125 kilometres (78 miles) off the coast of Africa and 1,000 kilometres (621 miles) from the Iberian Peninsula. Covering 845.94 square kilometres (326.62 square miles), Lanzarote is the fourth-largest of the islands in the archipelago. With 141,938 inhabitants, it is the third-most populous Canary Island, after Tenerife and Gran Canaria. In the centre-west of the island is Timanfaya National Park, one of its main attractions. The capital is Arrecife.

The first recorded name for the island, given by Italian-Majorcan cartographer Angelino Dulcert, was Insula de Lanzarotus Marocelus, after the Genoese navigator Lancelotto Malocello, from which the modern name is derived. The island's name in the native language was Tyterogaka or Tytheroygaka, which may mean "one that is all ochre" (referring to the island's predominant colour).

Lanzarote: Geography

Lanzarote is located 11 kilometres (7 miles) north-east of Fuerteventura and just over 1 kilometre (0.62 miles) from Graciosa. The dimensions of the island are 60 kilometres (37 miles) from north to south and 25 kilometres (16 miles) from west to east. Lanzarote has 213 kilometres (132 miles) of coastline, of which 10 kilometres (6 miles) are sand, 16.5 kilometres (10 miles) are beach, and the remainder is rocky. Its landscape includes the mountain ranges of Famara (671 metres or 2,201 feet) in the north and Ajaches (608 metres or 1,995 feet) to the south. South of the Famara massif is the El Jable desert, which separates Famara and Montañas del Fuego. The highest peak is Peñas del Chache, rising to 670 metres (2,200 feet) above sea level. The "Tunnel of Atlantis", the largest underwater volcanic tunnel in the world, is part of the Cueva de los Verdes lava tube.

Lanzarote: Climate

Often called the "Island of Eternal Spring", Lanzarote has a subtropical-desert climate according to the Köppen climatic classification. The small amount of precipitation is mainly concentrated in the winter. Rainfall during summer is a rare phenomenon (there has never been any recorded rainfall in July) and several summers are completely dry without any precipitation. On average the island receives approximately 16 days of precipitation between December and February. Sometimes, the hot sirroco wind prevails, causing dry and dusty conditions across the island. Average precipitation in June and August is less than 0.5 millimetres (0.020 inches). It closely borders on a tropical climate, with winter means of 18 °C (64 °F) and summer means of 25 °C (77 °F).

Climate data for Lanzarote Airport (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 27.9
(82.2)
29.0
(84.2)
32.7
(90.9)
36.3
(97.3)
42.6
(108.7)
40.7
(105.3)
42.9
(109.2)
43.6
(110.5)
40.5
(104.9)
37.1
(98.8)
34.2
(93.6)
27.5
(81.5)
43.6
(110.5)
Average high °C (°F) 20.7
(69.3)
21.3
(70.3)
22.9
(73.2)
23.5
(74.3)
24.6
(76.3)
26.3
(79.3)
28.2
(82.8)
29.1
(84.4)
28.6
(83.5)
26.7
(80.1)
24.2
(75.6)
21.8
(71.2)
24.8
(76.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) 17.4
(63.3)
17.9
(64.2)
19.0
(66.2)
19.6
(67.3)
20.8
(69.4)
22.6
(72.7)
24.3
(75.7)
25.2
(77.4)
24.7
(76.5)
23.0
(73.4)
20.7
(69.3)
18.6
(65.5)
21.1
(70)
Average low °C (°F) 14.0
(57.2)
14.3
(57.7)
15.0
(59)
15.7
(60.3)
16.8
(62.2)
18.8
(65.8)
20.4
(68.7)
21.2
(70.2)
20.8
(69.4)
19.4
(66.9)
17.2
(63)
15.4
(59.7)
17.4
(63.3)
Record low °C (°F) 8.0
(46.4)
9.0
(48.2)
8.3
(46.9)
9.5
(49.1)
11.5
(52.7)
12.4
(54.3)
15.4
(59.7)
16.6
(61.9)
15.5
(59.9)
12.0
(53.6)
10.9
(51.6)
9.0
(48.2)
8.0
(46.4)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 16.5
(0.65)
18.2
(0.717)
12.5
(0.492)
5.2
(0.205)
1.5
(0.059)
0.1
(0.004)
0.0
(0)
0.5
(0.02)
2.2
(0.087)
9.9
(0.39)
14.7
(0.579)
29.3
(1.154)
110.6
(4.357)
Average rainy days (≥ 1.0 mm) 3 3 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 2 3 4 18
Average relative humidity (%) 68 68 66 66 66 66 68 68 70 71 69 71 68
Mean monthly sunshine hours 203 201 241 255 297 292 308 295 248 235 207 196 2,978
Source: Agencia Estatal de Meteorología

Lanzarote: Geology

Lanzarote is the easternmost island of the Canary Islands and has a volcanic origin. It was born through fiery eruptions and has solidified lava streams as well as extravagant rock formations. The island emerged about 15 million years ago as product of the Canary hotspot. The island, along with others, emerged after the breakup of the African and the American continental plates. The greatest recorded eruptions occurred between 1730 and 1736 in the area now designated Timanfaya National Park.

Lanzarote: Demographics

Papagayo Beach

As of 2010, 139,000 people live on Lanzarote, an increase of 9.4% from 2006 (127,000). The seat of the island government (Cabildo Insular) is in the capital, Arrecife, which has a population of 59,000. The majority of the inhabitants (73.9%) are Spanish with a sizeable number of residents from other European nations, mainly Britons (4.0%), Germans (2.6%), and Irish people (2.5%). Other populous groups include Chinese people, Colombians, Ecuadorians, Indians, and Moroccans, which constitute a large proportion of the remaining 15.6% of the population.

Nationality Population %
Spanish 99,998 73.9%
Colombian 5,703 4.2%
British 5,420 4.0%
Moroccan 3,606 2.7%
German 3,450 2.6%
Irish 3,378 2.5%
Ecuadorians 1,950 1.4%
Other nationalities 11,758 8.7%

The island has an international airport, Arrecife Airport, through which 5,438,178 passengers travelled in 2008. Tourism has been the mainstay of the island's economy for over 40 years, the only other industry being agriculture.

Lanzarote is part of the province of Las Palmas, and is divided into seven municipalities:

  • Arrecife
  • Haría
  • San Bartolomé
  • Teguise (includes Isla de La Graciosa and four smaller islets, including Alegranza)
  • Tías
  • Tinajo
  • Yaiza

Lanzarote: Biodiversity

Malvasia grape vines growing in topsoil, covered in lapilli, in La Geria. The low, curved walls protect the vines from the constant, drying wind.

Lanzarote: Plants

There are five hundred different kinds of plants on the island, of which 17 species are endemic. These plants have adapted to the relative scarcity of water in the same way as succulents. They include the Canary Island date palm (Phoenix canariensis), which is found in damper areas of the north, the Canary Island pine (Pinus canariensis), ferns, and wild olive trees (Olea europaea). Laurisilva trees, which once covered the highest parts of Risco de Famara, are rarely found today. After winter rainfall, the vegetation comes to a colourful bloom between February and March.

The vineyards of La Gería, Lanzarote DO wine region, are a protected area. Single vines are planted in pits 4–5 metres (13–16 feet) wide and 2–3 metres (6 feet 7 inches–9 feet 10 inches) deep, with small stone walls around each pit. This agricultural technique is designed to harvest rainfall and overnight dew and to protect the plants from the winds.

Lanzarote: Fungi

There are 180 different species of lichen-forming fungi. These survive in the suitable areas like rock surfaces, and promote weathering.

Lanzarote: Animals

Apart from bats and other mammals which accompanied humans to the island (including the dromedary, which was used for agriculture and is now a tourist attraction), there are few vertebrate species on Lanzarote. These include birds (such as falcons) and reptiles. Some interesting endemic animals are the Gallotia lizards and the blind Munidopsis polymorpha crabs found in the Jameos del Agua lagoon, which was formed by a volcanic eruption. The island is also home to one of two surviving populations of the threatened Canarian Egyptian vulture.

Lanzarote: Natural symbols

Main article: List of animals and plants symbols of the Canary Islands

The official symbols from nature associated with Lanzarote are Munidopsis polymorpha (Blind crab) and Euphorbia balsamifera (Tabaiba dulce).

Lanzarote: History

View over a lava field towards the Montañas del Fuego

Lanzarote is believed to have been the first Canary Island to be settled. The Phoenicians may have settled there around 1100 BC, though no material evidence survives. Around 1000 BC, it was settled by the Guanches, who remained there until their extinction by Spanish colonialism and the slave trade in the 14th century. The Greek writers and philosophers Herodotus, Plato, and Plutarch described the garden of the Hesperides, a mythic orchard which some like to identify with the Canaries. The first known record came from Roman author Pliny the Elder in the encyclopaedia Naturalis Historia on an expedition to the Canary Islands. The names of the islands (then called Insulae Fortunatae or the "Fortunate Isles") were recorded as Junonia (Fuerteventura), Canaria (Gran Canaria), Ninguaria (Tenerife), Junonia Major (La Palma), Pluvialia (El Hierro), and Capraria (La Gomera). Lanzarote and Fuerteventura, the two easternmost Canary Islands, were only mentioned as the archipelago of the "purple islands". The Roman poet Lucan and the Greek astronomer and geographer Ptolemy gave their precise locations. After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, the Canary Islands were ignored until 999, when the Arabs arrived at the island which they dubbed al-Djezir al-Khalida (among other names).

Overlooking the harbour in Puerto del Carmen's Old Town

In 1336, a ship arrived from Lisbon under the guidance of Genoese navigator Lancelotto Malocello, who used the alias "Lanzarote da Framqua". A fort was later built in the area of Montaña de Guanapay near today's Teguise. Castilian slaving expeditions in 1385 and 1393 seized hundreds of Guanches and sold them in Spain, initiating the slave trade in the islands. French explorer Jean de Béthencourt arrived in 1402, heading a private expedition under Castilian auspices. Bethencourt first visited the south of Lanzarote at Playas de Papagayo, and the French overran the island within a matter of months. The island lacked mountains and gorges to serve as hideouts for the remaining Guanche population, and so many Guanches were taken away as slaves that only 300 Guanche men were said to have remained.

At the southern end of the Yaiza municipality, the first European settlement in the Canary Islands appeared in 1402 in the area known as El Rubicón, where the conquest of the Archipelago began. In this place, the Cathedral of Saint Martial of Limoges was built. The cathedral was destroyed by English pirates in the 16th century. A diocese was moved in 1483 to Las Palmas de Gran Canaria (Roman Catholic Diocese of Canarias). In 1404, the Castilians (with the support of the King of Castile) came and fought the local Guanches, who were further decimated. The islands of Fuerteventura and El Hierro were later similarly conquered. In 1477, a decision by the royal council of Castile confirmed a grant of Lanzarote and Fuerteventura, with the smaller islands of Ferro and Gomera to the Castilian nobles Herrera, who held their fief until the end of the 18th century. In 1585, the Ottoman admiral Murat Reis temporarily seized Lanzarote. In the 17th century, pirates raided the island and took 1,000 inhabitants into slavery in Cueva de los Verdes.

Sunset overlooking the beach in Puerto del Carmen

From 1730 to 1736, the island was hit by a series of volcanic eruptions, producing 32 new volcanoes in a stretch of 18 kilometres (11 miles). The minister of Yaiza, Don Andrés Lorenzo Curbelo, documented the eruption in detail until 1731. Lava covered a quarter of the island's surface, including the most fertile soil and 11 villages. 100 smaller volcanoes were located in the area called Montañas del Fuego, the "Mountains of Fire". In 1768, drought affected the deforested island, and winter rains did not fall. Much of the population was forced to emigrate to Cuba and the Americas, including a group which formed a significant addition to the Spanish settlers in Texas at San Antonio de Bexar in 1731. Another volcanic eruption occurred within the range of Tiagua in 1824, which was less violent than the major eruption between 1730 and 1736.

In 1927, Lanzarote and Fuerteventura became part of the province of Las Palmas. Several archaeological expeditions have uncovered the prehistoric settlement at the archaeologic site of El Bebedero in the village of Teguise. In one of those expeditions, by a team from the University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria and a team from the University of Zaragoza, yielded about 100 Roman potsherds, nine pieces of metal, and one piece of glass. The artefacts were found in strata dated between the 1st and 4th centuries. They show that Romans did trade with the Canarians, though there is no evidence of settlements.

The island has a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve protected site status. According to a report in the Financial Times, this status was endangered by a local corruption scandal. Since May 2009, police have arrested the former president of Lanzarote, the former mayor of Arrecife and more than 20 politicians and businessmen in connection with illegal building permits along Lanzarote's coastline. UNESCO has threatened to revoke Lanzarote's Biosphere Reserve status, "if the developments are not respecting local needs and are impacting on the environment". The President of the Cabildo of Lanzarote denied "any threat to Lanzarote's UNESCO status".

Lanzarote: Notable people

  • Juan Leal (1676–1742/1743), Spanish settler and politician, born on the island
  • Juan Curbelo (1680–1760), Spanish politician, born on the island
  • Salvador Rodríguez (1688–unknown), Spanish politician, born on the island
  • José Clavijo y Fajardo (1726–1806), Spanish publicist, born on the island
  • Blas Cabrera Felipe (1878–1945), Spanish physicist, born on the island
  • César Manrique (1919–1992), Spanish artist, born and died on the island
  • José Saramago (1922–2010), Portuguese writer, resided and died on the island
  • Manuel Medina (born 1935), Spanish politician, born on the island
  • Rosana Arbelo (born 1963), Spanish singer, born on the island
  • Princess Alexia of Greece and Denmark (born 1965), Greek royalty, resides on the island
  • Goya Toledo (born 1969), Spanish actress and model, born on the island
  • Carlos Morales Quintana (born 1970), Spanish architect and husband of Princess Alexia, born and resides on the island
  • Jonathan Pérez Olivero (born 1982), Spanish footballer, born on the island
  • Patricia Díaz Perea (born 1984), Spanish triathlete, represents Lanzarote-based club Triatlón Titanes
  • Jordi Martín (born 1991), Spanish footballer, born on the island

Lanzarote: Festivals

The most established festival on the island is held each year on 15 September in the village of Mancha Blanca, in honour of Our Lady of Sorrows (Virgen de los Dolores), also called the "Virgin of the Volcanoes" (the Patron Saint of Lanzarote). People from all over the island participate in this pilgrimage, mostly dressed in traditional costumes.

Hacha Grande, in the south of the island, viewed from the road to Papagayo beach.
Salinas de Janubio, in the west of the island.
Crater and laguna in El Golfo.

Lanzarote: References

  1. "Diccionario Ínsuloamaziq-Tyterogaka".
  2. Photo: Famara Official Tourism Office of the Canaries
  3. none, none (2001–2016). "SpainLanzarote". SpainLanzarote. SpainLanzarote. Retrieved 30 November 2016.
  4. "Arrecife, Spain Köppen Climate Classification (Weatherbase)". weatherbase.com.
  5. "Guía resumida del clima en España (1981–2010)".
  6. "Datos de Lanzarote – Población de derecho de Lanzarote según municipio". Retrieved 24 November 2009.
  7. "Datos de Lanzarote - Población de derecho de Lanzarote según municipio". Retrieved 8 November 2007.
  8. "Informe sobre la Población de Lanzarote - Marzo 2006" (pdf). Retrieved 24 November 2009.
  9. "Tráfico de pasajeros, operaciones y carga en los aeropuertos españoles 2008" (pdf). Retrieved 24 November 2009.
  10. "BOC – 1991/061. Viernes 10 de Mayo de 1991 – 577". gobcan.es.
  11. "Pliny the Elder, The Natural History, BOOK VI. AN ACCOUNT OF COUNTRIES, NATIONS, SEAS, TOWNS, HAVENS, MOUNTAINS, RIVERS, DISTANCES, AND PEOPLES WHO NOW EXIST, OR FORMERLY EXISTED., CHAP. 37. (32.)-THE FORTUNATE ISLANDS.". www.perseus.tufts.edu. Retrieved 18 November 2016.
  12. "Roman Trade with the Canary Islands". Retrieved 24 November 2009.
  13. Alfred W. Crosby, Ecological Imperialism: the biological expansion of Europe 900–1900 (Cambridge) 1986:87, citing John Mercer, The Canary Islands, Their Prehistory, Conquest and Survival 1980:148-59.
  14. San Marcial del Rubicón y los Obispados de Canarias
  15. Henry Kamen, Empire: how Spain became a world power, 1492–1763 2002:11.
  16. Atoche Peña, Pablo. "EXCAVACIONES on the Canary islands". www.personales.ulpgc.es. Retrieved 18 November 2016.
  17. Barr, Caelainn; Mulligan, Mark (5 July 2010). "Lanzarote faces losing its eco status". Financial Times. London, Madrid. Retrieved 12 November 2010.
  18. Building craze threatens to end Lanzarote's biosphere status The Independent. 7 July 2010
  19. Greenslade, Roy (8 July 2010). "Canary Islands protests at Financial Times investigation". Greenslade Blog. London: The Guardian. Retrieved 12 November 2010.

Lanzarote: Further reading

  • Joachim Pott, Joachim Hüppe/de la Torre, Wofredo Wildpret Die Kanarischen Inseln. Natur- und Kulturlandschaften = The Canary Islands. Natural and Cultural Landscapes, Ulmer : Stuttgart 2003, 320 S., 295 colour photos, 28 coloured graphica, 3 tables. (represented and illustrated by Geobotanik). Buy book ISBN 3-8001-3284-2.
  • Wilkens, Horst: Lanzarote - Blind Crabs, Hoopoes and Volcanoes. A Guide to the Countryside, Plants and Animals of an Exceptional Volcanic Island. NATURALANZA Ulrike Strecker 2009, 120 pages, with colour photos. Buy book ISBN 978-3-942999-03-8.
  • Strecker, Ulrike & Wilkens, Horst: Lanzarote - Life on Lava. Book of Illustrations of the most impressive landscapes, animals and plants. 120 pages, more than 90 colour photos, hardcover. Buy book ISBN 3-942999-02-1.
  • Official tourism site of Lanzarote
  • Lanzarote at DMOZ
  • Lanzarote travel guide from Wikivoyage
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