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Hotels of Luoyang

A hotel in Luoyang is an establishment that provides lodging paid on a short-term basis. Facilities provided may range from a basic bed and storage for clothing, to luxury features like en-suite bathrooms. Larger in Luoyang hotels may provide additional guest facilities such as a swimming pool, business centre, childcare, conference facilities and social function services. Hotel rooms in Luoyang are usually numbered (or named in some smaller hotels and B&Bs) to allow guests to identify their room. Some Luoyang hotels offer meals as part of a room and board arrangement. Hotel operations vary in size, function, and cost. Most Luoyang hotels and major hospitality companies that operate hotels in Luoyang have set widely accepted industry standards to classify hotel types. General categories include the following:

Upscale luxury hotels in Luoyang
An upscale full service hotel facility in Luoyang that offers luxury amenities, full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and the highest level of personalized and professional service. Luxury Luoyang hotels are normally classified with at least a Four Diamond or Five Diamond status or a Four or Five Star rating depending on classification standards.

Full service hotels in Luoyang
Full service Luoyang hotels often contain upscale full-service facilities with a large volume of full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and a variety of on-site amenities such as swimming pools, a health club, children's activities, ballrooms, on-site conference facilities, etc.

Historic inns and boutique hotels in Luoyang
Boutique hotels of Luoyang are smaller independent non-branded hotels that often contain upscale facilities of varying size in unique or intimate settings with full service accommodations. Luoyang boutique hotels are generally 100 rooms or less. Some historic inns and boutique hotels in Luoyang may be classified as luxury hotels.

Focused or select service hotels in Luoyang
Small to medium-sized hotel establishments that offer a limited amount of on-site amenities that only cater and market to a specific demographic of Luoyang travelers, such as the single business traveler. Most Luoyang focused or select service hotels may still offer full service accommodations but may lack leisure amenities such as an on-site restaurant or a swimming pool.

Economy and limited service hotels in Luoyang
Small to medium-sized Luoyang hotel establishments that offer a very limited amount of on-site amenities and often only offer basic accommodations with little to no services, these facilities normally only cater and market to a specific demographic of travelers, such as the budget-minded Luoyang traveler seeking a "no frills" accommodation. Limited service Luoyang hotels often lack an on-site restaurant but in return may offer a limited complimentary food and beverage amenity such as on-site continental breakfast service.

Guest houses and B&Bs in Luoyang
A bed and breakfast in Luoyang is a small lodging establishment that offers overnight accommodation and inclusive breakfast. Usually, Luoyang bed and breakfasts are private homes or family homes offering accommodations. The typical Luoyang B&B has between 4 and 11 rooms, with 6 being the average. Generally, guests are accommodated in private bedrooms with private bathrooms, or in a suite of rooms including an en suite bathroom. Some homes have private bedrooms with a bathroom which is shared with other guests. Breakfast is served in the bedroom, a dining room, or the host's kitchen. Often the owners of guest house themselves prepare the breakfast and clean the rooms.

Hostels in Luoyang
Luoyang hostels provide budget-oriented, sociable accommodation where guests can rent a bed, usually a bunk bed, in a dormitory and share a bathroom, lounge, and sometimes a kitchen. Rooms can be mixed or single-sex, although private rooms may also be available. Hostels are often cheaper for both the operator and occupants; many Luoyang hostels have long-term residents whom they employ as desk agents or housekeeping staff in exchange for experience or discounted accommodation.

Apartment hotels, extended stay hotels in Luoyang
Extended stay hotels are small to medium-sized Luoyang hotels that offer longer term full service accommodations compared to a traditional hotel. Extended stay hotels may offer non-traditional pricing methods such as a weekly rate that cater towards travelers in need of short-term accommodations for an extended period of time. Similar to limited and select service hotels, on-site amenities are normally limited and most extended stay hotels in Luoyang lack an on-site restaurant.

Timeshare and destination clubs in Luoyang
Luoyang timeshare and destination clubs are a form of property ownership also referred to as a vacation ownership involving the purchase and ownership of an individual unit of accommodation for seasonal usage during a specified period of time. Timeshare resorts in Luoyang often offer amenities similar that of a Full service hotel with on-site restaurant(s), swimming pools, recreation grounds, and other leisure-oriented amenities. Destination clubs of Luoyang on the other hand may offer more exclusive private accommodations such as private houses in a neighborhood-style setting.

Motels in Luoyang
A Luoyang motel is a small-sized low-rise lodging establishment similar to that of a limited service hotel, but with direct access to individual rooms from the car park. Common during the 1950s and 1960s, motels were often located adjacent to a major road, where they were built on inexpensive land at the edge of towns or along stretches of highways. They are still useful in less populated areas of Luoyang for driving travelers, but the more populated an area becomes the more hotels fill the need. Many of Luoyang motels which remain in operation have joined national franchise chains, rebranding themselves as hotels, inns or lodges.

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Travelling and vacation in Luoyang

Prefecture-level city
Top: Longmen Grottoes, Bottom left: White Horse Temple, Bottom right: Paeonia suffruticosa in Luoyang and Longmen Bridge
Top: Longmen Grottoes, Bottom left: White Horse Temple, Bottom right: Paeonia suffruticosa in Luoyang and Longmen Bridge
Luoyang in Henan
Luoyang in Henan
Luoyang is located in China
Location in China
Coordinates:  / 34.66972; 112.44222  / 34.66972; 112.44222
Country People's Republic of China
Province Henan
• Party Secretary Li Ya
• Mayor Bao Changyong
• Prefecture-level city 15,229.15 km (5,880.01 sq mi)
• Urban 810.4 km (312.9 sq mi)
• Metro 733.7 km (283.3 sq mi)
Elevation 144 m (472 ft)
Population (2010 census)
• Prefecture-level city 6,549,941
• Density 430/km (1,100/sq mi)
• Urban 1,926,079
• Urban density 2,400/km (6,200/sq mi)
• Metro 1,857,003
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Area code(s) 379
GDP ¥52541 per capita (2015)
Ethnicities Han, Hui, Manchu, Mongolian
County-level divisions 15
Township-level divisions -
License plate prefixes 豫C
Website www.ly.gov.cn
Luoyang (Chinese characters).svg
"Luoyang" in Simplified (top) and Traditional (bottom) Chinese characters
Simplified Chinese 洛阳
Traditional Chinese 洛陽
Literal meaning "Northern bank of the Luo [River]"
Standard Mandarin
Hanyu Pinyin Luòyáng
Gwoyeu Romatzyh Luohyang
Wade–Giles Lo-yang
IPA [lwô.jǎŋ]
Yue: Cantonese
Yale Romanization Lohk-yèuhng
IPA [lɔ̀ːk̚.jœ̏ːŋ]
Jyutping Lok-joeng
Southern Min
Tâi-lô Lo̍k-iông

Luoyang, formerly romanized as Loyang, is a city located in the confluence area of Luo River and Yellow River in Central China. It is a prefecture-level city in western Henan province. It borders the provincial capital of Zhengzhou to the east, Pingdingshan to the southeast, Nanyang to the south, Sanmenxia to the west, Jiyuan to the north, and Jiaozuo to the northeast. As of the final 2010 census, Luoyang had a population of 6,549,941 inhabitants with 1,857,003 people living in the built-up (or metro) area made of the city's five urban districts, all of which except the Jili District are not urbanized yet.

Situated on the central plain of China, Luoyang is one of the cradles of Chinese civilization, and is one of the Four Great Ancient Capitals of China.

Luoyang: Names

The name "Luoyang" originates from the city's location on the north or sunny ("yang") side of the Luo River. Since the river flows from west to east and the sun is to the south of the river, the sun always shines on the north side of the river. Luoyang has had several names over the centuries, including "Luoyi" (洛邑) and "Luozhou (洛州)", though Luoyang has been its primary name. It has been called, during various periods, "Dongdu" (东都, meaning the Eastern Capital, during the Tang Dynasty), "Xijing" (西京, meaning the Western Capital, during the Song Dynasty), or "Jingluo" (京洛, meaning the general capital for China). During the rule of Wu Zetian, the city was known as Shendu (神都 divine capital)

Luoyang: History

Longmen Grottoes
Museum of Luoyang Eastern Zhou Royal Horse and Chariot Pits
Statue of the Duke of Zhou who founded a city here c. 1036 BC
White Horse Temple gate

The greater Luoyang area has been sacred ground since the late Neolithic period. This area at the intersection of the Luo river and Yi River was considered to be the geographical center of China. Because of this sacred aspect, several cities – all of which are generally referred to as "Luoyang" – have been built in this area. In 2070 BC, the Xia Dynasty king Tai Kang moved the Xia capital to the intersection of the Luo and Yi and named the city Zhenxun (斟鄩). In 1600 BC, Tang of Shang defeated Jie, the final Xia Dynasty king, and built Western Bo (西亳), a new capital on the Luo River. The ruins of Western Bo are located in Luoyang Prefecture.

In the 1136 BC a settlement named Chengzhou (成周) was constructed by the Duke of Zhou for the remnants of the captured Shang nobility. The Duke also moved the Nine Tripod Cauldrons to Chengzhou from the Zhou Dynasty capital at Haojing. A second Western Zhou capital, Wangcheng (also: Luoyi) was built 15 km (9.3 mi) west of Chengzhou. Wangcheng became the capital of the Eastern Zhou Dynasty in 771 BC. The Eastern Zhou Dynasty capital was moved to Chengzhou in 510 BC. Later, the Eastern Han Dynasty capital of Luoyang would be built over Chengzhou. Modern Luoyang is built over the ruins of Wangcheng, which are still visible today at Wangcheng Park.

In 25 AD, Luoyang was declared the capital of the Eastern Han Dynasty on November 27 by Emperor Guangwu of Han. For several centuries, Luoyang was the focal point of China. In AD 68, the White Horse Temple, the first Buddhist temple in China, was founded in Luoyang. The temple still exists, though the architecture is of later origin, mainly from the 16th century. An Shigao was one of the first monks to popularize Buddhism in Luoyang.

The ambassador Banchao restored the Silk Road in Eastern Han Dynasty and this has made the capital city Luoyang the start of Silk Road

In 166 AD, the first Roman mission, sent by "the king of Da Qin [the Roman Empire], Andun" (Marcus Aurelius Antoninus, r. 161-180 AD), reached Luoyang after arriving by sea in Rinan Commandery in what is now central Vietnam.

The late 2nd century saw China decline into anarchy:

The decline was accelerated by the rebellion of the Yellow Turbans, who, although defeated by the Imperial troops in 184 AD, weakened the state to the point where there was a continuing series of rebellions degenerating into civil war, culminating in the burning of the Han capital of Luoyang on 24 September 189 AD. This was followed by a state of continual unrest and wars in China until a modicum of stability returned in the 220s, but with the establishment of three separate kingdoms, rather than a unified empire.

In 190 AD, Chancellor Dong Zhuo ordered his soldiers to ransack, pillage, and raze the city as he retreated from the coalition set up against him by regional lords from across China. The court was subsequently moved to the more defensible western city of Chang'an. Following a period of disorder, Luoyang was restored to prominence when Cao Pi, Emperor Wen of the Wei Dynasty, declared it his capital in 220 AD. The Jin Dynasty, successor to Wei, was also established in Luoyang.

When Jin was overrun by Xiongnu forces in 311 AD, it was forced to move its capital to Jiankang (modern day Nanjing). The Xiongnu warriors then sacked and nearly totally destroyed Luoyang. The same fate befell Chang'an in 316 AD.

In 493 AD, Emperor Xiaowen of the Northern Wei Dynasty moved the capital from Datong to Luoyang and started the construction of the rock-cut Longmen Grottoes. More than 30,000 Buddhist statues from the time of this dynasty have been found in the caves. Many of these sculptures were two-faced. At the same time, the Shaolin Temple was also built by the Emperor to accommodate an Indian monk on the Mont Song right next to Luoyang City. The Yongning Temple (永宁寺), the tallest pagoda in China, was also built in Luoyang.

When Emperor Yang of Sui took control in 604 AD he founded the new Luoyang on the site of the existing city using a layout inspired by his father Emperor Wen of Sui's work in newly rebuilt Chang'an.

During the Tang Dynasty, Luoyang was Dongdu (东都), the "Eastern Capital", and at its height had a population of around one million, second only to Chang'an, which, at the time, was the largest city in the world.

At the interval of Tang Dynasty, the first and the only empress in Chinese history- Empress Wu, moved the capital of her Zhou Dynasty to Luoyang and named it as Shen Du(Capital of the God). She constructed the tallest palace in Chinese history, which is now in the cite of Sui Tang Luoyang city.

During the short-lived Five Dynasties, Luoyang was the capital of the Later Liang (only for a few years before the court moved to Kaifeng) and Later Tang.

During the North Song Dynasty, Luoyang was the 'Western Capital' and birthplace of Zhao Kuangyin, the founder of the Song Dynasty. It served as a prominent culture center, housing some of the most important philosophers.

During the Jin Dynasty, Luoyang was Middle Capital

Since the Yuan Dynasty, Luoyang was no longer the capital of China in the rest of the ancient dynasties. However, for one last time, Luoyang city was the capital of the Republic of China for a brief period of time during the Japanese invasion.

Luoyang: World Heritage

  • Longmen Grottoes (2000.11.30)
  • The Grand Canal- Huiluo Barn, Hanjia Barn (2014.6.22)
  • Silk Roads- Han Wei Luoyang City Site, Sui Tang Luoyang City- Dingding Gate Site, Xin'an Hangu Guan Site (2014.6.22)

Luoyang: Ancient city sites

  • Erlitou Site (Zhenxun) of Xia Dynasty
  • Yanshi Shang City Site (Xibo) of Shang Dynasty
  • Wang Cheng (King's City) Site of Eastern Zhou Dynasty
  • Luoyang City Site of Han and Wei Dynasty
  • Luoyang City Site of Sui and Tang Dynasty

Luoyang: Administrative divisions

Luoyang Museum
Luoyang-Longmen HST Station

The prefecture-level city of Luoyang administers 5 "built-up" urban districts, 1 additional district, 1 county-level city, and 9 more rural counties:

  • Luoyang proper
    • Jianxi District (涧西区)
    • Xigong District (西工区)
    • Laocheng District (老城区)
    • Chanhe Hui District (瀍河回族区)
    • Luolong District (洛龙区)
    • Jili District (non-urban, 吉利区)
  • Qiyun Pagoda in White Horse Temple
    Yanshi City(偃师市)
  • Mengjin County (孟津县)
  • Xin'an County (新安县)
  • Luoning County (洛宁县)
  • Yiyang County (宜阳县)
  • Yichuan County (伊川县)
  • Song County (嵩县)
  • Luanchuan County (栾川县)
  • Ruyang County (汝阳县)

During the 2010 census, the 5 "built-up" urban districts held a population of 1,857,003, making it the fourth-largest city in Henan. The entire area of Luoyang’s municipal government held 6,549,941 inhabitants total.


Luoyang: Geography

As its name states, the Old Town of Luoyang is located on the north bank of the Luo, a southern tributary of the middle reaches of the Yellow River. The districts of the modern urban center include both banks and some of the surrounding mountains.

The countryside controlled by the municipal government includes still more rugged land: mountains comprise 45.51% of the total area; hills, 40.73%; and plains, 13.8%.

Luoyang: Climate

Climate data for Luoyang
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 6.1
Average low °C (°F) −3.9
Average precipitation mm (inches) 7.6
Source: National Meteorological Center of the China Meteorological Administration. "Luoyang".

Luoyang: Culture

Guanlin Temple in May 2007.

The Longmen Grottoes south of the city were listed on the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites in November 2000. Guanlin-a series of temples built in honor of Guan Yu, a hero of the Three Kingdoms period-is nearby. The White Horse Temple is located 12 km (7.5 mi) east of the modern town.

The Luoyang Museum (est. 1958) features ancient relics dating back to the Xia, Shang, and Zhou dynasties. The total number of exhibits on display is 1,700. China's only tomb museum, the Luoyang Ancient Tombs Museum, opened to the public in 1987 and is situated north of the modern town.

The Gaocheng Astronomical Observatory (also known as the Dengfeng Observatory or the Tower of Chou Kong) stands 80 km (50 mi) south-east of Luoyang. It was constructed in 1276 during the Yuan Dynasty by Guo Shoujing as a giant gnomon for "the measurement of the sun's shadow". Prior to the Jesuit China Missions, it was used for establishing the summer and winter solstices in traditional Chinese astronomy.


Luoyang is famed for its Water Banquet, which consists of 8 cold and 16 warm dishes all cooked in various broths, gravies, or juices.


Luoyang is also celebrated for the cultivation of peonies, its city flower.Since 1983, each mid April Luoyang city host The Peony Culture Festival of Luoyang China, more than 19 millions tourists visited Luoyang during the 2014 Festival.<ref>https://baike.baidu.com/item/中国洛阳牡丹文化节/1534157?fromtitle=洛阳牡丹花会&fromid=4516674&fr=aladdin/ref>


"Spring in Luoyang" (洛阳春, Luòyáng Chūn), an ancient Chinese composition, became popular in Korea during the Goryeo dynasty (918–1392) and is still performed in its dangak (Koreanized) version Nakyangchun (낙양춘). Lou Harrison, an American composer, has also created an arrangement of the work.


Residents of Luoyang typically speak a dialect of Zhongyuan Mandarin. Although Luoyang's dialect was a prestige dialect of spoken Chinese from the Warring States period of the Zhou until the Ming Dynasty, it differs from the Beijing form of Mandarin which became the basis of the standard modern dialect.

Outer space

Asteroid (239200) 2006 MD13 is named after Luoyang.

Luoyang: Education

  • Luoyang Institute of Science and Technology (洛阳理工学院)
  • Henan University of Science and Technology (河南科技大学)
  • Luoyang Normal University (洛阳师范学院)
  • PLA Foreign Language Institute, formerly known as the Luoyang PLA College of Foreign Languages (解放军洛阳外语学院)

Luoyang: Transportation

  • Luoyang Railway Station
  • Luoyang East Railway Station
  • Luoyang Guanlin Railway Station
  • Luoyang Longmen Railway Station
  • Luoyang Beijiao Airport

Luoyang: Twin towns - sister cities

Luoyang is twinned with:

  • United States La Crosse, Wisconsin, United States

Luoyang: Famous residents

  • Laozi, legendary founder of Taoism
  • The emperors of the Eastern Zhou dynasty
  • Guiguzi, geomancer and numerologist
  • The emperors of the Eastern Han dynasty
  • Xuanzang, Buddhist monk and hero of the Journey to the West
  • Liu Yuxi, poet
  • Zhao Kuangyin, founder of the Song Dynasty
  • Gao Hong, pipa player
  • Du Wei, soccer player
  • Guo Yipin, vice-mayor, went missing in 2014
  • Wang Yibo, idol, UNIQ
  • Chen Dong, astronaut of Shenzhou 11
  • Meng Mei qi, idol, Cosmic Girls

Luoyang: See also

  • List of twin towns and sister cities in China
  • Historical capitals of China
  • Luoyang Longmen Railway Station
  • Sino-Roman Relations
  • Silk Road transmission of Buddhism
  • Roman Catholic Diocese of Luoyang

Luoyang: References

  1. http://www.citypopulation.de/php/china-henan-admin.php
  2. China.org.cn, 2009
  3. Robert Hymes (2000). John Stewart Bowman, ed. Columbia Chronologies of Asian History and Culture. Columbia University Press. p. 13. ISBN 978-0-231-11004-4.
  4. Hill (2009), p. 27.
  5. Hill (2009), p. xvi,
  6. Grousset, Rene (1970). The Empire of the Steppes. Rutgers University Press. pp. 56–57. ISBN 0-8135-1304-9.
  7. Marks, Robert B. (2011). China: Its Environment and History. ISBN 1442212756. p. 116
  8. Schinz, Alfred (1996). The Magic Square: Cities in Ancient China. ISBN 3930698021. p. 167-169.
  9. Abramson (2008), p. viii.
  10. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1003
  11. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1443
  12. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1442
  13. 洛阳市人民政府网站 [Luòyángshì Rénmín Zhèngfǔ Wǎngzhàn, Luoyang Municipal People’s Government Website] op. cit. 北京2008年奥运火炬接力官方网站 [Běijīng 2008 Nián Àoyùn Huǒjù Jiēlì Guānfāng Wǎngzhàn, Beijing 2008 Torch Relay Official Website]. 〈洛阳地理及气候概况〉 ["Luòyáng Dìlǐ Jí Qìhòu Gàikuàng", "Overview of Luoyang’s Geography and Climate"]. 20 Mar 2008. Accessed 16 Jan 2014. (in Chinese)
  14. China Culture. "Luoyang Museum".
  15. Needham, Joseph. Science and Civilisation in China’’.

Luoyang: Further reading

  • Abramson, Marc. Ethnic Identity in Tang China. University of Pennsylvania Press (Philadelphia), 2008. ISBN 978-0-8122-4052-8.
  • Cotterell, Arthur. The Imperial Capitals of China: An Inside View of the Celestial Empire. Pimlico (London), 2008. ISBN 978-1-84595-010-1.
  • Hill, John E. Through the Jade Gate to Rome: A Study of the Silk Routes during the Later Han Dynasty, 1st to 2nd Centuries CE. BookSurge (ISBN 978-1-4392-2134-1.
  • Jenner, W. J. Memories of Loyang. Clarendon Press (Oxford), 1981.
  • Yang Hsüan-chih. Lo-yang ch‘ien-lan chi, translated by Wang Yi-t‘ung as A Record of Buddhist Monasteries in Lo-yang. Princeton University Press (ISBN 0-691-05403-7.
  • Official website of the Luoyang Municipal Government (in Chinese)
  • "Wangcheng Park in Luoyang" at China.org
Preceded by
Primary capital of China
771–256 BCE
Succeeded by
then Xianyang
Preceded by
Primary capital of China
25–190 CE
Succeeded by
then Chang'an
Source of information: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. We're not responsible for the content of this article and your use of this information. Disclaimer
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