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Hotels of Maribor

A hotel in Maribor is an establishment that provides lodging paid on a short-term basis. Facilities provided may range from a basic bed and storage for clothing, to luxury features like en-suite bathrooms. Larger in Maribor hotels may provide additional guest facilities such as a swimming pool, business centre, childcare, conference facilities and social function services. Hotel rooms in Maribor are usually numbered (or named in some smaller hotels and B&Bs) to allow guests to identify their room. Some Maribor hotels offer meals as part of a room and board arrangement. Hotel operations vary in size, function, and cost. Most Maribor hotels and major hospitality companies that operate hotels in Maribor have set widely accepted industry standards to classify hotel types. General categories include the following:

Upscale luxury hotels in Maribor
An upscale full service hotel facility in Maribor that offers luxury amenities, full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and the highest level of personalized and professional service. Luxury Maribor hotels are normally classified with at least a Four Diamond or Five Diamond status or a Four or Five Star rating depending on classification standards.

Full service hotels in Maribor
Full service Maribor hotels often contain upscale full-service facilities with a large volume of full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and a variety of on-site amenities such as swimming pools, a health club, children's activities, ballrooms, on-site conference facilities, etc.

Historic inns and boutique hotels in Maribor
Boutique hotels of Maribor are smaller independent non-branded hotels that often contain upscale facilities of varying size in unique or intimate settings with full service accommodations. Maribor boutique hotels are generally 100 rooms or less. Some historic inns and boutique hotels in Maribor may be classified as luxury hotels.

Focused or select service hotels in Maribor
Small to medium-sized hotel establishments that offer a limited amount of on-site amenities that only cater and market to a specific demographic of Maribor travelers, such as the single business traveler. Most Maribor focused or select service hotels may still offer full service accommodations but may lack leisure amenities such as an on-site restaurant or a swimming pool.

Economy and limited service hotels in Maribor
Small to medium-sized Maribor hotel establishments that offer a very limited amount of on-site amenities and often only offer basic accommodations with little to no services, these facilities normally only cater and market to a specific demographic of travelers, such as the budget-minded Maribor traveler seeking a "no frills" accommodation. Limited service Maribor hotels often lack an on-site restaurant but in return may offer a limited complimentary food and beverage amenity such as on-site continental breakfast service.

Guest houses and B&Bs in Maribor
A bed and breakfast in Maribor is a small lodging establishment that offers overnight accommodation and inclusive breakfast. Usually, Maribor bed and breakfasts are private homes or family homes offering accommodations. The typical Maribor B&B has between 4 and 11 rooms, with 6 being the average. Generally, guests are accommodated in private bedrooms with private bathrooms, or in a suite of rooms including an en suite bathroom. Some homes have private bedrooms with a bathroom which is shared with other guests. Breakfast is served in the bedroom, a dining room, or the host's kitchen. Often the owners of guest house themselves prepare the breakfast and clean the rooms.

Hostels in Maribor
Maribor hostels provide budget-oriented, sociable accommodation where guests can rent a bed, usually a bunk bed, in a dormitory and share a bathroom, lounge, and sometimes a kitchen. Rooms can be mixed or single-sex, although private rooms may also be available. Hostels are often cheaper for both the operator and occupants; many Maribor hostels have long-term residents whom they employ as desk agents or housekeeping staff in exchange for experience or discounted accommodation.

Apartment hotels, extended stay hotels in Maribor
Extended stay hotels are small to medium-sized Maribor hotels that offer longer term full service accommodations compared to a traditional hotel. Extended stay hotels may offer non-traditional pricing methods such as a weekly rate that cater towards travelers in need of short-term accommodations for an extended period of time. Similar to limited and select service hotels, on-site amenities are normally limited and most extended stay hotels in Maribor lack an on-site restaurant.

Timeshare and destination clubs in Maribor
Maribor timeshare and destination clubs are a form of property ownership also referred to as a vacation ownership involving the purchase and ownership of an individual unit of accommodation for seasonal usage during a specified period of time. Timeshare resorts in Maribor often offer amenities similar that of a Full service hotel with on-site restaurant(s), swimming pools, recreation grounds, and other leisure-oriented amenities. Destination clubs of Maribor on the other hand may offer more exclusive private accommodations such as private houses in a neighborhood-style setting.

Motels in Maribor
A Maribor motel is a small-sized low-rise lodging establishment similar to that of a limited service hotel, but with direct access to individual rooms from the car park. Common during the 1950s and 1960s, motels were often located adjacent to a major road, where they were built on inexpensive land at the edge of towns or along stretches of highways. They are still useful in less populated areas of Maribor for driving travelers, but the more populated an area becomes the more hotels fill the need. Many of Maribor motels which remain in operation have joined national franchise chains, rebranding themselves as hotels, inns or lodges.

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Travelling and vacation in Maribor

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Maribor
City
Maribor's Old Town along the Drava River
Maribor's Old Town along the Drava River
Flag of Maribor
Flag
Coat of arms of Maribor
Coat of arms
Maribor is located in Slovenia
Maribor
Maribor
Location of Maribor within Slovenia
Coordinates:  / 46.557611; 15.645500  / 46.557611; 15.645500
Country Slovenia
Municipality City Municipality of Maribor
First mention 1204
Town privileges 1254
Government
• Mayor Andrej Fištravec
Area
• Total 41 km (16 sq mi)
Elevation 262 m (860 ft)
Population (2016)
• Total 95,589
• Density 2,300/km (6,000/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+01)
• Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+02)
Postal code 2000
Area code 02 (2 if calling from abroad)
Vehicle registration MB
Website www.maribor.si

Maribor (pronounced [ˈmaːɾibɔɾ], German: Marburg an der Drau) is the second-largest city in Slovenia with about 95,500 inhabitants in 2016. It is also the largest city of the traditional region of Lower Styria and the seat of the City Municipality of Maribor.

Maribor: Name

Maribor was attested in historical sources as Marpurch circa 1145 (and later as Marchburch, Marburc, and Marchpurch), and is a compound of Middle High German march 'march (borderland)' + burc 'fortress'. In modern times, the town's German name was Marburg an der Drau (literally, 'Marburg on the Drava'). The Slovene name Maribor is an artificial Slovenized creation, coined by Stanko Vraz in 1836. Vraz created the name in the spirit of Illyrianism by analogy with the name Brandenburg (cf. Lower Sorbian Bramborska). Locally, the town is known in Slovene as Marprk or Marprog. In addition to its Slovene and German names, the city is also known as Marburgum in Latin and Marburgo in Italian.

Maribor: History

Maribor: Mediaeval and early modern history

Maribor in the 17th century. A copper engraving by Georg Matthäus Vischer, 1678.

In 1164, a castle known as Castrum Marchburch ("March Castle") was documented in the March of Drava. The castle was originally built on Piramida Hill, which is located just above the city. Maribor was first mentioned as a market near the castle in 1204, and received town privileges in 1254. It began to grow rapidly after the victory of Rudolf I of the Habsburg dynasty over King Otakar II of Bohemia in 1278. Maribor withstood sieges by Matthias Corvinus in 1480/1481 and by the Ottoman Empire in 1532 and 1683.

Maribor: Early 20th century

In 1900 the city had a population that was 82.3% Austrian Germans and 17.3% Slovenes (based on the language spoken at home); most of the city's capital and public life was in Austrian German hands. Thus, it was mainly known by its Austrian name Marburg an der Drau. According to the last Austro-Hungarian census in 1910, the city of Maribor and the suburbs Studenci (Brunndorf), Pobrežje (Pobersch), Tezno (Thesen), Radvanje (Rothwein), Krčevina (Kartschowin), and Košaki (Leitersberg) was inhabited by 31,995 Austrian Germans (including German-speaking Jews) and only 6,151 ethnic Slovenes. The surrounding area however was populated almost entirely by Slovenes, although many Austrian Germans lived in smaller towns like Ptuj.

During World War I many Slovenes in the Carinthia and Styria were detained on suspicion of being enemies of the Austrian Empire. This led to distrust between Austrian Germans and Slovenes. After the collapse of the Austrian-Hungarian Empire in 1918, Maribor was claimed by both the State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs and German Austria. On 1 November 1918, a meeting was held by Colonel Anton Holik in the Melje barracks, where it was decided that the German-speaking city should be part of German Austria. Ethnic Slovene Major Rudolf Maister, who was present at the meeting, denounced the decision and organised Slovenian military units that were able to seize control of the city. All Austrian officers and soldiers were disarmed and demobilised to the new German Austria state. The city council then held a secret meeting, where it was decided to do whatever possible to regain Maribor for German Austria. They organised a military unit called the Green Guard (Schutzwehr), and approximately 400 well-armed soldiers of this unit opposed the pro-Slovenian and pro-Yugoslav Major Maister. Slovenian troops surprised and disarmed the Green Guard early in the morning of 23 November. Thereafter, there was no threat to the authority of Rudolf Maister in the city.

On 27 January 1919 Austrian Germans gathered to await the United States peace delegation at the city's marketplace were fired upon by Slovenian troops, who apparently feared the thousands of ethnic German citizens. Nine citizens were killed and some eighteen were seriously wounded; who had actually ordered the shooting has never been unequivocally established. German sources accused Maister's troops of shooting without cause. In turn Slovene witnesses such as Maks Pohar claimed that the Austrian Germans attacked the Slovenian soldiers guarding the Maribor city hall. Regardless of who was responsible, the Austrian German victims all had been without any arms. The German-language media called the incident Marburg's Bloody Sunday.

As Maribor was now firmly in the hands of the Slovenian forces and surrounded completely by Slovenian territory; the city had been recognised as part of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes without a plebiscite in the Treaty of Saint-Germain of 10 September 1919 between the victors and German Austria.

After 1918 most of Maribor's Austrian Germans left the Kingdom of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs for Austria. These included the German-speaking officials who had not been from the region. Austrian German schools, clubs, and organizations were ordered closed by the new state of Yugoslavia, even though ethnic Germans still made up more than 25% of the city's total population as late as the 1930s. A policy of cultural assimilation was pursued in Yugoslavia against the Austrian German minority similar to the Germanization policy followed by Austria against its Slovene minority in Carinthia. However, in the late 1930s the policy was abandoned and the Austrian German minority's position improved significantly in an attempt to gain better diplomatic relations with Nazi Germany.

Maribor: World War II and aftermath

Adolf Hitler on the Old Bridge in Maribor, Yugoslavia in 1941.

In 1941 Lower Styria, the predominantly Yugoslav part of Styria, was annexed by Nazi Germany. German troops marched into the town at 9 pm on 8 April 1941.

On 26 April Adolf Hitler, who encouraged his followers to "make this land German again", visited Maribor and a grand reception was organised in the city castle by the local Germans. Immediately after the occupation, Nazi Germany began mass expulsions of Slovenes to the Independent State of Croatia, Serbia, and later to the concentration and work camps in Germany. The Nazi goal was to re-Germanize the population of Lower Styria after the war. Many Slovene patriots were taken hostage and some are believed to have been shot later in the prisons of Maribor and Graz.This led to organised resistance by partisans..

Maribor was the site of a German prisoner-of-war camp from 1941-45 for many British, Australian, and New Zealand troops who had been captured in Crete in 1941.

The city, a major industrial centre with an extensive armament industry, was systematically bombed by the Allies in the closing years of World War II. A total of 29 bombing raids devastated some 47% of the city area, killing 483 civilians and leaving over 4,200 people homeless. Over 2,600 people died in Maribor during the war.

By the end of the war, Maribor was the most war-damaged major town of Yugoslavia. The remaining German-speaking population, except those who had actively supported the resistance during the war, was summarily expelled at the end of the war in May 1945. At the same time Croatian Home Guard members and their relatives who tried to escape from Yugoslavia were executed by the Yugoslav Army. The existence of nine mass graves in and near Maribor was revealed after Slovenia's independence.

Maribor: Post-World War II period

After the Second World War, Maribor made good use of its proximity to Austria and its workforce, and developed into a major transit- and cultural centre of northern Slovenia, which had been enabled by Tito's decision not to build an Iron Curtain at the borders with Austria and Italy and to provide passports to all Yugoslav citizens.

When Slovenia seceded from Yugoslavia in 1991, the loss of the Yugoslav market severely strained the city's economy, which was based on heavy industry. The city saw a record unemployment rate of nearly 25%. After Slovenia entered the European Union in 2004, introduced the Euro currency in 2007, and joined the Schengen treaty, all of the border controls between Slovenia and Austria ceased on 25 December 2007. The economic situation of Maribor after the mid-1990s crisis worsened again with the onset of global economic crisis combined with the European sovereign-debt crisis.

In 2012, Maribor saw the beginning of 2012–13 Maribor protests which spread into 2012–2013 Slovenian protests. During the year 2012 Maribor was one of two European Capitals of Culture. The following year Maribor was the European Youth Capital.

Maribor: Geography

Maribor: Topography

On the Drava River lies Maribor Island (Mariborski otok). The oldest public bath, still important and much visited place in Maribor, is located there.

There are two hills in Maribor: Calvary Hill and Pyramid Hill, both surrounded by vineyards. The latter dominates the northern border of the city. Ruins of the first Maribor castle from the 11th century and a chapel from the 19th century also stand there. The hill offers an easily accessible scenic overlook of Maribor and the countryside to the south over the Drava River.

Maribor: City districts

Maribor: Climate

Maribor has a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification: Dfb), bordering on oceanic climate (Köppen: Cfb). Average temperatures hover around zero degrees Celsius during the winter. Summers are generally warm. Average temperatures during the city's warmest month (July) exceed 20 degrees Celsius, which is one of the main reasons for the Maribor wine tradition. The city sees on average roughly 900 mm (35.4 in) of precipitation annually and it's one of the sunniest Slovene cities, with an average of 266 sunny days throughout the course of the year. The most recent temperature heatwave record for August is 40.6 °C, measured at the Maribor–Tabor weather station by the Slovenian Environment Agency (ARSO) on 8 August 2013.

Climate data for Maribor
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 17.4
(63.3)
21.5
(70.7)
26.0
(78.8)
28.0
(82.4)
30.9
(87.6)
34.7
(94.5)
35.8
(96.4)
40.6
(105.1)
31.4
(88.5)
27.2
(81)
21.5
(70.7)
20.7
(69.3)
40.6
(105.1)
Average high °C (°F) 3.9
(39)
6.6
(43.9)
11.4
(52.5)
16.2
(61.2)
21.3
(70.3)
24.4
(75.9)
26.6
(79.9)
26.1
(79)
21.4
(70.5)
16.0
(60.8)
9.2
(48.6)
4.4
(39.9)
15.6
(60.1)
Daily mean °C (°F) −0.2
(31.6)
1.7
(35.1)
6.0
(42.8)
10.8
(51.4)
15.8
(60.4)
19.0
(66.2)
21.0
(69.8)
20.3
(68.5)
15.7
(60.3)
10.7
(51.3)
5.1
(41.2)
0.9
(33.6)
10.8
(51.4)
Average low °C (°F) −3.6
(25.5)
−2.3
(27.9)
1.6
(34.9)
5.9
(42.6)
10.5
(50.9)
13.7
(56.7)
15.6
(60.1)
15.4
(59.7)
11.3
(52.3)
6.8
(44.2)
1.8
(35.2)
−2.0
(28.4)
6.2
(43.2)
Record low °C (°F) −21.0
(−5.8)
−20.2
(−4.4)
−15.2
(4.6)
−5.1
(22.8)
−1.1
(30)
3.6
(38.5)
6.3
(43.3)
5.5
(41.9)
−1.0
(30.2)
−5.9
(21.4)
−12.7
(9.1)
−17.6
(0.3)
−21.0
(−5.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 35
(1.38)
38
(1.5)
57
(2.24)
60
(2.36)
83
(3.27)
107
(4.21)
94
(3.7)
112
(4.41)
99
(3.9)
78
(3.07)
69
(2.72)
61
(2.4)
893
(35.16)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 9.0 8.0 10.0 13.0 14.0 15.0 13.0 12.0 11.0 10.0 11.0 11.0 137.0
Mean monthly sunshine hours 86 118 148 185 237 242 277 253 191 143 90 67 2,037
Source: Slovenian Enivironment Agency (ARSO), sunshine hours are for: Maribor Edvard Rusjan Airport 1981-2010 (data for 1981-2010)

Maribor: Architecture

Maribor Town Hall

Many historical structures stand in Maribor. Of the remains of city walls surrounding the old downtown, the most prominent are the Judgement Tower, the Water Tower, and the Jewish Tower. Maribor Cathedral was built in the Gothic style in the 13th century. Maribor Synagogue was built in the 14th century, and is the second oldest synagogue of Europe. Today it serves as a centre for cultural activities. Other prominent Medieval buildings are Maribor Castle, Betnava Castle, and the ruins of Upper Maribor Castle on Pyramid Hill. Town Hall was constructed in the Renaissance style, and the Plague Column in the Baroque style.

At the start of the 21st century, plans were made for a new modern business, residential and entertainment district, called the Drava Gate (Dravska vrata) and nicknamed the Maribor Manhattan. The project includes many new exclusive residential apartments, offices and conference halls, a green and recreational space, and other structures. It also includes a 111 m (364 ft) tall skyscraper that would be the tallest building in Slovenia. Due to lack of finances, the project has been postponed.

In 2008, the Studenci Footbridge (Studenška brv) was renovated according to the design of the Ponting company. The design was awarded that year at the 3rd International Footbridge Conference in Porto.

In 2010, Maribor organised an international architectural competition ECC Maribor 2012 – Drava 2012 to gather proposals for the design and reconstruction of the Drava banks, the construction of a new art gallery, and for a new footbridge. Its jury received about 400 proposals for the three different projects. The footbridge and the river embankments will be built in the near future, but the art gallery was replaced with a cultural center MAKS, which is currently under construction.

The construction of a new modern Faculty of Medicine started in 2011 near the Drava River. It was designed by architect Boris Podrecca and was completed in 2013.

There are plans to renovate the Maribor Public Library and Town Hall Square (Rotovški trg). In addition, the renovation of Maribor Island (Mariborski otok) in the Drava River has been planned.

Maribor: Parks and other green spaces

The main park of the city is Maribor City Park, with the City Aquarium and Terrarium, and a wide promenade leading to the Three Ponds (Trije ribniki), containing over 100 local and foreign species of deciduous and coniferous trees.

Maribor: Demographics and religion

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Maribor: Catholic Church

Maribor Cathedral

Maribor, previously in the Catholic Diocese of Graz-Seckau, became part of the Diocese of Lavant on 1 June 1859, and the seat of its Prince-Bishop. The name of the diocese (after a river in Carinthia) was later changed to the Diocese of Maribor on 5 March 1962. It was elevated to an archdiocese by Pope Benedict XVI on 7 April 2006.

Maribor: Jewish community

Maribor Synagogue

Jewish people living in Maribor were first mentioned in 1277. It is suggested that at that time there was already a Jewish quarter in the city. The Jewish ghetto was located in the southeastern part of the city and it comprised, at its peak, several main streets in the city centre including part of the main city square. The ghetto had a synagogue, a Jewish cemetery and also a Talmud school. The Jewish community of Maribor was numerically at its apex around 1410. After 1450 the circumstances changed dramatically: increasing competition that coincided with an economic crisis dealt a severe blow to the economic activities that were crucial to their economic success. According to a decree issued by Emperor Maximilian I in 1496, Jews were forced to leave the city of Maribor. Restrictions on settlement and business for Jews remained in place until 1861. From late spring 1941, after Lower Styria was annexed by the Third Reich, the Jews of Maribor were deported to concentration camps.

Maribor: Culture

Headquarters of the University of Maribor
The more-than-400-year-old Žametovka grapevine growing outside the Old Vine House in Maribor. Right of it grows a daughter grapevine that has been cut from it.

The city hosts the University of Maribor, established in 1975, and many other schools.

Every June, the two-week Lent Festival (named after the waterfront district called Lent) is held, with hundreds of musical, theatrical and other events. Every year the festival attracts theatre, opera, ballet performers, classical, modern, and jazz musicians and dancers from all over the world, and of course many visitors. There is also mime, magic shows are being held and acrobats perform during the festival.

Maribor is known for wine and culinary specialities of international and Slovene cuisine (mushroom soup with buckwheat mush, tripe, sour soup, sausages with Sauerkraut, cheese dumplings, apple strudel, special cheese cake called gibanica). There are also many popular restaurants with Serbian cuisine. The Vinag Wine Cellar (Vinagova vinska klet), with the area of 20.000 m (215.28 sq ft) and the length of 2 km (1 mi), keeps 5,5 millions litres of wine. The house of the oldest grapevine in the world (Hiša stare trte) at Lent grows the world's oldest grapevine, which was in 2004 recorded in Guinness World Records. The grapevine of Žametovka is about 440 years old.

The most listened radio stations transmitting from Maribor are the commercial radio stations Radio City and Radio Net FM. They are followed by the national non-commercial Radio Maribor.

The alternative scene of Maribor is situated in the Pekarna (Bakery; former squat) area next to Magdalena Park.

Maribor: Sports

Maribor: Team sports

Maribor is the hometown of the association football club NK Maribor, playing in the Slovenian PrvaLiga. The club participated in the UEFA Champions League group stages twice, in the 1999–2000 and 2014–15 seasons. The club's home ground is Ljudski Vrt Stadium, located in the Koroška Vrata district.

Maribor's handball club is RK Maribor Branik. Maribor Branik competes in the Slovenian First League of Handball and play their matches at Tabor Hall.

Maribor: Winter sports

Every January the Maribor Pohorje Ski Resort, situated on the outskirts of the city on the slopes of the Pohorje mountain range, hosts the women's slalom and giant slalom races for the Alpine Skiing World Cup known as Zlata lisica (The Golden Fox).

Maribor: Host city

In November 2012, Maribor hosted the World Youth Chess Championship with Garry Kasparov as the guest-of-honour. It was presumed that Maribor would also host the XXVI 2013 Winter Universiade but the Government of Slovenia refused any financial support for this project due to major financial problems. As a result, the International University Sports Federation decided that it would organise the Universiade elsewhere.

Maribor: Sports parks

Maribor sports parks include Pohorje Adrenaline Park (Adrenalinski park Pohorje) with a high ropes course, one-track-line PohorJET, and summer sledding; Pohorje Bike Park; and Betnava Adventure Park (Pustolovski park Betnava) with ropes courses, zip-lines, and poles.

Maribor: Transport

  • List of bridges in Maribor
  • Maribor railway station
    • Tauern Railway
  • Maribor Edvard Rusjan Airport

Maribor: International relations

Maribor: Twin towns - sister cities

Maribor is twinned with:

  • Germany Marburg
  • Luxembourg Pétange
  • Austria Graz
  • United Kingdom Greenwich
  • Hungary Szombathely
  • Croatia Osijek
  • Italy Udine
  • France Tours
  • Serbia Kraljevo
  • United States Pueblo
  • Russia Saint Petersburg
  • Ukraine Kharkiv

Maribor: Partner cities

Maribor has signed partnerships with:

  • Georgia (country) Kutaisi
  • China Yancheng
  • China Chongqing
  • China Hangzhou
  • China Ningbo
  • Republic of Macedonia Kumanovo
  • China Wuxi
  • Montenegro Bar
  • Croatia Makarska
  • China Huai'an
  • Serbia Novi Sad
  • China Nanchang
  • China Nanjing
  • Russia Vologda
  • Belarus Maladzyechna
  • China Wuhan
  • Bulgaria Veliko Tarnovo
  • Iran Mahallat
  • Iran Sari

Maribor: See also

  • List of people from Maribor

Maribor: References

  1. "Nadmorska višina naselij, kjer so sedeži občin" [Height above sea level of seats of municipalities] (in Slovenian and English). Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia. 2002.
  2. "Prebivalstvo po naseljih, podrobni podatki, Slovenija, 1. januar 2016". Place Names. Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia. Retrieved 27 April 2017.
  3. Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia: Maribor.
  4. Snoj, Marko. 2009. Etimološki slovar slovenskih zemljepisnih imen. Ljubljana: Modrijan and Založba ZRC, p. 252.
  5. "Castrum Marchburch, 850 let od prve omembe Maribora" [Castrum Marchburch, 850 Years Since the First Mention of Maribor]. MMC RTV Slovenija (in Slovenian). 14 October 2014.
  6. Leksikon občin kraljestev in dežel zastopanih v državnem zboru, vol. 4: Štajersko. 1904. Vienna: C. Kr. Dvorna in Državna Tiskarna, p. 4. (in Slovene)
  7. Jozo Tomasevich (31 January 2001). War and Revolution in Yugoslavia, 1941-1945: Occupation and Collaboration. War and revolution in Yugoslavia, 1941-1945. 2. Stanford University Press. p. 85. ISBN 978-0-8047-3615-2.
  8. "Maribor 2012: Smrt je kosila tudi iz zraka". Zivljenjenadotik.si. Retrieved 2013-03-26.
  9. "Kako so proslavili osvoboditev Maribora in ga znova postavili na noge" [How Maribor was liberated and rebuilt]. RTV Slovenija. 8 May 2015. Retrieved 12 May 2015.
  10. "Zveza mariborskih športnih društev Branik". Zveza-msdbranik.si. Retrieved 14 September 2016.
  11. Tomasevich, Jozo (2001). War and Revolution in Yugoslavia: 1941-1945.
  12. "Evropska prestolnica mladih" (in Slovenian). Mb2013.si. Retrieved 2013-09-02.
  13. Kottek, M.; Grieser, J.; Beck, C.; Rudolf, B.; Rubel, F. (2006). "World Map of the Köppen-Geiger climate classification updated" (PDF). Meteorol. Z. 15 (3): 259–263. doi:10.1127/0941-2948/2006/0130. Retrieved 24 August 2012.
  14. http://www.politikis.si/?p=99256
  15. "Maribor Climate normals 1981-2010" (PDF). ARSO. Retrieved March 15, 2015.
  16. "Slovenia-Maribor: Defence Towers". Maribor-pohorje.si. Retrieved 2013-03-26.
  17. Jewish community of Slovenia Archived January 28, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.
  18. University of Maribor site.
  19. "Old vine in Maribor". Maribor-slovenia-travel-guide.com. Retrieved 2013-09-02.
  20. NK Maribor. "NK Maribor" (in Slovenian). NK Maribor official website. Retrieved 2013-09-02.
  21. "Official website of Mariborsko Pohorje". Pohorje.org. Retrieved 2013-09-02.
  22. "Kresanje mnenj o univerzijadi" [Clash of Opinions About the Universiade]. Delo.si (in Slovenian). 19 February 2012.
  23. "Mariboru odvzeli univerzijado" [Universiade Taken Away from Maribor]. Slovenske novice (in Slovenian). 6 March 2012.
  24. "Prijateljska in partnerska mesta" [Friendly and partner cities] (in Slovenian). www.maribor.si. Retrieved 4 March 2016.
  • Official website (in Slovene) (in English)
  • Tourism homepage (in Slovene) (in English)
  • Maribor, the official travel guide to Slovenia
  • Interactive map of Maribor at Najdi.si (in Slovene)
  • Maribor travel guide from Wikivoyage
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