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Hotels of Ningbo

A hotel in Ningbo is an establishment that provides lodging paid on a short-term basis. Facilities provided may range from a basic bed and storage for clothing, to luxury features like en-suite bathrooms. Larger in Ningbo hotels may provide additional guest facilities such as a swimming pool, business centre, childcare, conference facilities and social function services. Hotel rooms in Ningbo are usually numbered (or named in some smaller hotels and B&Bs) to allow guests to identify their room. Some Ningbo hotels offer meals as part of a room and board arrangement. Hotel operations vary in size, function, and cost. Most Ningbo hotels and major hospitality companies that operate hotels in Ningbo have set widely accepted industry standards to classify hotel types. General categories include the following:

Upscale luxury hotels in Ningbo
An upscale full service hotel facility in Ningbo that offers luxury amenities, full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and the highest level of personalized and professional service. Luxury Ningbo hotels are normally classified with at least a Four Diamond or Five Diamond status or a Four or Five Star rating depending on classification standards.

Full service hotels in Ningbo
Full service Ningbo hotels often contain upscale full-service facilities with a large volume of full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and a variety of on-site amenities such as swimming pools, a health club, children's activities, ballrooms, on-site conference facilities, etc.

Historic inns and boutique hotels in Ningbo
Boutique hotels of Ningbo are smaller independent non-branded hotels that often contain upscale facilities of varying size in unique or intimate settings with full service accommodations. Ningbo boutique hotels are generally 100 rooms or less. Some historic inns and boutique hotels in Ningbo may be classified as luxury hotels.

Focused or select service hotels in Ningbo
Small to medium-sized hotel establishments that offer a limited amount of on-site amenities that only cater and market to a specific demographic of Ningbo travelers, such as the single business traveler. Most Ningbo focused or select service hotels may still offer full service accommodations but may lack leisure amenities such as an on-site restaurant or a swimming pool.

Economy and limited service hotels in Ningbo
Small to medium-sized Ningbo hotel establishments that offer a very limited amount of on-site amenities and often only offer basic accommodations with little to no services, these facilities normally only cater and market to a specific demographic of travelers, such as the budget-minded Ningbo traveler seeking a "no frills" accommodation. Limited service Ningbo hotels often lack an on-site restaurant but in return may offer a limited complimentary food and beverage amenity such as on-site continental breakfast service.

Guest houses and B&Bs in Ningbo
A bed and breakfast in Ningbo is a small lodging establishment that offers overnight accommodation and inclusive breakfast. Usually, Ningbo bed and breakfasts are private homes or family homes offering accommodations. The typical Ningbo B&B has between 4 and 11 rooms, with 6 being the average. Generally, guests are accommodated in private bedrooms with private bathrooms, or in a suite of rooms including an en suite bathroom. Some homes have private bedrooms with a bathroom which is shared with other guests. Breakfast is served in the bedroom, a dining room, or the host's kitchen. Often the owners of guest house themselves prepare the breakfast and clean the rooms.

Hostels in Ningbo
Ningbo hostels provide budget-oriented, sociable accommodation where guests can rent a bed, usually a bunk bed, in a dormitory and share a bathroom, lounge, and sometimes a kitchen. Rooms can be mixed or single-sex, although private rooms may also be available. Hostels are often cheaper for both the operator and occupants; many Ningbo hostels have long-term residents whom they employ as desk agents or housekeeping staff in exchange for experience or discounted accommodation.

Apartment hotels, extended stay hotels in Ningbo
Extended stay hotels are small to medium-sized Ningbo hotels that offer longer term full service accommodations compared to a traditional hotel. Extended stay hotels may offer non-traditional pricing methods such as a weekly rate that cater towards travelers in need of short-term accommodations for an extended period of time. Similar to limited and select service hotels, on-site amenities are normally limited and most extended stay hotels in Ningbo lack an on-site restaurant.

Timeshare and destination clubs in Ningbo
Ningbo timeshare and destination clubs are a form of property ownership also referred to as a vacation ownership involving the purchase and ownership of an individual unit of accommodation for seasonal usage during a specified period of time. Timeshare resorts in Ningbo often offer amenities similar that of a Full service hotel with on-site restaurant(s), swimming pools, recreation grounds, and other leisure-oriented amenities. Destination clubs of Ningbo on the other hand may offer more exclusive private accommodations such as private houses in a neighborhood-style setting.

Motels in Ningbo
A Ningbo motel is a small-sized low-rise lodging establishment similar to that of a limited service hotel, but with direct access to individual rooms from the car park. Common during the 1950s and 1960s, motels were often located adjacent to a major road, where they were built on inexpensive land at the edge of towns or along stretches of highways. They are still useful in less populated areas of Ningbo for driving travelers, but the more populated an area becomes the more hotels fill the need. Many of Ningbo motels which remain in operation have joined national franchise chains, rebranding themselves as hotels, inns or lodges.

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Travelling and vacation in Ningbo

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Ningbo
宁波市
Sub-provincial city
Clockwise from top: Ningbo's Skyline, Ningbo Southern Business District, Tianyi Chamber, Former residence of Chiang Kai Shek, Ningbo Port, and Tianfeng Pagoda
Clockwise from top: Ningbo's Skyline, Ningbo Southern Business District, Tianyi Chamber, Former residence of Chiang Kai Shek, Ningbo Port, and Tianfeng Pagoda
Ningbo City in Zhejiang
Ningbo City in Zhejiang
Ningbo is located in China
Ningbo
Ningbo
Location in China
Coordinates:  / 29.867; 121.550  / 29.867; 121.550
Country China
Province Zhejiang
County-level divisions 11
Township divisions 148
Government
• Type Type Sub-provincial city
• CPC Ningbo Committee Secretary Tang Yijun
• Mayor Qiu Dongyao
Area
• Sub-provincial city 9,816.23 km (3,790.07 sq mi)
• Urban 2,461.8 km (950.5 sq mi)
• Metro 2,461.8 km (950.5 sq mi)
Elevation 150 m (488 ft)
Population (2012 census)
• Sub-provincial city 7,639,000
• Density 780/km (2,000/sq mi)
• Urban 3,491,597
• Urban density 1,400/km (3,700/sq mi)
• Metro 3,491,597
• Metro density 1,400/km (3,700/sq mi)
GDP (2014)
• Total CNY 760.251 billion (USD 123.75 billion)
• per capita CNY 99,522 (USD 16,200)
• Growth Increase 7.6%
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 315000
Area code(s) 574
Vehicle registration 浙B
City trees Camphor Laurel
Cinnamomum camphora (L.) Sieb.)
City flowers Camellia
Website www.ningbo.gov.cn (in Chinese)
Ningbo
Ningbo (Chinese characters).svg
"Ningbo" in Simplified (top) and Traditional (bottom) Chinese characters
Simplified Chinese 宁波
Traditional Chinese 寧波
Wu Nying-po
About this sound Nihng-bo (locally)
Literal meaning "Tranquil Waves"
Transcriptions
Standard Mandarin
Hanyu Pinyin Níngbō
Gwoyeu Romatzyh Ningbo
Wade–Giles Ning-po
IPA [nǐŋpwó]
Wu
Romanization Nying-po
About this sound Nihng-bo (locally)
Hakka
Romanization Nèn-pô
Yue: Cantonese
Yale Romanization Nìhng-bō
Jyutping Ning-bo
Southern Min
Tâi-lô Lîng-pho

About this sound Ningbo , formerly written Ningpo, is a sub-provincial city in northeast Zhejiang province in China. It comprises the urban districts of Ningbo proper, three satellite cities, and a number of rural counties including islands in Hangzhou Bay and the East China Sea. Its port, spread across several locations, is among the busiest in the world and the municipality possesses a separate state-planning status. As of the 2010 census, the entire administrated area had a population of 7.6 million, with 3.5 million in the six urban districts of Ningbo proper. To the north, Hangzhou Bay separates Ningbo from Shanghai; to the east lies Zhoushan in the East China Sea; on the west and south, Ningbo borders Shaoxing and Taizhou respectively.

Ningbo: Etymology

The first character in the city's name ning ( or ) means "serene", while its second character bo () translates to "waves". The city is abbreviated Yǒng (), after the Yong Hill (甬山), a prominent coastal hill near the city, like the Yong River that flows through Ningbo. (The abbreviation Ning is used more commonly for Nanjing.)

It was once named Míngzhōu (明州). The character ming () was composed by two parts, representing two lakes inside the city wall: Sun Lake (日湖) and Moon Lake (月湖). Only Moon Lake remains.

As a city with giant port, culture of Ningbo influences many countries near it, such as Japan.

Ningbo: History

Ningbo is one of China's oldest cities, with a history dating to the Hemudu culture in 4800 BC. Ningbo was known as a trade city on the silk road at least two thousand years ago, and then as a major port, along with Yangzhou and Guangzhou in the Tang Dynasty; thereafter, the major ports for foreign trade in the Song Dynasty.

Ningbo: Tang and Song dynasty

Tianfeng Tower, originally built in Tang Dynasty, is the symbol of old Ningbo.
A rock garden inside Tianyi Chamber

Since the Tang dynasty Ningbo has been an important commercial port. Arab traders lived in Ningbo during the Song dynasty when it was known as Mingzhou, as the ocean-going trade passages took precedence over land trade during this time. Another name for Mingzhou/Ningbo was Siming. It was a well known center of ocean-going commerce with the foreign world. These merchants did not intermingle with native Chinese, practicing their own customs and religion and they inhabited ghettos. They did not try to proselytize Islam to Chinese. Jews also lived in Ningbo, as evidenced by the fact that, after a major flood destroyed Torah scrolls in Kaifeng, a replacement was sent to the Kaifeng Jews by the Ningbo Jewish community.

Ningbo: Ming Dynasty

The city of Ningbo was known in Europe for a long time under the name of Liampó. This is the usual spelling used e.g. in the standard Portuguese history, João de Barros's Décadas da Ásia, although Barros explained that Liampó was a Portuguese "corruption" of the more correct Nimpó. The spelling Liampó is also attested in the Peregrination (Peregrinação) by Fernão Mendes Pinto, a (so-called) autobiography written in Portuguese during 16th century. For the mid-16th-century Portuguese, the nearby promontory, which they called the cape of Liampó, after the nearby "illustrious city" was the easternmost known point of the mainland Asia. The Portuguese began trading in Ningbo around 1522. By 1542, the Portuguese had a sizable community in Ningbo (or, more likely, on nearby small islands). Portuguese activities from their Ningbo base included pillaging and attacking multiple Chinese port cities around Ningbo for plunder and spoil. They also enslaved people during their raids. The Portuguese were ousted from the Ningbo area in 1548.

Ningbo: Qing dynasty

Ningbo was one of the five Chinese treaty ports opened by the Treaty of Nanjing (signed in 1842) at the end of the First Opium War between Britain and China. During the war, British forces took possession of the walled city of Ningbo briefly after storming the fortified town of Zhenhai at the mouth of the Yong River on October 10, 1841. The British repulsed a Chinese attempt to retake the city in the Battle of Ningpo on March 10, 1842. In 1864, the forces of the Taiping Rebellion held the town for six months. In March 1885, during the Sino-French War, Admiral Courbet's naval squadron blockaded several Chinese warships in Zhenhai Bay and exchanged fire with the shore defences. Ningbo was also once famed for traditional Chinese furniture production.

During the Qing dynasty, western encyclopedias described Ningbo as a center of craftsmanship and industry.

During the late Qing dynasty, in the 1800s, the Ningbo authorities contracted Cantonese pirates to exterminate and massacre Portuguese pirates who raided Cantonese shipping around Ningbo. The massacre was "successful", with 40 Portuguese dead and only 2 Chinese dead, being dubbed "The Ningpo Massacre" by an English correspondent, who noted that the Portuguese pirates had behaved savagely towards the Chinese, and that the Portuguese authorities at Macau should have reined in the pirates.

During late Qing era, Western missionaries set up a Presbyterian Church in Ningbo. Li Veng-eing was a Reverend of the Ningpo Church. The Ningpo College was managed by Rev. Robert F. Fitch. The four trustees were natives of Ningbo, three of them had Taotai rank. Rev. George Evans Moule, B. A. was appointed a missionary to China by the Church of England Missionary Society, and arrived at Ningpo with Mrs. Moule in February 1858. He then began a mission station at Hang-chow, between which and Ningpo his time had been chiefly divided. He wrote Christian publications in the Ningbo dialect.

Ningbo: Republican era

During World War II in 1940, Japan bombed Ningbo with ceramic bombs full of fleas carrying the bubonic plague. According to Daniel Barenblatt, Prince Tsuneyoshi Takeda received, with Prince Mikasa, a special screening by Shiro Ishii of a film showing imperial planes loading germ bombs for bubonic dissemination over Ningbo in 1940.

Ningbo: Geography and climate

Yuehu Mosque of Ningbo
The Cathedral of the Sacred Heart of Jesus was built between 1872 and 1876, was closed by the government in 1963, and was reopened and renamed in 1980. It was recognized as a national heritage site in 2006.

Ningbo ranges in latitude from 28° 51' to 30° 33' N and in longitude from 120° 55' to 122° 16' E, bounded on the east by the East China Sea and Zhoushan Archipelago, on the north by Hangzhou Bay, across which it faces Jiaxing and Shanghai, on the west by Shaoxing, and on the south by Taizhou. Its land area is 9,816 square kilometres (3,790 sq mi), while oceanic territory amounts to 9,758 km (3,768 sq mi); there is a total 1,562 km (971 mi) of coastline including 788 km (490 mi) of mainland coastline and 774 km (481 mi) of island coastline, together accounting for one-third of the entire provincial coastline. There are 531 islands accounting for 524 km (202 sq mi) under the city's administration.

The city proper of Ningbo is sandwiched between the ocean and low-lying mountains to the southwest, with coastal plain and valleys in between. Important peninsulas include the Chuanshan Peninsula (穿山半岛), located in Beilun District and containing mainland Zhejiang's easternmost point, and the Xiangshan Peninsula (象山半岛) in Xiangshan County. The Siming Mountains (四明山) run north from Mount Tiantai and within Ningbo City, traverse Yuyao City, Haishu District, and Fenghua District, reaching a height of 979 m (3,212 ft).

Ningbo has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa) with four distinctive seasons, characterised by hot, humid summers and chilly, cloudy and drier winters (with occasional snow). The mean annual temperature is 16.53 °C (61.8 °F), with monthly daily averages ranging from 4.9 °C (40.8 °F) in January to 28.1 °C (82.6 °F) in July. Extremes since 1951 have ranged from −8.8 °C (16 °F) on 12 January 1955 to 42.1 °C (108 °F) on 8 August 2013. The city receives an average annual rainfall of 1,440 millimetres (56.7 in) and is affected by the plum rains of the Asian monsoon in June, when average relative humidity also peaks. From August to October, Ningbo experiences the effects of typhoons, and is affected by an average 1.8 storms annually, though the city is not often struck directly by these systems. A 2012 OECD study lists Ningbo among the top 20 cities worldwide most at risk of flooding due to anthropogenic climate change.

Climate data for Ningbo (1971–2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 24.4
(75.9)
28.9
(84)
34.0
(93.2)
34.3
(93.7)
36.3
(97.3)
38.0
(100.4)
39.0
(102.2)
39.5
(103.1)
38.8
(101.8)
34.5
(94.1)
29.5
(85.1)
25.0
(77)
39.5
(103.1)
Average high °C (°F) 8.8
(47.8)
10.1
(50.2)
13.6
(56.5)
20.0
(68)
24.6
(76.3)
28.0
(82.4)
32.6
(90.7)
31.9
(89.4)
27.6
(81.7)
23.0
(73.4)
17.6
(63.7)
12.0
(53.6)
20.8
(69.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) 4.9
(40.8)
6.0
(42.8)
9.5
(49.1)
15.2
(59.4)
20.2
(68.4)
24.0
(75.2)
28.1
(82.6)
27.8
(82)
23.7
(74.7)
18.7
(65.7)
13.0
(55.4)
7.2
(45)
16.5
(61.7)
Average low °C (°F) 1.8
(35.2)
3.0
(37.4)
6.2
(43.2)
11.4
(52.5)
16.7
(62.1)
21.0
(69.8)
24.8
(76.6)
24.7
(76.5)
20.8
(69.4)
15.3
(59.5)
9.3
(48.7)
3.6
(38.5)
13.2
(55.8)
Record low °C (°F) −7.9
(17.8)
−6.2
(20.8)
−3.7
(25.3)
0.7
(33.3)
7.4
(45.3)
12.7
(54.9)
18.2
(64.8)
18.4
(65.1)
11.0
(51.8)
1.4
(34.5)
−3.0
(26.6)
−8.5
(16.7)
−8.5
(16.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 66.8
(2.63)
75.3
(2.965)
127.8
(5.031)
115.3
(4.539)
130.5
(5.138)
204.7
(8.059)
176.9
(6.965)
165.9
(6.531)
174.8
(6.882)
89.4
(3.52)
66.4
(2.614)
49.3
(1.941)
1,443.1
(56.815)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 12.6 12.3 16.9 15.3 14.7 16.4 13.1 14.5 14.1 10.3 8.9 8.5 157.6
Average relative humidity (%) 76 78 80 81 82 86 83 83 83 80 77 75 80.3
Mean monthly sunshine hours 123.7 108.4 121.7 142.4 156.7 147.8 243.8 238.0 171.5 166.5 143.4 146.1 1,910
Percent possible sunshine 38 35 33 37 37 35 57 58 46 47 45 46 42.8
Source #1: China Weather (temperatures, precipitation)
Source #2: Ningbo Climate Studies (humidity, sunshine)

Ningbo: Administrative structure

The mayor of Ningbo is Liu Qi. Wang Huizhong is the secretary of CPC in Ningbo, who is first-in-charge of the city. The Communist Party Secretary is always the highest official in cities in China and outranks all other officials.

Ningbo Local Government Offices

The sub-provincial city of Ningbo is as whole a group urban with one central group, one northern group, and one southern group. It has direct jurisdiction over six districts (central group), two county-level cities (northern group) and two counties (southern group):

Map
Subdivision Simplified Chinese Pinyin Population (2010) Area (km) Density
Central Group
Primary urban core & affiliated rural (Tri-river Area)
Haishu District 海曙区 Hǎishǔ Qū 373,742 29.38 12,720.96
Yinzhou District 鄞州区 Yínzhōu Qū 1,359,198 1,345.54 1.010.15
Jiangbei District 江北区 Jiangbei Qū 361,242 208.16 1,735.40
Secondary urban cores & affiliated rural
Beilun District 北仑区 Běilún Qū 612,267 599.03 1,022.09
Zhenhai District 镇海区 Zhènhǎi Qū 418,500 245.90 1,701.91
Fenghua District 奉化区 Fènghuà Qū 491,697 1,267.60 387.89
Southern Group
Xiangshan County 象山县 Xiàngshān Xiàn 503,279 1,382.18 364.11
Ninghai County 宁海县 Nínghǎi Xiàn 646,074 1,843.26 350.50
Northern Group
Yuyao 余姚市 Yúyáo Shì 1,010,659 1,500.80 673.41
Cixi 慈溪市 Cíxī Shì 1,462,383 1,360.63 1,074.78
  • Defunct: Jiangdong District

Ningbo: Economy

The bustling downtown of Ningbo City with the nationwide famous shopping complex Tianyi Square, named after the Tianyi Ge (Chamber), the oldest private library in China.
Ningbo along rivers

Ningbo is an important port city located 220 kilometres (140 mi) south of Shanghai. The city's export industry dates back to the 7th century. Today Ningbo is a major exporter of electrical products, textiles, food, and industrial tools. The private economy of the city is especially well-developed, contributing 80 percent of total GDP in 2013.

Historically Ningbo was geographically isolated from other major cities. In 2007 the Hangzhou Bay Bridge was built, cutting highway transit time between Ningbo and Shanghai to two and a half hours from four. The city now serves as the economic center for the southern Yangtze River Delta and has been ranked among the most competitive cities in China.

In 2009, Ningbo's economic activity reached USD 60.8 billion, down 10.4% from 2008. The exports totaled USD 38.65 billion, down 16.6% from the previous year. In addition, Ningbo imported USD 22.16 billion of goods, up 3.1% from the previous year.

Ningbo's economy grew 9.26 percent in 2013 to 712.89 billion yuan (US$115.12 billion). In 2009, the city's per capita output was US$10,833, about three times the national average.

Ningbo is famous for the Si Lan Nong Xiang flower. Used for dyeing cloth, 2008 exports were responsible for 3% of the Ningbo economic growth.

Ningbo: Foreign investment

With several important development zones established in or around Ningbo, the city has received considerable foreign investment. Over 60 domestic and foreign-invested financial institutions have established operations in the city, which has also attracted more than 10,000 foreigners. The municipal government offers preferential policies designed to encourage investment in international trade, new strategic industries, manufacturing, information services, and creative industries.

Ningbo: Economic and technological development zones

Ningbo: Ningbo Economic & Technological Development Zone

Located in the north-east of Ningbo, behind Beilun Port, NETD is 27 km (17 mi) away from the city center. With more than 20 years of great effort, NETD has already formed the general framework for large scale construction and development, and established perfect investment environment. It is situated close to the Ningbo Port and Ningbo Lishe International Airport. Major Investors include Exxon Mobile, Dupont and Dow Chemical.

Ningbo: Ningbo Daxie Development Zone

The Ningbo Daxie Development Zone was approved in 1993 and covers an area of 5.92 km (2.29 sq mi). Over more than ten years of development and construction, industrial and logistical foundations have been established in the zone for the transshipment of energy, liquid chemicals and containers.

Ningbo: Ningbo National Hi-Tech Industrial Development Zone

Ningbo National Hi-Tech Industrial Development Zone was founded in 1999 and was upgraded to a national level zone in January 2007. It is 10 km (6.2 mi) from Ningbo International Airport and 18 km (11 mi) away from Ningbo Port. The zone serves as the important technical innovation base of Yangtze River Delta. Industries encouraged include chemicals production and processing, biotechnology and pharmaceuticals, raw material processing, Research and Development.

Ningbo: Ningbo Free Trade Zone

Ningbo Free Trade Zone is one of the 15 free trade zones authorized by the State Council of China, and is the only free trade zone in Zhejiang Province. It was established by State Council in 1992, covering the area of 2.3 km (0.89 sq mi). It lies in the middle of the coastline of Mainland China, at the south of Yangtze River Delta. In 2008, its industrial output value was RMB 53.33 billion and grew at 19.8% as compared to 2007.

Ningbo: Nordic Industrial Park

The Nordic Industrial Park Co. Ltd. (NIP) is one of the first wholly foreign-owned industrial parks in China located in Ningbo, Zhejiang Province. NIP is managed and operated by a Scandinavian management team.

Ningbo: Ningbo Advertising Park

The Ningbo Advertising Park is a national level pilot park aimed located in the Ningbo Southern Business District. The financial incentives have attracted over 300 relevant firms to establish operations.

Ningbo: Ningbo Port

Ningbo is not just an ordinary city-it has the same authority as provincial governments for economic administration-and has a port second only to Shanghai around the world in terms of annual cargo throughput. Unlike Shanghai, the port is deep-water and capable of handling 300,000 tonne vessels. The port is located mainly in Beilun district and Zhenhai district. In 2006, Ningbo Port started its expansion to the neighbouring island City of Zhoushan for the purpose of building an even larger port with higher capacity to compete with neighbouring ports in the region, such as Shanghai's Yangshan Deep-Water Port. The statistics in 2010 showed that total cargo throughput was 627,000,000 tonnes and container throughput 13,144,000 TEUs. With bulk container breakdowns, hugely improved logistics, and massive chemical and foodstuff, processing developments, Ningbo could yet win the race with Shanghai as port of choice for servicing the Chinese east coast.

Ningbo: Tourism

The Zunjing Hall (尊经阁) located within the Tianyi Chamber
King Ashoka Temple
The monument to victory in the Battle of Zhenhai (Sino-French War)
Statue of Dante in Ningbo
  • Tianyi Pavilion (Tianyi Ge), one of Ningbo's most popular tourist attractions, is in the vicinity of Moon Lake (Yuehu). Built in 1516 and said to be the oldest surviving library in China, it was founded by Ming official Fan Qin, whose collection went back to the 11th century and included woodblock and handwritten copies of the Confucian classics, rare local histories and lists of the candidates successful in imperial examinations. Today you can visit the library's garden and outhouses, some of which contain small displays of old books and tablets.
  • Baoguo Temple, the oldest intact wooden structure in eastern China, is located in Jiangbei District, 15 km (9.3 mi) north of Ningbo city proper.
  • Qita Temple, a Zen Buddhist temple complex first consecrated during the Tang Dynasty.
  • Tianhou Temple, a former temple of Mazu as the "Empress of Heaven" once used by Fujianese merchants as their guild hall (Qing'an Huiguan). In the 19th century, it was accounted by S. Wells Williams as the most beautiful place in Ningbo and by John Thomson as one of the most beautiful temples in China, but that structure was destroyed during the Chinese Civil War. It has been reconstructed with many of its original works of art, however, to form the East Zhejiang Maritime Affairs and Folk Customs Museum.
  • Tianfeng Pagoda
  • Ashoka Temple
  • Tiantong Temple
  • Tianyi Square
  • Yushan Islands
  • Dongqian Lake
  • Xuedou Temple
  • Hemudu Relics
  • Jiulong Lake
  • Zhaobao Mountain
  • Mount Phoenix Theme Park
  • Romon U-Park

Ningbo: Notable people

Many well known Chinese came from Ningbo or their ancestral home was Ningbo.

  • Zhang Jianhong, freelance writer, playwright, poet, and also a democracy activist
  • Pan Tianshou, artist in Chinese painting
  • Zhou Xinfang, artist in Peking Opera
  • Sha Menghai, the Master Calligrapher
  • Tu Youyou, the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine achieved scientist
  • Run Run Shaw
  • Tung Chee Hwa
  • Tung Chao Yung
  • Chen Din Hwa
  • Stephen Chow
  • Sammo Hung
  • Chiang Kai-shek, political and military leader of 20th century China
  • Chiang Ching-kuo
  • Morris Chang
  • Shien Biau Woo
  • Yo Yo Ma
  • Kin Yamei

Ningbo: Transportation

Zhao bao shan Bridge, Zhenhai District, Ningbo
Ningbo New Railway Station was reopened in December 2013 after years of on-site restoration to accommodate high speed rails and increasing passengers.

Ningbo: Bridge

As there are three main rivers running through Ningbo, it is crucial to build bridges to improve the efficiency of transport network in Ningbo. The Ling Bridge which connects Haishu district and Jiangdong District is the earliest modern bridge built in Ningbo, designed by German engineers. Since the late 1980s, 16 bridges have been built on the three rivers. Currently another 27 bridges are under construction.

The Hangzhou Bay Bridge, a combination cable-stayed bridge and causeway across Hangzhou Bay, opened to the public on May 1, 2008. This bridge connects the municipalities of Shanghai and Ningbo, and is considered the longest trans-oceanic bridge in the world. It is the world's second-longest bridge, after the Lake Pontchartrain Causeway in Louisiana, United States.

The Jintang Bridge, linking Jintang Island of Zhoushan and the Zhenhai district, is a 27 km (17 mi) long, 4 lane sea crossing bridge which opened on December 26, 2009.

The Xiangshan Harbor Bridge opened to traffic on December 29, 2012, connecting Ningbo with Xiangshan. The 47 km long project includes 22 km as the main body of the bridge plus an 8-kilometre-long tunnel.

Ningbo: Sea

The port of Ningbo is one of the world's busiest ports. It was ranked number 7 in total Cargo Volume and number 6 in total container traffic in 2011.

Ningbo: Air

Ningbo Lishe International Airport connects Ningbo by air to the rest of China, with regularly scheduled domestic and international flights. In 2009, new air routes between Ningbo and Taiwan were opened. Jetstar Asia launched a new route between Ningbo and Singapore in September 2011. Tiger Air planned to begin flying this route from 26 December 2013.

Ningbo: Railway

Three railway lines intersect in Ningbo: the Xiaoshan–Ningbo Railway (Xiaoyong Line), which runs west to Hangzhou, the Ningbo–Taizhou–Wenzhou (Yongtaiwen) Railway, which runs south to Wenzhou, and the Hangzhou–Ningbo High-Speed Railway, which runs parallel to the Xiaoyong Line providing high-speed railway service.

With the booming economy in the region, the Xiaoyong Railway, a conventional railway built in the 1950s, cannot meet the demand for railway travel between Zhejiang's two largest cities, so construction of a new high-speed railway line between Hangzhou and Ningbo started in 2009. The new railway line was finished by 2013 and reduced travel time between Ningbo and Hangzhou to 50 minutes.

The Ningbo–Taizhou–Wenzhou Railway is a high-speed railway that opened in September 2009. It connects Ningbo with cities along the coast to the south to Fujian Province. High-speed trains on this line operate at speeds of up to 250 km/h (160 mph).

Ningbo re-opened the Ningbo Railway Station after three years of construction on December 28, 2013. With a construction area of more than 120,000 m2, it is one of the largest railway stations in China.

Ningbo: Expressway

Seven expressways connect Ningbo with its surrounding cities:

  • The Hangyong expressway, built in the 1990s, connects Hangzhou and Ningbo, now part of Hangzhou Bay ring expressway (G9211).
  • The Yongtaiwen expressway (G15), opened in 2000, connects Ningbo with Taizhou and Wenzhou.
  • The Yongjin expressway (G1512) connects Ningbo and Jinhua.
  • The Huyong expressway (G15) connects Ningbo and Shanghai via the Hangzhou Bay bridge.
  • The Yongzhou expressway (G9211) via Jintang Bridge.
  • The G1501 Ningbo Ring Expressway
  • The G15W2 Ningbo–Dongguan Expressway

Ningbo: Rapid transit

Line 1 train leaving Xujiacao Changle Station

Ningbo has two metro lines in service consisting of Line 1, which is 46.2 kilometers in length and has 29 stations, and Line 2, which is 28.4 kilometers in length and has 22 stations. More lines are under construction. Line 3 is scheduled to be finished in the year 2019 and Line 4 in 2020. Future plans are for 7 metro lines serving Ningbo.

Ningbo: Military

Ningbo is the headquarters of the East Sea Fleet of the Chinese People's Liberation Army Navy. Its responsibility includes projecting force in the region around the Republic of China (Taiwan), which the People's Republic of China views as a renegade province.

Ningbo: Culture

As a city with giant ports, Ningbo influenced many countries near China, such as Japan.

Ningbo: Language

Ningbo speech is a dialect of Wu Chinese, and has preserved many aspects of ancient Chinese phonology. Its original wording mode can be found in classical reference books. It can be found that the trisyllable and tetrasyllable phrases or proverbs in Ningbo dialect make it most unusual and dynamic. Moreover, the onomatopoeia, assonance words, collocations, inversions, and other language characteristics within Ningbo dialect all add spice to people's life. After port-opening, the western culture gradually permeated Ningbo, thus the prefix "洋yang" before the nouns of imported goods is a special language phenomenon of Ningbo dialect.

Ningbo: Food

Ningbo is known for Ningbo Tangyuan, small stuffed buns which are boiled. The stuffing is usually ground sesame mixed with sugar. It can also be mixed with pork. The stuffing is wrapped with sticky rice powder. Even more so, Ningbo is famous throughout China for its seafood. Seafood markets are abundant, carrying countless varieties of fish, crabs/lobsters/shrimp, shellfish, snails, jellyfish and other invertebrates, and sea vegetables in all stages of preparation from "still swimming," to cleaned and ready to cook, to fully cooked.

Ningbo: Festival

Ningbo has many traditional Han Chinese festivals same as other provinces in China. However, the date of Mid-Autumn Festival is different with others. Han Chinese will have Mid-Autumn Festival on Lunar Calendar August 15th, but Ningbo will have on August 16th. The most creditable history is long long ago, whole city waited for Shi Hao, a prime minister.

Ningbo: Education

By the end of 2013, there were 2,097 schools of all levels in total, with 1,334 thousand students. Among them there are 16 colleges and universities, with 153 thousand students; 81 secondary schools, with 97 thousand students; 55 vocational schools, with 78 thousand students; 216 junior schools, with 189 thousand students; 465 primary schools, with 487 thousand students; 1,254 kindergartens, with 276 thousand children. Besides, there are 2,500 international students in universities in Ningbo, up 56% from last year. All talents in Ningbo increased by 112 thousand people (8.6%) in 2013, and the total amount came to 1,413 thousand.

By the end of 2014, there were 2,082 schools of all levels in total, with 1,320.7 thousand students. Among them there are 14 colleges and universities, with 150.9 thousand students; 83 secondary schools, with 90.3 thousand students; 52 vocational schools, with 72.8 thousand students; 209 junior schools, with 189.8 thousand students; 457 primary schools, with 482.6 thousand students; 1,254 kindergartens, with 278.4 thousand children.

Ningbo: Universities and colleges

Ningbo has 16 colleges and universities. Towards the north of the city is Ningbo University, while the Ningbo Higher Education Zone (Yinzhou district) is home to Zhejiang Wanli University as well as the University of Nottingham Ningbo – a joint venture between the University of Nottingham and the Wanli Education Group. The University of Nottingham (UK) agreed to invest an additional £27 million in the Ningbo campus during a visit in December, 2013. UNNC graduated its first PhD students in 2013. Affiliated to Zhejiang University, Ningbo Institute of Technology, Zhejiang University, which was ranked as the eleventh best of independent colleges in China in 2011, is also located in this education zone.

Ningbo: Secondary and primary education

Compulsory education (basic education in Chinese terms) is from the age 6 to 15. Students are catered for in a variety of state and private schools. Studying for the gaokao (university entrance test) is optional.

Ningbo: International education

Several schools are permitted to operate educational programmes instead of the Chinese National curriculum and accept international students into their schools.

Access International Academy Ningbo (AIAN) offers a US curriculum with the College Boarrd Advanced Placement examinations. Ningbo Zhicheng School International is an IB World School and offers an international curriculum through the IB Diploma Programme, Ningbo International School offers the South Australian Curriculum Standards and Accountability framework (SACSA) for the toddler grades up to and including grade 5 and provides accredited Cambridge International University programmes for grades 6–12 inclusive. Huamao Multicultural Education Academy is an IB World School and offers an international curriculum through the IB Primary Years Programme for students aged 3–12 and the IB Diploma Programme for students aged 16–19.

Ningbo: See also

  • List of twin towns and sister cities in China
  • Jiangnan
  • Ningbo People

Ningbo: References

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  7. Tan Ta Sen; Dasheng Chen (2009). Cheng Ho and Islam in Southeast Asia (illustrated ed.). Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. p. 94. ISBN 981-230-837-7. Retrieved 17 July 2011.
  8. Xu Xin, The Jews of Kaifeng, Ktav Publishing House c 2003
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