North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
Hotels

Online hotels booking in North Rhine-Westphalia
Tickets

Cheapest tickets to North Rhine-Westphalia
Car Hire

Cheap and easy car hire in North Rhine-Westphalia
Info

Detailed description of North Rhine-Westphalia
Goods

North Rhine-Westphalia related books and other goods

Best prices on North Rhine-Westphalia hotel booking and tickets to North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

One of the great proposals is an unique opportunity to instantly find the lowest prices on North Rhine-Westphalia hotels and book a best hotel in North Rhine-Westphalia saving up to 80%! You can do it quickly and easily with HotelsCombined, a world's leading free hotel metasearch engine that allows to search and compare the rates of all major hotel chains, top travel sites, and leading hotel booking websites, including Booking.com, Hotels.com, Agoda.com, etc. The hotel price comparison service HotelsCombined means cheap North Rhine-Westphalia hotel booking, lowest prices on hotels in North Rhine-Westphalia and airline tickets to North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany!

North Rhine-Westphalia Hotels Comparison & Online Booking

▪ Lowest prices on North Rhine-Westphalia hotels booking
▪ The discounts on North Rhine-Westphalia hotels up to 80%
▪ No booking fees on North Rhine-Westphalia hotels
▪ Detailed description & photos of North Rhine-Westphalia hotels
▪ Trusted ratings and reviews of North Rhine-Westphalia hotels
▪ Advanced North Rhine-Westphalia hotel search & comparison
▪ All North Rhine-Westphalia hotels on the map
▪ Interesting sights of North Rhine-Westphalia

What's important: you can compare and book not only North Rhine-Westphalia hotels and resorts, but also villas and holiday cottages, inns and B&Bs (bed and breakfast), condo hotels and apartments, timeshare properties, guest houses and pensions, campsites (campgrounds), motels and hostels in North Rhine-Westphalia. If you're going to North Rhine-Westphalia save your money and time, don't pay for the services of the greedy travel agencies. Instead, book the best hotel in North Rhine-Westphalia online, buy the cheapest airline tickets to North Rhine-Westphalia, and rent a car in North Rhine-Westphalia right now, paying the lowest price! Besides, here you can buy the North Rhine-Westphalia related books, guidebooks, souvenirs and other goods.

By the way, we would recommend you to combine your visit to North Rhine-Westphalia with other popular and interesting places of Germany, for example: Bad Neuenahr-Ahrweiler, Lake Constance, Bernkastel-Kues, Sylt, Cologne, Friedrichshafen, Braunschweig, Trier, Wernigerode, Norddeich, Bremen, Stuttgart, Bad Reichenhall, Rhineland-Palatinate, Mainz, Mannheim, Würzburg, Inzell, Nuremberg, Bad Birnbach, Europa-Park, Saxony, Eisenach, Aachen, Berlin, Saxony-Anhalt, Osnabrück, Bad Godesberg, Leipzig, Bavaria, Bamberg, Schleswig-Holstein, Dortmund, Rothenburg ob der Tauber, Bonn, Marburg, Warnemünde, Schwerin, Koblenz, Wolfsburg, Bielefeld, Oberstdorf, Oldenburg, Cuxhaven, Essen, Erfurt, Bad Füssing, Ruhpolding, Görlitz, Hanover, Bad Harzburg, Rust, Saarbrücken, Fürth, Bad Mergentheim, Cochem, Neuss, Berchtesgaden, Frankfurt, North Rhine-Westphalia, Duisburg, Heidelberg, Wiesbaden, Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Füssen, Saarland, Regensburg, Paderborn, Hesse, Heligoland, Karlsruhe, Schmallenberg, Baden-Baden, Braunlage, Goslar, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Rostock, Bad Homburg, Magdeburg, Westerland, Ulm, Brandenburg, Lower Saxony, Sindelfingen, Potsdam, Neuschwanstein Castle, Münster, Lindau, Lübeck, Rügen, Speyer, Norden, Bad Schandau, Binz, Dresden, Munich, Hamburg, Travemünde, Bad Salzuflen, Augsburg, Weimar, Göttingen, Baden-Württemberg, Bremerhaven, Heiligendamm, Ingolstadt, Bad Kissingen, Quedlinburg, Erlangen, Kiel, Chemnitz, Bad Ems, Düsseldorf, Thuringia, Schönau am Königsee, etc.

How to Book a Hotel in North Rhine-Westphalia

In order to book an accommodation in North Rhine-Westphalia enter the proper dates and do the hotel search. If needed, sort the found North Rhine-Westphalia hotels by price, star rating, property type, guest rating, hotel features, hotel theme or hotel chain. Then take a look at the found hotels on North Rhine-Westphalia map to estimate the distance from the main North Rhine-Westphalia attractions and sights. You can also read the guest reviews of North Rhine-Westphalia hotels and see their ratings.

When a hotel search in North Rhine-Westphalia is done, please select the room type, the included meals and the suitable booking conditions (for example, "Deluxe double room, Breakfast included, Non-Refundable"). Press the "View Deal" ("Book Now") button. Make your booking on a hotel booking website and get the hotel reservation voucher by email. That's it, a perfect hotel in North Rhine-Westphalia is waiting for you!

Hotels of North Rhine-Westphalia

A hotel in North Rhine-Westphalia is an establishment that provides lodging paid on a short-term basis. Facilities provided may range from a basic bed and storage for clothing, to luxury features like en-suite bathrooms. Larger in North Rhine-Westphalia hotels may provide additional guest facilities such as a swimming pool, business centre, childcare, conference facilities and social function services. Hotel rooms in North Rhine-Westphalia are usually numbered (or named in some smaller hotels and B&Bs) to allow guests to identify their room. Some North Rhine-Westphalia hotels offer meals as part of a room and board arrangement. Hotel operations vary in size, function, and cost. Most North Rhine-Westphalia hotels and major hospitality companies that operate hotels in North Rhine-Westphalia have set widely accepted industry standards to classify hotel types. General categories include the following:

Upscale luxury hotels in North Rhine-Westphalia
An upscale full service hotel facility in North Rhine-Westphalia that offers luxury amenities, full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and the highest level of personalized and professional service. Luxury North Rhine-Westphalia hotels are normally classified with at least a Four Diamond or Five Diamond status or a Four or Five Star rating depending on classification standards.

Full service hotels in North Rhine-Westphalia
Full service North Rhine-Westphalia hotels often contain upscale full-service facilities with a large volume of full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and a variety of on-site amenities such as swimming pools, a health club, children's activities, ballrooms, on-site conference facilities, etc.

Historic inns and boutique hotels in North Rhine-Westphalia
Boutique hotels of North Rhine-Westphalia are smaller independent non-branded hotels that often contain upscale facilities of varying size in unique or intimate settings with full service accommodations. North Rhine-Westphalia boutique hotels are generally 100 rooms or less. Some historic inns and boutique hotels in North Rhine-Westphalia may be classified as luxury hotels.

Focused or select service hotels in North Rhine-Westphalia
Small to medium-sized hotel establishments that offer a limited amount of on-site amenities that only cater and market to a specific demographic of North Rhine-Westphalia travelers, such as the single business traveler. Most North Rhine-Westphalia focused or select service hotels may still offer full service accommodations but may lack leisure amenities such as an on-site restaurant or a swimming pool.

Economy and limited service hotels in North Rhine-Westphalia
Small to medium-sized North Rhine-Westphalia hotel establishments that offer a very limited amount of on-site amenities and often only offer basic accommodations with little to no services, these facilities normally only cater and market to a specific demographic of travelers, such as the budget-minded North Rhine-Westphalia traveler seeking a "no frills" accommodation. Limited service North Rhine-Westphalia hotels often lack an on-site restaurant but in return may offer a limited complimentary food and beverage amenity such as on-site continental breakfast service.

Guest houses and B&Bs in North Rhine-Westphalia
A bed and breakfast in North Rhine-Westphalia is a small lodging establishment that offers overnight accommodation and inclusive breakfast. Usually, North Rhine-Westphalia bed and breakfasts are private homes or family homes offering accommodations. The typical North Rhine-Westphalia B&B has between 4 and 11 rooms, with 6 being the average. Generally, guests are accommodated in private bedrooms with private bathrooms, or in a suite of rooms including an en suite bathroom. Some homes have private bedrooms with a bathroom which is shared with other guests. Breakfast is served in the bedroom, a dining room, or the host's kitchen. Often the owners of guest house themselves prepare the breakfast and clean the rooms.

Hostels in North Rhine-Westphalia
North Rhine-Westphalia hostels provide budget-oriented, sociable accommodation where guests can rent a bed, usually a bunk bed, in a dormitory and share a bathroom, lounge, and sometimes a kitchen. Rooms can be mixed or single-sex, although private rooms may also be available. Hostels are often cheaper for both the operator and occupants; many North Rhine-Westphalia hostels have long-term residents whom they employ as desk agents or housekeeping staff in exchange for experience or discounted accommodation.

Apartment hotels, extended stay hotels in North Rhine-Westphalia
Extended stay hotels are small to medium-sized North Rhine-Westphalia hotels that offer longer term full service accommodations compared to a traditional hotel. Extended stay hotels may offer non-traditional pricing methods such as a weekly rate that cater towards travelers in need of short-term accommodations for an extended period of time. Similar to limited and select service hotels, on-site amenities are normally limited and most extended stay hotels in North Rhine-Westphalia lack an on-site restaurant.

Timeshare and destination clubs in North Rhine-Westphalia
North Rhine-Westphalia timeshare and destination clubs are a form of property ownership also referred to as a vacation ownership involving the purchase and ownership of an individual unit of accommodation for seasonal usage during a specified period of time. Timeshare resorts in North Rhine-Westphalia often offer amenities similar that of a Full service hotel with on-site restaurant(s), swimming pools, recreation grounds, and other leisure-oriented amenities. Destination clubs of North Rhine-Westphalia on the other hand may offer more exclusive private accommodations such as private houses in a neighborhood-style setting.

Motels in North Rhine-Westphalia
A North Rhine-Westphalia motel is a small-sized low-rise lodging establishment similar to that of a limited service hotel, but with direct access to individual rooms from the car park. Common during the 1950s and 1960s, motels were often located adjacent to a major road, where they were built on inexpensive land at the edge of towns or along stretches of highways. They are still useful in less populated areas of North Rhine-Westphalia for driving travelers, but the more populated an area becomes the more hotels fill the need. Many of North Rhine-Westphalia motels which remain in operation have joined national franchise chains, rebranding themselves as hotels, inns or lodges.

Why HotelsCombined

HotelsCombined is the leading hotel metasearch engine founded in 2005, with headquarters in Sydney, Australia. It is widely recognized as the world's best hotel price comparison site and has won many of the most prestigious tourism industry awards. The site operates in over 40 languages, handles 120 different currencies and aggregates more than 2 million deals from hundreds of travel sites and hotel chains. The number of users counts more than 300,000 people a year with over $1,000,000,000 in estimated total cost of hotel reservations.

The main purpose of HotelsCombined hotel price comparison service is to help the travelers in finding a perfect accommodation option in North Rhine-Westphalia at the best price, eliminating the need to manually analyze hundreds of hotel booking sites and thousands of price offers. Through the partnership with the most popular hotel booking websites, online travel agencies and hotel chains, HotelsCombined allows its users to search for and compare the current rates on North Rhine-Westphalia hotels in a single search. It also provides an aggregated summary of hotel reviews and ratings from external sites.

The HotelsCombined's advanced technology allows to instantly find the available North Rhine-Westphalia hotels and process the offers of all leading travel websites, including Booking.com, Hotels.com, Agoda.com and many others (AccorHotels.com, AirAsiaGo.com, Amoma.com, AsiaTravel.com, BestWestern.com, Budgetplaces.com, EasyToBook.com, Elvoline.com, Expedia.com, Getaroom.com, Hilton.com, Homestay.com, Hotel.de, HotelClub.com, HotelsClick.com, HotelTravel.com, Housetrip.com, ihg.com, Interhome.com, Jovago.com, LateRooms.com, NH-Hotels.com, OnHotels.com, Otel.com, Prestigia.com, Skoosh.com, Splendia.com, Superbreak.com, Tiket.com, etc.). Due to the fast and easy-to-use search system you get the rates on available North Rhine-Westphalia hotels and book a preferable hotel on a website providing the lowest price.

All North Rhine-Westphalia Hotels & Hostels Online

HotelsCombined is created for those interested in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, HotelsCombined, Trivago, sale on the hotel booking site HotelsCombined, discount coupons on the hotel booking site HotelsCombined, best rates on North Rhine-Westphalia hotels, low prices on North Rhine-Westphalia hotels, best hotel in North Rhine-Westphalia, best North Rhine-Westphalia hotel, discounted North Rhine-Westphalia hotel booking, online North Rhine-Westphalia hotel reservation, North Rhine-Westphalia hotels comparison, hotel booking in North Rhine-Westphalia, luxury and cheap accomodation in North Rhine-Westphalia, North Rhine-Westphalia inns, North Rhine-Westphalia B&Bs, bed and breakfast in North Rhine-Westphalia, condo hotels and apartments in North Rhine-Westphalia, bargain North Rhine-Westphalia rentals, cheap North Rhine-Westphalia vacation rentals,North Rhine-Westphalia pensions and guest houses, cheap hotels and hostels of North Rhine-Westphalia, North Rhine-Westphalia motels, dormitories of North Rhine-Westphalia, dorms in North Rhine-Westphalia, North Rhine-Westphalia dormitory rooms, lowest rates on hotels in North Rhine-Westphalia, hotel prices comparison in North Rhine-Westphalia, travel to North Rhine-Westphalia, vacation in North Rhine-Westphalia, trip to North Rhine-Westphalia, trusted hotel reviews of North Rhine-Westphalia, sights and attractions of North Rhine-Westphalia, North Rhine-Westphalia guidebook, North Rhine-Westphalia guide, hotel booking in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, tours to North Rhine-Westphalia, travel company in North Rhine-Westphalia, travel agency in North Rhine-Westphalia, excursions in North Rhine-Westphalia, tickets to North Rhine-Westphalia, airline tickets to North Rhine-Westphalia, North Rhine-Westphalia hotel booking, North Rhine-Westphalia hostels, dormitory of North Rhine-Westphalia, dorm in North Rhine-Westphalia, North Rhine-Westphalia dormitory, North Rhine-Westphalia airfares, North Rhine-Westphalia airline tickets, North Rhine-Westphalia tours, North Rhine-Westphalia travel, must-see places in North Rhine-Westphalia, North Rhine-Westphalia Booking.com, North Rhine-Westphalia hotels Trivago, North Rhine-Westphalia Expedia, North Rhine-Westphalia Airbnb, etc.

Many people are also interested in the North Rhine-Westphalia TripAdvisor, Hotels Combined North Rhine-Westphalia, HotelsCombined North Rhine-Westphalia, North Rhine-Westphalia hotels and hostels, DE hotels and hostels, Black Friday on the hotel booking site HotelsCombined, Cyber Monday on the hotel booking site HotelsCombined, New Year's and Christmas sale HotelsCombined, hotelscombined.en, HotelsCombined.en, HotelsCombined.en, hotelscombined.com, Ziemeļreina-Vestfālene, Noordryn-Wesfale, Amianan a Renania-Wespalia, Észak-Rajna-Vesztfália, نورڈرائن ویسٹ فالن, Renania de Nord-Westfalia, Severné Porýnie-Vestfálsko, Renania Setentrional-Vestfalia, รัฐนอร์ทไรน์-เว็สท์ฟาเลิน, Yn Rhine Hwoaie-Westfalen, Уйпал Рейн-Вестфалия, 노르트라인베스트팔렌 주, Sjeverna Rajna-Vestfalija, Noordrien-Wesfale, Nordrejn-Vestfalio, Noordrhien-Westfalen, 北萊茵-西法倫, नोर्डऱ्हाइन-वेस्टफालन, Nordrhin-Weestfåålen, 北莱茵-威斯特法伦, Հյուսիսային Հռենոս-Վեսթֆալիա, اتلا رائین لیندا فالیہ, Pangulung Rhine-Westphalia, Tuaisceart na Réine agus an Viostfáil, Nordu Renu-Westfalia, Yvate Rrenania-Westfalia, Nordrhoi-Wessfoale, Norðurrín-Vestfalía, Умар Райн-Вестфален, نوردراین-وستفالن, Renania do Norte-Westfalia, Rin del Nord-Westfàlia, ਉੱਤਰੀ ਰਾਈਨ-ਪੱਛਮੀ ਫ਼ਾਲਨ, Renania del Norte-Westfalia, Төньяҡ Рейн-Вестфалия, Βόρεια Ρηνανία-Βεστφαλία, Šiaurės Reinas-Vestfalija, Rhine Kaskazini-Westfalia, उत्तरी राइन, Северный Рейн-Вестфалия, Renania d'o Norte-Westfalia, and so on.

While others are looking for the Renânia do Norte-Vestfália, Renania Settentrionale-Vestfalia, Nordrhein-Westfalska, נארד ריין-וועסטפאליע, Noordrhain-Westfele, Pet Rhine-Westphalia, Nord Reno-Westfalia, Nolüdarinän-Vesfalän, Çурçĕр Рейн-Вестфали, Північний Рейн-Вестфалія, Цæгат Рейн-Вестфали, Nadrenia Północna-Westfalia, Rhenania del Nord–Westfalia, North Rhine-Westphalia, Shimoliy Reyn-Vestfaliya, ჩრდილოეთი რაინ-ვესტფალია, Хотугу Рейн-Вестфалия, Паўночны Райн — Вэстфалія, Северна Рајна-Вестфалија, Nordrhen-Westfalia, Severno Porenje-Vestfalija, Паўночны Рэйн-Вестфалія, شمال الراين-وستفاليا, Северен Рейн-Вестфалия, Sewjerorynsko-Westfalska, Renania do Nòrd-Vestfall-ia, Noardryn-Westfalen, Rhenania Septentrionalis-Vestfalia, Ren del Nòrd-Vestfàlia, Renê Zımey-Westfalya, Солтүстік Рейн-Вестфалия, Kuzey Ren-Vestfalya, নর্থ রিনে-ভেস্টফালিয়া, ノルトライン=ヴェストファーレン州, ኖርድራይን-ቬስትፋለን, North Rhine-Westphalie, Rhénanie-du-Nord-Westphalie, Şimali Reyn-Vestfaliya, Noordrijn-Westfalen, Severní Porýní-Vestfálsko, ڕاینی باکوور-وێستفالیا, Ipar Renania-Westfalia, נורדריין-וסטפאליה, Noudrhien-Wäästfoalen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Nordrheno-Vestfalia, Rain dal Nord-Vestfalia, Noodrhing-Wäßßfaale, Hilagang Renania-Westfalia, Nòrd Ren-Westfalia, Rein-ya-Nola-Falí-ya-Límbe, Nordrhein-Westfalen suyu, Къилбседа Рейн-Вестфали. Thousands of people have already booked the hotels in North Rhine-Westphalia on the hotel booking site HotelsCombined. It works. Try it for yourself!

Travelling and vacation in North Rhine-Westphalia

.
"NRW" redirects here. For other uses, see NRW (disambiguation).
North Rhine-Westphalia
Nordrhein-Westfalen
State of Germany
Flag of North Rhine-Westphalia
Flag
Coat of arms of North Rhine-Westphalia
Coat of arms
Deutschland Lage von Nordrhein-Westfalen.svg
Coordinates:  / 51.467; 7.550
Country Germany
Capital Düsseldorf
Government
• Minister-Präsident(in) (prime minister) Hannelore Kraft (SPD)
• Governing parties SPD / Greens
• Bundesrat votes 6 (of 69)
Area
• Total 34,084.13 km (13,159.96 sq mi)
Population (2015-12-31)
• Total 17,865,516
• Density 520/km (1,400/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
• Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code DE-NW
GDP/ Nominal €646/ $717 billion (2015)
GDP per capita €36,500/ $40,500 (2015)
NUTS Region DEA
Website land.nrw

North Rhine-Westphalia (German: Nordrhein-Westfalen, pronounced [ˈnɔʁtʁaɪ̯n vɛstˈfaːlən], commonly shortened to NRW) is the most populous state of Germany, with a population of approximately 18 million, and the fourth largest by area. Its capital is Düsseldorf; the most populous city is Cologne. Four of Germany's ten largest cities-Cologne, Düsseldorf, Dortmund, and Essen-are located within the state, as well as the largest metropolitan area on the European continent, Rhine-Ruhr.

North Rhine-Westphalia was formed in 1946 as a merger of the provinces of North Rhine and Westphalia, both formerly parts of Prussia, and the Free State of Lippe. The state has been run by a coalition of the Social Democrats (SPD) and Greens since 2010.

North Rhine-Westphalia: History

Main article: History of North Rhine-Westphalia

North Rhine-Westphalia: Rhineland

Main article: Rhineland

The first written account of the area was by its conqueror, Julius Caesar, the territories west of the Rhine were occupied by the Eburones and east of the Rhine he reported the Ubii (across from Cologne) and the Sugambri to their north. The Ubii and some other Germanic tribes such as the Cugerni were later settled on the west side of the Rhine in the Roman province of Germania Inferior. Julius Caesar conquered the tribes on the left bank, and Augustus established numerous fortified posts on the Rhine, but the Romans never succeeded in gaining a firm footing on the right bank, where the Sugambri neighboured several other tribes including the Tencteri and Usipetes. North of the Sigambri and the Rhine region were the Bructeri.

As the power of the Roman empire declined many of these tribes came to be seen collectively as Ripuarian Franks and they pushed forward along both banks of the Rhine, and by the end of the 5th century had conquered all the lands that had formerly been under Roman influence. By the 8th century the Frankish dominion was firmly established in western Germany and northern Gaul. But at the same time, to the north, Westphalia was being taken over by Saxons pushing south.

The Merovingian and Carolingian Franks eventually built an empire which controlled first their Ripuarian kin, and then also the Saxons. On the division of the Carolingian Empire at the Treaty of Verdun the part of the province to the east of the river fell to East Francia, while that to the west remained with the kingdom of Lotharingia.

By the time of Otto I (d. 973) both banks of the Rhine had become part of the Holy Roman Empire, and the Rhenish territory was divided between the duchies of Upper Lorraine, on the Moselle, and Lower Lorraine on the Meuse. The Ottonian dynasty had both Saxon and Frankish ancestry.

Map of the Lower Rhenish–Westphalian Circle in 1799 by John Cary

As the central power of the Holy Roman Emperor weakened, the Rhineland split into numerous small independent principalities, each with its separate vicissitudes and special chronicles. The old Lotharingian divisions became obsolete, although the name survives for example in Lorraine in France, and throughout the Middle Ages and even into modern times the nobility of these areas often sought to preserve the idea of a preeminent Duke within Lotharingia, something claimed by the Dukes of Limburg, and the Dukes of Brabant. Such struggles as the War of the Limburg Succession therefore continued to create military and political links between what is now Rhineland-Westphalia, and neighbouring Belgium and the Netherlands.

In spite of its dismembered condition, and the sufferings it underwent at the hands of its French neighbours in various periods of warfare, the Rhenish territory prospered greatly and stood in the foremost rank of German culture and progress. Aachen was the place of coronation of the German emperors, and the ecclesiastical principalities of the Rhine bulked largely in German history.

Prussia first set foot on the Rhine in 1609 by the occupation of the Duchy of Cleves and about a century later Upper Guelders and Moers also became Prussian. At the peace of Basel in 1795 the whole of the left bank of the Rhine was resigned to France, and in 1806 the Rhenish princes all joined the Confederation of the Rhine.

After the Congress of Vienna, Prussia was awarded with the entire Rhineland, which included the Grand Duchy of Berg, the ecclesiastic electorates of Trier and Cologne, the free cities of Aachen and Cologne, and nearly a hundred small lordships and abbeys. The Prussian Rhine province was formed in 1822 and Prussia had the tact to leave them in undisturbed possession of the liberal institutions they had become accustomed to under the republican rule of the French. In 1920, the districts of Eupen and Malmedy were transferred to Belgium (see German-speaking Community of Belgium).

North Rhine-Westphalia: Westphalia

Main article: Westphalia

Around 1 AD there were numerous incursions through Westphalia and perhaps even some permanent Roman or Romanized settlements. The Battle of Teutoburg Forest took place near Osnabrück (as mentioned, it is disputed whether this is in Westphalia) and some of the Germanic tribes who fought at this battle came from the area of Westphalia. Charlemagne is thought to have spent considerable time in Paderborn and nearby parts. His Saxon Wars also partly took place in what is thought of as Westphalia today. Popular legends link his adversary Widukind to places near Detmold, Bielefeld, Lemgo, Osnabrück and other places in Westphalia. Widukind was buried in Enger, which is also a subject of a legend.

Along with Eastphalia and Engern, Westphalia (Westfalahi) was originally a district of the Duchy of Saxony. In 1180 Westphalia was elevated to the rank of a duchy by Emperor Barbarossa. The Duchy of Westphalia comprised only a small area south of the Lippe River.

Ratification of the Peace of Westphalia of 1648 in Münster by Gerard Terborch

Parts of Westphalia came under Brandenburg-Prussian control during the 17th and 18th centuries, but most of it remained divided duchies and other feudal areas of power. The Peace of Westphalia of 1648, signed in Münster and Osnabrück, ended the Thirty Years' War. The concept of nation-state sovereignty resulting from the treaty became known as "Westphalian sovereignty".

As a result of the Protestant Reformation, there is no dominant religion in Westphalia. Roman Catholicism and Lutheranism are on relatively equal footing. Lutheranism is strong in the eastern and northern parts with numerous free churches. Münster and especially Paderborn are thought of as Catholic. Osnabrück is divided almost equally between Catholicism and Protestantism.

After the defeat of the Prussian Army at the Battle of Jena-Auerstedt, the Treaty of Tilsit in 1807 made the Westphalian territories part of the Kingdom of Westphalia from 1807 to 1813. It was founded by Napoleon and was a French vassal state. This state only shared the name with the historical region; it contained only a relatively small part of Westphalia, consisting instead mostly of Hessian and Eastphalian regions.

After the Congress of Vienna, the Kingdom of Prussia received a large amount of territory in the Westphalian region and created the province of Westphalia in 1815. The northernmost portions of the former kingdom, including the town of Osnabrück, had become part of the states of Hanover and Oldenburg.

North Rhine-Westphalia: North Rhine-Westphalia

North Rhine-Westphalia: Creation of the state

The state of North Rhine-Westphalia was established by the British military administration's "Operation Marriage" on 23 August 1946, by merging the province of Westphalia and the northern parts of the Rhine Province, both being political divisions of the former state of Prussia within the German Reich. On 21 January 1947, the former state of Lippe was merged with North Rhine-Westphalia. The constitution of North Rhine-Westphalia was then ratified through a referendum.

North Rhine-Westphalia: Geography

geographic map of North Rhine-Westphalia
Rhine near Bonn
Sunset near the Lower Rhine
Rhine-Ruhr metropolitan area, the largest conurbation of the European continent (population: 11 million)

North Rhine-Westphalia encompasses the plains of the Lower Rhine region and parts of the Central Uplands (die Mittelgebirge) up to the gorge of Porta Westfalica. The state covers an area of 34,083 km (13,160 sq mi) and shares borders with Belgium in the southwest and the Netherlands in the west and northwest. It has borders with the German states of Lower Saxony to the north and northeast, Rhineland-Palatinate to the south and Hesse to the southeast.

Approximately half of the state is located in the relative low-lying terrain of the Westphalian Lowland and the Rhineland, both extending broadly into the North German Plain. A few isolated hill ranges are located within these lowlands, among them the Hohe Mark, the Beckum Hills, the Baumberge and the Stemmer Berge.
The terrain rises towards the south and in the east of the state into parts of Germany's Central Uplands. These hill ranges are the Weser Uplands - including the Egge Hills, the Wiehen Hills, the Wesergebirge and the Teutoburg Forest in the east, the Sauerland, the Bergisches Land, the Siegerland and the Siebengebirge in the south, as well as the left-Rhenish Eifel in the southwest of the state. The Rothaargebirge in the border region with Hesse rises to height of about 800 m above sea level. The highest of these mountains are the Langenberg, at 843.2 m above sea level, the Kahler Asten (840.7 m) and the Clemensberg (839.2 m).

The planimetrically-determined centre of North Rhine-Westphalia is located in the south of Dortmund-Aplerbeck in the Aplerbecker Mark (51° 28' N, 7° 33' Ö). Its westernmost point is situated near Selfkant close to the Dutch border, the easternmost near Höxter on the Weser. The southernmost point lies near Hellenthal in the Eifel region. The northernmost point is the NRW-Nordpunkt near Rahden in the northeast of the state. The Nordpunkt is located only 100 km to the south of the North Sea coast. The deepest natural dip is arranged in the district Zyfflich in the city of Kranenburg with 9.2 m above sea level in the northwest of the state. Though, the deepest point overground results from mining. The open-pit Hambach reaches at Niederzier a deep of 293 m below sea level. At the same time, this is the deepest man-made dip in Germany.

The most important rivers flowing at least partially through North Rhine-Westphalia include: the Rhine, the Ruhr, the Ems, the Lippe, and the Weser. The Rhine is by far the most important river in North Rhine-Westphalia: it enters the state as Middle Rhine near Bad Honnef, where still being part of the Mittelrhein wine region. It changes into the Lower Rhine near Bad Godesberg and leaves North Rhine-Westphalia near Emmerich at a width of 730 metres. Almost immediately after entering the Netherlands, the Rhine splits into many branches.

The Pader, which flows entirely within the city of Paderborn, is considered Germany's shortest river.

For many, North Rhine-Westphalia is synonymous with industrial areas and urban agglomerations. However, the largest part of the state is used for agriculture (almost 52%) and forests (25%).

North Rhine-Westphalia: Subdivisions

See also: List of places in North Rhine-Westphalia

The state consists of five government regions (Regierungsbezirke), divided into 31 districts (Kreise) and 23 urban districts (kreisfreie Städte). In total, North Rhine-Westphalia has 396 municipalities (1997), including the urban districts, which are municipalities by themselves. The government regions have an assembly elected by the districts and municipalities, while the Landschaftsverband have a directly elected assembly.

The five government regions of North Rhine-Westphalia each belong to one of the two Landschaftsverbände:

Landschaftsverband Rhineland Landschaftsverband Westfalen-Lippe North rhine w Landschaftsverbände.svg
The regional authorities Rhineland (green) and
Westphalia-Lippe (red)
Government districts
(Regierungsbezirke)
historical regions
Government districts
(Regierungsbezirke)
historical regions
Düsseldorf
Regierungsbezirk Düsseldorf
  • Rhineland
    • Bergisches Land
    • Eifel
    • Aachen
    • Lower Rhine
    • Rheinschiene
    • Cologne/Bonn
Arnsberg
Regierungsbezirk Arnsberg
  • Westphalia
    • Münsterland
    • Minden-Ravensberg
    • Prince-Bishopric Paderborn
    • Sauerland
    • Siegerland
    • Tecklenburger Land
  • Lippe
    • Lipper Land, the region
      of the ancient free state
Köln
Regierungsbezirk Köln
Detmold
Regierungsbezirk Detmold
Münster
Regierungsbezirk Münster
Rural Districts (Kreise) Urban Districts (Kreisfreie Städte) NRW districts.png
  1. DEU Staedteregion Aachen COA.svg Aachen Städteregion
  2. Wappen Kreis Borken.svg Borken
  3. DEU Kreis Coesfeld COA.svg Coesfeld
  4. Wappen Kreis Düren.svg Düren
  5. Wappen des Ennepe-Ruhr-Kreises.svg Ennepe-Ruhr-Kreis
  6. DEU Rhein-Erft-Kreis COA.svg Rhein-Erft-Kreis
  7. Wappen Kreis Euskirchen.svg Euskirchen
  8. Kreiswappen des Kreises Gütersloh.svg Gütersloh
  9. DEU Kreis Heinsberg COA.svg Heinsberg
  10. Kreiswappen des Kreises Herford.svg Herford
  11. DEU Hochsauerlandkreis COA.svg Hochsauerlandkreis
  12. Kreiswappen des Kreises Höxter.svg Höxter
  13. DEU Kreis Kleve COA.svg Kleve
  14. Kreiswappen des Kreises Lippe.svg Lippe
  15. Kreiswappen des Märkischen Kreises.svg Märkischer Kreis
  16. DEU Kreis Mettmann COA.svg Mettmann
  17. DEU Kreis Minden-Luebbecke COA.svg Minden-Lübbecke
  18. Kreiswappen des Rhein-Kreises Neuss.svg Rhein-Kreis Neuss
  19. DEU Oberbergischer Kreis COA.svg Oberbergischer Kreis
  20. Wappen des Kreises Olpe.svg Olpe
  21. Kreiswappen des Kreises Paderborn.svg Paderborn
  22. Kreis Recklinghausen Wappen.svg Recklinghausen
  23. DEU Rheinisch-Bergischer Kreis COA.svg Rheinisch-
    Bergischer Kreis
  24. DEU Rhein-Sieg-Kreis COA.svg Rhein-Sieg-Kreis
  25. DEU Kreis Siegen-Wittgenstein COA.svg Siegen-Wittgenstein
  26. DEU Kreis Soest COA.svg Soest
  27. DEU Kreis Steinfurt COA.svg Steinfurt
  28. Wappen Kreis Unna.svg Unna
  29. Kreiswappen des Kreises Viersen.svg Viersen
  30. Wappen des Kreises Warendorf.svg Warendorf
  31. Kreiswappen des Kreises Wesel.svg Wesel
  1. Stadtwappen der kreisfreien Stadt Aachen.svg Aachen
  2. DEU Bielefeld COA.svg Bielefeld
  3. Stadtwappen der kreisfreien Stadt Bochum.svg Bochum
  4. DEU Bonn COA.svg Bonn
  5. DEU Bottrop COA.svg Bottrop
  6. Coat of arms of Dortmund.svg Dortmund
  7. Stadtwappen der Stadt Duisburg.svg Duisburg
  8. Wappen der Landeshauptstadt Duesseldorf.svg Düsseldorf
  9. DEU Essen COA.svg Essen
  10. DEU Gelsenkirchen COA.svg Gelsenkirchen
  11. Stadtwappen der kreisfreien Stadt Hagen.png Hagen
  12. DEU Hamm COA.svg Hamm
  13. Herne Coat of Arms.svg Herne
  14. Wappen Koeln.svg Cologne / Köln
  15. DEU Krefeld COA.svg Krefeld
  16. DEU Leverkusen COA.svg Leverkusen
  17. DEU Moenchengladbach COA.svg Mönchengladbach
  18. DEU Muelheim an der Ruhr COA.svg Mülheim
  19. Wappen Münster Westfalen.svg Münster
  20. DEU Oberhausen COA.svg Oberhausen
  21. DEU Remscheid COA.svg Remscheid
  22. Solingen wappen.svg Solingen
  23. DEU Wuppertal COA.svg Wuppertal

North Rhine-Westphalia: Borders

The state's area covers a maximum distance of 291 km from north to south, and 266 km from east to west. The total length of the state's borders is 1,645 km. The following countries and states have a border with North Rhine-Westphalia:

  • Belgium (99 km)
  • Netherlands (387 km)
  • Lower Saxony (583 km)
  • Hesse (269 km)
  • Rhineland-Palatinate (307 km)

North Rhine-Westphalia: Demographics

Cologne (Köln) is the largest city of North Rhine-Westphalia

North Rhine-Westphalia has a population of approximately 17.5 million inhabitants (more than the entire former East Germany, and slightly more than the Netherlands) and is centred around the polycentric Rhine-Ruhr metropolitan region, which includes the industrial Ruhr region and the Rhenish cities of Bonn, Cologne and Düsseldorf. 30 of the 80 largest cities in Germany are located within North Rhine-Westphalia. The state's capital is Düsseldorf, the state's largest city is Cologne. The number of births reached 160.478 while 204.373 died in 2015. The TRF reached 1.52 (2015) and was highest in Lippe (1.72) and lowest in Bochum (1.29).

Significant foreign-born populations
Nationality Population (2014)
Turkey 512,703
Poland 185,091
Italy 132,124
Greece 94,643
Netherlands 70,022
Romania 67,419
Serbia & Montenegro 62,982
Kosovo 50,009
Russia 48,021
Spain 41,380
Croatia 41.043
Bulgaria 39,590
Portugal 37,445
Bosnia 36,986
Morocco 34,943

The following table shows the ten largest cities of North Rhine-Westphalia:

Pos. Name Pop. 2012 Area (km²) Pop. per km map
1 Cologne 1,024,373 405.15 2,528 North Rhine-Westphalia location map 02.svg
2 Düsseldorf 593,682 217.01 2,736
3 Dortmund 572,087 280.37 2,041
4 Essen 566,862 210.38 2,733
5 Duisburg 486,816 232.81 2,091
6 Bochum 362,213 145.43 2,491
7 Wuppertal 342,885 168.37 2,037
8 Bielefeld 328,314 257.83 1,273
9 Bonn 309,869 141.22 2,194
10 Münster 296,599 302.91 979

North Rhine-Westphalia: Historical population

The following table shows the population of the state since 1930. The values until 1960 are the average of the yearly population, from 1965 the population at year end is used.

Historical population
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1930 11,407,000 -
1940 12,059,000 +0.56%
1950 12,926,000 +0.70%
1955 14,442,000 +2.24%
1960 15,694,000 +1.68%
1965 16,619,450 +1.15%
1970 17,033,651 +0.49%
1975 17,129,200 +0.11%
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1980 17,057,488 −0.08%
1985 16,674,001 −0.45%
1990 17,349,651 +0.80%
1995 17,893,045 +0.62%
2000 18,009,865 +0.13%
2001 18,052,092 +0.23%
2002 18,076,355 +0.13%
2003 18,079,686 +0.02%
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
2004 18,075,352 −0.02%
2005 18,058,105 −0.10%
2006 18,028,745 −0.16%
2007 17,996,621 −0.18%
2008 17,933,064 −0.35%
2009 17,872,763 −0.34%
2010 17,845,154 −0.15%
Source:

North Rhine-Westphalia: Religion

Religion in North Rhine-Westphalia, 2011
Religion Percent
Roman Catholicism
42.24%
EKD Protestantism
28.35%
Islam
2.78%
Other Christianity
1.05%
New religions
1.00%
Eastern Orthodox Church
0.49%
Indian religions
0.20%
Judaism
0.17%
Unaffiliated
23.76%

According to studies of the Ruhr University Bochum 42.24% of the North Rhine-Westphalian population adheres to the Roman Catholic Church, 28.35% are members of the Evangelical Church in Germany, 23.76% are unaffiliated, non-religious or atheists, 2.78% are Muslims, 0.49% are adherents of the Eastern Orthodox Church, 1.05% are members of smaller Christian groups (half of them the New Apostolic Church), 1.0% are adherents of new religions or esoteric groups, 0.2% are adherents of Indian religions, and 0.17% are Jews.

North Rhine-Westphalia ranks first in population among German states for both Roman Catholics and Protestants.

North Rhine-Westphalia: Politics

Main article: Politics of North Rhine-Westphalia

The politics of North Rhine-Westphalia takes place within a framework of a federal parliamentary representative democratic republic. The two main parties, as on the federal level, the centre-right Christian Democratic Union and the centre-left Social Democratic Party. From 1966 to 2005, North Rhine-Westphalia was continuously governed by the Social Democrats or SPD-led governments.

The state's legislative body is the Landtag ("state diet"). It may pass laws within the competency of the state, e.g. cultural matters, the education system, matters of internal security, i.e. the police, building supervision, health supervision and the media; as opposed to matters that are reserved to Federal law.

North Rhine-Westphalia uses the same electoral system as the Federal level in Germany: "Personalized proportional representation". Every five years the citizens of North Rhine-Westphalia vote in a general election to elect at least 181 members of the Landtag. Only parties who win at least 5% of the votes cast may be represented in parliament.

The Landtag, the parliamentary parties and groups consisting of at least 7 members of parliament have the right to table legal proposals to the Landtag for deliberation. The law that are passed by the Landtag is delivered to the Minister-President, who, together with the ministers involved, is required to sign it and announce it in the Law and Ordinance Gazette.

North Rhine-Westphalia: List of Ministers-President

These are the Ministers-president of the Federal State of North-Rhine Westphalia:

Ministers-president of North Rhine-Westphalia
No. Name Image Born-Died Party affiliation Start of Tenure End of Tenure
1 Rudolf Amelunxen Rudolf Amelunxen - Ausschnitt aus Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F001946-0009, Berlin, Bundesversammlung wählt Bundespräsident.jpg 1888–1969 Centre Party 1946 1947
2 Karl Arnold Karl Arnold Briefmarke Detail.jpg 1901–1958 CDU 1947 1956
3 Fritz Steinhoff Bundesarchiv Fritz Steinhoff.jpg 1897–1969 SPD 1956 1958
4 Franz Meyers Franz Meyers ex Ludwig Erhard 1965 FdG 1.jpg 1908–2002 CDU 1958 1966
5 Heinz Kühn Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F023752-0007 Heinz Kühn cropped.jpg 1912–1992 SPD 1966 1978
6 Johannes Rau Johannes Rau 2003.jpeg 1931–2006 SPD 1978 1998
7 Wolfgang Clement Wolfgang Clement.jpg *1940 SPD 1998 2002
8 Peer Steinbrück Peer Steinbrück in Münster (2012).jpg *1947 SPD 2002 2005
9 Jürgen Rüttgers Juergen Ruettgers.jpg *1951 CDU 2005 2010
10 Hannelore Kraft Hannelorekraft.jpg *1961 SPD 2010 incumbent

For the current state government, see Cabinet Kraft II.

North Rhine-Westphalia: Latest election results

Main article: North Rhine-Westphalia state election, 2012

The results of the 2012 North Rhine-Westphalia state election were as follows. Voter turnout was at 59.6%, a slight increase from the previous election in 2010.

e • d Summary of the 13 May 2012 Landtag of North Rhine-Westphalia elections results
< 2010 Flag of North Rhine-Westphalia.svg 2017 >
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes % +/– Seats +/–
Social Democratic Party of Germany
Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands - SPD
3,050,160 39.1% Increase4.6% 99 Increase32
Christian Democratic Union
Christlich Demokratische Union Deutschlands - CDU
2,050,633 26.3% Decrease8.3% 67 Steady
Alliance '90/The Greens
Bündnis 90/Die Grünen
884,136 11.3% Decrease0.8% 29 Increase6
Free Democratic Party
Freie Demokratische Partei – FDP
669,971 8.6% Increase1.9% 22 Increase9
Pirate Party Germany
Piratenpartei Deutschland
608,957 7.8% Increase6.2% 20 Increase20
Left
Die Linke
194,239 2.5% Decrease3.1% 0 Decrease11
Other parties 335,730 4.4% Increase0.9% 0 Steady
Valid votes 7,794,126 98.6% Steady
Invalid votes 107,796 1.4% Steady
Totals and voter turnout 7,901,922 59.6% Increase0.3% 237 Increase56
Electorate 13,264,231 100.00 -
Source: Die Landeswahlleiterin des Landes Nordrhein-Westfalen

North Rhine-Westphalia: Culture

The flag of North Rhine-Westphalia is green-white-red with the combined coats of arms of the Rhineland (white line before green background, symbolizing the river Rhine), Westfalen (the white horse) and Lippe (the red rose).

According to legend the horse in the Westphalian coat of arms is the horse that the Saxon leader Widukind rode after his baptism. Other theories attribute the horse to Henry the Lion. Some connect it with the Germanic rulers Hengist and Horsa.

North Rhine-Westphalia: Architecture and building monuments

The state is not known for its castles like other regions in Germany. However, North Rhine-Westphalia has a high concentration of museums, cultural centres, concert halls and theatres.

North Rhine-Westphalia: Historic monuments

North Rhine-Westphalia: Modern architecture

North Rhine-Westphalia: World Heritage Sites

See also: List of World Heritage Sites in Europe § Germany

The state has Aachen Cathedral, the Cologne Cathedral, the Zeche Zollverein in Essen and Augustusburg Palace in Brühl which are all World Heritage Sites.

North Rhine-Westphalia: Cuisine

See also: List of German dishes

North Rhine-Westphalia: Drinks

  • Kölsch is a local beer speciality brewed in Cologne.
  • Alt is a local beer speciality brewed in Düsseldorf and the Lower Rhine Region.
  • Dortmunder Export is a local pale lager beer speciality brewed in Dortmund.

North Rhine-Westphalia: Festivals

North Rhine-Westphalia hosts film festivals in Cologne, Bonn, Dortmund, Duisburg, Münster, Oberhausen and Lünen.

Other large festivals include Rhenish carnivals, Ruhrtriennale.

Every year GamesCom is hosted in Cologne. It is the largest video game convention in Europe.

North Rhine-Westphalia: Music

  • The composer Ludwig van Beethoven was born in Bonn in 1770.
  • A regional anthem is the Lied für NRW (Song for NRW).
  • North Rhine-Westphalia is home to many of Germany's best-known heavy metal, speed metal and thrash metal bands: Accept, Angel Dust, Blind Guardian, Doro (formerly of Warlock), Grave Digger, Holy Moses, Kreator, Rage, Scanner and Sodom. Also, North Rhine-Westphalia is home to Kraftwerk, originally a Krautrock band for four years, then later a synth-pop band.

North Rhine-Westphalia: Economy

Main article: Economy of North Rhine-Westphalia

NRW.INVEST

ThyssenKrupp headquarters in Essen

In the 1950s and 1960s, Westphalia was known as Land von Kohle und Stahl or the land of coal and steel. In the post-World War II recovery, the Ruhr was one of the most important industrial regions in Europe, and contributed to the German Wirtschaftswunder. As of the late 1960s, repeated crises led to contractions of these industrial branches. On the other hand, producing sectors, particularly in mechanical engineering and metal and iron working industry, experienced substantial growth. Despite this structural change and an economic growth which was under national average, the 2007 GDP of 529.4 billion euro (21.8 percent of the total German GDP) made the land the economically most important in Germany, as well as one of the most important economical areas in the world. Of Germany’s top 100 corporations, 37 are based in North Rhine-Westphalia. On a per capita base, however, North Rhine-Westphalia remains one of the weaker among the Western German states. As of June 2014, the unemployment rate is 8.2%, second highest among all western German states.

North Rhine-Westphalia attracts companies from both Germany and abroad. In 2009, the state had the most foreign direct investments (FDI) anywhere in Germany. Around 13,100 foreign companies from the most important investment countries control their German or European operations from bases in North Rhine-Westphalia.

In February 2014 North Rhine-Westphalia was ranked as the European Region of the Future in the 2014/15 list by FDi Magazine.

There have been many changes in the state's economy in recent times. Among the many changes in the economy, employment in the creative industries is up while the mining sector is employing fewer people. Industrial heritage sites are now workplaces for designers, artists and the advertising industry. The Ruhr region has – since the 1960s – undergone a significant structural change away from coal mining and steel industry. Many rural parts of Eastern Westphalia, Bergisches Land and the Lower Rhine ground their economy on "Hidden Champions" in various sectors.

North Rhine-Westphalia: Protection for possible nuclear disasters

Although there are no nuclear reactors located inside the state, the reactors in Tihange, Belgium are near the German border. People in the Netherlands and Germany are concerned about their safety given the age of these reactors. Billions of iodine tablets were ordered to protect the population in case of a serious nuclear accident in Tihange. In 2015 the German government extended the availability of iodine tablets: now all pregnant women, nursing mothers, and minors in the state will be eligible. Tablets will also be available for those living less than 100 km from the Tihange reactors and younger than 45 years of age.

North Rhine-Westphalia: Education

Main article: Education in North Rhine-Westphalia
RWTH Aachen

RWTH Aachen is one of Germany's leading universities of technology and was chosen by DFG as one of the German Universities of Excellence in 2007 and again in 2012.

North Rhine-Westphalia is home to 14 universities and over 50 partly postgraduate colleges, with a total of over 500,000 students. Largest and oldest university is the University of Cologne (Universität zu Köln), founded in 1388 AD, since 2012 also one of Germany's eleven Universities of Excellence.

North Rhine-Westphalia: Sports

Signal Iduna Park, the stadium of Bundesliga club Borussia Dortmund, is the largest stadium in Germany

North Rhine-Westphalia: Football

North Rhine-Westphalia is home to several professional football clubs including:

Bundesliga:

  • Bayer 04 Leverkusen,
  • Borussia Dortmund,
  • Borussia Mönchengladbach,
  • 1. FC Köln,
  • FC Schalke 04,

2. Bundesliga:

  • Arminia Bielefeld,
  • VfL Bochum,
  • Fortuna Düsseldorf,

Other divisions:

  • MSV Duisburg,
  • Alemannia Aachen,
  • Wuppertaler SV,
  • Rot-Weiß Essen, and
  • SC Paderborn 07.

Borussia Dortmund and FC Schalke 04 are the most successful teams in the state, with Dortmund winning 8 German Titles and Schalke winning 7. Borussia Mönchengladbach have won 5 titles, while 1. FC Köln have won it 3 times. Fortuna Düsseldorf and Rot-Weiß Essen have each been German Champions once. North Rhine-Westphalia has been a very successful footballing state having a combined total of 25 championships, fewer only than Bavaria.

North Rhine-Westphalia have hosted several matches in the 1974 and 2006 FIFA World Cups and hosted matches in the 2011 FIFA Women's World Cup. In 1974 the matches were played at Rheinstadion in Düsseldorf, Parkstadion in Gelsenkirchen and Westfalenstadion in Dortmund, in 2006 they were played at RheinEnergieStadion in Cologne, Arena Auf Schalke in Gelsenkichen and Signal Iduna Park in Dortmund. Borussia-Park in Mönchengladbach, BayArena in Leverkusen and Ruhrstadion in Bochum hosted matches for the 2011 FIFA Women's World Cup.

North Rhine-Westphalia: Ice hockey

North Rhine-Westphalia is home to DEL teams Düsseldorfer EG, Kölner Haie (Cologne Sharks), Krefeld Pinguine (Krefeld Penguins) and Iserlohn Roosters.

North Rhine-Westphalia: See also

  • Kunstsammlung Nordrhein-Westfalen
  • Kunststiftung NRW
  • NRW Forum
  • Outline of Germany
  • List of rivers of North Rhine-Westphalia

North Rhine-Westphalia: References

  1. "Amtliche Bevölkerungszahlen". Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW (in German). 18 July 2016.
  2. http://www.vgrdl.de/VGRdL/tbls/tab.asp?rev=RV2014&tbl=tab01&lang=de-DE
  3. Wikisource-logo.svg Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Rhine Province". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
  4. "History of North Rhine-Westphalia". Government of North Rhine-Westphalia. Retrieved 10 April 2011.
  5. Wagener, Volker (18 November 2009). "North Rhine-Westphalia: an overview". Deutsche Welle. Retrieved 26 July 2011.
  6. Tatsachen über Deutschland (2003) Nordrhein-Westfalen, p. 44
  7. Length of borders taken from Statistisches Jahrbuch NRW 2005, 47. Jahrgang, Landesamt für Datenverarbeitung und Statistik Nordrhein-Westfalen, p. 22
  8. [1] 31 Dec. 2014 German Statistical Office. Zensus 2014: Bevölkerung am 31. Dezember 2014
  9. "Bevölkerung NRW". Landesdatenbank Nordrhein-Westfalen. Landesbetrieb für Information und Technik Nordrhein-Westfalen. Retrieved 26 August 2010. Zahlen sind Fortschreibung des Bevölkerungsstandes. Die Zahlen ab 1965 beziehen sich auf die Bevölkerung zum 31. Dezember des jeweiligen Jahres. Bis 1960 Mittlere Jahresbevölkerung. Bis einschließlich 1986 geschätzte Werte. Die Fortschreibung des Bevölkerungsstandes basiert ab 1987 auf den Ergebnissen der Volkszählung von 1987. Daten vor 1977 wurden auf den Gebietsstand 1. Juli 1976 umgerechnet
  10. Religionzugehörigkeit der Deutschen nach Bundesländern 2011
  11. Markus Hero. "Volkhard Krech: ''Was glauben die Menschen in Nordrhein-Westfalen? Erste Ergebnisse einer Untersuchung über religiöse Pluralität'', Ruhr-Universität Bochum, 2006" (PDF). Ruhr-uni-bochum.de. Retrieved 29 October 2012.
  12. Markus Hero. "Lehrstuhl für Religionswissenschaft an der Ruhr-Universität Bochum; Volkhard Krech: ''Religion plural''". Ruhr-uni-bochum.de. Retrieved 29 October 2012.
  13. "The Landtag of North Rhine-Westphalia". Landtag of North Rhine-Westphalia. Retrieved 11 April 2011.
  14. "Culture". State of North Rhine-Westphalia. Retrieved 13 April 2011.
  15. Ministerium für Wirtschaft, Mittelstand und Energie des Landes Nordrhein-Westfalen: Konjunkturindikatoren NRW
  16. Arbeitskreis Volkswirtschaftliche Gesamtrechnungen der Länder: Volkswirtschaftliche Gesamtrechnungen der Länder Archived 14 June 2008 at the Wayback Machine.
  17. "Statistik der Bundesagentur für Arbeit". statistik.arbeitsagentur.de. Retrieved 16 July 2014.
  18. the Online Editor. "FDI". New European Economy. Retrieved 29 October 2012.
  19. "London and Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany best investment locations in Europe". FinFacts Ireland. 21 February 2014.
  20. "European Cities and Regions of the Future 2014/15". fDiIntelligence.com. London. 17 February 2014. Retrieved 11 April 2014.
  21. AD.NL (August 08 2016)(dutch)German State fears nuclear disaster
  22. "innovation.nrw.de: students in NRW by university or college, 2010" (PDF). Retrieved 29 October 2012.
  • Official Government Portal
  • The Landtag of North Rhine-Westphalia
  • Holidays in NRW
  • Information and resources on the history of Westphalia on the Web portal "Westphalian History"
  • Guidelines for the integration of the Land Lippe within the territory of the federal state North-Rhine-Westphalia of 17 January 1947
  • North Rhine-Westphalia images from Cologne and Duesseldorf to Paderborn and Muenster
  • Geographic data related to North Rhine-Westphalia at OpenStreetMap
Source of information: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. We're not responsible for the content of this article and your use of this information. Disclaimer
no
Aachen
Augsburg
Bad Birnbach
Bad Ems
Bad Füssing
Bad Godesberg
Bad Harzburg
Bad Homburg
Bad Kissingen
Bad Mergentheim
Bad Neuenahr-Ahrweiler
Bad Reichenhall
Bad Salzuflen
Bad Schandau
Baden-Baden
Baden-Württemberg
Bamberg
Bavaria
Berchtesgaden
Berlin
Bernkastel-Kues
Bielefeld
Binz
Bonn
Brandenburg
Braunlage
Braunschweig
Bremen
Bremerhaven
Chemnitz
Cochem
Cologne
Cuxhaven
Dortmund
Dresden
Duisburg
Düsseldorf
Eisenach
Erfurt
Erlangen
Essen
Europa-Park
Frankfurt
Freiburg
Friedrichshafen
Fürth
Füssen
Garmisch-Partenkirchen
Goslar
Görlitz
Göttingen
Hamburg
Hanover
Heidelberg
Heiligendamm
Heligoland
Hesse
Ingolstadt
Inzell
Karlsruhe
Kiel
Koblenz
Lake Constance
Leipzig
Lindau
Lower Saxony
Lübeck
Magdeburg
Mainz
Mannheim
Marburg
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
Munich
Münster
Neuschwanstein Castle
Neuss
Norddeich
Norden
North Rhine-Westphalia
Nuremberg
Oberstdorf
Oldenburg
Osnabrück
Paderborn
Potsdam
Quedlinburg
Regensburg
Rhineland-Palatinate
Rostock
Rothenburg ob der Tauber
Ruhpolding
Rust
Rügen
Saarbrücken
Saarland
Saxony
Saxony-Anhalt
Schleswig-Holstein
Schmallenberg
Schwerin
Schönau am Königsee
Sindelfingen
Speyer
Stuttgart
Sylt
Thuringia
Travemünde
Trier
Ulm
Warnemünde
Weimar
Wernigerode
Westerland
Wiesbaden
Wolfsburg
Würzburg
+ Abkhazia
+ Afghanistan
+ Albania
+ Algeria
+ Andorra
+ Angola
+ Anguilla
+ Antigua And Barbuda
+ Argentina
+ Armenia
+ Aruba
+ Australia
+ Austria
+ Azerbaijan
+ Bahamas
+ Bahrain
+ Bangladesh
+ Barbados
+ Belarus
+ Belgium
+ Belize
+ Benin
+ Bermuda
+ Bhutan
+ Bolivia
+ Bosnia and Herzegovina
+ Botswana
+ Brazil
+ British Virgin Islands
+ Brunei
+ Bulgaria
+ Burkina Faso
+ Burundi
+ Cambodia
+ Cameroon
+ Canada
+ Cape Verde
+ Caribbean Netherlands
+ Cayman Islands
+ Chad
+ Chile
+ China
+ Colombia
+ Costa Rica
+ Croatia
+ Cuba
+ Curaçao
+ Cyprus
+ Czech Republic
+ Democratic Republic of the Congo
+ Denmark
+ Djibouti
+ Dominican Republic
+ Ecuador
+ Egypt
+ El Salvador
+ Equatorial Guinea
+ Eritrea
+ Estonia
+ Ethiopia
+ Faroe Islands
+ Fiji
+ Finland
+ France
+ French Guiana
+ French Polynesia
+ Gabon
+ Gambia
+ Georgia
+ Germany
+ Ghana
+ Gibraltar
+ Greece
+ Guadeloupe
+ Guam
+ Guatemala
+ Guinea
+ Guyana
+ Haiti
+ Honduras
+ Hong Kong
+ Hungary
+ Iceland
+ India
+ Indonesia
+ Iran
+ Iraq
+ Ireland
+ Isle of Man
+ Israel
+ Italy
+ Ivory Coast
+ Jamaica
+ Japan
+ Jordan
+ Kazakhstan
+ Kenya
+ Kiribati
+ Kongo
+ Kosovo
+ Kuwait
+ Kyrgyzstan
+ Laos
+ Latvia
+ Lebanon
+ Lesotho
+ Libya
+ Liechtenstein
+ Lithuania
+ Luxembourg
+ Macau
+ Macedonia
+ Madagascar
+ Malawi
+ Malaysia
+ Maldives
+ Mali
+ Malta
+ Martinique
+ Mauritania
+ Mauritius
+ Mexico
+ Moldova
+ Monaco
+ Mongolia
+ Montenegro
+ Morocco
+ Mozambique
+ Myanmar
+ Namibia
+ Nepal
+ Netherlands
+ New Zealand
+ Nicaragua
+ Nigeria
+ North Korea
+ Northern Mariana Islands
+ Norway
+ Oman
+ Pakistan
+ Palau
+ Palestine
+ Panama
+ Papua New Guinea
+ Paraguay
+ Peru
+ Philippines
+ Poland
+ Portugal
+ Puerto Rico
+ Qatar
+ Romania
+ Russia
+ Rwanda
+ Réunion
+ Saint Barthélemy
+ Saint Kitts and Nevis
+ Saint Lucia
+ Saint Martin
+ Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
+ Samoa
+ San Marino
+ Saudi Arabia
+ Senegal
+ Serbia
+ Seychelles
+ Sierra Leone
+ Singapore
+ Sint Maarten
+ Slovakia
+ Slovenia
+ Solomon Islands
+ South Africa
+ South Korea
+ Spain
+ Sri Lanka
+ Sudan
+ Suriname
+ Swaziland
+ Sweden
+ Switzerland
+ Syria
+ Taiwan
+ Tajikistan
+ Tanzania
+ Thailand
+ Togo
+ Tonga
+ Trinidad and Tobago
+ Tunisia
+ Turkey
+ Turkmenistan
+ Turks and Caicos Islands
+ U.S. Virgin Islands
+ Uganda
+ Ukraine
+ United Arab Emirates
+ United Kingdom
+ United States
+ Uruguay
+ Uzbekistan
+ Vanuatu
+ Vatican City
+ Venezuela
+ Vietnam
+ Yemen
+ Zambia
+ Zimbabwe
Vacation: Popular Goods
Popular Goods
Clothing
Tops
Trousers & shorts
Skirts
Dresses
Suits
Uniforms
Outerwear
Underwear
Lingerie
Footwear
Headwear
Nightwear
Swimsuits
Accessories

Cosmetics
Perfumery
Skin care
Hygiene products

Jewellery
Watches
Gemstones

Home appliances
Interior design
Furniture
Bedding
Linens
Plumbing
Lamps
Hand tools
Gardening tools
Building materials

Culinary (Cooking)
Foods
Vegetables
Fruits
Beverages
Condiments
Food preparation appliances
Cooking appliances
Cooking utensils
Kitchenware
Crockery
Cookware & bakeware

Toys
Children's clothing

Electronics
Activity trackers
Audio electronics
Apple electronics
Batteries
BlackBerry
Computer hardware
Computer peripherals
Consumer electronics
Digital electronics
iPhone
GPS
Laptops (notebooks)
Mobile phones
Musical instruments
Optical devices
Photography equipment
PlayStation
Rechargeable batteries
Radio
Satellite navigation
Smartphones
Smartwatches
Tablet computers
Television
Video game consoles
Wearable computers
Wireless
Xbox

Sports
Sports equipment
Sports clothing

Travel
Tourism
Tourism by country
Capitals
Tourist attractions
Airlines
Low-cost airlines
Airports
Airliners
Hotels
Tourism companies
Travel websites
Cruise lines
Cruise ships
Travel gear
Luggage
Camping equipment
Hiking equipment
Fishing equipment

Automobiles
Auto accessories
Automotive electronics
Auto parts
Auto chemicals
Tires

Software
Windows software
Mac OS software
Linux software
Android software
IOS software
Access Control Software
Business Software
Communication Software
Computer Programming
Digital Typography Software
Educational Software
Entertainment Software
Genealogy Software
Government Software
Graphics Software
Health Software
Industrial Software
Knowledge Representation Software
Language Software
Legal Software
Library & Info Science Software
Multimedia Software
Music Software
Personal Info Managers
Religious Software
Scientific Software
Simulation Software
System Software
Transportation Software
Video games, PC games

Finance
Advertising
Accounting
Auditing
Business
Banking
Credit
Credit cards
Currency
Debt
E-commerce
Economics
Employment
Financial markets
Forex
Human resource management
Insurance
Investment
Labor
Law
Loans
Management
Marketing
Money
Mortgage
Payment systems
Pensions
Philanthropy
Property
Real estate
Securities
Stationery
Taxation
Universities & colleges

Books
Films
Music

Health
Dietary supplements
Diets
Medical equipment
Vitamins
Weight loss

All trademarks, service marks, trade names, product names, and logos appearing on the site are the property of their respective owners.
© 2011-2017 Maria-Online.com ▪ DesignHosting