Oran, Algeria
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What's important: you can compare and book not only Oran hotels and resorts, but also villas and holiday cottages, inns and B&Bs (bed and breakfast), condo hotels and apartments, timeshare properties, guest houses and pensions, campsites (campgrounds), motels and hostels in Oran. If you're going to Oran save your money and time, don't pay for the services of the greedy travel agencies. Instead, book the best hotel in Oran online, buy the cheapest airline tickets to Oran, and rent a car in Oran right now, paying the lowest price! Besides, here you can buy the Oran related books, guidebooks, souvenirs and other goods.

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How to Book a Hotel in Oran

In order to book an accommodation in Oran enter the proper dates and do the hotel search. If needed, sort the found Oran hotels by price, star rating, property type, guest rating, hotel features, hotel theme or hotel chain. Then take a look at the found hotels on Oran map to estimate the distance from the main Oran attractions and sights. You can also read the guest reviews of Oran hotels and see their ratings.

When a hotel search in Oran is done, please select the room type, the included meals and the suitable booking conditions (for example, "Deluxe double room, Breakfast included, Non-Refundable"). Press the "View Deal" ("Book Now") button. Make your booking on a hotel booking website and get the hotel reservation voucher by email. That's it, a perfect hotel in Oran is waiting for you!

Hotels of Oran

A hotel in Oran is an establishment that provides lodging paid on a short-term basis. Facilities provided may range from a basic bed and storage for clothing, to luxury features like en-suite bathrooms. Larger in Oran hotels may provide additional guest facilities such as a swimming pool, business centre, childcare, conference facilities and social function services. Hotel rooms in Oran are usually numbered (or named in some smaller hotels and B&Bs) to allow guests to identify their room. Some Oran hotels offer meals as part of a room and board arrangement. Hotel operations vary in size, function, and cost. Most Oran hotels and major hospitality companies that operate hotels in Oran have set widely accepted industry standards to classify hotel types. General categories include the following:

Upscale luxury hotels in Oran
An upscale full service hotel facility in Oran that offers luxury amenities, full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and the highest level of personalized and professional service. Luxury Oran hotels are normally classified with at least a Four Diamond or Five Diamond status or a Four or Five Star rating depending on classification standards.

Full service hotels in Oran
Full service Oran hotels often contain upscale full-service facilities with a large volume of full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and a variety of on-site amenities such as swimming pools, a health club, children's activities, ballrooms, on-site conference facilities, etc.

Historic inns and boutique hotels in Oran
Boutique hotels of Oran are smaller independent non-branded hotels that often contain upscale facilities of varying size in unique or intimate settings with full service accommodations. Oran boutique hotels are generally 100 rooms or less. Some historic inns and boutique hotels in Oran may be classified as luxury hotels.

Focused or select service hotels in Oran
Small to medium-sized hotel establishments that offer a limited amount of on-site amenities that only cater and market to a specific demographic of Oran travelers, such as the single business traveler. Most Oran focused or select service hotels may still offer full service accommodations but may lack leisure amenities such as an on-site restaurant or a swimming pool.

Economy and limited service hotels in Oran
Small to medium-sized Oran hotel establishments that offer a very limited amount of on-site amenities and often only offer basic accommodations with little to no services, these facilities normally only cater and market to a specific demographic of travelers, such as the budget-minded Oran traveler seeking a "no frills" accommodation. Limited service Oran hotels often lack an on-site restaurant but in return may offer a limited complimentary food and beverage amenity such as on-site continental breakfast service.

Guest houses and B&Bs in Oran
A bed and breakfast in Oran is a small lodging establishment that offers overnight accommodation and inclusive breakfast. Usually, Oran bed and breakfasts are private homes or family homes offering accommodations. The typical Oran B&B has between 4 and 11 rooms, with 6 being the average. Generally, guests are accommodated in private bedrooms with private bathrooms, or in a suite of rooms including an en suite bathroom. Some homes have private bedrooms with a bathroom which is shared with other guests. Breakfast is served in the bedroom, a dining room, or the host's kitchen. Often the owners of guest house themselves prepare the breakfast and clean the rooms.

Hostels in Oran
Oran hostels provide budget-oriented, sociable accommodation where guests can rent a bed, usually a bunk bed, in a dormitory and share a bathroom, lounge, and sometimes a kitchen. Rooms can be mixed or single-sex, although private rooms may also be available. Hostels are often cheaper for both the operator and occupants; many Oran hostels have long-term residents whom they employ as desk agents or housekeeping staff in exchange for experience or discounted accommodation.

Apartment hotels, extended stay hotels in Oran
Extended stay hotels are small to medium-sized Oran hotels that offer longer term full service accommodations compared to a traditional hotel. Extended stay hotels may offer non-traditional pricing methods such as a weekly rate that cater towards travelers in need of short-term accommodations for an extended period of time. Similar to limited and select service hotels, on-site amenities are normally limited and most extended stay hotels in Oran lack an on-site restaurant.

Timeshare and destination clubs in Oran
Oran timeshare and destination clubs are a form of property ownership also referred to as a vacation ownership involving the purchase and ownership of an individual unit of accommodation for seasonal usage during a specified period of time. Timeshare resorts in Oran often offer amenities similar that of a Full service hotel with on-site restaurant(s), swimming pools, recreation grounds, and other leisure-oriented amenities. Destination clubs of Oran on the other hand may offer more exclusive private accommodations such as private houses in a neighborhood-style setting.

Motels in Oran
A Oran motel is a small-sized low-rise lodging establishment similar to that of a limited service hotel, but with direct access to individual rooms from the car park. Common during the 1950s and 1960s, motels were often located adjacent to a major road, where they were built on inexpensive land at the edge of towns or along stretches of highways. They are still useful in less populated areas of Oran for driving travelers, but the more populated an area becomes the more hotels fill the need. Many of Oran motels which remain in operation have joined national franchise chains, rebranding themselves as hotels, inns or lodges.

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Travelling and vacation in Oran

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This article is about the city in Algeria. For other uses, see Oran (disambiguation).
Oran
وهران
Wahrān
ⵡⴰⵀⵔⴻⵏ
City
Top, the two Lions of Atlas (symbol of Oran), Center, 1st November Place, fort & chapel of Santa Cruz, Bey Othmane mosque, Bottom, general view
Top, the two Lions of Atlas (symbol of Oran), Center, 1st November Place, fort & chapel of Santa Cruz, Bey Othmane mosque, Bottom, general view
Official seal of Oran
Seal
Nickname(s): The radiant " الباهية "
Location of Oran in the Oran Province
Location of Oran in the Oran Province
Oran is located in Algeria
Oran
Oran
Location of Oran within Algeria
Coordinates:  / 35.69694; -0.63306  / 35.69694; -0.63306
Country Algeria
Province Oran Province
District Oran District
Re-founded AD 944
Government
• Wali (Governor) Saddek Benkada
Area
• City 2,121 km (819 sq mi)
Elevation 0.9 m (3 ft)
Population (2008 for city proper, 2010 for metro area)
• City 1,560,329 Increase
• Metro 3,454,078
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
Postal codes 31000 - 31037

Oran (Arabic: وهران‎‎ Wahrān; Berber: ⵡⴰⵀⵔⴻⵏ Wahren) is an important coastal city that is located in the north-west of Algeria. It is considered the second most important city after the capital Algiers, due to its commercial, industrial, and cultural importance. It is 432 km (268 mi) from Algiers. The total population of the city was 759,645 in 2008, while the metropolitan area has a population of approximately 1,500,000 making it the second largest city in Algeria.

The name "Wahran" (Oran in Arabic) is derived from the Berber word "uharan" that means "two lions".

A legend says that in 900 AD, lions still lived in the area. The last two lions were hunted on a mountain near Oran and are elsewhere referred to as "mountain lions".

Oran: History

See also: Timeline of Oran

Oran: Overview

During the Roman empire, a small settlement called Unica Colonia existed in the area of current Oran. but this settlement disappeared after the Arab conquest of the Maghreb.

Present-day Oran was founded in 903 by Moorish Andalusi traders. It was captured by the Castilians under Cardinal Cisneros in 1509, and Spanish sovereignty lasted until 1708, when the city was conquered by the Ottomans. Spain recaptured the city in 1732. However, its value as a trading post had decreased greatly, so King Charles IV sold the city to the Turks in 1792. Ottoman rule lasted until 1831, when it fell to the French.

During French rule over Algeria during the 19th and 20th centuries, Oran was the capital of a département of the same name (number 92). In July 1940, the British navy shelled French warships in the port after they refused a British ultimatum to surrender; this action was taken to ensure the fleet would not fall into German hands, as the Nazis had defeated France and occupied Paris. The action increased the hatred of the Vichy regime for Britain but convinced the world that the British would fight on alone against Nazi Germany and its allies. The Vichy government held Oran during World War II until its capture by the Allies in late 1942, during Operation Torch.

Also, during French rule, Jews were encouraged to modernize and take on jobs they had not before including agriculture. Jews In the city were allowed to join the French Army starting October 24, 1870 when Algerian Jews were granted citizenship. French Jews would soon be targeted after not choosing to side with the Algerian Muslims who fought for independence against France.

Before the Algerian War, 1954–1962, Oran had one of the highest proportions of Europeans of any city in North Africa. In July 1962, after a ceasefire and accords with France, the FLN entered Oran and were shot at by a European. A mob attacked pied-noir neighborhoods and massacred thousands of Europeans in Oran; 453 have been said to have "disappeared." This triggered a larger exodus of Europeans to France, which was already underway. Shortly after the end of the war, most of the Europeans and Algerian Jews living in Oran fled to France. In less than three months, Oran lost about half its population. This population lost is similar to the Jews as many fled after siding with France in the Algerian War for Independence. As the war progressed, those who supported independence in Algeria threatened those who sided with Europe causing these people to flee.

Oran: Islamic dynasties (910–1509)

Start year End year Event
910 1082 Oran became a perpetual object of conflict between the Umayyads of al-Andalus and the Fatimids of Kairouan.
1082 1145 Presence of Almoravids. In 1145, Tashfin ibn Ali perished in the outskirts of Oran while trying to flee the besieging Almohad troops, who had already captured Tlemcen, and defeated the Zenata.
1145 1238 Presence of Almohads. 1147 marked the beginning of a period of persecution of Oran's Jews.
1238 1509 Presence of the Zianides of Tlemcen and then the Marinid dynasty of Fes. The Oranians grew rich from protection by the Emir, the customs system (tariffs), trade with Marseilles, and the Italian Maritime Republics of Genoa and Venice, with whom, in 1250, Oran signed a commercial treaty for 40 years. Toward the end of the 14th century, celebrated Arab historian Ibn Khaldoun wrote, "Oran is superior to all other cities by its trade. It's a paradise for the unhappy one. Those who arrive poor in its walls, will leave it again rich." The city excelled in the export of lead, wool, skins, fine burnous, carpets, haïks, cumin, nuts, and galls, as well as black African slaves.

Oran: Spanish period (1509–1708, 1732–1792)

The Santa Cruz Fort, Oran. Santa Cruz is Spanish for "holy cross"

Before the Spaniards, the Portuguese launched a failed expedition to capture the city in July 1501. Four years later, the Spanish took Mers-el-Kébir, located just four miles (6.4 km) to the west of the Oran. Thus began the first organized incursions against the city which, at the time, numbered 25,000 inhabitants and counted 6,000 fueros. Count Pedro Navarro, on the orders of Cardinal Francisco Jiménez de Cisneros, finally captured the city on May 17, 1509. The occupying forces set fire to the books and archives of the town.

By 1554, the Turks had reached Algiers. The governor of Oran, Count Alcaudete, allied himself with Moroccan Sultan Mohammed ash-Sheikh against them. Nine years later, in 1563, Álvaro de Bazán, Marquis de Santa Cruz, built the fort of Santa-Cruz, strategically placed at the top of a mountain, l'Aïdour, more than 1,000 ft (300 m) above the sea, directly to the west of the city. Pedro Garcerán de Borja, Grand Master of the Order of Montesa, was captain of Oran when, on July 14, 1568, John of Austria (the illegitimate son of Charles I and paternal half-brother of King Philip II), led a flotilla of 33 galleys against the Algerians.

In April 1669 the Spanish governor, the Marquis del los Vélez, expelled all the Jews who lived in Oran and Mers El Kébir sending them to be resettled in either Nice, or Livorno.

The Spanish rebuilt Santa Cruz Fort to accommodate their city governors. "The fortifications of the place were composed of thick and continuous walls of over two and a half km in circumference, surmounted by strong towers spaced between them," with a central castle or kasbah where the Spanish governor had his headquarters. Under Spanish rule, the city continued to grow, requiring enlargement of the city walls. In spite of the improved fortifications, the city was the object of repeated attacks. Notable in this regard, Moroccan Sharif Moulay Ismail tried to force his way past the defences in 1707, only to see his army decimated.

Oran: Ottoman period (1708–1732, 1792–1831)

The Bey Othmane Mosque

The Spaniards occupied the city until 1708, when the Turkish Bey, Mustapha Ben Youssef (Bouchelaghem) took advantage of the War of Spanish Succession to drive them out.

In 1732, Spanish forces returned under José Carrillo de Albornoz, capturing the city from Bey Hassan in the Battle of Aïn-el-Turk. Spain maintained its hold over Oran for the next six decades.

In the night after October 8, 1790, a violent earthquake claimed more than 3,000 victims in less than seven minutes. Charles IV saw no advantage in continuing the occupation of the city, which had become increasingly expensive and perilous. He initiated discussions with the Bey of Algiers. They signed a treaty on September 12, 1792 by which the Spanish transferred the city to the Ottoman Empire. After another earthquake damaged the Spanish defences, the forces of the Ottoman ruler of Algiers, Muhammad Bey (Muhammad Ben-Othman, or Muhammad Bey "el-Kebir"), took possession of Oran on October 8 of the same year. In 1792, the Ottomans settled a Jewish community there. In 1796, the Pasha Mosque (in honour of Hassan Pasha, Dey of Algiers), was built by the Turks with ransom money paid for the release of Spanish prisoners after Spain's final departure. In 1830 the Beys moved their Algerian capital from Mascara to Oran.

Oran: French period (1831–1962)

Oran from steps of City Hall, 1894
Oran's city hall, dating from the French period.
The Great Synagogue of Oran was confiscated and turned into a mosque, after Jewish Algerians left Algeria in 1962.

The town of 10,000 inhabitants was still in the possession of the Ottoman Empire when a squadron under the command of captain Bourmand seized el-Kébir on December 14, 1830. The city was in a wretched state. On January 4, 1831, the French commanded by General Damrémont occupied Oran. In September 1831, General Berthezène appointed Mr. Pujol as mayor of Oran; he had been captain of cavalry in retirement and was wounded in the right hand under the Empire.

In 1832, leading a force of five thousand men, the young Emir Abd al-Qadir attacked Oran. In April 1833, commander-in-chief, General Boyer, was replaced by the baron Louis Alexis Desmichels. The city's defenders, under attack by Abd al Qadir, held their ground.

Oran: Since independence (1962)

Due to the loss of Europeans from the city, the Cathedral de Sacre Coeur was converted into a public library for the city's predominantly Muslim residents, in order to make best use of the building.

Oran: Etymology

The word derives from the Berber root hr, meaning lion (see also Tahert and Souk Ahras). The name is attested in multiple Berber languages, for instance as uharu and ahra. A locally popular legend tells that in the period around 900 BC, there were sightings of lions in the area. The two last lions were killed on a mountain near Oran, and it became known as La montagne des lions ("The Mountain of Lions"). Two giant lion statues stand in front of Oran's city hall, symbolizing the city.

Oran: Religious history

With its location as the closest port to Spain and its prominence on the Mediterranean, Jewish refugees first immigrated to Oran to flee persecution and conversion to Christianity in Spain in 1391. This refuge brought other religious refugees that included both Jews again and Muslims in both 1492 and 1502. On October 24, 1870, with the French dominance, Algerian Jews were given French citizenship with the Cremieux Decree. Later, despite a World War II sentiment that favored acceptance, Oran still had a history marked by intolerance. There was a decrease in the Jewish population as Muslims were the only group granted citizenship protection in 1963, one year after Algerian independence.

Oran: Oran today

Today, Oran is a major port and a commercial centre, and has three universities. The old quarter of Oran has a casbah and an 18th-century mosque. The modern section of Oran is referred to as La Ville Nouvelle and was built after 1831; this section contrasts with the older section, La Blanca.

Oran has become a major trading centre for the wider area, serving Arzew, the area's oil/gas port as well as Sonatrach, the country's biggest oil and gas company. Sonalgas has built a new congress centre in Oran and in 2010 the 16th International Conference & Exhibition on Liquefied Natural Gas was held in the city of Oran, which attracted around 3,000 visitors and major companies from around the world. To accommodate all visitors, new hotels are currently being constructed and floating hotels will be used in the future. With a growth in urbanization, water quality and management is being harmed in Oran; this change in water quality is affecting marine life and the state of beaches in this tourism driven city.

Oran: Climate

Climate in Oran.

Oran features a semi-arid climate (Köppen climate classification BSk/BSh). Oran’s climate does show influences of a Mediterranean climate; however the combination of the city's relatively high average annual temperature and relatively low annual precipitation precludes it from falling under that climate category. Oran averages 326 mm (13 in) of precipitation annually, the bulk of which falls between November and May. Summers are the warmest times of the year, with average high temperatures in the warmest month (August) approaching 32 degrees Celsius. Winters are the coolest times of the year in Oran, with high temperatures in the coolest month (January) at around 17 degrees Celsius.

Climate data for Oran
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 26.4
(79.5)
33.0
(91.4)
36.6
(97.9)
33.2
(91.8)
40.0
(104)
39.5
(103.1)
45.8
(114.4)
43.8
(110.8)
40.6
(105.1)
39.0
(102.2)
33.0
(91.4)
30.8
(87.4)
45.8
(114.4)
Average high °C (°F) 16.6
(61.9)
17.7
(63.9)
19.7
(67.5)
21.5
(70.7)
23.9
(75)
27.7
(81.9)
30.5
(86.9)
31.6
(88.9)
29.0
(84.2)
25.2
(77.4)
20.6
(69.1)
17.7
(63.9)
23.48
(74.26)
Daily mean °C (°F) 10.9
(51.6)
12.1
(53.8)
13.9
(57)
15.8
(60.4)
18.6
(65.5)
22.3
(72.1)
25.0
(77)
25.9
(78.6)
23.4
(74.1)
19.6
(67.3)
15.1
(59.2)
12.2
(54)
17.90
(64.22)
Average low °C (°F) 5.1
(41.2)
6.5
(43.7)
8.1
(46.6)
10.0
(50)
13.2
(55.8)
16.9
(62.4)
19.4
(66.9)
20.1
(68.2)
17.7
(63.9)
14.0
(57.2)
9.5
(49.1)
6.7
(44.1)
12.27
(54.09)
Record low °C (°F) −3.0
(26.6)
−3.0
(26.6)
−1.3
(29.7)
0.0
(32)
3.0
(37.4)
5.0
(41)
11.0
(51.8)
9.0
(48.2)
7.7
(45.9)
3.0
(37.4)
0.0
(32)
−6.1
(21)
−6.1
(21)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 43.6
(1.717)
44.4
(1.748)
35.0
(1.378)
29.6
(1.165)
27.2
(1.071)
3.80
(0.1496)
1.80
(0.0709)
2.70
(0.1063)
13.2
(0.52)
24.8
(0.976)
55.5
(2.185)
45.2
(1.78)
326.8
(12.866)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 8.7 8.5 7.1 7.2 6.9 2.0 1.3 1.8 3.6 6.6 8.4 8.8 70.9
Average relative humidity (%) 79.5 76.5 74.0 70.0 68.0 66.2 64.7 66.5 70.2 73.9 76.3 78.6 72.03
Source #1: World Meteorological Organization (UN)
Source #2: climatebase.ru (extremes, humidity)

Oran: Earthquakes

Further information: List of earthquakes in Algeria

As Oran is located in Northern Algeria, it faces the constant threat of earthquakes that can cause damage to the city. The last major earthquake was in 1790 which killed 3,000 people. Many of the existing older buildings in the city have had been reinforced and newer construction is made to withstand earthquakes from the start. While the city dates back to the 900s, the oldest remaining buildings are from the French period in the 1800s making it easier to reinforce these buildings.

Oran: Culture

The folk music Raï ("opinion" in Arabic), had its beginnings in Oran. This genre of music was formulated by shepherds in the 1930s through Arab and European influences. This music was surrounded by controversy due to women's key role in public performances of the music, as well as the hedonistic lyrics about love and alcohol. This led to strict governmental control in the area which led to arrests, injuries, and assassinations. Many notable Raï musicians (including Cheb Hasni, Cheb Khaled, and Rachid Taha) hail from Oran. The violinist Akim el Sikameya was also born in Oran. One of Oran’s most famous emigrants is Yves Saint Laurent.

Oran: Attractions

The main museum in Oran is called Musée National Ahmend Zabana. Although often overlooked by tourists, it includes a natural history exhibit in addition to arts pieces like mosaics and portraits.

Oran: Representation in other media

Place 1er novembre (ex.Place d'Armes)
Chapelle Santa Cruz
  • El Gallardo Español 1615 by Miguel de Cervantes and Albert Camus' novel The Plague (1947) take place in Oran.
  • In the movie Casablanca (1942), the route for refugees fleeing to the Americas was Paris to Marseille, across the Mediterranean to Oran, then by train, auto or foot to Casablanca. If they acquired an exit visa, they went on to Lisbon from there.
  • Paul Bowles' 1949 novel The Sheltering Sky mainly takes place in Oran.
  • Part of Arturo Pérez-Reverte's Capitán Alatriste adventure novel, Corsarios de Levante (Pirates of the Levant, 2006), takes place in early 17th-century Oran. The action of the book occurs a few years after the forced expulsion of the last Moriscos (Spanish Christians of Muslim descent) from Valencia. Oran is featured as a sun-blasted North African military stronghold. Capitán Diego Alatriste finds Oran to be manned by an impoverished garrison of Spanish Christians, living alongside Muslims (some fiercely loyal to Spain), and Sephardic Jews, descendants of refugees from the 1492 expulsions from Spain.
  • In the ITV drama series Hornblower, Lieutenant Hornblower is sent by Captain Pellew to Oran to obtain supplies, only to discover that the city was suffering from a bubonic plague epidemic.
  • The heroine of Geraldine Brooks' novel, Year of Wonders, ends up in Oran after a year in a village quarantined in 1666 because of the plague.
  • Joann Sfar's graphic novel The Rabbi's Cat 2 begins in Oran.
  • Kamel Daoud's novel The Meursault Investigation is set in a bar in Oran.

Oran: City districts

Oran: Districts of Oran

Neighborhoods and districts of Oran.
Arabic name and names of the districts of Oran
District Arabic name Name
1 الحمري El Hamri
2 حي الإمام الهواري Hai Imam El-Houari
3 السعادة Es-Saada
4 المقري Al-Maqarri
5 الحمري El-Hamri
6 البدر El-Badr
7 الصديقية Es-Seddikia
8 المنزه El-Menzeh
9 الأمير El-Emir
10 العثمانية El-Othmania
11 بوعمامة Bouamama
12 محي الدين Muhieddine

Oran: Medina Jedida

Medina Jedida or, new city in English, is a large historical and popular district. It was one of the Muslim quarters in the French colonial period. In this district, there is one of the biggest markets in the country, called Le Marché de Medina Jedida (Medina Jedida Market).

Oran: El Hamri

Mosque of Hassan Basha

El Hamri is a large and popular district in the center of Oran, known under French rule as Lamur. The football club Mouloudia d'Oran is found there.

Neighborhood streets

  • Avenue of Lamur
  • Street Captain-Rahou
  • Sebbalet Ayada
  • Place The Sahara
  • Gahwat Ettoubi
  • Street Staoueli
  • Street Djemaa Gazouna
  • Street Bougandoura
  • Street Belhadri Smain

Oran: Sidi El Houari

The historical district is a suburb in the north of the d'Oran city. The Saint-Louis college is there, as well as the old mosque of the Pasha dating from the 17th century. In this district the skin of Saint-Patron of the city in the name of "Sidi El Houari" rests. Other tourist curiosities: one ancient prefecture of the data base Stalingrad, the Spanish vestiges dating from the 16th century, and especially the Palate of the Bey d'Oran.

Oran: Oranian agglomeration

Fort Mers el-Kebir
Oran Madagh
The Great Library (ex. Cathédrale d'Oran)

The Oranian metropolis comprises several communes.

DZ 31 Oran.svg

Oran: Mers-El-Kébir

The Municipality of Mers-El-Kebir is located north-west of Oran, about seven km (4.3 miles) from the city centre. As its name indicates (The Great Port), it is a major port and has an important naval base, home to the Algerian Navy.

Oran: Aïn-El-Turk

Aïn El Turk, whose name means Fountain of the Turks is also located at the North-West of Oran to 15 km (9 mi) of the center. It is a seaside town which includes several hotels and other tourist attractions.

Oran: Es-Sénia

Es-Sénia, located in the south of Oran, is home to industrial parks, several university institutes (Oran-Es-Sénia University, Institut of Communication, ENSET "Higher Teacher training school," CRASC "Research center in social sciences," etc.) and the international airport.

Oran: Bir-El-Djir

This commune represents the suburbs of Oran (apart from the districts). It is the future beating heart of the Oranian agglomeration. It has several buildings which are the seats of institutions as the headquarters of Sonatrach's downstream activity, the hospital Etablissement Hospitalo-universitaire "November 1st, 1954", the convention center (Palais des Congrès), University of sciences and technology (conceived by the Japanese architect Kenzō Tange), the Institute of medical sciences, the Court of Justice and the National Centre of Research in Social and Cultural Anthropology. There is as well a stadium with a capacity of 50000 places under construction.

Bir El Djir is the urban extension to the East of Oran, 8 km (5 mi) far from the city center, with a population of 118.000 inhabitants.

Oran: Misserghin

This is a small city in the Western extreme of the metropolis.

Mediterranean side – Oran
Panorama of sea front at Oran, Algeria

Oran: Tourism

Oran has numerous hotels in all categories, from luxury to basic, as well as many restaurants offering Algerian specialities and other foods. Tourists will also find a variety of cinemas, arts centres, the regional theatre, an open-air theatre, the Museum, the historic city centre of Oran, the district of Sidi El Houari, the municipal gardens, Médina Djedida with its artisanal products, the cathedral, Djebel Murdjadjo, and nearby seaside resorts. International airport Es-Senia is 7.4 mi (11.9 km) from the town centre. One can also reach Oran by ferries from the ports of Marseilles, Sète, Alicante and Almería, via the national company Algérie Ferries. The Great Mosque is another attraction for tourists. The Great Mosque was built in 1796 to celebrate the end of Spanish Rule of the City.

Oran: Transportation

See also: Port of Wahran
Railway station in Oran

The city had limited means of transport, which do not cover sufficiently the non-urban zones, but today it does have a tramway and ETO (Enterprise of Oranian Transport) the company acquired new and modern buses. There is an extensive network of "clandestine" taxis in the City. A project started in 2008/9 and lasted approximately two to three years, to deliver the first line of the tramway in 2010. It should comprise 31 stations, distributed on 17.7 km (11 mi) going to Es-Sénia, in the South and Sidi Maarouf in the east side, while passing by the centre town The tramway should serve Haï Sabbah, University of Sciences and Technology (USTO), the Crossroads of the Three Private clinics, the Law courts, Dar El Baïda, the Plate-Saint Michel, the Place of the 1st November, Saint-Anthony, Boulanger, Saint-Hubert, the 3rd Ring road and finally The University of Es-Sénia. The Oran Es Senia Airport, for domestic and international flights. Oran Es Senia Airport serves both, domestic and international flights, with frequent connections to the capital Algiers, served by the public airline company Air Algerie. The same company also has flights to many French cities (Marseille, Paris, Lyon, etc.) and other European and EMEA cities. The Es Senia Airport also serves passengers from most smaller towns in proximity to Oran (Sig, Mostaganem, Arzew, etc.). The airport building is a fairly limited construction and does not operate on a 24-h basis.

Oran: International marathon

Oran held its first international marathon on November 10, 2005. The event, sponsored by Toyota of Algeria, attracted runners from Morocco, Libya, Spain, France, and Kenya. The marathon served to publicize the health benefits of running and to provide a novel form of public entertainment for the city's residents.

Oran: 2021 Mediterranean Games

XIX Mediterranean Games will be held in Oran in 2021.

Oran: International relations

See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Algeria

Oran is twinned with:

  • Spain Elche, Spain
  • France Bordeaux, France
  • Cuba Havana, Cuba
  • Senegal Dakar, Senegal
  • South Africa Durban, South Africa
  • Poland Gdańsk, Poland
  • Bangladesh Rangpur, Bangladesh
  • Tunisia Sfax, Tunisia
  • Jordan Zarqa, Jordan
  • Morocco Oujda, Morocco

Oran: See also

Oran: Notes

  1. "Algeria: The provinces of the People's Democratic Republic of Algeria as well as all cities of over 25,000 inhabitants". CITYPOPULATION. Retrieved 2014-05-12.
  2. "The provinces of Algeria and all cities of over 25,000 inhabitants". Citypopulation.de. Retrieved 2008-04-14.
  3. Abdellah Messahel, Une périurbanisation officielle dans un site contraignant..., in Space, populations, societies 2008/1 [1]
  4. About Oran-from the city's website.
  5. "Oran-dz".
  6. Jewish community of Oran
  7. http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/judaica/ejud_0002_0015_0_15167.html
  8. Benjamin Stora, Algeria, 1830–2000: A Short History (Cornell University Press, 2004) p105
  9. Thiolay, Boris (2006-09-13). "Algérie 1962 : La vérité sur les massacres d'Oran". L'Express. Retrieved 12 November 2012.
  10. http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/judaica/ejud_0002_0015_0_15167.html
  11. Urzainqui, Tomas; Esarte, Pello; García Manzanal, Alberto; Sagredo, Iñaki; Sagredo, Iñaki; Sagredo, Iñaki; Del Castillo, Eneko; Monjo, Emilio; Ruiz de Pablos, Francisco; Guerra Viscarret, Pello; Lartiga, Halip; Lavin, Josu; Ercilla, Manuel (2013). La Conquista de Navarra y la Reforma Europea. Pamplona-Iruña: Pamiela. ISBN 978-84-7681-803-9.
  12. Jonathan Israel, "The Jews of Spanish Oran and Their Expulsion in 1669", Mediterranean Historical Review 9, no. 2 (1994): 235–255
  13. Oran, Visit. "Visit Oran – Cathédrale de Sacré Coeur". www.visitoran.com. Retrieved 2016-11-09.
  14. "The Jewish Community of Oran, Algeria | Beit Hatfutsot". Beit Hatfutsot. Retrieved 2016-11-14.
  15. "Oran | Algeria". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2016-11-14.
  16. Tayeb, A. "Impact of urban and industrial effluents on the coastal marine environment in Oran, Algeria." Marine Pollution Bulletin, v 98, Elsevier Ltd. p 281-288, 2015 -9-15. Retrieved 2016-11-14.
  17. "Weather Information for Oran".
  18. "Oran, Algeria". Climatebase.ru. Retrieved 11 February 2013.
  19. "Earthquakes In Algeria" (PDF).
  20. Joan, Gross (2002). Jonathan Xavier and Renato Rosaldo, ed. "Arab Noise and Ramadan Nights: Rai, Rap and Franco-Maghrebi Identities" The Anthology of Globalization: A Reader. Oxford: Blackwell.
  21. Planet, Lonely. "Oran – Lonely Planet". Lonely Planet. Retrieved 2016-11-14.
  22. Planet, Lonely. "Oran – Lonely Planet". Lonely Planet. Retrieved 2016-11-14.
  23. "'The Meursault Investigation,' by Kamel Daoud". New York Times Book Review. Retrieved 10 January 2016.
  24. Oran, Visit. "Visit Oran – Great Mosque". www.visitoran.com. Retrieved 2016-11-09.
  25. "Bordeaux – Rayonnement européen et mondial". Mairie de Bordeaux (in French). Archived from the original on 2013-02-07. Retrieved 2013-07-29.
  26. "Bordeaux-Atlas français de la coopération décentralisée et des autres actions extérieures". Délégation pour l’Action Extérieure des Collectivités Territoriales (Ministère des Affaires étrangères) (in French). Archived from the original on 2013-02-07. Retrieved 2013-07-29.
  27. "Sister Cities Home Page". Archived from the original on October 11, 2012. eThekwini Online: The Official Site of the City of Durban
  • EasyOran-(French) The Oran electronic guide
  • Visit Oran-Voted in 2007 as "Oran's best website" by the ministry of culture and Panoramic Tours. Mostly dedicated to tourism. Features photo galleries, short films, news, city guides & information, hotel info & reservation forms, forum...
  • Le Souk d'Oran-Oran student’s community
  • Oran's Community FORUM-The Community Discussion Forum for Oran and tourism.
  • (English) Audio interview with Oran resident about life in Oran.
  • Oran MAPS-Detailed maps of the Oran Region and City.
  • (French) Oran-dz
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