Best prices on Oryol hotel booking and tickets to Oryol, Russia
One of the new offers is an unique opportunity to instantly find the lowest prices on Oryol hotels and book a best hotel in Oryol saving up to 80%! You can do it quickly and easily with HotelsCombined, a world's leading free hotel metasearch engine that allows to search and compare the rates of all major hotel chains, top travel sites, and leading hotel booking websites, including Booking.com, Hotels.com, Agoda.com, etc. The hotel price comparison service HotelsCombined means cheap Oryol hotel booking, lowest prices on hotels in Oryol and airline tickets to Oryol, Russia!
Oryol Hotels Comparison & Online Booking
▪ Lowest prices on Oryol hotels booking ▪ The discounts on Oryol hotels up to 80% ▪ No booking fees on Oryol hotels ▪ Detailed description & photos of Oryol hotels ▪ Trusted ratings and reviews of Oryol hotels ▪ Advanced Oryol hotel search & comparison ▪ All Oryol hotels on the map ▪ Interesting sights of Oryol
What's important: you can compare and book not only Oryol hotels and resorts, but also villas and holiday cottages, inns and B&Bs (bed and breakfast), condo hotels and apartments, timeshare properties, guest houses and pensions, campsites (campgrounds), motels and hostels in Oryol. If you're going to Oryol save your money and time, don't pay for the services of the greedy travel agencies. Instead, book the best hotel in Oryol online, buy the cheapest airline tickets to Oryol, and rent a car in Oryol right now, paying the lowest price! Besides, here you can buy the Oryol related books, guidebooks, souvenirs and other goods.
In order to book an accommodation in Oryol enter the proper dates and do the hotel search. If needed, sort the found Oryol hotels by price, star rating, property type, guest rating, hotel features, hotel theme or hotel chain. Then take a look at the found hotels on Oryol map to estimate the distance from the main Oryol attractions and sights. You can also read the guest reviews of Oryol hotels and see their ratings.
When a hotel search in Oryol is done, please select the room type, the included meals and the suitable booking conditions (for example, "Deluxe double room, Breakfast included, Non-Refundable"). Press the "View Deal" ("Book Now") button. Make your booking on a hotel booking website and get the hotel reservation voucher by email. That's it, a perfect hotel in Oryol is waiting for you!
Hotels of Oryol
A hotel in Oryol is an establishment that provides lodging paid on a short-term basis. Facilities provided may range from a basic bed and storage for clothing, to luxury features like en-suite bathrooms. Larger in Oryol hotels may provide additional guest facilities such as a swimming pool, business centre, childcare, conference facilities and social function services. Hotel rooms in Oryol are usually numbered (or named in some smaller hotels and B&Bs) to allow guests to identify their room. Some Oryol hotels offer meals as part of a room and board arrangement. Hotel operations vary in size, function, and cost. Most Oryol hotels and major hospitality companies that operate hotels in Oryol have set widely accepted industry standards to classify hotel types. General categories include the following:
Upscale luxury hotels in Oryol
An upscale full service hotel facility in Oryol that offers luxury amenities, full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and the highest level of personalized and professional service. Luxury Oryol hotels are normally classified with at least a Four Diamond or Five Diamond status or a Four or Five Star rating depending on classification standards.
Full service hotels in Oryol
Full service Oryol hotels often contain upscale full-service facilities with a large volume of full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and a variety of on-site amenities such as swimming pools, a health club, children's activities, ballrooms, on-site conference facilities, etc.
Historic inns and boutique hotels in Oryol
Boutique hotels of Oryol are smaller independent non-branded hotels that often contain upscale facilities of varying size in unique or intimate settings with full service accommodations. Oryol boutique hotels are generally 100 rooms or less. Some historic inns and boutique hotels in Oryol may be classified as luxury hotels.
Focused or select service hotels in Oryol
Small to medium-sized hotel establishments that offer a limited amount of on-site amenities that only cater and market to a specific demographic of Oryol travelers, such as the single business traveler. Most Oryol focused or select service hotels may still offer full service accommodations but may lack leisure amenities such as an on-site restaurant or a swimming pool.
Economy and limited service hotels in Oryol
Small to medium-sized Oryol hotel establishments that offer a very limited amount of on-site amenities and often only offer basic accommodations with little to no services, these facilities normally only cater and market to a specific demographic of travelers, such as the budget-minded Oryol traveler seeking a "no frills" accommodation. Limited service Oryol hotels often lack an on-site restaurant but in return may offer a limited complimentary food and beverage amenity such as on-site continental breakfast service.
Guest houses and B&Bs in Oryol
A bed and breakfast in Oryol is a small lodging establishment that offers overnight accommodation and inclusive breakfast. Usually, Oryol bed and breakfasts are private homes or family homes offering accommodations. The typical Oryol B&B has between 4 and 11 rooms, with 6 being the average. Generally, guests are accommodated in private bedrooms with private bathrooms, or in a suite of rooms including an en suite bathroom. Some homes have private bedrooms with a bathroom which is shared with other guests. Breakfast is served in the bedroom, a dining room, or the host's kitchen. Often the owners of guest house themselves prepare the breakfast and clean the rooms.
Hostels in Oryol
Oryol hostels provide budget-oriented, sociable accommodation where guests can rent a bed, usually a bunk bed, in a dormitory and share a bathroom, lounge, and sometimes a kitchen. Rooms can be mixed or single-sex, although private rooms may also be available. Hostels are often cheaper for both the operator and occupants; many Oryol hostels have long-term residents whom they employ as desk agents or housekeeping staff in exchange for experience or discounted accommodation.
Apartment hotels, extended stay hotels in Oryol
Extended stay hotels are small to medium-sized Oryol hotels that offer longer term full service accommodations compared to a traditional hotel. Extended stay hotels may offer non-traditional pricing methods such as a weekly rate that cater towards travelers in need of short-term accommodations for an extended period of time. Similar to limited and select service hotels, on-site amenities are normally limited and most extended stay hotels in Oryol lack an on-site restaurant.
Timeshare and destination clubs in Oryol
Oryol timeshare and destination clubs are a form of property ownership also referred to as a vacation ownership involving the purchase and ownership of an individual unit of accommodation for seasonal usage during a specified period of time. Timeshare resorts in Oryol often offer amenities similar that of a Full service hotel with on-site restaurant(s), swimming pools, recreation grounds, and other leisure-oriented amenities. Destination clubs of Oryol on the other hand may offer more exclusive private accommodations such as private houses in a neighborhood-style setting.
Motels in Oryol
A Oryol motel is a small-sized low-rise lodging establishment similar to that of a limited service hotel, but with direct access to individual rooms from the car park. Common during the 1950s and 1960s, motels were often located adjacent to a major road, where they were built on inexpensive land at the edge of towns or along stretches of highways. They are still useful in less populated areas of Oryol for driving travelers, but the more populated an area becomes the more hotels fill the need. Many of Oryol motels which remain in operation have joined national franchise chains, rebranding themselves as hotels, inns or lodges.
HotelsCombined is the leading hotel metasearch engine founded in 2005, with headquarters in Sydney, Australia. It is widely recognized as the world's best hotel price comparison site and has won many of the most prestigious tourism industry awards. The site operates in over 40 languages, handles 120 different currencies and aggregates more than 2 million deals from hundreds of travel sites and hotel chains. The number of users counts more than 300,000 people a year with over $1,000,000,000 in estimated total cost of hotel reservations.
The main purpose of HotelsCombined hotel price comparison service is to help the travelers in finding a perfect accommodation option in Oryol at the best price, eliminating the need to manually analyze hundreds of hotel booking sites and thousands of price offers. Through the partnership with the most popular hotel booking websites, online travel agencies and hotel chains, HotelsCombined allows its users to search for and compare the current rates on Oryol hotels in a single search. It also provides an aggregated summary of hotel reviews and ratings from external sites.
The HotelsCombined's advanced technology allows to instantly find the available Oryol hotels and process the offers of all leading travel websites, including Booking.com, Hotels.com, Agoda.com and many others (AccorHotels.com, AirAsiaGo.com, Amoma.com, AsiaTravel.com, BestWestern.com, Budgetplaces.com, EasyToBook.com, Elvoline.com, Expedia.com, Getaroom.com, Hilton.com, Homestay.com, Hotel.de, HotelClub.com, HotelsClick.com, HotelTravel.com, Housetrip.com, ihg.com, Interhome.com, Jovago.com, LateRooms.com, NH-Hotels.com, OnHotels.com, Otel.com, Prestigia.com, Skoosh.com, Splendia.com, Superbreak.com, Tiket.com, etc.). Due to the fast and easy-to-use search system you get the rates on available Oryol hotels and book a preferable hotel on a website providing the lowest price.
All Oryol Hotels & Hostels Online
HotelsCombined is ideal for those interested in Oryol, Russia, HotelsCombined, Trivago, sale on the hotel booking site HotelsCombined, discount coupons on the hotel booking site HotelsCombined, best rates on Oryol hotels, low prices on Oryol hotels, best hotel in Oryol, best Oryol hotel, discounted Oryol hotel booking, online Oryol hotel reservation, Oryol hotels comparison, hotel booking in Oryol, luxury and cheap accomodation in Oryol, Oryol inns, Oryol B&Bs, bed and breakfast in Oryol, condo hotels and apartments in Oryol, bargain Oryol rentals, cheap Oryol vacation rentals,Oryol pensions and guest houses, cheap hotels and hostels of Oryol, Oryol motels, dormitories of Oryol, dorms in Oryol, Oryol dormitory rooms, lowest rates on hotels in Oryol, hotel prices comparison in Oryol, travel to Oryol, vacation in Oryol, trip to Oryol, trusted hotel reviews of Oryol, sights and attractions of Oryol, Oryol guidebook, Oryol guide, etc.
Many people are also interested in the hotel booking in Oryol, Russia, tours to Oryol, travel company in Oryol, travel agency in Oryol, excursions in Oryol, tickets to Oryol, airline tickets to Oryol, Oryol hotel booking, Oryol hostels, dormitory of Oryol, dorm in Oryol, Oryol dormitory, Oryol airfares, Oryol airline tickets, Oryol tours, Oryol travel, must-see places in Oryol, Oryol Booking.com, Oryol hotels Trivago, Oryol Expedia, Oryol Airbnb, Oryol TripAdvisor, Hotels Combined Oryol, HotelsCombined Oryol, Oryol hotels and hostels, RU hotels and hostels, Black Friday on the hotel booking site HotelsCombined, Cyber Monday on the hotel booking site HotelsCombined, New Year's and Christmas sale HotelsCombined, hotelscombined.en, and so on.
While others are looking for the HotelsCombined.en, HotelsCombined.en, hotelscombined.com, Орел (місто), אוריול, Орёл, Orël, Орёл балһсн, Орёл (гӀала), Арол (горад), Орел (град), Orel, أوريول, Oriolas, Oryol, Орел, Orël (kapital sa lalawigan), Orzeł (miasto), オリョール, Orjolo, اریول, Oriol, 奧廖爾, 오룔, اوریول, Oriol (Rússia), Orla, Oriol (Errusia), Горад Арол, Орёл (город), Orjol. A lot of people have already booked the hotels in Oryol on the hotel booking site HotelsCombined. Don't waste your time, go for it!
Oryol Oblast, city of oblast significance of Oryol, Orlovsky District
Municipal status (as of September 2015)
Oryol Urban Okrug
Administrative center of
Oryol Urban Okrug, Orlovsky Municipal District
127.8 km (49.3 sq mi)
Population (2010 Census)
- Rank in 2010
2,486/km (6,440/sq mi)
City status since
Oryol on Wikimedia Commons
Oryol or Orel (Russian: Орёл; IPA: [ɐˈrʲɵl], lit. eagle) is a city and the administrative center of Oryol Oblast, Russia, located on the Oka River, approximately 360 kilometers (220 mi) south-southwest of Moscow. Population: 317,747 (2010 Census); 333,310 (2002 Census); 336,862 (1989 Census).
A monument of 400th birthplace anniversary, nearby Duchy Park
While there are no historical records, archaeological evidence shows that a fortress settlement existed between the Oka and Orlik Rivers as early as the 12th century, when the land was a part of the Principality of Chernigov. The name of the fortress is unknown; it may not have been called Oryol at the time. In the 13th century the fortress became a part of the Zvenigorod district of the Karachev Principality. In the early 15th century, the territory was conquered by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. The city was soon abandoned by its population, after being sacked either by Lithuanians or the Golden Horde. The territory became a part of the Tsardom of Russia in the 16th century.
Ivan the Terrible decreed that a new fortress be built on the spot in 1566, for the purpose of defending the southern borders of the country. The fortress was built very speedily, work starting in the summer of 1566 and ending in the spring of 1567. The location chosen was less than ideal strategically, as the fortress was located on a seasonally flooded low ground easily targeted from the neighboring high ground. False Dmitry I and his army passed through Oryol in 1605; Ivan Bolotnikov in 1606; False Dmitry II camped in Oryol for the winter of 1607–1608. Polish intervention sacked it in 1611 and 1615; the population fled after the second sacking and moved to Mtsensk. Orlovsky Uyezd nonetheless continued to exist on paper.
Oryol was rebuilt in 1636. The question of moving the fortress to the more advantageous high ground was in the air up until the 1670s, but the move was never made. The fortress was deemed unnecessary and taken apart in the early 18th century.
In the mid-18th century Oryol became one of the major centers of grain production, with the Oka River being the major trade route until the 1860s when it was replaced by a railroad.
Oryol was granted town status in 1702. In 1708, Oryol was included as a part of Kiev Governorate; in 1719, Oryol Province was created within Kiev Governorate. The Province was transferred to the newly created Belgorod Governorate in 1727. On March 11 (February 28 old style), 1778 Oryol Vice-Royalty was created from parts of Voronezh and Belgorod Governorates. In 1779, the city was almost entirely rebuilt based on a new plan; and the Oryol River was renamed Orlik (lit: "little eagle").
After the October Revolution of 1917, the city was in Bolshevik hands, except for a brief period between October 13 and October 20, 1919, when it was controlled by Anton Denikin's White Army.
Oryol was once again moved between different oblasts in the 1920s and 1930s (at first as Oryol Governorate until 1928, then Central Black Earth Region between 1928 and 1934, finally in Kursk Oblast), finally becoming the administrative center of its own Oryol Oblast on September 27, 1937.
The Oryol Prison was a notable place of incarceration for political prisoners and war prisoners of the Second World War. Christian Rakovsky, Maria Spiridonova, Olga Kameneva and 160 other prominent political prisoners were shot on September 11, 1941 on Joseph Stalin's orders in the Medvedev forest outside Oryol.
During World War II, Oryol was occupied by the Wehrmacht on October 3, 1941, and liberated on August 5, 1943, after the Battle of Kursk. The city was almost completely destroyed.
In February 2012, the city duma abolished the direct election of mayor. In December 2013, a referendum was held, which 71% of the people supported the return of direct mayoral election.
Oryol: Administrative and municipal status
Oryol is the administrative center of the oblast and, within the framework of administrative divisions, it also serves as the administrative center of Orlovsky District, even though it is not a part of it. As an administrative division, it is incorporated separately as the city of oblast significance of Oryol-an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts. As a municipal division, the city of oblast significance of Oryol is incorporated as Oryol Urban Okrug.
Oryol Catherine's Cathedral
Orlik River and Duchy Park
The city is served by the Oryol Yuzhny Airport. Since 1868, there has been a railway connection between Oryol and Moscow.
Oryol is a major transport hub on the borders of the Central and Central Black Earth economic regions. Through the city converge 7 important highways of federal and republican values: M2 (E 105), P92, R119, R120, A142 (E93), 5 railway lines: on Yelets, Moscow, Kursk, Bryansk, Mikhailovsky mine. The city has an airport (currently (2013) does not work). The formation of the Oryol as an important transportation hub is due to the favorable geographical position of the city on the borders of economic regions.
The town has trolley, tram and bus systems. These kinds of public transport cover the entire territory of the city. Each bus, tram and trolley is equipped with route indicators that inform about the route through the city, designated stops. There is also a waterbus on the Oka River. In the city there are taxis and shuttles, and rental cars. Intercity transport terminals: Oryol Station, Station Luzhki-Oryol, Oryol Bus Station, as well as federal highway M2 (E 105), P92, R119, R120, A142.
On November 3, 1898 Orel inaugurated an electric tram. The draft was prepared by the Belgian entrepreneur FF Gilon and firm «Compagnie mutuelle de tramways», which won the right to build not only a tram, but also lighting in the city.
Tatra T3SU tram
Oryol has a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfb).
Climate data for Oryol
Record high °C (°F)
Average high °C (°F)
Daily mean °C (°F)
Average low °C (°F)
Record low °C (°F)
Average precipitation mm (inches)
Average snowfall cm (inches)
Average precipitation days
Average relative humidity (%)
Mean monthly sunshine hours
1991–1997: Alexander Kislyakov
1997–2002: Yefim Velkovsky
2002–2006: Vasily Uvarov
2006–2009: Alexander Kasyanov
2009–2010: Vasily Eremin
2010–2012: Viktor Safianov
2012: Mikhail Bernikov
2012–2016: Sergey Stupin
2016–present: Vasily Novikov
Oryol: International relations
Main article: List of twin towns and sister cities in Russia
Oryol: Twin towns and sister cities
Oryol is twinned with:
Kerch, disputed Russia/Ukraine
Leeuwarden, Friesland, Netherlands
Razgrad, Bulgaria (since 1968)
Offenbach am Main, Germany (since 1988)
Oryol: Notable people
Leonid Andreyev, playwright
Mikhail Bakhtin, literary critic
Fedor Baranov, fisheries scientist
Denis Boytsov, boxer
Felix Dzerzhinsky, security chief
Afanasy Fet, poet
Nikolai Getman, painter and Gulag survivor
Timofey Granovsky, historian
Vasily Kalinnikov (1866-1901), composer
Yakov Kasman, pianist
Anna Petrovna Kern, socialite
Stanislav Lebamba, association football player
Nikolai Leskov, novelist
Denis Menchov, cyclist
Artem Mikoyan, founder of the MiG aircraft manufacturer
Fritz Noether, mathematician
Nikolai Nikolaevich Polikarpov, aviation designer
Yevgeni Preobrazhensky, statesman
Vladimir Karlovich Roth, neuropathologist
Valerian Safonovich, statesman
Aleksandr Selikhov, footballer
Alexey Stakhanov, worker
Pyotr Stolypin, statesman
Yakov Sverdlov, Bolshevik revolutionary
Ivan Turgenev, novelist and playwright
Aleksey Petrovich Yermolov, military general
Gennady Zyuganov, politician
БД ПМО Орловской области. Город Орёл
Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012.
The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №271-ФЗ от 03 июля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #271-FZ of July 03, 2016 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (Russian)
Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities-Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014.
Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014.
"В Орле голосуют за возвращение прямых выборов мэра". Rossiyskaya Gazeta. December 10, 2013. Retrieved 25 January 2014.
Train Station in Oryol (Russian)
"Pogoda.ru.net" (in Russian). Retrieved September 8, 2007.
"Offenbach und seine Partnerstädte". City of Offenbach. 21 April 2010. Retrieved 25 September 2016.
David Lodge, After Bakhtin: Essays on Fiction and Criticism, London & New York: Routledge, 1990, p. 1
Орловский областной Совет народных депутатов. Закон №522-ОЗ от 6 июля 2005 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Орловской области», в ред. Закона №1187-ОЗ от 1 апреля 2011 г «О внесении изменений в законодательные акты Орловской области». Вступил в силу с момента официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Орловская правда", №116, 13 июля 2005 г. (Oryol Oblast Council of People's Deputies. Law #522-OZ of July 6, 2005 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Oryol Oblast, as amended by the Law #1187-OZ of April 1, 2011 On Amending the Legislative Acts of Oryol Oblast. Effective as of the moment of the official publication.).
Орловский областной Совет народных депутатов. Закон №467-ОЗ от 28 декабря 2004 г. «О статусе и границе города Орла как муниципального образования Орловской области», в ред. Закона №1059-ОЗ от 11 мая 2010 г «О внесении изменений в Закон Орловской области "О статусе и границе города Орла Орловской области"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Орловская правда", №233, 30 декабря 2004 г. (Oryol Oblast Council of People's Deputies. Law #467-OZ of December 28, 2004 On the Status and Borders of the City of Oryol as a Municipal Formation of Oryol Oblast, as amended by the Law #1059-OZ of May 11, 2010 On Amending the Law of Oryol Oblast "On the Status and Borders of the City of Oryol of Oryol Oblast". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
Орловский областной Совет народных депутатов. Закон №466-ОЗ от 28 декабря 2004 г. «О статусе, границах и административных центрах муниципальных образований на территории Орловского района Орловской области», в ред. Закона №1327-ОЗ от 2 марта 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Орловской области "О статусе, границах и административных центрах муниципальных образований на территории Орловского района Орловской области" и признании утратившими силу отдельных положений Закона Орловской области "О внесении изменений в Закон Орловской области "О статусе, границах и административных центрах муниципальных образований на территории Орловского района Орловской области"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Орловская правда", №233, 30 декабря 2004 г. (Oryol Oblast Council of People's Deputies. Law #466-OZ of December 28, 2004 On the Status, Borders, and Administrative Centers of the Municipal Formations on the Territory of Orlovsky District of Oryol Oblast, as amended by the Law #1327-OZ of March 2, 2012 On Amending the Law of Oryol Oblast "On the Status, Borders, and Administrative Centers of the Municipal Formations on the Territory of Orlovsky District of Oryol Oblast" and on Rescinding Parts of the Law of Oryol Oblast "On Amending the Law of Oryol Oblast "On the Status, Borders, and Administrative Centers of the Municipal Formations on the Territory of Orlovsky District of Oryol Oblast". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
Oryol: External links
Official website of Oryol (Russian)
Unofficial website of Oryol (Russian)
The murder of the Jews of Oryol during World War II, at Yad Vashem website.
Administrative divisions of Oryol Oblast
Administrative center: Oryol
Cities and towns
Cities of Military Glory of Russia
Source of information: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. We're not responsible for the content of this article and your use of this information. Disclaimer