Best prices on Pensacola hotel booking and tickets to Pensacola, United States

One of the special offers is an unique opportunity to instantly find the lowest prices on Pensacola hotels and book a best hotel in Pensacola saving up to 80%! You can do it quickly and easily with HotelsCombined, a world's leading free hotel metasearch engine that allows to search and compare the rates of all major hotel chains, top travel sites, and leading hotel booking websites, including Booking.com, Hotels.com, Agoda.com, etc. The hotel price comparison service HotelsCombined means cheap Pensacola hotels booking, lowest prices on hotel reservation in Pensacola and airline tickets to Pensacola, United States!

Pensacola Hotels Comparison & Online Booking

▪ Lowest prices on Pensacola hotels booking
▪ The discounts on Pensacola hotels up to 80%
▪ No booking fees on Pensacola hotels
▪ Detailed description & photos of Pensacola hotels
▪ Trusted ratings and reviews of Pensacola hotels
▪ Advanced Pensacola hotel search & comparison
▪ All Pensacola hotels on the map
▪ Interesting sights of Pensacola

What's important: you can compare and book not only Pensacola hotels and resorts, but also villas and holiday cottages, inns and B&Bs (bed and breakfast), condo hotels and apartments, timeshare properties, guest houses and pensions, campsites (campgrounds), motels and hostels in Pensacola. If you're going to Pensacola save your money and time, don't pay for the services of the greedy travel agencies. Instead, book the best hotel in Pensacola online, buy the cheapest airline tickets to Pensacola, and rent a car in Pensacola right now, paying the lowest price! Besides, here you can buy the Pensacola related books, guidebooks, souvenirs and other goods.

By the way, we would recommend you to combine your visit to Pensacola with other popular and interesting places of United States, for example: Wyoming, Biloxi, Fargo, Costa Mesa, Long Beach, Amarillo, North Las Vegas, Albuquerque, Texas, Key West, Tennessee, Chesapeake, Sacramento, South Dakota, Myrtle Beach, Richmond, Irving, Iowa, Missouri, Philadelphia, Laguna Beach, Chandler, Jackson Wyoming, Mesa, Fort Worth, Squaw Valley, Naples, Montgomery, Cheyenne, Moreno Valley, Telluride, Phoenix, Minnesota, Stockton, Pasadena, Chula Vista, Garland, Michigan, Arkansas, Rocky Mountains, Portland, Buffalo, Alaska, Palm Desert, Wisconsin, Beaver Creek, Brooklyn, Jacksonville, Laredo, Louisiana, Juneau, Bakersfield, Grand Rapids, Panama City Beach, St. Petersburg, Arlington, Kentucky, Tacoma, Silicon Valley, Fremont, Miami, Florida, Waikiki, Delaware, Winston-Salem, Virginia, New Orleans, Madison, Toledo, Sunny Isles Beach, Wichita, Portland, Los Angeles, Indiana, Sanibel, Birmingham, Rochester, San Antonio, Plano, Durham, Fort Walton Beach, Salt Lake City, Park City, San Francisco, Marathon, Miami Beach, South Carolina, Saint Paul, Tulsa, Nevada, Daytona Beach, Ohio, Santa Fe, Galveston, Malibu, West Virginia, Estes Park, Napa, Yellowstone, Pittsburgh, Montana, Fort Myers, Baltimore, Dana Point, California, St. Louis, Billings, Glendale, El Paso, Lincoln, Fontana, Fort Lauderdale, Destin, Thousand Oaks, Spokane, Savannah, Indianapolis, Manhattan, Massachusetts, Raleigh, Santa Monica, Newport, Jackson Mississippi, Maine, Monterey, Washington D.C., Alabama, Palm Springs, Clearwater, Nebraska, Great Smoky Mountains, Death Valley, Dallas, Ann Arbor, Providence, Yonkers, Gulfport, Hot Springs, Ocean City, Reno, Yosemite, Aspen, Mammoth Lakes, Aurora, New York City, Milwaukee, Chicago, Lexington, Akron, Denver, North Carolina, Riverside, Vermont, Virginia Beach, Vail, Corpus Christi, Jersey City, Lubbock, Colorado Springs, St. Augustine, New Hampshire, Huntington Beach, Baton Rouge, Memphis, Oklahoma, Las Vegas, Grand Teton, Lahaina, Idaho, Arizona, Big Bear Lake, Palm Coast, Shreveport, Oklahoma City, New Jersey, Omaha, Sarasota, North Dakota, Honolulu, Boston, Maryland, Grand Canyon, Orlando, Springfield, Columbus Georgia, Cincinnati, Anaheim, San Jose, Newark, Tampa, New York, Carmel-by-the-Sea, Austin, Santa Barbara, Fayetteville, Oceanside, Breckenridge, Hawaii, Key Largo, Lake Tahoe, Mississippi, Charlotte, Carlsbad, Houston, Scottsdale, San Bernardino, Kansas City, Norfolk, Connecticut, Atlanta, Tucson, Fort Wayne, Cleveland, Newport Beach, Gilbert, Little Rock, Hialeah, Fresno, San Diego, Nashville, Mountain View, Greensboro, Rhode Island, Des Moines, Tallahassee, Santa Ana, Washington, Moab, Oxnard, Henderson, Illinois, Detroit, Boise, Columbus, Steamboat Springs, Georgia, Pennsylvania, Zion, Minneapolis, South Lake Tahoe, Seattle, Louisville, Utah, Oakland, Hollywood, Anchorage, New Mexico, Pensacola, Oregon, Modesto, Santa Cruz, Kansas, etc.

How to Book a Hotel in Pensacola

In order to book an accommodation in Pensacola enter the proper dates and do the hotel search. If needed, sort the found Pensacola hotels by price, star rating, property type, guest rating, hotel features, hotel theme or hotel chain. Then take a look at the found hotels on Pensacola map to estimate the distance from the main Pensacola attractions and sights. You can also read the guest reviews of Pensacola hotels and see their ratings.

When a hotel search in Pensacola is done, please select the room type, the included meals and the suitable booking conditions (for example, "Deluxe double room, Breakfast included, Non-Refundable"). Press the "View Deal" ("Book Now") button. Make your booking on a hotel booking website and get the hotel reservation voucher by email. That's it, a perfect hotel in Pensacola is waiting for you!

Hotels of Pensacola

A hotel in Pensacola is an establishment that provides lodging paid on a short-term basis. Facilities provided may range from a basic bed and storage for clothing, to luxury features like en-suite bathrooms. Larger in Pensacola hotels may provide additional guest facilities such as a swimming pool, business centre, childcare, conference facilities and social function services. Hotel rooms in Pensacola are usually numbered (or named in some smaller hotels and B&Bs) to allow guests to identify their room. Some Pensacola hotels offer meals as part of a room and board arrangement. Hotel operations vary in size, function, and cost. Most Pensacola hotels and major hospitality companies that operate hotels in Pensacola have set widely accepted industry standards to classify hotel types. General categories include the following:

Upscale luxury hotels in Pensacola
An upscale full service hotel facility in Pensacola that offers luxury amenities, full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and the highest level of personalized and professional service. Luxury Pensacola hotels are normally classified with at least a Four Diamond or Five Diamond status or a Four or Five Star rating depending on classification standards.

Full service hotels in Pensacola
Full service Pensacola hotels often contain upscale full-service facilities with a large volume of full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and a variety of on-site amenities such as swimming pools, a health club, children's activities, ballrooms, on-site conference facilities, etc.

Historic inns and boutique hotels in Pensacola
Boutique hotels of Pensacola are smaller independent non-branded hotels that often contain upscale facilities of varying size in unique or intimate settings with full service accommodations. Pensacola boutique hotels are generally 100 rooms or less. Some historic inns and boutique hotels in Pensacola may be classified as luxury hotels.

Focused or select service hotels in Pensacola
Small to medium-sized hotel establishments that offer a limited amount of on-site amenities that only cater and market to a specific demographic of Pensacola travelers, such as the single business traveler. Most Pensacola focused or select service hotels may still offer full service accommodations but may lack leisure amenities such as an on-site restaurant or a swimming pool.

Economy and limited service hotels in Pensacola
Small to medium-sized Pensacola hotel establishments that offer a very limited amount of on-site amenities and often only offer basic accommodations with little to no services, these facilities normally only cater and market to a specific demographic of travelers, such as the budget-minded Pensacola traveler seeking a "no frills" accommodation. Limited service Pensacola hotels often lack an on-site restaurant but in return may offer a limited complimentary food and beverage amenity such as on-site continental breakfast service.

Guest houses and B&Bs in Pensacola
A bed and breakfast in Pensacola is a small lodging establishment that offers overnight accommodation and inclusive breakfast. Usually, Pensacola bed and breakfasts are private homes or family homes offering accommodations. The typical Pensacola B&B has between 4 and 11 rooms, with 6 being the average. Generally, guests are accommodated in private bedrooms with private bathrooms, or in a suite of rooms including an en suite bathroom. Some homes have private bedrooms with a bathroom which is shared with other guests. Breakfast is served in the bedroom, a dining room, or the host's kitchen. Often the owners of guest house themselves prepare the breakfast and clean the rooms.

Hostels in Pensacola
Pensacola hostels provide budget-oriented, sociable accommodation where guests can rent a bed, usually a bunk bed, in a dormitory and share a bathroom, lounge, and sometimes a kitchen. Rooms can be mixed or single-sex, although private rooms may also be available. Hostels are often cheaper for both the operator and occupants; many Pensacola hostels have long-term residents whom they employ as desk agents or housekeeping staff in exchange for experience or discounted accommodation.

Apartment hotels, extended stay hotels in Pensacola
Extended stay hotels are small to medium-sized Pensacola hotels that offer longer term full service accommodations compared to a traditional hotel. Extended stay hotels may offer non-traditional pricing methods such as a weekly rate that cater towards travelers in need of short-term accommodations for an extended period of time. Similar to limited and select service hotels, on-site amenities are normally limited and most extended stay hotels in Pensacola lack an on-site restaurant.

Timeshare and destination clubs in Pensacola
Pensacola timeshare and destination clubs are a form of property ownership also referred to as a vacation ownership involving the purchase and ownership of an individual unit of accommodation for seasonal usage during a specified period of time. Timeshare resorts in Pensacola often offer amenities similar that of a Full service hotel with on-site restaurant(s), swimming pools, recreation grounds, and other leisure-oriented amenities. Destination clubs of Pensacola on the other hand may offer more exclusive private accommodations such as private houses in a neighborhood-style setting.

Motels in Pensacola
A Pensacola motel is a small-sized low-rise lodging establishment similar to that of a limited service hotel, but with direct access to individual rooms from the car park. Common during the 1950s and 1960s, motels were often located adjacent to a major road, where they were built on inexpensive land at the edge of towns or along stretches of highways. They are still useful in less populated areas of Pensacola for driving travelers, but the more populated an area becomes the more hotels fill the need. Many of Pensacola motels which remain in operation have joined national franchise chains, rebranding themselves as hotels, inns or lodges.

Why HotelsCombined

HotelsCombined is the leading hotel metasearch engine founded in 2005, with headquarters in Sydney, Australia. It is widely recognized as the world's best hotel price comparison site and has won many of the most prestigious tourism industry awards. The site operates in over 40 languages, handles 120 different currencies and aggregates more than 2 million deals from hundreds of travel sites and hotel chains. The number of users counts more than 300,000 people a year with over $1,000,000,000 in estimated total cost of hotel reservations.

The main purpose of HotelsCombined hotel price comparison service is to help the travelers in finding a perfect accommodation option in Pensacola at the best price, eliminating the need to manually analyze hundreds of hotel booking sites and thousands of price offers. Through the partnership with the most popular hotel booking websites, online travel agencies and hotel chains, HotelsCombined allows its users to search for and compare the current rates on Pensacola hotels in a single search. It also provides an aggregated summary of hotel reviews and ratings from external sites.

The HotelsCombined's advanced technology allows to instantly find the available Pensacola hotels and process the offers of all leading travel websites, including Booking.com, Hotels.com, Agoda.com and many others (AccorHotels.com, AirAsiaGo.com, Amoma.com, AsiaTravel.com, BestWestern.com, Budgetplaces.com, EasyToBook.com, Elvoline.com, Expedia.com, Getaroom.com, Hilton.com, Homestay.com, Hotel.de, HotelClub.com, HotelsClick.com, HotelTravel.com, Housetrip.com, ihg.com, Interhome.com, Jovago.com, LateRooms.com, NH-Hotels.com, OnHotels.com, Otel.com, Prestigia.com, Skoosh.com, Splendia.com, Superbreak.com, Tiket.com, etc.). Due to the fast and easy-to-use search system you get the rates on available Pensacola hotels and book a preferable hotel on a website providing the lowest price.

All Pensacola Hotels & Hostels Online

HotelsCombined is created for those interested in Pensacola, Florida, United States, HotelsCombined, Trivago, sale on the hotel booking site HotelsCombined, discount coupons on the hotel booking site HotelsCombined, best rates on Pensacola hotels, low prices on Pensacola hotels, best hotel in Pensacola, best Pensacola hotel, discounted Pensacola hotel booking, online Pensacola hotel reservation, Pensacola hotels comparison, hotel booking in Pensacola, luxury and cheap accomodation in Pensacola, Pensacola inns, Pensacola B&Bs, bed and breakfast in Pensacola, condo hotels and apartments in Pensacola, bargain Pensacola rentals, cheap Pensacola vacation rentals,Pensacola pensions and guest houses, cheap hotels and hostels of Pensacola, Pensacola motels, dormitories of Pensacola, dorms in Pensacola, Pensacola dormitory rooms, lowest rates on hotels in Pensacola, hotel prices comparison in Pensacola, travel to Pensacola, vacation in Pensacola, trip to Pensacola, trusted hotel reviews of Pensacola, etc.

Many people are also interested in the sights and attractions of Pensacola, Pensacola guidebook, Pensacola guide, hotel booking in Pensacola, United States, tours to Pensacola, travel company in Pensacola, travel agency in Pensacola, excursions in Pensacola, tickets to Pensacola, airline tickets to Pensacola, Pensacola hotel booking, Pensacola hostels, dormitory of Pensacola, dorm in Pensacola, Pensacola dormitory, Pensacola airfares, Pensacola airline tickets, Pensacola tours, Pensacola travel, must-see places in Pensacola, Pensacola Booking.com, Pensacola hotels Trivago, Pensacola Expedia, Pensacola Airbnb, Pensacola TripAdvisor, Hotels Combined Pensacola, HotelsCombined Pensacola, and so on.

While others are looking for the Pensacola hotels and hostels, US hotels and hostels, Black Friday on the hotel booking site HotelsCombined, Cyber Monday on the hotel booking site HotelsCombined, New Year's and Christmas sale HotelsCombined, hotelscombined.en, HotelsCombined.en, HotelsCombined.en, hotelscombined.com, पेन्साकोला, फ्लोरिडा, Pensacola i Florida, پینساکولا، فلوریڈا, 彭萨科拉 (佛罗里达州), Pensacola, ペンサコーラ (フロリダ州), Pensacola, Florida, पेन्साकोला, Pensacola, Florid, Pensakola, 彭薩哥拉, Pensacola (Flórida), Pensacola (Florida), بينساكولا, 펜서콜라, پنساکولا، فلوریدا. Thousands of people have already booked the hotels in Pensacola on the hotel booking site HotelsCombined. Don't waste your time, go for it!

Travelling and vacation in Pensacola

.
This article is about the mainland city Pensacola. For the nearby beachside community, see Pensacola Beach, Florida. For other Pensacola-related articles, see Pensacola (disambiguation).
Pensacola, Florida
City
City of Pensacola
Clockwise from top: Pensacola skyline, T. T. Wentworth, Jr. Florida State Museum, University of West Florida Library, Escambia County Courthouse, William Dudley Chipley Obelisk, National Naval Aviation Museum
Clockwise from top: Pensacola skyline, T. T. Wentworth, Jr. Florida State Museum, University of West Florida Library, Escambia County Courthouse, William Dudley Chipley Obelisk, National Naval Aviation Museum
Official seal of Pensacola, Florida
Seal
Nickname(s): America's First Settlement, The Upside of Florida, P-Cola, The City of Five Flags, Red Snapper Capital of the World, World's Whitest Beaches, Cradle of Naval Aviation, Western Gate to the Sunshine State
Motto: "The Upside of Florida"
Location in Escambia County and the state of Florida
Location in Escambia County and the state of Florida
Pensacola, Florida is located in the US
Pensacola, Florida
Pensacola, Florida
Location in the United States
Coordinates:  / 30.433; -87.200  / 30.433; -87.200
Country United States
State Florida
County Escambia
First settled 1559
Resettled 1667
Government
• Type Mayor-council
• Body Pensacola City Council
• Mayor Ashton Hayward
• Council President Brian Spencer
• Council Vice President Charles Wingate
Area
• City 40.7 sq mi (105.4 km)
• Land 22.5 sq mi (58.4 km)
• Water 18.1 sq mi (47.0 km)
Elevation 102 ft (31 m)
Population (2010)
• City 51,923
• Density 2,304/sq mi (889.4/km)
• Metro 461,227
• Demonym Pensacolan, Pensacolian
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
• Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 32501, 32512, 32534, 32591, 32502, 32513, 32559, 32592, 32503, 32514, 32573, 32593, 32504, 32516, 32574, 32594, 32505, 32520, 32575, 32595, 32506, 32521, 32576, 32596, 32507, 32522, 32581, 32597, 32508, 32523, 32582, 32598, 32509, 32524, 32589, 32511, 32526, 32590
Area code(s) 850
FIPS code 12-55925
GNIS feature ID 0294117
Website www.cityofpensacola.com

Pensacola (/ˌpɛnsəˈklə/) is the westernmost city in the Florida Panhandle and the county seat of Escambia County, in the U.S. state of Florida. As of the 2010 census, the city had a total population of 51,923, down from 56,255 at the 2000 census. Pensacola is the principal city of the Pensacola metropolitan area, which had an estimated 461,227 residents in 2012.

Pensacola is a sea port on Pensacola Bay, which is protected by the barrier island of Santa Rosa and connects to the Gulf of Mexico. A large United States Naval Air Station, the first in the United States, is located southwest of Pensacola near Warrington; it is the base of the Blue Angels flight demonstration team and the National Naval Aviation Museum. The main campus of the University of West Florida is situated north of the city center.

The area was originally inhabited by Muskogean peoples. The Pensacola people lived there at the time of European contact, and Creek people frequently visited and traded from present-day southern Alabama. Spanish explorer Tristán de Luna founded a short-lived settlement in 1559. In 1698 the Spanish established a presidio in the area, from which the modern city gradually developed. The area changed hands several times as European powers competed in North America. During Florida's British rule (1763–1789), fortifications were strengthened.

It is nicknamed "The City of Five Flags", due to the five governments that have ruled it during its history: the flags of Spain (Castile), France, Great Britain, the United States of America and the Confederate States of America. Other nicknames include "World's Whitest Beaches" (due to the white sand of Florida panhandle beaches), "Cradle of Naval Aviation", "Western Gate to the Sunshine State", "America's First Settlement", "Emerald Coast", "Red Snapper Capital of the World", and "P-Cola".

Pensacola, Florida: History

Historical affiliations

Spanish Empire 1559–1719, 1722–1763 and 1781–1819
French Empire 1719–1722
British Empire 1763–1781
Confederate States of America 1861–1865
United States of America 1821–1861 and 1865–present

Pensacola was the site of one of the first European-inhabited settlements in what would later become the United States of America.
Pensacola: Site of 1698 settlement near Fort Barrancas is marked "X" (above left end of Santa Rosa Island).
Main articles: History of Pensacola, Florida and Timeline of Pensacola, Florida

The original inhabitants of the Pensacola Bay area were Native American peoples. At the time of European contact, a Muskogean-speaking tribe known to the Spanish as the Pensacola lived in the region. This name was not recorded until 1677, but the tribe appears to be the source of the name "Pensacola" for the bay and thence the city. Creek people, also Muskogean-speaking, came regularly from present-day southern Alabama to trade, so the peoples were part of a broader regional and even continental network of relations.

The best-known Pensacola culture site in terms of archeology is the Bottle Creek site, a large site located 59 miles (95 km) west of Pensacola north of Mobile, Alabama. This site has at least 18 large earthwork mounds, five of which are arranged around a central plaza. Its main occupation was from 1250 AD to 1550. It was a ceremonial center for the Pensacola people and a gateway to their society. This site would have had easy access by a dugout canoe, the main mode of transportation used by the Pensacola.

The area's written recorded history begins in the 16th century, with documentation by Spanish explorers who were the first Europeans to reach the area. The expeditions of Pánfilo de Narváez in 1528 and Hernando de Soto in 1539 both visited Pensacola Bay, the latter of which documented the name "Bay of Ochuse".

The Spanish Navy training ship Juan Sebastian de Elcano fires a 21-gun salute in honor of Pensacola's 450th anniversary in 2009.

In 1559, Tristán de Luna y Arellano landed with some 1,500 people on 11 ships from Veracruz, Mexico. The expedition was to establish an outpost, ultimately called Santa Maria de Ochuse by Luna, as a base for Spanish efforts to colonize Santa Elena (present-day Parris Island, South Carolina.) But the colony was decimated by a hurricane on September 19, 1559, which killed an unknown number of sailors and colonists, sank six ships, grounded a seventh, and ruined supplies. The survivors struggled to survive, most moving inland to central Alabama for several months in 1560 before returning to the coast, but after two years, the effort was abandoned in 1561. Some of the survivors eventually sailed to Santa Elena (today's Parris Island, South Carolina), but another storm hit there. Survivors made their way to Cuba and finally returned to Pensacola, where the remaining 50 at Pensacola were taken back to Veracruz. The Viceroy's advisers later concluded that northwest Florida was too dangerous to settle. They ignored it for 137 years.

In the late 17th century, the French began exploring the lower Mississippi River with the intention of colonizing the region as part of La Louisiane or New France in North America. Fearful that Spanish territory would be threatened, the Spanish founded a new settlement in western Florida. In 1698 they established a fortified town near what is now Fort Barrancas, laying the foundation for permanent European-dominated settlement of the modern city of Pensacola. The Spanish built three presidios in Pensacola:

  • Presidio Santa Maria de Galve (1698–1719): the presidio included fort San Carlos de Austria (east of present Fort Barrancas) and a village with church;
  • Presidio Isla de Santa Rosa (1722–1752): this next presidio was on western Santa Rosa Island near the site of present Fort Pickens, but hurricanes battered the island in 1741 and 1752. The garrison was moved to the mainland;
  • Presidio San Miguel de Panzacola (1754–1763): the final presidio was built about 5 miles (8 km) east of the first presidio; the present-day historic district of downtown Pensacola, named from "Panzacola", developed around the fort.

During the early years of settlement, a tri-racial creole society developed. As a fortified trading post, the Spanish had mostly men stationed here. Some married or had unions with Pensacola, Creek or African women, both slave and free, and their descendants created a mixed-race population of mestizos and mulattos. The Spanish encouraged slaves from the southern British colonies to come to Florida as a refuge, promising freedom in exchange for conversion to Catholicism and militia service. Most went to the area around St. Augustine, but escaped slaves also reached Pensacola.

After years of settlement, the Spanish ceded Florida to the British in 1763 as a result of an exchange following British victory over France in the French and Indian War (the North American theater of the Seven Years' War), and French cession of its territories in North America. The British designated Pensacola as the capital of their new colony of West Florida. From 1763, the British strengthened defenses around the mainland area of fort San Carlos de Barrancas, building the Royal Navy Redoubt.

After Spain joined the American Revolution in 1779 on the side of the rebels, Spanish forces captured the city in the 1781 Battle of Pensacola, gaining control of West Florida. After the war, the British officially ceded both West Florida and East Florida to Spain.

In 1785 with the founding of the Panton, Leslie Company here, many Creek from southern Alabama and Georgia came to trade, and it developed as a major center. It was a garrison town, predominantly males in the military or trade. Americans made raids into the area, and settlers pressured the federal government to gain control of this territory.

A 1783 engraving depicting the Siege of Pensacola

In 1819 Spain and the United States negotiated the Adams–Onís Treaty, by which Spain sold the Floridas to the United States for US$5 million. A Spanish census of 1820 indicated 181 households in the town, with a third of mixed-blood. The people were predominantly French and Spanish Creole. Indians in the area were noted through records, travelers' accounts, and paintings of the era, including some by George Washington Sully and George Catlin. Creek women were also recorded in marriages to Spanish men, in court records or deeds.

In 1821, with Andrew Jackson as provisional governor, Pensacola became part of the United States. The Creek continued to interact with European Americans and African Americans, but the dominant whites increasingly imposed their binary racial classifications: white and black ("colored", within which were included free people of color, including Indians). However, American Indians and mestizos were identified separately in court and Catholic church records, and as Indians in censuses up until 1840, attesting to their presence in the society. After that, the Creek were not separately identified as Indian, but the people did not disappear. Even after removal of many Seminole to Indian Territory, Indians, often of mixed-race but culturally identifying as Muskogean, lived throughout Florida.

St. Michael's Cemetery was established in the 18th century at a location in a south central part of the city, which developed as the Downtown area. Initially owned by the Church of St. Michael, it is now owned and managed by St. Michael's Cemetery Foundation of Pensacola, Inc. Preliminary studies indicate that there are over 3,200 marked burials as well as a large number unmarked.

Tensions between the white community and Indians tended to increase during the Removal era. In addition, an increasing proportion of Anglo-Americans, who constituted the majority of whites by 1840, led to a hardening of racial discrimination in the area. There was disapproval of white men living with women of color, which had previously been accepted. In 1853 the legislature passed a bill prohibiting Indians from living in the state, and provided for capture and removal to Indian Territory.

While the bill excluded half-bloods and Indians already living in white communities, they went "underground" to escape persecution. No Indians were listed in late 19th and early 20th century censuses for Escambia County. People of Indian descent were forced into the white or black communities by appearance, and officially, in terms of records, "disappeared". It was a pattern repeated in many Southern settlements. Children of white fathers and Indian mothers were not designated as Indian in the late 19th century, whereas children of blacks or mulattos were classified within the black community, related to laws during the slavery years.

In 1907–1908 there were 116 Creek in Pensacola who applied for the Eastern Cherokee enrollment, thinking that all Indians were eligible to enroll. Based on Alabama census records, most of these individuals have been found to be descendants of Creek who had migrated to the Pensacola area from southern Alabama after Indian removal of the 1830 s.

Pensacola, Florida: Geography

Pensacola Beach, Florida

Pensacola, Florida: Topography

Pensacola is located at  / 30.43694; -87.20917 (30.436988, −87.209277), on the north side of Pensacola Bay. It is 59 miles (95 km) east of Mobile, Alabama, and 196 miles (315 km) west of Tallahassee, the capital of Florida. According to the United States Census Bureau, Pensacola has a total area of 40.7 square miles (105.4 km), consisting of 22.5 square miles (58.4 km) of land and 18.1 square miles (47.0 km), 44.62%, water.

Pensacola, Florida: Architecture

The Seville Tower is one of the many historic and famous buildings in Pensacola.

Pensacola does not have a prominent skyline, but has several low-rise buildings. The tallest is the 15-floor Crowne Plaza Grand Hotel, which stands at 146 feet (45 m). Other tall buildings include the Scenic Apartments (98 feet (30 m)), SunTrust Tower (96 feet (29 m)), Seville Tower (88 feet (27 m)), and the AT&T Building (76 feet (23 m)).

Historic buildings in Pensacola include the First National Bank Building.

Pensacola, Florida: Climate

Cantonment Clinch, a short-lived United States Army outpost, began providing meteorological observations in the 1820s through the 1830s. Observations from the Pensacola area by other sources continued intermittently over the next several decades.

Weather statistics since the late 20th century have been recorded at the airport. The city has seen single digit temperatures (below −12 °C) on three occasions: 5 °F (−15 °C) on January 21, 1985, 7 °F (−14 °C) on February 13, 1899 and 8 °F (−13 °C) on January 11, 1982. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Pensacola has a humid subtropical climate, (Köppen Cfa), with short, mild winters and hot, humid summers. Typical summer conditions have highs in the lower 90s °F (32–34 °C) and lows in the mid 70s °F (23–24 °C). Afternoon or evening thunderstorms are common during the summer months. Due partly to the coastal location, temperatures above 100 °F (38 °C) are relatively rare, and last occurred in June 2011, when two of the first four days of the month recorded highs reaching the century mark. The highest temperature ever recorded in the city was 106 °F (41 °C) on July 14, 1980. The daily average temperature in January is 51.4 °F (10.8 °C); freezing temperatures occur on an average 13.7 nights per season, with the average window for freezing conditions being from December 13 to February 20. Temperatures below 20 °F (−7 °C) are very rare, and last occurred on January 8, 2015, when a low of 19 °F (−7 °C) was seen. The lowest temperature ever recorded in the city was 5 °F (−15 °C) on January 21, 1985.

Snow is rare in Pensacola, but does occasionally fall. The most recent snow event occurred on February 12, 2010. The city receives 64.28 inches (1,630 mm) of precipitation per year, with a rainy season in the summer. The rainiest month is July, with 7.40 inches (188 mm), with May being the driest month at 4.17 inches (106 mm). In June 2012 over one foot (300 mm) of rain fell on Pensacola and adjacent areas, leading to widespread flooding. On April 29, 2014. Pensacola was drenched by at least 20 inches of rain within a 24-hour period, causing the worst flooding in 30 years

The city suffered a major blow on February 23, 2016, when a large EF3 wedge tornado hit the northwest part of Pensacola, causing major damage and several injuries.

Climate data for Pensacola, Florida (Pensacola Int'l), 1981–2010 normals
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 81
(27)
82
(28)
88
(31)
96
(36)
102
(39)
102
(39)
106
(41)
104
(40)
102
(39)
95
(35)
87
(31)
81
(27)
106
(41)
Average high °F (°C) 60.5
(15.8)
63.8
(17.7)
69.6
(20.9)
75.7
(24.3)
83.2
(28.4)
88.5
(31.4)
90.0
(32.2)
89.4
(31.9)
86.5
(30.3)
78.9
(26.1)
70.3
(21.3)
62.6
(17)
76.6
(24.8)
Average low °F (°C) 42.2
(5.7)
45.5
(7.5)
51.2
(10.7)
57.6
(14.2)
66.0
(18.9)
72.5
(22.5)
74.5
(23.6)
74.2
(23.4)
70.3
(21.3)
60.3
(15.7)
51.2
(10.7)
44.4
(6.9)
59.2
(15.1)
Record low °F (°C) 5
(−15)
7
(−14)
22
(−6)
33
(1)
44
(7)
55
(13)
61
(16)
60
(16)
43
(6)
32
(0)
22
(−6)
11
(−12)
5
(−15)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 4.64
(117.9)
5.06
(128.5)
5.81
(147.6)
4.32
(109.7)
4.17
(105.9)
6.60
(167.6)
7.40
(188)
6.77
(172)
5.98
(151.9)
5.24
(133.1)
4.73
(120.1)
4.55
(115.6)
65.27
(1,657.9)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 8.9 8.6 8.1 6.5 6.7 11.1 14.0 13.6 8.8 6.1 7.2 9.0 108.6
Source: NOAA (extremes 1879–present)

Pensacola, Florida: Hurricanes

Damage done by Hurricane Ivan in 2004 at the bayou near Naval Air Station

Pensacola's location on the Florida Panhandle makes it vulnerable to hurricanes. Major hurricanes which have made landfall at or near Pensacola since the late 20th century include Eloise (1975), Frederic (1979), Juan (1985), Erin (1995), Opal (1995), Georges (1998), Ivan (2004), and Dennis (2005).

Pensacola and several surrounding areas were devastated by Hurricane Ivan. Pensacola was on the eastern side of the eyewall, which sent a large storm surge into Escambia Bay; this destroyed most of the I-10 Escambia Bay Bridge. The storm knocked 58 spans off the eastbound and westbound bridges and misaligned another 66 spans, forcing the bridge to close to traffic in both directions. The surge also destroyed the fishing bridge that spanned Pensacola Bay alongside the Phillip Beale Memorial Bridge, locally known as the Three Mile Bridge.

Over $6 billion in damage occurred in the metro area and more than 10,000 homes were destroyed, with another 27,000 heavily damaged. NASA created a comparison image to illustrate the massive damage. Because of the widespread losses, Hurricane Ivan drove up the cost of housing in the area, leading to a severe shortage of affordable housing. In July 2005, Hurricane Dennis made landfall just east of the city, sparing it the damage received from Ivan the year before. However, hurricane and near-hurricane-force winds were recorded in downtown, causing moderate damage.

Pensacola received only a glancing blow from Hurricane Katrina in 2005, resulting in light to moderate damage reported in the area. The aftermath of the extensive damage from Katrina was a dramatic reduction in tourism coming from Louisiana, Mississippi and Alabama.

Pensacola, Florida: Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 2,164 -
1860 2,876 32.9%
1870 3,347 16.4%
1880 6,845 104.5%
1890 11,750 71.7%
1900 17,747 51.0%
1910 22,982 29.5%
1920 31,035 35.0%
1930 31,579 1.8%
1940 37,449 18.6%
1950 43,479 16.1%
1960 56,752 30.5%
1970 59,507 4.9%
1980 57,619 −3.2%
1990 58,165 0.9%
2000 56,255 −3.3%
2010 51,923 −7.7%
Est. 2015 53,193 2.4%
U.S. Decennial Census
See also: Escambia County, Florida Demographics

As of the census of 2010, there were 51,923 people, 23,600 households, and 14,665 families residing in the city, and 402,000 people in the Pensacola MSA. The population density was 2,303.5 people per square mile (956.8/km²). There were 26,848 housing units at an average density of 1,189.4 per square mile (459.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city is 66.3% White, 28.0% African American, 2.0% Asian, 0.6% Native American, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 2.3% from two or more races. 3.3% Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 24,524 households out of which 24.6% had children living with them, 39.7% were married couples living together, 16.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.2% were non-families. 32.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 2.92.

Out of the total population in Pensacola, 45.9% identify with a religion, slightly lower than the national average of 48.34%. Over 48% of Pensacolians who practice a religion identify as Baptists (22.14% of all city residents). Other Christian denominations include Roman Catholics (9.22% of city residents), Pentecostal (3.82%), Methodist (3.77%), Episcopal (1.11%), Presbyterian (1.08%), and Orthodox (0.30%).

Pensacola is home to a small (0.15% of city residents) but significant Jewish community, whose roots date mostly to German Jewish immigrants of the mid-to-late 19th century. There were also Sephardic Jewish migrants from other areas of the South, and immigrants from other areas of Europe. The first Florida chapter of B'nai Brith was founded downtown in 1874, as well as the first temple, Beth-El, in 1876. Apart from the Reform Beth-El, Pensacola is also served by the Conservative B'nai Israel Synagogue. Paula Ackerman, the first woman who performed rabbinical functions in the United States, was a Pensacola native and led services at Beth-El.

Jurisdictions outside the city have opposed its overtures to annex more area.

Pensacola, Florida: Economy

Pensacola, Florida: Personal income

Map of Pensacola

The median income for a household in the city was $34,779, and the median income for a family was $42,868. Males had a median income of $32,258 versus $23,582 for females. The per capita income for the city was $30,556 in 2011. About 12.7% of families and 16.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.2% of those under age 18 and 9.2% of those age 65 or over.

Pensacola, Florida: Military

The city has been referred to as "The Cradle of Naval Aviation". Naval Air Station Pensacola (NASP) was the first Naval Air Station commissioned by the U.S. Navy in 1914. Tens of thousands naval aviators have received their training there, including John H. Glenn, USMC, who became the first American to orbit the earth in 1962, and Neil Armstrong, who became the first man to set foot on the moon in 1969. The Navy's Flight Demonstration Squadron, the Blue Angels, is stationed there.

The National Museum of Naval Aviation is located on the Naval Air Station and is free to the public. The museum cares for and exhibits hundreds of vintage Naval Aviation aircraft and preserves the history of Naval Aviation through displays, symposiums, IMAX movies and tours.

Corry Station Naval Technical Training Center serves as an annex for the main base and the Center for Information Dominance. CWO3 Gary R. Schuetz Memorial Health Clinic is at Corry Station, Naval Hospital Pensacola, as is the main Navy Exchange and Defense Commissary Agency commissary complex for both Corry Station and NAS Pensacola. The Army National Guard B Troop 1-153 Cavalry, Bravo Company 146th Expeditionary Signal Battalion is stationed in Pensacola.

Pensacola, Florida: Hospitals

  • Sacred Heart Health System - Official Site
  • West Florida Hospital - Official Site
  • Baptist Hospital - Official Site
  • Gulf Breeze Hospital - Official Site (located in nearby Gulf Breeze)
  • The Andrews Institute - Official Site (located in nearby Gulf Breeze)
  • Santa Rosa Medical Center - Official Site (located in nearby Milton)
  • Naval Hospital Pensacola - Official Site (restricted to military personnel/dependents/authorized persons)
  • Select Specialty Hospital - Official Site

Pensacola, Florida: Tourism

There are a number of annual festivals, events, historic tours, and landmarks. The Pensacola Seafood Festival and The Pensacola Crawfish Festival held in the heart of historic Downtown has been held for nearly 30 years with live music acts. The Great Gulfcoast Arts Festival is held annually in November in Seville Square often drawing more than 200 regional and international artists as well as The Children's Art Festival which is held in the same park featuring art by children from local area schools.

There are several walking tours of the historic 18th century era restored neighborhoods.

Pensacola is the site of the Vietnam Veterans' Wall South. There are a number of historical military installations from the Civil War, including Fort Barrancas. Fort Pickens served as a temporary prison for Geronimo. There is the National Naval Aviation Museum and Pensacola Lighthouse at NAS Pensacola.

The city's convention and visitors' bureau, Visit Pensacola, is overseen by the Greater Pensacola Chamber.

Pensacola, Florida: Culture

Pensacola, Florida: The arts and theatre

Saenger Theater in Downtown Pensacola

There are a number of different performance venues in the Pensacola Area, including the Pensacola Bay Center (formerly the Pensacola Civic Center), often used for big ticket events, and the Saenger Theater, used for performances and mid-level events. Other theatres used for live performances, plays, and musicals include the Pensacola Little Theatre, Pensacola State College, University of West Florida, Vinyl Music Hall, and Loblolly Theatre. Pensacola is also home to the Pensacola Opera, Pensacola Children's Chorus, Pensacola Symphony Orchestra, and the Choral Society of Pensacola, as well as Ballet Pensacola. There is also the Palafox Place entertainment district.

Pensacola, Florida: Sports

Team Sport League Venue
Pensacola Ice Flyers Ice hockey Southern Professional Hockey League Pensacola Bay Center
Gulf Coast Riptide American football Women's Spring Football League Escambia High School
Pensacola Blue Wahoos Baseball Southern League (AA) Pensacola Bayfront Stadium
West Florida Argonauts Baseball, Basketball, American Football NCAA Division II Gulf South Conference University of West Florida
Pensacola Roller Gurlz Flat Track Roller Derby Women's Flat Track Derby Association Dreamland Skate Center

Pensacola, Florida: Parks and recreation

  • Big Lagoon State Park
  • Perdido Key State Park
  • Tarkiln Bayou Preserve State Park
  • Pensacola Bayfront Stadium
  • Plaza Ferdinand VII

Pensacola, Florida: Law and government

See also: List of mayors of Pensacola, Florida
Council Members
District Council member
1 P.C. Wu
2 Sherri Myers
3 Andy Terhaar
4 Larry B. Johnson
5 Gerald Wingate
6 Brian Spencer
7 Jewel Cannada-Wynn
8 (at large) Charles Bare

The city of Pensacola utilizes a strong mayor-council form of government, which was adopted in 2011 after citizens voted in 2009 to approve a new city charter. An elected mayor serves as the chief executive of the city government, while an eight-member city council serves as the city's governing body. A council president is selected by the council from its members, along with a vice president.

City voters approved a charter amendment on June 11, 2013 which eliminated the then-nine member council's two at-large seats; one seat was phased out in November 2014, and the other will expire in November 2016. Two additional charter amendments were approved on November 4, 2014 which made the position of mayor subject to recall and provided the city council with the authority to hire staff. The current city hall was opened in 1986.

Pensacola, Florida: Politics

After the Civil War, Pensacola, like the rest of the South was controlled by Republicans during the Reconstruction era (1865-1877). The Republican government had numerous African American politicians, including several county commissioners, city aldermen, constables, state representatives, and even one African American mayor-Salvador Pons. However, with the 1884 election of native Pensacolian and former Confederate General Edward Perry, a dramatic shift occurred. Perry, a Democrat who actually lost the Escambia County vote during the statewide election, acted to dissolve the Republican city government of Pensacola and in 1885 replaced this government with hand-picked successors, including railroad magnate William D. Chipley. The only African American to remain in city government was George Washington Witherspoon, a pastor with the African Methodist Episcopal Church who was previously a Republican and switched parties to the Democrats. Following Governor Perry's dissolution of the Republican government, the city remained Democratic for more than a century after the Civil War with no African Americans serving in an elected capacity for nearly a century.

As was the case in most of Florida, the Democratic primary was the real contest for most state and local elections until the 1970s. However, from the 1960s onward, due in part to the Republican Party's Southern strategy, residents of this staunchly conservative military and Bible Belt city began splitting their tickets and voting Republican in national elections. Despite this, Democrats continued to win most elections at the state and local level well into the 1990s, though most of them were very conservative even by Southern Democratic standards.

This changed in 1994, when Republican attorney Joe Scarborough defeated Vince Whibbs, Jr., the son of popular former Democratic mayor Vince Whibbs, in a landslide to represent Florida's 1st congressional district, which is based in Pensacola. Republicans also swept all of the area's seats in the state legislature, the majority of which were held by Democrats. Since then, Republicans have dominated every level of government, although municipal elections are officially nonpartisan. In August 2005, registered Republicans outnumbered Democrats for the first time in the area's history. As of August 2005, in Escambia County, 44% of the residents are registered Republicans compared to 39.91% of the population having registered as Democrats, with another 13.21% having no party affiliation.

In the 2004 presidential election, 65% of Escambia County residents voted for George W. Bush over John Kerry. The Pensacola area has not supported a Democrat for President since John F. Kennedy in 1960. In 1968, Pensacola and the rest of North Florida supported American Independent Party candidate George Wallace.

Chuck Baldwin, the 2008 presidential nominee of the Constitution Party, is the pastor of Crossroad Baptist Church in Pensacola.

Pensacola, Florida: Regional representatives

Pensacola is currently represented in the U.S. House of Representatives by Matt Gaetz (R), in the state senate by Greg Evers (R), and in the state house by District 1 Rep. Clay Ingram (R) and District 2 Rep. Mike Hill (R).

Pensacola, Florida: Education

Public primary and secondary education schools in Pensacola are administered by the Escambia County School District. The current superintendent of schools for Escambia County is Malcolm Thomas. The University of West Florida, located north of the city, is the largest post-secondary institution in the area. It also has the largest library in the region, the John C. Pace Library.

Pensacola, Florida: Universities and colleges

  • Pensacola State College
  • Pensacola Christian College
  • University of West Florida

Pensacola, Florida: High schools

Public:

  • Booker T. Washington High School
  • Escambia High School
  • J. M. Tate High School
  • Pensacola High School
  • Pine Forest High School
  • West Florida High School of Advanced Technology

Private:

  • Pensacola Catholic High School
  • Pensacola Christian Academy

Pensacola, Florida: Media

Main article: Escambia County, Florida media

The largest daily newspaper in the area is the Pensacola News Journal, with offices on Romana Street in downtown; the News Journal is owned by the Gannett Company. There is an alternative weekly newspaper, the Pensacola Independent News.

Pensacola is home to WEAR-TV, the ABC affiliate for Pensacola, Fort Walton Beach, and Mobile, Alabama, and WSRE-TV, the local PBS member station, which is operated by Pensacola State College. Other television stations in the market include WALA-TV, the Fox affiliate; WKRG, the CBS affiliate; and WPMI, the NBC affiliate, which all are located in Mobile. Cable service in the city is provided by Cox Communications and AT&T U-Verse. WUWF is the area's NPR affiliate and is based at the University of West Florida.

Pensacola Magazine, the city's monthly glossy magazine, and Northwest Florida's Business Climate, the only business magazine devoted to the region, are published locally. The News Journal also publishes Home & Garden Weekly magazine as well as the monthly Bella, devoted to women.

Pensacola, Florida: Infrastructure

ECAT bus, June 2006

Pensacola, Florida: Aviation

Major air traffic in the Pensacola and greater northwest Florida area is handled by Pensacola International Airport. Airlines currently serving Pensacola International Airport are American Eagle, Delta Connection, Delta Air Lines, Silver Airways, Southwest Airlines and United Express.

Pensacola, Florida: Railroads

From early 1993 through August 2005 Pensacola was served by the tri-weekly Amtrak Sunset Limited, but service east of New Orleans to Jacksonville and Orlando was suspended due to damage to the rail line of CSX during Hurricane Katrina in 2005. Attempts are being made to have service restored. This was previously the route of the Gulf Wind operated by the Louisville and Nashville Railroad.

Pensacola, Florida: Major highways

  • I-10.svg Interstate 10
  • I-110.svg Interstate 110
  • US 29.svg U.S. Route 29
  • US 90.svg U.S. Route 90 & U.S. Route 90 Alternate
  • US 98.svg U.S. Route 98 & U.S. Route 98 Business
  • Florida 289.svg State Road 289 Ninth Avenue
  • Florida 290.svg State Road 290 Olive Road
  • Florida 291.svg State Road 291 Davis Highway
  • Florida 292.svg State Road 292 Pace Boulevard
  • Florida 295.svg State Road 295 New Warrington Road, Farfield Drive
  • Florida 296.svg State Road 296 Michigan Avenue, Beverly Parkway, Brent Lane, Bayou Boulevard, Perry Street
  • Florida 742.svg State Road 742 Creighton Road, Burgess Road
  • Florida 750.svg State Road 750 Airport Boulevard

Pensacola, Florida: Mass transit

The local bus service is the Escambia County Area Transit. In December 2007, ECAT announced that it would cut many of its routes citing poor rider frequency. However, in January 2008, ECAT announced that it would expand service to neighboring Gulf Breeze and change existing routes to more convenient locations.

Pensacola, Florida: Intercity bus

Greyhound bus service is also available.

Pensacola, Florida: Notable people

See also: List of people from Pensacola, Florida
  • Doug Baldwin, Seattle Seahawks wide receiver
  • Mike Brodie, photographer
  • Derrick Brooks, Hall of Fame NFL linebacker
  • Ashley Brown, singer and actress
  • Austin Carlile, lead vocalist for Of Mice & Men
  • Adron Chambers, baseball player, 2011 World Series champion
  • Josh Donaldson, Major League Baseball third baseman for the Toronto Blue Jays
  • Mark Gormley, singer-songwriter who rose to internet fame
  • Robert Graysmith, true-crime author and former cartoonist, protagonist of film Zodiac
  • Ladarius Green, NFL tight end
  • Kim Helton, college and pro football coach
  • Martin Holley, Roman Catholic bishop
  • Kent Hovind, Christian fundamentalist evangelist and tax protester
  • Roy Jones, Jr., professional boxing champion and 1988 Olympic silver medalist
  • Phil Thomas Katt, singer-songwriter, filmmaker, music video producer, and radio DJ. Host of The Uncharted Zone
  • Gwen McCrae, singer
  • Mike McCready, lead guitar player for Pearl Jam
  • Katy Mixon, actress
  • Alfred Morris, NFL running back
  • Joan Perry, actress
  • Roman Reigns, professional wrestler currently signed to WWE
  • Trent Richardson, NFL running back
  • Peter S. Ruckman, pastor
  • Emmitt Smith, NFL running back in Pro Football Hall of Fame
  • Jim White, singer, songwriter and guitarist
  • Holman Williams, boxer in International Boxing Hall of Fame
  • Rysa Walker, author of The Chronos Files series

Pensacola, Florida: Bands from Pensacola

  • Finite Automata, an industrial band
  • This Bike is a Pipe Bomb, a folk-punk band
  • Twothirtyeight, indie rock band

Pensacola, Florida: Sister cities

See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in the United States

According to Sister City International, Pensacola has the following sister cities:

  • Mexico Isla Mujeres, Quintana Roo, Mexico
  • Peru Chimbote, Peru
  • Costa Rica Escazu, Costa Rica
  • Japan Gero, Japan
  • Ukraine Horlivka, Ukraine
  • Peru Miraflores, Peru
  • Taiwan Kaohsiung, Taiwan
  • Spain Macharaviaya, Málaga, Andalusia, Spain

Pensacola, Florida: See also

  • Blue Angels
  • Brownsville Revival
  • Escambia Bay Bridge
  • Escambia High School riots
  • Marion C. Bascom
  • Navarre, Florida

Pensacola, Florida: References

  1. "Red Snapper Fishing in Pensacola, Florida". Entertainment Guide - Local.com. Retrieved 6 August 2015.
  2. "Florida fears for world's whitest beaches". Reuters. Retrieved 6 August 2015.
  3. "About NAS Pensacola". Cnic.navy.mil. Retrieved 2012-12-18.
  4. UWF - About UWF - Location
  5. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  6. "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  7. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  8. "Pensacola, Florida (FL) Detailed Profile - relocation, real estate, travel, jobs, hospitals, schools, crime, news, sex offenders". City-data.com. Retrieved 2012-01-04.
  9. "Annual Estimates of the Population of Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2009 (CBSA-EST2009-01)" (CSV). 2009 Population Estimates. United States Census Bureau, Population Division. 2009. Retrieved March 1, 2011.
  10. John E. Worth, The Tristán de Luna Expedition, 1559-1561, http://uwf.edu/jworth/spanfla_luna.htm
  11. ISBN 0-8063-1730-2. Retrieved September 23, 2010.
  12. Jane E. Dysart, "Another Road to Disappearance: Assimilation of Creek Indians in Pensacola, Florida during the Nineteenth Century", The Florida Historical Quarterly, Vol. 61, No. 1 (July 1982), pp. 37–48, Published by: Florida Historical Society, Article Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/30146156, accessed 26 June 2014
  13. Dean R. Snow, Archaeology of Native North America (2010), New York: Prentice-Hall. pp. 248–249
  14. ""History" (Luna colony at Ochuse/Pensacola)". MyFlorida.com. State of Florida, Office of Cultural & Historical Programs. 2007. Retrieved 2007-03-06.
  15. John E. Worth, The Tristán de Luna Expedition, 1559–1561, http://uwf.edu/jworth/spanfla_luna.htm
  16. Johnson, Jane. "Santa Rosa Island - a History (Part 1)" (PDF). Retrieved 2007-03-06.
  17. Pinson, Steve. "The Tristan de Luna Expedition". Pensacola Archeology Lab. Retrieved 2007-03-06.
  18. "Floripedia: Pensacola, Florida". University of South Florida. 2005. Retrieved 2007-03-06.
  19. "Presidio Isla de Santa Rosa". University of West Florida. 2003. Archived from the original on 2007-03-19. Retrieved 2007-03-06.
  20. "St. Michael's Cemetery Foundation of Pensacola, Inc". Retrieved 2008-08-06.
  21. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  22. "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Pensacola city, Florida". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved January 25, 2016.
  23. "STORM2K • View topic - South Florida Cold Snap Is Overhyped -> Much Warmer". Retrieved 6 August 2015.
  24. "Pensacola, Florida Köppen Climate Classification (Weatherbase)". Weatherbase. Retrieved 6 August 2015.
  25. "Monthly Averages for Pensacola, Fla.". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2007-03-06.
  26. "History for Pensacola, Florida on Wednesday, June 1, 2011". Weather Underground. Retrieved 2011-06-05.
  27. "NOWData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2012-08-21.
  28. Team, National Weather Service Corporate Image Web. "National Weather Service Climate". w2.weather.gov. Retrieved 2015-10-29.
  29. "History for Pensacola, Florida on Tuesday, January 7, 2014". Weather Underground. Retrieved 2014-05-04.
  30. "What's with these snowstorms?". Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved 2010-10-31.
  31. "Floods, Water Rescues Along Gulf Coast". weather.com. 2012-06-10. Retrieved 2012-12-18.
  32. "'Life-Threatening' Flooding Submerges Pensacola, Florida". NBC News. 2014-04-30.
  33. "Repairing Florida's Escambia Bay Bridge". ACP Construction. Archived from the original on January 27, 2006. Retrieved 2007-08-14.
  34. "Bridge Replacement over Escambia Bay". Florida Department of Transportation. Retrieved 2007-08-14.
  35. "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016.
  36. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  37. "Pensacola, Florida - Religion". Bestplaces.net. Retrieved 2012-01-04.
  38. "借金天国". Retrieved 6 August 2015.
  39. "Pensacola (city) QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-11-13.
  40. "Hospitals in Pensacola, Florida (FL) - Hospital Ratings, Cost, Length of Stay, Affiliated Physicians, More...". Retrieved 6 August 2015.
  41. "Hospitals in Pensacola, Florida with Reviews & Ratings - YP.com". Retrieved 6 August 2015.
  42. "Official Tourism Website of Pensacola, Florida". Retrieved 6 August 2015.
  43. "Greater Pensacola Chamber - Home". Retrieved 6 August 2015.
  44. Stafford, David H. "Voter Statistics". EscambiaVotes.com. Escambia County Supervisor of Elections.
  45. "Senator Evers - The Florida Senate". www.flsenate.gov. Retrieved 2016-06-08.
  46. "Florida House of Representatives - Clay Ingram - 2014 - 2016 ( Speaker Crisafulli )". www.myfloridahouse.gov. Retrieved 2016-06-08.
  47. "Representatives, Regular Session 2007". Florida House of Representatives. Retrieved 2007-03-06.
  48. "Amtrak - Error". Retrieved 6 August 2015.
  49. "Greyhound.com - Page Not Found". Retrieved 6 August 2015.
  50. "About ECAT". ECAT. Retrieved 2007-10-25.
  51. "ECAT to expand service in Gulf Breeze". Pensacola News Journal. Retrieved 2008-01-11.
  52. "Online Directory: Florida, USA". Sister Cities International. Retrieved 2007-03-06.
  53. "Interactive City Directory". Sister Cities International.
  • Official website
  • Pensacola Scene and Events
  • Pensapedia, the Pensacola encyclopedia
  • Pensacola Bay Area Convention & Visitors Bureau
  • www.hurricanecity.com/city/pensacola Hurricane history for Pensacola
  • Historic issues of the Pensacola Journal (1905-1904) at Florida and Puerto Rico Digital Newspaper Project
Source of information: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. We're not responsible for the content of this article and your use of this information. Disclaimer
no
Pensacola: Today's Super Sale
United States: Hotels Booking & Tickets Sale
Akron
Alabama
Alaska
Albuquerque
Amarillo
Anaheim
Anchorage
Ann Arbor
Arizona
Arkansas
Arlington
Aspen
Atlanta
Aurora
Austin
Bakersfield
Baltimore
Baton Rouge
Beaver Creek
Big Bear Lake
Billings
Biloxi
Birmingham
Boise
Boston
Breckenridge
Brooklyn
Buffalo
California
Carlsbad
Carmel-by-the-Sea
Chandler
Charlotte
Chesapeake
Cheyenne
Chicago
Chula Vista
Cincinnati
Clearwater
Cleveland
Colorado Springs
Colorado
Columbus Georgia
Columbus
Connecticut
Corpus Christi
Costa Mesa
Dallas
Dana Point
Daytona Beach
Death Valley
Delaware
Denver
Des Moines
Destin
Detroit
Durham
El Paso
Estes Park
Fargo
Fayetteville
Florida
Fontana
Fort Lauderdale
Fort Myers
Fort Walton Beach
Fort Wayne
Fort Worth
Fremont
Fresno
Galveston
Garland
Georgia
Gilbert
Glendale
Grand Canyon
Grand Rapids
Grand Teton
Great Smoky Mountains
Greensboro
Gulfport
Hawaii
Henderson
Hialeah
Hollywood
Honolulu
Hot Springs
Houston
Huntington Beach
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana
Indianapolis
Iowa
Irving
Jackson Mississippi
Jackson Wyoming
Jacksonville
Jersey City
Juneau
Kansas City
Kansas
Kentucky
Key Largo
Key West
Laguna Beach
Lahaina
Lake Tahoe
Laredo
Las Vegas
Lexington
Lincoln
Little Rock
Long Beach
Los Angeles
Louisiana
Louisville
Lubbock
Madison
Maine
Malibu
Mammoth Lakes
Manhattan
Marathon
Maryland
Massachusetts
Memphis
Mesa
Miami Beach
Miami
Michigan
Milwaukee
Minneapolis
Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri
Moab
Modesto
Montana
Monterey
Montgomery
Moreno Valley
Mountain View
Myrtle Beach
Napa
Naples
Nashville
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New Mexico
New Orleans
New York City
New York
Newark
Newport Beach
Newport
Norfolk
North Carolina
North Dakota
North Las Vegas
Oakland
Ocean City
Oceanside
Ohio
Oklahoma City
Oklahoma
Omaha
Oregon
Orlando
Oxnard
Palm Coast
Palm Desert
Palm Springs
Panama City Beach
Park City
Pasadena
Pennsylvania
Pensacola
Philadelphia
Phoenix
Pittsburgh
Plano
Portland
Portland
Providence
Raleigh
Reno
Rhode Island
Richmond
Riverside
Rochester
Rocky Mountains
Sacramento
Saint Paul
Salt Lake City
San Antonio
San Bernardino
San Diego
San Francisco
San Jose
Sanibel
Santa Ana
Santa Barbara
Santa Cruz
Santa Fe
Santa Monica
Sarasota
Savannah
Scottsdale
Seattle
Shreveport
Silicon Valley
South Carolina
South Dakota
South Lake Tahoe
Spokane
Springfield
Squaw Valley
St. Augustine
St. Louis
St. Petersburg
Steamboat Springs
Stockton
Sunny Isles Beach
Tacoma
Tallahassee
Tampa
Telluride
Tennessee
Texas
Thousand Oaks
Toledo
Tucson
Tulsa
Utah
Vail
Vermont
Virginia Beach
Virginia
Waikiki
Washington D.C.
Washington
West Virginia
Wichita
Winston-Salem
Wisconsin
Wyoming
Yellowstone
Yonkers
Yosemite
Zion
Hotels Booking & Tickets Sale
Abkhazia
Afghanistan
Albania
Algeria
American Virgin Islands
Andorra
Angola
Anguilla
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina
Armenia
Aruba
Australia
Austria
Azerbaijan
Bahamas
Bahrain
Bangladesh
Barbados
Belarus
Belgium
Belize
Benin
Bermuda
Bhutan
Bolivia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana
Brazil
British Virgin Islands
Brunei
Bulgaria
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cambodia
Cameroon
Canada
Cape Verde
Caribbean Netherlands
Cayman Islands
Chad
Chile
China
Colombia
Costa Rica
Croatia
Cuba
Curaçao
Cyprus
Czech Republic
DR Congo
Denmark
Djibouti
Dominican Republic
East Timor
Ecuador
Egypt
El Salvador
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia
Falkland Islands
Faroe Islands
Fiji
Finland
France
French Guiana
French Polynesia
Gabon
Gambia
Georgia
Germany
Ghana
Gibraltar
Greece
Guadeloupe
Guam
Guatemala
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana
Haiti
Honduras
Hong Kong
Hungary
Iceland
India
Indonesia
Iran
Iraq
Ireland
Isle of Man
Israel
Italy
Ivory Coast
Jamaica
Japan
Jordan
Kazakhstan
Kenya
Kiribati
Kongo
Kosovo
Kuwait
Kyrgyzstan
Laos
Latvia
Lebanon
Lesotho
Liberia
Libya
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Macau
Macedonia
Madagascar
Malawi
Malaysia
Maldives
Mali
Malta
Martinique
Mauritania
Mauritius
Mexico
Micronesia
Moldova
Monaco
Mongolia
Montenegro
Montserrat
Morocco
Mozambique
Myanmar
Namibia
Nepal
Netherlands
New Zealand
Nicaragua
Nigeria
North Korea
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway
Oman
Pakistan
Palau
Palestine
Panama
Papua New Guinea
Paraguay
Peru
Philippines
Poland
Portugal
Puerto Rico
Qatar
Romania
Russia
Rwanda
Réunion
Saint Barthélemy
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Lucia
Saint Martin
Saint Vincent and Grenadines
Samoa
San Marino
Saudi Arabia
Senegal
Serbia
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Singapore
Sint Maarten
Slovakia
Slovenia
Solomon Islands
Somalia
Somaliland
South Africa
South Korea
Spain
Sri Lanka
Sudan
Suriname
Swaziland
Sweden
Switzerland
Syria
Taiwan
Tajikistan
Tanzania
Thailand
Togo
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago
Tunisia
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Turks and Caicos Islands
Uganda
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom
United States
Uruguay
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu
Vatican City
Venezuela
Vietnam
Yemen
Zambia
Zimbabwe
Vacation: Popular Goods
Popular Goods
Clothing
Tops
Trousers & shorts
Skirts
Dresses
Suits
Uniforms
Outerwear
Underwear
Lingerie
Footwear
Headwear
Nightwear
Swimsuits
Accessories

Cosmetics
Perfumery
Skin care
Hygiene products

Jewellery
Watches
Gemstones

Home appliances
Interior design
Furniture
Bedding
Linens
Plumbing
Lamps
Hand tools
Gardening tools
Building materials

Culinary (Cooking)
Foods
Vegetables
Fruits
Beverages
Condiments
Food preparation appliances
Cooking appliances
Cooking utensils
Kitchenware
Crockery
Cookware & bakeware

Toys
Children's clothing

Electronics
Activity trackers
Audio electronics
Apple electronics
Batteries
BlackBerry
Computer hardware
Computer peripherals
Consumer electronics
Digital electronics
iPhone
GPS
Laptops (notebooks)
Mobile phones
Musical instruments
Optical devices
Photography equipment
PlayStation
Rechargeable batteries
Radio
Satellite navigation
Smartphones
Smartwatches
Tablet computers
Television
Video game consoles
Wearable computers
Wireless
Xbox

Sports
Sports equipment
Sports clothing

Travel
Tourism
Tourism by country
Capitals
Tourist attractions
Airlines
Low-cost airlines
Airports
Airliners
Hotels
Tourism companies
Travel websites
Cruise lines
Cruise ships
Travel gear
Luggage
Camping equipment
Hiking equipment
Fishing equipment

Automobiles
Auto accessories
Automotive electronics
Auto parts
Auto chemicals
Tires

Software
Windows software
Mac OS software
Linux software
Android software
IOS software
Access Control Software
Business Software
Communication Software
Computer Programming
Digital Typography Software
Educational Software
Entertainment Software
Genealogy Software
Government Software
Graphics Software
Health Software
Industrial Software
Knowledge Representation Software
Language Software
Legal Software
Library & Info Science Software
Multimedia Software
Music Software
Personal Info Managers
Religious Software
Scientific Software
Simulation Software
System Software
Transportation Software
Video games, PC games

Finance
Advertising
Accounting
Auditing
Business
Banking
Credit
Credit cards
Currency
Debt
E-commerce
Economics
Employment
Financial markets
Forex
Human resource management
Insurance
Investment
Labor
Law
Loans
Management
Marketing
Money
Mortgage
Payment systems
Pensions
Philanthropy
Property
Real estate
Securities
Stationery
Taxation
Universities & colleges

Books
Films
Music

Health
Dietary supplements
Diets
Medical equipment
Vitamins
Weight loss
HomeContactsFacebookCreditDiscountsCashbackShareHelp

All trademarks, service marks, trade names, product names, and logos appearing on the site are the property of their respective owners.
© 2011-2017 Maria-Online.com ▪ DesignHosting