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Hotels of Penza
A hotel in Penza is an establishment that provides lodging paid on a short-term basis. Facilities provided may range from a basic bed and storage for clothing, to luxury features like en-suite bathrooms. Larger in Penza hotels may provide additional guest facilities such as a swimming pool, business centre, childcare, conference facilities and social function services. Hotel rooms in Penza are usually numbered (or named in some smaller hotels and B&Bs) to allow guests to identify their room. Some Penza hotels offer meals as part of a room and board arrangement. Hotel operations vary in size, function, and cost. Most Penza hotels and major hospitality companies that operate hotels in Penza have set widely accepted industry standards to classify hotel types. General categories include the following:
Upscale luxury hotels in Penza
An upscale full service hotel facility in Penza that offers luxury amenities, full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and the highest level of personalized and professional service. Luxury Penza hotels are normally classified with at least a Four Diamond or Five Diamond status or a Four or Five Star rating depending on classification standards.
Full service hotels in Penza
Full service Penza hotels often contain upscale full-service facilities with a large volume of full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and a variety of on-site amenities such as swimming pools, a health club, children's activities, ballrooms, on-site conference facilities, etc.
Historic inns and boutique hotels in Penza
Boutique hotels of Penza are smaller independent non-branded hotels that often contain upscale facilities of varying size in unique or intimate settings with full service accommodations. Penza boutique hotels are generally 100 rooms or less. Some historic inns and boutique hotels in Penza may be classified as luxury hotels.
Focused or select service hotels in Penza
Small to medium-sized hotel establishments that offer a limited amount of on-site amenities that only cater and market to a specific demographic of Penza travelers, such as the single business traveler. Most Penza focused or select service hotels may still offer full service accommodations but may lack leisure amenities such as an on-site restaurant or a swimming pool.
Economy and limited service hotels in Penza
Small to medium-sized Penza hotel establishments that offer a very limited amount of on-site amenities and often only offer basic accommodations with little to no services, these facilities normally only cater and market to a specific demographic of travelers, such as the budget-minded Penza traveler seeking a "no frills" accommodation. Limited service Penza hotels often lack an on-site restaurant but in return may offer a limited complimentary food and beverage amenity such as on-site continental breakfast service.
Guest houses and B&Bs in Penza
A bed and breakfast in Penza is a small lodging establishment that offers overnight accommodation and inclusive breakfast. Usually, Penza bed and breakfasts are private homes or family homes offering accommodations. The typical Penza B&B has between 4 and 11 rooms, with 6 being the average. Generally, guests are accommodated in private bedrooms with private bathrooms, or in a suite of rooms including an en suite bathroom. Some homes have private bedrooms with a bathroom which is shared with other guests. Breakfast is served in the bedroom, a dining room, or the host's kitchen. Often the owners of guest house themselves prepare the breakfast and clean the rooms.
Hostels in Penza
Penza hostels provide budget-oriented, sociable accommodation where guests can rent a bed, usually a bunk bed, in a dormitory and share a bathroom, lounge, and sometimes a kitchen. Rooms can be mixed or single-sex, although private rooms may also be available. Hostels are often cheaper for both the operator and occupants; many Penza hostels have long-term residents whom they employ as desk agents or housekeeping staff in exchange for experience or discounted accommodation.
Apartment hotels, extended stay hotels in Penza
Extended stay hotels are small to medium-sized Penza hotels that offer longer term full service accommodations compared to a traditional hotel. Extended stay hotels may offer non-traditional pricing methods such as a weekly rate that cater towards travelers in need of short-term accommodations for an extended period of time. Similar to limited and select service hotels, on-site amenities are normally limited and most extended stay hotels in Penza lack an on-site restaurant.
Timeshare and destination clubs in Penza
Penza timeshare and destination clubs are a form of property ownership also referred to as a vacation ownership involving the purchase and ownership of an individual unit of accommodation for seasonal usage during a specified period of time. Timeshare resorts in Penza often offer amenities similar that of a Full service hotel with on-site restaurant(s), swimming pools, recreation grounds, and other leisure-oriented amenities. Destination clubs of Penza on the other hand may offer more exclusive private accommodations such as private houses in a neighborhood-style setting.
Motels in Penza
A Penza motel is a small-sized low-rise lodging establishment similar to that of a limited service hotel, but with direct access to individual rooms from the car park. Common during the 1950s and 1960s, motels were often located adjacent to a major road, where they were built on inexpensive land at the edge of towns or along stretches of highways. They are still useful in less populated areas of Penza for driving travelers, but the more populated an area becomes the more hotels fill the need. Many of Penza motels which remain in operation have joined national franchise chains, rebranding themselves as hotels, inns or lodges.
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Top to bottom, left to right: Historical city centre on Sura, Penza Oblast Theater of Drama, Suspension bridge over Sura River, Monument of Military and Labour Glory, Memorial complex of Glory, Kind Angel of Peace and State Emblem of the USSR monuments on Pushkin st.
Location of Penza Oblast in Russia
Location of Penza in Penza Oblast
Coordinates: / 53.200; 45.000 / 53.200; 45.000
Coat of arms
Administrative status (as of November 2013)
Administratively subordinated to
city of oblast significance of Penza
Administrative center of
Penza Oblast, city of oblast significance of Penza
Penza (Russian: Пенза; IPA: [ˈpʲɛnzə]) is a city and the administrative center of Penza Oblast, Russia, located on the Sura River, 625 kilometers (388 mi) southeast of Moscow. Population: 517,311 (2010 Census); 518,025 (2002 Census); 542,612 (1989 Census).
Penza was founded as a Russian frontier fortress-city, and to this day, remnants of the Lomovskaya sentry line built in 1640 have been preserved at the western edge of the city, and remains of earth ramparts dating from the mid-16th century are preserved in the city center. Until 1663, Penza was a wooden stockade with only a small settlement. Then in May 1663, the architect Yuri Kontransky arrived in Penza on the Tsar's orders to direct the construction of a fortress city, as part of a wider fortress building program to protect Russia from attacks by Crimean Tatars. The initial construction consisted of a wooden Kremlin, a village, and quarters for the nobility, small tradesmen, and merchants.
In 1774, the insurgent army led by Yemelyan Pugachev occupied Penza after the citizens of the city welcomed the rebellious Cossacks. The first stone houses started to appear after 1801, and by 1809 Penza's population had grown to more than 13,000 people.
In 1918, Vladimir Lenin sent a telegram to communists in the Penza area, complaining about the "insurrection of five kulak districts". He urged the public hanging of 100 "landlords, richmen, bloodsuckers", grain seizure, and hostage taking. This telegram has been used in several historical works on the period and on Lenin. During the Russian Civil War, the Czechoslovak Legions launched an anti-Bolshevik uprising in Penza.
During the Soviet period, the city developed as a regional industrial center. The Ural mainframe was made here between 1959 and 1964.
The confluence of the Penza and Sura Rivers
Penza: Administrative and municipal status
Penza Oblast Administration building
Penza is the administrative center of the oblast. Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is incorporated as the city of oblast significance of Penza-an administrative unit with a status equal to that of the districts. As a municipal division, the city of oblast significance of Penza is incorporated as Penza Urban Okrug.
Penza is a major railway junction and lies on the M5 highway linking Moscow and Chelyabinsk. Penza Airport serves domestic flights. Local public transport includes buses, trolleybuses and marshrutkas (routed taxis).
Penza as seen from the highest point of the city
Penza: Education and culture
An 18th-century house in Penza
Currently, the city of Penza is seen as a regional center for higher education. It has six universities (the Penza State University, the Pedagogic University, the Academy of Agriculture, the Technology Institute, the University of Architecture and Construction, and the Artillery and Engineering Institute), 13 colleges and 77 public schools. Besides this, Penza is home to three theatres, four museums, and three art galleries including The Museum of One Painting named after G. V. Myasnikov.
Facilities of higher education include:
Penza State University
Penza State Pedagogical University (unified with Penza State University in 2012)
Penza State University of Architecture and Construction
Penza Artillery Engineering Institute
Penza State Technological Academy
Penza State Agricultural Academy
Penza branch of the Moscow's Institute of Economics, Management and Law
Penza branch of the Russian State University of Innovative Technologies and Entrepreneurship
Penza has a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfb) with long, cold winters and warm summers. A heat wave in the months of June, July, and August 2010, raised temperatures from previous norms often by 15 °C (27 °F) in Penza. Some of the higher fluctuations in temperatures were recorded with seven straight days of temperatures +40 °C (104 °F) and higher compared to the previous year where the higher temperatures for the same period were, on average, 20 °C (36 °F) lower.
Climate data for Penza (1981–2010)
Record high °C (°F)
Average high °C (°F)
Daily mean °C (°F)
Average low °C (°F)
Record low °C (°F)
Average precipitation mm (inches)
Average rainy days
Average snowy days
Average relative humidity (%)
Penza first hosted the Russian Sidecarcross Grand Prix in 2009, and did so again in 2010, on August 15.
The city football team FC Zenit Penza was established in 1918 but now plays in the Russian Amateur League. Penza has also a professional rugby union club, Imperia-Dynamo Penza, from Russia's Professional Rugby League.
A minor planet, 3189 Penza, discovered by Soviet astronomer Nikolai Chernykh in 1978, is named after the city.
Penza: Notable residents
Main article: List of people from Penza
Denis Ablyazin, world and Olympic medalist in artistic gymnastics
Sergey Andronov, professional hockey player in the St. Louis Blues
Aleksandr Golikov, ice hockey player
Vladimir Golikov, ice hockey player
Nikolai Ishutin, utopian socialist
Victor Karpov, diplomat
Klim Kostin, ice hockey player
Alexander Kozhevnikov, ice hockey player
Natalia Lavrova, world and Olympic champion in rhythmic gymnastics
Aristarkh Lentulov, avant-garde artist
Mikhail Lermontov, poet, grew up in nearby manor of Tarkhany
Andreï Makine, author
Alexander Medvedkin, film director
Yuri Moiseev, ice hockey player
Vsevolod Meyerhold, actor and directоr
Ivan Mozzhukhin, silent film actor
Vasily Pervukhin, ice hockey player
Sergei Svetlov, ice hockey player
Sergei Yashin, ice hockey player
Lavrenty Zagoskin, explorer of Alaska
Penza: Twin towns and sister cities
See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Russia
Penza is twinned with:
Békéscsaba, Hungary (1970)
Busan, South Korea (2007)
Ramat Gan, Israel (2007)
Penza: See also
Center of Theatrical Arts «House of Meyerhold»
List of largest cuckoo clocks
Article 2 of the Charter of Penza states that the city may have an anthem, providing one is adopted by the City Duma. As of 2015, no anthem has been adopted.
Official website of Penza. Biography of Yury Ivanovich Krivov, Head of Penza (in Russian)
Charter of Penza, Article 18
Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012.
Penza Oblast Territorial Branch of the Federal State Statistics Service. Численность постоянного населения Пензенской области на 1.01.2015 (in Russian)
Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №271-ФЗ от 03 июля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #271-FZ of July 03, 2016 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
Большая Советская Энциклопедия (Great Soviet Encyclopedia). Гл. ред. А. М. Прохоров, 3-е изд. Т. 19. Отоми - Пластырь. 1975. 648 стр., илл.; 29 л. илл. и карт. "Город основан в 1663 году как крепость на юго-восточной окраине Русского царства."
Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities-Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014.
Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014.
"An exchange of letters on the BBC documentary Lenin's Secret Files"
Telegram to the Penza Gubernia Executive Committee of the Soviets in J. Brooks and G. Chernyavskiy's, p.77, Lenin and the Making of the Soviet State: A Brief History with Documents (2007). Bedford/St Martin's: Boston and New York: p.77
Translation of 'hanging order' by Robert Service, p. 365, Lenin a Biography (2000). London: Macmillan
"Погода и Климат - Климатический монитор: погода в Пензе". Pogoda.ru.net. Retrieved 2014-05-18.
"Погода и Климат - Климатический монитор: погода в Пензе". Pogoda.ru.net. Retrieved 2014-05-18.
"Weather and Climate-The Climate of Penza" (in Russian). Weather and Climate (Погода и климат). Retrieved 4 April 2016.
FIM Sidecarcross World Championship – 2010 Calendar FIM website, accessed: October 30, 2009
Dictionary of Minor Planet Names – p.264. Books.google.com. Retrieved May 18, 2014.
"Official site of Penza". Web.archive.org. Archived from the original on July 15, 2009. Retrieved May 18, 2014.
Penza City (Russia, sister city of Lanzhou Municipality) Archived June 23, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
"Ramat Gan sister cities". Ramat-gan.info. July 19, 2007. Retrieved May 18, 2014.
Законодательное Собрание Пензенской области. Закон №774-ЗПО от 9 марта 2005 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Пензенской области», в ред. Закона №2484-ЗПО от 28 ноября 2013 г. «О внесении изменений в статью 15 Закона Пензенской области "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Пензенской области"». Вступил в силу через десять дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Пензенские губернские ведомости", №6, стр. 49, 18 марта 2005 г. (Legislative Assembly of Penza Oblast. Law #774-ZPO of March 9, 2005 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Penza Oblast, as amended by the Law #2484-ZPO of November 28, 2013 On Amending Article 15 of the Law of Penza Oblast "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Penza Oblast". Effective as of the day ten days after the day of the official publication.).
Законодательное Собрание Пензенской области. Закон №690-ЗПО от 2 ноября 2004 г. «О границах муниципальных образований Пензенской области», в ред. Закона №2681-ЗПО от 4 марта 2015 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Пензенской области "О границах муниципальных образований Пензенской области"». Вступил в силу через 10 дней после официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Пензенские губернские ведомости", №17 (без приложения), 16 ноября 2004 г. (Legislative Assembly of Penza Oblast. Law #690-ZPO of November 2, 2004 On the Borders of the Municipal Formations of Penza Oblast, as amended by the Law #2681-ZPO of March 4, 2015 On Amending the Law of Penza Oblast "On the Borders of the Municipal Formations of Penza Oblast". Effective as of after 10 days from the official publication.).
Penza: External links
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Penza.
Official website of Penza (in Russian)
"PenzaNews" news agency
Administrative divisions of Penza Oblast
Administrative center: Penza
Cities and towns
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