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Hotels of Poltava
A hotel in Poltava is an establishment that provides lodging paid on a short-term basis. Facilities provided may range from a basic bed and storage for clothing, to luxury features like en-suite bathrooms. Larger in Poltava hotels may provide additional guest facilities such as a swimming pool, business centre, childcare, conference facilities and social function services. Hotel rooms in Poltava are usually numbered (or named in some smaller hotels and B&Bs) to allow guests to identify their room. Some Poltava hotels offer meals as part of a room and board arrangement. Hotel operations vary in size, function, and cost. Most Poltava hotels and major hospitality companies that operate hotels in Poltava have set widely accepted industry standards to classify hotel types. General categories include the following:
Upscale luxury hotels in Poltava
An upscale full service hotel facility in Poltava that offers luxury amenities, full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and the highest level of personalized and professional service. Luxury Poltava hotels are normally classified with at least a Four Diamond or Five Diamond status or a Four or Five Star rating depending on classification standards.
Full service hotels in Poltava
Full service Poltava hotels often contain upscale full-service facilities with a large volume of full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and a variety of on-site amenities such as swimming pools, a health club, children's activities, ballrooms, on-site conference facilities, etc.
Historic inns and boutique hotels in Poltava
Boutique hotels of Poltava are smaller independent non-branded hotels that often contain upscale facilities of varying size in unique or intimate settings with full service accommodations. Poltava boutique hotels are generally 100 rooms or less. Some historic inns and boutique hotels in Poltava may be classified as luxury hotels.
Focused or select service hotels in Poltava
Small to medium-sized hotel establishments that offer a limited amount of on-site amenities that only cater and market to a specific demographic of Poltava travelers, such as the single business traveler. Most Poltava focused or select service hotels may still offer full service accommodations but may lack leisure amenities such as an on-site restaurant or a swimming pool.
Economy and limited service hotels in Poltava
Small to medium-sized Poltava hotel establishments that offer a very limited amount of on-site amenities and often only offer basic accommodations with little to no services, these facilities normally only cater and market to a specific demographic of travelers, such as the budget-minded Poltava traveler seeking a "no frills" accommodation. Limited service Poltava hotels often lack an on-site restaurant but in return may offer a limited complimentary food and beverage amenity such as on-site continental breakfast service.
Guest houses and B&Bs in Poltava
A bed and breakfast in Poltava is a small lodging establishment that offers overnight accommodation and inclusive breakfast. Usually, Poltava bed and breakfasts are private homes or family homes offering accommodations. The typical Poltava B&B has between 4 and 11 rooms, with 6 being the average. Generally, guests are accommodated in private bedrooms with private bathrooms, or in a suite of rooms including an en suite bathroom. Some homes have private bedrooms with a bathroom which is shared with other guests. Breakfast is served in the bedroom, a dining room, or the host's kitchen. Often the owners of guest house themselves prepare the breakfast and clean the rooms.
Hostels in Poltava
Poltava hostels provide budget-oriented, sociable accommodation where guests can rent a bed, usually a bunk bed, in a dormitory and share a bathroom, lounge, and sometimes a kitchen. Rooms can be mixed or single-sex, although private rooms may also be available. Hostels are often cheaper for both the operator and occupants; many Poltava hostels have long-term residents whom they employ as desk agents or housekeeping staff in exchange for experience or discounted accommodation.
Apartment hotels, extended stay hotels in Poltava
Extended stay hotels are small to medium-sized Poltava hotels that offer longer term full service accommodations compared to a traditional hotel. Extended stay hotels may offer non-traditional pricing methods such as a weekly rate that cater towards travelers in need of short-term accommodations for an extended period of time. Similar to limited and select service hotels, on-site amenities are normally limited and most extended stay hotels in Poltava lack an on-site restaurant.
Timeshare and destination clubs in Poltava
Poltava timeshare and destination clubs are a form of property ownership also referred to as a vacation ownership involving the purchase and ownership of an individual unit of accommodation for seasonal usage during a specified period of time. Timeshare resorts in Poltava often offer amenities similar that of a Full service hotel with on-site restaurant(s), swimming pools, recreation grounds, and other leisure-oriented amenities. Destination clubs of Poltava on the other hand may offer more exclusive private accommodations such as private houses in a neighborhood-style setting.
Motels in Poltava
A Poltava motel is a small-sized low-rise lodging establishment similar to that of a limited service hotel, but with direct access to individual rooms from the car park. Common during the 1950s and 1960s, motels were often located adjacent to a major road, where they were built on inexpensive land at the edge of towns or along stretches of highways. They are still useful in less populated areas of Poltava for driving travelers, but the more populated an area becomes the more hotels fill the need. Many of Poltava motels which remain in operation have joined national franchise chains, rebranding themselves as hotels, inns or lodges.
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The main purpose of HotelsCombined hotel price comparison service is to help the travelers in finding a perfect accommodation option in Poltava at the best price, eliminating the need to manually analyze hundreds of hotel booking sites and thousands of price offers. Through the partnership with the most popular hotel booking websites, online travel agencies and hotel chains, HotelsCombined allows its users to search for and compare the current rates on Poltava hotels in a single search. It also provides an aggregated summary of hotel reviews and ratings from external sites.
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Filderstadt, Ostfildern, Veliko Tarnovo, Lublin, Nice
The previously believed foundation date was 1174.
Shield of Poltava Regiment
Shield of Poltava Regiment headquarters
Russian shield of Poltava
Poltava (Ukrainian, Russian: Полтава, Ukrainian pronunciation: [polˈtɑwɑ]) is a city located on the Vorskla River in central Ukraine. It is the capital city of the Poltava Oblast (province) and of the surrounding Poltava Raion (district) of the oblast. Poltava's estimated population is 294,962 as of 2015.
It is still unknown when Poltava was founded, although the town was not attested before 1174. However, for reasons unknown, municipal authorities chose to celebrate the city's 1100th anniversary in 1999. The settlement is indeed an old one, as archeologists unearthed a Paleolithic dwelling as well as Scythian remains within the city limits.
Poltava: Middle Ages
The present name of the city is traditionally connected to the settlement Ltava which is mentioned in the Hypatian Chronicle in 1174. According to the chronicle, on the Saint Peter's Day (12 July) of 6682 Igor Sviatoslavich chasing hordes of Cuman khans Konchak and Kobiak crossed Vorskla River near Ltava and moved towards Pereyaslav (presumably the modern Pereiaslav-Khmelnytskyi) where Igor's army was victories over the Cumans. With the Mongol invasion of Rus' in 1238-39 many cities of the middle Dnieper region were destroyed and possibly among which could have been the city of Ltava.
In the mid 14th century the region was part of the Duchy of Kiev that was a vassal of the Algirdas' Grand Duchy of Lithuania. According to the Russian historian Aleksandr Shennikov, the region around modern Poltava was a Cuman Duchy of Mansur who was a son of Mamai. Shennikov also claims that the Mansur Duchy joined the Grand Duchy of Lithuania as an associated state rather than a vassal state and the city of Poltava already existed at that time. In 1399 the army of Mansur assisted the army of Grand Duchy of Lithuania in battle of the Vorskla River, while a legend says that after it Cossack Mamay helped Vytautas to escape his death.
The city for the first time is mentioned under the name of Poltava no later than 1430. Supposedly in 1430 the Lithuanian duke Vytautas gave the city along with Glinsk (today a village near the city of Romny) and Glinitsa to Murza Olexa (Loxada Mansurxanovich) who moved to the Grand Duchy of Lithuania from the Golden Horde. In 1430 Murza Olexa was baptized as Alexander Glinsky who was a progenitor of the Glinsky family. According to the same Shenninkov, Alexander Glinsky must have been baptized in 1390 by Cyprian, Metropolitan of Kiev who just regained his title of Metropolitan of Kiev and all Russia (rather than the Metropolitan of Russia Minor and Lithuania) and on 6 March 1390 permanently moved to Muscovy.
In 1482 Poltava was razed by the Crimean Khan Mengli I Giray.
Poltava: Modern Age
In 1537 Ografena Vasylivna Glinska (Baibuza) passed Poltava to her son-in-law Mykhailo Ivanovych Hrybunov-Baibuza.
After the Union of Lublin in 1569, the territory around Poltava was passed to the Crown of Poland. In 1630 Poltava was passed to a Polish magnate Bartholomew Obalkowski. In 1641 it changed its owner again who was Alexander Koniecpolski. In 1646 Poltava became part of Wiśniowiecki Ordynatsia (a big Wiśniowiecki estate in Left-bank Ukraine centered in Lubny) governed by the Ruthenian-Polish magnate Jeremi Wiśniowiecki (1612–51). In 1648 Poltava was the base of a distinguished regiment of the Ukrainian Cossacks, and served as a Cossack stronghold during the Khmelnytsky Uprising. To commemorate a victory of Cossack Host over the Polish army at the Poltavka River, in 1650 on the order of Metropolitan of Kiev Sylvester Kossov in Poltava was established the monastery of the Exaltation of the Cross that was financed by number of local residents among which were Martyn Pushkar, Ivan Iskra, Ivan Kramar and many others.
During the 1654 Pereyaslav Council, the Poltava city delegates pledged their allegiance to the Czar of Muscovy, after which stolnik Andrei Spasitelev arrived to Poltava and recorded 1,335 residents who pledged their allegiance. In 1658 Poltava became a center of anti-government revolt led by the local leader Martyn Pushkar who contested legitimacy of Ivan Vyhovsky's election to the post of Hetman of Zaporizhian Host. The uprising was extinguished with help of Crimean Tatars. On the issue boyar Vasily Borisovich Sheremetev wrote to Alexei Mikhailovich on 8 June 1658: "... the Circassian city of Plotava is ravaged and burned to the ground and only if the Great Sovereign orders to rebuilt on the Tatar Sokma (pathway) of Bakeyev Route and protect many his sovereign cities from Tatar visits. And if the Great Sovereign allows to place a voivode in the city and rebuilt the city until the fall that in Plotava Circassians and residents built their houses and stock-piled their food". With the signing of the 1667 truce of Andrusovo, the city became part of the Tsardom of Muscovy, while remaining part of the Cossack Hetmanate.
The city suffered from the Great Turkish War when in 1695 Petro Ivanenko led anti-Muscovite uprising with help of Crimean Tatars who ravaged the local monastery. The same year the Poltava Regiment actively participated in the Azov campaigns which resulted in taking the Turkish fortress Kyzy-Kermen (today the city of Beryslav, Kherson Oblast). On 8 July (New Style) or 27 June (Old Style) 1709 near the city took place the battle of Poltava of the Great Northern War between Muscovite and Swedish armies. For Russia the battle had a huge historical meaning. In 1710 in city and its surroundings there was a plague. On 13 July 1752 Poltava Colonel Andriy Horlenko reported to the Hetman of Little Russia (Hetman of Zaporizhian Host) Kyrylo Rozumovsky that in the Kolomak Woods are haidamaks.
In 1770 Poltava had several brick factories, a regimental doctor and pharmacy, during a year the city conducted four fairs. On 9 August 1774 the commander of Dnieper Pike Regiment 100 people to guard the city from haidamaka detachments that were located near the Kolomak River. In 1775 Poltava became a city of Novorossiysk Governorate guarded by the 8th Company of the Dnieper Pike Regiment headquartered in Kobeliaky. In 1775 the Poltava's Monastery of the Exaltation of the Cross (Russian: Крестовоздвиженский монастырь, Krestovozdvizhensky Monastyr) became the seat of bishops of the newly created Eparchy (Diocese) of Slaviansk and Kherson. This large new diocese included the lands of the Novorossiya Governorate and Azov Governorate north of the Black Sea. Since much of that area had been only recently conquered by Russia from the Ottoman Empire, and a large number of Orthodox Greek settlers had been invited to settle in the region, the Imperial Government selected a renowned Greek scholar, Eugenios Voulgaris to preside over the new diocese. After his retirement in 1779, he was replaced by another Greek theologian, Nikephoros Theotokis.
In 1776-1779 Alexander Suvorov visited Poltava on several occasions. In 1779 in the city was established the Poltava county school which became the first secular educational institution. In 1787 Catherine the Great stopped in Poltava on the way from Crimea and was escorted by Grigori Potemkin, Alexander Suvorov and Mikhail Kutuzov. On 7 June 1787 before another Russo-Turkish War here in Poltava Potemkin received his title "Prince of Taurida", while Suvorov received a snuffbox with monogram. In 1797-1803 in Poltava existed the first city hospital on 50 beds which was privately funded. In 1802 the city became a seat of the newly established Poltava Governorate. The Poltava's population in 1802 accounted for some 8,000 residents. The same year in the city was opened a government funded city hospital on 20 beds.
On 2 February 1808 there was established the Poltava Male Gymnasium. On 20 June 1808 to Poltava were invited some 54 families of craftsmen (249 people) from German principalities for whom in Poltava was established German Sloboda neighborhood with about 50 clay-made houses. In 1810 in Poltava lived 8,328 people. In 1810 in the German colony was built the first city theater. In August 1812 on orders of Little Russia Governor General Lobanov-Rostovsky, Ivan Kotlyarevsky forms the 5th Poltava Cavalry Cossack Regiment.
In World War II, the Wehrmacht occupied Poltava from late October 1941 until 23 September 1943, when it was retaken during the Chernigov-Poltava Strategic Offensive of the battle of the Dnieper. During the Nazi occupation the Jewish population (9,9% of the total population in 1939) is imprisoned in a ghetto before being murdered during mass executions perpetrated by an Einsatzgruppe. By the summer of 1944 the USAAF conducted a number of shuttle bombing raids against the Third Reich under the name of Operation Frantic. Poltava Air Base, as well as Myrhorod Air Base, were used as eastern locations for landing B-17 Flying Fortress heavy bombers involved in those operations.
Climate data for Poltava
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Source #1: Climatebase.ru
Source #2: Hong Kong Observatory (sun data).
The Column of Glory commemorates the centenary of the Battle of Poltava (1709).
The 200th Anniversary celebrations of the Battle of Poltava in June 1909
Poltava: Government and subdivisions
Building of the regional administration (by Vasyl Krychevsky)
Theological seminary, which during World War I was converted into a military school quartering the Vilno Cadet School
Poltava is the administrative center of the Poltava Oblast (province) as well as of the Poltava Raion housed within the city. However, Poltava is a city of oblast subordinance, thus being subject directly to the oblast authorities rather to the raion administration housed in the city itself.
Poltava's government consists of the 50-member Poltava City Council (Ukrainian: Полтавська Міська рада) which is headed by the Secretary (currently Oleksandr Kozub). The city's current mayor is Oleksandr Mamay, who was sworn in on 4 November 2010 after being elected with more than 61 percent of the vote. In 2015 he was re-elected as a candidate of Conscience of Ukraine with 62.9% in a second round of Mayoral election.
The territory of Poltava is divided into 3 administrative raions (districts):
Shevchenkivsky Raion, to the south-west with an area of 2077 hectares and a population of 147,600 in 2005. It's a largely residential area and includes the city centre.
Kyivsky Raion, is the largest by area, comprising 5437 hectares, or 52.8% of the city total situated in the north and north-west. Its census in 2005 was 111,900. This district has a large industrial zone.
Podilsky Raion, to the east and south-east, in the valley of the Vorskla river, with an area of 2988 hectares and a population of 53,700 in 2005.
The village of Rozsoshentsi, Scherbani, Tereshky, Kopyly and Suprunivka are officially considered to be outside the city, but actually constitute a part of the Poltava agglomeration.
The Kyivskyi Vokzal, the city's main railway station.
Poltava's transportation infrastructure consists of two major train stations with railway links to Kiev, Kharkiv, and Kremenchuk. Poltava's Kiev line is electrified and is used by the Poltava Express. The electrification of the Poltava-Kharkiv line was completed in August 2008.
The Avtovokzal serves as the city's intercity bus station. Buses for local municipal routes depart from "AC-2" (autostation No. 2 – along Shevchenko street) and "AC-3" (Zinkivska street). Local municipal routes are parked along the Taras Shevchenko Street. Marshrutka minibuses serve areas where regular bus access is unavailable; however, they are privately owned and cost more per ride. In addition, a 15-route trolleybus network of 72.6 kilometres (45.1 mi) runs throughout the city.
Poltava is also served by a domestic airport, situated outside the city limits near the village of Ivashky. The international highway M03, linking Poltava with Kiev and Kharkiv, passes through the southern outskirts of the city. There is also a regional highway P-17 crossing Poltava and linking it with Kremenchuk and Sumy.
Poltava has always been one of the most important science and education centres in Ukraine. Major universities and institutions of higher education include the following:
Poltava National Pedagogical University named after V. G. Korolenko
Poltava National Technical Yuri Kondratyuk University
Poltava Agrarian State Academy
Ukrainian Medical Stomatological Academy as Poltava Medical And Dental University (UMSA) www.umsa-poltava.com.ua
Poltava University of Economics and Trade
Poltava Military Institute of Connections
Poltavian Faculty of National Juridical Academy of Ukraine
Poltava gravimetric observatory (PGO) is situated a bit north from city centre (27–29 Miasoyedov St.). Its main work directions are measurements of Earth rotation, latitude variations (applying zenith stars observations, lunar occultation observations and other)
Observational station of PGO in rural area, some 20 km east along the M03-E40 highway. Radiotelescope URAN-2 (Ukrainian: УРАН-2) is situated there too.
Alexander Square in 1850
The centre of the old city is a semicircular Neoclassical square with the Tuscan column of cast iron (1805–11), commemorating the centenary of the Battle of Poltava and featuring 18 Swedish cannons captured in that battle. As Peter the Great celebrated his victory in the Saviour church, this 17th-century wooden shrine was carefully preserved to this day. The five-domed city cathedral, dedicated to the Exaltation of the Cross, is a superb monument of Cossack Baroque, built between 1699 and 1709. As a whole, the cathedral presents a unity which even the Neoclassical belltower has failed to mar. Another frothy Baroque church, dedicated to the Dormition of the Theotokos, was destroyed in 1934 and rebuilt in the 1990s.
A minor planet 2983 Poltava discovered in 1981 by Soviet astronomer Nikolai Stepanovich Chernykh is named after the city.
The most popular sport is football(soccer). Two professional football(soccer) teams are based in the city: Vorskla Poltava in the Ukrainian Premier League and FC Poltava in the Second League. There are 3 stadiums in Poltava: Butovsky Vorskla Stadium (main city stadium), Dynamo Stadium are situated in the city centre and Lokomotiv Stadium which is situated in Podil district.
Poltava: Famous people from Poltava and its region
Olena Pchilka - Pen name for Olha Petrivna Kosach, mother of Lesya Ukrainka, famous writer, sister of Mykhailo Drahomanov
Marie Bashkirtseff – 19th-century Parisian painter, memoirist
Yitzhak Ben-Zvi – a historian, Labor Zionist leader, and the second and longest serving Israeli president
Hanka Bielicka – Polish actress
Andriy Danylko – Ukrainian singer
Sonia Delaunay – Ukrainian-born French artist, a cofounder the Orphism art movement, noted for its use of strong colors and geometric shapes.
Nikolai Gogol – writer and playwright
Alexander Gurwitsch – Russian physician and biologist
Ivan Kotlyarevsky – Ukrainian writer, poet and playwright
Anatoliy Vasilievich Lunacharsky – Russian Marxist revolutionary and the first Soviet People's Commissar of Enlightenment responsible for culture and education
Ivan Paskevich – Ukrainian military leader in the Russian service
David Peikoff – Canadian-U.S. Deaf Rights advocate, born on 21 March 1900, in Yanoschina, Poltava Province, Russian Empire.
Oleksandr Bilash – outstanding Ukrainian composer
Zhanna Prokhorenko – Ukrainian actress
Sasha Putrya – Ukrainian artist
Avraham Shlonsky – Israeli poet and editor
Maria Tarnowska (born Maria Nikolaevna O'Rourke) – famous femme fatale, whose trial for murder (Venice, 1910) attracted worldwide media attention.
Dmitri Kessel, photojournalist, Life magazine war correspondent 1944-1972.
Vera Kholodnaya – an outstanding Ukrainian actress, the first star of Russian silent cinema
Yuri Kondratyuk (born Olexandr Gnatovich Shargei) – a pioneer of astronautics and spaceflight who, in the early 20th century, foresaw ways of reaching the moon.
Panas Myrny (born Panas Yakovych Rudchenko) – Ukrainian writer (Panas Myrny's Memorial estate)
Mikhail Vasilievich Ostrogradsky – Ukrainian mathematician, mechanician and physicist.
Hryhorii Skovoroda – Ukrainian poet, philosopher and composer.
Symon Petliura – Ukrainian politician and statesman, a leader of Ukraine's fight for independence following the Russian Revolution of 1917.
Paisius Velichkovsky - Eastern Orthodox monk and theologian noted for promoting staretsdom.
Nikolai Yaroshenko – Ukrainian painter.
Svetlana Kopchikova – Ukrainian swimmer and 200 m medley champion at the 1985 Summer Universiade.
Mikhail Zoshchenko – Soviet satirist.
Andriy Zamystskyy - Ukrainian Driver specialising in alpine routes
Mykola Lysenko - Composer & founder of first Ukrainian classical music school.
Poltava: International relations
See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Ukraine
Poltava: Twin towns – Sister cities
Poltava is twinned with:
Koszalin, Poland (1958)
Veliko Tarnovo, Bulgaria (1963)
Building of the Noble Assembly
State administrative building (Russian Empire)
Former military hospital
Former choral synagogue (today - Regional Philharmonic Society)
Merchant Ginzburg's "Grand Hotel"
Obelisk at the Ivan Kotlyarevsky's burial
Moorish-styled mansion of Bakhmatsky
Exaltation of the Cross nunnery
Traditional Ukrainian well, krynytsia (Kotlyarevsky's estate)
Former Regional Administration building
Former Institute of Noble Maidens (today - National Technical University)
Mass burial of 1345 Russian soldiers (perished at the Battle of Poltava)
Main pedestrian street of Poltava
State security office
A busy street in central Poltava
"Чисельність наявного населення України" [Actual population of Ukraine] (PDF) (in Ukrainian). State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Retrieved 22 March 2016.
Poltava: chronicles of the most important events. "History of Poltava" website.
Antipovich, G., Buryak, Voloskov, V., others. Poltava: a book for tourists. Ed.2. "Prapor". Kharkiv, 1989.
Duchy of the Mamai's descendents. Zarusskiy.org. 29 June 2008
Евгений Булгарис (Eugenios Voulgaris's biography) (Russian)