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Hotels of Prizren

A hotel in Prizren is an establishment that provides lodging paid on a short-term basis. Facilities provided may range from a basic bed and storage for clothing, to luxury features like en-suite bathrooms. Larger in Prizren hotels may provide additional guest facilities such as a swimming pool, business centre, childcare, conference facilities and social function services. Hotel rooms in Prizren are usually numbered (or named in some smaller hotels and B&Bs) to allow guests to identify their room. Some Prizren hotels offer meals as part of a room and board arrangement. Hotel operations vary in size, function, and cost. Most Prizren hotels and major hospitality companies that operate hotels in Prizren have set widely accepted industry standards to classify hotel types. General categories include the following:

Upscale luxury hotels in Prizren
An upscale full service hotel facility in Prizren that offers luxury amenities, full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and the highest level of personalized and professional service. Luxury Prizren hotels are normally classified with at least a Four Diamond or Five Diamond status or a Four or Five Star rating depending on classification standards.

Full service hotels in Prizren
Full service Prizren hotels often contain upscale full-service facilities with a large volume of full service accommodations, on-site full service restaurant(s), and a variety of on-site amenities such as swimming pools, a health club, children's activities, ballrooms, on-site conference facilities, etc.

Historic inns and boutique hotels in Prizren
Boutique hotels of Prizren are smaller independent non-branded hotels that often contain upscale facilities of varying size in unique or intimate settings with full service accommodations. Prizren boutique hotels are generally 100 rooms or less. Some historic inns and boutique hotels in Prizren may be classified as luxury hotels.

Focused or select service hotels in Prizren
Small to medium-sized hotel establishments that offer a limited amount of on-site amenities that only cater and market to a specific demographic of Prizren travelers, such as the single business traveler. Most Prizren focused or select service hotels may still offer full service accommodations but may lack leisure amenities such as an on-site restaurant or a swimming pool.

Economy and limited service hotels in Prizren
Small to medium-sized Prizren hotel establishments that offer a very limited amount of on-site amenities and often only offer basic accommodations with little to no services, these facilities normally only cater and market to a specific demographic of travelers, such as the budget-minded Prizren traveler seeking a "no frills" accommodation. Limited service Prizren hotels often lack an on-site restaurant but in return may offer a limited complimentary food and beverage amenity such as on-site continental breakfast service.

Guest houses and B&Bs in Prizren
A bed and breakfast in Prizren is a small lodging establishment that offers overnight accommodation and inclusive breakfast. Usually, Prizren bed and breakfasts are private homes or family homes offering accommodations. The typical Prizren B&B has between 4 and 11 rooms, with 6 being the average. Generally, guests are accommodated in private bedrooms with private bathrooms, or in a suite of rooms including an en suite bathroom. Some homes have private bedrooms with a bathroom which is shared with other guests. Breakfast is served in the bedroom, a dining room, or the host's kitchen. Often the owners of guest house themselves prepare the breakfast and clean the rooms.

Hostels in Prizren
Prizren hostels provide budget-oriented, sociable accommodation where guests can rent a bed, usually a bunk bed, in a dormitory and share a bathroom, lounge, and sometimes a kitchen. Rooms can be mixed or single-sex, although private rooms may also be available. Hostels are often cheaper for both the operator and occupants; many Prizren hostels have long-term residents whom they employ as desk agents or housekeeping staff in exchange for experience or discounted accommodation.

Apartment hotels, extended stay hotels in Prizren
Extended stay hotels are small to medium-sized Prizren hotels that offer longer term full service accommodations compared to a traditional hotel. Extended stay hotels may offer non-traditional pricing methods such as a weekly rate that cater towards travelers in need of short-term accommodations for an extended period of time. Similar to limited and select service hotels, on-site amenities are normally limited and most extended stay hotels in Prizren lack an on-site restaurant.

Timeshare and destination clubs in Prizren
Prizren timeshare and destination clubs are a form of property ownership also referred to as a vacation ownership involving the purchase and ownership of an individual unit of accommodation for seasonal usage during a specified period of time. Timeshare resorts in Prizren often offer amenities similar that of a Full service hotel with on-site restaurant(s), swimming pools, recreation grounds, and other leisure-oriented amenities. Destination clubs of Prizren on the other hand may offer more exclusive private accommodations such as private houses in a neighborhood-style setting.

Motels in Prizren
A Prizren motel is a small-sized low-rise lodging establishment similar to that of a limited service hotel, but with direct access to individual rooms from the car park. Common during the 1950s and 1960s, motels were often located adjacent to a major road, where they were built on inexpensive land at the edge of towns or along stretches of highways. They are still useful in less populated areas of Prizren for driving travelers, but the more populated an area becomes the more hotels fill the need. Many of Prizren motels which remain in operation have joined national franchise chains, rebranding themselves as hotels, inns or lodges.

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Travelling and vacation in Prizren

Prizren / Prizreni (Albanian)
Призрен / Prizren (Serbian)
City and municipality
Clockwise from top:  old town, the fortress, stone bridge, Sinan Pasha Mosque, Prizren League Building, Shadervan Square,  Cathedral of Our Lady of Perpetual Succour, Gazi Mehmet Pasha Hammam, Our Lady of Ljeviš and Prizren during the evening.
Clockwise from top: old town, the fortress, stone bridge, Sinan Pasha Mosque, Prizren League Building, Shadervan Square, Cathedral of Our Lady of Perpetual Succour, Gazi Mehmet Pasha Hammam, Our Lady of Ljeviš and Prizren during the evening.
Prizren is located in Kosovo
Location in Kosovo
Coordinates:  / 42.217; 20.733  / 42.217; 20.733
Country Kosovo
District District of Prizren
• Mayor Ramadan Muja
• City and municipality 640 km (250 sq mi)
• Urban 22.390 km (8.645 sq mi)
Elevation 450 m (1,480 ft)
Population (2014)
• City and municipality 184,586
• Density 290/km (750/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
• Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 20000-20080
Area code(s) (+383) 29
Car plates 04
Climate Cfb
Website kk.rks-gov.net/prizren
Clockwise from top left: Church of the Patriarchal Monastery of Peć, Our Lady of Ljeviš, church of the Visoki Dečani, a window at Visoki Dečani, church of the Gračanica, fresco of Christ at Our Lady of Ljeviš
Clockwise from top left: Church of the Patriarchal Monastery of Peć, Our Lady of Ljeviš, church of Visoki Dečani, a window at Visoki Dečani, church of Gračanica, fresco of Christ at Our Lady of Ljeviš
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Location Prizren Municipality, Kosovo Edit this at Wikidata
Coordinates  / 42.23; 20.74
Area 854 km (9.19×10 sq ft)
Criteria ii, iii, iv
Reference 724
Inscription 2004 (28th Session)
Extensions 2006
Endangered 2006–present
Website kk.rks-gov.net/prizren
Prizren is located in Kosovo
Location of Prizren
[edit on Wikidata]

Prizren (Albanian: Prizreni, Serbian: Призрен; pronounced [prîzrɛn]) is a historic city in Kosovo. It is the administrative center of Prizren municipality and district. The city has a population of around 178,000 (2011 census preliminary results), making it the second largest city in Kosovo.

The residents of Prizren are mostly ethnic Albanians. Prizren is located on the banks of the Prizren Bistrica river, and on the slopes of the Šar Mountains (Albanian: Malet e Sharrit) in the southern part of the Republic of Kosovo. The municipality has a border with Albania and the Republic of Macedonia.

By road the city is 99 kilometres (62 miles) northwest of Skopje, 85 kilometres (53 miles) south of Pristina and 175 kilometres (109 miles) northeast of Tirana.

Prizren: History

Prizren: Ancient

The Roman town of Theranda in Ptolemy's Geography is mentioned in the 2nd century AD. In the 5th century, it is mentioned as being restored in Dardania with the name of Petrizên by Procopius of Caesarea in De aedificiis (Book IV, Chapter 4). Sometimes it is mentioned even in relation to the Justiniana Prima. It is thought that its modern name comes from old Serbian Призрѣнь (Prizren), from при-зрѣти (pri-zreti), indicating fortress which could be seen from afar (compare with Czech Přízřenice or mount Ozren), and it may also derive from Petrizen mentioned by Procopius.

Prizren: Medieval

Stefan Dušan declared Prizren as the capital of the Serbian Empire.

Konstantin Jireček concluded, from the correspondence of bishop Demetrios Chomatenos of Ohrid (1216–36), that Prizren was the northeasternmost area of Albanian settlement prior to the Slavic expansion.

Bulgarian rulers controlled the Prizren area from the 850s, and Slav migrants arriving in the area were subsequently influenced by the Bulgarian-organized Archbishopric of Ohrid (est. 1018). Bulgarian rule was replaced by Byzantine rule in the early eleventh century.

In 1072, the Bulgarian and Serb nobility of Macedonia rose up against the Byzantines, and crowned Serbian ruler Constantine Bodin, a descendant of the Serbian Vojislavljević dynasty, as Emperor of Bulgaria in Prizren. The revolt was suppressed by 1073. The area was raided by Serbian ruler Vukan in the 1090s.

Prizren Assembly before the Battle of Kosovo.

In 1180 to 1190, the Serbian Grand Prince Stefan Nemanja conquered the district of Prizren this may refer to the Prizren diocese rather than the city itself, and he later lost control of these areas. Stefan Nemanja regained control of Prizren some time between 1208 and 1216. In 1220, the Byzantine Greek Orthodox bishop of the city was expelled as the Serbian rulers imposed their own ecclesiastical jurisdiction. Stefan Dušan used Prizren as capital of Serbian Empire. In the next centuries before the Ottoman conquest the city would pass to the Mrnjavčević and Balsić families.

The Catholic church retained some influence in the area; 14th-century documents refer to a catholic church in Prizren, which was the seat of a bishopric between the 1330s and 1380s. Catholic parishes served Ragusan merchants and Saxon miners.

Prizren: Ottoman Period

The Fortress of Prizren.

After several years of attack and counterattack, the Ottomans made a major invasion of Kosovo in 1454; Đurađ Branković retreated to the north and asked for help from John Hunyadi. On 21 June 1455, Prizren surrendered to the Ottoman army. Prizren was the capital of the Sanjak of Prizren, and under new administrative organization of Ottoman Empire it became capital of the Vilayet. This included the city of Tetovo. Later it became a part of the Ottoman province of Rumelia. It was a prosperous trade city, benefiting from its position on the north-south and east-west trade routes across the Empire. Prizren became one of the larger cities of the Ottomans' Kosovo Province (vilayet). Prizren was the cultural and intellectual centre of Ottoman Kosovo. It was dominated by its Muslim population, who composed over 70% of its population in 1857. The city became the biggest Albanian cultural centre and the coordination political and cultural capital of the Kosovar Albanians. In 1871, a long Serbian seminary was opened in Prizren, discussing the possible joining of the old Serbia's territories with the Principality of Serbia.

It was an important part of Kosovo Vilayet between 1877 and 1912.

The League of Prizren was an Albanian political organization founded on 5 January 1877 in the old town of Prizren.

During the late 19th century the city became a focal point for Albanian nationalism and saw the creation in 1878 of the League of Prizren, a movement formed to seek the national unification and liberation of Albanians within the Ottoman Empire. The Young Turk Revolution was a step in the dissolving of the Ottoman empire that led to the Balkan Wars. The Third Army (Ottoman Empire) had a division in Prizren, the 30th Reserve Infantry Division (Otuzuncu Pirzerin Redif Fırkası).

Prizren: Modern

The Prizren attachment was part of the İpek Detachment in the Order of Battle, October 19, 1912 in the First Balkan War. During the First Balkan War the city was seized by the Serbian army and incorporated into the Kingdom of Serbia. Although the troops met little resistance, the takeover was bloody with 400 people dead in the first few days; the local population would call the city 'The Kingdom of Death'. The Daily Chronicle reported on 12 November 1912 that 5,000 Albanians had been slaughtered in Prizren. General Božidar Janković forced the local Albanian leaders to sign a declaration of gratitude to King Peter of Serbia for their 'liberation by the Serbian army.' Following the capture of Prizen, most foreigners were barred from entering the city, for the Montenegrin forces temporarily closed the city before full control was restored. A few visitors did make it through-including Leon Trotsky, then working as a journalist for a Ukrainian newspaper and reports eventually emerged of widespread killings of Albanians. In a 1912 news report on the Serbian Army and the Paramilitary Chetniks in Prizren, Trotsky stated "Among them were intellectuals, men of ideas, nationalist zealots, but these were isolated individuals. The rest were just thugs, robbers who had joined the army for the sake of loot... The Serbs in Old Serbia, in their national endeavour to correct data in the ethnographical statistics that are not quite favourable to them, are engaged quite simply in systematic extermination of the Muslim population". British traveller Edith Durham and a British military attaché were supposed to visit Prizren in October 1912, however the trip was prevented by the authorities. Durham stated " I asked wounded Montengrins [Soldiers] why I was not allowed to go and they laughed and said 'We have not left a nose on an Albanian up there!' Not a pretty sight for a British officer." Eventually Durham visited a northern Albanian outpost in Kosovo where she met captured Ottoman soldiers whose upper lips and noses had been cut off.

After the First Balkan War of 1912, the Conference of Ambassadors in London allowed the creation of the state of Albania and handed Kosovo to the Kingdom of Serbia, even though the population of Kosovo remained mostly Albanian.

In 1913, an official Austro-Hungarian report recorded that 30,000 people had fled Prizren for Bosnia. In January 1914 the Austro-Hungarian consul based in Prizren conducted a detailed report on living conditions in the city. The report stated that Kingdom of Serbia didn't keep its promise for equal treatment of Albanians and Muslims. Thirty of the thirty-two Mosques in Prizren had been tuned into hay barns, ammunition stores and military barracks. The people of the city were heavily taxed with Muslims and Catholic Christians having to pay more tax than Orthodox Christians. The local government was predominately made up of former Serb Chetniks and corruption thrived. The report also noted that the Serbs were also dissatisfied with the living conditions in Prizren.

Prizren: World War I and World War II

Ballist forces in Prizren, 1944

With the outbreak of the First World War, the Kingdom of Serbia was invaded by Austro-Hungarian forces and later by Bulgarian forces. By 29 November 1915, Prizren fell to Bulgarian and Austro-Hungarian forces. In April 1916, Austria-Hungary allowed the Kingdom of Bulgaria to occupy the city with the understanding that a significant amount of the city's population were ethnic Bulgarians. During this period there was a process of forced Bulgarisation with many Serbs being interned; Serbs suffered worse in Bulgarian occupied regions of Kosovo compared to Austrian occupied regions due to the Bulgarian defeat in the Second Balkan War and due to the long-standing rivalry between the Bulgarian Orthodox Church and the Serbian Orthodox Church. According to Catholic Archbishop of Skopje, Lazër Mjeda who was taking refuge in Prizren at the time, roughly 1,000 people had died of hunger in 1917. In October 1918 following the fall of Macedonia to Allied Forces, the Serbian Army along with the French 11th colonial division and the Italian 35th Division pushed the Austro-Hungarian and Bulgarian forces out of the city. By the end of 1918, the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes was formed. The Kingdom was renamed in 1929 to the Kingdom of Yugoslavia and Prizren became a part of its Vardar Banovina.

In World War II Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy invaded the Kingdom of Yugoslavia on 6 April 1941 and by 9 April the Germans who had invaded Yugoslavia from the East with neighbouring Bulgaria as base were on the outskirts of Prizren and by 14 April Prizren had fallen to the Italians who had invaded Yugoslavia from the West in neighbouring Albania; there was however notable resistance in Prizen before Yugoslavia unconditionally surrendered on 19 April 1941. Prizren along with most of Kosovo was annexed to the Italian puppet state of Albania. Soon after the Italian occupation, the Albanian Fascist Party established a blackshirt battalion in Prizren, but plans to establish two more battalions were dropped due to the lack of public support.

In 1943 Bedri Pejani of the German Wehrmacht helped create the Second League of Prizren.

Prizren: Federal Yugoslavia

View of the city September 1863 taken by Viennese photographer Josef Székely

In 1944, German forces were driven out of Kosovo by a combined Russian-Bulgarian force, and then the Communist government of Yugoslavia took control. In 1946, the town was formulated as a part of Kosovo and Metohija which the Constitution defined the Autonomous Region of Kosovo and Metohija within the People's Republic of Serbia, a constituent state of the Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia.

The Province was renamed to Socialist Autonomous Province of Kosovo in 1974, remaining part of the Socialist Republic of Serbia, but having attributions similar to a Socialist Republic within the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. The former status was restored in 1989, and officially in 1990.

For many years after the restoration of Serbian rule, Prizren and the region of Dečani to the west remained centres of Albanian nationalism. In 1956 the Yugoslav secret police put on trial in Prizren nine Kosovo Albanians accused of having been infiltrated into the country by the (hostile) Communist Albanian regime of Enver Hoxha. The "Prizren trial" became something of a cause célèbre after it emerged that a number of leading Yugoslav Communists had allegedly had contacts with the accused. The nine accused were all convicted and sentenced to long prison sentences, but were released and declared innocent in 1968 with Kosovo's assembly declaring that the trial had been "staged and mendacious."

Prizren: Kosovo War

Destroyed Serbian quarter of Prizren

The town of Prizren did not suffer much during the Kosovo War but its surrounding municipality was badly affected 1998–1999. Before the war, the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe estimated that the municipality's population was about 78% Kosovo Albanian, 5% Serb and 17% from other national communities. During the war most of the Albanian population were either forced or intimidated into leaving the town. Tusus Neighborhood suffered the most. Some twenty-seven to thirty-four people were killed and over one hundred houses were burned.

At the end of the war in June 1999, most of the Albanian population returned to Prizren. Serbian and Roma minorities fled, with the OSCE estimating that 97% of Serbs and 60% of Romani had left Prizren by October. The community is now predominantly ethnically Albanian, but other minorities such as Turkish, Ashkali (a minority declaring itself as Albanian Roma) and Bosniak (including Torbesh community) live there as well, be that in the city itself, or in villages around. Such locations include Sredska, Mamuša, the region of Gora, etc. [1]

The war and its aftermath caused only a moderate amount of damage to the city compared to other cities in Kosovo. Serbian forces destroyed an important Albanian cultural monument in Prizren, the League of Prizren building, but the complex was rebuilt later on and now constitutes the Albanian League of Prizren Museum.

On March 17, 2004, during the Unrest in Kosovo some Serb cultural monuments in Prizren were damaged, burned or destroyed, such as old Orthodox Serb churches:

  • Our Lady of Ljeviš from 1307 (UNESCO World Heritage Site)
  • the Church of Holy Salvation
  • Church of St. George (the city's largest church)
  • Church of St. George (Runjevac)
  • Church of St. Kyriaki, Church of St. Nicolas (Tutić Church)
  • the Monastery of The Holy Archangels, as well as
  • Prizren's Orthodox seminary of Saint Cyrillus and Methodius

Also, during that riot, entire Serb quarter of Prizren, near the Prizren Fortress, was completely destroyed, and all remaining Serb population was evicted from Prizren. Simultaneously Islamic cultural heritage and Mosques were being destroyed and damaged in Belgrade and Niš.

Prizren: 21st century

The municipality of Prizren is still the most culturally and ethnically heterogeneous of Kosovo, retaining communities of Bosniaks, Turks, and Romani in addition to the majority Kosovo Albanian population live in Prizren. Only a small number of Kosovo Serbs remains in Prizren and area, residing in small villages, enclaves, or protected housing complexes.[2] Furthermore, Prizren's Turkish community is socially prominent and influential, and the Turkish language is widely spoken even by non-ethnic Turks.

Panorama of centre.

Prizren: Geography

Prizren: Climate

Climate data for Prizren (1961–1990)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 20.2
Average high °C (°F) 3.3
Daily mean °C (°F) 0.0
Average low °C (°F) −3.0
Record low °C (°F) −23.6
Average precipitation mm (inches) 76.2
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 12.8 12.1 12.1 12.8 12.3 11.6 8.9 7.5 8.1 9.3 12.6 13.5 133.6
Average snowy days 7.6 5.6 3.8 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 2.1 5.8 25.4
Average relative humidity (%) 81 75 68 64 64 61 58 59 67 74 79 82 69
Mean monthly sunshine hours 100.2 92.0 139.4 176.2 224.5 290.7 300.8 285.7 220.7 163.4 89.7 54.1 2,137.4
Source: Republic Hydrometeorological Service of Serbia

Prizren: Demographics

The old city of Prizren

As in other cities of the Balkans that underwent Ottoman urban development, the population largely converted to Islam in the 16th century, although part of the former Catholic converts professed a form of crypto-Christianity (laramanë). An aspect of this new urban character is evidenced by the demographics of workshop owners; 227 of 246 workshops of Prizren were run by Muslims in 1571. As the Catholic population dwindled, prelatic missions and reports in the region increased. Marino Bizzi, Archbishop of Antivari, in his 1610 report stated that Prizren had 8.600 large houses. The Christian part of the city was formed by Catholics (30 households), whose churches had been reduced to two (from a total of 80), and Orthodox, who outnumbered them and spoke the Dalmatian language. In 1623, Pjetër Mazreku, who in 1624 succeeded Bizzi as Archbishop of Antivari, reported that the city was populated mostly by Muslims, who numbered 12,000 and were mostly Albanians. The Catholics of the city spoke Albanian and Slavic and 200 of them were Albanians. The Orthodox element was composed of 600 Serbs. In 1857, Russian Slavist Alexander Hilferding's publications place the Muslim families at 3,000, the Orthodox ones at 900 and the Catholics at around 100 families. The Ottoman census of 1876, placed the total population at around 44,000.

Year Albanians % Bosniaks % Serbs % Turks % Roma % Others % Total
1991 census 132,591 75.58 19,423 11.1 10,950 6.24 7,227 4.1 3,96 3 2.3 1,259 0.7 175,413
January 2000 181,531 76.9 37,500 15.9 258 0.1 12,250 5.2 4,500 1.9 n/a n/a 236,000
December 2002 180,176 81.6 21,266 9.6 221 0.09 14,050 6.4 5,148 2.3 n/a n/a 221,374
2011 145,718 81.97 16,896 9.5 237 0.13 9,091 5.1 2,899 1.63 2940 1.65 177,781
Source: For 1991: Census data, Federal Office of Statistics in Serbia (figures to be considered as unreliable). 1998 and 2000 minority figures from UNHCR in Prizren, January 2000. 2000 Kosovo Albanian figure is an unofficial OSCE estimate January–March 2000. 2001 figures come from German KFOR, UNHCR and IOM last update March 2, 2001. May 2002 statistics are joint UN, UNHCR, KFOR, and OSCE approximations. December 2002 figures are based on survey by the Local Community Office. All figures are estimates.
Ref: OSCE .pdf

Prizren: Languages

In Prizren Municipality, the Albanian, Serbian, Bosnian and Turkish languages are official languages.

Prizren: Education

There are 48 primary schools with 28,205 pupils and 1,599 teachers; six (6) secondary schools with 9,608 students and 503 teachers; kindergartens are privately run. There is also a public university in Prizren, offering lectures in Bosnian, Albanian and Turkish languages (source: municipal directorate of education and science).

Prizren: Health

The primary health care system includes 14 municipal family health centres and 26 health houses. The primary health sector has 475 employees, including doctors, nurses and support staff, 264 female and 211 male. Regional hospital in Prizren offers services to approximately 250,000 residents. The hospital employs 778 workers, including 155 doctors, and is equipped with emergency and intensive care units.

Prizren: Economy

For a long time the economy of Kosovo was based on retail industry fueled by remittance income coming from a large number of immigrant communities in Western Europe. Private enterprise, mostly small business, is slowly emerging food processing. Private businesses, like elsewhere in Kosovo, predominantly face difficulties because of lack of structural capacity to grow. Education is poor, financial institutions basic, regulatory institutions lack experience. Central and local legislatures do not have an understanding of their role in creating legal environment good for economic growth and instead compete in patriotic rhetoric. Securing capital investment from foreign entities cannot emerge in such an environment. Due to financial hardships, several companies and factories have closed and others are reducing personnel. This general economic downturn contributes directly to the growing rate of unemployment and poverty, making the financial/economic viability in the region more tenuous.

Many restaurants, private retail stores, and service-related businesses operate out of small shops. Larger grocery and department stores have recently opened. In town, there are eight sizeable markets, including three produce markets, one car market, one cattle market, and three personal/hygienic and house wares markets. There is an abundance of kiosks selling small goods. Prizren appears to be teeming with economic prosperity, but appearances are deceiving as the international presence is reduced and repatriation of refugees and internally displaced persons is expected to further strain the local economy. Market saturation, high unemployment, and a reduction of financial remittances from abroad are ominous economic indicators.

There are three agricultural co-operatives in three villages. Most livestock breeding and agricultural production is private, informal, and small-scale. There are five operational banks with branches in Prizren, the Micro Enterprise Bank (MEB), the Raiffeisen Bank, the Nlb Bank, the Teb Bank and the Payment and Banking Authority of Kosovo (BPK).

Prizren: Infrastructure

All the main roads connecting the major villages with the urban centre are asphalted. The water supply is functional in Prizren town and in approximately 30 villages. There is no sewage system in the villages. Power supply is still a problem, especially during the winter and in the villages.

Prizren: Culture

Prizren is home to the annually held documentary film festival Dokufest.

The city is also home to numerous mosques, Orthodox and Catholic churches and other monuments. Among them:

  • Sinan Pasha Mosque
  • The Mosque of Muderis Ali Efendi
  • Mosque Katip Sinan Qelebi
  • Our Lady of Ljeviš church
  • The St. George Cathedral
  • Church of Holy Salvation
  • Saint Archangels Monastery
  • League of Prizren Monument
  • Kaljaja fortress
  • Church of St. Nicholas
  • Church of St. Kyriaki
  • Cathedral of Our Lady of Perpetual Succour
  • The Lorenc Antoni Music school
  • Theater
  • Shuaip Pasha's House
  • Orthodox Seminary of Prizren

Prizren: Sports

The city has one sports club known as KF Liria based in Prizren near Kosovo. They currently play in the Football Superleague of Kosovo.

Prizren: Monuments

These monuments, part of the historic center of the city, have recently been threatened by development pressures. In addition, war, fires, general dilapidation and neglect have taken their toll on this unique architectural landscape.

Name Description Picture
The Shadervan (Turkish: Şadırvan) is a tourist area on the south side of town, there are numerous cafes and restaurants there. The ancient water fountain is a protected cultural monument, there is a legend that if you drink from it you will be sure to come back. Şadırvan - Prizren 01.jpg
Old Stone Bridge
The Old Stone Bridge (Albanian: Ura e gurit; Serbian: Стари камени мост; Bosnian: Stari kameni most) is one of the landmarks of Prizren. It crosses the Prizrenska Bistrica. 2013-10-06 Stone Bridge, Prizren, Kosovo 8649.jpg
Tannery of Prizren
The Tannery/Leatherworks in Prizren (Albanian: Lagjia e Tabakëve; Serbian / Bosnian: Prizrenska Tabahana ) is an ancient handcraft building. Tabakëve is the Albanian, and табахана the Serbian version, both from Turkish tr:Tabakhane.
Our Lady of Ljeviš
Our Lady of Ljeviš (Serbian: Богородица Љевишка, Bogorodica Ljeviška; Albanian: Kisha e Shën Premtës) is a UNESCO-protected 14th century Serbian orthodox church. It is part of the Medieval Monuments in Kosovo World Heritage Site. Our Lady of Ljeviš, Prizren, 2010. View from clock tower.jpg
Mosque of Kuklibeu
1534 (1543?) Mosque of Kuklibeu (Albanian: Xhamia e Kuklibeut, originating from Turkish: Kutlu Bey Camii) also known as Kukli Bej Mosque PrizrenCollection2 2010 IMG 0695.JPG
Mosque of Mustafe Pasha Prizreni
Mosque of Mustafe Pashe Prizrenit (Albanian: Xhamia e Mustafë Pashë Prizrenit; Turkish: Prizrenli Mustafa Paşa Camii). 1562–1563 Destroyed in 1950 after a storm. It was located at the location of the former UNMIK headquarters, now municipality building  / 42.210060; 20.736372 (municipality building prizren)
Mosque of Muderis Ali Efendi
1543–1581 Mosque of Muderis Ali Efendi (Turkish: Müderris Ali Efendi Camii) PrizrenCollection2 2010 100 2517.JPG
Sinan Pasha Mosque
The Sinan Pasha Mosque (Albanian: Xhamia e Sinan Pashës; Bosnian: Sinan-pašina džamija; Turkish: Sinan Paşa Camii) is an Ottoman mosque in the city of Prizren, Kosovo. It was built in 1615 by Sofi Sinan Pasha, bey of Budim. The mosque overlooks the main street of Prizren and is a dominant feature in the town's skyline. SinanPasha.JPG
Minaret of Arasta Mosque
The remaining minaret of the Arasta Mosque PrizrenCollection2 2010 100 3126.JPG

Prizren: Events and festivals

Prizren: NGOM Fest

NGOM Fest is a music festival established in Prizren. The word "Ngom" means "Listen to me" in the Gheg Albanian dialect. The first edition of the festival was held on June 2011 and due to its success, further events were organised. The main objectives of the festival are to promote new bands and artists, build a new perspective for music festivals in Kosovo, and to connect different ethnic groups in Kosovo and in the region.

Prizren: 40BunarFest

40BunarFest is an annual non traditional festival of alternative sport held in Prizren.

Prizren: International relations

Prizren is twinned with:

  • Turkey Selçuk (Turkey)
  • Turkey Istanbul (Turkey)
  • Albania Tiranë (Albania)
  • Albania Durrës (Albania)
  • Albania Vlorë (Albania)
  • Albania Sarandë (Albania)
  • Croatia Zagreb (Croatia)
  • Croatia Osijek (Croatia)
  • United States New York City (United States)
  • Germany Bingen am Rhein (Germany)
  • Montenegro Ulcinj (Montenegro)
  • Kosovo Mamuša (Kosovo)

Prizren: Notable people

Prizren: See also

  • District of Prizren
  • League of Prizren
  • Has

Prizren: Notes

  1. Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the Brussels Agreement. Kosovo has received formal recognition as an independent state from 111 out of 193 United Nations member states.

Prizren: References

  1. "Preliminary Results of the Kosovo 2011 population and housing census". The statistical Office of Kosovo. Retrieved 17 April 2012.
  2. Vickers, Miranda (1999). The Albanians: A Modern History. I.B.Tauris. p. 97. ISBN 978-1-86064-541-9.
  3. THERANDA (Prizren) Yugoslavia, The Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites, A Roman town about 76 km (47.22 mi) SW of Priština on the Bistrica river. It lay on the direct route from Lissos in Macedonia to Naissus in Moesia Superior. The town continued to exist during the 4th to 6th century, but was of far greater significance during the mediaeval period and was even capital of Serbia for a short time during the 14th century.
  4. "LacusCurtius • The Buildings of Procopius - Book 4, Part 2". penelope.uchicago.edu.
  5. ISBN 86-7179-039-8.
  6. Procopius. "Buildings". LacusCurtius. The Buildings, English translation (Dewing, 1935) at LacusCurtius.
  7. Ducellier, Alain (1999-10-21). The New Cambridge Medieval History: Volume 5, c.1198-c.1300. Cambridge University Press. p. 780. ISBN 978-0-521-36289-4. Retrieved 21 November 2012. The question of Illyrian continuity was already addressed by Jireček, 1916 p 69–70, and in the same collection, p 127–8, admitting that the territory occupied by the Albanians extended, prior to Slav expansion, from Scutari to Valona and from Prizren to Ohrid, utilizing in particular the correspondence of Demetrios Chomatenos; Circovic (1988) p347; cf Mirdita (1981)
  8. Malcolm, Noel (1996). Bosnia: A Short History. pp. 43–44. ISBN 978-0-8147-5561-7.
  9. Byzantium's Balkan frontier, p. 142; Scylitzes Continuatus: 163
  10. , p. 226.
  11. , p. 7.
  12. Novaković, R (1966). "O nekim pitanjima područja današnje Metohije krajem XII i početkom XIII veka". Zbornik radova Vizantološkog instituta. 9: 195–215.
  13. Fine, John V. A. (John Van Antwerp) (1994). The Late Medieval Balkans: Critical Survey from the Late Twelfth Century to the Ottoman Conquest. University of Michigan Press. p. 7,. ISBN 978-0-472-08260-5. Retrieved 21 November 2012.
  14. Sandwith, Humphry (1865). Notes on the South Slavonic Countries in Austria and Turkey in Europe: Containing Historical and Political Information Added to the Substance of a Paper Read at the Meeting of the British Association at Bath, 1864. p. 52.
  15. Vickers, Miranda (1995). The Albanians: A Modern History. p. 97.
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  18. http://www.komuna-prizreni.org/repository/docs/PRIZREN-CITY_MUSEUM.pdf
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  30. ISBN 9780330412247.
  31. "Die aktuelle deutsche Unterstützung für die UCK". Trend.infopartisan.net. Retrieved 2012-03-12.
  32. Elsie, Robert. "The Photo Collection of Josef Székely". www.albanianphotography.net.
  33. Malcolm, Noel (2002). Kosovo: A short history. p. 311. ISBN 0-330-41224-8.
  34. Human Rights Watch, 2001 Under orders: war crimes in Kosovo, page 339. ISBN 1-56432-264-5
  35. Human Rights Watch, 2001 Under orders: war crimes in Kosovo, page 338. ISBN 1-56432-264-5
  36. Andras Riedlmayer, Harvard University Kosovo Cultural Heritage Survey
  37. The Human Rights Centre, Law Faculty, University of Pristina, 2009 Ending Mass Atrocities: Echoes in Southern Cultures, page 3
  38. "Reconstruction Implementation Commission". Site on protection list. Archived from the original on 27 July 2011. Retrieved 9 December 2010.
  39. Failure to Protect: Anti-Monority Violence in Kosovo , March 2004. Wuman Right Watch. 2004. p. 9.
  40. Warrander, Gail (2008). Kosovo. Bradt. p. 191.
  41. http://www.collegeart.org/pdf/BalkanHeritageDestruct.pdf
  42. "Monthly and annual means, maximum and minimum values of meteorological elements for the period 1961–1990" (in Serbian). Republic Hydrometeorological Service of Serbia. Retrieved February 25, 2017.
  43. Egro, Dritan (2010). Oliver Jens Schmitt, ed. Islam in the Albanian lands (XVth-XVIIth century). Religion und Kultur Im Albanischsprachigen Südosteuropa. Peter Lang. pp. 13–50. ISBN 978-3-631-60295-9. Retrieved 22 November 2012.
  44. Bizzi, Marino, Relatione della visita fatta da me, Marino Bizzi, Arcivescovo d'Antivari, nelle parti della Turchia, Antivari, Albania et Servia alla santità di nostro Signore papa Paolo V (Report of Marino Bizzi, Archbishop of Bar (Antivari), on his visit to Turkey, Bar, Albania and Serbia in the year 1610)
  45. =Gjurmime albanologjike. Seria e shkencave historike. 1. Albanological Institute of Pristina. 1972.
  46. Fine, John (2006-03-02). When Ethnicity Did Not Matter in the Balkans: A Study of Identity in Pre-Nationalist Croatia, Dalmatia, and Slavonia in the Medieval and Early-Modern Periods. University of Michigan Press. p. 410. ISBN 978-0-472-11414-6. Retrieved 22 November 2012.
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  48. Diplomatic Observer Official Language
  49. OSCE Implementation of the Law on the Use of Languages by Kosovo Municipalities
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  52. "Cultural Heritage Without Borders, Workshop "Integrated conservation"; preservation and urban Planning" in Prizren November 2002".
  53. "Eclectic Prizren: "A city of everyone"". SETimes.com. 2010-10-25. Retrieved 2012-03-12.
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  61. "Southeast Europe: People and Culture: NGOM Festival". www.southeast-europe.eu.
  62. http://www.ngomfest.com/2013/?id=festivali&gjuha=1
  • Municipality of Prizren by Republic of Kosovo
  • Prizren, Serbian capital (in Serbian)
  • University of Prizren (in Albanian)
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